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“Why didn't you ask me ” Engaging all staff members in the

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					   “Why didn’t you ask me?”


Engaging all staff members in the development
 of behavioral expectations and consequences



                Mary Margaret Kerr and Michael Valenti
                               University of Pittsburgh
               School-Based Behavioral Health Program
Setting Behavioral Expectations


   What happens when
    schools don’t have
    consistent behavioral
    standards?
   Please turn to page 2
    Agreement and Consistency
   More students will behave appropriately if staff
    members clearly define appropriate behaviors
    and consequences (Horner, Todd, Lewis-Palmer,
    Irvin, Sugai and Boland, 2004).

   If involved from the beginning, school staff
    members are more likely to apply consistent
    behavioral standards.
 The PBIS Model requires that
80% of staff agree to implement
      the model, but. . .
  How do you measure 80% agreement
       prior to implementation?
  How do you ensure that everyone has
      been invited to participate?
A top-down approach
             Principal convenes a
              committee with select
              staff
             The new initiative is
              explained
             Staff are asked to
              comment and sign up
                              really
Finding Out What Staff Want

 Let’s examine three methods. Please
           turn to page 4.
Designing your Survey
               Will questions ask
                about rules or
                problem behaviors?
               How will you word the
                questions about
                consequences?
               Do you want open-
                ended questions as
                well?
               Page 5.
    Intensity Levels?

 These determine the order in
which your survey items appear.

To view a sample survey, please
       turn to page 19.
        Conducting your survey

   Explaining the survey
   Anonymity assurances
   Time expectations
   “Help-desk” questions
   Reminders
   Group vs. individual administration
Analyzing the Survey Data


Preparing for the staff discussion.

     Please turn to page 8.
                 Decision Rules

   Create a decision rule before the meeting.
   Example
       Ignore behaviors with ratings of two or less
       Include behaviors with ratings of four or more
       Discuss behaviors with ratings between two
        and four?
   Review the following slide. How would you
    facilitate a discussion of these data?
  Inappropriate tone of voice

     Teasing or name calling

                   Horseplay

                     Tattling

Occasional talking with peers

    Making disruptive noises

  Not being in assigned area

        Not paying attention

                                1   2   3   4   5
   Finding the themes

Creating your “behavioral motto.”

     Please turn to page 9.
  Getting to the rules

        Problem Behavior



Alternative or replacement behavior



               Rule
      Creating a Behavioral Matrix
Settings         Classroom   Hallway   Cafeteria   Playground   Bus



 Be Respectful




     Be
 Responsible                           Rules



    Be Safe


Expectations
                Classroom      Hallway       Cafeteria     Playground         Bus




Be Respectful




    Be          Be on time   Have a hall   Sit with your
Responsible      for class     pass.           group




   Be Safe                                                 Stay off the   Stay in your
                                                               net            seat
         Exploring the Data on
            Consequences
   The “actual” hierarchy
   Intervention acceptability
   Staff awareness of interventions
Selecting Consequences


   Use the data to decide.

   Please turn to page 12.
Creating a Response Matrix
  Intensity I



  Intensity II


                   Consequences and
                      Responses
  Intensity III




  Intensity IV

Intensity Levels
Re-surveying to capture
       changes


   Students             Staff members




              Interventions
           For more information
   Mary Margaret Kerr and
    Michael Valenti
   mmkerr@pitt.edu/mwv1
    @pitt.edu
   412-648-7205
   Psychology in Education
    Department
   University of Pittsburgh
   5939 Posvar Hall
   230 South Bouquet Street
   Pittsburgh, PA 15260

				
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