Art_His_Leonard_Baskin by cuiliqing


									 Leonard Baskin

   “One of the best artists of his
generation.”- The New York Times
                             Early Life
   -Born to Rabbi Samuel Baskin and his wife May Guss Baskin on August 15,
    1922 in New Brunswick, New Jersey
          - Moved to Brooklyn, NY at age 7
   -Baskin’s interest in art was first triggered at age 14, when he attended a
    sculpture demonstration at Macy’s, from which Baskin brought home five
    pounds of plasticene clay
   -Attended yeshiva Jewish college until his father permitted him to attend
    public high school at age 16
   -Baskin skipped classes and did not attend school often. Instead Baskin took
    to mentoring himself with extensive hours being spent studying over texts on
    various fields of knowledge in libraries and museums
   -Began artistic studies at Manhattan’s Educational Alliance
          -Baskin’s teacher and renowned sculptor, Maurice Glickman, organized
    Baskin’s first art exhibition in 1939
   -Baskin received a scholarship to Yale University School of Fine Arts
          -At Yale, Baskin began working with print making and established a
    small private press, known as the Gehenna Press, which printed hundreds
    of important books, mostly dealing with biblical subjects
   -After three years of service in the U.S. Navy, Baskin traveled to France and
    Italy to study art under the G.I. Bill
              Early Life (continued)
   -Baskin became known for his immense woodcuts in the 1950’s, which were
    larger than those made by any other modern artist
   -Baskin was an art teacher at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts
    from 1953 to 1974
         -At Smith College in 1958 Baskin met British poet, Ted Hughes, with
    whom he          worked on thirty different books
   -After his first daughter, Lucretia, was born in 1974, Baskin moved with his
    family to Lurley, a small town in Devon, England, which brought him closer
    to Hughes
         -Baskin was seeking a reprieve from the fame he had gained in America,
    which he         believed would corrupt him and instead sought a simpler life
    emphasizing family        values in England
   -Baskin suffered a pituitary brain tumor in the 1970’s and his anguish was
    reflected in a series of morbid self portraits until he received neurosurgery
    which lead to his resurgence into the art world with his move back to
    America in 1983
   -Baskin dies on June 3rd, 2000 in Northampton, Massachusetts
               Baskin’s Artistic Style
   -Baskin’s works encompassed themes of Christianity, Cold-War conflicts in
    society, Native Americans, classic mythology, predatory birds, and death
   -Baskin illustrated various texts, including classics by Dante and Homer
   -Baskin was skilled in many different areas of talent including printmaking,
    bookmaking, illustrating, painting, and sculpting
   -Baskin strayed from the representations of abstraction that were apparent in
    the art world at the time and instead displayed figurative humanism, dividing
    him from abstract expressionists which caused his work to be deemed instead
    German expressionist in nature
   -Baskin felt printmaking was the best means of portraying social and political
    commentary and the human condition
   -Baskin worked to combine literature and art with the collaboration of Ted
   -Baskin combined his own motifs with symbols from literature, mythology,
    and the Bible to represent human nature
   -Baskin’s works were mainly centered on portraying the brutality apparent in
    society during the Great Depression, World War II, the first Iraq War, and
    the Cold War
                   Baskin’s Interests
   -Baskin resented authority and was known for his rebellious nature. Baskin
    had almost been expelled from Yale, was reported for disciplinary
    infractions in the U.S. Navy, and left Zadinki’s studio in Paris where he we
    studied under the G.I. Bill.
   -INFLUENCES: Thomas Eakins, William Blake (due to his political nature,
    interest in bookmaking, and his skill at combining art with poetry), the
    Kollwitz and Ernst Barlach, and German and Austrian expressionists (for
    their humanistic representations and artistic style)
   -Baskin collected literature, which he adored for both its content and
    aesthetic appeal
   -Baskin believed conflicts with humankind and the society in which we live
    must be addressed in order to be resolved whereas ignoring them would only
    create further despair
   -Baskin despised abstractionism’s approach in attempting to conceal and
    ultimately ignore the problems with plague humans and their societies
         Baskin’s Political Views
   - Baskin despised capitalism due to his growing up
    during the Great Depression, a time in which the
    human suffering made the flaws of capitalism apparent
   -Baskin preferred socialism and conformed to the
    Marxist philosophies, which characterized the art
    world during his time
   -Baskin rejected abstractionism and its use as
    propaganda for encouraging the fighting of the Cold-
    War and for this reason was seen as an outcast in the
    abstractionist art world of the 1950’s
                   Baskin’s Works
   -”Man of Peace” is a monumental print that shows both hope
    and hopelessness
   -“Hanged man” is a print which demonstrates a memorial to an
    anonymous figure, that may be either a victim or a convict
      -”Hanged Man” became a reappearing motif throughout
        Baskin’s art
   - The raptor and other birds of prey, which Baskin felt
    represented the savage nature of mankind, was another recurring
    symbol throughout his works
   -Baskin’s mourning mothers symbolize the violence that is often
    inflicted upon women in society
   -Baskin commonly portrayed his favorite mythological character,
    Medea, who had murdered her children to punish her unfaithful
    husband for his affairs
“Man of Peace”

            Woodcut print
            Made in 1952
            Gifted to Richard M.
“Hanged Man”

        Woodblock print
        Made in 1955
“Black and Red Raptor”

                     Print
                     Made in 1990
                     Etching in two
                      colors on white
                      CMF paper

   Watercolor
   Made in 1985
   Watercolor, gouache
    (pigments ground in
    water with an adhesive
    substance), and ink on
    white textured paper
“Leonard Baskin at 56”

              Woodcut print in two
              Made in 1978
“Short Bull, Sioux”

                 Lithograph
                     “Colorful Raptor”
   Etching made in 1993 on white CMF
   -My favorite Baskin print because of
    the use of color, texture, and
   - Interesting blend (pallet) of colors
   -Unique portrayal of a raptor that
    strays from traditional depictions of
    birds of prey
   -Shows closeness of humans to birds
    in displaying the raptor in a humanlike
   -Shows the primitive and barbaric
    beast which exists in all human beings,
    thereby offering an interesting view of
    human nature
   - Successfully instills clear message of
    the savagery of human kind as well as
    mankind’s proximity to nature

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