Elements Of Drama (PowerPoint)

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					       Elements Of Drama
Dialogue and action form the twin pillars of
drama. The two pillars assist in the portrayal of
intense struggle and conflict wherein the true
essence and power of a drama lies.

Prepared by Tannishtha 04d01010
         Spring 2006
 It is conversation between characters; with little
  comment made directly by author.
 Can be read (often in verse-form) or seen (stage
 Dialogue is the one of the distinguishing features of
  drama, but all dialogue is not drama.
  Types of dialogue-
 Mere presentation of facts sans development of the
  characters or plot. Eg: a court room trial
 2) Development of characters via dialogue but no plot
  (conversation goes from subject to subject via
  association rather than logic, which would be essential
  for advancing action) Eg: W.S. Languor's “conversation”
 It comprises of more than mere physical action;
  without reference to character it is relatively
 Subtle gestures usually lost on audience as they
  aren’t so noticeable, a hurdle overcome by close
  ups in case of cinema.
 It is argued that cinema is primarily a visual art,
  though legitimate drama is primarily auditory-
  costumes, setting, acting are all secondary to
  the spoken word-dialogue.
          So what is drama?
To summarize, in drama dialogue must- be
 accompanied by action; illustrate and
 develop characters, from various points of
 view even; concern the past, present and
 set ground for further action, ie be
 progressive with tensions of active conflict
 within it.
Drama and other literary forms

Drama is a highly specialized form of
literature which can do some things
supremely well but must handle matters
its own ways. The merits and demerits are
discussed as follows.
             Fiction versus Drama
   Little action, mostly consists of peoples’ reaction to
    certain events/ or too much action accompanied by too
    little matter- both difficult to convert to drama as it is
    less effective/ too cumbersome. Drama usually works to
    greater success when characters participate in a
    situation rather than just viewing it.
   Fiction has greater choice of characters, inanimate ones
    even, like in the example, the letter.
   It can provide insight into the minds of characters
    through omniscient narrator (the author).
         Poetry versus Drama
 Very often, drama is in the form of verse.
  However a poem and drama can differ in
  the manner it treats the theme.
 Poetry is usually more intellectual,
  concerned more with meaning than with
  feeling, interpretations on a higher plane.
          Common elements
 Fiction, poetry, drama all three differ from
  other writings such as history, biography,
  philosophy because of certain common
 They all present situations (specific), invite
  interpretations (general) using methods of
  dialogue, action, setting.
      Distinguishing elements:
 Absence of omniscient narrator hence- no
  direct description, no direct comments, no
  purely mental/psychological action.
 The drawbacks of drama- restriction to
  first person dialogue, absence of narrative
  etc in fact make it crisper and heighten
  the tension.

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