Goal 8 Flash Cards by panniuniu

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									Goal 8 Flash Cards

    World War I
2 laws passed during WWI that
limited civil liberties and helped
    protect national security.
Espionage & Sedition Acts
Name of the British Passenger
liner sunk by German U-boats
 killing 128 Americans. Led to
 the US consider entering the
           Great War.
Lusitania
  Austrian Prince whose
assassination by a Serbian
Nationalist named Gavrilo
 Princip in 1914 led to the
 beginning of World War I.
Franz Ferdinand
  Government agency formed
during WWI to distribute pro-war
   propaganda and influence
 public opinion. Headed up by
         George Creel.
Committee on Public
   Information
      (CPI)
New weapons used in World
War I making it a 20th century
war fought with 19th century
           tactics.
Machine Gun, Poisoned Gas,
Air Planes, Tanks, Dirigibles,
    Long Range Cannons
Idealist quote made by Woodrow
  Wilson on why he felt the US
   should enter World War I.
“To make the world safe for
      Democracy”
 1917 law passed by Congress
that required all males ages age
  21-30 to register for the draft.
Over 2 million men were drafted
    into service during WWI.
Selective Service Act
Intercepted telegram from Germany
to Mexico trying to keep the U.S. out
 of WW I by having Mexico declare
    war on the U.S. It prompted
  President Woodrow Wilson to ask
       for a declaration of war.
Zimmermann Telegram
  The name given to the period of
 fear of communist radicals in the
   U.S. at the end of WWI. Many
suspected socialists or communists
   were deported out of this fear.
Red Scare
The name of Wilson’s plan that
he took to the Versailles Peace
 Treaty Conference. The plan
gave suggestions as to how to
      avoid future wars.
Fourteen Points
 First woman ever elected to
Congress in 1916, as a Pacifist,
  she voted against the US
declaration of war in 1917 and
            in 1941
Jeannette Rankin
Supreme Allied Commander in
WWI. Leader of the American
       “Doughboys”
John J. “Black Jack” Pershing
 Name given to the group of world
     leaders that dominated the
Versailles peace conference, most
of them wanted to punish Germany
      for having caused the war
The Big Four
  The long time policy of the
United States in foreign affairs
before the 1890’s. We tried to
stay out of the affairs of other
           nations.
Neutrality - Isolationism
  Supreme Court case where the
court set the doctrine of “clear and
present danger”. Court stated that
 freedom of speech can be limited
       during times of war.
Schenck v. United States
Type of warfare in WW I where
 both sides reached a deadly
stalemate with “no man’s land”
        between them.
Trench Warfare
Name of the uprising that broke out
 in 1917 in Russia which brought
down the rule of the Czar…allowed
  Germany to take control of the
Eastern Front…led to a new regime
 that would change world politics
Bolshevik Revolution
Senate leader who was very much
 against the US joining the League
of Nations. He was concerned that
  joining the League might get the
     US involved in another war
Henry Cabot Lodge
 Name given to the movement of
 many African Americans from the
  South to Northern cities during
WWI because of the increase in the
      demand for laborers
Great Migration
   Name of the world peace
keeping organization proposed
by President Woodrow Wilson.
   The US would not join it.
The League of Nations
    War program headed up by
   Bernard Baruch which placed
controls on the nation’s economy, it
also coordinated which companies
     would produce war goods
War Industries Board
Attorney General who led a series
   of raids on meeting places of
     alleged communist radical
 subversives; his tactics helped
    increase “Red Scare” fears
A. Mitchell Palmer
Leader of the United Mine Workers
  Labor Union. He would be very
  instrumental in trying to improve
 rights of workers during the years
       immediately after WWI
John L. Lewis
  Group that experienced large
growth during the Red Scare of the
   1920’s. Membership declined
   quickly as the discriminatory
  practices of the group offended
    most moderate Americans.
Ku Klux Klan
Meeting held between the US,
GB, and Japan to reduce the
   size of their navies…it
weakened the US presence in
         the Pacific
Washington Naval Conference
   The plan of US and Allied
Banks to loan Germany money
 to help them rebuild after the
 war…It helped some but the
Great Depression hit soon after
Dawes Plan
 These were two Italian immigrants
    who were known socialists /
anarchists. They were accused of a
  murder and were convicted in a
 less than fair trial. Both were later
       executed for the crime.
Sacco & Vanzetti
  Socialist leader during the early
    1900’s. Helped to found the
industrial union movement and the
  IWW in the late 1800’s. Ran for
President in 1904, 1908, 1912, and
    1920 for the Socialist Party
Eugene V. Debs
War agency headed up by Herbert
   Hoover which encouraged
   Americans to participate in
   rationing programs…led to
    “meatless Mondays” and
    “wheatless Wednesdays”
Food Administration
  Woodrow Wilson’s idealistic
   plea for all nations to stop
fighting the war and to sit down
 and work out their differences
          diplomatically.
“Peace Without Victory”

								
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