Docstoc

digital games

Document Sample
digital games Powered By Docstoc
					Digital games –
                                                                              The history of digital games is of course closely
history and genres                                                            related to the development of computers…




                                                                             Game history and genres               Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




  1958: ”Tennis for two”                                                     1961: Space War – Wedge vs.Needle
  The first ”computer” game (non-digital)                                    The first digital computer game
  made for BNL-labs visitors day




                                                William Higinbotham

                                                 Analogue
                                                 computer
                                                 Vacuum tubes and
                                                 relays
                                                 Oscilloscope
                                                 was used as
                                                 monitor
                                                 Not patented
                                                 Magnavox won the
                                                 patent later.


  Game history and genres                   Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres               Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                                    1
1961: Space War – vector monitor                                     1961: Space War – the creators at M.I.T




Game history and genres             Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres             Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




1971: Computer Space – Wedge vs.Needle                               1972: Pong (Ralph Baer)
The first arcade game (”coin-op” game)                               The first console game




                                                                           Magnavox Odyssey, 1972   Also as arcade game 1972
Game history and genres             Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres             Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                          2
”Golden Age of Arcade Games” 1978-1983                                                ”Golden Age of Arcade Games” 1978-1983




 Space Invaders (Taito) 1978                Asteroids (Atari) 1979                    Pac-man (Namco) 1980
Game history and genres                              Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                     Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




”Golden Age of Arcade Games” 1978-1983                                                "The Golden Age of Arcade Games" ends and
                                                                                      different kinds of home systems take over




                                                                                                                                      The game console
                                                                                                                                        Nintendo NES
                                                                                                                                            1985
                                                                                      Handheld ”Donkey Kong”
                     Donkey Kong (Nintendo) 1981                                         (Nintendo) 1982
Game history and genres                        Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola         Game history and genres                     Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                                                   3
Home computers (at reasonable prices)                                        Commodore Vic 20 (1980)
is introduced




 Apple ][ (April 1977)       Apple ][ + (1979)
                             with floppy drives and monitor
Game history and genres                     Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres          Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




Commodore 64 (1982-1993)                                                     1975: The first Adventure Game

                                                                               Will Crowther
                                                                               programmer at BBN




 20 million sold worldwide



Game history and genres                     Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres          Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                               4
1975: The first Adventure Game                                              1975: The first Adventure Game

  Will Crowther                                                               Will Crowther
  programmer at BBN                                                           programmer at BBN
  Amateur cave surveyor                                                       Amateur cave surveyor
  and D&D-player                                                              and D&D-player
                                                                              Programmed
                                                                              ”Adventure: The Colossal Cave”
                                                                              to his daughters, 1975


                                                                              Don Woods
                                                                              programmer at
                                                                              Stanford AI Lab
                                                                              Contacted Crowther 1976
                                                                              via Internet:
   Mammoth Cave, Kentucky                                                     crowther@sitename and
                                                                              asked for permission to
                                                                              develop the game further.

Game history and genres                    Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                                      Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




More Adventure Games follows                                                Genres
                                                                               Genre:
  1980: Zork (for Apple ][)                                                       Classification based on criteria that suit the form of art
                                                                                  In all art forms, genres are vague categories with no fixed boundaries.
                                                                                  Genres can be divided into sub-genres
  1984-1998: Kings Quest-series (I-VIII)
                                                                               Some criteria for genres of digital games:
  LucasArt's Point-and-Click games                                                History
                                                                                  Platform (hardware)
                                                                                  Number of players
  1986: Maniac Mansion for Commodore 64                                           Location (stationary games, mobile games, pervasive games)
                                                                                  Distribution (online or not)
  LucasArt’s also did the Monkey Island-series (1990-2000)                        Comprehensive goal (pastime, educational, serious games etc.)
                                                                                  Narrative and diegetic world, Horror, Sci-Fi etc
  1993-2005: The Myst-series (I-V)                                                Gameplay, the player experience (most fruitful and common)

                                                                               Terms indicating the number of players:
  2002-2004: Syberia I och II                                                     SP – Single Player
                                                                                  MP – Multi player (2 – 64)
                                                                                  MMP – Massive Multi Player (64+)
  2005: World of Warcraft
                                                                               Two examples of genre classification
                                                                                http://www.mobygames.com/browse/games
                                                                                http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Game_genres


Game history and genres                    Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                                      Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                                                          5
Genres                                                                      Genres
                                                                            Roger Caillois: Man, Play and Games (1958)
Two categories based on what is expected of the player:
                                                                                                         Agôn (competition)
                                                                                                         Alea (chance)
            Action                     Thinking
                                                                                                         Mimicry (simulation)
                                                                                                         Ilinx (vertigo)




Game history and genres                    Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                      Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




Genres                                                                      Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                                Shoot ’em up




                                                                                                      Spilbury's Classic Arcadegames
                           Space Invaders (Taito) 1978
                                                                                                       Example of RETRO-gaming


Game history and genres                    Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                      Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                                          6
Genres                                                                     Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                               Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                             Platform games




                                                                                                       Super Mario Sunshine (Nintendo) 2002


                          Donkey Kong (Nintendo) 1981

Game history and genres                   Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                         Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




Genres                                                                     Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                               Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                             Platform games
  Racing games                                                               Racing games




                            Nightdriver (Atari) 1976                                                 Project Gotham Racing (Microsoft) 2002


Game history and genres                   Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                         Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                                            7
Genres                                                                     Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                               Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                             Platform games
  Racing games                                                               Racing games
  Sports games                                                               Sports games




                           Tennis (Activision) 1981


                                                                                                          NHL-06 (EA Sports) 2005




Game history and genres                   Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                        Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




Genres                                                                     Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                               Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                             Platform games
  Racing games                                                               Racing games
  Sports games                                                               Sports games
  FPS/TPS                                                                    FPS/TPS




                          Doom (Id Software) 1993                                                    Half-Life 2 (Valve Software) 2004
                          First-person Shooter (FPS)                                                    First-person Shooter (FPS)



Game history and genres                   Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                        Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                                           8
Genres                                                                           Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                                     Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                                   Platform games
  Racing games                                                                     Racing games
  Sports games                                                                     Sports games
  FPS/TPS                                                                          FPS/TPS




                          Counter Strike (Valve Software) 1999                                             Tomb Raider Legends (Eidos) 2006
                               First-person Shooter (FPS)                                                     Third-person Shooter (TPS)



Game history and genres                         Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                       Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




Genres                                                                           Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                                     Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                                   Platform games
  Racing games                                                                     Racing games
  Sports games                                                                     Sports games
  FPS/TPS                                                                          FPS/TPS
  Fighting games                                                                   Fighting games


                                                                                                               Dead or Alive 4 (XBox360, 2005)
                                   Exploding Fist (C64 1985)




Game history and genres                         Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                       Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                                                9
Genres                                                                     Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                               Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                             Platform games
  Racing games                                                               Racing games
  Sports games                                                               Sports games
  FPS/TPS                                                                    FPS/TPS
  Fighting games                                                             Fighting games
  Strategy games                                                             Strategy games


                                                                                                        Warcraft III (Blizzard) 2003
                          Civilization III (Sid Meyer) 2001                                              Real-time strategy (RTS)
                                Turned-based strategy



Game history and genres                   Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                    Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




Genres                                                                     Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                               Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                             Platform games
  Racing games                                                               Racing games
  Sports games                                                               Sports games
  FPS/TPS                                                                    FPS/TPS
  Strategy games                                                             Strategy games
  Fighting games                                                             Fighting games
                                                                                                     Flight simulator for Apple ][ 1983
  Simulation games                                                           Simulation games




Game history and genres                   Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                    Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                                       10
Genres                                                                       Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                                 Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                               Platform games
  Racing games                                                                 Racing games
  Sports games                                                                 Sports games
  FPS/TPS                                                                      FPS/TPS
  Strategy games                                                               Strategy games
  Fighting games                                                               Fighting games
  Simulation games                                                             Simulation games
                                                                                                       The Sims (EA Games, Will Wright) 2000


                              Microsoft Flight Simulator 2002


Game history and genres                     Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                   Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




Genres                                                                       Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                                 Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                               Platform games
  Racing games                                                                 Racing games
  Sports games                                                                 Sports games
  FPS/TPS                                                                      FPS/TPS
  Strategy games                                                               Strategy games
  Fighting games                                                               Fighting games
  Simulation games                                                             Simulation games            Kings Quest 1 (Sierra) 1984

                          The Sims 2 (EA Games, Will Wright) 2004              Adventure games




Game history and genres                     Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                   Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                                        11
Genres                                                                     Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                               Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                             Platform games
  Racing games                                                               Racing games
  Sports games                                                               Sports games
  FPS/TPS                                                                    FPS/TPS
  Strategy games                                                             Strategy games
  Fighting games                                                             Fighting games
  Simulation games         Maniac Mansion (LucasArts) 1986                   Simulation games
                                Point-and-click game
  Adventure games                                                            Adventure games
                                                                                                       Syberia (Microids) 2002




Game history and genres                   Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




Genres                                                                     Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                               Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                             Platform games
  Racing games                                                               Racing games
  Sports games                                                               Sports games
  FPS/TPS                                                                    FPS/TPS
  Strategy games                                                             Strategy games
  Fighting games                                                             Fighting games
  Simulation games                                                           Simulation games
  Adventure games                                                            Adventure games
  Roleplaying games                                                          Roleplaying games
                          The 1st Dungeons & Dragon game 1974                                         Login screen MUD 1970:s
                                                                                                     Multi-User-Dungeon/Domain


Game history and genres                   Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                                   12
Genres                                                                    Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                              Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                            Platform games
  Racing games                                                              Racing games
  Sports games                                                              Sports games
  FPS/TPS                                                                   FPS/TPS
  Strategy games                                                            Strategy games
  Fighting games                                                            Fighting games
  Simulation games                                                          Simulation games
                          Ultima 1 (Richard Garriott) 1981
  Adventure games                                                           Adventure games         Ultima Online (Richard Garriott) 1997
                                                                                                         The murder of Lord British
  Roleplaying games                                                         Roleplaying games



Game history and genres                  Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                     Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




Genres                                                                    Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                              Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                            Platform games
  Racing games                                                              Racing games
  Sports games                                                              Sports games
  FPS/TPS                                                                   FPS/TPS
  Strategy games                                                            Strategy games
  Fighting games                                                            Fighting games
  Simulation games                                                          Simulation games
  Adventure games                                                           Adventure games
  Roleplaying games                                                         Roleplaying games
                                                                            Puzzles/board games
                          World of Warcraft (Blizzard) 2005                                                      Non-digital games
                                     MMORPG
Game history and genres                  Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres                     Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                                       13
Genres                                                                    Genres
  Shoot ’em up                                                              Shoot ’em up
  Platform games                                                            Platform games
  Racing games                                                              Racing games
  Sports games                                                              Sports games
  FPS/TPS                                                                   FPS/TPS
  Strategy games                                                            Strategy games
  Fighting games                                                            Fighting games
  Simulation games                                                          Simulation games
  Adventure games                                                           Adventure games
  Roleplaying games              Digital games                              Roleplaying games
  Puzzles/board games                                                       Puzzles/board games
                                                                            Edutainment
Game history and genres                  Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola   Game history and genres   Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




  Flash-games online
  http://www.gamezarena.com/puzzle/
  http://escapetheroom.blogspot.com/
  http://www.aooa.co.uk/#
  http://www.teagames.com/
  http://www.hamsterpaj.net/underhallning/




Game history and genres                  Ulf Hagen, Södertörns Högskola




                                                                                                                                     14

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:9
posted:10/27/2011
language:English
pages:14