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Administration of Medication

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					                  Administration of Medication
Six Rights of Medication Administration

   1.   Right Patient
   2.   Right Drug
   3.   Right Dose
   4.   Right Time
   5.   Right Route
   6.   Right Documentation

Medication Error Topics

       Moral
       Ethical
       Legal

Must report immediately- one who discovers error may not be the one who made the error

       Fill out incident or occurrence form
       Notify charge nurse and physician
       Patients have the right to know what medications they are on and what they are for
       Patients have the right to refuse medication

Check out chart on page 620 in fundamentals book for tips to avoid medication errors

Routes of Medication Administration

       Depends on several factors
              Condition of patient
              Nature of Drug
              Rate of Absorption

Oral Medication

       Usually solid (tablet, pill, capsule) or liquid form
       Advantages
                Simplest
                Most convenient
                Least expensive
                Because skin is not broken- relatively safe
       Disadvantages
                Difficult to swallow
            Some unable to be crushed
            If NPO, can’t take it
            If unconscious or decreased LOC, can’t take
            Unpleasant taste of some drugs
            Irritate gastric mucosa
   Contraindications
            NPO Client
            Unconscious client
            Clients with impaired absorption of GI tract
   Safety Precautions
            Assess for LOC
            Assess for ability to swallow
            Assess for willingness to take
            Proper Positioning
   See Syllabus for “Performance Behaviors”
   deWit Vol. 2 pg. 646 Skill 34-1

				
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