Vorarlberg - CoMPaCT by dfgh4bnmu


									Vorarlberg - CoMPaCT
 Interesting aspects of the State and its People.

                                               our Country
Vorarlberg - CoMPaCT
a compact overview.

Dr. Herbert Sausgruber                       Dr. bernadette Mennel
Governor of the                              Speaker of the
State of Vorarlberg                          State parliament

                         Dear reader,

                         this information brochure gives visitors some idea of the regional distinctions
                         and predominant characteristics of the State - and People of Vorarlberg. The fol-
                         lowing pages present visitors with relevant information summarised in a com-
                         pact form. This presentation is also intended to help visitors to gain a personal
                         impression of the region. For example, the history, the traditions, the distinc-
                         tive language dialect, the social activities of the people, the extremely active
                         cultural life, economic development and, finally the diversity of the Vorarlberg

                         The particular geographic location – since Vorarlberg borders on Germany,
                         Liechtenstein and Switzerland and is the most westerly State of the Republic of
                         Austria - gives the State a quite exceptional position. The people of Vorarlberg
                         are said to have the best characteristics: German industriousness, Swiss preci-
                         sion and Austrian charm. Vorarlberg is often fondly referred to as the ‘Laendle’
                         (the little country) and it is perhaps this particular combination of charm, preci-
                         sion and industriousness, which continuously enhance the quality of life in the
                         State and the economy, and produce ongoing mutually beneficial effects.

                         The most important information in this brochure – as well as further details and
                         facts, can be found by visiting the official governmental website: www.vorarlberg.at.

  our Country                                                                               ForeworD | 02
Feldkirch - Katzenturm Round Tower (foreground)
and Schattenburg Castle (background)              Bregenz Festival Lake Stage with Aida

                                                                                          Bregenzer Festspiele (Der Troubadour 05/06)

                                                                                          Novaspitze Summit – Great Walsertal Valley

                               Bregenz Lake Harbour/Bregenz State Art Gallery

                                                                                          Bludenz Pedestrian Zone

Shipping/Lake of Constance                        Buerstegg near Lech

Dornbirn Polytechnic
Vorarlberg then and now.

Evidence of human settlement goes back as far as the          aegis of the noble ‘Udalrichinger’ dynasty. As the Counts
early Stone Age, and particularly favourable locations of     of Bregenz, they dominated large areas to the north and
Vorarlberg were constantly populated during the Bronze        south of the Lake of Constance. The Counts of Montfort
Age. Celtic clans dominated life in the alpine valleys from   and Werdenberg, who, as feudal liege lords founded the
the 4th century B.C. to 15 B.C. when the Romans overran       cities of Feldkirch, Bregenz and Bludenz, were descen-
the region, which is now known as Vorarlberg, integrating     dents of the ’Udalrichinger’ dynasty.
it as a part of the Province of Rhaetia and gradually Ro-
manising the population. Brigantium (or Bregenz) became       Vorarlberg as an entity
the central point of the region. Alemmanic tribes gradually   Vorarlberg became a political entity, a State, through the
began settling around the middle of the 6th century; but      territorial policies of the Habsburg Dukes of Austria. Bet-
the Romanic population continued to be predominant in         ween 1363 and 1523, the Habsburgs purchased the coun-
the south of the Province for some centuries later.           ties of Neuburg, Feldkirch, Bludenz, Bregenz and Sonnen-
                                                              berg, as well as the court jurisdictions of Mittelberg and
The Castle of Bregenz (first documented in 802) became        Tannberg.
the seat and origin of new feudal organisation during the     Beyond the boundaries of this scattered region, the feu-

Vorarlberg State government Decree of February 1861 - Statel parliament Election Ordinance

  our Country                                                                                 HISTory | 04
 The Members of the Vorarlberg State parliament and the State government

dal bailiwicks, the judicial representatives of municipal      State of Tyrol. It was only on 11 December 1945, that the
and rural courts, who approved the extraordinary taxes in      State parliament, democratically elected only a few weeks
the diets of the county and participated in the organisati-    before, was able to re-enact the State constitution of 1923.
on of State defence, promoted the development of a state       This State constitution – which has been revised several
awareness. In the 18th century, the name Vorarlberg final-     times since – forms the basis of the current political sy-
ly became established for the region, which was hitherto       stem in Vorarlberg.
generally known as the ‘die Herrschaft vor dem Arlberg’
(the County West of the Arlberg Pass). The State obtained
its current borders in 1814 and a State parliament in 1861.

Modern State Constitution
A few days before the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian
Monarchy, a provisional provincial assembly was called in
Bregenz on the 3rd of November 1918. In holding to the
right of self-determination of the nations, a resolution was
unanimously passed to establish Vorarlberg as an “inde-
pendent province within the framework of the Austro-Ger-
man State”. The State constitution of 1919 was adjusted
in alignment with the Federal Constitution of the Republic
of Austria in 1923, and again amended in 1934 to conform
with the authoritarian corporative state. With the “anne-
xation” of Austria by the Third Reich in 1938, Vorarlberg
lost its independent status and was amalgamated into the

                                                                                The former Vorarlberg State Arms of 1864

05 | HISTory                                                                                                        our Country
The People of Vorarlberg.

Second only to Vienna, Vorarlberg is the most densely po-        Vorarlberg population age-groups
pulated province of the Republic of Austria. The density of
population is around 141 residents per square kilometre
of territorial area. Since 1900, The growth in population                         7%
                                                                                              17 %
in Vorarlberg’s, has increased by +181 percent, and repre-               14 %
sents the largest rate of all the States of the Republic of
Austrian. Population density is, of course distributed diffe-
rently: around 2/3rds of the population of the State live on
around a mere 1/5th of the territorial area of the State – the      21 %                             20 %
rural density of population in the Valley of the Rhine Valley
is already comparable with that of urban areas. At present,
almost 369,000 persons are registered as main residents,                             22 %
and a further 22,000 have a ‘second home’ residence in
Vorarlberg. The proportion of foreign nationals is around
                                                                 Source: State Statistics Office (31.12.2009)
12.5 percent. This is reflected in the religious denomina-
tions. Around 3/4 of the population are Roman Catholic,             0 to 14                                45 to 59
and the remainder of the population is mainly Islamic or
                                                                    15 to 29                               60 to 74
Evangelical Protestant. Constant population growth has
been recorded for around a century. It is forecast, that the        30 to 44                               75 and over
Vorarlberg population will be 400,000 by the year 2037.

  our Country                                                                   THe PoPulaTIon | 06
a language of its own
A unique characteristic of the population of Vorarlberg is its
distinctive language dialect. In contrast to other regions of
the Republic of Austria, the Vorarlberg dialect is generally
– and not only privately - used and cultivated in everyday
life. In contrast to the rest of Austria, the people of Vorarl-
berg do not speak a Bavarian- but an Alemmanic type of di-
alect, which is closely related to the Swiss-German and the
dialects of the neighbouring German ‘Allgaeu’. The dialect
even differs within the State itself – the dialectic language                    Children ‘centre-stage’ – this political initiative of the State aims at
                                                                                 making Vorarlberg the most child- and family-friendly region. Visit:
in the areas of Bregenzerwald, Lustenau and Montafon is                          www.vorarlberg.at/kim
considered to be particularly difficult to understand.

However, the distinctive dialects all have one feature in                        last resort by the fact, that the population of Vorarlberg en-
common, the absence of the so-called ’New High German                            joys the highest life expectancy in the whole of Europe.
Diphthongisation’, which led to the introduction of Umlauts
in the High German Language from the 12th Century. The                           willingness to assist
Vorarlberg Dialect of the Language thus corresponds with                         A further particularity of the people of Vorarlberg is their
an older form of language without diphthongs (e.g. ’Hus’                         level of social commitment. Almost half of the population
instead of ’Haus’ – for the English ‘house’). The preterit                       of Vorarlberg actively exercises a voluntary function, and a
tense is not spoken, and past actions are only spoken of                         good 14,000 people are involved in a variety of social secu-
in the perfect tense. No person in Vorarlberg would say, for                     rity activities.
example, “Ich war … - I was …”, but always “Ich bin ‘gsi’ (a
corruption of ‘gewesen’) - I have been …”, which is why the                      The public sector financially supports the dense social
natives of Vorarlberg are also jokingly referred to as the                       security network with approx. EUR 223.6 millions (in 2008),
’Gsi-Berger’.                                                                    of which around 46 percent is allotted to social welfare aid
                                                                                 and care of the elderly, 32 percent to integration assistance
Healthcare                                                                       and the remainder to are of juveniles, children and families,
The State of Vorarlberg has been a pioneer for many years                        as well as social care. All in all, worthwhile investments in
now in the matter of healthcare and the promotion of pu-                         the quality of life in the State and active support for the so-
blic- health and hygiene, and this is demonstrated in the                        cially committed population.

   Social engagement                                 occupational                               Voluntary                                 Total

   Social welfare benefits                                4,743                                    4,510                                  9,253
   Disability aid                                         1,924                                    1,405                                  3,329
   Youth care                                              525                                     1,727                                  2,252
   Children, juveniles and families                       1,502                                    4,731                                  6,233
   Men and women                                            25                                       48                                    73
   Pensioners                                               10                                     1,903                                  1,913

   Total                                                 8,729*                                  14,324**                                23,053
Status 2008, * 74% of the occupational workers are women, 26% are men, ** 63% of voluntary workers are women and 37% are men
Source: Social Security Report 2009

07 | THe PoPulaTIon                                                                                                                                 our Country
PolITICS anD loCal goVernMenT
an overview of the State of Vorarlberg.

Since the end of the Second World War, the ‘Oesterrei-            The State parliament is responsible for passing regional
chische Volkspartei’ – the Conservative Austrian Popular          legislation and for controlling the State government. The
Party - (OeVP) has been successful in having its candidate        Speaker of the State parliament is Mrs. Dr. Bernadette
elected to the office of the governor of Vorarlberg. Apart        Mennel (Conservative). The two Deputy Speakers are Mrs.
from the time period of the State parliament between              Dr. Gabriele Nussbaumer (Conservative) and Mr. Ernst Ha-
1999 and 2004, the Conservative ‘OeVP’ always enjoyed             gen (Liberal). Vorarlberg also has had its own State
an elected majority in the Assembly. The State parliament         Accounting Office since 1999, which, as an organ of the
of Vorarlberg consists of 36 elected members, who are             State parliament, audits the entire financial management
elected to serve for a period of five years. Since the elec-      of the State. The contact person for the concerns and com-
tions to the State parliament on the 20th September 2009,         plaints of the people of Vorarlberg is the State Ombuds-
the Conservative ‘Oesterreichische Volkspartei (the Aus-          man, an office, which was first set up 1985.
trian Popular Party) has 20 seats, the ‘Freiheitliche Partei’

                                                                                                          Conservatives: ‘OeVP’
                                                                                                          Social Democrats: ‘SPOe’

                                                                     50.8%                                Liberals: ‘FPOe’

                                                                                                   10.6%          10.0%      3.5%
Plenary Sitting of the Vorarlberg State parliament

(Liberals) 9, the ‘Green Party’ 4, and the ‘Sozialdemokra-        Source: Interior Ministry of Vorarlberg - Elections
tische Partei Oesterreichs’ (the Social Democratic Party of
Austria) 3 seats, in representation of the political interests
of the population.                                                People for Vorarlberg
                                                                  Although the core of the State constitution originates
                                                                  from the year 1923, it has been extensively modernised
  governors of Vorarlberg since 1945                              and comprehensively amended during past decades. The
                                                                  State parliament of today elects seven government offices
                                                                  on the majority principle. The State Government serving
  1945 to 1964                           Ulrich Ilg               under the State governor of Vorarlberg Dr. Herbert Saus-
                                                                  gruber is currently constituted as follows: Mr. Markus
                                                                  Wallner, Deputy governor, Mr. Erich Schwaerzler, State
  1964 to 1987                           Dr. Herbert Keßler
                                                                  councillor, Mr. Siegi Stemer, State councillor, Mrs. Dr. Gre-
                                                                  ti Schmid, State councillor, Mr. Karlheinz Ruedisser, State
  1987 to 1997                           Dr. Martin Purtscher     councillor and Mrs. Andrea Kaufmann, State councillor (all
                                                                  being members of the Conservative ‘OeVP’).

  since 1997                             Dr. Herbert Sausgruber

  our Country                                        PolITICS anD loCal goVernMenT | 08
THe eConoMy
one of particular strengths of Vorarlberg.

Districts and municipalities                                       Vorarlberg industrial manufacturing according to
‘A region of growth has developed in the State around the          industrial products
urban areas of Bregenz, Feldkirch and Dornbirn and in the
                                                                   70%                                        1972        2008
municipalities of the Valley of the Rhine. The great advan-
tage is the combination of tourism, the quality of life and        60%
economic viability. Low-rise built settlements with a high-        50%
ly modern, dynamic economic infrastructure, with a high            40%
proportion of service industries and flexible, specialised
light industrial activity, all give Vorarlberg a futuristic cha-
racter, a hint of Silicon Valley, and a kind of ‘get up and go’    20%
decampment at the very foot of the Central Alps.’                  10%
In its market study on “Future Regions”, the renowned “Zu-                  Textile,   Iron and steel, Foodstuffs,     Chemicals,
kunftsinstitut - Future Institute” had enthusiastic words                   Clothing       metals,    stimulants and   timber and
                                                                                          electricals     luxuries       others
for the economic development of Vorarlberg, which can,
of course, be also backed up by figures. The high number
of market-leader multinational companies with branches             More production and services
in the State, shows that Vorarlberg is one of the worlds           Vorarlberg is a versatile production and services location.
economic top regions, with only a population of approxi-           The internationally oriented industry (still) plays a signi-
mately 369,000. The textile industry was the main econo-           ficant role, which has continuously developed to become
mic force in the region until well into the 1970s. Increasing      a comprehensive solution provider. Today, future-oriented
globalisation has led to a structural change, which has            industries dominate, for example mechanical engineering
promoted an upsurge into a diversified industrial lands-           and steel construction, which display growth rates. Within
cape. Comparative figures show, that, parallel to the food-        this industrial environment, technical, creative service
stuffs- and luxury consumer goods industries, the iron-,           providers are also gaining in significance.
metal- and electrical industries are also predominant.
erwerbstätige in Vorarlberg nach wirtschaftsbereichen
 30000                                                             The generating of electricity as an economic driving force
 20000                                                             The electric power generating industry has also developed
                                                                   as a significant factor in the domestic economy. Hydro-
         1961      1971     1981      1991      2001     2008      electric power production is clearly the main source of
                                                                   power. Vorarlberg not only generates as much electricity
  Land- und Forstwirtschaft          Erwerbstätige 5.900           from renewable energy sources as is used domestically –
  Industrie und Gewerbe              Erwerbstätige 63.900
                                                                   it even exports the ‘green’ electric power to neighbouring
  Dienstleistung                     Erwerbstätige 112.500
                                                                   countries, predominantly to Germany.
Quelle: LFK 2008

09 | THe eConoMy                                                                                                            our Country
                                                                                all-season tourism
                                                                                In the less industrialised areas of the State, tourism, which
                                                                                also plays a supportive overall economic role, is one of the
                                                                                most important sources of revenue. People earn their li-
                                                                                ving from tourism, particularly in the areas of the Bregen-
                                                                                zerwald, the Arlberg, the Kleinwalsertal and the Montafon.
                                                                                Around 2 million visitors spend approximately 8.3 million
                                                                                night stopovers in Vorarlberg each year – and almost 60
                                                                  Kanisfluh     percent of those visitors stay in Winter, and 40 percent du-
                                                                                ring the Summer.

Hi-tech manufacturing and modern architecture

       exports per national market

        Others 36 %                                              Germany 29 %             export revenue
                                                                                          The know-how and the goods of local busi-
                                                                                          nesses are globally sought-after commodities.
                                                                                          In comparison with other states of the Republic
                                                                                          of Austrian, the State of Vorarlberg has the high-
                                                                                          est rate of exports. Around 54 percent of the
                                                                                          goods produced in local industries are exported
                                                                                          abroad (this rate is 37 percent for the rest of
                                                                                          Austria). The products of mechanical enginee-
                                                                                          ring-, metal-working- and electrical industries
                                                                                          account for the largest percentage of exports.
     France 3 %
                                                                                          In other words: The per capita export revenue
  Liechtenstein 4 %                                                 Switzerland 13 %      of EUR 16,600.00 in Vorarlberg is almost 50 per-
                                                                                          cent higher than the Austrian average of EUR
     United States 4 %                               Italy 7 %                            11,500.00.
                                        United Kingdom 4 %
       Source: States Statistics (2009) as of 2008

          our Country                                                                                 THe eConoMy | 10
economic stimulus plan
Vorarlberg was also not totally spared by the global eco-
nomic crisis. The State reacted quickly and, in the late au-
tumn of 2008, put together an economic stimulus package
amounting to EUR 60 millions. The package contained re-
flationary measures (particularly in the building construc-
tion industry), specific business furtherance measures,
and measures to relieve households. In conjunction with
the trades unions and the employers, the State also in-
troduced an employment programme for juveniles, which                           High-grade technologies
provided over 2,600 young people with a number of occu-
pational training and qualification opportunities.

High quality of life
One of the most remarkable characteristics of Vorarlberg
is its high quality of life, something which is repeatedly
confirmed by independent studies. According to the EU
Interregional Project ‘MARS’ (Monitoring the Alpine Re-
gions‘ Sustainability), Vorarlberg is one of the most su-
stainable and liveable areas in the Alpine Region. In the
overall evaluation of this study, Vorarlberg even came first
                                                                                Industrial precision engineering
in the three sustainability sectors: the economy, the envi-
ronment and social affairs.

Independence in matters of energy
What is it that London and Vorarlberg have in common?
They are both one of the largest model regions for electro-
mobility. Since the end of 2009, there are 100 electrically
driven automobiles registered in the State of Vorarlberg.
Vorarlberg intends to become independent in matters of
energy in the long term, and is concentrating on energy
efficiency in the energy future of the State, including the
further expansion of renewable energies and new me-                             Vorarlberg starts electromobility
thods of transportation, for example with electrically dri-
ven automobiles.

Representatives of the trades unions and the employers in Vorarlberg meet on a regular basis. Economic- and employment measures are the main topics
of discussion.

11 | THe eConoMy                                                                                                                       our Country
THe CounTrySIDe anD naTural
The most beautiful aspect of Vorarlberg.

The most westerly State of the Republic of Austria has a
particularly diverse countryside and topography. The total       Surface area exploitation
area of 2,601 square kilometres territory stretch from the
                                                                  Forestland                          34.0 %
alpine Upper River Rhine and the south-eastern part of the
Lake of Constance to the regions of the Arlberg and the           Alpine regions                      25.3 %
Silvretta Group. A remarkable peculiarity: only 69 of the         Other                               17.5 %
321 kilometre boundary connect Vorarlberg with the rest           Agricultural land                   17.3 %
of Austria. There is a 35 kilometre frontier with Liechten-
                                                                  Building construction zones          3.0 %
stein, an 107 kilometre frontier with Switzerland and an
110 kilometre frontier with Germany.                              Rivers and lakes                     2.6 %
                                                                  Horticulture                         0.2 %
Around two thirds of the territory of the State is 1,000 me-
tres above sea level – the summit of the ‘Piz Buin’ at 3,312      Total                               100 %
metres above sea level is the highest point. Together with
the numerous valleys and rivers, the massive mountain
                                                               Source: DKM. Status as of 31.03.2009
ranges of the ‘Raetikon’, the ‘Silvretta’ and the ‘Verwall’
give the Province its unique structure. A few figures have
been compiled to illustrate this:

                                            The Piz Buin Peak – the highest Vorarlberg elevation

  our Country        CounTrySIDe anD naTural SurrounDIngS | 12
                                           Fussach lake shores                                Arlberg Skiing Arena

award-winning nature conservation
Vorarlberg highly values the ecological conservation of its
unique natural surroundings. In the “Rhine Delta” to the
Lake of Constance, the approximately 2,000 hectares of
nature reserve between the original river bed of the ‘Old
Rhine’ and the new river bed of the Dornbirnerach, over
330 different types of birds find sanctuary for breeding,
resting and living. In addition, this most significant wet-
land of Central Europe also provides a nature reserve for
a large number of rare- plants and animals, some of which
are categorised as Pan-European endangered species.

Another part of Vorarlberg enjoyed considerable attention
in 2000: The ‘Grosser Walsertal’ region was awarded the
predicated title of “Biosphere Reserve” by the UNESCO.
The Alpine Valley has thus been counted as one of the                                   down-to-earth’ agriculture -
world-wide model regions for sustainable ecological envi-        hill dairy farmer cultivating the summer pastures
ronmental development.

  Lake Koerber against the backdrop of the
  Hochtannberg peak in the Bregenzerwald Region                      Buerserberg Village with St. Martin’s Church

13 | CounTrySIDe anD naTural SurrounDIngS                                                            our Country
      CulTure aFFaIrS
      Tradition and trends in Vorarlberg.

      Cultural affairs in Vorarlberg are held at a high level in so-   ged cultural programme of this Festival offers something
      ciety – in every imaginable form. The geographical open-         special to suit every taste: The Festival includes theatrical
      ness of the State is also reflected in various forms of          opening performances, soloist recitals and orchestral con-
      artistic creativity: Vorarlberg composers, authors and cre-      certs, and even readings and acting performances in the
      ators of fine art are well known far beyond the regional         public domain.

      The bregenz Festival                                             Schubert Festival
      The most famous international event held in Vorarlberg is,       A further cultural highlight: The Schubert Festival, which,
      without a doubt, the “Bregenz Festival”. The operas per-         since 1976, has developed into the worlds largest
      formed on the Seebuehne (the Stage against the backdrop          Schubert Festival (with over 30,000 visitors). Between
      of the Lake of Constance) with the aid of the latest stage       May and September, around 70 events are held in the Bre-
      technology are attended by an enthusiastic audience of           genzerwald towns of Schwarzenberg and Bezau. These
      around 200,000 each year. Since the first performance in         events provide many well known artists, as well as young
      1946, the Bregenz Festival has always been accompanied           and upcoming artists, with an opportunity to perform be-
      by the Vienna Symphonic Orchestra. The diversely ran-            fore international audiences.

                                                                                Bregenz State Art. Gallery
Bregenz Festival Buildings                                                      Kunsthaus Bregenz (KUB)

        our Country                                                                  CulTural aFFaIrS | 14
 The ‘Schubertiade’ Recital Series at Schwarzenberg                           inatura Dornbirn

Kunsthaus bregenz (art gallery)                               architecture
Works of fine art are exhibited in a perfect setting at the   Under the title “Constructive Provocation”, the Kunsthaus
“Kunsthaus Bregenz” (Art Gallery). The glass plated new       Bregenz combined its fine art function with another Vorar-
building on the shores of the Lake of Constance was           lberg strong point: architecture. As early as the 1960s, the
constructed between 1994 and 1997 after plans of the          development of a network was initiated, known as the
renowned architect, Peter Zumthor. The exhibitions of a       “Vorarlberger Bauschule” (Vorarlberg School of Architec-
number of famous artists, such as Erwin Wurm, Jeff Koons,     ture). Intellectuals devised alternatives to the regional
Gilbert & George, Jenny Holzer and Roy Lichtenstein, pro-     way of living with conceptually radical wooden building
ve that the Kunsthaus Bregenz can claim to be a home for      constructions. The result was the creation of a dynamic
international fine art.                                       architectural scene, of which the works have meanwhile
                                                              aroused international media interest and a caused a flow
                                                              of architectural tourism. The renowned French architecture
                                                              magazine ‘d‘A’ even described Vorarlberg as an ’architec-
 State of Vorarlberg furthers energy-efficient building       tural paradise’ and highlighted the social background to
 construction                                                 the innovative building culture of the State. ‘It has more to
                                                              do with a suggestion for political ethics, which Vorarlberg
                                                              presents us with today, than a lesson in aesthetics. The
                                                              fact, is that this has been made possible by the longstan-
                                                              ding and honest practice of local democracy.’

 Dornbirn – ‘Elements’ Office Building                        Ludesch - Municipal Centre               Klaus – Secondary School

15 | CulTural aFFaIrS                                                                                               our Country
aT a glanCe
Vorarlberg, the most westerly State of the republic of austria.


                                                                             Lake of

                                                                                                                                                             via G


                                                         St. gallen


   Facts of the State of Vorarlberg:                                                                                                                                    Innsbruck
   Surface area:                       2,601 square kilometres
   Population                          369.424*                                                                                                                  Tyrol
   Density per head
   of population:                       142 per square kilometre
   Highest elevation:                  3,312 metres above sea level
   Lowest elevation:                   369 metres above sea level
   State capital:                      Bregenz
                                                                                            The grisons
   Political Districts:                Bregenz, Dornbirn,
                                       Feldkirch, Bludenz
   Political Municipalities: 96

*Status as of 31.12.2009

Historical summary: Vorarlberg Landesarchiv (Vorarlberg State Archives); ‘Vorarlberg Chronik’ (3rd revised edition, 2005); Karl Heinz Burmeister: ‘Geschichte Vorarlbergs’
(The History of Vorarlberg) (4th edition, 1998). Population: Amt der Vorarlbergischen Landesregierung (Office of the State government of Vorarlberg), Department of Sta-
tistics; EUROSTAT; Statistik Austria; ’Sozialbericht 2009’ (Report on Social Affairs 2009) by the Office of the State government of Vorarlberg, Department for Social Affairs
and Society at Large. Politics and administration: ’Vorarlberg Chronik’ (Vorarlberg Chronicles – 3rd revised edition 2005); Office of the State government of Vorarlberg, De-
partment for Internal Affairs; Vorarlberg State parliament. Economy: ’Vorarlberg Chronik’ (Vorarlberg Chronicles – 3rd revised edition, 2005); LFK Labour-Force-Konzept;
Ms. Sonja Petersen: “Zukunftsregionen” (Future Regions) market study by the Zukunftsinstitut GmbH; Wirtschaftsstandort Vorarlberg GmbH (Inc.): ’Standortdokumenta-
tion 2006’ (Locational Documentation); Chamber of Commerce of Vorarlberg; Office of the State government of Vorarlberg, Department for Statistics; ‘Statistik Austria’;
BAK Basel Economics; MARS Database 2005; ‘Energiebericht 2006’ (Energy Report 2006) by the Office of the State government of Vorarlberg, Department for Water and
Energy. Landscape and nature: Office of the State government of Vorarlberg, Department for Nature and Environmental Conservation; Office of the State government of
Vorarlberg, Department of Statistics; DKM Digitale Katastralmappe. Cultural life: ’Vorarlberg Chronik’ (Vorarlberg Chronicles 3rd revised edition, 2005); ’Cultural Report
2005’ by the Office of the State government of Vorarlberg, Department for Cultural Affairs; ‘Kunsthaus Bregenz’ (Bregenz State Art Gallery); Vorarlberg at a glance:
Vorarlberg Geographical Information System (VoGIS). Translation: Transalps.at

                                      Office of the State government of Vorarlberg, State Press Centre, State Parliament Directorate
    our Country
                                      Römerstrasse 15, 6901 Bregenz, Tel. +43 (0) 5574/511-0, presse@vorarlberg.at, www.vorarlberg.at

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