Photo - USDA Forest Service by xiaohuicaicai

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									System: FHP Aerial Photography - Aircraft
                                                                        Pre Mitigation                                                                                                              Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Achieved?
                                                                      Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Yes or No
                                                                                                                          Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Outcome
                                                                                              Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Post
  Sub-systems                           Hazards                                                                                                                Mitigation                                                                                        Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                      Occasional


                                                                                              Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Marginal
                                                                                                                                    Have portable radio/handheld as back up, users prepared




                                                                                                                          Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                    Unplanned avionics failures (overheating,
                                                                                                                                    to use alternate frequencies (guard), land and repair or use
  Avionics (for     faulty wiring, etc.)
                                                                                                                                    alternate aircraft
   radios see
 "Technology"




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Occasional Improbable

                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Negligible
                                                                                              Marginal

                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                      Remote
      tab)          Loss of emergency locator ability (analog ELT                                                                   Switch to 406 MHz digital ELT systems before February 1,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Low
                    systems will be discontinued)                                                                                   2009




                                                                      Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Negligible
                                                                                              Marginal

                                                                                                                          Medium
                    Window configuration - poor visibility of




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Low
                                                                                                                                    Consider aircraft with better visibility
                    hazards in certain models




                                                                      Occasional


                                                                                              Negligible




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Negligible
                    If non-pressurized aircraft operating at high




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                                                                                                                          Low




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Low
                    altitude, encumbrance caused by                                                                                 Use pressurized aircraft
                    canulas/mask/hose




                                                                                                                          Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                      Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                                                                                              Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Critical
 Configuration      Insufficient work space, inability to use
                                                                                                                                    None
                    seatbelts during photo mission
                                                                      Occasional Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Negligible
                                                                                              Marginal

                                                                                                                          Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                                                                                                                                    Wear warm clothes, fly fewer hours to avoid fatigue or use




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Low
                    Open camera port in belly - cold, fatigue
                                                                                                                                    aircraft with sealed port (such as King Air)
                                                                                              Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Marginal
                                                                                                                          Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                                                                                                                                    Secure items, keep from port or use aircraft with sealed port
                    Open camera port in belly - loosing items
                                                                                                                                    (such as King Air)


                   Theft or damage to aircraft or gear &
                                                                                              Catastrophic




                   equipment (remote , unsecured overnight                                                                          Adhere to Project Aviation Safety and Security Plans;




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                      Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                                                                                                                          Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Critical
  Terrorist or
                   parking, risk to aircraft, personnel … theft or                                                                  remove valuable equipment if overnight parking, use prop
malicious activity
                   damage to aircraft and equipment… threat to                                                                      lock and fuel lock
                   public safety.)
                                                                                              Catastrophic Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Improbable
                                                                                                                                    Project Aviation Safety Plan and contract to address




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                      Remote




                                                                                                                          Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Critical
                    High density altitude operations                                                                                minimum requirements, reference Airman's Information
                                                                                                                                    Manual (AIM) for mountainous terrain.

  Performance
                                                                      Occasional




                                                                                                                                    Project Aviation safety plan & contract to address minimum




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
  Standards -




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Critical
                                                                                                                          High




  mountainous       Insufficient Horsepower                                                                                         requirements, reference local unit Aviation Plan if operating
     terrain                                                                                                                        out of area

                                                                                                                                                                                                     Occasional Improbable
                                                                      Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                              Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Critical
                    Insufficient payload capabilities - camera type                                                                 Match machine to task, perform weight and balance
                                                                                                                          High




                    mismatch to platform, overnight gear                                                                            calculation, reduce load
                                                                      Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Marginal


                    Many contract aircraft not configured for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                              Critical




                                                                                                                                    Conduct thorough market analysis and solicitation, request
                                                                                                                          High




                    equipment or experienced with mission type
                                                                                                                                    performance history, require Part 135
                    (if turn-key, very expensive)
Contract Aircraft
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Occasional
                                                                      Probable


                                                                                              Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Medium
                                                                                                                          Serious




                                                                                                                                    Consider aircraft health monitoring program to include strain
                    Aging aircraft
                                                                                                                                    gauge, oil analysis, special inspection program


      1                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Aircraft (cont.)
                                                                      Pre Mitigation                                                                                         Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Achieved?
                                                                     Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                              Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Yes or No
                                                                                                 Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Outcome
                                                                                  Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                               Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Post
 Sub-systems                         Hazards                                                                                         Mitigation                                                                                           Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                  Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                               Catastrophic
                                                                     Remote




                                                                                                                                                                              Remote
                                                                                                 Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Serious
                 Identifiable as agency aircraft may encourage
                                                                                                           Utilize secure overnight parking if available
                 vandalism




                                                                                                                                                                              Occasional
                                                                     Probable


                                                                                  Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal
                 Most agency pilots have tendency to lack                                                  Establish mentoring program for photo pilots, performance




                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                 Serious
                 experience with mission type, not dedicated to                                            plan addresses support to other aviation functions (e.g., fire
                 photography work                                                                          & photo)
  WCF (fleet)
   Aircraft      Very few photo-capable aircraft in agency




                                                                                                                                                                              Occasional
                                                                     Probable


                                                                                  Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                 Serious
                 fleet, increases likelihood of contracting                                                Conduct thorough market research and consider best value
                 minimally skilled pilots/poor performing aircraft                                         for contracting if no agency available
                 through contracting




                                                                                                                                                                              Occasional
                                                                     Probable


                                                                                  Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                               Marginal
                                                                                                           Consider aircraft health monitoring program to include strain




                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                 Serious
                 Aging aircraft                                                                            gauge, oil analysis, special inspection program (FHTET
                                                                                                           King Air '74, SPO Beavers '59-'64, DFO C206 newer)
                                                                     Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                      Remote
                                                                                                 Serious
                                                                                  Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Critical
                 Bad fuel                                                                                  Ensure fuel is tested for type and quality prior to fueling


     Fuel
                                                                                  Catastrophic
                                                                     Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                      Remote

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Critical
                                                                                                           Monitor quantity pumped during fueling, monitor flight time
                                                                                                 High




                 Starvation
                                                                                                           and distance to services



                 Lack of back up aircraft in event preferred
                                                                                  Negligible




                                                                                                                                                                                               Negligible
                                                                     Remote




                                                                                                                                                                              Remote
                 aircraft unavailable (scrambling to find
                                                                                                 Low




                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Low
                                                                                                           R8 has two configured King Airs for back up
                 suitable substitute or settling for less than
                 optimum)
                                                                                  Negligible




                                                                                                                                                                                               Negligible
                 Minimal availability of photo platforms leading
                                                                     Remote




                                                                                                                                                                              Remote
                                                                                                 Low




                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Low
                 to maximizing flight hours with those                                                     Adhere to flight duty limitations
                 aircraft/pilots that are available
  Availability
                                                                                  Negligible




                                                                                                                                                                                               Negligible
                 Sharing aviation assets (non-local pilot
                                                                     Remote




                                                                                                                                                                              Remote
                                                                                                 Low




                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Low
                 unfamiliar with area, photographer unfamiliar                                             R8 has two configured King Airs for back up
                 with pilot and aircraft)
                                                                                  Negligible




                                                                                                                                                                                               Negligible
                                                                                                           Utilize other aircraft equipped with camera hole (however,
                                                                     Remote




                                                                                                                                                                              Remote
                 Not sharing aviation assets (overworking a
                                                                                                 Low




                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Low
                                                                                                           others are prioritized for fire... fire season and photo season
                 single asset)
                                                                                                           overlap)




    2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Environmental
                                                                 Pre Mitigation                                                                                                     Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Achieved?
                                                                Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                     Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes or No
                                                                                                         Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Outcome
                                                                             Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Post
 Sub-systems                        Hazards                                                                                                 Mitigation                                                                                             Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                Occasional
               Working in less-than-optimum conditions in




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                                                                                                         Serious
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Critical
                                                                                                                   Preflight briefing to include unacceptable conditions for safe
               order to take advantage of preferred sun
                                                                                                                   photography
               angles




                                                                             Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Catastrophic
                                                                Probable
                                                                                                                   Maintain VFR, establish good communication w/air attack,




                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
                                                                                                         High
               Lack of visibility - smoke, haze                                                                    remain outside of FTA/TFR w/out permission, practice see
                                                                                                                   & avoid




                                                                Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                                                                             Critical

                                                                                                         High
               High winds                                                                                          Abort mission until more favorable wind conditions




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Negligible Catastrophic
                                                                             Negligible
                                                                Probable




                                                                                                         Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
               IFR conditions take off/landing, ferry                                                              Stay on ground or use twin engine/IFR qualified


   Weather
                                                                             Negligible
                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
               Sudden changes in weather, unexpected


                                                                                                         Low




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Low
                                                                                                                   Preflight weather briefing, maintain VFR
               extreme conditions




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Catastrophic
                                                                                                                   Maintain VFR, continuously monitor conditions, have
                                                                Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                   contingency plans for alternate airports/survey areas,
                                                                                                         High


               Lack of visibility - fog
                                                                                                                   consider utilizing twin engine aircraft in project areas
                                                                                                                   w/strong likelihood of fog during take-off/landings.
                                                                             Catastrophic Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                                                                                                         Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Critical
               Lack of visibility during IFR take off/landing                                                      Pilot maintain IFR currency, abort mission until conditions
               (OK for twin engine only)                                                                           improve.




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Negligible
                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                                                                                                         Serious




                                                                                                                   Preflight weather briefing, maintain VFR, see and avoid




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Low
               Marginal VFR (having to avoid scud runners)
                                                                                                                   scud runners
                                                                Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Critical
                                                                                                                   Obtain weather briefings, move to alternate location or
                                                                                                         High




               Turbulence
                                                                                                                   abort mission until more favorable weather.


               Terrain - operating in box canyons (rare,
                                                                                                         Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Critical
                                                                                                                   Maintain awareness of altitude above terrain, fly ridges
               photo mission altitude fixed high above
                                                                                                                   rather than drainage bottoms
               terrain)
                                                                Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Critical
 Topography                                                                                                        Obtain weather briefings, review aircraft performance charts
                                                                                                         High




               High Altitude - density altitude
    Hi Alt                                                                                                         and data or abort mission until more favorable weather.
                                                                Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                     Frequent
                                                                             Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Marginal
                                                                                                         Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious

               High Altitude above 18 thousand                                                                     Mission planning, IFR clearance, working with IFR traffic
                                                                Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                     Remote
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Critical
                                                                                                         High




               Large scale photography/closer to terrain                                                           Change lens or camera




   3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Environmental (cont.)
                                                                     Pre Mitigation                                                                                                                   Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Achieved?
                                                                    Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                       Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Yes or No
                                                                                                                          Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Outcome
                                                                                 Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Post
  Sub-systems                           Hazards                                                                                                               Mitigation                                                                                               Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                 Catastrophic Catastrophic Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Catastrophic Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Occasional
                                                                    Probable
    Minimal
               Increased probability of encountering aerial                                                                         Address in safety briefing, consider TCAS, practice see and




                                                                                                                          High




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                High
Topography/Low
               hazards in areas with minimal topography                                                                             avoid
      Alt




                                                                    Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                       Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Serious
                                                                                                                                    Utilize AFF, know and use local repeaters (guard in




                                                                                                                          High
                   lack of communications
                                                                                                                                    emergency), possibly carry satellite phone




                                                                                                                                                                                                       Occasional
                                                                    Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Serious
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Critical
                   Search and Rescue - delayed response within                                                                      Utilize AFF, carry aircraft and personal survival gear,




                                                                                                                          High
                   critical period                                                                                                  handheld radio/know frequencies, satellite phone

 Remote areas



                                                                    Occasional


                                                                                 Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Marginal
                                                                                                                                    Ensure mission planning includes fuel resources (call




                                                                                                                          Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                   Fuel availability                                                                                                ahead), considers ferry distance/time, monitor flight time &
                                                                                                                                    distance to fuel location during flight

                                                                                                                                    Ensure mission planning includes oxygen resources (call
                                                                    Occasional


                                                                                 Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Marginal
                                                                                                                          Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                   Oxygen availability to aircraft (if using non                                                                    ahead) & ferry distance/time, monitor flight time & distance
                   pressurized aircraft)                                                                                            to location or if not available, spend less time at high
                                                                                                                                    elevations

     Urgent
                                                                                 Catastrophic




  Photography
                                                                    Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
 (Pest Signature, Forcing timing of flights to meet photo needs                                                                     Utilize additional assets to complete survey or prioritize high
                                                                                                                          High




   Fall Colors,   rather than safety                                                                                                interest areas & complete first, it's okay not to finish
    Fire/Other
    Damage)
                                                                                 Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Improbable
                                                                    Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Medium
                   Amphibious aircraft landing on water with gear                                                                   Use pilot check list, confirm gear up… (typically not using
                                                                                                                          High




                   down                                                                                                             amphibious aircraft for photo missions)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Improbable
                                                                    Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Medium
                                                                                                                          Serious
                                                                                 Critical




                   Amphibious aircraft landing on land with gear                                                                    Use pilot checklist, confirm gear down… (typically not using
                   up                                                                                                               amphibious aircraft for photo missions)
                                                                    Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Marginal
                                                                                                                                    Be aware during hazy conditions or dead-calm, more




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
     Water
                                                                                                                          Serious
                                                                                 Critical




                   Poor depth perception to surface of water
                                                                                                                                    difficult to see water surface; Use experienced pilots, scan
                   during landing
                                                                                                                                    for water surface irregularities (wind, wake, fish, etc
                                                                                 Catastrophic
                                                                    Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Remote

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Critical

                   Ill-equipped with survival gear and beyond
                                                                                                                          High




                                                                                                                                    Carry survival/mustang suits cold water, PFDs
                   glide distance to shore
                                                                                 Catastrophic
                                                                    Probable




                                                                                                                                    Attending water ditching course, consider adding area-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Remote

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Critical




                   Difficulty exiting aircraft after ditching or
                                                                                                                          High




                                                                                                                                    specific currency requirement in task book (alternatively,
                   crashing in water
                                                                                                                                    other companies and universities offer)



     4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Environmental (cont.)
                                                                      Pre Mitigation                                                                                                                                                          Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Achieved?
                                                                     Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Yes or No
                                                                                                                                                                  Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Outcome
                                                                                   Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Post
 Sub-systems                       Hazards                                                                                                                                                            Mitigation                                                                                                                                                   Additional Local Mitigation



                                                                                                                                                                            Pilot/crew increase SA (watch for fishermen, swimmers, jet




                                                                                  Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Catastrophic
                                                                     Occasional
                                                                                                                                                                            skis, canoes, etc. speed boats can become a hazard




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
                                                                                                                                                                  High
               Other watercraft & recreational users                                                                                                                        quickly...), no radio communication with these hazards;
                                                                                                                                                                            make reconnaissance pass prior to landing and search for
                                                                                                                                                                            watercraft/other users




                                                                                  Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Catastrophic
                                                                     Probable
                                                                                                                                                                            Utilize pilots experienced with local waters; acquire local




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
                                                                                                                                                                  High
               Turbidity - subsurface obstructions obscured                                                                                                                 knowledge if operating away from familiar areas, check with
                                                                                                                                                                            dispatch; emergency landing only in unfamiliar waters
    Water




                                                                     Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Occasional

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                  Serious
                                                                                  Critical
                                                                                                                                                                            Landing typically into wind and may be up or down stream,
               River current
                                                                                                                                                                            dock upstream




                                                                                  Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Occasional
                                                                     Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Marginal
                                                                                                                                                                            Be aware not all floating debris may be visible on surface;




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                  High
               Floating debris                                                                                                                                              Increase situational awareness… make reconnaissance
                                                                                                                                                                            pass prior to landing, all flight crew search for hazards
                                                                                  Catastrophic Catastrophic Catastrophic Catastrophic Catastrophic Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Catastrophic Catastrophic Catastrophic Catastrophic Catastrophic Catastrophic
                                                                     Probable




                                                                                                                                                                            Call ATC/military agency (possibly flight service station, less




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
               Working within active MTR, MOA, warning
                                                                                                                                                                  High


                                                                                                                                                                            reliable) to determine "hot" or not, see and avoid, request
               areas
                                                                                                                                                                            deconfliction through dispatch
                                                                     Probable




                                                                                                                                                                            Maintain VFR, establish good communication w/air attack,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
                                                                                                                                                                  High




               Working in proximity to or within FTA/TFR                                                                                                                    remain outside of FTA/TFR w/out permission, practice see
                                                                                                                                                                            & avoid


                                                                                                                                                                            Check TFRs daily, know intercept procedures, Call ATC/
                                                                     Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Remote
                                                                                                                                                                  Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
               Working within restricted (military, presidential,
                                                                                                                                                                            military agency to gain permission, determine if any other
               nuclear, etc.)
                                                                                                                                                                            activity
  Airspace
                                                                                                                                                                            Comm. w/ATC… pilot & photographer to be extra vigilant in
                                                                     Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
               Grid & altitude is fixed and within high traffic or                                                                                                          scanning for other aircraft & hazards while flying in a fixed
                                                                                                                                                                  High




               controlled airspace                                                                                                                                          patter (maintain SA, pilot to avoid inordinate focus on
                                                                                                                                                                            following GPS/photographer on operating camera)
                                                                     Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                            Mission planning, requesting prior permission from



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
                                                                                                                                                                  High




               All B, C, D Class                                                                                                                                            controlling tower & conducting mission during minimal traffic
                                                                                                                                                                            times
                                                                     Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Remote
                                                                                                                                                                  Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Serious
               Risk of mid-air IFR altitudes (>18,000')                                                                                                                     Mission planning, IFR flight plan, comm. w/ATC




   5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Environmental (cont.)
                                                                    Pre Mitigation                                                                                       Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                Achieved?
                                                                   Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                          Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                                Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yes or No
                                                                                               Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Outcome
                                                                                Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                       Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Post
 Sub-systems                          Hazards                                                                                      Mitigation                                                                                Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                          Occasional

                                                                                                                                                                                       Negligible
                                                                                               Medium
                                                                   Remote


                                                                                Critical
                  No alternative or suitable landing location                                            pre-mission planning to maintain options, call ahead to




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Low
                  (surface condition, environmental limitations)                                         check on runway condition, check NOTAM




                                                                   Occasional


                                                                                Negligible




                                                                                                                                                                                       Negligible
                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                               Low




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Low
                  No fuel source                                                                         Call ahead to check availability of fuel




                                                                                Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                       Catastrophic
                                                                   Probable




                                                                                                                                                                          Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Serious
                                                                                                         pre-mission planning for terrain/fixed approach, plan for




                                                                                               High
                  One-way landing - wind, terrain
                                                                                                         alternative airports
    Airstrip
  Availability,




                                                                                Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                       Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                          Improbable
 Condition and

                                                                   Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Medium
                                                                                                         pre-mission planning for terrain/fixed departure, stay on the




                                                                                               High
   Services       One-way departure - wind, terrain
                                                                   Occasional                            ground & wait for favorable conditions




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Medium
                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                       Critical
                                                                                                         Observe ground/water conditions (tree lean, dust, water
                  No windsock
                                                                                                         ripples, etc.)




                                                                                                                                                                          Occasional
                                                                   Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Serious
                                                                                Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                       Critical
                  Prevailing wind may not be favorable to
                                                                                               High




                                                                                                         Know prevailing wind pre-mission, use alternate airport
                  landing/departure
                                                                   Occasional




                                                                                                         Some areas are marked on sectional charts, local




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Medium
                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                       Critical
                  Areas of high bird activity (flyways, nesting
                                                                                                         knowledge of flyways - incorporate in pre-mission planning;
                  areas, etc.)
                                                                                                         see and avoid
                                                                                Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                       Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                          Improbable
                                                                                                         Stay with the plane, carry appropriate survival equipment




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Medium
                                                                   Remote




                                                                                               Serious




Animal activity   Survival in hostile wildlife habitat                                                   for survey area/time of year (pepper spray, fire arm &
                                                                                                         mitigate carrying such items)
                                                                   Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                       Marginal
                  Potential for serious injury/aircraft damage




                                                                                                                                                                                                      Medium
                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                Critical




                                                                                                         Contact ground to clear runway, communicate any
                  from wildlife on runway (common at remote
                                                                                                         observed activity to pilot
                  and county airports)




    6                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Personnel
                                                                 Pre Mitigation                                                                                       Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                           Achieved?
                                                                Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                       Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Yes or No
                                                                                            Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Outcome
                                                                             Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                    Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Post
 Sub-systems                      Hazards                                                                                       Mitigation                                                                              Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                                            Serious
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                    Critical
                                                                                                      Manager to brief pilot on project and area to be
               Minimal local experience
                                                                                                      photographed, frequencies, hazards, refueling sites, etc.




                                                                Occasional


                                                                             Negligible




                                                                                                                                                                                    Negligible
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                                                      pre-mission planning/briefing, utilize digital mapping system




                                                                                            Low




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Low
               Lack Jurisdictional/boundary awareness
                                                                                                      information, load backgrounds on portable GPS




                                                                Frequent
               Unfamiliar with mission type - carded for                                              Conduct mission-specific flight review/training and utilize




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                    Critical
                                                                                            High
               reconnaissance/photo but no FHP mission-                                               FHP flight review checklist as required (applicable to
               specific flight review                                                                 agency-contracted pilots)




                                                                Probable
               Unaware of hypoxia effects in event of loss of                                         Recommend hyperbaric chamber training for pilots and




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                    Critical
                                                                                            High
               cabin pressure (whether nonpressurized or                                              crew members/flight managers if program includes high
               pressurized aircraft)                                                                  altitude photography




                                                                                                                                                                       Occasional
                                                                Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Serious
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                    Critical
               Minimal flight hours or experience with                                                Thorough preflight briefing to new pilots, utilize FHP flight
               mission type (varies annually)                                               High      review checklist as required
                                                                Occasional




    Pilot




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                                            Serious
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                    Critical
               Inordinate attention to photo mission rather                                           Thorough preflight briefing to new pilots, observer/flight
               than flying                                                                            manager let pilot know if becoming a problem
                                                                Probable




               Pilots may not have dedication, skills to




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                    Critical
                                                                                                      CRM, discuss comfort level and environmental conditions,
                                                                                            High




               perform mission or may be "pushed" into
                                                                                                      adjust flight profile accordingly
               uncomfortable situations
                                                                Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                    Marginal
               No preflight mission briefing from flight




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                                            Serious
                                                                             Critical




               manager (photo area, profile, objectives,                                              Pilot request thorough briefing, manager provides
               aerial hazards)


                                                                                                      Proper preflight planning, monitor consumption, CRM to
                                                                Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                                            Serious
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                    Critical
                                                                                                      include crew observe flight time and fuel gauge; consider
               lack of awareness leading to fuel starvation
                                                                                                      fuel totalizer for monitoring consumption & reset when
                                                                                                      fueling
                                                                             Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                    Negligible
                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                                            Serious




                                                                                                      Proper preflight planning to include checking NOTAMs,


                                                                                                                                                                                                 Low
               Has not checked for current NOTAM
                                                                                                      CRM to include crew.




   7                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Personnel (cont.)
                                                                 Pre Mitigation                                                                                        Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Achieved?
                                                                Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                        Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes or No
                                                                                            Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Outcome
                                                                             Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                     Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Post
 Sub-systems                       Hazards                                                                                      Mitigation                                                                                 Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                     Marginal
                                                                                                      Take the time necessary to evaluate aircraft thoroughly,




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                        Remote
                                                                                            Serious
                                                                             Critical
               Incomplete preflight/post flight inspection                                            CRM to include crew in inspection & feel comfortable
                                                                                                      reporting anomalies




                                                                Occasional
                                                                                                      All crew to crosscheck how each other is doing, ask if




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                        Remote
                                                                                            Serious
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                     Critical
               Self-medicated (could range from a simple
                                                                                                      medicated, know FAA regulations pertaining to prescription
               cold to serious health issue)
                                                                                                      & over-the-counter medication




                                                                                                                                                                                     Negligible
                                                                                            Medium
                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                        Remote
                                                                             Critical
                                                                                                      Utilize appropriate check lists, CRM to encourage crew ask




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low
               Check list not utilized
                                                                                                      for check list.




                                                                             Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                        Remote
                                                                                            Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                     Critical
               Accepting unreasonable risk (e.g., fixed photo                                         Conduct project-specific risk assessment, job hazard
               transect and proximity to rising terrain)                                              analysis and incorporate into pre-mission briefing
                                                                             Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                        Remote
                                                                                            Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                     Critical
    Pilot
               Incapacitated                                                                          Crew/Manager attend pinch hitter
                                                                             Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                     Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                        Improbable




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                Remote




                                                                                                      CRM to include awareness of regulations for 8 hours no
                                                                                            High




               Under the influence or hung over
                                                                                                      alcohol, BA < .04 - crew to cancel mission if in question
                                                                             Catastrophic
                                                                Probable




                                                                                                      10 hours off duty, limit flight day to 8 hrs or less depending




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                        Remote

                                                                                                                                                                                     Critical
                                                                                            High




               Fatigue, complacency                                                                   on conditions (usually not prudent to push for full 8-hour
                                                                                                      flight days)
                                                                Probable


                                                                             Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                     Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                        Remote
                                                                                            Serious




               Shortage of qualified, skilled pilots                                                  Implement mentoring program
                                                                                            Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                        Remote
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                     Critical
                                                                                                      Pilot training including simulation training twice a year and
               Gear up landing
                                                                                                      aircraft check ride, utilize checklist & CRM




   8                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Personnel (cont.)
                                                                    Pre Mitigation                                                                                        Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Achieved?
                                                                   Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                           Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Yes or No
                                                                                               Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Outcome
                                                                                Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                        Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Post
  Sub-systems                         Hazards                                                                                      Mitigation                                                                               Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                Catastrophic
                                                                   Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                        Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                                                                                                                           Remote
                                                                                                         Obtain pilot safety briefing, don't board or egress




                                                                                               High
                  Minimal experience with aircraft
                                                                                                         w/engine(s) running




                                                                                                                                                                                        Negligible
                                                                   Probable


                                                                                Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                           Remote
                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                                         Utilize Fixed-wing Flight Manager Special-Use Task Books




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Low
                  Minimal experience with mission type
                                                                                                         (sections relevant to aerial photography)




                                                                   Probable


                                                                                Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                        Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                                                                                                                           Remote
                                                                                               Serious
                  Fatigue, complacency                                                                   Consider flying less than 8 hour/ day, CRM




                                                                   Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                        Marginal
                                                                                                         All crew to crosscheck how each other is doing, ask if




                                                                                               Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                                                                                                                           Remote
                                                                                Critical
                  Self-medicated (colds to serious health issue)                                         medicated, know FAA regulations pertaining to prescription
                                                                   Occasional                            & over-the-counter medication




                                                                                                                                                                                        Marginal
                                                                                               Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                                                                                                                           Remote
                                                                                Critical

                  Not ensuring pilot checklist used                                                      Practice CRM, assure checks complete
                                                                   Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                        Negligible
                                                                                                                                                                           Remote
                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                Critical




                 Accepting unreasonable risk in general (refers                                          Participate in project-specific risk assessment, job hazard




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Low
Photographer (or to individual's character and state of mind)                                            analysis and incorporate into permission briefing
 flight manager)




                                                                                                                                                                                        Negligible
                                                                                Marginal

                                                                                               Medium
                                                                   Remote




                                                                                                                                                                           Remote
                                                                                                         Use experienced photographers, keep them current; train




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Low
                  Lack of mentoring
                                                                                                         new people that have interest
                                                                                Negligible




                                                                                                                                                                                        Negligible
                                                                   Probable




                                                                                               Medium




                                                                                                                                                                           Remote
                                                                                                         Photographer/Flight Manager refer to 5 steps to safe flight




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Low
                  Not obtaining safety briefing
                                                                                                         & request safety briefing from pilot
                                                                                Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                        Marginal
                                                                                                         Involve pilot or crew (as appropriate) during project-specific




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                   Remote




                                                                                                                                                                           Remote
                                                                                               High




                  Not using CRM                                                                          risk assessment, job hazard analysis and incorporate into
                                                                                                         permission briefing
                                                                                Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                        Negligible
                                                                   Remote




                                                                                                                                                                           Remote
                                                                                               Serious




                                                                                                         Photographer/Flight Manager refer to "5 steps to safe flight"



                                                                                                                                                                                                     Low
                  Pressure employees to complete project
                                                                                                         card & request safety briefing from pilot
                                                                                Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                           Improbable
                                                                   Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                        Negligible
                                                                                               High




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Low

                  Lack of qualified photographer/flight manager                                          Cancel mission until rectified




     9                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Personnel (cont.)
                                                                  Pre Mitigation                                                                                      Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                           Achieved?
                                                                 Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                       Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                           Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Yes or No
                                                                                         Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Outcome
                                                                              Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                    Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Post
 Sub-systems                      Hazards                                                                                    Mitigation                                                                                 Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                 Probable


                                                                              Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                    Marginal
                                                                                                   Communicate w/FWFMSU, consider requiring employees




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                                         Serious
               Fatigue, complacency                                                                to fly less than 8-hrs/day, practice CRM to include all
                                                                                                   aviation personnel


                                                                                                   Supervise and set tone "aviation program first" - participate
                                                                                                   in programmatic and project-specific risk assessments, do




                                                                 Probable


                                                                              Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                    Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                                         Serious
                                                                                                   job hazard analysis and ensure incorporated into
               Accepting/promoting unreasonable risk
                                                                                                   permission briefing; FWFMSU communicate with
                                                                                                   supervisor, FHP supervisors to attend required aviation
                                                                                                   safety training




                                                                 Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                    Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                                         Serious
                                                                              Critical
               Lack of project level knowledge &
                                                                                                   Supervisor briefed during mission planning
               involvement


                                                                 Probable
                                                                                                   Supervisor monitor employees training requirements, have




                                                                                                                                                                                    Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                              Critical
               Not ensuring subordinates adequately trained                                        training identified on individual training plan (assures


                                                                                         High
               on aviation safety/mission tasks                                                    subordinates stay current as Flight Manager or other
 Supervisor/                                                                                       positions as appropriate in FHP IAT Matrix)
  Program
                                                                 Probable


                                                                              Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                    Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                                         Serious
  Manager                                                                                          Complete appropriate modules per FHP IAT Matrix and
               Not completing required Supervisor training
                                                                                                   stay current


                                                                                                   Supervisor, program manager/UAO to remain alert for flight
                                                                                                   managers having trouble using ABS and/or vendors not




                                                                                                                                                                                    Negligible
                                                                              Marginal




               ABS issues - contributing to long duty day &
                                                                                         Medium
                                                                 Remote




                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                                                   getting paid; if occurring, potential to affect daily operations




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Low
               vendors/pilots not being paid (contract
                                                                                                   and safety... Respond to needs for additional ABS training
               aviation services only)
                                                                                                   (contact CO, other FHP COR's or F&AM staff for
                                                                                                   assistance)




                                                                                                                                                                                    Negligible
                                                                              Marginal

                                                                                         Medium
                                                                 Remote




                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
               Personality conflicts up/down leading to stress                                     Brief/debrief, CRM, maintain positive attitude, promote




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Low
               and poor communication                                                              honest/open communication



                                                                                                   Ensure agency personnel complete appropriate level of
                                                                 Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                    Marginal
               General lack of mission understanding (within                                       training/task books for position, recommend for states.




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                                                                       Remote
                                                                              Critical

                                                                                         High




               flight crew, also includes aviation support                                         Have regional program managers interact w/FAO, RAO,
               functions)                                                                          RASM, dispatchers, State Foresters, etc to increase
                                                                                                   understanding of photo operations and awareness




   10                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Personnel (cont.)
                                                                 Pre Mitigation                                                                                          Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Achieved?
                                                                Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                          Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes or No
                                                                                            Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Outcome
                                                                             Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                       Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Post
 Sub-systems                         Hazards                                                                                    Mitigation                                                                                 Additional Local Mitigation



                                                                                                      FHP UAO disseminate PASP and annual schedule to




                                                                Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                          Occasional

                                                                                                                                                                                       Negligible
                                                                             Marginal
                                                                                                      dispatch centers and FAOs as early as possible; FWFMSU




                                                                                            Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low
               Uninformed or misinformed of Flight Plan                                               to submit Flight Plan, call dispatch in each area prior to
                                                                                                      mission, ensure good communication in all areas to be
                                                                                                      flown




                                                                Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                       Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                            Serious
                                                                             Critical
               Limited FM capability in photo projects due to
                                                                                                      Have and utilize a plan for using phone and AFF systems.
               distance to centers




                                                                             Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                       Marginal
                                                                                                      FWFMSU coordinate with dispatch centers, consider




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                            Serious
               Work load, fatigue, or complacency resulting
                                                                                                      moving flight following services or project to alternate area if
               in missed flight following
                                                                                                      dispatch workload too high




                                                                                                                                                                                       Negligible
                                                                Probable




                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                             Critical
                                                                                                      FHP UAO clearly identify radio/AFF procedures in PASP,




                                                                                            High




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low
               Inconsistent flight following procedures
                                                                Frequent                              communicate to dispatch, FWFMSU call dispatch daily




                                                                                                                                                                                       Marginal
                                                                                                      Consider utilizing local repeater frequencies to ease




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                             Critical

                                                                                            High
               Frequency congestion                                                                   congestion, provide alternative frequencies; augment radio
                                                                                                      use with AFF; or, file FAA flight plan




                                                                                                                                                                          Occasional
                                                                Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Serious
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                       Critical
                                                                                                      Have and utilize forest net frequencies, submit safecom for
                                                                                            High



               Inoperability of National Flight Following
                                                                                                      outages or areas that should have NFF coverage
  Dispatch
                                                                Occasional


                                                                             Negligible




                                                                                                                                                                                       Negligible
                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
               Lack of staffing on weekends or outside of                                             Use alternate methods of flight following, request additional
                                                                                            Low




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low
               flight hours                                                                           staffing, adjust flight hours to accommodate dispatch hours
                                                                Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                       Negligible
                                                                                                      Ensure positive radio communication and successful hand-




                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                            Serious
                                                                             Critical




               Jurisdictional/boundary awareness and




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low
                                                                                                      off to neighboring dispatch, close out flight following with
               inability to maintain flight following
                                                                                                      previous dispatch area.
                                                                Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                       Negligible
                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                            Serious
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                      GACC's to publish current frequency guides on the internet




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low
               Frequency guides unavailable or not current
                                                                                                      & have links to neighboring GACC frequency guides
                                                                             Catastrophic
                                                                Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                       Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
               Not filing flight plan or initiating flight                                            FWFMSU or pilot shall initiate and close flight following
                                                                                            High




               following/closing flight plan                                                          w/dispatch for each leg of flight.



                                                                                                      When utilizing dispatch flight following, FWFMSU to assure
                                                                                                      mission specifics are communicated; communicate not only
                                                                Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                       Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                            Serious
                                                                             Critical




               Poor communication between local dispatch,                                             with unit through which order is placed but with local centers
               GACC, NICC regarding flight plan                                                       where project is planned, USFS and other agencies as
                                                                                                      needed - assure appropriate distribution of flight plan; FAA
                                                                                                      flight following required at a minimum




   11                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Personnel (cont.)
                                                                 Pre Mitigation                                                                                      Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                        Achieved?
                                                                Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                      Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                        Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yes or No
                                                                                            Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                              Outcome
                                                                             Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                   Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Post
 Sub-systems                      Hazards                                                                                      Mitigation                                                                            Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                             Catastrophic
                                                                Occasional
                                                                                                      Review hazard maps prior to flight (more of a factor for




                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                      Remote

                                                                                                                                                                                   Critical
               Unable to adequately communicate aerial




                                                                                            High
                                                                                                      lower altitude photography, King Air frequently operates out
               hazards
                                                                                                      of range from aerial hazards)
  Dispatch




                                                                Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                   Marginal
                                                                                                      Develop mentoring program for growing centers or for




                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                      Remote
                                                                                            Serious
                                                                             Critical
               Minimally qualified/new dispatchers                                                    areas where turn over is anticipated (be proactive, provide
                                                                                                      OJT to potential recruits)




                                                                Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                   Marginal
                                                                                                      Managers to assure enough inspectors to fulfill area needs;




                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                      Remote
                                                                                            Serious
                                                                             Critical
               Insufficient number of inspectors                                                      hire additional and/or share inspectors across regional
                                                                                                      boundaries




                                                                             Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                   Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                      Remote
                                                                                            Serious
                                                                                                      Use FAA website for new AD's, get subscription (CD is
               Not current on AD's
                                                                                                      available with 28-day updates)
 Maintenance
  Inspector
                                                                             Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                   Marginal
                                                                                            Serious




                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                Remote




                                                                                                                                                                      Remote
                                                                                                      Utilize other region's/agency inspectors to help workload,
               Fatigue, complacency
                                                                                                      provide second set of eyes




                                                                                                                                                                      Improbable

                                                                                                                                                                                   Marginal
                                                                                                      UAO's to participate in inspections for the purposes of 1)
                                                                                            Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                Remote


                                                                             Critical




               Accepting & transferring unreasonable risk to
                                                                                                      gaining knowledge about inspections and 2) for raising
               aviation users
                                                                                                      general awareness to new issues/ideas on aircraft health
                                                                Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                   Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                      Remote
                                                                             Critical




                                                                                                      Aviation CO developmental positions, mentoring programs,
                                                                                            High




               CO/COR turnover and/or lack of experience
                                                                                                      UAOs coordinate with Cos to assure best value


               Very short timeframe from advertising to
                                                                Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                   Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                      Remote
                                                                             Critical




               award of aircraft contracts (affects operating                                         Determine budget, funds available, and start preparing
                                                                                            High




 Contracting   season, potentially limits pool of most                                                contracts as early as possible
               desirable/most qualified bidders)

               Stress in planning and completing missions
                                                                Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                   Marginal
               while coordinating product delivery to                                                 Aviation CO developmental positions, mentoring programs,




                                                                                                                                                                                              Medium
                                                                                                                                                                      Remote
                                                                             Critical

                                                                                            High




               customers (added complexity due to                                                     aviation specific training, create contract template, FHP
               contracted services - film acquisition,                                                UAO's participate in contract development
               processing, delivery)




   12                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Technology (Hardware/Software)
                                                                    Pre Mitigation                                                                                       Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Achieved?
                                                                   Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                          Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                              Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yes or No
                                                                                               Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Outcome
                                                                                Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                       Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Post
 Sub-systems                          Hazards                                                                                     Mitigation                                                                               Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                          Improbable

                                                                                                                                                                                       Negligible
                                                                                               Medium
                                                                   Remote


                                                                                Critical
                   Lack of mission understanding among some                                              FHP to be proactive, educate and interact with other




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low
                   RAOs/RASMs, FAOs, other aviation functions                                            aviation staff during annual meetings (national and regional)




                                                                                                                                                                          Improbable
                                                                   Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                       Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                Critical
                   Lack of knowledge, use or misuse of                                                   Encourage FHP personnel to use system, provide
                   SAFECOM system                                                                        constructive quarterly summaries to field
 Oversight &
Coordination in                                                                                          Ensure agency personnel complete appropriate level of
   General




                                                                   Frequent




                                                                                                                                                                                       Marginal
                                                                                                         training/task books for position, recommend for states.




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                Critical
                   Lack of mission understanding among




                                                                                               High
                                                                                                         Have regional program managers interact w/FAO, RAO,
                   aviation users
                                                                                                         RASM, dispatchers, State Foresters, etc to increase
                                                                                                         awareness.




                                                                                Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                          Improbable

                                                                                                                                                                                       Negligible
                                                                   Remote




                                                                                               Serious
                   Aviation Management Plan, PASP not current                                            FHP UAOs and Safety Manager (as appropriate) to assure




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low
                   or non existent (required for agency)                                                 plans are completed and distributed within project areas
                                                                   Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                          Occasional

                                                                                                                                                                                       Negligible
                   Difficulty inputting flight time for payment                                          Utilize ABS Helpdesk; acquire additional ABS training if
                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                Critical




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low
                   processing through ABS can cause frustration                                          necessary; report software problems to be addressed in
                   and long duty days                                                                    future ABS versions
ABS (if contract
   aircraft)




                                                                                                                                                                          Occasional
                                                                   Probable




                                                                                                                                                                                       Marginal
                   Disgruntled pilots/vendors due to process or




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                Critical




                                                                                                         FWFMSU work with Pilot and/or CO as necessary to assure
                                                                                               High




                   not being paid (rippling effect on attitudes
                                                                                                         prompt payment for services
                   through operation)


                                                                                                         Better communication between pilot and dispatch centers,
                                                                   Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                       Negligible
                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                Critical




                   False sense of security (not a method for air                                         train dispatchers and flight crew on proper use & limitations




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low
                   traffic control)                                                                      of AFF, dispatch must time and monitor display at required
                                                                                                         intervals
                                                                   Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                       Marginal
                                                                                                         Maintain positive radio communication, safety plan & flight




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Medium
                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                               Serious
                                                                                Critical




                   Flight manager trusting AFF absolutely with
                                                                                                         plan include protocol for flight following (reference MOB
                   minimal voice communication
                                                                                                         Guide, chapter 20)

     AFF




                                                                                                                                                                                       Negligible
                                                                                               Medium
                                                                   Remote




                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                Critical




                   Signal interruption due to antenna conflicts                                          Install and inspect per manufactures recommendation




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Low
                   with other aircraft antenna                                                           (maintain separation from other antenna)
                                                                                Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                       Negligible
                                                                   Remote




                                                                                                                                                                          Remote
                                                                                               Serious




                   Portable units not secured, could become                                              securely mount portable components in tail section or strap
                   projectile in event of emergency landing                                              down to floor                                                                              Low




    13                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Technology (Hardware/Software - cont.)
                                                                   Pre Mitigation                                                                                       Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Achieved?
                                                                  Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                         Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Yes or No
                                                                                              Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Outcome
                                                                               Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                      Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Post
 Sub-systems                       Hazards                                                                                       Mitigation                                                                                 Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                               Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                      Catastrophic
                                                                                                        Test frequencies and set up portable repeaters if




                                                                  Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                         Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Serious
               No frequency or repeater available in project                                            necessary; communication plan requires backup




                                                                                              High
               area                                                                                     communication by cell phone or satellite phone if
                                                                                                        necessary; in federal plans/suggest requiring in state plans




                                                                               Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                      Marginal
                                                                                                        FAA requires ability to communicate with general aviation




                                                                                              Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                  Remote




                                                                                                                                                                         Remote
               No communications (in general) air-to-ground,
                                                                                                        aircraft; contracts include necessary radio specifications;
               with other aircraft or dispatch centers
                                                                                                        communications plan lists frequencies




                                                                  Improbable




                                                                                                                                                                         Improbable

                                                                                                                                                                                      Negligible
                                                                               Marginal
               Inaccessible radios/controls, difficult to                                               Break from flight pattern to access radio and make




                                                                                              Low




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Low
               operate                                                                                  adjustments




                                                                                                                                                                         Occasional
                                                                  Probable


                                                                               Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                      Marginal
                                                                                                        Identify issues prior to contract and operation, radio check




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                                              Serious
               P-25 Digital, Analog & Narrow Banding
                                                                                                        prior to project implementation - address in communication
               compatibility issues
                                                                                                        plan; provide time and training on new equipment




                                                                                                                                                                         Occasional
                                                                               Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                      Marginal
                                                                                              Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                  Remote




               Portable radios - not secure, controls easily                                            Secure and properly place portables so as not to interfere
               bumped                                                                                   with aircraft operations, use keypad/control locks

   Radios
                                                                  Improbable




                                                                                                                                                                         Improbable

                                                                                                                                                                                      Negligible
                                                                               Marginal

                                                                                              Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Low
               Panel mounted radios - bump controls                                                     Use keypad/control locks
                                                                  Probable


                                                                               Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                      Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                                                                                                                         Remote
                                                                                              Serious




               Flight crew unfamiliar with components                                                   Preflight to include familiarization & programming radios
                                                                               Catastrophic
                                                                  Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                                      Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                                                                                                                         Remote
                                                                                              High




               Frequency congestion                                                                     Alternate frequency planning
                                                                               Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                      Marginal
                                                                                                        Have portable radio/handheld, users prepared to use
                                                                                              Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                  Remote




                                                                                                                                                                         Remote
               Faulty wiring leading to intermittent operations                                         alternate frequencies (guard), land and repair or replace
                                                                                                        aircraft
                                                                  Occasional


                                                                               Negligible




                                                                                                                                                                                      Negligible
                                                                                                                                                                         Remote
                                                                                                        Identify and rectify NFF system failures (computer, satellite
                                                                                              Low




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Low
               Inoperability of National Flight Following
                                                                                                        and aircraft equipment)




   14                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Completed 2008
System: FHP Aerial Photography - Technology (Hardware/Software - cont.)
                                                                     Pre Mitigation                                                                                     Post Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Achieved?
                                                                    Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                         Likelihood




                                                                                                                                                                                                               Mitigation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mitigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Yes or No
                                                                                                Outcome




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Outcome
                                                                                 Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                      Severity




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Value
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Post
 Sub-systems                       Hazards                                                                                         Mitigation                                                                               Additional Local Mitigation




                                                                    Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                         Occasional

                                                                                                                                                                                      Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                                                Serious
                                                                                 Critical
                                                                                                          Contract to include GPS specifications and requirement for
                Not having latest software or map updates
                                                                                                          updates




                                                                                                                                                                                      Negligible
                                                                                 Marginal

                                                                                                Medium
                                                                    Remote




                                                                                                                                                                         Remote
                                                                                                          Train pilots on GPS operation, double check waypoints prior




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Low
 Aircraft GPS   Waypoint input errors
                                                                                                          to mission




                                                                                                                                                                                      Negligible
                                                                    Probable


                                                                                 Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                         Remote
                                                                                                Serious
                Hand-held units not secured, could become                                                 securely mount portable components in tail section or strap




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Low
                projectile in event of emergency landing                                                  down to floor




                                                                                 Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                      Catastrophic
                                                                                                                                                                         Improbable




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                    Remote
                                                                                                          Use TCAS, continue practice of "see and avoid", apply




                                                                                                High
                If not using TCAS: potential for midair collision
                                                                                                          CRM

                                                                                 Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                      Catastrophic
                                                                    Occasional




                                                                                                          Recognize that all other aircraft may not have functioning




                                                                                                                                                                         Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Serious
                If using TCAS: false sense of security that all                                 High
    TCAS                                                                                                  transponders, continue practice of "see and avoid", apply
                other aircraft have functioning transponders
                                                                                                          CRM
                                                                                 Catastrophic




                                                                                                                                                                                      Catastrophic
                                                                    Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                         Remote




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Serious
                If using TCAS: Signal interference, antenna
                                                                                                High




                                                                                                          Follow manufacturer's installation requirements
                positioned too close to other antennas
                                                                    Occasional




                                                                                                                                                                         Occasional

                                                                                                                                                                                      Marginal

                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                                                Serious
                                                                                 Critical




                Loose Items                                                                               properly secure loose equipment, brief on hazards

  Camera &
  Associated
  Equipment
                                                                    Occasional


                                                                                 Marginal




                                                                                                                                                                                      Marginal
                Electronic failures & diagnosis cause
                                                                                                Medium




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium
                                                                                                                                                                         Remote
                                                                                                          Make equipment checks before flight in the lab and on the
                confusion, mission interruption, deviation from
                                                                                                          ground
                flight plan




    15                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Completed 2008
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