e-Biz2007_seoul.ppt

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					       International Workshop in
   Entrepreneurship and e-Business
       Development for Women:
  APEC Women’s e-Biz Training 2007
           Seoul, Korea; 16-21 July 2007


               Aurora A. Rubio
             ITU Area Office, Jakarta




• Background on ITU

• Trends, Transitions and Looking Back
• Supporting e-Business: Critical Pillars
• ITU Gender Mainstreaming Activities
• Conclusion




                                            1
UN specialized agency focusing on development
   of telecommunication networks and services
   worldwide.
Founded in 1865
192 Member States; 700 Sector Members
Around 790 staff/ 83 nationalities
Headquarters in Geneva
Asia-Pacific Regional/Area offices in Bangkok and
    Jakarta
Other ROs/AOs in AFR, AMS, ARB and EUR
website: http://www.itu.int




ITU is the oldest international organization in the
   world…
ITU pre-dates the United Nations, (became a
    specialized agency in 1947, changed name in
    1934)
ITU ranked among the “World’s Top 10 Most
    Enduring Institutions” one that has:
          “changed and grown in unswerving
    pursuit of success and relevance – yet
    remained true through time to its founding
    principles”
    - Report by Booz Allen Hamilton and leading scholars




                                                           2
                       (
                           &
                                                           &     "
                                                     ' ’         "



         $ %                                               $ %

    &
                                "
                               !"   #     !            &
     "
    !"   #     !

          %        "


!   "                      !    "                !    "
                   "                        "                        "




                                Radio/Telecom Regulations
                                  (International Treaty)


                                        ITU-
                                        ITU-T Recommendations
                                        (International Standards)

                                              Telecom/ICT
                                          Events, Exhibitions,
                                        Assistance, Training etc.

                          ITU Publications,
                       Researches & Resources




                                                                         3
                            Policy
                          Regulation
                           Statistics
                                                 http://www.itu.int/ITU-       http://www.itu.int/ITU-    http://icttoolkit.infodev.org/en/i
                                                 D/finance/COSITU/index.html   D/icteye/Default.aspx      ndex.html

                           Spectrum                                                           Spectrum Fees Databank
                          Management
                                                                http://www.itu.int/ITU-              http://www.itu.int/ITU-
                                                                D/tech/spectrum-                     D/study_groups/SGP_2002-2006/SF-
                                                                management/index.html                Database/index.asp

                            Network
                            Planning             Network Planning
                                                 http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/tech/network-
                                                 infrastructure/GNPT_Final_17August2005.pdf

                            Capacity             Centre of Excellence E-learning Centre
                            Building             http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/hrd/


                                                                 ITU-T
                                                                 ITU-                                     ITU-
                                                                                                          ITU-R
                           Standards                                                                      Publications
                                                                 Lighthouse
                                                 http://www.itu.int/ITU-                                  http://www.itu.int/publications/sector
                                                 T/lighthouse/index.phtml                                 .aspx?lang=e&sector=1

                         Cybersecurity


    Various Handbooks on topical issues such as NGN, IP,
       Emergency Communications, Cybersecurity etc.




WTDC             The World Telecommunication Development Conference (WTDC
 2006            Doha, 2006) adopted Doha Declaration including: e.g.,

                 Six Programs                                                                            Centres of
                                                                                                         Excellence
                Program 1:       Regulatory reform
                Program 2:       Technologies and telecom network development
                Program 3:       E-strategies and e-services/applications
                Program 4:       Economics & finance incl. costs and tariffs
                Program 5:       Human Resource Development
                Program 6:       Special program for least developed countries (LDC)

                 Special initiatives
                Private sector initiatives: promotion & partnership
                Gender & youth initiatives
                Assistance to indigenous peoples, communities, and people with
                disabilities


Regional Initiatives (RIs)
 1/18/2008
                                                                   Asia Pacific RIs                                                            8
5 for each of the five ITU’s geographic region                      (Next Slide)




                                                                                                                                                   4
Trends, Transitions, Looking Back




       Trends…Transitions…
           Looking back


         Fixed lines and Mobile phones worldwide




      Source: ITU Information Society Statistics Database




                                                            5
          Teledensity transition: Then and
                        now
    Macau SAR Telecom transition                    8               China Telecom transition                    4
                 for fixed-line                                            for mobile
 Korea (Rep. of) networks                          8              Maldives networks                                 2
                                                                                               Period of
     Singapore                                10                Philippines                    transition
                                                                                                                3
                         Period of
                         transition                                                             (in years)
Hong Kong SAR                           16                        Thailand                                      2
                          (in years)
        Japan     10 lines per          8                   New Caledonia     10 mobile phones           2
                  100 pop.
                                                                              per 100 pop.
      Australia              28                                   Malaysia                           3

                                             30 lines per                                                       30 mobiles
  New Zealand      35 years
                                             100 pop.            Brunei D.                6 years
                                                                                                                per 100 pop.

             1935 1945 1955 1965 1975 1985 1995                           1990          1995             2000           2005




                                       Trends…Transitions…
                                           Looking back


                                  Total broadband subscribers, worldwide, in millions




                                   Source: ITU Information Society Statistics Database
                                   Note: “broadband” is at least 256 kbps




                                                                                                                               6
     Trends…Transitions…
         Looking back


           Growth of regulators worldwide, 2005




 Source: ITU World Telecommunication Regulatory Database




     Trends…Transitions…
         Looking back



 • from telecommunications gap to digital
 divide
 •from “distance” to “tele” to “e”
 •Now, almost anything can be affixed to “e-”

                                        e-transaction
                  e-employment
e-cash                                  e-entertainment
                  e-environment
e-government                            e-gathering
                  e-agriculture
e-life                                  e-shopping
                  e-business
e-banking                               e-payment
                  e-worker
e-health
                  e- media
e-learning

      e-thing, e-person, e-activity, e-sector, e………




                                                           7
 Trends…Transitions…
     Looking back

• from steady, slow moving
markets to rapid innovation
• from low speed to high
speed
• from dial up to “always on”
• from local to global
• from sporadic information
to perpetual information
• from fixed to mobile
• from user to creator
• from stability to uncertainty




  Trends…Transitions…
      Looking back

Introducing a new dimension
into the communications
environment




                                  8
                                                                                 ICT
                                                                           Infrastructure




                                            Information
                                         Dissemination and                e-Business                          Building Confidence
                                         Capacity Building                                                     and Security in the
                                                                                                                   Use of ICT




                                                                           Enabling Policy
                                                                           and regulatory
                                                                            environment




     ICTs increase productivity, save time and
      money, contribute to social development
                and much more…

              Average time saved (in minutes) per
                                                                                 How telework saves British Telecom time
minutes e-government transaction, by service, EU 2004
                                                                                               and money
80                                                                        20
                                                                                                   20
70                                                                                                        BT estimates that ICT-
         76                                                   75          15                              enabled telework allows
                                                                                                                                        12
60                                          65                                                            the company to save
                         61                                               10                              over GBP 60 million per
50
                                                                                    6                     year
40                                                                         5                                         3
30
                                                                           0
20                                                                             Accomodation     Increased      Sick days per        Sick days per
                                                                                cost saved     productivity      annum for             annum,
10                                                                                  per            (%)          teleworkers            industry
                                                                                teleworker,                                            average
 0
                                                                               per annum (in
     Income taxes   Car registration   Birth/marriage   Registration of        thousands of
                                        certificates     a company                 GBP)




                                                                                                                                                    9
     Service Providers                 Consumers/Citizens                         Government

D    Diversity of offerings;             High end, innovative                 National
R    Increased revenue;                  evolving services                    development goals;
I    Increased productivity;             Multiplay; competitive               Global competition;
V    Increased competition;              suppliers;                           Increased GNP;
E    Consumer demand;                    convenience,                         Improving government
R    Opportunities in                    technology                           service efficiency
S    business value chain                advancements


     Technology innovation; convergence; mobility; structural market changes; changes in services and
     user needs; research and development; globalization

C    ROI concerns; take-up;              Consumer issues e.g.                 Managing competition;
H    demand; Keeping up                  interoperability;                    Local content devt;
A    with competition;                   Quality of service,                  Cross-boarder
L    Regulatory uncertainty;             access and                           concerns;
L    Rapid change in                     affordability; supply;               Preservation and
E    technologies;                       privacy; security,                   promotion of cultural
N    cybersecurity                       training; inclusion                  and linguistic diversity
G                                                                             and cultural heritage;
E                                                                             Global competition;
S                                                                             Cybersecurity




    ISSUES AND CONCERNS

     Accessibility and Affordability
     Quality of service and security
     Interoperability
     Inclusiveness
     Lack of Public Access Points
     Use of Assistive Technologies




                                                                                                         10
             Access and Affordability
                 The digital divide that separates the developed
                    from the de ve loping w orld is shrinking
     15
                                                    15
     13
                                               Internet
     11

      9

      7                               9
                                   Mobile
                                                                                                     8
      5                   6
                      Fixed
      3                                                                     4           4

      1
                                   2000                                              2004




        ..but major disparities remain
     and new divides must be addressed!

                Internet penetration by region, 2004                        Distribution of broadband subscribers by
%
                                                                                     region, 2004, in percent
30    28.2         28.7
                                                                                                                 Africa: 0.1%


                                                                                     Asia-Pacific:
20                                                                                   41.6%

                           13.2                                                                       North
                                                                                                      America:
10                                    8.4
                                                                                                      27.9%
                                                            5.6
                                                                  Arab
                                                1.8                                 Europe: 27.8%
                                                                  States:
0                                                                 0.2%
     Americas    Europe    World     Asia-     Africa     Arab                                           LAM & Caribbean: 2.4%
                                    Pacif ic             States


                                               !"       !                                                     !"
                                                                                                              !"     !
                                                                                                                     !




                                                                                                                                 11
       Driving digital transformations:
                  Price cuts
                               Average cost of ICT            broadband
                          70
                               worldwide, 2003-2005           ($/100 kbps) 40%
                          60
                                                20 hours'
                          50                    Internet access
                          40                    25%
             Cost (USD)




                          30    mobile basket
                                23%
                          20

                          10

                          0
                                 2003 2005        2003 2005       2003 2005



Source: ITU World Information Society Report




           ISSUES AND CONCERNS

                 Accessibility and Affordability
                 Quality of service and security
                 Interoperability
                 Inclusiveness
                 Introduction of New Technologies and Services
                 Public Access Points
                 Use of Assistive Technologies




                                                                                 12
   STRATEGIES
     Universal Service Program
     Defining and Setting and Monitoring Universal Access/Service Objectives
     Universal Access Fund and other Schemes
     Strengthening of public institutions such as libraries, archives, museums,
     ICT applications for delivery of basic services in a wide range of sectors
     Empowering citizens and businesses

     Competition Policy
     Promoting investments in the Sector
     Level playing field
     Consumer rights and protection

     Telecommunications/ICT Policy
     Management of Scarce Resources, e.g., frequencies, numbers, etc
     Favorable climate for stability, predictability and fair competition
     Transparent Licensing procedures
     Adoption of Standards
     Introduction of new technologies, applications and servcies




           !                   " #                $         % &
                  USO /
                   Rural           Interconnection
                Connectivity

                                                        Access to scarce
  General
                                                           resources
conditions of
                                                       (Spectrum, Numbering,
  license
                                                           Right of Way)




  Entry rules                                         Competition
                                                        issues


                                        Consumer
                   Security
                                         issues
                    issues




                                                                                  13
• Legislations and other Government Policies
 Enacting appropriate legislations, e.g., digital signature, e-commerce,
         cybercrime, etc.
 Encourage and attract investments
 Promote transfer of technology
 Protecting Intellectual Property to encourage innovation and creativity
 Partnerships
 Promotion and protection of consumer rights and protection
• Recognizing ICT as a tool for good governance
 Transparency
 Improving efficiency in the delivery of service
 customer-centered and friendly, accessible
  Empowering citizens and businesses
• Support to SMEs
  Fostering productive investment and enable SMEs to sieze the benefits from
ICTs
  Incentives for local ICT Applications development
  Capacity building
• Government as lead user and provider of e-Business
  Important role of local authorities in promotion ICT development and use for
the benefit of their populations




  Opinions about security and online safety…




Online fears                How important are            Measures for online
                             security issues                  safety


               Source: ITU Online Cybersecurity Survey, 2006




                                                                                 14
  • Cybersecurity Legislation
    establishing a trust framework including network and information security,
  authentication, privacy and consumer protection
    flexible and adaptive to allow coordination of work of multiple authorities
  and government departments

  • Regional and International Cooperation
     cyberspace does not respect national boundaries
     capacity building on cybersecurity and sharing of skills
     standards development
     bilateral/multilateral cooperation in the fight against cybercrime

  • Cybersecurity as a technical, developmental,
        economic, legal and national security issue

  • Information dissemination and capacity building




ITU is moderator for WSIS Action Line C5

•Please visit: www.itu.int/cybersecurity/itu_activities.html
•More information on WSIS Action Line C5 and the Partnerships for Global
Cybersecurity initiative can be found at http://web.itu.int/osg/spu/cybersecurity/pgc/
•ITU Plenipotentiary Resolution 130: "Strengthening the role of ITU in building
confidence and security in the use of information and communication technologies"
(Antalya, 2006), can be found at
http://web.itu.int/osg/spu/cybersecurity/pgc/2007/docs/security-related-extracts-pp-
06.pdf
•The ICT Security Standards Roadmap produced by ITU-T, is accessible at
http://web.itu.int/ITU-T/studygroups/com17/ict/
•ITU Cybersecurity Guide for Developing Countries, can be found at
http://web.itu.int/ITU-D/e-strategies/publications-articles/
•ITU has created a Cybersecurity Gateway at www.itu.int/cybersecurity/
It is an easy-to-use information portal on national and international initiatives
worldwide.
Other related works
•The International CIIP Handbook: An Inventory and Analysis of National Protection
Policies, is available at www.crn.ethz.ch/publications/crn_team/detail.cfm?id=250
•The Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime, is available at
www.coe.int/economiccrime/




                                                                                         15
• Information Dissemination
 understanding the benefits of ICT
 use of appropriate media and language
 sharing success stories

• Integration of ICT in formal and non-formal
education
 regular review, update and revision of curriculum
 upgrading teachers ICT skills
 use of ICT as a tool for learning

• Community ICT Access Points as venue for capacity
building
 basic computer skills training, web design, etc. provided as service
 community involvement


• Special Training Programme, e.g. elderly, women,
youth and people with disabilities




         Promoting Women’s
          Entrepreneurship:
        ITU-Related Activities




                                                                        16
WTDC             The World Telecommunication Development Conference (WTDC
 2006            Doha, 2006) adopted Doha Declaration including: e.g.,

                 Six Programs                                       Centres of
                                                                    Excellence
                Program 1:       Regulatory reform
                Program 2:       Technologies and telecom network development
                Program 3:       E-strategies and e-services/applications
                Program 4:       Economics & finance incl. costs and tariffs
                Program 5:       Human Resource Development
                Program 6:       Special program for least developed countries (LDC)

                 Special initiatives
                Private sector initiatives: promotion & partnership
                Gender & youth initiatives
                Assistance to indigenous peoples, communities, and people with
                disabilities


Regional Initiatives (RIs)
 1/18/2008
                                                    Asia Pacific RIs                   33
5 for each of the five ITU’s geographic region       (Next Slide)




            •Our GOAL is to narrow the digital divide between
            women and men

            Our priorities are informed by the articulated needs of our
            Member-States as well as the challenges Governments face in
            improving access to, and use of, information and
            communications technology (ICTs).

            Our projects aim to facilitate the access to, and use of, ICTs by
            women, men and the youth.




                                                                                            17
• Capacity Building for e-Business, e.g. APEC Women’s e-Biz
Training, 2005, 2006 and 2007

• Guidelines on
  Emergency Telecommunications: Engendering Prevention and
Response
   Towards gender-sensitive policy making

• Sex-disaggregated data and gender-sensitive indicators:
documenting access to and use of ICTs

• Capacity Building for Gender Equality, e.g. Bridging the
gendered digital divide in the Czech Republic

• Establishment of Women-led Multipurpose Community
Telecenters




• General
   Facilitate and promote the establishment of a Gender Unit
   Review and revise issuances and procedures to remove any gender bias
   Promote gender-sensitive analysis as part of a policy review process
   Develop and establish systems to gather sex-disaggregated statistics
   Dialogue with other national entities

• Human Resources
   Equal hiring opportunities
   Ensure that a certain percentage of all supervisory and management
positions are occupied by women
   Campaigns to attract female professionals, particularly for technical and
decision making positions
   Equal access to training

• Licensing Activities
   Licensing criteria based on social responsibility of the business as well as
universal access objectives of the proposed venture




                                                                                  18
• Theme: “Empowering Homemakers in the Asia
Pacific Region through ICTs”
• Participants: Varied, e.g., Telecom Ministries,
Regulators, Service Provider, Entrepreneur, NGO
• Objectives:
  To exchange ideas on profiles of homemakers
  To identify conducive policies and regulatory environments supporting
the theme
  To share and document experiences, lessons learned and best practices




Kindly refer to report to be presented
during Plenary on Day 6




                                                                          19
    We look forward to more discussions,
initiatives and cooperation on promotion of
telecommunication/ICT development at the
national, regional and international level with
ITU Members and development collaborators
  We welcome interested parties to be our
partner in implementing development-
centered ICT Programme and Actions




                                     aurora.rubio@itu.int


                         Visit us at http://www.itu.int



The views expressed in this presentation are those of the presentor and do not necessarily
reflect the opinions of the ITU or its Membership.




                                                                                             20

				
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