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									                   Keys to Literacy: ANSWER to Open Response
                                  PowerPoint Script

Welcome to this overview of The ANSWER Key to Open Response. I’m Joan Sedita,
author of the program, and it is a pleasure to provide you information about this one-day
training session.

The ANSWER Key to Open Response was developed to help students successfully
answer open response questions – in particular, ELA reading comprehension open

While any teacher can use the routine in his/her classroom alone, greater impact is
achieved if the routine is adopted school-wide; students benefit from the consistency as
they move from grade to grade and class to class. When taught by and practiced with
multiple teachers, students will more readily learn the routine and use it independently.
An ideal “cohort” of teachers for an ANSWER Key training is any group of teachers of
grades 3-10 from the same school.

What will you learn by taking this one-day training?

   •    First, you will learn a 5-step routine for answering an open response question,
       along with strategies for teaching the routine to students.

   •    Because the training is “hands-on,” you will have an opportunity to practice each
       step using sample open response questions.

   •    The training underscores the importance of providing specific feedback to
       students. A review of the research about effective feedback is included along
       with feedback templates designed specifically for the routine.

   •    Finally, you will have an opportunity to practice generating open response
       questions from content reading material.

As you can see, ANSWER is an acronym to represent the steps in the routine.

At the A step, the student analyzes the question and determines what kinds of relevant
details are required in the answer. Students are also taught how to mark key question

At the N step, the student uses two-column notes to plan and organize essential
information from the reading.
At the Skim, read and Select (the “S”) step, the student skim reads to get a sense of the
topic and how the text is organized, then reads more actively and marks relevant
information in the text. That information is added to the notes.

At the W step, the student restates the question in an opening sentence then turns
his/her notes into an answer, incorporating transition words for better organization.

The final step is End by Reviewing. The student rereads the question and checks
his/her answer for thoroughness, accuracy, and sufficient details.

Some teachers are interested in teaching the routine so that student answers on state
assessments will truly reflect their highest reading comprehension ability.

However, answering open response questions is also a valuable skill for learning
content information. If teachers generate open response questions for content reading
assignments and students apply the steps in the routine to answer those questions,
they become much more active learners. In writing about what they are reading,
students improve their comprehension and long-term memory of the content. During
the ANSWER Key training, teachers are encouraged to use open response questions
beyond preparation for state tests.

This illustrates the I, We, You approach to teaching that is both implemented and
emphasized in the training. This is also referred to as the “gradual release of
responsibility” model.

   •    The “I” stage is explicit instruction – this should include teacher modeling and
       thinking aloud.
   •    At the “We” stage, teachers should provide lots of guided practice.
   •    The ultimate goal at the “You” stage is independent use by students.

The one-day ANSWER training also follows the I, We, You model. At each step of the
routine, the trainer explains and models the steps; participants then have the
opportunity to practice.

Here are some details you should know about the training:
   • This is a one-day training. It is best if a team of teachers from the same school
      attends the training together.
   • The training is intended for educators who work with students in grades 3-10 to
      teach them how to answer reading comprehension open response questions.
   • While some elements of the routine may be applicable to math, science, or
      social studies open response questions, the focus for this training is ELA
      reading comprehension.
    •   The delivery style is interactive – practice activities are embedded throughout the

    •   The ANSWER Key training book is provided.

    •   Keys to Literacy will provide 6 PDPs for this training.

Finally, I thought you might like to know a bit about Keys to Literacy and the trainers
who teach The ANSWER Key to Open Response.

KTL is a provider of literacy professional development, specializing in grades 4-12. All
of our trainers are literacy experts, and they have extensive classroom experience. All
KTL programs are research-based, with a specific focus on comprehension and
vocabulary skills. KTL is based in New England and works with over a hundred schools
each year.

If you would like more information about The ANSWER Key to Open Response training
or any other Keys to Literacy programs, please visit our website or contact us via email
or phone.

Thank you, and I hope to see you at one of our training sessions!

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