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endorsed_Sept08_Office2007.xlsx - British Antarctic Survey _BAS_

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									activity_id          endorsed           category                        title

                                                        Dynamic Social Strategies in Arctic
               6Y               people               Environments: Long-term Perspectives on
                                                          Movement and Communication

                                                     Synoptic Antarctic Shelf-Slope Interactions
               8Y               ocean

                                                   Large Scale Historical Industrial Exploitation of
              10 Y              people
                                                                     Polar Areas

                                                   Arctic Wildlife Observatories Linking Vulnerable
              11 Y              land

              13 Y              ocean               Sea level and tidal science in the polar oceans

              14 Y              ocean                Integrated Arctic Ocean Observing System

              16 Y              ice                 Arctic and antarctic glacier hydrosystems as
                                                    natural sensors for recent climatic variations
                   Metal pollution in Canadian High Arctic:
19 Y   atmos    Pollution trend reconstruction of noble metals
                                  (Pd and Pt)

                Air-Ice Chemical Interactions – IPY coordinated
20 Y   ice

                   U.S. National Park Service. Understanding
                    environmental change and its biological,
                physical, social, subsistence and cultural effects
21 Y   land
                in national parks and protected areas of Alaska,
                  Chukotka, and the Yukon, through research,
                      monitoring, education and outreach.

                POLARSTERN expedition “HERMES - the Nordic
                 margin” in the framework of the EU funded
22 Y   ocean        Integrated Project HERMES (Hotspot
                   Ecosystem Research on the Margins of
                               European Seas)

23 Y   ocean       Bipolar Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation

                The Pan Arctic cluster for Climate forcing of the
26 Y   ocean
                          Arctic Marine Ecosystem

                Changing Trends in Polar Research as Reflected
27 Y   people
                 in the History of the International Polar Years
                     Climate of the Arctic and its role for
28 Y   atmos
                      Europe/Arctic System Reanalysis

                  The Bering Strait, Rapid Change, and Land
29 Y   land
                            Bridge Paleoecology

                Representations of Sami in Nineteenth Century
30 Y   people
                      Polar Literature: The Arctic 'Other'

                 POLar study using Aircraft, Remote sensing,
                  surface measurements and modelling of
32 Y   atmos
                 Climate, chemistry, Aerosols and Transport

                   Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Permafrost,
33 Y   land
                      Periglacial and Soil Environments

                Impact of CLImate induced glacial melting on
                marine and terrestric COastal communities on
34 Y   ocean
                   a gradient along the Western Antarctic

                   International Polar Year GEOTRACES: An
                  international study of the biogeochemical
35 Y   ocean
                 cycles of Trace Elements and Isotopes in the
                          Arctic and Southern Oceans

                 The dynamic response of Arctic glaciers to
37 Y   ice
                             global warming

                   Ocean-Atmosphere-Sea Ice-Snowpack
38 Y   ice
                affecting Atmospheric Biogeochemistry and
                          Ecosystems in the Arctic

39 Y   ice         Arctic Palaeoclimate and its EXtremes

                Developing Arctic Modelling and Observing
40 Y   ocean     Capabilities for Long-term Environmental

                 Concordia, a new French-Italian facility for
41 Y   atmos   international and long-term scientific activities
                          on the Antarctic Plateau

                 Subglacial Antarctic Lake Environments –
42 Y   ice     Unified International Team for Exploration and
                      POLAR: WMT Paving the way for Online
45 Y   education     Learning in Arctic Regions using Wireless &
                                Mobile Technologies

                   Traditional Indigenous Land Use Areas in the
46 Y   people
                   Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Northwest Russia

48 Y   ocean            International Study of Arctic Change

                        International Polar Year (IPY) Data and
49 Y   NULL         Information Service (DIS) for Distributed Data

                   Permafrost Observatory Project: A Contribution
50 Y   land
                    to the Thermal State of Permafrost (TSP-125)

51 Y   education   International Polar Year Publications Database

                    Antarctic Biological And Earthquake Science
52 Y   ocean            (ABES): Southern Ocean Broadband
                          Seismo/Acoustic Observatories
53 Y   ocean          A Census of Antarctic Marine Life

54 Y   land              Antarctic Climate Evolution

                Microbiological and Ecological Responses to
55 Y   land
               Global Environmental Changes in Polar Regions

               Quantifying the relationship of solar variability
                 with the atmosphere, weather and climate
56 Y   space
                (particularly via the global electric circuit and
               ozone variability associated with solar activity)

                  Change and variability of Arctic Systems
58 Y   ice
                        Nordaustlandet, Svalbard

               Terrestrial ecosystems in ARctic and ANTarctic:
59 Y   land        Effects of UV Light, Liquefying ice, and
                           Ascending temperatures

               ICESTAR/IHY – Interhemispheric Conjugacy in
63 Y   space   Geospace Phenomena and their Heliospheric
                   ANDEEP – SYSTCO (ANtarctic benthic DEEP-sea
66 Y   ocean        biodiversity: colonisation history and recent
                     community patterns – SYSTem COupling)

                       Origin, evolution and setting of the
67 Y   land        Gamburtsev subglacial highlands: Exploring an
                          unknown Antarctic territory

                   International Congress of Arctic Social Sciences
69 Y   education
                               VI in Nuuk, 2007-2008.

                     Monitoring of the upper ocean circulation,
70 Y   ocean        transport and water masses between Africa
                                  and Antarctica.

71 Y   ocean              Polar Aquatic Microbial Ecology

                     Network for ARCtic Climate and Biological
72 Y   land
                                 DIVersity Studies

                       Atmospheric Monitoring Network for
76 Y   atmos
                      Antropogenic Pollution in Polar Regions
                    Plate Tectonics and Polar Gateways in Earth
77 Y   land

                        Synchronized observations of Polar
                   Mesospheric Clouds (PMC), Aurora, and other
78 Y   space          large-scale polar phenomena from the
                   International Space Station (ISS) and ground

79 Y   education    IPY book series on environmental research

                      Determining breeding and exposition
                   conditions for selected Arctic and Antarctic
80 Y   education
                   marine organisms at the Gdynia Aquarium in
                                 Gdynia, Poland.

                   Collaborative Research into Antarctic Calving
81 Y   ice
                              and ICeberg Evolution

                   LICHEN: The Linguistic and Cultural Heritage
82 Y   education
                              Electronic Network

                   SCAR-MarBIN: the information dimension of
83 Y   ocean
                         Antarctic Marine Biodiversity
                  US Geological Survey participation in the
86 Y   land
                         International Polar Year

                   Antarctic Surface Accumulation and Ice
88 Y   ice
                              Discharge (ASAID)

                  Arctic Circum-Polar Coastal Observatory
90 Y   land

                Global Inter-agency IPY Polar Snapshot Year
91 Y   space

                 Integrated analyses of circumpolar Climate
92 Y   ocean    interactions and Ecosystem Dynamics in the
                  Southern Ocean–International Polar Year

               International Collaborative Expedition to collect
93 Y   ocean      and study Fish Indigenous to Sub-Antarctic
                                Habitats, 2007

                The state of the Arctic sea ice cover: Physical
95 Y   ice      and biological properties and processes in a
                           changing environment
                         Go Polar! An International Network of
 96 Y   education    Children’s Museums to Bring Polar Science to
                                 Children and Families

                     Investigating the Cryospheric Evolution of the
                    Central Antarctic Plate (ICECAP): Internationally
 97 Y   land          coordinated long-range aerogeophysics over
                       Dome A, Dome C and the Aurora Subglacial
                                 Basin of East Antarctica

                      Ozone layer and UV radiation in a changing
 99 Y   atmos
                             climate evaluated during IPY

                     'Polar Field Stations and IPY History: Culture,
100 Y   people
                        Heritage, Governance (1882-Present)'

                       The Arctic Hydrological Cycle Monitoring,
104 Y   land
                         Modelling and Assessment Program

105 Y   ice              The State and Fate of the Cryosphere

                    IPY in the Antarctic Peninsula – Ice and Climate
107 Y   ice            [The APY, APICS, GLABENAP, and TRAPIS
                                 Expressions of Intent]
                     Sea Ice from Space for IPY (EoI #921) Parent
108 Y   ice
                               Activity: iAOOS (EoI #80)

                    Geodynamics of the West Antarctic Rift System
                      (WARS) in Remote Ellsworth Land and its
109 Y   land
                       implications for the stability of the West
                                  Antarctic Ice Sheet

                    Antarctic Mission: multi-media exploration of
110 Y   education
                     the science of climate change in Antarctica

                         Circumpolar Center for Learning and
112 Y   education
                            Indigenous Knowledge Systems

                           Understanding deep permafrost:
                          Interdisciplinary studies related to
                        understanding the structure, geology,
113 Y   land
                        microbiology, thermal state, physical
                    properties, and fluid fluxes in thick permafrost
                         leading to a long term observatory.

                       Climate change in the Arctic with special
114 Y   ice
                                 emphasis on Alaska

                         The Royal Society of Victoria’s Two
116 Y   education   INTernational Research Expedition Polar Inter-
                                Disciplinary Voyages.
                 International Partnerships in Ice Core Science
117 Y   ice
                    (IPICS)-International Polar Year Initiative

                   The Greenland Ice Sheet – Stability,
118 Y   ice
                            History and Evolution

                   Northern High Latitude Climate variability
120 Y   ice              during the past 2000 years:
                     implications for human settlement.

                 Improved numerical weather forecasting and
                 climate simulations by exploitation of in-situ,
                  airborne remote-sensing and satellite data,
121 Y   atmos
                     advanced modelling systems and basic
                 research into polar processes and into polar-
                              global interactions.

122 Y   ocean           ECOSYSTEM WEST GREENLAND

                 Glocalization – Language, Literature and Media
                           among Inuit and Sami people
123 Y   people    1. Language Planning, 2. Computer Assisted
                  Linguistics, 3. From Oral Tradition to Rap, 4.
                      Citizenship, Consumerism and Media

124 Y   space         Astronomy from the Polar Plateaus
                       Ice and snow mass change of Arctic and
125 Y   ice          Antarctic polar regions using GRACE satellite

                      Bipolar Climate Machinery - A study of the
                        interplay of northern and southern polar
                       processes in driving and amplifying global
130 Y   ocean        climate as recorded in paleoclimate archives
                      and their significance for the generation of
                     realistic estimates of future climate and sea
                                   level development.

                      Integrated circumpolar studies of Antarctic
131 Y   ocean          marine ecosystems to the conservation of
                                    living resources

                    Climate of Antarctica and the Southern Ocean –
132 Y   ocean
                               Ocean Circulation Cluster

133 Y   land         Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program

                      Polar bear (Ursus maritimus) circumpolar
134 Y   ocean       health assessment in relation to toxicants and
                                   climate change

                           A multidisciplinary and international
                      conference with presentations focussed on
                     technical and administrative issues associated
                    with the protection and preservation of historic
135 Y   education
                       scientific bases and in particular earlier IPY
                    stations in polar regions and taking the form of
                     a series of presentations and discussions that
                     will ultimately be published for distribution in
                                 book and electronic form.
                    Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic: the
137 Y   ocean
                             Response of Life to Change

                        Cold Land Processes in the Northern
                    Hemisphere continents and their Coastal Zone:
138 Y   land
                      Regional and Global Climate and Societal-
                        Ecosystem Linkages and Interactions

139 Y   land

140 Y   atmos           Hydrological Impact of Arctic Aerosols

141 Y   ice           Antarctic Sea Ice in International Polar Year

                         The development of a polar-based
                    photobioreactor for the production of bioactive
142 Y   ocean
                      compounds by indigenous micro-algae and

                      Workshop / Conference summarizing the
                         results of the Arctic Monitoring and
145 Y   education       Assessment Program's Human Health
                      Assessment Group (AMAP HHAG Research
                               Program (2002 – 2008).
147 Y   education           International Antarctic Institute

                       Present day processes, Past changes, and
                    Spatiotemporal variability of biotic, abiotic and
151 Y   land         socio-environmental conditions and resource
                        components along and across the Arctic
                                  delimitation zone.

                    Trans-Antarctic Scientific Traverses Expeditions
152 Y   land
                            – Ice Divide of East Antarctica

                      Marine Mammal Exploration of the Oceans
153 Y   ocean
                                 Pole to Pole

                      Ecosystem Studies of Subarctic and Arctic
155 Y   ocean

                        Geomatics for the North - Circumpolar
156 Y   education   Conference on Basic Geospatial Information for
                               Northern Development

                     Community Adaptation and Vulnerability in
157 Y   people
                                 Arctic Regions
                       Comparative Studies of Marine Arctic and
158 Y   education       Antarctic Ecosystems and the Potential
                          Consequences of Climate Change

                      Arctic Change: An Interdisciplinary Dialog
160 Y   education   Between the Academy, Northern Peoples, and
                                   Policy Makers

                      Starting the clock for the CARMA Network:
162 Y   land          Impacts on Human-Rangifer Systems in the

                    Inuit and Scientific Descriptions of the Narwhal,
                         Connecting Parallel Perceptions: Inter-
164 Y   ocean
                    disciplinary Studies of the Narwhal with a Focus
                                    on Tusk Function.

                     Sea Ice Knowledge and Use: Assessing Arctic
166 Y   people
                           Environmental and Social Change

167 Y   people               Arctic Human Health Initiative

                        International Polar Year Youth Steering
168 Y   education
                                 Committee (IPY YSC)
                     Network for present and future circumpolar
169 Y   land             freshwater lake research and data

170 Y   land                     Aliens in Antarctica

                      POLAR-AOD: a network to characterize the
171 Y   atmos        means, variability, and trends of the climate-
                    forcing properties of aerosols in polar regions

172 Y   land        Health of Arctic and Antarctic bird populations

                       Biogeography and Geological Diversity of
                       Hydrothermal Venting on the Ultra-Slow
173 Y   land
                               Arctic Mid-Ocean Ridge

                    Fate, uptake and effects of contaminants in the
175 Y   atmos
                            Arctic and Antarctic ecosystem

                    A Polar Atlas for Education and Outreach based
176 Y   education     on a Spatial Data Infrastructure Framework
                                 (extension of EoI 645)
                     Extending IPY Themes to the Undergraduate
179 Y   education
                     Earth System Science Education Community

180 Y   atmos       Antarctic Climate and Atmospheric Circulation

                      Arctic Resiliency and Diversity: Community
183 Y   people
                                  Response to Change.

185 Y   land               Polar Earth Observing Network

                     Engaging communities in the monitoring of
186 Y   people       zoonoses, country food safety and wildlife

                        Exchange for Local Observations and
187 Y   people      Knowledge of the Arctic (formerly APOC (Arctic
                        Peoples Observations Center), #358)

                       International Tundra Experiment (ITEX):
188 Y   land         impacts of long-term experimental warming
                     and climate variability on tundra ecosystems
                    The University of the Arctic: Providing Higher
189 Y   education    Education and Outreach Programs for the
                              International Polar Year

                       The Sixth Continent Initiative - Capacity
191 Y   education
                       Building in Antarctic Scientific Research

                    International Arctic Systems for Observing the
196 Y   atmos

                          Northern Material Culture through
201 Y   people      International Polar Year Collections, Then and
                    Now: In the Footsteps of Murdoch and Turner

                    Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring and
202 Y   land
                                 Research Network

                       Legal and Constitutional Frameworks for
206 Y   people      Protecting Traditional Ecological Knowledge in
                                  Northern Canada

                      Remote Sensibility - a multimedia project
                       exploring and reflecting the immaterial
208 Y   education
                    relationship global industrial culture has with
                                the circumpolar north.
                           Global Change - Social Challenges
                      Processes of socio-economic changes in the
210 Y   people
                     Circumpolar North, with focus on gender and
                         inter and intra-generational relations.

                     Environmental baselines, processes, changes
213 Y   land         and Impacts on people in sub-arctic Sweden
                            and the Nordic Arctic Regions

                      Retrospective and Prospective Vegetation
214 Y   land
                    Change in the Polar Regions: Back to the Future

                       The Structure and Evolution of the Polar
217 Y   space       Stratosphere and Mesosphere and Links to the
                               Troposphere during IPY.

                          The Political Economy of Northern
227 Y   people

                      Antarctic Anthology. A collaborative book
                      incorporating literary, visual and scientific
244 Y   education
                         representations of the continent, to
                               commemorate this IPY.

                    Arctic Biosphere-Atmosphere Coupling across
246 Y   land
                                   multiple Scales
                 Bering Sea Sub-Network of Community-Based
247 Y   people    Environmental Monitoring, Observation and
                             Information Stations

                     Arctic Indigenous Community-based
248 Y   people   Monitoring and Information Stations Network:
                  Arctic Community-based Research Alliance

                 Circumpolar monitoring of the biology of key-
251 Y   ocean
                 species in relation to environmental changes

                     Antarctic continental margin drilling to
256 Y   land          investigate Antarctica's role in global
                              environmental change

                   Wildlife Health: Assessing the Cumulative
257 Y   ocean             Impacts of Multiple Stressors
                    REVISION TO IPY FULL PROPOSAL #192

                  Multidisciplinary Study of the Amundsen Sea
258 Y   ice

                 Conservation Hunting in the Arctic: An Analysis
259 Y   people
                       of Constraints and Opportunities
                      Response of Arctic and Subarctic soils in a
262 Y   land
                     changing Earth: dynamic and frontier studies

                      Remote sensing monitoring and forecast of
                          surging glaciers’ evolution with the
266 Y   ice         investigation of modern fluctuations of surging
                       glaciers of the Alaska, Svalbard and high
                                 elevated Asia glaciers

                      Comprehensive Meteorological dataset of
267 Y   atmos        active IPY Antarctic measurement phase for
                             Scientific and applied Studies

                      Polar Disturbance and Ecosystem Services:
275 Y   people
                    Links between Climate and Human Well-being

                    itial Human Colonization of Arctic in Changing
276 Y   people

                    The Nunavut Arctic Research and Educational
282 Y   education
                                    Base Camp

                         Development of a system of complex
                      monitoring and elaboration of information-
284 Y   land
                    analytical system on protected natural areas of
                                     the Polar zone
                      Northern Genealogies: Development of an
285 Y   people       ethnodemographic informational system on
                     the peoples of Siberia and the Russian North

293 Y   ocean           Arctic Shelf Tracking and Physics Array

                    International Polar Year Circumpolar Exchanges
                     – proposed exchanges of students and young
294 Y   education    northern professionals from Canada and other
                       circumpolar countries during International
                                 Polar Year 2007-2008

                     Popularization of Northern Scholarly Articles
295 Y   education
                            for Public Interest (EOI 1057)

                    IPY Histories: International Polar Year Activities
296 Y   education       Past and Present, Museum and Virtual

                       International summit and working group
                         conference on the development and
299 Y   education
                     deployment of energy resources in the arctic
                          including remote and rural villages

                       Arctic Biodiversity of Chars – Network for
300 Y   land
                          Monitoring and Research (revised)
                      SEASonality of the DRAKE Passage pelagic
                         ecosystem: BIOdiversity, food webs,
304 Y   ocean
                      environmental change and human impact.
                                  Present and Past

                     Consortium for coordination of Observation
305 Y   ocean        and Monitoring of the Arctic for Assessment
                                   and Research

                    The Impacts of Oil and Gas Activity on Peoples
310 Y   people         in the Arctic Using a Multiple Securities

                     The Prydz Bay, Amery Ice Shelf and Dome A
313 Y   ice                        Observatories
                    – A Chinese Key International Program for IPY

315 Y   education     Tectonic Map of the Earth’s Polar Regions

                      TUNU-Programme: MARINE FISHES OF NE
318 Y   ocean
                       GREENLAND – diversity and adaptation

                       International Polar Year - A multitracer
                    approach to study heat and salt fluxes through
322 Y   ice
                    sea ice, pollutant transport and surface ocean
                      Marine and estuarine ecosystems in the
325 Y   ocean
                    eastern, central and western Canadian Arctic

                     INterContinental Atmospheric Transport of
327 Y   atmos
                       Anthropogenic Pollutants to the Arctic

                     Integrated Communication, Education and
328 Y   education

329 Y   land         The Canadian Antarctic Research Program

                     International Polar Year: The search for the
330 Y   education   Franklin expedition: a new perspective based
                                on Inuit oral tradition

333 Y   ocean              Arctic Ocean Diversity (ArcOD)

336 Y   education       IPY Global Snowflake Network (GSN)
                        Dynamics of Circumpolar Land Use and
337 Y   people

                      Arctic Quest - Northwest passage 100 Year
338 Y   education

                       Measurement and Attribution of recent
339 Y   ice
                       Greenland Ice sheet chaNgeS (MARGINS)

                    Taking the Antarctic Arctic Polar Pulse-IPY 2007-
341 Y   people
                       8 Human Biology and Medicine Research

342 Y                           INTERACTIONS IN
                         INTERNATIONAL GOVERNANCE

                    Students on Ice - IPY Youth Expeditions to the
343 Y   education
                                 Arctic and Antarctic

349 Y   education   Course in Arctic Wildlife Medicine and Welfare
355 Y   people              The Economy of the North

                    Spitsbergen Climate System Current Status –
357 Y   atmos

367 Y   ice                  PROCESSES ON HIGH-
                        LATITDE CONTINENTAL MARGINS

372 Y   space        Polar View: The Polar Information Centre


                        Impact Assessment with Indigenous
378 Y   education

                    IPY Operational Oceanography for the Arctic
379 Y   ocean
                             Ocean and adjacent seas
                     Integrity of the Traditional Food System and
384 Y   people
                    Environmental Health in the Circumpolar North

                        Towards an international astronomical
385 Y   space
                         observatory at Dome C in Antarctica

                    Survey of Living Conditions in the Arctic, SLiCA
386 Y   people
                          - Remote Access Analysis System

388 Y   education
                              COUNCIL AND AFFILIATES

389 Y   education            Yukon IPY Community Liaison

                      Biodiversity and Climate Induced Lifecycle
390 Y   land
                              Changes of Arctic Spiders

                    Building the next generation of polar scientists,
                     engineers and logisticians by engaging youth
395 Y   education
                    from Nunavut and the Northwest Territories in
                           International Polar Year activities
                    Indigenous Peoples’ Forum on Environmental
396 Y   education
                              Monitoring in the Arctic

                     International Polar Year 2007-2008 @ Grand
397 Y   education
                                Valley State University

                    Reindeer Herders Vulnerability Network Study:
399 Y   people                Reindeer Pastoralism in
                                 a Changing Climate

                     ANTLER Network Secretariat and Workshop
400 Y   education

402 Y   education   International School Education on Polar issues

                    Meltdown 3D/2D, A National Geographic Giant
405 Y   education
                                  Screen Film

                       Social-science migrating field station:
408 Y   land           monitoring the Human-Rangifer link by
                              following herd migration
                     Inuit Voices: Observations of Environmental
410 Y   education

                      Norwegian and Russian Arctic Resources:
411 Y   people           Prospects for Social and Economic

                       INTERPOLAR Transnational Art Science
417 Y   education

                    Pan-Arctic Lake Ice Cover Under Contemporary
423 Y   land
                            and Future Climate Conditions

430 Y   ocean              Pan-Arctic Tracking of Belugas

                      ARCTEC: A Cumulative Effects Toolbox for
431 Y   people
                       Northern Ecological and Social Systems

                    The Phoenix Mars Polar Lander and Antarctic
432 Y   land
                                 Analog Studies
                    Pressures and Impacts on the Health and Well-
                        being of Indigenous People of the Arctic:
433 Y   education
                       Invitational International Symposium and
                                 Symposium Publication

                        Culturally and Scientifically Significant
                      Materials Recovered from Melting Ice and
435 Y   people
                    Cryosols: Recovery, Research, Stabilization and
                                Community Education

                    Moved by the State: Perspectives on Relocation
436 Y   people
                     and Resettlement in the Circumpolar North

                        International Polar Year Arctic Nations
                     Exhibition and Activities including Symposia,
438 Y   education
                          Seminars, Workshops, Residencies,
                       Documentation and Event Coordination

                     Temporal and spatial distribution of mercury
                    and methylmercury source types, transfer and
439 Y   ocean        impact in the North American arctic and sub-
                       arctic food web using seabird eggs and

440 Y   education                     IPY Books

441 Y   education              Bringing the Poles to Life
                        The Use of Radionuclides and Other
443 Y   atmos        Contaminants as Tracers of Climate Change
                               Effects in the North.

                     Circumpolar Indigenous Youth Conservation
446 Y   education

                     People and wilderness resources in arctic. Is
                        local subsistence harvest and exclusive
448 Y   people
                    wilderness tourism a road to sustainable well-
                              being or a source of conflict

451 Y   education            Antarctic Touring Exhibition

                       Internationally coordinated studies on
452 Y   land         Antarctic environmental status, biodiversity
                                   and ecosystems

                               IPY POLAR GATEWAYS:
453 Y   education    IPY Education and Outreach Centres in Polar

                    Enhancing the Environmental Legacy of the IPY
454 Y   education
                                    in Antarctica
455 Y   education   IGLO (International action on GLObal warming).

                         Practical Applications for Sustainable
456 Y   people
                         Development in Arctic Communities

                       Ice Stories: Educational Resources for the
457 Y   education
                                 International Polar Year

459 Y   space         IceCube South Pole Neutrino Observatory

                     Cape Farewell’s youth, science and cultural
                     expeditions to the High Arctic in September
                    2007 will continue our work in Climate Change
460 Y   education
                    education and address the causes and physical
                     effect Climate Change is having on the High

461 Y   space         Landsat Image Mosaic of Antarctica (LIMA)

462 Y   people                  Arctic Social Indicators
                                                                      Avtivity leader   activity_leader_affi
           short_title                    Activity Leader fname
                                                                          sname                liation

      Dynamic Social Strategies          Hans Christian           Gulløv                The Danish National Museum

                                                                                        School of Environmental
                 SASSI                   Karen J.                 Heywood               Sciences, University of East

                                                                                        Arctic Centre, University of
               LASHIPA                   Louwrens                 Hacquebord

                                                                                        Centre d’études nordiques,
            Arctic WOLVES                Gilles                   Gauthier
                                                                                        Université Laval

Sea level and tidal science in the polar                                                Proudman Oceanographic
                                         Philip                   Woodworth
                oceans                                                                  Laboratory

                                                                                        International Study of Arctic
                iAOOS                    Jean Claude              Gascard
                                                                                        Change (ISAC)

        Hydro-sensor-FLOWS               Madeleine                GRISELIN              CNRS
                                                               GSC Northern Canada,
             NobleMet              Jiancheng   Zheng           Geological Survey of Canada,

              AICI-IPY             Eric        Wolff           British Antarctic Survey

USNPS. Understanding environmental
    change in national parks and                               National Park Service, Alaska
                                   Robert      Winfree
  protected areas of the Beringian                             Region

                                                               Alfred Wegener Institute for
    HERMES – the Nordic margin     Michael     Klages
                                                               Polar and Marine Research

                BIAC               Tor         Gammelsrød      University of Bergen

             PAN-AME               Stig        Falk-Petersen   Norwegian Polar Institute

                                                               Centre of History of Science
     History of the IPYs (HotIs)   Cornelia    Lüdecke         Mathematics and Technology,
                                                               University of Hamburg
                                                               Nansen Environmental and
             CARE/ASR                Ola M.      Johannessen
                                                               Remote Sensing Center

                                                               Dir., Alaska Quaternary
         Bering land bridge          Sarah       Fowell        Center, Univ. of Alaska

Representations of Sami in the Arctic
                                      Karin      Granqvist     Ph.D. Researcher
          and Subarctic

                                                               Norsk institutt for
            POLARCAT                 Andreas     Stohl
                                                               luftforskning (NILU)

ANTPAS - Antarctic Permafrost And
                                  Jim            Bockheim      University of Wisconsin

                                                               Alfred Wegener Institute f
         ClicOPEN EoI 193            Doris       Abele
                                                               Polar & Marine Res

                                                               Royal Netherlands Institute
          IPY-GEOTRACES              Hein J.W.   De Baar
                                                               for Sea Research
                                         Department of Geology,
WARMPAST      Morten      Hald
                                         University of Tromsoe

GLACIODYN     Johannes    Oerlemans      IMAU, Utrecht University

                                         C.N.R. - IIA, Monterotondo
OASIS - IPY   Harry       Beine
                                         Scalo (Roma)

                                         Stockholm University, Dept. of
   APEX       Martin      Jakobsson
                                         Geology and Geochemistry

                                         Université Pierre et Marie
DAMOCLES      Cecilie     Mauritzen

                                         Concordia Steering
CONCORDIA     Yves        Frenot

SALE-UNITED   Mahlon C.   Kennicutt II   Texas A&M University
                                                         Athabasca University -
        POLAR: WMT               Rory       McGreal
                                                         Canada's Open University

         MODIL-NAO               Winfried   Dallmann     Norwegian Polar Institute

             ISAC                Leif       Anderson     ISAC project office

                                                         World Data Center for
           IPY DIS               Mark       Parsons
                                                         Glaciology, Boulder

                                                         International Permafrost
             TSP                 Jerry      Brown

                                                         Arctic Institute of North
            IPYPD                Ross       Goodwin
                                                         America, University of Calgary

Southern Ocean Seismo/Acoustic                           Scripps Institution of
                                 John       Hildebrand
         Observatories                                   Oceanography
CAML - A Census of Antarctic Marine
                                    Michael   Stoddart    Administrator, CAML

    Antarctic Climate Evolution     Robert    Dunbar      Stanford University

                                                          Graduate School of Biosphere
              MERGE                 Takeshi   Naganuma
                                                          Science, Hiroshima University

    Solar Variability Linkages to
                                    Gary      Burns       Australian Antarctic Division
      Atmospheric Processes

              Kinnvika              Veijo     Pohjola     Uppsala University

                                                          Netherlands Institute of
           TARANTELLA               Ad        Huiskes     Ecology, Unit for Polar

                                                          Finnish Meteorological
           ICESTAR/IHY              Kirsti    Kauristie
                                                            Zoological Institute and
            SYSTCO                 Angelika    Brnadt       Museum, University of

Antarctica's Gamburtsev Province
                                   Detlef      Damaske      BGR
     (AGAP) --preliminary--

                                                            Ilisimatusarfik, University of
            ICASS VI               Birger      Poppel

UCAA (Upper-ocean characteristics                           National Centre for Antarctic
                                  Alvarinho    Luis
 between Africa and Antarctica)                             and Ocean Research

             PAME                  Gunnar      Bratbak      University of Bergen

          ARCDIV NET               Jon Børre   Ørbæk        Norwegian Polar Institute

                                                            Norwegian Institute for Air
           ATMOPOL                 Roland      Kallenborn
                                                               Alfred Wegener Institute for
         PLATES & GATES            Karsten     Gohl            Polar and Marine Research

Synchronized observations of PMCs
                                                               NASA Johnson Space Center,
  and aurora between the ISS and  Donald       Pettit
                                                               Houston, TX
           ground sites.

       “From Pole to Pole”         Roland      Kallenborn      University Center at Svalbard

Breeding and exhibiting polar marine                           Sea Fisheries Institute in
                                     Adam      Michalak
            organisms.                                         Gdynia

                                                               Alfred Wegener Institute for
            CRAC-ICE               Hartmut     Hellmer         Polar and Marine Research

                                                               Department of English,
             LICHEN                Lisa Lena   Opas-Hänninen
                                                               University of Oulu

                                                               Royal Belgian Institute of
          SCAR-MarBIN              Claude      De Broyer
                                                               Natural Sciences
         USGS-IPY               Patrick   Leahy          U.S. Geological Survey

           ASAID                Robert    Bindschadler   NASA

                                                         Alfred Wegener Institute for
         ACCO-Net               Paul      Overduin
                                                         Polar and Marine Research

                                                         European Space Agency,
           GIIPSY               Mark      Drinkwater     ESTEC; The Ohio State

         ICED–IPY               Eugene    Murphy         British Antarctic Survey

                                                         Institute of Protein
       ICEFISH-2007             Cinzia    Verde
                                                         Biochemistry, CNR, Naples

Arctic Sea Ice Properties and                            Cold Regions Research and
                                Don       Perovich
          Processes                                      Engineering Laboratory
Go Polar! Exploring and Connecting
                                   Douglas   Williams         University of South Carolina
             the Poles

                                                              Institute for Geophysics,
             ICECAP                Donald    Blankenship
                                                              University of Texas

                                                              Alfred Wegener Institute for
          ORACLE-O3                Peter     von der Gathen
                                                              Polar and Marine Research

        IPY Field Stations         Michael   Bravo            University of Cambridge

                                                              Hydrological Service, National
          Arctic-Hydra             Árni      Snorrason
                                                              Energy Authority

 Cryos - State of the Cryosphere   Jeffrey   Key              CLiC

                                                              NASA Jet Propulsion
             IPY-AP                Eric      Rignot
                                                                      International Study of Arctic
           iAOOS / SISI               Harry          Stern

                                                                      Friedrich-Schiller-University at
 WARS in Remote Ellsworth Land        Lothar         Viereck-Goette

        Antarctic Mission             Jean           Lemire           Glacialis Production

 Indigenous Knowledge Systems         Ray            Barnhardt        University of Alaska Fairbanks

Deep Permafrost Scientific Drilling   Scott          Dallimore        Geological Survey of Canada

         Climate Change               Gerd           Wendler          University of Alaska

          RSV-INTREPID                William John   McAuley          The Royal Society of Victoria
            IPICS-IPY               Edward          Brook             United States

The Greenland Ice Sheet –
                                    Dorthe          Dahl-Jensen       University of Copenhagen
 Stability, History and Evolution

            NORCLIM                 Simon           Troelstra         Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

                                                                      Norwegian Meteorological
          THORPEX-IPY               Thor Erik       Nordeng

                                                                      National Environmental
           ECOGREEN                 Torkel Gissel   Nielsen
                                                                      Research Institute

Glocalization –Language, Literature                                   Ilisimatusarfik University of
                                    Karen           SurnameLanggård
             and Media                                                Greenland

    Astronomy from the Poles                                          University of New South
                                    Michael         Burton
          (AstroPoles)                                                Wales
Antarctica & Greenland mass balance
                                    Guillaume      Ramillien   CNRS UMR5566 LEGOS
   by GRACE satellite gravimetry

     Bipolar Climate Machinery                                 Alfred Wegener Institute for
                                       Rainer      Gersonde
             (BIPOMAC)                                         Polar and Marine Research

Antarctic Marine Ecosystem Studies
                                   Svein           Iversen     Institute of Marine Research

                                                               ACE CRC and CSIRO Marine
                CASO                   Stephen     Rintoul
                                                               and Atmospheric Research

               CBMP                    Martin      Raillard    Environment Canada

                                                               National Environmental
                                                               Research Institute,
             BearHealth                Christian   Sonne
                                                               Department of Arctic

   Protection and preservation of                              President, International Polar
                                       Susan       Barr
  scientific bases in polar regions.                           Heritage Committee
                                                                 Institute of Protein
               EBA                 Guido           di Prisco
                                                                 Biochemistry, CNR, Naples

Cold Land Processes in the Northern                              University Corp. for
                                    Pavel          Groisman
               Hem                                               Atmospheric Research

   Greening of the Arctic (GOA)    Donald (Skip)   Walker        University of Alaska Fairbanks

                                                                 Georgia Institute of
              HIAA                 Judith          Curry

                                                                 Dept. of Civil &Env. Engr.,
         Antarctic Sea Ice         Stephen         Ackley        Clarkson University, Potsdam,

                                                                 Institute of Botany, Academy
          POLARPRODS               Josef           Elster        of Sciences of the Czech

AMAP HHAG Workshop / Conference Jay                Van Oostdam   Health Canada
          IAI             Andrew      McMinn            IASOS, University of Tasmania

                                                        Norwegian Institute for
      PPS Arctic          Annika      Hofgaard
                                                        Nature Research

     TASTE-IDEA           Heinz       Miller            Alfred Wegener Institute

        MEOP              Kit M.      Kovacs            Norwegian Polar Institute

        ESSAR             Kenneth     Drinkwater        Institute of Marine Research

                                                        Program Manager: Geomatics
                                                        for Northern
Geomatics for the North   Jolicoeur   Paul              DevelopmentNatural
                                                        Ressources Canada,
                                                        Government of Canada

                                                        CICERO - Center for
                                                        International Climate and
       CAVIAR             Grete       Hovelsrud-Broda
                                                        Environmental Research -
 Polar Marine Ecosystems Changes                             Head of Science Programme,
                                       Adolf    Kellermann
               PMEC                                          ICES

                                                             Dickey Institute of Arctic
 Arctic Change: An Interdisciplinary
                                       Ross     Virginia     Studies, Dartmouth College,
                                                             Hanover, NH

 “CARMA” – CircumArctic Rangifer
                                  Don           Russell      Environment Canada
Monitoring and Assessment Network

                                                             Harvard University, School of
                                                             Dental Medicine
     Studies of Narwhal Teeth.         Martin   Nweeia
                                                             Smithsonian Institution,
                                                             Marine Mammal Program

                                                             Arctic Studies Center,
                SIKU                   Igor     Krupnik
                                                             Smithsonian Institution

                                                             Arctic Investigations Program,
               AHHI                    Alan     Parkinson    Centers for Disease Control
                                                             and Prevention,

                                                             IPY Youth Steering Committee
              IPY YSC                  Amber    Church
                                                             (Canada and International)
     NORLAKES 4 Future          Kirsten Seestern   Christoffersen   University of Copenhagen

                                                                    Department of Envionment
            Aliens              Dana               Bergstrom        and Heritage, Australian
                                                                    Antarctic Divison

                                                                    Institute of Atmospheric
       POLAR-AOD-IPY            Claudio            Tomasi           Sciences and Climate (ISAC-
                                                                    CNR), Bologna

                                                                    Arctic Centre, University of
        BIRDHEALTH              Maarten            Loonen

                                                                    Woods Hole Oceanographic
   Arctic Vents Expeditions     Robert             Reves-Sohn

COntaminants in POLar regions
                                Nico               van den Brink    Alterra Wageningen UR

         Polar Atlas            D.R. Fraser        Taylor           Carleton University
                                                    Universities Space Research
 IPY and ESSE 21      Martin    Ruzek

   AC Squared         David     Bromwich            The Ohio State University

 Arctic Resiliency    Karla     Jessen Williamson   Inuit Tapiariit Kanatami

     POLENET          Terry     Wilson              Ohio State University

Country food safety   Manon     Simard              Makivik Corporation

      ELOKA           Shari     Gearheard           NOAA/Harvard

       ITEX           Gregory   Henry               University of British Columbia
The University of the Arctic and IPY Elena        Sparrow        University of Alaska Fairbanks

                                                                 International Polar
               6CI                  Nighat F.D.   Johnson-Amin

                                                                 U.S. National Oceanic and
              IASOA                 Taneil        Uttal
                                                                 Atmospheric Administration

Northern Material Culture, Then and                              Ukpeagvik Inupiat Corp.
                                    Anne          Jensen
          Now (NORMA)                                            Science Division

                                                                 National Water Research
 Freshwater Biodiversity Network    Fred          Wrona
                                                                 Institute, Environment Canada

          Protecting TK             Tania         Bubela         University of Alberta

                                                                 Film maker, photographer,
        Remote Sensibility          Marten        Berkman
                                                             NORS - North Atlantic
Global Change - Social Challenges   Rasmus Ole   Rasmussen   Regional Studies, Roskilde

                                                             Abisko Scientific Research
           ENVISNAR                 Terry        Callaghan   Station, Royal Swedish
                                                             Academy of Sciences

                                                             Abisko Scientific Research
              BTF                   Terry        Callaghan   Station, Royal Swedish
                                                             Academy of Sciences

                                                             SPARC International Project
           SPARC-IPY                Norman       McFarlane
                                                             Office, University of Toronto

The Political Economy of Northern                            Dept. of History, International
                                    Gorm         Winther
           Development                                       Studies and Social Relations

      Antarctic Anthology           Rachel       Hazell      n/a

            ABACUS                  Mathew       Williams    University of Edinburgh
                                                               Aleut International
              BSSN                   Victoria   Gofman

                                                               Aleut International
             AICEMI                  Victoria   Gofman

                                                               Institut Pluridisciplinaire
Circumpolar Population Monitoring Yvon          Le Maho
                                                               Hubert Curien

            ANDRILL                  Gary       Wilson         University of Otago

          Wildlife stress            Chris      Metcalfe       Trent University

 Amundsen Sea Embayment Plan         Robert     Bindschadler   NASA

Conservation Hunting in the Arctic   Milton     Freeman        University of Alberta
                                                           Institute of Geography,
                                                           Russian Academy of Sciences,
            RASCHER                Sergey     Goryachkin   co-chair of the Cryosol
                                                           Working Group at IPA and

                                                           Institute of Geography,
            REMOSUR                Vladimir   Kotlyakov
                                                           Russian Academy of Sciences

                                                           Arctic and Antarctic Research
            COMPASS                Victor     Lagun

 Polar Disturbance and Ecosystem
                                   Stuart     Chapin       University of Alaska Fairbanks

              ICOL                 Andrey     Velichko     Institute of Geography

                                                           Polar Sea Adventures - Pond
          ABC 72* North            Dave       Reid
                                                           Inlet - Nunavut

Complex monitoring and elaboration                         Arctic and Antarctic Research
                                   Alexey     Tomilin
       of IAS on Polar PAS                                 Institute
                                                         Institute of Ethnology and
      Northern Genealogies         Dmitry   Funk
                                                         Anthropology, RAS

             ASTAPA                Ronald   O'Dor        Dalhousie University

                                                         The Royal Canadian
              IPYEX                Louise   Maffett
                                                         Geographical Society

                                                         Arctic Institute of North
           Pop Scholar             Dawn     Johnston

                                                         Scott Polar Research Institute,
IPY Museum and Virtual Exhibitions Julian   Dowdeswell
                                                         University of Cambridge

      Arctic Energy Summit         Ben      Ellis        Institute of the North

            ABC Net                James    Reist        Fisheries and Oceans Canada
                                                                    Instituto Antártico Argentino,
         DRAKE BIOSEAS              VIVIANA ANDREA   ALDER          CONICET, Universidad de
                                                                    Buenos Aires

                                                                    Royal Swedish Academy of
             COMAAR                 Terry            Callaghan      Sciences, Abisko Scientific
                                                                    Research Station

  GAPS (Gas, Arctic Peoples, and
                                    Gunhild          Hoogensen      University of Tromsø

                                                                    Polar Research Institute of
              PANDA                 Zhanhai          Zhang

                                                                    Commission for the
  TEMPORE (Tectonic Map of the
                                    Jean-Paul        Cadet          Geological Map of the World
     Earth's Polar Regions)
                                                                    (CGMW), President

           TUNU-MAFIG               Jørgen S.        Christiansen   University of Tromsø, NFH-IAB

A multitracer approach to study heat
                                     Bruno           Tremblay       McGill University
   and salt fluxes through sea ice
 Arctic marine biodiversity and
                                     Terry    Dick         University of Manitoba
 ecosystem research (AMBER)

                                                           Atmospheric Science and
                                                           Technology Directorate,
            INCATPA                  Hayley   Hung
                                                           Science and Technology
                                                           Branch, Environment Canada

                                                           CIRES- University of Colorado-
              ICEE                   Mark     McCaffrey

                                                           McGill University and
              CARP                   Wayne    Pollard      Canadian Committee for
                                                           Antarctic Research

                                                           Ice Legacy – Memoire des
Search for the Franklin expedition   Louie    Kamoukak

             ArcOD                   Rolf     Gradinger    University of Alaska Fairbanks

                                                           NASA Goddard Space Flight
       Snowflake Network             peter    wasilewski
                                                  Dept. Cultural Anthropology &
         CLUE             Hugh       Beach

      AQ-NWP100           Linda      Mackey       Co-Founder, Arctic Quest

                                                  EOS, University of New
       MARGINS            Mark       Fahnestock   Hampshire, Durham, New

                                                  SCAR SSG-Life Sciences:
   TTAAPP-IPY 2007-8      Jeff       Ayton        Expert Group Human Biology
                                                  and Medicine

                                                  University of California, Santa

                                                  Director, Students on Ice /
        SOI-IPY           Geoffrey   Green        Member of Canadian IPY

                                                  Norwegian School of
                                                  Veterinary Science, Section of
     ARCTWILDMED          Angela     Westphal
                                                  Arctic Veterinary Medicine,
   ECONOR         Bjart    Holtsmark     Statistics Norway

                                         Arctic and Antarctic Research
    SCSCS         Sergey   Pryamikov
                                         Institute of Roshydromet

NICE-STREAMS      Angelo   Camerlenghi   University of Barcelona

  Polar View      Andrew   Fleming       C-CORE

    CAPP          Peter    Kuhry         Stockholm University

 IA Indigenous    Liv      Østmo         Sámi University College

                                         Nansen Environmental and
IPY Arctic GOOS   OLa M    Johannessen   Remote Sensing Center/Mohn
                                         Sverdrup Center
                                                            University of Northern British
  Arctic Food Surviellance System    Laurie    Chan

       STELLA ANTARCTICA             Eric      Fossat       LUAN, Nice University

                                                            Ilisimatusarfik, University of
           SLiCA - RAAS              Birger    Poppel

          ARCTIC PORTAL              Halldor   Johannsson   ICEPORT GROUP

                                                            Yukon Fish and Wildlife
   Yukon IPY Community Liaison       Jocylyn   McDowell
                                                            Management Board

                                                            Stuttgart University, Biological
             B-CILCAS                Michael   Nickel

Building the next generation of polar
    scientists in Nunavut and the     Serena   Rae          Northern Youth Abroad
        Northwest Territories
Indigenous Forum on Monitoring                                   Nunavut Tunngavik
                                 Philippe         Lavallée
             (IFM)                                               Incorporated

                                                                 Regional Math/ Science
         IPY @ GVSU              Karen            Meyers
                                                                 Center at GVSU

 Reindeer herdring and climate
                                 Ole Henrik       Magga          Saami University College
       change (EALAT)

                                                                 Arctic Centre, University of
           ANTLER                Florian          Stammler
                                                                 Lapland, Rovaniemi

                                                                 Norwegian Institute for Air
           IntSchool             Eldbjørg Sofie   Heimstad
                                                                 Research, NILU

                                                                 National Geographic Giant
        Metldown 3D              Lisa             Truitt
                                                                 Screen Films

                                                                 Max Planck Institute for Social
           NOMAD                 Yulian           Konstantinov
                                                                 National Snow and Ice Data
           Inuit Voices           Betsy        Sheffield
                                                                 Center, University of Colorado

              ARD                 Willy        Ostreng           Ocean Futures AS

                                                                 Institute for Contemporary
             I-TASC               Thomas       Mulcaire
                                                                 Art, Cape Town

    Pan-Arctic Lake Ice Cover     Claude       Duguay            University of Waterloo

                                                                 Greenland Institute of Natural
             PATOB                Mads Peter   Heide-Jørgensen

 ARCTEC (Arctic Cumulative effect                                University of
                                   Fiona       Schmiegelow
Tools for Ecology and Communities)                               Alberta/Environment Canada

            PHOENIX               Peter        Smith             University of Arizona
International Symposium on the
   Health/Wellbeing of Arctic     Andrew    Gilman       University of Ottawa
       Indigenous People

                                                         Champagne and Aishihik First
         Heritage in Ice          Sheila    Greer

             MOVE                 Peter     Schweitzer   University of Alaska Fairbanks

                                                         University of Alaska Fairbanks
    Arctic Nations Exhibitiion    Jean      Carlo
                                                         Art Departmnent

                                                         National Institute of
                                  Paul R.   Becker       Standards and Technology

           IPY Books              Joan      Eamer        UNEP/GRID-Arendal

                                                         Youth Science Foundation
               BPL                Laura     William
                                                             Radiation Protection Bureau,
             RadTrace                BLISS      TRACY
                                                             Health Canada

               CIYCP                 Jeanne     Pagnan       Twin Dolphins

                                                             Swedish University of
   People, wilderness and tourism    Tomas      Willebrand
                                                             Agricultural Sciences

                                                             Natural History Museum
    Antarctic Touring Exhibition     Gordon     Rankmore

EBESA (Environmental, Biological, and                        Dept. of Environmental
                                      Roberto   Bargagli
   Ecological Studies in Antarctica)                         Biology, University of Siena

         POLAR GATEWAYS              Raul       Podetti      Centro beagle

                                                             Antarctic Southern Ocean
       Environmental Legacy          Tina       Tin
                                                             Coalition (ASOC)
               IGLO                  Walter    Staveloz        ASTC

              PASDAC                 Jackie    Bourgeois       Government of Nunavut

             Ice Stories             Mary      Miller          Exploratorium

              IceCube                Francis   Halzen          University of Wisconsin

Cape Farewell, the science, education
                                      David    Buckland        Cape farewell
    & culture of climate change

Landsat Image Mosaic of Antarctica
                                   Robert      Bindschadler    NASA

                ASI                  Joan      Nymand Larsen   Stefansson Arctic Institute
                  lead_organisation1               lead_organisation2                 lead_organisation3

Denmark           NULL                           NULL                               NULL

                                                 CLIVAR/CliC/SCAR Southern
UK                iAnZone                                                           NULL
                                                 Ocean Implementation Panel

                                                 The International Committee on
                  International Polar Heritage                                      International Arctic Science
The Netherlands                                  the Conservation of the Industrial
                  Committee (IPHC) of ICOMOS                                        Committee (IASC)
                                                 Heritage (TICCIH)

Canada            NULL                           NULL                               NULL

                                                                                    International programmes (e.g.
UK                Oceanographic Commission       Scientific Unions (IAPSO, IAG)
                                                                                    CLIVAR, SEARCH)
                  (GLOSS, GOOS)

                  Arctic Ocean Sciences Board    WCRP's Climate and Cryosphere
Sweden                                                                         NULL
                  (AOSB)                         (CliC)

                                                 Group of Cryokarst and glacier
                                                                                    Group Remote sensing of polar
France            CNRS , France                  caves in polar region and high
                                                 mountain (USI)
Canada    NULL                            NULL                           NULL

UK        IGAC (IGBP)                     NULL                           NULL

USA       NULL                            NULL                           NULL

          Alfred Wegener Institute for
                                          National Oceanography Centre
Germany   Polar and Marine Research                                      Ifremer, France
                                          Southampton (NOCS), UK
          (AWI), Germany

          Scientific Comm. on Antarctic   Climate Variability and
Norway                                                                   Climate and Cryosphere (CLiC)
          Research. (SCAR)                Predictability (CLIVAR)

Norway    NULL                            NULL                           NULL

Germany   NULL                            NULL                           NULL
Norway            NULL                         NULL                             NULL

                  Nansen Arctic Drilling
USA                                            NULL                             NULL

Sweden            NULL                         NULL                             NULL

                  IGAC (International Global   SPARC (signalled that
Norway                                                                          NULL
                  Atmospheric Chemistry)       endorsement is likely)

                  International Permafrost     Scientific Committee on Antarctic
USA                                                                              NULL
                  Association (IPA)            Research (SCAR)

Germany           NULL                         NULL                             NULL

                  GEOTRACES Core Program of
The Netherlands                                SCAR                             SCOR
Norway           NULL                           NULL    NULL

                 IASC Working Group on Arctic
Netherlands                                     NULL    NULL

Italy            IGAC                           SOLAS   AMAP

Sweden           NULL                           NULL    NULL

                 The European Commission 6th
France                                       NULL       NULL
                 Framework Program

France - Italy   NULL                           NULL    NULL

USA              Not applicable                 NULL    NULL
Canada      University of the Arctic     NULL                            NULL

Norway      NULL                         NULL                            NULL

            Arctic Ocean Science Board   International Arctic Science
Sweden                                                                   NULL
            (AOSB)                       Committee (IASC)

USA         CODATA                       JCADM                           WCRP CliC (IGOS)

            International Permafrost
Norway/US                                NULL                            NULL

            World Data Center for
Canada                                   NULL                            NULL
            Glaciology, Boulder

            Scripps Institution of
USA                                      Australian Antarctic Division   Alfred Wegener Institute
Australia         SCAR                         COMNAP           CCAMLR

                  SCAR (Scientific Committee on
USA                                             NULL            NULL
                  Antarctic Research

Japan             NULL                         NULL             NULL

Australia         NULL                         NULL             NULL

Sweden            NULL                         NULL             NULL

The Netherlands   RiSCC programme SCAR         ITEX programme   NULL

                  Scientific Committee on
Finland                                        NULL             NULL
                  Antarctic Research
Germany     Census of Marine Life (CoML)   OBIS                            SCAR (-EBA; -MarBIN)

Germany     NULL                           NULL                            NULL

            International Arctic Social
            Sciences Association, IASSA,
Greenland                                  NULL                            NULL
            located at Ilisimatusarfik
            (University of Greenland)

India       CLIVAR                         WOCE                            SCAR

Norway      NULL                           NULL                            NULL

Norway      NULL                           NULL                            NULL

            Arctic Monitoring and          Scientific Committee for
Norway      Assessment ProgrammeOslo,      Antarctic Research (SCAR), SPRI, NULL
            NORWAY                         UK
Germany   NULL                    NULL   NULL

USA       NASA                    NULL   NULL

          Arctic Monitoring and
Norway    Assessment Programme    NULL   NULL
          (AMAP), Oslo, Norway

Poland    NULL                    NULL   NULL

Germany   NULL                    NULL   NULL

Finland   NULL                    NULL   NULL

Belgium   SCAR                    OBIS   ULB, RBINS
United States      SCAR                           IGBP                    IGBP

USA                NULL                           NULL                    NULL

Germany            IASC                           IPA                     IGBP/IHDP-LOICZ

                                                  Coordination with AGU   Coordination withESA, DLR, NASA,
Netherlands, USA   Coordination with IGOS- CRYO
                                                  Cryospheric FG          Canadian Space Agency

UK                 See Section 2.1                NULL                    NULL

Italy              NULL                           NULL                    NULL

United States      NULL                           NULL                    NULL
USA              NULL                             NULL                           NULL

                 SCAR Scientific Programme on
USA              Antarctic Climate Evolution  NULL                               NULL

Germany          NULL                             NULL                           NULL

                                                  Arctic Centre, University of
United Kingdom   Scott Polar Research Institute                                  Smithsonian Institution

                 WMO Hydrology and Water
Iceland                                           WMO Commission on Hydrology WCRP/CliC

                 WCRP Climate and Cryosphere
USA                                          NULL                                NULL
                 Project (CliC)

USA              NULL                             NULL                           NULL
Sweden      AOSB                             WCRP / CliC                    NULL

Germany     ?                                NULL                           NULL

                                                                            UBC (University of British
            ISMER (Institut des Sciences de
Canada                                      Instituto Antartico Argentino   Columbia) in collaboration with
            la Mer de Rimouski)

U.S.        University of Alaska Fairbanks   NULL                           NULL

            International Continental        International Permafrost
Canada                                                                      NULL
            Drilling Program                 Association

USA         NULL                             NULL                           NULL

Australia   The Royal Society of Victoria    NULL                           NULL
                  PAGES (Link with PAGES is still SCAR (Link with SCAR is still
United States                                                                     NULL
                  under discussion).              under discussion).

Denmark           NULL                             NULL                           NULL

The Netherlands

Norway            WMO WWRP/THORPEX


Greenland         Universities



Norway      CCAMLR                            IWC                            SCAR GEB

Australia   CLIVAR                            CliC                           SCAR

            Conservation of Arctic Flora      United Nations Environment
Canada      and Fauna (Arctic Council         Programme World Conservation
            working group)                    Monitoring Centre

            National Environmental
Denmark     Research Institute, Department
            of Arctic Environment

            The IPHC is the international
            organisation that will promote
            and organise the proposed
            activity withe support from the
            Barrow Arctic Science
                 SCAR, OBIS, ANDEEP-SYSTCO,
Italy            CoML, MarBIN, CCAMLR

                 Northern Eurasia Earth Science International Permafrost   WCRP Climate and Cryosphere
                 Partnership Initiative         Association                Project

                 Conservation of Arctic Flora
                 and Fauna (CAFF)

USA              GEWEX                          NEESPI

USA              SCAR                           WCRP (CLIC)

Czech Republic

                 Arctic Monitoring and
Canada           Assessment Program, Oslo,
Australia   University of Tasmania

Norway      IASC

Germany     AGCS                            ITASE                          SALE

            Relevant to CCAMLR, ACIA,
            ICES, IUCN

            Ecosystem of Sub-Arctic Seas
Norway      (ESSAS)-Regional Program of

            ISPRS, International Society for
                                             Expected (To be confirmed):   Expected(To be confirmed):: ISO
Canada      Photogrammetry and Remote
                                             OGC, Open GIS Consortium      TC211

          International Council for the
          Exploration of the Sea (ICES)


          Institute of Arctic Biology /
Canada                                     UNEP – GRID Arendal, Norway
          University of Alaska Fairbanks

                                           National Institute of Standards   Smithsonian Institution, Marine
          Harvard School of Dental
USA                                        and Technology,Paffenbarger       Mammal Program and the Arctic
                                           Research Center                   Studies Center


                                                                             Arctic Investigations Program,
                                           International Union for
USA       Arctic Council                                                     Centers for Disease Control and
                                           Circumpolar Health


                  Department of Envionment        Centre for Excellence in Invasion
Australia         and Heritage, Australian        Biology, University of            British Antarctic Survey, UK
                  Antarctic Divison, Australia    Stellenbosch, South Africa


The Netherlands   Endorsed by CAFF

                  Woods Hole Oceanographic                                          National Institute of Polar
USA                                               University of Bergen, Norway
                  Insitution, USA                                                   Research, Japan

Netherlands       AMAP                            SCAR

                  World Data Centre for
Canada            Glaciology, Boulder (proposal

USA      SCAR                           CLIVAR                           WCRP

Canada   Inuit Circumpolar Conference



                                        Inuit Circumpolar Conference -
USA      World Data Center (WDC) - US                                    UNEP/GRID-Arendal, Norway

                The University of the Arctic
United States

                                                 Scientific Committee on Antarctic
Belgium         International Polar Foundation                                     International Antarctic Institute

United States


                Circumpolar Biodiversity         Conservation of Arctic Flora and
Canada          Monitoring Programme             Fauna (CCAF working group of
                (CBMP)                           the Arctic Council)

Canada          N/A

                Canadian Parks and Wilderness
                Society - Yukon Chapter
           Nors - North Atlantic Regional                                    Center for Rural Research,
                                            Department of Geography,
Denmark    Studies, Roskilde University,                                     Norwegian University of Science
                                            University of Iceland, Iceland
           Denmark                                                           and Technology, Norway

           SCANNET (SCANdinavian/North CEON (Circum Arctic
Sweden     European NETwork of         Environmental Observatories
           terrestrial field bases     Network)

           SCANNET (SCANdinavian/North CEON (Circum Arctic
Sweden     European NETwork of         Environmental Observatories
           terrestrial field bases     Network)

           World Climate Research
           Programme (WCRP)
Canada     Stratospheric Processes and
           Their Role in Climate (SPARC)



                                                Conservation of Artic Flora and
                Aleut International Association                                   Inuit Circumpolar Conference
United States                                   Fauna working group of the
                (AIA, US/Russia)                                                  (Alaska, Chukotka)
                                                Arctic Council (CAFF)

                Indigenous Peoples’s
U.S.                                             UNEP-GRID
                Secretariat of the Artic Council

France          CAML

New Zealand



                                                CIC-International Council for
Canada          IUCN-RSUSG-North America
                                                Game & Wildlife Management
         Cryosol Working Group - CWG International Permafrost               and International Union of Soil
         at                          Association                            Sciences


Russia   SCAR                            WCRP                               WMO


         International Quaternary
Russia                                   International Geographical Union
         Association (INQUA)


         International Union for
         Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

Canada   CoML (POST, FMAP)           IOC (GOOS)


         Arctic Institute of North



         Circumpolar Biodiversity    Conservation of Arctic Flora and
                                                                        International Society of Arctic Char
Canada   Monitoring Programme        Fauna (CAFF working group of
         (CBMP)                      Arctic Council)

Sweden      Arctic Council


China       CLIVAR Southern ocean Panel   ACE/SCAR   CliC



Canada      McGill University
Canada   ArcOD

Canada   AMAP                            CEC

         International Polar Foundation                                    International Antarctic Institute
USA                                     University of the Arctic (UArctic)
         (IPF)                                                             (IAI)

Canada   na

Canada   McGill University               Parks, Canada                      Montreal, Canada

                                         Ocean Biogeographic Information
USA      Census of Marine Life (CoML)
                                         System (OBIS)

                Dept. of Cultural Anthropology Russian Association of the      Dept. of Northern and Siberian
Sweden          & Ethnology, Uppsala           Indigenous Peoples of the North Peoples, Institute of Ethnology
                University                     (RAIPON), Russia                and Anthropology, RAS

Canada          Arctic Quest


                                               Further discussions pending with
                SCAR SSG-Life Sciences: Expert a number of international
Australia       Group Human Biology and        organizations such as IUCH,
                Medicine                       IUPsyS, International Society of
                                               Behavioural Medicine

                                                                               Convention for the Conservation
                Scientific Committee on        Council of Managers of National
United States                                                                  of Antarctic marine Living
                Antarctic research (SCAR)      Antarctic Programs (COMNAP)
                                                                               Resources (CCAMLR)



Russia   Svalbard Science Forum          WMO

Spain    University of Barcelona

                                                                        WMO/IOC Joint Technical
                                                                        Commission for Oceanography
         C-CORE, Canada; FIMR, Finland;
Canada                                  British Antarctic Survey, UK;   and Marine Meteorology - Expert
         Met.No, Norway
                                                                        Team on Sea Ice (JCOMM - ETSI),

Sweden   IPA

Norway   Sámi University College

Norway   EuroGOOS
Canada      Inuit Circumpolar Conference   Arctic Athabaskan Council (AAC)


Greenland   Arctic Council

            The ARCTIC COUNCIL;                                              COUNCIL OF YUKON FIRST
                                           UNEP/GRID-ARENDAL; UNIV OF
Iceland     UNIVERSITY of AKUREYRI,                                          NATIONS; WORLD CONSERV
                                           THE ARCTIC
            ICELAND;                                                         MONITORING CTR

Canada      Yukon River Panel              Ducks Unlimited


Canada    Inuit Circumpolar Conference


          Saami University               International Centre for Reindeer Association of World Reindeer
          College/Nordic Saami Institute Husbandry                         Herders (WRH)

Finland   ---


          This is a U.S.-based National field work in 3 locations and
USA       Geographic media project that show the impacts of climate       15 locations around the world.
          will cover                    change in more than

Germany   --

Norway               NA

                                                        Igloolik Isuma Productions,   V2 Institute for Unstable Media,
South Africa         Projekt Atol Institute, Slovenia
                                                        Nunavut                       Netherlands



Canada               N/A

USA                  NASA
         Coperating international
         organization: The Arctic
         Monitoring and Assessment
         Program of the Arctic Council



         University of Alaska Fairbanks
                                          Alaska State Museum, Arctic
         Art Department, University of
USA                                       Studies Center, SI, Native Art
         Alaska Museum, Anchorage
                                          Center Alumni, UAF Alumni,
         Museum of History and Art,

         AMAP (Arctic Monitoring and      CAFF (Conservation of Arctic
         Assessment Programme)            Flora and Fauna)

         United Nations Environment
                                          IPY International Programme
Norway   Programme (including GRID-
         Arendal and WCMC)

Canada   n/a

            CBD, CITES, CMS, Ramsar,   (see Consortium Members for
            WHC, AAC                   contact details)




Argentina   Centro Beagle              UNIS, Svalbard, Norway

France      ASOC
          ASTC Association of Science
          Technology Centers Inc.


USA       WMO


UK        Cape Farewell





Society for Industrial Archaeology


National and international space
centres (NASA, ESA)





Department of Geology, University
of Tromsø, Norway

World Climate Research Program








SCAR/SCOR Expert Group


SCOR (in process of application)































Coordination with WCRP-CliC,






Ukpeagvik Inupiat Corporation

WMO Commission on Basic









Global Water System Project

Expected(To be confirmed):: ICA,
International Cartographic
Fisheries and Oceans Canada,
Arctic Research Division

Fogarty International Center,
National institutes for Health
Netherlands Institute of Ecology,

University of Bremen, Germany
Department of Sociology,
University of New Hampshire,
World Data Center for Glaciology

Ottawa, Canada
University of Alaska, Juneau, USA
(and others)

United Nationa Convention on the
Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

International Human Dimensions
Programme (IHDP)
Norwegian School of Veterinary
Science and University of Tromsø
Srishti School of Art, Design and
Technology, Bangalore, India
The present project is designed to bring together a wide range of scholars, students, institutions, and approaches
to study the key-concepts of movement, communication and strategies among arctic peoples. Recent advances
in ethnography, anthropology, history, archaeology and natural sciences such as quaternary zoology, palaeo-
ecology and palaeo-climatology have drastically altered our perception of the history of the Arctic. These
advances have demonstrated that Arctic peoples possess rich, interconnected and complex histories, which
demand full reconstruction in order to understand the development of present-day societies in the Arctic.The
project intends to link these advances with one another and to bring about an internationally oriented
comparative research program to develop a new and more integrated understanding of Arctic cultural
history.Movement is regarded undertaken circumpolarly and will radiate outwards across the Antarctic
Short synoptic transects will beas an important concept for both describing changes in human societies, and for
continental shelf and slope. Transects will incorporate insofar as possible:* Closely-spaced full depth CTD/ADCP
stations plus profiles of PAR irradiance, bio-optical properties and fluorescence (EoI 9, 57, 310, 573, 585, 596,
635, 911).* Collection throughout the water column at stations of water samples for tracer, chemical and
biological analyses including oxygen isotopes, carbon parameters, inorganic and organic nutrients and trace
gases, and for biomass on deck incubation experiments to evaluate auto and heterotrophic activities (EoI 9, 573,
585, 596, 635, 911).* Deployment of moored instruments along each transect to measure temperature, salinity,
current velocities, sedimentary fluxes and sea level for at least one year (EoI 9, 57, 310, 573, 585, 596, 635).*
Deployment on the shelf of autonomous water samplers to collect weekly samples for tracer analyses (EoI 9).*
The exploitation of natural resources in polar areas is an instructive example of the way man is exploiting the
natural resources in the world. The voyages of discovery in the second half of the 16th century and later, during
the so called Heroic Century of Polar Exploration (1870-1920), including the first International Polar Year (1882-
1883), made it possible for the western colonial powers to penetrate into the polar areas. The voyages of
discovery not only led to the exploitation of natural resources but also to scientific research. In both cases,
stations were built to facilitate the work and to lodge the people. According to Friedmann’s core/periphery
concept (1966) the polar areas can be called Resource Frontier Regions because they produce raw material for
the industrial centres in the world core areas (Sugden 1982). Whaling, fur is strong and miningbeing produced raw
Arctic ecosystems are being strongly affected by global change and there hunting interest in have able to
predict ecosystem responses to disturbance and for developing viable strategies for conserving biodiversity and
managing the consequences of climate changes. Several international initiatives have been implemented to
monitor and study the response to global warming of some tundra ecosystem components such as plants or
permafrost. However, similar internationally-coordinated efforts for research on arctic food webs focusing on
wildlife species (i.e. birds and mammals) are lacking. Yet, arctic food webs throughout the circumpolar world
generally contain few species and are often dominated by the same groups of species, and so lend themselves
well as systems suitable for comparative research. Our project will focus on key species of herbivores (e.g.
geese, lemmings, andsea level along polar coastlines presents and predators (e.g. foxes, snowy owls, falcons,
The measurement of muskox), insectivores (e.g. shorebirds), great technical challenges for the Global Sea Level
Observing System (GLOSS) of the WMO/IOC Joint Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine
Meteorology (JCOMM). The need for measurements in these data sparse regions has been clearly made in the
scientific literature. For example, in oceanography, Arctic sea level data presently available suggest a common-
mode of variability which provides insights in the quasi-resonant dynamics of the Arctic Ocean. Arctic sea level
data are of particular interest within water balance studies concerning the freshening of the Arctic Ocean and its
relationship to the Arctic Oscillation. Antarctic sea level changes have also been found to demonstrate
considerable coherence related to the Southern Annular Mode and transports in the Antarctic Circumpolar
Current. The need for measurements for climate studies by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has
<a href="http://www.ipy.org/development/eoi/AOSB-CLIC%20short%20plan%20v4.pdf">iAOOS Science

It is recognized that understanding and forecasting the physical state of our planet requires a system of systems;
continual monitoring must operate in parallel with state-of-the-art modelling to provide the most accurate
description and initiate the best possible forecasts. Maintaining monitoring systems is expensive, and requires
international cooperation. Therefore, the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), co-sponsored by the World
Meteorological Organization (WMO), the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, the
United Nations Environment (LovenFLOWS presented by International Council for Science (ICSU), was
This activity joints EoI n° 535 Programme (UNEP) and the M. Griselin, France and EoI n° 233 (SUGLANET,
presented by A. Eraso, Spain). The two teams worked together for a long time concerning Svalbard Hydrology
and are linked by a convention between CNRS (French Scientific Research Center) and IPEV (French Polar
Institute). The objective of this clustering project is to investigate the hydrology of polar and subpolar glacier
basins. It is known that discharge of temperate glaciers (1–1.2 m3.s-1 km-2) is bigger than that coming from
subpolar glaciers (0.2–0.3 m3.s-1 km-2), but also it is true that extension of subpolar glaciers (ca.750,000 km2) is
10 times bigger than that of temperate glaciers (ca.70,000 km2). By considering these data, the discharge of
subpolar glaciers due to the global warming may be as important as those coming from temperate glaciers.
However, the hydrological response of subpolar glaciers to atmospheric inputs is not well-know and may be
Due to modern industrial development, noble metals (platinum group elements-PGEs in short, such as Pt and Pd)
are being used in a much broader field in recent decades. Over 20% of the goods produced in the West involve
the use of PGEs somewhere in their manufacturing processes and Pt and Pd are the most widely used ones.
Especially with automobile industry, noble metals and their compounds have been widely used as catalysts in
automobile catalytic pollution control devices. Though those pollutants are mainly local, they are also
transported to remote Arctic regions. What are the trends for those metals at present? How different comparing
the current situation with the one in pre-industrial time period? Because one of the common characteristics for
noble metals is reducing activation energy at reaction centres during chemical reactions and this characteristic
could holdatmosphere is often considered increasing worldwide pollution of PGEs may a strong dynamicaffects
The polar true for biochemical reactions, both pristine and simple. However, there is potentially exert between
the lower atmosphere and ice surfaces. Over the polar plateau, production in the snowpack controls the
chemistry of the lower atmosphere. Halogen chemistry over the sea ice zone depletes boundary layer ozone, and
causes mercury deposition. Persistent organic compounds undergo a distillation which leads to their deposition
in polar regions. Biochemical processes in open leads play a major role in formation of cloud condensation (CCN)
and ice forming nuclei (IFN), and through cloud formation this process may play a vital role in ice-albedo climate
The IGBP projects, IGAC and SOLAS, have jointly endorsed a task, “Air-Ice Chemical Interactions”, to determine
the importance ofPark Service (NPS)and assess a series of would alterresearch, monitoring, education and
The U.S. National these processes, proposes how they integrated with a warming climate and shrinking
outreach projects designed to better understand and communicate change in Arctic environments in Alaska
(United States) and adjacent areas of Chukotka (Russia) and the Yukon Territory (Canada). Proposed projects
within this effort include the following:

Implement the “Vital Sign” Monitoring Program for Arctic (ARCN) and Central Alaska (CAKN) Networks. These
new programs, based on conceptual models and long term monitoring objectives now in development, will
implement monitoring of a broad suite of biological, chemical and physical indicators on 40.6 million acres of
NPS lands andis an essential component ofnationalfunded project HERMES, an integrated project aiming at
This proposal waters in and around eight the EU park units in Alaska. Implement baseline archaeological
research on ecosystems lying in the deeper ocean section. We propose a POLARSTERN research expedition
covering several types of Arctic margin habitats. The project HERMES is designed to gain new insights into the
biodiversity, structure, function and dynamics of ecosystems along Europe’s deep-ocean margin to underpin the
future development of a comprehensive European Ocean and Seas Integrated Governance Policy. It represents
the first major attempt to understand European deep-water ecosystems and their environment in an integrated
way (geosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere of a pan-European range). HERMES aims to compare and contrast
selected environments around the European margin from high northern latitudes (focus of this IPY proposal) to
the Black Sea. Taking into account that comparable mechanisms, manifestations areas in Arctic during water
General: The aim of the proposed project is to studystudies are proposed for otherand impacts of bottomthe
formation on the bipolar Atlantic Ocean shelves. The proposed activity is to i) Identify key regions where dense
water is formed and contributes to bottom water formation and thermohaline circulation; ii) Study cooling and
freezing processes in these areas by remote sensing, in situ measurements and modeling; iii) Estimate production
rates of dense water; iv) Study cascading of dense water towards the deep ocean by direct measurements and
modeling of the bottom plume characteristics like velocity and turbulent structures; v) Measure and calculate the
mixing processes in these downward cascading waters and obtain production rates of bottom water; vi) Define
physical and biogeochemical controls on ocean carbon biogeochemistry; vii) Investigate relationships between
variability in deep-water thickness CO2 uptake ice vary considerably from year to year and over decadal time
Rationale-The extent andformation,of Arctic sea rates and large scale natural or anthropogenic climate forcing.
scales. Assessing the processes of oceanic and atmospheric forcing on this ice cover is critically important in
understanding the response of the Arctic marine ecosystem to climate variability and change. Security of food
sources is a key element in this change as is the stability of traditional lifestyles, sustainable exploitation of new
resources and education of the next generation of Arctic Scientists. The present variability in sea ice cover on
Arctic marine ecosystems and regional climate requires a substantial improvement in our understanding of the
links between freshwater and sea ice, sea ice and climate, and sea ice and biogeochemical fluxes. The need for
data is particularly strong for the shallow coastal shelf regions (30% of the Arctic basin), the shelf-basin interface
and within the project is to study and polynyas of the Arctic.The the Arctic and socio-economic and geopolitical
The aim of this marginal ice zones to what degree was research inenvironmental,Antarctic during the polar years
primarily driven by scientific criteria. To what extent were compromises made in the light of political barriers and
logistical limitations? Another aspect is the role of new technologies, which is highlightened by the start of the
first satellites and which has a significant input both in polar transport and research. Employing historical
perspectives we will review essential background factors at work in the three distinct periods (both scientific and
non-scientific), when nations chose to participate in the IPYs. In addition, we will consider the substantial factors
that led certain major nations to choose not to contribute to the Polar Years (Great Britain 1882/83, Germany
1932/33, 1957/58, etc). Traditionally, field science practiced in remote geographical regions was either a by-
product of exploration or an activity exploited by territorial claimants. The early attempts to establish an
The overall objective of CARE/ASR is to explore, quantify and model Arctic climate change, its interaction with
the climate in lower latitudes and its impact on Arctic marine ecosystems, and to assess the socio-economic
consequences for Europe. The specific objectives are:
1. To determine the processes responsible for the past and present variability and changes in the Arctic climate
system and to improve their representation in climate models.
2. To understand the degree to which recent variability and changes in the Arctic climate system, e.g., shrinking
sea-ice cover, thawing permafrost and increased methane emission, are of natural or of anthropogenic origin.
3. To understand and quantify the response of marine biological processes to climate change and their impact on
Arctic marine ecosystems and the air–sea Atlantic oceans to improve their representation is currently only 50
The Bering Strait connects the Pacific and CO2 fluxes and via the Arctic Ocean. The Strait in ecosystem models
meters deep. During low sea level stands produced by continental glaciation it was emergent, forming the
Bering Land Bridge connection between North America and Asia. This is the only area on Earth where the
circulation between ocean basins has been blocked and a migration corridor between continental landmasses
has been opened by falling sea levels of the Pleistocene epoch. Scientific drilling to recover a proximal record of
the region can be most promisingly recovered in the thick (> 3 km) basinal sequences of the Norton and Hope
basins immediately to the south and north of the Strait. The sedimentary record of marine transgressions and
regressions within the Bering Strait region that includes intercalated terrestrial lacustrine sediments would have
the potential to resolve crucial questions regarding Bering Land Bridge paleoecologyrepresented meant for the
The Sami in travel writings form an image of a history being told about them. Being and climate change.
Sami that their lives and culture appeared stereotyped, because they inhabited areas that had been labelled as
void from a scientific point of view ever since the time of Carl von Linné. The north was a place devoid of
substance, which could therefore be filled with the explorers’ and researchers’ opinions and fantasies. During the
nineteenth century, an interest in the exotic within the borders of the home nation was aroused, and in the
process the Sami became objectified in travel writing. Polar travel writing formed part of the colonial project to
conquer the northern parts of the Nordic countries, including Arctic areas. With reference to the Sami, this
process provides us with simplified images. The representations of the Sami appear within a colonial discourse,
in the form objective of POLARCAT, which proposes a coordinated programme of measurements and modelling,
The overall of depictions and explanations concerning the Arctic and the Sub-Arctic, and the people who
is to quantify the impact of trace gases, aerosols and mercury transported to the Arctic and their contribution to
pollutant deposition and climate change in the region. POLARCAT has 5 major scientific objectives detailed in a
White Paper (see http://zardoz.nilu.no/~andreas/POLARCAT/):
·Quantification of the major transport pathways controlling distributions of oxidants, aerosols, heavy metals
together with their precursors/degradation products in the Arctic troposphere during winter-spring when Arctic
Haze is prevalent and during summertime. Processes controlling the carbon budget at Northern high latitude
forest/tundra/ocean regions will also be investigated.
·Quantification of the optical properties and direct radiative effects permafrost, active layer conditions and
The ANTPAS contribution to the IPY focuses on integrated studies ofof aerosols and their interactions with clouds
processes, polar soils and data management. The goals include integrating existing and new data on the
distribution, thickness, age, history and physical and geochemical properties of permafrost, soils and the active-
layer on the Antarctic continent and sub-Antarctic islands. Much of the work will be accomplished by the multi-
facetted utilization of a network of boreholes and active-layer monitoring sites along selected environmental
gradients. Estimation of subglacial permafrost conditions on Antarctic forms is included in the project. Active
layer and permafrost conditions are highly sensitive to climatic fluctuations and changes will affect regional
hydrology, ecosystems functioning, landscape stability, human infrastructures and environmental impacts. The
new observatory networks will provide long-term Western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) observed and the last 50
Rapid regional warming of air temperature on the monitoring of the thermal state of permafrostover assessment
yrs is exceptional and unprecedented within the past 500 yrs records of ice core data (Vaughan et al. 2001,
Science 293). At Vernadsky Station (former Faraday, Beascochea Bay) aerial warming averages 0.56°C per decade
since the 1950s (Turner et al. 2005, Int. J. Climatol. 25: 279-294). The glacial systems of the Antarctic Peninsula
show direct responses to the climatic changes, including retreat of ice fronts and increased melt water
production. The broad pattern of glacial retreat over time reflects the trend of atmospheric warming in the
peninsula region since the 1940s: the magnitude of glacial retreat (average change in m a-1) increases towards
the southern sectors (Cook et al. 2005, Science 308). It results that changes of terrestrial as well as marine
ecosystems along the Peninsula polar oceans have profound impacts on the global ecosystem and climate, the
Biogeochemical processes in theare expected to be more subtle and graded in the North and more radical atand
the IPY provides a unique and valuable opportunity for bipolar coordination of marine biogeochemical studies.
The international community represented by this IPY GEOTRACES cluster intends to conduct multidisciplinary
studies of the processes affecting marine biogeochemical cycling, particularly those controling the distribution of
key trace elements and isotopes (TEIs), and their sensitivity to changing environmental conditions in both the
Arctic and Southern Oceans.
The international community of marine biogeochemists is developing a new research initiative (the GEOTRACES
program) that aims to identify, characterize and quantify processes that control the distribution of key trace
elements and isotopes (TEIs) in the global ocean and their sensitivity to changing environmental conditions.
The overall goal of this initiative is to advance our knowledge of climate warming in the Arctic, by studying past
climate change. We will focus mainly on the ocean circulation and climate of the NW Eurasian continental
margin. The present climate in the Arctic shows signs of rapid change with decreasing sea ice cover and
increasing temperature of the Atlantic Water. The implications of this warming are highly uncertain, as modelling
experiments projecting temperatures for the next 100 years show a largescatter at high northern latitudes.
The project will include the following modules (M): M1 Rapid changes in the Atlantic Water inflow into the
Eurasian Basin of the Arctic Ocean, M2 Ice sheet/glacier response to warming, M3 Improving ocean temperature
and sea-ice proxies; M4 Climate modelling.
Global warming will have a large impact on glaciers in the Arctic region. Changes in the extent of glaciers will
effect sea level, and may lead to substantial changes in sediment and fresh water supplies to embayments and
In ACIA, a simple approach was taken to estimate the runoff of all glaciers in the Arctic for a set of climate-
change scenarios. Changes in the surface mass balance were calculated without dealing with the fact that glacier
geometries will change. It was also assumed that the rate of iceberg production at calving fronts would not
To arrive at more accurate predictions, we propose an internationally-coordinated effort to study the dynamics
of Arctic an international multi-disciplinary effort to studydynamic response. The key elements ofInteractions in
OASIS is glaciers and develop new tools to deal with this Ocean-Atmosphere-Sea Ice-Snowpack this effort are
the Arctic. The specific focus is to develop a quantitative understanding of the processes that are involved in Air-
Surface Interactions and chemical exchange between the title reservoirs. As the nature and extent of snow and
ice cover is changing, OASIS will assess the associated impact on, and by, climate change, and the human and
ecosystem impacts of air-surface exchanges of chemical species.
OASIS will quantify the impact of chemical, physical and biological exchange processes on tropospheric
chemistry, the cryosphere, and the marine environment, and their feedback mechanisms in the context of a
changing climate. OASIS has identified studies in the Arctic Ocean surface environment as a key programmatic
component to reach these goals.that the Arctic exerts a critical influence on Earth's climate and that it enable the
It is clear from existing research IPY represents a unique opportunity to develop new initiatives that has been
doing so for millions of years. The key environmental archives to study the Arctic’s palaeoenvironment and
climate history are the terrestrial and ocean sediments, and the past and present ice sheets, glaciers, and
landforms. Only by integrating results from terrestrial and marine studies as well as across disciplines will it be
possible to develop a comprehensive understanding of the Arctic's role in the global climate system. Therefore, it
is necessary to establish an international scientific framework for the synthesis and integration of Arctic
palaeoclimate research and IPY provides an excellent opportunity for this to be realized. Furthermore, such a
framework can provide an important possibility for the close co-operation between numerical modellers and
field scientists as well DAMOCLES is coordinating uncertainties in our understanding of climate change in the
The main objective of as a means of to reduce thefield and laboratory research conducted by research groups in
Arctic and in the impacts thereof. To meet this objective DAMOCLES will, following the approach of Numerical
Weather Prediction Centers, develop an integrated system for obtaining relevant geophysical observations,
transferring them to a central databank, distributing them to the modelling centers, and producing nowcasts and
forecasts of the Arctic climate. But since there exists no such thing as an Arctic Ocean Observing System, nor fully
validated models for Arctic climate, nor accepted methods for forecasting of climate, a number of specific
objectives need to be met in DAMOCLES:
1.Synoptic observational coverage of the Arctic Ocean sea-ice cover
The variability of increasing awareness of concentration, ice-type and drift will the 14 million km² Antarctic
While there is an sea-ice thickness, extent,the importance of Antarctic research, be monitored by remote and in-
continent still only houses two permanent inland research stations, Amundsen-Scott and Vostok. Recognizing the
unique research opportunities offered by the Antarctic Plateau, the French and Italian Antarctic programmes
agreed in 1993 to cooperate in developing a permanent research support facility at Dome C. The new station,
named “Concordia” (75°06’ S -123°23’ E), opened for wintering in 2005. However, the two first years will be
mainly dedicated to the completion of the buildings, tests of safety protocols and settlement of some scientific
equipment. For this reason, Concordia is expected to be fully operational when the International Polar Year
starts, in 2007. Dome C has several valuable characteristics that support the installation of a permanent scientific
Subglacial Antarctic Lake Environments (SALE) will be an important target of exploration and research during the
International Polar Year (IPY). Major campaigns by several nations that will culminate in a series of activities
during the IPY have agreed to participate in SALE-UNITED. SALE-UNITED is closely aligned with the Scientific
Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) Scientific Research Program Subglacial Antarctic Lake Environments
(SALE). SALE-UNITED will advance an ambitious set of scientific objectives previously outlined in EoI #876. SALE-
UNITED is a coalition of scientists, modellers and technologists from Belgium, Germany, France, Russia, Italy, the
United Kingdom and the United States.
The interdisciplinary objectives of SALE-UNITED have been agreed during a series of international workshops and
meetings of the SCAR SALE Group of Specialists (SALEGOS) over the last 6-7 years. SALE-UNITED will be an
Due to distances, extreme climate, and lack of present day infrastructure, the North is critically lacking in
education and training opportunities. With modern technology, incorporating advances in communications and
computers, these barriers can be overcome resulting in a transforming impact in polar communities. As a global
leader in online distance education (elearning), Athabasca University – Canada’s Open University (AU) with its
partners in the University of the Arctic and allied institutions in other countries, is the natural choice to
implement viable learning programs. For example, AU’s exemplary programs in Health sciences, nursing,
education, policing, computer and information systems, and management, address subject areas in which there
is a critical lack of skilled personnel in the North, and in particular among the indigenous communities. By
combining this cooperation project of a scientific institute and an in elearning, which isorganisations. Cooperation
MODIL-NAO is internationally recognized educational leadership indigenous peoples’ eminently appropriate for
will be on equal terms. Other scientific and monitoring institutions, both through IPY-related and other projects,
cooperate as consultants.

The project idea was initiated by the Association of Nenets People “Yasavey” of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug
(NAO, Northwestern Russia), which has in their files documented a rather chaotic development of oil-related
activities in the NAO; these activities have severe impacts on nature, reindeer pastures and the socio-economic
situation of the indigenous people living in – and of – the land. Reindeer pastures have been &#8213; and are
continually &#8213; destroyed and polluted.ISAC, is a long-term, interdisciplinary program tolaw by thecompanies
The International Study of Arctic Change, or Numerous violations of Russian environmental study oil causes
and effects of environmental changes (including physical/chemical, biological/ecological, and
socioeconomic/cultural changes) on the pan – Arctic scale with emphasis on the linkage to global dynamics. The
main objective of ISAC is to observe and understand the characteristics of the integrated Arctic System including
the social domain and its responses to change in order to develop the best adaptation and mitigation strategies
to counteract negative effects due to greenhouse warming and other anthropogenic activities, as well as to
changes caused by natural variability affecting the region. The recently observed changes in the Arctic are caused
by interaction of multiple factors and already significantly impact people and ecosystems. For example, changes
in biodiversity, land use, increased natural resource Geophysical Year marine transportation withclosely others
The WDC for Glaciology, Boulder and the Electronic exploitation, and (eGY) in collaboration are many
propose to host the IPY DIS described in the IPY Framework Document. The DIS will work closely with the Data
Policy and Management Sub-Committee (Data Committee) and other data management bodies and observing
networks to develop the IPY data and information policy and strategy. The DIS will then be the primary
implementer of that strategy and policy recognizing that the strategy will need to evolve with the science needs
and developments of IPY.
Although much will depend on the strategy that is developed, we envision the DIS as an overall data
management consultant and coordinator and a central data portal for an internationally distributed data
management system. The DIS will continue to establish close partnerships with the centers and organizations
The International Permafrost Association’s (IPA) main contribution to IPY will bedata development of a spatially
distributed set of observations on past and present status of permafrost temperatures and active layer
thicknesses. Emphasis is on permafrost temperatures since there is currently no global database that defines the
thermal state of permafrost (TSP) for a specific time period (snapshot). The TSP data set will serve as a baseline
for the assessment of the rate of change of permafrost temperatures and permafrost distribution, to validate
climate model scenarios, and to support process research in order to improve our understanding of permafrost
dynamics. TSP measurements, a field component of the WMO/GCOS Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost
(GTN-P), address questions related to climate warming and the attendant environmental and societal issues in
the IPY regions of Planet Earth (both polar regions and publications that result from the and plateaus). These
The coldPublications Database will identify and index themid-and lower-latitude mountainsInternational Polar
Year 2007-2008. This activity is a crucial part of IPY data management. Providing searchable metadata for IPY
publications is as important as providing searchable metadata for IPY datasets. The IPY Publications Database is
essential for the identification, dissemination and preservation of the achievements of the IPY. Twenty years
from now, when someone asks, "What did the IPY accomplish?" the IPY Publications Database will provide a
major part of the answer. As described in later sections of this proposal, the IPY Publications Database will also
make a significant contribution to achieving the legacy, education, outreach and communication targets of the
The project will advance the methods for monitoring seismic and biological activity in the Southern Ocean by the
This IPY Publications Database will be created by an expansion of the existing polar bibliographic infrastructure.
use of long-term passive acoustic recordings. We propose to deploy an array of four SHARPs (Seismic and High-
frequency Acoustic Recording Packages) circumpolarly around the Antarctic Continent, over year-long periods.
We will collect data on acoustic call characteristics and source level for a broad range of marine mammal and
other species. The improved technology for passive monitoring will allow us to expand the range of marine
mammal species monitored to include the largest odontocetes: sperm (Physeter macrocephalus), killer (Orcinus
orca), beaked (Mesoplodon spp), and possibly southern bottlenose whales (Hyperoodon planifrons), all the
mysticetes known to inhabit the Southern Ocean: blue (Balaenoptera musculus), fin (B. physalus), sei (B.
borealis), humpback (Megaptera novaeangliae), southern right (Eubalaena australis), and minke whales (B.
Polar regions experience greater rates of climate change than elsewhere on the planet. The fauna of these
regions is uniquely adapted to the extreme environments in which they exist, and may be vulnerable to shifts in
climate. There is an urgent need to establish the state of these communities, and in particular their diversity, if
we are to understand the impact of climate change. Current knowledge of Antarctica’s marine biodiversity is
patchy. For the most part almost nothing is known about the mesopelagic, bathy/abysso-pelagic and benthic
fauna of the slopes and deep-sea abyssal plains. Practically nothing is known about the tiny organisms (bacteria,
archaea, eukaryl protists, viruses, nanoplankton) in the sea wherever they occur and in whatever habitats, or
about the faunas associated with hydrothermal vents, cold seeps, and seamounts.
The CAML is a five year project that a new international initiative that promotes ice-bound oceans of Antarctica,
Antarctic Climate Evolution (ACE) is will focus the attention of the public on the the exchange of data and ideas
between research groups focussing on the evolution of Antarctica’s climate system and ice sheet. ACE will exist
to facilitate scientific exchange between the modelling and data acquisition communities for the purposes of
project development and hypothesis testing. The broad outcomes of the program will be: (1) quantitative
assessment of the climate and glacial history of Antarctica; (2) identification of the processes which govern
Antarctic change, and those which feed back this change around the globe; (3) improvements in our technical
ability to model past changes in Antarctica; and (4) precisely documented case studies of past changes, which
models of future change in Antarctica can be tested against. ACE efforts will generally focus on a series of time
periods is an umbrella program that aims to understand the responses of terrestrial, limnetic and supraglacial last
MERGE from the onset of continental glaciation at around the Eocene-Oligocene boundary 34 Ma ago, to the
polar ecosystems to climate change. The program consists of 11 Expressions of Intent. Three key questions have
been selected from the EoIs to yield scientific achievements efficiently. An EoI may contribute to more than one
theme. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms in terrestrial, limnetic and supraglacial habitats are targeted;
marine and other related activities, e.g., PAME (565), EBA (577) and SALE-UNITED (876), have not been explicitly
included, but may be cooperated with this program if requested, but cooperation with IPY projects that share
certain similar interests is foreseen and liaison persons were identified.
Theme 1 “Diversity and biogeography” answers “What taxa are present, how are the communities organized and
how are they distributed, and where are they?” Conventional and moderncircuit and ozone. We propose an IPY
Solar variability influences the atmosphere, particularly the global electric techniques, i.e., culture-dependent to
cluster to quantify solar variability linkages to weather, climate and ozone.
The geoelectric circuit links weather and solar activity. It remains an open and a scientifically achievable goal to
determine whether or not this linkage is passive or involves active coupling i.e., whether the global circuit merely
responds to both meteorological and solar variations, or whether there is an active input to weather and climate
via electrically induced changes in cloud microphysics. Present research indicates that the best place to measure
the global circuit is the Antarctic plateau (high, dry, relatively meteorologically stable). The Greenland plateau
provides an ideal northern hemisphere site. We propose making simultaneous vertical electric field and air-earth
current mount a series at a range of polar sites (plans IPY to Nordaustlandet, Svalbard, the Vostok, South Pole
We will measurements of research expeditions during presently envisage measurements at northernmost island
in the Nordic Arctic sector which is 90% ice covered. The multi-disciplinal and multi-national initiative is
composed by 26 projects, having individual goals, but well integrated common themes
(www.eld.geo.uu.se/IPY/projects). The spectrum of projects from geosciences to the humanities, investigates
how the environmental and anthropogenic dynamics have changed recently in comparison with past records of
change from existing expedition logs and photographs, proxy climate data from ice-, lake- and sea-sediment
cores, and dynamic studies both on terrestrial as marine ice, comprising more than 80 Principal Investigators
(www.eld.geo.uu.se/IPY/personnel). We will monitor atmospheric, terrestrial and cryospheric chemical, and
physical fluxes continuously over, and beyond, the period of the IPY. predominantly governed by temperature,
The structure of and the processes in Polar terrestrial ecosystems areThe activities will be integrated to existing
water availability, and solar radiation. Therefore, any variation in these factors caused by, for instance, climate
change and ozone depletion is likely to strongly influence these high latitude systems. Predictions are that
changes in ozone and climate are most pronounced in Polar systems and detection of their impacts are not
masked by elaborate interspecific relationships typical for lower latitudes. Studying the effects of these key
driving forces impacting on Polar biota can be performed by long-term studies of ecosystem properties such as
the structure of the vegetation, the invertebrate community, and the microbial community and processes, such
as primary production, decomposition, and interspecific relationships such as competition or facilitation, or by
experimentally enhancing the impacts on research on solar-generated events which affect effect in the shorter
ICESTAR/IHY will coordinate multinationalthese properties and processes which may renderthe composition and
dynamics of the atmosphere in the terrestrial polar areas. The activity brings together two complementary
programmes: the International Heliophysical Year (IHY) (EoI 172) is an international programme to coordinate
the use of current and forthcoming spacecraft missions with ground-based observatory instruments to study the
Sun’s influence on the heliosphere, including effects at the Earth; ICESTAR (EoI 554), endorsed by SCAR, aims to
coordinate research on magnetospheric and ionospheric responses to solar inputs, with emphases on the
networking of ground-based instrument networks and the study of inter-hemispheric relationships. The
proposed joint project includes the collective effort of 24 international consortia which submitted their
Expressions of Intent (EoIs) to the IPY call in January 2005. Between them, these groups already run a large body
ANDEEP-SYSTCO will build on results from ANDEEP I-III. The effort required is far greater than that can be
achieved by any one nation. ANDEEP-SYSTCO can only be a multi-national, multi-disciplinary international assault
on the problem in a program which would sit well within the International Polar Year.
The scientific approach of ANDEEP – SYSTCO will be:
to build on the international and interdisciplinary investigations which were begun during ANDEEP I-III.
to add a novel, innovative aspect to polar biological research - and to ANDEEP - by involving scientists from
different disciplines, such as atmospheric sciences, climatology, hydrography, planktology, physical
oceanography, geophysics, geology, sedimentology, bathymetry etc. to shed light on atmospheric-pelagic-
benthic couplingmultinational campaign to collect a range of data that will impact on our understanding of the
This project is a processes.
Earth as a bipolar coupled system, where Antarctica’s evolution impacts on global scale changes of sea level, ice
volume and climate. This project involves a transect from the centre of the Antarctic continent, where the ice
sheet is underlain by the Gamburtsev Mountains, northwards into Prydz Bay. We will acquire major new data
sets including offshore marine data, gravity, magnetics, ice radar soundings and a wealth of geological
observations. This will also be part of a multinational Gamburtsev Mountains IPY expedition that will include the
GAMBIT (EoI 558) regional aerogeophysical program, a Chinese drilling program (GMDP) and a passive seismic
experiment (GAMSEIS – EoI 412).
ICASS VI will be held in Nuuk, Greenland in the International Polar Year 2007-2008, at the earliest at end of the
first calendar year of operations for the IPY. To the international arctic social sciences community, ICASS VI will
act as its major forum to review its contribution to the overall IPY effort; to discuss the status of the ongoing
social programs under IPY 2007-2008; and to make plans for further actions
The working title for ICASS VI is “Circumpolar Social Changes: Opportunities and Challenges for Social Sciences in
the International Polar Year 2007-2008.” Based upon the attendance at previous ICASS ventures (a triennial
event), ICASS VI will bring together many hundred social scientists from every field of social and human research,
advanced students from over 20 countries, as well as indigenous and non-indigenous stakeholders. We expect
the attendance to be boosted by thescenario and our project partners fromphysical properties in science
Objectives: 1. To access the present presence of interannual variability of physical and natural the Southern
Ocean; 2. To monitor the circulation, zonal and meridional transport, surface atmospheric heat budget and
linkage between Pacific and India Ocean, and to devise a framework for understanding the climate variability.
Observational program:1. XBT/XCTD observations in the Indian Sector of the southern ocean to map the present
state of oceanic environment; year to year variability will be monitorted using repeated sampling by using the
Indian Antaractic expedition's logistic support on board the ice-class vessels sailing between Africa and India's
Antarctic station- Maitri. Additional hydrographic work will be carried out in areas of water mass formation in the
Ross and Weddell Seas and subantarctic zone.2. Measurement of atmospheric stability parameters along the ship
track to understand the including phytoplankton, protozoa, bacteria, archaea, fungi
Microbial communities, zonal/meridional variations of boundary-level heat fluxes. and virus, are by far the most
abundant and the most taxonomic and genetically diverse group of organisms in marine pelagic ecosystems.
Biological activity, biomass, production and remineralization in these systems are essentially microbial while
higher trophic levels (crustaceans, fish, and mammals) play a minor role in quantitative terms. Microorganisms
are the main drivers of biogeochemical cycles and the major producers and consumers of green-house gases,
and they are therefore significant players in regulating the ecosphere. In addition, they can be important
sentinels of environmental change, as alterations in the structure and biomass of microbial communities can
herald changes not only in pathways of nutrient and energy transfer in foodwebs, but also in biogeochemical
cycles. Despite their abundance and likely importance Studies (ARCDIV) is very little is known about the
The Network for Arctic Climate and Biological Diversityin polar ecosystems, a multidisciplinary research cluster
under the International Polar Year (IPY 2007-2008), seeking to explore the diversity of climates and ecosystems
at landscape scale within the Arctic region, by integrating historical, existing and new intense measurements of
key physical and biological variables and processes at multiple Arctic observational sites.
Rationale: The recently published Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) presents detailed information of the
significant contemporary changes in regional variability and trends of climate and ecosystems in the Arctic, with
important coupling and feedback mechanisms to the global climate system. The ARCDIV cluster will establish
several reference areas in the Arctic, equipped with permanent long-term and new intense campaign based
measurements of physical and biological parameters on various temporal and spatial scales, with the aim to
The project aims at establishing a long-term Arctic-Antarctic network of monitoring stations for atmospheric
monitoring of anthropogenic pollution. Based upon the long and excellent experiences with different scientific
groups performing air monitoring within the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), an
expanded network will be established including all AMAP stations and all major Antarctic “year-around” research
stations. As an integrated project within the “International Polar Year 2007-08” initiative, the ATMOPOL co-
operation intend to
• Establish a long-term coordinated international Arctic-Antarctic contaminant programme.
• Develop and implement a joint sampling and monitoring strategy as an official guideline for all participating
The world oceans are a major component of the Earth System, and changes in the complex global ocean current
system are likely to cause global environmental changes. On geological time-scales, these water mass exchanges
are controlled by the deepening and shallowing of areas of ocean floor during the tectonic opening and closing of
strategic oceanic gateways and the formation of ocean basins. Establishing the detailed tectonic, geodynamic,
sedimentary and paleo-topographic histories of strategic oceanic basins and gateways will provide the essential
framework for modelling studies that will relate these events to paleo-climate observations collected across the
globe. PLATES & GATES intends to adopt a multidisciplinary approach by addressing tectonic-magmatic,
geodynamic, sedimentary and biostratigraphic processes, by utilising paleo-biological and geochemical proxies as
wellproposeand recent oceanographic conditions in the gateways, Mesospheric Clouds (PMC) and aurora
We as past to coordinate the synchronized observations of Polar and by using state-of-the-art geophysical
between the International Space Station (ISS), ground sites, and satellites. We also propose to coordinate
observations from other International Polar Year (IPY) activities that might benefit from ISS observations.
The orbit of the ISS takes it to north and south latitudes of 51.6 degrees at altitudes of 400 km. This provides a
human operated platform from which to observe artic and Antarctic phenomena on a length scale of half a
continent. This compliments ground site observations and satellite data that can be synchronized in both space
and time to record seasonal variations. Observations from the ISS offers an above the cloud vantage including
wide angle oblique views, sun-glint textures, day-night terminator lighting, and perhaps most important, human
guided observations that can scientific findings of IPY 2007/08 is proposedfield of view instrumentation. The ISS
A book series focused on the fall outside the purview of pre-programmed as central IPY publication tool. The
book series is planned to summarise the “state-of-the-science” in the respective environmental research fields
and will be edited by internationally renowned scientific experts who will gather highly competent contributing
authors for their respective volumes. Each volume will contain 10-12 chapters of 15-20 page-length, a preface
from the editorial board and a foreword by the volume editor (Incl. index and table of context): The sizes of the
volumes are estimated in the range of 250-300 pages. The format of the book series will be discussed in detail
with Springer Publishers. For the book series, around 10-12 volumes with relevant topics for “polar
environmental research” with focus on combined Arctic-Antarctic research are planned for publication over a
five - six year aims of(2007 – 2012). For the general editorial board, ca. 5-6 internationally renowned and
The principal period the project are to:
- exhibit polar marine organisms at the SFI Gdynia Aquarium;
- determine border and optimal breeding conditions for polar marine organisms;
- attempt to breed psychrophilic organisms;
- exchange knowledge on breeding and exhibiting with other institutions of a similar profile;
- improve the existing educational exhibits at the SFI Gdynia Aquarium;
- attempt to create an aquarium ecosystem of small invertebrates with a closed food chain;
 - identify the breeding cycle of selected species of marine invertebrates;
 - prepare multimedia presentations and conduct educational programs for major Antarctic school levels;
CRAC-ICE will be a coordinated investigation into calving processes on threeyoungsters at all ice shelves, and a
(long-term) monitoring of icebergs in the Southern Ocean, including the study of the physical processes related
to iceberg drift and decay. The processes leading to a calving event include the initiation and propagation of
through-cutting rifts. Iceberg calving can result in a significant loss of mass from the Antarctic ice sheet, and
represents ~ 65% of the total ice sheet ablation. Therefore, it is critical to understand the processes which
precede and lead up to a major calving event in order to realistically assess how future climate changes might
affect the Antarctic Ice Sheet. Post-calving, iceberg drift is influenced by the shape of the coastline, bottom
topography, and a combination of tides, currents, wind, and sea ice. Monitoring the evolution of icebergs as they
drift into warmer waters provides a valuable experiment in how rapid climate change influences of shelves –
This proposal outlines the LICHEN research project, which focuses on the languages and cultures icethe northern
circumpolar region. Faced with minority languages, governments have pursued policies of assimilation. This has
applied to indigenous languages in Canada, to Gaelic and Scots in Scotland, and to Finnic minority languages in
the Circumpolar region. The consequence of such policies has been the creation of ambivalent or negative
feelings towards the mother tongue already in childhood, leading to low self-esteem, educational
underachievement, unemployment and economic deprivation, and a variety of social and health problems. It is
thus clear that language and culture are as important to the survival and well-being of populations as more
obvious ecological and social issues.
The Antarctic environment is presently undergoing radical changes. Due to its relatively pristine state, its high
rate of endemism, its highly adapted character and its presumed sensitivity to these changes, the Antarctic
marine biodiversity has an exclusive value. In this context, there is an obvious need to establish reliable and
comprehensive baseline information about Antarctic marine biodiversity to provide a reference state against
which subsequent changes - due to possible effects of global warming, ozone depletion, exploitation, global
pollution or natural causes - may be monitored and compared in the medium and long term. Antarctic marine
biodiversity knowledge is patchy: benthic fauna of a few parts of the continental shelf and near-shore regions
have been relatively well studied, as well as the biology of some pelagic species, such as Antarctic krill. For the
most part, almost nothing is known about the mesopelagic, bathy/abysso-pelagic and deep-sea benthic fauna of
The US Geological Survey serves the United States and the world by providing reliable scientific information to
Describe and understand the Earth;
Minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters;
Manage water, biological, energy, and mineral resources; and Enhance and protect our quality of life.
The USGS intends to participate in the IPY through extension and enhancement of Programmatic activities in
research, assessment, monitoring, and modeling in the polar regions that support the scientific mission of the
organization and address the themes and goals of the IPY. These activities span the biologic, geologic,
hydrologic, geographic, and information sciences and will include but not be limited to:
Theme 1 Status: Research and monitoring of IPY cooperation to synthesize, collect, analyze and produce
This project makes use of the unique focus of status and distribution of fish, wildlife and vegetation;
comprehensive data sets on the spatial and temporal patterns of accumulation of snow and the perimeter
discharge of ice from the Antarctic ice sheet. The work can be subdivided into three major activities, each
requiring a distinctly different approach. 1) Spatial and Temporal Pattern of Net surface Accumulation. Various
successful ITASE traverses of the Antarctic over the past decade have begun the process of collecting high-
frequency radar soundings that, when tied to dated ice cores, provide a continuous transect of accumulation
history by following dated radar horizons. We will expand these observations in two ways: by encouraging the
collection of more data as part of any IPY or post-IPY traverse across Antarctica including identifying
commercially available interface through which land-ocean exchanges in the Arctic are mediated and it is the
The coastal zone is the equipment that can be used to begin standardizing the international data set; and by
region of most high-latitude human activities. The coastal margin hosts a complex interaction of marine,
terrestrial and atmospheric processes that are extremely vulnerable to predicted environmental changes and
anthropogenic stressors. These high-latitude coasts are typically permafrost-dominated and suffer from rapid
erosion with serious implications for ecosystems and communities (Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA)
&#8211; key finding #5). Furthermore, changes in inputs of water and constituents (nutrients, sediments,
dissolved inorganic matter and contaminants) from major Arctic rivers have the potential to fundamentally alter
biogeochemical cycling and productivity in the coastal zone and in the Arctic marginal seas (continental shelves).
Changes observations coastal zone, including coastal to observe the poles and polar processes. No other
Satellite in the Arctic are revolutionizing our ability erosion and riverine fluxes, will not only affect regional
technology developed since the IGY of 1957 provides the high-resolution, continental-scale, frequent-repeat, and
all-weather observations available from spaceborne sensors. The utility of that technology is evidenced by
associated scientific advances including measurements of long term trends in polar sea ice cover and extent, the
realization that the polar ice sheets can change dramatically at decade or less time scales, and the quantification
of relationships between processes at the poles and at mid and equatorial latitudes. There are many examples of
successful spaceborne observations from pole to pole for scientific, commercial and governmental purposes.
These successes encourage the use of the capabilities and consequently, the competition for access to resources
from the international constellation aimed at coordinating integrated, multidisciplinary, and circumpolar
ICED-IPY is an international initiativeof satellites becomes increasingly more intense. Frequently, this means that
analyses of the operation of Southern Ocean (SO) ecosystems. ICED-IPY will link and coordinate 10 EoIs (SCACE,
ATOS, SOSA, Effects of CO2 on CaCO3 accretion and primary productivity, IFESS, BONUS-GoodHope, SASIE,
BASICS, SOS-CLIMATE, Carbon in Sea Ice*) within a consortium entitled Ecosystems and Biogeochemistry of the
Southern Ocean. ICED-IPY will be the primary link to other Clusters and EoIs (SASSI, CAML, CASO, CCAMLR 2008
Survey, Arctic and Antarctic Sea Levels, GEOTRACES Umbrella Expression of Interest, Antarctic Sea Ice in IPY,

ICED-IPY will focus scientific effort on 1.Coordinatedof biodiversity and depletion of fisheries, the biotas of the
In a world experiencing climate global changes, loss syntheses and analyses of data on the circumpolar
Antarctic and the Sub-Antarctic offer compelling natural laboratories for understanding the evolutionary impact
of these processes. Since the IGY (1957-58), biologists have made impressive progress in understanding the
Antarctic ichthyofauna. However, research integration into the broader marine context has been limited, largely
due to lack of access to Sub-Antarctic fishes. These fishes, in particular those of the dominant suborder
Notothenioidei, are critical for a complete understanding of the evolution, population dynamics, eco-physiology
and eco-biochemistry of their Antarctic relatives. The ICEFISH programme is designed to fill these critical gaps in
our knowledge. Cruises, encompassing the South Atlantic, South Pacific and South Indian Ocean sectors
constitute the ICEFISH programme, the first comprehensive international survey of in Sub-Antarctic marine
The Arctic sea ice cover is undergoing significant climate-induced changes, resultingthe a reduction in ice extent
and a net thinning of the sea ice cover. The sea ice cover plays an important role in the global climate system,
both as an indicator and an amplifier of environmental change. It is important to continue and expand long-term
observations of these changes to improve the fundamental understanding of the role of the sea ice cover in the
global climate system and its utility as a climate change indicator. This formidable task spans an extensive range
of temporal and spatial scales. An integrated, coordinated, and interdisciplinary approach will be used to
monitor the state of the Arctic sea ice cover and investigate its governing processes. There are numerous tools
that will be brought to bear on this task, including satellite remote sensing, autonomous rovers, buoys, ocean
moorings, field campaigns and numerical models. Satellite remote sensing provides large-scale descriptions of
Informal learning environments of children’s museums are fertile frontiers for communicating the excitement
and significance of Polar scientific research to the public in both non-polar and traditional polar nations.
Children’s museums are also effective venues to enhance public understanding of the global dimensions of the
issues facing the Polar Regions in the coming decades. By forming an international Go Polar! network of
children’s museums in non-polar nations (in Amsterdam, Osaka, Mexico City, Tel Aviv, Vienna, Melbourne,
Caracas, Lisbon), as well as in traditional polar nations of Canada (Calgary and Toronto) and the United States
(Indianapolis and San Francisco), we propose to deliver a multi-dimensional informal science education program
about the Arctic and Antarctic to children under the age of 12 (and the adults who care for them). Our specific
proposal, as part of the broad boundary conditionsis to: 1) Adapt alreadyAntarcticGo Polar! Festival programming
The subsurface character and IPY outreach effort, for much of the East existing Ice Sheet (EAIS) remain largely
unknown although they are critical to ice sheet modeling and, therefore, our understanding of the EAIS’s role in
global climate and sea level change. The lack of existing information in key regions of the EAIS is a consequence
of its remoteness and inaccessibility. The acquisition of these essential data can only be accomplished by long-
range airborne surveys requiring a level of international collaboration and commitment of resources that has
been unavailable to the scientific community for over 25 years.
We propose to coordinate an internationally collaborative program of long-range aero-geophysical survey,
during the period of the IPY, over the historically inaccessible subglacial highlands and lowlands of East
Antarctica. Our proposed survey will be managed collaboratively by scientistssignalsthethe earth system. The IPY
The depletion of the polar ozone layer is one of the strongest anthropogenic from in US, UK, Germany and
will approximately take place during the period of peak concentrations of man-made ozone depleting substances
in the region of the ozone layer. It is also the time when potential effects from climate change, e.g. changes in
temperature, water vapour abundances, and/or circulation, might begin to manifest in the stratosphere and
influence ozone recovery. In April 2005, nearly eighteen years after the signing of the Montreal Protocol (MP),
ozone loss is as severe as ever over the Arctic, and the timing and extent of ozone recovery is uncertain.
Depletion of stratospheric ozone in polar regions has greatly enhanced harmful UV radiation in the affected areas
at times of the year when ecosystems are vulnerable. The state of the polar stratosphere, and its future
development will be, therefore, a major source of six nations will for circumpolar communitiesof IPY through its
In the present project a team of researchers from concern, both study the history and legacy and people living
field stations. (For a more full-bodied description of our approach and themes of study, see EoI 686, January
Field stations have been one of the most salient and tangible features of IPYs since 1882-83 and through to the
coming IPY 2007-08. The polar station is a modern feature, the smaller field cousin of the Laboratory,
Instrument, or Observatory. It is a nexus, and a place, where a number of central features of the modern
scientific enterprise – laboratory practices and methods, precision instruments, territorial claims – meet in the
landscape and sometimes in close vicinity of local groups and populations. Field stations, and the scientific
expeditions that created Arctic-HYDRA them as vantage points, are inseparable from polar research. They form
The scientific goals of thethem and used project are: To characterize variability in the Arctic Hydrological Cycle
(AHC) and to examine linkages between atmospheric forcing and continental discharge to the ocean; to assess
the historical response of the Arctic Ocean to variations in freshwater input from rivers and net precipitation over
the ocean; to attribute to specific elements of the AHC or to external forcing the sources of observed spatial-
temporal variability in the land-ocean-ice-atmosphere system; to detect emerging changes in the contemporary
state of the AHC in near real time and to place such changes into a broader historical context. Given the scope of
these goals and the relatively short time-frame of the IPY, Arctic-HYDRA also forms part of the parallel longer
term (10-15 yr) objectives of the ICARPII (International Conference on Arctic Research Planning) Working Group 7
(WG7) project “Terrestrial Cryospheric & Hydrologic Processes and Systems”.
The cryosphere, which includes sea-, lake-, and river-ice, snow cover, solid precipitation, glaciers, icebergs, ice
sheets, ice caps, permafrost, and seasonally frozen ground, plays a crucial role in not only the polar climate
system, but also in the global climate system. It is inseparable from the polar freshwater system, both on land,
ice and in the sea. Understanding the state of the cryosphere, and its associated past, present and future
variability and change in time and space, is essential to understanding the polar environment in terms of its
physical and biogeochemical interactions with the ocean, atmosphere and terrestrial systems, and the impacts
on and interactions with social, cultural and economic systems.
This project is proposed and supported by the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Climate and
Cryosphere (CliC) project to provide a framework for assessing the polar cryospheric system in recent decades,
Air temperatures in the Antarctic Peninsula have risen 6 times faster than the global average and the related
triggering glaciological and ecological events unique in the history of this region in the last 1,000 years. In
particular, this warming was responsible for the collapse of Larsen A ice shelf in 1995 and Larsen B in 2002.
Further south, Larsen C has thinned and continued warming could lead to its breakup within the next decade.
To date, access to the most active Peninsula regions has been limited, and little baseline glaciological data exist.
As a result, large uncertainties remain in the determination of the mass balance of this region. Studies based on
remote sensing and available in situ data show that a complex interaction is underway, involving enhanced
precipitation at high elevation, enhanced melting at low elevation, sea ice retreat, enhanced surface and basal
melting of land and shelf ice; glacier and ice shelf fracturing; melt percolation; seasonal changes in ice flow; and
Sea ice remote sensing in support of iAOOS
Harry Stern
Polar Science Center 1013 NE 40th Street, Seattle, WA 98105, USA
Telephone +1 206-543-7253
Fax        +1 206-616-3142
Email       harry@apl.washington.edu
Ron Lindsay, Jinlun Zhang, Axel Schweiger, Mike Steele, Drew Rothrock, All at the Polar Science Center

The aim of the proposed project is to test the model that the West Antarctic Rift System (WARS) is a horse tail
structure due to movement of the Marie Byrd Land microplate / Thurston Island block away from Victoria Land
to the NE (by 400 km in 100 Ma) (Behrendt and Cooper 1991, Luyendyk et al. 1996). While it is developed as
extensional pull apart basin in the Ross Sea embayment it is proposed here that it is expressed as dextral strike
slip fault system at its northeastern end in remote Ellsworth land.
Ross Sea embayment as well as Marie Byrd Land and its volcanics were studied in great detail over decades
(Behrendt et al. 1991, Behrendt 1999, LeMasurier 1972, 1990, 2002, Rocchi et al. 2002).internet, the the 1990s
For 61-weeks thousands of people around the world will follow, on a daily basis via the Only during exciting
voyage of the three-masted sailing ship SEDNA as she travels to Antarctica. Through this great scientific
adventure they will: discover the unique environment of the southern polar world (1), comprehend the crucial
work scientists are doing to understand the impact of climate change in the region (2) and they will participate,
albeit indirectly, in one of the great scientific missions to the Antarctic continent (4).
Using our past experience in the Arctic (the five part series on climate change in the Arctic «Mission Arctic»), this
Antarctic Mission TV series will present the conditions at the two poles and illustrate the critical roles that each
play in determining the planet's climate (3). This will allow us to demonstrate how climate change will impact
humans not only in polaran interdisciplinary and cross-cultural Center for Learning and Indigenous Knowledge
We propose to establish regions (6) but also around the globe.
Systems, to be centered at the University of Alaska Fairbanks and operated in collaboration with an international
consortium of indigenous-serving institutions and affiliated programs. The proposed Center integrates the tools
and approaches of the natural and social sciences in a cross-cultural and interdisciplinary framework for analysis
to better understand the emerging dynamic between indigenous knowledge systems, western
epistemologies/science and learning. We intend to emphasize the study and application of natural and social
science academic fields as they are reflected in indigenous contexts on an international scale, with opportunities
for collaboration throughout the circumpolar north and beyond, particularly in association with the University of
the Arctic. We propose an interdisciplinary research and graduate study the terrestrial surface of the earth.
Various estimates suggest that permafrost covers approximately 20% of program that will prepare a new
Despite it’s widespread occurrence, the history of permafrost formation during the Quaternary, physical and
geophysical properties, permafrost microbiology and the significance of permafrost as a source and sink of
greenhouse gases is poorly understood. This is particularly true for ‘deep’ permafrost (below about 50 m to as
much as 1500 m) as no modern, well constrained geological research wells have been completed worldwide.
Most work to date has been conducted in the context of permafrost as an engineering substrate upon which
human infrastructure must be built or as an unstable interval through which deep hydrocarbon exploration wells
must be drilled. To date, few detailed well log data or high quality cores have been collected, and available
literature on geomorphology, tunnelling, alpine over the last 100 years almost entirely on the shallow
The climate of Alaska has changed substantially permafrost etc. focusesfor which direct observations are
available. For the last 50 years reliable data are available, while before this time calibration of the
instrumentation was spotty, and major breaks in the observations have occurred. During the last 50 years the
temperature in Alaska increased by some 3°F (Stafford, Wendler and Curtis 2000, Theoretical and Applied
Climatology 67, 33-44), which is about 6 times the worldwide rate of about 1°F per century. This increase varied
both in place and time, and seasonally, winter showed the largest increase followed by spring. The temperature
increase was not steady over the 50 years; in the mid-seventies a strong temperature increase was observed
(Hartmann and Wendler 2005, Journal of Climate, in press). Since then the temperature has not increased, with
the exception provides for two 40 day summer voyages of scientific investigation involving is students
RSV-INTREPID of the North Slope. This strong, sudden temperature increase indicates that it50 due to a and 60
scientists (the students selected on merit from their second last year at school from Australia and 87 other
countries).Each student will be tasked with three investigative programs designed to complement IPY dedicated
projects. Our multi-disciplinary approach is aimed to give students the widest possible exposure to polar science.
Intensive ship-board and shore-based investigative and experimental projects will be led and mentored by young
scientists working with small student groups.We aim to consult with other EOI’s to develop specialised student
programs and to foster and develop joint EO and C objectives. We expect close communication and interaction
to develop between our students, young science mentors and IPY project leaders. Each student will be required
to prepare an investigative report which will be published in The Society’s “Proceedings” and appear on RSV-
Ice cores have contributed substantially to understanding climate change. They provide convincing evidence of
large, abrupt climate changes, demonstrate links between greenhouse gases and climate, and show how humans
have altered the atmosphere. However, there is a great deal more to learn. In 2004, representatives of all major
ice coring nations agreed on a common agenda for the next decade. This agenda looks beyond established
projects and includes coring over all available timescales, with highest feasible resolution. IPY provides an
opportunity to launch this initiative. Other ice coring efforts, including some that are part of International
Partnerships in Ice Coring (IPICS), are the subject of separate IPY submissions, as indicated below. IPICS-related
events planned for IPY include:
The Greenland Ice Sheet offers outstanding opportunities for significant advances of our knowledge on its
interaction with both past and present climate using its archive of palaeoclimatic information, observations and
modelling respectively. In addition, it is a vantage point for studies of the underground, which is important for
the stability and evolution of the ice sheet and for mapping of natural resources around Greenland. Stability of
the Greenland Ice Sheet is directly related to climate change, ice dynamics, sea level change and change in fresh
water supply to the ocean which effect the global thermohaline circulation.
Cryosphere Interactions in Greenland. A scientific program using surface traverses and field camps, will be
initiated to collect a variety of data including GPS and geophysical data (magnetic, gravitational), seismic profiles,
borehole logging and ice drilling along airborne profiles. The data will be combined with satellite data on the
This proposal focusses on natural climate variability during the past 2000 years with special emphasis to
permafrost/sea-ice relation and advection of Polar Water into the North Atlantic and on the contrasting climatic
trends (south)west of Greenland compared with the NE Atlantic region.
Natural climate variability over the past two millenia shows a series of centennial-scale cooling/warming
episodes: the Roman Warm Period, the colder Dark Ages (Europe), the Medieval Warm Period, the Little Ice Age
and the 20th century warming. There are indications that these variations show regional patterns, e.g. the
present day contrast between SW Greenland cooling and NW European warming.
Consequently, it is likely that the pattern of human settlement and activities may also regionally have been
different. In a historical context this isResearch Programme involves nations from North America,Iceland and
The WMO/WWRP’s THORPEX Global the period during which the Vikings settled on the Faroer, Europe, Asia,
Africa and the Southern Hemisphere. THORPEX intends to conduct research that will accelerate improvements in
the prediction and understanding of high-impact weather on the 1 to 14-day time-scale for the benefit of society,
the environment and the economy.
The aims of this cluster proposal are to improve numerical weather prediction model systems and climate
models by utilizing remotely sensed and in situ observations taken during the IPY and to study and advance our
knowledge of meteorological, surface and ocean phenomena typical for the region. The investigations will also
improve our understanding and modelling of polar-global interactions. The scope ranges from high-resolution
numerical weather the ECOGREEN consortium is to establish the scientific motivation comes from several
The overall focus ofprediction to climate and regional ocean modelling. Thebasis for a long-term ecosystem-
based management of marine resources in West Greenland. The West Greenland society relies almost entirely on
marine resources for industrial as well as subsistence utilisation. Today, the West Greenland marine ecosystem is
very productive and sustains fisheries which contribute 95% of Greenland’s total export value. The Greenland
Marine ecosystem also sustains seals and whales who feed in the area during summer, and, from the entire
North Atlantic, seabirds by the million find a critical winter habitat resource in the ice-free area. Human use of
the West Greenland marine ecosystem presents a complex mosaic of small- and large-scale commercial fishing,
as well as subsistence and recreational fishing and hunting.
Four subprojects will focus on the following issues: The local non-state-bearing languages found in the Arctic are
used in various degrees, but are all crucial for the ethnic identity as used in communication, media, literature,
etc. The question of general sustainable development in the local regions of the Arctic includes also the question
of sustainable development of intellectual culture and language competence. The 'glocalization' as covering both
‘globalization’ and ‘localization’ is the process where the impact of global cultural tendencies is seen as partly
opposed by local tendencies. Even at the utmost remote settings one finds the co-presence and interplay of both
universalizing and particularizing tendencies. The question is how exactly globalization takes place: How much
impact do local cultural policy, local media policy and local language policy have on the development? Who are
the decision-makers formally as the as informally? Arctic research is important Earth’s surface for the conduct
It has long been recognised that wellpolar plateaus provide the best sites on thein an international perspective as
of a wide range of astronomical observations, from optical to millimetre wavelengths. This is on account of the
extremely cold, dry and stable air found there. The exceptional site conditions would allow observations to be
made of the cosmos, with greater sensitivity and clarity, and across a wider part of the electromagnetic
spectrum, than from temperate-latitude sites. This IPY project aims to quantify these conditions at four sites,
Summit in Greenland, Ellesmere Island in Canada, and Domes A and C on the Antarctic plateau, and then to begin
the process of turning these sites into frontline observatories. Dome A is likely to be the pre-eminent location on
the Earth for observational astronomy, but has only recently been visited by humans (China in 2005). Dome C is
the site for a new station (France/Italy, fully operational in 2005), and already shows indications for better seeing
The main objective of the proposed work is the study space and time mass variations of ice mad snow over polar
regions, the estimation of the water mass balance using monthly GRACE geoids for the recent period, as well as
its connection with global climate change, the global hydrological cycle, and in particular the investigation on the
possible causes of the sea level rise from ice melting.
GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment) is the first geodetic mission dedicated to the measurement of
the time-variations of the Earth’s gravity field, it enables the detection of water mass transfers.
The on-going GRACE mission (launched in 03/2002 for a nominal lifetime of 5 years; quasi-polar orbit) provides
monthly maps of tiny spatio-temporal variations of gravity due to the redistributions of mass inside the surface
fluid envelopsresearch indicates that processes and conditions in polar regions play a large role in driving and
Paleoclimatic of the Earth. These satellite measurements represent vertically-integrated gravity effects of water
amplifying global climate variability at centennial to millenial time scales. The outstanding role of polar regions in
the global climate system is currently evidenced by the distinct warming of polar regions (e.g. Arctic realm,
Antarctic Peninsula) that exceed modern warming on a global scale. Polar processes and conditions include
biological cycling and physical circulation in the polar oceans, the formation and distribution of sea ice, the
behavior of permafrost areas, atmospheric circulation and transport of water vapor, and the volume and stability
of continental ice. Polar and subpolar High-Nutrient-Low-Chlorophyll (HNLC) areas may act as CO2 sinks during
glacial periods when the increased input of the micronutrient, iron, stimulates primary production. The extent
and Southern Ocean marineof sea ice influences the Earth´scommercially for over 200 years, heat and gas
The the seasonal variability ecosystem has been exploited albedo, water mass production, resulting in large
shifts in ecosystem structure, as different elements of the marine food web have been intensely exploited. Over
the last 25 years the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) has not
only managed the currently exploited species but has also taken a global lead in developing ecosystem-based
management methods. Now the recognition that polar regions are undergoing substantial climate change
heightens the urgency to understand how exploited marine ecosystems can be sustainably managed in an
environment that is both extremely variable and changing.
In this core program we will study the biomass and production capacity of large marine ecosystems, focusing
particularly on theintegrated and interdisciplinary approach to understanding the role of Antarctica and the a
CASO provides an geographic distribution and abundance of Antarctic krill, plankton and nekton, considering
Southern Ocean in past, present and future climate during the IPY 2007-2008 (see
http://www.clivar.org/organization/southern/documents/SOIPY.pdf for a more complete description of the
CASO science plan). CASO is organised into five themes:
1. Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in the global water cycle
2. Southern hemisphere teleconnections
3. Climate processes at the Antarctic continental margin
4. Climate – ecosystem – biogeochemistry interactions in the Southern Ocean
5. Records CBMP?
What is the of past Antarctic climate variability and change
-The CBMP is an international network of key scientists and conservation experts from 8 Arctic countries,
including indigenous organizations.
-It collaborates to document the dramatic changes in the North, why these changes occur and what can be
done about them.

Why is the CBMP needed?
-Public interest in Global Change is high and increasing. Key question: What is happening to the climate and the
environment, particularly in the pathways and processes predicted to be most intense.
Global atmospheric and oceanic North where changes areresult in the deposition of semi-volatile organic
contaminants in the Arctic. With the ratification of the Stockholm POPs protocol the Arctic has become a
strategic location with which to monitor global contaminants. Polar bears are top arctic predators, and hunted
regularly by indigenous people, which so far has not been a threat to the stability of circumpolar subpopulation
numbers. Polar bears are also captured and released for various research and monitoring porojects and thus
accessible for biosampling. Polar bears are therefore ideal biomonitors of spatial and temporal distribution,
dynamics, fate, biomagnification and potential effects of legacy and emerging organic contaminants of
anthropogenic origin and present in the arctic environment. Furthermore, polar bears are indicators of
ecosystem health and environmental change such as in sea ice habitat due to global warming. POPs and mercury
International Polar Heritage Conference.
Since the first International Polar Year in 1882-83 there have been a number of major international science
initiatives in polar regions. All of these events have been milestones in the history of mankind. Tangible
evidence of many of these sites remains scattered around the frozen extremities of our planet.

The International Polar Heritage Committee (IPHC) has as one of its objectives;
…… “to promote international co-operation in the protection and conservation of non-indigenous heritage in the
Arctic and Antarctic”
The SCAR Programme EBA (so far, 22 nations, over 70 researchers) will explore the evolutionary history of
selected modern Antarctic biota, examine how biological diversity in the Antarctic influences the way present-
day ecosystems function, and thereby predict how the biota may respond to future environmental change. For
the first time it will integrate understanding across the major realms of Antarctic biology (marine, terrestrial,
freshwater) into the cohesive picture which is a pre-requisite of Earth-System Science. EBA will advance
evolutionary and ecological theory using model systems and organisms from the Antarctic. Broad objectives:
1.to link with geoscientists to establish more clearly the evolutionary history of the Antarctic biota
2.to compare evolutionary adaptations to the Antarctic environment in a range of organisms, and thereby
determine The stability of the ecosystems in more than a half of Northern Eurasia and north North America (in
Rationale: general principles
Cold Land Regions, CLR) relies on the stability of seasonal snow cover and ice that, so far, holds these ecosystems
together. Breach of this stability affects societies and economic activity in high latitudes. Currently, changes in
terrestrial cryosphere are among the strongest contemporary environmental changes. However, these changes
as well as their associated feedbacks and impacts are still inadequately described within the contemporary Earth
System Models. During the 20th century, we observed snow cover and glaciers’ retreat and permafrost thaw
affecting water supply, land cover, and the carbon cycle. Glacier wastage has affected sea level rise, water
freshening, sea ice reduction, bioproductivity changing, and redistributing gravity field patterns. Further
consequences are difficult to predict.document the rapid and dramatic changes to terrestrial vegetation that are
One of the key goals of IPY will be to Paleodata, instrumental observations, and model simulations of future
expected to occur across the circumpolar Arctic as a result of climate change. Changes in the biomass of
terrestrial ecosystems will likely affect the permafrost, active layer, carbon reserves, trace-gas fluxes,
hydrological systems, biodiversity, wildlife populations and the habitability of the Arctic. Changes in green
biomass can be expected across the entire bioclimate gradient from treeline to the coldest parts of the Arctic.
The Greening of the Arctic (GOA) initiative consists of a group of scientists who are part of four major

The propose to establish a program to investigate the interactions among aerosols, clouds and precipitation in as
We first component will examine in detail the 24-year record of greenness across the entire circumpolar Arctic
the Arctic, and the impact of variations and changes in aerosol characteristics on precipitation, snow cover, river
flow, permafrost and surface temperature. Observations of increasing precipitation, rising river flow, declining
snow cover, and thawing permafrost indicate substantial changes to the Arctic hydrological cycle. Variations and
changes in the Arctic hydrological cycle are likely to arise from a complex interplay between natural internal
modes of climate variability and anthropogenic activity. Variations in atmospheric aerosol characteristics have
the potential to modulate the Arctic hydrological cycle both directly through its impact on precipitation and also
indirectly through its impact on temperature. Atmospheric aerosols influence the nucleation of cloud particles,
which thickness, combined cloud cover and as the sea ice mass balance, is the forces variations in the river
Sea iceinfluences directly thewith areal extent precipitation processes, and henceprincipal response of climatic
and oceanic interaction in the marine areas of Antarctica. A major thrust of the project is to obtain sea ice
thickness, extent, and physical properties in order to characterize mechanisms of growth and decay and the roles
of both the ocean and atmosphere in the sea ice annual cycle. Ice thickness data will be obtained by a variety of
methods including visual and automatic camera ice observations from vessels, buoy arrays, airborne EM surveys,
underice draft surveys using Autosub AUVs, satellite remote sensing and moored Upward Looking Sonar arrays.
Establishment of a quantitative base for circumpolar ice thickness will allow for comparison to the ASPeCt ice
thickness distribution derived from ship observations in the past and for future determinations of the thickness
distribution prokaryotic cyanobacteria and eukaryotic algae play a key role in Arctic and Antarctic ice cover
Microalgae -that will be available from validated satellite altimetric observations. The Antarctic seaecology ascan
primary producers. They can cope with extreme temperatures, varying light intensities, as well as low availability
of essential nutrients and other resources. Microalgae constitute a potential resource useful in biotechnological
applications and they have an important advantage over many other organisms as they can be expediently
cultured for the production and processing of desirable compounds. Culturing of microalgae and their
maintenance in a culture collection as a stable renewable resource is a huge advantage in the development of
their value to biotechnology. The promising application, with a possible turn-up both for the public health and
for the safeguard of the ambient, is definitely the utilization of microalgae as a source of bioactive substances.
Recently, Monitoring and Assessment Program search is an assessment program of Arctic Council which has a
The Arcticmuch effort has been expended on the(AMAP) for new compounds of therapeutic potential,
14 year track record on environmental assessment in the circumpolar arctic. AMAP has released two major
reports on arctic environmental contaminants in 1997 and 2002. Research to date has shown that levels of many
contaminants are building up in traditional / country foods (polar bears, seals, beluga whales) of many aboriginal
northerners to levels that would be unacceptable in southern areas of the same countries. Levels of
contaminants are rising to levels of concern in human tissues and early epidemiological studies have found
subtle health effects in Inuit infants. Research studies are ongoing to see if the effects seen in infants can be
validated among older children. The aboriginal peoples of the arctic are concerned about the possibility of
health effects due to contaminants in their traditional / country foods. AMAP will be undertaking an assessment
The International Antarctic Institute (IAI) will serve as an educational center for Antarctic programs facilitating
cross accreditation of courses from partner institutes. The IAI will deliver multidisciplinary educational programs
at both the undergraduate and graduate level and provide partner institutes with access to an otherwise
unavailable breadth of Antarctic courses and research programs.

By international agreement the Antarctic continent has been set aside for peace and scientific collaboration. As
has been seen over the past half-century, international cooperation is the key to the success of large-scale
research programs in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean. The establishment an international educational
The PPS Arctic is a multidisciplinary research cluster composed of 9 EOI’s, (cf. 1.6 & 3.11) of Antarctic related
consortium will complement and extend these linkages. It will facilitate the development jointly seeking to
explore current processes, past changes and spatiotemporal variability of biotic, abiotic, and socio-environmental
conditions and resource components along and across the transition zone between arctic and boreal regions.
This zone, the ‘tundra-taiga ecotone’ varies dramatically in width (up to hundreds of kilometres) throughout the
circum-arctic North and has thus a recognized exceptional importance, in terms of global vegetation, climate,
biodiversity and human settlement. Further, the particular vulnerability of the zone to changes in climate and
land use is recognized, along with concern for subsequent alterations and shifts of its position with consequences
for the entire arctic region through feedback mechanisms. Despite this recognition, comprehensive and large
scaleof the most extreme environments on the surface of Earth is the ice divide that crosses the inner part of East
One multidisciplinary scientific focus incorporating cause, effect, and importance of its past and present
Antarctica. Along this ice divide, Earth's oldest layered ice, long-isolated subglacial lakes, and important earth
crustal structures are located. Antarctic mass balance is the most significant gap in determining the current role
of the cryosphere on the present and future contribution of land ice to sea level change. Despite past
international efforts, most of the East Antarctic ice sheet is still unexplored and its subglacial geologic setting is
completely unknown. East Antarctic ice cores provide the longest records of climate and atmospheric parameters
but we still have an imperfect understanding of the means by which the signals of regional and global climate
variability reach the coring sites and are locked into the ice records.
Only through a concerted international effort will itPole (MEOP)to access the interior of Eastanimal-borne CTD
Marine Mammal Exploration of the Oceans Pole to be possible will deploy state-of-the-art Antarctica with
tags on strategically chosen, deep-diving marine mammal species to explore their movement patterns, behaviour
and habitat utilization in Polar Regions. Concomitant with the ecological data regarding these top predators, a
vast, high-precision oceanographic data set will be collected covering logistically difficult areas of ocean in Polar
Seas at the fringes of the North and South Atlantic and the South Pacific that are strategically important to
climate and ocean modelling. The cross-disciplinary merging of classical oceanography and marine mammal
ecology will significantly advance our understanding of the world’s oceans and top predators that live in them.

MEOP addresses how climate variabilitybeluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas), hooded seals (Cystophora and
ESSAR partners will deploy CTD-tags on and change affects the marine ecosystems of the polar (Subarctic
Arctic) seas and their sustainability. To provide accurate projections on the impact of climate warming on these
ecosystems requires improved knowledge of its components and their linkages. Because of the complexity of
the interactions, accurate predictions of what will happen to individual species requires knowledge on key life-
history traits and of what will happen to the ecosystem as a whole, as species do not function separately from
their ecosystem. ESSAR, therefore, encompasses retrospective and field studies on physics, plankton, benthos,
fish and shellfish, marine mammals, sea birds and humans. The field studies will be carried out in the Atlantic,
Pacific and Arctic Oceans during 2007-2008. The data gathered will be used, together with bio-physical models,
to make quantifiable day, Northern people are taking charge variability and long-term using all kind of new
More and more everypredictions of the effects of both climateof their development and climate change on arctic
tools to help them to better manage their land. Basic geospatial information is one source of information
becoming crucial to support all kind of activities. It is time to show the change happening and help it move even
faster through a geomatic conference dedicated to the North.

Canada holds a very large part of the Northern hemisphere and, with a small sparsely distributed population,
Canada faces mapping challenges. To circumvent some of these challenges, Canada has recently developed very
innovative processes to acquire and maintain its digital topographic database in the North. Canada continues to
build its & Rationale
Problemexpertise on geospatial infrastructure for the North. Being one of the leading countries in GIS, Canada is
The Arctic is currently undergoing rapid social and environmental changes, and the cumulative effects are felt
across the region. The rapidity and pervasiveness of these changes continue to present challenges to the
adaptive capacity for local communities and Arctic societies (ACIA 2005, AHDR 2004). Local responses to these
challenges will depend, in part, on the vulnerability and adaptive capacity of human-environment systems,
where vulnerability describes the degree to which a system is likely to experience harm due to exposure to a
hazard, either a perturbation or a stress, and adaptation refers to change in a system in response to some force
or perturbation. Yet, the processes that shape vulnerability and adaptive capacity are not well understood. The
aim of this project is to develop and apply methods for assessing the vulnerability and adaptive capacity of
A Symposium sponsored or co-sponsored by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)

Title: Comparative Studies of Marine Arctic and Antarctic Ecosystems and the Potential Consequences of Climate


&#9679;Climate variability - past and present environmental status of Arctic and Antarctic seas
&#9679;Physical, chemical and biological interactions explorer, scholar and founder of Dartmouth College’s
Inspired by Vilhjalmur Stefansson (1879-1962), Arctic under environmental shifts in the polar regions
Northern Studies program, the Institute of Arctic Studies (IAS) is engaged in interdisciplinary research and
education on issues of importance to the Northern and Polar Regions. Operating within the John Sloan Dickey
Center for International Understanding, IAS is initiating a series of IPY events in close collaboration with
Dartmouth faculty, the Stefansson Special Collection on Arctic Exploration and the Hood Museum of Art at
Dartmouth College, the US Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab (CRREL), the Smithsonian Arctic
Studies Center, and colleagues from Iceland, Greenland, the Netherlands, and other universities and research
Presently there are over 4 million wild and 1.8 million domestic reindeer and caribou inhabiting the earth’s arctic
regions. This keystone species has been an economic and cultural mainstay of nearly every indigenous group in
the Arctic. Recent profound changes have been occurring in the North with the potential to jeopardize the
relationship forged over countless generations between Rangifer, the land and the people.

In late 2004 a concerned circumpolar group of social scientists, biologists, ecologists, abiotic specialists,
aboriginal leaders, and resource managers met in Vancouver, Canada to launch an organization to track and
assess the impacts of the changes that are occurring. This group, the CARMA Network (CircumArctic Rangifer
Monitoring and Assessment network www.taiga.net/CARMA ) defined its mission: integrate results , insights
Scientists with myriad backgrounds and Inuit elders with traditional knowledge will
and observations to explain the expression of teeth in the narwhal. The extraordinary tusk defies most of the
principles and properties of teeth and remains a scientific enigma. Findings about its form and function will add
to the evolutionary knowledge for this odd adaptation and will, because of unique findings of anatomy and
histology recently discovered by this team, further define sensory capabilities of mammalian teeth. Scientific
results have already begun to direct interest in future models of dental material design as the hard tissue of the
narwhal tusk possesses a combination of unusual flexibility and strength characteristics that is highly desirable in
restorative materials. These same tusk traits were observed by the Inuit before the laboratory testing was
completed, and the results were reported. Likewise, traditional knowledge elucidates many aspects of narwhal
Sea ice is a fundamental feature of the polar environment; it is also one of its most tangible indicators of change.
During the last two decades, and in the past several years in particular, both polar scientists and local indigenous
residents have detected dramatic shifts in the extent, timing, and other key parameters of Arctic sea ice.
Whereas earlier IPY ventures contributed greatly to the progress in the scientific knowledge and understanding
of polar sea ice, IPY 2007-2008 will become a milestone in the documentation of indigenous knowledge of sea
ice environment. It will also set new standards for efforts and methods to bridge scientific and local observations
of change in the ice-dominated northern ecosystems.
  To achieve this we propose a coordinated international study of local knowledge and use of sea ice in several
indigenous communities Initiative Arctic region. The acronym Arctic project’s title, that – Sea Ice Knowledge
The Arctic Human Health across the(AHHI) is an IPY (2007-2008) for ourCouncil projectSIKU aims to increase the
visibility and awareness of health concerns of Arctic peoples, to foster human health research, and promote
health protection strategies that will improve the health and well-being of all Arctic Residents. The AHHI core
project will seek to advance the joint circumpolar human health research agendas of the Arctic Council (AC;
www.arcticcouncil.org ), an eight nation intergovernmental forum for sustainable development and
environmental protection, and the working groups of the International Union for Circumpolar Health (IUCH).
Current AC human health activities include monitoring the human health impact of anthropogenic pollutants,
climate variability, infectious diseases, and the expansion and assessment of tele-health innovations in Arctic
regions. The IUCH (www.iuch.org ) promotes international cooperation, research, scientific information exchange
The International Polar Year YSC (IPY YSC) is being proposed to ensure that IPY’s goals to include the next
generation of polar researchers and the world’s youth are met.

The IPY YSC would be made up of young representatives from around the world. They would be responsible for
being the link from their home countries’ national YSC’s to the IPY YSC as well as working on international
initiatives. The concept for national level YSC’s would be based on the successful model already developed in
Canada and approved by Canada’s IPY Steering Committee. The national YSC represents youth engaged in all
forms of research within a country from science to social science as well as youth with indigenous and arts
backgrounds. Youth from all levels of education (from high school through to the post-doc stage) would work
The network for present and future circumpolar freshwater lake research and data management (NORLAKES 4
Future) is a multidisciplinary and –national network under the International Polar Year initiative that seek to
connect activities and data of complementary research groups that are or will perform limnological research in
the Arctic.

Background. The polar regions at the Northern hemisphere have myriads of freshwater lakes that are integrated
parts of the polar biome and thus are irrevocable sites for many ecosystem processes.
Arctic lakes are unique in a number of ways. The most obvious being the physical and chemical conditions that
The impact a non-native (alien) species on ecosystems variability, low issues of the long ice coverage and
often imply ofvery harsh environment with low nutrient is one of the bigtemperatures,21st Century. Human travel
is occurring at an unprecedented level across the globe.

Currently alien microbes, fungi, plants and animals occur on some parts of the Antarctic continent and most of
the sub-Antarctic islands. These have been transported to the region through human activity (Frenot et al 2005).
Introduction routes are largely associated with movement of people and cargo in association with national
scientific program and tourist operations (Whinam et al 2005). The impact of these alien species ranges from
minor transient introduction to substantial loss of local biodiversity and changes to ecosystem processes and
evolution. With rapid climate change occurring in some partsto obtain data needed numbers of properties of
The proposed activity aims at establishing a bipolar network of Antarctica, greater to quantify alien
aerosols at high latitudes, including seasonal background concentrations by measurements of aerosol optical
depth (AOD), spectral characterizations, and the evolutionary patterns of the natural and anthropogenic
processes that perturb the aerosol cycles. An effort to quantify direct and indirect climate forcing by polar
aerosols will be made through a set of closure experiments using observations in conjunction with model
calculation and satellite data.
The co-operation in the frame of POLAR-AOD will allow the following:
1. - Definition of calibration procedures among the various sun-radiometers operating in Polar regions, in order
to short, the aim of the project (aerosol optical depth) evaluations and maintain a set of reference instruments in
In achieve homogeneous AOD is:
1.Study geographic variation in infections, parasites, immune system functioning and pollution levels in birds.
2.An effect study on individual marked birds
3.	Modelling future scenario’s of geographic variation and relating the findings to climate change, nature
management and human health.

Healthy individuals are able to optimize resource use, survival and reproduction. Health of an individual will be
under constant attack. Animals have developed immunological, physiological and behavioural strategies to battle
these attacks from pathogens, parasites and/or pollution on their venting on battle for health is the main theme
We propose an international collaboration to study hydrothermal health. This the ultra-slow spreading Arctic mid-
ocean ridge system. The Gakkel Ridge is a key target for hydrothermal studies because it has distinctive
geological characteristics as a result of ultra-slow spreading (full spreading rate of 3-7 mm/yr), and because it is
hydrographically isolated from the rest of the world’s ocean basins, which has important implications for vent
field biological communities. In addition, major portions of the Arctic mid-ocean ridge system lie in deep water (>
4000 m) under the ice pack, rendering them inaccessible to traditional deep submergence technologies. We are
solving this problem by developing robotic vehicles that will be able to autonomously detect, localize, survey,
and sample deep-sea vent fields under the Arctic ice pack. As a result, our project is technology intensive and
involves a strong component of discovery while at sea, which, when combined with our scientific objectives

Contaminants have been detected both in the Antarctic Ecosystem (AAE) and in the Arctic Ecosystem (AE). It has
been illustrated that in Polar Regions, concentrations of some semi-volatile contaminants may become elevated
due to the cold-condensation effect. Global warming is also expected to alter contaminant dynamics and fate in
polar regions although the magnitude and nature of these effects is difficult to predict. Because many of these
contaminants, like organochlorines, exhibit toxicity and are persistent, they pose a risk to organisms that reside
in Polar Regions. For the AE this has been shown, see for instance the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment
Programme (AMAP) in which some partners of the current consortium participated. For an assessment of the
The Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre (GCRC) at Carleton University in collaboration with Natural
Resources Canada, the Canadian Polar Commission, and the International polar science community proposes the
development of an on-line Polar Atlas (henceforth The Atlas) for the purpose of IPY Education and Outreach. The
Atlas is envisioned as significantly contributing to making IPY activities and results accessible to students,
teachers, the media, policy makers, scientists, and the general public. The Atlas will enable users to interact with
information on a wide range of topics identified as IPY themes including environmental change and human
activity in the polar regions. One of the technological contributions of the proposed activity will be an Atlas that
enables users to contribute content, thus involving polar community residents in meaningful ways.
For fifteen years the NASA-sponsored Earth System Science Education for the 21st Century (ESSE 21) and
precursor programs have fostered among colleges and universities an interdisciplinary approach to
understanding the Earth as a system of interrelated air, water, land, life and social processes. Led by the
Universities Space Research Association (USRA), ESSE 21 offers colleges and universities small, competitive grants
to develop Earth system science courses, curricula, and degree programs. ESSE 21 engages a collaborative
community of educators and scientists as partners in jointly developing and sharing courses and learning
resources focused on Earth system science research and application. ESSE 21 places special emphasis on reaching
minority serving institutions. Sixty-three teams have been funded since 1991 supporting faculty from different
disciplines is the primary heat sink in theand offer courses with relevant and compelling role in climate change
Antarctica to come together to develop global climate system, and plays an important science, technology,
and variability. Projections of the state of global change (e.g., global warming, ozone depletion) must accurately
account for Antarctic atmospheric processes whose effects are transmitted to the rest of the planet via the
atmosphere and the ocean. In addition, the processes by which tropical latitudes impact Antarctic are not well

As a means to improve our understanding of atmospheric processes and transports between Antarctica and
lower latitudes, a basic and applied research program is proposed to explore these atmospheric processes in
detail. AC Squaredsubmission this is a living document which evolves as partnerships the fundamental goals to
Like the July 2005 will consist of both observational and modeling components with and resources are
negotiated. Health related mega-projects in the Arctic have so far highlighted diseases and illnesses separating
the aspirations and the accomplishments of Arctic peoples. This programme is framed by Arctic peoples’
resiliency, where partnerships are fostered which highlights the strength and aspiration of Arctic residents. Over
the last few decades many Canadian Arctic peoples have negotiated land claims and set up governance and
structures to protect and enhance their knowledge, languages. This will cover the first theme of the three
proposed for this project; namely the Dynamics of Governance and Local Authority. This includes issues such as
self-determination, governance, economic change and community dynamics.
The science programme of the POLENET consortium will investigate polar geodynamics, the earth’s magnetic
field, crust, mantle and core structure and dynamics, and systems-scale interactions of the solid earth, the
cryosphere, the oceans and the atmosphere. Activities will be focused on deployment of autonomous
observatories at remote sites on the continents and offshore, coordinated with measurements made at
permanent station observatories and by satellite campaigns. Measurements (in situ, satellite and airborne) will
include GPS (w/ GLONASS, Galileo; GPS occultation/meteorological sensors), seismic, gravity (absolute and
relative), geomagnetic, tide gauges (at coastal sites, or as ocean bottom sensors), and oceanographic (in situ and
altimetry) and chemical (at offshore sites). Many sites will be augmented by meteorological sensors.
Multidisciplinary deep sea observatories on the polar seafloor will perform continuous collection of geophysical,
The food-borne parasites Trichinella nativa, Toxoplasma gondii, and Anisakis simplex are significant Arctic human
zoonoses; endemic to some regions and directly related to the consumption of country foods. Many Northerners
remain reliant on wildlife as a source of food, financial income and cultural identity and are demanding programs
which will provide greater security in the safety of country foods and programs that ensure the long-term
sustainability of wildlife populations. Changing climatic conditions are predicted to alter wildlife habitat, facilitate
the northward migration of wildlife diseases and parasites, and alter contaminant cycling and fate; all of which
have the potential to detrimentally affect the health and long term sustainability of wildlife populations and
ultimately the source and safety of country foods (ACIA 2004; Boonstra 2004; Derocher et al. 2003; Harvell et al.,
2002; (the Exchange for Local et al. 2004; Lie et al. 2004 & of the Arctic) is baseline data (benchmarks)
ELOKAHoberg et al., 2002; Kutz Observations and Knowledge2005). Adequateenvisioned as a data management
service and circumpolar network for IPY 2007-2008 and beyond; its main purpose is to support and connect local
and traditional knowledge projects and community-based research and monitoring programs around the North.
ELOKA will be a central data portal, data management service, networking service, and resource center related to
the knowledge and observations of Arctic residents. In setting up these pioneer goals, ELOKA will make a major
contribution to one of the IPY 2007-2008 missions, namely, to bridge scientific studies of polar environments
with the observations and ecological knowledge of polar residents. ELOKA will be an important tool in facilitating
contributions from, and access by, Arctic communities to IPY research and future Arctic research.
The International Tundra Experiment (ITEX) is a coordinated network of scientists and sites across the tundra
biome established in 1990 to: a) monitor for long-term changes in terrestrial ecosystems; and b) conduct
warming and other environmental manipulations to test hypotheses related to effects of environmental
variability and change on these ecosystems. ITEX sites span the tundra biome from alpine/high plateau sites in
Europe, North America and Asia, to Polar Desert sites in high arctic Canada, Greenland and Svalbard. Research at
many sites has continued since the early 1990’s using standardised protocols published in the ITEX Manual.
Establishing networks of sites conducting standardised observations across the Arctic was a major
recommendation in the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. The standardised methods have allowed unique
syntheses of data to examine responses at different levels of integration across the biome. Our syntheses have
<a href="http://www.ipy.org/development/eoi/INTRODUCTION_Martin%20Jeffries_189.pdf"> Link to
Comprehensive Summary</a>

UArctic is a unique network of ninety cooperating universities, colleges, indigenous organizations and other
institutions distributed throughout the eight Arctic countries: Canada, Finland, Greenland/Denmark, Iceland,
Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States. Committed to higher education and research in the North, the
UArctic values of regional identity, interdisciplinarity, and diversity drive its efforts to build capacity and create a
strong, sustainable circumpolar region. For UArctic, education is a continuum and learning is a lifelong process.
The aim the purpose is to UArctic the possibility for researchers from developing countries primary and
Thus, forof the activityof IPYopen up will focus on the following audiences and approaches: [1]to research and
development activities in the Antarctic, introducing a whole new group of people who have limited exposure to
this field, to the culture of international scientific cooperation in Antarctica, and its relevance in the wider
scheme of things.

The Antarctic Treaty claimed the continent for all humanity, and yet, 50 years after the IGY 1957, research on the
6th continent is still open to only a limited number of countries who are fortunate enough to have the resources
and the infrastructure to support their research activities.
To monitor and understand the Arctic atmosphere, there are number of key questions that need to be answered.
In particular:

(1) How do clouds, aerosols and atmospheric chemistry interact to force the Pan-Arctic surface energy balances
and albedo-temperature feedback?

(2) What is the relative role of tropospheric dynamics and stratospheric linkages in controlling the Arctic surface
Perhaps the most lasting product of the scientific output from the 1st International Polar Year (IPY) are the
encyclopaedic ethnological reports resulting from expeditions to Pt. Barrow, Alaska and Fort Chimo in the
Ungava District (now northern Quebec). Together, John Murdoch’s Ethnological Results of the Point Barrow
Expedition (1892) and Turner’s Ethnology of the Ungava District (1894) form the intellectual bedrock of northern
native studies in their respected regions. These publications are likely the only research results from the original
IPY which still are consulted routinely by researchers. The volumes have limitations as ethnological studies; they
provide a comprehensive and valuable review of the material culture of Barrow’s Inupiat residents and the Inuit
and Innu of the Quebec-Labrador peninsula at the time of the first IPY. Both books are highly regarded by
contemporary northern native community members across Alaska’s North Slope and throughout the Eastern
The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (2004, 2005) concluded that predicted changes in climate and UV in the
Arctic are expected to have far-reaching impacts on the hydrology and ecology of freshwater ecosystems. Key
effects include changes in the distribution, abundance and ecology of aquatic species in various trophic levels,
dramatic alterations in the physical environment that makes up their habitat, changes to the chemical properties
of that environment, and alterations to the processes that act on and within freshwater ecosystems. Interactions
of climatic variables, such as temperature and precipitation, with freshwater ecosystems are highly complex and
hence can be propagated through ecosystems in ways that are often difficult to predict. This is partly because of
our still relatively poor understanding of the structure and function of arctic freshwater systems and their basic
inter-relationships are climate ways to preserve and protect their as well as knowledge, of long-term
Indigenous peopleswith seeking and other environmental variables,traditional by a paucity to incorporate it into
both their own decision-making and broader decisions when it is relevant to assessing impacts on indigenous
people. At the same time, the ability to exercise some control over indigenous knowledge and maintain its
integrity is important. Indigenous people also recognize that their traditional knowledge (TK) may have an
economic component and are anxious to share in the benefits that may flow from use of their TK. The
fundamental question that this research project seeks to address is how the law responds to these interests of
indigenous peoples. What are the alternate legal avenues capable of accepting indigenous claims based on TK
and what are the implications both for indigenous people and society more broadly of incorporating TK into the
law in these ways? How will recognition and incorporation of TK transform north in many ways ranging
While the material needs and activity of global industrial culture impact thefamiliar legal landscapes? from
resource extraction to global warming, this culture remains largely unconscious of the polar region on a
subjective, emotive, immaterial level. Industrial culture’s presence in the north is largely economically driven. It is
material need which determines the quantification of landscape through a variety of means, from seismic
blasting to satellite imagery.

Is anything left out of this picture? Have we pushed certain meanings beyond our consciousness because they
do not fall under the radar of our material needs? What of our immaterial relationship, the emotive, spiritual,
and empathetic one with northern lands and their living things? It is often described that it is only on an
As development in Northern and Arctic communities are influencing both the living conditions and the cultural
characteristics of the population in the North, the present pace of globalization is calling for a research focus on
both short and long term perspectives in social and socio-economic changes. The question of sustainable
development emphasizes the need of understanding changes not only in relation to the present, but in an inter-
generational perspective. In addition the need for a gender perspective on the development process has been
Crucial is on one hand the need of interdisciplinarity in the research activities, because there is an intimate
connections between the bio-physical, the socio-economic and the cultural worlds. And on the other hand, an
understanding of the changes in inter-generational and gender perspectives is very muchnorthern regions of of
There is increasing recognition that multiple environmental changes are occurring in the needed. The focus
Europe. Some of these environmental changes, for example climate warming, levels of UV-B radiation, and
habitat fragmentation, are projected to continue leading to impacts on the lands of the Nordic countries
unprecedented since deglaciation some 10,000 year ago.

There will likely be large impacts on the peoples of the North, both problems and opportunities, and
consequences outside the region because of the important role that the Arctic plays in the earth system: changes
in treeline and snow and ice cover affect the transfer of energy and water between land and atmosphere;
changes in vegetation, soils and permafrost affect the atmospheric composition of greenhouse gases; millions of
Polar environments are changing rapidly. Resulting impacts on terrestrial/freshwater ecosystems affect a) higher
trophic levels and resources for Arctic residents, b) biodiversity in both polar regions and beyond due to the
migration of many species, and c) land-atmosphere processes through changes in surface reflectivity and
exchange of trace gases.
Polar lands are vast and diverse and the knowledge of geographical variation in recent ecosystem change is
limited. Attribution of change is difficult because the primary drivers vary from site to site and between the
poles: at some sites multiple drivers of change (e.g. climate, UV-B, contaminants, habitat fragmentation) operate
Between 1964of stratospheric ozone and other important and related atmosphericboth polar areas. Intensive
The evolution and 1974, a network of IBP* Tundra Biome sites was established in constituents in Polar Regions
is tightly coupled to a wide range of processes acting within and outside the winter polar vortices and through
the entire region from the surface to the mesopause. Much of the current understanding of these processes has
been achieved within the programme of SPARC (Stratospheric Processes and their Role in Climate), a WCRP core
project, and other international projects with which it maintains collaborative links. The IPY programme offers a
unique opportunity for SPARC to assemble a range of scientific expertise to study the Antarctic and Arctic Polar
Vortices, the loci of key chemical and physical processes associated with ozone depletion and its eventual
recovery, as well as of key features of the dynamical coupling between the troposphere, stratosphere, and
mesosphere in polar and Text)
Summary of Activity (Full sub-polar regions. The central goal of the SPARC IPY programme (hereinafter referred

The Overarching problems to be adressed by the project relates to the impact of globalization, privatization and
liberalization. The Arctic regions still in most cases are characterized by economic dependence on centres in the
South, which dominate trade patterns and capital movements. Hence, the main research question is related to
both positive and negative impacts of the global economy. In terms of the global impact on the possibility to
promote self-reliance and independence the Arctic regions international competitiveness becomes of paramount
importance. Can the regions promote a supply of goods and services competitive with imported goods and
services? Does diversification as a hand-bound limited trade concentration both publishers as a commercial
The anthology will be realised matter at all here? Is the edition, then submitted toin terms of goods and services
Confirmed contributions include a short story by Ali Smith, a report from the NZ conservation team currently
working on Shackleton’s hut and a personal account of working in South Georgia by former whaling inspector
Douglas Bremner. Other invited contributors are: Robert Headland of the Scott Polar Research Institute: Tony
Soper founder of BBC Wildlife and Mary Ann Lea, Marine Biologist and seal specialist. I would also like to include;
a fine art illustration, an interview with a Research Station cook, an essay from a geologist with a Dry Valley
named after him, an extract from ‘The Ice’ by Stephen J. Pyne, as well as text generated in conjunction with the
Scottish Poetry to improve understanding of the controls on carbon (C), possibilities will become evident in the
Our objective isLibrary and The Arvon Foundation. I imagine many other water and energy exchange between
arctic terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. We propose a linked programme of plant and soil process
studies, isotope analyses, flux measurements, micro-meteorology, process modelling, and aircraft and satellite
observations to improve predictions of the response of the arctic terrestrial biosphere to global change.
Climate warming is resulting from disruption of the global C cycle. The Arctic is already warming significantly, and
warming is expected to be fastest and greatest at high latitudes, 4-7ºC over the next century. However, complex
linkages between climate, C cycle, energy balance, and hydrology mean that the details of such changes and the
response of arctic ecosystems remain poorly understood. The Arctic governs some critical feedbacks in global
change: (i) the release by warming of considerable but poorly quantified C stores from high latitude soils (20-60%
This project will create an infrastructure for monitoring and observation by the indigenous and other Arctic
residents’ organizations based in the coastal communities of the Bering Sea region (BSR) including Bering Strait
and adjacent Chukchi Sea. It will increase capacity and effectiveness of the circum-Arctic monitoring through
responding to the need of the long-term collection of data in remote Arctic locations, in particularly, in BSR that
was identified as a priority monitoring area by many scientists, e.g. by the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring
Programme of the Arctic Council. The project will use IPY as an impetus to consolidate current research and jump-
start new cooperative activities between scientists, indigenous and other citizens groups from the North East
Russia and Alaska, U.S. Whereas, the region is known for an international cooperative research in specific
species management, e.g. Gray whalesparticipants of the Arctic Council (Aleut International Sea research Arctic
AICEMI is proposed by the permanent and Polar bear, efforts on creation of circum-Bering Association,
Athabaskan Council, Gwich’in Council International, Inuit Circumpolar Conference, Russian Association of
Indigenous Peoples of the North, and Saami Council) as an umbrella project for community-based (CB) programs
and/or CB components of other IPY projects.
Preliminary goals:
•	 Ensuring synergies between CB projects and enhancing their significance and potential sustainability during the
IPY and beyond
•	 Facilitating IPY projects with community-based component to ensure involvement of appropriate
Climate change is already dramatically affecting the biosphere, but its effects on biological communities are still
poorly understood. Because of the sensitivity of sea ice extent to temperature fluctuation, and the sensitivity of
high-latitude species to changes in ice extent, the Southern Ocean represents a natural laboratory in which to
investigate the impacts of global and regional climate change and any consequent biotic modifications. In the
Southern Ocean, individual species depending on their link to sea ice may be affected independently, or there
may be changes due to complex, multispecies interactions, e.g. bottom-up cascades from plankton to krill, fish
and top-predators; conversely, top-down cascades could result from alterations of predation pressure as
changing sea ice affects the degree of access of top predators to their prey. In this context, it is now well
documented that, among air-breathing top-predators, variations in penguin population canItaly, New Zealand,
ANDRILL (Antarctic Drilling) is an international program involving scientists from Germany, be used as an
the UK and the USA designed to investigate Antarctica's role in global environmental change from the recovery of
rock and sediment cores from beneath the floating sea ice and ice shelves surrounding Antarctica. The planned
program will use new improved drilling technology that enables excellent recovery of deep (>1000m) rock and
sediment cores from the Antarctic margin including deployment of the drill string through floating ice shelves.
Given the breadth of the proposed outcome, ANDRILL's strategy is to obtain specific reference records of key
stratigraphic intervals proximal to the dynamic Antarctic cryosphere to address specific extremes and transitions
already identified in the global climate system from deep ocean proxy records.
Arctic wildlife species have evolved unique physiologies and have developed life-history strategies for survival in
the harsh polar environment. However, the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Report indicates that the climate is
rapidly changing in the Arctic and has the potential to alter wildlife habitat, facilitate the northward migration of
wildlife diseases and parasites, and alter contaminant cycling. It is imperative that we understand and predict the
cumulative impacts that will arise from the multiple stressors associated with climate change. Unfortunately, we
have few analytical tools that can be used to assess changes in the health and condition of arctic wildlife. For
instance, little is known about the effects on northern wildlife of pathogens or parasites arriving in the arctic
from temperate regions; especially under conditions of chronic exposure to low concentrations of
immunosuppressive contaminants, nor do interests in have the of West Antarctica where the ice sheet
This project links together multidisciplinarywe currentlythe regionresearch tools to study these potential impacts.
discharges into the Amundsen Sea. It is one of the most active ice sheet areas, is already contributing a
significant fraction of the increasing sea level, and holds the potential to dwarf other sea level contributions in
the future. Aside from routine satellite coverage that monitor elevation and surface features, information about
the area is limited. Last Antarctic field season, a comprehensive aerogeophysical survey revealed surprising
differences between the beds of the Pine Island and Thwaites Glacier basins.
Our project will greatly advance our knowledge of ice dynamics of the area (through surface measurements of
motion, including possible tidal modulation of flow), the basal conditions (through active seismic studies at sites
Wildlife research in the Canadian of the strongly suggests that a number of observed environmental changes are
believed to represent large areas Arctic bed and/or critical transition regions), sub-shelf oceanic interactions
predicted to continue impacting various economically, socially, culturally and nutritionally important wildlife
populations. Conservation hunting, given the socio-economic and cultural benefit it has been shown to provide in
many northern communities, has the potential to contribute to enlightened adaptive response to these evolving
and probable new northern realities. Conservation policies, if they are to be acceptable and effective, will require
greater understanding of evolving human-wildlife relationships in the Arctic.

The term ‘conservation hunting’ is now applied to sport or recreational hunting when those hunts result in
demonstrable conservation and social benefits. Conservation hunting, most commonly for polar bear (but also
Soils of Polar Regions are a very important membrane in bio-cryospheric interactions, regulating natural and
human-induced processes in ecosystems and landscapes of the North Latitudes. The knowledge of positive and
negative feedbacks in the system ‘climate-vegetation-soil-permafrost’ are of the crucial significance for
understanding and forecasting response of this system to global change.
RASCHER addresses how climate variability and change can affect the soil systems of the polar (Subarctic and
Arctic) regions and their sustainability. To provide accurate projections on the impact of climate change and
increase of anthropogenic influence on these systems requires improved knowledge of its components and their
linkages. Soil has both very inert and changeable parameters, which are altered differently because of climate
change. glaciers are widely distributed in high mountain regions of the World soil characteristics (temperature,
Surging RASCHER will mainly focus on the study of temporal change of labile and often are at the bottom of
many natural catastrophic phenomenon (mudflows, outbursts of dammed lakes, ice avalanches etc). That’s why
the revealing of such glaciers and observation on their regime are of great scientific and practical importance.

At present as a result of field investigations, air photos and space images the regularities of fluctuations of many
surging glaciers of the Pamirs (Oktyabrskiy, Gando, Bivachniy, Sugran and others) are investigated in detail. The
Inventory of Surging Glaciers of the Pamirs was compiled. The experience of monitoring of these glaciers may be
distributed at the glaciers of polar regions. That’s why it is proposed to fulfil remote sensing investigations of
surging glaciers of Alaska, Svalbard and Pamirs on the base of spaceunderstanding the investigations of the
COMPASS provides an integrated and interdisciplinary approach to images. In Alaska input of Antarctica into
global climate formation during the observation period of IPY 2007-2008. COMPASS is realised through following
four themes:
1. Records of Antarctic climate variability and change
2. Climate processes at the Antarctic central and coastal zones
3. Southern Hemisphere teleconnections and land - air - sea - ice interactions
4. Antarctica and the global climate system

The COMPASS Project cluster has the goal of creating a definitive, high quality data set of IPY Antarctic standard
The goal of this project is to document pan-arctic changes in large-scale disturbances (thermokarst, fire, insect
outbreaks, and forest harvest), relate these to climatic and social change, and to assess their ecological, climatic,
and societal consequences in high-latitude ecosystems (tundra and boreal forest). Recent trends suggest that
continued high-latitude warming will likely be accompanied by increases in disturbances such as fire, insect
outbreaks, thermokarst, and potentially forest harvest and land-cover conversion to grassland or agriculture.
These disturbances have qualitatively different effects on the climate system, ecological processes, and therefore
society than do those ecological processes that are more continuous functions of climatic change. Large-scale
disturbances have the practical advantage that they can be quantified regionally by remote sensing so processes
studied locally are more readily changes in Arctic archaeology witnessing builds on existing research programs in
Last decades saw the important extrapolated to large scales. The program new significant discoveries of
surprisingly early sites located at Northwestern Europe and East Siberia. The new data led to the radical revision
of traditional views on the initial human dispersal and adaptations in High Latitudes. The schemes presented and
repeated in manuals and textbooks are essential wrong and outdated. In spite of the unprecedented scale of field
activity in different portions of this vast area, the projects are conducted by the individual and occasionally
isolated regional research groups. It hampers the co-operation of scholars and coordination between field and
laboratory research. To address these challenges during the International Polar Year, we have developed a new
research programme known as ICOL - the Initial Human Colonization of Arctic in Changing Palaeoenvironments.
Only by integrating results
Arctic Base Camp (ABC) from archaeological and palaeoenvironmental studies will it be possible to develop a
Location: 72*42’ North 77*57’ West

Established in 1989, award-winning Arctic adventure company, Polar Sea Adventures (PSA) is based in Pond Inlet
on the northern tip of Baffin Island in Canada’s high Arctic. PSA offers a wide range of safe, high quality
scheduled and custom-made adventure trips, expeditions and services. Each one professionally designed, in close
consultation with clients, carefully promoting environmental awareness, exploration and respect for nature. One
of the most northerly tour operators in the world - Polar Sea's trips, expeditions and projects are planned and
delivered with of Activity
Substantiation the intention of being environmentally, socially and economically responsible. Polar Sea is
Protected natural areas (PAS) are national patrimony objects. PAS are very important in nature conservation,
especially in preservation of environmental standards and plant and animal gene pools, and in maintenance of
ecological balance. PAS are conductive to renewal of natural resources and improve the quality of human
The importance of ecological monitoring in the Arctic and Subarctic zones within the framework of the
International Polar Year is due to a low level of stability of the Arctic, Subarctic and northern Taiga ecosystems
under the pressure of anthropogenic load and, consequently, their high vulnerability.
Complex ecological research is planned on the territory of the reserves heavily affected by pollution: the
The goal of the proposed project is to develop a publicly available electronic informational system, which will be
filled with ethnodemographic and genealogical data from variety of sources pertaining to the Saami, Nenets,
Enets, Selkup, Nganasan, Teleut, Kumandin, Uilta, Shor and several other peoples of Siberia and the Russian
North. This data will cover the period from the 16/17th c. to the present. The system will consist of a database
coupled with a web-based interface performing the task of interaction with specially developed server-side
modules, which pass queries to the database, and receive and present results to the user. The typical queries,
which will require special modules, will be for instance, search for descendants or antecedents of a given person;
or grouping of persons according to some criteria, such as given type of sanguineous marriage, economic
specialisation, principles ruling the formation of households, etc.
Using a unique Canadian technology, the ASTAPA system will supplement existing and planned ocean observing
systems with the capacity to monitor passages of rare and commercially important animals for up to 20 years
and will also extend the reach of physical monitoring systems. The original concept of an 'Arctic Curtain' (EOI
640, Canada #124) to monitor seasonal migrations of fish, expanded through the IPY process and a global
proposal to the Canadian Foundation of Innovation for an Ocean Shelf Tracking and Physic Array (OSTAPA). The
original EOI for a single line of acoustic receivers through the narrowest channels in the Canadian Archipelago
drew interest from marine mammal trackers and ocean observers from the Bering Strait to Norway. So, ASTAPA
now includes multiple lines to record direction and speed of travel as well as local oceanographics at key
passages. ASTAPA wouldand youngproven data gathering and management capacity of the operational Census of
An exchange of students have the northern professionals from Canada and other circumpolar countries during
International Polar Year 2007-2008.

Four categories of exchanges are envisioned:

1. Undergraduate and College students: A 4-month exchange, in collaboration with the University of the Arctic’s
north2north student mobility program and expanded during IPY to include students from southern universities
who are undertaking northern studies.
Target participation: 20is to make scholarly in each year, 2007North more accessible to the general public, in
The goal of this project Canadian students writing about the and 2008.
both the North and the South. The scale of International Polar Year and the mass media attention that it will
generate make this a perfect time to attract the general public to polar research. While many people are
interested in the North, and aware of Northern issues in so much as they are presented in newspapers and on
the evening news, such interested non-specialists do not have an obvious place to turn to get more detailed, in-
depth information about Northern research. Our goal is to provide these people with a place to go for solid,
complex information presented in an easy-to-read, accessible manner.

The Arctic Institute of North America, which houses the journal _Arctic_, is an ideal place to undertake this
The public engagement with polar science and the involvement of local groups and of ethnic minorities is of
great importance to the International Polar Year 2007-2008. The IPY should be a time for everyone to learn and
reflect on regions of our world which few have visited but which are essential to the future well-being of all of us.
This international outreach project is aimed at making the polar regions in general, and the IPY in particular,
widely accessible to the public. The point of departure in our effort is the awareness of previous international
polar years and their legacy. By bringing the rich, complex, successful, yet also problematic, history of the
previous IPYs to the fore in physical and virtual exhibitions we want also to project the work of the forthcoming
IPY to the widest possible audience. We aim to do this through a series of exhibits in major centres or institutions
of key IPY countries. To present IPY 2007-09 in its historical context and polar regions would be remiss if there
In today’s energy intensive environment any discussion of the arctic will be an intellectually rewarding way to
was no consideration of the extensive oil and gas development work that is occurring in Alaska, the Russia Far
East and Siberia, Canada and the Barents Sea, as well as the need for energy in the remote rural areas in these
areas. The Arctic Energy Summit will be convened for the purposes of discussion and sharing of information,
technology and approaches in those energy areas of common interest between the arctic nations.
At the core of the Summit will be a technology conference to be held in late fall of 2007. The focus of this
conference will be in three areas: 1) Extractive energy development (oil, gas, coal bed methane, methane gas
hydrates, coal); 2) Rural and renewable power, especially in extreme remote areas; 3) Environmental, socio-
economic and sustainability impacts of comprehensive, arctic-wide, locally driven the technology conference
The theme of this project is to establishenergy projects in the Arctic. Leading up to monitoring programmes for
biodiversity of Arctic char through two linked components: 1) Community-based monitoring, and 2) Research-
based Monitoring. Such work will allow for both local indigenous peoples and researchers to document changes
in the biodiversity of char populations and their local ecosystems and to link their findings into a comprehensive
view of global change as it affects this key Arctic fishery resource. During the IPY period (2006-2008) this activity
will: a) establish a network and outreach among northern communities, char researchers, conservation groups,
and other IPY projects; b) research and/or summarise present local and global biodiversity in chars; c) develop
appropriate monitoring protocols for char status and diversity; and, d) establish relevant local and global
monitoring/research sites and teams in as many Arctic countries as possible. Using these IPY short-term products
The Southern Ocean exerts a strong influence on global climate through the circulation of the Circumpolar
Current and the seasonal shift of the sea-ice cover. While currently there are many different ways of assessing
the intensity of phenomena associated with Climatic Change (ozone depletion, increase of temperature, CO2 and
UV radiation), there is no single tool for measuring the indirect effects of these alterations, most of which are
critical to the functioning of ecosystems. In the marine environment, changes in thermal gradients modify the
global oceanic circulation pattern, thus bringing unpredictable consequences to the structure of communities,
trophic relationships and biogeochemical cycling. The geographic distribution and abundance of plankton stem
from a combination of factors that include the interaction between the life cycle of species, oceanic circulation,
formationwilleddies, the behaviour of frontal under the auspices of the Arctic Council, composed of AC Working
COMAAR of be established as a consortium systems (e.g., advance and retreat of the sea-ice cover), and the
Groups, major observation and monitoring networks, platforms/observatories, government agencies and other
relevant institutions involved in observation and monitoring in the Arctic. The main objectives of COMAAR are to
increase effectiveness and efficiency in the use of infrastructure, personnel and funding, and to improve
coordination for sustained long-term time series observations and for data handling.

COMAAR will bring together conventional scientific approaches to observation and monitoring with local and
traditional knowledge approaches. This will lead to synergies and added value in data availability that will
underpin a new1970s oil and gas development has gradually comeassessments for policy making. At the same
Since the early generation of scientific analysis, publications and to dominate the industrial sector in the Arctic.
The pace of development has increased significantly in recent years as the price of oil and gas has risen,
motivating industry to travel further north to extract fossil fuels for global consumption. Increasing pressure
from various governments—Russian, Norwegian, Canadian and American—require the Arctic to be open for
business. Increasingly, Arctic communities are being tied into the global market for oil and gas, putting pressure
on their individual and societal capacities to cope with change, participate in resource management decision-
making, and secure any possible economic and social benefits. As such, the urgent pace of such development
poses critical challenges to the human security of communities, affecting local economies, traditional livelihoods,
health, food, and the environment. At the same time traditional securities are increasing in pressure from
Why Prydz Bay-Amery-Dome A ?
The Dome A region is the highest plateau of the Antarctic ice sheet, and could be the coldest place on the Earth’s
surface. The transect from Prydz Bay-Amery Ice Shelf-Lambert Glacier Basin-Dome A is an interconnected ocean,
ice-shelf and ice sheet system, which plays a very important role in east Antarctica mass balance, sea level and
climate change. Dome A is a little known region of the Antarctic and, as it is the highest part of Antarctic ice
sheet, it is an ideal place for observing the earth’s environmental background and making new scientific findings
in a range of disciplines
•	 ice thickness at the summit of Dome A was measured as over 3000 m by the 21st Chinese National Antarctic
Research Expedition (CHINARE-21) in the austral of the Arctic and the Antarctic were published almost 30 by
The existing general tectonic and structural mapssummer of 2004/2005. Snow accumulation occurs mostlyyears
ago and featured mainly the Polar landmasses, whereas the offshore areas were left practically blank with only
limited morphostructural information based on insufficient bathymetric knowledge. Since then, a vast amount of
new data was accumulated in high latitudes, especially in their oceanic parts and continent-to-ocean transition
zones where extensive geophysical and geological studies were accompanied by over-ice, submarine and ship-
borne hydrographic surveys. On land the principal achievements were provided by modern isotope geochemistry
methods that enabled better insight in crust-mantle relationships and improved dating of the earliest stages of
geological history. As the result, a considerable progress in understanding the tectonic evolution of the Polar
Regions was made, and at the same time new about 35 for the and research students) sight. focus to the
TUNU*-MAFIG (2003-2009; p.t. 10 nations andchallengesscientistfuture research came in bringsIn particular, it
diversity and physiological adaptations of the Arctic marine fish fauna. Arctic fishes are relatively poorly studied
and comparisons with the Antarctic fish fauna will be of particular interest in the light of the peculiar
evolutionary history and geological time scales that characterize the two polar regions (cf. IPY-activities EBA, ID:
137 and ICEFISH, ID: 93). Warming trends have been reported for Arctic waters in general and the fjords of NE
Greenland in particular. The sea ice cover has been significantly reduced in NE Greenland during the past three
decades and this makes the area a timely Arctic key site to study effects of climate change on the marine biota.
Fishes are known to be particularly sensitive to changes in temperature and salinity. Arctic fishes are
physiologically adapted to subzero temperatures and climatically narrow thermal zone (~ processes (e.g.,
The salt content of sea ice is a major control on many live within aand biologically relevant 2 °C). Therefore, even
summer melting rates and surface albedo, the equilibrium thickness of multi-year ice, the
formation of the brine channels that harbor microbial life in sea ice, the regulation of carbon fluxes between the
atmosphere and ocean by maintaining brine network connectivity, the sea ice mechanical
strength and, radiation scattering within the ice). In this project, we propose to measure and model delta O18
and Lead-210 vertical profiles (together with internal temperature and salinity) to study
heat and brine fluxes through sea ice; two processes that are crucial for a better understanding of ice growth and
melt dynamics. A unique aspect of the proposed work is that we will incorporate tracer
transport and fractionation into models of sea ice growth and melt. Towards this end, we propose to collect ice
To assess the impacts of climate change there is a need to significantly improve our understanding of Arctic
Marine ecosystems. The lack of information in the Canadian Arctic Ocean on fish species distributions, their
densities and ability to respond to climate change has implications for the development of new marine fisheries
and ensuring that the current subsistence fisheries are sustainable. AMBER is part of an international cluster i.e
by ArcOD, which deals with Arctic biodiversity. Many of the existing fisheries in the Arctic are dependent on the
productivity of near shore coastal or estuarine ecosystems. Anadromous Arctic char, for example, obtain most of
their energy during the short Arctic summer while feeding in the marine (estuarial) environment. Nunavut’s
largest commercial fishery is dependent on the deep-water marine ecosystems of Baffin Bay and Davis Strait.
Climate changepollutants such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs),ecosystems. AMBER will intensely study
Anthropogenic models suggest that global warming will impact these other semivolatile organic pollutants
(SOCs) and mercury can be transported over long distances from source regions to the remote Arctic. Since the
Arctic does not exist alone and it shares a common atmosphere and aqua-sphere with the World, these
pollutants can theoretically originate from anywhere globally and be carried to the Arctic by air and ocean
currents. Studies conducted under the Northern Contaminants Program (NCP), the Canadian National
Implementation Plan of the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), as well as others, have
associated episodes of high POP concentrations measured on the western North American Arctic with
atmospheric transport across the Pacific from potential sources in Asia. Such transport can occur in as short as 5
to 10 days. These pollutants have the tendency of depositing on terrestrialprogram will surfaces in the Arctic and
The proposed Integrated Communication, Education and Evaluation (ICEE) and aquatic serve as an important
link in the IPY chain, building the capacity of the IPY community to effectively communicate to non-
academic/technical audiences the activities and research of IPY, serving as an EOC clearinghouse between the
IPY community and non-technical audiences who will be informed and engaged by IPY activities, and developing
and deploying measures to assess the impact of these efforts and evaluate ways to improve them. ICEE will be
led by CIRES Outreach at the University of Colorado in Boulder in collaboration with science education partners
TERC, SERC, UCAR, INSTAAR, the International Polar Foundation and other IPY partners. It will be closely linked
with related IPY proposals including the IPY Data Information System (IPYDIS, proposal 49) and the related
International PolarCanada’s full membership in (IPYPD, proposal 51) and Discovery and Access of research IPY
An expectation of Year Publications Database SCAR is the development of a Canadian Antarctic Historical
program. In its strategy document “Antarctic Science and Bipolar Linkages “ (CPC 2002) the Canadian Committee
for Antarctic Research (CCAR) identified the creation of a Canadian Antarctic Research Program (CARP) as one of
its highest priorities. In 2003 CCAR organised an international workshop (Polar Connections) to identify areas of
Canadian scientific expertise that will form the basis of CARP. During IPY, polar science will be in the national and
international spotlight and it will be an ideal time for Canada to launch CARP. A Canadian Antarctic Research
Program will provide support for Canadian research activities in Antarctica and will compliment traditional
sources of research funding (NSERC, SSHRC, CIHR).
The purpose of the Ice Legacy project as a whole is to shed new light on the history of Arctic exploration by
discovering the grave site of Sir John Franklin and by finding and exploring the wrecks of his ships HMS “Erebus”
and “Terror”. This will be done by searching for the ships using underwater search techniques, guided by local
traditional information and by ice drift data from buoys. On land the grave site will be sought, again with
guidance from traditional knowledge, using airborne infra-red and ground radar techniques for local search. The
proposal to Canadian IPY covers two vital aspects of the overall project, which will be carried out by Canadian-led
academic groups. The first is the mapping of ice dynamics in the region by deploying Argos buoys backed up by
the use of an ice-ocean model (B Tremblay, McGill University) , which will yield the most likely locations for the
ships to have drifted, perhaps grounded, and of climate change than will other region with inferences from
The Arctic currently experiences greater ratessunk. These predictions any be comparedon the planet. Sea ice
cover and extent are shrinking, freshwater run-off and coastal erosion are increasing, and these and other
changes are felt in particular by native communities. The Arctic biota is uniquely adapted to the extreme
environments in which they exist, and may be vulnerable to shifts in climate - or may be particularly resilient.
There is an urgent need to document the current state of Arctic biological communities and their diversity, if we
are to understand and evaluate the impact of climate change. Current knowledge of Arctic marine biodiversity is
patchy, at best, with large geographic, taxonomic and seasonal gaps in time and space. For example, few data are
available about biota of the slopes and deep-sea abyssal plains, about microbes and gelatinous zooplankton,
about seasonal changes depends on the temperature and moisture about of the atmosphere where sea
The shape of snowflakesin Arctic marine biological communities, andcontentspecial habitats like ridges, they form
and grow. The shapes of snowflakes vary over the winter season, with the source of the weather system and
during the progress of a given snowfall. Snowflake shapes are a proxy for conditions in the weather systems
responsible for the snowfall. A global snowflake network can consequently be a dynamic education experience
and of value to those who deal with winter meteorology.The objective of the Global Snowflake Network (GSN) is
to create a global snowflake collection network where snowflake types would be identified and web archived
during the progress of snowfalls all over the Earth. These sites will include schools, homes, organizations, etc.,
which will have at least one person dedicated to the identification and web-based entry of snowflake shapes
collected during the progress of snowfall events.
Life in the Arctic is changing very fast, and there are serious problems behind the façade of its modernization
process. High rates of morbidity and mortality, increased migration, unemployment and crisis of the native
economies are taking place in many Arctic countries along with aggravated environmental problems –
contamination and degradation of the natural environment, rapid climate change, and shrinking of the pristine
and traditional land use areas. Interdependence of social, economic and environmental problems, with their
particular manifestations in the regions of traditional subsistence by indigenous peoples, require development of
specific methods of scientific inquiry, aimed at understanding the various national and local approaches to their
solutions. Northern populations, depending upon how they are recognized within a wide variety of legal and
political frameworks, thereby obtain accessto promote an increased interest and understanding of the arctic the
The objective of the Arctic Quest project is to land-based resources. The immemorial presence of people on
polar region internationally through the sharing of art of the 25 artists involved in the project between the North
and South, from East to West in Canada and beyond. The goals of the Arctic Quest project are to form new
connections with international artists and to cultivate vital cultural links between southern Canada's artistic
community and Inuit artists at both professional and student levels, and to expose the resulting body of art to
the Polar region communities and the international public to increase appreciation and awareness and stimulate
interest in the fragile Polar region.

For the changes in surface elevation artists from Canada andoutlet glacier systems in 2006 with an Arcticthe
Recent first phase of the project 25 and discharge speed in the United will begin along the margins of voyage
Greenland Ice Sheet have provided examples of dramatic localized shifts in the balance of ice discharge, surface
melt, and accumulation. These rapid changes are in sharp contrast to relatively slow variations in surface
elevation in the interior, which have been tied to accumulation and firn compaction variations on a decadal
timescale. The challenge of documenting and attempting to understand the processes involved has motivated a
large collection of proposed research projects aimed at this problem. These range from expansions of ongoing
efforts to new projects, and from individual investigators to consortia from a number of nations. They utilize a
range of observational and modeling techniques and exploit evolving capabilities in atmospheric modeling,
remote sensing for provides a unique opportunity tosurface a human polar observatory and enhance our capacity
The IPY 2007-2008 measurement of ice motion and create conditions, and surface-based and aircraft-based
to develop an innovative multinational and multidisciplinary Polar Health Surveillance System (PHSS) utilising
synergies of existing national polar research programs, activities and data collection, and to coordinate the use of
data from the PHSS to understand the biophysical, clinical, cultural, social and behavioural processes that shape
the sustainability of circumpolar human societies (IPY Theme #6). We propose to use the PHSS to address the
following questions:
•	 What physiological, psychosocial and clinical changes occur in humans temporarily resident and interacting with
the extreme environment of Antarctica?
•	 these changes comparable to of a experienced in for the continuation non-indigenous Arctic populations
“…Convinced that the establishmentthosefirm foundation temporarily resident and development of such
cooperation on the basis of freedom of science investigation in Antarctica as applied during the International
Geophysical Year Accords with the interest of science and the progress of all mankind”
Preamble, Antarctic Treaty

The goals of this project are to investigate the role of interactions between science and policy as a source of the
success of the ATS and, in the process, to shed light on the role of science as a driving force in the development
and administration of international governance systems. Specific objectives of the project are to assess: (a) the
nature and consequences of interactions between science educational meeting current and emerging challenges
The Students on Ice-IPY Youth Expeditions (SOI-IPY) will beand policy in expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic for
high school and university youth from around the world. Participating youth will travel on the expeditions
together teams of leading scientists, expert and educators. The ice-strengthened ship-based expeditions will be
unparalleled platforms for Polar Education. Since 1999, Students on Ice - the world leader in educational youth
expeditions to the Polar Regions - has successfully operated 10 youth expeditions to both the Arctic and the
Antarctic involving over 500 youth from 25 countries. Students on Ice is a member of the International
Association of Antarctica Tour Operators, and has been awarded the prestigious Michael J. Smith Award for
Science Promotion in Canada. SOI-IPY will build on this success and experience together with international
partners and related IPY initiatives. SOI-IPY will intensive lectures, laboratory experiences to youth; will inspire
ARCTWILDMED will provide up to four weeks ofprovide inspiring, life-changingand field experiences to wildlife
biologists, biology students, veterinary students, veterinarians and managers and others that might be interested
in health and welfare of wildlife and semi-domestic reindeer in the Arctic. The course will focus on Arctic
ecosystem health involving general principals of animal health, diseases and welfare as well as food safety and
public health related to traditional use, research activities and other human activities to support sustainability
and health of these animals in the Arctic.

Along with the increasing focus on the Arctic ecosystems due to climate change, accumulation of long-distance
transported pollutants in the food web, and increasing petroleum activity in the Barents Sea, there is in general
The project builds on two prior activities.

First, the ArcStat project has performed a very important service in setting up a data base system for economic
activity in the Arctic (University Laval, Quebec, Gerard) . That activity has a history and a purpose of its own,
valid and valuable independently of the proposed IPY activity, but will prove additionally valuable as a basis for
the proposed activity.

Second, the ECONOR project, funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Nordic Council of
During last decades participating institutions throughout the a stable tendency towards warming that enables
Ministers, has sevenin the Euroarctic Region there is observedArctic (see list, concluding section). The project has
us to assume that this is not a short-time deviations of the climatic system from the equilibrium but long-lasted
changes. To main factors forming the climate of the Spitsbergen Archipelago one could refer its geographical
location, atmospheric circulation, ocean impact, sea and continental ice sheet, complicated morphometrics.
On the Spitsbergen Archipelago there exists the huge mass of fresh water in a form of cryosphere elements
(glaciers, snow cover, naleds), it has a specific biota and at the same time locates in the area of a relatively
intensive economic activity compared with other Arctic Archipelagos... Thus, Cryosphere, Hydrosphere,
atmosphere and biosphere of the Archipelago is a noticeable objects-indicator of the current status of the Arctic
climate system and of this initiative future changes. Along with this Spitsbergen is a wonderful science platform
The main objective estimates of its is to develop new models of fast flow in ice-streams, based on analyses of
sedimentary records of erosion and deposition of former ice-streams. Ice-streams are critical to dynamics and
stability of modern ice sheets, and paleo-ice streams are thought to have played an important role in evolution of
former ice sheets. The dynamics of ice-streams are closely related to deformation and transport of subglacial
sediments to the ice margin, although this relationship is not fully understood. In many ways, it is easier to study
ice-stream processes by looking at the beds of former ice sheets, because modern systems are relatively
inaccessible, being buried beneath thick ice.
   We propose to study the sedimentary records of large former ice-stream systems in the two hemispheres. In
the northern hemisphere, build on the Polar View network and infrastructure to develop a single point of access
The proposed activity will the main drainage routes for the largest ice streams of the former Svalbard-
to ice-related information for IPY investigators.

Polar View is an international consortium of members from government, industry and academia that have
formed a strategic partnership to effect the operational monitoring of polar environments using Earth
Observation (EO) technologies. Satellite monitoring is a powerful tool for polar monitoring. It is the only
operational method to provide information over large and often inaccessible areas in a cost-effective manner. EO-
derived information can support monitoring and analysis related to sustainable development (e.g.
transportation, resource exploration, site remediation, in Permafrost Regions' (IPA CAPP) Project aims at
The International Permafrost Association 'Carbon Poolsbio-productivity monitoring), the environment (e.g.
quantifying, characterizing and modeling below-ground organic matter quantity and quality along ecoclimatic
and edaphic gradients in high latitude and high altitude regions characterized by the presence of isolated to
continuous permafrost.

The CAPP Project coordinates its activities with other international programs such as the ESSP Global Carbon
Project and the WCRP Climate and Cryosphere Project, and aims to develop an active network of scientists
engaged in this type of research.
Impact Assessment (IA) course with Indigenous perspectives.
1.Study description
The primary objective of this course is to prepare Indigenous students for environmental policy-and decision-
making and management, and to provide them with a deeper understanding of the linkages between economic,
social and ecological systems. Students will learn to organize courses in their home regions.
  This study is based on internationally accepted IA guidelines and practices, but students will also face and
address specific and important indigenous perspectives and issues as they are integrated in all course
  The study will have a multidisciplinary approach. Many different fields which are characterized normally
The Arctic climate of the 20th century has undergone major fluctuations,of study and interests areby a significant
warming in the last two decades. The warming predicted for the high Arctic is 3–4 °C in winter during the next 50
years, more than twice the global average, while the ice cover is predicted to be reduced by ~80% during
summer and ~20% during winter. This suggests that the Arctic may be where the most rapid and dramatic
climate changes take place during the 21st century, with major ramifications for mid-latitude climate.
The sea ice cover has over the last 2-3 decades decreased by ~10%, and the ice thickness has decreased up to
40% during summer. Other observed changes include a warming of the Atlantic water in the Arctic Ocean,
increased precipitation in the Arctic regions and higher river discharge into the Arctic ocean. During the last
decades detected changes include a significant freshening of the deep North Atlantic Ocean, warming in the
Environmental changes and degradation pose a threat to the integrity of the traditional food system and the
health of Aboriginal Peoples in the Circumpolar North. The overall objective for this proposal is to develop a
comprehensive food monitoring program and environmental health research program for Aboriginal
communities that will integrate information on toxicology of environmental contaminants, food composition and
nutrient requirement, food availability and effects of environmental changes, local and traditional ecological
knowledge, cultural and socioeconomic factors. Education and communication initiatives are also planned to
assist individuals in making their own informed decisions on food choice. The participatory nature of the
research will ensure Aboriginal Peoples’ involvement and/or training in all stages of research projects, including
the initiation, planning, potentially the best astronomical site in the world, with conditions close to space for
Dome C in Antarctica is implementation, and results communications. Specific objectives include:
some atmospheric windows. An extensive site testing program at the Concordia French-Italian station is
underway. Comprehensive results of this program will be available during the year 2007. Small-scale
astronomical experiments should also give their first results during the IPY. In 2007, astronomers will then be
able to target precisely the best scientific and observational “niches” for astronomy at Dome C. A European
network (coordinated action in the frame of the Large Research Infrastructure Research Programmes of EEC),
named ARENA has just started in January, 2006, and is devoted to this task. Among the observational niches,
some are already clearly identified : submillimeter wavelengths, high angular resolution, as well as Wide field IR
and optical observations, and continuous observations over of Livingweeks. The IPYthe Arctic Remote Access
At the recommendation of the Joint Committee, the Survey days or Conditions in offers a unique opportunity
Analysis System is now linked to the IPY proposal, Present day processes, Past changes, and Spatiotemporal
variability of biotic, abiotic and socio-environmental conditions and resource components along and across the
Arctic delimitation zone. The SLICA-RAAS component will focus on spatiotemporal variability of socio-
environmental conditions. SLICA-RAAS will contribute to the objectives of assessing the socio-economic impacts
of potential future changes in the transitional zones, incorporating results into an expert information system,
which will be utilized for estimating climate change responses, sustainable ecosystem management and
landscape planning in support of policy decisions; To exchange methods on climate change monitoring,
sustainable land use of the Arctic Portal concept,issues, and use them as a tool in forecasting ecosystem changes
Though the creation strategy and science/policy ( a web portal, accessible through the internet, focused on the
Arctic and the Arctic Council ) the feasibility study, and preliminary design elements originate within the Arctic
Council, and it is the Arctic Council that will launch the Arctic Portal, the Portal has four main components:
Arctic Council:
The Arctic Portal will enable the Arctic Council to operate more efficiently, maximizing limited financial and
human resources. It will serve to enhance the operations of the Working Groups, Permanent Participants
(Indigenous Peoples Organizations), and Observer countries and organizations. It will provide a means for the
Working Groups and their Secretariats to establish better communication and cooperation on those elements of
day-to-day the Yukon that they share in common, such as a common calendar, joint Program has positioned
Since 2003,operations Fish and Wildlife Management Board Community Stewardshipproject directory, and on-
stewards in Yukon Communities. We have established firm relationships and considerable communication
channels within the communities where we have had stewards at work.

We are proposing to add a liaison / communications component to our program that would effectively link IPY
research activities to the local people in communities wherein we have stewards positioned.

This position would work closely with the program coordinator, as well as the community stewards, and would
travel extensively liaising between the Northern Node, other arthropods communities, ecosystems worldwide.
Spiders are important general predators of insects and YFWMB stewards,in all terrestriallocal Renewable
In addition they are an important food source for smaller vertebrates, like birds. Therefore they act as important
key nodes in the arctic food web. The proposed project aims at an extensive documentation of the current status
of arctic spider biodiversity and genetic diversity and at the evaluation of climate change-driven modification of
spider lifecycles.

Arctic spider biodiversity has been addressed selectively, but not yet comprehensively. Nevertheless, it has been
demonstrated that the assessment of spider diversity allows to conclude on the diversity of all arthropods in a
given habitat. activity involves building a new, polar (wolf spiders), component into Northern Youth monitoring
The proposed In addition, spiders, especially lycosidsscience-focusedare valid model organisms for the Abroad
(NYA). The program is ideally suited as a vehicle to raise awareness among northern youth of the career
opportunities associated with polar science and research, and to set them on the path toward realizing those
opportunities by providing hands-on experience.

The NYA is a unique northern youth leadership development program that offers youth the opportunity to get
hands-on experience in a field that interests them while earning credits toward high-school graduation. Founded
as the Nunavut Youth Abroad Program in 1996 and recently expanded, NYA has been successfully fostering youth
leadership and educational success in Canada’s north for nearly a decade, and has over 120 alumni.
The Indigenous Peoples’ Forum on Environmental Monitoring in the Arctic (IFM) will bring Indigenous knowledge
and perspectives out of the anecdotal background into the forefront of environmental monitoring work in the
Arctic. It will be held early on (Fall 2007) in the IPY timeframe, and will therefore be able to serve as a guiding
tool to subsequent IPY Arctic initiatives.

Indigenous observations are the most regular and ground-based insight on the current status of Arctic
environment and wildlife. Accordingly, the IFM will highlight the capacity of Indigenous Peoples to make a crucial
contribution to the design and management of Arctic environmental monitoring. It will also raise awareness of
In response to the IPY executive and concerns within the scientists and science educators to participate in this
Indigenous environmental issuescommittee’s invitation to Arctic scientific community, and consequently support
world-wide event, the Regional Math & Science Center at Grand Valley State University, in collaboration with the
GVSU College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, proposes a year-long series of events to engage the community,
teachers, and students in programs to increase their awareness and understanding of polar issues and create an
interest for science with the excitement of discovery of the polar regions. These activities would allow
participants to learn about the science, mathematics, and technology related to exploring, living, and working in
the Polar Regions. Programs that are part of this initiative will focus on developing an understanding the
importance of the Polar Regions both scientifically and culturally. Participants will experience science as it
applies toHerders’ Vulnerability Study (EALÀT) focuses on(geology, physics, biology, health science, engineering,
Reindeer understanding all aspects of the Polar Regions adaptive capacity of reindeer pastoralism to climate
change and variability and, in particular, on the integration of reindeer herders’ traditional knowledge in the
study and analysis of their ability to adapt to environmental variability and change.
Nomadic reindeer herding practices, ancient in origin, represent models in the sustainable exploitation and
management of northern terrestrial ecosystems that is based on generations of experience accumulated,
conserved, developed and adapted to the climatic and administrative systems of the north. Reindeer herders’
traditional knowledge needs to be documented now before much of their understanding is lost due to
societal/cultural transformations associated with globalisation. Reindeer herding is the geographically most
extensive form of animal husbandry in the Eurasian Arctic and sub-Arctic. Some 3 million reindeer and caribou
ANTLER will provide a basis for research on the social significance of Rangifer (reindeer husbandry provide the
hunting). ANTLER is a research-network initiative with the aim to provide support, methodological integration,
data management, and education and outreach facilities for participating projects. These projects share the same
topic yet they may employ different methodologies.

In addition to the existing scholarship on human-Rangifer relations, IPY 2007-2008 will foster new social-science
case studies in many circumpolar regions where reindeer herding and/or caribou hunting take place. ANTLER
seeks to unite these efforts, with the aim to assess the current social, socio-economic and cultural significance of
reindeer proposed here is aimed at developing web-based educational tools for realistic information for future
The workherding and caribou hunting 'on the ground' and to provide reliable and pre-university students to let
them explore, understand and communicate on polar issues. Specific goals are 1) to increase the knowledge and
understanding of polar issues at the pre-university level internationally, 2) to increase the student’s interest for
natural and social sciences for polar regions, 3) assist polar research by encouraging meaningful data collection
and reports by pre-university groups, 4) to encourage and facilitate exchange and communication between the

The target group are students aged ~13-18 worldwide. The material will cover all six IPY themes and relevant
inter-disciplinary topics. The aim a new, multiple media, informal science education project in support of the
Meltdown 3D: Global Warning isis to inspire pupils to seek information about the polar regions and to increase
“Education and Outreach mission of the International Polar Year. Driven by a giant screen (IMAX-format) 3D and
2D film and enriched by outreach, Meltdown will advance public understanding of polar science and the
importance of the Poles to the global climate system; inspire greater confidence in the results of scientific study;
and advance an appreciation for science, not as something separate and remote, but as vital and relevant to
everyday life.

The film itself is wholly unconventional: a fast-moving, always surprising cinematic experience that weaves back
and forth between live-action sequences shot in Earth’s most extreme environments – the Poles – long-term
The aim of this project is to establish mobile field-stations as an innovative research instrument forand stunning
comparison of human-Rangifer interactions in the subarctic zone. The primary focus of observation is the human-
Rangifer link under current impact of socio-economic and climate change. Establishing a mobile observation
facility ('nomadic camp') offers the best possibilities for long-term observation in the natural environment of the
tundra. Thus, researchers use the same practice of following herds that most Rangifer users themselves have
used for centuries. The trajectory of the mobile station is determined by the annual migration of a chosen
Rangifer herd. The data is recorded in a standardized form, dealing with impact/response description related to
socio-economic and climate change, respectively. This data is transmitted from the field on a web-site of the
project at regular sessions. After completion of the first migration in the centre of the Kola Peninsula (NW
“Inuit Voices” is an exhibit to be designed collaboratively by the University of Colorado’s Museum of Natural
History (“CU Museum”) and the National Snow and Ice Data Center (”NSIDC”), with advisors from the Iqaluit
Museum in Nunavut, Canada, Inuit elders, and the US. We propose to prepare an exhibit that displays Inuit
observations of environmental change in the Arctic. This exhibit will be based on research by Dr. Shari
Gearheard and illustrated by objects from the CU Museum collection of Inuit artefacts. It is scheduled to open in
April 2008 at the CU Museum.

As one component of her research in Nunavut, Dr. Gearheard produced a highly popular interactive, multimedia
The purposes of observations to employ existing and new data When the Weather is Uggianaqtuq (or
CD-ROM on Inuitthe project areof environmental change, entitled and information to describe and analyse,
i) onshore and offshore mineral and biological resources in the Norwegian and Russian Arctic from northern
Norway and the Kola Peninsula in the west to the Bering Strait in the east,
ii) existing and planned economic and commercial activities based on the resources,
iii) environmental, infrastructural, economic, social, and institutional factors and conditions of importance to the
exploitation of the resources and to particular types of business and investment opportunities, and
iv) within a paradigm of sustainable development, create plausible scenarios of social, economic, and commercial
trends over the next 10-20 and 20-40 years.
I-TASC is an international network of cultural, scientific and media technology organisations who have in
common an interest in the trandisciplinary convergence of art and science. The network seeks to establish in the
Arctic and Antarctic the framework conditions for collaborative projects between artists, scientists, tactical media
workers and engineers within three major topical fileds i.e. migration, weather and climate and
communications. This is envisaged through the installation and maintenance of two mobile open source and
creative commons based art and science research facilities in the Arctic and Antarctica between 2007-2009 and
further operations in the next decade. We will be also constructing and launching a micro-satellite in the high
sun-synchronous elliptical orbit in 2008 to enable research and contact between the two stations and the sharing
of sensor data withbeen shown to be aThe facility planned climate Arctic Circle is MAKROLAB mkVII, an have
Lake-ice cover has other IPY clusters. robust indicator of for the variability and change. Recent studies
demonstrated that break-up dates, in particular, have been occurring earlier in many parts of the Northern
Hemisphere over the last 50 years in response to warmer climatic conditions in the winter and spring seasons.
Break-up dates, and to a lesser extent freeze-up dates, have been shown to be strongly related to the variability
and trends in the 0oC isotherm dates as well as large-scale atmospheric and oceanic circulation patterns
(teleconnections), particularly in western North America. The impacts of recently documented trends in air
temperature and winter precipitation over the last five decades and those projected by global climate models
could be significant on the timing and duration of ice cover (and on ice thickness) on Arctic lakes. This could, in
turn, have an make an feedback effect on energy, water, and biogeochemical cycling in various regions of the
Beluga whalesimportantideal indicator species for Arctic climate change, given their circumpolar distribution and
close association with ice formation and decay. This project will instrument 100 belugas per year over three
years with satellite transmitters and, in some locations, oceanographic data loggers, to obtain a synoptic
snapshot of the pattern and timing of beluga movements in relation to sea ice, surface temperature, primary
productivity, bathymetry, as well as temperature and salinity at depth through beluga dive profiles. This baseline
data will be invaluable information against which to make comparisons through time as the Arctic undergoes
climate change.
By serving as autonomous underwater samplers, belugas will collect oceanographic data at depth in regions of
particular interest, such as polynyas, during winter change from ship-based collection of such data would be
Northern regions are facing unprecedented rates ofmonths when resource extraction, climate change,
technological innovation, and population growth. Northern communities and governments wish to plan for the
future by understanding changes and applying tools to manage them in an integrated way. The science of
cumulative effects theorizes that ecological, social, and economic conditions respond to increasing doses of
human-induced changes in ways that can be measured empirically. Dose-response curves provide a scientific
framework to unify change measurement across disciplines. By examining responses along a continuum of
landscape change, relationships between ecological, economic and social indicators can be developed. These
dose-response curves can then be integrated into landscape models to evaluate trade-offs and identify practical
options that optimize social, ecological, and economic outcomes. Such models investigation the Antarctic
We propose an international, scientifically and technologically interdisciplinary help empower northern Dry
Valleys, to understand the signature of climate variability as written into the soils and to quantify the abundance
of life’s building blocks there and at the ice-soil boundary. Our field campaign provides a thorough examination
of the Dry Valley’s physical and chemical nature, using an integrated analysis of multiple data sets. Since the
Antarctic dry valleys are among the coldest, driest places on Earth, they are an end-member environment that
can be used for comparison to less harsh regions on Earth and more extreme environments on other planets. To
that end, we leverage the mission return of the currently funded NASA Phoenix Mars mission, which will land
between 65-72?N during the International Polar Year, by providing a direct comparison of the two analogous
regions. The proposed project also highly complements Phoenix, as it will enhance the validation of two
Extensive research, completed in all eight Arctic countries (Greenland/Denmark, Iceland, Norway, Sweden,
Finland, Russia, and USA/Alaska), is now available on contaminant levels (persistent organic pollutants and
metals), social and cultural change, climate change impacts and disease rates in human populations. Much of this
research also examines specific ‘change factors’ or pressures. The majority of this work has been reported or
published through the assessment reports of the Arctic Council of circumpolar nations; however, integrating and
communicating the various streams of research disciplines has been difficult.

Understanding the full extent of single subject influences, such as contaminant loadings, disease pathogens or
This Activity involves science of social science research that has been initiated as a result is the recent melting
climate change, on the healthandindigenous populations is a complex task. The complexity ofnot just in the
of glaciers and alpine ice patches. Melting of these scientific “deep freezes”, is providing unanticipated data
sources that are giving us insight into past northern societies, flora/fauna, environments, and their changes
through time. The field work is already happening as various independent projects in different northern North
American jurisdictions (both Canada and United States), operating under northern leadership and direction.
These projects will continue to operate in a similar manner if endorsed as an official IPY Activity. Thus the
following Activity Summary refers to the work in general, rather than in project-specific terms.
In 1997/98, ancient organic artifacts and biological remains, particularly large quantities of caribou dung, were
first found melting out of an alpine ice patch in southern Yukon, Canada (Kuyzk, et al., 1999, Arctic 52-2:214-
MOVE is an international, collaborative attempt to address a major shortcoming in conceptualizing northern
histories, presents and futures. While the phenomenon of state-induced population movements in the
circumpolar North in the 20th and 21st centuries is well-known, to date no comparative analysis of their local
and regional contexts and impacts has been undertaken. Although the role of the state in shaping the North has
received some belated attention in recent years, the local expressions of moving, coping, rebuilding and
remembering remain to be understood.

If seasonal and permanent population movements in the lives of circumpolar peoples were in the past
responsive to the Arcticconditions upon which subsistence lifeways were based, populationas a major exhibition,
The International local Nations Project to include an exhibition and related activities such movements in the
symposia, seminars, workshops, and residencies, will be initiated through the University of Alaska Fairbanks Art
Department and Native Arts Center in order to expand the audience for and offerings in Northern Art programs
and exhibitions. Additional activities including documentation resulting in catalog and poster production and
distribution, education program and syllabus development and interviews with participating artists will be made
available on site as well as through the Art Department's web site and through IPY communications networks

It is proposed in the arctic has received considerable attention since several investigations have shown an
Mercury (Hg) that the exhibition will include contemporary works by artists from Arctic Nations with the
increase in Hg concentration in various biota samples, including marine mammal tissues and seabird eggs which
were mainly enriched in methylmercury (MeHg). These relatively high concentrations of Hg represent an
important health issue for the rural indigenous native arctic communities consuming these products. The
distribution of Hg in the top level of the arctic food web is well mirrored by the concentration of Hg in seabird
eggs, where spatial differences exist between the Alaskan and Canadian arctic, with a marked Hg increase
observed since 1975 in the Canadian arctic and distinct Hg signatures that are measured between seabird
colonies residing in the Gulf of Alaska and Bering Sea, signatures that are subject to an apparent year-to-year
variability and species specific Top Bottom and Middle temporal patterns two EOIs:
The original proposal (entitled,effects. These spatial andEarth) incorporatedas well as the levels of Hg in the food
1. Polar Atlas (1058)
2. Global Environment Outlook for the Polar Regions (1059)
When the project proposal was written, a single book was envisaged, with a focus on the global significance of
the polar regions, and highlighting IPY work to a global audience. Due to funding considerations and after
discussions at UNEP, it was decided to produce a book to launch on World Environment Day 2007, near to the
start of IPY, with a focus on the cryosphere and the significance of the changes in ice and snow worldwide. We
returned to the concept in the EOIs, making this part of UNEP’s Global Outlook series. The final product, released
June 4 2007, was romantic view of the North. Its stark, extreme being done by UNEP/GRID-Arendal, polar
Canadians have a released by UNEP, with production and editingbeauty, ice floes, the aurora borealis,identified as
bears, seasonal oscillation between 24-hour days of light and dark: all exert a powerful pull on the Canadian
But the poles – North and South – are much more than charming, esoteric, marginalia. They are vital aspects of
the global ecosystem, intricately intertwined with the life of the planet: its species and ecosystems. That is the
objective of our project: to bring the poles to life for Canadians living in non-polar regions.

National lecture series:
A national series of 10 lectures will bring polar science into local communities. We intend to make use of the
Radionuclides can serve as valuable tracers of atmospheric and terrestrial transport processes, which will be
altered by changing climate patterns. This project is anchored in the existing Health Canada radiological
monitoring network operated throughout Canada. The network includes seven Arctic sites equipped with high
volume samplers for airborne particulates. Two of these sites are also equipped for noble gas collection and one
site is equipped with a continuous gamma radiation monitor. In addition to the primary functions of supporting
of the Canadian Federal Nuclear Emergency Plan and the international Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty,
the network provides regular measurements of a wide range of naturally-occurring radionuclide concentrations
in air. Heavy metals and some organic compounds will also be measured in airborne particulates collected by the
air samplers. An archive of air filters extending back to the early Understandably, the elucidation of priorities over
Over a million indigenous people inhabit the circumpolar Arctic. 1970s will allow one of their main time trends
the past decade has been to improve their social and economic well-being and increase their political voice.
However, in light of the ominous predictions about the impacts of global warming on the Arctic ecosystem and
the recent rash of catastrophic natural events in both hemispheres, there is growing recognition that significant
attention also needs to be paid to protecting the natural environment, which is the third component of
sustainable development. For this, much of the burden will fall to the youth who make up well over 50% of the
Arctic’s indigenous populations and are acknowledged as one of the world’s fastest growing demographic
This proposal aim to investigate and contrast data on the efforts and levels of rural residents in harvesting wild
berries, freshwater fish and wildlife in the arctic region. We will evaluate the potential for nature tourism
development and potential pressure on these activities caused by the climate change. We will further investigate
the values and attitudes among rural inhabitants of the arctic, and provide a knowledge base that can be used in
the local communities to increase the range of alternative policy options. Our main focus is to understand the
dynamic interaction between 1. How local people are affected by nature and 2. How nature is affected by local
people. It will be the first time such a large scale information will be gathered in one coordinated effort.

The humansneed to check 1.7 to submit this on the use of a broad range of natural resources, manyproposal.
Despite the in the arctic have always relied form there are no field activities encompassed by this societies
 The intention is to design and build a transportable travelling exhibition, with a floor area of around 700 sq m,
which can be assembled in any country, customised with language, clothing, equipment and science stories to
the host country's research in the Antarctic and provide a core onto which other activities such as lectures,
historical material or interactive activities can be added.
The focus and purpose of the exhibition is to explain the diversity, value and importance of Antarctic science, its
international framework and its global linkages. It is very much focussed on the present and future providing
both science interest and examples of logistics. The design is meant to appeal to family groups and incorporates
items that can be expected to be accessible to children from 5-15 years as well as their parents.
In spite of its remoteness and isolation, Antarctica is inextricably linked to global processes and exposed to the
impact of human activities in the rest of the world. Climate changes are expected to produce faster and greater
changes in high-latitude regions, because they are likely to be amplified by alterations in albedo, atmospheric
precipitation and permafrost. These changes will affect Antarctic life forms, from the individual and population
scale to whole communities. A better knowledge of interactions among climate, geomorphological,
geopedological and hydrological features, biological and genetic diversity, and functioning of Antarctic
ecosystems across broad scale gradients, is necessary to point out weak points of these interactions and to
achieve a better understanding of climate-induced changes in ecosystems at lower latitudes, where responses of
biotic communities to external forcing Arctic and Antarctic complex interactions and feedback processes.
Communities living near, or within, theare buffered by morecircles often feel like they are at the ‘end of the
world’. IPY is an unprecedented opportunity that places polar residents right at the centre of this huge,
international, global programme. The development of Polar Gateways provides an opportunity for these
communities to get involved in IPY, to share their voice and concerns with the rest of the world, to unite
neighbours who live at opposite ends of the world, to support the IPY community, and to reach a wide audience
of tourists, media, educators, artists, and decision makers.

Polar Gateways proposes to establish centres at key access points to the Arctic and Antarctic. The initial proposal
includes one centre in Ushuaia, Argentina, and one in Longyearbyen, Svalbard. Both of these in the form of the
The International Geophysical Year (IGY) left a legacy of peace and international cooperation locations are home
1959 Antarctic Treaty. Since the IGY, the 1991 Protocol of Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty was
signed and entered into force. The Protocol establishes that the protection of the environment and the
wilderness values of Antarctica “shall be fundamental considerations in the planning and conduct of all activities
in the Antarctic Treaty area”. Our vision is that 50 years on, the IPY 2007-08 can, in turn, leave behind a positive
environmental legacy in terms of a new paradigm of modus operandi in Antarctica – where the sharing of
facilities and logistics are encouraged, the human footprint in Antarctica is minimized and a future generation of
environmentally aware scientists, logisticians and visitors is fostered.
Consequently, our project aims (i) to assess and enhance the environmental legacy of the IPY 2007-08, (ii) to
International action of GLObal Warming – IGLO

In anticipation of the International Polar Year in 2007-2008, the Association of Science -Technology Centers
(ASTC), is launching an ambitious initiative, designed to raise public awareness worldwide about the impact of
climate change.
Because the North and South poles belong to no nation, polar research has traditionally been a collaborative
effort, conducted by scientists from many countries. Not only has the work of these researchers uncovered many
This proposal is of Earth’s past; to the IPY committee by northerners for the benefit of northerners. Being truly
of the mysteriesbeing submittedit also has had much to tell us about our planet’s present and future. This isa
resident of the arctic, I clearly understand the utter need for practical research that will help to strengthen and
improve the health and well-being of community life, and will contribute to making our communities more
resilient to the impacts of climate change.

At the 2006 World Urban Forum it was acknowledged by global decision-makers that climate change will be one
of the key challenges faced by human settlements across the world. The goal of this research node is to build
capacity for sustainable community development in Arctic regions so they are less vulnerable, more liveable and
stand a better chance of coping with challenges posed by climate change. In the Arctic, building this capacity
The International Polar Year (IPY 2007-09) gives the public, teachers and students an extraordinary opportunity
to experience the process of scientific discovery in action. Ice Stories provides a public face for IPY by using the
power of contemporary media to bring current research to mass audiences with unprecedented intimacy and

Ice Stories includes:

• A media-rich, dynamic and continuously updated public Web site
IceCube is a one-cubic-kilometer international high-energy educators, and museum partners
• A media-assets database for journalists, media producers,neutrino observatory being installed in the ice below
the South Pole Station. A companion cosmic ray surface air shower array, IceTop, will complement the detection
of high energy astrophysical neutrinos and support IceCube by identifying background events. The IceCube
detector will consist of approximately 80 strings of 60 digital optical modules deployed at depths between 1400
and 2400 meters. The IceTop detector will have a pair of frozen water tanks at the ice surface above each
IceCube string. Each tank will have two digital optical modules to monitor cosmic ray events. The digital optical
modules detect the light produced when charged particles pass through the ice, enabling the IceCube detector to
track particles produced by neutrinos and IceTop to reconstruct cosmic ray events. Deployment of the first
In September-October 2007 Cape Farewell is planning two continue until the detector is completed in the 2009-
strings and surface IceTop tanks is underway now and will expeditions in the High Arctic.

The first expedition is part of Cape Farewell’s Education Programme for 2007-2009. Setting off on September
16th a youth team of 12 from schools throughout England and the USA/Canada, accompanied by scientists,
teachers, artists and media crew sail aboard the Noorderlicht from Longyearbyen to the science station at Ny
Alesund to participate in a week long scientific survey and artistic creation, both exploring how climate change
has effected the Northern Arctic and communicating this information live through media broadcasts to schools in
the UK and USA. The youth team will be recreating Prince Albert of Monaco’s experiments in the Arctic from
The Landsat Image Mosaic of Antarctica (LIMA) isalso be studying glacial that will accomplishrecords of CO2,
1906 and updating his documentation. They will a benchmark data set surge and melt, ice a number of
significant milestones:
•	 first ever image mosaic of Antarctica constructed from Landsat imagery;
•	 highest resolution (15 m pixel size) mosaic of Antarctica;
•	 Production of a true color mosaic to drive IPY education and outreach efforts;
•	 release of over 1100 individual Landsat scenes of Antarctica made available for free download the public
and scientific community;
•	 web-based interface to allow users to explore the images, make maps and download either individual scenes
or subsets of the data;
The Arctic Social Indicators project (ASI) is a new project following up on the Arctic Human Development Report
(AHDR). The ASI project seeks to devise indicators to facilitate the tracking and monitoring of human
development in the Arctic, and is being developed under the auspices of the Sustainable Development Working
Group (SDWG) of the Arctic Council. The project period is 2006-2008, with the final report being planned for late
summer of 2008, and a presentation of results at the Sixth International Congress of Arctic Social Sciences (ICASS
IV) in Nuuk, Greenland.
	 project’s main objective is to devise a limited set of indicators that reflect key aspects of human development
in the Arctic, that are tractable in terms of measurement, and that can be monitored over time at a reasonable
cost in terms of labour and material resources. The goal is to weigh the relative merits of a range of proposed
                   evidence                                               advances                                      coordinates1
This project is inter-disciplinary on two levels.       Advances are expected to be especially
First, the core research revolves around several        significant within three main areas:Research -
separate disciplines within the humanities and          This project will lead to a detailed understanding
social sciences, including archaeology, history         of social change in the Arctic over the past 5000
(including archival work), and cultural                 years, through interpretation of the impacts of
anthropology (including traditional knowledge           environmental and social factors on movement
interviews with contemporary northerners).              and communication. Highlighting human
Second, these will be integrated with a number of       strategies involved in these relationships, will
science disciplines, including quaternary zoology,      Theme 1:better will provide a unique synoptic
                                                        furnish a SASSI understanding of both past and
The activity will combine physical oceanography         snapshot of the marine environment of the
with glaciology, marine biology, biogeochemistry        Antarctic continental shelf and slope, including
and geology. This broadens the programme and            physical (iAnZone), biogeochemical
optimises use of research platforms and logistics.      (GEOTRACES, SOLAS, IMBER) and biodiversity
The instrumenting of marine mammals provides            (CoML, GLOBEC) measurements. This delivers a
information for both biologists and physicists.         baseline for assessing current ocean climate
                                                        processes, effectively a legacy against which to
The activities are carried out in a joint effort by a   measure future change. scientific research and
                                                        Until now, the history of
multinational team of researchers from different        exploitation of polar areas has been studied
disciplines - physical and social geography,            from regional and national approaches, and
political, cultural, social-economic and science        almost exclusively based on archival sources in
history, economy, ethnography, sociology,               the countries in the core region only. The project
archaeology and biology including ecology. This         proposed here is mostly site orientated and the
cooperation is based on interdisciplinary               research stations and industrial settlements will
interaction through the collection and analysis of      be studied in their natural settings. The project
Conducting this diverse investigation archival
a wide range of data from interviews,will require       will focus on the various hunting, whaling, of
                                                        The project aims to clarify the current state
a wide range of expertise across many fields, and       arctic terrestrial food webs over a large
we have these diverse expertises within our team.       geographical range. In particular, the
The team includes specialists of all taxa of            geographical and temporal patterns in
                                                                                                              73 N 80 W, 83 N 62 W
mammals and birds included in this project, of          abundance of small mammals are key to food
mammal/bird survey techniques, of radio-                web dynamics, but have not been well
tracking, of plant sampling, of genetic analysis,       documented. It will provide baseline
and of data analysis. Another feature is that           information to evaluate current and future
The project our team are leading arctic scientists
members ofwill encompass inter-disciplinary             population trends for a large number of species
                                                        The main advances and developments will
studies of measurements, causes and potential           include:
prediction of polar sea levels on temporal scales       •Collaborative enhancements to the Arctic and
from seasons to years and to decades. The               Antarctic sea level monitoring networks as part
measurement system will be based on tide                of GLOSS.
gauges, but will also include existing and new          •Understanding of the ocean dynamics which
oceanographic, geophysical, geodetic and                result in coherence, or spatial difference, in sea
glaciological observations, and complementary           level variability. •Understanding of the
iAOOS isobservations. Each of these techniques
satellite inter-disciplinary in several ways: it        The legacy of this project will beglaciological and
                                                        meteorological, oceanographic, the design of a
brings together atmospheric scientists,                 cost-effective and technologically feasible long-
oceanographers and cryospheric scientists, and it       term monitoring system for the Arctic. Such a
brings together engineers, observationalists and        system would merge into a global monitoring
modellers. Through the direct impact for instance       system, used to improve our understanding and
on human activities of Arctic climate variability       forecasting skills of our physical climate system
there are links between the natural sciences and a      and the overall Arctic ecosystem response.
large variety of other fields. Through the              Numerous scientific advances will obviously
interactions team for the Loven East
- The Frenchbetween Arctic variability and the          emerge, concerning the interplays between
                                                        Using very new technology, this program will
investigations: geographers climatologist,              allow comparisons for similar basins:
hydrologist, geomaticians, statistiticians,             Arctic/Antarctic polar/subpolar. For the best
hydrogeochemist, micro-technic engineers                known of them (Loven East) the program will
-Spanish team for hydrology                             allow to follow the spatial and temporal
measurements:hydrologist + mathematician +              hydrological dynamics for the last 40 years in
physicist                                               relation with the meteorological data recorded
-German team for permafrost and sediment:               in Ny-Alesund since the 1960s.This continuous
geomorphologist (permafrost) and                        survey will help us in apprehending processes
This work will require special ultra-clean            To provide management and other field workers
techniques, equipment/facility and expertises;        a trend of noble metal pollution trends
and also need precise dating, glaciology/ice          To access the level of noble metal pollution at
stratigraphy, ice-physics/chemistry, analytical       present;
                                                                                                       75deg 20.54'N 82deg 05.86W
chemistry, statistics and geochemistry et al. in      To project the trend of the noble metal
order to collect uncontaminated samples,              pollution;
quantify their concentrations down to fg/g levels,    To provide a methodology for reliable analysis
evaluate the results with precise dating and          for those noble metals targeted;
expertisesAICI geochemistry. atmospheric
Although on is focussed on                            AICI-IPY will least two peer reviewed spatial
                                                      To publish atprovide a first year-round paper in
chemistry, it involves also snow physicists,          pattern of chemistry (especially ozone) in the
boundary layer meteorologists, cloud specialists,     polar regions (theme 1). Through the linked
ice biologists and oceanographers to understand       process study intensives, this will lead to an
the processes. In addition the results have           understanding of the extent of processes
considerable significance for ice core science        determining boundary layer chemistry, and to
(interpreting chemistry preserved in ice), and for    models to determine how that chemistry will
environmental scientists (issues such as mercury      change (theme 2). These processes probably
depletion) covers a suite of inter-connected
This proposal                                         spill out of the polar regions, and certainly affect
                                                      Products will include:
research, monitoring, outreach and educational        An integrated suite of peer-reviewed protocols
activities in the biological, physical, social, and   for monitoring environmental change in Alaska’s
cultural sciences. The NPS Vital Signs monitoring     national parks, and the data from this Vital Signs
program, which is scheduled for implementation        monitoring program.
during IPY, will involve integrated data collection   Reports from baseline archaeological inventories
and data analysis from the biological, physical,      and ethnographic research.
and social sciences. Several programs listed          WACAP publications, presentations, and
herein support multidisciplinary research and
The HERMES consortium comprises 45 partners           databases. make significant advances beyond
                                                      HERMES will
including 9 small companies, from 15 European         state of the art because the scale of Integrated
countries. The partners include small and large       Projects within Frame Programme 6 offers the
institutions and both universities and government     first opportunity to mobilise sufficient critical
                                                                                                        79 ° N 004 ° E
laboratories. HERMES will therefore be one of the     mass in terms of technology access, numbers of
largest marine science projects in Europe, and as     participant teams, countries involved, and the
such it is expected to have a high profile with a     time frame to carry out a holistic study at the
high impact on education of young scientists          pan-European margin scale. “HERMES - the
throughout Europe. During the herein proposed
There will be activities in physical and chemical     Nordic margin” campaign will produce better
                                                      By concentrating on the sources of deep- and
oceanography, geology, paleo-climatology,             bottom formation we will learn more about the
marine biology and glaciology. The main focus is      driving forces of the global thermohaline
physical oceanography and the controls on the         circulation The role of the polar oceans including
thermohaline circulation. Another strong element      sea-ice and floating ice sheets on the global
of the activities is the integration of physics and   climate is not well understood. This cluster will
biogeochemistry to elucidate the role of the          provide further insight into key processes
circulation in ocean carbon transport and             determining the formation rates of bottom
biogeochemical study everything from viruses to
This cluster will modifications.                      water. The question on variability in teams will
                                                      Outputs from these interdisciplinary CO2 uptake
whales in the marine ecosystem, everything from be specific to address regional concerns such as
the bottom of the ocean to the top of the          ecosystem function, sensitivity to physical
atmosphere in the physical system, and it will     forcing, management of key species (e.g.,
integrate social science research through the      whales, seals, char, cod). When integrated under
integration of stakeholders (northern peoples,     the IPY-AME these core projects will provide a
northern industry, northern policy development) very unique view of the Pan-Arctic marine
into the research process.                         ecosystem and the varying response of different
Many different disciplines are involved in the     The analysis of the to similar international
                                                   geographic regions past threehemispheric polar
investigation of the history of the polar years to years unveils the requirement that projects be
bring out the political and social-cultural        driven by scientific research instead of
background, which changed for each period (1882- exploration. This principle was clearly reiterated
83, 1932-33, 1957-58). Possible oral history will  when efforts were afoot to establish an
be recorded in order to capture personal           international polar commission in 1906. In
experiences and contexts relating to the IGY.      practice it turned out that political expediency
Technical equipment and measuring methods          often was stronger than the ideal of science-
have developed over time, changes that will also driven expeditions and criteria for siting stations.
                                                    New knowledge about the Arctic environment
                                                    obtained through new observations, model
CARE/ASR will provide inter-disciplinarity through
                                                    studies and data analysis. Major deliverables:
the following disciplines: oceanography,
                                                     -data on oceanography, meteorology, sea
meteorology, sea ice/cryosphere, biology,
                                                    ice/cryosphere, biology, paleoclimatology,
paleoclimatology, remote sensing and social
                                                    remote sensing and social sciences
                                                    -model simulations on physical, biogeochemical
                                                    and paleo processes
                                                    Results of drilling the provide ground climate of
Scientific issues are many and interrelated in this -quantification of will impact on Arctictruth that
proposal including: Circulation between ocean       will allow Bering gateway development histories
basins and blockages; migration corridor between to be related to paleo-oceanographic and palo-
continental landmasses controlled by sea levels climatic changes. Integration of the Bering
of the Pleistocene epoch; rapid climate changes; Gateway development histories, including paleo-
reconstruction of the flora, fauna, and climate of bathymeyry with the latest ocean and coupled
the lowlands in the center of the Beringian         climate models will enable predictions to be
subcontinent; identification and dating of tephras made about the impact of these events on the
contained within terrestrial or marine sediments Earth system
                                                    This activity will produce knowledge on how
                                                    other cultures, peoples and environments have
This activity involves disciplins like literature,
                                                    been presented; and that that knowlegde has
sociology, history, cultural and postcolonial
                                                    often been produced within a frame of (an)other
studies, and philosophy. This activity is therefore
                                                    purpose, and is therefore sometimes not a
both inter-disciplinary and cross-disciplinary.
                                                    mimetic image of the cultures, peoples and
                                                    environments that have been depicted.

This initiative will bring together climate            ·Climate change - POLARCAT will provide better
modellers, chemists, meteorologists,                   understanding of processes influencing
biogeochemists, physicists and engineers.              atmospheric composition, aerosol-climate
Activities include collection (including instrument    feedbacks and the carbon cycle (including a
development) and analysis of data collected at         refinement of the carbon budget estimates in
long-term surface sites (inc. lidar) and during        the northern hemisphere) leading to improved
several dedicated field missions, and use of a         predictions of climate change in the Arctic (e.g.
range of modelling tools. This effort combined         soot deposition on snow, forest fire aerosols,
Permafrost refers validation of satelliteof thewill
with analysis and to the thermal state data            Arctic haze).
                                                       •A coordinated network of observatories on
ground and its study is inherently inter-              Antarctic permafrost and active-layer conditions
disciplinary in nature. Permafrost and active-layer    and processes.
conditions interact directly with atmosphere,          •An integrated database of existing and new
snow cover, vegetation, soils conditions and           information on Antarctic permafrost and soils.
development, hydrology, landscape stability and        • A set of web-based, open-access, databases
human infrastructures. The ANTPAS community            and repositories for existing and new
includes expertise reflecting this broad scope in      information, linked to the global Frozen Ground
disciplines and interacts with relevant other
ClicOPEN investigates ecosystem responses to           Data Center at NSIDC.
                                                       ClicOPEN is an interdisciplinary and international
local air warming. This involves 19 work packages      activity that investigates past and present
(WPs) from different scientific disciplines and        ecosystem response to regional warming on a
with focus on different ecosystem compartments.        gradient along Western Antarctic Peninsula. It
                                                                                                        62°14'S, 58°40'W
Sampling will be carried out on a predefined grid      brings together scientists from many countries,
to ensure compatibility of data from different         working on different bases in a coordinated
WPs, within, but also between areas of interest        action and delivers a coordinated starting point
(see 2.3) along the WAP. Work packages include         for long-term observations and modelling of
Ocean chemistry is fundamentallyhydrology.
sedimentology, glaciology, glacial an                  future ecosystem changes as warming and
                                                       Anticipated products of the GEOTRACES Program
interdisciplinary activity. It underlies some of the   map onto the following IPY Themes:
basic observational tools of ocean physics and         Theme 1-Present environmental status:
biology. It is of interest in its own right as ocean   • GEOTRACES will Characterize sources, sinks      Circumpolar band between ~70ºN-85N
chemistry regulates our climate through cycling of     and internal cycling of trace elements that serve starting at 0ºE and finishing at ~100
CO2 and other radiatively active gases. An             as essential micronutrients, including sources of
understanding of contemporary chemical cycles in       material delivered to the ocean by rivers
the oceans has lead to the development of              (primarily Arctic) and by glacial weathering
several paleoproxies that let us reconstruct past      (primarily Antarctic) of adjacent land masses;
                                                        Improved tools (e.g. transfer functions) for
                                                        reconstructing ocean temperatures of the past.
The project integrates the following disciplines:
                                                        Modern calibration data for both biogenic and
paleoceanography, terrestrial paleoclimate,
                                                        physical proxies.
geochemistry, statistics, climate modelling,                                                                  70-85 oN, 20oW-20 oE
                                                        Advanced knowledge on the temporal and
marine ecology and paleoecology, and
                                                        geographical pattern of climate change during
                                                        periods of natural Arctic warming as well as
                                                        natural and anthropogenic warming during the
                                                        last century. work is focusing on a limited set of
                                                        Because the
Researchers with very different backgrounds             target glaciers, it is hoped that research will be
(remote sensing, geophysics, meteorology,               less scattered than has been the case so far.
hydrology, glaciology, sedimentology,                   Getting a focus is a very important aspect of this
palaeoclimatology) will work together to                programme.The major deliverables will be:
understand the behaviour and interaction of             #1 Extensive datasets for target glaciers around
glaciers with their environment.                        the Arctic.
                                                        #2 A better understanding of the factors that
This research effort is expressly interdisciplinary:    control the dynamicglobal change is affecting air
                                                        OASIS is about how response of Arctic glaciers
the science involved necessarily spans all aspects      surface exchange of chemical species in the
of Polar Studies, e.g. biology, oceanography,           Arctic, and associated feedbacks. OASIS starts
atmospheric science, ice physics, human                 from the premise that global warming is               90N; 75N/50E; 75N/170E; 75N/150W;
dimensions, hydrology, biogeochemistry and              occurring and that there is a link with a change      60N/80W, + others
others. It involves methods in satellite remote         of climate in the future. In the Arctic, this
sensing, instrument development, ocean                  change is much more pronounced for reasons
engineering, sensor networks, and cyber-                that are understood; but the feedbacks and
infrastructure. In evidence of the inter-
APEX was developed on the premise that                  implications with respect to atmospheric
                                                        APEX will act as a catalyst for the development
integration of results across disciplines is the only   of a holistic understanding of the Arctic's role in
way to develop a comprehensive understanding            the global climate system. An improved
of the Arctic's role in the global climate system.      understanding of the palaeoclimate and its
Interdisciplinary is therefore a foundation block       extremes are important to improve and test
that underpins all of APEX activities, and the          climatic models that predict human living
project will integrate research across the fields of    conditions as well as environmental change that
palaeocenography, palaeoclimatolgy, geology,            will directly affect the entire Earth’s biosphere.
geophysics, biology and archaeology. Another            The concrete deliverables we expect to develop
                                                        DAMOCLES will for the first time achieve a
                                                   systematic approach to observing,
The evidence of inter-disciplinarity in DAMOCLES
                                                   understanding and quantifying climate change in
comes from the fact meteorologists, glaciologists
                                                   the Arctic through
and oceanographers are deeply involved and
                                                   - Developing and deploying an advanced
integrated in the same program both from an
                                                   observing system that provides for the synoptic,
observational and modelling point of views.
                                                   continuous and long-term monitoring of the
                                                   lower atmosphere, sea-ice and the upper ocean,
                                                   - Evaluating and improving global and facilities
See above the potentialities of the site of Dôme C Concordia Station and the surroundingregional
in glaciology, paleoclimate, tropospheric,         have been conceived to be a long term support
stratospheric, and ionospheric sciences, sun-earth to valuable international scientific programmes.
relations, astronomy, geomagnetism, seismology In Antarctica, most of the scientific activity is
                                                                                                    75°06’ S -123°23’ E
and human medicine (including psychological        confined to coastal areas; so, the geographical
studies). In addition, this station provides the   location of Concordia is a unique vantage to
opportunity to develop new technologies related provide new data in the global network for many
to cold regions and to remote and inhospitable     sciences (geomagnetism, seismology,
areas.                                             atmospheric sciences …) and to increase the
SALE exploration and research, by its very nature, During the IPY, SALE-UNITED will produce
has been cast as interdisciplinary and                  expanded lake inventories, improved seismic
international from the earliest stages of planning.     and geophysical surveys, detailed subsurface
The SALE-UNITED program brings together                 models, and possibly the first entry into
                                                                                                         90 W 7.5 S
glaciologist, geologists, paleo-climatologists,         subglacial environments. Accreted ice studies
biologists, geophysicists, limnologists,                will continue on the biology and geochemistry of
geochemists, and technologists. The primary             the occluded materials from lake water. Clean
scientific goals cross most disciplinary boundaries     technologies for drilling, lake entry, and
and include the study of life in extreme                sampling will be developed. A wide array of
This research project will include research in           To evaluate the effectiveness and
engineering during the implementation and                appropriateness of the technological
testing of the infrastructure, computer science in       infrastructure in meeting the learning needs of
the development of appropriate interfaces and            Arctic populations. This will involve a continuous
software, library science in the delivery of             process of monitoring and validating the
appropriate content using wireless devices and           usability of the system.To create of a world-wide
education in the delivery and facilitation of            network of Learning Hubs in the Arctic. These
learning opportunities to a dispersed and                centres (in the initial phase schools, public
divergent population. in indigenous land-use
Environmental damages                                    Advances, health centres
                                                         offices anddevelopments: will serve as Learning
areas have clear effects on nature, human                1.Data on a human-induced environmental and
environment, social and economic life and thus           socio-economic development are summarised in
ethnic identity of the native people. The                a database, something which previously is not
                                                                                                         45-65 degr. E, 66-70 degr. N
discussion part of the project will cover all these      illustrated in a comprehensive way.
aspects. Also during data monitoring, scientific         2.Indigenous peoples’ representatives will be
methods (e.g. satellite image interpretation) will       trained in the use of GIS for their purposes.
be combined with ethnological methods (e.g.              3.Data presented in the outputs (see below) can
The concept native is intrinsically
interviewing of ISACland-users).                         be used by parties suffering from environmental
                                                         ISAC is an international long-term program with
interdisciplinary and includes the study of Arctic       the goal to integrate contributions from a wide
Change in the major physical and human                   range of disciplines to achieve an integrated
domains. Evidence for this inter – disciplinary          view of the causes and effects of Arctic Change
approach can be found in the Science Overview            on pan – Arctic scales and their link to the globe.
Document of ISAC                                         In the process of fully implementing ISAC a suite
(http://www.aosb.org/ISAC_SOD_Jan05.pdf), as             of observing systems designed for long – term
well as the science plan                                 studies of the interconnected changes presently
The DIS will be inherently inter-disciplinary in that    The in the Arctic will be of this project will
                                                         seenprimary deliverables established and be a
it will link to all the data collected as part of IPY.   comprehensive set of well-described and
Furthermore, the collaboration of discipline-            archived data available soon after collection and
specific affinity centers will facilitate an             for the long term.. In addition there will be a
interdisciplinary approach to data management            central data access portal to data distributed
issues such as common metadata standards.                around the world. Additional deliverables could
Many different individuals and centers have              include innovative data discovery and transfer
already agreed to collaborate. Furthermore, this         mechanisms, virtual observatories, greater use
Permafrost bylistsvery nature involves both multi-
proposal only its lead contacts for other                of international standards for storage and
                                                         The data sets, both retrospective compilations
disciplinary and inter-disciplinary approaches to        and the Campaign-acquired “snapshots”, will be
understand and predict the energy exchanges at           the major deliverable and Legacy of the project.
the Earth’s frozen surfaces. These in turn affect        IPA works closely with the National Snow and Ice See IPA permafrost map for all regions; GTN-
the TSP and overlying active layer and vegetation        Data Center and its Frozen Ground Data Center. P and CALM websites have coordinates
and involve observations on the dynamics of              A final project data product in 2009 will be
snow and plant covers, thermal and physical              available via the internet and in all likelihood as
properties of the soils, sediment, and bedrock,          separate CD-Rom/DVD products.
hydrological processes, and their spatial
This activity brings inter-disciplinarity to the         The deliverables from this project will be several
dissemination of IPY publications. Many IPY              new polar bibliographic databases as well as
publications will be cited in discipline-oriented        improvements to many existing databases. The
databases, but such databases are often unknown          objective is to index a publication once and then
to researchers in other disciplines. Social science      to use the resulting bibliographic record in many
and grey literature are often not cited in any of        ways. A new free database, the IPY Publications
the discipline-oriented databases. Without an IPY        Database, will be created that describes all, and
Publications Database, obtaining an inter-               only, IPY publications. Records describing all IPY
This project view of IPYboth sesimic viewbiological
disciplinary addresses results, or a and of results      publications will also be added to the Arctic &
                                                         Specific goals of the proposed program are to:
studies in the Southern Ocean. These two field           1.Obtain an acoustic detection baseline and
will make use of a common data set of undersea           calculate seasonal relative abundance indices for
recorded sounds. In addition, the biological part        whales within a species-specific radial detection
                                                                                                           59S 10E
of the project will be integrated with other aspect      area;
of the project "Natural Resources Antarctica",           2.Test the hypothesis that marine mammal
which will collect a broad range of environmental        distributions around the Antarctic continent vary
data - including data on both species heard in the       with sea-ice distribution and other factors;
sound data and those that are prey items for             3.Obtain the first-ever seasonal occurrence
Investigation of the evolutionary biogeography of      The CAML is a strong collaborative core project,
Antarctica requires close interdisciplinary links      that will make significant advances to the IPY
with geologists, environmental and physical            research themes. Theme 1: The CAML will
oceanographers and glaciologists, in order to          provide rich data on the state of diversity of
compare the faunal distribution and abundance          marine life around Antarctica. Attention will be
with the environmental features. New                   paid to those marine habitats under-represented
technologies embraced in CAML include                  in the literature. Theme 2: CAML will provide a
molecular biology and “crittercams” and other          benchmark for tracking future change in the
visualisation techniques – these are at the
ACE is by definition an interdisciplinary program      ACE is a program that serves mainly reference to
                                                       Antarctic marine environment. With to stimulate
as it aims to promote research at the intersection     and support the integration of Antarctic geologic
of terrestrial and marine geology and geophysics,      and paleoclimatic data and expertise with the
glaciology, paleoclimatology, Paleoceanography,        climate and glacial history modelling community.
and ice sheet and climate modelling. The major         As such, specific deliverables include:
questions that ACE is addressing cannot be              1) the sponsorship and execution of
answered through traditional disciplinary analysis     international scientific workshops;
but rather require insights derived from a wide         2) international scientist and student
variety of areas within the natural sciences. of
In order to make MERGE more than a mixture             exchanges, of new biotopes will be one result of
EoIs from different disciplines, we have carried       MERGE activities by accessing under-studied
out extensive discussions about significant goals,     polar regions and if the traverses of the
common methodologies, overlooked issues, etc,          continent would include sampling of remote
                                                                                                       69°00’S, 39°35’E; coastal
from viewpoints of different scientific fields.        nunataks. Phylogeographic analyses of isolated
There is a long list of e-mail records of our          organisms and environmental DNA sequences
communications in the past 4 months. Some              will help understanding inter-relationships of
members of EoI 110, 429 and 846 have also had          geographical separation and species separation
The observed responses of to geoelectric circuit
face-to-face meetings prior theintegration of their    (i.e., speciation or micro-evolution), which of
                                                       Development of knowledge on mechanisms
to space weather variations and to tropospheric        solar activity on atmospheric processes in the
thunderstorm activity, and suggestive evidence         Earth's polar regions. Provide quantifiable limits
that the geoelectric circuit has an active influence   on the hypothesis that the geoelectric circuit
                                                                                                          78°S, 106°E
on cloud microphysics via aerosol charging.            provides a viable path for a sun-weather linkage.
Further solar variability influences on the            (Themes 3 & 2: Global linkages & Change).
atmosphere are also to be studied.                     Provide an accurate reference measurement of
It remains an open and a scientifically achievable     the geoelectric circuit for the IPY era (Theme 1:
goal to determine whether or not active coupling
The Kinnvika is multidisciplinary project which        #numbers refer to projects listed which polar
                                                       Status). Investigate the extent to at
includes human and natural sciences. It has 26         www.eld.geo.uu.se/IPY/projects and themes
Working Packages as follows: 5 in Atmospheric          refer to the IPY.Theme 1: Monitoring campaigns:
studies;3 in Biosphere studies; 4 in Climatic and      Aerosols, heavy metals, radiation, carbon,
environmental archives; 3 in Studies of the            nitrogen, sea ice, climate, landscape dynamics,
lithosphere;3 in Ice Mass focused studies; 2 in        plankton dynamics, snow chemistry, (#1-7, 16-
Landscape focused studies; 2 in Oceanography;3         18, 21,22).Theme 2: Process studies: Air/snow,
in Society focused studies; 1 Systems focused          terrestrial ecosystem, paleoclimate,
study(see:                                             Climate changeand bibliographic archives,
                                                       archaeological processes and ozone depletion
                                                       events over the Arctic and Antarctic regions have
For the interpretation of the climate variability      been significant since measurements began
and UV-B depletion patterns in the longer run          several decades ago. Research on the effects of
                                                                                                         68N 18E
collaboration with climatologists and atmospheric      changes in UV-B radiation and temperature and
physicists is necessary.                               moisture changes on Polar terrestrial
                                                       ecosystems has to date been fuelled
                                                       predominantly by unilateral national support
The study of geospace phenomena is inherently          focussing on will generate unique, continuous
                                                       ICESTAR/IHY small scale but long term
interdisciplinary because it brings together solar,    high-quality data sets which will be easily
heliospheric, space, and atmospheric sciences in       accessible via modern data-sharing systems. The
order to understand the chain of processes from        scientific community will benefit from several
the solar interior to the Earth. Moreover, since we    new methods for creating value-added products
are studying a natural system in which order           from raw data and for remote sensing different
arises spontaneously and which displays evidence       geospace phenomena like gravity waves,
of self-organized behaviour, the new                   ionospheric turbulence and magnetospheric
multidisciplinary field of “complexity” is becoming    plasma oscillations. ICESTAR/IHY will increase
                                                       Significant advances: For the first time, a number
Inherent in the concept of the project is the
                                                       of stations in the deep Southern Ocean will be
interdisciplinary, multinational- synoptic study of
                                                       investigated with a process-oriented focus by
atmosphere, water column/ ice, and seafloor with
                                                       simultaneously sampling atmosphere, water/ice,
methodology including satellites, innovative                                                              any area
                                                       and seafloor to investigate coupling processes
plankton and bottom samplers (and/or
                                                       between these components of the biosphere. In
recorders), landers, cameras, and plankton
                                                       the long run these results might lead to a better
                                                       understanding of the functioning of the
This project will incorporate a geoscientific          Southern Ocean as a whole. This project builds
                                                       The proposed project will provide data and
approach involving geology, geomorphology,             samples from a region that is considered to be
glaciology, geophysics and geodesy in order to         the last great unknown of Antarctica. The target
establish the geological, environmental and            area is a critical region for ice-sheet evolution
                                                                                                          80° 30’S 76° E
glaciological evolution of the Antarctic continent     and initiation. The timing of the formation of the
from its interior into the Southern Ocean. The         cratonic highlands is of particular importance for
results will be important contributions to ice-        the climate and ice sheet evolution of
sheet and climatic modeling.                           Antarctica.Furthermore, our project will provide
Based upon the attendance at previous ICASS            All IPY parameters human dimensions will be
                                                       critical themes withfor geodynamic modelling
ventures (a triennial event), ICASS VI will bring      discussed, and the “significant advances” to be
together many hundred social scientists from           expected reside in the synergies created by the
every field of social and human research,              possibility to meet, network, and discuss not
advanced students from over 20 countries, as well      only within IPY projects, but also across them.
as indigenous and non-indigenous stakeholders.         The format of the conference will be designed in
We expect the attendance to be boosted by the          order to foster such dialogues, with panels,
presence of our project partners from physical         workshops, and plenaries geared towards
and natural science disciplines, to make ICASS VI a
Starting with physical oceanographic                   facilitating thewill be incorporated into a
                                                       World talents IPY-related research.
measurements, a interdisplinary approach with          common objective of understanding the present
sea-ice activities, paleoclimate studies, etc.         scenario of the Southern Ocean. On a individual
Moreover, the field campaign opportunities will        scale of efforts achieving this goal would
be provided to participants of other nations using     otherwise become difficult. Our monitoring
the India's Antarctic Program. In this way             program would provide the Langrangian form of
multidisciplinary interests will be amalgamated to     input which put together with modelling efforts
form of consortium of nations.                         would help evolve a comprehensive picture of
As a field of research, marine microbial ecology is    the research the Southern Ocean. The results
                                                       The climate ofwill improve our knowledge of
approached from different perspectives such as         polar marine microorganisms and their
biodiversity, food web, nutrient flow, population      ecological significance, and our understanding of
dynamics etc. and engages scientists from a wide       microbial population dynamics and ecosystem
                                                                                                         30E, 75 - 85N/ice edge
range of disciplines including microbiology,           structure and function. It will contribute to a
chemistry, molecular biology, phycology, virology      better understanding of the biological and
etc. Most research projects and groups are unable      environmental processes that shape polar
to address more than a few specific subjects and       microbial communities and the factors that are
questions related to marine microbial ecology.
The ARCDIV cluster brings together multiple A          The ARCDIVimportant ingive context of futurethe
                                                       likely to be cluster will the new insight into
disciplines:Evolutionary ecology, biogeography,        important and direct relation between the
genomics, population genetics, eco-toxicology,         observed variability and diversity in biological
physiology, meteorology, hydrology, atmospheric        and physical parameters in the Arctic, at
                                                                                                          78°55’N, 11°55’E
chemistry and physics, bio-geochemistry,               different temporal and spatial scales. Integrating
geomorphology, glaciology remote sensing and           physical and biological investigations on
GIS                                                    variability patterns brought down to a landscape
- Involves multiple physical, biological and abiotic   level at several Arctic reference sites is a
parameters:Temperature, wind, radiation, surface
The project is designed as an integrated pollutant     The overallbut also a newATMOPOL initiative
                                                       challenge, objectives of frontier in Arctic
monitoring frame for both Arctic and Antarctic         respond directly to all four major environmental
atmosphere. Thus, a joint core protocol will be        goals of the IPY 2007/08 program. ATMOPOL will
developed allowing establishing basic monitoring       firstly add new scientifically-based knowledge on
                                                                                                         78º 54'N, 11º 52'E
programmes following a standardised scheme at          the global aspects of atmospheric pollutant
all participating stations. In addition to the core    transport and potential effects on polar regions.
program, voluntary measuring activities                Secondly, the monitoring program will serve as a
(campaign or long-term monitoring) will be             scientific tool for early identification of
developed and realised. The ATMOPOL initiative         environmental changes. This will include an
PLATES & GATES will apply a broad range of          PLATES & GATES will focus on data acquisition
geological and geophysical methods as well as       and analyses in both polar regions which are
studies of the biological evolution in combination critical for understanding large time-scale paleo-
with geological sampling. PLATES & GATES will       climatic processes. The new data on the
                                                                                                      075°W, 85°N
make integrated use of new and existing data for lithospheric and crustal structures, their ages
tectonic and geodynamic models as well as the       and evolution, sedimentary formations,
integration of these models with proxies for paleo- petrological fabrics and chemistries, as well as
climate modelling. The paleo-climate modelling      high-resolution bathymetry, will be integrated to
                                                    The anticipated advances for paleo-topographic
work will provide linkages with oceanography and provide a substantial basisare large-scale spatial
                                                     and temporal observations of PMC and aurora as
                                                     a function of seasonal variation over two years
This activity links the engineering discipline of
                                                     for both arctic and Antarctic regions. The
space flight operations and scientific discipline
                                                     primary deliverables will be data sets from ISS as
atmospheric physics.
                                                     digital still images, video images, and spectral
                                                     data. Ground observations will yield
                                                     complementary data sets as well a satellite data.
                                                     The book series be made available to meant to
                                                     The ISS data will“From Pole to Pole” isthe public
The book series will endorse all aspect of polar     provide a central tool for IPY 2007/08 to focus
environmental research from Arctic biology,          the publication of scientific results obtained
glaciology to historical aspects and social          during IPY 2007/08 within environmental
dimensions. The priorities for the volumes will      research related topics. Thus, the book project
depend on the research projects performed under      will offer the scientists involved in IPY 2007/08
the IPY umbrella.                                    environmental research a place to publish their
                                                     results within in a broad international IPY
The project will widen the scope of educational      The project allow, thus, the interpretation and
                                                     context and will widen the scope of educational
activities at the SFI Gdynia Aquarium.New           activities at the SFI Gdynia Aquarium.New
educational and aquarium exhibits will be           educational and aquarium exhibits will be
created.Experience will be gained in the breeding   created.Experience will be gained in the
of polar marine organisms. International Polar      breeding of polar marine organisms.
Year 2007-2008 will be popularized through the      International Polar Year 2007-2008 will be
media and expositions at the SFI Gdynia             popularized through the media and expositions
Aquarium.                                           at the SFI Gdynia Aquarium.
                                                    This project will achieve significant advances to
CRAC-ICE brings together scientists from different
                                                    all IPY themes except for No. 6.
disciplines (glaciology, geophysics, oceanography,
                                                     1: Present environmental status of the polar
remote sensing, and biology) working from
                                                    regions - CRAC-ICE will provide insight into the
hemispheric to micro-scales to study the vital                                                           72 E, 69 S
                                                    stability of the three largest Antarctic ice shelves
problems of iceberg calving, iceberg evolution,
                                                    and an improved estimate on the mass balance
and the impact of icebergs on the Southern Ocean
                                                    of the Antarctic ice sheet.
                                                    2: To understand change and improve
                                                    predictions aims to develop represents the
This activity brings together humanities scholars The project - Iceberg calving and implement the
and engineers to provide both researchers and       necessary infrastructure for the long-term
the community at large data on languages and        management and use of linguistic data for varied
cultures in circumpolar region and the tools to     regional and international research. The effort
access and analyse such data. While humanities relies on a multidisciplinary, international
scholars have collected or are collecting the data, partner network setting up a legacy of
it is the engineers who are building the tools      infrastructure enabling other researchers to
according to the needs of scholars and the public expand previous data or add new data following
Developing an integrated network of Antarctic       the provided guidelines of best practices. The
                                                    Theme 1: [current state forthe environment]
marine biodiversity databases mainly associates      SCAR-MarBIN will manage valuable existing and
the project with biologists, but also with           new marine biodiversity data. In coordination
environmental and physical oceanographers, viz.      with CAML and other relevant IPY initiatives,
for relating faunal distribution and abundance       poorly known Southern Ocean organisms and
with various environmental features. Obviously,      habitats will receive special attention.
various IT technologies will also be strongly        Theme 2: [change in polar regions] SCAR-MarBIN
included in SCAR-MarBIN.                             will provide the necessary tools to integrate and
                                                     disseminate data that will be exploitable in the
The US Geological Survey is an interdisciplinary       Much of the project work supported by the
agency encompassing earth, biological, and             Programs for IPY will result in scientific
information sciences. Science conducted within         publications in juried journals that are intended
our Programs integrates the skills of our              for a scientific audience. However, the USGS,
workforce as needed to address the scientific          through its Science Impact Program, Office of
questions at hand. For each activity covered by        Communications, and Natural Science Network,
this proposal, mechanisms are in place within the      supports and promulgates the utilization of a
USGS through our Program Offices to ensure that        diverse set of communication tools and products
all the skills and disciplines required to carry out   aimed at to produceland-use managers, policy
                                                       We seek informing four unprecedented data
                                                  sets. Our compilation of existing and new
Our studies of net accumulation are inherently    measurements of internal layering will be
atmospheric science combining with the shape of   converted to continental-scale maps of net
the ice sheet, while the ice discharge component  surface accumulation in as much detail in space
is first and foremost glaciology.                 and time as the data allow. Our ice discharge
                                                  study will draw together various satellite and
                                                  field data to produce vector files of position, ice
                                                  Theme 1:- Improved access the grounding data
The research strategy explained above cannot be thickness and velocity alongto fundamentalline.
pursued without the active collaboration of       for high-latitude coastal zone and marginal seas
researchers from earth and ocean sciences as well research and management (including coastal
as from the human sciences. Geology,              morphology and coastal marine/pack ice
geomorphology, geocryology, oceanography,         conditions)
biogeochemistry, climatology, geophysics, human - Improved coastal zone classification including
geography, ecology, anthropology, geographical socio-economic data (IGBP/IHDP-LOICZ II
information systems, and modelling will have to typology) and spatial variability
be at work in a coordinated way to attain the
Proposal objectives focus on physical,            - Acquisition of comprehensive satellite imagery
                                                  The project will develop a multispectral,
biogeochemical and geodetic aspects of the             multisensor satellite data set for capturing a
cryosphere including the polar ice sheets, polar       snapshot of the state of the polar ice sheets at
oceans, and terrestrial snow cover. This project is    the beginning of the 21st century. The existing
                                                                                                           to be planned
being coordinated with the Integrated Global           constellation of satellites will provide continuing
Observing Strategy Cryosphere theme (IGOS-             information on sea ice type, thickness, extent
Cryo) which is also aligned with the objectives of     concentration and drift; and on ice sheet
the International Global Earth Observing System        elevation, extent and dynamics. Synthetic
of Systems (GEOSS).
ICED-IPY, SCACE, ATOS, SOSA, Effects of CO2 on         aperture radars (SAR) such as those carried by
                                                       Major Deliverables: (1) Integrated analyses of
CaCO3 accretion and primary productivity, BONUS- climate-ocean-ecosystem interactions and
GoodHope, IFESS, SASIE, BASICS, SOS-CLIMATE        quantify Southern Ocean ecosystem operation
and Carbon in Sea Ice involve climatologists,      across a range of spatial and temporal scales, (2)
glaciologists, oceanographers, biogeochemists,     Hierarchical set of models of the operation of
ecologists and fisheries scientists from a wide    Southern Ocean ecosystems Quantification of
range of countries and is being coordinated across the response of Southern Ocean ecosystems to
international projects; Integrating Marine         variability and change in order to produce a step
Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research
From a thematic point of view, ICEFISH-2007        change in our understanding of how climate
                                                   Because notothenioids occupy high trophic and
covers a wide range of physiology, biochemistry,       niches, they constitute an important sentinel
molecular biology, ecology and taxonomy of             taxon for monitoring the impacts of climate
Antarctic fish, notably of the dominant suborder       change on species biodiversity and of depletion
Notothenioidei. With these backgrounds, ICEFISH-       of marine fisheries on community dynamics in
2007 tries to provide a broad view of                  the Southern Ocean. The work will contribute to
biogeographical distribution and biochemical           a better understanding of the effect of such
processes. In addition to the use of conventional      changes by contrasting the potential acclimatory
approaches, advanced and unique techniques will
This program will be strongly interdisciplinary. It    This program will provide anSub-Antarctic the
                                                       capacity of the eurythermal assessment of
will combine the efforts of sea ice geophysicists,     current state of the Arctic sea ice cover, furnish
atmospheric scientists, oceanographers, and            insight into the processes and interactions that
biologists working together towards common             govern the ice cover, and create an
goals and objectives. The approach will emphasize      infrastructure for future assessments. A
close integration of observations and models           comprehensive, synoptic picture of surface
from the planning stages through the completion        ocean water masses in the ice-bound Arctic
of the program.                                        interior will be pieced together. Surface
                                                       measurements of snow and ice conditions will
The Go Polar! programming and educational              2.2 The inter-disciplinary investments already
materials are purposefully inter-disciplinary          made in the Go Polar! programming and
covering not only many areas of polar science          materials, including the learning assessments we
including processes in the atmosphere (auroras,        have conducted, have already made significant
                                                                                                        Venezuela (Caracas)
climate change), the hydrosphere (the freshwater       advances in several areas. First and foremost
budget of the Arctic, the thermohaline conveyor        perhaps has been the development of a model
belt, etc.), the cryosphere (permafrost, sea ice,      for linking scientific researchers of a major
ice sheets, ice cores, etc.), and biosphere (animal    university with museum staff and educators of a
The plant adaptations to polar environments,
and experimental and analysis phases of ICECAP         modern children’s museum. Making this model
                                                       The ICECAP program will provide critical
closely link geophysics and glaciology in service to   boundary conditions for the ice sheet modeling
the SCAR/ACE ice, climate and ocean modeling           community over a two million square kilometer
communities where results are of critical interest     region (including Dome A, Dome C and the
                                                                                                        box center (80º S, 87º E)
to the broader environmental community                 Aurora Subglacial Basin) where these conditions
concerned about climate and sea level change.          are either poorly sampled or unknown. These
Our results and this modeling will also be             measurements when combined with
invaluable to the paleoclimate communities             observations of englacial structures, basal melt
studying both ice cores and the offshore record,       rates, gravity and magnetics and be used to
                                                       The state of the ozone layer will the UV
                                                       radiation in both polar regions during a time
The experimental and modelling research on the
                                                       period when the contents of ozone destroying
ozone layer, UV radiation and the effects of
                                                       components in the stratosphere are expected to
personal UV exposure brings the science fields of                                                        More than 40 stations
                                                       be near the maximum will be monitored. This
physics/meteorology, chemistry,
                                                       takes place with a large suit of instruments
biology/medicine, and mathematics together.
                                                       which complement each other in space and time
                                                       resolution (e.g. ground based instruments,
This coordinated, interdisciplinary study makes        ozonesondes, air-borne instruments, satellites).
                                                       Unprecedented Historical Dataset: This study will
the most of present-day opportunities for              access both historical and active polar stations in
dialogues and collaboration between social             the field and create the first regional, historical
scientists and natural scientists working in the       dataset of a cluster of field stations. No such
                                                                                                           71° 17‘N, 156°40‘W
polar regions to collaborate in the field and under    project has ever been attempted in the history
realistic circumstances. The focus on field stations   of science or its cognate disciplines. (Several of
is also a vehicle that enables us to explore how       the targeted field stations are mentioned in 2.3,
different disciplinary perspectives interact at key    but not all for reasons of form space.)
field sites, and shape research practices
The Arctic-HYDRA project is based on and               Coordination and Standardisation of Data: This
                                                       The establishment of high quality hydrological
interdisciplinary integration within the field of      observation system within the Arctic with
operational and scientific hydrology.                  associated data and information system will be
Furthermore, integration with biochemical,             one of the legacies of the IPY. Specifically, it will
ecological and in general environmental studies        provide the platform for the establishment of
related to the AHC will be implemented. In             long-term “supersites” for the longer term
addition, traditional integration with meteorology     ICARPII-WG7 program. Furthermore, an
and climatology, as well as with cryospheric           integrated research network focusing on the
The study ofbe considered. In fact, there is a long
clusters will the global cryosphere as an              AHC will be established in IPY will is evaluating
                                                       This is the ONLY project which thatfacilitate
integrated system involves knowledge from a            the entire global cryosphere as an integrated
wide range of disciplines, including oceanography,     component of the global climate system. It is
glaciology, meteorology, climatology, hydrology,       also one of the few projects attempting to place
and biogeochemistry. In addition, the study of the     current changes in the context of past variability
impact of changes in the cryosphere on biological      and change, and to document the impact of
and human systems will foster interactions             changes in the cryosphere on biological and
between the earth, environmental, and human            human systems. The planned outputs
The IPY-AP Initiative encompasses interests from       (deliverables) of this project are
                                                       Advances:* Observations of key glaciological
many different aspects of the ongoing climate-         variables in the field, that could not be obtained
driven change in the Antarctic Peninsula. It is        by any other means, but that are essential to
focused on ice-climate interactions, and glacier       drive larger scale representations of climate-
                                                                                                          65.4S, 62W
mass balance, but includes collaborations from         controlled glaciological processes such as
several other earth science disciplines: polar         snow/ice melt, snow accumulation, and ice
climate; paleo-climate; geology; oceanography;         discharge over the entire region; these
and biology. The rapid pace of climate change in       observations will be gathered across significant
the Peninsula has a profound influence on the          latitudinal and longitudinal gradients in climate
see iAOOS                                              see iAOOS

                                                       we will know,
                                                       - why the Ross Sea opened by 400km within 50
                                                       Ma (?) without recognizing any displacement at
we will coordinate the activities of geodesists,
                                                       the estern end of the rift system;
geochemists, structural geologists and                                                                98°-100°W, 73°-75°S
                                                       - what the outline of the blocks is that form
aerogeophysicists with glaciologists
                                                       West Antarctica;
                                                       - whether their boundaries are dynamically
                                                       and/or hydrothermally active;
We will be working with : Dr. Eddy Carmack,            - about the influence of geodynamic effectson
                                                       1. Research project „The combined forces of
Climate Research Oceanographer, Institute of           ultraviolet radiation and temperature on the
Ocean Sciences DFO Canada Dr Gustavo A.                biological pump: A temporal and latitudinal
Ferreyra, Chief Scientist , Instituto Antarctico,      study (ISMER and NDAA) Eol # 194.
                                                                                                      51 45 S, 59 00 W
Argentina and ISMER, Institut des Sciences de la       2. Research on the psychological impact of
Mer (Canada-Argentina), Dr Serge Demers,               extreme environments on behaviour (UBC and
Institut des sciences de la mer, Rimouski, Quebec      NASA). In collaboration with Dr Peter Suedfeld
(Canada), Dr Mariano Mémolli, National Director        (UBC).
for Antarctica , Argentina, Dr Sergio Marenssi, Dir.   3. Communicating complex scientific research,
                                                       The proposed Center for Learning and
The focus on indigenous knowledge systems
                                                       Indigenous Knowledge Systems (CLIKS) will
encompasses all academic disciplines to the
                                                       incorporate three inter-related research themes:
extent that they bear on aspects of life in
                                                       documentation and articulation of indigenous
indigenous communities, including health,
                                                       knowledge systems; delineating
resource management, education, fish and
                                                       learning/cognitive processes associated with
wildlife biology, social services, community
                                                       indigenous ways of knowing; and
development, etc., etc.
                                                       developing/assessing educational strategies
This project is highly inter-disciplinary and will     integrating indigenous and western knowledge
                                                       The significant advances will be related to:1)
require the collaboration of numerous from the         Better determination of the structure of deep
fields of geology (e.g., sedimentology,                permafrost in sedimentary environments.
paleontology, hydrology, fluid geochemistry),          Particular importance will be placed on the
geomechanics (e.g. material strength,                  distributions of free gases, unfrozen water, gas
hydrological properties, fluid and material core       hydrates, and ice bonded permafrost. 2) Better
sampling, gas hydrate), microbiology                   understanding of the variety, distribution,
(extremophiles, planetary biology, DNA mapping),       genetics, and biochemistry of extremophiles
and geophysics (physical properties of core,           within the permafrost.3) Greater knowledge of
                                                       A better understanding of teh climate of Alaska
The changing climate in the Arctic does not only       and its interaction with sea ice, glaciers, and
affect the surface temperature regime, but also a      coastal erosion will be obtained.
strong influence on the concentration and              Temperature change has not been steady in
thickness of sea ice, the mass balance of glaciers,    Alaska, as might be expected from greenhouse
and the coastal erosion at the northern and            gas increases, but there was an abrupt change in
western coast of Alaska                                circulation in the mid 1970's. This brought
                                                       substantially warmer air to Alaska, especially in
                                                       An Education, Outreach and Communication
                                                       program which addresses the aim and
Carefully designed as an inter-disciplinary activity
                                                       aspirations of The Joint Committee’s EO and C
embracing the science being pursued by other
                                                       strategy.Our program will be delivered to the
EOI’s and countries with related scientific                                                                150 E. to 50 E.
                                                       whole community (K-Y12 school children, the
programs to give our expeditioners the widest
                                                       general public and key “Decision Makers”) by
possible exposure to polar science.
                                                       The Australian Education, Outreach and
                                                       Communication Co-ordinating Committee
                                                       (AUSTEOC) administered by The Royal Society.
Ice core research is inherently interdisciplinary as     1.International unification of ice coring research
it involves glaciology, remote sensing, polar            and training of the next generation of chemists,
engineering, atmospheric chemistry,                      geologists, glaciologists, atmospheric scientists,
paleoclimatology, polar biology, climate                 biologists, and engineers involved in ice
                                                                                                            S 79.468, W112.086
modelling, ocean and atmospheric dynamics,               coring.2.Site selection for a major new project -
geochemistry, geology, geochronology, and a              the first Antarctic ice core record reaching > 1
variety of other fields. Many or all of these            million years. This includes developing a new
disciplines are represented in the IPICS group as it     understanding of ice dynamics in interior east
exists so far. proposed here is highly
The program                                              1. International collaboration of a include
                                                         Antarctica. Expected deliverables highly multi-
interdisciplinary and involves collaboration       disciplinary group of researchers. 2. Training of
between geologists, geophysicists, glaciologists,  the next generation of polar researchers and
climate modellers, oceanographers, remote          engineers. 3. Traverse facilities on the Greenland
                                                                                                      77.5N, 51W
sensors, radio echo sounders and meteorologists    Ice Sheet. 4. Advances of knowledge about the
in conjunction with airborne and satellite missionsbasically unknown crustal structure under the
to address the stability and evolution of the      Greenland Ice Sheet. 5. Mapping of the area
Greenland Ice Sheet on the time scales from 10     under the Greenland Ice Sheet at pressure
million years before present to predictions for themelting point. 6. Advances in knowledge of the
                                                   Major advances will be the strong link between
In this proposal paleoceanography, marine          the various disciplines and a better
ecology, terrestrial paleoclimatology and          understanding of human response to rapid
archeology and history are intergrated elements climate change in extreme environments.               60 – 80 N
for reconstruction of changes in the arctic during Deliverables will be papers in peer reviewed
the past 2000 years.                               journals and presentations/posters at
                                                   international conferences.

THORPEX-IPY is inter-disciplinary in several ways:       Advancement in modelling of physical and
i) it brings together atmospheric and                    dynamical processes, and in designing observing
oceanographic scientists, engineers,                     systems/strategies. Improved usage of
observationalists, and modellers from both               conventional, air-borne, satellite, and IPY
climate and weather, ii) THORPEX-IPY will include        observations through advanced data-
social scientists and users of forecast information      assimilation techniques. Improved
through the direct impact of weather, sea ice            determination of the present environmental
and oceanic conditions on human activities Iii)          status of the polar regions. Improved operational
The problemsof ECOGREEN and the international
the concept of interest also interface with              Implicationwith benefits for society, the
                                                         prediction of climate change for the ecosystem
network behind it originated from a multi-               and the society
disciplinary workshop recently hosted in Nuuk,           1) Implemented coupled physical-biological
Greenland. The attendees were scientists used to         models, tested against observations from the
                                                                                                         60 N to 70 N
co-operate in arctic research projects,                  project period
stakeholders and policy makers. It was decided to        2) Forecasts of oceanographic conditions and
establish the scientific basis for a sustainable         primary/secondary productivity under different
ecosystem-based management system for the                climate scenarios
marine resources off West Greenland, formulated
The networking among researchers covering                3) Assessment of implication of climate-induced
                                                         New and / or more detailed data will apart from
language, literature and media will be valuable for      being of interest for further research in these
the four subprojects because of the obvious              fields also be of interest for researchers in other
interdependency among the fields.                        fields, e.g. our socio-linguistic project will be of Lat-Long: 61-70; 57-62; 54-58; 56-60; 53-
Questionnaires of the separate subprojects are           interest to social science; our literary studies of 60;68-90; 69-93.5; 68-96
already planned to include some questions of             interest to cultural studies. But they will be of
interest for other of the subprojects.                   wider interest, too, and will therefore,
Further, this IPY project will be of interest to other   communicated through press, educational
IPY site quantification measurements welfare
Theprojects on socio-political matters, needed to        institutions etc, be part of be a quantification of
                                                         The principal outcome willan empowerment of
assess the astronomical observing conditions             several key parameters that determine how well
involve measurement of the properties of                 astronomical observations can be made from a
atmosphere. These are also relevant to                   given site, allowing the sensitivity of a telescope,
                                                                                                              81S, 77E, 4100m
meteorological and climatic studies (e.g. the            the wavelength range across which it can
earthshine experiment). The enabling                     operate, and the clarity of images it could
technologies required to make the necessary              obtain, to be determined. These are essential
astronomical instrumentation work in the harsh           characteristics that determine whether a
polar climate is an application engineering              telescope could be used to tackle a particular
This research project is cross-cut though several    The most significant result expected from this
scientific fields:                                   project will be the direct estimate of the
•solid Earth: mantle rheology: post-glacial          contribution of ice sheets mass loss to sea level
rebound                                              change: in the 4th assessment IPCC report, the
                                                                                                           South of 60 deg. South
•ice, snow, frozen ground                            estimate of the present ice sheet melting/mass
•sea level change                                    loss and the corresponding contribution to the
•climate change                                      sea level rise remains not well-known. For
•land hydrology                                      example, for the Antarctica ice sheet, partial
BIPOMAC will create an organized international       Studies within the BIPOMAC network are
                                                     results based on remote sensing data will
collaboration of paleoceanographers,                 generate a wave of new terrestrial and marine
paleobiologists, paleolimnologists, geologists,      data sets from both poles, with a focus on yet
biogeochemists, geophysicists, glaciologists and     little studied regions. The selected study areas
                                                                                                           67.30°N, 172.05°E
Earth system modellers. Paleoenvironmental           represent key regions for the understanding of
reconstructions and modelling will be achieved       polar processes that drive and amplify climate
based on close linkages with biologists,             change. The major areas where BIPOMAC aims
oceanographers, sea ice experts and                  to deliver new, broad, and detailed results are
AMES will involve fisheries scientists,              (1) timing and and coordinated research as
                                                     Simultaneous response of polar climate to
taxonomists, geneticists, ecosystem modellers,       proposed will provide the first quantitative,
acousticians and acoustic engineers, computer        circumpolar description of the abundance,
scientists and oceanographers from a wide range      distribution and demography of key pelagic taxa,
                                                                                                        30°W – 70°W, south of 50°S
of countries and is being coordinated across         their predators and their association with
international project including: CCAMLR, IWC, SO-    hydrographic conditions in the Southern Ocean.
GLOBEC and the SCAR Group of Specialists on          The use of standardized survey techniques,
Birds. As a southern ocean wide, umbrella            integrated across disciplines to the extent
The primary focus of this cluster will provide
proposal, the proposed research is physical          CASO will deliver provide significant advances
                                                     possible, will alsosignificant scientific advances
oceanography. However, the full CASO proposal        in each of its five themes. CASO will:
is highly inter-disciplinary. The science goals of   1. Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in the
CASO depend on close integration between             global water cycle: quantify the high-latitude
physical oceanography (of both continental           contributions to the global water cycle,
margin and open ocean environments),                 determine the sensitivity of the water cycle to
biogeochemistry, ecology, sea ice studies, ocean-    climate change and variability, and identify the
ice shelf interaction, meteorology, polar-low        impact of changes in the high latitude water
Key indicators include variables from a wideMuch
latitude teleconnections, and paleoclimate           - Pull on the rest of the globe; is currently
                                                     cycle together information that
variety of natural science disciplines (i.e.         widely dispersed to produce one authorative
seaasonal extent of snow cover; abundance of         database on biodiversity changes in the Arctic
selected species) and social science disciplines     - Coordinate international monitoring activities
(human caused disturbances; number of                to focus on key indicators and fill gaps in current
languages in use) which we be included in a          monitoring efforts
common database and results analyzed for             - Analyze data to look for correlations between
correlations. It is expected that hundreds of        indicators that we have not previously been able
A cooperation between hunters in local inter -
experts in different fields will cooperate           to link
                                                     This study would provide data on spatial and
communities, polar bear biologists, analytical       temporal trends of legacy and emerging
chemists and wildlife veterinarians conducting       contaminants in the arctic marine food web, in
necropsies and in vivo sampling during in vivo       relation to combined effects from climate
telemetry studies. Most of the participants have     changes on the outcomes at different organ
joined in earlier international coordinated arctic   levels (Theme 6). The results will be used to infer
programmes focusing on pollution in polar bears      sources and pathways of contamination and the
and ringed seals. The present study will provide     extent of global distribution of organic
The IPHC is a specialproposal on circumpolar
data to another IPY scientific committee within      The objectivesrelevant to arctic ecosystem, as
                                                     contaminants of the IPHC are to ;
the larger organisation of the "International        (a) promote international co-operation in the
Council for Historic Monuments and Sites"            protection and conservation of non-indigenous
(ICOMOS). ICOMOS is an NGO that serves as an         heritage in the Arctic and Antarctic;
advisory body to UNESCO on matters of cultural       (b) consult and co-operate with Arctic
heritage.                                            indigenous peoples regarding heritage of cross
                                                     cultural significance;
The membership of the IPHC consists of               (c) provide a forum for interchange of
representatives of all disciplines associated with   experience, ideas, knowledge, and the results of
From a thematic point of view, EBA will bring           EBA will address the impacts of climate change
together a wide range of disciplines to tackle a        on species biodiversity, evolutionary
series of well focused questions. It will liaise with   adaptations, and also depletion of marine
the relevant physical, geological and historical        fisheries on community dynamics in the
disciplines to ensure regular interactions and use      Southern Ocean. The work will contribute to a
of the most recent data and insights in                 better understanding of the effect of such
interpreting the biological results. These              changes by investigating the severely restricted
disciplines include plate tectonics, climatology,       acclimatory responses available to high latitudes.
glaciology, geophysics, oceanography,
Different branches of Earth science (climatology,       Projected contribute to development include
                                                        It will also environmental changes mayof a
hydrology, glaciology, meteorology, in-situ and         significant feedbacks to
remote sensing observing systems, ecology), and
societal studies (land use studies, sustainable              Global Carbon Cycle: Shifts in ecosystem
development in changing environment, etc.) are          distributions, changes in the net ecosystem
involved in the project and have numerous               exchange and resultant CO2 and methane
mutual connections within it. Moreover,                 atmospheric emissions.
integration assessment is a necessary part of the            Global Energy Cycle: Land cover changes,
project, which would allow these inter-
The study of the effect of changes to arctic            snow cover variations, and permafrost thaw
                                                        Major advances:
vegetation on arctic ecosystems is by nature inter-     1. A complete analysis of the changes in
discplinary. Changes in the biomass of terrestrial      Circumpolar Arctic NDVI over the history of
ecosystems will likely affect the permafrost,           satellite-derived data.
active layer, carbon reserves, trace-gas fluxes,        2. A legacy of biomass and NDVI data along two
hydrological systems, biodiversity, wildlife            transects across the complete bioclimate
populations and the habitability of the Arctic. The     gradient in the Arctic that will provide a base line
Greening of the Arctic (GOA) initiative consists of     against which to measure vegetation change in
a group of scientists whose expertise inlcudes          the future. advance will be to improve
                                                        The principal
                                                        understanding of the sensitivity of the Arctic
The project is interdisciplinary in that it combines
                                                        hydrologic cycle to changes in aerosol
atmospheric chemistry, cloud physics, surface
                                                        concentration and types. We will investigate the
hydrology, climate and weather, coastal
                                                        role of variations in atmospheric aerosol to
processes, oceanography and sea ice, permafrost
                                                        changes in precipitation and associated changes
and snow, and glaciology.
                                                        in river runoff, surface snow cover, permafrost,
                                                        and surface temperature.
Sea ice processes are inherently an                     The characterization of Antarctic sea ice
interdisciplinary activity, involving the fluid and     thickness on a circumpolar quantitative basis will
solid mechanical response of the ice cover to           provide, for the first time, a fully quantitative
thermodynamic and dynamic influences of both            baseline data set for monitoring of future
                                                                                                              55S to 70S, Circumpolar
the atmosphere and ocean. In addition to these          change in the Antarctic sea ice cover.
physical process studies, coupled with                  Using the coupling between thickness, physical
meteorology and oceanography, the project also          property and remote sensing measurements, a
includes biogeochemistry and biology of the sea         full validation of altimetry (for ice thickness), and
ice Canadian unit interaction the biodiversity
Thecovers, and thewill focus onof these processes       passive and active radar (for be.
                                                        The major deliverables couldthin and thick ice
and chemical and food web ecology of the Arctic         1- development of temperature controlled
microalgae and cyanobacteria especially those           photobioreactor biotechnology to grow selected
used in the photobioreactor, and the application        microorganisms in Arctic region for production
                                                                                                        78°53’N 75°55’W
of these bioreactors to treat wastewater                of biomass and biochemicals,
generated by local communities. The Italian unit        2- information on microalgal and cyanobacterial
will develop and construct the photobioreactor          toxins and phycochemicals for pharmacological
for biomass production and study the nature of          applications,
AMAP has actively involvedthrough specific
the microalgal compounds atmospheric                    The conference willan innovative and profitable
                                                        3- development of highlight the human health
scientists, biologists, toxicologists,                  contaminant research in all eight circumpolar
epidemiologists and physicians in the assessment        countries as well as participating countries in the
of contaminant issues in the circumpolar north.         southern hemisphere (so far South Africa, Brazil,
This has allowed assessments that indicate how          Vietnam and Australia) from 2002 to 2008. This
contaminants move to the northern on                    project will specifically address IPY Themes 4, 5
atmospheric currents, how the contaminants              and 6 plus address the Targets of Natural / Social
build up in the food chain and how these                Science, Education, Outreach and
contaminants may effect people. This                    Communication and Legacy. A meeting of this
                                                      In several countries, distinctive university
                                                      programs in Antarctic Studies and research are
The IAI has partners from 12 countries, with
                                                      already being offered. Many institutions offer
programs in Antarctic education and/or Antarctic
                                                      units at the undergraduate level and many
research. This is a multinational, multidisciplinary
                                                      postgraduate level courses could be modified for
educational effort which is being developed and
                                                      undergraduates. The IAI will bring together
will be operational during the IPY.
                                                      national academic institutes, consolidate each
                                                      university’s Antarctic focus and differentiation,
The PPS Arctic brings together complementary          and build on decades of international
                                                      Major scientific products will be:
research groups of different disciplines (terrestrial - new integrated knowledge and models
ecology, biogeography, physical and human             identifying and quantifying the multitude of
geography, paleoecology, remote sensing, GIS,         biotic and abiotic forces governing
traditional knowledge, socio-economics,               transformation of the transition zone through
sociology) and nationalities (cf. 1.5 above) with     space and time; how these are likely to affect
expertise from a range of sites in the Arctic and its the sustained production of renewable resources
neighbouring regions, as well as from Sub-            on which local cultures depend; and how human
Antarctic regions. The project has a strong themes societiesof traverses, coupledstructure and
TASTE-IDEA researches covers most of IPY focus This set affect the location, with associated
and are inherently interdisciplinary as it involves     airborne surveys, will address themes from 1 to
glaciology, atmospheric chemistry, meteorology,         4 and will provide the opportunity for themes 5.
climate, paleoclimatology, geophysics, geology,         Only an international effort can provide the
remote sensing and a variety of other disciplines.      necessary logistics and scientists to study the
Interaction with other disciplines, e.g.                interior of the Antarctic continent. Many nations
astrophysics, polar biology, polar engineering is       have already collaborated in the past to
also envisaged.                                         exchange their technical experience, logistical
MEOP will depend heavily on interdisciplinary co-       MEOP and scientific knowledge i.e. through the
                                                        means will provide a great deal of novel at-sea
operation to fulfil its primary objective of defining   data regarding the movements, behaviour and
the characteristics of marine mammal habitats in        habitat utilization of marine mammals in the
polar regions. Oceanographers and biologists            polar regions. All of this material will be
                                                                                                              49 35 S 70 26 E
have been working together closely right from the       published in high-quality scientific journals.
initial design phase for the animal-borne tags.
Scientists from both disciplines published the first     MEOP will also provide a vast oceanographic
marine mammal-CTD paper together. This tight            data set from logistically difficult areas in polar
collaboration between scientists within these
ESSAR consists of atmospheric scientists, physical      regions for studies and analyses will include:·
                                                        ESSAR field the oceanographic community.
and chemical oceanographers, biological                 -Hydrography, moored current meters, drift
oceanographers, fisheries scientists, marine            buoys, nutrient concentrations, light levels and
mammal specialists, and seabird researchers. The        sea ice
nature of ecosystems and the problem of                 -Carbon and tracer analyses
understanding their response to environmental           -Primary and secondary production
forcing being tackled within this cluster require an    measurements, species composition, and
inter-disciplinary approach. The various                seasonality
disciplines will not simply be tackling specific
Geomatic is in essence inter-disciplinary. This         -Genetic analyses of capelin
                                                        The conference will put emphasis on the North
conference will bring together scientists in remote     as being a global environment that needs a
sensing, GIS technologies, computer science,            geospatial data infrastructure to support its
physical sciences, geography, land survey and           development. Basic geospatial information from
others related subjects. Listing the themes of          the eight circumpolar countries has to be
importance to the conference will show the inter-       integrated if it is to better serve the North
disciplinary: earth observation information in the      globally. The main goal of this conference is to
North; Geospatial infrastructures in each               initiate the development of an Arctic Spatial
circumpolar country; Geomatics and capacity             This project will address research enable the
                                                        Data Infrastructure (ArcticSDI) to needs
The theoretical framework and the research              identified by arctic governments, organizations
methodology are fundamentally interdisciplinary.        and local communities, and the Arctic Climate
The researchers involved in this project come           Impact Assessment (ACIA), Arctic Human
from political science, geography, anthropology ,       Development Report (AHDR), the International
ecology and zoophysiology and these disciplines         Arctic Science Committee (IASC). Significant
are fully integrated in the proposed work.              advances include theory and method
                                                        development, advances in community-research
                                                        collaborations, knowledge production and
The symposium will convene scientist from a          The Symposium will summarize available
broad range of disciplines, including biodiversity   knowledge and knowledge gained during the IPY
and responses to changes, resource utilization       2007-2008 on functioning of marine Arctic and
and management, oceanography and life history        Antarctic ecosystems under varying climate and
studies, sea-ice studies as well as climate and      human induced impact. The Symposium will
perhaps palaeoclimate sciences. Pulling all of       allow comparison and estimates of changes in
these together in a symposium will allow for         marine ecosystems of both polar regions and will
hosting geographically focused Arctic and            benefit to development of approaches for
This IPY activity sessions as well as bipolar,
Antarctic themeis interdisciplinary by design. Our   sustainable use of marine biological resources
                                                     Our approach is to make use of highly
project draws together academics from the            interdisciplinary discussions to articulate a
natural sciences, social sciences and humanities     research agenda that will inform policies that
who will interact with representatives from native   recognize the interests of northern communities
communities and organizations and government         and the international importance of the Arctic
policy makers to define the role of the academic     region. We advance this research agenda
community in providing policy makers with better     through publication and by fostering new
knowledge concerning the relationships between       research programs. Our deliverables are
climate and people and the consequences of
The CARMA Network has members from                   internationalNetwork will initially focus on
                                                     The CARMA meetings, workshops, and museum
indigenous organizations, social scientists,         systems involving wild Rangifer populations,
biologists, ecologists, veterinarians, remote        with monitoring undertaken across the
sensing and meteorological specialists. At its       Circumarctic North. Funding obtained through
organizational meeting in November 2004,             the IPY process will allow countries to set up
biological, community and remote sensing             standardized observation systems for select
monitoring working groups were formed. The           herds/communities, and advance the science of
objective of the activity is to assess social-       comparative analysis for the Human- Rangifer
ecological systems.
The investigation broadens the traditional borders   Systems. This activity will provide a valuable
                                                     1. Insight into an evolutionary puzzle that has
of inter-disciplinarity. The research team           baffled scientists, namely how can we define the
combines scientists in the fields of anatomy,        narwhal's place and unique attributes within the
histology, molecular genetics, imaging,              parameters of traditional evolutionary theory.
mechanical engineering, mathematics,                 2. Demonstrate the value of collaboration
evolutionary biology, veterinary medicine,           between science and Inuit elders in describing
narwhal social behavior, fluid-flow dynamics and     this and other Arctic species.
dental materials sciences with social scientists     3. Development of dental restorative materials
and the traditional issues of societal concern
By definition, most knowledge of Inuit elders.       based on mechanical and chemical
                                                     The documentation of indigenous knowledge
related to environmental and social change in a      and use of sea ice presents several challenges
complex environment, such as the Arctic,             that cannot be fully solved with the traditional
demands an interdisciplinary approach because of     scientific methods developed by disciplines such
                                                                                                      Pangnirtung, Canada 66°7’N, 65°55’W
the interconnectivity between biology and            as anthropology, geography, cartography,
culture, between human communities and their         climatology, sea ice oceanography, marine
ecological setting. In the context of SIKU,          biology, and others. First, indigenous
interdisciplinary engagement will be achieved at     environmental and geographic knowledge is
four levels and will go beyond collaboration
Project involves traditional disciplines commonly    transmitted primarily via careful observation,
                                                     The AHHI will establish sustainable circumpolar
associated with human health research. The AHHI      networks that will link researchers throughout
will engage Arctic health researchers from           the circumpolar region, establish surveillance
disciplines that include epidemiology,               systems that will allow the monitoring of
environmental (air, water land, biota) monitoring,   diseases and conditions of concern to Arctic
bio-monitoring, and human exposure disciplines,      residents, the sharing of information regarding
behavioural health, physiology, psychology,          diseases of concern, and potential interventions,
toxicology, genetics, molecular biology, clinical    and the monitoring of effective intervention
medicine, and indigenous traditional knowledge,
This project aims to bring together youth from the   The YSC will form a world-wide networkArctic
                                                     strategies, thus improving the health of of
entire globe by providing links between more         young people who care deeply about the Polar
traditional fields such as science and social        Regions and the issues facing these areas. It will
science and groups that might otherwise not be       ensure that after IPY has ended, the focus on
involved in IPY such as youth who have not gone      polar research will not. It will provide the
on to post secondary education or who are of         opportunities for the next generation of polar
indigenous backgrounds or are studying the arts.     researchers to get the training and mentorship
IPY YSC will also provide a forum for new polar      necessary for them to succeed in future polar
researchers to discuss their ideas and work with     research and will hopefully spawn new creative
The NORLAKES 4 Future network includes                 Establishing and funding of NORLAKES 4 Future
ecology, biology, limnology, ecophysiology,            will provide numerous advances such as building
genetic, hydrology, biogeochemistry,                   a profound database with knowledge of physical
ecotoxicology and climate.                             and chemical sizes and scales as well as of biotic
The previous and now extended networking               characteristics (distribution of species, dispersal)
activities in Scandinavia, US and Canada illustrates   of Arctic freshwater lakes through time and
that the multidisciplinary and –national dimension     space, performing joint and international events
is present.                                            that can strengthen of educational, outreach and
This project addresses two inter-disciplinary areas    communication relationships across borders and
                                                       The significant advances of this project are that
of science. The first is ecosystem evolution           we will be able to assess the absolute size of the
through examination of potential sources of new        threat of alien propagule transfer to the
(alien) species to the Antarctic. The second is        Antarctic region through human activity. There
science to support conservation and                    will be four major deliverables in this project:
environmental management. Data and
information gathered during this project will          1) is the assessment of this threat across a wide
inform those specifically involved in the              range of national operators and tourist
To investigate the role of aerosols Antarctic
conservation and protection of thein polar regions     operators andof POLAR-AOD is to co-ordinate
                                                       The objective transport modes
is an inter-disciplinary issue since it requires the   atmospheric aerosol research activities that the
involvement of physicists, chemists,                   scientific community are planning in the Arctic
meteorologists, glaciologists, modellers, satellite    and Antarctic. The establishment of this type of 73° 03'S, 13° 25'W, 400 m asl.; 77° 52'S, 34°
remote sensing specialists and engineers. The          network has been made necessary, due to the        38'W, 50 m asl.; 66° 17'S, 110° 31
activity will set out not only to study processes in   strong interest of the scientific community in the
the troposphere and stratosphere, but also to          aerosol effects in the polar regions.
obtain information (in stations Dome Concordia         The main advances derived from this
and Summit) on the air-snow processes in order         Scientific advances: 1. following:
                                                       programme will be theCircumpolar distribution
This project aims to bring together various
                                                       maps about the occurrence of specific
disciplines of research (ecology, physiology,
                                                       pathogens, parasites, antibodies and pollution
population genetics and veterinary and human
                                                       levels in birds. 2. Insight in geographical and
medicine) and organize a circumpolar field
                                                       temporal dynamics of pathogens, parasites,
sampling in the International Polar Year.
                                                       antibodies and pollution levels in free-ranging
Modelling should help understanding dynamics
                                                       birds. 3. Quantification of the fitness effects
and consequences of changing environments.
                                                       (survival and reproduction) of specific
Inter-disciplinary research is a keystone of our       Our projectparasites and earth andlevels. 4.
                                                       pathogens, will advance pollution life science
proposed effort, starting at the top level where       by addressing the following first-order
we are explicitly focused on understanding the         questions:
relationships and linkages between the geology,
                                                                                                              85N, 85E
geochemistry, and biology of hydrothermal              1. What are the physical, chemical, and
processes at Arctic ridges. A strong inter-            microbiological characteristics of hydrothermal
disciplinary thread weaves throughout our field        plumes from vent fields in the Arctic, what do
program, where our shipboard science party will        they imply for geological processes along the
include biologists, aqueous and                        Arctic Mid-Ocean Ridge and microbiological
                                                       The initiative will provide the first circumpolar
The consortium of this EoI consists of scientists of
                                                     survey of contaminant deposition to be entirely
very different disciplines: analytical chemists,
                                                     accomplished within a compressed sampling
ecotoxicologists, meteorologists, ecologists,
                                                     window representing a single state of
physiologists, and marine biologists. This
                                                     atmospheric forcing. Further, as sample
integrates the pathways of chemicals entering the
                                                     collection will not be time-transgressive, it will
polar regions to the actual risks in marine top-
                                                     not have the disadvantage of being gathered
                                                     across fluctuating emission scenarios.
                                                     Nevertheless, the use of for this project will
The Atlas and related SDI will be inter-disciplinary The primary deliverablesalready collected be:
by design. The Atlas and the data within the         - An on-line Atlas that can be extended and
supporting SDI will represent many aspects of the expanded by the community for use beyond the
polar regions from a variety of perspectives. The IPY years
topics presented will include history, geopolitics, - Academic papers including:
physical science, life science and geoscience         * Contribution to knowledge in the area of
among others.                                        effectively transforming data, information and
                                                     knowledge developed by and for expert users for
Moreover, our partnerships with projects such as use by non-expert users.
Earth system science embraces chemistry,                 Earth System Science Education for the 21st
physics, biology, mathematics and applied                Century (ESSE21), a collaborative education
sciences. But rather than approaching each one of        program in U.S. colleges and universities
these, holding all the rest constant, Earth system       sponsored by NASA, will include a section on the
science seeks a deeper understanding of the              International Polar Year (IPY) as a topical
systemic interactions between physical, chemical,        supplement to its Design Guide for
biological, and human behavioral subjects.               Undergraduate Earth System Science Education.
Systemically integrated into ESS, students not           ESSE21 engages a diverse interdisciplinary
Although the components of are emphasized,
only learnatmospheric studies scientific thinking,       community of faculty and scientists in the
                                                         1) Atmospheric teleconnections between
scientists with diverse backgrounds will make up         Antarctica and middle latitudes during periods of
the core team for AC Squared. Coupled ocean-             cyclone formation.
atmosphere studies and ozone depletion                   2) Assessment of the variability of the
                                                                                                           90S to 45S, longitudes 150E-150W
investigations are being coordinated in                  circumpolar vortex in the upper troposphere and
conjunction with the HIAPER aircraft missions.           lower stratosphere and possible coupling
Emphases on forcing of atmospheric processes             between the troposphere and stratosphere
include tropospheric and stratospheric dynamics          during austral springtime.
The the link between vertical transports and
and disciplinary backgrounds of applicants in the        3) Direct measurement of chemical species in
                                                         The creation of research infrastructure in the
various individual proposals encompassed in this         North, for the North, and by the North, closely
program covers the natural, biomedical and social        allied to and in partnership with southern-based
sciences in the western tradition, as well as            research-intensive institutions to ensure that
experts in indigenous cultural knowledge. The            rigorous research is conducted which is relevant
participants include health care practitioners,          to community needs, and transformation of
academic researchers, policy makers,                     research results rapidly into health policies and
administrators, and representatives of community         programs. Within the scope of the overall
organizations. the complex interactions between
Understanding                                            program there are a variety of consortium of
                                                         POLENET is a multidisciplinary deliverables, in
the solid earth, cryosphere, oceans and climate          activities that aims to dramatically improve the
systems requires broad interdisciplinary research.       coverage in geodetic, magnetic, and seismic data
POLENET is designed to deploy a variety of               across the polar regions. These new data,
sensors at each field site and to promote                coordinated data exchange and data analysis,
integrated, interdisciplinary analysis of the co-        and improvement in modeling capabilities will
located measurements. Geophysical observations           produce the following outcomes:
made by POLENET will contribute to many                  1. Measurements of vertical and horizontal solid-
In the proposed project andare collaborating with
branches of geoscience we glaciology, for                earth deformation at mm/yr accuracy, providing
                                                         1.Establish baselines and enhanced
parasitologists, wildlife biologists, veterinarians,     coordination in the monitoring of wildlife
bacteriologists, virologists, toxicologists and          zoonoses throughout the circumpolar Arctic in
educators. Additionally, the skills and knowledge        response to concerns raised by local consumers
of local harvesters will be a vital component of         regarding wildlife health and the safety of
this project. Essential to this project will be the      country foods.
two way capacity building between northerner
peoples and researchers, biologists, resource            2.The education of harvesters regarding wildlife
ELOKA will health workers and educators. link
managers, be inter-disciplinary in that it will          diseases and the safety data management
                                                         Without a network and of country foods. to
together local and traditional knowledge projects        support LTK and community-based research, a
and community-based research and monitoring              number of risks are being raised, and in some
efforts that may have different themes from              places are already being experienced, such as:
marine, to terrestrial, to wildlife. ELOKA also          misplacement or loss of data due to lack of data
stresses linkages and interaction between local          management or archiving services;
and scientific knowledge through the                     misplacement or loss of extremely precious data
collaborative development of ELOKA and through           (e.g. information from elders who have passed
the creation of data products that bring together        Scaling repetition of research in the same long-
                                                         away); the experimental results from the
Our projects will involve scientists from a wide         term studies at ITEX sites to landscape and
variety of disciplines, including: plant ecology, soil   regional scales will be a major result from our
science, climatology, stable isotope chemistry,          IPY activities. We have the most comprehensive
                                                                                                         78° 53' N, 75° 45' W
statistics, and remote sensing. We will also             set of experimental studies throughout the
involve professional data base managers, web site        tundra biome, and our planned spectral
managers and link with vegetation modellers.             radiometric measurements will greatly improve
                                                         global and regional vegetation models. As these
                                                         models are used to parameterize global and
Inter-disciplinarity is one of the three core values   UArctic programs, and affiliated projects/EoIs,
of the University of the Arctic. For the University    represent an unprecedented network for higher
of the Arctic, inter-disciplinarity promotes           education and outreach during IPY and
understanding between different learning               thereafter. The broad geographic distribution
                                                                                                        Entire Arctic
systems, bringing together perspectives from           and diverse membership of the network
both the social sciences and natural sciences, and     increases opportunities for Arctic residents and
from traditional knowledge, to foster an approach      communities to learn and build capacity within
based on issues and needs rather than on               the Arctic, and to generate, share and exchange
disciplines.                                           knowledge anddevelopments will be to bring
                                                       The significant understanding with the rest of
                                                       people from geographically, and culturally
The research fellows will be chosen to carry out
                                                       diverse backgrounds, into Antarctic science thus
projects which are linked to the SCAR science
                                                       opening up the field to a new group of scientists,
plan, and will be carried out in association with
                                                       who will form the nucleus for the widening of
the multidisciplinary science programmes offered
                                                       future scientific activities in developing
by the International Antarctic Institute.
                                                       The major deliverables from this activity will be:
This atmospheric proposal is being coordinated         D-1Fellowships for three the
                                                       This activity will support selected researchers.
with a number of other atmospheric and non-            development/enhancement of an Atmospheric
atmospheric IPY activities. Cross-reference            Observing System composed of a several key
discussions have been initiated with Stratospheric     intensive observatory sites located in key regions
                                                                                                          71.32 N, 156.61 W
Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC - EoI       of the Arctic. Target locations are presently
807), Polar Aerosol Optical Depth (Polar AOD-          Barrow (Alaska), Eureka and Alert (Canada),
Activity 171), Hydrological Impacts of Arctic          Summit Station (Greenland), Ny-Alesund
Aerosols (HIAA – Activity 140), University of the      (Svalbard, Norway) and Tiksi (Russia). The
Arctic (EoI 404), Atmospheric Monitoring Network       observatories will be embedded within a
                                                       Project documentation will provide a valuable
While this program is primarily a social science       resource for archaeologists and studies of
program, it has participation from local traditional   Northern material culture change. The project’s
knowledge experts, archaeologists,                     value will be enduring and will only grow
ethnographers, geographers, material culture           through time, as happened with the
specialists, language teachers (currently both         ethnographic material collected during the 1st
Inupiaq and English).                                  IPY, leaving a legacy for future researchers.

                                                       The resulting data will also be useful in the study
                                                       The most signifcant advance will be
Key research activities will be highly inter-          implemenations of ongoing network targeted at
disciplinary in nature (e.g., examining climate-       obtaining long-term information on the status
hydrological linkages to direct and indirect effects   and trends of the biodiversity of aquatic
                                                                                                           (sites to be selected by working group)
on ecosystem structure (biodiversity, food web         ecosystems in the circumpolar arctic, and to
structure, etc. ) and function (productivity,          conduct integrated and interdisciplinary research
biogeochemical cycling).                               environmental stressors affecting these
                                                       ecosystems (e.g., effects of anthropogenic
The study is inherently transdisciplinary,             activities on both the resource and its
                                                       This comparative case-study will provide
integrating questions, methodology and research indigenous communities, Canadian and
results from anthropology, ecology, law and     international policy makers with insight as to
economics.                                      how to protect TK and genetic resources
                                                internationally, manage the incorporation of TK
Research partners come from southern and        in a variety of settings ranging from natural
northern perspectives, providing an opportunity resource development and environmental
to examine questions from a variety of cultural impact assessment to incorporation of
perspectives.                                   traditional medicine and herbal remedies in
                                                Remote Sensibility intends to nurture a balanced
                                                       relationship with the arctic for a culture which is
While the project is specific to media, education
                                                       geographically removed but intimately
and outreach, data collected may be useful to the
                                                       implicated in this region. The online gallery will
social sciences in understanding the evolving
                                                       be linked to and accessible from popular web
cultural relationship of industrial culture to
                                                       sites such as Canadian Geographic Magazine.
remote arctic regions.
                                                       The art installation Binocular sensing will be
                                                       available online, and its stereoscopic projection
                                                       installation will travel internationally to art,
Northern and Arctic issues are characterized by         - In connection with the publication of the
their interdisciplinary nature; the social and          research outcome of the project, the research
cultural structures are reflecting the natural          project will enable the mapping of research
environment, and the environmental conditions           results across disciplinary boundaries.
are thoroughly influenced by the human                  - The project will be able to show the driving
endeavour. Crucial for the focus of the proposed        social forces at the macro level, as well as
research project is the need of interdisciplinarity     addressing studies on the micro level, and
in the research activities, because living in the       thereby show the relationship between different
North and under Arctic conditions is a process
The research will be carried out by scientists          While and focuses
                                                        scales focusing on key uncertainties, the
already active in the Abisko region and others          proposal seizes key opportunities: integrating
encouraged to work there through IPY and                scientists in different disciplines by working in
ongoing international initiatives. However, IPY will    one geographical area, collaboration between
                                                                                                          68°21'N, 18°49'E
be a vehicle to facilitate researchers from many        scientists and indigenous peoples, and outreach
different disciplines (e.g. GIS and vegetation          through an innovative virtual expedition. The
modellers, geoscientists, physiologists, ecologists,    project will achieve many deliverables and will
atmospheric scientists) to work together in the         lead to many products including a new
same study area, creating possibilities for holistic
The revisiting, documentation and permanent             generation of trained researchers within in
                                                        BTF will identify multidecadal past changes
recording of old sites will provide a legacy and        terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems at diverse
platform for collaboration with several relevant        sites in both polar regions. It also looks to future
IPY core projects in related disciplines. BTF will be   changes by preserving legacies of old sites, data
a vehicle to facilitate researchers from many           and environmental records, and by passing
different disciplines (e.g. GIS and vegetation          knowledge between generations of researchers.
modellers, geoscientists (e.g. IPA), physiologists,     We will combine old knowledge with new
ecologists, atmospheric scientists, remote sensing      technological abilities to improve the baseline
community (e.g. GOA)) to work together in the           data established more than 30 years ago into a
                                                        SPARC-IPY will produce a comprehensive picture
The integrated study to be undertaken within
                                                        of the dynamics, chemistry and microphysical
SPARC-IPY involves coordination and
                                                        processes within the polar vortices during the
collaboration between chemists, physicists, and
                                                        IPY, supported by a well organized data set of
meteorologists/atmospheric scientists involved in                                                              69° N, 16° E
                                                        measurements and analyses of the polar
making observations, analysis of observations,
                                                        stratosphere during IPY. SPARC-IPY will co-
assimilation of observations, climate prediction,
                                                        ordinate the production of this data set and
and numerical weather prediction.
                                                        facilitate archiving of key components at the
                                                        SPARC Data Center. The synthesis that will be
As the affiliations of the consortium members
reveal several social scientific disciplines are
included (political economy, economics, business Of significance is to analyse in depth causal
economics, statistics, sociology, social geography factors to development constraints in Arctic
and political science). Furthermore we work cross regions.
faculty collaborating with Denmarks Technical

Combining the literary, visual and scientific into      There are many books about Antarctica - the
an accessible form; an educational, informative         great explorers, the modern adventurers and
and inspiring publication. As David Sutherland          awe-inspiring photographic records… but this
noted in a broadsheet essay; writers [and artists]      contemporary anthology has enormous open-
have an environmental responsibility, and duty, to      ended potential to stimulate and inform an
disseminate significant scientific fact in a            larger cross section of society. A website and
universally comprehensible way                          blog will document and publicise progress.

A consortium of isotope specialists, soil and           (1) A quantification of model error in relation to
ecosystems scientists, plant ecophysiologists,          spatial resolution. Currently, coupled global
micro-meteorologists, hydrologists, modellers and       models tend to run at coarse scales (grid cells
remote sensing specialists is required to meet the      dimensions of >1º), sub-grid heterogeneity is
                                                                                                             68°21'N, 18°49'E
proposal objectives. Arctic biogeochemical cycling      only weakly resolved, and estimates of
and atmosphere-biosphere interactions are               predictive error are missing.
controlled by processes operating over a broad          (2) A state-of-the-art scheme for assimilating
range of time and space scales. To take proper          field study, flux tower, aircraft and satellite data
account of these scales requires measurements           into biosphere-atmosphere models. By focusing
                                                        &#61607;Contribution to the development of
The Network will cooperate on monitoring
                                                        international long-term monitoring and
environmental changes and data collection for
                                                        observation network that would help
various research projects in different disciplines,
                                                        understand the Arctic in the coming years
such as biology, human health, climatology,
                                                        oIncreased reliable and consistent data flow
marine sciences. Traditional and indigenous
                                                        from the remote sites in the Arctic through
expertise is based on a knowledge system that is
                                                        creation of connected, coordinated and
inter-disciplinary in its nature.
                                                        managed community-based stations in an
                                                        important Arctic region – Bering Sea

This is a coordinating project for a community-
                                                        To be completed in March
based component in a variety IPY programs.

While this project deals principally with penguin       The project will provide for the first time a
population surveys, it should be regarded as a          complete, global and unified picture of the
part of the vaster survey program proposed in the       penguin population dynamics and of the status
EoI 83, CAML, in which all levels of the food           of the trophic chains all around the continent.
                                                                                                        66°40 S, 140°01 E
chains are monitored. In the CAML approach,             There will be a substantial progress in the
several biological disciplines are expected to          understanding of the processes that drive
fusion their knowledge, leading to a truly              population trends and how climate change is
integrative vision of the Antarctic ecosystem.          affecting the dynamic of the penguin
Moreover, the status of Antarctic penguin
ANDRILL has assembled a joint scientific and            1.A new drilling expect a substantial number
                                                        populations. Wesystem allowing sampling of of
technical team involving scientists (geologists,        rock and sediment beneath significant ice bodies
geophysicists, glaciologists), technicians, drillers,   with a design life up to 20-years beyond IPY
engineers and operational experts from more             2007-2008.
                                                                                                           77º53'S 167º02'S
than 30 organisations. While drilling is underway
the combined scientific and technical team will         2.The first continuous high-resolution
work together at McMurdo Station, Scott Base            sedimentary records from beneath floating ice
and the ANDRILL camp to integrate observations          shelves.
This findingson the impactsreports.
and project into scientific of multiple stressors       1. Development of techniques to assess the
to arctic wildlife will require contributions from a    impacts of multiple stressors on the health of
variety of scientific disciplines, including            wildlife as a result of the cumulative impacts of
molecular biology, toxicology, analytical chemistry     climate change, including translocation of
animal physiology, endocrinology, immunology,           pathogens, habitat loss, dietary change and
parasitology and veterinary pathology. In               altered contaminant cycling. These techniques
addition, there is a need for individuals who can       will aid researchers and wildlife managers in
contribute to the project as capacity builders          assessing current impacts on animal health and
within northern communities.                            predicting long term impacts on the
Leading polar scientists in glaciology, biology,        Our goal is to predict the potential impact of this
geology, seismology, oceanography, meteorology,         actively changing region on near-term and
and engineers in advanced remote sensing                longer-term sea level changes. This will be
techniques all have significant roles in this           achieved by the development of state-of-the-art 73S, 110W
research. ASEP builds on the successful                 numeric models of ice sheet behavior, supplied
multidisciplinary research of the West Antarctic        with new and detailed data sets of ice thickness,
Ice Sheet (WAIS) project.                               speed, basal state and boundary conditions.

Cultural issues relating to wildlife management         -Informed decisions regarding sustainable use of
provide challenges and opportunities for                wildlife in northern Canada and Greenland.
developing conceptual tools leading to improved         -Contribute to enhanced but sustainable socio-
capacity for managing wildlife and fishery              economic, cultural and environmental gains for
                                                                                                         61o54/N 94o30/W
resources in an equitable and sustainable manner.       northerners.
Research in the subject-area subsumed under             -Demonstrating ways of incorporating
‘human dimensions of wildlife’ necessarily              indigenous knowledge into environmental
involves a high degree of inter-disciplinarity, and     research and management.
our team members and partners are committed             -Contributions to the research and management
RASCHER consists mainly of soil scientists, but          1. A better understanding of gas fluxes as
atmospheric scientists, geocryologists, ecologists,      affected by climate change.
biologists, microbiologists as well as physical and      2. A linkage of soils and vegetation (biota) and
social geographers will take part in the project.        changes that are taking place
The nature of permafrost-affected soil systems           3. The spatial model of soil temperature change
and the problem of understanding their response          in northern polar latitudes.
to global environmental change require an inter-         4. Effect of degradation of permafrost on the
disciplinary approach. The specialists in various        soils and vegetation and this will impact surface
fields of expertise will not simply be focused on        The following chemistry, are use and land-use
                                                         runoff, streammain resultsland anticipated from
                                                         the project: 1.Elaboration of the principles of
Glacier surges influenced the water regime and
                                                         remote sensing monitoring of dynamically
economic, their scales and time between surges
                                                         unstable glaciers with the purpose of forecasting
depends on climate. To study these phenomena
                                                         of their evolution at the modern level with using
we need to use joint efforts of different sciences:
                                                         of GIS-technology; analysis of evolution of
Glaciology, Hydrology and Climatology.
                                                         complex surging glaciers in different
                                                         geographical regions; estimation of the role of
The main focus of this project proposal is the           damming in their dynamic; elaboration of the
                                                         COMPASS will deliver significant scientific
complex study of Antarctic atmosphere physics            advances in each of its four themes. COMPASS
and chemistry. However, the full COMPASS                 Project activity will:
proposal has highly inter-disciplinary character.        1. Records of Antarctic climate variability and
The research goals of COMPASS depend on close            change: use current records to determine the
integration between meteorology, geophysics,             natural modes of climate variability on time-
ecology, sea ice studies, air-sea interaction,           scales from synoptic to years and improve our
Antarctic-low latitude teleconnections. Much of          understanding of the mechanisms of climatic
The research will be carried out on between
the fieldwork involves collaboration joint multi-        variability formation.
                                                         This project will document the geographic
climatologists, ecologists, social scientists, and       pattern and recent trends in disturbance regime
community members to understand the arctic               (type, extent, severity, frequency). We will relate
and boreal forest as an integrated regional              these to the climatic properties that cause these
system. Our research crosses scales from pan-            changes and determine whether the climatic
arctic to global. Our primary focus is on social-        triggers are continuous or threshold in nature.
ecological systems at all scales. This requires a        We will document the ecological and societal
highly interdisciplinary approach.                       consequences of these changes in species
The interdisciplinary nature of the proposed             distributions and disturbance regime detailed
                                                         For the first time we will develop the and the
project resulted in wide-scale co-operation of           maps of the routes of the early human
scientists, including Quaternary geology and             migrations in the Northern Hemisphere at the
geomorphology, lithology, geochemistry, pollen           Late Pleistocene and Holocene. A provisional
studies, pedology, palaeoclimatology,                    scheme of time of the human colonization of
palaeogeography, geochronology, etc. The joint           different areas of Arctic and Subarctic will be
teams of archaeologists, geologists,                     carried out too. Our aim is to extend our
paleogeographers will be involved in the                 knowledge of the man-land relationships,
* Research of field projects carried out on the key
realization and science through collaboration            subsistence activities and
                                                         >More science being donehuman occupation of
with universities and governments.                       >More research being done
* Educational benefits through joint ventures and        >Local Inuit involvement - economic activity
projects with schools and existing organisations.        >More knowledge of the impact of climate
                                                                                                               72*42' North 77*57' West
* Training facility involving local indigenous Inuit     change on this fragile environment
people                                                   > Plan to further the ABC plan/project to every
* Location for visitors interested in this fragile and   community within Nunavut
valuable part of our planet                              > Training and help for the Inuit youth to which
* Local benefit and involvement. Economic                self research to has brought will yield an
                                                         The governmentbe conductedso much change
                                                         assessment of the present-day state of PAS. A
The project is aimed at solution of nature
                                                         system of PAS complex monitoring will be
conservation tasks and increasing public
awareness of PAS. The project involves modern
                                                         Information-analytical system of PAS support
eco-geochemical methods and information
                                                         and development loaded with data on pilot
                                                         territories will provide information support of
                                                         management decisions concerning nature
                                                         conservation and economic activities in PAS.
                                                       We shall create an information system which at
                                                       present has no analogues. It will supply the
The project is based on the combination of             research community with the possibilities for
methods of historical ethnography and                  testing hypotheses that have emerged in the
demography with modern information                     context of research in ethnic history, historical
technologies.                                          demography, social (particularly kinship)
                                                       organization, genealogical data on wide range of
                                                       the peoples of the North and Siberia. Further
This project provides inter-disciplinary activity      additions of the new advances inof data to the
                                                       ASTAPA will provide collections technology and
that spans education, technological training, Inuit    life sciences. First, equipment that has been
Ecological Knowledge (IEK), biology and ocean          produced by Canadian industry for animal
physics. Education and technological training of       tracking and recording of ocean physics will be
                                                                                                        82.20 N -61.28 W to 81.81N -61.20 W
local individuals will include theory and applied      adapted to allow deployment in the harsh Arctic
techniques of acoustic tracking of tagged aquatic      environment. Through this technology, ASTASA
animals. Technological training will include           will provide a new way of understanding animal-
deployment, servicing and management of data           climate interaction. The tagging for up to 20
This fixed and mobile acoustic in nature.
fromproject is multi-disciplinaryreceivers. The        years of species, while constantly recording the
                                                       Circumpolar exchanges of students and young
subject matter of the research projects being          northern professionals will develop a network of
undertaken by the university students and the          individuals within Canada and other circumpolar
work placements for young northern                     nations who will be able to contribute to the
professionals will vary widely, from the physical      resolution of critical issues currently facing the
sciences to the human dimensions of the polar          world’s polar regions, in particular, the Canadian
regions. The high school students in particular        Arctic.
will be exposed to a variety of disciplines as part
of their on-board studies in the polar regions. the
This is a truly interdisciplinary project that has     The advances made by this project to in the
                                                       Not only will this project contributeare expansion
distinct potential to advance all six of the IPY       areas of communication and outreach. IPY has
themes. Since _Arctic_ is a multidisciplinary          the unique opportunity to capture large-scale
journal, and will be partnered with other journals     public attention on a host of polar issues, and
that focus even more heavily on either the social      this project will capitalize on that opportunity by
sciences and humanities or 'hard' science, we          bringing more information -- and more
expect to be writing synopses for articles about       sophisticated information -- to that public. Our
everything from environment to exploration to          main deliverable will be a public-access record of
community development.
The members of the programme have various              polar research in easy-to-read prose. The
                                                       This project will strengthen the human
backgrounds in earth and environmental sciences,       dimension and outreach of IPY 2007-08. It will
geography and the humanities. The                      make the four IPYs, historical and actual,
encompassing perspective includes as central           accessible to the public in a concerted effort of
components the inherently interdisciplinary            researchers, curators and educators from
subjects of history of science and technology. In      nations with a heritage of polar research that
popularising and communicating worldviews of           does not just lend itself to contemplations on
various agents and settlers in the polar regions       the heroic past but also enables reflections on
today and in the past, many borders of traditional
Conference of interdisciplinary technologists and      ideas and perceptions of the polar regions that
                                                       Most significantly a major development from the
arctic energy experts from a variety of           summit will be a focused review of arctic energy
engineering, environmental, geography, and socio- technology, resources, sharing of knowledge
economic disciplines.                             from a variety of sources and viewpoints, the
                                                  identification of common concerns related to a)
Multi-disciplinary, multi-national Arctic Energy  the extraction of energy and b) the development
Working Group convened to develop a roadmap of affordable energy for rural arctic
for the enhancement of energy recovery and the communities. This sharing of knowledge will
deployment of economical and environmentally result in new combined research and a) to
This project involves both northern peoples and The most significant advances will be technology
researchers from a variety of backgrounds and          implement an ongoing network targeted at
disciplines, thus links scientific research with       obtaining long-term information on status and
                                                                                                          Sites selected by working group and
community-based resource management. The key           trends of biodiversity of Arctic char, key aspects
                                                                                                          community interest as well as to address
research/monitoring topic (char biodiversity) is       of their ecosystems, and the effects of
affected by a wide variety of drivers (e.g., climate   anthropogenic activities on both the resource
change, exploitation, contaminants, industrial         and its environment throughout the circumpolar
development, etc.), each of which constitutes a        Arctic; and, b) to promote, conduct and
distinct research discipline for understanding and     synthesize integrated and inter-disciplinary
Drake Bioseas represents the gathering of efforts        Due to the alteration in the ACC transport at
from a significant number of Argentine                   different temporal scales, Drake Passage is a
institutions/universities dedicated to different         unique re-transmitter of global atmospheric-
disciplines of Marine Sciences, and currently            oceanographic phenomena, thus being a crucial
                                                                                                            50- 65°S, 80-52°W
involves near 60 scientists and 30 students (the         location to monitor the variability of ecosystems´
latter not included in 4.2) from local and               functioning. The seasonal/inter-annual dynamics
international institutions, in the fields of biology,    of its biological communities are practically
chemistry, physical/ chemical/ biological/               unknown. The project will provide a global
geological oceanography, among others. Some
The consortium, by design, brings together and           approach to this area, and will contribute to
                                                         There are numerous observation and monitoring
ensures interaction among observation and                activities collecting data on various elements of
monitoring activities in many disciplines such as        the Arctic environment. The IPY will significantly
marine, terrestrial, freshwater, cryosphere,             increase the number of projects and add
climate and atmosphere, as well as social science,       considerably to the data collected. The COMAAR
community-based and indigenous observations              consortium will integrate these multiple efforts
and monitoring that encompasses multiple facets          within the longer term. Significant advances
of the human dimension.                                  from such coordination of observation and
                                                         monitoring will be:
                                                         This project addresses identified research needs
The deliverables involved within this project span
                                                         from Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA),
across the social sciences, humanities, natural
                                                         Arctic Human Development Report (AHDR),
sciences and engineering. Our group specializes
                                                         ICARP II, Aurora Research Institute (ARI), and
in anthropology, human geography, political
                                                         Arctic Indigenous Youth Alliance (AIYA).
science, ecotoxicology, ecology, chemical and
petroleum engineering and cultural/narrative
                                                         Significant advances include the development of
                                                         a Human Security in the Arctic framework for
                                                         analysis, research theory and methods, impact
                                                         &#65293;A Dome A Station is in place to support
The PANDA program involves a wide and                    deep ice core drilling at the summit of Dome A
enthusiastic partnership among oceanographers,           and carry out long-term observations on earth
glaciologists, geologists, geophysicists and             environment background, glaciology, upper
                                                                                                                60o&#65374;80oE, south of 53oS
geochemists, astronomers, and climatologists in          atmosphere physics and astronomy, and to
this large coordinated activity covering a               support other national and international
substantial portion of Antarctica.                       scientific programs afterward.
                                                         &#65293;An observation/monitoring system
TEMPORE will make integrated use of all earth            Highlighting the Bay-Amery Ice Shelf-Lambert
                                                         along the Prydz common features and
science disciplines relevant to tectonic and             dissimilarities in tectonic structure and history of
geodynamic modelling. In particular, it will focus       the Polar regions, and investigating the nature of
on a variety of geophysical data crucial for             these resemblances and distinctions will
understanding the structure of ice-covered areas,        significantly contribute to understanding the
and on credibility of existing geological                fundamental regularities of the Earth’s
interpretations of geophysical evidence, especially      geological evolution, and especially to improving
in cases of conflicting opinions leading to              the models of development of geodynamic and
TUNU-MAFIG models of tectonic evolution. The
controversial is interdisciplinary in the sense that     deep-seated magmatic of TUNU-MAFIG is to
                                                         The geographical focus processes that leadstrictly
the diversity and zoogeography of fishes is closely      limited to the NE Greenland coast and shelf area
linked to genetical (molecular genetics and              from Danmarkshavn (77 &#730;N) to the
cytogenetics), physiological (blood chemistry and        Scoresby Sund Fjord systems (70 &#730;N). The
                                                                                                           77 N, 20 W
metabolism), ecological (isotope signatures and          area covers pristine waters which have not yet
pollutants), and hydrographical studies – and            been investigated from an ichthyological point of
multidisciplinary in the sense that a minor part of      view, and, in addition, represents a key site for
the scientific activities is allocated studies of seal   Arctic climate change. TUNU-MAFIG is open to
physiology will bring together five researchers
This projectas well as benthos and plankton              all the past fifty years, chemical tracers
                                                         Forscientist interested in the scientific (e.g.
from different backgrounds to work on problems           C14, Tr/He3, CFCs, SF6) have been used
with wide potential implications for the current         extensively to track transport pathways and
and future state of Earth's climate. These include       mean residence time of different oceanic water
                                                                                                              72N, 125W
Bruno Tremblay (Prof. at McGill University) who          masses. In contrast,
works on sea ice modeling (both thermodynamic            studies that use measurements of tracers in sea
and dynamic), the study of air-sea interactions          ice are in their infancy. This is largely because of
over ice covered seas, the fresh water budget of         the difficulty in collecting appropriate samples as
the                                                      well as in the physical interpretation of vertical
Since the proposal deals with offshore and            AMBER will make a significant contribution to
inshore sampling of biota and physical variables, a   several IPY research themes.
broad cross section of groups working in the
north are involved. Communities, biologists,          Theme 1. (current state of the environment)
aquatic ecologists, oceanographers, and               AMBER will make historic and new data available
meteorologists. In addition Arctic research           on biodiversity in the Arctic and a significant
centre/institute and education centres will be part   contribution to marine food webs.
of a training program for researchers/ technicians.
This project brings together scientists of very       Theme 2. (Changes in polar from the first large-
                                                      The study will provide data regions). Baseline
different disciplines: atmospheric chemists           scale simultaneous air monitoring study for POPs
specializing in POPs and mercury monitoring,          and mercury in both potential source regions on
meteorologists, environmental and atmospheric         the Pacific coasts on both Eurasian and North
                                                                                                        61° 21’ N, 135° 38’ W
transport modellers. This study integrates            American continents, and receptor region of the
pollutant air monitoring with atmospheric             Arctic. Although many of the sampling sites
transport, climate study and modelling to build a     suggested in this proposal are not located in the
“big picture” of how, what proportion of and from     Arctic, it is important to bear in mind that most
where in the Northern Pacific that anthropogenic
ICEE is inherently interdisciplinary, requiring the   of the contaminants in questions were never
                                                      The ICEE clearinghouse of education, outreach
integration of a wide range of IPY disciplinary       and communication metadata will link to
science, technology, data management, historical      distributed and archived digital resources that
resources, education, outreach and                    will advance the goals of IPY by serving as a “one
communications strategies. Moreover, by               stop shop” for users within and beyond the IPY
providing assessment and evaluation tools and         community. This will significantly advance the
training to the IPY community, appropriate            legacy of IPY by providing the templates,
metrics and measures will assist in demonstrating     training, support and infrastructure to convey
“what works and what doesn’t” relative to inter-      the nature and details of IPY research and
                                                      The most significnt developments will be the
By its very nature CARP will be interdisciplinary, it
                                                      creation of a Canadian Antarctic Research
includes research in glaciology, ice sheet
                                                      Program, to increase Canada's involvement in
reconstruction, remote sensing, microbial
                                                      Antarctic science, the development of Canada
ecology, contaminants, permafrost, periglacial
                                                      research projects and an elevated awareness of
geomorphology, hydrology and data
                                                      the importance of Antarctic science and
                                                      Antarctica within Canada.

The project is as fully interdisciplinary as any      The international significance of these two
project can be, since we are using a mixture of       wrecks, if found, will also be indisputable. The
oral tradition and historical testimony to narrow     International Scientific Committee on
the search area for the ships and grave, then         Underwater Cultural Heritage (ICUCH) of
                                                                                                        68N 97W
modern oceanographic and geophysical                  UNESCO/ICOMOS (over which Robert Grenier, co-
techniques to locate the artefacts, then classical    PI onthis proposal, presides) envisions that
archaeological techniques to preserve them. The       Franklin's ships could be the first candidates to
project takes place during 2007-9, with the           be proposed for a forthcoming World Heritage
biggest part of the work occupying the 2007-8 IPY
Biodiversity research under ArcOD is conducted in     List for Heritage Shipwrecks. ICUCH has been
                                                      ArcOD is a collaborative pan-Arctic project that
the framework of Arctic climate change and            will make significant advances to several IPY
community-processes relationships with the            research themes.
recognition that biological processes are driven by   Theme 1 (current state of the environment):
the species involved in them. As such, Arctic         ArcOD will make historic and new data on the
biodiversity research is intimately linked to other   state of diversity of marine life in the Arctic
disciplines, in particular biological, chemical,      widely available.
physical and geological oceanography.                 Theme 2 (change in polar regions): New ArcOD
Evidence that ArcOD is taking the inter-
Below was part of a proposal to NASA to request       We will work provide a benchmarkof snowflake
                                                      activities will to have time series for tracking
support for the Snowflake Imager use at HOW           shape populations during snow falls wherever
 IPY Activities. An 'Expressions of Intent for IPY    snow falls on Earth. We expect to have the storm
2007-2008 Activities' was submitted by Dr Peter       vectors identified. Consequently when the
Wasilewski (NASA/GSFC) to establish the               archive is created, that will be on the website
SNOWFLAKE project ( HYPERLINK                         http://education.gsfc.nasa.gov/gsn, there will be
"http://www.ipy.org/development/eoi/details.ph        a near real time global record of snowfall
p?id=296"                                             location and snowflake shapes during the storm
http://www.ipy.org/development/eoi/details.php        progress. We have communicated with
Three interconnected dimensions in the research        The results of the project will be as follows:
will be enacted: anthropological, socio-economic       –	 in-depth analysis of the socio-economic and
and political. They will be equally important for      political aspects of the land use and access to
achieving goals and producing results for the          the resources in the different Arctic states;
project. Documenting and analyzing the dynamic         –	 specific recommendations for the improvement
interactions between the actors: states,               of the consequent legal and institutional
stakeholders and ethnic groups provides a              strategies in each country;
systematic way to clarify the causes of existing          data
                                                       –	 of the circumpolar survey relating
problems, to devise methods for their recognition      indigenous peoples, otheraccomplished and their
                                                       Never before has such an stakeholders and
This activity provides an opportunity for artists to   large group of established artists set out to
integrate, record and exhibit artistically many        artistically interpret, record, define and share
elements of the physical, biological and cultural      the Arctic with southern audiences, through
                                                                                                           No coordinates available
environment such as, geological formation, water,      artistic eyes. The resulting impressive body of art
marine, ice, weather, flora and fauna as well as       to be created will define an international artistic
historic remains.                                      view of the North at the turn of the millennium.

Understanding the changing ice sheet will require,     The project provides a unique opportunity for a
                                                       Outputs from MARGINS will include:
for example: interactions between glaciologists        •	 Greatly increased knowledge of the extent and
studying ice flow, surface melt, and firn              timing of ongoing rapid change in outlet glaciers,
properties; atmospheric scientists and modellers       including acceleration, thinning, and retreat of
working on both the ice and atmosphere;                the ice front.
geodesists working on measuring mass change;           •	 Knowledge of the factors that may be driving
and climatologists assessing past and present          these changes, including the role of changing
climate variability. The work will combine field       climate-related patterns such as surface melt or
measurements with observations of numerous
Research collaborators and participants represent      ocean-ice interactions. Using existing climate,
                                                       Promotion of Occupational Health and Safety
different aspects of medicine, physiology              performance in Polar Environments
biophysical, health science, occupational health ,     Reduce long term health risks in Polar regions
behavioural and socio-cultural sciences.               Promotion of North-South polar interaction of
By nature of study of polar human populations          transient non-indigenous populations
interdisciplinary activities are necessary and will    Creating stronger links of researchers between
include the environmental exposures in the             North –South
following fields:                                      Encourage continued Polar research
•	 Photobiology( Solar Ultraviolet Radiation)
The Antarctic Treaty Summit will involve               Develop in the research of the Antarctic
                                                       As statedfurther Preambletraining for scientists in
interactions among invited experts with diverse        Treaty: “…it is in the interest of all mankind that
international experiences that bridge the natural      Antarctica shall continue for ever to be used
and social sciences (see Item 2.0 above).              exclusively for peaceful purposes.” Antarctica is
Policymakers, scientists, and representatives of       a global commons where the international
civil society on the Advisory Board (see item 4.2      community has been developing strategies since
below) also represent the broad international and      1959 under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty to
interdisciplinary mix of participants who will be      manage nearly 10% of the Earth “on the basis of
SOI-IPY iswith the Antarctic Treaty Summit .The
involved very inter-disciplinary in nature.            freedom of scientific investigation in Antarctica
                                                       - SOI-IPY will be a powerful and effective
SOI-IPY education and science program includes         educational platform reaching millions around
studies and activities in glaciology, oceanography,    the world It will educate, inspire and raise
marine biology, geology, geography, Polar flora        awareness about the environmental, historic,
and fauna, polar history, politics, culture,           political and scientific importance of the planet's
traditional knowledge, environmental issues and        polar regions.
sciences, art, sustainable development,                - SOI-IPY will provide a vehicle for the youth
technology, and even music. The activities and         voice to be heard with regards to polar issues
studies in these disciplines will manifest             and related global issues. An SOI-IPY youth
The ARCTWILDMED will engage expertise from all         The advances of ARCTWILDMED are to improve
partners in the consortioum representing a wide        medical based knowledge and field skills among
variety of relevant disciplines to highlight the       people engaged in wildlife and ecosystem
transdisciplinary cooperative nature of work           research and management. The project will
required for effective wildlife and ecosystem          create an international network of collaborators
research, management, and long-term problem-           and recruit personnel for future challenges
solving.                                               related to animal and public health in the Arctic.
                                                  The starting point for the activity is the limited
The researchers involved in the project come
                                                  knowledge with respect to market-based
from political science, economics and natural
                                                  economic activity in the Arctic region and the
science. The project has an economical-statistical
                                                  region's importance for the world economy.
starting point. The approach is, however,
                                                  Increased access to natural resources in the
fundamentally interdisciplinary, as the activity will
                                                  region will probably increase the importance of
build on research carried out by natural scientists
                                                  the region further. Governments and
                                                  organisations have expressed their need for
                                                  The result from SCSCS implementation The aim
CSCSC – is a complex project implemented both at increased knowledge in these respects.will be
the Russian and international stationary research development of monitoring environment system
stations and observatories located on the         of the Spitsbergen Archipelago and surrounding
Archipelago and also using the field researches   waters. It will be due to development of optimal
including autonomous observation means and        observation system, interaction with the
remote sounding. Obviously, these investigations observational programs of potential partners,
are closely connected with the other projects and using new more efficient measurenment
programs planned for implementation on the        complexes, performinf of sub-satellite validation
Archipelago during IPY (ARCDIV, CMRWA,            experiments and using the capacious
                                                  The main objective is a better understanding of
                                                        the dynamics of fast ice-flow, its onset,
The projects integrates the fields of geophysics,       shutdown, and its duration. A key focus is
sedimentology, geomorphology,                           examining the spatial and temporal variability of
                                                                                                           65-80 °N, 6-90 °E
palaeooceanography, palaeoclimatology,                  ice-stream operation in the two hemispheres
glaciology and modelling.                               over Neogene timescales, in order to place
                                                        modern dynamics in a longer time context. We
                                                        will integrate existing databases with new, state-
                                                        of the-art View portal willdatato enhance the
                                                        The Polar sub-ice-stream act from key areas,
The Polar View portal will bring together a wide
                                                        overall range of science and operational
range of techniques and disciplines under one
                                                        activities that benefit from satellite data. The
umbrella to deliver a coordinated range of sea ice
                                                        most significant advance will be the provision
navigation and polar information based on EO                                                               > 50 Deg N
                                                        from a single organisation, of sea ice information
data. This approach has already been
                                                        products derived from satellite data. This
demonstrated in precursor activities supported by
                                                        synergy is expected from the combined
ESA, including The Northern View and ICEMON.
                                                        presentation of various kinds of multi-spectral
                                                        remotely-sensed data and routine expert
                                                        CAPP envisages new fieldwork along 10-12
CAPP is a new project by IPA and was developed
                                                        'arctic', 2 'antarctic' and several alpine transects
in close consultation with EESP-GCP and WCRP-
                                                        over a time period of 5-10 years. However, the
CliC. It has a bi-polar coverage and includes also
                                                        main effort within the IPY timeframe is to
lower latitude high alpine permafrost regions. It
                                                        further develop the existing soil carbon
brings together experts in soil science,
                                                        database, identify geographic, methodological
biogeochemistry, permafrost, hydrology, ecology,
                                                        and knowledge gaps, and communicate to the
climate- and ecosystem modeling, etc.
                                                        wider scientific community and general public
                                                        The significanceare: permafrost carbon pools
                                                        the main goals of the
                                                        - capacity building among indigenous peoples to
                                                        enable them to be real partners in all impact
The study is inter-displinary including domestic
law, international law, history, social science,
                                                        -capacity building among indigenous higher
ecology and traditional indigenous knowledge.
                                                        education and research institution in impact
                                                        assessment and networking
                                                        - increasing the non-indigenous persons'
                                                        understanding of challenges with IA be
                                                        The main results of the activities willin relation
                                                        operational products related to monitoring and
The development and implementation of
                                                        forecasts of:ocean circulation; ocean surface
operational services will include the physics of
                                                        conditions, water mass and sea ice; transport
atmosphere, sea ice and ocean, as well as ocean
                                                        pathways; algae blooms and plankton
chemistry, biology and lower trophic levels of the
                                                        production and distribution; fish larvae
marine ecosystems.
                                                        transport, growth and distribution. This
                                                        information, in turn, will be used for studies of
                                                        effects on ecosystems such as fish recruitment;
Food is the link between peoples and the             This is a unique opportunity to study the
environment. The availability and safety of food is  interactions between humans and the
a major determinant of health. Traditional food      environment; potentially serving as a model for
has also very important cultural and spiritual       global ecosystem health- given the Aboriginal
values to the People of the North.                   communities’ close associations with the land.
                                                     There have been many projects studying animal
The proposal will include researchers with a         ecology or monitoring levels of contaminant in
diverse expertise in the traditional academic        wildlife species in the Arctic. However, there is
disciplines representing experience and expertise no coordinated strategy to use the data for long
• All site testing activities have a tight link with Major deliverables of CONCORDIA
atmospheric studies.                                 OBSERVATORY will be:
• The building of large infrastructures on the       • A strategy for the development of an
antarctic plateau needs close monitoring of the      international astronomical observatory at Dome
                                                                                                       75S 123E
ice movements, and glaciologists have expressed C, agreed among scientists (2007-2008). This
their interest in the results of this monitoring.    strategy is the major goal of the Arena
• Undertaking the development of an                  consortium, that will organise 3 international
astronomical observatory at Dome C implies a         conferences, the last two being held in Germany
The SLiCA research group consists science and the The SLiCA international database contributes to
close interaction with engineering of researchers (Berlin in 2007) and in Italy (tbd) in 2008, during
from a variety of academic backgrounds e.g.           the IPY goal of expanding our understanding of
anthropologists, geographers, sociologists,           human dimensions of change in the Arctic by
economists, political scientists and will for the     collaborating with an international team to apply
purpose of implementing this project be               and extend the concepts of remote access
expanded by experts in the field of database          analysis.
construction and remote access to databases.
Furthermore, through linkages to other database       Focussing on Living conditions in the Arctic, the
and observations systems projects, there will be      This portal will serve as a variety of questions,
                                                      SLiCA project highlights a “gateway”, leading
Education, communication and outreach in the          users to general information, databases,
natural, physical, chemical, and social sciences as   audiovisual materials, maps and other sources of
well as the economic and political sectors of the     information related to the Arctic Council, its
Arctic. This project will provide improved data       Working Groups, and the work of affiliated
management and sharing of information among           organizations. This portal offers a structured
all Arctic stakeholders.                              approach to navigating information that
                                                      currently does not exist. This portal serves as
                                                      the delivery mechanism, supporting
                                                      Both communities will benefit by enhanced
                                                      access to knowledge that is otherwise difficult
This project would bring research and knowledge       for each to attain. Local citizens will gain
from a range of disciplines that will merge in the    scientific knowledge of their own environment.
translation and transmittance of knowledge            The research community will be likewise
between communities and researchers.                  empowered with better access to local
                                                      knowledge, as well as increased efficiency within
                                                      communities due to better access to logistical
The project will involve the expertise from many      support.
                                                      We will gain a better understanding of the
disciplines, like arachnology, taxonomy,              biodiversity structure of arctic spiders with a
biodiversity patterns, ecology, molecular genetics,   special focus on the gene pool. The data on
climate and microclimate change. In addition, we      distribution patterns and abundance of arctic
require input from engineers to develop new           spiders is patchy. Our project will multiply
spider tagging and tracing methodologies. The         existing data. This will help us to understand
strong interaction within the GLOBE program will      historical distribution patterns and in the long
require the collaboration between scientists and      term to develop models for ongoing biodiversity
The Career and Technology Studies course that is      pattern alterations.
                                                      Our experience over the past nine years of
a central feature of the proposed activities will     successful operation of the NYA program
draw from a number of disciplines in the natural      suggests that the experience invariably expands
and social sciences. The concept of science will be   participants’ notions of what is possible from a
understood and approached in a holistic fashion       career standpoint. The proposed activity will not
that encompasses natural science, humanities,         only bring science to life for northern students,
social sciences and traditional knowledge. The        but will also create a sense that science is a
course would cover elements of the physical and       viable career path. It will also create greater
life sciences through discussions of climate          awareness of the importance of engineering and
- Bringing together Indigenous Peoples from            - Significant advances: The IFM will bring forth
across the circumpolar region will ensure that the     the Indigenous perspective on environmental
many facets of environmental monitoring of             monitoring so often lacking from purely
importance to Northerners will be addressed            scientific efforts viewing the Arctic more as a
during the IFM (the broadening of our Expression       research subject than as a homeland enabling
of Intent ID No 510 entitled ‘Environmental            the continuation of Indigenous culture and
Monitoring and Land Claims: Implementation             livelihoods. It will provide subsequent IPY
Challenges’ into the current proposal reflects a       research with guidance on how to conduct
desire to within a more interdisciplinary and
As a unit adopt the College of Liberal Arts and        environmental monitoring research relevant to,
Sciences (CLAS) at Grand Valley State University,      The significant advances and deliverables of this
every effort will be made to connect not only with     program will be the education and outreach
our faculty members in the science and                 programming that we will provide for our region.
mathematics disciplines, but with other                We look forward to sharing the structure and
disciplines within CLAS (such as history, art, and     materials from our events (from planning
anthropology). In addition, we have a strong           through evaluation tools) with our peers.
history of collaboration with our College of
Engineering and Computing and College of
It is important that reindeer herders’ traditional     The IPY EALÀT-network study will prepare
knowledge is integrated into the management            reindeer herders in Eurasia, their society,
and monitoring of the natural environment in the       institutions and management authorities for
Arctic. The EALÀT-network is therefore                 change and, hence, reduce their vulnerability to
delipberately an interdisciplinary, intercultural      effects of climatic change. EALÀT will define
study that will assess the vulnerability of reindeer   risks related to rapid change and support a
herding, a coupled human-ecological system, to         economically robust and ecologically sustainable
change in key aspects of the natural and human         development of reindeer pastoralism in the
environments, activelyhuman dimension and
ANTLER examines the involving reindeer herders,        * A network secretariat will be decision-making
                                                       north. Management and policyset up by late
human-animal interactions of Rangifer in terms of      2006 in order to coordinate research of the
both status and change (through careful inquiry,       integrated projects and engage in data collection
participant observation, and long-term                 and analysis of existing research on the social
involvement with Arctic communities). It will          significance of Rangifer -- particularly but not
address IPY themes #1, #2 and #6. ANTLER               only research in Russian -- that so far is not well
implements IPY targets as follows:                     known internationally, yet of major importance
* it serves as a platform and switchboard for          for the topic.
social-sciences research on Rangifer and thereby       * On the development is gathered by the
                                                       The mainbasis of the data an international
The project itself will be inter-disciplinary by the   educational tool within polar issues, for pre-
design of the web-based tools for all IPY themes       university students, teachers and others. The
and related inter-disciplinary topics of natural and   aim is to familiarise the students with the
                                                                                                         not relevant
social sciences, themes important for the local        scientific methods used by researchers through
communities of the schools combined with topics        fact-finding, experiments, discussions and report
from ongoing IPY projects.                             writing. The direct involvement of students in
                                                       the educational activity will hopefully encourage
                                                       Meltdown 3Dtheir advance for polar regions and
                                                       and increase will interest understanding of the
                                                       relationship between the poles and the global
Meltdown 3D focuses on climatology and the             climate and expand awareness of global
polar sciences and follows scientific research in      warming through the giant screen film
the areas of glaciation, species and habitat           experience and a comprehensive education
extinction, coral reef bleaching and drought.          outreach program. National Geographic plans to
                                                       develop readily available educational materials,
                                                       both formal and informal, including activity
The proposed strategy of establishing mobile           Advances, developments: classroom, an
                                                       guides, lesson plans for the
observation/ data transmission stations explicitly
aims at the participation of scientists from a         * By investigating how Human-Rangifer systems
broad range of disciplines, notably social             respond to socio-economic and long-term
                                                                                                      34° to 40°E, 67° to 69° N
anthropology, biology and geography.                   climate change in selected regions of the sub-
Observations and data recording (data of socio-        Arctic, the project will contribute to an
economic significance, basic data on                   assessment of the future development of
meteorological conditions and data on vegetation       Northern livelihoods.
and Rangifer movements) will be conducted in           * Social-sciences research on reindeer
This outreach activity will blend cultural             The exhibit "Inuit Voices" will provide the US
anthropology, scientific data, and community           museum community with a traveling piece they
observations of climate change. The exhibit            can display to describe one native group's
should appeal to people interested in the human        interactions with and observations of a changing
aspect of climate change, as in how people are         climate. This will be a fairly unique exhibit in
affected by change and how they observe and            that it will compare scientific observations of
note the change, and to those interested in the        environmental change with those by native
scientific study of environmental change in the        peoples. It will be based on "When the Weather
Arctic.                                                is Uggianaqtuq," a highly popularas
                                                       No study of the areas concerned CD-ROM that
                                                       comprehensive as this has ever been
The content is such that the project will have to
                                                       undertaken. The results of the project are
draw on a number of disciplines within the
                                                       expected to broaden our understanding of the
natural and social sciences. The members of the
                                                       interaction between resource exploitation and
consortium are themselves inter-disciplinary
                                                       environmental factors in the Arctic. It will also
                                                       shed new light on public and private resource
                                                       management and practices in both countries.
The activity of I-TASC can be seen as inter-           By facilitating collaboration between artists,
disciplinary on two levels. Firstly, our consortium,   scientists, engineers and indigenous polar
is made up of institutions, agencies and               communities in an open source creative
organizations whose primary interest is in the         commons, we will significantly advance the ways
                                                                                                       69°20’N 81°49’W
interface between art, science and technology,         in which traditional and new polar cultures
and the process of building and maintaining the        relate to each other (and to non-polar
project bases will involve research, production,       communities) and ultimately create a usable,
education and communication across many                constantly-updated, shared archive of readable
Lakes play Secondly, the projects and research
disciplines.an important role in regional climatic,    surfaces, constituting a free, live interpolar
                                                       This project will deliver a pan-Arctic view of
meteorological and biogeochemical cycling, and         contemporary (last 50 years) and future lake ice
the presence (and duration) of ice cover has           cover conditions under projected 21st century
significant impacts on biological (aquatic) and        climate change. Point and gridded data products
human systems. This study will provide valuable        will be created and available through the Data
information to other IPY initiatives (physical and     and Information System of CliC (DISC) and its
biological sciences) requiring data on lake ice        associated IPY DIS project (EoI: 409). The
cover (freeze-up and break-up dates, ice thickness     proposed activity will lead to the proposal of an
and composition) in different regions of the
Beluga whales outfitted with satellite transmitters    1. Stocklake ice observation network from space”
                                                       “Arctic Identification, annual movements and
will provide movement data as well as dive             dive behaviour will be determined for most
behaviour data and oceanographic data including        beluga populations, including several beluga
temperature and salinity profiles, sea surface         populations for which little is currently known.
temperature and measures of primary                    2. Hundreds of temperature and salinity profiles
productivity. In addition a variety of biological      with data light levels and productivity will be
samples will be collected from the individual          collected per tagged whale. Many of these will
belugas at the time of capture. The synoptic           be from areas with little or no data, samples that
The ARCTEC proposal projects will allow and
nature of the tagging is inter-disciplinary            The ARCTEC project will leave a legacy of: by
                                                       would be prohibitively expensive to collect
international by design. Our team includes             -A framework for integration of regional data
acknowledged experts in terrestrial and aquatic        sets for ecological, social, cultural, economic,
ecology, economics, social science, traditional        and traditional use indicators consistent with
                                                                                                         52-54oN 60-65oW
knowledge, geography, and public policy and            needs for integrated land use planning tools;
management who have adopted a common data              -Spatial and spatially proportional landscape
collection and analysis approach to facilitate         modelling tools that incorporate dose-response
integration. The project is specifically intended to   relationships for key ecological and social
develop integrated inter-disciplinary results that
The Antarctic fieldwork and the Phoenix mission        indicators and allow potential ecological,
                                                       The expected significance of the Antarcticsocial,
are both highly inter-disciplinary. The Antarctic      fieldwork is to increase our understanding of
fieldwork will involve mineralogical, chemical,        soils in a dry, cold region, where the primary
thermal and optical analysis of soils and ices in      processes operating on them are wind and
                                                                                                         67.5º N, 130º E
the arid valleys. It will involve scientists around    frozen water. The data and approaches that
the US and in Switzerland. The fieldwork and           result from this work will directly inform future
associated analyses are highly complementary to        analyses of arid and frozen soils on Mars (e.g.,
the Phoenix mission, which also occurs during the      Dickinson and Rosen, 2003; Mellon and Jakosky,
IPY. The Phoenix mission is also highly inter-         1993).
This project is unique in that it will assemble the         The project will establish provocative new
best and the brightest to evaluate, and interpret           frontiers for research and policy related to
the significance of their research in an                    health investigation at the end of the dynamic
interdisciplinary context. It will address cutting          period of research and evaluation lstimulated by
edge views not only on the current state, but also          the lead-up to the IPY. It will focus on what we
the change (observed and predicted) in the polar            have found out about human society and
environment and the implications for Arctic                 population health in a changing Arctic where
populations.                                                economic activity, climate, tourism, media and
This Activity involves the recovery and                     social patterns are mixing and evolving. It will
                                                            This Activity involves contemporary phenomena,
research/investigation of specimens and samples             melting glaciers and mountain-top snow/ice
of interest to a range of academic disciplines,             patches, and the need for a timely response to
including contemporary studies such as                      an opportunity provided by this recent situation.
                                                                                                              60? to 62?N, 132? to 138?W
anthropology, museology, community                          While glaciers have long been understood to be
development, zoology/biology and glaciology, as             dynamic entities, it is only in the past decade
well as paleo-sciences like archaeology,                    that they have been found to be the setting for
ethnohistory, paleontology,                                 significant archaeological and paleontological
The individual researchers and paleo-climatology.
palaeonology/paleobotanywithin MOVE come                    discoveries.to a variety ofalpine “ice patches”,
                                                            In addition The melting articles in peer-
from a variety of social science backgrounds,               reviewed journals, the main deliverable of MOVE
including anthropology, demography, economics,              will be an edited volume addressing the main
ethnohistory, and geography. While inter-                   themes of the research project. This
                                                                                                                Latitude 64.84, longitude -147.72
disciplinary work across natural and social science         collaborative effort will be preceded by a
disciplines in the Arctic has received increased            workshop during year 3, in which MOVE
support in recent years, the importance of inter-           researchers – as well as selected non-project
disciplinary Arctic social science research has             related individuals – will participate (the results
been slightly overlooked. A variety of qualitative          of which will be thebe the major deliverable yet
                                                            The exhibition is to starting point for the edited
Evidence of interdisciplinary nature of the project         other advances and developments will include
will be seen in works presented, sites to be                the initiation of a project and inspire more
visited, intent of artists and organizers through an        projects bringing together Native and non-Native
interdisciplinary approach to presenting the arts           peoples.
(i.e. a Northern approach utilizing mixed media dn
cultural syles and distinctions.)                           Outputs for peers will include works performed
                                                            as result of conbtact with new artists and artistic
The fundamental questions considered in this                syles.
                                                            This initiative will provide information relevant
proposal are structured around several                      to the polar research community in three
interactions between different disciplines such as          themes considered in this IPY activity:
biology/ecology, environmental and analytical
chemistry. The interactions between                         Theme 1. Current state of the environment:
biology/ecology and environmental chemistry                 One of the important deliverables of the project
research groups with analytical chemistry                   will be a description of the current
disciplines are an important part of this research          contamination state of Hg in the Alaskan arctic
initiative because new, accurate and high (as
The development of the book will involve                    The output from this project is a book, poorly
                                                            and sub-arctic food web that has been
contributors, advisors and reviewers) social and            published, promoted and distributed widely
natural scientists, policy experts, Indigenous              through mainstream book outlets and through
People’s organizations, and stakeholders with               UNEP. Because it will be written in a popular
interests in the Arctic and Antarctic regions. The          style and illustrated with quality maps, diagrams
book will be very broad in its scope and it will            and photographs, it will be appealing to read and
depict and discuss trends and issues in an                  to browse through. The book will be a reference
integrated fashion.                                         book for use by students and members of the
The animating principle of BPL is to emphasize              There are romantic, outcome will be an increase
                                                            public. The primary picture postcard
that the poles, while geographically distinct, are          impressions most Canadians have of the north
integral to life of the planet - all its species, all its   that must be transformed.
process. Lectures, mentors and materials will               We intend to make use of the Aurora borealis,
range from paleontologists & geneticists                    Canadians' fascination with polar bears, igloos,
addressing the polar region’s role in preserving            icebergs to inform them about physics,
and helping trace the planet's ancient history to           mammals, extreme climate engineering [and
oceanographers illuminating how the melting of              what that means to our space program], water
glaciers is impacting the Gulf Stream – and the             processes.... Our objective is for Canadians to
This proposal brings together a wide range of           This research project will provide observations,
scientific specializations, including nuclear physics   insights and trends which can be used in
and chemistry, atmospheric transport modeling,          forecasting changes in polar environments,
atmospheric chemistry, radioecology, wildlife           climate and ultimately the health of society. This
                                                                                                           83.03 deg N; 60.00 deg W
biology, and data management. The participants          information can be used by governments to
include academic and government scientists and          develop ways to adapt to the impacts of climate
researchers, and representatives of northern            changes on society in general, and on the most
community organizations.                                vulnerable populations. Within the scope of the
                                                        This project will provide be a variety of
                                                        overall project there will indigenous youth with
With its focus on “conservation”, this project will
                                                        up-to-date tools and first-hand knowledge and
bring together the natural, applied and social
                                                        hands-on exposure to global and regional
sciences. It will be a collaboration among
                                                        conservation instruments, issues and challenges;
indigenous peoples, scientists, education
                                                        offer them a forum for dialogue and debate on
specialists, government officials, the private
                                                        conservation and sustainable resource-use
sector, and international and national
                                                        issues and assist them in forming their own
                                                        knowledgeable opinions and providing their own
                                                        input. will proved a knowledge base which can
                                                        1. We Deliverables include:
                                                  be used by the local communities to increase the
We will expand a network of international
                                                  understanding of what the range of future
researchers from social and natural sciences. Not
                                                  options of policy, goals and management of local
only are the researchers involved representing a
                                                  natural resources.
broad range of disciplines but they also have a
track record of cross-disciplinary research.
                                                  2. We will create a network of stakeholders
                                                  using the role model developed in northern
                                                  Sweden. This network will be important to
                                                        The exhibition is organised around a number of
The exhibition is planned to encompass a range          key elements shared by many of the active
of Antarctic sciences including marine biology,         Antarctic Treaty Parties - logistic organisation to
ornithology, meteorology, glaciology, geology and       reach and live on the continent, co-operation in
atmospheric sciences                                    science and logistics, global science problems
                                                        with a unique Antarctic component

                                                        1. Antarctic regions are the ultimate sink of most
The project is interdisciplinary in its nature; it
                                                        volatile contaminants and the knowledge of
involves scientists from Italy, the Czech Republic
                                                        their sources, deposition patterns and biological
and other countries with research experience on
                                                        effects is necessary in view of increasing human
Antarctic geomorphology, climatology, ecology,                                                             66°-71 °S; 158-168E
                                                        activity in Antarctica and the demand and use of
environmental biogeochemistry, ecotoxicology,
                                                        POPs and metals in developing countries in the
ecophysiology, microbiology, molecular biology,
                                                        Southern Hemisphere.
genetics and evolutionary biology.
                                                        2. Improved knowledge of the structure and
                                                        functioning of terrestrial and freshwater
                                                        The Polar Gateways will provide a focal point,
The Polar Gateways would represent and support
                                                        information, and support within the local
the complete breadth of IPY science programmes,
                                                        community, within the IPY community, and with
education, and outreach initiatives. They would
                                                        the international media and tourist industries.
also support the local communities, schools,
                                                        The Gateways will provide support and local
media, IPY scientific communities, international
                                                        capacity building at locations that will naturally
visitors, and tourists. The programme is therefore
                                                        feel the effect of IPY traffic during the relevant
inherently inter-disciplinary.
                                                        summer field seasons.
                                                        The major deliverables will be education and
                                                        The activity aims (i) to enhance the
                                                        environmental legacy of the IPY 2007-08, (ii) to
This project will involve physical scientists, social   raise the environmental awareness of present
scientists, legal experts, wilderness managers,         and future generations of scientists and visitors,
environmental activists and conservationists            and (iii) to promote the long-term protection of
worldwide.                                              the Antarctic wilderness.

                                                        A large component of our activity will be the
                                                        production of outreach materials, which will be
- Science centres and museums work without the          There has never been an international
constraints of school syllabuses and classroom          coordinated effort when science centres have
teaching methods. This enables them to make             worked together on a single topic. We are eager
use of a wide range of teaching and learning            to see how we can perform such a program         Details of the specific demonstration
strategies, and to allow individuals to make use of     taking into account the diversity of the         activities will be given in due course
their own preferred learning style. Because of the      participants and especially how we can ensure
nature of their collections and interactive             that underserved geographical areas can be
experiences, the approach that museums and              involved.
Practical applications is sustainable
science centres offersforunavoidably development        We want to confirm the strength of our field in
                                                        This activity will be of significance because it
in Arctic communities involve contributions from        offers practical solutions that facilitate actions to
many disciplines. Research projects will involve        solve pressing issues affecting the health and
traditional knowledge, social and physical              well-being of Arctic communities. This work will
sciences, planning, and economic research.              result in new methods for Arctic building design
Research will also be coordinated between               relevant to unique northern cultures, new
departments within Arctic governments to                strategies for energy efficiency & alternative
maximize uptake into policy processes. This             energy, best practices for northern planning, and
project consists of the                                 workshops for a continuously updated website
                                                        We will create community practitioners.
                                                        for the public during IPY, highlighting
Covers many different disciplines from biology to
                                                        contributions from media-trained scientists,
climate to astrophysics to geology, bridges the
                                                        filmmakers, artists, and institutions involved in
gap between science and the media and provides
                                                        polar research. We will create a media exhibit on
training for scientists to directly communicate
                                                        the floor, from which we will host live events
their work to the public.
                                                        and webcasts during IPY. We will maintain a data
                                                        base of media from scientist-field
                                                        The IceCube project contributors that will be
                                                        correspondents and will open a new window on
                                                        the universe with opportunities that exploring
The main thrust is astrophysics but there are
                                                        new energy regimes provide. In addition to the
significant technological issues due to the size of
                                                        discovery potential for astrophysical sources, the
the project. There have also been papers
                                                        IceCube detector will collect unprecedented
published by IceCube scientists on the deep ice
                                                        numbers of high energy neutrinos that will be
properties at the South Pole.
                                                        useful probes for physics beyond the standard
                                                        model of particle physics. IceCube will also be
Cape Farewell’s main aim is to bring artists,           Cape Farewellportion of theadvance education
                                                        sensitive to a continues to proposed parameter
scientists and educators together to address and        techniques, bringing school students physically
raise awareness of climate change. As a result, the     and virtually into the debate of the High Arctic
organisation is well practised in facilitating inter-   and climate change. We will be utilising new
disciplinary activity. The proposed IPY activity is     communication techniques to bring scientific
specifically designed to bring young people into        rigor and creative endeavour directly into
the company of professional scientists and artists      schools to inspire our youth to be more aware of
on the first expedition, encouraging them to find       the awesome beauty of the Arctic and what we
creative and various solutions to communicating         stand to lose. The Education Programme that
                                                        First ever image mosaic of Antarctica at this
This mosaic will serve the scientific community as      1100 new Landsat scenes will be available for
an easily accessible and manageable base map            the scientific community and the public at no
and the public sector as a valuable education and       cost (for ftp download);
outreach platform.                                      True-color, false-color and panchromatic
                                                        mosaics will reveal a number of surface features
                                                        that will enhance scientific research.
                                                        The project will address research needs
                                                        identified by arctic governments, organizations,
The project’s researchers come from a variety of        the Arctic Council, the Arctic Human
backgrounds and disciplines, e.g. economics,            Development Report (AHDR), ICARP II and
political science, anthropology, geography,             others.
ecology, demography, environmental studies.             The objective is to devise a limited set of
                                                        indicators that reflect key aspects of human
                                                        development in the Arctic, that are tractable in
                                                        terms of measurement, and that can be
                location1                                  coordinates2                   location2

Northern Fennoscandia                                                     Greenland

Antarctic continental shelf and slope to the
abyss, circumpolar locations, as many as
possible logistically, including coastal
polynyas, both narrow and wide shelves
and slopes, and under ice shelves and sea

Scientific field stations on several locations                            Mining settlements on several locations on
on Svalbard (Norway)                                                      Svalbard, West Greenland and Baffin Island

                                                                          Karrak Lake (NU), La Pérouse Bay (MB,
Bylot Island, Alert (NU, Canada)                 67 N 100 W, 59 N 94 W

Tide gauge fieldwork will take place along
                                                                          ‘Fieldwork’ using space remote sensing
Arctic and Antarctic coastlines and at Arctic
                                                                          techniques will encompass all polar seas
and Southern Ocean islands.

The domain of the Arctic Ocean, including
the subarctic Seas on the Atlantic and
Pacific sides.

Loven East glacier basin, Svalbard               64ºN                     Kiviarjökull, in Iceland
                                                                         2. Northern Ellesmere Island: (Agassiz Ice
1. Devon Ice Cap:                             80deg48.0'N 72deg 52.5'W

Summit, Greenland                                                        South Pole, Antarctica

Resource inventories, monitoring, and
research will primarily take place in eight
arctic and subarctic National Park Service
areas, including Bering Land Bridge

Fram Strait                                   75 ° N 012 ° W             East Greenland (Ardencaple Canyon)

Eurasian Basin, Makorov Basin                                            NW of Canadian Archipelago

Southern Beaufort Sea                                                    Barents Sea
several regions of the European sector of
                                                                  Deep Arctic Basins
the Arctic

Bering Strait region

Aircraft, based in e.g. Longyearbyen
                                                                  Ny Ålesund, Kinnvika, Hornsund,
(Svalbard), Thule (Greenland), Kiruna
                                                                  Longyearbyen, Barentsburg, Zeppelin
(Sweden), transects between Tomsk and
                                                                  mountain (Svalbard)
Yakutsk (Russia)

Continental Antarctica, the Antarctic
                                                                  Southern Andes and Tierra del Fuego
Peninsula and surrounding islands

King George Island                          63°23'S, 56°59'W      Esperanza / Peninsula, San Martin Land

#681 Canadian Arctic Margin Expedition                            #045 Arctic (Synoptic transects): major
                                            >~75N, ~0E to ~150E
(CAME); E. Carmack                                                Arctic shelves and basins
Northern North Atlantic                     ------------ " ------------------   Barents Sea

Severnaya Zemlya                                                                Franz Josef Land

Arctic Ocean wide chemical/ozone buoy
                                            Start at 85N/100E                   Drifting frozen-in icebreaker m/s Antarctica

Greenland: Projects #2 (Scoresby Sund
area); #171(Jakobshavns Isbrae at Western
                                                                                Svalbard: Projects #105 (Kapp Linné,
Greenland, and Northeastern Greenland Ice
                                                                                Nordaustlandet, and Hornsund); #207, #210
Stream); #207(Western and Eastern
                                                                                (Central and Eastern Svalbard); #220
Grenland)#733 (Northern and Northeastern
                                                                                (Werenskioldbreen, North Hornsund,
                                                                                Wedel Jar

Central Arctic Basin/ transpolar Drift                                          Eurasian continental slope

Concordia Station and its surroundings,
Dôme C

Subglacial Lake Ellsworth                   123.3 E 5.1 S                       Concordia Station
Iqaluit                                                 Yellowknife

Nenets Autonomous Okrug, NW Russia

The entire Arctic domain, as well as the
gateways governing the global connectivity

                                                        Canada-Mackenzie Region, Yukon, Arctic
US- Alaska state-wide and if possible a new
                                                        Island, Hudson Bay region and Quebec and
site in the Colorado Rockies (Niwot Ridge)

Weddell Sea                                   59S 90E   Indian Ocean (East Antarctica)
Antarctic Peninsula                                              Weddell Sea

ACE has no ACE-specific field                                    programs but rather supports a variety

Syowa Station (and routine sites in
                                         69-76°S, 60-70°E        Prince Charles Mountains
helicopter vicinity)

Vostok                                   90°S                    South Pole

The island Nordaustlandet of the Svalbard
Archipelago, with logistical focus on
Kinnvika, the bays and fiords surrounding N80?03.1´, E18?13.4?   Kinnvika
Nordaustlandet, and the ice caps Austfonna
and Vestfonna, and their forelands.

Abisko                                   79N 16E                 Svalbard

Iceland and Greenland (including                                 N.American Arctic (Nunavut, NW
Kangerlussuaq, Daneborg)                                         Territories, Yukon, Alaska)
Weddell Sea                                    any area                              Drake Passage

Gamburtsev Subglacial Mountains                73° 30’S 65° E                        Southern Prince Charles Mountains

The ICASS VI will take place in Nuuk. Field
work may be undertaken by participants in
ICASS VI, but no field work will be arranged
directly related to the confe

Indian sector of the southern Ocean, south
of 30°S.

Barents Sea - Arctic Ocean Transect            66°N, 37°E                            White Sea

                                                                                     Hornsund, Longyearbyen, Barentsburg,
Ny Ålesund (Svalbard, Norway)                  77°00’N, 15°33’E - 80°00’N, 18°00’E
                                                                                     Kinnvika + + (Svalbard)

Ny Ålesund research facilities including
then “Zeppelin mountain” clean air station 78° 12’N, 15° 49’E                        University Center in Svalbard (UNIS)
(Svalbard, Norway)
central Arctic, Ellesmere I., Axel-Heiberg I.,
Lincoln Sea, Lomonosov Ridge, Alpha-             150°E, 75°N and 165°W, 66°N   Laptev Sea, East Siberian Sea, Bering Strait
Mendeleev Ridge

Low Earth Orbit (LEO) at 51.6 degree
                                                                               Polar Earth orbit satellites, TBD
inclination (ISS)

Not applicable

Polish Polar Station PAS in Hornsund,
Svalbard (Spitsbergen).

Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica                 50 W, 78 S                    Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf, West Antarctica

Antarctic Peninsula                                                            Weddell Sea
State of Alaska                                 numerous   Antarctic

Antarctica (along all surface traverse routes
and along the grounding line perimeter)

                                                           Canadian Arctic (Central Canadian Arctic,
Russian Arctic (coastal region, river
                                                           Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Hudson and
                                                           Baffin Bay, Beaufort Sea)

hemispheric-scale satellite coverage


Campbell Island                                            Scott Island

Pacific sector of the Arctic                               North Pole region
Australia (Melbourne)                                                         Austria (Vienna)

Dome A/Gamburtsev-Vostok Subglacial                                           Dome C/Belgica Subglacial Highlands (800 x
                                                 box center (78º S, 123º E)
Highlands (800 x 800 km)                                                      800 km)

Ozonesonde station network in Arctic, sub-
                                                                              Polar NDSC stations
Arctic and Antarctic

                                                                              Kinnvika, North East Land, Svalbard
Barrow, Alaska                                   80°N03’, 018°E12’
                                                                              (Finland, Sweden, Switzerland IGY 1957/58)

Mackenzie (Canada)                                                            Lena and Pechora (Russia)

The project will cover both polar regions
but is not itself proposing any field work. It
will use in situ and satellite data, model
output, as well as results

Larsen B embayment (glaciers, remaining                                       MobilOil Inlet and southern Larsen C shelf
                                                 68.5S, 65W
shelf, and seabed)                                                            (glaciers, ice shelf)
Arctic Ocean including sub-Arctic seas

Hudson Mountains Volcanic Field, Pine                         Sentinel Range, northern Ellsworth
                                         73°-76°W, 75°-77°S
Island Bay, Shepherd Dome                                     Mountains, e.g. Mt Weems

Falkland Islands - Malvinas              54º30S, 37º00W       South Georgia

Indigenous communities in Circumpolar

No sites yet selected - see comments

Beaufort Sea                                                  North Slope of Alaska

Voyage 1 December 2007-January 2008                           Hobart-Macquarie Island- to The East
                                                               East Antarctica, Dome C-North Vostok-
Antarctica, WAIS Divide Ice Core site
                                                               Dome B

NEEM deep drilling site , NW Greenland      67 N               Transect from Kangerlussuaq, W Greenland

Onshore+offshore East Canada /Baffin Land
- Central/ South Greenland – Iceland –
Barents Sea

                                                               ii) Polar-global interactions will utilize Arctic
i) Focus on both polar regions, but with a                     measurements and co-ordination with the
                                             Western Pacific
larger emphasis on field work in the Arctic.                   THORPEX Pacific Predictability campaign in

South Western Greenland, with emphasis
on the Fylla Bank area at 64 N

Already selected: Canada: Quaqtaq, Nain,
Rigolet, Hopedale, Goose Bay, Kugaaruk,                        Already selected: Greenland: Upernavik
                                            Lat-Long: 73-56
Taloyak, Gjoa Haven                                            Further locations towns as well as villages
Further locations in e.g. Nunavut

Dome A, Antarctica                          75S, 123E, 3200m   Dome C, Antarctica
Antarctica (the whole ice sheet)               North of 60 deg. North                 Greenland

                                                                                      Relic Proglacial Lake Ulakhan Kyuel
Lake El'gygytgyn, SE of Pevek, Anadyr                                                 (Foreland of the Northern Verkhoyansk
                                               67°45'N, 124°15'E; 62°33'N, 130°55'E
Mountains, Eastern Chukotka, NE Sibiria                                               Mountains), Lake Syrdach and other
                                                                                      Thermokarst Lakes (Central Yakutia)

148 Scotia Sea                                 30°E – 30°W, south of 50°S             397 Southeast Atlantic

Circumpolar oceans between 30S and the
Antarctic continent. Work in the sea ice
zone will be coordinated with the Coasts
and Margins and Sea Ice clusters. (A map
of proposed field projects will be available
in September 2005 at

Canada (selected field sites)                                                         Norway (selected field sites)

Greenland (Central East and North West)                                               Svalbard (Barents Sea)

Conference vanue - Barrow, Alaska
                                                             Extensions and interactions with Arctic
All of the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic                       activities (e.g. Arctic CoML) are envisaged
                                                             (Svalbard, Greenland, circum-Arctic)

Russian Heat-Balance network                                 CALM sites throughout the CLR

8 locations along the Dalton Highway                         6 sites from Inuvik to Isachsen (Inuvik,
(Toolik, Happy Valley, Sagwon, Franklin                      Tuktuyaktuk, Tuktuyaktuk Peninsula site to
Bluffs, West Dock, Howe Island)                              be named), Mould Bay, Isachsen)

Kuparik River Basin                                          Lena River Basin

Antarctic Sea Ice Zone

Ellesmere Island (Canada)                 78°55’N, 11°55’E   Svalbard ,Ny-Ålesund (Norway)

Circumpolar inhabited areas                                  Other global regions
Possible Antarctic/sub Antarctic student
                                                             All countries involved in the IAI
field programs

Alaska                                                       North-western Canada

Wilkes Land                                                  Zhong Shan Station – Dome A

Kerguelen Is. (& Dumont Durville)          62 28 S 60 46 E   Livingston Is.

                                                             Icelandic Waters/W. Greenland Shelf

One of 3 Territorial Capital of Canada

                                                             Arctic Canada: Nunavut, Inuvialuit and
USA: Alaska
                                                             Yukon NWT

CARMA group will be meeting in Vancouver
in November of 2005 to develop an IPY
implementation plan that will include
regions/herds where protocol testing and
monitoring will occur. It will be
representative of the Circumpolar North

Arctic Bay, Nunavut
                                           Mittimatalik                        Pond Inlet, Nunavut
Pangnirtung, Nunavut

Barrow, USA 71º17’N, 156º47’W              Ivujivik, Canada 62°25'N, 77°55'W   Gambell, USA 63°47’N, 171°45’W

Greenland                                                                                     Canada

All departure locations for the Antarctic

                                                                                              Halley (UK); Kohnen (Germany); Machu
Aboa (Finland); Belgrano II
                                               75° 35'S, 26° 32'W, 37 m asl.; 75° 00'S, 00°   Picchu (Peru); Marambio
(Argentina/Spain); Casey (Australia); Davis
                                               04'E, 2892 m asl.; 62º 05'S, 58º 28            (Argentina/Finland/Spain); Mario Zucchelli
(Australia);Dome Concordia (Italy/France)

Circumpolar Arctic and Antarctic, the
project aims to study geographical
variation. Field sites will be selected in a
discussion with partners. This process is

85 East Volcanic area, Gakkel Ridge            85N, 8E                                        8 East Ultra-mafic area, Gakkel Ridge

See 3.11 additinal comments, too much
locations to put in here
Antarctica - Ross Sea sector                   90S to 45S, longitudes 60W-10W   Antarctica - Weddell Sea sector

Nunavik region [northern Quebec]                                                nunavut Territory

Antarctic Peninsula, Scotian Islands, Palmer                                    West Antarctica: Marie Byrd Land,
Land                                                                            Thurston Island, Ellsworth Mtns, nunataks

Greenland – Qaanaaq, Sisimiut, Nuuk and                                         Canada - Nunavik, Nunavut, NWT, Yukon,
Ammassalik                                                                      Inuvialuit, BC


Alexandra Fiord, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut,
                                            78° 12' N, 15° 40' E                Svalbard, Norway
UArctic is a circum-Arctic organization
                                                                                    higher education and outreach programs

Queen Maud Land, Sor Rondane Mt.s                                                   SANAE

Barrow, Alaska                            82.5 N , 62.3 W                           Alert, Canada

Alaska                                                                              Arctic Canada

Canada                                    (sites to be selected by working group)   Sweden

Yukon: Whitehorse, Haines Junction and                                              Northwest Territories: Deline and
Burwash Landing                                                                     Yellowknife

Yukon/NWT/Nunavut (Canada)                                                          Alaska (USA)
The Circumpolar North                                         Greenland, Iceland, Faroe Islands


                                                              Arctic/sub Arctic Core IBP sites; Disko Island
Sub-Antarctic Core IBP sites; Antarctic
                                                              (Greenland), Stordalen (Sweden), Point
Macquarie Island, Signy Island and South
                                                              Barrow (Alaska), Kevo (Finland), Tareya
                                                              (Russia), Devon Island (Canada)

                                                              Poker Flat Research Range, Chatanika,
ALOMAR, Andoya, Norway                     65° N, 147° W

Northeastern Russia                                           Northern Alaska

Rothera                                                       Horseshoe

Abisko, Sweden                             69°45'N, 27°01'E   Kevo, Finland
Bering Sea Coastal region (Western Alaska,
                                                                 Bering Strait
Chukotka, Kamchatka


Dumont d’Urville, Adélie Land                77º34 S, 166º11 E   Cape Royd

McMurdo-Ross Ice Shelf                       77º47'S 166º38'S    Southern McMurdo Sound

                                                                 Kuujjuaq, Nunavik (northern Quebec),
Arviat, Nunavut, Canada

Amundsen Sea                                 75S, 100W           Pine Island Glacier

Arviat, Nunavut, Canada                      70o28/N 68o36/W     Clyde River, Nunavut, Canada
                                             Siberia (Kolyma, Lena Delta, Central
Alaska, USA
                                             Yakutia, Yamal, Baikal regions), Russia

Circumpolar Southern Polar area, including
Antarctic continent.

Alaskn arctic and boreal forest              Canadian arctic and boreal forest

The NE portion of Kola Peninsular            Different parts of the Northeastern Russia

Pond Inlet, Nunavut, Canada                  Pangnirtung, Nunavut

North of Karelia                             Pechenga district of the Murmansk region
Kemerovskaya Province, RF                                                              Murmanskaya Province, RF

1. North Kane Basin (Alert)                     78.75 N -74.83 W to 78.48 N -72.56 W   2. South Kane Basin

TBD, depends on student's research


(This will be entirely based on cooperation
with other IPY programmes, specified in §

Canada – n~5 community-based sites to be
chosen through consultation (e.g.,
Paulatuk, Cambridge Bay, Igloolik,
Pangnirtung, Kuujjuaq); n~5 research-based                                             Sweden – Abisko area lakes; Stora Rosjon
sites over a lat/long transect (e.g., L Hazen
(NU), Nain (NL), R. de la Trinite (PQ),
Coppermine R (N
Open ocean waters of the Drake Passage
and its surroundings (Southern Ocean,
Pacific and Atlantic Subantarctic waters).
Coastal locations of South Shetland Islands,
South Orkney Islands, west of Antarctic
Peninsula and the tip of South America.

Circum-Arctic. COMAAR has no expedition
plans, but baseline data from relevant IPY
campaigns would be collated.

Alaska                                                                      Arctic Canada: NWT, Yukon

1. Prydz Bay and Amery Ice Shelf                                            2. Zhongshan-Dome A transect

No field activity

Danmarkshavn                                   70 N, 20 W                   Scoresby Sund Fjord

Sach Harbour                                   north west of Sach Harbour   Flaw Lead Polynya
Davis Strait                                                         Sylvia Grinnell estuary, Iqaluit

Little Fox Lake, Yukon, Canada   50° 03’ N, 122° 56’ W, 2182 m-asl   Whistler, B.C., Canada


McMurdo Sound                                                        McMurdo Dry Valleys

NW King William Island           67N 100W                            Queen Maud Gulf

Beaufort Sea                                                         Bering Sea

Indigenous communties in Russia: Khanty-
                                           Finnmark, Norway            Yamalo-Nenets region
Mansiisk region

Arctic Quest Expedition – Iqaluit - E coast
Baffin Island – Davis Strait – W coast
Greenland – Sisimuit, Disko Bay, Ilulissat,
Jakhobshavn, Qeqertarsuaq (Godhavn),        No coordinates available   Alexadra Fiord, Ellesmere Island
Uummannaq - – Baffin Bay – Pond Inlet - –
Navy Board Inlet - Lancaster Sound -

Outlet glaciers in Western and                                         Melt zone studies in the lower 1000+
Southeastern Greenland                                                 meters of the basins of these glaciers

All Antarctic stations, field camps and
                                           80degN                      Svalbard Norway

                                                                       Canadian Eastern Arctic (Baffin, Devon,
Antarctic Peninsula

Northern Norway                                                        Svalbard
Spitsbergen Archipelago, adjacent waters of
the Arctic Ocean, Barents, and Greenland

Barents and Kara Sea area                                  Canadian Arctic

Northern regions affected by ice              > 60 Deg S   Southern regions affected by ice

Transects in Russia                                        Transects in Alaska

The students home areas

Arctic Ocean and adajent seas
Nunavut, Canada                                                   Northwest Territories, Canada

Dome C

Alaska: Data are based on fieldwork in the                        Canada: Data are based on fieldwork in the
Inupiat settlement regions (North Slope,                          Inuit settlement regions (Inuit settlement
Northwest Arctic, Bering Straits census                           regions of Canada (Inuvialiut, Nunavik,
areas)                                                            Nunavut, Labrador)

Does not apply.

Whitehorse                                   60.45.57/137.30.40   Haines Junction

Ellesmere Island (Canada)                                         Disko Island (Greenland)
No field work, but IFM held in Ottawa

Sapmi: Norway, Finland, Sweden, Russia        Nenest NAO

Russian Federation (Murmansk, Komi,           Russian Federation (Evenkia, Tyva, Sakha-
Nenetsia, Yamal, Taimyr)                      Yakutia, Buryatia)

not relevant

Andrill Project, Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica   Coral Reefs, Indian Ocean

Kola Peninsula, Northwestern Russia
none, using past research

Northern and Arctic Norway                                                            Northern and Arctic Russia

                                                                                      Dronning Maudland and neighbouring
Igloolik, Nunavut                              between 40ºW and 40ºE

The entire Arctic: no field work will be
involved. The project will use historical in
situ observations, remote sensing data, and
model output.

Svalbard                                                                              Greenland west coast

                                                                                      CANADA - Liard River Basin, Yukon
                                               59o-62oN 120o-131oW and 59.7o-67.6oN
CANADA - Labrador                                                                     Territory, Northwest Territories, British
                                                                                      Columbia, and Alberta

Mars North Polar Region                        77 S, 162.5                            Antarctic Dry Valleys
Meeting to be held in Aarhus, DK                                       Alternate location is Yellowkinfe, CA

Canada, Yukon, southwest Yukon     59? to 60?N, 133? to 139?W          Canada, British Columbia, far northwest

Fairbanks, USA                     Latitude 60.94, longitude -164.63   Newtok, USA


Alaskan arctic                                                         Alaskan sub-arctic


Alert                                  64.19 deg N; 83.35 deg W   Coral Harbour

Various TBD

Northern Sweden                                                   Northern Norway

Northern Victoria Land, Oates Coast,                              James Ross Island and East Antarctic
                                       63°-64°S; 57°-58°W
Pennell Coast and Balleny Islands                                 Peninsula

Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina                              Longyearbyen, Svalbard
Members and partners are active all over
the world

Nunavut Territory, Canada                          Northwest Territories, Canada

Amundson-Scott Station

                                                   Longyearbyen, north to 79.5N parallel,
Spitsbergen, Longyearbyen – Ny Alesund     79.5N
                                                   transit to East Greenland.

All of Antarctica (north of 82S)

Russian Federation                                 USA: Alaska
          coordinates3                  location3                                 coordinates4


                         Whaling stations on Deception Island
                         (Antarctica( and South Georgia

                         Ivvavik N Park (YT), Anderson River (NWT,
65 N 140 W, 70 N 129 W                                               71 N 157 W

                         Ocean tide studies will take place in the
                         central Arctic, Antarctic margins and on
                         major Antarctic ice shelves.

62ºS                     Collins glacier in King George Island       51°S
79deg 57.7'N 99deg 08.62'W   3. Meighen Ice Cap:                     75deg27.68'N 114deg 59.7'W

                             Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica

72 ° N 014 ° E               Barents Sea (Hakon Mosby Mud Volcano)

                             Barents Sea

                             Norwegian and East Greenland Seas
                                        Arctic shelf seas

                                        Summit, Kangerlussuaq, Cape Farewell

                                        Sub-Antarctic islands

62º08'S, 58º 54'W                       Esperanza, Uruguayan refuge ECARE            64°46'S, 64°03'W

~70ºN-85&#61616;N starting at 0ºE and   #689 Arctic: Pan-Arctic in collaboration with
                                                                                      Canadian Arctic
finishing at ~100&#61616;W              CAME (#681)
------------ " ------------------   Kara Sea                                  ------------ " ------------------


                                    Icebreaker cruise with the Canadian
Eastern Canadian Arctic                                                       Russian Arctic
                                    research icebreaker Amundsen

                                    Arctic Ocean: #433 (Bjornøyrenna of the
                                    Barents Sea); #696 (Lomonosov Ridge off
                                    northern Greenland); #786
                                    (Barents/Kara/Laptev Seas margins); #91
                                    Fram Strait; #

                                    Fram Strait and Nordic Seas

124.9 E 74.1 S                      Subglacial Lake Concordia

           North Atlantic- Greenland, Iceland, Norway,
           northern Finland and Sweden (PolarPACE
           region) and all of Svalbard and national
           projects there.

59S 180E   Ross Sea                                      59S 290E
                                      Haakon VII Sea

                                      of field efforts as described

62°09’34”S, 58°28’15”W                Arctowski, King George Island              62°13’24”S, 58°47’21”W

                                      British Antarctic Survey scheduled field
78°S, 24°W; 84°S, 26°W & 75°S, 70°W                                              75°S, 123°E

N80?, E19?                            Vestfonna                                  N79?5, E24?

70N 21E                               Kilpisjarvi                                69N 150W

                                      Fennoscandia (including EISCAT and
                                      Andoya facilities)
anyarea               Bellingshausen Sea

68° S 74° E           Lambert Rift system and Prydz Bay

                      Canadian Arctic

74°30’N, 21°00’W      Zackenberg (Greenland, Denmark)           61°20'N, 45°00'W - 83°00'N, 33°00'W

                      Hornsund, Polish Research facilities at
77° 08’N, 14° 48’ E                                             72° 34’N, 38° 29’ W
                              Fram Strait, Svalbard, Bear I., Barents Sea,
015°E, 80°N and 010°W, 70°N   Franz-Joseph-Land, Greenland Sea,              060°W, 70°N
                              Norwegian Sea, NE Atlantic

                              Central Alaska

175 E, 78 S                   Ross Ice Shelf, West Antarctica                south of 50 S

                              Haakon VII Sea
numerous   Arctic

           US-Alaskan Arctic (coastal region and river

           The Antipodes

           Beaufort Sea
                            Canada (Ottawa, Toronto)

                            Aurora Subglacial Basin/Totten Glacier (800
box center (72º S,111º E)
                            x 800 km)

                            US NSF Polar Programs UV monitoring

approx. 70°N, 55°W          Disko, Greenland                              69.23º N, 81.48º W

                            Tana (Norway, Finland)                        69 ºN 149 ºW

                            Graham Land divide/Detroit Plateau
66.0S, 63W                                                                70.6S, 65W
                            (potential ice core site)
                     Eltanin Bay, with the Rydberg Peninsula,
78°-82°W, 73°-74°S
                     Bryan Coast,

64°46' S, 64°03' W   Palmer Station (USA)                       67°34' S, 68°08' W

                     Interior Alaska

                     Antarctic coast returning Hobart
                   Northwest Greenland

                   The margin of the Greenland Ice Sheet.
                   Airborne operations

                   iii) Baffin Island: 07/08: Storm Studies in the
                   Arctic Network (STAR)

Lat-Long: 64-170   Already selected: Alaska: St Lawrence Island

73N, 38W, 3200m    Summit, Greenland                                 82N, 80W, 2500m
North of 50 deg. North       Boreal regions (snow and permafrost)

                             Central Yakutia and the Verkhoyansk
62°N ,132°E; 66°N,128°E                                              130°E-150°E
                             Mountain System

170°E-170°W, south of 70°S   591, 248 Ross Sea                       Ice-covered areas

                             Russia (selected field sites)

                             Canadian Arctic (Hudson Bay, Nunavut)
                    NASA CLP Group experimental sites in
                    North America

                    6 sites on the Yamal Peninsula (Nadym,
                    Novy Port, Marasal , Vaskiny Dachi,
                    Kharasavey, Ostrov Belyy)

                    TBD in coordination with other clusters

                    Antarctica, Droning Maud Land,
70°46' S; 11°49'E
                    Schirmacher Oasis (India)
                  North-eastern Canada

                  Talos Dome – Dome C – Vostok - Dome B-
                  Dome A

46 54 S 37 51 E   Marion Is.                               54 30 S 158 57 E

                  Baffin Bay/Labrador Sea & Shelf

                  Arctic Russia: Kola Peninsula
Kangiqtugaapik                         Clyde River, Nunavut                Qikiqtarjuaq

Qaanaaq, Greenland, 77°29'N, 69°20’W   Point Hope, USA 68°28’N, 167°27’W   Ilulissat, Greenland 69°13'N, 51°06'W

                                              McMurdo (USA); Mirny (Russia); Neumayer
77° 51'S, 166° 40'E, 10 m asl.; 66° 33'S, 93°                                         90° 00'S, 139° 16'E, 2841 m asl.; 69° 00'S,
                                              (Germany); Novolazarevskaya (Russia);
01'E, 40 m asl.; 70° 38'S, 8° 15'W                                                    39° 35'E, 29 m asl.; 72° 00'S, 2° 32
                                              Palmer (USA)

72N, 5E                                     Mohns Ridge
                       Northwest Territories

                       East Antarctia: Coates Land, Dronning
                       Maud Land, Enderby Land, Gamburtsev
                       region, Prince Charles Mountains, Wilkes
                       Land, George V Land, Oates Land, Victoria

                       Potentially Alaska, USA

71° 18' N, 156°44' W   Barrow, Alaska, USA                         68°38’N, 149°36’W
                                          throughout the Arctic and to the rest of the

                                          Utsteinen Nunatak

80.05 N, 86.43 W                          Eureka, Canada                                 71.6 N, 128.90 E


(sites to be selected by working group)   Russia                                         (sites to be selected by working group)

                                          Nunavut: Iqaluit

             N. Norway, N. Sweden, N. Finland

             Cold-temperate Core IBP sites; Stigstuv and
             Finse (Norway), Moor House (UK)

             Polar Environment Atmospheric Research
80°N, 86°W                                                 67° N, 51° W
             Laboratory (PEARL), Eureka, Canada

             Northern Alaska
                   Chukchi Sea

67º35 S, 62º49 E   Bechervaise Island               74º19 S, 165º04 E

77º48'S 166º13'S   Southern McMurdo Sound

                   Southern Hundson's Bay, Canada

76S, 107.5W        Thwaites Glacier                 79.5S, 115W

68o36/N 95o42/W    Gjoa Heaven, Nunavut, Canada     69o24N 130o05/W
European Russia (Komi, Nenets,
Arkhangelsk regions)

Scandinavian arctic and boreal forest

Zhokhov Island (Novosibirsk Islands)

Igloolik, Nunavut
                                       Sakhalinskaya Province, RF

76.59 N -89.16 W to 76.49 N -90.30 W   3. Inner Jones Sound                        74.39 N -89.82 W to 73.44 N -90.68 W

                                       Russia/Siberia – Dalnie Zelentsy (Kola
                                       Peninsula), Taimyr area, Chaun (Chukotka)
Arctic Russia

3. Dome A region

71° 18’N, 156° 36’W   Point Barrow, Alaska, USA                     82° 30’N, 62° 20’W

                      Wright Valley

                      Barrow Strait, M'Clintock Channel, Victoria

                      Canadian Archipelago
Canada: Nunavut, Yukon     Primorsky Kray                               USA: Alaska Native (ANCSA) corporations

No coordinates available   Pangnirtung, Baffin Island                   No coordinates available

                           focus areas for ice flow change will include: 69º 11’ N, 49º 46’ W

                           Russian Arctic

60-80 °S, 50-80 °W   North Antarctic Peninsula   64-67 °S, 142-148 °W

                     Transects in Canada
                     Yukon, Canada

                     Greenland: Data are based on fieldwork in
                     all regions of Greenland

64.03.20/139.25.40   Dawson City                                 63.36.32/135.55/02

                     Zackenberg area (Greenland)
Yamal -Nenets AO

Russian Federation (Magadan, Chukotka,

Swiss Camp, Greenland Ice Cap
                                  Canadian arctic

                                                       8 study sites from the Scandes through the
Magadanskaya Oblast’ 62°N 148°E   RUSSIA – A. Petrov
                                                       Ural Mountains
                                   Canada, Northwest Territories, Mackenzie
62? to 65?N, 127? to 132?W                                                    58? to 60? N, 134? to 141?W

Latitude 65.58, longitude 171.00   Lavrentiia, Russia                         Latitude 59.56, longitude 150.80

                                   Eastern Canadian arctic
68.32 deg N; 133.53 deg W   Inuvik                        55.33 deg N; 77.58 deg W


50°-54°S; 70°-74°W          Patagonia

                            Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
      Yukon Territory, Canada

      South along East Greenland coast to
      Scorsby Sund, 71N

      Canada: Nunavut, Yukon NWT
               location4                                 coordinates5                   location5

Nunavik                                                                 Northwest Territories

Sealing sites in the Antarctic peninsula                                Scientific field stations on several locations
region                                                                  in the Antarctic peninsula region

Barrow (Alaska, USA)                       74 N 21 W                    Zackenberg (Greenland, Denmark)

Patagonia                                  S 63º 24’ E                  Antarctic Peninsula near ENCARE
                                                             5. Penny Ice Cap: (depending on resources
4. Melville Ice Cap:                   67deg15'N 65deg46'W
                                                             and accessibility)

Concordia Station, Antarctica          90 to 85 N            Swedish Icebreaker

Fram Strait (including Belgica Bank)                         Drake Passage

Baffin Bay                                                   Laptev Sea
Fram Strait                                                   Svalbard area

Andoya, Bjornoya, Jan Mayen, Hopen,                           Abisko (Sweden), Värriö, Pallas GAW,
Tromso (Norway)                                               Kaamanen, Rovaniemi (Finland)

Palmer Station / Anvers Island             65°15'S, 64°15'W   Vernadsky Station/Argentina Islands

#147 Arctic (ATOS): Expedition Spanish R.V.                   #321 Arctic (ATMER): Canadian Arctic; exact
                                            Canadian Arctic
Hesperides                                                    location to be decided
Laptev Sea                                    ------------ " ------------------   White Sea region

Northern Scandinavia                                                              Iceland

Russian Arctic: drifting ice station “North
Pole”; ice-inforced RV "Akademik              North Pole                          North Pole Environmental Observatory
Feodorov", "Mikhail Somov”

Arctic Canada: Projects #190 (Yukon Coastal                                       Siberia: Projects #15 (Northeast Siberia
Plain, Tuktoyaktuk Coastlands, and                                                between 130° and 150°E); #33 (Lake
Anderson Plain); #433, #622 (Canadian                                             EL´gygytgyn on Chukotka peninsula); #1005
Arctic Islands and adjacent land areas); #1                                       (Taymyr Peninslula); # 106, #378 Central Y

Subglacial Lake Vostok
Tuktoyaktuk                             Qamani'tuaq (Baker Lake)

European mountains: Spain, France,
                                        Russia and other Asian countries - China,
Switzerland (PERMOS), Austria and
                                        Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Japan, Korea
eastward to Tatra Mountains in Poland

Bellingshausen Sea
Eastern Antarctic region                                                Ross Sea

ACE-associated IPY EoI’s as listed                                      in section 1.6 of this document.

King Sejong, King George Island              71°57’S, 23°20’E; inland   Sor Rondane, Belgian Antarctic base

Concordia                                    72º N, 38ºW                Greenland Summit Station


Toolik Lake                                  79N 76W                    Ellesmere Island

Svalbard and Russia (including Franz Josef                              Antarctic Peninsula (including Palmer,
Land and the Kara Sea)                                                  Vernadsky, Ferraz)
Greenland and Norwegian Seas.                                                     Environments around and in Greenland

Narsarssuak, Disko, Sermilik, Nuuk, Peary
                                            73°08’N, 80°00’W - 82°30’N, 62°20’W   Bylot Island (Alert, Canada)
Land ++ (Greenland)

GEO summit station, Greenland               63°24’N, 20°17’W                      Storhofdi, Iceland
Nares Strait, Baffin Bay, Davis Strait,                 Drake Passage, Scotia Sea, Antarctic
                                          050°W, 58°S
Labrador Sea                                            Peninsula, W Weddell Sea

                                                        Antarctica locations TBD based on funding
Turku, Finland
                                                        and future collaborations

Circumpolar Ocean

Eastern Antarctic region                                Ross Sea
Greenland, Spitsbergen (coastal region)

Auckland Island                           Macquarie Islands

Pan-Arctic Ocean network of autonomous
                                          Arctic Ocean north of Greenland
Israel (Jerusalem)                                            Japan (Osaka)

Andenes, Barrow, Longyearbyen                                 Summit Camp, Tromso

Igloolik, Canada                         74.43º N, 94.58º W   Resolute Bay, Canada

Kuparuk River LTHO                       65 ºN 38 ºW          Sermilik (Greenland)

Dyer Plateau (potential ice core site)   68.0S, 67W           Western Peninsula glaciers: Fleming, Clarke,
                                                                  South Shetland Islands (Argentina and
Rothera Station (UK)   61° 00' to 63° 37'S, 53° 83' to 62° 83'W

Arctic Ocean

                       170 E. to 105 E.                           Voyage 2 December 2008-January 2009
Various locations on the Greenland ice
                                              Various locations on the Antarctic ice sheet

Airborne mapping of the Greenland Ice
                                              Studies of Jakobshavn Isbrae, W. Greenland

iv) Ellesmere Island: 06/05 – 07/08: Polar
                                              v) Greenland: 07/08: Greenland Flow
Environment Atmospheric Research
                                              Distortion Experiment (GFDex)
Laboratory (PEARL)

Also selected: Central Alaskan Yup’ik area,
                                              Siberia: Chukotka
Aleutian Islands, Inupiaq area

Northern Ellesmere Island, North West
Territories, Canada
Shelf and Coastal Lowland Region of NE                      McDougall Sound, Resolute Bay, Nunavut,
                                         75°N, 95°W
Siberia                                                     Canada

                                                            192 South Shetland Islands Drake Passage,
818 Weddell Sea                          57-80°W, 50-65°S
                                                            Southwestern Atlantic

Alaska (selected field sites)                               Sweden (selected field sites)

Alaska (Sourthern/Northern Beaufort,                        Russia (Chukchi, Kara Sea, Leptev Sea,
Barrow)                                                     Wrangel Island, a.o.)
                                   LTER sites at Daring Lake, Canada and
High Canadian Arctic
                                   Bonanza Creek in Alaska

2 sites on Svalbard (Ny Alesund,
Northern Scandinavia                                                           North-western Russia

                                                                               WASA-Kohnen Station-Dome Fuji-Mizuho-
Kohnen Station - Dome Fuji- Dome A         73S 13W, 75S 0E, 77S 39E, 69S 39E

Macquarie Is.                              54 26 S 3 24 E                      Bouvetøya

Gulf of St. Lawrence/Hudson Bay                                                Canadian Archipelago/Canadian Basin

Fennoscandia: Laplan (Finland), Finnmark
                                                                               Greenland (Uumannaq, Disko Bay)
(Norway), Norrbotten (Sweden)
Broughton Island, Nunavut                                                    Qaanaaq, Greenland

Toksook Bay, USA 60º53’N, 165º10’W   Upernavik, Greenland 72°47'N, 56°10'W   Wainwright, USA 70º64’N, 160º04’W
Siberia                                                                              Lapland

                                                                                     Alert (Canada/USA); ALOMAR (Norway);
South Pole (USA); Syowa (Japan); Troll   82° 28'N, 62° 30'W, 210 m asl.; 69° 17'N,
                                                                                     Eureka (Canada/USA); PEARL (Canada);
(Norway); Zhongshan (China)              16° 00'E, 380 m asl; 80°00'N, 85°49'E,
                                                                                     Resolute Bay (Canada)
Yukon Territory                                                                Labrador

Offshore: Southern Ocean: Weddell Sea,
Bellingshausen Sea, Marion Island; Arctic                                      Northern Fennoscandia, Russian Arctic,
Ocean: Gakkel Ridge, Canadian Arctic Sea,                                      Arctic Siberia
Fram Strait

Toolik Lake, Alaska, USA                    68° 21&#8242; N, 18° 29&#8242; E   Latnjajaure, Sweden
Tiksi, Russia   78.96 N 11.90 E                           Ny-Alesund (Svalbard), Norway


Alaska          (sites to be selected by working group)   Finland

Iceland                                                   Norway
Northern Russia                                  Alaska, Northern Canada

Additional sites will be visited in Greenland,
Svalbard, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Finland
and Russia

Sondrestrom Upper Atmospheric Research
                                                 Kangerlussuaq, Greenland

New Northwest territories                        Nunavik
Bering Sea and Aleutian Islands

Edmonson Point, Ross Sea          77º13 S, 166º28 E   Cape Bird

Svalbard, Norway & Barents Sea                        Greenland (Central east & northwest)

WAIS Divide Drill Site

Tuktoyaktuk, NWT, Canada          64o12/N 57o42/W     Nuuk, Greenland
Northern Scandinavia, Norway, Finland   Iceland

Russian arctic and boreal forest

Yana River valley (Yakutia)             The Tytyl and Elgygtgyn lakes, Chukotka

Iqaluit, Nunavut                        Clyde River, Nunavut
Tomskaya Province, RF                                          Krasnoyarskiy Region, RF

4. Resolute             70.09 N -92.21 W to 69.61 N -92.21 W   5. Igloolik

                                                               Alaska (USA) - Nome area lakes;
Finland – Inarijarvi
                                                               Saganavirktok R. (north slope)
Arctic Norway (Finnmark)

4. Lambert Glacier Basin
Beaufort Sea                                                   Holman (marine and freshwater)

Alert, Nunavut, Canada (Reference site)   70° 5’N, 170° 56’E   Valkarkai, Russia

Victoria Valley                                                Garwood Valley

Chukchi Sea                                                    Central deep-sea basins
Krasnoyarsk region                                     Kamchatka region

Qimmurut (Lake Harbour) tbc

Jakobshavn Isbrae (West Greenland)   68º 40’ N, 33ºW   Helheim Glacier (East Greenland)

East Antarctica, Wilkes Land            64-68 °S, 66-79°W   East Antarctica, Prydz Bay

Transects in Western Europe (SCANNET)                       Transects in the (Sub-) Antarctic
Alaska, USA                                                      Siberia, Russia

Chukotka: Data area based on fieldwork in
Anadyrskij, Anadyr, Shmidtovs,
Beringovskij, Chukotskij, Iujl’tinskij,
Bilibinskij, Chaunskij,

Mayo                                        67.34.13/139.48.55   Old Crow

Wrangel Island (Russia)                                          Kolyma River area (Russia)
Sahka                    Chukotka

United States (Alaska)   Canada
Alaska coast, Beaufort Sea,Chukchi Sea,                                         Western Russia arctic coast White sea,
Bering Sea Cook Inlet                                                           Barents Sea, Kara sea,

RUSSIA/SCANDINAVIA/EASTERN EUROPE – Kanty-Mansiyk (60oN 70oE) Taymir (70oN
                                                                              RUSSIA – P Sulyandiziga/ M Todishev
Dr. P Angelstam                     1100oE) Altai (50oN 90oE)Yakutia (60oN 13
United States, Alaska, Glacier Bay National                                     United States, Alaska, Denali Highway
                                              62? to 64?N, 145? to 149?W
Park                                                                            Region

Magadan, Russia                               Latitude 61.25, longitude 73.41   Surgut, Russia

Eastern Canadian sub-arctic
Kuujjuarapik    74.70 deg N; 94.90 deg W   Resolute

Yukon, Canada                              Arctic Russia
Quebec, Canada   Alaska, United States of America

Greenland        Faroe Islands
            coordinates6                  location6                               coordinates7


                           Scientific stations on Franz Jozef Land

66 N 16 E                  Vindelfjällen (Sweden)                     79 N 12 E

71ºS                       Eastern Antarctica near Novolazarevskaya
                        6. SVALBARD (by Norwegian Polar
78deg 51'N 17deg 25'E
                        Institute): to be arranged

                        Other stations and remote sensors

South of ~72°S          Southern Weddell Sea

                        Kara Sea

                                           Barrow, Alaska (USA); various ships

67°34'S, 68°08'W                           Rothera / Adelaide Island               77°50'S, 166°40'E

                                           #XYZ? Arctic (US GEOTRACES): Kelly
Shelf-Basin Exchange section in Chukchi-
                                           Falkner: coordination with a range of   50-90 W, 75-85 N
Beaufort sector; Sections by Polarstern
                                           planned programs
64-68°N, 24-32°W   SE Greenland margin                         64-67°N and –11 to –18°W

                   West Greenland

                   Ice camps, north of Barrow, East Siberian
                   Sea, near FranzJosef land.

                   Scandinavia: Project #207 (Northern
Rankin Inlet

Southern Hemisphere - all of Antarctic,
Subantarctic, and islands, Andes (South
American countries), and African highland
and mountains
                   Bellingshausen Sea

71°52’S, 68°15’W   Mars Oasis, Alexander Island              67°34’S, 68°08’W

71°S, 12°E         Novolazarevskaya                          79°N, 12°E

60-67S 45-68W      Several Places along the Ant. Peninsula

                   South Pole, Halley, SANAE, Syowa,
                   Mawson, Davis, Casey
78° 55' N, 11° 56' E   Kongsfjorden / Ny-Ålesund Svalbard   0W, 50-70S

71°N, 157°W            Barrow (Alaska, USA)                 80°37’N, 58°03’E

82°30' N, 62°18' E     Alert, Canada                        67°58'N, 24°07'E
165°E, 70°S   Tasmanian Gateway, NW Ross Sea   075°E, 65°S

              Bellingshausen Sea
Balleny Islands

Fram Strait
                    Mexico (Mexico City)

                    Dome C, Kohnen, Palmer, Scott Base

73°22‘N, 124° 5‘E   Sagastyr/Lena River Delta, Russia    78.91º N, 11.93º E

74 ºN 20 ºW         Zackenberg (Greenland)               Distributed in the Arctic

62.0S, 58W          King George Island                   63.8S, 57.5W
                   Melchior Archipelago (Melchior Argentinian
64?20’S, 62?59’W                                              between 60-62° W and 65-66° S
                   Research Station)

                   Hobart-Macquarie Island to The Ross
Weatherstation sites, sites on the coast,

vi) CONCORDIA (Antarctic)

Same areas in Norway and Finland:
locations still to be selected
                               Beaver Pond, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut,
78º 33’N; 82º20’W and region                                             78°33'N, 82°20'W

                               Finland (selected field sites)
Swiss Alps and Tatra mountains in Slovakia
                  North-eastern Russia

                  Taylor Dome – South Pole – Dome A   72S, 2 32E, 90S 0E

58 30 S 35 30 E   South Georgia (& Signy Is.)         61 20 S 55 30 W

                  Chucki/Beaufort Seas

                                       Disco Bay, Greenland

Tasiilaq, Greenland 65°36'N, 37°38'W   Clyde River, Canada 70°28’N, 68°36’W   Inchoun, Russia 66º15’N, 170º10’W

                                             Barrow (USA); Jokioinen (Finland);
71° 19'N, 156° 36'W, 8 m asl.; 60° 49'N, 23°
                                             Sodankyla (Finland); Hornsund – Polar Bear 78° 54'N, 11° 53'E, 2 m asl.
30'E, 124 m asl; 67° 22'N, 26° 38'E
                                             Bay (Svalbard) - (Poland)
                 Canadian Arctic, Alaska

65&#730;16' N,   Auðkúluheiði, Iceland     64° 52' N, 111° 35' W
67.96 N 24.12 E                           Pallas, Finland   72.60 N, 28.40 W

(sites to be selected by working group)   Greenland         (sites to be selected by working group)

                     The peripheral regions of China, i.e. Tibet,
                     Inner and Outer Mongolia, and the
                     Northern Provinces of China

                     Base Antártica Marambio, Argentina with
64° 15'S, 56° 39'W   instruments run in cooperation with Finland 54°49'S-68°19'W
                     and Spain

77º31 S, 169º23 E   Cape Crozier                    46º25 S, 51º45 E

                    Chukchi Sea, Kara Sea, Russia

66o42/N 65o55/W     Pangnirtung, Nunavut, Canada    72o42/N 77o59/W

Pribilof Island, Alaska

Arctic Bay, Nunavut
                                       Khanty-Mansiyskiy Autonomous Region, RF

61.87 N -65.30 W to 62.41 N -64.86 W   6. Upper Hudson Strait                    60.00 N -64.81 W to 61.38 N -64.72 W

                                       Greenland (Denmark) – Zackenberg
                                                          45.74 °N, 126.64 °E; 40.99 °N, 122.05 °E;
53.05 °N, 158.64 °E   Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Russia
                                                          31.24 °N, 121.47 °E

                      Amery Oasis

                      East Siberian Sea
                       Chukotka region

66º 40’ N, 38º 15’ W   Kangerdlugssuaq Glacier (East Greenland)
Transects in alpine regions
North American Arctic Transect (see GOA)
                                          Eastern Russia coast Laptev sea, East
                                          Siberian Sea, Chukchi Sea, Bering Sea and
                                          Sea of Okhotsk

31 study sites extending from 554330 to
                                          SWEDEN – Prof. R. Johnson                   70 study sites Southern Finland
681834 Latitude 111650 to 202363 Longit
Latitude 64.11, longitude -51.45   Nuuk, Greenland   Latitude 70.28, longitude -21.58
60.73 deg N; 135.10 deg W   Whitehorse   62.48 deg N; 114.47 deg W


               location7                    coordinates8                         location8

Mining sites in Alaska (USA)

Ny-Alesund (Svalbard, Norway)   68 N 52 E, 74 N 81 E, 73 N 129 E   Pechora River, Taimyr, Lena River (Russia)
Bering Sea   Chukchi Sea and the Arctic Ocean
Kuujjuarapik, Quebec; Ellesmere Is., Alert                              Kola Peninsula, Kotelny Island, Tiksi,
(Canada)                                                                Wrangel Is., Lena River (Russia)

Mc Murdo, Ross Island

#976 Arctic C-SOLAS (Lisa Miller): Northern                             #271 Southern Ocean (US GEOTRACES):
                                            ~46S, ~172E to ~75S, 160W
Baffin Bay                                                              New-Zealand to Ross Sea
SW to N Iceland

Northern Canada                 Alaska

                                Supporting existing land bases; Ny-Ålesund,
Arctic wide aircraft coverage
                                Barrow, Alert

Iceland: Project #207
                                Up to 20 communities in Canada - more
Iqaluktuutiak (Cambridge Bay)
                                with international partners
Amundsen Sea

Rothera Point, Adelaide Island      77-78°S,160-164°E   McMurdo Dry Valleys, LTER sites

Barentzburg                                             Other sites encouraged

Several Sub-Antarctic Islands       77S 163E            Dry Valleys

Vostok, Mirny, Dome C, Argentina,                       McMurdo, Scott Base, Terra Nova Bay,
Adelaide, and King George islands                       Macquarie Island
Antarctic Convergence – Ice edge Transect   76°42’N, 169°04’E -74°00’N, 175°04’E   The Ross Sea

                                                                                   Malue Karmakulu, Dikson, Wrangel + +
Heiss Island (Russia)                       72°22’N, 52°42’E - 70°N, 180°E

Pallas and Sodankylæ research facilities,
                                            70°39´S, 08°15´W                       Neumayer, Antarctic station
S Indian Ocean, Kerguelen Plateau-Antarctic
                                            140°W, 56°S   S Pacific, Udintsev/Eltanin FZs

Amundsen Sea
East Siberian Sea   Central Arctic Basin
Netherlands (Amsterdam)                                                       Portugal (Lisbon)

Troll, Ushuaia, Vostok, Wasa/Aboa                                             Patagonian region

                                    approx. 63°S to 75°S, 57°W to 65°W, and   Antarctic Peninsula and Dronning Maud
Ny Ålesund, Svalbard
                                    approx. 20°W to 40°E                      Land (Maudheim, Norway, Tor et al)

Number of hydrological stations

Trinity Peninsula and Vega Island   65.1S, 64W                                Argentina Islands
                                                       Emperor colony in Terre Adélie, Dumont
Larsen Iceshelf                      66 40S, 140 01E
                                                       D’Urville Research Station

East to 105 E returning Hobart via
Macquarie Island
Studies of floating glaciers, NE Greenland   Traverse on the Greenland Ice Sheet
Strathcona Fiord, Ellesmere Island,                South-Western Plain of Bylot Island, Sirmilik
                                      72°N, 80°W
Nunavut, Arctic Canada                             National Park

Greenland (selected field sites)                   Iceland (selected field sites)
                                        . Pacific sector of the Arctic coastal zone:
Mountains of Central Asia and western
                                        the Laptev, East-Siberian, Chukchi, and
                                        Bering Seas
Southern New Zealand + Central Tasmania
                                                                             Southern Argentina (cf. 3.11)
(cf. 3.11)

Troll - Plateau Station - Pole of
Inaccessability - South Pole - Troll

Elephant Island                           58 90 N 68 27 E & 71 00 N 8 17 W   Hudson Bay & Ice (Front/Gulf & West)

Bering Sea                                                                   Sea of Okhotsk/Oyashio
                                                                                 Uummannaaq, Greenland
Hunde Ejland, Greenland
                                                                                 Saaqaaq, Greenland

Grise Fjord, Canada 76°25’N, 83°10’W   Novo-Chaplino, Russia 64º40’N, 173º01’W   Igloolik, Canada 70°35’N, 84°54’W

                                                                                             Zeppelin – Ny-Alesund (Svalbard) -
Dirigibile Italia (Italy); Koldewey (Germany);                                               (Norway/Sweden); Longyearbyen
                                               78° 58'N, 11° 54'E, 474 m asl.; 78° 13'N, 15°
Rabben (Japan); Yellow River (China); all at                                                 (Norway/USA); Summit (Central
                                               38'E, 30 m asl.; 72° 20'N, 38° 45'
Ny-Alesund (Svalbard)                                                                        Greenland), (UK/USA); Tiksi (North Central
                                                                                             Siberia), (Russia/USA)
Greenland, Jan Mayen, Svalbard

Daring Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada 60&#730;37' N,   Finse, Norway
                                 Networks across Arctic and Sub-Arctic
Summit, Greenland   Pan-Arctic


                                                          Mobile DIAL LIDAR System, currently based
Base Antártica Belgrano II, Argentina, with
                                              51º 55’ S   in Rio Gallegos, Argentina, in cooperation
instruments run in cooperation with Spain
                                                          with France/Japan

Crozet archipelago, Indian Ocean   38º00 S, 54º00 W   Bird Island, South Georgia

Pond Inlet, Nunavut, Canada        69o29/N 93o30/W    Taloyoak, Nunavut, Canada
Spitzbergen                    Carpathians (high elevations), Poland

Delta River Junction, Alaska   Coastal North Greenland

Grise Fiord, Nunavut           Kimmirut, Nunavut
Yamalo-Nenetskiy Autonomous Region, RF

7. Lower Hudson Strait                      57.16 N -61.62 W to 58.15 N -60.09 W   8. Labrador coast

Norway – Takvatn (mainland); Bear Island;
                                                                                   Iceland - Myvatn, Thingvallavatn
Dieset R.(Svalbard)
                                            Too many sites to list, see additional
China (3 sites: Harbin, Dalian, Shanghai)
                                            comment #2 for others.

Norwegian-Greenland Sea                     Barents Sea
Lapland province, Finland        Swedish Saamiland

Other rapidly changing outlets
Transects in NE China (high latitude)   Transects in NW China (high alpine)
Along proposed Alaska gas pipeline (see
Sweden   Finland
                                                                CANADA - Upper Mackenzie River Basin,
                         61o-65oN 116o-128oW and 64o-67oN 133o- Peel River Watershed Land Use Planning
FINLAND – Dr. M Hilden
                         138oW                                  Region, Northwest Territories (Aquatic
Ittoqqoortormiit, Greenland   Latitude 61.10, longitude -94.06   Arviat, Canada
Fennoscandia: Arctic regions of Norway,
Sweden, Finland
       arctic_timeframe1          arctic_timeframe2          arctic_timeframe3

07/06 – 08/06              07/07 – 08/07              07/08 – 08/08

07/06 - 08/06              07/07 - 08/07              07/08 - 08/08

05/07-08/07                05/08-12/08                01/09-08/09

06/06 - 06/09

2006 - 2010

04/07 – 11/07              04/08 – 11/08
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05/07- 07/07


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04/07-09/07     04/08-09/08     04/09-09/09

08/07 – 07/08   01/07 – 12/08   01/07 – future

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2007 – 2009

March 2007 – March 2009

March 2007 – March 2008

06/07 – 09/08
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12/07 - 02/08

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Mars Landing: May 25, 08   Mission Complete: 09/08
08/06 - 08/06   08/07 - 08/07   08/08 - 08/08

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     antarctic_timeframe1        antarctic_timeframe2   antarctic_timeframe3

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10/07 - 03/08   10/08 - 03/09
02/06 - 04/06   02/08 - 04/08   02/10 - 04/10

11/05 - 01/06   01/06 - 04/06   05/06 - 11/06

12/07 - 01/08   12/08 - 01/09
11/07 - 03/08   11/08 - 03/09

2007 - 2009

11/07 – 02/09
02/07 - 04/07   09/07 - 03/08   10/08 - 04/09

06/07 - 11/08   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY

03/07 - 03/09   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY



03/07 - 12/07   01/08 - 12/08   01/09 - 03/09




08/06 - 03/09   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY

01/08 - 03/08   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY

11/07 - 02/08   11/08 - 02/09   11/09 - 02/10

MM/YY - MM/YY   12/06 - 03/07   12/07 - 03/08

09/07 - 03/08   09/08 - 03/09   09/09 - 03/10

10/07 - 02/08   09/08 - 02/09   MM/YY - MM/YY










11/05 - 02/05   11/07 - 02/08   MM/YY - MM/YY

03/07 - 02/09   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY

01/07 - 03/07   01/08 - 03/08   MM/YY - MM/YY


10/06 - 04/07   10/07 - 04/08   MM/YY - MM/YY


07/08 - 02/09   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY


10/06 - 03/07   10/07 - 03/08   10/08 - 03/09




12/07 - 01/08   11/08 - 02/09   11/09 - 02/10







12/07 - 02/08   12/08 - 02/09   MM/YY - MM/YY

MM/07 - MM/YY   MM/08 - MM/YY   MM/09 - MM/YY


11/06 - 01/07   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY



10/07 - 03/08   10/08 - 03/09   10/09 - 03/10

10/06 - 10/07   10/07 - 02/08   MM/YY - MM/YY


11/07 - 02/08   11/08 - 02/09   MM/YY - MM/YY



03/07 - 02/09   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY










06/07 - 11/07   06/08 - 11/08   MM/YY - MM/YY



11/07 - 03/08   10/08 - 03/09   09/09 - 03/10






10/07 - 02/08   10/08 - 02/09   MM/YY - MM/YY






09/07 - 04/10   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY


12/07 - 12/07   12/08 - 12/08   12/09 - 12/09



12/06 - 02/07   12/08 - 03/09   MM/YY - MM/YY


11/06 - 02/07   11/07 - 02/08   MM/YY - MM/YY

03/10 - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY


03/07 - 03/09   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY










10/06 - 11/06   10/07 - 11/07   MM/YY - MM/YY

MM/YY - MM/YY                    MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY

MM/YY - MM/YY                    MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY

01/07 - 02/07                    12/07 - 02/08   12/08 - 02/09

MM/YY - MM/YY                    MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY

MM/YY - MM/YY                    MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY

MM/YY - MM/YY                    MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY

Earth Antarctic: 12/07 - 01/08   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY






09/06 - 12/10   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY




11/07 - 02/08   MM/YY - MM/YY   MM/YY - MM/YY

11/06 – 04/09
10/06-2/07   10/07-2/08   10/08-2/09
         logistic_support1               logistic_support2            logistic_support3

Fixed wing transport aircraft                                Helicopters

Ice strengthened research ship   Helicopters                 Ship recovery of buoys etc

Helicopters                      Observatories               Fixed wing transport aircraft

Icebreaker                       Remotely Operated Vehicle   Ice strengthened research ship

Existing field stations
Fixed wing transport aircraft                                     Snow terrain vehicles

Existing field stations                                           Icebreaker

Fixed wing transport aircraft                                     Helicopters

Icebreaker                                                        Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

Icebreaker                      Fixed wing geophysical aircraft   Ice strengthened research ship

Icebreaker                      Fixed wing transport aircraft     Ice strengthened research ship
Icebreaker                        Submarines      Ice strengthened research ship

Fixed wing geophysical aircraft   Observatories   Existing field stations

Fixed wing transport aircraft                     Fixed wing geophysical aircraft

Existing field stations                           New field station

Icebreaker                        Icebreaker      Ice strengthened research ship
Ice strengthened research ship                                    Existing field stations

Snow terrain vehicles            Helicopters                      Radars

Icebreaker                       Multi-instrumented platforms     Fixed wing geophysical aircraft

Icebreaker                       Ice drilling capability          Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

Icebreaker                       Ice strengthened research ship   Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

New field station                                                 Helicopters

Ice drilling capability          Fuel depots                      Multi-instrumented platforms
Snow terrain vehicles                                    Helicopters

Multi-instrumented platforms   Existing field stations   Helicopters

Ship recovery of buoys etc
Icebreaker                                                 Ice strengthened research ship

Icebreaker                       Existing field stations   Snow terrain vehicles

Ice strengthened research ship   Ice drilling capability   Helicopters

Existing field stations                                    Snow terrain vehicles

Existing field stations          Observatories             Multi-instrumented platforms
Icebreaker                                                        Multi-instrumented platforms

Ice strengthened research ship   Ship-based drilling capability   Rock-drilling capability

Ice strengthened research ship

Icebreaker                                                        Ice strengthened research ship

Observatories                    Existing field stations          Ice strengthened research ship

Ice strengthened research ship   New field station                Multi-instrumented platforms
Icebreaker                Ship-based drilling capability   Ice strengthened research ship

Existing field stations                                    Ship-based drilling capability

Helicopters               Ice strengthened research ship   Fixed wing transport aircraft
Fixed wing geophysical aircraft   Existing field stations           Helicopters

Fixed wing geophysical aircraft                                     Fixed wing transport aircraft

Existing field stations           New field station                 Snow terrain vehicles

Icebreaker                        Radars                            Multi-instrumented platforms

Icebreaker                                                          Ice strengthened research ship

Icebreaker                        Fixed wing geophysical aircraft   Multi-instrumented platforms
Multi-instrumented platforms                              Fixed wing geophysical aircraft

Existing field stations         Snow terrain vehicles     Fixed wing geophysical aircraft

Existing field stations                                   Helicopters

Multi-instrumented platforms    New field station         Helicopters

Fixed wing transport aircraft   Existing field stations   Ice strengthened research ship
Ice strengthened research ship   Fixed wing transport aircraft   Helicopters

Icebreaker                       Fixed wing transport aircraft   Helicopters

Rock-drilling capability

Ice strengthened research ship                                   Observatories

Icebreaker                       Existing field stations         Ship recovery of buoys etc
Fixed wing transport aircraft    Ice drilling capability             New field station

Fixed wing transport aircraft    Ice drilling capability             Fixed wing geophysical aircraft

Ice strengthened research ship   Existing field stations Greenland

Multi-instrumented platforms     Ice strengthened research ship      Helicopters

Research Vessels                 Laboratory facilities


Fixed wing transport aircraft    Inland traverse support             Existing stations (Dome C, Summit)
Icebreaker                Helicopters               Ice strengthened research ship

Icebreaker                Existing field stations   Ice strengthened research ship

Icebreaker                                          Ship recovery of buoys etc

Existing field stations   Helicopters               Multi-instrumented platforms

Helicopters                                         Snow terrain vehicles
Icebreaker                       Helicopters                  Ice strengthened research ship

Ice strengthened research ship   Existing field stations      Multi-instrumented platforms

Helicopters                      Existing field stations      Fixed wing transport aircraft

Existing field stations          Snow terrain vehicles        New field station

Autonomous Underwater Vehicle    Ship recovery of buoys etc   Icebreaker

Existing field stations                                       Multi-instrumented platforms
Ice strengthened research ship                             Existing field stations

Existing field stations                                    Snow terrain vehicles

Helicopters                      Existing field stations   Fixed wing geophysical aircraft

Ice strengthened research ship                             Helicopters

Ice strengthened research ship   Existing field stations   Icebreaker

Existing field stations                                    Snow terrain vehicles
Existing field stations
Ice strengthened research ship   Existing field stations

Helicopters                      Existing field stations

Icebreaker                       Helicopters

Helicopters                      Existing field stations
Fixed wing geophysical aircraft                                   New field station

Observatories                     Fixed wing transport aircraft   Existing field stations

Existing field stations

Helicopters                       Fixed wing transport aircraft   Multi-instrumented platforms
Existing field stations

Fixed wing transport aircraft   Observatories   Snow terrain vehicles

Existing field stations         Icebreaker      New field station

Existing field stations         Observatories   New field station

Existing field stations                         Fixed wing transport aircraft
Existing field stations   New field station

Existing field stations   Helicopters

Existing field stations   Helicopters

Existing field stations

Existing field stations

Existing field stations   Helicopters
Snow terrain vehicles            Rock-drilling capability        Existing field stations

Helicopters                                                      Fixed wing transport aircraft

Ice strengthened research ship   Fixed wing transport aircraft   Ship recovery of buoys etc

Existing field stations   Rock-drilling capability   Helicopters


Existing field stations

Helicopters                                          Fuel depots

New field station         Helicopters                Ice drilling capability
Ice strengthened research ship   Ship recovery of buoys etc      Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

Existing field stations          Fixed wing transport aircraft   New field station
Icebreaker                                                 Ice strengthened research ship

Snow terrain vehicles                                      Helicopters

Icebreaker                       Existing field stations   Fixed wing transport aircraft

Ice strengthened research ship

Icebreaker                                                 Helicopters
Ice strengthened research ship                                    Existing field stations

Existing field stations                 Observatories             New field station

Helicopters                             Snow terrain vehicles     Existing field stations

Ice strengthened research ship - Amundsen                         Zodiac + Qaquqtinniq ship (based in Gjoa
                                          Land-based Camp
Icebreaker                                                        Haven)

Icebreaker                              Existing field stations   Ice strengthened research ship

Observatories                                                     Existing field stations
Icebreaker                        Helicopters   Fixed wing transport aircraft

Fixed wing geophysical aircraft   Radars        Fixed wing transport aircraft

Ice strengthened research ship                  Icebreaker

Existing field stations                         Snow terrain vehicles
Ice strengthened research ship   Helicopters

Ice strengthened research ship   Fixed wing transport aircraft

Helicopters                      Fixed wing transport aircraft

Ice strengthened research ship   Ship recovery of buoys etc
Existing field stations   Icebreaker

Existing field stations   Helicopters
Snow terrain vehicles   Fixed wing transport aircraft
Existing field stations         Snow terrain vehicles   Fixed wing transport aircraft

Fixed wing transport aircraft                           Existing field stations

Helicopters                                             Fixed wing transport aircraft

Rockets                                                 Spacecraft
Helicopters                   Fuel depots

Location for Gateway centre
Helicopters                                 Satellites

Ice drilling capability                     Existing field stations      Fixed wing transport aircraft

140 ft schooner with scientific equipment
                                            Ny Alesund Science Station   Mini Helicopter for filming & survey
on board
        logistic_support4               logistic_support5              logistic_support6

Snow terrain vehicles          Autonomous Underwater Vehicle   Fuel depots

                               Existing field stations

Multi-instrumented platforms   Ship recovery of buoys etc      New field station
                          Existing field stations

                          Remotely Operated Vehicle

                          Ship-based drilling capability

Existing field stations   Ship recovery of buoys etc       Observatories
Helicopters                      Ship-based drilling capability   Radars

                                 Multi-instrumented platforms


                                 Multi-instrumented platforms

Ice strengthened research ship   Submarines
Existing field stations         Fixed wing transport aircraft

Autonomous Underwater Vehicle   Fixed wing transport aircraft   Snow terrain vehicles

Remotely Operated Vehicle       Snow terrain vehicles           Multi-instrumented platforms

Multi-instrumented platforms    Helicopters                     Fixed wing transport aircraft

                                Snow terrain vehicles

Snow terrain vehicles           Observatories                   Existing field stations
New field station   Fixed wing transport aircraft   Observatories
                                Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

Fixed wing transport aircraft   Observatories                   Fuel depots

                                Existing field stations

New field station               Rockets
                                  Remotely Operated Vehicle

Fixed wing geophysical aircraft   Fixed wing transport aircraft   Snow terrain vehicles

                                  Existing field stations

Snow terrain vehicles             Multi-instrumented platforms

Observatories                     Fixed wing transport aircraft   Multi-instrumented platforms
Existing field stations   Ship recovery of buoys etc   Observatories

Ice drilling capability   Snow terrain vehicles
New field station               Snow terrain vehicles

                                Snow terrain vehicles

Helicopters                     Rock-drilling capability        Observatories

Autonomous Underwater Vehicle   Helicopters                     Existing field stations

                                Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

Remotely Operated Vehicle       Helicopters                     Existing field stations
                                  Existing field stations

Icebreaker                        Fixed wing transport aircraft   Helicopters

                                  Snow terrain vehicles

                                  Snow terrain vehicles

Fixed wing geophysical aircraft   Autonomous Underwater Vehicle   Radars
                Fixed wing geophysical aircraft

                Remotely Operated Vehicle

                Fixed wing geophysical aircraft

Observatories   Multi-instrumented platforms      Ice drilling capability
Snow terrain vehicles                  Fuel depots                                 Existing field stations

Snow terrain vehicles                  Radars                                      Multi-instrumented platforms

Existing field stations                Fixed wing geophysical aircraft             New field station

New field station (Dome A, Ellesmere   Automated observatories (AASTINOs, multi-
Island)                                instrumented platforms)
Fixed wing transport aircraft   Ship-based drilling capability   Existing field stations

Ice drilling capability         Remotely Operated Vehicle

                                Multi-instrumented platforms

Icebreaker                      New field station                Fuel depots

                                Existing field stations
Existing field stations   Autonomous Underwater Vehicle   Snow terrain vehicles

New field station         Helicopters                     Fuel depots

New field station         Snow terrain vehicles

Helicopters               Existing field stations         Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

Observatories   Radars                      Fuel depots

                Existing field stations

Observatories   Remotely Operated Vehicle   Ice drilling capability


New field station

Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
                        Multi-instrumented platforms

Helicopters             Snow terrain vehicles          Fixed wing geophysical aircraft

Snow terrain vehicles   Existing field stations
Fuel depots                    Existing field stations         Ice drilling capability

Helicopters                    Observatories                   Radars

Multi-instrumented platforms   Fixed wing transport aircraft   Fuel depots
Snow terrain vehicles

Snow terrain vehicles
              New field station

              Snow terrain vehicles

Helicopters   Fuel depots             Snow terrain vehicles
                        Fixed wing transport aircraft

                        Rock-drilling capability

Snow terrain vehicles   Remotely Operated Vehicle
Remotely Operated Vehicle   Multi-instrumented platforms   Fixed wing transport aircraft

Fuel depots                 Observatories

                               Existing field stations

Multi-instrumented platforms   Helicopters               New field station
Ice drilling capability        Rock-drilling capability    Multi-instrumented platforms

Radars                         Snow terrain vehicles

Multi-instrumented platforms   Remotely Operated Vehicle
Fuel depots   Snow terrain vehicles   Observatories

Snow terrain vehicles

Snow terrain vehicles

Existing field stations

Fixed wing transport aircraft

Fixed wing geophysical aircraft
Remotely Operated Vehicle

New field station

Existing field stations

Use of existing polar facilities
Existing field stations
Satellites for communication
        logistic_support7                logistic_support8       logistic_support_details

                                                             The participating institutions will otherwise
                                                             handle the relevant logistic support.

                                                             Sharing of research cruises is likely with
Multi-instrumented platforms    Ice drilling capability      GEOTRACES, CASO and marine biological
                                                             IPY work.

                                                             Logistic support.facukutues required for
                                                             this project:Transport to and from sites in
                                                             the Arctic; Camping and local transport
                                                             equipment and supplies; Total station for
                                                             geodetic work (mapping); GPS
                                                             equipment/generator and
                                                             laptops.Transport to and from sites in
                                                             Antarctica; For the survey of the coast,
                                                             searching (e.g. additional people and living
                                                             Upgrades for sealing sites a small ship is
                                                             accommodations, field gear) to some
                                                             existing field stations will be required due
                                                             to increased activity generated by this
New field station
                                                             project. New field stations may need to be
                                                             added. Aircraft support to reach some field
                                                             sites will be essential. Some specialized
                                                             data acquisition systems will be required
                                                             The automated climatic stations, radio-
                                                             (e.g.primary support required is access to
                                                             polar sea level stations by land, air or ship
                                                             as appropriate, and the availability of local
                                                             contacts for regular maintenance of
                                                             equipment. In practice, tide gauge
                                                             measurement sites will be limited to
                                                             relatively open-ocean locations which have
                                                             good infrastructure (e.g. telephone links).
                                                             This implies either population centres or

                                                             Other: Satellites, acoustic tomography,
                                                             profiling floats and sea-gliders, ice-tethered
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle   Radars                       platforms, ice-surface met and sensor
                                                             systems, helicopters and fixed wing ice-
                                                             observation sensors

                                                             Logistic equipement provided by IPEV and
                                                             AWIPEV or by ourself like : skiddo,
                                                             rubberboat, skis, high technical and
                                                             scientifical equipment

                                                             Further details –
                                                             - for the Loven East investigations
                                                             - use of logistic equipment existing in Ny
                                                             Aalesund with the French-german AWIPEV
                                                                  Logistic support/facilities for this study’s
                                                                  field activities can share with other
                                                                  activities, mainly will share with ID#653 and
                                                                  #654 (Canada #149 and 150). Those
Ice drilling capability
                                                                  supports are integrated/shared with the
                                                                  National Mass Balance program activities
                                                                  and fulfilled by NRCan’s PCSP. However, ice
                                                                  core drilling (if needed) will be carried out
                                                                  separately with GSC’s ice core drill and

                                                                  Existing stations: Summit, South Pole,
                                                                  Concordia, Halley, others.Icebreaker:
                                                                  Swedish Icebreaker

                                                                  Further details – Logistical support
                                                                  requirements for Vital Signs monitoring will
                                                                  primarily be for transportation of scientific
                                                                  staff and equipment to field sites in remote
                                                                  locations, including by small planes (both
                                                                  float and wheeled) , helicopter, and boat.
                                                                  Commercial air transport will be required
                                                                  for travel between US and Chukotka.Most
                                                                  field groups will be self-supported for field

Ship recovery of buoys etc

Ship recovery of buoys etc

                                                                  the cluster members have access to
                                                                  significant expertise working in the pan-
Autonomous Underwater Vehicle   Fixed wing geophysical aircraft   arctic region and we have access to
                                                                  significant logistical resources required for
                                                                  this type of work.

                                                                  No fieldwork required.
                                                          Several research platforms will be provided:
                                                          1) ice-going vessels (Polarstern, ODEN,
                                                          Lance, Jan Mayen), 2) open ocean vessels
                                                          (G. O. Sars, Håkon Mosby, Oceania). 3)
Ship recovery of buoys etc      Existing field stations
                                                          airplanes and helicopters, 4) satellites, 5)
                                                          UK submarines, and 6) a Russian drifting ice
                                                          station, 7) land-based research facilities in
                                                          e.g., Ny-Ålesund, 8) Coupled global
                                                          circulation models and high performance

                                                          Marine drilling vessel

                                                          airport requirements are suitable runway,
                                                          de-icing facilities, hangars for one or more
                                                          aircraft, contacts with air traffic
                                                          control/customs, facilities for chemical
                                                          preparation, fast internet connections for
                                                          flight planning/coordination. Surface sites
                                                          require logistical support for materials,
                                                          shipping equipment/samples etc.
                                                          Ship-based transport of drilling equipment
                                                          Helicopter, fixed-wing aircraft or snow-
                                                          terrain vehicles for local transport of drilling
                                                          and other smaller equipment (geophysical
                                                          Field camps at drill sites with cold storage
                                                          capacity for permafrost cores
                                                          Air-borne geophysical surveys and mapping

                                                          multi-instrumented platform = fishing boat
                                                          “slon morski” at King-George Island,
                                                          supplied by the Polish Academy of Science,
Remotely Operated Vehicle                                 Antarctic Department, which can go to very
                                                          shallow areas of minimal 1.5 m water
                                                          depth. The boat is to be used for sea floor
                                                          mapping sedimentology.

                                                          Applications for Rv Polarstern Arctic (#045)
                                                          and Southern Ocean (#880) were submitted
                                                          1 December 2004 to national Polarstern
                                                          shiptime allocation panel of Germany.
Fixed wing transport aircraft
                                                          Southern Ocean ZERO&DRAKE (#880)
                                                          complementary to parallel Clivar/Clic and
                                                          transient tracers (CO2, CFC's) shiptime
                                                          proposals towards joint expedition. Very
                                                          favorable evaluation reports will soon be on
                                                                    Ice strengthened research vessel "LANCE"
                                                                    owned by the Norwegian Polar Institute
                                                                    and "JAN MAYEN" owned by the University
                                                                    of Tromsoe, Norway.

                                                                    Cruises in Norwegian waters will be applied
                                                                    to the Oil Directorate Norway.
                                                                    Cruises in Svalbard Waters will be applied
                                                                    to the Norwegian authorities by

                                                                    An attempt will be made to share part of
                                                                    the logistics for Austfonna ice cap with
Fixed wing geophysical aircraft
                                                                    project #564 (Change and variability of the
                                                                    Arctic Systems - Nordaustlandet, Svalbard).

                                                                    The m/v Antarctica icebreaker may take up
                                                                    to 66 scientists. This creates an
                                                                    unsurpassed opportunity for undertaking
                                                                    studies on the frozen ocean. Projects not
Helicopters                       New field station
                                                                    directly connected to OASIS are invited to
                                                                    make use of this unique facility with the
                                                                    aim of identifying partnerships that are
                                                                    complementary, and lead to synergistic
                                                                    Ship-based coring capabilities; Fixed wing
                                                                    transport aircraft; Existing field stations;
                                                                    Fuel depots; Land Rock/Sediment-drilling
New field station                 Helicopters
                                                                    capabilities*The APEX umbrella programme
                                                                    includes projects that require a large
                                                                    variety of logistical support for their field
                                                                    activities. Although each project is
                                                                    autonomous, APEX will lay the foundation

Fuel depots

                                                                    Concordia Station is an Italian-French
                                                                    facility which is supported and funded by
                                                                    the two national polar operators (PNRA and
                                                                    IPEV). This support includes not only the
                                                                    station functioning but also the associated
                                                                    logistics (ships, aircraft, traverses…) and
                                                                    partially the cost of the scientific
                                                                    Ice coring techniques will need to be
                                                                    developed as clean technologies that can
                                                                    penetrate 4 km of ice. Deep field support
                                                                    will be needed for both East and West
Rock-drilling capability          Fixed wing geophysical aircraft
                                                                    Antarctic field sites. Cooperation with
                                                                    traverses is planned to gain access to
                                                                    remote areas. Geophysical surveys will
                                                                    require air support and land surveys will
                                                                    require tractor convoys. These logistical
                                                   Satellites in orbit (already in place); Satellite
                                                   downlinks/uplinks in communities; Wireless
                                                   routers and ancillary infrastructure.This
                                                   project will use satellite communications
                                                   provided by the Communications Research
                                                   Centre Canada. This infrastructure is
                                                   sharable with other projects. TR Labs and
                                                   our telecommunications partners will be
                                                   providingduring fieldwork will mainly in five
                                                   Logistics the wireless infrastructure be
                                                   coordinated with other activities of
                                                   “Yasavey”, mainly by snow mobile.
                                                   Additional helicopter flights to Nenets
                                                   villages may be purchased from commercial
                                                   operators. Ground transportation out of
                                                   villages may involve guiding by local
                                                   reindeer breeders.

                                                   Virtually all facilities/platforms listed in the
                                                   notes will be used in ISAC.
                                                   ISAC activities will take place in all domains
                                                   of the Arctic including the anthrosphere.
                                                   Thus, we envision that a wide array of
                                                   infrastructure components will be required
                                                   including most of those listed in the notes.

                                                   The DIS will provide a centralized
                                                   infrastructure including a Web server, data
                                                   storage, and a metadata database system
                                                   that will allow users to locate and acquire
                                                   data of interest. These resources will be
                                                   shared across many IPY projects. Support
                                                   for the WDC Information Center might also
                                                   be included.
                                                   Many field sites are located in remote areas
                                                   that require helicopter access. The
                                                   Permafrost Observatory Project already
                                                   includes a network of sites under GTN-P,
Snow terrain vehicles   Rock-drilling capability
                                                   CALM and ACD that are currently supported
                                                   by helicopters in Russia. Because the
                                                   majority of potential new TSP sites are in
                                                   Russia, the first step is to visit as many
                                                   potential boreholes as possible in 2006 and

                                                   The facilities for this project, including
                                                   computing equipment and trained staff,
                                                   already exist at the four participating

                                                   R/V Polarstern for Weddell Sea work, R/V
                                                   Aurora Austalis for the Indian Ocean work,
                                                   R/V Palmer for the Ross Sea work, and R/V
                                                   Gould for the Bellingshausen Sea work.
                    CAML is happy to share logistics with other
                    ocean-based projects – in particular, CASO
                    (EoI 109), ANDEEP-SYSTCO (EoI 111),
                    CCAMLR (EoI 148) and ICED (EoI 417).

                    We would like to take advantage of the big
                    traverses and ask the participating
                    scientists to take samples for us. We will
                    discuss the sampling protocols with them.
                    Positioning of fuel in the southern Prince
                    Charles Mountains in 2006-7 to support a
                    season of helicopter activities (in
                    conjunction withaccess, power (~300 in
                    An estimate: Air EoI 384 - GIGAGAP)
                    watts), accommodation for an installation
                    team (2 people, 10 days) and ~ 1 day per
                    month of technical support is required for
                    each of the sites.

                    We will generally be a small imposition on,
                    and not a driver of, station logistics.
                    Summer 2006: Ice strengthened vessel,
                    Fuel and Food depots; Kinnvika base
                    renewal; Spring 2007: Ice
                    breaker/Helicopter input of equipment;
New field station
                    Summer 2007: Ice strengthened research
                    vessel sea ice margin/marine biology
                    equipment to erect/renew base @
                    Kinnvika, and Small boats/Zodiacs; Spring
                    2008: Helicopter, Snowmobiles Summer

                    All the proposals for observations and
                    deployment of instrumentation from the
                    original EoIs were drawn up with the
                    involvement either of national polar
                    agencies or of organisations already
                    operating facilities in the polar regions. In
                    most cases the satellite, balloon and facility
                    operations and logistics are already under
                    the control of proposing groups. It is
                                        More than one ship will be required
                                        because of high number of participants
                                        who will have to work almost
                                        simultaneously at the stations.

                                        in addition to above list: summer field
                                        further details:
                                        Ships: RV Polarstern (Alfred Wegener
Helicopters               Fuel depots
                                        Institute (AWI) Germany), RV Karpinsky
                                        (PMGRE - VNIIOkeangeologia Russia)
                                        Aircrafts & Helicopters: Fed. Inst. for
                                        Geosci. & Natural Resources Germany
                                        (BGR) , Australian Antarctic Div. (AAD),

                                        Certain logistic facilities will be shared/
                                        allowed to be used by participants of
                                        consortium countries to encourage the field
                                        campagn. For example, foreign participant
                                        (maximum two) will be allowed to
                                        participate in the India's Antarctic
                                        Expedition on board ice-class vessel or in
                                        data collection in on board our research
                                        vessel SAGAR KANYA.
                                        Ice strengthened research ship (e.g. RRV
                                        James Clark Ross, CCGS Amundsen, R/V
                                        Italica, R/V Paamiut, R/V Adolf Jensen)
                                        Existing field stations; Svalbard: Ny-
                                        Alesund, Koldewey lab / Sverdrupstasjonen;
                                        Greenland: Arctic Station on Disko.
                                        Helicopters: East Greenland
                                        Satellite communication access for
                                        transmission of data.
                                        The ARCDIV cluster with its subprojects will
                                        use existing research infrastructures,
                                        services and logistics available on Svalbard,
                                        Greenland, Canada, N. Sweden, Alaska and
                                        in the Russian Arctic. Observational
                                        reference sites and field stations are
                                        selected at locations that are realistic with
                                        respect to the logistics/services given
                                        locally, as well as on historical S 02°
                                        Norwegian Troll station 72° 01 sites 32 E
                                        Halley (BAS, UK) 65°31'S 26°39'W
                                        Scott Base (Australia)
                                        Div. Research vessels-
Existing field stations
                                        The logistic and administrative background,
                                        the basic monitoring protocol as well as the
                                        access to the majority of the monitoring
                                        stations in the Arctic will be based upon the
                                                                  other research vessels; helicopters; high-
Fixed wing transport aircraft   Fixed wing geophysical aircraft
                                                                  performance computing

                                                                  Support /Facilities include ISS, satellite, and
                                                                  ground stations. Collaborators are
                                                                  expected to coordinate the logistics and use
                                                                  of their own required facilities.

                                                                  No logistic support required for field work
                                                                  Finacial support for the secretariat and
                                                                  editorial board meetings as well as support
                                                                  for the volume editors will be sought at
                                                                  international and national funding sources.

                                                                  For iceberg monitoring - satellites, iceberg
                                                                  buoys, ship observations by opportunity,
                                                                  and a central data depository.

                                                                  Field work not applicable.

                                                                  No significant logistic support/facilities will
                                                                  be specifically needed for SCAR-MarBIN, it
                                                                  will mainly rely on those used in the
                                                                  framework of CAML and other IPY marine
                                                                  biodiversity projects it will support.
                                                            Logistic support and access to facilities is
                                                            the responsibility of each team of
                                                            investigators. In the case of Antarctic
                                                            logistics, all arrangements are made
                                                            through the National Science Foundation’s
                                                            Office of Polar Programs at the time the
                                                            work is funded. The Arctic logistics
                                                            operator, VECO, is also accessed through
                                                            the normal proposalmapping will addition,
                                                            Accumulation layer process. In “piggy-
                                                            back” on traverses planned primarily for
                                                            other purposes. These traverses will use
                                                            existing traverse vehicles originating and
Existing field stations
                                                            supported by existing national Antarctic
                                                            Ice thickness flights will use existing light
                                                            and moderate-range aircraft operating
                                                            from a combination of existing national
                                                            The establishment of coastal
                                                            (terrestrial/marine) observatories and the
                                                            maintenance of the monitoring programme
                                                            involves general transport logistics to the
Ship recovery of buoys etc   Multi-instrumented platforms
                                                            key sites (helicopters, ships, snow terrain
                                                            vehicles, small fishing boats, etc.) and
                                                            logistic support to coordinate indigenous
                                                            observers. A complex suite of automatic
                                                            monitoring equipment, including multi-
                                                            The project envisions preparing a planning
                                                            document that describes what types of
                                                            satellite information will be critical for IPY
                                                            investigations of the polar regions. The
                                                            document will be used to encourage
                                                            international space agencies to acquire
                                                            needed data. The project will follow-up
                                                            with regular reports on the progress of

                                                            Further major logistics: Satellites, Remotely
Ship recovery of buoys etc   Snow terrain vehicles          Operated Vehicles, Ice Strengthened
                                                            Research Ships.

                                                            Fishing nets, traps, etc.
                                                            Existing field stations where possible.
Remotely Operated Vehicle
                                                            Possible sharing with other IPY activities
                                                            (EBA, CAML, ANDEEP, CCAMLR)

Ship recovery of buoys etc
                                                     The time frame would coincide with the
                                                     Spring 2007 and member museums of the
                                                     Go Polar network would be phased in over
                                                     the next two years.

                                                     Aircraft: Naval Research Laboratory P-3
                                                     Orion with ice-penetrating radar, lidar,
                                                     gravity, magnetics and differential
                                                     positioning (already US Navy and
                                                     Department of Defense approved).
                                                     Facilities: McMurdo Station (already US
                                                     Navy and Department of Defense
                                                     approved) with Casey Station (Australia) as
                                                     an alternate landing site.

Observatories                                        High performance computer
                                                     Large hangars

                                                     The project needs: Transportation to field
                                                     sites and accommodation and work space
                                                     there; opportunities to work and travel with
                                                     scientists; transport to and from historical
                                                     and actual IPY/IGY station sites; equipment
                                                     for field camps at historical and actual
                                                     IPY/IGY sites.
                                                     Crucial for the success of this project is the
                                                     necessity to be present for periods of time

Existing field stations

                                                     No new logistics or support being
                                                     requested by this project. Required logistics
                                                     will be requested nationally as required and
                                                     co-ordinated with other projects. Licencing
                                                     and permitting will be the responsibility of
                                                     investigators in this cluster.

                                                     Antarctic Fieldwork timeframes:
                                                     10/07 – 12/07; 02-03/08; 10/08 –
                                                     12/08;02-03/09; traverse-based projects
                                                     02/08 – 03/08 and 02/09 – 03/09;
Snow terrain vehicles     Rock-drilling capability
                                                     ship-based projects
                                                     12/07 – 03/08 and 12/08 – 03/09;
                                                     station based projects

                                                     Logistical Support and Facilities:
                                              satellite remote sensing facilities already in

                                              transport to the coast by research ship,
                                              transport into the distant field (Sentinal
                                              Range) by fixing aircrafts, local transport of
Fuel depots
                                              field parties by helicopter, field work must
                                              be based on the aerogeophysical mapping
                                              with a fixed wing aircraft

Existing field stations                       Satellites for communications

                                              Observatory in Barrow

                                              A wholly self-supporting expedition sailing
                                              in a Class 1 Ice-breaker with organic logistic
                                              support (helicopters x 2, scientific
Helicopters               New field station   laboratory facilities, satellite comcen and
                                              medical facilities). The expedition should be
                                              capable of offering support to other EOI’s,
                                              including IYPE, IHY and eGY projects.
                                                                  Drilling camps potentially can offer support
                                                                  for other activities on the ice sheets. No
                                                                  large advances in technology are
                                                                  envisioned, apart from advances in ice
Fixed wing transport aircraft   Fixed wing geophysical aircraft
                                                                  drilling and analytical tools. Funds have
                                                                  already been committed for some projects:
                                                                  WAIS Divide drilling (U.S.), Talus Dome
                                                                  In addition to list above: New field stations,
                                                                  Fuel depots, Satelites, Ice Strengthened
                                                                  research ship.

Helicopters                     Existing field stations
                                                                  The logistics should be shared with other
                                                                  Greenland Ice Projects. It might be of
                                                                  benefit for IPY if an organisation (f. x.
                                                                  Danish Polar Center or VECO) chartered a
                                                                  number of aircrafts and helicopters and all

                                                                  Observatories, HPC computer facilities incl.
Ship recovery of buoys etc      Fixed wing transport aircraft
                                                                  Archives, Rockets , Satellites, Radars

                                                                  Several logistic facilities are required for the
                                                                  project 1) Local Research vessels Paamiut
                                                                  and Adolf Jensen and Åge V Jensen II, and
                                                                  2) Laboratory facilities at the Greenland
                                                                  Institute of Natural Resources. These
                                                                  facilities can be shared with other projects.

                                                                  AASTINOs need to be transported to the
                                                                  four sites. This can be done using either LC-
                                                                  130 (ski-equipped) aircraft, or overland
                                                                  traverses on a separate trailer. These
                                                                  would take the laboratories to their sites,
                                                                  together with the fuel and the bulk of the
                                                                  experiments. They weigh about 4 tonnes
                                                                  each. Personnel would need to be taken to
                                                                  the sites by fixed wing aircraft. 4-6 people,
                                                            The proposed study is mainly based on the
                                                            acquisition of GRACE satellite data from the
                                                            US and German GRACE project (G. Ramillien
                                                            is co-I of the GRACE project).

                                                            2.3 Geographical locations with coordinates
                                                            Peary Land, Northern Greenland82-84°N,
Ship recovery of buoys etc        Ice drilling capability
                                                            Northern Ellesmere Island area82°13´N,
                                                            72°13´W and region;
                                                            Axel Heiberg Island area81°N,95°14´W and
                                                            Islands of the westernmost Arctic


                                                            We anticipate there is wide scope for
                                                            sharing facilities with other IPY activities. In
                                                            most countries, individual cruises will bring
                                                            together teams addressing physical,
                                                            biogeochemical, ecological and biodiversity
                                                            projects (eg CASO, ICED, GEOTRACES,
                                                            SASSI, CAML).

                                                            Besides field work, a significant component
Fixed wing transport aircraft     Snow terrain vehicles     of the program will include remote sensing

                                                            The project would use existing facilities in
                                                            circumpolar countries. e.g. Environment
                                                            Canada (Ottawa, Burlington); US Fish and
                                                            Wildlife Service, Alasca Science Center,
Fixed wing geophysical aircraft
                                                            Nunavut Management Board, NIST
                                                            (Charleston); NOAA (Seattle); Univ of Alaska
                                                            Fairbanks; NPI, Tromsø; NERI (Roskilde),
                                                            KVL (Copenhagen), Hvidovre Hospital
                                                            (Copenhagen), Greenland Institute of

                                                            No specific scientific field work or logistics
                                                            are involved.
                                                             Other ships. Zodiac inflatable boats.
                                                             National source. Cost sharing.
                                                             There are possibilities of interacting and
Remotely Operated Vehicle
                                                             providing/receiving support from other IPY
                                                             projects, organising time links with other
                                                             ventures, etc.

                                                             Oceanographic vessels will be required for
                                                             Arctic Seas field campaigns. Resources
                                                             could be shared with other IPY projects.

Snow terrain vehicles
                                                             Selected field stations and observatories
                                                             (e.g., heat balance stations) will be
                                                             equipped with modern soil temperature
                                                             monitoring systems. A nationwide re-
                                                             equipment of the Russian Weatherport
                                                             The project would require
                                                             camps at Isachsen, Mould Bay, and a
                                                             reserach site on the Tuktuyaktuk Peninsula.
                                                             Houses would need to be rented for the
Fuel depots
                                                             field season in the villages of Tuktuyaktuk,
                                                             Sachs Harbor, and Inuvik. 3 ORVs would be
                                                             needed each field season. An outboard
                                                             motor boat may be needed at Sachs
                                                             Harbon. Helicopter support will be needed

                                                             Proposals are under consideration or
                                                             funded for sections and drift station
                                                             support by Polarstern (pre-IPY), NB Palmer
                                                             and Aurora Australis. Ongoing coastal
Observatories               Ice strengthened research ship
                                                             station work will be extended, expanded
                                                             and coordinated for IPY as committed by
                                                             several countries. Commitments being
                                                             sought for vessels from Japan, Russia, China
                                                             and Italy as well is fast ice observatories
                                                             As the approach as aimed at designing
                                                             photo-bioreactors suitable to polar climatic
                                                             conditions, local logistic and experimental
                                                             support by technicians available in bases
                                                             will be important. Wherever possible, the
                                                             bioreactor should be developed to
                                                             integrate with existing polar infrastructure
                                                             and nutrient/energy sources (e.g.
                                                             wastewater). Local transportation to these

                                                             No new logistic resources, but the network
                                                             built up during this process can be shared
                                                             with other scientific disciplines.
                                                  The individual projects forming the PPS
                                                  Arctic cluster will primarily use existing
                                                  research infrastructures and logistics
                                                  available in Alaska, western and eastern
                                                  Canada, Fennoscandia, and western and
                                                  eastern Russia. Selected sites will
                                                  encompass locations where individual
                                                  projects have expertise on local
                                                  infrastructure and feasibility for
                                                  Australia: Wilkes Land
                                                  China: Zhong Shan - Dome A
                                                  France-Italy-Russia: Talos Dome - Concordia
                                                  Station/Dome C - Vostok - Dome B - Dome
Snow terrain vehicles   Ice drilling capability
                                                  Germany: Neumayer Station-Kohnen
                                                  Station - Dome Fuji - Dome A
                                                  Netherlands: Automatic weather stations
                                                  along traverses between Dome C and
                                                  Most field sites can be visited by regular ice-
                                                  reinforced ship transport – but Bouvetøya
                                                  requires a helicopter landing. Additionally,
                                                  helicopter transport is required for the
                                                  hooded seal work planned for both the east
                                                  and west North Atlantic (Canada and

                                                  -In some of the Subarctic seas, standard
                                                  oceanographic vessels will be used
                                                  -Biological-Physical moorings will be
                                                  deployed during the whole IPY period
Helicopters             New field station
                                                  -Facilities and research vessels will be
                                                  shared between cluster members and with
                                                  other scientists from different clusters,
                                                  where and when possible.

                                                  Restaurants, hotels and conference
                                                  facilities are needed to accommodate the
                                                  conference and its parcticipants. Ground
                                                  transportation facilites to bring
                                                  parcticipants to fieldl/outreach activities.
                                                  Special field activities could need

                                                  Dog Teams, Msall skiffs with outboard
Proposed activity does not require a logistic
support or facilities, other than those
required to host a symposium. Co-
sponsorship will be sought by the
consortium for these expenses.

Our activities will involve visits with
collaborators at educational institutions,
museums, and organizations. We do not
plan any extensive field activities.

There are no new bricks and mortar
requirements for the program. The CARMA
Network will require data management
services and communication tools.

The project will be carried out as several
independent small-team efforts in 15-20
rural communities across the Arctic. No
special infrastructure or equipment is
needed for the studies. Logistic support
developed in each respective northern
nation (i.e. USA-Alaska, Canada, Greenland-
Denmark, Russia) will be used to facilitate
researchers’ access to the field. Local
                                Aircraft includes fixed winged
                                transportation aircraft and helicopters. On
                                ground transportation is by ATW, snow
                                scooters and walking as well as ships for
New field station
                                assessing coastal regions and as floating
                                research and education units...
                                Deposition of material for research and
                                lodging by aircraft is expected to be
                                necessary in some cases.

                                This project will be based around all intra-
                                continental transport logistic modes (eg
                                ship, planes, helicopters, yachts).

                                Logistic support will be supplied by the
                                national polar programmes managing the
                                stations listed above in the frame of their
                                standard activity. In particular, the activity
                                during the IPY operational period will
                                benefit from the opening of the new Italian-
                                French station of Dome Concordia, the
                                operations planned at Summit station, and
                                the opening of the long-term Observatory
                                The project hopes to mark and sample birds
                                in many locations. Access to sites is
                                essential. We are aiming on developing
Fixed wing transport aircraft   sampling kits to give with people, sending
                                students with field parties of other projects
                                and intensifying detailed studies on existing
                                bird study sites.

                                We require an icebreaker with helicopter
                                support for the Gakkel expedition. We will
                                bring our own autonomous and wireline
                                instrumentation to conduct the surveys and
Remotely Operated Vehicle
                                sampling. An icebreaker or suitably ice-
                                strengthened vehicle is also needed for the
                                Mohns Ridge expedition. Here again, we
                                will supply our own ROV for surveys and
                                Field collections do not require large-scale
                                instrumentation. Primary logistics needs
                                Existing field stations/environmental
                                Helicopter support
                                Research vessels for marine sampling
                                Transport of personnel, supplies, and (cold
                                transport)will provide a centralized atlas