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									                    Annual Consortium Meeting


                        4th and 5th October 2001




                 Session 8




A REPORT ON THE PARIS21 WORKSHOP FOR
EAST AFRICA AND THE GREAT HORN, 23-26
               JULY 2000




           Professor Ben Kiregyera
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    A REPORT ON THE PARIS21 WORKSHOP FOR EAST AFRICA AND THE
                    GREAT HORN, 23-26 JULY 20001
                                                By

                                         Ben Kiregyera



1.        Introduction

PARIS21 is not a new agency on the block but rather a consortium with members from
governments, donors and international organizations, professional bodies and academic
institutions, etc. It depends on existing agencies, organizations and structures to promote and
implement its principles which include partnerships, national ownership and leadership in the
development of national statistical systems supported internationally and promotion of a
culture of evidence-based policy and decision-making. In particular, the roll out of the
PARIS21 process to countries is being done through sub-regional workshops and
organizations. In the African region, workshops have been held for the Southern Africaan
Development Community (SADC) in December 2000 and for East Africa and the Great Horn
in July, 2001.


From 23 to 26 July, 2001 the Regional Institute of Statistics and Applied Economics (ISAE)
(Makerere University) in collaboration with the Uganda Bureau of Statistics hosted and
organized a PARIS21 Workshop for East Africa and the Great Horn under the theme:
Supporting Policy With Statistics – Developing a Strategic Approach. Countries were
given a chance to make an input into the theme for the workshop. The workshop which was
jointly funded by NORAD, EUROSTAT and PARIS21, was attended by 106 participants
from Eritrea, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda and representatives of
sub-regional organizations, regional organizations, international organizations and donor
agencies. Country participants included statisticians, policy makers and representatives of the
civil society, research and training institutions and media houses. There were also speakers
from Madagascar and South Africa at the workshop. Invited participants from Djibouti,
Sudan and Zambia did not turn up.


The main topics covered by the workshop included:
       Country monitoring of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)


1
     Presented at the PARIS21 Consortium Meeting in Paris, France, 5 October 2001. Some
    version of this paper was presented at the PARIS21/ECA Workshop held in Addis Ababa,
    Ethiopia, 3 September 2001
                                                 3
            The Compact for African Recovery
            Advocating for better statistics for better policies
            Poverty monitoring, strategies and outcomes
            Tools for poverty monitoring
            Tools for poverty information sector development goals in health, education and
             agriculture
            Other major policy demands
            Planning statistical systems.


The workshop put emphasis on participation and involvement. It was conducted through:

       invited paper presentations, discussions and sharing of country experiences;

       country group discussions centering around policy related data requirements,
        utilization of data to arrive at policy decisions, giving local examples and highlighting
        problems and solutions to information gaps. All the groups were facilitated and used
        set guidelines in order to make country reports comparable;

       parallel discussion sessions on macro-economic data requirements, agriculture and
        rural development and the role of NGO’s and civil society organizations in reduction
        of poverty and allied problems; and

       a donor forum centering on contributing as partners to country strategies and
        progress to-date, intentions and statistical needs as well as supporting PARIS21 in the
        sub-region.

This paper gives highlights from country reports and the donor forum, main conclusions and
recommendations, and next steps. A comprehensive workshop report has been prepared and
will be distributed to workshop participants and posted on UBOS, PARIS21 and World Bank
web sites.


2.        Highlights from Country Reports and Donor Forum

2.1       Highlights from country reports

One of the expected outputs of the workshop was for each country team to develop an outline
plan of action, development of strategies and statistical development in their countries. The
outlined plans were to be further developed into comprehensive plans in-country with the
input of other stakeholders in the countries. Countries were also to identify areas of assistance
in which PARIS21 and donors could lend support.
                                                4
Country reports showed that all the countries either had on-going poverty reduction
programmes(PRSPs)/country development plans or were just starting the PRSP process. It
was reported that National Statistical Offices (NSOs) had been involved in the process but
not yet in a strategic way. On their own, NGO’s and civil society organizations had been
involved in solving problems mainly in the areas of education, health, environment and relief,
sometimes working with sector ministries. To do their work, they often had to generate their
own data on a small scale. It was reported that data had been used for development plans but
discussions brought out clearly data requirements sector by sector. It was noted that although
there were a wide variety of data sources for a PRSP, the main sources were identified as
Management Information Systems (MIS) of line Ministries (especially those of Health,
Education and Agriculture), Household Surveys, Population Censuses and Participatory
Processes/Approaches. Use of different sources of data provide opportunities for combining
and comparing information from different sources.


A number of constraints to statistical development mentioned by countries included:
        inadequate funding for statistics
        lack of coordination in data production
        broken series in data
        data not available at lower levels of administration
        inadequate data analysis
        poor dissemination
        lack of capacity to use data.


A number of suggestions and recommendations were made on how to handle these and other
constraints and problems of data production and utilization in countries. These are outlined in section
3 of this paper.

Countries presented for discussion the outlines of plans of action they had developed at the
workshop. The plans give themes, activities, requirements and time frames. The main
features of the country plan outlines were:

   i.    developing or strengthening institutional framework for the PRSP process.

  ii.    increased funding for statistics and raising the profile of statistics in each country
         through advocacy programmes to cover all target groups (government, media, users,
         etc).

 iii.    reviewing, restructuring and strengthening National Statistical Systems to make them
         respond adequately to data needs of PRSP and other development plans.

                                                   5
 iv.    programme of censuses and surveys.

  v.    development of district/community/village registration systems.

 vi.    training programmes in such areas as data analysis (poverty analysis), data mining,
        techniques of participatory poverty assessment, report writing, poverty mapping, Core
        Welfare Indicator Questionnaire (CWIQ) survey technology and development of ICT
        strategy.

vii.    building databanks (National and Sectoral).

viii.   developing effective dissemination strategy.

 ix.    coordination of donors and effective donor support for the action plans.

  x.    support of PARIS21 in all of these programme items were sought by all the countries.

The above outlines will be shared with other stakeholders and further comprehensively
developed. Outlines of plans of action for two selected countries participating in the
workshop are given in the Appendix.


2.2     Donor forum

The donor forum was useful in indicating areas of support by different donors. Statements
were made by representatives of the European Union (EU), British Department for
International Development (DFID), the World Bank and the Japan Ministry of Foreign
Affairs.

The EU representative mentioned that following the agreement between EU and ACP
countries, there is a fund of 20 billion Euros for ACP programmes for the next five years.
This provides opportunities for statistical capacity buildings as part of national EU
programmes in ACP countries. In addition, EU provides grants for budgetary support to some
governments in the region as part of structural adjustment programmes. In addition, it was
mentioned that EU is supporting sub-regional programmes including creation of a statistical
database at East African Community (EAC), a long-standing trade statistics project at
COMESA and a new statistical training project at Common Market for Eastern and Southern
Africa (COMESA) to support training in eastern Africa.

It was mentioned that DFID provides support for the PRSP preparation process and has
provided significant resources to PARIS21 to support making the case for improving
statistics and coordinating support. DFID is already providing support to a number of
countries to strengthen elements of their statistical systems, including support for population
censuses, household surveys and economic statistics. Support is also provided for ensuring
                                               6
the effective coordination of poverty monitoring systems and for participatory poverty
assessment.

The World Bank briefed participants on recently established Trust Fund for Statistical
Capacity Building (TFSCB) which is a world-wide technical assistance programme managed
by the World Bank on behalf of donors to help countries improve their statistical systems.
The fund can be used to assess statistical capacity needs of member countries, develop master
plans that link closely to PRSP and/or other development strategies, and restructuring or
modernizing statistical systems. Funding of up to US$400,00 for country-specific activities
and programmes or multi-country activities can be sourced from the TFSCP.

It was mentioned that support by Japan has mainly been focused on Asian countries.
However, Japan is contributing to PARIS21 and last year, it set up an IT initiative to assist
countries use IT in statistical systems and their improvement. In addition, through the Tokyo
International Conference on African Development (TICAD), Japan is assisting African
countries in different areas. The TICAD process needs information for monitoring indicators.


3.     Workshop Conclusions, Recommendations and Next Steps

3.1    Conclusions and Recommendations


A number of conclusions and recommendations were reached. They included the following:

1.    Advocacy for statistics

It was concluded that statistical advocacy is crucial for raising the profile of statistics and
mobilizing support for statistics among policy makers and donors. Many countries
appreciated the need to celebrate Africa Statistics Day (18 November) each year as
recommended by the Addis Ababa Plan of Action for Statistical Development in Africa in the
1990s to raise awareness about the importance of statistics. There was a strong desire to
follow Uganda's example of celebrating a week rather than a day. The workshop also took
note of the generic advocacy products and tools which PARIS21 is developing.

In addition to the above celebrations, the workshop recommended other ways of advocating
for statistics including mobilization of national governments, media re-orientation, etc. It was
also recommended that PARIS21, ECA and other donors assist countries to carry out
different forms of statistical advocacy.

2.    Good practices



                                               7
It was concluded that “good practices” have been followed in statistical development in
some countries in the sub-region such as strengthening and restructuring of the National
Statistical System (NSS) as in Uganda and Tanzania; establishing Poverty Monitoring Master
Plan as in Tanzania; etc. It was further concluded that there is need for sharing of
experiences among the countries of the region.

It was, therefore, recommended that PARIS21 facilitates the sharing of experiences among
countries in the sub-region.


3.     Capacity building efforts at sub-regional level

It was concluded that there are a number of capacity building efforts and activities in the sub-
region and that these needed support. Among these are regional training activities and
database development.

A number of regional activities of capacity building nature are ongoing at major statistical
training centres, including ISAE (Uganda) and EASTC (Tanzania). It was mentioned that
these centres need support for them to be able to play their roles effectively. With support of
the World Bank, EASTC was being turned into a centre of excellence in CWIQ Survey
Technology to train personnel and provide technical back-up to countries in the sub-region.

In addition, it was mentioned that a regional statistical training project based at COMESA
was to be started. The project is supported by EU. It was mentioned that COMESA would
also participate in statistical capacity building in the sub-region by modernizing the
production of foreign trade statistics, implementation of SNA93 and participating in data user
needs assessments. It was also mentioned that with support from EU, a sub-regional database
was being developed at the EAC.

It was recommended that PARIS21 along with other donors should actively support these
regional activities, including provision of fellowship for trainers and trainees, equipment
supply, curriculum development, etc. The need for using the centers to carry out short-term
training in specialized areas such as data analysis, poverty monitoring, synthesis and
integration of the quantitative and qualitative methods of data production and CWIQ Survey
Technology. Mobilizing funds for the re-opening of the Kigali Institute was specially
recommended.




4.    Sustainability




                                               8
It was concluded that while donor assistance is required for the development of national
statistical systems, it should not be used as a substitute for commitment of national
Governments.

It was recommended that statistical capacity building programmes and action plans should
address the issue of sustainability so that countries can continue with statistical development
even when donors’ support has ended. In particular, it was recommended that among other
things, Government support for statistics (including increased funding) should be visible,
training of staff should be continuous, more statisticians should be employed, attractive terms
and conditions of service of statistical personnel should be worked out, etc.

5. User needs assessment

It was concluded that countries need to continuously assess user requirements especially
given the fact that the number of users is ever increasing and their requirements are ever
changing. In particular, the need to meet data needs of policy makers, the civil society
organizations, the private sector and decentralized governance was underscored. The
important role of data user-producer dialogue for this purpose was emphasized.

It was, therefore, recommended that data needs assessments should be carried out in
countries where this has not been done and PARIS21 should assist to mobilize donors to help
countries in carrying out the assessments.

6.   Disaggregated data

It was concluded that disaggregated data to lower administrative levels (e.g. district) have
become very important in view of government decentralization policy in most countries of
Africa.

It was, therefore, recommended that necessary actions be taken to make decentralized data
available, including development of community-based information system.

7.   Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire (CWIQ) survey technology

It was concluded that the Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire (CWIQ) survey technology
can be very useful in assessing poverty and in monitoring the poverty reduction strategies.
Accordingly, many countries expressed interest in undertaking the CWIQ surveys.

It was, therefore, recommended that PARIS21, the World Bank and other donors assist
countries in the development and implementation of CWIQ in the countries.



                                               9
8.    Information and Communications Technology (ICT)

It was concluded that ICT would provide technological and effective support to the
development of national statistical systems in support of the PRSP process.

The workshop, therefore, recommended that countries develop ITC strategies and that they
be assisted to do this.

9.     National Statistical Office

It was concluded that most countries in the sub-region would need to restructure and rebuild
their National Statistical Offices (NSO’s) to make them more efficient and responsive to user
needs as was done in Uganda.

It was, therefore, recommended that PARIS21 and other donors provide both financial and
technical support to countries to facilitate the said re-structuring.

10.    National Census of Population and Housing

The workshop concluded that due to serious funding problems, many countries had not
undertaken their Population and Housing Censuses for quite a while.

It was, therefore, recommended that this issue should urgently be brought to the attention of
the PARIS21 Task Team on Census.

11.   South-South cooperation

The workshop concluded that there is great value in South-South cooperation for statistical
development in the African region.

It was recommended that PARIS 21, the UN system, the World Bank and the International
Monetary Fund (IMF) assist to facilitate such cooperation in the sub-region.

12.   Donor coordination

It was concluded that donor coordination at country and other levels was essential for
effective and coordinated development of national statistical systems.

It was, therefore, recommended that there should be sufficient communication and
coordination among donors at country and higher levels.

13.   Dissemination strategy


                                             10
It was concluded that user-oriented dissemination strategies that use good practices in
communication to make information easily available to users and the building of
communication thinking in the process of planning data collection are essential elements of
an efficient national statistical system. The need to build national databanks to act as "one-
stop-centres" for statistical data and information in the countries was seen as part of the
dissemination strategy.


It was, therefore, recommended that countries develop dissemination strategies, including
development of national databanks and web sites as a matter of priority.


3.2      Next Steps

It was agreed that there is a lot of value in broad stakeholder participation in the development
of national statistical systems. Accordingly, it was agreed that all countries hold national
stakeholders' workshops to, inter alia:

(a) mobilize their countries for statistical development;

(b) discuss the experiences, conclusions and recommendations of the Kampala sub-regional
    workshop; and

(c) get stakeholders to make input into the development of outlines developed in the
      Kampala workshop into comprehensive plans, development of strategies and statistical
      development.

There was an appeal to PARIS21 to facilitate the holding of these workshops.




                                              11
APPENDIX: OUTLINE OF ACTION PLANS FOR SELECTED COUNTRIES

                                                                                          Estimated
COUNTRY   Theme                                 Activities                                   cost   Requirement              Start     End

          Strategic Plan for Statistics                                                                  Technical &
RWANDA    development                                                                      $200,000      financial support   Aug-01    Mar-02
                                                       Sectoral Plans
                                                       Synthetic document drafting
                                                       Seminar to validate the
                                                        synthetic document
                                                       Finalization of Strategic Plan
                                                       Duplication of dissemination of
                                                        Plan
          PRSP: Elaboration of final document
          and poverty monitoring
                                                       Public expenditure tracking and
                                                        CWIQ
                                                       PPA                                                                  Ongoing   Sept 2001
                                                       Translation of IDG/MDG into                                                    Sept 2001
                                                        national goals
                                                       Identification of monitoring
                                                        indicators                                                                     Sept 2001
                                                       Poverty profile using HHLSC                                                    Nov 2001
                                                       Finalization of PRSP                                                           Nov 2001
                                                       Setting up of monitoring system

          General Population Census                                                       Fully Funded
                                                       Mapping                                                              Ongoing
                                                       Pilot Census                                                         16-Aug-01 31-Aug-01
                                                       Census                                                                         2002
                                                       Preliminary Results                                                  Dec 2002




                                                                      a
                                                           Analysis and Final Results      2003       2004

           Sector Statistical Activities in short
           and medium term
                                                    Informal Sector Survey
                                                    Agricultural Census                    2002
                                                    Education Profile (SWAPS)
                                                    Health & Nutrition Profile
           Capacity Building                        Public Service Performance Appraisal   On-going
                                                    Training of Policy Analysts &
                                                    Statisticians                          Ongoing
                                                    Re-opening of IAMSEA Institute as
                                                    soon as possible                       Immediate
           Mainstreaming the implementation
           the RWANDA ICT Plan
           Advocacy Strategy - leadership
           advocacy
                                                    Africa Statistics Day                  Nov 2001



ETHIOPIA   Processing of PRSP
                                                           Interim PRSP                   on-going    Dec-01
                                                           Consultations
                                                           Final PRSP
           Involvement of stakeholders at
           district, regional & federal levels
           Conducting Advocacy and Training
           Programs                                                                        Nov-01      Dec-01
                                                           Awareness creation workshop
                                                           Poverty Debate
                                                           Workshops on Poverty           Nov 2001    Dec 2001
                                                           Training Programs on PRSP by




                                                                            b
                                        Donors

Establishment of Committees for
PRSP and Focal Office for PARIS21
                                       Steering Committee to oversee
                                        PRSP
Statistics Related to PRSP
                                       Socio-economic Surveys and
                                        Censuses                            Aug-01     2004
                                       DHS                           CSA
                                       Pricing Survey & Agric Census       On-going
                                       Population Census                   2004
                                       Compilation of Statistical
                                        Abstracts
                                       Provision of data
Adoption of Medium Term National
Statistical Program                                                         On-going   2005

Establishment of Poverty Baseline
data and Poverty

Monitoring Indicators

IT Strategy/Information Strategy                                            Ongoing

Resource Needs                                                              Ongoing




                                                      c

								
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