“Why didn’t you ask me?”
Engaging all staff members in the development
of behavioral expectations and consequences
Mary Margaret Kerr and Michael Valenti
University of Pittsburgh
School-Based Behavioral Health Program
Setting Behavioral Expectations
What happens when
schools don’t have
Please turn to page 2
Agreement and Consistency
More students will behave appropriately if staff
members clearly define appropriate behaviors
and consequences (Horner, Todd, Lewis-Palmer,
Irvin, Sugai and Boland, 2004).
If involved from the beginning, school staff
members are more likely to apply consistent
The PBIS Model requires that
80% of staff agree to implement
the model, but. . .
How do you measure 80% agreement
prior to implementation?
How do you ensure that everyone has
been invited to participate?
A top-down approach
Principal convenes a
committee with select
The new initiative is
Staff are asked to
comment and sign up
Finding Out What Staff Want
Let’s examine three methods. Please
turn to page 4.
Designing your Survey
Will questions ask
about rules or
How will you word the
Do you want open-
ended questions as
These determine the order in
which your survey items appear.
To view a sample survey, please
turn to page 19.
Conducting your survey
Explaining the survey
Group vs. individual administration
Analyzing the Survey Data
Preparing for the staff discussion.
Please turn to page 8.
Create a decision rule before the meeting.
Ignore behaviors with ratings of two or less
Include behaviors with ratings of four or more
Discuss behaviors with ratings between two
Review the following slide. How would you
facilitate a discussion of these data?
Inappropriate tone of voice
Teasing or name calling
Occasional talking with peers
Making disruptive noises
Not being in assigned area
Not paying attention
1 2 3 4 5
Finding the themes
Creating your “behavioral motto.”
Please turn to page 9.
Getting to the rules
Alternative or replacement behavior
Creating a Behavioral Matrix
Settings Classroom Hallway Cafeteria Playground Bus
Classroom Hallway Cafeteria Playground Bus
Be Be on time Have a hall Sit with your
Responsible for class pass. group
Be Safe Stay off the Stay in your
Exploring the Data on
The “actual” hierarchy
Staff awareness of interventions
Use the data to decide.
Please turn to page 12.
Creating a Response Matrix
Re-surveying to capture
Students Staff members
For more information
Mary Margaret Kerr and
Psychology in Education
University of Pittsburgh
5939 Posvar Hall
230 South Bouquet Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15260