Horses and Haiku Art Postcard Lesson Plan I. Introduction Haiku poems are “word pictures” that paint vivid detailed sensory images that show rather than tell about the importance of a moment happening right now. Haiku can be inspired by memories or imagination. However, they should always be written in present tense so they feel as if they are taking place here and now. Haiku create a setting or mood and give a sense of place and time. II. Purpose Explore the history and form of Haiku and the connection between creating a haiku - “word picture” with the creation of a visual work of art. III. Learning Objectives: After completing this lesson, students will be able to: • Identify and describe the nature of haiku. • Characterize the image-evoking power of haiku. • Develop a vocabulary and ideas for writing haiku. • Compose a haiku based on the theme of horses. • Create an original horse themed work of art inspired by their original haiku. IV. Procedure 1. Begin with a brief history and overview of haiku poetry. • The following website provides historical information: http://www.cranberrydesigns.com/poetry/haiku/history.htm • Haiku poems are word pictures with imagery connecting the world of humans and the world of nature. • They usually consist of 3 lines consisting/seventeen syllables with a 5-7-5 syllable structure. • Most traditional haiku refer to nature or a season. It is most desirable when the season, kigo, is implied. For example instead of using the word winter, the writer might use snowflakes. The kigo may also refer to an individual moment in nature such as dawn or sunset rather than a season. • Usually haiku is divided into two-parts with a shift or break coming after the first or second line. This structure of internal comparison gives the poetic effect of two separate statements that are related in an unexpected or indirect way, resulting in a feeling of insight or discovery. • Haiku are clear, concise and smooth. They often are written without using verbs, but if a verb is included there is usually only one. • When writing haiku, avoid all but essential adjectives and adverbs. • It is not necessary or desirable to begin each line with a capital letter. • Remember the goal of haiku is to make the reader look at everyday, common experiences with “fresh eyes”. 2. Share examples of haiku poetry with the students. There are many websites with information on the history and process of haiku. Haiku for People http://www.toyomasu.com/haiku/ has links to the old masters as well as modern haiku. The following are haiku with horse themes Standing patiently, The horse grants the snowflakes A home on his back. Richard Wright Standing in the snow, A horse shifts his heavy haunch Slowly to the right. Richard Wright just off shore white horses plunge and rear fresh fields Garry Eaton whiter than moonshine, the horses’ breath - the bleak air freezes my ears off D.J. Peel Foal and mare bonding shaky kneed expectation of a love that's pure http://allpoetry.com/poem/986027 alone on a hillside wild horses look this way Ray Rasmussen sunlit field and horses listen... approaching storm Martin Gottlieb Cohen She refuses to leave, standing still in the cold rain beside her dead colt. Sondra Ball 3. For this project students could write a horse themed haiku and then create a work of art inspired by their poem OR they could create their art work and write the haiku in response. 4. This project lends itself to all mediums - painting, drawing, sumi-e, collage, printmaking and photography traditional or digital. 5. Format is a 4” x 6” postcard with a ¼ inch border on all sides. The composition may be vertical or horizontal. The haiku may be included on the front of the postcard or on the back or incorporated into the image. See attached template. Note: Students could create a larger image and then reduce it to fit the required postcard size on a copier or scanner. V. Internet Resources: Haiku poems by Richard Wright: http://www.terebess.hu/english/haiku/wright.html Lesson on haiku for grades 3 – 5 but the information can be adapted to all levels: http://edsitement.neh.gov/view_lesson_plan.asp?id=250 History of haiku: http://www.cranberrydesigns.com/poetry/haiku/history.htm Examples of haiku written by children: http://homepage2.nifty.com/haiku-eg/ Word Dance was a quarterly non-profit creative writing and art publication for and by kids. An excellent resource for teaching haiku: http://www.worddance.com/ Grades 3-6 lesson on writing haiku: http://www.readingaz.com/poetry/lesson_plans/haiku/haiku_print.html http://www.readwritethink.org/lessons/lesson_view.asp?id=39 Visual literacy exercise in response to Japanese woodblock prints: http://www.csuohio.edu/class/history/exercise/vlehome.html Photographer with his photos and haiku responses: http://raysweb.net/haiku/ Butterfly Dreams sample pages of photographs and haiku: http://fhp.2hweb.net/scrapbook_bd/index.html Site with art work and accompanying haiku: http://www.haigaonline.com/issue9-2/gallery.html Images and haiku Haiku Dreamworks: http://raysweb.net/haiku-dreams/pages/about.html Horizontal Format Template Address side of card Haiku can go here or be incorporated in the art on the front of the postcard. Address and stamp on this side Allow for a 1/4 inch border on all sides of the front and back. Address and stamp in the top portion a Vertical Format Template Address side of card Haiku can go here or be incorporated in the art on the front of the postcard. Allow for a 1/4 inch border on all sides of the front and back.
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