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Administration of Medication


									                  Administration of Medication
Six Rights of Medication Administration

   1.   Right Patient
   2.   Right Drug
   3.   Right Dose
   4.   Right Time
   5.   Right Route
   6.   Right Documentation

Medication Error Topics

       Moral
       Ethical
       Legal

Must report immediately- one who discovers error may not be the one who made the error

       Fill out incident or occurrence form
       Notify charge nurse and physician
       Patients have the right to know what medications they are on and what they are for
       Patients have the right to refuse medication

Check out chart on page 620 in fundamentals book for tips to avoid medication errors

Routes of Medication Administration

       Depends on several factors
              Condition of patient
              Nature of Drug
              Rate of Absorption

Oral Medication

       Usually solid (tablet, pill, capsule) or liquid form
       Advantages
                Most convenient
                Least expensive
                Because skin is not broken- relatively safe
       Disadvantages
                Difficult to swallow
            Some unable to be crushed
            If NPO, can’t take it
            If unconscious or decreased LOC, can’t take
            Unpleasant taste of some drugs
            Irritate gastric mucosa
   Contraindications
            NPO Client
            Unconscious client
            Clients with impaired absorption of GI tract
   Safety Precautions
            Assess for LOC
            Assess for ability to swallow
            Assess for willingness to take
            Proper Positioning
   See Syllabus for “Performance Behaviors”
   deWit Vol. 2 pg. 646 Skill 34-1

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