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					School of Environment and Life Sciences
  Risk Assessment for Taught Courses
            University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




                                                                                                              EXPLANATION p1
                                UNIVERSITY OF SALFORD
                Environment and life sciences
                   Risk assessment forms for taught modules
Risk assessments must be filled in for each experiment or activity undertaken in the module, signed
by the module co-ordinator, and deposited with the relevant Safety Officer before the practicals or
fieldwork are undertaken.

This booklet is intended as a comprehensive set of forms sufficient to cover all activities which
students may be called upon to undertake on any taught module in any section of the school of
Environment and Life Sciences, whether involving a practical element or not.

This means that not all sections of this booklet may be applicable to the module being assessed.

In the first instance the module coordinator should fill in an “Initial Declaration” stating whether the
students are likely to be exposed to various types of hazard. In the light of this the coordinator will be
asked to fill in further, more specific risk assessment forms relating to the types of hazard identified.
These should be filled in and returned to the School Safety Officer for checking and filing. The Module
Co-ordinator should keep a copy.
(N.B. These forms are available in “Word” and can be emailed to you for completion if wished.)

Please note, if you have difficulty with the forms, contact the School Safety Officer or a Deputy who
will be happy to discuss it with you and assist in its completion.


                                                  Format:
   How to fill in these forms                                                               EXPLANATION P2
   Initial Declaration Page                                                                      INITIAL P1
   Main Assessment Form Cover Page                                                              COVER P1
   Initial Declaration Page                                                                     COVER P2
   List Of Experiments/Activities On The Module                                                 COVER P3
   Chemical Assessment Page                                                                   CHEMICAL P1
   Filling In The Chemical Risk Assessment Table                                              CHEMICAL P2
   Filling In The Biological Risk Assessment Table                                           BIOLOGICAL P1
   Biological Assessment Page                                                                BIOLOGICAL P3
   Infectious Organism Risk Assessment Proforma                                              BIOLOGICAL P4
   Genetically Modified Organisms                                                            BIOLOGICAL P6
   Filling In The Apparatus Risk Assessment Table                                            APPARATUS P1
   Apparatus Assessment Page                                                                 APPARATUS P3
   Filling In The Procedures Risk Assessment Table                                          PROCEDURES P1
   Procedures Assessment Page                                                               PROCEDURES P3
   Filling In The Radiation Risk Assessment Table                                             RADIATION P1
   Radiation Assessment Page                                                                  RADIATION P2
   Filling In The Off-Campus Trip Assessment Tables                                          OFF-CAMPUS P1
   Assessment Page For Off-Campus Trips                                                      OFF-CAMPUS P2
   Off-Campus Trips Transport Register                                                       OFF-CAMPUS P5
   Form Of Indemnity For Off-Campus Trips                                                    OFF-CAMPUS P6
   Filling In The Risk Summary Table Etc                                                      SUMMARY P1
   Risk Rating Summary
   Protective Clothing And Equipment                                                          SUMMARY P2
   Waste Disposal
   Special And Emergency Procedures                                                           SUMMARY P3
   Safe System Of Work                                                                        SUMMARY P4


                                              EXPLANATION p1
            University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules

                   Risk assessment forms for taught modules




                                                                                                                        EXPLANATION p2
                           (How to fill in these forms)
Risk assessments must be filled in for each experiment or activity undertaken in the module, signed by the
module co-ordinator, and deposited with the relevant Safety Officer before the practicals/activities are
undertaken.
In the first instance the module coordinator is asked to fill in the attached “Initial Declaration” stating
whether the students are likely to be exposed to various types of hazard. In the light of this the
coordinator will be asked to fill in further, more specific risk assessment forms relating to the types of
hazard identified. These should be filled in and returned to the School Safety Officer for checking and
filing. A copy should be retained by the coordinator.

    1.   All chemicals, biological materials, techniques and apparatus that are likely to be used or that the
         students might otherwise come into contact with during the course of these experiments or activities
         should be evaluated.
    2.   If the students might be exposed to ionising radiations, the details must be entered so that the director of
         O.H.S.S. can make an assessment. (He is the only person allowed to do so by the University) He will
         then issue a level of risk category.
    3.   If the students will be visiting or working in another establishment (eg a hospital), they will therefore
         probably be subject to the health and safety regulations of that establishment during their stay and for
         any practical work they undertake there. If this is so, complete and submit the declaration on page 4. No
         further assessment will then be required. If for some reason they will not be covered it will be
         necessary to fill in the relevant parts on the rest of the form.
    4.   If trips off campus other than to an establishment as outlined above form part of the module activities,
         then you must assess the risk for the activities involved. You will also need to make copies of the
         “outings” register. These should be filled in and left with security before leaving on your trip.
    5.   It is possible that the students will not come into contact with one or other of the following: chemicals,
         biological materials, ionising radiations or apparatus, or will not go on trips off campus etc. On the
         declaration page state if this is the case (for each category) and only submit the relevant other pages
         of assessment.
    6.   The results of your evaluation should then to be recorded in this document and appropriate steps taken
         to minimise any risks identified (i.e. a safe system of work is defined).
    7.   NB A separate form must be filled in for any work with parasites or microorganisms.
    8.   A separate form must also be filled in for any work with genetically manipulated organisms. NB
         PERMISSION MUST BE OBTAINED IN ADVANCE FROM THE SCHOOL SAFETY OFFICER
         BEFORE ANY WORK IS CARRIED OUT ON GENETICALLY MANIPULATED ORGANISMS.

NOTE
                                  1.Be aware that these are not confined to the laboratory.
Chemicals                         2.You need to take into account any chemicals that may be generated as part
                                  of a reaction as well as those used by the student.
                                  N.b. You need to think about all organisms [including plants, animals, seeds,
Biological organisms              spores, micro organisms] the students may be exposed to in the field as well as
                                  in the lab. And do not forget potential contaminants.

Lab equipment or other
                                  You need to think about all the equipment the students may use.
apparatus

Alternatively students may need to undertake certain Procedures, which could expose them to hazards.




                                                EXPLANATION p2
        University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




                                                                                                       COVER p1
                    UNIVERSITY OF SALFORD
                   Risk Assessment for a module in the
             School of Environment & Life Sciences


 Subject Area


 Module Title


 Module Code

 Level

 Semester


 Module
 Co-ordinator
 Location of
 practical work
 Other Lecturers
 supervising this
 class
SIGNATURES AND AUTHORISATIONS
 SIGNATURE OF MODULE CO-ORDINATOR                                                     DATE


 SIGNATURE OF SSO *                                                                   DATE



*IN THE EVENT OF A HIGH OR VERY HIGH RISK BEING IDENTIFIED




                                           COVER p1
                                                                                                             COVER p2
         University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules

                                 DECLARATION
The risks assessed in these forms fall into 6 categories: -
Exposure to Chemical or Biological hazards or to Ionising radiation, those which are
Apparatus-related, Trips which take the students off the University’s campus and
those which come about because of procedure the students will be undertaking.

According to your initial return this module is likely to expose the students to the
categories indicated below, (for which assessment pages are available here). Please
check this statement is correct, and fill in and submit the assessment pages.

 Students will use or be exposed to chemicals in Yes (Chemical
 the course of this module.                      assessment table included)
                                                                                                        No
 Students will use or be exposed to biological   Yes (Biological                                        No
 organisms in the course of this module.         assessment table included)
 Students will use machinery, apparatus or                          Yes (Apparatus                      No
 other equipment in the course of this module.                      assessment table included)
 Students will undertake procedures not reliant                     Yes (Procedures                     No
 on specific apparatus.                                             assessment table included)
 Students may use or be exposed to sources of                       Yes (Radiation                      No
 ionising radiation                                                 assessment form included)
 Students will go on one or more off-campus                         Yes (travel and other               No
 trips                                                              details included)

Delete as applicable in the table above




                                               COVER p2
                                                    University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




               Experiment                                                                                                                                    1
                                                                                                                                             Student/Staff       Intended dates
                or activity
                 number
                                                       Experiment or activity name                                                              Ratio
                                                                                                                                                      2
                                                                                                                                                                    of activity3
COVER p2




           1
             Staff includes the member of academic staff in charge of the class plus any paid demonstrators.
           2
             The ratio is worked out taking into account the risk assessment for this activity                                                                     COVER p3
           3
             For “Off-Campus” activities (e.g. field trips etc) include outward and return dates
                     University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




                                                                                                                                                              CHEMICAL p1
                               Filling in the Chemical Risks Assessment Table.
    (You may need to consult with the lab staff if you are unsure of the composition of some of the reagents used in your module)
    In the REAGENT COLUMN of the chemical risks table list all the chemical reagents the students are liable to use, generate or
    otherwise come into contact with during these experiments or activities.
    (NOTE 1 – IF THESE ARE REAGENTS THAT NEED MAKING UP FROM INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS, NOTE THE COMPONENTS IN THE NEXT
    COLUMN.)
    From sources such as supplier's catalogues, safety data books, etc. determine any RISK PHRASES associated with these
    chemicals (these are often quoted as R numbers). Write these in the column headed HAZARD NUMBER(S) or “risk phrases “.

    From Table A (CHEMICAL HAZARD CLASSIFICATION TABLE ) determine which "HAZARD CLASSIFICATION" this corresponds to and
    enter it into the next column.
    From Table C (TABLE OF EXPOSURE FACTORS.) determine the following:

          1.    AMOUNT [A] - How much material will the students be exposed to? (NB If for example a bottle containing 2.5 litres of
                solution is provided and one component is say 2% w/v the student is potentially exposed to 2500 x 2/100 g = 50g)

          2.    PHYSICAL STATE [B] - What are the physical properties of the reagent being used?

          3.    CONTAINMENT [C] - What is the level of containment needed to guard against the risk of inhaling it .

          4.   DURATION [D] - For how long and how often will the material be used. This can be assumed to be 1 here, as the
               students will not face any prolonged exposure in any taught modules.
     Enter A, B, C in the relevant columns of the chemical risks assessment table. From these values, calculate the EXPOSURE
    FACTOR - E.F. = A*B*C*1 for each component.
    Finally from the "Hazard Classification" and "Exposure Factor" you have just calculated determine the RISK RATING using Table
    D (TABLE FOR DETERMINATION OF RISK RATING) and enter it in the relevant column. The risk rating for the reagent will then be the
    largest one calculated from all the individual components.

    Having performed a preliminary assessment, ask could high risks be reduced by redesigning the experiments or activities?
    (E.g. by use of fume cupboards, laminar flow cabinets, using different chemicals) If so, re-assess those factors where this
    applies, stating what safety measures are to be used and enter the revised data in the assessment tables.

    Table A)                        CHEMICAL HAZARD CLASSIFICATION TABLE.
         LOW HAZARD                        MEDIUM HAZARD                           HIGH HAZARD                             EXTREME HAZARD
No classified chemicals             Harmful –                             Toxic -                                    Very toxic –
                                    Irritant -                            Corrosive -                                Cyanides
                                    Inflammable                           Oxidizing agent -                          Extremely
                                                                          Very inflammable -                         Inflammable
                                                                          Carcinogens                                Carcinogens (*** in University Code of
                                                                          (* Or ** in University Code of Practice)   Practice)
                                                                                                                     Mutagens – Teratogens
(used or produced)                  (used or produced)                    (used or produced)                         (used or produced)

    Table C)                        TABLE OF EXPOSURE FACTORS.
                                                  Score = 1                       Score = 10                                Score = 100
AMOUNT (A)                              Quantity < 1g (Or cm3)             Quantity >1g
                                                                                                                  Quantity > 100g
(How much material the worker is       (ALSO IF MATERIAL IS IN FUME        (Or cm3) Quantity<100g
                                                                                                                 (Or cm3)
exposed to.)                           CUPBOARD ETC)                      (Or cm3)
PHYSICAL STATE (B)                     Material is dense, dustless        Material is dusty solid OR             Material is fine dust, vapour, gas or
(What are the physical properties      solid OR non-volatile liquid.      volatile liquid. LOW SKIN              highly volatile liquid. SOLUTIONS
of the material being used.)           NO SKIN ABSORPTION.                ABSORPTION.                            PROMOTING SKIN ABSORPTION.
CONTAINMENT (C)
                                       Total enclosure (e.g. glove                                               Completely open apparatus
(What is the level of containment                                         Fume cupboard
                                       box)                                                                      (i.e. on open bench)
needed to prevent breathing in)
DURATION (D)                           Material used for a few            Material used for a few
                                                                                                                 Material used for hours frequently
(How long and how often is             minutes infrequently. (E.g.        minutes frequently, or hours
                                                                                                                 (e.g. each day)
material used)                         each week)                         infrequently.

    Table D)              TABLE FOR DETERMINATION OF RISK RATING
       Hazard Rating
                                      Low Hazard                Medium Hazard                      High Hazard                   Extreme Hazard
Exposure Factor
1 to 102                         Low Risk                     Low Risk                        Medium Risk                     High Risk
102 to 104                       Low Risk                     Medium Risk                     High Risk                       High Risk
104 to 106                       Low Risk                     Medium Risk                     High Risk                       Very High Risk
106 to 108                       Medium Risk                  High Risk                       Very High Risk                  Very High Risk




                                                                CHEMICAL p1
                                         University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




                                                     CHEMICAL ASSESSMENT TABLE
                               [ASSUMING VALUE D = 1 (i.e. INFREQUENT EXPOSURE FOR A SHORT TIME]
                                                                                                                            EXPOSURE FACTORS (scores)              RISK
                                 QTY                             QTY             HAZARD                         LEVEL
              EXPT


                                                                                                                                                                 (=level of
               NO


                     REAGENT    STUDS     COMPONENTS            STUDS          NUMBER(S)            SYMBOL       OF        QUANTITY     PHYSICAL    EXPOSURE      hazard
                               EXPD TO                         EXPD TO       [“risk phrases”]                  HAZARD         (A)       STATE (B)   TO AIR (C)    xaxbxc)
CHEMICAL p2




                                                                                                                                                     CHEMICAL p2
            University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




                                                                                                                              BIOLOGICAL p1
            Filling in the Biological Risks Assessment Table.
    1)   In the first column of the biological risks assessment table note the number of the experiment you are
         assessing.
    2)   In the ORGANISM OR TISSUE column enter all the biological organisms or tissues the students are liable to
         use or come into contact with in this experiment (including whether it is alive or dead).
    3)   These may be (or may be from) “higher organisms” such as plants or animals or “lower organisms” such
         as viruses, bacteria, fungi or parasitic organisms. Tick the relevant box.
    4)   In each case, if it is a plant or animal, decide
              a. is it “captive bred (clean)” (ie bred and raised under conditions which ensure it will not be
                   infected with anything which could be passed onto humans)? In this case tick the box which
                   specifies this.
              b. is it “captive bred (infected)” (ie bred and raised as in a) but then infected with one or more
                   known organisms which could be passed onto humans)? In this case enter in the box which
                   organism[s] are involved. (They should be assessed as outlined below)
              c. is it “wild” (ie caught in or gathered from a situation such that you do not know whether it
                   harbours any potential pathogens which could be passed onto humans)? In this case enter in
                   the box which organism[s] are likely to be involved. (They should be assessed as outlined
                   below).
              d. Now consider if there are likely to be any physical hazards arising from contact with the plant or
                   animal. These could include stings, scratches, bites or allergic reactions to contact with fur, or
                   any secretions or excretions from the plant or animal. List these in the TYPE OF HAZARD column.
             e.   From Table E (PHYSICAL HAZARD RATING ) determine the "Physical Hazard Rating" to which such an injury
                  correlates and enter it in the HAZARD CLASSIFICATION column.
             f.   From Table G (PROBABILITY OF OCCURRENCE ), determine how likely it is that this injury will occur (ie the
                  PROBABILITY OF OCCURRENCE ) and enter it in the next column.
             g.   Now, using Table H (RISK RATING TABLE ) determine the RISK RATING from the HAZARD CLASSIFICATION and
                  PROBABILITY OF OCCURRENCE you have just determined and enter it in the final column.
    5)   Alternatively viruses, bacteria, fungi or parasitic organisms may be involved (including those infecting a
         “higher organism” – see 4b or c). Again tick the relevant box.
    6)   In these cases the risk is taken to be the same as the hazard classification.
              a. From sources such as supplier's catalogues, safety data books, etc. determine the Class of
                   containment needed and enter this in the CLASS OF CONTAINMENT column.
              b. From Table B, (BIOLOGICAL HAZARD CLASSIFICATION TABLE.) determine to which "HAZARD
                   CLASSIFICATION" this correlates.
              c. Enter this in the final column. (NB for Biological Hazards, “HAZARD CLASSIFICATION” = “RISK
                   RATING”)

Having performed a preliminary assessment, ask if the risks could be reduced by redesigning the experiments or
fieldwork? (E.g. by use of different organisms etc) If so, redesign and re-assess the experiments or activities.

If any of the organisms to be used are (or are infected with) parasites or microorganisms or their eggs,
cysts or spores, you must also fill in an Infectious Organism Risk Assessment Proforma

NB. Before any work is carried out on Genetically Modified Organisms, an appropriate risk
assessment must be completed and permission obtained from the School Safety Officer.




                                                 BIOLOGICAL p1
             University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




                                                                                                                               BIOLOGICAL p2
Table B)                    BIOLOGICAL HAZARD CLASSIFICATION TABLE.

        Low Hazard                Medium Hazard                      High Hazard                   Extreme Hazard
    Organisms requiring          Organisms requiring              Organisms requiring            Organisms requiring
    Class 1 containment          Class 2 containment              Class 3 containment            Class 4 containment

Table E)                    PHYSICAL HAZARD RATING
(The hazard is rated in terms of the probable injuries which would arise if the hazard resulted in an accident)


        Rating                                                        Description
      Very Low                  Hazard unlikely to cause injury
                                Hazard likely to cause minor injuries (cuts, bruises, sprains burns) which will result in no
           Low                  or minimal absence.
                                Hazard likely to cause serious injuries (severe cuts, bruises, burns, sprains, minor
       Medium                   fractures to hand or foot) which will result in several days’ absence.
                                Hazard likely to cause death or very severe injury to one person. (Very severe injury
           High                 means injuries likely to result in several months' absence.)
     Very High                  Hazard likely to cause the death or very serious injury to several persons.

Table G)                    PROBABILITY OF OCCURRENCE
[You need to ask the question - "What is the chance that the hazard will produce an accident?" and choose your
answer from the options in the table.]

    Rating             Very Low                 Low                  Medium                    High            Very High
                     Almost impossible    Most unlikely           Reasonable chance      Highly likely        Almost certain
Description                                                       that it could happen
In many cases the fact that a hazard has been identified implies that there is a reasonable chance that it could
cause an accident. Most initial assessments are therefore likely to rate the probability of occurrence as medium
or higher. The very low and low categories of probability are most likely to be encountered when re-assessing the
risk after the introduction of safety measures.

Table H)                                 RISK RATING TABLE
                                                               Risk Rating
                  Probability
                                     Almost                Most           Reasonable                               Almost
 Hazard               Of                                                                       Very Likely
                                   Impossible             unlikely          Chance                                 certain
 Rating           Occurrence                                                                     (High)
                                   (Very Low)              (Low)           (Medium)                              (Very high)
           Very low                  Very low             Very low          Very low               Low             Medium
             Low                     Very low             Very low            Low                 Medium            High
            Medium                   Very low               Low              Medium                High           Very high
             High                      Low                Medium              High               Very high        Very high
           Very high                 Medium                High             Very high            Very high        Very high
NOTE: - Although a hazard rated as very low should cause no injury it might combine with other factors to cause
a more complex accident resulting in injury. For this reason if the probability of occurrence is considered to be
high or very high the probability of a complex accident is higher so the risk rating is increased to indicate that
measures should be taken to remove, or reduce, the hazard.




                                                   BIOLOGICAL p2
                                                               University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




                                                                                              “HIGHER ORGANISM”                                                                     “LOWER ORGANISM”




                                                                                                                                     Hazard Classification
                   EXPT NO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Classification
                             ORGANISM OR                                                                   Wild         Type Of




                                                                       Captive Bred




                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Containment
                                                                                      Captive Bred.




                                                                                                                                                             Probability Of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      RISK




                                                                                                                                                                                      Bacterium
                                                                                                                         Hazard




                                                                                                                                                              Occurrence
                               TISSUE                                                                   (Potentially




                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Class Of
                                                                         (“Clean”)




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Fungus
                                                      Animal
                                                                                      (Infected With




                                                               Plant
                             (Note Whether Alive Or                                                    Infected With   (Allergy To                                                                                                                   RATING




                                                                                                                                                                                                           Parasite
                                                                                         Organism
                                                                                                        Organism[s]    Fur/Spores,




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hazard
                                    Dead)                                                Specified
                                                                                                         Specified




                                                                                                                                                                              Virus
                                                                                          Below)                        Bite/Sting
                                                                                                          Below)           Etc)
                                                      (a)      (a)       (a)                                                         (b)                        (c)           (a)     (a)         (a)      (a)         (d)             (b)             (e)
BIOLOGICAL p3




                (a) Tick as appropriate, (b) L,M,H or E, (c) VL, L, M, H, VH, (d) 1,2,3 or 4, (e) LOW, MEDIUM HIGH or VERY HIGH


                                                                                                                                                                                                               BIOLOGICAL p3
                    University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules



     Filling in the Apparatus/Procedures Risks Assessment Table.




                                                                                                                                                    APPARATUS p1
     In the APPARATUS column of this table list all the significant apparatus the students are liable to use.

     From Table E (PHYSICAL HAZARD RATING ) determine the "Physical Hazard Rating" which correlates to any apparatus the
     students will be using and enter it in the HAZARD CLASSIFICATION column.
     NB INCLUDE A DESCRIPTION OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE APPARATUS (e.g. electrical etc.)

     [Table F (EXAMPLES OF PHYSICAL HAZARD ) gives examples you may not have thought of.]

     From Table G (PROBABILITY OF OCCURRENCE ), determine the PROBABILITY OF OCCURRENCE which relates to the students’ use of
     this apparatus and enter it in the next column.

     Now, using Table H (RISK RATING TABLE ) determine the RISK RATING from the HAZARD CLASSIFICATION and PROBABILITY OF
     OCCURRENCE you have just determined and enter it in the final column.

     Having performed a preliminary assessment, ask if the risks could be reduced by redesigning the experiments or activities?
     (E.g. by use of different, less hazardous apparatus.) If so, re-design the experiment accordingly and re-assess it.

     Table E)                       PHYSICAL HAZARD RATING
     (The hazard is rated in terms of the probable injuries which would arise if the hazard resulted in an accident)


                Rating                                                         Description
              Very Low                     Hazard unlikely to cause injury
                                           Hazard likely to cause minor injuries (cuts, bruises, sprains burns) which will result
                  Low                      in no or minimal absence.
                                           Hazard likely to cause serious injuries (severe cuts, bruises, burns, sprains, minor
                Medium                     fractures to hand or foot) which will result in several days’ absence.
                                           Hazard likely to cause death or very severe injury to one person. (Very severe injury
                 High                      means injuries likely to result in several months' absence.)
             Very High                     Hazard likely to cause the death or very serious injury to several persons.


     Table F)                                  Examples of Physical Hazard could be: -

         Rating
                                    Low                          Medium                                High                    Very High
Type of risk
                          Cobalt Source,               High Voltage Sets and X-Ray         Sealed sources of strength
                          Van de Graff, and            Sets in normal operation. Open      >500MBq. Beam on work
                          Febetron in normal           Source work involving <30* ALI      within inter-locked areas. Open
Radiation Risks
                          operation.                   per year. Sealed sources of         Source work involving >30*
                          Teaching with sealed         strength <500MBq.                   ALI per year.
                          source of strength <1MBq.
Laser Risks               Classes 1 & 2                Class 3A & 3B*                      Class 3B**                        Class 4
                          Totally enclosed circuits                                        Open circuit work at voltages     Open circuit work at
                          up to mains voltage.                                             >50V but <1000V. (and             >1000V (current
Electrical Risks
                          Open circuit work at <50V                                        >1000V if current supply          supply capability
                                                                                           capability is <10mA).             >10mA)
                                                       Sound level >80dB & <85dB.          Sound level >85d B but <90dB.     Sound level >90dB
Acoustic Risks
                                                       (>30h/w)
                                                       Moving arm robot, operator          High-pressure work (p*V>1bar-
Mechanical Risks                                       outside cage. Normal w/kshop        litre) Work with robot within
                                                       activity. Wind tunnels.             cage. Stress-load limit
                                                       Cryogenic work with small wide      Work with molten materials.       Fire testing rigs in
Thermal Risks                                          necked dewars. Ovens <300oC.        Cryogenic work with large         Civil Eng.
                                                                                           narrow necked dewars. Ovens
                                                                                           >300oC.
                                                       Field work in normal terrain        Fieldwork in mountainous
                                                                                           areas and estuaries.
General Risks
                                                                                           Equipment located on
                                                                                           unprotected roof.




                                                      APPARATUS/PROCEDURES p1
            University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




                                                                                                                       APPARATUS p2
Table G)                   PROBABILITY OF OCCURRENCE
[You need to ask the question - "What is the chance that the hazard will produce an accident?" and choose your
answer from the options in the table.]

    Rating            Very Low                  Low            Medium                High             Very High
                    Almost impossible     Most unlikely     Reasonable chance Highly likely         Almost certain
Description                                                 that it could happen
In many cases the fact that a hazard has been identified implies that there is a reasonable chance that it could
cause an accident. Most initial assessments are therefore likely to rate the probability of occurrence as medium
or higher. The very low and low categories of probability are most likely to be encountered when re-assessing the
risk after the introduction of safety measures.

Table H)                                RISK RATING TABLE

                                                             Risk Rating
                 Probability                                                                                Almost
                                          Almost            Most      Reasonable            Very
   Hazard            Of                                                                                     certain
                                        Impossible        unlikely      Chance             Likely
   Rating        Occurrence                                                                                  (Very
                                        (Very Low)         (Low)       (Medium)            (High)
                                                                                                             high)
           Very low                      Very low         Very low      Very low            Low             Medium
             Low                         Very low         Very low        Low              Medium             High
            Medium                       Very low           Low          Medium             High           Very high
             High                          Low            Medium          High            Very high        Very high
           Very high                     Medium            High         Very high         Very high        Very high



NOTE: - Although a hazard rated as very low should cause no injury it
might combine with other factors to cause a more complex accident
resulting in injury. For this reason if the probability of occurrence is
considered to be high or very high the probability of a complex accident
is higher so the risk rating is increased to indicate that measures should
be taken to remove, or reduce, the hazard.




                                                    APPARATUS p2
                             University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




                              APPARATUS/PROCEDURES ASSESSMENT TABLE
                                                                             HAZARD                         PROBABILITY OF
               EXPT NO   APPARATUS/PROCEDURE                                                                                 RISK RATING
                                                                          CLASSIFICATION                     OCCURENCE
APPARATUS p3




                                                     APPARATUS/PROCEDURES p3
                 University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




                                                                                                                                    SUMMARY p1
                            Filling in the Risk Summary Table etc.
Having completed the assessment of specific types of risk likely to be encountered on the course, it is now necessary
to summarise them. Go to the Risk Rating Summary Table. In the table, tick the HIGHEST RISK RATING identified for
each type of hazard.
The main reason for performing a risk assessment is to ensure that once the hazards inherent in the course have been
identified ways can be found to reduce the consequent risks. The most obvious way of doing so (after looking for
different apparatus, chemicals, organisms and procedures by which to undertake the study) is to see if the students can
use protective clothing or equipment. Go to the Protective Clothing And Equipment Table. In the table, place ticks to
summarise any personal protection to be used.
It is quite likely that as the students undertake their study (especially if it is lab based) that they will generate waste which
needs safe disposal. It is also possible that there will be spills or incidents which may lead to their needing first aid.
Go to the Waste Disposal and Special And Emergency Procedures page. In the table specify waste disposal and
emergency procedures.
If any procedure in the practical work is rated as HIGH OR VERY HIGH RISK a safe system of work must be provided for that
procedure
Go to the Safe System Of Work Table. In the table describe what extra precautions need to be taken over and above
normal GOOD LABORATORY PRACTICE to ensure the safety of everyone working in the vicinity and the environment.
Also, if you feel that in a particular case, the use of standard safety procedures actually constitutes a hazard
(e.g. wearing of safety spectacles whilst using a microscope) you should specify in this table why this is so and
how you will still ensure the students are adequately protected from their own actions and those of others
around them.
When you have filled in the risk assessment, ensure the front page is fully filled in and signed and submit it to the Safety
Officer responsible for archiving it. (If there is a high or very high risk recorded, you need the countersignature of the
School Safety Officer.)

Finally, on the basis of the assessment of risk and from your experience, you need to decide what ratio of
students to staff will be needed so that the activity can be carried out safely. Enter this figure in the table –
“List Of Experiments/Activities On The Module” at the beginning of the form




                                                       SUMMARY p1
              University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




                                                                                                                    SUMMARY p2
                                   RISK RATING SUMMARY.
In the table tick the HIGHEST risk rating identified in the previous tables for each type of
hazard likely to be encountered

                    RISK RATING SUMMARY TABLE
 Tick appropriate risk rating box for each type of hazard present
                                                                                                             Very
                                                 Tick if         Low        Medium            High
           Type of Hazard                                                                                    High
                                                present          Risk        Risk             Risk
                                                                                                             Risk
 Chemical - Toxic (R23, R24, R25, R26,
 R27, R28, R29, R31, R50, R51, R54, R55,
 R56, R57)
 Chemical - carcinogen, mutagen,
 etc (R39, R45, R46, R49, R60, R61, R62,
 R63, R64, R65)
 Chemical - Flammable (R7, R10, R11,
 R12, R15, R17, R18, R30)
 Chemical - Violent reaction
 Chemical - Explosive (R1, R2, R3, R4,
 R5, R6, R9, R14, R16, R19, R44)
 Biological
 Radiation
 Lasers
 Electrical
 Mechanical and acoustic
 Others - Specify

                PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT.
NB. When working in a laboratory, students are normally expected to wear a laboratory
coat and safety glasses at all times. It is also often advisable to wear gloves.
If there is a good reason for not doing so you MUST specify why not in the SAFE
SYSTEM OF WORK table.

                     PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT TABLE
                                   Specific Equipment                  Tick if      Grade or class required
  Type of protection
                                      or clothing                     required           (if relevant)
                                Fume cupboard                    :-                :-
 Containment                    Biological cabinet               :-                :-
                                Total enclosure                  :-                :-
                                Laboratory coat                                   :-
                                Eye protection                                    :-
                                Face mask                        :-                :-
 Personal protection            Ear defenders                    :-                :-
                                Gloves                                            :-
                                Respiratory protection           :-                :-
                                U.V. face mask                   :-                :-




                                                SUMMARY p2
             University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




                                                                                                              SUMMARY p3
                                        WASTE DISPOSAL
There is likely to be a need to dispose of reagents, materials of biological origin and “consumable”
equipment (eg microcentrifuge tubes, pipette tips etc)
These may be capable of harming the students, employees, visitors or the environment – or may be
contaminated with something which could - and therefore need careful disposal.
In the table below enter any items falling into one or more of these categories and state how to dispose of
them to ensure the safety of the students, staff, others and the environment

                                     Waste Disposal Table
                      Type
 Source of
                       of                             Method Of Safe Disposal
  Hazard
                     hazard.




                     SPECIAL AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
                            Tick if
 Procedure required                                          Details of Procedure

First Aid
                                              1) Spillage

Action to be                                  2) Loss of containment
taken in the
event of an                                   3) Fire
accident
                                              4) Other (specify)



                                             SUMMARY p3
           University Of Salford Environment And Life Sciences Risk Assessment Forms For Taught Modules




                                                                                                          SUMMARY p4
                         SAFE SYSTEM OF WORK
If any procedure in the practical work is rated as high or very high risk, a
safe system of work must be provided for that procedure and written in the
students’ instruction books.
Experiment/activity
                        Source of this
containing high or                                      Details of SAFE SYSTEM OF WORK
  very high risk            risk




                                               SUMMARY p4

				
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