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Progress Report to the Agricultural Research Foundation _Oregon

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Progress Report to the Agricultural Research Foundation _Oregon Powered By Docstoc
					                   Progress Report to the Agricultural Research Foundation
                                (Oregon Potato Commission)
                                          2001-2002

Title:                         Klamath Basin Extension Potato Program

Program Leader:                Kerry Locke
                               Klamath County Extension Agent

Cooperators:                   Al Mosley, Extension Potato Specialist, OSU, Corvallis
                               Ken Rykbost, Superintendent, Klamath Experiment Station, OSU,
                                      Klamath Falls
                               Harry Carlson, Director, Intermountain Research and Extension
                                      Center, UCD, Tulelake, California
                               Jeff McMorran, Extension Seed Certification Specialist, OSU,
                                      Corvallis
                               Clint Shock, Director, Malheur Experiment Station, OSU, Ontario

Funding History:

         Year Initiated: 1991
         Funding for 2001-2002, this donor: $7,500

Abstract:

         Over the past few years most concerns for production practices in agriculture in the
         Klamath Basin have taken a back seat to poor markets and environmental politics. With
         the loss of sugarbeets, potatoes are the basin’s major row crop. Klamath Basin potato
         growers annually produce a $30 million commodity - high quality potatoes - on 15,000
         acres of irrigated land. Potato late blight has arrived in the Klamath Basin and has the
         potential to cause a total loss of potatoes in the field or in storage if not managed
         properly. This formidable threat has negatively changed the economics of potato
         production in our region. Growers are continually looking for improved production and
         marketing practices to keep them competitive. Six potato packing sheds pack and ship
         potatoes, making the Klamath Basin a major Oregon fresh potato production area.
         Klamath is the largest certified seed potato producing county in Oregon with over a
         thousand acres of certified seed potato production annually. The OSU Klamath Basin
         Extension Potato Program works with growers and the agricultural industry in pest
         management, production, and marketing. Extension is always searching for innovative
         ways to enable producers, shippers, and the agricultural industry to keep abreast of the
         latest developments.
Objectives:

      Continue to develop multi-state programs as major annual educational event for growers,
      agricultural industry, and the intermountain community. Establish and develop
      educational events to provide recertification credit opportunities for consultants,
      commercial and private applicators. Use the media, radio and TV, to communicate
      agricultural topics of importance to the rural and urban Basin community. Provide
      continued technical field service to growers in the Klamath Basin through identification
      of potential problems and solutions. Provide growers, agronomists, packers, shippers, and
      related personnel with timely newsletters on pertinent information. Provide liaison
      between growers and campus-based technical services with appropriate follow up.
      Provide leadership support to the Klamath Basin Potato Growers Association. Serve as
      contact between growers, Oregon Seed Potato Committee, Oregon Potato Commission,
      and OSU Oregon Seed Potato Certification. Provide liaison between researchers,
      commercial suppliers, seed potato producers, commercial producers, regulatory agencies,
      and other row crop industry personnel to develop pertinent data that address local
      concerns. Work in cooperation with OSU, Klamath Experiment Station, UC
      Intermountain Research and Extension Center, Tulelake, and other researchers and
      extension workers in Oregon. Attend agricultural industry and horticultural educational
      events, extension in-service training, and professional organization meetings to improve
      technical and organizational skills.

Procedures:

      Work closely with the Klamath Potato Growers Association (KPGA), the Oregon Potato
      Commission, the university, the agricultural industry, and the intermountain community
      to provide major educational events related to variety use and potato production including
      pest management, marketing, and the environment. These include annual experiment
      station field day, winter educational meetings, and spring tours for potato growers.

      Because potato late blight is a major problem, support Dr. Clint Shock, Malhuer
      Experiment Station, in adapting Blitecast, a late blight prediction model, to
      environmental conditions that favor the development of potato late blight in our local
      basin. The KPGA sponsored installation of two $4,700 Blitecast stations. Work with
      growers to establish and maintain these Blitecast reporting stations. Since canopy wetness
      due to weather or irrigation is a factor in providing late blight development, Water Mark
      sensors were added to the Blitecast station sites to see if appropriate irrigation scheduling
      could help reduce the risk of late blight outbreaks.

      Work with Dr. Al Mosley to maintain potatonet and spudnet, international and grower
      email discussion groups, to help keep growers, extension and industry potato workers in
      computerized contact to facilitate the dissemination of the latest technical support to
      potato workers. These email groups are regularly used and praised by subscribers. Use the
      media, radio and TV, to communicate agricultural topics of importance to the rural and
      urban basin community. Provide timely newsletters on pertinent information for growers,
      packers, shippers and related personnel.

      Serve as liaison between potato growers and campus-based technical services with
      appropriate follow up. Provide leadership support as secretary to the KPGA and Klamath
      Basin Fresh Direct. Facilitate contacts between growers and the Oregon Seed Potato
      Committee, the Oregon Potato Commission, and the OSU Oregon Seed Potato
      Certification program.

Accomplishments, 2001:

      Blitecast stations, including Water Mark sensors, have been placed in 2 Klamath Basin
      grower’s fields to collect local data for the Blitecast model.

      Helped prepare EM 8589, which is used each year by producers, bankers and local
      officials to estimate potato production costs. This publication also is being used recently
      to figure out the value of production lost due to the cut-off of irrigation water.

      Facilitated Oregon Potato Commission First Quarterly Meeting, 2001.

      Educational activities, programs and publications are listed below:

             2001. Calibration, Personal Protective equipment, Managing Chemicals Safely.
             Presentation at Private Applicators Training. Klamath Falls, OR, 25 participants.

             2001. Organized program for Intermountain Pest Management Seminars. Klamath
             Falls, OR. 96 participants.

             2001. Klamath Basin Water Crisis. Klamath Falls, OR. 15 participants.

             2001. Family Farms in Global Markets. Facilitated Intermountain Agricultural
             Issues Seminar. Klamath Falls, OR. 60 participants.

             2001. Title transfer of Klamath Basin irrigation project. Meeting to discuss issues
             with community leaders and agricultural community. Klamath Falls, OR. 20
             participants.

             2001. Klamath Basin Needs Assessment. Meeting to interact with community
             leaders about water shut-off to agriculture and the effects on the Basin
             community. Merrill, OR. 32 participants.

             2001. Take Your Extension Skills to Other Countries. National Ugandan Potato
             Program. Invited presentation at Extension Service Annual Conference, Oregon
             State University, Corvallis, OR. 20 participants.
             1993-2001. Klamath County Farm Exposition for Klamath County 4th graders.
             Provide educational information on agriculture and master gardeners to Klamath
             County Schools. 1400 participants.

             2001. Potato Variety Development. Presentation to Pelican Elementary 6th grade
             class, Klamath Falls, OR, 35 participants.

             1992-2001 Chair and member, Intermountain Agricultural Conferences and
             Seminars committee. I worked to produce annual educational events for growers,
             agricultural industry, agency personnel, Oregon State University, and University
             of California-Davis research and extension faculty. I developed slide sets,
             PowerPoint presentations, and handouts specific for intermountain audiences.

             1992-2001. Chair and member, Intermountain Pest Management Seminar
             Committee. I worked with R. Todd, K. Rykbost, and H. Carlson to develop
             educational materials including lectures, slide sets, PowerPoint presentations, and
             handouts on pest management specifically for Klamath Basin growers, agencies,
             and community.

             1992-2001. Private applicator training and ODA testing. R. Todd and I developed
             annual training event that includes videos, slide sets, PowerPoint presentations,
             and handouts needed to keep the pesticide licensing process effective.

             1992-2001. Klamath County Extension budget hearings. Educated commissioners
             on the importance of OSU Extension to the county. Klamath Falls, OR.

             Locke, K.A. 2001, January. Klamath Basin Potato Extension Program.
             Proceedings 34th Annual Oregon Potato Conference. Portland, OR. pp. 22-23.

             Locke, K.A. 2001. Klamath Basin Water Woes-What is Society’s Responsibility?
             Oregon Potato Commission Newsletter 25(6):1.

             Locke, K.A., & Rykbost, K.A. 2001. Modern-day Tragedy with Implications for
             Growers Everywhere. Potato Country 17(6):8-10.

             Locke, K.A. (2001). Spud Enemy No.1. American Vegetable Grower 49(2):26A-
             26B.

             Locke, K.A. (2001). National Ugandan Potato Program Review. 85th Annual
             Meeting of the Potato Association of America. St. Augustine, FL, 40 participants.

Impacts:

      Part of the Interdisciplinary Klamath Basin Crisis Assessment Team of OSU and UC
      scientists charged with reviewing and documenting the results of water shut-off to
      agriculture and the basin community. Coauthor of soils section. Facilitated Klamath Basin
      tour and team meetings. Klamath Falls, OR. 125 participants.

      Potato seedpiece treatment studies demonstrated potato seedpiece treatments significantly
      controlled silver scurf when compared to the control. Local research shows that growers
      with good seedpiece size distribution can realize a $200/acre increase in net returns. I
      have presented these data at local winter schools, field days, and the Eighty-Second
      Annual Meeting of the Potato Association of America, Fargo, ND, and they are published
      both in the American Journal of Potato Research and in the Klamath Experiment Station
      Annual Report. Over 150 copies of this report are distributed annually.

      Conferences and seminars foster common ground for agencies and growers to interact on
      sensitive issues related to the region. Klamath Basin growers, agricultural industry, and
      university extension and research personnel were on hand to hear the various federal and
      state agencies explain their situation as it relates to water needs. Agencies, growers, and
      the basin community need to work together to assure water for various users. Those in
      attendance came away with a better appreciation for and understanding of the complexity
      of the issues surrounding the use of water in our intermountain region.

      Local pesticide trainings improve successful applicant licensing by 20%, such that 70%
      of first time applicants are successful. Annual updating with current information
      increases safe and proper use of pesticides and protects environmental quality.

Relation to Other Research:

      Klamath Basin Crisis Assessment Team. W. Braunworth, T. Gallagher, R. Hathaway, H.
      Carlson, and K. Locke. 2001. Interdisciplinary team of OSU and UC scientists charged
      with reviewing and documenting the results of water shut-off to agriculture and the Basin
      community. Klamath Falls, OR. 28 participants. Coauthor of soils section. Facilitated
      Klamath Basin tour and team meetings.

      Intermountain Agricultural Conferences and Seminars. K. Locke, R. Hathaway, R. Todd,
      K. Rykbost, R. Dovel, H. Carlson, S. Orloff, J. Dernbach, and C. Dalla. 1992-2001. Team
      assembled to develop annual programs. My role was to chair and actively support
      committee efforts.

      Tri-State Potato Variety Development Team. A. Mosley, K. Rykbost, E. Stastny Jr., and
      K. Locke. 1996-2001. Team assembled to select superior potato varieties. I was a
      participating member.

      2001. Toured Scottish extension potato agent around Klamath Basin potato fields.
      Klamath Falls, OR. 4 participants.

				
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