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kusini Oct-Dec 2010 Waliojitolea News and stories from the VSO Jitolee family - our volunteers, partners, friends and supporters. MEMORIES OF TRINITY LIFE WITH A DAY IN THE LIFE OF GHAIND- UGANDA COLLEGE. PG 4 LIVESTOCK. PG 7 A VOLUNTEER. PG 13 PG 15 Hope for Salim and Bakari Education Assessment and Resource Centres (EARCS) continue to bring hope to parents and communities in ensuring a better future for children with disabilities CONTINUED PG 8 WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 1 Kenyan Returned Volunteers had an Ugandan Returned Volunteers catching up Dancing and having a blast at the 2010 RVs opportunity to show o their dance moves at the 2010 RVs Alumni Event in Kampala. Alumni Event in Kampala. as well at the 2010 RVs Alumni Event in Nairobi. VSOJ Sta (L-R) Judy Omega, Winnie Makena Mwobobia, VSO Jitolee Head of Douglas Rasugu, VSO Jitolee Programmes Musunga, Anne Mwindi and Boka Nyachieo Programmes carries seedlings for a tree Support Of cer carry seedlings for a tree at the Nairobi RV Alumni Event. planting exercise in Oloitokitok planting exercise in Oloitokitok. VSO volunteers, community members and VSO Jitolee listen to Edger Juaban, VSO Volunteer VSO Jitolee sta , volunteers and community Teresa Kariuki of VSO Jitolee, plants a from The Philippines as he talks about the various banana seedling in Oloitokitok members at the tree planting excercise in seedlings that would be planted during the tree Oloitokitok planting exercise in Oloitokitok. VSO Jitolee marks the International Volunteer Day (IVD), alongside other volunteer involving organizations, during an outreach day program at the Mathare Clinic, Nairobi. Activities for the day included painting the clinic, cleaning, free medical services and 2 donation OCT-DEC 2010 WALIOJITOLEA KUSINIof blankets, patients’ gowns and medical equipment. EDITOR’ NOTE We close the year with a new look Kusini – sharing Kenya and around the world. with you the exciting and inspiring stories in a brighter, more vibrant style. We look forward to sharing more with you in 2011 – full colour, new look and all! Our cover story, ‘Hope for Salim and Bakari’, is one about hope not just for the boys featured but for their mothers, their family and their community. It is an inspiring tale by Mwanajuma Maingu and Angela Wausi Makau – mothers who have not given up on nding quality education and life for their sons whom society, most times, has shunned. As always, this nal 2010 edition would not have been the same without the contribution from returned and serving VSO volunteers. A VSO returned volunteer from Kenya, takes us down memory lane from his CONTENTS experiences as a Clinical Instructor in Malawi while PICTURE SPEAK. PG 2 two more volunteers, both from the Philippines, tell us about their work in Kenya – both business advisors but EDITORS NOTE. PG 3 with two di erent stories to tell. FINDING A PLACE FOR CHANGE IN THE WORKSHOP Our colleagues from Nigeria, had the opportunity as OF HABITS. PG 16 a LINKS (Learning through International Networking LINKS (LEARNING and Knowledge Sharing) team to come to learn and THROUGH INTERNATIONAL share good practice by visiting non-governmental NETWORKING AND organizations and government institutions in Kenya KNOWLEDGE SHARING). that are currently implementing HIV and Disability PG 18 interventions. Opeyemi Ipinnaiye, Programme Support Of cer HIV and AIDS Voluntary Service Overseas, Nigeria gives us a feel of the learnings from the Kenya LINKS visit in this edition of Kusini. ‘Picture Speak’ de nitely speaks volumes in this edition as the images come to life in full colour – we’re sure you will enjoy seeing our volunteers, partners and sta captured doing what they do best: being part of the change that will make life better for our communities in The views expressed in the Kusini Newsletter are not necessarily those of VSO. To share your stories with us; send an email to: email@example.com For more information on volunteering, partnering with VSO Jitolee or if you would like to make a donation, please visit our website:www.vsojitolee.org WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 3 Memories of Trinity College “As a clinical instructor in Malawi the ward, she or he would barely classroom teaching, which meant my main objective was to teach supervise the students. The students that some times we could not teach nursing students at Trinity Hospital. would therefore need to be well practical skills; My VSO volunteer counterpart, versed with nursing skills before they the practical room was small and had Elly Bos, oriented me to the job. could handle patients. little equipment and I had language I was introduced to the hospital, barriers when communicating which was understa ed; there was Ensuring that the students are information which required the local only one nurse per ward per shift. competent with basic skills before language. Trinity Hospital has three medical releasing them to the patients is wards and a busy maternity wing. a key responsibility of a clinical To work as a clinical instructor one Each ward has a capacity of 35 instructor. It requires in depth is required to rst be registered by patients. Sometimes the wards knowledge of how to impart the Nurses and Midwives Council would be full to capacity, especially knowledge without the students of Malawi. This requires one to during the malaria season. The getting confused. Having previously undergo a four week rotation at one nurse was assisted by one patient taught Registered Nurses for 3 of the four central hospitals. I did my attendant and students practicing years, I had good instruction skills rotation at Queen Elizabeth Central skills in that ward. Sometimes the and knew what to expect. However, Hospital in Blantyre. This hospital ward would have up to 10 students. I experienced a few challenges: is the largest in the country but With only one nurse working in the tutors took long to nish has a chronic sta shortage. The 4 WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 one month I worked at Queens to when various skills should have construction, we moved the practical was an eye opener. I worked with been taught, Elly had designed a room to our of ce. It was tiny and students from other colleges and local master plan that indicated could only accommodate one took this chance to understand when to teach speci c skills. She practicing bed and a doll, and two what the training in the country oriented me to the master plan and cabinets for supplies and reference was like. I noted that some second- we introduced it to the rest of the books. The practical room needed year students, who are considered school faculty. Four of the six tutors medical supplies such as; needles, senior students, were struggling in the college were straight from syringes, cannulas, catheters, cotton with application of theory learnt university. They formed a good team , gauze among others. Elly and I in class. For the four weeks I was to share skills with. We took them applied for the placement support there, I never met a single tutor or through the year’s master plan for fund from VSO. We received £2,500 clinical instructor supervising the the rst and second years. Each of and these funds helped us acquire a students. The students told me that them chose speci c clinical areas new practicing doll, an intravenous this was a normal occurrence. They were used to being left alone and learning on their own. Since these students came form a well sta ed government college, I would have expected them to be accompanied by a clinical instructor. I realized the task I was up to as a clinical instructor in a rural hospital. When I went back to Trinity, I had a better understanding of my role as a Volunteer clinical instructor. The rst- year students who were in session had just completed the they wanted to supervise in addition infusion arm and medical supplies. introductory theoretical content. to teaching in class. Things started The supplies were adequate to They were now ready to go to the out well but with time, not everyone last for one year. Elly left in March wards. My counterpart had been did what they had promised to do. 2009. She had volunteered for alone for the last one month and three years and left a mark at Trinity. had been working really hard. I was During this time the Norwegian Elly’s replacement was to come happy that I came at the right time Church Aid (NCA), an NGO that in June 2009. I would be the only to help “initiate” these ‘fresh’ men supported nursing schools, had clinical instructor for the next three and women into nursing. Since the been building a new library, months. However the students curriculum and master plan did students hostel, tutor of ces and a were now preparing for the end of not have a clear speci cation as practical room. To pave way for the year exams. I had time to be o the WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 5 clinical areas and plan for the next student in Moi University, Kenya, group. I was a resource person in PBL For the rst time we examined implementation. We held workshops students on skills after they had At the beginning of 2009, there was to orient tutors to PBL and although practiced on dolls for two months. a two month strike by all CHAM it had a slow start, it eventually This is called OSCE (Observed (Christian Health Association of picked up really well within the Skills and Competency Examination) Malawi) nursing schools in the subsequent 8 months. with a pass mark of 90%. We had country. They were demanding supplies bought by the school more funds from the government. In January 2010 and we welcomed and others by VSO Malawi. It The 2 months strike completely a new intake of 20 students. The involved a student practicing skills changed the calendar of the school. college had anticipated 40 students at four di erent stations. At each There would be no student intake in but due to the fact that the students station, there would be a tutor with June 2009. The next group would were no longer being sponsored a checklist of what the student is supposed to do. The tutor would score the skills the student performed. All the students passed and were ready to practice on patients safely. All the tutors fully participated. This exercise was one of the highlights of myplacement. It also happened in May when I was in the last weeks of my placement. I was really encouraged by the teamwork we had and hope it will continue even without VSO’s presence.” join in January 2010. by the government, only a few could a ord to enroll. The new group would be the rst to use Melanie came in June 2009 as the new practical room. NCA had Elly’s replacement. She had enough completed the practical room that time to be oriented to the college could accommodate twenty students before the next intake. During this at a go. It was a modern structure time, we reviewed the curriculum complete with a sluice room, and a master plan for an integrated of ce and all the practice dolls Nursing and Midwifery program. and equipment needed. I couldn’t The NCA funded the development wait to use this practical room. We By Hiram Njuguna, a of a strategic plan for the college planned and followed the teaching VSO returned volunteer from Kenya who served in Malawi for and implementation of Problem schedule for both classroom 2 years. Based Learning (PBL) and teaching teaching and demonstrations in the methods. Having trained as a PBL practical room. 6 WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 Life with Livestock Nancy Wahu Njenga is 50 year times already, at Ksh 25,000. used for family consumption. old widow with 6 children living Through arti cial insemination inKangemi, Nairobi. Just like (AI), the cow had a heifer before Nancy was also able to purchase any other mother, she wants the acquisition year ended and 1 goat and 2 sheep, one with the best for her children. It is produced 5 to 6 litres of milk per a lamb, for Ksh 5,000 and this motivation that led her to day. Nancy sold the milk at Ksh 35 she slaughtered a sheep last join Mworoto Self Help Group per litre and any surplus milk was Christmas to her family delight. in 24th April 2004. Like other groups assisted by Currently, Nancy has a total Egalitarian Organization for savings of Ksh 23,000 and she Poverty Alleviation-Kenya hopes to secure a new loan of (EOPA-K), savings is the Ksh 60,000 to grow her ‘life with basis in providing loans to livestock’ which in turn ensures Self Help Group members. she is earning a livelihood for the future of her family. Having saved Ksh 10,500, Nancy received her rst loan Nancy Wahu Njenga is one of over 10,000 women bene tting of Ksh 30,000 as per the from the Improved Sustainable Livelihoods Project (ISL), a Group’s policy of borrowing project supported by the European Union and implemented 3 times the amount of one’s under the VSO Jitolee Secure Livelihoods programme. The project seeks to support disadvantaged women in Coast, Nairobi savings. This loan enabled and Eastern Provinces of Kenya to improve their products, her to buy one breeding capacity, governance and incomes through provision of Business Development Services (BDS) and micro credit. cow, which had calved four WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 7 Hope for Salim and Bakari by: Virgilio C. Ventura “I never like it, locking my boy inside my room in our house while I am away looking for work to feed my family each day. 8 WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 It makes me sad but I can’t help physiotherapist. Visits to several legs. This is precisely the reason it. Even when I am working hospitals never did anything to why I have never lost hope that elsewhere, my mind is with him; improve the condition of my someday Salim can stand up and what is he doing, what damage child. In desperation, I even walk just like everyone else,” has he done and how much sought the help of a herbalist continues Mwanajuma. must I pay for the destruction he hoping for e ective treatment for may have caused when I come my son but all in vain,” narrates It was during a Community Based home? I thank Allah he does not Mwanajuma Maingu of her son Organization (CBO) Exchange harm himself or other people,” Salim Omar. Visit on 19th October, 2010 in says Angela Wausi Makau of Kwale, organized by the Kili her 16-year old son Bakari Said Left by her husband when she Educational Assessment and Mwajambo who is mentally was four months pregnant with Resource Center (EARC) that challenged. “When Bakari was Salim, Mwanajuma is determined Angela and Mwanajuma shared one year old he experienced to pursue curative measures to their stories with the Community irregular body temperatures after improve the condition of her son Based Organisation (CBO) group su ering from an attack of the from Mtwapa led Yellow Fever virus. For two by the Shajanand years he kept getting sick with Special School fever and showing hyperactive Principal, Mr. Patrick behaviour. Except for a time Muzungu Koba. The when the doctors conducted encounter proved a head scan on Bakari, the to be a heaven-sent succeeding years constituted opportunity for both an endless prescription of mothers who were medicines that I had to buy almost at the end of to calm Bakari down. Yet, the their ropes in nding doctors never told me what was help for their sons. really wrong with my son. For a time, Bakari was enrolled in a “The Sahajanand special school for the mentally Special School challenged. Unfortunately (formerly known as no obvious modi cation on Mtwapa Primary his hyperactive behavior has School) is part of the been e ected, thus rendering Mtwapa Educational the whole endeavor a failure. Institute complex With ve other children to care that practices for, my husband who is also inclusive learning dependent on irregular jobs, where regular and I with my liquid detergent and physically soap business, can only do or mentally so much to care for all of us,” challenged learners continued Angela. interact in the while seeking court remedies to same environment without “When my boy was just a baby, make the father provide nancial discrimination. Since its he also got sick with Yellow Fever. support for Salim. “Things started establishment in 2006, the For some time, he was unable to turn for the better when I Special School welcomes all to sit and would not even feed brought Salim to the Sahajanand children with either physical from my breast. I brought him Special School. Whereas before or mental disabilities to its to the hospital and the doctor my boy could not even sit on his classrooms especially those informed me that my baby’s legs own, he can now sit and do more referred to them by the Kili were a little weak and advised because of the training he got EARC sta who conduct the initial me to bring him regularly to from Sahajanand. He is now able assessment of a child’s disability,” the hospital for exercises with a to eat and even scribble using his Patrick Muzungu shared. WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 9 The CBO Exchange Visit is just may be carrying the ‘culprit other parents who have survived one of the more innovative ways genes of disability’. the blaming period and sorrows that the Kili EARC under the related to having a child with a VSO Jitolee’s programme on It is thus part of the Information, disability. Strengthening the Educational Education and Communication Assessment and Resource (IEC) function of the Educational “Raising a child like Salim takes Centres (STEA) implements Assessment and Resource Centre patience: patience for your self across 13 (EARC) and patience of the community. Districts in Kenya, with “Raising a all over Kenya to Community members will often mock at you and this will Kili being one of the selected child like Salim rectify this make you feel very low in their presence. You need a lot of patience. You cannot ask for any districts. According takes patience: assistance from anyone as many see you as a thorn on their esh to Kili EARC Coordinator patience for your or a nuisance. It is terribly painful and lonely out there. You will nd it dif cult to express yourself. Dorothy Randu, it is self and patience Joining the CBO Exchange Visit in Kwale gave me this calming of the community. through the e ect of listening to other parents facilitative of children with disability talk initiative about their own experiences. It of VSO made me realized that I am not Jitolee that parents of children counterproductive myth that alone in my su ering,” asserts with disabilities, like Angela and prevents parents of disabled Mwanajuma. Mwanajuma, are infused with children to seek professional hope. Truly, it is through these help. The CBO, as a support “A major scope of Special exchange visits that parents can group, invites distraught parents Needs Education (SNE) work is release a sigh of relief that they are not alone in going through the dif cult process of nurturing a child like Bakari or Salim who are with disability. Often, it is indeed the mother who is burdened with the nurturing function in the family. Mothers of children with disabilities, like Angela and Mwanajuma, are victimised by social mindsets that consider having a child with disability Dorothy Randu, Kili EARC Coordinator, speaking a curse that needlessly to the Mtwapa and Kwale CBO Member in Kwale. contributes to a family su ering embarrassment and shame. Having a child with a disability in the family can also serve as like Angela and Mwanajuma to to mobilize support for the SNE the cause of many dysfunctional learn additional livelihood skills Model and link it with district families with couples blaming to support their family and to nd plans and aspirations. Towards each other as to which of them strength in the experiences of this end, the Community Based 10 WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 Rehabilitation (CBR) component (CBO) that Patrick Muzungu hyperactive behavior that we of the STEA project under VSO heads,” concluded Kili EARC observed of him. He shall go Jitolee envisions to mobilize Coordinator Dorothy Randu. through an Individual Educational communities for the CBR; identify Indeed, Mwanajuma’s painful Programme (IEP) where we can and train CBR workers, parents, experience led her to date to determine his strong and weak and care givers; and conduct readily join the Mtwapa CBO points in terms of behavior and exchange visits for learning,” which promised great hope for academics. From there, the asserts Dorothy Randu. her and her son’s independence teacher will determine what from community members who kind of behavior and skills must “It is upon the initial assessment fail to understand him. The process of identifying the speci c promise of learning new skills that disability a child, like Bakari could help established her own for example, is su ering from source of livelihood is enough when they are referred to either reason for her to nd the Mtwapa a medical institution for further CBO as a support group that she treatment, a special school like has long longed for. Sahajanand, or a vocational school for children above 17 After listening to Angela’s story years old who cannot really cope about her son who is mentally with the demands of academic challenged during the CBO Bakari Said Mwajambo be taught to him. On top of this plan, I have committed to provide Bakari a full personal sponsorship for his boarding at Sahajanand during school terms,” Salim Omar, sitting up on his own following volunteered Patrick Muzungu. rehabilitation at the Sahajanand Special School. Indeed, teary-eyed Angela Wausi Makau could hardly nd the words to thank Dorothy Randu learning models. Likewise, Exchange Visit in Kwale, and of the Kili EARC and Patrick guidance and counseling are after an assessment, Sahajanand Muzungu of Sahajanand Special given to parents who are indeed Special School Principal Patrick School for the all the help that in need of it through seminars Muzungu was advised by Mrs. they will continue to shower upon and workshops organized by the Randu to have Angela bring her her son Bakari. EARC sta and volunteers from son to Sahajanand for enrollment the VSO Jitolee based in Nairobi. in its Special Needs Education It is therefore no coincidence (SNE) programme. that Mwanajuma is now an active member of the Mtwapa “Bakari will be placed in an Community Based Organization Autistic class because of the WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 11 A DAY IN THE LIFE OF A VOLUNTEER VILMA E. ESOTO Fundraising Support Of cer/Business Advisor Kathivo Youth Polytechnic School, Ithiani Youth Polytechnic School, Matinyani Youth Polytechnic School KITUI “I could say God has been extra is a very quiet neighbourhood. meeting can run late and we may good to me. My placement is During the night, all I usually hear end up having lunch 2:00p.m. to such a blessing. Volunteering is are sounds of birds and insects. I 3:00p.m. While having breakfast, not just a job, not just an 8 to 5 can even hear my own breathing I boil water for bathing and then o’clock responsibility. Most likely, echoing inside the house. I wake get ready to head out to the it’s round the clock, any time of up 5:30 in the morning and after youth polytechnic school. Today, the day, any day of the week and saying my morning prayers, I I go to Kathivo Youth Polytechnic one can’t help putting heart into open my computer, access the and there is a Board Meeting it. I am here to work regardless internet (thanks to unlimited scheduled. By 7:00am I am ready of time and day, and regardless internet access promotion by to go. I have to go early as the of the nature of the work. Safaricom1), and send smses2 big matatu 3going to Kathivo to my family. As I wait for their has no xed departure time and Kitui is a wonderful place, though replies, I boil water for co ee I need to ensure I catch it at the not a very comfortable one. and drinking-water for my water bus terminal. There are many things one misses lter. I check my emails or access here. One thing I’ve learnt as a my Facebook account as I am If I am lazy to walk I take a boda- volunteer is to make-do with what sipping my co ee. After bustling boda 4 going into town. When is available - learn to appreciate with the computer, I tidy my I do walk, like today, I trek up a what is o ered to you in your host room. By this time I’m ready for hilly and bumpy road going to country and you will surprisingly my breakfast – another cup of the main street just in front of the nd contentment. co ee with creamer and bread is Kitui General Hospital. I usually excellent breakfast for me. But, give a long breath when I reach I live in a 2 bedroom at, 10 on days when I have meetings the ‘thank God’, top-of-the hill minutes walk to town. The place scheduled, I eat a heavy breakfast portion of my walk and I’m almost where I live is called Highrise and because I’ve learned that always in time for the children at 12 WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 the school for mentally disabled, 10 minutes long. I get to the share electric operated tools waiting for me to pass by, to school at about 9 o’clock in the for carpentry with Matinyani call me, smile and say “Jambo” morning, the meeting scheduled Polytechnic School. But (hello) or “Habari Yako?” (how for 10:00am. since they don’t have electric are you?); I answer then “nzuri power, they the carpentry and sana” or “I am very ne”. It’s After greetings, with the dressmaking training is done amusing as children surround me manager and teachers, I go manually. I also feel the need and some touch my skin and my around the workshops, talk to for the introduction of computer hair and giggle – I suppose it’s trainees, and visit their nursery. course in this institution. I wonder because I look curiosly di erent Kathivo Youth Polytechnic School how they have managed to with straight hair and fair skin is near a dam so there’s abundant survive for the last 24 years (the colour. So when I pass by, in supply of water for the plants. school was installed 1986). spite of catching my breath, Drinking water is a few kilometres I try to have a ready smile for away. The school, however, It was almost 12:00 noon when them and I sometimes give them needs help. It is a struggling the Board of Governors, all sweets. institution with only 38 trainees, 2 arriving late, that the meeting usable workshops and no electric eventually started. The After another 3 minutes of power connection. There is meeting was presided over by walking, I then cross the main one workshop that is collapsing the Chairman Patrick Musemi, road and again go through a where cracks are too visible. I a retired school teacher. I hilly, bumpy, dirt road going to take photos of the workshop appreciated how he handled the the bus terminal. Dispatchers hoping that we can nd a donor meeting. I could sense support and conductors in the terminal are usually rough and harsh. But since, I give them my sweetest smile, a handshake if necessary and greet them in my usual habari yako?, I have become a known and regular customer and they assist me. I then take Jimbo matatu for Kathivo. The fare is 40 Shillings. The conductor Vilma with trainees during an orientation on Entrepreneurship knows me and he already knows where I will get o . I have a permanent seat in the matatu to reconstruct. While waiting from the Board. I was asked to when I am bound for Kathivo. for the Board of Governors, talk, on what I can do for the The drive from Kitui to Kathivo is I talk to the manager about school, my responsibilities and just 20 minutes. Once I get o , how they cope and manage to they all give me their support. I exchange greetings again with meet their objectives with such I was touched by the warm the bystanders and boda boda poor facilities. They are very welcome they gave me. I told drivers, the usual “habari yako?” dependent on the support given them I will do my best to be with rm handshakes. I am by the Ministry of Youth A airs an instrument in giving light amused with people here where and Sports, Ksh 15,000 per to this school. All members of handshake is so important, trainee per year. The allotment the Board invited me to visit children shake hands, couples is clearly de ned by a budget for their homes, spend a night if I shake hands, and even shaking each expense; the polytechnic can. I later came to learn in that hands with people whom u don’t school cannot however divert the meeting that the teachers are know is norm. Boda boda o er money to any other expenses paid only Ksh 2,500 per month. I me free rides to the school but other than what is allowed by was dismayed, shocked of what I kindly let them know that I the Ministry. Electric power I heard and I said that with such would love to walk which is just is very important as they can very low salary, we can never WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 13 expect quality education or to concentrate and tell myself Once inside my house, after training for the trainees. I also that I am in Kenya and not in changing my clothes, I get a cup don’t know how they survive. the Philippines. The ‘keep left’ of co ee. I log on to Internet Many things ran through my mind driving rule in Kenya is the one while sipping my co ee, once that day – trainees surviving on thing th at I have not gotten used again send smses to my family maize and beans for lunch every to, other than that I feel at home. and check my e-mails. After school day for a year, teachers I don’t miss home much because an hour, I then prepare dinner. paid only Ksh 2,500 per month, I have found a home here in While eating supper, I watch a trainees sharing workshop since Kenya, with warm and caring movie on my laptop or read. only 2 are usable, a manager paid people, and the atmosphere. After dinner and cleaning up, I less than Ksh 5,000 per month take shower. Before going to and a polytechnic with no electric I nally get a ride going back to bed, I log on to the Internet once power… Kitui, smiling and exchanging more, this time to catch up with pleasantries with people inside my friends or if I have something After the meeting, it is practice the matatu including the driver. to surf or some un nished to give work at the money for computer. I those who usually sleep attended – past 10 in the one of the evening. As reasons why I lay in bed, a they rarely few thoughts conduct bother me meetings. – the youth The trainees polytechnic pay Ksh 3,000 school, the per year for low salaries the food and of teachers, since not all Vilma poses with the Board of Governors and Manager of the Kathivo the low these funds Youth Polytechnic School. enrolment, the are not used workshops, for food, the etc. The same kitty is fact that the the source institution for paying the Board and meals Soon, I am on my way home had been operating for 24 during meetings. Lunch was where I love to stroll. I passed years means that there is always served past 2:00pm when the by a friend who is an owner of that desire from the youths in meeting ended. We had lunch of a shop. I would usually stop, the area to be trained. They rice and beef stew. shake hands with her and people deserve quality and proper around and talk for a while, then training which can only be After 4:00pm I am strolling back am o to the hilly road again attained if problems and gaps to the highway with the Manager passing through the school of the existing could be addressed and the Chairman to catch a mentally handicapped, smiling properly and positively. With vehicle back to Kitui. Most of the and waving at me, meeting and the existing scenario, I made my time I am lost...I tend to catch greeting some people on the own plan, where my contribution a vehicle on the wrong side of road until I nally reach home. will be felt, where my presence street. In the Philippines its drive My neighbours are very friendly and contribution can make right while its drive left here. My and sometimes invite me for a di erence - as the call of orientation is mixed up. When dinner at their homes which I nd VSO says “SHARING SKILLS, I am catching a vehicle I have as very nice gestures from them. CHANGING LIVES”. 14 WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 By John Okiror Odongo including increasing access The organization has unique to health information as well strategic plans which include as empowerment of students broadening HIV/AIDS through information sharing communication strategies to sustainably play their role in through health information ensuring healthy and ef cient delivery. Ghaind Uganda also welfare. embraces Disability Rights through empowerment and As a team, we have undertaken Sign language interpretation during HIV/ advocacy including agricultural our health trainings to over fteen AIDS Awareness in UNISE –Kyambogo University –Kampala Uganda. food production with a focus to higher institutions of learning sustainable secure livelihoods. in Uganda, including Makerere, Kyambogo, Global Health and HIV/AIDS Climate Kampala Initiative Uganda, popularly University known as Ghaind Uganda and Kampala is a non-pro t Public Health international organization, dedicated to University, strengthen health programmes St Lawrence, and improve the lives of men, WW Cross section of students of Nzosi University Nkumba, Nsamizi Mpigi, Listening to the facilitator, delivering women and children in their Psycho-social approaches of persons a ected University, MUBS localities in Uganda and infected by HIV/AIDS. including training 300 Government The organization is working District with development agencies, Change is a global concern both Administrative, Medical Health CBOs, NGOs, FBOs and policy in the developed and developing and Community Development makers including Public Higher world and therefore, Ghaind of cers of 112 districts in Uganda. Institutions of learning in Uganda Uganda treats this as part of its to strengthen communities e orts thematic areas of concern. in enhancing universal access to quality health care with emphasis Our major purpose is to promote HIV/AIDS Awareness Training in Nzamizi Centre to HIV/AIDS prevention through the adaption of behavior of social development in Mpidi district in trainings, research and health change, information education Western Uganda information delivery. and communication practices For more information on our programmes contact us on: Tel: +256774-457250 / 071457250 / 0772980350/ 754457250 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com Website: www.globalhealth-hivaids.org or www.globalhealth-hiv.org WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 15 Finding a Place for Change In the Workshop of Habits By: Annabelle B. Encabo, Small Business Adviser, Imani Workshops, Eldoret, Kenya “I have always believed that Alignment or realignment gained the skills and aptitude where people are di erentiated consists of change of some for work were absorbed for full by cultures, they speak the same form, and that’s what makes it a time employment. But social language when it comes to daunting task. In a workshop of enterprises have not always been business as a universal endeavor habits and a mix of tribal cultures, run like pro table enterprises and – I was wrong. there seemed to be no place for I felt that my change agenda was change. This was my challenge, imperative at Imani. The Japanese for instance, have as a Business Advisor for Imani their own way of doing business Workshops 1 in Eldoret, Kenya, From rearranging the compared to the Americans and where I dreamed of making workstations to improving the rest of the world. However, a di erence in this subject of productivity, and making bold these countries manage to look change. steps in marketing, I found myself into each others’ best practices, encountering resistance, and make their own versions and Imani Workshops, started with reluctance. Artisans and regular go out to compete. Given a the social mission of providing employees were not keen to globalized economy and a world hope and livelihood assistance move or adopt change - either trading system though, everyone to patients coming from the they were used to doing things must align- thus the need to AMPATH 2 program who are their way, or they simply weren’t speak the same language, in ghting stigma and poverty. Since comfortable doing so. It amazes order to stay in the race and Imani’s operation in 2005 a steady me though that even when survive. stream of artisans have come the bene ts of change were and gone, and the few who have demonstrated or proven; the 1 Imani Workshops is a livelihood component of the Family Preservation Initiative (FPI) under AMPATH. AMPATH – Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare is a program initiated in 1989 by Indiana University School of Medicine (US) in partnership with the Government of Kenya through Moi University School of Medicine. Previously referred to as Academic Model for the Prevention and Treatment of HIV and AIDS, it is one of the largest and most comprehensive in Africa. For more info log on to: www.imaniworkshops.org 2 AMPATH – Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare – a program initiated in 1989 by Indiana University School of Medicine (US) in partnership with the Government of Kenya through Moi University School of Medicine. Previously referred to as Academic Model for the Prevention and Treatment of HIV and AIDS, it is one of the largest and most comprehensive in Africa. Imani Workshops is a livelihood component under the Family Preservation Initiative (FPI) under AMPATH. FPI/ AMPATH hold of?ces at the Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH) in Eldoret. For more info log on to: www.imaniworkshops.org 16 WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 most response I received was existence complicated by HIV over an amusing mentoring the “rubber band” attitude of and AIDS, and I learned to deal experience when I was coaching complying for the women a short while assigned at the but reverting to stockroom on the old way of simple inventory doing things, system. After after some I presented time. While I the necessity pondered on of maintaining how best to computerized motivate them, inventory, they I stretched threw their hands Annabelle with Imani Workshop employees and artisans. my patience up in the air and further to the absence accommodate of know how any willing soul and prayed that with those limitations as well. became an easy excuse. I showed they would be open to new them that a computer is just ideas and new ways of working My persistent and I believe, like a big calculator or a mobile together. somewhat annoying nature, phone with lots of di erent uses paid o in time. Amidst all these and features. Keying in gures I learned that that their view resistance to change I have is similar to calculating sum or towards change was limited to recently witnessed some progress di erence, while encoding is my tenure as a volunteer, as it at the workshops. For instance, same thing you do when sending 3 was with the other muzungu the organization has opened its mobile text messages. Their volunteers who came before me doors to adopting my concept rst attempt to compute was – who came and left, introducing of kazi nyumbani 4 as a means to a struggle, but when I saw the a lot of new ideas which at Imani, achieve growth. In September twinkle in their eyes, I felt a sense created more confusion. I found 2009, the rst kazi nyumbani of satisfaction. myself starting over what should (work-at-home) program was have been done and learned in piloted in Langas, a community Education is an indispensable the past. I explained to them that in Eldoret, with 5 skilled workers aspect of change and at VSO; change is not an easy process from Imani who are residents knowledge is our most powerful but sometimes we have to do it therein and 2 persons with tool. However, one has to carry because we need to grow and disabilities. The team worked a lot of patience to see things what matters most, is having to ful ll an order of beaded develop or change - ‘there is the desire to do it. Further, papyrus bowls to ll-in the output no hurry in Africa’, as they say. I found out that simplifying of the workshop. Although not I know that in the near future, things- making it ‘kenyanized’ yet into full operation, Imani my people at the workshops will was more appealing. Indeed, hopes to establish 6 more kazi have this appreciation, desire the developed world has a lot of nyumbani within the AMPATH- and con dence to do things complications - and complications MTRH catchment area, that are unconventionally. When that can create unnecessary fear and expected to provide livelihood happens, even if I’m no longer stress in the south or developing to at least 30 people and absorb there, I can say with all certainty, world. Moreover, I realized that 20 persons with disabilities who that I have found a place for my people at the workshop will be taught skills within its craft change in the workshop of were a special type of workforce areas, through the Imani Training habits.” who had been living a marginal Institute. Moreover, I triumph 4 Kazi nyumbani - Swahili term for ‘work at home’ - a strategy conceptualized by Annabelle Encabo to accommodate the growing number of patients from AMPATH who need livelihood assistance. This was patterned after OVOP in Japan and OTOP in the Philippines. By engaging in kazi nyumbani weaker patients, with and without disabilities, can be taught skills and earn income from their home or community premises. It is a way to expand the production of Imani Workshops without incurring additional expenses on new buildings, facilities or overhead costs. In its pilot stage it was observed that more women preferred kazi nyumbani because they can attend to their home and children, even while working. It also gave them ?exibility in production because they can work anytime including weekends. WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 17 LINKS (Learning Through International Networking and Knowledge Sharing) Study Tour: Nigeria – Kenya, 12th -21st SEPTEMBER 2010 An excerpt from the Report by Opeyemi Ipinnaiye, Programme Support Of cer HIV and AIDS Voluntary Service Overseas, Nigeria. Persons living with disabilities that they are likely to become now report rape as their leading experience all of the risk factors involved in a series of unstable concern for their children’s associated with HIV infection. In relationships. Individuals with current and future well-being. fact, they may be at increased disabilities (both male and Individuals with disability are also risk because of additional female) around the world are at increased risk of substance vulnerabilities such as poverty, more likely to be victims of sexual abuse and less likely to have limited access to education abuse and rape than their able- access to interventions. and health care, lack of information and resources The future to facilitate safer sex, for disabled lack of legal protection, individuals increased risk of violence who become and rape. Little attention HIV-positive is has been given to the equally grim. risk of HIV and AIDS Although little for individuals who is known about have physical, sensory, access to HIV intellectual, or mental and AIDS care, health disability before citizens with becoming infected. It is disabilities commonly assumed that receive far LINKS tour participants with Kuria District Disability individuals with disabilities fewer general Network (KDDN) Sta during their visit. are not at risk. They are health services incorrectly thought to be than others. sexually inactive, unlikely Indeed, care is to use drugs, and at less risk for bodied peers. Factors such as not only often too expensive for violence or rape than their able- increased physical vulnerability, impoverished disabled persons, bodied peers. the need for attendant care, life but it can also be physically in institutions, and the almost inaccessible, for instance, clinics There are signi cant risk factors universal belief that disabled with steps/stairs at their entrance, for populations of persons with people cannot be a reliable bar the way for a wheelchair disability around the globe. witness on their own behalf user and consultation with a Extreme poverty and social makes them targets for predators. physician without a sign-language sanctions against marrying a In some countries, parents of interpreter is meaningless for person with disabilities mean intellectually disabled children most hearing impaired persons. 18 WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 In 2009, the HIV and AIDS disabilities. Advocacy at various them increasing the success of programme of VSO Nigeria levels of government on HIV the projects. Sensitization and conducted a workshop on and disability issues is also a education of people on issues Inclusion for partners and one of key approach in the reducing a ecting persons with disabilities the outcomes from the workshop HIV prevalence among persons is a paramount step in ensuring indicated that persons with with disabilities as is partnership a barrier-free society – not disabilities were excluded from with government agencies forgetting that developing and HIV and AIDS interventions. (including NACC and MOH) and producing disability-friendly IEC The key factor for the exclusion international agencies (including materials goes a long way in was lack of technical capacity USAID, UNDP, and VSO etc) on giving persons with disabilities a to implement HIV and AIDS HIV and disability which cannot voice in the campaign against the prevention and care & support be overemphasized in the ght spread of HIV. strategies targeting persons against the scourge. with disabilities. VSO Nigeria’s Each of the organizations visited HIV and AIDS programme The LINKS team discovered that had its own unique learning with which is strongly committed in training of healthcare providers the major outcome of the study contributing to the mitigation and journalists in sign language tour being, the resolution of of HIV and AIDS in Nigeria communication by building the capacity of its aids the partners, selected partners provision of drawn from di erent regions of disability- Nigeria, to participate in a 6-days friendly LINKS study tour in Kenya, to healthcare learn best practices on National services Volunteering and HIV and AIDS & and better Disability. representation of persons with The study tour provided disabilities. LINKS participants at LVCT -Liverpool Voluntary Counseling and opportunities for partners Economic Testing, Care And Treatment which is an indigenous Kenya based to learn best practices from empowerment recognized non-pro t, non-governmental organization involved in giving technical assistance to government and others wishing to nongovernmental organizations of persons with start quality Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) services in and government institution disabilities is a public health care settings. in Kenya that are currently powerful tool in implementing HIV and Disability addressing HIV interventions .Organizations such and disability as Liverpool Voluntary Counseling issues along with the provision of the partners to form a network and Testing, Care and Treatment disability friendly VCT, treatment, - Network of CSOs on HIV and (LVCT), Kenya Institute of Special care and support service centers Disability. It is expected that Education (KISE), Kuria District at di erent locations both at the the network will advocate and Disability Network (KDDN), grassroots, cities and work places address issues on HIV and AIDS Handicap International, Action being highly essential in the ght & Disability in Nigeria using Network for the Disabled and against HIV and AIDS. National Volunteering as one Nyaweri Deaf VCT were visited. of its strategies. Participants Other interesting learning observed that the success of included the team nding that HIV and Disability interventions From the visits, the participants testing of celebrities encourages in Kenya was as a result of learned that National Response the public to nd out about their Government providing the on HIV and Disability policy is HIV status as well as having total enabling environment for persons necessary in ghting the spread involvement of persons with with disabilities through the of HIV among persons with disabilities in projects that a ect Kenya Disability Act. About LINKS LINKS (Learning through International Networking and Knowledge Sharing) are activities that give people the chance to go to another country to learn and share good practice by visiting or working with organisations there. LINKS activities are aimed at VSO International partners, although staff and volunteers may take part in them as well. The LINKS approach is based on the idea that learning among peers is a powerful way of helping people to look at their work in a new way. LINKS activities currently include Study tours which involve groups from VSO partner organisations, visiting organisations in another country to learn more about a particular issue. During a tour (one to two weeks) the groups meet different organisations, see work in practice and have the chance to ask questions, observe and share ideas. Study tours provide an insight into different ways of working, which leads to change and innovation in participants’ knowledge, attitudes and practice when they return to their home country. WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010 19 Kenya (programmes and recruitment) 5th Floor, Timau Plaza Argwings Kodhek Road (Opposite Yaya Centre) P.O. Box 49843-00100 Nairobi, Kenya. Tel: (+254) 20 3861603, 3871700, 720 890184, 736 310705 Fax: (+254) 20 3876013 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Uganda (Recruitment) Plot 2727 Muyenga Road Muyenga-Kisugu, Tank Hill Parade P.O. Box 2831 Kampala, Uganda. Tel: (256) 414 268984, 269655, 267008, 312 264595 Fax: (256) 414 510090 www.vsojitolee.org I Believe I am Part of The Change 20 WALIOJITOLEA KUSINI OCT-DEC 2010
"Hope for Salim and Bakari"