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					Brianna Antman

March 5, 2008

                         Lesson Plan #1: Pronouncing P and F

Class: Low level – adult ESL class

Objectives: Students will be able to accurately pronounce the P and F sounds

              Students will be able to distinguish between words that have the P and F


              Students will be able to distinguish between minimal pairs that begin P

              and F

Materials: small strips of paper, Patty and Fatty Handout,


      Warm-up Activity – Students will practice isolating the sounds P and F by using

small strips of paper. Students first repeat the sounds after listening to the teacher. To

make the P sound, they will put their lips together and let a burst of air come through as

they open their mouths. To make the F sound they will put their top teeth on their lower

lip and blow. They will alternate making both sounds. Then, they will put the strips of

paper in front of their mouths and produce both sounds. When the P sound is produced

with a small burst of air, the strip of paper will move. When the F sound is produced,

there will be no movement in the paper.
       Minimal-pairs isolation activity – Students will stand up in the middle of the

classroom. One side of the room will be the P side and the other side will be the F side.

The teacher will start out by facing the classroom and saying P and F minimal pairs

(pear, fair, pat, fat). Students will use their listening to distinguish which sound the

teacher said and then move to the appropriate side of the room with the corresponding

sound. To make the game more difficult, the teacher will cover their mouth with a paper

so that students cannot read lips. Or, the teacher can turn their back to the class while

saying the minimal pairs. Another way to challenge the students is to call on a student

to come up to the front of the room and say the minimal pairs. This is more difficult for

students because they have to listen to another EFL student pronounce the sounds


       Pronunciation practice activity – For this activity, students will use a dialogue to

distinguish between the P and F sounds. The dialogue is about a girl named Patty and

a student who makes mistakes by calling her Fatty. The student also makes mistakes

with other P and F minimal pairs. They will repeat this dialogue with their partner two

times, alternating roles in order to practice producing the P and F sounds.

Assessment: Throughout the lesson, the teacher will monitor the students by walking

around the classroom and assess their ability to pronounce the P and F sounds


Extension Activity: An extension activity could be a listening activity where students

call each other and read a dialogue. The student who is listening has to record how

many times the speaker begins a word with the P or F sound.

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