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					                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:              Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             I. Read aloud
Read aloud
                              Read the following passage aloud, making a pause between sense
Audiovisual supplements       groups.
                                    How can Death of a Salesman be interpreted as a critique of the
                              American Dream?/ Why is Willy Loman doomed to be a failure?/
                              ―The key to happiness is having dreams./ The key to success is
                              making your dreams come true‖./ The concept of the American
                              Dream started to arise during the early nineteenth century,/ as
                              hundreds of people immigrated to the United States of America in
                              search of a better life./ Originally,/ the American Dream is the right
                              to life,/ liberty/ and the pursuit of happiness./ Though these three
                              goals sound very practical and logical in theory,/ in reality,/
                              problems occur as people start to interpret these dreams according
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             to their personal wishes./ In his play Death of a Salesman,/ Arthur
Read aloud                   Miller criticizes the concept of the American Dream/ in regard to the
Audiovisual supplements      failure it causes the life of the Lomans’ family to become./ The
                             problem with the American Dream,/ I believe,/ lies not within the
                             dream itself,/ but within the means that people pursue to attain this
                             dream./ The tragic hero of Arthur Miller’s play,/ Willy Loman/ is a
                             sixty-three-year old salesman,/ who dedicates his life to the
                             American Dream./ Loman wastes his whole life/ trying to become
                             happy,/ successful/ and free./ His role model is a successful,/ well-
                             received salesman./
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:             Section Two:        Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading      Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             II. Audiovisual supplements
Read aloud                   Watch the film episode and then answer the following questions.
Audiovisual supplements
                                              Film episode: Michael Jordan
                              Questions:
                               1. Why is Jordan feeling lucky even when he is not able to be
                                  together with his father?
                               2. How has your father influenced you?
                              Answers for reference:
                               1. Because Jordan’s father influenced his way of looking at
                                   different situations in his life. His life has been influenced and
                                   will still be influenced by his father’s words and deeds.
                               2. Open answer.
                      My Father’s Shadow
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    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             Greene (commentator): If you walk through a crowd with Jordan,
Read aloud                                         you see the same thing he sees — you see all
                                                   the eyes aiming in. And I asked, ―What do
Audiovisual supplements
                                                   you see in the crowd?‖ And he said,
                                                   ―Sometimes I’ll see a father and a son. They
                                                   may not think I’ve even noticed them, but
                                                   sometimes,‖ Jordan said, ―I wonder if they
                                                   have any idea how much I’d like to be them.‖
                                                   Last night we began the show with the
                             Broadcaster:          disappearance of Michael Jordan’s father.
                                                   Tonight, the worst fears have come true.
                                                   James Jordan was found dead, victim of an
                                                   apparent murder.
                      My Father’s Shadow
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    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                             Michael Jordan: When my father died, I had him for 32 years. I was
                                             very lucky. I looked at it as being lucky, not as being
Read aloud                                   disappointed that he wasn’t around anymore. I was
Audiovisual supplements                      lucky that he was there when I needed him, that he
                                             could influence my life to look at situations that I
                                             use to help make my decisions to this day. Some kids
                                             never have that.
                                             Sure, I would love to have him now, but people are
                                             put on this earth for a reason, and you utilize the
                                             time that you’re here. You never know when that’s
                                             going to be taken away from you. That’s one thing
                                             he taught me. But while he’s here, or while they’re
                                             here, they should make an impact on someone’s life.
                                             And he made an impact on my life.
                                             (You’re going to get it, man. That’s for bringing me
                                             into this world.)
                      My Father’s Shadow
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    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




Read aloud

Audiovisual supplements




                                                                      ■
                      My Father’s Shadow
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    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             I. Text analysis
Text analysis
                                  Through descriptions, flashbacks, and the author’s comments,
Structural analysis           the text recalls how the author’s newborn baby bridges the gap
Cultural background           between her father and herself.
                      My Father’s Shadow
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    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading      Detailed Reading         Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             II. Structural analysis
Text analysis

Structural analysis           Paragraph 1              —            background information: the author’s
                                                                    relationship with her father and her
Cultural background
                                                                    feeling about her return to Hawaii.

                              Paragraphs 2 – 4         —            flashback: the clashes between the
                                                                    author and her father.

                              Paragraphs 5 – 6         —            transition: the author’s recall of her
                                                                    father’s affection for her in her
                                                                    childhood and her uncertainty about
                                                                    the forthcoming reunion.
                      My Father’s Shadow
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    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading         Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                              Paragraphs 7 – 13     —            the reunion: the initial uncertain
Text analysis
                                                                 moment, the father’s affection for his
Structural analysis                                              grandchild, and ease of the tension
Cultural background                                              between the father and the daughter.
                              Paragraphs 14 – 15 —               conclusion: the ending of the story
                                                                 about how family ties work in removal
                                                                 of disagreement between family
                                                                 members.
                      My Father’s Shadow
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    Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             III. Cultural background
Text analysis
                                  According to the 2005 Census
Structural analysis
                             Report, there are 66.3 million fathers
Cultural background          in the United States. There are 26.5
                             million fathers living in a traditional
                             family environment, and 2.3 million
                             single fathers living with children
                             under 18 years old, up from 393,000 in
                             1 9 7 0. There a re a pproxi ma tely
                             98,000 stay-at-home dads in America. Besides, there are 4.6 million
                             fathers who pay child support, representing 84 percent of child support
                             providers.
                      My Father’s Shadow
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    Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                                 Fathers in traditional families are more engaged than several
                             decades ago. According to some studies, members of Generation X and
Text analysis                Y are more likely to become family-focused. For example, Generation
Structural analysis          X fathers spent more time with their children, as compared with Baby
Cultural background
                             Boomer fathers. The impacts of the male influence in families may not
                             be obvious. Does it really matter if male is not a part of a child’s life?
                             Many people grew up with fathers whose primary role was only
                             provider.
                                 The presence of a male figure in the home does impact children.
                             Nationally-syndicated columnist Leonard Pitts, Jr. wrote a book,
                             Becoming Dad, in which he surveys his tortured relationship with his
                             abusive father. Pitts discusses how it affected his relationship with his
                             own sons and daughters. He writes, ―My father made our lives hell.
                             And yet, for all of that, he was one thing many other fathers were not:
                             He was there.‖ The following suggestions are offered to fathers in the
                             United States:
                      My Father’s Shadow
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    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading     Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                                  (1) Determine to live as a positive influence on others.
Text analysis

Structural analysis               (2) Encourage your children to read and nurture their dreams.
Cultural background
                                  (3) Volunteer to help organizations (lacking male leaders).

                                  (4) Expose your children to males who are doing right things.

                                  (5) Mentor children, besides your own.

                                  (6) Be the spiritual leader in your home.
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:              Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                                               My Father’s Shadow
                              My husband and I were flying to Hawaii from New York City to
                         show our five-month-old son, Timmy, to our parents for the first time.
                         But what should have been a mission of joy filled me with
                         apprehension. For five years I’d hardly spoken to my father. Loving but
                         stern in the manner typical of Chinese fathers, he had made particular
                         demands on me, and though we were very much alike, we’d grown very
                         far apart.
                              When I became a teenager, my father held up my mother as a
                         model of feminine behavior. But she was gregarious and social, while I
                         preferred books to parties. He pressed me to mingle with his friends’
                         children. I insisted on choosing my own companions. He assured I’d
                         follow in my mother’s footsteps and enroll in the local university to
                         study teaching, and that I’d marry into one of the other long-established
                         Chinese clans on the islands and settle down, as he and my mother had.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                              But I didn’t settle. As bullheaded as my father, I escaped to the
                         University of California, where I fell in love with a haole, as we
                         called Caucasians from the mainland. Gary had blue haole eyes and
                         sandy haole hair. I announced that we were getting married — in
                         Berkeley, not Hawaii. No large, clamorous clan wedding for me. My
                         parents came and met Gary just two days before our small, simple
                         wedding. Afterward we moved to New York, as far from the islands
                         as we could get without leaving American soil.
                             My father’s subsequent silence resonated with disapproval. He
                         didn’t visit; neither did I. When my mother telephoned, he never
                         asked to speak to me, and I never asked for him. We might have gone
                         on like that, the habit of separation hardening into a permanent
                         estrangement. Then Timmy was born, and I felt an unexpected tidal
                         pull back to the islands.
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:              Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                             On the long flight to Hawaii, memories of my childhood, when I
                         was my father’s small daughter, came flooding back. I was three years
                         old, running behind him as he walked between the banana trees in the
                         plantation town where he taught high school. When I grew tired, he
                         carried me on his shoulders. From there I could see forever. ―You are
                         my sunshine, my only sunshine,‖ he would sing. ―You make me happy
                         when skies are gray.‖ I laughed, taking his devotion as my due.
                             Now the prodigal daughter was returning with the firstborn of the
                         next generation — a hazel-eyed, golden-skinned hapa haole half-white
                         child who looked little like his Chinese ancestors. How would my
                         father react? If he disapproved of Timmy, as he had of me, the breach
                         between us would be complete. I would never return.
                             The plane landed, and I gradually placed a crying, hungry Timmy
                         into my mother’s eager arms. Here was instant and unconditional
                         acceptance of a child by his grandmother.
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:              Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                             My father’s expression was passive and hard to read. He greeted us
                         politely: ―Good trip?‖ Then he peered cautiously at Timmy, who
                         promptly began to shriek. My father stepped back in alarm. Did he find
                         it unsettling that this squalling stranger might be his own flesh and
                         blood?
                             After dinner at my parents’ house, Gary and I retired to my old
                         bedroom. My mother tucked Timmy into a borrowed crib in a room
                         down the hall.
                             Four hours later mother instinct pulled me from sleep. This was the
                         time Timmy usually woke for a bottle, but there were no cries of hunger,
                         no fretful wails. Instead, I heard only the sweet, soft gurgle of baby
                         laughter. I tiptoed down the hall.
                             In the living room, Timmy lay on a pillow on the floor in a circle of
                         light, his plump, tiny fists and feet churning gleefully. He studied the
                         face bent over him, an Asian face burned dark by the Hawaiian sun,
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         with laugh wrinkles at the corners of the eyes. My father was giving
                         Timmy a bottle, tickling his tummy and crooning softly, ―You are my
                         sunshine ...‖
                             I watched from the darkness, not wanting to break the spell and
                         then crept back to my room. It was then that I began to suspect that
                         my father had wanted to mend the breach as much as I had. Awkward
                         and proud, he hadn’t known how, and neither had I. Timmy became
                         the bridge over which we could reach for each other.
                             For the rest of our stay, the tension slowly melted. My father and
                         I didn’t discuss our rift directly. Thanks to Timmy, we didn’t need to.
                         Having claimed his hapa haole grandson, my father no longer
                         defined our family by a uniform set of features. Curly-haired, hazel-
                         eyed Timmy was loved for himself.
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                              We returned to the islands the following summer. Timmy, now a
                         toddler, splashed in the surf with his grandfather. The summer after
                         that, they built a tree house out of scrap lumber and painted it blue.
                              So pleased was my father with his new grandfather status that he
                         took early retirement when Timmy was four, to spend more time
                         visiting his ―New York family‖. My son and my father made a
                         handsome pair as they walked together — the Chinese grandfather
                         happily trailed by a different, bouncing shadow.
                                                                                      878 words
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:              Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                                               My Father’s Shadow
                              My husband and I were flying to Hawaii from New York City to
                         show our five-month-old son, Timmy, to our parents for the first time.
                         But what should have been a mission of joy filled me with
                         apprehension. For five years I’d hardly spoken to my father. Loving but
                         stern in the manner typical of Chinese fathers, he had made particular
                         demands on me, and though we were very much alike, we’d grown very
                         far apart.
                              When I became a teenager, my father held up my mother as a
                         model of feminine behavior. But she was gregarious and social, while I
                         preferred books to parties. He pressed me to mingle with his friends’
                         children. I insisted on choosing my own companions. He assured I’d
                         follow in my mother’s footsteps and enroll in the local university to
                         study teaching, and that I’d marry into one of the other long-established
                         Chinese clans on the islands and settle down, as he and my mother had.
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                              But I didn’t settle. As bullheaded as my father, I escaped to the
                         University of California, where I fell in love with a haole, as we
                         called Caucasians from the mainland. Gary had blue haole eyes and
                         sandy haole hair. I announced that we were getting married — in
                         Berkeley, not Hawaii. No large, clamorous clan wedding for me. My
                         parents came and met Gary just two days before our small, simple
                         wedding. Afterward we moved to New York, as far from the islands
                         as we could get without leaving American soil.
                             My father’s subsequent silence resonated with disapproval. He
                         didn’t visit; neither did I. When my mother telephoned, he never
                         asked to speak to me, and I never asked for him. We might have gone
                         on like that, the habit of separation hardening into a permanent
                         estrangement. Then Timmy was born, and I felt an unexpected tidal
                         pull back to the islands.
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:              Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                             On the long flight to Hawaii, memories of my childhood, when I
                         was my father’s small daughter, came flooding back. I was three years
                         old, running behind him as he walked between the banana trees in the
                         plantation town where he taught high school. When I grew tired, he
                         carried me on his shoulders. From there I could see forever. ―You are
                         my sunshine, my only sunshine,‖ he would sing. ―You make me happy
                         when skies are gray.‖ I laughed, taking his devotion as my due.
                             Now the prodigal daughter was returning with the firstborn of the
                         next generation — a hazel-eyed, golden-skinned hapa haole half-white
                         child who looked little like his Chinese ancestors. How would my
                         father react? If he disapproved of Timmy, as he had of me, the breach
                         between us would be complete. I would never return.
                             The plane landed, and I gradually placed a crying, hungry Timmy
                         into my mother’s eager arms. Here was instant and unconditional
                         acceptance of a child by his grandmother.
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:              Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                             My father’s expression was passive and hard to read. He greeted us
                         politely: ―Good trip?‖ Then he peered cautiously at Timmy, who
                         promptly began to shriek. My father stepped back in alarm. Did he find
                         it unsettling that this squalling stranger might be his own flesh and
                         blood?
                             After dinner at my parents’ house, Gary and I retired to my old
                         bedroom. My mother tucked Timmy into a borrowed crib in a room
                         down the hall.
                             Four hours later mother instinct pulled me from sleep. This was the
                         time Timmy usually woke for a bottle, but there were no cries of hunger,
                         no fretful wails. Instead, I heard only the sweet, soft gurgle of baby
                         laughter. I tiptoed down the hall.
                             In the living room, Timmy lay on a pillow on the floor in a circle of
                         light, his plump, tiny fists and feet churning gleefully. He studied the
                         face bent over him, an Asian face burned dark by the Hawaiian sun,
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         with laugh wrinkles at the corners of the eyes. My father was giving
                         Timmy a bottle, tickling his tummy and crooning softly, ―You are my
                         sunshine ...‖
                             I watched from the darkness, not wanting to break the spell and
                         then crept back to my room. It was then that I began to suspect that
                         my father had wanted to mend the breach as much as I had. Awkward
                         and proud, he hadn’t known how, and neither had I. Timmy became
                         the bridge over which we could reach for each other.
                             For the rest of our stay, the tension slowly melted. My father and
                         I didn’t discuss our rift directly. Thanks to Timmy, we didn’t need to.
                         Having claimed his hapa haole grandson, my father no longer
                         defined our family by a uniform set of features. Curly-haired, hazel-
                         eyed Timmy was loved for himself.
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                              We returned to the islands the following summer. Timmy, now a
                         toddler, splashed in the surf with his grandfather. The summer after
                         that, they built a tree house out of scrap lumber and painted it blue.
                              So pleased was my father with his new grandfather status that he
                         took early retirement when Timmy was four, to spend more time
                         visiting his ―New York family‖. My son and my father made a
                         handsome pair as they walked together — the Chinese grandfather
                         happily trailed by a different, bouncing shadow.
                                                                                      878 words
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         ... my father held up my mother as a model of feminine behavior.
                          Paraphrase:
                             ... my father had a high opinion of my mother’s behavior as a
                             woman.
                              父亲以我的母亲作为女性品行的楷模。
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:              Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         Timmy was born, and I felt an unexpected tidal pull back to the islands.
                          Paraphrase:
                              My parental love for my newborn baby aroused in me a strong
                              wish to go back to my parents on the islands. Here the author
                              seems to suggest that she has come to appreciate her father’s
                              love for her.
                                  蒂米出世了,回夏威夷岛探望一下的念头潮水般地涌上我
                                  的心头。
                  My Father’s Shadow
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Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         taking his devotion as my due

                          Paraphrase:
                              taking his great love for me for granted; taking his devotion as
                              what I was entitled to
                               认为他的爱是我理所应得
                  My Father’s Shadow
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Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         ... the breach between us would be complete.

                         Paraphrase:
                             … our relationship would end.
                              我们之间的关系就彻底地破裂了。
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:             Section Two:       Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading     Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         My father’s expression was passive and hard to read.

                          Paraphrase:
                               My father’s facial appearance was inert, and it was difficult to
                               figure out what he meant.
                               父亲的表情很内敛,难以看出他的心意。
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:             Section Two:       Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading     Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         Did he find it unsettling that this squalling stranger might be his
                         own flesh and blood?
                          Paraphrase:
                               Did father feel disturbed that the strange baby might be his
                               grandson?
                               这个叽哩哇啦的陌生人居然是自己的亲骨肉,父亲对此
                               是不是有点不安?
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         Gary and I retired to my old bedroom.

                          Paraphrase:
                               My husband and I went to bed in my old bedroom.
                               加里和我回我原先住的卧室休息。
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:             Section Two:       Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading     Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         Timmy became the bridge over which we could reach for each other.

                          Paraphrase:
                                 Timmy repaired the relationship between my father and me, and
                                 we got well with each other.
                               蒂米就成了我和父亲之间沟通的桥梁。
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         Having claimed his hapa haole grandson, my father no longer
                         defined our family by a uniform set of features.

                          Paraphrase:
                              My father’s acceptance of his half-Caucasian grandson showed
                              that he had become tolerant of ethnic differences and no longer
                              insisted that all his family members should look alike.
                              父亲接受了这个外乡的混血小孙子之后,不再以同一种族特
                              征来定义我们的家庭了。
                  My Father’s Shadow
Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         mission n.
                           1) an important piece of work that a person or group of people has
                              to do, especially one that involves travel
                         e.g. Our boss leaves for a trade mission to Japan.
                           2) a flight into space
                         e.g. The Discovery has successfully finished its mission, and landed
                              soundly.
                         Collocation:
                            carry out / conduct / go on / undertake a mission
                         Comparison:
                            work, assignment
                            work: physical exertion that is usually difficult and exhausting
                            assignment: a position or post of duty to which one is assigned
                  My Father’s Shadow
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Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading     Detailed Reading     Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                          Practice:

                               Translate the following sentence into English:
                               任务没有完成。
                                 The mission ended in failure.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading     Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                          gregarious adj.
                              seeking and enjoying the companionship of others
                          e.g. Some of the animals are highly gregarious.

                          Derivation:
                             gregariousness n.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentence into English:
                              尽管与人交往时,史密斯希望自己能够得心应手,但他知道
                              这不仅要品味孤独,还需要长期经历孤独。
                                Smith hopes that he can be sociable and gregarious when he
                                wants to, which he knows requires him to not only savor
                                solitude but also experience long periods of solitude.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                          social adj.
                           1) living together in communities
                         e.g. social classes
                           2) of or relating to human society, the interaction of the individual
                                and the group, or the welfare of human beings as members of
                                society
                         e.g. social programs
                           Derivation:
                              socially adv.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                         Practice:
                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 蚂蚁是群居昆虫。
                               Ants are social insects.
                              2) 电视节目讲解有价值的社交技巧。
                               Television shows teach valuable social skills.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                           mingle v.
                             to go about among
                          e.g. The prince mingled freely with the crowd.
                           Collocation:
                            mingle with sb/sth
                           Practice:
                                Translate the following sentences into English:
                                1) 许多情感都交织在一起。
                                 A lot of emotions all mingled together.
                                2) 她既兴奋又害怕。
                                 She felt fear mingled with excitement.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          enroll v.
                            to enter one’s name on a list as commitment to membership
                          e.g. It takes time for parents to decide which school to enroll
                               their children in.
                          Derivation:
                               enrollment n.
                          e.g. enrollment in a computer course
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:
                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 这张申请表是为了让人们在线注册或更改详细内容的。
                               This application form was designed to enable people to enroll
                               or change their details online.
                              2) 填写这张登记表就可以参加当地政府的选举了。
                               Filling out this enrollment form will enroll you for local
                               government elections.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                         settle down

                              adopt a regular or secure activity
                         e.g. He just couldn’t settle down in the city.

                         Collocation:
                            1) settle down to sth.
                            2) settle oneself down
                         Derivation:
                            settlement n.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 他结了婚,安下家来。
                               He got married and settled down.
                              2) 汤姆在桌旁坐了下来。
                               Tom settled himself down at the table.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                         bullheaded adj.

                                obstinate, impetuous, blundering
                         e.g. Don’t be bullheaded; see a doctor.

                         Derivation:
                            bull-headedly adv.
                            bull-headedness n.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                         Comparison:
                             bullheaded, obstinate, stubborn, headstrong and stiff-necked
                             Bullheaded: suggests foolish or irrational obstinacy, and
                                          pigheaded, stupid obstinacy.
                             Obstinate: implies unreasonable rigidity.
                             Stubborn: pertains to innate, often perverse resoluteness or
                                       unyieldingness.
                             Headstrong: emphasizes the fact that someone is very determined
                                          to do what he or she wants, even when other people
                                          advise not to do it.
                             Stiff-necked: implies stubbornness combined with arrogance or
                                          aloofness.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                         announce v.
                              to tell the public about a decision that has been made
                         e.g. The princess announced her engagement to that businessman.
                         Derivation:
                             announcement n.
                         Comparison:
                            announce, broadcast, advertise, declare, publish
                            announce: to tell the public about a decision that has been made
                            broadcast: to send out or communicate, especially by radio or
                                          television
                            advertise: to make public announcement of, especially to
                                         proclaim the qualities or advantages of (a product or
                                         business) so as to increase sales
                            declare: to make known formally or officially
                            publish: to prepare and issue (printed material) for public
                                       distribution or sale
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 公主宣布她将要与那位商人结婚。
                               The princess announced that she was going to marry that
                               businessman.
                              2) 微机芯片的发明标志着计算机进入一个新的时代。
                               The invention of the microchip announced a new generation
                               of computers.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                         resonate v.
                               to exhibit or produce resonance or resonant effects; to resound
                         e.g. a stirring collection of poetry that resonates with its powerful
                              cries for justice and action
                         Collocation:
                           resonate with sth
                         Derivation:
                            resonation n.
                         Comparison:
                           resonate, sound
                           resonate: to resound
                           sound: to make a certain noise or any auditory effect
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:
                              Translate the following sentence into English:

                              海上、陆上都有大的震感。
                                 Huge quake resonates across oceans and continents.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                         estrangement n.
                           causing (esp. people in a family) to become hostile, unsympathetic,
                           or indifferent towards each other
                         e.g. His estrangement from his brothers and sisters made his parents
                              quite worried.
                         Derivation:
                            estrange v.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 夫妻二人都有疏远感,但他们现在不谈分居。
                               The husband and wife both felt the estrangement between them,
                               but there was no talk of separation at the moment.
                              2) 生活中他从没善待过她,这就是他们之间疏远的主要原因。
                               He had never lived on kind terms with her, and this is the main
                               cause of the estrangement between them.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          flood v.
                                to arrive in large numbers
                         e.g. Requests for information flooded in after the advertisement.
                         Collocation:
                            1) flood in
                            2) be flooded with sth.
                         e.g. My desk is flooded with paper.
                         Derivation:
                            flood n.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:
                              Translate the following sentence into English:
                              市场上到处都充塞着廉价商品。
                               The market is flooded with cheap goods.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          prodigal son / daughter

                               someone who has left his / her family in order to do something
                               that the family disapprove of and has now returned home
                               feeling sorry for what he / she has done

                          prodigal
                           1) adj. spending money, wasting time, etc. in a careless way
                         e.g. prodigal expenditures on unneeded weaponry
                           2) n. a person who leads a life of careless wasteful spending and
                               perhaps immoral pleasure
                          Derivation:
                             prodigally adv.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                         Paraphrase:
                                 Now the prodigal daughter was returning with the firstborn of
                                 the next generation.


                                 Now the daughter, who felt sorry that she had left her family
                                 without her parents’ approval, was returning with her son,
                                 who was the firstborn grandson of the grandfather.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                         unconditional adj.
                            not limited or restricted
                         e.g. unconditional election; unconditional branch instruction

                         Comparison:
                              unconditional, unconditioned
                              unconditional: not subject to conditions
                              unconditioned: not subject to conditions or to an antecedent
                                              condition; (of behavior) not determined by
                                             conditioning; natural
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:
                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 你的应允应该是无条件的。
                                Let your permission be unconditional.
                              2) 他问道:“你准备好无条件投降了吗?”
                                ―Are you prepared for an unconditional surrender?‖ he asked.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                         cautiously adv.
                               with caution, prudence or tact
                         e.g. The next day when he cautiously returned to get his axe, he found
                              the following lines penciled on the stump.
                           Derivation:
                              cautious adj.
                              cautiousness n.
                           Antonym:
                              incautiously
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:

                               Translate the following sentences into English:
                               1) 她小心地下了楼。
                                 She went downstairs cautiously.
                               2) 那个人打开门,小心地朝他来的方向张望。
                                 Having opened the gate, the man peered cautiously in the
                                 direction from which he had come.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          retire v.
                            1) to withdraw, or go away or apart, to a place of privacy,
                                shelter, or seclusion
                          e.g. He retired to his study.
                            2) to go to bed
                          e.g. I usually retire at midnight.
                            3) to stop working at a certain age limit
                          e.g. He retired from the business when he was 70.
                            4) to cause to withdraw from one’s usual field of activity
                          e.g. retire all executives at 55
                            5) to withdraw from use or active service
                          e.g. retire an old battleship
                           Derivation:
                               retiree n.
                               retirement n.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                           Practice:

                               Fill in the blanks with proper words.

                               1. Make a good plan for your __________ .
                                                            retirement
                               2. The men ______ to the library.
                                          retired
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          tuck v.
                            1) draw, fold, or turn the outer or end parts of (cloth or clothes)
                                together
                         e.g. She tucked her scarf into her blouse.
                            2) to cover (a child, for example) snugly in or as if in this manner
                         e.g. She tucked the children into bed.
                         Collocation:
                            tuck in, tuck away
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:

                               Translate the following sentences into English:
                               1) 她把围巾塞到罩衣里。
                                  She tucked her scarf into her blouse.
                               2) 一间小屋掩映在松林里。
                                  A cabin was tucked among the pines.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                         fretful adj.
                              marked by worry and distress; troublesome
                         e.g. It was not very unlike his dream, for his sleep had been little
                              more than living through again, in a fevered delirious way, all
                              that had happened since daybreak, and his mother with her
                              fretful grief was present to him through it all.
                            Derivation:
                               fretfully adv.
                               fretfulness n.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 他一边穿长袍,一边烦躁地唠叨着。
                                He said in a fretful voice whilst putting on his dressing-gown.
                              2) 人的所有成长阶段中,青春期最令人伤脑筋。
                                Of all the fretful stages of human development, adolescence is
                                the most infamous.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          tiptoe v.
                            to walk on tiptoe to avoid making any noise
                          e.g. They tiptoed from room to room, afraid to speak above a whisper.

                          Idiom:
                              on tiptoe: full of anticipation; eager
                          e.g. The children were on tiptoe before the birthday party.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 我踮着脚从睡着的孩子旁边走过。
                                I tiptoed past the sleeping child.
                              2) 仆人踮着脚走出了房间,所以他们没注意到他。
                                They didn’t heed the servant who tiptoed out of the room.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          gleefully adv.

                                 in such a way as showing great joy and satisfaction
                          e.g. He, without getting off his horse, took off his cap and greeted
                               the visitor by gleefully waving the ribbons over his head.
                            Derivation:
                               gleeful adj.
                               gleefulness n.
                            Antonyms:
                               joylessly
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 孩子们在花园里愉快地玩着。
                               The children are playing gleefully in the garden.
                              2) 老人高兴地跟她打招呼。
                               The old man greeted her gleefully.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          tickle v.
                            1) to touch lightly with the fingers so as to cause laughter or
                                twitching movements
                          e.g. Most people hate having their feet tickled.

                            2) to tease or excite pleasurably
                          e.g. They thought that tickles the reader’s curiosity.

                          Idiom:
                              tickled pink: very pleased; delighted
                          e.g. I was tickled pink by the compliment.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 多数人不喜欢被人挠脚心。
                               Most people hate having their feet tickled.
                              2) 我嗓子痒,都咳嗽了。
                               My throat tickled and it’s making me cough.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          suspect v.
                             1) to have doubts about; to distrust
                          e.g. I suspect his motives.
                             2) to believe to be true or probable; to imagine
                          e.g. I suspect they are very disappointed.
                             3) to believe to be guilty, undesirable, defective, bad, etc., without
                                proof
                          e.g. The police suspect her of murder.
                             Derivation:
                                suspicion n.
                             Antonym:
                                 trust
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:

                              Translate the following sentences into English:
                              1) 警方怀疑这帮男孩参与了一起抢劫案。
                               The police suspected those boys of being involved in a robbery.
                              2) 我不会怀疑仆人的,因为她整晚都在厨房里;我也不会
                                 怀疑我的孩子们。
                               I won’t suspect the servant, for she was in the kitchen the whole
                               evening, nor will I suspect any of my children.
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          trail v.
                               to follow behind
                          e.g. The dog ran off, trailing its leash.
                           Comparison:
                               trail, follow, quest, hunt
                               trail: to follow behind
                               follow: to go or come after
                               quest: to search or seek the trail of
                               hunt: to pursue or chase relentlessly
                           Collocation:
                               trail behind; trail away; trail off
                           Idiom:
                               blaze a trail 充当开路先锋;带头
                  My Father’s Shadow
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                          Practice:
                               Translate the following sentences into English:
                               1) 困惑中他的声音逐渐变小。
                               His voice trailed off in confusion.
                               2) 由一艘驱逐舰在后护航的几艘巡洋舰
                               several cruisers trailed by an escorting destroyer
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Vocabulary analysis
Vocabulary analysis

Grammar exercises                 1. Word comparison
Translation exercises             2. Word derivation
Exercises for integrated          3. Collocation practice
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Word comparison
Vocabulary analysis            Group 1: A. disapprove B. disprove C. object D. oppose
Grammar exercises              Explanation:
Translation exercises          A. disapprove: to have an unfavorable opinion of; to condemn
Exercises for integrated
skills                          B. disprove: to prove to be false, invalid, or in error; to refute
Oral activities                 C. object: to put forward as a reason for opposition; to offer as
Writing practice                   criticism
Listening exercises             e.g. They objected that discipline was lacking.
                                D. oppose: to be resistant to
                                e.g. oppose new ideas
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis           Group 2: A. suggest B. suspect C. sustain D. suspend
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises
                                A. suggest: to call (sth.) up in the mind as the result of an
Exercises for integrated           association of ideas
skills
                                e.g. His erect and careless attitude suggests assurance and power.
Oral activities

Writing practice                B. suspect: to believe to be true or probable; to imagine
Listening exercises
                                e.g. I suspect they are very disappointed.
                                C. sustain: to keep in existence; to maintain
                                D. suspend: to cause to stop for a period; to interrupt
                                e.g. suspend the trial
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis           Group 3: A. hold back B. hold on C. hold out D. hold up
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises
                               A. hold back
Exercises for integrated
skills                            1. to retain in one’s possession or control
Oral activities
                                   2. to restrain or check
Writing practice
                               B. hold on
Listening exercises
                                   1. to maintain one’s grip; to cling to
                                   2. to continue to do something; to persist in
                                   3. to wait for something wanted or requested, especially to keep
                                      a telephone connection open
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis           C. hold out
Grammar exercises                 1.    to present or offer as something attainable
Translation exercises             2.    to continue to be in supply or service; to last
                                 e.g.   Our food supply is holding out nicely.
Exercises for integrated
skills                            3.    to continue to resist
Oral activities                  e.g.   The defending garrison won’t hold out for a month.
Writing practice
                                  4.    to refuse to reach or satisfy an agreement
Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis
                              D. hold up
Grammar exercises                  1.  to obstruct or delay
Translation exercises
                                   2.  to rob while armed, often at gunpoint
                                   3.  to offer or present as an example
Exercises for integrated          e.g.
skills                                 hold the essay up as a model for the students
                                   4.  to continue to function without losing force or effectiveness;
Oral activities
                                       to cope with
Writing practice
                                  e.g. manage to hold up under stress
Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis           Group 4: A. settle down B. settle up
Grammar exercises
                              Explanation:
Translation exercises
                              A. settle down
Exercises for integrated
skills
                                 1. to begin living a stable and orderly life
                              e.g. He settled down as a farmer with a family.
Oral activities
                                 2. to become calm or composed
Writing practice
                              B. settle up: to pay all or part of an amount due to a creditor
Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis             Group 5: A. female B. famine C. feminine D. masculine
Grammar exercises               Explanation:
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated
                                 A. female: a member of the sex that produces ova or bears young; a
skills                              woman or girl
Oral activities                  B. famine: a drastic, wide-reaching food shortage
Writing practice                C. feminine: pertaining to woman or girl
Listening exercises             e.g. feminine intuition
                                 D. masculine : of or relating to men or boys; male
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Word derivation
                              1. demand
Vocabulary analysis
                                 Derivatives of demand: demanding; demand; demandable
Grammar exercises                Chinese-English translation
Translation exercises           1) 这件事很费心。
Exercises for integrated           It’s something demanding.
skills
                                2) 疑犯被控告向一位前议会议员的遗孀强行索取金钱。
Oral activities                    The suspect was charged with demanding money from the
Writing practice                   widow of a former Member of Parliament.
Listening exercises
                                3) 他问道:“你多大岁数?”
                                   ―How old are you?‖ he demanded.
                                4) 需求成本
                                   demand cost
                                5) 需求曲线
                                   demand curve
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              2. alarm
Vocabulary analysis              Derivatives of alarm: alarming; alarmingly; alarmed
Grammar exercises                Chinese-English translation
Translation exercises            1) 请把闹钟拨到8点。
Exercises for integrated            Set the alarm clock for eight o’clock, please.
skills

Oral activities
                                 2) 火警
Writing practice
                                    fire alarm
Listening exercises              3) 一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳。
                                      Whom a serpent has bitten, a lizard alarms.
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              3. enrollment
Vocabulary analysis              Derivatives of enrollment: enroll; enrollee
Grammar exercises                Chinese-English translation
Translation exercises           1) 你真的参加那次比赛了吗?
Exercises for integrated           You really enrolled in the competition?
skills                          2) 学校学生人数达到一万人。
Oral activities                    The enrollment of the university has reached 10,000.
Writing practice                3) 我们参了军。
                                   We enrolled in the army.
Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              4. insistence
Vocabulary analysis              Derivatives of insistence: insistent; insistently; insistency; insist
Grammar exercises                Chinese-English translation
Translation exercises            1) 男孩坚持他有权这样做。
Exercises for integrated            The boy insists that he has a right to do so.
skills                           2) 我不想去,可是她坚持要我去。
Oral activities                     I did not want to go, but she was insistent that I should go.
Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              5. pressure
Vocabulary analysis              Derivatives of pressure: press; pressing
Grammar exercises               Chinese-English translation
Translation exercises
                                1) 你有急事吗?
Exercises for integrated           Have you any business that presses?
skills
                                2) 小盒子上一本很重的书把盒子压扁了。
Oral activities
                                   The small box was flattened by the pressure of a heavy book
Writing practice
                                   on it.
Listening exercises             3) 紧急邀请
                                   a pressing invitation
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                              Collocation practice
Vocabulary analysis           1. grow far apart
Grammar exercises                Explanation: be very different from each other in values and
Translation exercises
                                                beliefs
                                 Example:
Exercises for integrated
skills                           They grew far apart over the years.
Oral activities                    随着岁月的流逝,他们之间的差距越来越大。
Writing practice

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                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              2. bullheaded
Vocabulary analysis              Explanation: foolishly or irrationally stubborn; headstrong
Grammar exercises                Examples:
Translation exercises            1) I always tell our people that those guys are too bullheaded.
Exercises for integrated           我总是告诉我们的人,那些人太固执了。
skills
                                 2) a bullheaded rail
Oral activities
                                   圆头钢轨
Writing practice

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                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              3. due
Vocabulary analysis               Explanation: something that rightfully belongs to sb
Grammar exercises                 Examples:
Translation exercises             1) I accepted all the praise I received as my due.
Exercises for integrated             我接受了一切赞誉,视之为应得。
skills
                                  2) Honor to whom honor is due.
Oral activities

Writing practice
                                      美誉应归于受之无愧之人。
Listening exercises               3) Affairs that are done by due degrees are soon ended.
                                      按部就班,事情很快就完成。
                                  4) Give the devil his due.
                                      公平对待,一视同仁。
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              4. mend the breach
Vocabulary analysis               Explanation: repair the relationship
Grammar exercises
                                  Examples:
Translation exercises
                                  They mended the breach between them after the long talk.
Exercises for integrated
skills                                他们在一次长谈后修复了关系。
Oral activities

Writing practice

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                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              5. melt
Vocabulary analysis              Explanation: gradually disappear
Grammar exercises                Examples:
Translation exercises            1) To me, life is not a candle being melted but a wonderful torch
Exercises for integrated
                                     that has been passed into my hands.
skills
                                    生活对我来说,不是正在消融的蜡烛,而是传递到我手上的
Oral activities                     明亮的火炬。
Writing practice                  2) His speech would melt the hardest heart.
Listening exercises                 他的言语可软化最冷硬的心肠。
                                  3) The clouds melted away.
                                    云层渐渐消失了。
                                  4) Her apple pie really melts in your mouth.
                                    她做的苹果派入口即化,美味无穷。
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Grammar exercises
Vocabulary analysis
                               I. The present participle and the present participle as adverbial
Grammar exercises

Translation exercises
                               II. The usage of as
Exercises for integrated       III. The emphatic structure
skills

Oral activities

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                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              The present participle and the present participle as adverbial
Vocabulary analysis               The present participle can be used as a predicative, an adverbial
Grammar exercises             or attributive modifier or part of a complex object.
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

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                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              e.g. The cordial greeting from the Professor the next morning was
Vocabulary analysis                reassuring. (predicative)
Grammar exercises

Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

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                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              e.g.Then on the night before Christmas, he lay thinking about the
Vocabulary analysis               next day. ( adverbial modifier)
Grammar exercises

Translation exercises          e.g.With these encouraging words, he added, ― Well, what is it
Exercises for integrated           like?‖ (attributive modifier)
skills

Oral activities

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                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              e.g.A second later, he heard a vase falling. (part of a complex object)
Vocabulary analysis

Grammar exercises

Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

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                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Practice:
                              Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb in the bracket.
Vocabulary analysis
                              1. I was to keep the fish before me in a tin tray, and occasionally
Grammar exercises                  moisten the surface with alcohol from the jar, always ______
                                                                                           taking
Translation exercises              (take) care to replace the stopper tightly.
Exercises for integrated       Explanation:
skills                             The phrase always taking care to replace the stopper tightly
Oral activities                    functions as the adverbial modifier
Writing practice              2. _______ (Walk) along Alvin Street, he felt glad to be home again.
                                   Walking
Listening exercises            Explanation:
                                  Walking along Alvin Street functions as the adverbial modifier.
                              3. He _____ (wipe) his mouth with a handkerchief, still holding the
                                     wiped
                                 hose, still wanting to drink more.
                               Explanation:
                                  The word wiped functions as a predicative verb.
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              The usages of as
Vocabulary analysis           (1) used in comparisons: as ... as
Grammar exercises                 e.g. They want peace as much as we do.
Translation exercises             e.g. Helen comes to visit me as often as she can.
                                  e.g. I can’t run as fast as I used to.
Exercises for integrated
skills                        (2) in the way that someone says or that something happens, or in the
Oral activities                  condition something is in
Writing practice                  e.g. We’d better leave things as they are until the police arrive.
Listening exercises
                                  e.g. The money was repaid, as promised.
                              (3) used to say that what you are saying is already known or has been
                                  stated before
                                  e.g. David, as you know, has not been well lately.
                                  e.g. As Napoleon once said, attack is the best method of defence.
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis           (4) while or when
Grammar exercises                  e.g. I saw Peter as I was getting off the bus.
Translation exercises              e.g. As time passed, things seemed to get worse.
Exercises for integrated      (5) used to state why a particular situation exists or why someone
skills
                                 does something
Oral activities
                                  e.g. As it was getting late, I turned around to start for home.
Writing practice                  e.g. We asked Philip to come with us, as he knew the road.
Listening exercises           (6) though
                                   e.g. Happy as they were, there was something missing.
                                   e.g. Try as she might, Sue couldn’t get the door open.
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Practice I:
                              Making sentences with the given words, using as … as phrases.
Vocabulary analysis           1.as quiet as
Grammar exercises               She is as quiet as a mouse.
                              2. as good as
Translation exercises
                                A change of work is as good as a rest.
Exercises for integrated      3. as modest as
skills
                                He pretends to be as modest as anything.
Oral activities               4. as innocent as
Writing practice                She is cool, sexy and evil but at the same time, as innocent as a
Listening exercises             lamb!
                              5. as rich as
                                As a whole, they are yet to become as rich as their US or
                                European counterparts.
                              6. as smart as
                                He is as smart as, if not smarter than, his brother.
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                              Practice II:
Vocabulary analysis           Rewrite the following sentences according to the model.
Grammar exercises             Model: Though the sofa was shabby, it had been spent in that big
                                     ___________________________________

Translation exercises
                                     old house.
                                     Shabby as the sofa was, it had been spent in that big old
                                     ______________________________
Exercises for integrated
skills                               house.
Oral activities               1. Though he was poor, he was honest.
Writing practice                  _________________________
                                  Poor as he was, he was honest.
Listening exercises           Explanation: As can be used to say that in spite of something being
                                           true, what follows is also true. In this case the normal
                                           order of the sentence should be altered.
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                              2. When we neared the town, we saw a large campfire.
Vocabulary analysis              ________________________________________
                                 As we neared the town, we saw a large campfire.
Grammar exercises
                              Explanation: As can be used to say that at the time something
Translation exercises
                                           happens, something else is also happening. In this
Exercises for integrated                   case the normal order of the sentence should not be
skills
                                           altered.
Oral activities
                              3. While we talked, she felt a joy she could not restrain.
Writing practice
                                 _________________________________________
                                 As we talked, she felt a joy she could not restrain.
Listening exercises
                              Explanation: As can be used to say that at the time something
                                           happens, something else is also happening. In this
                                           case the normal order of the sentence should not be
                                           altered.
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                              4. Since David had a passion for walking, we started off on foot.
Vocabulary analysis              ________________________________________________
                                 As David had a passion for walking, we started off on foot.
Grammar exercises             Explanation: As can be used to state why a particular situation
Translation exercises                      exists or why someone does something. In this case
Exercises for integrated                   the normal order of the sentence should not be altered.
skills

Oral activities

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                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Practice III:
Vocabulary analysis           Complete the following sentences with as where possible.
Grammar exercises             1. They treated us __ honored guests.
                                                 as
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated      2. She looked on him __ a very great scholar.
                                                   as
skills

Oral activities               3. He seemed to regard this __ a small triumph.
                                                          as
Writing practice
                              4. They wanted to use him __ a stepping stone.
                                                        as
Listening exercises

                              5. Most people consider him __ a fool.
                                                           /
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                              The emphatic structure
Vocabulary analysis
                                 When we want to emphasize the subject, the object or the
Grammar exercises             adverbial in a sentence, we can use the structure ―it is (was) … that
Translation exercises         (who, where, etc.)…‖
Exercises for integrated
                                 The relative pronoun which is not normally used in it.
skills

Oral activities

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                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis           e.g. It was in Beijing that I was born.
Grammar exercises             e.g. It was then that I began to suspect that my father had wanted to
                                   mend the breach as much as I had.
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

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                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Translation exercises
Vocabulary analysis
                              Translate each of the following sentences into English, using the
                              word or phrase given in the bracket. Inflect the word or phrase where
Grammar exercises
                              necessary.
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated      1. 他冲进了热闹的大街,混入人群中,希望那样警察就认不出
skills
                                 他了。(mingle with)
Oral activities

Writing practice                  He rushed into the busy street and mingled with the crowd, hoping
Listening exercises               in that way the police would not spot him.
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                                Chinese-English translation
Vocabulary analysis
                                 1) 两条河汇合成一个湖。
Grammar exercises
                                     The two rivers mingle into a lake.
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated
                                 2) 许多情感都交织在一起。
skills
                                     A lot of emotions all mingled together.
Oral activities

Writing practice
                                 3) 她既兴奋又害怕。
Listening exercises                  She felt fear mingled with excitement.
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                              2. 他蹑手蹑脚地从房间里出去,以免吵醒她。(tiptoe)
Vocabulary analysis
                              Notes:
Grammar exercises
                              The phrase so as to is used to introduce an adverbial of purpose. The
Translation exercises         negative form of the phrase should be so as not to.
Exercises for integrated         He tiptoed quietly out of the room so as not to wake her up.
skills
                              Chinese-English translation
Oral activities
                              1) 我踮着脚从睡着的孩子身旁走过。
Writing practice
                                 I tiptoed past the sleeping child.
Listening exercises
                              2) 仆人踮着脚走出了房间,他们没注意到他。
                                 They didn’t heed the servant who tiptoed out of the room.
                              3) 那护士踮脚走过大厅。
                                 The nurse tiptoed down the hall.
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                              3. 他买那幅油画是作为一种地位的象征,而非对艺术有特别的
                                 兴趣。(status)
Vocabulary analysis
                              Notes:
Grammar exercises
                              Not because is an adverbial clause used to denote cause. The correct
Translation exercises         phrase should be not because, instead of because not.
Exercises for integrated         He bought the oil painting as a status symbol, but not because he
skills
                                 was particularly interested in art.
Oral activities               Chinese-English translation
Writing practice              1) 他住那大房子为的是表示自己的身份。
Listening exercises              He lives in that big house as a symbol of his status.
                              2) 她的身份是客人。
                                 Her status is that of a guest.
                              3) 英国人比美国人更注重社会地位。
                                 The British are more aware of social status than Americans are.
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                              4. 吉姆一直很失望他的儿子不愿子从父业,接管农场。(follow
Vocabulary analysis
                                 in one’s footsteps)
                              Notes:
Grammar exercises
                              And is a conjunction, combining two verbs — follow and take.
Translation exercises         These two verbs should be in the same form of tense, number and
Exercises for integrated      person.
skills
                                 Jim was always disappointed that his son never followed in his
Oral activities                  footsteps and took over the farm.
Writing practice              Chinese-English translation
Listening exercises           1) 他继承其父成为经理。
                                 He followed his father as manager.
                              2) 我遵从你的劝告,不再发表任何见解。
                                 Following your advice, I kept from saying anything.
                              3) 有因必有果。
                                 The effect follows the cause.
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                              Exercises for integrated skills
Vocabulary analysis
                              Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE word you think
                              appropriate.
Grammar exercises
                                    John graduates from university but can’t find a job
Translation exercises
                              ―challenging‖ (1) enoughfor him. So he lives at home, (2) ______
                                                    ______                                    paying
Exercises for integrated      no money for room and board, letting his mother cook and clean for
skills
                              him. It depicts a new phenomenon: pampered kids who (3) ____     grow
Oral activities
                              into dependent young adults who can’t — or won’t —          (4) _____
                                                                                              stand
Writing practice              on their own two feet.
Listening exercises
                                           ________
                                    I (5) compared the parenting strategies of adults who raised
                              dependent children with those of parents who raised independent
                              children. I     (6) _____ up with a basic conclusion: when you give a
                                                  came
                              child clear, practical financial guidelines — you are much more
                                   (7) _____ to raise a young adult ready to (8) ____ this tough
                                        likely                                       face
                              economic world.
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                                    It requires practice to understand how to use money wisely and
Vocabulary analysis
                                   (9) ____ it takes to earn it. When these lessons are not taught,
                                         what
                                                           __
                               you rob your kids (10) of the coping skills they will       (11) ____
                                                                                                need
Grammar exercises
                               to succeed in life. But if you reinstate ―old fashioned‖ values
Translation exercises              (12) _____ money and work, you can give your children a
                                          about
Exercises for integrated       precious gift: the key     (13) __ self-sufficiency.
                                                               to
skills
                                    Raising self-reliant children requires parents at times to lead
Oral activities                with their heads and not their hearts. This is the challenge you face,
Writing practice               but the effort will pay      (14) ___ as you see your kids develop a
                                                                 off
Listening exercises
                               respect      (15) ___ the work ethic and a sound financial sense.
                                                  for
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                              enough
Vocabulary analysis
                              Explanation:
Grammar exercises
                              Enough means to an adequately required degree.
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

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                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              paying
Vocabulary analysis
                              Explanation:
Grammar exercises
                              -ing introduces an accompanied action.
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis
                              grow
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         to develop and reach maturity
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis
                              stand
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Stand on one’s own feet means to rely on oneself.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis
                              compared
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         to examine and note the similarities or differences of
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis
                              came
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Come up with is a set phrase, which means to bring forth, discover,
                              or produce.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis
                              likely
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         probably
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis
                              face
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         to confront boldly or bravely
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis
                              what
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         What is a conjunctive pronoun used to introduce an objective
                              clause.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis
                              of
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Rob sb. of sth. is a set phrase.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis
                              need
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         to require, want
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis
                              about
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         in reference to; relating to; concerned with
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis
                              to
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Key to is a set phrase. To means concerning; regarding.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis
                              off
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Pay off is a set phrase, which means to give recompense to; to
                              reward.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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     Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading    Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




Vocabulary analysis
                              for
Grammar exercises             Explanation:
Translation exercises         Respect for is a usual collocation.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Oral activities
Vocabulary analysis
                              1. Converse with one of your classmates on the given topics.
Grammar exercises

Translation exercises
                              2. A sample discussion on the first topic.
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Converse with one of your classmates on the given topics.
Vocabulary analysis           1. Your father bought you a piano, and told you to practice it for
Grammar exercises                 half an hour every day. Every time you tried to get out of it,
                                  but your father hounded you to practice. One day, you could
Translation exercises
                                  not stand it any more. Now talk to your partner, who plays the
Exercises for integrated
skills
                                  role of your best friend. Exchange ideas about practicing with
                                  him or her. Then switch your roles.
Oral activities
                              Suggestions:
Writing practice
                              I. The conversation can be based on the following aspects.
Listening exercises
                                  1) interest
                                  2) pressure
                                  3) waste of time
                                  4) personal affection
                                  5) special reasons (optional)
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Suggestions:
Vocabulary analysis           II. Words and expressions suggested for this topic:
Grammar exercises                 boring
Translation exercises
                                  tired
                                  of no interest
Exercises for integrated
skills                            time consuming
                                  a difficult task
Oral activities
                                  not gifted
Writing practice
                                  parents’ desire
Listening exercises               jazz
                                  key
                                  musical instrument
                                  a man to conquer himself
                                  brings about folly and ends with regret
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                              2. It is said that the bond between a father and his son is
Vocabulary analysis              unbreakable. It can be celebrated, cursed, or ridiculed, but it
Grammar exercises
                                 can’t be broken. Organize groups of five or six and debate on
                                 this issue.
Translation exercises

Exercises for integrated      Suggestions:
skills

Oral activities
                              I. The conversation can be based on the following aspects.
                                 1) Blood is thicker than water.
Writing practice
                                 2) Beauty lies in the eye of the beholder.
Listening exercises              3) Every mother’s child is handsome.
                                 4) Friends must part.
                                 5) We’re taught unconditional love.
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Suggestions:
                              II. Words and expressions suggested for this topic:
Vocabulary analysis               an apple in the eyes
Grammar exercises                 revolving always around his son
Translation exercises
                                  demanding very little in the way his son behaves
                                  be patient
Exercises for integrated
skills                            rewarding the child’s positive behaviors
                                  valuing the development of the child’s autonomous personality
Oral activities
                                  giving praise
Writing practice
                                  acknowledging the child’s wishes and desires
Listening exercises               attaching great importance to good manners
                                  taking great pride in his son’s independence
                                  a true blessing
                                  priceless asset
                                  very high parental expectations
                                  offering much warmth to his son
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              A sample discussion on the first topic.
Vocabulary analysis                I am not born for music, and I don’t have the talent in playing
Grammar exercises             the piano. But in my family, I have to learn the piano, though I hate
Translation exercises
                              it most.
                                   In my childhood, I have learnt a little piano and also have
Exercises for integrated
skills                        performed on the stage. During my primary and middle school
                              times, I have spent all the time on study and had no time to practice
Oral activities
                              the piano. But now I have to learn many kinds of music, such as
Writing practice
                              jazz, rock and roll, classical music and folk music. I have tried my
Listening exercises           best to follow the music but failed many times. The worst thing was
                              that I couldn’t remember all the notes. Playing the piano is what I
                              hate most.
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis                But my father always says, ―You measure the strength of a man
Grammar exercises             by the power of the things he conquers, not by the power of those
                              which conquer him.‖ He insisted on my practicing piano for half an
Translation exercises
                              hour every day. ―Self-control is a man’s greatest victory,‖ he would
Exercises for integrated
skills
                              continue, ―If a man lacks self-control, he seems to lack everything.
                              Without it he can have no patience, no power to govern himself; he
Oral activities
                              can have no self-confidence either, for he will always be controlled
Writing practice              by his strongest feeling. If he lacks self-control, he is lacking the
Listening exercises           very backbone of his character.‖
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Writing practice
Vocabulary analysis
                              Additional information
Grammar exercises

Translation exercises
                              Sequence of Tenses
Exercises for integrated
                                 A paragraph normally often includes several different tenses,
skills                        which should not be shifted arbitrarily.
Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              A well-written paragraph is normally dominated by only one
Vocabulary analysis
                              tense.
Grammar exercises                  Example:
Translation exercises              My trip had been planned at the last minute. Since the village
                              had no telegraph or telephone services, no one was expecting me.
Exercises for integrated
skills                        All the driver knew was that I was a visiting doctor. The driver
Oral activities
                              showed me into a large room of the farmhouse where some twenty
                              men were watching a film. It was about the problems of a man who
Writing practice
                              could neither read nor write. But in the face of difficulties he
Listening exercises
                              managed to start an adult education class in his village. He did this
                              so that he could learn to read and win his girl friend’s respect.
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                                  Comments:
Vocabulary analysis               The author is describing a past experience, so the dominant
Grammar exercises             tense here is the past indefinite. The auxiliary and modal verbs are
Translation exercises
                              consequently in the past tense.
                                  When a paragraph describes a recurrent condition or action —
Exercises for integrated
skills                        something that happens every day, every month or every year, the
                              dominant tense of the verbs is the present.
Oral activities
                                  In literary works, a writer often adopts the present tense to
Writing practice
                              describe past events to make them more vivid and exciting.
Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Practice
Vocabulary analysis               Write a 250-word composition on the topic of ―The Gap
Grammar exercises             Between Father and Me‖. In the first part, define in your own words
                              what the generation gap is. In the second part, write in detail one or
Translation exercises
                              two things of your daily life to show where the gap lies. In the third
Exercises for integrated
skills
                              part, state what you, as a son or daughter, plan to do to bridge the
                              gap.
Oral activities

Writing practice

Listening exercises
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Sample writing
Vocabulary analysis                More than you may realize, the generation gap has been
Grammar exercises             influencing you for years. And the gap between my father and me is
                              becoming wider and wider.
Translation exercises
                                   Why is there a generation gap?
Exercises for integrated
skills
                                   My generation is essentially different from my father’s. I like
                              the fashionable dress, rock music and popular songs, but my father
Oral activities
                              is not satisfied with me on this, and always shakes his head and says,
Writing practice              ―Alas, young men today …‖ What’s more, he usually thinks I am
Listening exercises           still young and wants to keep me under his wings. I would rather
                              communicate with my classmates because we are of the same
                              generation. We have the same opinions. We can understand each
                              other. We will talk and share our problems.
                        My Father’s Shadow
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Vocabulary analysis               I don’t blindly follow what my father says. I think he is out of
Grammar exercises             date. I want absolute freedom and respect. I want to be free to
                              choose my direction; I want to be free to select my courses in school
Translation exercises
                              and select food at home. I usually think that my father can’t
Exercises for integrated
skills
                              understand me. My father has been brought up to respect traditional
                              values. He expects me to obey the rules of ―nice‖ manners. Parents
Oral activities
                              and children cannot communicate with each other. This is why the
Writing practice              generation gap exists. If the parents and children can be sensitive to
Listening exercises           each other’s needs, a little give-and-take on either side will work
                              wonders to bridge the generation gap.
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Listening exercises
Vocabulary analysis                                        Child Discipline
Grammar exercises
                              You are going to hear some teenagers talking about their views on
Translation exercises         discipline within the family.
Exercises for integrated      A. Listen carefully. Decide whether the parents of each of the
skills
                                speakers are strict or not. Write ―strict‖, ―not strict‖ or ―not
Oral activities
                                 mentioned‖ in the proper boxes.
Writing practice

Listening exercises




                                                                    ■          script
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                                       Speakers                      Father                          Mother
Vocabulary analysis

Grammar exercises                       Thomas                   Strict                       Not mentioned
Translation exercises
                                          Chris                  Strict                       Not strict
Exercises for integrated
skills

Oral activities
                                         Joanne                  Not mentioned                Not strict
Writing practice                        Michael                  Strict                       Strict
Listening exercises

                                          Ruth                   Not mentioned                Strict

                                          John                   Not strict                   Not strict
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                               B. Listen again. Complete the following statements which show
Vocabulary analysis
                                  briefly their views on discipline within the family.
Grammar exercises
                              Thomas: _________ needs to be there in a certain _______ but too
                                       Discipline                                  amount
Translation exercises                                      ___
                                      much of it can be a bad thing.
Exercises for integrated      Chris:  She would definitely not be as _____ as her father because
                                                                       strict
skills                                that only makes one _____. But her mother is much
                                                               rebel
Oral activities                       nicer . Her mother is more than a ______ to her but also
                                      _____                                 mother
Writing practice
                                      one of her ______ . Her mother can __________ her much
                                                  friends                     understand
                                      better than her _____ .
                                                       father
Listening exercises
                              Joanne: Her mother was a _______ mother, so she is more
                                                              working
                                      ___________ and has more _______ than her friends. And
                                       independent                  freedom
                                      she feels that she grows _____ than her friends, too.
                                                                faster

                                                                  ■          script
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Michael: He and his parents never used to _____ . That kind of
                                                                             get on
Vocabulary analysis                    unfriendly relationship has caused him not to do as he
                                                                                        ____
                                       was told , but do things that his parents didn’t want him to
                                            ___
Grammar exercises
                                       do just to ____ them.
                                                   spite
Translation exercises
                              Ruth:    She feels really annoyed because her mother doesn’t let
Exercises for integrated
skills
                                            _____
                                       her watch that much ___ after school because most of
                                                                TV
                                       her _______ get to watch for about ________ a day but
                                            friends                            two hours
Oral activities
                                                                      _______
                                       she only gets to watch for one hour . She thinks that is
Writing practice                       really ______ .
                                              unfair
Listening exercises           John:    His parents gave him a lot of ____ time. But he thinks that
                                                                       free
                                                                                ______
                                       good parents should at least show an interest as to where
                                       their kid’s _____ . Teenagers are very _____ , and they need
                                                   going                       naive
                                       more ________ from their parents.
                                             direction
                                                                              script
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Child Discipline:
                              Interviewer: It is generally thought that before the 1960s, parents
Vocabulary analysis                        were much stricter with children. But since then, the
Grammar exercises                          strictness has gradually started to give way to what is
Translation exercises
                                           sometimes called the ―permissive society‖, which allows
                                           people a great deal of freedom. Nowadays many people
Exercises for integrated
skills                                     have a different attitude to parenting. One popular view
                                           is that children should be talked to and listened to, and
Oral activities
                                           they should be more involved in family decision. In
Writing practice
                                           families like this, parents explain house rules instead of
Listening exercises                        imposing them on the child. Hitting children is now
                                           frowned upon in most families. Today we have invited
                                           six teenagers here. They are Thomas, Chris, Joanne,
                                           Michael, Ruth and John. They are going to talk about
                                           their views on discipline within the family.
                                                                          ■
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Thomas: Discipline needs to be there in a certain amount but too much
                                      of it can be a bad thing, I think, and I certainly do get too
Vocabulary analysis                   much of it occasionally. My father was extremely strict with
Grammar exercises
                                      me when I was a little boy. All my buddies say I need to be
                                      more assertive. But I just can’t. Whenever I did something
Translation exercises
                                      wrong, even if it was only a very trivial one, my father would
Exercises for integrated              pull my ear and it hurt so much. Yeah, my left ear is still
skills
                                      bigger, look.
Oral activities
                              Chris: I wouldn’t be as strict as my dad was, definitely not, coz I
Writing practice                      don’t think that works. That only makes you rebel. My mum
Listening exercises                   is much nicer. She never went out to work after I was born, so
                                      we got a lot of time hanging around. I think we kind of have a
                                      closeness that it isn’t possible to have if your mother is not
                                      there all the time. My mother is more than a mother to me,
                                      she is also one of my friends. I think she can understand
                                      much better than my father.               ■
                                                SectionFour_L_4popwin1.2



                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Joanne: My mother was a working mother. Well, seeing as she has
                                       worked all my life, I know nothing different, so I don’t know
Vocabulary analysis                    what it is like to have a non-working mother. I suppose it’s
Grammar exercises                      made me more independent and I’ve had to occasionally
Translation exercises
                                       cook. Unlike many of my friends I wash up the dishes of an
                                       evening and I help prepare a meal. I think I have more
Exercises for integrated
skills                                 freedom than my other friends and I also feel that I grow
Oral activities
                                       faster than them.
                              Michael: Well, me and my parents, we never used to get on, we used to
Writing practice
                                       fight all the time. We never, well, especially with my dad, we
Listening exercises                    never liked one another. In a way with my dad that’s caused
                                       me, you know to be, not to do as I was told, you know to
                                       make me do things they didn’t want me to do just to spite
                                       them.
                                                                                           ■
                        My Father’s Shadow
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                              Ruth: My mom doesn’t let me watch that much TV after school,
                                    which is really annoying because most of my friends get to
Vocabulary analysis                 watch for about two hours a day but I only get to watch for one
Grammar exercises
                                    hour. I sometimes don’t — I mean I think that’s really unfair so
                                    sometimes I just watch for two hours anyway. And when my
Translation exercises
                                    mom is not around, you know, I usually sneak in a fair amount
Exercises for integrated            more than that.
skills
                              John: My parents gave me a lot of free time. When I was only 13 or
Oral activities
                                    14 years old, they would let me go out until ten o’clock and
Writing practice                    they would never ask where I went. I think my parents should
Listening exercises                 have, you now, maybe at least showed an interest as to where I
                                    was going. They never even asked where I was going and they
                                    gave me a lot of free time, and I think that they, they felt that
                                    this was a thing that was being a good parent. But I think that
                                    teenagers are very naive, and I think I could have used a little
                                    more direction from them.              ■
                      My Father’s Shadow
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                             Lead-in questions
Lead-in questions

Supplementary reading
                             1. Do you think that Dad could do as well as Mum could?
Memorable quotes
                             2. Do you think women are easier to be accepted by children?
                      My Father’s Shadow
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                                               My New Mum Is ... My Dad
Lead-in questions

Supplementary reading                                                           Barbara McKenna
Memorable quotes
                              And We have more in common than I ever imagined.
                                    I remember the exact moment my father became my mother. It
                              was on the telephone, about a year after Mum died.
                                   When Mum was dying of cancer, we all worried about how
                              losing her would mean losing our whole family. She held us all
                              together. Dad was just, well, there. More imposing than furniture,
                              but almost as silent.
                                   Mum was the one who cleaned, baked, cooked the holiday
                              meals, entertained. She helped us girls paint and wallpaper and tried,
                              bless her, to teach us to be proper housewives. She made our
                              rambling country house a real home.
                      My Father’s Shadow
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                                    For problems, we went to Mum. She listened, counselled, sighed,
                             sometimes lectured. Dad, well, we approached him only for money. It
Lead-in questions            always took us an hour to work up the courage to ask for $3 for the
Supplementary reading
                             movies, even though he never once said no.
                                   When Mum caught us doing something wrong — smoking,
Memorable quotes
                             skipping class — her best weapon was always, ―If I catch you again,
                             I’ll tell your father.‖ She never caught us again. And if we ever did end
                             up at the receiving end of his discipline, we turned to her for comfort.
                             ―Does Dad really love me?‖ I’d ask. ―Of course,‖ she’d reply.
                                    I never once believed her. I thought he saw us as foreigners in his
                             home, people to be raised, not to befriend.
                                    I remember long, uncomfortable drives as a teenager to
                             Charlottetown, in the eastern Canadian province of Prince Edward
                             Island, with Dad. What to talk about over 24 kilometres? I shared half
                             his genes, lived with the guy all my life, but, alas, I couldn’t find one
                             thing to say to him. He couldn’t either.
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                                   It wasn’t anyone’s fault. In those days, the father was strong,
                             silent, worrying about supporting his brood with his small income.
Lead-in questions            Because we had Mum for our worries, triumphs and failures, we
Supplementary reading        didn’t need Dad.
                                   Then Mum got sick. In her last year, she took Dad to the
Memorable quotes
                             supermarket, showed him how to shop, where to find his favourite
                             fish. She taught him to do laundry, make tea, cook a few simple meals.
                             He was 61.
                                  But she didn’t teach him how to be a mother. He would figure
                             that out all by himself.
                                  About a month before Mum died, she and I had one of our
                             rambling chats about the future.
                                  ―Do you worry about Dad?‖ I asked. ―No,‖ she said, with that
                             look of peace worn by those who’ve suffered a horrid illness and
                             know their time is up. ―We’ve talked about it often and I know he’ll
                             be fine.‖
                      My Father’s Shadow
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                                  ―I worry,‖ I whispered. ―I worry there won’t be anything here for
                             us any more.‖ We’d all left home long before, but home was the
Lead-in questions
                             family home, run by Mum.
Supplementary reading            Then, my real fear. ―Do you think we’ll visit Dad?‖
Memorable quotes                 ―You will,‖ she said, and she seemed sure. I didn’t.
                                  One beautiful February day, Mum died, and my life as an orphan
                             began, or so I thought.
                                 We stuck together through the wake, Dad, my sister, my three
                             brothers and I. All of us shone through those moments.
                                  Dad, we discovered, had a lovely sense of humor. Whenever he
                             sneaked out of the funeral home for a smoke, people would arrive,
                             looking for the grieving widower, and whisper sadly, ―Did your father
                             not come?‖
                                  ―No, he had something else on,‖ we’d sigh. Then we’d laugh our
                             heads off. With Dad.
                      My Father’s Shadow
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                                  The night after the funeral, we had a party to celebrate Mum’s life.
                             At 4 a.m., my sister and I found ourselves perched on the floor by
Lead-in questions
                             Dad’s feet, and he was telling us how he had ―found‖ Mum when she
Supplementary reading        was 15 and married her at 17, so in effect he’d ―reared her‖. What a
Memorable quotes             wonderful wife she’d been.
                                  It was a very touching moment, but we figured it was brought
                             about by Mum, who had hung around so she wouldn’t miss the party.
                                  The days without Mum marched by. And we did visit the house.
                             Slowly, I got used to it. To find Mum’s pots filled not with home-
                             cooked meals but with Dad’s chocolate bars, hidden from the dog. To
                             his bed rumpled not from Mum but the dog, who slept there every night.
                                  Dad began to talk to me, to us all, about his pain. He actually cried
                             in front of us, and I started to realize he was human.
                                  ―I know you’ve lost a mother,‖ he’d say. ―But I’ve lost half of me.
                             Until it happens to you, you can’t understand.‖
                      My Father’s Shadow
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                                 We had long, philosophical discussions during that mourning period.
                             He told me things about himself that I would never have guessed. He
Lead-in questions
                             was, in fact, painfully sensitive, just like the rest of us. The much-loved
Supplementary reading        baby of the family, he was rocked to sleep by his mother until he was
Memorable quotes             12. But because he was a man, and born in 1932, he had to hide that
                             sensitivity. He confessed this to me, ironically, on a drive to
                             Charlottetown that seemed to fly by.
                                  One night, he told me he wished I’d stop drinking. He had stopped
                             at age 33 because he was an alcoholic. And he knew I was one. So he
                             simply said my life would be better if I could come to grips with this. I
                             started crying, in relief, really, and poured out my soul. Because he
                             could, and did, understand.
                                  I joined Alcoholics Anonymous. He was very, very proud. I haven’t
                             had a drink in more than six years.
                                  But that wasn’t when he became my mother.
                      My Father’s Shadow
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                                  In the old days, whenever I phoned home and he answered, I’d say,
                             stiffly, ―Hello, is Mum there?‖ He would put her on the line. Then I’d
Lead-in questions
                             pour out my petty issues, and Mum would counsel.
Supplementary reading              This night, I dialed the familiar number. Dad answered. Before I
Memorable quotes             knew it, he’d sensed there was something deeper bubbling underneath.
                             And so he got it out of me. And he clucked. And counseled. And
                             understood. And wished me luck.
                                   He didn’t say ―I love you.‖ But he couldn’t have expressed it more
                             powerfully. Afterwards I sat there dumbstruck: My father had just
                             mothered me — as well as or better than my mother ever did.
                                   Since that call five years ago, he’s been everything a mother should
                             be. He’s very easy to talk to. And has the same twisted sense of humor I
                             have, one that Mum never quite understood. She definitely wouldn’t
                             have laughed like we do when I tell him I plan to put on my resume
                             that I’m the child of the only man on Prince Edward Island who got
                      My Father’s Shadow
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                             caught smoking in intensive care — twice. She’d probably disapprove
Lead-in questions
                             when we say he’s so mean we’ll never find six pallbearers for him, so
                             we’ll have to use the ride-on lawn mower.
Supplementary reading
                                  People who knew my mother often tell me I look exactly like her.
Memorable quotes             But I was shocked to discover that I have my father’s soul. He’s fun.
                             He’s sensitive and wise. And a dreamer, just like me.
                                 But what impresses me most about Dad is his vicious loyalty to
                             me, his daughter. Mum had that quality, but not in the same
                             aggressive, clear-cut way.
                                 So don’t cross me, or you’ll have to deal with him.
                                 My dad, my new mum.
                                                                                     1,268 words
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             Barbara McKenna was born in 1942 in New Jersey. She studied
Lead-in questions            fashion illustration for four years. After graduation she did some
Supplementary reading
                             freelance work for Macy’s Department Store while working full
                             time at Greek Fabric Company in its New York’s design studio.
Memorable quotes
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             ... caught us doing something wrong    came unexpectedly upon us
Lead-in questions            while doing something (usu. something wrong)
Supplementary reading
                             e.g. He was caught cheating in the exam.
Memorable quotes
                                  She caught her teenage daughter smoking in the bathroom.
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                              ... if we ever did end up at the receiving end of his discipline
Lead-in questions                   if we ever did something wrong and were eventually punished
Supplementary reading
                             by Father
Memorable quotes
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             rambling chats
Lead-in questions            chats without a definite subject
Supplementary reading

Memorable quotes
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:              Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             All of us shone through those moments.
Lead-in questions
                             All of us did well through those moments.
Supplementary reading

Memorable quotes
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                               ... he had something else on
Lead-in questions
                                he was otherwise engaged
Supplementary reading

Memorable quotes
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             But because he was a man, and born in 1932      Because he was a
Lead-in questions
                             man, not a woman, and because he was born in the hard days of the
                             Great Depression (1929-1933) (he had to keep a tough appearance).
Supplementary reading

Memorable quotes
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:         Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading       Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             Alcoholics Anonymous                a fellowship formed by alcoholics to
Lead-in questions
                             achieve sobriety in the US
Supplementary reading

Memorable quotes
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             But he couldn’t have expressed it more powerfully.    He expressed
Lead-in questions
                             it very powerfully.
                             e.g. I couldn’t agree more with you. (I completely agree with you.)
Supplementary reading
                                 The teacher couldn’t have explained it more clearly. (The
Memorable quotes                 teacher explained it very clearly.)
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:              Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities    Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement



                             Questions for discussion:
                             1. What kind of man is the writer’s father?
Lead-in questions            2. Explain the title ―My New Mum Is ... My Dad‖.
Supplementary reading        3. Whom are you more sentimentally attached to, your father or
                                mother? Why?
Memorable quotes
                             Answers for reference:
                             1. The writer’s father is a devoted husband and a fond father with a
                                lovely sense of humor. He was also sentimental, sensitive and
                                understanding.
                             2 The writer used to be very much attached to her mother, who, she
                                thought, was the one to hold them together. Assuming no one could
                                ever replace her mother after her death, the writer found, little by
                                little, to her surprise, that she and her father had more in common
                                than she had ever imagined. And her father’s deep love for her made
                                her realize that he had become her new Mum.
                             3. Open to discussion.
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:             Section Two:      Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading    Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




                             Memorable quotes
Lead-in questions            Please paraphrase the following quotes:
Supplementary reading
                             There is no friendship, no love, like that of the
Memorable quotes
                             parent for the child.
                                                       — Henry Ward Beecher
                      My Father’s Shadow
    Section One:             Section Two:     Section Three:     Section Four:              Section Five:
    Pre-reading Activities   Global Reading   Detailed Reading   Consolidation Activities   Further Enhancement




Lead-in questions            If you have never been hated by your child, you
Supplementary reading        have never been a parent.
Memorable quotes
                                                              — Bette Davis

				
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