Docstoc

Math 221 (DOC)

Document Sample
Math 221 (DOC) Powered By Docstoc
					Math 221                               **** Example Format ****
Week 6 Lab

Submitted by: (Insert Name Here **REMOVE THIS NOTE PRIOR TO
SUBMITTING**)

(Note: Your labs should be well organized, with results clearly identified and in the
proper order. When answering questions, be sure to use complete sentences and proper
grammar. It is also important for you to fully explain your answers! Please do not
answer “yes” (or “no”); you should explain why the answer is “yes”. **REMOVE THIS
NOTE PRIOR TO SUBMITTING**)


Part 1. Normal Distributions and Birth Weights in America
(Insert your answers to the 5 questions on Birth Weights here. Be sure to carefully
follow the examples worked in the Normal Ex worksheet from the Week6Lab.xls file.
Copy-and-paste the Excel commands and/or Normal Probability Distributions you use to
answer Questions 2a, 3a and 4a. You do not need to copy-and-paste anything for the
other questions; you must provide your answers, however. **REMOVE THIS NOTE
PRIOR TO SUBMITTING**)

     a) We see from the graph that is between 7 and 7.5 , the only period of gestation
        having a mean between 7 and 7.5 is: 37 to 39 weeks (is 7.33)

        Answer: 37 to 39 weeks

     b) We see from the graph that is between 7.5 and 8 , and the distance between
        and 7 seems to be 2 times the distance between  and 8so  is approx 7 2/3=
        7.667 so we select the gestation period: 42 weeks and over (having a mean of
        7.65)

        Answer: 42 weeks and over

     c) We see from the graph that is a little greater than 4 , the only period gestation
        having that mean is 28 to 31 weeks (it has a mean of 4.07)

        Answer: 28 to 31 weeks


2)

     a) X= weight of birth (period: 28 weeks), =1.88 =1.19
        P(X<5.5) = NORMDIST(5.5,1.88,1.19,TRUE)= 0.9988

        Answer: 99.88 %
     b) X= weight of birth (period 32 to 35 weeks), =5.73 =1.48
        P(X<5.5) =0.4383

        Answer: 43.83 %

     c) X= weight of birth (period 37 to 39 weeks), =7.33 =1.09
        P(X<5.5) =0.0466
        Answer: 4.66 %

     d) X= weight of birth (42 weeks or over), =7.65 =1.12
        P(X<5.5) =0.0275
        Answer: 2.75 %

3)


     a) X= weight of birth (period 37 to 39 weeks), =7.33 =1.09
        We must to find x0.9 where P(X<x0.9)=0.9
        x0.9 = NORMINV(0.9,7.33,1.09) = 8.7269

        Answer: 8.7269


     b) X= weight of birth (period 42 weeks or over), =7.65 =1.12
        We must to find x0.9 where P(X<x0.9)=0.9

        x0.9= 9.0853

        Answer: 9.0853

4)

     a) X= weight of birth (period 32 to 35 weeks), =5.73 =1.48
        P(6<X<9) =
        NORMDIST(9,5.73,1.48,TRUE) - NORMDIST(6,5.73,1.48,TRUE)= 0.4141

        Answer: 41.41 %


     b) X= weight of birth (period 37 to 39 weeks), =7.33 =1.09
        P(6<X<9) = 0.8261

        Answer: 82.61 %
     c) X= weight of birth (period 42 weeks or over ), =7.65 =1.12
        P(6<X<9) = 0.8156

        Answer: 81.56 %


5)

     a) X= weight of birth (period 28 weeks), =1.88 =1.19
        P(X<3.3) = 0.8836

        Answer: 88.36 %


     b) X= weight of birth (period 32 to 35 weeks), =5.73 =1.48
        P(X<3.3) =0.0503

        Answer: 5.03 %

     c) X= weight of birth (period 37 to 39 weeks), =7.33 =1.09
        P(X<3.3) =0.0001
        Answer: 0.01 %



Part 2. Age Distribution in the United States
(Insert your answers to the 6 questions on Age Distribution here. See the Age Dist
worksheet from the Week6Lab.xls file. That worksheet has the data entered for you, as
well as some of the required work. **REMOVE THIS NOTE PRIOR TO
SUBMITTING**)

     1) Done in excel : Answer:  =36.48
     2) Answer:
        Mean of the sample means is 36.209 (See excel file), is near the mean age of the
        United States found in a) (36.48) and agrees with the Central Limit Theorem that
        states that the mean of the sample means tends to be the mean of the population
        ()
     3) Answer:
        We can see in the graph that age distribution is not symmetric, right ages (oldest
        persons) have a small frequency and left ages (youngest persons) have greater
        values. Then the age of the people distribution is not normal
   4)

Table of the relative frequency histogram: (See excel file)

Relative frequency histogram:




Graphs is symmetric since the lowest and the highest ages have lower frequencies,
We can see approximately a bell shaped distribution

        5) Done in excel: 22.57
        6) Answer:

           Standard deviation is 3.55 (See excel file) and Central limit thorem says that
           the standard deviation of the sample means tends to /n = 22.57/36=3.76

           Standard deviation of the sample means is 3.55 (near 3.76)

           The result agree with the predict of The Central Limit Theorem

Part 3. Finding z- and t-scores for Confidence Intervals
1. Using Excel, find the z-score that corresponds to the following Confidence Levels:

   a. 80%
      Answer: 0.842
   b. 85%
      Answer: 1.036
   c. 92%
      Answer: 1.405
   d. 97%
      Answer: 1.881

2. Using Excel, find the t-score that corresponds to the following Confidence Levels and
Sample Sizes:

   a. 95% with n = 25
      Answer: 2.064

   b. 96% with n = 15
      Answer: 2.264

   c. 97% with n = 21
      Answer: 2.336

   d. 91% with n = 10
      Answer: 1.899

3. Suppose we wish to estimate the population mean using a confidence interval. When
is it appropriate to use a z-score? When is it appropriate to use a t-score?

       Answer:

       If sample size is n > 30 results using z-score or t-score are similar,
       We will use the t score when n<30 or when standard deviation is unknown.
       If standard deviation is unknown and sample size is large enough the results are
       so close so on these cases can select z-score or t-score




(Answer the above questions. Format your answers so that they are clearly shown. See
the worksheet Conf Intervals from the Week6Lab.xls file for examples on finding z-
and t-scores. You will find the above questions also posted inside that worksheet. You
do not need to copy-and-paste anything from Excel here. **REMOVE THIS NOTE
PRIOR TO SUBMITTING**)


Part 4. Bob’s Candies
   1. Find the sample mean and sample standard deviation of the amount citizens spend
      per year.

       Mean = 78.4
       Standard deviation = 6.205
2. When finding a confidence interval for the true mean spent of ALL citizens,
   should we use a z-score or a t-score? Why?

   If sample size is n > 30 results using z-score or t-score are similar, we will use the
   t score because:
   1) Is more accurate using the t-score when population deviation is unknown
   2) Sample size is 40 (not so greater than 30)

3. Find the z/t-values (as appropriate) for a 95% confidence interval and a 92%
   confidence interval.

   For 95% and n=40 t-score =2.023
   For 92% and n=40 t-score =1.798

4. Find a 95% and a 92% confidence interval for the true mean amount that citizens
   spend per year.

   CI = mean ± t-score (s) /n

   For 95%

   Mean = 78.4
   t-score = 2.023
   s = 6.205
   n=40

   CI at 95% is 78.4±2.023(6.205)/40 = (76.4,80.4)

   Answer: (76.4,80.4)

   For 92%

   Mean = 78.4
   t-score = 1.798
   s = 6.205
   n=40

   CI at 92% is 78.4±1.798(6.205)/40 = (76.6,80.2)

   Answer: (76.6,80.2)



5. What do you think the lowest possible mean amount spent per year is? Why?
       Looking at the 95% interval (wider) the lowest possible mean amount spent per
       year is 76.4

   6. Do you think Bob has a good customer base for his new business? Explain.

       Yes, because the wider interval (95%) is (76.4,80.4) and 76.4 is greater than 75
       So the confidence interval values are all greater than 75.




(Answer the above questions. Format your answers so that they are clearly shown. See
the worksheet Candy Business from the Week6Lab.xls file for a complete description of
Bob’s situation. Then, use your knowledge of Excel and Confidence Intervals to answer
the above questions. You will find the above questions also posted inside the worksheet.
You do not need to copy-and-paste anything from Excel here. **REMOVE THIS NOTE
PRIOR TO SUBMITTING**)

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:222
posted:10/26/2011
language:English
pages:7