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					                                        GPA Calculation

Admission GPA: normally calculated on the last 60 credit hours

What to include:

      Master’s degree: the last 30 credit hours of an undergraduate degree
      PhD: maximum 30 credit hours of a master’s degree and then the remaining 30 credit hours
       comes from the last of the bachelor’s degree
      All courses listed on a transcript, which have a grade and credit hours assigned, including
       failing and INC grades, 3000 and 4000 level Qualifying Graduate Student grades, practica,
       internship, projects, seminars and thesis. See restrictions below.
      Courses listed as Pass, Completed, Approved (etc.) are included in the required 60 credit
       hours but the calculation is based on 19 marks not 20.
      Courses completed at another university as a one-term or full-year exchange student

What to exclude:

      lab courses
      physical education courses of any kind (except for students applying to kinesiology)
      courses with a "W", ILL or IP grade
      courses completed in a Master’s degree are not included in the GPA for a new admission to
       a Master’s degree.


      A maximum of 25% of the credit hours per GPA can be used from the following types of
       courses: practica, internship, thesis, seminars, workshops, project, and lab courses. For
       example, a thesis with 40 credit hours can account for no more than 25% of the total GPA,
       or 15 credit hours out of a total of 60.
      For Kinesiology applicants. Physical Education courses cannot make up more than 25% of
       the total credit hours per GPA
      Courses with Pass/Fail grades (with credit hours) cannot make up more than 25% of the
       total credit hours per GPA
      Sequential professional degrees, e.g., BEd, BN and BJ, cannot make up more than 50% of
       credit hours per GPA

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                                       GPA for Admissions

   The Faculty of Graduate Studies requires a minimum GPA of 3.0 for normal admission. In
   special circumstances, a department may request special consideration in writing explaining
   why the student might be deemed admissible despite the GPA.

   Process of Calculating GPAs for Admission

      Weights
           o Most transcripts include the weight of each course, usually as a half or full credit
           o Weights may be 0.5 (half credit) versus 1.0 (full credit); 3.0 (half) versus 6.0 (full);
               2.0 and 4.0.
           o Course weight can usually be confirmed by checking the back of the student’s
      Once the course weights are understood, simply count back to determine what comprises the
       student's last 60 credit hours.
           o If you don't need all the courses in the earliest term, select the courses with the
               highest grades for that term.
      Master’s Admissions:
           o use the most recent undergraduate transcript.
           o Count back 60 credit hours. This is roughly the equivalent of the last two years of
               full-time study.
           o Classes completed in a previous Master’s degree are not included in the GPA for
               new admissions to a Master’s degree.
      PhD Admissions:
           o use the most recent Master’s transcript (up to 30 credit hours) plus the undergraduate
               transcript(s) to a total of 30 credit hours.
           o if there is no Master’s degree, use the most recent undergraduate transcript.
      Applications received prior to the completion of a previous degree: for example, if a student
       has four classes in their final term of a previous degree with no grade,
           o count back 16 courses for the GPA to generate the admission GPA
           o a final GPA will be calculated once the final transcript is submitted.

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                         GPA Calculation for Scholarship Competitions

      When calculating GPAs for scholarships (NSERC, Killam etc.), the GPA is listed as three
       numbers (the last 30 credit hours, the second last 30 credit hours and a combined total).
      Use the most recent transcript including the current transcript
          o count back 60 credit hours.
          o use the most recent 30 for the first calculation
          o and the next 30 as the second most recent calculation.
      The GPA should be based on a combined weight of approximately 60 credit hours in total.

GPA Domestic Transcripts

      If the grades are in letter form, convert each to a grade point using the following table:
                                     A+             4.3
                                     A              4
                                     A-             3.7
                                     B+             3.3
                                     B              3
                                     B-             2.7
                                     C+             2.3
                                     C              2
                                     C-             1.7
                                     D+             1.3
                                     D              1
                                     D-             0.7
                                     F              0
                                     INC            0

      If the grades are in percentages convert each to a grade point using the following table: eg.
                                Score        Grade            GPA
                                90-100       A+            4.3
                                85-89        A             4
                                80-84        A-            3.7
                                77-79        B+            3.3
                                73-76        B             3
                                70-72        B-            2.7
                                67-69        C+            2.3
                                63-66        C             2
                                60-62        C-            1.7
                                50-59        D             1
                                0-49         F             0

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      Transcripts with both percentage and letter grade, such as Queen’s and MUN
          o The conversion used at these universities does not correspond with Dal’s conversion.
          o The percentage is first converted to Dal’s letter grade.
          o For example, at Queen’s and MUN all grades between 80 and 100 = A and a GPA of
              4.0. Converting to Dal’s scale, the GPA on the Queen’s and MUN transcript would
              be converted as follows: 80 = A- (3.7), 85 = A (4.0), and 90 = A+ (4.3).

      Calculate the GPA
          o Multiply each of the grade points by the associated course credit weight
          o Total the results and total the credit weights.
          o Divide the results total by the total of the credit weights to get your GPA.

AS AN EXAMPLE: to calculate the GPA of just these four courses:

                   Credit Weight Grade            GPA Equivalent      Final
                   3                B     (3.0)   3.0                 9
                   6                B+    (3.3)   3.3                 19.8
                   3                A-   (3.7)    3.7                 11.1
                   3                B-   (2.7)    2.7                 8.1
                   T = 15                                             T = 48

Total GPA Value; (3 x 3.0) + (6 x 3.3) + (3 x 3.7) + (3 x 2.7) = 48
Total Credit Weights: 3+6+3+3 = 15
GPA: 48 divided by 15 = 3.2          GPA = 3.2

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                                    International Transcripts

      For many international transcripts, the course weights and grading scales are significantly
       different from those on Canadian transcripts.
           o Go back 2 full years with international transcripts
           o Use the course weight and grade for each course with the appropriate conversion
               chart, provided below, to generate equivalencies on the Dalhousie scale.

      For international transcripts that do not use full and half credits.
          o Take the last two full years of a four-year program,
          o Consider the credits as listed and refer to page 1 of this document for what courses
               can be include and which to exclude.

      Some international transcripts do not give weights, but do give a "maximum" grade and the
       grade achieved. On such a transcript, one grade may be 247 out of 300, and another 445 out
       of 500.
           o Use the grades and add up the maximums to determine a percentage for each course,
               and then use the appropriate conversion chart to equate to Dalhousie’s scale.

       Conversion Charts

       India and Pakistan Conversion
                         Their Grading Scale                   Equivalent
                                                  A+ First
                        80-100%                                4.3
                                                  A First
                        76-79%                                 4.0
                                                  A- First
                        70-75%                                 3.7
                                                  B+ Upper
                        60-69%                                 3.3
                                                  B Upper
                        50-59%                                 3.0
                                                  B- Lower
                        45-49%                                 2.7
                                                  C Third
                        33-44%                                 1.7 - 2.3
                        0-32%                     Fail         0.0

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United Kingdom
                         Their Grading
                                           A+ (First
                       80-100%                              4.3
                                           Class honours)
                                           A (First Class
                       70-80%                               4.0
                                           A- (Upper
                       66-69%                               3.7
                                           B+ (Upper
                       60-65%                               3.3
                                           B (Lower
                       56-59%                               3.0
                                           B- (Lower
                       50-55%                               2.7
                                           C (Third
                       40-49%                               1.7 - 2.3
                       0-39%               Fail             0.0

Chinese Conversion
                       Their Grading                Dalhousie Dalhousie
                       Scale                        Equivalent GPA
                                         97-100%    A+         4.3
                       A (90-100)        93-96%     A             4
                                         90-92%     A-            3.7
                                         87-89%     B+            3.3
                       B (80-89)         83-86%     B             3
                                         80-82%     B-            2.7
                                         77-79%     C+            2.3
                       C (70-79)         73-76%     C             2
                                         70-72%     C-            1.7
                                         67-69%     D+            1.3
                       D (60-69)         63-66%     D             1
                                         60-62%     D-            0.7
                       F                0-59%        F           0
Valuable websites for understanding international grade conversions and educational systems:
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International Association of Universities (IAU Online Databases)

World Education Services: International Grade Conversion Guide for Higher Education

You can also refer to the conversion guides on the FGS website:

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