2011 – WORLD HISTORY FINAL EXAM REVIEW
Unit: World War I / Russian Revolution
Textbook Chapters Ch 26
Summary: A variety of powerful forces – including growing nationalism, a tangle of
alliances, and decades of rivalry and competition – created conditions that
transformed a single assassination into a worldwide war. After years of unprecedented
bloodshed and political upheaval, the warring nations finally reached an uneasy
The war and social unrest combined to push Russia to the edge of a revolution. The
events that followed led the Russia’s exit from the war and became a major turning
point in world history.
1. What is the difference between underlying causes and immediate causes of
2. How does warfare affect society and the world at large?
3. How does economic turmoil create public desire for change?
4. What impact does propaganda have on society’s needs and wants?
5. What impact does political ideology have on people?
Nationalism Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand
Triple Entente Vladimir Lenin
Triple Alliance Bolsheviks
Treaty of Versailles Zimmerman Telegram
Depression Trench warfare
Inflation Western front
Mandates Neutrality / isolationism
Mandatories Role of Women in WWI
Unit: Inter War Years & World War II
Textbook Chapters 27-28
Summary: World War I left millions of people dead and the map of Europe transformed.
With Europe in chaos, nationalism spread to parts of the world that had long been
under imperialist control, and a new generation of strong leaders promised power and
glory. By the end of the 1930’s these leaders’ aggressive actions had the world on the
brink of another devastating global war.
The aggression of tyrants in Europe and Asia exploded in another world war in 1939. At
first, the Axis armies of Germany, Japan, and Italy gained territory and inflicted great
suffering. But after years of conflict, the Allies, led by Great Britain, the United States,
and the Soviet Union, prevailed.
1. How do political differences cause war?
2. What are the causes and effects of genocide?
3. What is the purpose of deadly weaponry? What are the consequences of its use?
4. What lessons can be learned from war and its peace efforts?
Axis Powers Pearl Harbor
Allied Power Nazi
Island hopping Fascist
Atomic Bomb / Manhattan project D-Day
Holocaust / Final Solution Adolf Hitler
Non-Aggression Pact Winston Churchill
Yalta Dwight D. Eisenhower
Potsdam Conference Franklin D. Roosevelt
Concentration camps Harry S. Truman
Japanese internment Hideki Tojo
Blitzkrieg Josef Stalin
Munich Agreement Benito Mussolini
Unit: Cold War Era / Indian Nationalism & Independence - Gandhi
Textbook Chapters 29-30
Summary: World War II left behind enormous destruction and a world order dominated
by two nations: the United States and the Soviet Union. In the years to come, the bitter
rivalry between these two superpowers would affect not only Europe and North
America, but the world.
After World War II, independence movements grew stronger in the European colonies
scattered throughout Asia. In the years to come, these colonies would win their
independence and face the challenge of building stable governments, economies,
Long under colonial domination, many Southeast Asian nations achieved
independence in the postwar years. The transition, however, was not always a smooth
1. How does the formation of alliances put nations at risk for violence?
2. What is the effect of nuclear weapons on modern warfare and diplomacy?
3. How can weak nations increase their economic and political influence?
4. What are the causes/consequences of nationalism?
5. How does civil disobedience create change in society? What are the effects?
6. How do cultural differences cause war and violence?
7. How does society respond to change and revolution?
8. Why do people tend to support certain leadership? What are the consequences
of following that leadership?
9. How do human rights affect society as a whole?
Truman Doctrine Berlin Airlift Korean War John F. Kennedy
Marshall Plan domino theory 38th parallel Fidel Castro
Mutually Assured glasnost 17th parallel Mikhail Gorbachev
Destruction / Cuban Missile Crisis Mahatma Nikita Khruschev
deterrence Bay of Pigs invasion Bapu Mohandas Gandhi
Détente Berlin Wall Civil disobedience Jawaharlal Nehru
Iron Curtain 4 occupation zones Non-violent protest Kasturbai Gandhi
Brinkmanship Hydrogen Bomb Passive resistance Muhammad Ali-
Arms race Space race Salt March (India) Jinnah
Perestroika Sputnik Douglas MacArthur
Containment Vietnam War Dwight Eisenhower