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Keys to Literacy: ANSWER to Open Response PowerPoint Script 1 Welcome to this overview of The ANSWER Key to Open Response. I’m Joan Sedita, author of the program, and it is a pleasure to provide you information about this one-day training session. 2 The ANSWER Key to Open Response was developed to help students successfully answer open response questions – in particular, ELA reading comprehension open response. While any teacher can use the routine in his/her classroom alone, greater impact is achieved if the routine is adopted school-wide; students benefit from the consistency as they move from grade to grade and class to class. When taught by and practiced with multiple teachers, students will more readily learn the routine and use it independently. An ideal “cohort” of teachers for an ANSWER Key training is any group of teachers of grades 3-10 from the same school. 3 What will you learn by taking this one-day training? • First, you will learn a 5-step routine for answering an open response question, along with strategies for teaching the routine to students. • Because the training is “hands-on,” you will have an opportunity to practice each step using sample open response questions. • The training underscores the importance of providing specific feedback to students. A review of the research about effective feedback is included along with feedback templates designed specifically for the routine. • Finally, you will have an opportunity to practice generating open response questions from content reading material. 4 As you can see, ANSWER is an acronym to represent the steps in the routine. At the A step, the student analyzes the question and determines what kinds of relevant details are required in the answer. Students are also taught how to mark key question words. At the N step, the student uses two-column notes to plan and organize essential information from the reading. At the Skim, read and Select (the “S”) step, the student skim reads to get a sense of the topic and how the text is organized, then reads more actively and marks relevant information in the text. That information is added to the notes. At the W step, the student restates the question in an opening sentence then turns his/her notes into an answer, incorporating transition words for better organization. The final step is End by Reviewing. The student rereads the question and checks his/her answer for thoroughness, accuracy, and sufficient details. 5 Some teachers are interested in teaching the routine so that student answers on state assessments will truly reflect their highest reading comprehension ability. However, answering open response questions is also a valuable skill for learning content information. If teachers generate open response questions for content reading assignments and students apply the steps in the routine to answer those questions, they become much more active learners. In writing about what they are reading, students improve their comprehension and long-term memory of the content. During the ANSWER Key training, teachers are encouraged to use open response questions beyond preparation for state tests. 6 This illustrates the I, We, You approach to teaching that is both implemented and emphasized in the training. This is also referred to as the “gradual release of responsibility” model. • The “I” stage is explicit instruction – this should include teacher modeling and thinking aloud. • At the “We” stage, teachers should provide lots of guided practice. • The ultimate goal at the “You” stage is independent use by students. The one-day ANSWER training also follows the I, We, You model. At each step of the routine, the trainer explains and models the steps; participants then have the opportunity to practice. 7 Here are some details you should know about the training: • This is a one-day training. It is best if a team of teachers from the same school attends the training together. • The training is intended for educators who work with students in grades 3-10 to teach them how to answer reading comprehension open response questions. • While some elements of the routine may be applicable to math, science, or social studies open response questions, the focus for this training is ELA reading comprehension. 8 • The delivery style is interactive – practice activities are embedded throughout the day. • The ANSWER Key training book is provided. • Keys to Literacy will provide 6 PDPs for this training. 9 Finally, I thought you might like to know a bit about Keys to Literacy and the trainers who teach The ANSWER Key to Open Response. KTL is a provider of literacy professional development, specializing in grades 4-12. All of our trainers are literacy experts, and they have extensive classroom experience. All KTL programs are research-based, with a specific focus on comprehension and vocabulary skills. KTL is based in New England and works with over a hundred schools each year. 10 If you would like more information about The ANSWER Key to Open Response training or any other Keys to Literacy programs, please visit our website or contact us via email or phone. Thank you, and I hope to see you at one of our training sessions!