AP Government & Macroeconomics TEST 1
THE CONSTITUTION & FEDERALISM
1. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
a. A constitution is usually a collection of long held traditions
b. A constitution is always a written document.
c. A constitution allocates power within government.
d. A constitution tends to favor one particular political group over another.
e. A & C
2. The foundation of Locke’s philosophy was that human beings
a. derive their rights from God. d. derive their rights from nature.
b. have rights that are granted them by government. e. are granted rights by their king.
c. determine their own rights.
3. John Locke significantly influenced the framers of the constitution with his views that
a. recognize the right of people to determine their own form of government, short of resorting to revolution.
b. the government should be built on the consent of the governed.
c. value the preservation of private property.
d. seek common ideals in government through the establishment of a constitutional monarchy.
e. were developed in the late 1700s.
4. Which of the following is true of the Articles of Confederation?
a. It vested all meaningful power in the federal government. d. It gave the president a significant amount of power.
b. It represented a “league of friendship” among the states. e. It provided for a bicameral national legislature.
c. It provided for a federal judiciary.
5. True or False: The United States government under the Articles of Confederation was weak and ineffective.
6. True or False: According to James Madison, the “most common and durable source of factions” was the distinction between
urban and rural dwellers.
7. The Connecticut Compromise at the Constitutional Convention
a. settled the dispute about whether slavery should be permitted in the final Constitution.
b. added the Bill of Rights to the Constitution in order to lessen concerns about too much power for the new government.
c. resolved the impasse between those who favored the representation by population and those who wanted each state to have
d. threw out the idea of having a monarch in the United States, opting instead for an indirectly elected president.
e. involved all of these elements.
8. Regarding the right to vote in national elections, the framers of the Constitution
a. required that all free, adult males with property worth at least $50 be allowed to vote.
b. provided that free men and women over the age of 20 be allowed to vote.
c. finally granted women the right to vote.
d. included a requirement that all free, adult males be allowed to vote.
e. decided to leave it up to the individual states to determine voter qualifications in their own states.
9. A major purpose of the economic provisions in the Constitution was to
a. create a strong national government.
b. guarantee the states a significant economic role.
c. preserve and strengthen the farm economy to the disadvantage of manufacturing.
d. establish a comprehensive set of social welfare programs to assist people in times of need.
e. promote a more equal distribution of wealth in the country.
10. By following the Madisonian model, the framers attempted to
a. combine the powers of different institutions and create a powerful presidency.
b. promote state power while separating the powers of different national institutions.
c. keep as much of the government as possible beyond the control of a popular majority and extend the right to vote to everyone.
d. keep most of the government beyond the control of a popular majority and separate the powers of different institutions.
e. require a system of checks and balances and extend democracy.
11. Opposition to ratification of the Constitution was based on the belief that it would
a. provide for elite control, endanger liberty, and weaken the states.
b. produce more democratic elements than desirable for a strong central government.
c. give too much power to the states.
d. promote pluralism, which would threaten liberty.
e. All of the above
12. A constitutional amendment may be proposed by
a. the request of the president of the United States.
b. a national convention called by Congress at the request of a majority of the state legislatures.
c. a two-thirds vote in each house of Congress.
d. All of the above
e. B or C.
13. Each of the following is false, EXCEPT:
a. the Articles of Confederation required approval of a majority of states to pass national laws
b. the Articles of Confederation required a unanimous vote for amendments
c. the Articles of Confederation did not give Congress the power to tax
d. All of the above are false
e. None of the above is false (each is true)
14. True or False: The Constitution only placed the election of Senators within direct control of the votes of the majority.
15. In which Article of the Constitution will you find the powers of Congress listed?
a. Article I b. Article II c. Article III d. Article IV e. the Congress Article
16. Which of the following principles most directly addresses the relationship between the national and state governments?
a. Checks & balances c. Separation of Powers e. Federalism
b. The Bill of Rights d. Representation
17. Judicial review was established in
a. Marbury v. Madison. b. McCulloch v. Maryland. c. Gibbons v. Ogden
d. Barron v. Baltimore e. Article III of the Constitution
18. The Constitution's supremacy clause
a. does not apply to state and local matters.
b. gives the states superiority over the national government's Constitution and laws.
c. makes the president supreme in any constitutional conflicts with the other two branches.
d. is vague about which level of government should prevail in a dispute involving federalism.
e. made the Constitution and the laws of the national government the supreme law of the land.
19. Which amendment states that powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by the states, are
reserved for the states.
a. The First
b. The Third
c. The Seventh
d. The Tenth
e. None of the above
20. Federalism is important because it accomplishes which of the following?
a. it centralizes politics and policies
b. it ensures that states have an equal influence regarding important political issues.
c. it lessens judicial power.
d. it allows states to acts as policy innovators.
e. it provides more opportunities for elite participation in the political system.
21. True or False: The commerce clause of the Constitution has often been used to expand the power of the national government.
22. In Gibbons v. Ogden, the Supreme Court did which of the following:
a. determined that Congress had the power to regulate Commerce among the several States
b. established the concept of national supremacy
c. broadly defined “Commerce”, thereby allowing Congress to expand its powers
d. clearly defined the meaning of “privileges and immunities”
e. named a city in Utah
23. The freedoms of speech, press, religion, and assembly are contained in the
a. First, Second, Third, and Fourth Amendments. c. Second Amendment. e. First Amendment.
b. Fourth Amendment. d. Third Amendment.
24. The language of the First Amendment, “Congress shall make no law,” suggests that
a. the Bill of Rights was written to restrict the powers of the national government.
b. the Bill of Rights was written to restrict the powers of the state governments.
c. the Bill of Rights, as written, did not apply to the state governments.
d. A and c
e. A and b
25. Beginning with the case of ________ in 1925, the Supreme Court began to rule that the Bill of Rights applied directly to the
states, as well as to the national government.
a. United States v. Bill of Rights c. Engel v. Vitale e. Gitlow v. New York
b. Miranda v. Arizona d. Barron v. Baltimore
26. The incorporation doctrine involves
a. application of the Bill of Rights to the states. d. the interpretation of the commerce clause.
b. the government's power to regulate corporations. e. the extension of judicial review to state courts.
c. the procedures for creating a city government.
27. The abridgment of citizens' freedom to worship, or not to worship, as they please is prohibited by the
a. due process clause. c. free exercise clause. e. Second Amendment.
b. establishment clause. d. freedom of religion.
28. In the Lemon v. Kurtzman decision of 1971, the Supreme Court ruled that
a. any aid of any sort to church-related schools is not constitutional, because it violates church-state separation.
b. aid to church-related schools is fully constitutional, and can be used for any purposes needed by the schools.
c. spoken prayers in public schools were unconstitutional.
d. aid to church-related schools must be for secular purposes only, and cannot be used to advance or inhibit religion.
e. devotional Bible-reading in public schools was unconstitutional.
29. In what case did the Supreme Court rule that a newspaper, no matter how outrageous its opinions, must be allowed to publish
without prior restraint?
a. Wisconsin v. Yoder c. Near v. Minnesota e. Mapp v. Ohio
b. Miranda v. Arizona d. New York Times v. Sullivan
30. In Roth v. United States, the Supreme Court held that
a. outdoor drive-ins could not be barred from showing a film that included nudity.
b. the possession of child pornography was not covered by a right to free speech or press, and could be made a crime.
c. the government cannot prohibit discrimination against women priests by churches because it would violate the free exercise of
d. obscenity is not within the area of constitutionally protected free speech.
e. the film Carnal Knowledge, which had critical acclaim but a sexual theme and explicit scenes, could not be banned.
31. In ________, the Court clarified its doctrine of what was obscene and essentially left such determination to the standards of
a. Osborne v. Ohio c. Miller v. California e. Federal Communications Commission v. Stern
b. Engel v. Vitale d. Near v. Minnesota
32. In the case of New York Times v. Sullivan (1964), the Supreme Court ruled that
a. government officials cannot sue newspapers for libel since this would entail prior restraint of the press.
b. the Pentagon papers could be legally published despite the government's desire to keep the material secret.
c. the publication of the Pentagon papers could be legally barred as a matter of national security.
d. statements made about political figures, however malicious, can never be deemed libelous.
e. statements made about political figures are libelous only if made with malice and reckless disregard for the truth.
33. In the case of ________, the Supreme Court ruled that the protection against unreasonable search and seizure applied to the
state and local governments, as well as the national government, thus nationalizing the exclusionary rule.
a. Miranda v. Arizona c. Roth v. United States e. Mapp v. Ohio
b. Gideon v. Wainwright d. United States v. New York
34. In the case of Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that
a. illegally obtained evidence cannot be used in a trial.
b. police must inform any suspect of a series of rights, including the constitutional right to remain silent.
c. the death penalty could be imposed for the most extreme of crimes.
d. defendants in all felony cases have a right to counsel, even if the state has to provide such legal assistance.
e. the police must show probable cause before making an arrest.
35. In the 1963 case of ________, the Supreme Court ruled that defendants in all felony cases where imprisonment could be
imposed had a right to counsel, and if they could not afford to hire a lawyer, one must be provided.
a. Mapp v. Ohio d. Miranda v. Arizona
b. Engel v. Vitale e. National Bar Association v. United States
c. Gideon v. Wainwright
36. Gregg v. Georgia (1976) is significant in that it
a. upheld the constitutionality of the death penalty, even though it is an extreme sanction for the most extreme of crimes.
b. was the first time the Court found a state’s death penalty practices to be “freakish” and “random.”
c. settled once and for all debate over whether the death penalty constitutes cruel and unusual punishment.
d. A and C
e. B and C
37. In Griswold v. Connecticut (1965), the Supreme Court
a. ruled that various portions of the Bill of Rights cast “penumbras” protecting a right to privacy, including a right to family planning.
b. overturned a Connecticut state law banning the use of contraceptives.
c. held that abortion was a woman’s legal right.
d. A and b
e. B and c
38. The right to bear arms is provided for in the _____ Amendment
a. First b. Second c. Third d. Fourth e. Fifth
39. The part of the First Amendment stating that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion” is known
a. free exercise clause. c. lemon test. e. due process clause.
b. establishment clause. d. elastic clause.
40. The act by which government prevents material from being published is called
a. incorporation. b. prior restraint. c. libel. d. slander. e. free exercise.
41. In which of the following cases did the Supreme Court determine that publication of the Pentagon Papers was allowable?
a. NY Times v. Sullivan c. Gitlow v. New York e. Ellsberg v. United States
b. Schenck v. United States d. NY Times v. United States
42. The Eighth Amendment deals with which civil liberties issues?
a. Free press d. Trial by jury
b. Freedom of association e. Freedom from cruel and unusual punishment
c. Freedom from unlawful search and seizure
43. Equal protection of the laws
a. is guaranteed by the Bill of Rights
b. was determined to apply to states by the Gitlow decision
c. was upheld by the Barron v. Baltimore decision
d. is guaranteed by the 14 Amendment
e. is a principle only applied to actions of the federal government
1. C 11. A 23. E 34. B
2. D 12. C 24. D 35. C
3. B 13. B & C 25. E 36. A
4. B 14. FALSE 26. A 37. D
5. TRUE 15. A 27. C 38. B
6. FALSE 16. E 28. D 39. B
7. C 17. A 29. C 40. B
8. E 18. E 30. D 41. D
9. A 19. D 31. C 42. E
10. D 20. D 32. E 43. D
21. TRUE 33. E