Excel - USDA Forest Service by xiaohuicaicai

VIEWS: 2 PAGES: 16

									System: FHP Aerial Application - Aircraft
                                                                           Pre Mitigation                                                                                          Post Mitigation




                                                                           Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                   Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Achieved?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Yes or No
                                                                                                       Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Outcome
                                                                                        Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Post
    Sub-systems                             Hazards                                                                                        Mitigation                                                                                 Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                           Occasional


                                                                                        Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                                Marginal
                                                                                                                 Have portable radio/handheld, users prepared to use




                                                                                                       Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                   Remote
                        Unplanned avionics failures (overheating,
                                                                                                                 alternate frequencies (guard), land and repair or replace
                        faulty wiring, etc.)
                                                                                                                 aircraft
 Avionics (for radios
see "Technology" tab) Unavailable or disfunctional emergency




                                                                                                                                                                                   Improbable


                                                                                                                                                                                                Negligible
                                                                                        Marginal
                                                                                                                 Switch to 406 MHz digital ELT systems before February 1,




                                                                                                       Medium
                                                                           Remote
                      locator (analog ELT systems will be




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Low
                                                                                                                 2009; require digital ELT in all contracts; recommend
                      discontinued affecting most aircraft; not
                                                                                                                 ELTs with real time or satellite flight following functionality
                      required for P-137 but may be equipped)




                                                                                        Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                                   Improbable
                                                                                                                 Select appropriate aircraft based on project profile




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Medium
                                                                           Remote




                                                                                                       Serious
                        Emergency landing difficulty with engine                                                 considering risk factors such as maneuverability, glide
                        failure < 500' AGL                                                                       distance, emergency landing zone requirements and
                                                                                                                 potential crash footprint

                                                                                                                 Biology to dictate prescription and whether single or
                       Contract may not accurately specify
                                                                           Improbable




                                                                                                                                                                                   Improbable
                                                                                                                 multiple treatments, specify in project design and in


                                                                                        Negligible




                                                                                                                                                                                                Negligible
                       application equipment, pesticide formulation,
                                                                                                                 agency and state contracts including nozzle type, rate of



                                                                                                       Low




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Low
Aircraft Configuration and rates of application ( EPA, NEPA &
                                                                                                                 application, pesticide formulation, dose, droplet size,
                       possibly state violations - env. hazard, double
                                                                                                                 swath width, and environmental parameters during
                       applications, increases in flight and ferry time)
                                                                                                                 application
                                                                                        Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                   Improbable
                                                                                                                 Contracts use only aircraft designed and built for aerial




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Medium
                                                                           Remote




                                                                                                       Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                Critical
                        Reduced visibility if aircraft not purpose built                                         application, conduct reconnaissance for aerial hazards
                        for aerial application or if using bi-wing                                               prior to project, recognize bi-wing may not be the best
                                                                                                                 choice for some applications

                                                                                                                 Contract to address minimum requirements: observation
                                                                                                                 aircraft capable of transporting a minimum payload of 530
                                                                                                                 pounds on a standard day at sea level and Power loading
                                                                                        Catastrophic
                                                                           Improbable




                                                                                                                                                                                   Improbable
                        Insufficient planning considering project needs                                          not greater than 13.5 pounds, (aircraft with a power
                                                                                                       Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                Critical
                        and aircraft capabilities (mission profile,                                              loading greater than 13.5 pounds per horsepower (PPH)
                        horsepower, etc.)                                                                        must be turbo-charged), if multi-engine aircraft are used
                                                                                                                 they shall have 240-horsepower per engine, or more,
                                                                                                                 unless turbo-charged. Application aircraft must be Turbine
                                                                                                                 engine powered.
    Performance
  Standards- Fixed
                                                                                        Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                                   Improbable
        Wing                                                                                                     Perform load calculations based on weight of pesticide




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Medium
                                                                           Remote




                                                                                                       Serious




                                                                                                                 formulation, weight of fuel and consider distance to
                        Overloading aircraft
                                                                                                                 treatment area; download for pilots with minimal
                                                                                                                 experience
                                                                                        Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                                   Improbable




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Medium
                                                                           Remote




                                                                                                       Serious




                                                                                                                 Match machine to task & environment, monitor weather,
                        High density altitude operations
                                                                                                                 reduce load




         1                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Aircraft (cont.)
                                                                           Pre Mitigation                                                                                           Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Achieved? Yes
                                                                             Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                      Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Mitigation
                                                                                                         Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Outcome
                                                                                          Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                or No




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Post
    Sub-systems                              Hazards                                                                                        Mitigation                                                                                      Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                          Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                                      Occasional
                                                                             Frequent
    Performance          Possibility of fixed wing operating near stall
                                                                                                                   Brief on heavy load, wind direction & speed/downwind leg,




                                                                                                         High




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  High
  Standards- Fixed       speeds in downwind turns/operations in
                                                                                                                   avoid "high G" turns, pay attention to winds
    Wing (cont.)         general


                                                                                                                   Conduct effective outreach to educate the public, gain
                                                                                                                   understanding and trust to prevent surprises; treat all




                                                                                          Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                      Improbable
                                                                                                                   threats as serious, know and brief on procedures, have




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Medium
                                                                             Remote




                                                                                                         Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Critical
                         Aggressive public, verbal or physical threats
                                                                                                                   emergency contact information handy, notify base of
                         (including gun threats) to do harm
                                                                                                                   operations and pilots; obtain all physical description info
                                                                                                                   possible without placing self at risk (name, address,
Terrorist or malicious                                                                                             description of person, vehicle and license plate)
       activity
                         Remote, unsecure work areas and service                                                   Adhere to Project Aviation Safety and Security Plans.




                                                                                          Catastrophic
                         landings (risk to containment, aircraft,                                                  Contract to address security in remote locations, reference




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Medium
                                                                             Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                      Remote
                                                                                                         Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Critical
                         personnel… theft or damage to                                                             local Unit Aviation Plan (on all agency and state contracts,
                         aircraft/equipment… threat to public safety) 24                                           security plan required for both insecticide &
                         hr security/agency-supplied at airport is not                                             aircraft/support equipment… prop lock, fuel lock, chain of
                         required for all Agency and state contracts.                     Catastrophic             custody for insecticide)




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                                      Improbable
                                                                                                                   Maintain forward airspeed, utilize higher performance




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Medium
                                                                             Remote




                                                                                                         Serious

                         Hover out of ground effect (HOGE), increased                                              aircraft… OR to eliminate need for additional
                         likelihood if using observation helicopter                                                aircraft/personnel, consider other monitoring techniques in
                                                                                                                   contract (e.g. real-time AFF subscription)
    Performance
    Standards -
     helicopter
                                                                                                                   Maintain forward airspeed, utilize higher performance
                                                                                          Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                                      Improbable
                         Propensity to operate within height-velocity                                              aircraft, maintain adequate height above canopy… OR to




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Medium
                                                                             Remote




                                                                                                         Serious




                         curve, increased likelihood if using                                                      eliminate need for additional aircraft/personnel, consider
                         observation helicopter                                                                    other monitoring techniques in contract (e.g.. realtime AFF
                                                                                                                   subscription)
                                                                                          Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                                      Improbable
                         Existence of corrosion/fracture in aircraft                                               Partially mitigated by annual inspections per FAA part 91,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Medium
                                                                             Remote




                                                                                                         Serious




                         components due to weights and chemical                                                    recommend increasing contractual requirement to 100hr
                         exposure (e.g.. Skids, landing gear, wing                                                 inspections (as in part 135), use only purpose built aircraft,
                         struts/attach fittings)                                                                   utilize carding procedures

                                                                                                                   Agency will assist in the development and suggest use of
                                                                                          Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Catastrophic
                                                                                                                   an aircraft and pilot check list. The Agency will provide



                                                                                                                                                                                      Occasional
                                                                             Probable




                         Currently some states have no aircraft and                                                training to state program managers. Even though aircraft
                                                                                                         High




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  High
    Inspection &
    Maintenance          pilot inspection procedures.                                                              will be inspected by state program managers, agency
                                                                                                                   personnel will not be permitted to board application and
                                                                                                                   observation aircraft unless carded per part 135.
                                                                                          Catastrophic




                         Aircraft not design/built for the specific                                                Require and implement a Structural Health Monitoring                            Marginal


                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Medium
                                                                             Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                      Remote
                                                                                                         Serious




                         mission profile (i.e. low-level, mountainous                                              Program approved by the aircraft’s manufacturer. A copy
                         terrain, high cycle flight) on agency and state                                           of the program shall be provided to the CO and agency
                         contracts.                                                                                aviation inspectors.




        2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Aircraft (cont.)
                                                                               Pre Mitigation                                                                                         Post Mitigation




                                                                                 Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                        Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Achieved?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes or No
                                                                                                             Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Outcome
                                                                                              Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Post
    Sub-systems                              Hazards                                                                                            Mitigation                                                                                 Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                              Catastrophic
                         Aging aircraft and/or not identifying inspecting                                              Require and implement a Structural Health Monitoring




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Marginal


                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                 Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                        Remote
                                                                                                             Serious
                         critical stress points (aerial application aircraft                                           Program approved by the aircraft’s manufacturer. A copy
                         subject to multiple cycles and maximizing                                                     of the program shall be provided to the CO and agency
                         payloads)                                                                                     aviation inspectors.




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Marginal
                         Corrosion/fracture of spray tanks, delivery




                                                                                                             Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                 Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                        Remote
                                                                                              Critical
                                                                                                                       Develop monitoring program for spray operations, critical
                         components leading to leakage, parts
                                                                                                                       aircraft components and delivery system
                         detaching

                                                                                                                       Agency and state contracts require that all equipment




                                                                                                                                                                                        Improbable


                                                                                                                                                                                                     Marginal
                                                                                                                       which comes in direct contact with the pesticides must be




                                                                                                             Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                 Remote


                                                                                              Critical
                         Insufficient daily cleaning of aircraft to reduce
                                                                                                                       kept thoroughly clean and free of residues and foreign
                         corrosion (all aircraft)
    Inspection &                                                                                                       particulate matter, ensure adequate preflight/postflight
 Maintenance (cont.)                                                                                                   inspection, provide for containment of residue in contract


                                                                                                                       Agency and state contracts require that all tanks and




                                                                                                                                                                                        Improbable


                                                                                                                                                                                                     Marginal
                         Insufficient cleaning of tanks and delivery                                                   pesticide delivery systems must be thoroughly cleaned



                                                                                                             Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                 Remote


                         components between projects, when changing                           Critical                 and free of rust, residues, and particulate matter, such as
                         chemicals (env. hazard)                                                                       grit and sand and will inspect all tanks before they are
                                                                                                                       filled with insecticide or water.
                                                                                              Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                                        Improbable
                                                                                                                       Both agency and state contracts require a supplemental




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                 Remote




                                                                                                             Serious



                         Unapproved modifications to equipment or
                                                                                                                       Type Certificate (STC) or FAA field approval for modified
                         unapproved equipment
                                                                                                                       equipment (e.g. pheromone flake pods)
                                                                                              Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                        Improbable
                                                                                                                       Require in all agency and state contracts (1500 hrs




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Negligible
                                                                                 Remote




                                                                                                             Serious




                                                                                                                       minimum for application pilot, 25 hrs in make/model used,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low
                         Minimally skilled pilots
                                                                                                                       100 hrs experience in aerial application & 200 hrs
                                                                                                                       experience in typical terrain)
                                                                                              Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Catastrophic
                                                                                 Occasional




                                                                                                                       Project planning shall determine the type of aircraft




                                                                                                                                                                                        Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Serious
                         Using incorrect aircraft type for terrain (fixed                                              required, contracts may specify when important to do so.
                                                                                                             High




  Contract Aircraft      vs. rotor wing)                                                                               Establish parameters for a/c type (e.g. some mountainous
(common to both State                                                                                                  terrain may be better suited for helicopter)
and Federal operations
= mix of fixed and rotor
  wing, CWN or Exc
                                                                                              Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                        Improbable
                                                                                                                       Flight Managers & Project Supervisor need to be involved




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Negligible
                                                                                 Remote




                                                                                                             Serious




          Use)           Incentive to maximize flight time, regardless if                                              in flight hour/duty day monitoring, flight duty limitations,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low
                         paid by acre treated or hours flown                                                           agency standards apply to agency and state operations
                                                                                                                       through contracts.

                                                                                                                       Contractors must file Congested Area Plans with FAA.
                                                                                                                       Contractors must adhere to FAA requirements (i.e. some
                                                                                 Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                        Probable


                                                                                                                                                                                                     Marginal


                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Serious
                                                                                              Critical




                         Operations in densely populated/high air                                                      FAA offices require rotor only, others may allow fixed wing
                                                                                                             High




                         traffic areas                                                                                 operations). Obtain and familiarize with manufacturer's
                                                                                                                       glide data. Simulate feather/dump/turn and glide
                                                                                                                       sequence for proficiency and recording GPS file to




         3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Aircraft (cont.)
                                                                         Pre Mitigation                                                                                         Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Post Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Achieved? Yes
                                                                           Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                  Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Mitigation
                                                                                                       Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Outcome
                                                                                        Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                               Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            or No
    Sub-systems                           Hazards                                                                                         Mitigation                                                                                    Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                        Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                               Catastrophic
                       There are no maintenance requirements 'per




                                                                                                                                                                                  Occasional
                                                                           Probable
                                                                                                                 Consider contract requirements to include 100 hr
                       se' for aircraft operating under FAA part 137,




                                                                                                       High




                                                                                                                                                                                                              High
                                                                                                                 inspection; establish TBO or TBO extension program
                       only the minimum requirements per FAA part
                                                                                                                 through FAA
                       91 (annual inspection)




                                                                           Occasional
                                                                                                                 Consider requiring turbine-powered aircraft in contracts.
                       Potential for reduced reliability of




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote
                                                                                                       Serious
                                                                                        Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                                                                                                                 (Note: by design turbine-powered aircraft tend to have
                       reciprocating engines compared to turbine-
                                                                                                                 more power and are more reliable, but does not always
                       powered aircraft
                                                                                                                 guarantee better performance)
   Contract Aircraft
  (cont.) common to
                                                                                                                 Project planning shall determine and contracts specify
both State and Federal                                                                                           quantity & type of aircraft needed to complete the project.
  operations = mix of




                                                                                        Catastrophic
                                                                                                                 For example number of a/c or production rates (ac/hr) may
 fixed and rotor wing, Too many or too few aircraft for production




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                           Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote
                                                                                                       Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                                                                                                                 be specified in contracts. In cases where planning is
   CWN or Exc Use      needs/project area, unsuitable spray platform
                                                                                                                 unable to determine (ie, county coordinators may not be
                       for mission profile
                                                                                                                 certain of needs), specify two choices in the contract or
                                                                                                                 utilize RFP and review procedures to determine
                                                                                                                 acceptability
                                                                                        Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                               Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                                  Improbable
                                                                                                                 Contract requirement that all application pilots are




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                           Remote




                                                                                                       Serious
                       No pre-application survey of area prior to
                                                                                                                 responsible for the reconnaissance of each area before
                       project for aerial hazards
                                                                                                                 treatment.
                                                                                        Catastrophic
                                                                           Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                                                                                                       High




                                                                                                                 Monitor quantity pumped during fueling, monitor flight time
                       Starvation
                                                                                                                 and distance to services

        Fuel




                                                                                                                                                                                  Improbable
                                                                                                                 Ensure fuel is tested for type and quality prior to fueling.
                                                                                                       Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                           Remote


                                                                                        Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                       Bad fuel (more likely in portable fuel systems)                                           Monitor quantity pumped. Ensure fuel filters are changed
                                                                                                                 as required by manufacturer.




                                                                                                                                                                                  Improbable


                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal
                                                                                                       Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                           Remote


                                                                                        Critical




                       Not carded/inspected for use in other country
  Foreign Aircraft                                                                                               Use in foreign territory not authorized and illegal
                       (e.g., US in Canada, Canada in US)
                                                                                        Catastrophic
                                                                           Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                               Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Serious
                       Sense of urgency & pressure to perform (pilot,                                            Involve Supervisor, Program Manager & flight Manager in
                                                                                                       High




                       manager, organization)                                                                    all stages of planning and risk assessment.


     Availability
                                                                                        Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                  Improbable


                                                                                                                                                                                               Catastrophic


                       Tendency to over utilize single vendor/pilot &                                            Flight Managers & Program Manager need to be involved
                                                                           Remote




                                                                                                       Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Serious
                       maximize flight hours due to limited                                                      in flight hour/duty day monitoring. Adhere to contract
                       availability of other aircraft                                                            specifications regarding flight hour/duty limitations.




        4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Environmental
                                                                   Pre Mitigation                                                                                                                   Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Post Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Achieved? Yes
                                                                     Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Mitigation
                                                                                                                           Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Outcome
                                                                                   Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          or No
   Sub-systems                           Hazards                                                                                                              Mitigation                                                                                                              Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Occasional
                                                                     Frequent

                                                                                  Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                           Serious
                                                                                                                                     Contract specifies thresholds for allowable winds,
                     High wind, high temperatures, low humidity
                                                                                                                                     temperature & relative humidity, cease operations when
                     (pesticide drift)
                                                                                                                                     drift conditions exist




                                                                                  Catastrophic Catastrophic Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Catastrophic Catastrophic Catastrophic
                                                                     Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
                                                                                                                                     Contract specifies performance requirements, conduct




                                                                                                                           High
                     High wind, low humidity, high temperatures
                                                                                                                                     load calculations/weight & balance; cease operations
                     (affect on aircraft performance)
                                                                                                                                     when conditions out of parameter

     Weather                                                                                                                         Suggest pilots utilize on-board, real time weather program




                                                                     Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
                                                                                                                                     (such as XM weather on Garmin-type GPS); program




                                                                                                                           High
                     Thunderstorms, lightening, hail, high winds                                                                     managers monitor weather stations provided at airport
                                                                                                                                     office, use observation aircraft to help monitor weather
                                                                                                                                     conditions

                                                                     Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Probable
                                                                                                                           High




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            High
                     Typically morning operations & in
                                                                                                                                     Preflight briefing to raise awareness
                     shadows/glare conditions
                                                                     Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Remote
                                                                                  Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Critical
                                                                                                                           High
                                                                                                                                     Time application based on anticipated prevailing winds,
                     Turbulence
                                                                                                                                     cease operations if unsafe/out of parameter
                                                                                  Catastrophic
                                                                     Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Critical
                                                                                                                           High




                                                                                                                                     Plan project/treatment block such that application flight
                     Terrain - box canyons
 Topography/Hi Alt                                                                                                                   lines allow egress; brief pilot
                                                                                  Catastrophic
                                                                     Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Critical
                                                                                                                           High




                     High Altitude - density altitude                                                                                Perform load calculations for departure and destination
                                                                                  Catastrophic Catastrophic Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Catastrophic Catastrophic
                                                                     Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
                                                                                                                           High




                     Lack of communications                                                                                          Test radio communications prior to project implementation
                                                                     Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
                                                                                                                                     Mishap Response Plan to address search and rescue
  Remote Areas or
                                                                                                                           High




                     Long response time in event of search and
                                                                                                                                     procedures, observation aircraft may be used to assist
 Poor Road Access    rescue
                                                                                                                                     guiding rescue vehicles/personnel to accident site
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Improbable




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                     Remote




                                                                                                                           Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Critical
                                                                                                                                     Monitor flight time/fuel consumption, utilize fuel trucks or
                     Fuel starvation, proper fuel unavailable
                                                                                                                                     have optional fuel sources identified




       5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Environmental (cont.)
                                                                        Pre Mitigation                                                                                           Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Post Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Achieved? Yes
                                                                          Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                   Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mitigation
                                                                                                      Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Outcome
                                                                                       Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             or No
   Sub-systems                          Hazards                                                                                          Mitigation                                                                                      Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                                                Contractor required to locate and inspect all landing zones
                                                                                                                prior to project implementation, secure written permission




                                                                                                                                                                                   Improbable
                                                                                                                if on private property; for fixed-wing operations, contractor




                                                                                       Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                                Marginal
                                                                                                      Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Medium
                                                                          Remote
  Remote Areas or   Unimproved landing strips or helipads with
                                                                                                                must obtain permission from airport manager, airstrips
 Poor Road Access   poor dust abatement and/or poor surface
                                                                                                                must be accessible to vehicles, therefore mostly utilizing
      (cont.)       condition
                                                                                                                developed airports (may use unimproved landing strip only
                                                                                                                in event of emergency); for rotor wing operations water is
                                                                                                                available for dust abatement if needed




                                                                                       Catastrophic
                                                                          Occasional
                                                                                                                Contract specifications include adequate number of




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                   Remote
                    Prioritizing treatment based on pest




                                                                                                                                                                                                Critical
                                                                                                      High
                                                                                                                aircraft to accomplish mission within biological window,
Biological Window   phenology over safety (must treat within
                                                                                                                brief daily emphasizing safety over production, adhere to
                    window)
                                                                                                                flight and duty limitations




                                                                                       Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                Catastrophic
                                                                                                                Contact flight service station or ATC to determine if active
                                                                          Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                   Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                                      High
                    Working within Military Operating Area,                                                     and, if so, may request traffic advisories from the
                    potential mid air collision                                                                 controlling agency prior to entry; address during
                                                                                                                premission planning and briefing


                                                                                                                Address during permission planning and briefing; keep
                                                                                                                alert (application aircraft and observation aircraft); contact
                                                                                                                flight service station to determine if active and, if so,
                                                                                       Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                Catastrophic
                                                                                                                request times of scheduled activity, altitudes in use, actual
                                                                          Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                   Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                                      High




                    Working within or proximity to Military Training                                            route width (route may extend several miles beyond shown
                    Route, potential mid air collision                                                          center line); not all MTRs are published on sectionals...
                                                                                                                obtain copy of AP1B for phone numbers to military
                                                                                                                installations and contact schedulers to deconflict MTR;
                                                                                                                project manager post NOTAM for military to review during
                                                                                                                their daily briefing
     Airspace
                                                                                       Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                Catastrophic
                                                                          Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                   Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                                      High




                    Unable to establish TFR for applications                                                    Post applications projects as NOTAM, remain aware of
                    projects                                                                                    potential for other aircraft to enter project area



                                                                                                                COR/Project Manager & National Airspace Coordinator to
                                                                                       Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                Catastrophic
                                                                          Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                   Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                                                communicate "training" problem to military, describe
                                                                                                      High




                    Military training operations distracting
                                                                                                                distraction to application operations and risk (Air Force &
                    application aircraft
                                                                                                                Navy have contact points, also a primary single contact
                                                                                                                "Airspace Manager" for all branches)
                                                                                       Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                Catastrophic
                                                                          Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                   Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                                                Go to FAA.gov to identify contact and follow procedures
                                                                                                      High




                    Inability to post NOTAMs due to FAA office
                                                                                                                for filing NOTAMs... post aerial application NOTAM within
                    closures and difficulty identifying contact point
                                                                                                                3 days of project




       6                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Environmental (cont.)
                                                                        Pre Mitigation                                                                                                                     Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Post Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Achieved? Yes
                                                                          Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Mitigation
                                                                                                                                Outcome
                                                                                        Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    or No
   Sub-systems                            Hazards                                                                                                                   Mitigation                                                                                                  Additional Local Mitigation



                                                                                                                                          Typically avoid, however, Project Manager may request




                                                                                       Catastrophic Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Medium
                                                                          Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Remote
                                                                                                                                Serious
                                                                                                                                          permission to work within FTA or TFR if possible and




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Critical
                      Working in proximity to/or within FTA or TFR                                                                        absolutely necessary, coordination between dispatch,
                                                                                                                                          application pilot, and aerial supervision is required; ability
                                                                                                                                          to "XM download" to on board GPS will help with TFRs.

                                                                                                                                          Typically avoid, however, if necessary permission to enter




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Medium
                                                                          Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Remote
                                                                                                                                Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Critical
                      Restricted Areas (artillery firing, guided                                                                          may be coordinated through ATC; know intercept
                      missiles or aerial gunnery)                                                                                         procedures, reference in contracts/prework and include in
                                                                                                                                          daily briefings.

                                                                                                                                          For all intents and purposes "permanently off limits",
                                                                                                                                          typically avoid, however, applications projects are
                                                                                                                                          sometimes prescribed within PAs; if necessary permission
                                                                                                                                          to enter may be coordinated through ATC, DOD, Secrete




                                                                                       Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Medium
                                                                          Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Remote
                                                                                                                                Serious
                      Prohibited Areas (e.g.. lack of coordination                                                                        Service... Example: procedure for P-40 (Camp David)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Critical
 Airspace (cont.)     prior to entering Camp David, White House,                                                                          Project Manager contacts Park Service, Park Service
                      Presidential Ranch…)                                                                                                contacts Secrete Service; at minimum prebrief by Project
                                                                                                                                          Manager includes Secrete Service to establish agreed
                                                                                                                                          flight plan/flight lines, pilot must strictly adhere to plan;
                                                                                                                                          know intercept procedures, reference in contracts/prework
                                                                                                                                          and include in daily briefings
                                                                                       Catastrophic Catastrophic Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Catastrophic Catastrophic
                                                                          Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Remote
                                                                                                                                Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Serious
                                                                                                                                          Observation and application aircraft remain aware of other
                      Mid Air collision while working within or
                                                                                                                                          traffic, pilot request clearance, maintain communication
                      crossing Class B, C, D Airspace
                                                                                                                                          with ATC or tower as required
                                                                          Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Serious
                                                                                                                                          Communicate with & utilize observation aircraft, ATC,
                                                                                                                                High




                      Airspace in general - near miss/collision in
                                                                                                                                          etc... see and avoid, consider TCAS to warn of
                      congested areas
                                                                                                                                          transponding aircraft in proximity to application aircraft
                                                                          Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Critical
                                                                                                                                High




                      No alternative or suitable landing location for                                                                     Identify emergency landing zones in advance (fields, open
                      emergency situations                                                                                                areas, meadows)
                                                                          Occasional

                                                                                       Marginal

                                                                                                                                Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Critical
                                                                                                                                          Call FBO/airport ahead of time to determine fuel
                      No alternative fuel source
                                                                                                                                          availability, use alternate airport or fuel tender

Airstrip Availability,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Marginal Negligible
                                                                          Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Probable
                                                                                       Marginal

                                                                                                                                Serious




   Condition and                                                                                                                          Be aware that preferred approach/departure based on




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Low
      Services         One-way landing/departure                                                                                          wind may not be an option, be aware of the potential for
                                                                                                                                          oncoming air traffic
                                                                          Frequent

                                                                                       Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Remote
                                                                                                                                Serious




                                                                                                                                          Use vegetation (grass, tree tops) as reference; if available,
                      No windsock at landing zones                                                                                        ground support can call pilot with conditions prior to
                                                                                                                                          landing, hang flagging
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Negligible
                                                                          Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Frequent
                                                                                       Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Medium
                                                                                                                                Serious




                      Effects of prevailing wind                                                                                          Know local conditions, retrieve automated weather




       7                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Environmental (cont.)
                                                                           Pre Mitigation                                                                                        Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Post Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Achieved? Yes
                                                                             Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                   Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Mitigation
                                                                                                         Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Outcome
                                                                                          Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           or No
    Sub-systems                            Hazards                                                                                         Mitigation                                                                                  Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                                                   Contract specifications require FAA part 137-qualified




                                                                                          Catastrophic
                      Operations below 500' in either helicopter or




                                                                             Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                   Remote
                                                                                                                   pilots. Maintain situational awareness, identify emergency




                                                                                                                                                                                                Critical
                                                                                                         High
                      fixed-wing, potential to impact terrain or
Terrain/ Obstructions                                                                                              landing zones (fields, open areas, meadows); preflight
                      obstruction - aerial application typically 50-
                                                                                                                   briefing, review aerial hazard map, contract specifies
                      200 feet above tree tops
                                                                                                                   reconnaissance of area prior to treatment




                                                                             Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                   Remote
                                                                                                         Serious
                                                                                          Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                                Critical
                        Potential for serious injury/aircraft damage                                               Know flyways, observation aircraft and ground support to
                        from birds                                                                                 communicate avian activity if present in area


   Animal activity


                                                                             Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                             Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                   Remote
                                                                                                         Serious
                        Potential for serious injury/aircraft damage                                               Ground support to clear runway, communicate activity to


                                                                                          Critical
                        from wildlife on runway (common at remote                                                  pilot; keep deer away by scattering "Irish Spring" soap
                        and county airports)                                                                       around runway perimeter




                                                                                                                                                                                   Improbable


                                                                                                                                                                                                Negligible
                                                                                          Marginal

                                                                                                         Medium
                                                                             Remote




                                                                                                                   Contractor is required to have spill plan, agency and state
                        No spill plan for fuel & chemicals, no label and




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Low
                                                                                                                   contracts require safety plan (includes spill plan) follow
                        MSDS for pesticide, no PPE
                                                                                                                   pesticide label regarding PPE


   Containment &
     Handling




                                                                                                                                                                                   Improbable
                                                                                                                   Treatment areas are posted on public lands only (not




                                                                                                                                                                                                Negligible
                                                                                          Marginal

                                                                                                         Medium
                                                                             Remote




                        Human exposure due to treatment areas not                                                  necessary for private landowners requesting treatment),




                                                                                                                                                                                                             Low
                        posted                                                                                     roads may be closed on public lands at discretion of site
                                                                                                                   manager




        8                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Personnel
                                                                       Pre Mitigation                                                                                           Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Achieved? Yes
                                                                         Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                  Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Mitigation
                                                                                                     Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Outcome
                                                                                      Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                               Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            or No




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Post
   Sub-systems                           Hazards                                                                                        Mitigation                                                                                      Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                      Catastrophic
                                                                         Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                  Frequent


                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal


                                                                                                                                                                                                              Serious
                                                                                                               Preflight briefing, review aerial hazard maps, conduct




                                                                                                     High
                      Minimal local experience/unfamiliar with area
                                                                                                               reconnaissance flights




                                                                                                                                                                                  Improbable
                                                                                                               Agency and state contracts require contractor to obtain




                                                                                                                                                                                               Negligible
                                                                                      Marginal

                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                         Remote
                                                                                                               current State Applicator License… obtain certification




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Low
                      No current State Applicator License
                                                                                                               within all states where project is planned, be aware that
                                                                                                               project may cross state lines




                                                                         Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal
                                                                                                               Maintain/improve working relationship with state agencies




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote
                                                                                      Critical
                      State contracts are not required to meet




                                                                                                     High
                                                                                                               (most states voluntarily adopt agency standards), involve
                      agency standards for aerial application
                                                                                                               states in risk management




                                                                                      Catastrophic
                                                                         Occasional                            Contract specifies number of hours by mission type




                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal


                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote
                                                                                                               (number of hours in typical terrain, number of hours in



                                                                                                     High
                      Minimal flight hours/mission hours
                                                                                                               make/model), check flight log files & be aware possibility
                                                                                                               exists for these to be falsified/unable to verify

                                                                                                               Agency and state contracts provide aerial hazard maps of
                                                                                      Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                               Catastrophic
                                                                         Occasional




                                                                                                               known hazards on aerial photo or topo, some states will
                      Inordinate attention to application, impacting




                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Serious
                                                                                                               GPS hazards prior to project implementation, agency and
                                                                                                     High


                      aerial hazards (new hazards installed often,
                                                                                                               state contract require "all application pilots are responsible
Pilot and/or vendor   e.g. cell towers)
                                                                                                               and required for the reconnaissance of each area before
                                                                                                               treatment"
                                                                                      Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                               Catastrophic
                                                                         Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Serious
                                                                                                               Not all pilots equally skilled, do not pressure into
                                                                                                     High




                      Coerced into uncomfortable situation
                                                                                                               uncomfortable situations (encourage all to speak up)
                                                                         Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal


                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote
                                                                                                     Serious
                                                                                      Critical




                                                                                                               Make contract requirement to hold preseason,
                      Inadequate briefings from Project Manager
                                                                                                               premission/daily, postmission briefings
                                                                                      Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                               Catastrophic
                                                                         Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Serious
                                                                                                               Proper preflight planning, Project Manager & pilot monitor
                                                                                                     High




                      lack of awareness leading to fuel starvation
                                                                                                               flight time
                                                                                      Catastrophic
                                                                         Occasional




                                                                                                               All project personnel to be aware of illness (may be colds



                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote


                                                                                                               to serious health issue), ask if medicated, know FAA regs                       Critical
                                                                                                     High




                      Self-medication
                                                                                                               for use of over-the-counter and prescription drugs while
                                                                                                               operating equipment




       9                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Personnel (cont.)
                                                                        Pre Mitigation                                                                                          Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Achieved?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mitigation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes or No
                                                                          Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                  Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Mitigation
                                                                                                      Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Outcome
                                                                                       Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                               Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Post
   Sub-systems                              Hazards                                                                                      Mitigation                                                                                Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                       Catastrophic
                                                                          Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                                                                                                      High
                      Incomplete preflight inspection                                                           Pilot to utilize preflight check list, FAA requirement




                                                                                       Catastrophic
                                                                          Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                      Accepting unreasonable risk, "barnstormer"                                                Preflight briefing to establish tone for the day, "aviation




                                                                                                      High
                      attitude                                                                                  program first, pest management second"




                                                                                       Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                  Improbable


                                                                                                                                                                                               Negligible
                                                                                                                Contracts specify that pilot may be relieved of duties (in

                                                                          Remote




                                                                                                      Serious
Pilot and/or vendor




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Low
       (cont.)        Pilot incapacitated                                                                       event of sickness, under influence of alcohol or drugs,
                                                                                                                insufficient rest/time off)


                                                                                                                Contract specifies duty limitations and rest periods;
                                                                                       Catastrophic
                                                                          Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal
                                                                                                                contract specifies contractor not allowed to do other




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote
                                                                                                      High
                      Fatigue                                                                                   projects until completing current agency or state project;
                                                                                                                assure enough personnel to support aircraft and project
                                                                                                                schedule
                                                                                       Catastrophic
                                                                          Occasional




                                                                                                                Be aware that experienced pilots may tend toward




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                                                                                                      High




                      Complacency                                                                               complacency… conduct morning safety briefings, retain
                                                                                                                situational awareness throughout day




                                                                                                                                                                                  Improbable


                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal
                      Exposure to increased risk by boarding                                                    Most fixed-wing application aircraft seat pilot only, federal
                                                                                                      Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                          Remote


                                                                                       Critical




                      unauthorized aircraft (FAA part 137 not carded                                            and state personnel may not fly in restricted category (FAA
                      for personnel transport)                                                                  part 137) aircraft




                                                                                                                                                                                  Occasional
                                                                          Probable




                                                                                                                Include expert aviation and pest management personnel in




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
                                                                                       Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                                                                                                      High




                      Minimal experience with mission type                                                      project planning, briefing and implementation; train and
                                                                                                                mentor new employees (subordinates and supervisors)

 Agency or State
                                                                                       Catastrophic
                                                                          Occasional




   Personnel




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                      Undue pressure upon employees or contractor                                               Utilize crew resource management, all are empowered to
                                                                                                      High




                      to perform by Program Manager/Supervisor                                                  stop an unsafe act



                                                                                                                State and federal employees never ride in application
                                                                                                                aircraft under FAA part 137 but may in observation aircraft
                                                                                                                                                                                               Negligible
                                                                          Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                  Frequent
                                                                                       Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                      Serious




                      Exposure to risk for personnel if participating                                           (federal requirements: pilot carding per FAA part 135,
                      in observation flight                                                                     monitoring personnel on board must be qualified Fixed-
                                                                                                                wing Flight Manager or Helicopter Manager); consider
                                                                                                                utilizing AFF to monitor operation




       10                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Personnel (cont.)
                                                                     Pre Mitigation                                                                                       Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Achieved? Yes
                                                                       Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                            Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mitigation
                                                                                                   Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Outcome
                                                                                    Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                         Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  or No




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Post
   Sub-systems                          Hazards                                                                                       Mitigation                                                                              Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                                             Outline project schedule within the RFP, proposals to
                                                                                                             address how intended to meet production
                                                                                                             requirements/assure adequte rest, recommend RFP




                                                                                    Catastrophic
                                                                       Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                         Marginal
                                                                                                             provide vendor weekly opportunity to specify changes to




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                            Remote
                                                                                                   High
                     Fatigue (air or ground personnel)                                                       state or ageny for review; Positive safety culture will
                                                                                                             encourage adequate rest for all, appropriate number of
                                                                                                             aircraft assigned to project; Responsibility of Project
                                                                                                             Manager to ensure adequate rest for all personnel (crew
                                                                                                             resource management)

 Agency or State
 Personnel (cont.)



                                                                       Occasional
                                                                                                             Be aware that experienced project personnel may tend




                                                                                                                                                                                         Marginal


                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                            Remote
                                                                                                   Serious
                                                                                    Critical
                                                                                                             toward complacency… conduct morning safety briefings,
                     Complacency (air or ground personnel)
                                                                                                             retain situational awareness throughout day (crew
                                                                                                             resource management)

                                                                                    Catastrophic
                                                                       Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                         Marginal
                                                                                                             Complete Risk Assessment for each project; preflight




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                            Remote
                                                                                                   High
                     Condoning unreasonable risk                                                             briefing to establish tone for the day, "aviation program
                                                                                                             first, pest management second"
                                                                                    Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                         Marginal
                     Lack of educational opportunities for pilots                                            Consider including in contract specs that all application




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                       Remote




                                                                                                                                                                            Remote
                                                                                                   Serious




                     and pilot operators that help reduce aircraft                                           pilots must attend Professional Aerial Applicator Support
                     and drift accidents                                                                     System (PAASS) certification course
                                                                                    Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                            Occasional
                                                                       Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                         Marginal
                     Minimal experience in areas with sporadic                                               Agency to support and fund aerial application and safety




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                   High




                     application programs (particularly in west,                                             training for all agency and state personnel, implement
     Training
                     occasionally in east)                                                                   mentoring program, share expertise across regions
                                                                                    Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                            Occasional
                                                                       Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                         Marginal
                                                                                                             Consistent with the goals of the Aerial Application Safety




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                     Lack of aviation awareness training and risk
                                                                                                   High




                                                                                                             Council, develop and provide aerial application training
                     management in general
                                                                                                             program (e.g., ACE training for agency & state personnel)




       11                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Personnel (cont.)
                                                                       Pre Mitigation                                                                                           Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Achieved? Yes
                                                                         Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                  Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Mitigation
                                                                                                     Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Outcome
                                                                                      Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                               Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            or No




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Post
   Sub-systems                            Hazards                                                                                       Mitigation                                                                                      Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                                               Notify Dispatch of planned activities and provide Project




                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal
                                                                                                     Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                         Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote
                                                                                      Critical
                       Lack of mission understanding and scheduled                                             Aviation Safety Plan (PASP) for Agency contracts and
                       activities                                                                              Work & Safety Plan for any state contracts in proximity to
                                                                                                               National Forest




                                                                                                                                                                                  Improbable
                                                                         Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                               Negligible
                                                                                                     Serious
                                                                                      Critical
                       Inconsistent flight following procedures (for                                           Agency follow established protocol… address flight




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Low
                       federal projects)                                                                       following procedures in PASP/communications plan




                                                                                      Catastrophic
                                                                         Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                  Occasional
                                                                                                               Recommend states utilize protocol similar to federal...




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Serious
                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                                                                                                     High
                       Inconsistent flight following procedures (for                                           State projects often conducted with no dispatch but with
                       state projects)                                                                         flight following performed by state employees positioned
                                                                                                               at airport… adhere to procedures in communications plan

                                                                                      Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                               Catastrophic
                                                                                                               Establish flight following in the field using ground
                                                                         Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Serious
                       Dispatch unavailable/inability to communicate                                 High      personnel in treatment area - specify in communication
                       to center                                                                               plan and utilize a combination of communication methods
  Flight Following                                                                                             (e.g., ground to ground, air to ground, cell phone)
Personnel (typically
   dispatch on FS
                                                                         Occasional




 contracts, FS land)
                                                                                      Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal
                                                                                                     Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote
                       Flight following personnel fatigued or                                                  Ensure adequate rest; follow agency protocol for duty
                       complacent                                                                              limitations, recommend similar for state contracts
                                                                         Occasional

                                                                                      Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal
                                                                                                     Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote
                                                                                                               Coordinate with dispatch or communication technicians to
                       Poor frequency management/frequency
                                                                                                               obtain additional frequencies and set up portable
                       congestion
                                                                                                               repeaters if necessary
                                                                                      Catastrophic
                                                                         Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote
                                                                                                     High




                       Lack of staffing on weekends or outside of                                              Brief dispatch on operational periods, ensure dispatcher
                       flight hours                                                                            staffing or flight following personnel
                                                                         Occasional




                                                                                                               Circulate flight plan to all dispatch centers in project area,


                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote
                                                                                                     Serious
                                                                                      Critical




                       Jurisdictional/boundary awareness and                                                   communication plan includes all necessary
                       inability to maintain flight following                                                  frequencies/brief pilot, assure handoff from one center to
                                                                                                               next




       12                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Personnel (cont.)
                                                                          Pre Mitigation                                                                                        Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Achieved? Yes
                                                                            Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                  Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Mitigation
                                                                                                        Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Outcome
                                                                                         Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                               Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        or No




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Post
   Sub-systems                             Hazards                                                                                        Mitigation                                                                                Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                         Catastrophic
                                                                            Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                        Not current on maintenance issues for specific                                            Regularly check for new Airworthiness Directives, stay




                                                                                                        High
                        aircraft that could lead to accidents                                                     current on required training

   Maintenance
Inspector (aircraft &
  support vehicles)




                                                                                         Catastrophic
                                                                            Occasional
                        Insufficient number of inspectors may lead to




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                                                                                                                  Ensure adequate staffing, Project Managers attend aircraft




                                                                                                        High
                        fatigue, complacency, accepting or
                                                                                                                  inspections
                        transferring unreasonable risk




                                                                                         Catastrophic
                                                                            Probable
                                                                                                                  Project Managers participate in annual Forest Aviation




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                        Lack of mission understanding among




                                                                                                        High
                                                                                                                  Officer meetings, RAOs/RASMs review/approve aviation
                        RAOs/RASMs, FAOs, state directors, etc…
                                                                                                                  management plan



                                                                                                                  Expand knowledge & how to use SAFECOM system,
                                                                            Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote
                                                                                         Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                        Lack of trend information helpful in preventing                                 High      should include all agency funded aerial application
                        incidents/accidents                                                                       projects (e.g., gypsy moth cooperative suppression
                                                                                                                  projects); periodically query, review and report any trends
   Oversight &
  Coordination in
     General
                                                                                         Catastrophic




                                                                                                                  Encourage initiatives through the Aerial Application Safety
                                                                            Probable




                        Lack of safety awareness and need to further




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                                                                                                                  Council that foster interagency safety awareness (e.g.,
                                                                                                        High




                        develop safety culture within state and federal
                                                                                                                  through training, presentations at annual meetings, close
                        agencies
                                                                                                                  coordination with other state and federal aviation staffs)
                                                                                         Catastrophic
                                                                            Occasional




                        Lack of (or minimal) interagency coordination                                             Host annual interagency coordination meetings (e.g.,




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                                                                                                        High




                        on aerial application projects that span                                                  Gypsy Moth Program Managers Meeting includes all state
                        private, state, and federal lands                                                         and federal agencies involved with gypsy moth)
                                                                                         Catastrophic
                                                                            Occasional




                                                                                                                  Include expert aviation and pest management personnel
                        CO, COR/COTR turnover leading to lack of




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                                                                                                                  as COTRs during contract development and
                                                                                                        High




                        mission understanding and shortage of
                                                                                                                  administration; train and mentor new employees (future
                        personnel performing oversight
                                                                                                                  CORs, COTRs)
    Contracting
                                                                                         Catastrophic




                        Short time frame from contract advertising to
                                                                            Occasional




                                                                                                                  Begin drafting contract early enough to ensure that a




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                  Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                               Critical
                        implementation (impacts operating season,
                                                                                                        High




                                                                                                                  quality contract has been developed, draw highest number
                        quality of contract, limits desirable/qualified
                                                                                                                  of qualified bidders possible
                        bidders and awarded contractor readiness)




        13                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Technology (Hardware/Software)
                                                                     Pre Mitigation                                                                                           Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Post Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Achieved? Yes
                                                                       Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Mitigation
                                                                                                   Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Outcome
                                                                                    Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                             Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          or No
  Sub-systems                        Hazards                                                                                          Mitigation                                                                                      Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                    Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                             Catastrophic
                  Typically not used in application projects,




                                                                       Frequent
                                                                                                             Utilize observation aircraft to monitor operations and alert




                                                                                                                                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
                  dispatch centers do not have visual display of




                                                                                                   High
                                                                                                             other aircraft that may approach project area, consider
                  application aircraft relative to other aviation
                                                                                                             including AFF requirement in state and agency contracts
                  operations




                                                                                                                                                                                Improbable


                                                                                                                                                                                             Negligible
                                                                                                   Medium
                                                                       Remote


                                                                                    Critical
                  Possible AFF antenna conflicts with other                                                  Maintain separation between antenna per manufacturer,




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Low
                  antenna on aircraft                                                                        check that AFF is working prior to take off


       AFF
                                                                                                             Be aware that all aircraft are not visible to flight following




                                                                                    Catastrophic
                  When in use AFF may lead to a false sense of


                                                                       Occasional
                                                                                                             personnel (not everyone uses AFF) and that AFF is not




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                             Critical
                  security if user thinks dispatch always knows




                                                                                                   High
                                                                                                             "air traffic control" (intended to augment radio
                  location OR if dispatch thinks all aircraft are
                                                                                                             communication); maintain positive radio communication at
                  visible
                                                                                                             all times

                                                                                    Catastrophic
                                                                       Occasional



                                                                                                             Always maintain positive radio communication, radio




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                Remote


                                                                                                                                                                                             Critical
                  AFF system failure in aircraft or on ground at                                   High      checks/position reports are still required (may be at
                  computer                                                                                   greater time interval, 30 minute checks instead of 15
                                                                                                             minute) per communications plan


                                                                                                             State and agency contracts require all application aircraft
                                                                                                             have panel-mounted aerial application GPS (limitations
                                                                       Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                             Marginal


                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                Remote
                                                                                                   Serious
                                                                                    Critical




                  Application aircraft flying in wrong area and/or                                           are called out in the contract: able to update location 5
                  misapplication of pesticide                                                                times per second, upload shapefile of treatment blocks,
                                                                                                             download flight files, etc...); contract requires application
                                                                                                             aircraft to return to base if GPS malfunction
                                                                       Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                             Marginal
                                                                                                             State and agency contracts require all observation aircraft




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                Remote
                                                                                                   Serious
                                                                                    Critical




                  Observation aircraft unable accurately
                                                                                                             have at a minimum handheld GPS and "...conveniently
                  navigate to specific treatment area(s)
                                                                                                             located for the pilot"
   Aircraft GPS
                                                                                    Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                             Catastrophic
                                                                       Frequent




                  Inexperienced users pay too much attention to                                              Contract requires that application pilots must demonstrate




                                                                                                                                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
                                                                                                   High




                  GPS (head in cockpit) rather than flying the                                               GPS proficiency (examples of flight files working in similar
                  mission                                                                                    operations)
                                                                       Occasional




                                                                                                             Properly mount antenna, stow handheld GPS and cables
                                                                                    Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                             Marginal
                  Cockpit clutter/loose equipment in observation
                                                                                                   Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                Remote
                                                                                                             so as not to interfere with flight or utilize yoke-mounted
                  aircraft (handheld GPS with wires for power
                                                                                                             GPS (if fitted for yoke-mounted GPS and unit is not in use,
                  and external antenna)
                                                                                                             remove any protruding brackets that may cause injury)




      14                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Technology (Hardware/Software - cont.)
                                                                    Pre Mitigation                                                                                         Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Post Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Achieved? Yes
                                                                      Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                             Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Mitigation
                                                                                                  Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Outcome
                                                                                   Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                          Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       or No
  Sub-systems                       Hazards                                                                                         Mitigation                                                                                     Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                   Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                          Catastrophic
                                                                      Occasional
                                                                                                            Test frequencies and set up portable repeaters if




                                                                                                                                                                             Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Serious
                                                                                                            necessary; communication plan requires backup




                                                                                                  High
                No repeater available in project area
                                                                                                            communication by cell phone or satellite phone if
                                                                                                            necessary; in federal plans/suggest requiring in state plans




                                                                                   Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                          Marginal
                                                                                                            FAA requires ability to communicate with general aviation




                                                                                                  Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Medium
                                                                      Remote




                                                                                                                                                                             Remote
                No communications (in general) air-to-ground,
                                                                                                            aircraft; contracts include necessary radio specifications;
                with other aircraft or dispatch centers
                                                                                                            communications plan lists frequencies




                                                                      Improbable




                                                                                                                                                                             Improbable


                                                                                                                                                                                          Negligible
                                                                                   Marginal
                Inaccessible radios/controls, difficult to                                                  Break from flight pattern to access radio and make




                                                                                                  Low




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Low
                operate                                                                                     adjustments




                                                                                                                                                                             Occasional
                                                                      Probable


                                                                                   Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                          Marginal
                                                                                                            Identify issues prior to contract and operation, radio check




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Medium
                                                                                                  Serious
                P-25 Digital, Analog & Narrow Banding
     Radios                                                                                                 prior to project implementation - address in communication
                compatibility issues
                                                                                                            plan; provide time and training on new equipment




                                                                                                                                                                             Occasional
                                                                                   Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                          Marginal
                                                                                                  Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Medium
                                                                      Remote




                Portable radios - not secure, controls easily                                               Secure and properly place portables so as not to interfere
                bumped                                                                                      with aircraft operations, use keypad/control locks
                                                                      Improbable




                                                                                                                                                                             Improbable


                                                                                                                                                                                          Negligible
                                                                                   Marginal

                                                                                                  Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Low
                Panel mounted radios - bump controls                                                        Use keypad/control locks
                                                                      Probable


                                                                                   Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                          Marginal


                                                                                                                                                                                                         Medium
                                                                                                                                                                             Remote
                                                                                                  Serious




                Flight crew unfamiliar with components                                                      Preflight to include familiarization & programming radios
                                                                                   Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                          Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                             Improbable




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Medium
                                                                      Remote




                                                                                                  High




                                                                                                            Use TCAS, continue practice of "see and avoid", apply
                If not using TCAS: potential for midair collision
                                                                                                            CRM
                                                                                   Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                          Catastrophic
                                                                      Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                             Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Serious
                                                                                                            Recognize that all other aircraft may not have functioning
                                                                                                  High




                If using TCAS: false sense of security that all
     TCAS                                                                                                   transponders, continue practice of "see and avoid", apply
                other aircraft have functioning transponders
                                                                                                            CRM
                                                                                   Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                          Catastrophic
                                                                      Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                             Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Serious
                                                                                                  High




                If using TCAS: Signal interference, antenna
                                                                                                            Follow manufacturer's installation requirements
                positioned too close to other antennas




      15                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Revised 2010
System: FHP Aerial Application - Technology (Hardware/Software - cont.)
                                                                    Pre Mitigation                                                                                         Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Post Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Achieved? Yes
                                                                      Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                             Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Mitigation
                                                                                                  Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Outcome
                                                                                   Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                          Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       or No
   Sub-systems                           Hazards                                                                                    Mitigation                                                                                     Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                                            Contract requires that rotary atomizer must be installed in




                                                                                   Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                          Catastrophic
                                                                      Occasional
                                                                                                            strict accordance to manufacturers recommendations. All




                                                                                                                                                                             Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Serious
                      Atomizer blades detaching and impacting




                                                                                                  High
                                                                                                            atomizers must be serviced and in good working condition.
                      fuselage, rotor, or ground
                                                                                                            Agency and state program managers inspect nozzles prior
                                                                                                            to project implementation




                                                                      Occasional


                                                                                   Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                          Marginal
                                                                                                  Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Medium
                                                                                                                                                                             Remote
                      Emergency dump valve malfunction causing                                              Inspect and assure functioning dump valves for helicopter
                      load to dump (misapplication of pesticide)                                            & fixed-wing




                                                                      Occasional


                                                                                   Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                          Marginal
                                                                                                  Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Medium
                                                                                                                                                                             Remote
 Pesticide Delivery   Hose to nozzle detaching, pesticide                                                   Preflight inspection to include examining pesticide delivery
     Systems          misapplication (not aviation hazard)                                                  components


                                                                                   Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                          Catastrophic
                                                                      Remote




                                                                                                                                                                             Remote
                                                                                                  Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Serious
                                                                                                            Inspect and assure functioning dump valves for helicopter
                      Inability to jettison in event of emergency
                                                                                                            & fixed-wing




                                                                                                            Agency and state contracts specify all aircraft must be
                                                                      Occasional


                                                                                   Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                          Marginal
                                                                                                  Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Medium
                                                                                                                                                                             Remote
                                                                                                            equipped with an electronic flow metering system and
                      Improper pesticide application rate
                                                                                                            delivery system must be calibrated prior to project
                                                                                                            implementation




       16                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Revised 2010

								
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