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US Review


									US Review
          Article 1
1.    B        13.   A
2.    D        14.   C
3.    D        15.   C
4.    B        16.   B
5.    B        17.   C
6.    D        18.   D
7.    A        19.   B
8.    C        20.   B
9.    C        21.   A
10.   B        22.   B
11.   B        23.   A
12.   C        24.   D
                    Article 2
1.    A   13.   D      25.   D
2.    A   14.   B      26.   D
3.    C   15.   C      27.   D
4.    C   16.   B      28.   D
5.    D   17.   C      29.   C
6.    D   18.   C      30.   D
7.    B   19.   B      31.   B
8.    A   20.   C      32.   B
9.    D   21.   B
10.   D   22.   A
11.   A   23.   B
12.   C   24.   A
                  Article 3
1.    B   15. C      29.    D   42. A
2.    A   16. A      30.    A   43. B
3.    B   17. B      31.    C   44. A
4.    D   18. A      32.    B   45. A
5.    C   19. A
                     33.   D
6.    B   20. A
7.    B   21. C      34.   B
8.    A   22. C      35.   C
9.    A   23. B      36.   D
10.   C   24. A      37.   B
11.   D   25. B      38.   B
12.   A   26. A      39.   D
13.   C   27. D      40.   D
14.   A   28. B      41.   D
                          Supreme Court Decisions

Marbury v.         Judicial Review, Power of the Supreme Court to
Madison            declare laws unconstitutional
McCulloch v.       Increased power of federal gov’t and the use of
Maryland           elastic clause, federal gov’t and constitution over
                   rule state laws, states cannot tax federal banks
Worcester v.       Treaties between indians and federal gov’t are
Georgia            supreme law, Federal gov’t not states have power
                   over tribes, President Jackson and Georgia ignore,
                   leads to Indian Removal
Scott v. Sanford Dred Scott, Slaves are property not citizens , owners can
                   take them anywhere, Missouri Compromise
US v. E.C.         Congress has power to protect trade and business
Knight             from monopolies and unfair business practices

Plessy v.          Separate but equal is legal, Jim crow laws are legal
                       Supreme Court Decisions

Northern         Legalized Sherman Anti Trust Act. Government
Securities v. US could break up monopolies
Mueller v        Oregon law limiting women to a 10 hour work day
Oregon           was legal. Oregon had right to protect women’s
Schenk v. US     Limited Free Speech when a clear and present
                 danger is created.

Schechter        Limited Congress power to allow president to make
Poultry v US     laws, declared FDR’s new deal program NRA
Korematsu v.     Japanese internment was legal, civil rights can be
US               limited during times of war

Brown v. Board   School segregation was illegal, violated 14th
of Ed.           amendment, integration, overturns Plessy v.
                        Supreme Court Decisions

Mapp v. Ohio      Citizens protected against illegal search and
                  seizures, illegally obtained evidence cannot be used
                  in a court
Baker v Carr      Population is the only method to determine seats in
                  the legislature, protects against voter fraud

Engel v. Vitale   1st amendment, Separation of Church and State.
                  School prayer illegal

Gideon v.         Everyone is guaranteed the right to a lawyer even if
Wainwright        they cannot afford it.

Miranda v.        Established the requirement that the police must
Arizona           inform you of the right to remain silent and the right
                  to an attorney.
Tinker v. Des     Non verbal actions can be protected by 1st
Moines            amendment. Free Speech, students wore black arm
                  bands to protest Vietnam war
                       Supreme Court Decisions

New York Times Freedom of Press, 1st amendment, media has right
v. US          to publish info as long as it does not threaten
Roe v. Wade      Abortion is legal, women’s right to privacy is
                 protected under equal protection clause of 14th
US v. Nixon      Limits power of President, President does not have
                 executive privilege in criminal cases

New Jersey v.    Juveniles have less rights to protection against
TLO              illegal search and seizures, students and lockers
                 can be searched because they are school property
                 and not students.
           Article 4
1.    C   15. B        29.    D
2.    C   16. A        30.    B
3.    D   17. C        31.    B
4.    A   18. A        32.   A
5.    D   19. C
                       33.   A
6.    A   20. B
7.    C   21. A        34.   B
8.    A   22. B
9.    B   23. A
10.   B   24. C
11.   D   25. D
12.   B   26. B
13.   D   27. D
14.   D   28. A
      Important foreign policy
Washington’s     Neutrality
                 War between France and Britain
Foreign Policy
                 France helped in American Revolution wanted
                 us to repay debt.
                 Strong Economic Ties with Britain
                  President Monroe's 1823 address to Congress.
Monroe           meant as a warning to the nations of Europe to end the
Doctrine         colonization of the Western Hemisphere.
                 taken as a direct threat to US interests and "dangerous to
                 our peace and safety".
                 US would not get involved in Europe

Open Door        Secretary of State John Hay writes to foreign
                 countries asking for equal trading rights in
Policy           China.
                 Spheres of Influence
                 Leads to Boxer Rebellion
      Important foreign policy
Imperialism   Late 1800’s and early 1900’s
              Desire for new markets and resources
              Spanish American War- Philippines, Guam,
              Puerto Rico, Cuba
              Social Darwinism
Roosevelt     Extension to Monroe Doctrine
              US could intervene in Latin America if Latin
Corollary     American countries were not paying off debts
              Fear that Europe would use force to collect
Dollar        President Taft
Diplomacy     Replace European Loans with American Loans
              to Latin American countries
              Assert American Control of Latin America
       Important foreign policy
Fourteen Points    President Wilson’s desire for peace after WWI
                   League of Nations
                   Free Trade, no secret alliances, democracy, no
Good Neighbor      FDR wanted to improve relations with Latin
                   America. Trade and economic aid instead of
Policy             military

Internationalism   Following WWII, the US did not return to
                   isolatationism, helped create United Nations
                   and NATO. Contain Communism and Police
                   World to protect economic interest
       Important foreign policy
Isolationism    Great Depression, Scars from
1930’s          WWI, Neutrality Acts and Lend
                Lease Act
Truman          After WWII, Cold War, Stop the spread
Doctrine        of Communism, offer aid to countries in
                danger of becoming Communist,
                Greece and Turkey
Marshall Plan   After WWII, Help rebuild Europe,
                Stop Communism, Very
                Successful, Countries in debt to
       Important foreign policy
NATO           North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Cold War
               Alliance of non communist countries, rival
               alliance was Warsaw Pact

Brinkmanship   President Eisenhower, Cold War,
               practice of pushing a dangerous situation to
               the verge of disaster in order to achieve the
               most advantageous outcome. Threat of
               Nuclear War, Kennedy and Cuban Missile

Peaceful       Cold War, Communism and
Coexistence    Capitalism could coexist
       Important foreign policy
Eisenhower       Cold War, would use armed forces in
                 response to imminent or actual aggression to
Doctrine         the United States. Furthermore, countries that
                 took stances opposed to Communism would
                 be given aid in various forms.
Domino Theory Cold War, LBJ, Vietnam, if Vietnam
                 becomes communist rest of Southeast
                 Asia becomes communist

Alliance for     President Kennedy, economic aid
Progress         to Latin and South America,
                 Contain communism
      Important foreign policy
Nixon Doctrine   Allies should take care of its own defense,
                 Vietnamization, economic aid to stop

Détente          Nixon, opening up talks with
                 China and Soviets, SALT treaties
                 limiting nuclear weapons
Camp David       President Carter negotiates
Accords          peace between Egypt and Israel
           Article 5
1.    C   15.   C
2.    D   16.   C
3.    C   17.   A
4.    A   18.   D
5.    B   19.   D
6.    A
7.    D
8.    B
9.    C
10.   D
11.   B
12.   C
13.   C
14.   B
           Article 6
1.    D   15. A        29. D
2.    C   16. D        30. D
3.    C   17. C        31. D
4.    A   18. A
5.    A   19. B
6.    A   20. D
7.    B   21. A
8.    D   22. B
9.    A   23. C
10.   A   24. D
11.   A   25. A
12.   D   26. C
13.   C   27. B
14.   B   28. D
           Article 7
1.    C   15.   B      29. A
2.    B   16.   D
3.    B   17.   C
4.    A   18.   A
5.    A   19.   B
6.    A   20.   A
7.    A   21.   D
8.    D   22.   B
9.    C   23.   A
10.   A   24.   A
11.   D   25.   B
12.   C   26.   C
13.   D   27.   C
14.   D   28.   A
           Article 8
1.    C   15.   C      29.   C
2.    C   16.   B      30.   C
3.    A   17.   D      31.   A
4.    B   18.   C      32.   B
5.    A   19.   B
6.    C   20.   D
7.    D   21.   A
8.    B   22.   A
9.    B   23.   B
10.   A   24.   B
11.   B   25.   A
12.   A   26.   A
13.   C   27.   C
14.   D   28.   C
           Article 9
1.    D   15.   D      29.   A
2.    C   16.   D      30.   B
3.    B   17.   D      31.   A
4.    B   18.   B      32.   C
5.    D   19.   B
6.    C   20.   C
7.    C   21.   C
8.    A   22.   A
9.    D   23.   A
10.   B   24.   D
11.   A   25.   C
12.   B   26.   D
13.   B   27.   B
14.   C   28.   B
                     Past Essay Topics
Thematic                                   DBQ
•   Jan 08- impact of Wars                 • Jan 08- Reformers
•   Aug 07- People of 20th century         • Aug 07- Government Policies
•   Jun 07- Effects of Industrialization     and Technology
•   Jan 07- Impact of Geography on         • Jun 07- Comparing women’s
    Gov’t actions                            and Civil Rights Movement
•   Aug 06- Movement people inside         • Jan 07- Vietnam
    US                                     • Aug 06- Cold War and Red
•   Jun 06- Turning Points                   Scare
•   Jan 06- Controversial Domestic         • Jun 06- Role of Media
    issues                                 • Jan 06- Territorial Expansion
•   Aug 05- Cold War                       • Aug 05- Great Depression
•   June 05- 20th century Foreign          • Jun 05- Working Conditions
    Policy                                 • Jan 05- 1950’s Pros Cons of
•   Jan 05- Reform movements                 Isolationism
          Regents Scoring
MC + docs + essay + essay
• 30 correct + 11 + 2 +2 = 68
• 30 correct + 11 + 3 + 3 = 76
• 35 correct + 11 + 2 + 2 = 74
• 35 correct + 11 + 3 + 3 = 81
• 40 correct + 11 + 2 + 2 = 80
• 40 correct + 11 + 3 + 3 = 87
• 6 pieces of info needed for a 3 or 4
• No higher then a 3 if you don’t answer all

1st    Freedom Speech, Press, Religion, Assembly,
2nd    Right to bear arms (possess gun)

4th    Protection from illegal search and seizures

5th    Cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property
       without due process of law
6th    Right to trial by jury in Criminal Cases

8th    No excessive bail, fines, No Cruel and unusual
13th   Slavery abolished (illegal)

14th   Citizenship to African Americans and all born in this
       country, citizens guaranteed due process of law
15th   Cannot be denied voting based on color of skin

16th   Gov’t can charge income tax

17th   Citizens vote for senators

18th   Prohibition, alcohol is illegal to produce or consume,
       repealed by the 21st amendment
19th   Women’s suffrage (voting)

22th   Two terms for President

26th   Voting age lowered to 18
Fugitive Slave Act   Crime to help runaway slaves and allowed for
                     arrest of runaway slaves in free states

Homestead Act        Law that encouraged western settlement by
                     giving government owned land to farmers for a
                     small application fee

Jim Crow Laws        Various laws that enforced segregation

Chinese Exclusion    Law that denied citizenship and prohibited
Act                  immigration from China
Pendleton Act        Created the Civil Service Commission to
                     administer exams for government jobs
Dawes Act            Reservations were divided up and families were
                     given 160 acres each. Rest of land sold off.
                     Goal was to assimilate Indians. Failure
Interstate           Regulated railroad shipping rates between states
Commerce Act
Sherman Anti Trust    Law making trusts and monopolies illegal. Hard
Act                   to enforce because it did not define monopolies
Pure Food and Drug Illegal to sell food or drugs containing illegal or
Act                harmful ingredients. Containers also must have
                   ingredient labels
Meat Inspection Act   Law requiring government inspection of meat
                      that crosses state lines
Federal Reserve Act Created central banking system. Responsible
                    for controlling money supply and setting interest
Clayton Anti Trust    Clarified and strengthened Sherman Anti Trust
Act                   act by defining what a monopoly or trust was

Selective Service     Law that initially required men 21- 30 to register
Act                   for the draft

Espionage Act         Outlawed acts of treason during WWI
National Origins Act   severely restricted immigration by establishing a
                       system of national quotas that discriminated
                       against immigrants from southern and eastern
                       Europe and virtually excluded Asians.
Neutrality Acts        laws passed to keep America from being brought
                       into WWII. Attempted to stop selling weapons to
                       countries at war. Cash and Carry policy created

Social Security Act    Provides retirement pensions, unemployment
                       benefits, and payments to disabled and widows
                       and children of male workers who died

NLRA                   Legalized labor unions and their right to bargin
                       for better wages and working conditions
Wagner Act

National Industrial    New Deal Law designed to encourage economic
Recovery Act           growth by suspending anti trust laws and
                       eliminating unfair competition. Declared
Agricultural        New Deal agency created to reduce farmer’s
Adjustment Act      output and increase crop prices
Serviceman’s        Established pensions and gov’t loans to veterans
Adjustment Act      for education or to buy a home
(G.I. Bill)
Civil Rights Act    Banned segregation in public facilities and in
                    hiring practices
Voting Rights Act   Put voter registration under federal control

Medicare Act        Federal health insurance program for people
                    over 65
War Powers Act      Reaffirmed Congress’s power to declare war.
                    President has only 60 days to use military
                    without approval of Congress
Americans with      Illegal to discriminate against disabled
Disabilities Act    Americans in hiring, transportation, or public
Horace Mann       Father of Public Education, helped reform education system in
                  Massachusetts which led to tax based public education
Dorothea Dix      Fought for better treatment of mentally ill and creation of
                  mental hospitals
Frederick         Abolitionist, former slave, active in underground railroad
Harriet Tubman    Former slave who risked her life to free slaves on the
                  underground railroad. Nicknamed Moses
Harriet Beecher   Wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin, considered cause of the Civil War
Elizabeth Cady    wrote Declaration of Sentiments and started women’s rights
Stanton           movement with the Senaca Falls Convention
Susan B.          Women’s rights and Suffrage, founded the National Women’s
Anthony           Suffrage Association with Elizabeth Cady Stanton
John Brown        Militant Abolitionist, led raid at Harpers Ferry, Tried to arm
                  slaves and start revolt, executed and became Martyr
Thomas Nast       Political Cartoonist who exposed Boss Tweed and corruption
                  in NY politics
Booker T.         Fought for African American rights, founded Tuskegee
                  Institute, focused on vocational training as a way to gain
Washington        rights
Jane Addams         Founded Hull House, settlement houses, improve education,
                    jobs and living conditions for poor and immigrants
William Jennings Populist Presidential candidate, fought for rights of farmers,
Bryan            and unlimited coinage of silver, Scopes Trial
Eugene V. Debs      Union leader and Socialist President Candidate, served jail
                    time for his role in strikes
W.E.B. Dubois       Helped found the N.A.A.C.P, believed African Americans had
                    to fight and demand for immediate equality
Ida Tarbell         Wrote History of Standard Oil, exposed the abuses
                    Rockefellers Standard Oil Trust
Marcus Garvey       Pan- African Movement, tried to bring African Americans back
                    to Africa to start own country
Samuel              Organizer and president of American Federation of Labor
Gompers             (AFL), skilled laborers, better hours and pay
Robert LaFollette   Wisconsin Senator and governor who fought for political reform. His
                    Wisconsin Idea led to Recall, Initiative and referendum
Ida Wells Barnett African American reformer who exposed lynching and
                    treatment of African Americans in the south
Frank Norris        Wrote the Octopus, exposed the abuses of Railroad
                    monopolies on the farmers
Jacob Riis         Photographer, How the Other Half Lives, exposed living
                   conditions in tenements in lower east side of NY
Margaret Sanger    Fought for legalized Birth control, founder of Planned Parenthood

Upton Sinclair     Muckracker, The Jungle, Meat packing industry, Pure food
                   and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act
Lincoln Steffens   Muckraker, The Shame of the Cities, corruption in city politics

Rachel Carson      Writer and Environmentalist, Silent Spring, exposed dangers of
Caesar Chavez      Latino leader who fought for rights of migrant workers in
                   California, founded the United Farm Workers (UFW) union
Betty Friedan      Women’s rights and feminist movement, wrote the Feminine
                   Mystique, helped found NOW National Organization of Women
Malcolm X          Nation of Islam, believed African Americans should fight and
                   use violence if necessary to obtain rights
Ralph Nader        Fought for consumer rights, exposed the lack of safety
                   standards in cars, 3rd party presidential candidate
Lucretia Mott      Women’s rights, abolitionist, helped organize Senaca Falls
George            • precedents- cabinet, neutrality, 2 term limit
Washington        • Whiskey Rebellion- showed gov’t could enforce laws
                  •Proclamation of Neutrality- avoid war with British
                  •Farewell Address- avoid alliances
Thomas            •Anti- federalist, weak central govt, supports farmers
Jefferson         •Louisiana Purchase- uses loose construction for justifying
                  •Marbury v. Madison- Judicial Review

Andrew Jackson    • Jacksonian Democracy- represented common man, elimination of
                  property qualifications to vote- increase in voting
                  • Worchester v. Gerogia- Indian Removal- trail of tears
                  • Opposed national bank, supported strong central govt
James K. Polk     •Mexican American War and Mexican Cession
                  • Manifest Destiny

Abraham Lincoln   •Election causes Civil War
                  •Fights to Preserve Union and increases his power as Pres.
                  • Emancipation Proclamation- frees slaves in South

Andrew Johnson    •Reconstruction plans light on Punishment, conflict with radical
                  •Impeached but found innocent
William McKinley •Spanish American War- gain Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines
Theodore           •Trustbuster, conservationist, reformer
Roosevelt          •Square Deal
                   • Roosevelt Corollary – intervene in economic affairs of Latin
                   •Big Stick Policy
Woodrow Wilson     • Progressive President- regulated business, banking and stock
                   • WWI - 14 Points and League of Nations
FDR                •Depression and New Deal- relief, recovery and reform
                   •Alphabet Soup- welfare programs
                   •Supreme Court- Packing plan= add more justices
                   • Neutrality Acts and Lend- Lease Act
                   • WWII- Japanese internment
Harry Truman       • Manhattan Project- Hiroshima and Nagasaki
                   • Containment and Marshall Plan
                   • Desegregation on military and gov’t
                   • Continued New Deal with his own Fair Deal
LBJ             • Great Society- eliminate poverty and segregation ‘
                • Medicare and Medicaid
                •Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and escalation of Vietnam

Richard Nixon   • Vietnamization and end of war
                • Foreign Policy- trips to China and Russia
                • Détente
                • Resigns due to Watergate

Ronald Reagan   • Conservative on education , abortion, prayer in school
                • Arms agreement with Soviets
                • Communism out of Latin America
                • Iran Contra scandal
  Land       Date     Acquired                     How land was acquired
            Acquir     From
Louisiana   (1803)   France        Pres. Jefferson purchased from France for $15 million.
Purchase                           Originally wanted New Orleans. Napoleon loses Haiti and
                                   needs money to fight European Wars
Florida     (1819)   Spain         Adams-Onis Treaty. US gave up claims to Texas

Texas       (1845)   Independent   After Alamo in 1836 Texas declares independence &
                                   requests admission to the union
Oregon      (1846)   Britain       54-40 parallel or fight. On verge of war with
                                   Britain over land. Peace Treaty avoids war and
                                   extended the 49th parallel to the Pacific Ocean
Mexican     (1848)   Mexico        War with Mexico led to the Treaty of Guadalupe-
                                   Hidalgo. President Polk instigates war because
                                   Mexico refuses to sell land
Gadsden     (1853)   Mexico        Purchased to build a railroad to Pacific Ocean

Alaska      (1867)   Russia        Purchased because Russia short of money. Wanted
                                   to eliminate threat of another European country
                                   claiming land in North America. Considered Seward’s
                                   Icebox. Criticized at first
        Important Websites
• - notes, practice
  multiple choice questions and essays
  -this powerpoint
  e/regentushg.html - Past regents exams in
  PDF format

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