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					                          2011 – WORLD HISTORY FINAL EXAM REVIEW

Unit: World War I / Russian Revolution

Textbook Chapters Ch 26

Summary: A variety of powerful forces – including growing nationalism, a tangle of
alliances, and decades of rivalry and competition – created conditions that
transformed a single assassination into a worldwide war. After years of unprecedented
bloodshed and political upheaval, the warring nations finally reached an uneasy
peace.


The war and social unrest combined to push Russia to the edge of a revolution. The
events that followed led the Russia’s exit from the war and became a major turning
point in world history.


Essential questions:

1. What is the difference between underlying causes and immediate causes of
   conflicts?
2. How does warfare affect society and the world at large?
3. How does economic turmoil create public desire for change?
4. What impact does propaganda have on society’s needs and wants?
5. What impact does political ideology have on people?

Terms:

Militarism                                     Socialism
Alliances                                      Fascism
Imperialism                                    Communism
Nationalism                                    Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand
Triple Entente                                 Vladimir Lenin
Triple Alliance                                Bolsheviks
Treaty of Versailles                           Zimmerman Telegram
Depression                                     Trench warfare
Inflation                                      Western front
Mandates                                       Neutrality / isolationism
Mandatories                                    Role of Women in WWI
Unit: Inter War Years & World War II

Textbook Chapters 27-28

Summary: World War I left millions of people dead and the map of Europe transformed.
With Europe in chaos, nationalism spread to parts of the world that had long been
under imperialist control, and a new generation of strong leaders promised power and
glory. By the end of the 1930’s these leaders’ aggressive actions had the world on the
brink of another devastating global war.


The aggression of tyrants in Europe and Asia exploded in another world war in 1939. At
first, the Axis armies of Germany, Japan, and Italy gained territory and inflicted great
suffering. But after years of conflict, the Allies, led by Great Britain, the United States,
and the Soviet Union, prevailed.


Essential questions:

1.   How do political differences cause war?
2.   What are the causes and effects of genocide?
3.   What is the purpose of deadly weaponry? What are the consequences of its use?
4.   What lessons can be learned from war and its peace efforts?

Terms:

Axis Powers                                        Pearl Harbor
Allied Power                                       Nazi
Island hopping                                     Fascist
Atomic Bomb / Manhattan project                    D-Day
Holocaust / Final Solution                         Adolf Hitler
Non-Aggression Pact                                Winston Churchill
Yalta                                              Dwight D. Eisenhower
Potsdam Conference                                 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Concentration camps                                Harry S. Truman
Japanese internment                                Hideki Tojo
Blitzkrieg                                         Josef Stalin
Munich Agreement                                   Benito Mussolini
Nuremburg Trials
Unit: Cold War Era / Indian Nationalism & Independence - Gandhi

Textbook Chapters 29-30

Summary: World War II left behind enormous destruction and a world order dominated
by two nations: the United States and the Soviet Union. In the years to come, the bitter
rivalry between these two superpowers would affect not only Europe and North
America, but the world.

After World War II, independence movements grew stronger in the European colonies
scattered throughout Asia. In the years to come, these colonies would win their
independence and face the challenge of building stable governments, economies,
and societies.

Long under colonial domination, many Southeast Asian nations achieved
independence in the postwar years. The transition, however, was not always a smooth
one.

Essential questions:

   1. How does the formation of alliances put nations at risk for violence?
   2. What is the effect of nuclear weapons on modern warfare and diplomacy?
   3. How can weak nations increase their economic and political influence?
   4. What are the causes/consequences of nationalism?
   5. How does civil disobedience create change in society? What are the effects?
   6. How do cultural differences cause war and violence?
   7. How does society respond to change and revolution?
   8. Why do people tend to support certain leadership? What are the consequences
      of following that leadership?
   9. How do human rights affect society as a whole?

Terms:

Truman Doctrine        Berlin Airlift         Korean War            John F. Kennedy
Marshall Plan          domino theory          38th parallel         Fidel Castro
Mutually Assured       glasnost               17th parallel         Mikhail Gorbachev
Destruction /          Cuban Missile Crisis   Mahatma               Nikita Khruschev
deterrence             Bay of Pigs invasion   Bapu                  Mohandas Gandhi
Détente                Berlin Wall            Civil disobedience    Jawaharlal Nehru
Iron Curtain           4 occupation zones     Non-violent protest   Kasturbai Gandhi
Brinkmanship           Hydrogen Bomb          Passive resistance    Muhammad Ali-
Arms race              Space race             Salt March (India)        Jinnah
Perestroika            Sputnik                Douglas MacArthur
Containment            Vietnam War            Dwight Eisenhower

				
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