WAPRES PLANTATION MANAGEMENT PLAN by dfgh4bnmu

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									                 WAPRES PLANTATION MANAGEMENT PLAN




     Document No:                            WAPRES PLAN 01




REVISION DATE               DESCRIPTION           PREPARED BY                   REVIEWED BY APPROVED BY

00           Mar 2006       Initial issue         J. Hales                      W. Hammond            R. Breidahl

01           Oct 2007       Revision 01           J. Hales                      W. Hammond            R. Breidahl

02           May 2008       Revision 02           A. Archer                     W. Hammond            R. Breidahl
             Sept 2009      Update for smithii A. Archer                        W. Hammond            R. Breidahl
                            site requirements
03
                            & expected harvest
                            volumes
04           Nov 2009       Included DFA       A. Archer                        W. Hammond            R. Breidahl
             Jan 2010       Reviewed regardingA. Archer                         W. Hammond            R. Breidahl
05                          incorporation of FSC
                            CoC



     Hard copies of this document are not controlled. You are required to ensure the document is up to date by checking
     the controlled read-only version on the WAPRES Intranet.
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01:     WAPRES Plantation Estate

In carrying out its plantation management operations WAPRES will adhere to the detailed
plan outlined below to ensure that its Plantation Management Policy is implemented. Where
applicable this Plantation Management Plan will be consistent with the “Code of Practice for
Timber Plantations in Western Australia”. The plan will be reviewed annually to consider
changes in management objectives, the results of measurements and monitoring and any
new information.

WAPRES’ Defined Forest Area to which the requirements of the Australian Forestry Standard
(AFS 4708) apply, covers a total area of almost 36,767 hectares in the south west of Western
Australia. This area comprises the gross area of the 16 freehold properties owned by
WAPRES on which plantations are established as well as the gross area covered by all of our
more than 400 leases. WAPRES currently manages approximately 30,884 net stocked
hectares of mostly Tasmanian Blue Gum (E.globulus) plantations within this Defined Forest
Area. Of this about 20,000 hectares is owned by WAPRES with the remainder being
managed for a range of third parties in particular Australian Bluegum Plantations (formerly
Timbercorp) and WA Blue Gum. The plantations are generally within the 700mm rainfall
isohyet and are situated between Boddington in the north and Albany in the south.

The total estate under management is located on about 300 separate properties, resulting in
an average size of just over 100 hectares. However they vary from as little as 12 hectares up
to about 1100 hectares. The total size of the estate has remained relatively static over the last
few years with the acquisition of new land offsetting the exiting of some poorly performing
sites established in the early 1990’s as well as some expiring leases, which were not renewed
by the landowners. With a strong shareholder emphasis on resource security, the majority of
future plantings will be owned by WAPRES or long term strategic partners with the resource
secured under Wood Purchase Agreements.

Currently, the sole commercial product grown in the plantations owned and managed by
WAPRES is pulpwood, used in the manufacture of printing and writing paper in Japan.
Despite this WAPRES has a history of investigating alternative uses for the wood and where
possible will continue to contribute to industry based research initiatives in this area.

As stated in our Plantation Management Policy, WAPRES seeks to maximize the ability of its
own estate to balance wood flows from other sources. This will provide our customers with a
constant, reliable supply of high quality globulus woodchips for their pulp and paper making
businesses. We will achieve this through the judicious use of silvicultural treatments such as
fertilizer application and thinning and by managing rotation lengths within the flexibility
provided by its land leasing arrangements.

WAPRES’ plantation estate delivers significant environmental, social and economic benefits
to the South West and Great Southern Regions of Western Australia where the plantations
are located. The environmental benefits include; improved water quality, rehabilitation of
saline land through the restoration of water balances, reduced soil erosion and the capture
and storage of the major greenhouse gas CO2 as carbon, which has consequences far
beyond the area in which the plantations are located. The social benefits of WAPRES’
plantation development program include; opportunities for employment (WAPRES has a
policy of employing local people wherever possible and this can be readily demonstrated),
support for local services such as bush fire brigades, charities and community programs.

WAPRES’ preference for land leasing over purchasing retains landowners in the community
who may otherwise have sold out due to a lack of viability. The plantations themselves are
resistant to fire for much of their life and have a demonstrated capacity to act as “firebreaks”
during major fires (e.g. Mt Barker fires December 2000).
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The economic benefits of WAPRES’ plantation program include; an alternative source of
secure, long term income to landowners, the use of local contractors to carry out the major
operations, as well as WAPRES’ policy of purchasing locally wherever possible. These
initiatives put about $30 million /annum back into local communities. In addition WAPRES
owned and managed plantations earn over $50 million per annum in valuable export income.
WAPRES is committed to meaningful stakeholder consultation with its customers, lessors,
neighbours, local governments, and key state government departments, such as Main Roads,
general interest groups including cultural and heritage groups and the community generally.
In 2008 WAPRES formalized it’s commitment to its neighbours, local communities and key
stakeholders with the development of its Good Neighbour Statement.

02:     Silvicultural Systems

WAPRES generally employs a fairly simple silvicultural system for its plantations. The
plantations have a nominal harvest age of 10 years and the plantations are usually
clearfelled, without any thinning operations. However there is flexibility to vary the age at
which clear-felling is carried out, with or without an earlier thinning operation being conducted.
This enables us to manage the plantations according to their specific site conditions
(especially soil depth and rainfall) as well as enabling us to maximize the use of our
plantations to smooth wood flows from other sources within the constraints of our lease
agreements. This would not be possible with inflexible clear-fell dates and without the option
of thinning. WAPRES uses a forest optimization software package called Woodstock to assist
us to optimize plantation management principally through the use of thinning and the timing of
clear-felling but also through the use of thinning. This package is currently not being used as
we are currently harvesting very few of our own plantations but this will change in a few years
time when harvesting of our own plantations increases again.

Principles of Environmental Care

WAPRES is committed to carrying out its plantation management and harvesting and haulage
operations in accordance with its Principles of Environmental Care (Appendix 1) as well as
with the Code of Practice for Timber Plantations in Western Australia.

Expected Harvest Volumes

WAPRES maintains a regular inventory program that enables us to accurately predict future
volumes of logs that will be produced both from the plantations we own and also from the
large plantation estate we manage for third parties. The plantations are measured at both age
4.5 and 7.5 year, and the standing volumes estimated from these inventories are grown on to
a nominal age 10 harvest, using growth models developed from our comprehensive set of
Permanent Sample Plots (PSP). There are currently two growth models; one is essentially for
the higher quality sites where good growth is maintained until at least age 10, whilst the other
is used on our lower quality sites where growth rates peak well before age 10.

WAPRES’ own plantations are expected to yield between 12,000 and 565,000 tonnes of logs
over the next 5 years (2010-2014 inclusive) based on a nominal 10-year rotation length.
WAPRES has wood rights on plantations, including ones it manages for third parties, which
will yield between 130,000 and 400,000 tonnes of logs over the same period. Additional
private resource is available for purchase, which will ensure that we are able to continue to
meet our customers’ requirements for the foreseeable future.

Site Selection and Productivity Determination

1.    All new plantation sites must receive at least 700 mm/annum of rainfall.

2.    WAPRES will not convert native forest to plantation. There may be limited
      circumstances where small scale clearing including for infrastructure may be required,
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      but only as approved by the Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC). We
      will strive to ensure that no threatened species or habitat, or significant ecosystems are
      adversely affected.

3.    WAPRES’ preferred method of land acquisition is leasing however selective land
      purchases may be required to ensure minimum requirements for resource security are
      met. One of WAPRES’s external clients Recruit Australia has purchased just over 200
      hectares of freehold land for plantation establishment over the last few years.

4.    All new plantation sites will have a soil assessment carried out, as identified in the
      Estate Operations Manual. Productivity for first rotation sites will be determined using
      actual harvest information for similar sites where possible. Where this is not available
      the empirical model SITEPROD developed in conjunction with the CRC-SPF will be
      used. For second rotations the yield achieved in the first rotation will be used, except
      where in agreement with the Managing Director, extenuating circumstances indicate a
      greater or lesser yield is likely.

5.    Potential genetic improvement is still considered to be uncertain and is currently limited
      to 10%, which is approximately half that predicted by the STBA (14% base gain plus
      7.5% for improved out crossing).

Plantation Approval Process

1.    The Internal Rate of Return (IRR) for all new plantations will be assessed on the
      relevant Plantation Proposal Form and in accordance with the latest version of the Land
      Evaluation System (currently Issue 9 October 2009).

2.    All Plantation Proposal Forms meeting minimum IRR requirements will be forwarded to
      the Managing Director for approval. Plantations that fail to meet the minimum
      requirement but have additional values eg scale, location, etc, may also be forwarded
      along with an explanation of the additional values. The Managing Director may approve
      these if the case is sufficiently compelling.

3.    Second rotation viability will be assessed having regard to the alternative cost of lease
      exit.

4.    It is the responsibility of the Land Manager to ensure all the necessary local
      government approvals are obtained and the responsibility of the General Manager
      Corporate Services to ensure leases are registered with the WAPC.

Choice of Species

Until recently all of WAPRES’s hardwood plantations had been established using Tasmanian
Blue Gum (E.globulus). However based on results from research trials carried out over the
last twenty years Gully Gum (E.smithii) has emerged as a viable alternative, particularly on
sites with shallow soils where E.globulus is not well suited. Following testing of the pulping
properties of the wood and confirmation from one of our customers that they were very happy
with the wood properties, the first operational scale plantings of E.smithii occurred in 2007,
with a total of about 350 hectares established. Plantings are likely to remain at this modest
level for the next couple of years while more is learnt of the species performance on the full
range of sites available in the south west of Western Australia. E.smithii is planted on sites
with soil depths of between about 2.0 and 3.0 metres. Above a depth of 3.0 metres it appears
that E.globulus will outperform E.smithii in most circumstances even at stockings as low as
600-700 sph.

Choice of Planting Stock and Establishment Method

Where possible all first rotation sites will be established using genetically improved seedling
stock to maximize dry matter production from a limited land base. However WAPRES will not
use genetically modified material (GMO’s) in its plantation program unless this receives
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strong support from the majority of stakeholders. WAPRES is not currently involved in the
production of GMO seedlings and is unlikely to pursue this in the foreseeable future. Under
FSC POL-30-602, clones, hybrids formed by natural processes, or the products of traditional
tree breeding, selection, grafting, vegetative propagation or tissue culture are not GMOs,
unless produced by GMO techniques.


Whilst coppice will generally result in a higher second rotation (2R) IRR than replanting due to
lower costs, in order to maintain a continual improvement in the quality of the estate and to
maximize dry matter production per hectare, up to 40% of 2R sites in any harvest year, may
be replanted using genetically improved stock rather than retaining coppice. Replanting
priority will be given to sites where early indications are that the coppice rate and vigour will
be low, and also to sites where first rotation productivity was good (MAI > 22.5) to ensure
growth potential of the improved material is not significantly constrained by environmental
limitations.

Removal of Paddock Trees to Facilitate Establishment Operations

Paddock trees may be removed to facilitate plantation establishment, provided all statutory
procedures are adhered to. New laws have been introduced under the Environmental
Protection Act 1986, which specify that clearing native vegetation requires a permit, unless
the clearing is for an exempt purpose. The Environmental Protection (Clearing of Native
Vegetation) Regulations 2004 set out exemptions for day-to-day activities that have a low
environmental impact. These include exemptions under the “One hectare rule” such as the
removal of isolated paddock trees and the removal of native scrub and tree re-growth within
plantations.

Treatment of slash following harvesting

The prevailing scientific view ( e.g. Grove et al 2001) suggests that where possible harvesting
slash should be retained on-site to conserve nutrients, particularly if it is anticipated that the
site will be utilized for plantation development over a number of rotations. However WAPRES
believes that the retention of the harvesting slash leads to an unacceptably high fire hazard
and will significantly jeopardize its principal objective of meeting the needs of its customers.
As a result WAPRES’s preference is to use the “roadside” harvesting system whereby much
of the larger slash material (branches and twigs) in particular is removed from the site. On
sites to be replanted where the roadside system has not been able to be used, the harvest
debris will be burnt in-situ or windrowed and then burnt. On sites that will be coppiced,
burning is not an option due to the risk of damage to the stumps and in the short term at least,
the increased fire risk will have to be accepted. Nutrient levels are closely monitored following
re-establishment and added where needed to ensure that the full site potential is achieved.
WAPRES will continually review this policy in light of ongoing developments in technology
that may enable to slash to be retained without adding significantly to the fire hazard.
WAPRES will in the meantime seek markets for its harvesting slash as biomass.

Use of Chemicals

WAPRES is committed to seek ways to reduce its reliance on the use of chemicals where this
is consistent with its requirement to ensure the productive capacity of its plantations is
maintained. We are members of the Industry Pest Management Group (IPMG), which has
already developed a mesh barrier that protects seedlings from the African Black Beetle.


In the past sites where the beetles were prevalent required a number of insecticide
applications, even to achieve modest survival levels. Now excellent survival levels are being
achieved on these sites without the need for any insecticide applications. The IPMG is also
investigating biological control methods for our major insect pest the Eucalyptus weevil. It has
already developed sampling methods and threshold damage levels for this insect pest to
ensure that insecticides are only applied when absolutely necessary. We are also
investigating the use of more environmentally sensitive insecticides e.g. Success for the
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control of this and other insect pests. The Australian Pesticide and Veterinary Medicines
Authority have recently registered Success after four years of research by scientists at the
CRC-SPF in Hobart, of which WAPRES is a core industry partner. WAPRES has also been
trialing the use of a plastic mulch to eliminate the need for pre-plant applications of
weedicides. This work will continue.


Principles of Plantation Silviculture

1.    Species Selection

•     Tasmanian Blue gum (E.globulus ssp globulus) is currently used for most plantation
      establishments by WAPRES due to its excellent wood properties for pulp and paper
      making, its rapid growth across a wide range of rainfall zones and soil types, its good
      disease resistance and its ability to coppice from the stump following harvesting.
      However as mentioned earlier on some sites with shallower soils Gully gum (E. smithii)
      appears to be more drought tolerant than E. globulus and is preferred on these sites.

•     WAPRES would also consider using hybrids of E.globulus or other species in certain
      circumstances (eg saline and drought prone sites) if they were demonstrated to be have
      superior survival and growth rates on these sites and the wood quality is acceptable to
      our customers.

2.    Cultivation

•     Most sites will require some form of cultivation to ensure their full potential is achieved.
      The choice of which cultivation method should be used will depend on site factors such
      as slope, the presence of any impeding layers in the soil, the likelihood of water-logging
      and whether it is a first rotation site or not.

3.    Weed Control

•     It is essential that the young seedlings in particular are able to develop in a weed free
      environment to ensure that the full potential of the site is achieved. The type and rates
      of herbicide used should take into account the weed spectrum present, the size of the
      weeds, the soil type and the time of the season but must be in accordance with the
      label or permit specifications.

•     If perennial weeds are present a broadcast herbicide application should be carried out
      prior to the cultivation treatment.

•     Following cultivation an application of pre (and if required) post emergent herbicides
      should be carried out.

•     In the winter following planting a second year weed control operation will generally be
      required to ensure that the young trees continue to develop in a weed free environment.

•     Any additional weed control treatments should be implemented taking into account; the
      cost of the operation, the expected benefit to the plantation and any possible
      environmental effects.

•     Chemicals used to control weeds must be used in accordance with the Public Health
      Guidelines on the use of chemicals in rural areas contained in the “Health Act (1911) –
      Health (Pesticides) Regulations 1956” and with the “Country Areas Water Supply Act
      1947” and related Environmental Protection Policies for water catchments.

•     Only herbicides that are registered for use in plantations or have been permitted for use
      by the National Registration Authority, under the national permit scheme can be used.
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•     Only operators licensed by the Health Dept will be allowed to apply herbicides.
      Supervising staff must also hold the appropriate license.


4.    Fertilizing

•     Fertilizers should be applied to plantations to ensure that the full growth potential is
      achieved taking into account economic and environmental considerations. Detailed
      information on all aspects of plantation nutrition is contained in the Forest Health
      Manual.

•     Prior to planting a soil nutrient analysis will be undertaken to determine the type and
      rate of fertiliser (if any) to be used at the time of planting. Actual application of this
      fertiliser may take place either shortly before or after planting depending on the soil
      nutrient status, soil type and type of fertiliser used.

•     Plantations will be monitored for nutrient status both informally during routine
      inspections but also formally during a major Forest Health Survey (FHS) carried out
      during late autumn or early winter, two years after planting where leaf tissue samples
      are analysed. These will be used as a basis to determine additional fertiliser
      requirements.

•     The application of fertilizers in gazetted catchments must conform with the “Country
      Areas Water Supply Act 1947: and related Environmental Protection Policies for water
      catchments. Fertilisers will not be broadcast applied within 10 meters of a waterway.

5.    Planting

•     Stocking rates for plantations will be based on the results of formal spacing trials and
      will take into account the need to optimize volume production and piece size, as well as
      the rainfall and soil characteristics of the site.

6.    Insect control

•     Plantations will receive regular monitoring especially at known times of peak insect
      activity and insecticides will be applied when insect populations exceed threshold
      levels. Detailed information on all aspects of insect monitoring and control is contained
      in the Forest Health Manual.

•     Use of insecticides must be in accordance with the Public Health Guidelines on the use
      of chemicals in rural areas contained in the Health Act (1911) – Health (Pesticides)
      Regulations 1956 and in water catchments must be in accordance with the Country
      Areas Water Supply Act 1947 and related Environmental Protection Policies for water
      catchments.

•     Aerial application of insecticides must be in accordance with the Aerial Spraying Control
      Act 1966 and if requested by neighbours a “Spray Application Management Plan for
      Spraying of Insecticides Close to Licensed Aquaculture Industry” will be prepared.

•     Insecticides will only be used if they are registered by the National Registration
      Authority or under a permit according to the national permit scheme. Rates and
      methods of application must be in accordance with permit and label requirements.

•     Only operators licensed by the Health Dept will be allowed to apply insecticides.
      Supervising staff must also hold the appropriate license.

Plantation Inspections
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The frequency of inspections on WAPRES managed plantations will vary depending on the
age of the plantations as follows;


1.    New plantings (Year 0 – 1)

These plantations will be visited at least twice weekly while key operations such as ripping
and mounding, weed control, planting and fertilizing are being carried out. At other times they
will be inspected at least once a fortnight until mid-October when the potential to carry out any
infilling operations has passed. Inspections will then be carried out at least once a month until
the end of the June following planting except where replanting is required. In replant areas
the inspection frequency will revert to that for a new plantation. Targeted inspections to detect
swarming spring beetles will continue through until about mid – October.

These inspections will occur on warm, sunny days when these insects emerge form the soil
and can cause considerable damage. In areas prone to wingless grasshopper attack,
additional inspections may be required in late spring and early summer to monitor
populations.

2.    Year 1 - 2

Inspections of these plantations will be carried out on a monthly basis up until the June
following planting. Subsequently the inspections will occur at four monthly intervals. The
exception is where replanting operations are being carried out. In this case the inspections
will revert to the same timetable as for the new plantings.

3.    Years 2 - 4

Inspections of these plantations will be carried out at four monthly intervals during the year.
These generally occur in January, May and September. However with adult foliage beginning
to develop, the trees will begin to become susceptible to attack from the eucalypt weevil and
chrysomelid beetle, especially from the larvae of these insects.

As a result additional inspections may be required from the start of spring through until early
summer to monitor populations and ensure that the appropriate recommendations for control
are made.

4.    Year 5 +

These plantations will be inspected at six monthly intervals during the year (March and
September). The younger plantations in this age group however may still also be susceptible
to severe attacks from eucalypt weevils and chrysomelid beetles, requiring additional
inspections as outlined above for the Year 2 – 4 plantings. Inspections during harvesting
operations will be carried out at least once a week.

Survival Counts and Replanting

WAPRES employees, in accordance with Procedure TF-OM-2017 of the WAPRES Plantation
Operations Manual, will carry out formal survival counts during the autumn after planting to
determine whether any areas fail to meet the survival objective of 90%.

03:     Fire Control
As owners and managers of a substantial investment in plantations and as a processor and
exporter of large quantities of high quality woodchips, WAPRES has a strong interest in
ensuring that the plantations it manages remain free of damaging agents including fire.
WAPRES and its predecessor Bunnings Treefarms have been leaders within the plantation
industry in Western Australia in fire protection management and this is reflected in the fairly
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minimal losses that have occurred over the last 23 years since the first eucalypt plantation
was established near Manjimup.

To ensure that this excellent record is maintained WAPRES continues to place great
emphasis on fire protection management and conforms to the Fire Protection Management
Policy below.

1.    Duty roster

WAPRES will maintain a seven days a week, 24-hour a day duty roster throughout the fire
season, coordinated by experienced Duty Officers. A dedicated telephone number will be
maintained for duty officer contact, and this number will be made available to all lessors,
neighbours, local authorities, bushfire brigades and other relevant individuals and groups.

The Duty Officer is responsible for placing suppression crews and equipment on standby
across WAPRES’ entire operational area in accordance with Fire Weather Forecasts and fire
activity.

2.    Equipment

WAPRES will strategically position its own fire suppression equipment throughout the
operational area with much of the larger (heavy-duty and medium-duty) equipment being
centrally located in Manjimup. The Duty Officer will in accordance with priorities manage the
deployment of this equipment.

All equipment is regularly checked during the fire season (at least once per week) with a
major annual maintenance program carried out prior to the commencement of each fire
season.

3.    Training

WAPRES will ensure that personnel involved in fire control activities are trained as outlined in
the ‘WAPRES 9080 - Minimum Fire Training Requirements for WAPRES staff for Fire Control
Activities’.

4.    Firebreaks

WAPRES will install firebreaks in accordance with the relevant local authority firebreak orders
with a minimum standard of 10 metres width for both internal and external firebreaks where
the local authority requirements are less than this. WAPRES will also ensure that setbacks
from power lines conform to Western Power requirements.

Firebreaks will receive a maintenance grade where required during the life of the plantation to
minimise the potential for erosion and to ensure that trafficability for fire equipment is
maintained.

5.    Maps

WAPRES will produce detailed maps for all the plantations under its management showing as
a minimum, the main access point, compartment boundaries, firebreaks, roads, water points,
power lines native bush and details of adjoining properties including names and contact
details where possible.

The maps will be distributed to the property owner, bushfire brigade, local authority and any
other appropriate fire agency e.g. Conservation and Land Management (CALM).

6.    Water points

WAPRES will develop new or upgrade existing on plantation water points to ensure that water
is always readily available for the refilling of fire units. Where this is impractical (generally on a
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small plantation) it will ensure that water is available within a 20 minute turn-around time
outside the plantation.

Water points will be monitored regularly throughout the life of a plantation to ensure that water
levels remain adequate.

7.    Signage

WAPRES will signpost all plantations under its management with fire contact information,
water point and general access signs to ensure safe access and egress. In particular it will
ensure that signs are erected in areas where summer access is 4WD only, where steep
slopes exist and where access is impossible past a certain point to ensure fire crews can
retreat readily if required.

8.    Communications

WAPRES will install VHF radios in all fire units allowing communication with all other fire
suppression agencies including local authorities, bushfire brigades and CALM. WAPRES will
also install mobile telephones in all key fire units to further improve communications
capability.


9.    Bushfire Brigades

WAPRES will join all active bushfire brigades servicing areas where plantations under its
management are established and will pay the relevant subscription fees.

Where possible a WAPRES employee will attend brigade meetings (as well as local authority
fire advisory meetings), and where appropriate WAPRES will make donations to assist in the
purchase of essential equipment or the construction of key facilities.

As WAPRES will in most cases rely on the bushfire brigades to provide the initial fire
suppression capability in the event of a wildfire occurring on or near one of its plantations, it
will make it clear to all relevant brigades that it is willing to assist in brigade prescribed
burning activities and is available to carry out fire suppression activities in these brigade
areas, even where fires are not directly threatening one of its plantations.

Where WAPRES is notified of a wildfire in one of the relevant brigade areas and where
assistance is requested, the duty officer will authorise the appropriate equipment to be
dispatched if this equipment is not already committed.

10.   Mutual Assistance (Growers) Fire Agreement

WAPRES will strive to maintain a “MUTUAL ASSISTANCE AGREEMENT” with other
members (growers) of the plantation industry in Western Australia that allows for the shared
use of fire protection resources of all parties to the maximum advantage.

11.   Insurance

WAPRES will maintain a comprehensive fire insurance cover for its own plantation estate.


12.   Community Fire Equipment

In the past WAPRES, along with other industry members, has provided funding for the
purchase of community owned strategic fire equipment where appropriate mechanisms have
been put in place to ensure the contributions are equitable (e.g. Lower Great Southern Fire
Advisory) and where WAPRES’ own equipment was not located within approximately 45
minutes travel time. This method of equipment provision has been superseded by the
introduction of the Emergency Services Levy.
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04:     Principles of Harvesting

1.    Planning
Harvesting operations will be scheduled in accordance with seasonality constraints,
production and shipping requirements

Contractor and harvesting system allocation decisions will be made as part of the scheduling
considerations. These decisions will reflect consideration of second rotation requirements
including whether to coppice or replant.

A Timber Harvest Plan (THP) will be prepared for each plantation. The Plan will outline area
to be harvested, roads to be used, type of harvesting system and timing of operation. It will
also identify areas of remnant vegetation and other buffer zones in which no harvesting is to
be conducted. Boundaries, the area of plantation, any remnant vegetation and buffer zones
are determined using a D-GPS which has an accuracy of within one metre.

All necessary roading and preparation works will be completed in accordance with company &
industry standards, including gravel extraction and pit rehabilitation.

The THP will be reviewed and confirmed prior to commencement of operations.

The THP will reflect consideration for optimising grower returns, taking into account distance
to mill, cost of harvesting and second rotation requirements.

2.    Harvesting
To obtain maximum utilisation from plantations using the most cost effective and appropriate
methods.

To use competent personnel to achieve the necessary standards of safety and environmental
care.

To comply with Company and Industry Standards.

To complete the Harvesting Inspection Report for each plantation, assessing operational,
safety and environmental aspects and ensuring operations comply with obligations.


3.    Haulage
To ensure logs are supplied to designated processing centres and loads are secured safely
with minimal damage to roads both on & off the plantation.

To comply with Company & Industry Standards.

4.    Post Harvest
To rehabilitate harvested areas to agreed standards, including roads, firebreaks, erosion
control and drainage measures where required.

To ensure operations have complied with obligations to wood owners, landowners,
neighbours, and local community.

								
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