SUBJECT DATE ACTION
BUDGET 1971 SST - Opposed additional federal funding for the
Supersonic Transport project.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1971 Voting Rights – Lobbied for a constitutional amendment
giving 18-year-olds the right to vote.
CAMPAIGN 1971 Pushed for a reform bill that included limits on campaign
FINANCE expenditures and contributions, disclosure of
REFORM contributions and expenditures, an independent elections
commission to enforce the law, free TV time for
candidates, and a special campaign mailing frank for all
federal candidates 35 days before an election.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1971 Challenged the constitutionality of Arizona’s voter
registration purge law which, it charged, discriminated
against Blacks, Indians, and Mexican-Americans.
CORPORATE 1971 Tax breaks: Opposed proposed investment tax credit
WELFARE and export subsidies, unless Nixon Administration
dropped its plans to implement accelerated depreciation
rules benefiting a small segment of businesses. Joined a
lawsuit with other groups to keep these rules from taking
ENVIRONMENT 1971 Environmental Protection: Supported passage of the
Environmental Protection Act of 1971.
GOVERNMENT 1971 Voting: Supported universal federal standards for voter
FOREIGN 1971 Supported the Mansfield amendment to a military
POLICY spending bill that would require that all U.S. troops be
withdrawn from Indochina within six months of its
CAMPAIGN 1971 Spending caps: Supported placing caps on expenditures
FINANCE for broadcast ads by candidates, and the establishment
REFORM of the Federal Election Commission.
POVERTY 1972 Supported amendments to the Nixcn Family Assistance
plan that would guarantee families a minimum annual
income of $3,000 for a family of four and that would
guarantee that no welfare recipient would lose benefits
under the welfare reform proposal.
GOVERNMENT 1973 Pushed to end the seniority system for choosing
PROCESS committee chairs in Congress, urging chairs to be
elected by open ballot by Members of the majority party.
FOREIGN 1972 Vietnam – Lobbied Congress to legislate an end to U.S.
AFFAIRS participation in the Vietnam War.
ENVIRONMENT 1972 Water Pollution – Supported passage of the Federal
Water Pollution Control Act Amendments greatly
strengthening federal clean water efforts.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1972 Equal Rights: Lobbied in state legislatures and in
Congress for passage of the ERA.
CAMPAIGN 1972 John Gardner made a series of speeches asking
FINANCE presidential candidates to fully reveal their campaign
REFORM finances. (FECA’s rules did not kick in until April 7,
OPEN 1972 Presidential Primaries: Encouraged and educated
GOVERNMENT members to participate in the primary nominating
process to help open up the ―insiders’ game‖ that
characterized the presidential primary process.
CAMPAIGN 1971 Disclosure: Pushed for the Federal Election Campaign
FINANCE Act which required disclosure of contributors to federal
REFORM election campaigns.
OPEN 1972 Open Meetings -- Successfully Pushed for opening up
GOVERNMENT Congressional conference committee meetings and bill
drafting sessions to the public.
OPEN 1973 Freedom of Information: Supported a federal shield law
GOVERNMENT protecting reporters from having to reveal their
confidential sources except in certain criminal cases.
OPEN 1973 Freedom of Information: Supported legislation that would
GOVERNMENT restrict the withholding of information from executive
agencies on the grounds of executive privilege, ensuring
the privilege afforded is narrowly construed.
ENVIRONMENT 1973 Urged opening up the Highway Trust Fund to urban
CAMPAIGN 1973 Urged public funds for the federal election campaigns of
FINANCE qualified candidates; a limit of $250 on individual
REFORM contributions to congressional candidates and $500 for
presidential candidates; overall spending limits for
campaigns; an end to organized committee giving, and to
all forms of pooling contributions; a bar to the transfer of
cash in political campaigns; a role for the political parties
in the financing of general elections, and the creation of
an effective enforcement agency to ensure compliance,
with heavy fines for violators.
ETHICS 1973 Watergate: Pressed Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox to
be ready to call President Nixon to testify before the
OPEN 1973 Open Meetings: Pressed to open House Appropriations
GOVERNMENT and Ways and Means Committee to the public.
FOREIGN 1973 Vietnam: Lobbied for a total cut-off of all funds
AFFAIRS supporting U.S. military involvement in Laos and
ENVIRONMENT 1975 Mining Regulations -- Supported strip mining control bill
that would impose federal safety and environmental
standards on strip mining.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1975 Voting Rights -- Supported a ten-year extension of the of
the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
POVERTY 1975 Legal Assistance Corporation – Opposed the nomination
of William Knecht to serve on the Board of Directors of
the Legal Assistance Corporation because of his
opposition to the corporation’s mission of serving the
poor and on grounds of conflict of interest – as an
attorney he had represented groups sued by Legal
Assistance Corporation lawyers.
CORPORATE 1974 Taxes – CC pushed for a repeal of the oil depletion
WELFARE allowance to prevent the oil industry from profiting from
the energy shortage.
MEDIA ACCESS 1974 FCC -- Opposed broadcast licensing legislation that
would encourage concentration of ownership of
ETHICS 1974 Conflict of Interest -- Opposed the appointment of Melvin
Conant as administrator of the Federal Energy
Administration on conflict of interest grounds.
CORPORATE 1974 Maritime Subsidies -- Opposed the Energy
WELFARE Transportation Security Act because it would
―dramatically increase‖ government subsidies to the
OPEN 1975 Congressional Committees -- Pushed for opening up
GOVERNMENT Senate committees and House-Senate conference
committees to the public.
OPEN 1975 CIA -- Pushed for the establishment of a Senate
GOVERNMENT committee to review the activities of the CIA. Also
pressed for public disclosure of the CIA’s budget.
OPEN 1975 Legislative process -- Pushed the House Democratic
GOVERNMENT leadership to relax the rules for amending tax bills, to
permit more Members the opportunity to participate in
the tax legislation process; disclose all contacts between
Ways and Means members and staff and lobbyists and
to disclose the nature, value and donor of all gifts they
receive, and disclose their personal financial holdings
and sources of incomes of Members, their spouses and
top staff of the committee.
OPEN 1975 Lobby Disclosure -- Pushed for passage of tough lobby
GOVERNMENT disclosure bill, H.R. 115, which would require full
disclosure of lobbying activities and expenditures,
sponsored by Reps. Thomas Railback (R-IL) and Robert
OPEN 1975 Financial Disclosure -- Lobbied for financial disclosure
GOVERNMENT requiring members of Congress and the executive
branch and judicial branches to file on an annual basis, a
full public statement of their personal finances.
Sponsored by Reps. Kastenmeier and Alan Steelman
OPEN 1975 Open Meetings -- Supported the Government in the
GOVERNMENT Sunshine Act to open up decision-making meetings to
the public in 49 executive branch agencies.
OPEN 1975 Supported audio and video broadcasting of house floor
Campaign 1975 Partial public financing -- Supported a bill sponsored by
Finance Reform Representatives John Anderson and Phil Burton (D-CA)
to provide matching public funds to House and Senate
ENERGY 1975 Energy conservation -- Supported a hefty gas tax and
quotas on oil imports and an auto efficiency tax on cars
that have poor fuel efficiency, and strong federal efforts
to increase energy conservation.
Opposed efforts to weaken the auto emissions standards
in the Clean Air Act.
FOREIGN 1975 Military Aid -- Strongly opposed $222 million in additional
POLICY funds in military aid to Cambodia.
CORPORATE 1975 Agricultural Subsidies -- Opposed cotton and dairy price
POVERTY 1975 Taxes -- Supported the earned income tax credit for low-
Campaign 1974 Partial public financing -- Supported a bill sponsored by
Finance Reform Representatives Morris Udall (D-AZ) and John Anderson
CONGRESSION 1974 Legislative process -- Worked to ensure the
AL REFORMS Congressional committees give fair resources to the
minority party (at least one-third minority staffing); term-
limit committee assignments, and spare the workload
more equally among committees.
OPEN 1974 Party Caucuses -- Supported opening up party caucus
GOVERNMENT meetings to the public.
GOVERNMENT 1975 Opposed H.R. 3067, the Emergency Public Works
PROCESS Acceleration Act of 1975, which would give public
officials the discretion to waive certain procedural
requirements to hasten public works programs. Feared
that the general language in the bill would permit waiving
environmental, equal rights, fair employment
BUDGET 1974 Budget Process -- Strongly supported the Budget Reform
Act of 1974, which gave Congress a co-equal role with
the Executive in the formulation of budget policy
SAFETY 1975 Trucking -- Opposed legislation increasing the weight
limits on trucks permitted on federal highways.
ENERGY 1975 Nuclear Power -- Opposed the licensing of any additional
nuclear power plants until the safety of reliability of
nuclear power can be clearly proven
BUDGET 1975 Defense -- Opposed the federal subsidy for military
BUDGET 1975 Weapons -- Opposed funding for the B-1 bomber
REFUGEES 1975 Humanitarian Aid -- Supported the Senate foreign
relations bill that would provide federal funds for housing
and resettling Indochinese refugees.
CONSUMER 1975 Consumer Rights -- Supported the creation of an
independent Agency for Consumer Advocacy
ETHICS 1975 Conflict of Interest -- Asked for a House investigation of
Rep. Robert R. L. Sikes.
FOREIGN 1975 Middle East – Asked that all security agreements
POLICY beween the United States and Israel and the United
States and Egypt be made public.
ETHICS 1975 Opposed nomination of Thomas Kleppe as Secretary of
Interior because of his refusal to commit to a conflict of
interest policy for Department of Interior personnel.
Environment 1975 Energy Conservation -- Supported legislation
encouraging energy conservation by industry.
Environment 1975 Energy conservation -- Supported legislation to set
energy conservation standards for the construction of
new buildings, which included tough sanctions on
builders who fail to comply.
Campaign 1975 Disclosure – Opposed attempts to have cfr disclosure
Finance Reform reports filed with the Clerk of the House rather than with
the Federal Election Commission.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1975 Anti-Redlining – Supported banking legislation that
would require banks to disclose their lending patterns per
BUDGET 1975 Public Service Jobs -- Supported increased funds for job
public service jobs and training
ETHICS 1975 Conflict of Interest: Developed guidelines to eliminate
conflicts of interest in the defense department in which
former defense contractors took government jobs and
former government defense officials left to take jobs with
ENVIRONMENT 1975 Nuclear Power – opposed caps on liability limits for
nuclear power plants.
ETHICS 1975 Supported legislation to outlaw the practice of state
employees donating a portion of their salaries to the
party in power to keep their jobs and assure themselves
of a raise.
CORPORATE 1975 Opposed Tax Breaks in the Tax Reform Act of 1975 and
WELFARE urged tightening of the minimum tax rules for
corporations, restrictions on real estate tax shelters and
on tax breaks for exporters, and maintaining the
withholding taxes on foreign investment income.
VOTING RIGHTS 1975 Supported a constitutional amendment giving District of
Columbia residents full representation in Congress.
ENVIRONMENT 1976 Disclosure: Urged the Securities and Exchange
Commission to adopt rules giving investors more
information about the impact of a corporation’s activities
on the environment.
OPEN 1976 Lobby Reform – Backed H.R. 15, lobby reform bill.
GOVERNMENT Financial Disclosure, H.R. 3249, requiring all high-level
government officials to disclosure their personal financial
Government in the Sunshine Bill S.5, which requires
opening decision-making meetings in certain federal
CAMPAIGN 1976 Backed H.R. 9100, to extend partial public financing on a
FINANCE matching basis to congressional candidates.
CAMPAIGN 1976 Federal Election Commission – Pressed for funding for
FINANCE the new agency
FOREIGN 1976 Urged Congress to deny funds for any CIA activities in
POLICY Angola other than intelligence gathering. Also supported
restrictions on military aid to Zaire to ensure that no
military aid be funneled to any of the warring factions in
OPEN 1976 Asked that meetings of the National Research Council
GOVERNMENT on Nuclear and Alternative Energy Systems be held in
public, permit public participation, and ensure that that
minutes of meetings and other documents are publicly
ETHICS 1976 Asked the Department of Interior to develop a policy of
that would require department staff to maintain records
of their outside contacts with special interests.
CAMPAIGN 1976 FEC – Supported S.3065, which reconstituted the FEC
FINANCE following the Buckley v. Valeo decision, and backed
REFORM amending the bill to include public financing for
ETHICS 1976 Hatch Act -- Supported Clark amendment to the Hatch
Act to ensure that White House employees are covered
by restrictions on campaigning during work hours.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1976 FBI – Supported legislation limiting the scope of the
FBI’s investigatory powers and providing civil and
criminal sanctions for FBI violation of privacy, civil rights
and political liberties.
CONSUMER 1976 Supported H.R. 8532, which amends antitrust law to
permit state attorneys general to recover monetary
damages on behalf of citizens injured by antitrust
CIVIL RIGHTS 1976 Women’s Rights: Urged Congress to appropriate $5
million to convene a National Women’s Conference to
assess the nation’s progress in promoting equality
between men and women.
GOVERNMENT 1976 Supported ―sunset‖ legislation at the state local and
PROCESS national level which requires ―mandatory, periodic and
comprehensive review of government programs and
agencies and the termination of those found to be
ineffective or unnecessary.‖
Environment 1976 Energy Conservation -- Pushed for increased funding for
research into solar energy.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1976 Privacy Rights – Supported the Right to Privacy Act of
POVERTY 1976 Supported legislation strengthening the state and local
General Revenue Sharing Program .
OPEN 1976 Supported the Lobby Disclosure Act of 1976.
ETHICS 1976 Supported the Watergate Reform Act, which creates an
office of Congressional Legal Counsel and imposes
conditions on which a temporary special prosecutor
would be appointed to investigate top White House
officials, high-level Presidential appointees, or a top
Justice Department official.
ENVIRONMENT 1976 Supported a bill classifying the New River as a wild and
CORPORATE 1976 Opposed the Tax Reform Act of 1976 because it
WELFARE contained too many tax giveaways to special interests
and breaks the budget.
CORPORATE 1976 Supported The Government Economy in Spending Act of
WELFARE 1976 to require an automatic periodic review of federal
tax incentives and preferences.
POLITICAL 1976 Proposed to both political parties recommendations for
PROCESS improving the procedures for nominating vice presidential
DEFENSE 1976 B-1 Bomber: Supported delaying the release of funds for
the production of the B-1 bomber to keep presidential
politics out of the decision and to give time for more
testing of the plane’s viability.
Environment 1976 Clean Air: Supported strict auto emissions standards.
Privacy 1976 Opposed a provision in the Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Act that would permit surveillance of citizens
not suspected of criminal conduct.
Campaign 1976 Asked that the Senate Ethics Committee make public a
Finance Reform list of illegal campaign contributions and their recipients
made by Gulf Oil Corp.
Government 1976 Supported substantial changes in the Senate committee
CAMPAIGN 1976 Asked all presidential candidates to take ―full public
FINANCE responsibility for all aspects of his campaign‖, disclose
REFORM the personal financial holdings of himself, his spouse and
children and all sources of income, including honoraria;
agree to appear in open forums with other candidates;
and outline what steps they are taking to prevent
taxpayer-supporter services, such as office staff, from
being misused during the campaign.
GOVERNMENT 1976 Sent questionnaires to all candidates for Congressional
PROCESS leadership positions on their views on openness, ethics,
accountability and Congressional reform.
ENVIRONMENT 1976 Remove the legislative jurisdiction of the Joint
Committee on Atomic Energy and transfer it to the
appropriate standing committees overseeing energy
policy. CC charged that the Joint Committee wasn’t
presenting a fair and balanced consideration of nuclear
OPEN 1976 Urged that all committee votes be made public and
GOVERNMENT published periodically in the Congressional Record
ETHICS 1976 Asked for an official House investigation of the Tong Sun
OPEN 1976 Asked for a thorough consideration by the Judiciary
GOVERNMENT Committee of Carter’s nomination of Griffin Bell as
attorney general in the interests of de-politicizing the
Department of Justice.
ETHICS 1977 Conflict of Interest: Supported congressional pay raises if
linked to a new code of conduct that included financial
disclosure, restrictions on honoraria and gifts from
lobbyists, restrictions on the franking priviledge, and a
ban on unofficial office accounts. .
GOVERNMENT 1977 Committee System: Urged the Senate to reduce the
PROCESS number of its committees; limit the number of committee
and sub-committee assignments for each member;
guarantee minority parties get one-third of staff; restrict
the number of subcommittee chairmanships a committee
chairman may hold, and ensuring more opportunities for
junior members; rotating committee assignments after
eight years, and the establishment of at least three
subcommittees for each committee.
JUDICIAL 1977 Urged merit selection of federal judges from names
SELECTION recommended by permanent, nonpartisan commissions
of lawyers and nonlawyers.
ENVIRONMENT 1977 Conflict of Interest: Urged reorganization of a
Department of Energy to curb the access of special
interests to policymakers.
CAMPAIGN 1977 PACS: Filed a complaint with the FEC asking them to
FINANCE ban the National Education Association from using a
REFORM negative checkoff system to raise money for its political
VOTING RIGHTS 1977 Same Day Registration: Supported election day voter
registration, provided that legislation has sufficient
safeguards against fraud and abuse, such as a
requirement that each registrant sign an affidavit
certifying that the information provided is true, under pain
OPEN 1977 Citizen Complaints: Urged that reform of the Civil Service
GOVERNMENT Commission include a mechanism for hearing and
responding to citizen complaints.
CORPORATIE 1977 Tax Breaks: Opposed special tax preference for
WELFARE intangible drilling costs for oil companies.
FOREIGN 1977 Selection of Ambassadors: Proposed a process that
RELATIONS gives at least seven days advance notice of a
congressional hearing for an ambassadorial appointee,
postponing a vote on the nominee to give Committee
Members a chance to examine the hearing record; a
report on each nominee should be given to each Senator
at least three days in advance.
CORPORATE 1977 Tax Breaks: Supported sunset legislation for tax
WELFARE expenditures to ensure they are cost-efficient and fulfill
the purpose for which they were intended.
ETHICS 1977 Supported the Public Officials Integrity Act, which
requires public financial disclosure for all officials in all
three branches of government, including disclosure by
spouses, and which would establish a triggering
mechanism for the appointment of a temporary special
prosecutor to investigate top-level executive branch
officials and which creates an Office of Government
Crimes within the Justice Department.
ETHICS 1977 Called for the removal of House Ethics Committee Chair,
John Flynt, because of the inept handling of the Korean
scandal, and urged the appointment of a special counsel
to oversee the House investigation.
CAMPAIGN 1977 Supported, S. 926, providing partial public financing for
FINANCE Senate candidates which would match small
REFORM contributions from individual contributors and require that
eligible candidates spend no more than $35,000 of their
own funds on their campaigns.
Supported comparable legislation in the House.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1977 As a member of the Coalition for Equal Employment in
Congress, urged that Congress adopt equal employment
OPEN 1977 Urged a mediation process ensuring a fair hearing to
GOVERNMENT both sides in the Maine Indian Land dispute.
ETHICS 1977 Conflict of Interest: Called for a full Senate investigation
of Bert Lance as they relate to his qualifications to serve
as director of the Office of Management and Budget.
REGULATORY 1977 Citing it as a ―top priority‖, supported legislation reforming
REFORM regulation of the airline industry by the Civil Aeronautics
CORPORATE 1977 Maritime Subsidies: Opposed legislation increasing the
WELFARE percentage of American oil that must be carried on
American tankers, saying that it would increase
substantially the cost of both imported and domestic oil
and subsidizes the maritime industry.
OPEN 1977 Accountability: Urged that the House operations be
GOVERNMENT subject to random audits by outside auditing firms
ETHICS 1977 Korean Scandal: Called for public hearings by the House
Ethics Committee concerning the Korean investigation.
Asked the Senate Ethics Committee conduct much of its
investigation into Senators’ improperly accepting gifts
from Korean lobbyists in open session and make a public
finding of fact about the validity of each accusation
against each Senator.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1978 Supported regulations prohibiting banks from
discriminating against borrowers based on the age of a
home or its neighborhood. Also called for public
disclosure of the underwriting standards of lending
OPEN 1978 Criticized the Internal Revenue Service for reneging on
GOVERNMENT its promise to disclose the names of public officials trying
to influence federal tax cases.
OPEN 1978 Urged that meetings of the Federal Reserve Board and
GOVERNMENT its Open Market Committee be open to the public.
ETHICS 1978 Conflict of Interest: Opposed the nomination of Lynn
Coleman as General Counsel of the Department of
Energy because of his close ties to the oil industry.
CAMPAIGN 1978 Public Financing: Supported H.R. 11315, sponsored by
Finance Reform Tom Foley (R-WA) and Barber Conable (R-NY) to
establish partial public financing of congressional races,
matching up to $100 contributions from individuals for
candidates who agree to spending limits.
ENVIRONMENT 1978 Energy Conservation: Urged increased spending on the
energy department’s research and development budget,
particularly for solar energy, and other alternative
sources of energy such as wind and photovoltaics.
CORPORATE 1978 Taxes: Opposed ratification of a tax treaty with the
WELFARE United Kingdom because it would permit multinational
corporations to avoid paying state taxes in the United
GOVERNMENT 1978 Supported the division of the Civil Service Commission
PROCESS into the Office of Personnel Management and the Merit
Systems Protection Board with an independent office of
Special Counsel; the establishment of a Senior
Executive Service, and reduction in lifetime personnel
preferences for non-disabled veterans.
ETHICS 1978 Supported legislation creating the Offices of Inspector
General in certain executive branch departments.
ACCOUNTABILIT 1978 Urged protections for whistle blowers in the federal civil
Y service system.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1978 Supported legislation limiting to one time only the
preference given to non-disabled veterans for civil
service jobs in order to open up government job
opportunities to women and minorities.
PRIVACY 1978 Supported legislation to require warrants before
conducting national security wiretaps.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1978 Supported ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment,
and congressional extension of the deadline for
ratification by the states.
AIRLINE 1978 Supported deregulation of the airline industry.
OPEN 1979 Reapportionment: Supported legislation creating a series
GOVERNMENT of standards for bipartisan commissions to use when
redistricting in the states. Stressed that such
commissions should not include incumbent legislators or
party officials and that public meetings on redistricting
plans be held in every major region of each state.
OPEN 1979 Urged the FBI to permit the GAO to audit its confidential
Government informant program..
CORPORATE 1979 Opposed any attempt to increase the price supports for
WELFARE domestic sugar growers.
Voting 1979 Direct Elections – Supported a constitutional amendment
to provide for the direct election of the president.
Open 1979 Disclosure: Supported H.R. 4395, the Public Disclosure
Government of Lobbying Act of 1979.
Ethics 1979 Conflict of Interest: Called for a special counsel to
investigate the relationship of Billy Carter and the Libyan
Environment 1979 Energy Conservation: Supported the Solar Bank bill,
which provides low-interest loans to home- and
business-owners who install solar equipment.
Environment 1979 Asked the president to veto the Public Works
Appropriations Bill because it would exempt the Tellico
Dam from all laws, including dam safety, clean water and
Campaign 1979 Supported reductions in contributions from PACS to
Finance Reform $6,000 per election cycle and an aggregate limit on PAC
contributions to congressional candidates at $70,000 for
the primary and general election periods combined.
Environment 1979 Department of Energy – urged reform of the agency to
strengthen its efforts to encourage conservation and the
use of renewable resources; provide the public will more
information on the agency’s operations, and encourage
citizen participation in energy decisions.
FOREIGN 1979 Nuclear Disarmament: Strongly endorsed the SALT II
POLICY treaty as an important step furthering nuclear
ENVIRONMENT 1979 Energy Conservation: Supported creation of a
Conservation Bank providing low-interest loans to home
owners for energy conservation.
ENVIRONMENT 1979 Energy Conservation: Strong supports S. 930,
eliminating free parking for Congress and its staff,
judicial and executive branch employees to encourage
the use of mass transit.
CONSUMER 1979 Federal Trade Commission: Opposed amendments to
exclude the funeral industry from regulation and would
prohibit the FTC from enforcing antitrust rules against
agricultural cooperatives. Supported continued funds for
the FTC public participation program
BUDGET 1980 Opposed increased funds for projects and programs by
the Army Corps of Engineers, which would commit
taxpayers to $1.8 billion worth of projects for which they
have incomplete information., and constitutes ―pork
barrel‖ spending rather than wise water policy.
ENVIRONMENT 1980 Supported the establishment of a low-income energy
conservation and home weatherization program for low-
BUDGET 1980 Opposes a balanced budget amendment
CORPORATE 1980 Supports the Motor Carrier Reform Act of 1980, which
WELFARE would no longer permit the trucking industry to set its
own rates on certain lines of business, and would make it
easier to truckers to enter the regulated trucking market..
CIVIL RIGHTS 1980 Urged merit selection of federal judges and the
1980 appointment of more women and minorities to the bench.
MEDIA 1980 Supported a ruling by the Federal Trade Commission
examining possible abuses in television advertising
directed at children.
BUDGET 1980 Urged a $500 million cut in costly and wasteful water
projects by the Army Corps of Engineers.
ENVIRONMENT 1980 Urged amendments to the Bonneville Power Authority
that would ensure open meetings, that officials are
covered by the Ethics in Government Act, and that
conservation measures be considered before developing
another energy source. The bill also funds at $1.25
billion revolving fund for conservation and renewable
BUDGET 1980 Opposed the construction of the Tennessee—
Tombigbee Waterway, as an ―outrageously expensive
project‖ that is not needed.
BUDGET 1980 Opposes a provision in the Defense Appropriations Bill
that prohibits competitive bidding for transportation
services of military household goods going to and from
Alaska and Hawaii,
GOVERNMENT 1980 Called for institutional reforms of the Senate confirmation
PROCESS of presidential cabinet appointees recommending that
hearings allow for enough time for careful scrutiny of the
nominees, nominees give detailed personal and financial
information, and Senate committees prepare and release
substantive reports on major nominations to Senators
and the public at least three days before a Senate
ENVIRONMENT 1981 Department of Energy: Wrote a study of the newly
created Department of Energy and urged the
Department to ensure that consumers are represented
on its advisory committees and to provide the maximum
feasible amount of information to citizens, and make
energy conservation one of its top priorities, and revise
its use of consultants to avoid conflicts of interest.
GOVERNMENT 1981 Supported the creation of the Commission on More
PROCESS Effective Government.
CORPORATE 1981 Price Supports: Opposed dairy price supports as a
WELFARE primary example of a special interest benefit that is
helping to ―push the federal budget out of control.‖
OPEN 1981 Freedom of Information: Opposed a decision by the
GOVERNMENT Justice Department to ease agency standards for
compliance with FOIA.
POVERTY 1981 Legal Services: Opposed attempts to weaken or deny
funding to the Legal Services Corporation.
CAMPAIGN 1981 FEC: Opposed efforts to abolish the Federal Election
FINANCE Commission and to extend its budget for a six-month
REFORM period rather than for one year.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1981 Court Stripping: Opposed the Johnston amendment
limiting court jurisdiction in requiring busing to ensure
CIVIL RIGHTS 1981 Supported the extension of the Voting Rights Act.
CORPORATE 1981 Price Supports: Opposed sugar price supports.
ETHICS 1981 Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: Opposed attempts to
weaken the act, which prohibited American businesses
from bribing foreign officials.
CAMPAIGN 1981 Independent Expenditures: Proposed that broadcasters
FINANCE give candidates free airtime to reply to any independent
REFORM expenditure ad campaign.
CORPORATE 1981 Defense Contractors: Urged the Defense Department to
WELFARE stop reimbursing defense contractors for their lobbying
ETHICS 1981 Conflicts of Interest: Opposed efforts to increase the 15
percent limit on outside earned income for House
members to 40 percent, warning that it could lead to
damaging conflicts of interest.
COURT 1981 Opposed bill by Senator Orrin Hatch to prevent the lower
STRIPPING courts from ordering school busing as a remedy for racial
ENVIRONMENT 1982 Opposed efforts to weaken the Clean Air Act, and urged
strengthening the Act by developing a program to control
CIVIL RIGHTS 1982 Opposed actions by the Reagan Justice Department
questioning the legal authority of the Internal Revenue
Service to deny tax exempt status to private schools that
discriminate on the basis of race.
BUDGET 1982 Defense: Supported the creation of an independent
Office of Inspector General within the Defense
Department to identify waste, fraud and abuse and an
amendment by Senator Sam Nunn (D-GA) to require that
Congress be notified of any substantial unanticipated
increases in weapons systems in production or under
BUDGET 1982 Tax Breaks: Opposed proposed Treasury Department
regulations that would greatly increase living and travel
expense deductions permitted to Members of Congress.
OPEN 1982 Freedom of Information Opposed S. 1730, which would
GOVERNMENT weaken FOIA by making sweeping exemptions for
busines records, all government information related to an
enforcement proceeding, and information about legal
settlements involving the United States.
CORPORATE 1982 Tax breaks: Supported substantial reductions in special-
WELFARE interest tax expenditures and congressional scrutiny of
the defense budget with an eye to cutting it back.
CAMPAIGN 1982 Supported H.R. 4070, which would place an aggregate
FINANCE limit of $75,000 on PAC contributions to House
REFORM candidates, increase individual contribution limits from
$1,000 to $2,500 and create a new tax credit for
contributions to state, local and national parties for
contributions of $100 for an individual, $200 for a couple
FOREIGN 1982 Nuclear freeze: Urged approval of the SALT II
RELATIONS agreement, and support of H.J. Res 521, calling for a
mutual and verifiable freeze on nuclear weapons.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1982 Opposed a ―human life amendment‖ that would create a
definition of ―person‖ under the 14th Amendment by
declaring that human life begins at conception. Argued
that this was a legislative attempt to for Congress by a
simple vote of the majority, to overturn a Supreme Court
decision and that it posed a serious threat to the
constitution and the independence of the judiciary.
BUDGET 1982 Supported a $99 billion House revenue bill because it
was a first step towards fulfilling Common Cause’s goal
of a fundamental restructuring of the federal tax system
that would simplify the federal tax base, enhance the
equity of tax burdens between individuals and
corporations, and sharply reduce the number of tax
COURT 1982 School Prayer: Opposed the Voluntary School Prayer Act
STRIPPING because it attempts to circumvent the constitution and
alter the fundamental precepts in the Bill of Rights by
giving ―bare majorities‖ in the Congress the right to take
away a citizen’s right to appeal to the Supreme Court
cases relating to school prayer.
BUDGET 1982 Defense: Called for an end to funding the production of
the MX Missile.
CONGRESS 1982 Supported a pay raise for Congress, and officials in the
Executive and Judicial branches to keep up with inflation.
BUDGET 1985 Defense: Supported the anti-satellite testing provision in
the Defense Department appropriations bill, and a
provision prohibiting Defense Department employees
from working for defense contractors they have
supervised for two years after they leave government
BUDGET 1985 Supported House tax bill that eliminated the income tax
liability of low-income filers while increasing the
corporate share of the tax burden, and created the
alternative minimum tax to limit the use of tax breaks by
the wealthy, and reduced special-interest tax breaks,
including the investment tax credit.
CAMPAIGN 1985 Tax credit: Opposed a 100 percent tax credit for
FINANCE campaign contributions to congressional candidates
REFORM unless it is accompanied by other reforms.
CAMPAIGN 1985 PAC limits: Supported the Boren-Goldwater amendment
FINANCE which would require that House candidates accept no
REFORM more than $100,000 in PAC donations; Senate
candidates could receive between $175,000 and
$750,000 in total from PACs depending on the size of
their state. The amendment also would reduce the
contribution limit on PACs to $3,000 per candidate per
election and increase the individual limit from $1,000 to
$1,500 per candidate per election.
BUDGET 1985 Defense: Supported limiting the budget for the Strategic
Defense Initiative to $1.4 billion, and ensure that all SDI
projects are consistent the Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty.
CORPORATE 1985 Tax breaks: Opposed the ―Gallo‖ amendment which
WELFARE provides ―huge tax benefits for the grandchildren of
BUDGET 1985 Automatic Trigger for Budget Cuts: Opposed the
Gramm-Rudman amendment as a ―flagrant abdication of
congressional responsibility and accountability.‖
BUDGET 1985 Tax breaks: Supported elimination of tax breaks for
banks on bad loan losses that exceed the tax breaks
given to other industries for losses; and special tax
treatment for losses by horse breeders and racers who
race more for sport than as a business; and a reduction
in the deduction for business meals and entertainment.
FOREIGN 1985 Contra aid: Urged congressional investigations of
AFFAIRS charges that the National Security Council secretly
funneled funds to the Contras, in violation of the Boland
FOREIGN 1985 Nuclear Test Ban: Called for resumption of negotiations
AFFAIRS on a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1985 Anti-discrimination: Supported the Civil Rights
Restoration Act of 1985, which reaffirms congressional
intent that federal funds will not be used to discriminate
on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, handicap
BUDGET 1985 Taxes: Opposed the 1985 Reagan Tax reform plan
because it would generate billions of dollars in deficits, it
would eliminate the $1 tax checkoff for the presidential
campaign finance system, and continues preferential
treatment of capital gains, oil and gas production and
FOREIGN 1985 Contra aid: Supported the Foley-Conte amendment
AFFAIRS limiting the use of U.S. combat troops in Nicaragua.
BUDGET 1985 MX Missile: Supported limiting the production of MX
missiles to 40.
BUDGET 1985 Opposed the line item veto amendment because it would
give the President too much power over Congress.
ETHICS 1985 Opposed the confirmation of Edwin Meese as Attorney
General on conflict of interest grounds.
BUDGET 1985 Defense: supported the creation of an independent office
of weapons testing to ensure that billions were not spent
on ineffective and/or unsafe weapons.
FOREIGN 1987 Nuclear Weapons: Endorsed comprehensive nuclear test
CAMPAIGN 1987 Supported The Senatorial Election Campaign Act, S. 2,
FINANCE and H.R. 2717, limiting the total amount of PAC
REFORM contributions a congressional candidate could accept,
offering partial public financing to candidates that agreed
to voluntary spending limits, and limits on the use of
MEDIA 1987 Fairness Doctrine: Urged support of the Fairness
FOREIGN 1987 Star Wars: Opposed early deployment of the Strategic
AFAIRS Defense Initiative, and urged denial of funds for an SDI
ETHICS 1987 Independent Counsel: Supported reauthorization of the
Independent Counsel Act.
FOREIGN 1987 Nuclear Weapons: Urged approval of the Nuclear
AFFAIRS Explosions Control Act, which would institute a mutual
and verifiable two-year limitation on nuclear explosions
above one kiloton.
FOREIGN 1987 War Powers Act: Urged Congress under the War Powers
AFFAIRS Act to vote on the Bush Administration’s use of armed
forces in the Persian Gulf.
FOREIGN 1988 Nuclear Missiles: Supported the Reagan Administration’s
AFFAIRS agreement with the Soviet Union to eliminate short and
intermediate range land-based nuclear missiles.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1988 Anti-discrimination: Supported the Civil Rights
Restoration Act that restores the original intent of 20-
year-old anti-discrimination laws that had been greatly
narrowed by the Supreme Court decision, Grove City
College v. Bell.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1988 Anti-discrimination: Supported The Fair Housing
Amendments Act to make more effective legislative
efforts to end discrimination in housing.
CAMPAIGN 1988 Expenditure Limits: Opposed a proposed amendment to
FINANCE the constitution giving Congress the power to set
REFORM expenditure limits on campaigns.
ETHICS 1988 Conflict of Interest: Supported the Integrity in Post-
Employment Act, which sets clear cooling-off periods
during which executive branch, Members of Congress,
and top-ranking staff would be barred from lobbying the
BUDGET 1988 Congressional Perks: Opposed lifting the $30,000 cap on
Members’ tax deductions for living expenses.
BUDGET 1988 Tax breaks: Asked Congressional finance committees
to disclose the names of individuals, companies and
governmental bodies which benefit from ―transition rules‖
and other ―targeted‖ provisions of tax legislation.
FOREIGN 1988 Covert action: Supported the Intelligence Oversight Act
AFFAIRS of 1988, to ensure Congress is notified of any covert
activities and would deny federal funds for covert actions
unknown to the pertinent congressional committee.
Based on recommendations following the Iran-Contra
ETHICS 1988 Promulgated at 10-point ethics agenda which included a
ban on illegal soft money funding of presidential
elections, a ban on honoraria to Members of Congress,
ban federal officials and candidates from having their
own PACs, and stronger congressional gift bans, and
revolving door laws.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1984 Rights of Government Employees: Opposed legislation
requiring federal employees to agree to submit certain
writings for federal review prior to publication for the rest
of their lives, and that would coerce ―large numbers of
government employees‖ to take polygraph exams.
Directive would ―chill the exercise of free speech.‖
CAMPAIGN 1989 Soft Money: Urged Congress to bar presidential
FINANCE candidates and their agents from raising and spending
REFORM soft money and to prohibit state and local organizations
from acting as conduits for this money. Endorsed S. 137,
which included this language.
BUDGET 1989 Urged Congress to adopt a deficit reducton plan that
equitably distributes the tax burden; cuts military
spending and makes targeted reductions in domestic
spending, and ensures that the needs of low-income
Americans are met.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1989 Supported the Americans With Disabilities Act.
CORPORATE 1989 Opposed any proposal restoring the capital gains tax
ETHICS 1989 Supported passage of the 1989 Ethics in Government
Act which banned honoraria, strengthened executive
branch ethics law and allowed for an increase in
FOREIGN 1991 Opposed sending U.S. troops to the Persian Gulf unless
POLICY economic sanctions against Iraq fail to work.
ETHICS 1991 Honoraria – Urged the 1989 Ethics in Government Act
Amendments include a ban on Senate honoraria and
continue a flat ban on high-level officials in all three
branches of government.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1991 Anti-discrimination – Supported the Civil Rights Act of
1991, which include workplace protections for women
CAMPAIGN 1991 Supported legislation that provided public resources such
FINANCE as matching funds, communications vouchers and
REFORM reduced cost mailings to candidates that accepted
spending limits, banned soft money, placed an
aggregate limit on contributions candidates could accept
CAMPAIGN 1991 Presidential system: Opposed efforts to repeal the
FINANCE Presidential campaign finance system.
ETHICS 1991 S & L Scandal: Called on Congress to convene a
Commission to investigate the Savings and Loan
Scandal. Congress had authorized the commission as
part of the Crime Control Act of 1990.
BUDGET 1991 Defense: Opposed funding for the B-2 Bomber and the
Strategic Defense Initiative.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1991 Sexual harassment: Urged the Senate to delay
consideration of the appointment of Clarence Thomas to
the Supreme Court until sexual harassment charges are
―thoroughly and publicly considered.‖
ETHICS 1991 Conflict of Interest - Opposed giving the president the
authority to waive conflict of interest laws in emergency
FOREIGN 1991 Urged the Senate to ratify the Conventional Forces in
POLICY Europe Treaty, which would cut NATO and Soviet forces.
BUDGET 1992 Deficit: Opposed tax cuts for middle- and upper-income
filers and business special interests, and urged that
money saved by cuts in military spending be used to
reduce the deficit and investment in ―our urgent national
needs‖ including ―the critical needs of low-income and
CIVIL RIGHTS 1992 Voting rights: Supported the National Voter Registration
BUDGET 1992 Opposed a balanced budget amendment.
ETHICS 1992 Conflict of Interest: Opposed Senate rules on constituent
services because they did not require that Senators
refrain from any actions that would create the
appearance of improper influence or conduct.
ETHICS 1992 Urged the appointment of an independent counsel to
investigate allegations of improprieties in connection with
a Bush fundraising dinner.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1992 Supported the Voting Rights Language Assistance Act,
which will make the political process more accessible to
GOVERNMENT 1992 Urged the Senate to approve a resolution establishing a
PROCESS bipartisan committee to study the organization of
Congress and recommend reforms.
ETHICS 1992 Enforcement – Urged the reauthorization of the
Independent Counsel Act.
ETHICS 1994 Conflict of Interest: Pushed for legislation that would
place sharp limits on gifts, vacation trips and other
financial benefits that lobbyists could legally provide to
Members of Congress.
CAMPAIGN 1994 Enforcement: Opposed a cut of nearly $5 million in the
FINANCE budget of the FEC.
CAMPAIGN 1994 Urged the Republican National Committee not to accept
FINANCE Ross Perot’s offer of $1 million to pay for political ads.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1994 Workplace rights: Supported the Congressional
Accountability Act, which ensures that congressional
employees receive the same kind of employment rights,
safeguards and remedies as those in the executive
ETHICS 1994 Conflict of Interest: Urged all Members of Congress and
federal candidates to sign a pledge refusing to accept
gifts and financial favors from lobbyists.
ETHICS 1994 Enforcement: Opposed the elimination of the House
BUDGET 1994 Opposed changing House rules to require a three-fifths
vote to raise taxes because doing so would
―fundamentally undermine the principle of majority rule.‖
GOVERNMENT 1995 Opposed term limits for Members of Congress.
OPEN 1995 Equal Acess: Publicly objected to closed-door meetings
GOVERNMENT between key legislators overseeing telecommunications
legislation and representatives of the
telecommunications industry, and the lack of access of
public interest groups to these policymakers.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1995 Voting Rights: Supported passage of the National Voter
CAMPAIGN 1995 Incumbent Advantage: Supported the Franked Mail
FINANCE Savings Act which would ban the use of franked mailings
REFORM by Members of Congress during election years.
CAMPAIGN 1995 Enforcement: Urged the restoration of $2.8 million cut
FINANCE from the FEC’s budget.
FOREIGN 1995 Opposed the Hyde amendment to repeal the War
AFFAIRS Powers Act.
CAMPAIGN 1995 Opposed efforts to eliminate the presidential campaign
FINANCE financing system by cutting off its funds after the 1996
REFORM presidential election.
CAMPAIGN 1995 Free TV Time: Asked the Federal Communications
FINANCE Commission to require broadcasters to set aside free
REFORM time for political candidates in return for their use of the
CAMPAIGN 1995 Soft money: Asked President Clinton to end the
FINANCE fundraising tactics of the Democratic National Committee
REFORM of offering large donors access to White House events
and meetings with the President.
OPEN 1995 Opposed an amendment to restrict the lobbying rights of
GOVERNMENT groups that receive federal funds, extending current law,
which bans the use of federal funds for lobbying, to also
limit the use of non-federal funds for advocacy purposes.
ETHICS 1995 Conflict of Interest: Strongly supported legislation calling
for disclosure of lobbyist activities and a ban on the gifts,
travel and other financial benefits lobbyists could provide
Members of Congress.
CAMPAIGN 1995 Urged President Clinton to revise Treasury Department
FINANCE regulations to forestall a projected temporary shortfall in
REFORM the presidential election campaign fund in order to
prevent any interruption in the payment of matching
funds to presidential candidates in January 1996.
CORPORATE 1995 Government Benefits to Big Business and Wealthy
WELFARE Individuals: Opposed the Omnibus Property Rights Act of
1995, or ―takings‖ legislation which would change the
standard under which owners are compensated for
property confiscated by the government. It would imply
that property owners are entitled to the highest profit on
their property, regardless of the health, safety and
environmental effects on the public. Argued that it could
create ―a potentially massive federal entitlement to a few
property owners and large corporate interests.‖
CAMPAIGN 1995 Soft Money: Urged Republican National Committee
FINANCE chairman Haley Barbour not to give wealthy campaign
REFORM contributors special access to House and Senate
ETHICS 1996 Supported legislation ensuring that the federal false
statements statute applies not only to the executive
branch, but also to the legislative branch. The legislation
is necessary to prevent an undermining of congressional
ethics rules caused by a recent Supreme Court ruling,
Hubbard v. United States.
CAMPAIGN 1996 Supported legislation in the House and Senate, which
FINANCE provided free or -reduced-cost TV and radio time to
REFORM candidates accepting voluntary spending limits, banned
PACs, banned soft money, and restricted contributions
from out of state.
ETHICS 1996 Gift ban: Opposed an exemption to the Senate gift ban
for gifts and activities during political conventions.
ETHICS 1996 Honoraria: Asked the Justice Department to overturn a
ruling by the assistant attorney general that the
Department would no longer enforce the statutory ban on
honoraria for any federal officials, including high-level
executive branch officials, arguing that his decision was
based on a flawed interpretation of a recent Supreme
Court ruling in United States v. National Treasury
CAMPAIGN 1996 Opposed the creation of a congressional commission to
FINANCE make recommendations on campaign practices, arguing
REFORM that it would delay and prevent real campaign reform
from being enacted.
CAMPAIGN 1996 Enforcement: Opposed cuts in the proposed FEC budget
FINANCE and earmarking $2.5 million of its budget for computer
REFORM enhancement because it reduce its resources for
CAMPAIGN 1996 Opposed the Campaign Finance Reform Act of 1996,
FINANCE sponsored by Rep. Bill Thomas (R-CA) bill because it
REFORM would index all contribution limits by PACS and
individuals going back to 1976, and codifies the soft
money loophole, greatly increasing the flow of special
interest money into the campaign system.
CORPORATE 1996 Federal benefits to broadcasters: Supported legislation
WELFARE preventing the Federal Communications Commission
from giving away additional TV licenses to broadcasters
until Congress examines the issue. Urged Congress to
require new public interest obligations to broadcasters
that receive digital TV licenses.
CIVIL RIGHTS 1996 Workplace rights: Supported the Employment Non-
Discrimination Act (ENDA) to protect the civil rights of
gays and lesbians in the workplace.
CAMPAIGN 1996 Soft Money: Called for an Independent Counsel to
FINANCE investigate abuses in the Dole and Clinton presidential
REFORM campaigns that may have violated federal election laws.