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Work Readiness Benchmarks Level 0


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									              Language Skills Benchmarks (CASAS Content Standards) – ELL 2
                                 *Find CASAS Content Standards at:

                                                                                                     Terms for
 Sub-strand        Reading & Writing              Speaking & Listening           Grammar              Explicit
  Beginning      Relate letters to a range      Recognize and                Recognize          Phonics
   Literacy       of possible sounds,             pronounce beginning,          consonants vs.     Vowels
                                                                                                   Consonants
                  including recognizing           ending and medial             vowels.
                                                                                                   Short vowels
                  homonyms (R1.5).                sounds of spoken words.      Recognize          Long vowels
                 Use common                     Relate letters to a range     short and long     Sight words
                  phonological patterns to        of pronunciations,            vowel sounds       Sound out
                  sound out and spell             including homonyms            and spelling       Blend
                  unfamiliar words (R1.6).        (R1.5).                       patterns.          Memorize
                                                 Use common                                       Rhyme
                                                  phonological patterns to
                                                  interpret and pronounce
                                                  unfamiliar words (R1.6).
                                                 Discriminate between
                                                  sounds that affect word
                                                  meaning (minimal pairs)
 Vocabulary      Interpret common               Demonstrate                  Categorize         Category
                  symbols (R2.1).                 understanding of familiar     vocabulary as      Parts of
                 Read and write sight            vocabulary through            nouns (people,
                                                                                                   Nouns
                  words from the “100             verbal responses (L1.1).      places, things,    Verbs
                  Most Used English              Use and demonstrate           and animals),      Modifiers
                  Words” list (R2.2).             understanding of simple       verbs              Descriptive
                 Interpret common high-          words in context of           (actions), and      adjectives
                  frequency words and             common, everyday              descriptive        Abbreviation
                                                  situations (L1.2).            adjectives.        Capital
                  phrases in everyday
                                                                                                   Contractions
                  contexts (R2.3).               Discriminate between         Understand the     Plural
                 Use capitalization as a         sounds that affect word       convention of      Tense
                  clue to interpret and           and sentence meaning          abbreviation.      Present
                  indicate names of people        (minimal pairs) (L1.3).      Understand         Present
                  and places (R2.4).                                            capitalization.     continuous
                                                                               Understand the     Future
                 Interpret and write
                                                                                                   Past
                  contractions (R2.5).                                          convention of
                                                                                                   Regular
                 Interpret and use basic                                       contractions.      Irregular
                  abbreviations (R2.6).                                        Recognize and
                 Begin to interpret and                                        form plural
                  form meaning with word                                        nouns.
                  formations (verb                                             Recognize and
                  endings, plurals, etc.)                                       begin to form
                  (R2.8).                                                       present

Ronald M. Hubbs Center for Lifelong Learning: ELL Department 2007                                              1
                                                                             and present 3rd
                                                                             singular verb
   General       Use supporting               Utter and respond to        Use subject        Parts of a
Comprehension                                                                                    sentence
     &            illustrations and photos      basic routine social         pronouns and
                                                                                                Subject
 Conversation     to interpret texts (R3.12).   phrases (Hi, how are you,    verb „be‟ in
                                                                                                Verb
                 Read and write simple         etc.) (L4.1).                greetings and      Verb „be‟
                  sentences that contain       Participate in and           introductions.     Pronouns
                  familiar vocabulary           demonstrate                 Use names and      Questions
                  (R3.2).                       understanding of simple      other nouns as     Statements
                 Read and understand           face-to-face                 subjects and
                  simple texts on familiar      conversations that use       simple verbs
                  topics (R3.3).                previously learned           like „have‟ and
                                                material (L4.2).             „live‟ in
                                                                            Form simple
                                                                             wh- and yes/no
Interpreting     Interpret common             Initiate and respond        Use                Capital
Grammatical       punctuation and               appropriately to both wh-    capitalization     Sentence
 Structures                                                                                     Question
                  sentence-writing              and yes/no questions         appropriately.
                                                                                                Question
                  conventions (R3.1).           (L3.4).                     Categorize          mark
                 Interpret basic sentence     Ask and respond              sentences as       Statement
                  structure and grammar         appropriately to             statements or      Period
                  (statements, questions,       questions using „how         questions          Question
                  negatives; adjectives         many‟, „how long‟, and       based on            words
                  modifying nouns) (R3.8).      „how much‟ (L3.5).           grammatical        Yes/no
                                               Begin to differentiate       structure and      Short answers
                                                between statements and       punctuation.       Tense
                                                questions based on          Form basic         Present
                                                grammatical structure        wh-questions       Present
                                                and intonation patterns      and questions       continuous
                                                (L3.6).                      using „how +       Future
                                                                                                Past
                                               Begin to recognize words     many, long,
                                                                                                Regular
                                                that signal differences in   and much.          Irregular
                                                tense (L3.7).               Form basic
                                                                             questions and
                                                                             short answers
                                                                             with verb „be‟
                                                                             and verb „do‟.
                                                                            Recognize
                                                                             simple present,

Ronald M. Hubbs Center for Lifelong Learning: ELL Department 2007                                             2
                                                                             and future
                                                                             („will‟ and
                                                                             „going to‟)
                                                                            Begin to
                                                                             recognize past
                                                                             verb tenses
                                                                             both regular
                                                                             and irregular.
Understanding    Interpret and write         Produce and respond          Form               Instructions
                  simple instructions          appropriately to a brief      imperative         Directions
Requests, and
Imperatives.      (R3.6).                      message of urgency            sentences
                                               (L2.4).                       (“Write a
                                              Respond appropriately to      complete
                                               simple instructions and       sentence”,
                                               other non-classroom           Take a left”
                                               requests, including           etc.).
                                               requests for clarification
   Text in       Read dates in written,      Understand and use basic  NA                    Abbreviations
  Format/         abbreviated, and             social phrases and                               Forms
  Speech in                                                                                     Charts
                  numerical form (R4.3).       courtesies in
   Context                                                                                      Columns
                 Read money amounts in        conversational contexts                          Rows
                  written and numeric form     (L4.1).                                          Headings
                  (R4.4).                     Demonstrate                                      Bold type
                 Read simple handwriting      understanding of non-
                  (R4.5).                      face-to-face speech on
                 Interpret and fill out       familiar topics in familiar
                  simple forms (R4.6).         contexts (short
                 Interpret information in     announcements,
                  charts and tables (R4.8).    recordings, telephone
                 Interpret written            messages, etc.) (L5.1).
                  materials using             Use simple contextual
                  formatting clues             clues, such as time
                  (headings, captions,         reference words, to get
                  bullets, bold type, etc.)    information from short
                  (R4.10)                      announcements or
                                               conversations (L6.1).
                 Predict the content of a    Predict conversational       Begin to           Predict
                  text from title, pictures,   context through body          recognize          Title
  Strategies                                                                                    Text
                  and type of material         language and setting          structure of
                                                                                                Scan
                  (R6.1).                      clues.                        context clues,     Pronouns
                 Scan a simple text to find  Listen for simple             such as the use
                  specific information         contextual clues, such as     of commas
                  (R6.2).                      time reference words, to      and key words

Ronald M. Hubbs Center for Lifelong Learning: ELL Department 2007                                               3
                 Follow pronoun                  get information from      („like‟, „such
                  references within a text        speech (L6.1).            as‟, „for
                  (R3.10).                                                  example‟).
                 Begin to use contextual                                  Begin to use
                  clues to determine the                                    signal words
                  meaning of words and                                      to organize
                  phrases (R3.13).                                          writing.
                 Begin to use signal
                  words in writing and
                  interpret them as clues to
                  the organization and
                  content of a text (first,
                  then, etc.) (R3.14).

  Thinking      Identify the main idea of  Identify the main topic of  Begin to          Identify
   Skills        a simple paragraph          conversation in familiar      understand the  Main idea
                                                                                            Sequence
                 (R7.1).                     material (L4.3).              concepts of
                Determine the sequence                                    topic, and
                 of events in a simple                                     general to
                 narrative (R7.4).                                         specific.
 Independent  Find a word or number in  Make and answer simple          Form polite      Alphabetical
   Learning      an alphabetical, numeric,   requests for information      requests using  Category
                                                                           modals („can‟,  Picture
                 or other ordered listing    using previously
                 (R5.1).                     practiced phrases.            „could‟,         Dictionary
                Begin to locate                                           „may‟) and       Part of speech
                 information organized in                                  appropriate      Definition
                 groups or categories                                      responses.       Example
                 (R5.3).                                                                    Synonym
                Use a picture dictionary                                                   Antonym
                Use a simplified
                 dictionary or glossary
                              Key to *CASAS Basic Skills Content Standards
R1.__: Beginning Literacy/Phonics                    L1.__: Recognizing Vocabulary
R2.__: Vocabulary                                    L2.__: Understanding Imperatives, Instructions and
R3.__: General Reading Comprehension                         Requests
R4.__: Text in Format                                L3.__: Interpreting Grammatical Structures
R5.__: Reference Materials                           L4.__: Understanding Conversation
R6.__: Reading Strategies                            L5.__: Understanding Non-face-to-face Speech
R7.__: Reading and Thinking Skills                   L6.__: Comprehending Informational Discourse
R8.__: Academic-oriented Skills                      L7.__: Making Inferences
R9.__: Literary Analysis
*Find CASAS Content Standards at:

Ronald M. Hubbs Center for Lifelong Learning: ELL Department 2007                                        4

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