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Furthermore, it outsells Stock & Land by a staggering 62,285 copies.*
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A U S T R A L I A ' S N O . 1 S E L L I N G R U R A L N E W S PA P E R
*ABC June 2002
The Australian Poll
Dorset Journal is the
Official Journal of
Peter G. Weston
Address for correspondence: Front Cover: The Gilmore family's Tattykeel stud triumphed
GPO Box 75B again at Sydney's Royal Easter Show and maintained its tight
Melbourne, Vic, 3001 grip on the prestigious interbreed award for meat and dual pur-
Telephone (03) 9817 6711 pose sheep, the Peter Taylor Memorial Trophy.
Fax (03) 9817 6125 The Peter Taylor trophy is an interbreed contest for the best
Web: www.polldorset.org.au group of one ram and two milk-tooth ewes bred and exhibited by
a single owner. Tattykeel has now won the award 11 times.
Tattykeel brought a show team of 11 Poll Dorsets which won a
Inc. No. A1491 clutch of ribbons including group classes within the breed.
ABN: 65 206 172 969 Leading their interbreed team win was Tattykeel's supreme meat
and dual purpose sire, 'Rippa', so christened because he had
Advertising inquiries should be made ripped out his ear tag but with scale, overall balance and
to Australian Poll Dorset Association, muscling was also considered a "ripper of a ram". The Land photo
GPO Box 75B
Melbourne, Vic, 3001
Telephone (03) 9817 6711
Fax (03) 9817 6125
The Australian Poll Dorset Journal is produced
POLL DORSET NEWS:
for the Australian Poll Dorset Association Inc. by
Story Publications Pty Ltd, PRESIDENT: 4
PO Box 182, Macedon, 3440
Phone: 03 5426 1840 FEDERAL COUNCIL MEETING: 5, 6, 7
Fax 03 5426 2090
E.Mail: email@example.com ROYA L EASTER SHOW: 8. 9
ROYA L CANBERRA SHOW: 10
The Australian Poll Dorset Association Inc, reserves the
right to accept or reject any advertisement submitted for
MAP STUDS WIN RIGHT TO VACCINATE 12
publication in the Australian Poll Dorset Journal. It is the US DORSETS REDEFINE ‘STANDARDS’ 20.21
responsibility of the advertiser, member or advertising
agency concerned, to ensure that the advertising com- PERSONALITY - MICHAEL LOWE 25
plies with the provisions of the Trade Practices Act 1974
relating to advertising. While every effort is made to pub- COWRA SET FOR JUNE 24-25 26
lish advertisements as ordered, no responsibility is taken
for the failure of an advertisement to appear as ordered.
WAGIN WOOLORAMA: 28, 29
Opinions expressed in the Australian Poll Dorset Journal FLOCK RAM SALE REPORTS: 29
are not necessarily those of the Association or its journal
editor. DOES MORE MILK EQUAL MORE GROWTH: 30, 31
Special thanks to The Land and Farm Weekly LOOKING BACK TO THE FUTURE 32, 33
for photographs in this edition NEW COMMITTEE FOR WA POLL DORSETS 34
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 3
Meet Tas ram lamb of the year
THIS is the winner of the
Tasmanian ram lamb of the year
award. He was bred by Paul Day,
Sunnybanks stud, Penguin.
The lamb won the award at the
Deloraine Show last November.
While Paul and Karla Day only
started their stud a year ago and now
have 25 ewes, Poll Dorsets have
been part of the family for many
years. Mr Day’s grandfather found-
ed Faraday Poll Dorset stud in 1960.
The stud is now run by Paul’s father,
The young ram, sired by Kevin
and Dale Moore’s Penrise Cruiser
(bought by Graham Day of
Allendale stud, SA, for $15,000) may
be brought to Melbourne if he con-
tinues to show potential.
The judge was impressed with the
ram’s structural correctness.
Young Poll Dorset Ambassador
a highlight of breed’s 50th year
I HOPE by the time you receive this President’s message income from sheep will be $108,000
report that we have all had a good By NOEL
compared to cropping at $40,000.
break to the season. ARMSTRONG, Surely, the prospects for our sheep
Our breed and Association continue Poll Dorset industry look bright.
to progress with our promotion and Association
well run organisation.
OVINE JOHNES DISEASE
At the recent Council meeting in OJD has been a major concern with
Melbourne APDA Council sub-commit- affected flocks severely disadvantaged
tees recommended some new innova- through a program that is not achiev-
tions which were accepted by Council. able in its present form.
After much discussion and research it It is hoped vaccine will become more
was decided to delete both the Federal readily available so the sheep industry
and State Panels of Judges and replace to be known as 'Young Poll Dorset can move forward, without the regula-
them with the 'Official Judges Panel', Ambassador' which will commence tions and restrictions that apply at the
which will be listed in the Flock with competitions in each Region. moment.
Register in State order. Applicants will be aged between 16 I would like to remind all members of
Time was spent in developing ideas and 21 years old. their responsibility to pay transfer fees
to celebrate next year - the 50th year The 15 Region finalists will attend the on all sheep export sales.
since the Association was founded in 2004 Royal Melbourne Show with the The NSW Dorset Championship at
1954. winner to be announced at the Poll Cowra in June is once again shaping as
A book on our 50 years of history is Dorset Dinner. the major event for Poll Dorsets in NSW
well on the way and should be available First prize is a trip to New Zealand with increased sponsorship and entries.
in draft form in September. with hosted accommodation. This event is now the second largest
Many thanks to Bill Close and Keith Poll Dorset Show in Australia.]
McLauchlan for their time in compiling
SHEEP NUMBERS It started off with a humble beginning
this information. Australian sheep numbers are reach- and I wish to thank Lindsay Wright and
It has been a personal desire to give ing a level where it will be hard to his band of willing helpers who had the
some recognition to younger members maintain and supply all our markets. foresight to get this Show up and run-
in our Association. I am sure with a reasonable break in ning. It shows what dedication can do
I am pleased to report that our the weather that sheep numbers will for our breed.
Planning Committee has decided to start to rebuild. It was interesting to see I look forward to meeting with you
support in 2004 a young achiever award ABARE predict that the average farm all throughout the year.
Page 4 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
FEDERAL COUNCIL MEETING
Items from the Minutes of the Federal Changes to Names of Council, Ownership of Sheep/On Selling
Council Meeting held in Melbourne, Councillors and Secretary. Semen/Disclaimer
Vic., on 16th March, 2003. Association Solicitor Mr R.P.D. (a) Regulation 10 reads in part - "a
ram can be owned by a maximum of
PRESENT: PRESIDENT'S REPORT: four registered flocks."
N. Armstrong (President in the Chair) Mr. N. Armstrong. The Association had to be careful
and F.H. Badcock, W.J. Close, G.P.C. about constantly changing regulations
Day, C. R. Harris, E.A. Heal, W.L. Mr Armstrong said he had and at this time did not recommend
Hetherington, J.R. Jasper, K.L. attended the 2002 Perth Royal unrestricted ownership.
McLauchlan, S. Morrison, D. Mitchell, Show where was very well looked The Association would lose money if
G.K. Oliver, G.J. Oxley, A.D. Russell, after and it was great to see the there were more than four owners. The
K.M. Weir and Secretary, P.G.Weston. breeders and their sheep. computer software handled up to four
He had attended the Northern owners and change would require soft-
FINANCE: and Tamworth Region Meetings. ware alterations.
Audited Statement and Balance Sheet Ovine Johnes Disease meetings No action was taken to alter the regu-
for Year Ended 31/12/2002. had taken an enormous amount of lation.
Major items of income were up, time over the past 18 months and (b) Purchaser on-selling semen with-
including Journal advertising, joining minor changes were occurring. out the vendor's consent.
fees and penalty fees. There are now 4000 OJD inflected Any vendor worried about this prob-
It was disappointing that the web flocks in Australia and another lem should:
stud site income was down on budget. 3000 flocks under surveillance, I Draft a basic agreement to be signed
Council expenses had been held to with the disease now out of control. by both vendor and purchaser.
only 4% of the total expenses. Departments of Agriculture had I Include the conditions in the sale cat-
Administration and staff expenses moved from eradication to control alogue if sold by auction.
had increased because the Secretary and now to a surveillance program. I Write the conditions on the ram
had not had an increase for four years All this for what is a minor disease semen transfer certificate.
and his contract was now on an annual that could be controlled more sim- In the absence of any 'rider' the
CPI. This item also included part-time ply by a vaccination program. APDA would accept a semen transfer
staff and all entitlements. The drought had had a major from a breeder on-selling semen (See
The initial surplus for the year of effect on flock ram sales and sever- Regulation 12 d).
$25,956 was reduced to $13,188 follow- al areas in Victoria had sent flock (c) Statement of Purposes
ing the transfer of the flock ram levy rams to the Middle East. The word 'verify' was noted in the
and sponsorship surplus for the year of ABARE had predicted an average Statement of Purposes Clause (b).
$12,768 being transferred to the Balance farm income of $108,000 for sheep The Association and Secretary do not
Sheet. production and $40,000 for crop- 'verify' pedigrees and information relat-
The flock ram levy/sponsorship ping. Sheep slaughter figures will ing to Poll Dorset sheep and it was felt
account was now $32,574 in credit and be down this year and will be a that with issues such as DNA testing,
would be needed because of a likely concern to our export markets. legal litigation etc. that it was in the
reduction in income this year. In addi- At a NSW Farmers meeting two Association's interests to delete this
tion, there were two extraordinary weeks ago, attended by MLA, it word.
items totalling $2103 and the final sur- was agreed that more producers A special resolution will be drafted
plus was $15,291. should be on the MLA Board, but accordingly, for the next AGM.
The variations in the 2002 budget fig- MLA wanted a 'skilled' board. (d) Disclaimer:
ures were discussed. The following clause will be added to
Wright had advised that he did not the Regulations:
BUDGET FOR 2003: believe that the proposed changes I Vendors will bear the responsibility
The budget for 2003 was presented increased the responsibility or risk of for the correctness of their pedigrees.
showing a surplus of $100. Council members. The name is irrele- I The Association will record the infor-
Items such as stock purchases, stock vant in determining whether a person is mation supplied by members/flocks
on hand, and the flock ram levy/spon- liable for acts of an association. but will bear no responsibility for its
sorship were treated as contra items Resolved the following two notices of accuracy.
and not included. motion be submitted to the next Annual Increase in Semen Transfer Fee
Resolutions on Finance General Meeting: The WA Region had recommended a
(a) Statements/Reports. Financial Special Resolution 1. Substitute the semen transfer levy of 2% of the value
Statements and Reports be word 'Council' with 'Board' and the on all semen sales be paid by the ven-
received/accepted. word 'Councillors' with 'Directors' dor.
(b) Subscription Fees 2003-2004. There wherever they appear in the Rules of It was felt this would be costly to
be no increase in subscription fees. the APDA Inc. implement, was not practical and
(c) Fees Due on Export Sheep. A letter Special Resolution 2. Substitute the would be intrusive. It also relied, as
be sent to all members with the 2003 word 'Secretary' with 'Chief Executive' pointed out by the WA Region, on an
Flock Returns regarding transfer fees wherever it appears in the Rules of the honour system. Such a levy was not
due on all sheep exported. APDA Inc. imposed on stud ram sales.
The Regulations to be altered if Resolved the semen transfer fee be
ADMINISTRATION AND applicable and the 'President' to remain increased from $10 to $20.
PLANNING: as 'President'. Young Poll Dorset Ambassador 2004
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 5
FEDERAL COUNCIL MEETING
A Young Poll Dorset Ambassador will Council Executive will be happy to
be selected for 2004 with the following FOUNDATION HISTORY: meet with the MLA if it is interested.
guidelines: Foundation History (50 Years)
I Each of the 15 Regions will run a and 2004 Royal Melbourne Show VIRBAC:
competition to select a Region win- K. McLauchlan and W. Close The Secretary reported to the
ner, to be concluded by 30/6/04 so were appointed as joint Editors. Promotion Committee that the Virbac
photographs and brief details can go The book would cover items National Sales Manager had called at
in the September 2004 Journal. such as: Head Office on March 14 when deputis-
I The 15 Region winners will be judged I Foundation history; ing for the Marketing Manager.
at the 2004 Royal Melbourne Show I Early champions; Virbac is very happy with the existing
where the 'Young Poll Dorset I Leading Dorset Horn breeders sponsorship arrangement and would
Ambassador' will be selected. who went into Poll Dorsets; like to cement the relationship more for-
I Prize will be an air ticket to New I Photos of Past Presidents and mally in writing.
Zealand with accommodation hosted Life Members; Virbac is no longer simply a company
by selected NZ breeders for 7-10 I Secretarial contribution; with generic products and a specified
days. The award is not a working hol- I World record prices and other percentage of turnover is ploughed
iday but a chance to visit leading NZ top prices; back into research and development,
studs. I Some field days; with a further percentage added
I The finalists to be aged 16 and up to I Carcase competitions, people because all Virbac new sheep and cattle
21 years in the 2004 Calendar Year. and photos; products world-wide are tested in
I Finalists to be responsible for their I Family groups; Australia.
own accommodation and travel to I Younger breeders; Virbac will have a stand at Hamilton
Melbourne Royal. Hopefully, a block I Technical subjects; Sheepvention and at the ASBA Bendigo,
accommodation booking can be made I Wives and mothers; so Poll Dorset breeders should make
and Regions will assist with accom- I Overseas pictures, stories and themselves known.
I Free tickets for the 15 finalists to the I Miscellaneous - general photos; FLOCK REGISTRATONS:
APDA Official Dinner. I Poll Dorset personalities; and The following flocks/members were
I Finalists to receive a PD navy I Significant sponsors. approved.
pullover and tie. (a) Membership at 25/2/2003
I There will be benefits to the Breed surplus of $32,575. Full Members 718
because of the selection process. The Report on the 2002 Campaign Associate Members 11
I Finalists can source their own local and report were also received. Annual Members 14
sponsorship. Flock Ram Levy for 2003 Total 743
I Promotion in Rural Press. The levy of $1.50 per ram and ram (b) Registration of New Flocks from
I Sponsors to be sourced. lamb will continue for 2003. F.4319 to F.4336
I The 15 finalists would appear before Proposals/Format for 2003 (c) Re-Founded Flocks and Re-allocat-
a Judging Panel of three and judged A similar advertising format be fol- ed Flock Numbers
on: lowed for 2003 with perhaps every 4th F. 4044 – K.J. & G.J. O'Neill, RMB 913,
- Sheep judging; advertisement to be a more commercial Minney Road, Southern Brook, Via
- Written presentation (not handwrit- type advertisement. Northam, WA 6401
ten); and Australian Poll Dorset Journal Phone: 08 9622 3835 Fax: 08 9622 3835
- Oral presentation in the form of an Noted that the financial statement Flock re-founded 18/12/02 having
interview (which includes how the had been discussed with the Finance been deregistered in Volume 41 for (D)
finalists dress); Committee Report. and subsequently dispersed.
I Applicants Resumes and Guidelines Recommended that Journal Editor F. 1272 – N.C. & F. Watson, PO Box 26,
and Suitability: Don Story, Stephen Davey (Pagination) Calingiri, WA, 6569.
- Be able to articulate and presentable; and the Secretary be thanked and con- Phone: 08 9628 7013 and 0428 287 013
- Interested in Poll Dorsets (could be a gratulated for the job they are doing Fax: 08 9628 7013
child of a prime lamb producer); with the Journal. PREFIX: Catabody
- Must state goals; Carcase Competitions Bought entire flock of W.S. Campbell &
- Sheep knowledge and history; PD breeders should be encouraged to Sons. Joined 3/2/2003
- Any community activities; and enter carcase competitions if they have (d) Re-Registered Flocks
- Suggested the Judging Panel could prime lambs and encourage their pro- F. 4196 – B.F. & W.L. Folland, SA
comprise W. Close, K. McLauchlan ducer clients to enter carcase competi- Adelaide Region
and K. Weir. tions. Noted that most carcase competi- Re-registered 19/9/02
- NZ could even run a similar competi- tions did not take growth rate into F. 4072 – R. Kelliher, Vic
tion at the same time. account and this was the Poll Dorset's Goulburn Valley Region
greatest strength. Re-registered 26/9/02
F. 3509 – C. Sherriff, Tas
Flock Ram Levy Finance Statements
MLA SUPPORT FOR
(3) for 2002
The three finance statements were Approach Meat & Livestock Australia F. 2879 – B.R. Brown, Vic
received. These showed the surplus for and ask MLA to financially support Naracoorte Hamilton Region
the year of $12,769 and accumulated prime lamb carcase competitions. The Re-registered 11/12/02 before dispers-
6 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
FEDERAL COUNCIL MEETING
ing require alteration and perhaps other
(e) Associate Member OVINE JOHNES DISEASE: areas of the Regulations, and Guidance
Kathy Simons, Pembroke Pastoral Co., The following resolution was to Breeders and Inspectors, as set out in
P.O. Box 116, Penola, SA 5277. - (Bill approved for a press release. the Flock Register.
Hetherington's daughter). "The Australian Poll Dorset Letter to Region Secretaries
(f) Annual Member Association Inc. has lost confidence The Secretary was asked to write to
W.K. Wicks, Rosedale Road, R.M.B. in the direction and effectiveness of the Regions with the reminder that each
6060, Longford, Via Sale, Vic. 3851. the present National Ovine Johnes Region should have a special experi-
(g) Ross Turner Disease Program. enced panel of five persons to constant-
Ross and his two daughters, Jasmond The Program has failed to stop ly review Region members on the
and Natasha, will refound Flock 3788 the spread of the disease and has 'Official Judges Panel'.
with the prefix 'Turndale Park' and failed to protect stud breeders of Administration and Planning
ewes from J.H. & I.V. Turner (F.3095). any breed to maintain their tested Committee
MAP status. The Administration and Planning
FEDERAL AND STATE Committee was appointed to immedi-
PANEL OF JUDGES The Program has created a busi-
ness environment that is detrimen- ately take over the Committee roles of:
AND INSPECTORS: I Nominations to the Official Judges
tal not only to stud breeders' eco-
F. Badcock (Convenor), G. Day, J. nomic viability but also the nation- Panel; and
Jasper, D. Russell, K. Weir al sheep industry. I Flock Registration Committee.
Official Judges Panel: The State The APDA President and his two The Secretary would forward details
Panels of Judges and Inspectors list will nominees will meet with the and resumes to the Administration and
become the 'Official Judges Panel' Federal Minister, Hon, W. Truss Planning Committee prior to each
under each State Heading i.e. delete the MP and other appropriate persons Council Meeting.
Federal Panel. to find a solution and end the The Committee's recommendations
This eliminates four pages of dupli- human tragedy of those stud breed- would be included on each Council
cated names in the Flock Register and ers affected by the disease. Agenda for Council's final approval.
the list is more up to date, especially This would, in effect, reduce the main
with regards younger breeders pro- Council Committees to three namely:
gressing to larger Regional and inter- Central Region: John Harbour, Garry
state show appointments. Heath
Goulburn Valley Region: Helen I Administration and Planning
At present they are often overlooked I Promotion
because their State or Region has not Gray, Lois Stivens
Central Western Region: Warren Judges for 2003 Major Shows
upgraded their lists when those respon-
Williams The Secretary asked for a ruling from
sible for nominations consider they are
Wimmera Mallee Region: Tim Council on whether there had to be a
competent for the task.
Ferguson and Rob Batters different judge for each of the seven bal-
Appeals Panel: An Appeals Panel lots he conducted.
WA Region: Stephen Eales, Mark
Gill, Timothy Shepherd, Chris Wright. should comprise three inspectors of Resolved that except for Western
Northern Region: Henry Looker which one should be a Federal Australia, there be a different Judge for
Albury-Wagga Region: Rodney Councillor or his/her nominee. Canberra, Sydney, Cowra, ASBA,
Frohling, Andrew Scott. Noted that Regulation 18 (a) would Hamilton, Adelaide and Melbourne.
central region tour
THE Central Victorian Region annual
bus trip involved 20 breeders touring
southern NSW studs.
The tour included visits to Rob and
Jody Martin who showed off the expan-
sion of Kentish Downs stud at
Holbrook. The tour also visited Kim
and Jenny Weir's Pinewalla stud at
Crookwell; Brian, Lorraine and James
Frost's Hillden stud at Bannister;
Dennis and Joanne Rowley's
Springwaters stud, Jerangle; and Jamie,
Rhyll and Barbara Ramm's Bo Bar stud,
The tour included an evening meal
with President, Noel Armstrong and
his wife, Shirley.
Members of the Central Victoria region inspecting flock rams at Dennis and Joanne The Central Region is looking for-
Rowley’s Springwaters stud during their tour of southern NSW last August. ward to this year's trip to Tasmania.
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 7
2003 Royal Easter Show – Sydney
Tattykeel’s Peter Taylor Memorial Trophy winning team of one ram and two ewes are held from left (Ian, James and Graham Gilmore
from Oberon, NSW. The Land photo
Tattykeel’s ‘Rippa’ show
IN HIS first judging assignment at CHAMPIONS Detailed class results
Sydney, Garry Armstrong set out to
Champion ram: Tattykeel; Reserve: Ram, showing not more than 2 teeth, in
reward Poll Dorset sheep that com-
Hillden. wool: Ridgehaven, 1.
bined length with smooth fronts, clean Champion ewe: Hillden; Reserve: Valley Ram, showing milk teeth only, in wool:
heads of good character and meat in the Vista. Tattykeel, 1; Tattykeel, 2; Springwaters, 3;
right places. Hillden, 4; Hillden, 5.
prime lamb sire interbreed ram. Ram, showing not more than 4 teeth, and
And he found plenty of the type he not less than 2 teeth, shorn: Ridgehaven,
was looking for in the lineups totalling His sire, Hillden Colt, was a grand 1; Springwaters, 2.
more than 50 entries from eight champion at Sydney two years ago for Ram, showing milk teeth only, shorn:
exhibitors. the Frost family's Hillden stud at Tattykeel, 1; Hillden, 2; Hillden, 3; Valley
Bannister, near Goulburn, NSW. Vista, 4; Tattykeel, 5.
Mr Armstrong, of Armdale Poll Ram, under 1 1/2 years, bare shorn not
Dorset stud, Marrar, NSW, said the Reserve champion ram was a Hillden more than 7 days prior to Show: Hillden, 1;
surge in lamb prices during the past stud entry placed second in his class to Hillden, 2; Tattykeel, 3; Baringa, 4; Valley
two years and the swing to meat lamb the grand champion, and earlier a rib- Vista, 5.
bon winner at Gundagai. Pen of two rams, showing milk teeth only,
production by Merino breeders had put shorn: Tattykeel, 1; Hillden, 2.
new supply pressure on meatsheep Hillden also exhibited the grand Ewe, showing milk teeth only, in wool:
stud breeders. champion ewe, a previous second Hillden, 1; Springwaters, 2; Tattykeel, 3;
Almost half of all his ram sales now placegetter in Canberra and a daughter Hillden, 4; Ridgehaven, 5; Ridgehaven, 6.
Ewe, showing milk teeth only, shorn:
were to Merino breeders, he told The of the 2001 Melbourne champion ram, Valley Vista, 1; Hillden, 2; Tattykeel, 3;
Land's Peter Austin - many in western Armdale 56. Hillden, 4.
areas. Contrasted with a decade ago, She was shown in the milk-tooth Ewe, showing not more than 4 teeth, and
woolly class. not less than 2 teeth, shorn: Valley Vista,
barely one quarter would have been 1.
joined to Merinos. Reserve grand champion ewe was Pen of two ewes, showing milk teeth only,
For grand champion ram, Mr exhibited by the Valley Vista stud from shorn: Tattykeel, 1; Hillden, 2; Springwaters,
Armstrong selected the winner of the Coolac, NSW owned by Andrew and 3.
Donna Scott, first-time exhibitors to Peter Taylor Group, consisting of one ram
nine-sheep milktooth shorn class, and two ewes showing milk teeth only,
exhibited by the Gilmore family's Sydney. A daughter of Armdale 13/99, exhibited and bred by one Owner and
Tattykeel stud, Oberon. the ewe was a class winner in Canberra, selected from Exhibits in General
The ram, nicknamed “Rippa” by the and was shown in Sydney in the milk- Classes: Tattykeel, 1; Hillden, 2.
tooth shorn class. Group to consist of three rams showing
Gilmores for his inability to keep a tag not more than 2 teeth, one to be in wool
in his ear, had previously been made Tattykeel dominated the group and two shorn, to be drawn from General
champion at Gundagai, NSW, and awards, taking out the Peter Taylor Classes: Tattykeel, 1; Hillden, 2.
reserve champion at Canberra. Group, the group of three rams and the Best group of five Dorset sheep: Tattykeel,
1; Hillden, 2.
Rippa was later made the supreme best group of five classes.
Most Successful Exhibitor: Hillden
8 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
2003 Royal Easter Show – Sydney
A father’s gift breeds on at Valley Vista
A GIFT of 13 stud ewes from Ian Scott to his son
Andrew in 1976 set the foundation of the Valley Vista
stud at Coolac, NSW.
Ian bought the ewes for Andrew at a stud dispersal
But Aussie Rules was a stronger drawcard and
Andrew played with North Albury in the strong
Ovens and Murray league. But a knee injury ended his
football career and he is now devoting his attention to
his Poll Dorsets.
Six years later Andrew and Donna Scott now have
280 ewes and are flat out meeting surging demand.
They resisted showing their sheep until they were
comfortable they were of a high enough standard.
They have been showing their sheep for four years at
Gundagai, Cowra, Canberra and Melbourne and two
years ago won reserve champion ewe at Cowra.
They took a team of six to the Royal Easter Show in
Sydney this year and came away with the reserve
grand champion ewe award.
Andrew says strong demand for rams has encour-
aged them to expand their Valley Vista stud to the
point where it has taken over as the family’s main
Andrew says they have concentrated on structural
correctness and high growth on a heavy cull rate, keep-
ing on the top 30% of ewes.
They have been heavy users of Armdale, Rene and
Tattykeel genetics through AI.
Meanwhile, show team preparation and other labor
intensive jobs is shared by all, including Andrew and
Donna’s three sons, Joe, (10), James (9) and Luke (6).
“Breeding sheep must be in the blood. Andrew says
he’s got a young fellow in the family who can rattle off
the pedigrees from an eartag number.
Flush with their recent successes they’re planning to
take sheep to Bendigo and Melbourne later this year.
RIGHT Andrew Scott holds his champion ewe from the
Royal Easter Show in Sydney while the family - Joe,
James, Luke and Donna look on. The Land photo
CHAMPION RAM: Tattykeel 140/02
CHAMPION EWE: Hillden 5/02
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 9
2003 Royal Canberra Show
Armstrongs win all three
THE Armstrong family made a clean CHAMPIONS the Royal Easter Show a few weeks
sweep in the British and Australian later.
Champion ram: Armdale Park; Reserve:
breeds sheep judging at the Canberra
Tattykeel. Detailed class results
Royal, winning all three interbreed Champion ewe: Armdale; Reserve:
broadribbons for supreme ram, ewe Armdale. Milk tooth ram: Armdale Park, 1; Tattykeel,
and group. 2 & 4; Armdale, 3; Kurralea, 5.
Milk tooth ram, shorn: Tattykeel, 1;
Noel and Shirley Armstrong, Tasmanian ram bought by the
Armdale Park, 2; Kurralea, 3; Hillden, 4;
Armdale Poll Dorset stud, Marrar, said Armstrongs for $10,000 at the 2000 Springwaters, 5.
it was the family's most successful per- Melbourne Royal. Pair Milk tooth rams shorn: Armdale, 1;
formance in the national capital. Doug Deppler, Derrinallum, Victoria, Tattykeel, 2; Kurralea, 3; Armdale Park, 4;
Their son, Garry, showed the champi- who shared the judging of 303 sheep Hillden, 5.
Bare shorn ram: Armdale, 1; Tattykeel, 2;
on Poll Dorset ram, supreme ram and with Kim Weir, Pinewalla Dorset stud, Ashbank, 3; Armdale Park, 4; Baringa, 5.
supreme British Breeds exhibit, a 10- Crookwell, and Wes Kember, Gleneith, Two tooth ram: Armdale Park, 1.
month-old, 120-kilogram youngster Ganmain, said the supreme ram and Milk tooth ewe: Armdale, 1; Hillden, 2;
from his Armdale Park stud, Marrar. ewe were "outstanding sheep showing Armdale Park, 3; Springwaters, 4.
Ewe milk tooth shorn: Valley Vista, 1;
The family's Armdale stud produced exceptional growth and weight for age".
Amattum, 2; Hillden, 3; Ashbank, 4.
the champion Poll Dorset ewe and The Gilmore family, Tattykeel stud, Pair milk tooth ewes: Armdale, 1; Tattykeel,
supreme ewe, also 10 months old, and Oberon, NSW, showed the reserve 2; Hillden, 3; Kurralea, 4.
the reserve champion Poll Dorset ewe champion Poll Dorset ram, a 10-month- Two tooth ewe: Armdale Park, 1.
which, with the Armdale Park ram, old son of Hillden Colt. Group 1 ram and 2 ewes: Armdale, 1;
Tattykeel, 2; Hillden, 3.
made up the supreme group. This ram, given the name 'Rippa' was Group 3 rams: Kurralea, 1; Tattykeel, 2;
All three were sired by Penrise 85, a to be made the Supreme meat sheep of Armdale Park, 3.
Park 105/02 Armdale24/02
10 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
24th Annual Sale
Tuesday, October 14th
on property Hawkesdale,
‘WE MEAT THE MARKET’
Victoria at 1.30pm
2nd top priced ram Melbourne Royal Sales
2002 sold $5500 to Sevtar Pastoral
Company, Tamworth, NSW
1st Single Shorn Hamilton Sheepvention
3rd Single Shorn Bendigo ASBA 2002
SHOW CALENDAR 2003
Top sons of: Shellal
258/97, 331/00, 84/00;
and Tattykeel 131/96
Top priced ram Annual Sale 2002
Sold $5000 to Esther & James Glasgow, Estjam stud.
Champion ram Hamilton Sheepvention
1st Pair Shorn Rams Melbourne Royal 2002.
Geoff and Pam Ralph and Daughters
PO Box 104, Koroit, 3282, Victoria
Ph/Fax: 03 5560 6241
Pure Australian Genetics
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 11
MAP studs win right to vaccinate
Angry and frustrated farmers across the NSW Land newspaper recently. Commonwealth take over OJD policy.
the southern states appear to be making NSW Farmers president Mal Peters Neil Murray, NSSBA president, told
headway on state governments’ dra- says vaccination is an important man- the Minister: “We do not regard the dis-
conian OJD controls. agement tool but not 100 per cent effec- ease as a top priority, just a nuisance.
And they are stepping up the pres- tive. We would far sooner see more effort go
sure to have trading controls lifted with “Studies show vaccination delays into mastitis and/or footrot research
the option to vaccinate against what OJD onset but a small numbers of ani- and their eradication.”
most now believe to be an irrelevant mals will still shed the bacteria and Meanwhile, the Federal Council of
disease. spread the disease.” the Australian Poll Dorset Association
NSW Farmers is now calling for However Mr Peters says vaccine use says it has lost confidence in the direc-
future management of OJD to be based over many years should reduce to min- tion and effectiveness of the National
on owners’ risk. imal the risk of infection. Ovine Johnes Disease Program.
Australian Wool Innovation has also The National OJD Program “The Program has failed to stop the
put forward a new trading system announced in late April that farms spread of the disease and has failed to
based on risk where vaccination, biose- neighbouring known OJD infected protect stud breeders of any breed to
curity measures and negative surveil- properties can now vaccinate. maintain their tested MAP status,” it
lance results determine the ability to Studs and commercial flocks taking says. “The Program has also created a
trade. part in the MAP can also vacinate to business environment that is detrimen-
The disease is now found in NSW, prevent infection and provide a higher tal not only to stud breeders’ economic
Victoria, SA and Tasmania. As many as level of assurance to their clients. viability but also the national sheep
5000 flocks could now be infected. To access the vaccine producers must industry.”
In NSW, where most incidence has test for OJD first. Vaccinated sheep will The APDA has also sought a meeting
been recorded, farmers have been in be identified with a three-hole punch. with the Federal Minister to find a solu-
open revolt. Leading the charge is Peter The vaccine does not cure infected tion and end what it calls “the human
Reilly who describes OJD as a minor sheep. tragedy of those stud breeders affected
disease present in every sheep produc- The National Stud Sheep Breeders’ by the disease”.
ing country. Association has written to Federal pri- The Australian Johnes Alliance says
“Vaccination has proven the only mary Industry Minister Warren Truss the Gudair vaccine should be available
viable option to combat it,” he wrote in seeking a meeting in bid to have the to everybody at risk of OJD.
TAMARA Ivan & Ingrid Mamic
Flock No 3686
RMB B289, Burrumbeet 3352
Ph: 03 5344 8546 or 0409 603 107
7-02TW BY 53-00T
Tamara 28-02 by 249-98K - Hayden
KURRALEA 249/98 67-02 BY U56-99V HULK
ENQUIRIES WELCOME ANYTIME Ovine Brucellosis & MN1 Accredited
12 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
& selling at
- Breeding to Industry Needs -
New Sire Purchases
Kurralea 341/01. Half possession share Hillcroft Farms 439/01. Purchased Perth
purchased for $10,000. Royal 2002 for $4000.
Ulandi Park 68-02 Twin Ulandi Park 47-02 Triplet
Sire - Hillcroft Farms 73-00 Sire - Hillcroft Farms 73-00
Dam - Ulandi Park 12-00 Dam - Ulandi Park 200-98
Sire of Dam - Kurralea 211-98. Sire of Dam - Kurralea 210-95
EBV’s : Pwwt 14.25, Pfat -0.84 EMD 1.13 EBV’s: Pwwt 13.57, Pfat -0.85, EMD 0.49
Carcase Plus: 211.58 (15.3.03) Carcase Plus: 201.14 (15.3.03).
Semen Available in these young rams and their sire
Ulandi Park Poll Dorsets
Clayton & Andrea Rowett
PO Box 24, Marrabel SA 5413
Hillcroft Farms 73-00 0408 852 927
Pwwt 12.70 ah 08 8848 6038
Royal Show 2001
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 13
Graham: 02 6335 8116
John: 02 6335 8133
Martin: 02 6335 8188
Ian: 02 6336 3566
SUPREME ALL-BREEDS SIRE
SUPREME INTERBREED GROUP
1st shorn ram and champion
1st and 2nd woolly ram
1st pair shorn rams
1st pair shorn ewes
1st Shorn pairs Sydney and Gundagai 1st group 1 ram & 2 ewes
2nd Shorn pairs Canberra
Sire: Kurralea ‘Hallmark’ 1st group 3 rams
1st group 5 Dorsets
COWRA AND MELBOURNE,
✔ Inspection welcome any time
✔ Video available of show & sale teams
An extra protection for clients ...
Tattykeel has vaccinated it’s flock against
OJD with the dead Gudair vaccine.
We consider vaccination a must for
the stud industry
2nd Woolly ram Sydney
3rd Woolly ram Gundagai
4th Woolly ram Canberra
Sire: Tattykeel ‘Brute’
Page 14 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
N.B. Change of Day
Thursday, 2nd October
1st Shorn ram and Res Champion
2nd & 4th Woolly ram
2nd Pair rams
Tattykeel 140/02 ‘RIPPA’
2nd Bare shorn ram Supreme Champion Ram Sydney
Champion ram Gundagai
2nd Pair ewes Reserve Champion Canberra
Sire: Hillden ‘Colt’
2nd Group ram & 2 ewes
2nd Group 3 rams
1st Shorn ram & Champion
1st Group ram & 2 ewes
2nd & 3rd Woolly ram
1st Pair shorn rams
2nd Bare shorn ram Tattykeel 139/02
1st Woolly ram Sydney
Most Successful Exhibitor 2nd Woolly ram Canberra & Gundagai
Sire: Hillden ‘Colt’
WE USE AND
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 15
G.B Vanston & Sons,
Loddonlea, Bridgewater, Vic, 3517
Telephone 03 5437 3268
03 5437 3235
Fax 03 5437 3211
LODDONLEA 301/01 shown with L.390/01
First in pairs at Hamilton Sheepvention
(L390/01 sold for $4000 to L Fennell for
$4000 Both rams were by Kurralea 84/99
(pictured at left) by 5 Star, bought for top
price at Kurralea sale $10,500.
Ram numbers with very good prospects to watch
Sire Dam Sire of Dam Comment
13T K268/7 173/7 102/4 A top one
18 K268/7 Allendale 232/9 A number to write down
27 K503/8 (Meat Elite) 62/9 102/4 One of our best
37 K84/9 75/9 K268/7 Another beauty
46 K84/9 94/9 Atlanta really good
40 & 41(T) K84/9 253/6(T) Hoechst Out of show ewe 332/3
110 (T) K84/9 206/9(T) Hoechst 2nd Woolly pairs
Melb & Ballarat
Wednesday, October 8th or Friday, October 10 at 1pm
Poll Dorset Journal, December 2002
16 Page 19
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
G.B Vanston & Sons,
Loddonlea, Bridgewater, Vic, 3517
Telephone 03 5437 3268
03 5437 3235
Fax 03 5437 3211
LODDONLEA ‘Sydney’ 140/99 Reserve Champion ASBA Bendigo 2000
Take a look at these 2 young rams and 2 young ewes
Sire Dam Sire of Dam Comment
36/2 140/9 (Sydney) 180/8 78/96 by 102/4 (Top of the drop
at the moment)
89/2 140/9 (Sydney) 128/9 102/4
64/2 (T) 140/9 (Sydney) 41/7 102/4 by 423/1 Exceptional
90/2 140/9 (Sydney) 324/8 102/4 by 244/6 Good prospect
Loddonlea is an accredited
Brucellosis and Footrot free flock.
OJD MN2 has been granted
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 Poll Dorset Journal, December 2002
Another sensational line up of
(Carcase Plus 190.46%)
Hallmark and his sire
Claronden (NZ) 65/98
(Carcase Plus 192.68%)
will between them have
approximately 12-15 sons
in this year’s sale.
Several of them are Kurralea 426/00 ‘Hallmark’
1st Ram Lamb 2000 Adelaide Royal
really quite special. 1st Single Shorn Ram Canberra, Adelaide and
Melbourne Royals 2001. Sire: Claronden (NZ) 65/98.
Kurralea’s approximate 35 stud rams at this year’s sale will once again
feature Lambplan figures at the extreme top end of the breed.
A couple could be over 200% Another 10-12 will be between 190%
and 200% A further 12-15 rams will be over 180%
REMEMBER THERE IS ABSOLUTELY
NO COMPROMISE ON QUALITY AT KURRALEA
These Lambplan figures have been achieved in parallel
with ever increasing success in the showring.
Kurralea sale stud rams are selected on visual excellence first.
JIM AND KIM PRENTICE,
MN3 Johnes status: KURRALEA IS NOW
MN3 IN A PROTECTED ZONE
Ph: 02 6975 2606
Ariah Park, NSW
Fax 02 6975 2666
18 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
rams with superb Lambplan figures
(Carcase Plus 206.46%)
This incredible sire will
have 8 or 9 sons in
this year’s sale with
Lambplan figures in
the extreme top
end of the breed
Kurralea 211/98 ‘5 STAR’
Australia’s most dominant meat breed sire.
This magnificent sire will again have have several
outstanding sons in this year’s sale
6th ANNUAL PRODUCTION SALE
Tuesday, 30th September, 2003.
35 STUD RAMS 60 STUD EWES
220 FLOCK RAMS
NEW BLOODLINES: This year’s stud ram offering will feature progeny of three
new sires ... Hillcroft Farms 73/00 – Carcase Plus 195.98% and Hillcroft Farms
470/00 – Carcase Plus 188.83% will between them have 7 or 8 sons.
Several of these are quite brilliant.
Also Kurralea 111/01 – Carcase Plus 205.11% Winning Ram Lamb Cowra and
Adelaide Royal was used as a ram lamb and will have 3 or 4 huge growth
rate sons. K111/01’s sire is Windermere (NZ) 356/97, sire of the second top
priced ram ($13,000) at last year’s sale.
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 Page 19
Poll Dorsets in the USA
US Poll Dorsets redefine ‘standards’
US Poll Dorset breeders have rede-
fined their breed 'standards', with the
Continental Sheep Club moving to
accommodate the needs of breeders of
‘Production’ Dorsets are the older-
style ‘traditional’ Dorset noted for car-
case, fertility and easy care.
They are different to the taller, lighter-
bodied Show Dorsets that evolved and
took centre stage in the 1970s.
For Ken and Kathy Soder, K Bar K
Farm, Petersburg, Pennsylvania, that’s
good news. They are ‘Production’
breeders who record on Lambplan.
Ken and Kathy first became interest-
ed in breeding sheep in 1991 when they
moved to Montana for Kathy to pursue
her Master's degree in Animal Science
at Montana State University. US Polled Dorsetsv are stout, meaty, great mothers, out of season breeders. We are
striving to maintain these characteristics in our flock say Ken and Kathy Soder.
After finishing her degree they stayed
in Montana for two more years, with US ethnic markets demand live, of their research.
Kathy working at the Montana Wool young, milk-fed lambs with plenty of “I am enrolled in Lambplan and have
Laboratory and Ken building houses. muscling. Dorsets excel at efficiently EBVs on all my sheep.”
They decided to move home to producing this type of lamb, as well as The ‘Production Dorsets’ Ken and
Pennsylvania for Kathy to pursue a high-quality traditional slaughter Kathy are breeding do not resemble the
PhD in Animal Science at Penn State. lambs. modern ‘show’ sheep in the US, but
A year after moving home, they As Kathy described it they “lucked” remain true to the ‘Polled’ Dorsets of
bought a 17-acre farmlet and their first into a lady who was selling her flock twenty and thirty years ago. That
sheep - the beginnings of their K Bar K and brought home 14 Dorset ewes. includes the breed’s ‘out-of-season’
farm. “These foundation ewes have worked lambing capabilities, superior mother-
“At first we had a hard time deciding well for us, and gave us a good start.” ing and strong carcase traits.
what breed of sheep to buy,” Kathy Twelve months ago they bought a 96 During the 1970s, the physical
recalls. “We both really liked Targhees acre farm about 30 miles south to appearance of many US Dorsets in the
after working with them in Montana, escape development pressure and show ring began to change.
but found several drawbacks to this obtain more land to expand their flock. This split the breed into two types -
breed in the Eastern US. They were dif- “We currently have about 75 Dorset ‘Show’ and ‘Production’.
ficult to find and local bloodlines ewes (not including ewe lambs) with The show animals became taller,
weren't the same as the western sheep.” plans to expand to 200-300 ewes. longer, and lighter-bodied and, simulta-
They were also concerned about their “I plan on scanning loin eyes for the neously, some started to lose their
adaptability to the wetter climate. first time this year to add to our Dorset characteristics.
“With the strong ethnic market, we Lambplan data. They needed more feed to mature,
needed sheep to lamb all year round “It is a challenge to have this done in increased in size, many would no
and with the wool market depressed it the US, as there are few technicians. I longer naturally breed out of season,
seemed that a meat breed of sheep that am fortunate to be very near Penn State and carcase quality declined.
would lamb out of season was the way University, who has trained technicians “Production Dorsets are primarily
to go. So we started looking for who do this for research projects, and raised on low-input farms that demand
Dorsets.” are willing to come to my farm as part an efficient animal that profitably raise
Kathy says the Dorset is used in the lambs year-round with minimal assis-
US as both a maternal and terminal sire tance and feed. Only occasionally does
breed. one flock fall into both categories suc-
The traditional US Dorset is a moder- cessfully.”
ate-sized sheep with strong mothering Kathy says a large percentage of US
instincts, low levels of dystocia, high commercial flocks have a high percent-
milking ability and excellent carcase age of Dorset blood in their ewes.
characteristics. However, commercial producers are
The combination of these traits, along wary of seedstock breeding programs
with their trademark ability to breed that lack true production records or
out-of-season, made them popular for breed type and are not willing to spend
This ram is the new sire at K Bar K,
year round lamb production, particu- much for Dorset breeding stock.
from Carson Dorsets. He will be joined to
larly the ethnic lamb market. the K Bar K ewes for spring 2003 lambs. At the same time, many commercial
20 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
Poll Dorsets in the USA
producers don’t understand reports and with width to the chest floor.
generated in record-keeping and selec- US ‘Polled’ Dorsets originated at Back-Loin-Rump-Leg - 30 points:
North Carolina State College, The back should be strong, straight,
tion programs and are not yet willing to
Raleigh, NC, and were apparently level and it should carry out to the dock
pay for such measures. the result of a mutation that occurred
“On the flip side, given the higher with the tail head fairly high set. The
in the purebred Horned Dorset flock loin should be long, wide, and deep.
profits often found in the showring, at the college. The rump should be long, wide, level
some registered Dorset producers see After careful research and testing and very well muscled.
no need to meet commercial needs. to ensure the Polled gene carried the The leg should be thick through the
“The challenge we are facing is to same characteristics as the Horned center extending well into the stifle area
convince seedstock producers of the Dorsets and were able to propagate and carrying low towards the hock.
value in producing highly productive these traits, the new strain was Emphasis should be placed on total
Dorsets for the commercial sector and accepted into the US registry in 1956. body length in relationship to height at
the commercial sector of the added The number of Polled Dorsets now the shoulder. Dorsets should be as long
value of buying Dorsets with true pro- in the country far exceeds the num- or longer than they are tall. The loin,
duction records and capabilities.” ber of Horned Dorsets. rump and leg are three important parts
She says a handful of US Dorset pro- The official registry office for of the sheep. Dorsets must excel in these
ducers are beginning to use record Dorset Sheep in the US (both Horned areas having at least 50% of their length
keeping systems, such as the National and Polled) is called the Continental in their hindsaddle.
Sheep Improvement Program or Dorset Club. The Club is governed Feet-Legs-Pasterns - 20 points: Legs
Lambplan. by an elected Board of 6 Dorset should be well set under the corners.
Unlike the Show Dorset breeders, Breeders from various parts of the They should be straight, strong, and of
who have done an excellent job of pro- country - giving all areas a represen- ample bone. The forearm area, as well
moting their breeding stock, Kathy says tative on the Board. as the rear leg, should show good
many buyers are unaware of the num- Today, the Continental Dorset Club expression of muscling.
ber of Production Dorset flocks avail- reports that 10,317 Dorsets (horned The upper leg should be well wooled
able to them. and polled) were registered in 2001- and covered with white hair below the
Several efforts are underway to pro- 2002 by 2100 members. would area. The leg below the hocks
mote ‘Production’ Dorsets. That makes the Dorset the largest and knees should be covered with
First, an email listserv was developed whiteface breed registry in the US, white, dense hair and may have a mod-
called Production Dorset Breeders second only to the Suffolk. erate amount of wool with the majority
(http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Pro of this wool being on the front of the
dDorsetBreeders/) to provide a forum legs. There should be no shading off to
for those breeding expressing interest in Face should be smooth and open with a dark colour on the legs or dark coloured
Production Dorsets to network. Second, moderately broad muzzle of medium spots on the legs. These are ‘highly
the Continental Dorset Club recently length. objectionable’ traits. The feet should
formed a Production Dorset Committee They should have large nostrils and point straight ahead and not turn out at
to address the needs of the Production pink nose and mouth lining. an angle.
Dorset breeders. Further, individual Mouth or nose showing any colours Sheep should have short, strong
producers are using the internet to pro- other than pink or black constitutes a pasterns. All these skeletal parts should
mote their flocks. ‘highly objectionable’ trait. move with strength and correctness
In 2001 the membership of the Eyes should be bright and prominent. when the animal is on the move. A
Continental Dorset Club (The US equiv- Ears should be small to medium in Dorset with a completely black hoof is dis-
alent of the Australian Poll Dorset length and size. Ears should be covered qualification. A Dorset with pearl
Association) voted in a new breed stan- with white hair and a small amount of coloured hooves with some black striping
dard. This was considered adaptable to white wool is acceptable. is acceptable but hooves with excessive
all types of sheep enterprises, from the Scurs in polled sheep should not be a striping is highly undesirable.
large, full-time commercial producer to point of discrimination. Fleece-Skin - 8 points: The fleece
the small, part-time purebred flock. The wool and haired portions of the should be medium fibre, 26 to 32 microns.
The new standard describes ‘Dorsets‘ head should be free from any brown, The fleece should be white and the hair
as medium-sized sheep that have good liver, or reddish coloured spots. Such covering on other portions of the animal
body length and exceptional muscle. spots in these areas are highly objec- should be short, white, of medium tex-
A variety of frame sizes and mature tionable traits. A black spot on the nose ture, and free of dark coloured spots. Dark
body weights are acceptable due to the or mouth is acceptable (not exceeding coloured spots in the wool are a disquali-
various nutritional and management the size of an eraser head on a standard fication.
regimens in which the breed is expected sized pencil). However, solid pink Frame 7 - points: Dorsets are medium
to excel. noses and lips are preferred. In addition size sheep that have good length of body
“The Dorset is an ewe breed with fall a black spot on an ear is acceptable. and exceptional muscle. The majority of
(autumn) lambing characteristics, femi- Neck-Shoulder-Chest - 10 points: A the ewes and rams body length should be
ninity, prolificacy and great mothering Dorset's neck should be moderate in from the 13th rib back. Emphasis should
ability,” the standard says. length, trim and well set with head be placed on length from the 13th rib back
Dorset ewes should weigh 150-225 erect and alert. Rams should show mas- rather than the height of the sheep.
pounds and not exceed 34 inches at the culinity with a good crest. The neck Serious defects should be discriminated
shoulder. Dorset rams should weigh should be free of wrinkles and or against in shows, sales and in flock selec-
225-325 pounds and not exceed 37 inch- dewlaps. tion. This includes inverted eyelids;
es tall at the shoulder. Any dewlaps, wrinkles, and or skin abnormally large tear ducts; absence of
The enable breeders to meet the stan- folds should be heavily discriminated hair covering in typical areas - head and
dard, a 100-point score card has been against and are considered ‘highly feet-legs-pasterns; lack of muscling; weak
developed. objectionable’ traits. pasterns; post legged; sickle hocked; cow
The head - 25 points: The head and Shoulders should be smooth, oblique, hocked and splayed feet. Each defect
should be neat and well covered with and well laid into the ribs. The chest means the total points for that trait is
wool on the crown and under the jaw. should be deep ribbed, well sprung, deducted from the score card.
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 21
Rene team for 2003 showing
...watch out for them at Cowra, Bendigo,
Adelaide & Melbourne Shows.
Sire: Rene 735-00
(1st Melbourne 2001 & 2002, 1st Cowra 2002 and champion at most local shows).
Rene is a OJD monitored MN2
VACCINATED - STOCKSCAN.
with new sires at Rene:
• Rene 735-00
• Gererdan 135-00
• Armdale 625-00
Doug & Irene Mitchell and Sons
“Rockwood”, Culcairn, New South Wales. 2660
Ph/Fax: (02) 6029 7171 - Mobile: 0428 297 171
Rene on-property Sale - 7th October, 2003
MOST SUCCESSFUL EXHIBITORS 2003 CANBERRA ROYAL
Armdale Park 105-02 Champion & Armdale 24-02 Champion &
Supreme Champion Ram 2003 Canberra Royal Supreme Champion Ewe 2003 Canberra Royal
CANBERRA ROYAL SHOW RESULTS
ARMDALE ARMDALE PARK
1st Pair Shorn Rams 1st Single Woolly Ram
1st Bare Shorn Ram 1st Two Tooth Ram
3rd Single Woolly Ewe 2nd Single Shorn Ram
1st Single Woolly Ewe 1st Two Tooth Ewe
1st Pair Shorn Ewes
1st Group (1 Ram & 2 Ewes) 3rd Single Woolly Ewe
# Champion Ewe – Reserve Ch. Ewe 3rd Group (3 Rams)
# Supreme Champion Allbreeds Ewe # Champion Ram
# Supreme Champion Allbreeds Group # Supreme Champion Allbreeds Ram
N & S. Armstrong G. Armstrong
“Armdale” Marrar “Armdale Park” Marrar
Ph/Fax: (02) 6927 5126 Mobile: 0427 275 126 Ph/Fax: (02) 6927 5133
email: firstname.lastname@example.org Mobile: 0427 275 134
# Flock ram sale Tuesday, 2nd Sept. 1-30pm
ANNUAL ON # Stud sale Wednesday 1st October 1-30pm
PROPERTY SALES *Note change of day!!
R.M.B 1360 Greta, Victoria 3675
Ph 03 5727 6272
Poll Dorset Flock No. 1158
Ivadene 154/99 (tw) ‘Benchmark’
Pwwt Ywt Pemd Pfat Carcase Plus
8.0 8.41 2.34 -1.85 203%
Semen exported to New
Zealand and U.S.A.
Young Rams To Watch In 2003
Sire: Derrynock 201/99(tw)
Ranked No 1 male progeny on Lambplan
Pwwt Ywt Pemd Pfat Carcase +
14.07 12.89 0.32 -1.76 218%
Ivadene 367/02(tw) Semen packages available from:-
Sire: Ivadene 154/99(tw) ‘Benchmark’ I Ivadene 154/99 (tw) ‘Benchmark’
Ranked No 6 male progeny on Lambplan I Derrynock 201/99 (tw) I Ivadene 199/02 (tw) ‘Bankroll’
Pwwt Ywt Pemd Pfat Carcase + I Ivadene 367/02 (tw) ‘Benchpress’
10.23 9.8 1.28 -1.63 202% I Export semen available from Ivadene 154/99 (tw)
Both rams selected to participate in Stud Rams & Ewes For Private Sale.
Elders ‘NEXT’ progeny testing program. Inquiries Welcome Any Time
Flock No 1972 Founded 1972
Hillcroft Farms 206/02
Wagin Woolorama 2003 Results:
Champion Poll Dorset Ram
Supreme Champion Poll Dorset
All Breeds Supreme Champion
Sired by Hillcroft Farms 350/01 -
All Breeds Supreme Champion
Wagin Woolorama 2002
Johnes Free Status Mn3
Accredited Brucellosis Free Flock No
DS & G Bradford
Popanyinning WA 6309
24 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
Fortunate to have worked
with the best in breed
Where are they now?
Karawina, Lindsbury and Kentish
Downs are studs synonymous with the
highest positions in the Poll Dorset
One man who was involved with all
three is Michael Lowe - a former feder-
al councillor who is still on the breed's
official panel of judges.
Michael, now 64, says he is amazed at
how the Poll Dorset has changed over
50 years. Michael Lowe ... “Poll Dorsets have been my life.”
“When I came into the industry
studmasters tried to have their sheep as given an extra ewe by Mr Taylor as He says Kawawina was an early
low to the ground and meaty as possi- encouragement. adopter of this technology and even
ble with thick shoulders and enormous Having worked with his father and locked ewes in a shed to shorten day
hindquarters. Gus Taylor as a youngster, Michael was length to promote oestrus to ensure
“Today, they are more up off the approached by Jim Martin to work at they met the demands of show dates
ground, longer, with leaner shoulders Kentish Downs. and classes in a high altitude environ-
and are low maintenance, which is He later took over at the Dickson ment.
important in labour terms. family’s Middle Creek Estates’ He says while not the first to intro-
“We also have scanning and perfor- Karawina stud. duce NZ bloodlines he was certainly an
mance systems that weren't available.” He says the highlight of his career early importer of NZ sheep and was
Michael also remembers the was in 1978 when he won every ram criticised for doing so.
Lindsbury stud having 160 sheep in his class he entered sheep in, including “I don’t regret those decisions
shed being prepared for show and sale Dorset Horns. because it helped forge the breed as it is
and taking a team of 56 (including That was when Karawina 351 was today.”
Dorset Horns) to Sydney in the early made champion by Keith McLauchlan. Michael left Karawina in 1988 to
1960s.. About the same time 20% of studs in establish a tyre business in Oberon,
“That’s a reflection of where the the Poll Dorset registry were using NSW. He was also offered the NRMA
breed was and where it is today,” he Karawina rams. franchise. He has sold these businesses
says. Michael says this was due to the and now works for a timber harvesting
Michael recalls spending an entire Dickson family having invested heavily contractor.
day preparing one ewe for show, in Lindsbury sheep for their Karawina As the countdown to the Poll Dorset
including pulling burrs from her belly. stud. “The Lindsbury sheep were pre- breed’s 50th anniversary next year
Fortunately the effort paid off because potent and popular.” begins Michael is looking forward to
that ewe was made champion. the following year, Michael recalls catching up with breeders.
Michaels father, Hunta Lowe, bred parading an ET lamb to the Poll Dorset He’s also available to give advice to
Dorset sheep at Yackerboon, near Supreme champion stage. This was new and established breeders.
Manildra, NSW. As a teenager, he probably the first time this technology “If I can pass on some wisdom, that
bought a few stud ewes of his own from had been used to breed a champion would be good. Poll Dorsets have been
Gus Taylor, Lindsbury stud, and was ram. my life.”
Don’t be left out!!! Invest in your future Book early for the September
Just $265* will buy you a edition and help us get the
Full Page information about your stud sheep
to the prime lamb industry out
advertisement Inquiries: APDA Federal Secretary, Peter
Weston 03 9817 6711
in Poll Dorset Journal
Strict deadline for the September edition is August 1. LATE ADVERTISEMENTS MAY BE LEFT OUT!
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 25
COWRA Dorset Championships
set for June 24-25
THE Cowra Dorset up with a few different ideas
Championships will be held and classes and we have
on June 24 and 25. answered the request of sev-
Poll Dorset Judge is Kevin eral exhibitors in having a
Moore, Penrise, Campania, shorn ewe class and a bare
Tas. shorn ewe class.
Judging for the Dorset The other new class will be
Horns must commence at 10 the ‘Hermes Best Strike Rate’.
am and this will be strictly This class is based around the
adhered to because of the Most Successful however it is
numbers now presented in worked out as a percentage
the Poll Dorset ram classes. of placings in correlation to
The Poll Dorset ram classes the amount of sheep exhibit-
will commence after lunch. ed. But there are require-
This will be the end of day ments:
one and we will be having The exhibitor must exhibit
our social night at the Civic in at least three separate
Motel. classes and the exhibits must
The following morning be bred by the exhibitor.
will be the Poll Dorset ewe Other new developments
classes and groups, followed include a scoring system for
Adelong 268/99 NZ owned by Lowe & McIlraith by lunch and the presenta- separate classes. The more
1st Christchurch Royal Show tion of prizes and trophies. sheep in a class the higher the
Everyone is then free to make points allocated for the Most
their way home. Successful, the lower the
Our major sponsor this number of sheep in a class
year is CRT who has offered the fewer points allocated.
us $2500 in prize money and These points will be allocated
N Adelong (NZ)
trophies with our previous
Davidson, offering us anoth-
by the Judge.
All entries and monies are
required by June 13.
– Chris Marr, NSW
The Committee has come
1st Christchurch Royal
Supreme ram Melb Royal
Reserve Champion Bendigo
Check the progeny at
STOCKSCAN MN3 AB No2029
IAN BUCKNALL, Maryborough, 3465
Phone 03 5464 2492 Mob: 0407 841 211
26 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
First and final dispersal
Renowned North Western NSW Poll Dorset stud
Tunderbyne Flock Number 83
Due to retirement a wonderful opportunity presents
to obtain top quality Poll Dorset breeding ewes from
one of the early flocks who have concentrated on
length and fleshing and soundness.
A regular culling program has left only
BIG BOLD SHEEP.
In more active days Tunderbyne was regularly seen
as very competitive at major venues.
Flock rams have been shown at Dubbo each year
since 1962 and Tunderbyne has been awarded first
prize for a pen of three flock rams on several
occasions over the years.
A highlight was winning first second and third prizes
with pens of three flock rams in 1999.
260 top stud ewes 98, 99 and 2000 drop
joined to top Tattykeel sires
110 top stud ewes 2001 drop joined
to top Tunderbyne sires
130 stud ewe lambs top of 2002 drop
130 flock ram lambs top of 2002 drop
Brucellosis accredited number NW81/12. Footrot free and National Johne's program
MN1 No.N202/03/02 status from a protected area.
For expressions of interest for an on the property dispersal sale and for
further particulars contact:
Jean or Graham Crane
Gunnedah 02 6743 2562 or 0427 432 562
Discounts considered for complete stud or for a complete year’s crop.
All inspections welcome.
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 27
2003 Wagin Woolorama
Poll Dorsets in
THE Bradford family's Hillcroft Farms stud at Popanyinning,
WA, recorded yet another strong showing at the Wagin
Woolorama in March.
From the 34 entry milk tooth ram class Hillcroft Farms
262/02 was made champion Poll Dorset ram and then went
on to claim the Woolorama Supreme Champion Sheep Award.
This is the second year in a row that Hillcroft Farms has
won the Woolorama double.
Judge was Andrew Oxley from Wyndamah stud, Swan Hill,
Vic, who said his champion ram had exceptional muscle
through the loin which extended down through the hindquar-
ter. Champion ewe from John and Perry Jasper’s Jolma stud,
Cunderdin was selected for muscling while maintaining fem-
The strength of the Poll Dorset showing was evidenced by
the sharing around of major class ribbons and in the inter-
Hillcroft Farm's winning group of one ram and two ewes
went on to win the all breeds champion milk tooth group.
A pair from E.A. and J.A. Heal's Dongadilling stud won
their class and then went on to win the all breeds champion
C.H. and O.M. Wright and Sons' Pine Avenue stud showed
the champion pair of ewes which also went through to claim
the all breeds champion ewe pair award.
Meanwhile, Max Whyte and Gail Cremasco's Brimfield
stud's champion progeny group by Rene 600/98 ‘Rocket’ was Poll Dorset judge Andrew Oxley, Wyndamah, Swan Hill, Vic, with
Dawson Bradford Jnr, Hillcroft Farms, Popanyinning, WA, hold-
made the all breed's progeny group. ing the champion Poll Dorset ram which was later made
The Western Australian Region of the Poll Dorset Assoc. Supreme All Breeds Ram.
would like to thank Bruce Buswell of Narrowana Gully Poll
Dorset Stud for donating prize money for Pair of Rams, Pair
of Ewes at Woolorama and for the thank-you gifts to the stew-
ards on the day. We would also like to thank all our sponsors
at Woolorama, Wagin Argus, Smorgon Cyclone, Farm Weekly,
Elders and WFI (Wesfarmers Federation Insurance)
Champion ram: Hillcroft Farms; Reserve: Dongadilling
Champion ewe: Jolma; Reserve: Pine Avenue
Supreme Champion: Hillcroft Farms (ram)
Detailed class results
Class 28: Hillcroft Farms, 1.
Class 29: Hillcroft Farms, 1; Brimfield, 2; Jolma, 3; Cunderdin
College, 4; Brimfield, 5; Hillcroft Farms, 6.
Class 30 PAIRS: Dongadilling, 1; Hillcroft Farms, 2; Jolma, 3.
Class 36 Scan Class: Hillcroft Farms, 1; Brimfield, 2; Dongadilling, 3.
EWES Class 31: Shirlee Downs, 1; Shirlee Downs, 2; Dongadilling, 3.
Class 32: Jolma, 1; Shirlee Downs, 2; Pine Avenue, 3; Brimfield, 4;
Class 33 Pairs: Pine Avenue, 1; Dongadilling, 2; Shirlee Downs, 3.
Class 34: Group 1 Ram 2 Ewes: Hillcroft Farms, 1; Brimfield, 2;
Class 35 Progeny Group: Brimfield (by Rene 600/98), 1; Hillcroft
Farms (by Hillcroft Farms 350/01), 2; Shirlee Downs (by Ashbank
72/00) 3. Perry Jasper from Jolma stud, Cunderdin, holding the champion
Poll Dorset ewe of the Wagin Woolorama.
28 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
2003 Wagin Woolorama Sale reports
- ewes to $280
A line of three year old Poll Dorset
ewes in lamb to Pine Avenue rams sold
for $280 a head at R.I. and J.E. Smyth’s
Southoban dispersal at York, WA, in
Buyer was W.D. and I. Phillips,
Manjimup, WA, who bought a line of
three and four-year-old ewes at $220
and one-year-old ewes at $160.
A line of 28 young rams, close to
working age, made $300 when bought
by Jason Thorn, Kojonup, WA.
John Richards, Dandaragan, WA,
bought one-year-old ewes at $95 and
$70; two-year-olds at $260; four-year-
olds at $230; and cast-for-age ewes at
$60, plus a line of 28 rams at $215.
$3500 Brimfield ram
Max Whyte and Gail Cremasco,
Gail Cremasco and Max Whyte, Brimfield stud, Kendenup with Woolorama Ambassador
Sally Thompson (centre) with the All-Breed’s Progeny group by Rene 600/98 ‘Rocket’ Brimfield stud, Kendenup, have sold a
ram for $3500 to NSW stud breeders
Ron and Ruth Macpherson, Myrtle Vale
stud, Old Junee.
It is the highest price yet paid for a
Brimfield ram and the first the stud has
sold interstate. The ram is an embryo
transfer son of Shirlee Downs 300/96.
Leween tops $720
L.S. and M.J. Shepherd and Sons
offered and sold 72 rams at their
Leween Poll Dorset ram sale last
Prices were reported 64 per cent
higher than the previous year with the
top priced ram at $720 paid six times by
Eric and Ron Wright, Pine Avenue Poll Dorset stud holding the Supreme All-Breed’s Bo-Bar rams to $1500
Pair. They also showed the Reserve Champion ewe. Jamie Ramm, Bo-Bar stud,
Braidwood, sold 65 flock rams at his
annual sale at Braidwood, NSW, in
Adrian and Sascha December.
Squiers, Quairading, with
the Supreme All-Breed’s The rams sold to $1500 and averaged
pair of rams exhibited by $542.50.
Eric Heal, Dongadilling N. Cummins, Laggan, NSW, bought
stud, Beverley, WA.
six to $1500; Billaglen, Braidwood,
bought six to $700 and J.P. and A.E.
Fisher, Goulburn, NSW, bought 10 to
Five young Poll Dorset breeders,
aged 5-17 years, pooled their money to
buy sheep at M.K. and C.M. Douglas’
Abelene Park sale at Woolamin, NSW.
The budding sheep breeders, David,
Sally and Bradley Emerson and Annie
and Rachael Anderson, did their own
bidding on the six ewes they wanted.
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 29
Does more milk equal faster lamb
By ROB DAVIDSON, JOHN
MILTON and PHIL VERCOE,
Faculty of Natural and Agricultural
Sciences, UWA, Nedlands and
JOHN SEWELL, ‘Maplestead’,
THE growth rate of lambs early in their
lives is dependent on the quantity and
quality of colostrum and milk provided
by the dam and the lamb’s ability to
consume the milk.
The amount of milk produced can be
affected by ewe breed, nutrition, lacta-
tion number, stage of lactation, number
of lambs born or reared, age and
liveweight of the ewe.
Selection for dairy production has led
Ewes on platform consuming oat/lupin grain mix prior to milking.
to the creation of specialist dairy breeds
(such as the East Friesian) that produce
more milk than meat or wool breeds. on John Sewell’s ‘Maplestead’ property 2) milk composition of the East
However there is a negative correla- in Pingelly as part of the Q Lamb Super Friesian-cross ewes is more dilute
tion between milk yield and milk com- PIRD. than the milk composition of the
position. Animals that produce more The Q Lamb demonstration involved other genotypes tested; and
milk usually have a lower concentration Merino and four first-cross ewe geno- 3) progeny of the East Friesian-cross
of milk fat and protein. types (first crosses of Border Leicester, ewes will grow faster up to weaning
The East Friesian has been reported to East Friesian, Poll Dorset and SAMM) than the progeny of the Merino and
produce up to 600 litres of milk over a and studied the major attributes the first-cross ewes.
200 day lactation. involved in the production of prime Ninety single bearing ewes whose tag
Meat breeds such as the Poll Dorset lambs as has been stated in previous number and lamb birth date, birth
and Border Leicester have been report- Ovine Observer articles. weight and sex were known were split
ed to produce yields of 150 litres per The aims of this study were to deter- into two milking mobs, depending on
lactation. The Merino, a wool breed, mine if: the birth date of the lamb.
produces up to 100 litres per lactation. 1) East Friesian cross ewes will produce All ewes were on their third lactation.
There is little information on the higher daily milk yields than the The ewes were milked on six occasions
yields from dual purpose breeds, such other genotypes tested; when the average age of the lambs was
as the South African Meat Merino
(SAMM), however one report indicates Table 1: Number of ewes milked, mean daily milk yield, milk composition and daily
SAMM production can be as high as yield of the milk solids of Merino and first cross ewes over a 12 week lactation and ewe
4.8L/d. liveweight and condition score at the end of lactation and lamb weight and growth rate
Nutrition affects both the yield and to 12 weeks.
composition of milk. Attribute BL EF M PD SAMM
Under-feeding of ewes in late preg- Mean daily milk yield (l/ewe/day) 1.7bc 1.8ab 1.5d 1.9a 1.6cd
nancy reduces the development of the Milk composition (%)
udder, delays the onset of lactation, Fat 8.5a 7.2b 8.2a 8.2a 8.2a
lowers the accumulation of colostrum Protein 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.9
which leads to poor maternal instincts Lactose 5.2b 5.2ab 5.2b 5.2b 5.3a
and reduced milk yields. Total solids 19.4a 18.2b 19.0a 19.1a 19.1a
Milk yields are lowest in maiden Mean daily yield (g/ewe/day)
ewes and tend to peak at the third or Fat 148ab 133c 122c 158a 134bc
fourth lactation, after which lactation Protein 84bc 89ab 72d 98a 79cd
yields tend of decline. Lactose 90bc 97ab 78d 100a 88cd
Milk yield is also directly affected by Total solids 335b 333b 284c 364a 313bc
the stage of lactation with milk produc- Animal performance
tion increasing rapidly after parturition Ewe liveweight (kg) * 65.6a 60.1bc 57.8c 65.0a 63.2ab
and peaking between the third and fifth Ewe condition score* 2.3a 1.2c 1.7b 2.2a 2.3a
week of lactation. Lamb wt (kg) at 12 wks 38.7a 36.0b 32.4c 36.4ab 36.0b
The following is a report on the out- Lamb growth to 12 wks (g/h/d) 376a 349b 319c 366ab 340bc
comes from a lactation study conducted * The ewes were weighed and condition scored at the end of lactation (week 15)
30 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
one, three, five, seven, nine and 12
weeks of age.
The ewes were hand milked on a
mobile milking platform, four ewes at a
The time of the first milking was
recorded. Once milked, the ewes
remained in their group of four, before
being re-milked about four hours later
in the same order as the initial milking.
The milk collected at the second milk-
ing was weighed. A sub sample of the
second milk was collected and then
frozen for analysis of milk composition.
Daily milk yield = [wt of milk (2nd
milking)/time difference between 1st
and 2nd milking] x 24.
The lambs were weighed every time
their dams were milked to monitor
lamb growth rates.
The daily milk yield for all genotypes
increased until a mean maximum of
1900–2200ml/day was attained
between weeks one to five post partum
and then declined at an average rate of
18ml/day across all genotypes until
week 12 (Figure 1).
For all genotypes, more than one half
of the total milk yield was produced by The percent of milk protein did not than the Merino ewes that were, in turn,
the end of the fifth week of lactation. differ between genotypes. fatter than the East Friesian crossbred
The percentage of milk fat fluctuated The Border Leicester and Poll Dorset ewes.
depending on genotype and the con- crossbred and Merino ewes produced The East Friesian has been tradition-
centration increased towards the end of milk with lower lactose content than the ally farmed in the cooler climatic
lactation. SAMM crossbred ewes. regions of the world (areas of high rain-
The percentage of milk protein The Poll Dorset crossbred ewes pro- fall and an abundance of feed) and it is
declined to their lowest levels at week duced a significantly higher yield of possible it was not able to express its
three and then increased like milk fat, to total milk solids than all other geno- full milking potential due to the tight
their highest levels at the end of lacta- types, while the East Friesian and feed season.
tion. Border Leicester crossbred ewes pro- The breed is naturally lean but at the
The percentage of milk lactose duced a higher yield of total milk solids end of the lactation study the East
increased slightly up to week five than the Merino ewes. Friesian crossbred ewes were in poorer
before declining at the end of the lacta- The mean daily fat yield of the East body condition than all other geno-
tion. Friesian crossbred ewes was significant- types.
ly lower than the Poll Dorset and Due to being a specialist dairy breed
HIGHEST DAILY MILK YIELD Border Leicester crossbred ewes. it may indicate that the East Friesian
The Poll Dorset crossbred ewes pro- However, the higher milk yield made crossbred ewes were mobilising more of
duced the highest daily milk yields up for the lower percentage of milk fat their body reserves to produce the milk
(1.92 L/ewe/day) and yields of milk to produce similar milk fat yields as the due to the limited paddock feed avail-
fat, and these were significantly higher SAMM crossbred and Merino ewes. able.
than all genotypes except the East The East Friesian crossbred ewes also The liveweight of the second-cross
Friesian crossbred ewes. produced significantly higher milk pro- progeny (ie progeny from the first cross
The East Friesian crossbred ewes pro- tein and milk lactose yields compared ewes) were significantly heavier than
duced significantly higher milk yields with the SAMM crossbred and Merino the Merino ewe progeny. The Border
(1.84 L/ewe/d) than the SAMM cross- ewes. Leicester crossbred progeny were the
bred and Merino ewes. heaviest and fastest growing lambs.
HEAVIER They were significantly heavier and
The Border Leicester crossbred ewes
produced more milk than the Merino At the end of the lactation study the grew significantly faster than the prog-
ewes and a higher daily yield of milk fat liveweights of the Border Leicester and eny from all but the Poll Dorset ewes.
than the East Friesian crossbred and Poll Dorset crossbred ewes were signif- The progeny of the Poll Dorset and East
Merino ewes. icantly heavier than the East Friesian Friesian crossbred ewes grew signifi-
The percentage of milk fat produced crossbred and Merino ewes and the cantly faster than the Merino progeny.
by the East Friesian crossbred ewes was SAMM crossbred ewes were heavier Thus it seems that it isn’t milk yield
significantly lower than the milk fat than the Merino ewes. or milk composition alone but also the
percentages produced by the other The Border Leicester, Poll Dorset and various genetics tested that influence
genotypes. SAMM crossbred ewes were all fatter the growth rate of the progeny.
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 31
Looking back to the future
By DR ROB BANKS
Project manager, Genetic Improvement
Meat & Livestock Australia
Livestock breeding and improvement
is the second-oldest profession
Animal breeding is an activity with a
very long history and is one of the fun-
damental human activities that have
shaped our societies and civilisations.
Human-directed animal breeding
began with domestication, and has pro-
ceeded for thousands of years, as farm-
ers have chosen some animals from
amongst all those available to be par-
ents of successive generations.
The power of this activity is evi-
denced by the differences between wild
stocks, such as Soay sheep, and those
available today, and also by the enor-
mous diversity of stocks or breeds both
across different parts of the world and
within any one country or production
How has the practice of animal breed-
What are the challenges likely to face
sheep breeders in coming years and
what tools are and will be available for
breeders wishing to successfully meet The Poll Dorset was developed using Bakewell’s approach to animal breeding.
mance of animals and to objectively use weight of sheep, then we would have
ROBERT BAKEWELL – A progeny testing to identify superior ani- animals 3 times as heavy at 12
TRUE PIONEER mals. months as when Bakewell started
Modern animal breeding began with He achieved the latter by leasing out (about 150 kg assuming he started
the efforts of Robert Bakewell in bulls and rams to commercial farmers, with animals that averaged 50 kg or
England in the late 1700’s. who got some share of the progeny in 100 lbs at 12 months).
Bakewell was a pioneer who com- return for assessment of the perfor- Over the next 100-150 years,
bined openness to new ways of think- mance of those progeny. Bakewell’s methods were applied in a
ing with a capacity to use careful practi- Several interesting comments can be wide range of species and areas, leading
cal observation. made here: by the late 1990’s to the formal estab-
He pioneered work in breeding of I firstly, Bakewell was quite happy to lishment of most of the breeds we know
sheep and cattle for the new industrial mix animals from different stocks to today.
markets of the 18th century, devised help find new, more productive com-
grassland irrigation and new methods binations, before attempting to con-
for rearing livestock, manuring the land centrate these in more uniform Interestingly, the Poll Dorset breed
and using turnips as a main winter feed stocks; was developed by applying Bakewell’s
for livestock. I secondly, Bakewell pioneered meth- approach – combining genes from sev-
In particular, he recognised the value ods that are still with us today – eral breeds to form a composite, which
of developing livestock that could reach including progeny testing for carcase has since been consolidated and
market weight and ‘finish’ faster than merit, sire leasing, and testing ani- improved.
any then available, for supplying the mals’ performance on different diets. Looking back, it is at about 1900 that
rapidly growing demand for animal He also made a point of focussing on two important developments occurred
protein and energy in the form of ani- what the end customer wanted; and which we are still working through
mal fat that was a result of increasing I thirdly, we can estimate that Bakewell today.
urban populations through the indus- might have achieved perhaps one- The basic theory of genetics was
trial revolution. half of 1% gain per year. If this rate of worked out at around this time (and
In developing such animals, he was gain was maintained for 200 years considerably developed during the
the first to routinely measure perfor- without interruption for yearling 1920’s and 1930’s), and at the same time
32 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
agriculture in western countries began investment in research and develop- BIG CHALLENGES
to become more scientific and industri- ment, and have been relatively conserv-
alised. ative, so that new technologies have I suspect that the big challenges for
These changes occurred earlier in had only limited application. sheep breeders at 2003 and beyond are
some industries, notably the dairy The potential and requirements for really not that much different from
industries of Western Europe and USA. turning this around, and for capturing those facing Robert Bakewell.
The experience of the dairy industry benefits from the power of modern He had to work out what the cus-
this century has been that Bakewell’s breeding technologies, is addressed in tomer wanted, then breed it. Same
methods have had their scientific foun- the remainder of this paper. today.
dation worked out, and the industry Australia is a major exception to this He was trying to supply livestock
structure has evolved to make more and latter trend. The Australian lamb and products in a competitive market – and
more use of the ability to improve ani- sheepmeat industry has an unrivalled his product had to be better at the right
mal performance. World-wide rates of R&D portfolio and range of breeding price for him to make sales.
improvement in dairy cattle are now tools in place. These include: He also had to work at sufficient scale
approaching 2% per year. More impor- I TGRM – a breeding program design that he and his commercial producer
tantly, the methods and tools developed
from Bakewell’s original approach can
now be rapidly and effectively applied
in any species, with essentially com- ❛❛The focus on carcase merit ... has
plete confidence of success.
shifted some emphasis away from
Summing up, history shows us that
livestock breeding has been successful- growth, lambing rate and wool.❜❜
ly carried out over thousands of years. – Rob Banks
More recently, some common sense
methods were applied, leading in this
century to a period of intense develop-
ment of the scientific basis for animal
breeding programs. Until recently,
sheep breeding has not fully captured
the power available in modern animal system being used by sheep and cat- network could actually produce
breeding. The Australian lamb industry tle breeders across Australia to signif- enough products – remember: he was
is an exception – and is indeed now a icantly accelerate genetic progress working during the Industrial
world-leader in use of effective modern whilst controlling inbreeding; Revolution, when millions of people
breeding technology coupled with I Gene Markers for Eating Quality – flocked to the big cities of England.
sound practical common sense. R&D to allow breeders to identify Same problem today – Australia bare-
problem animals very early in life; ly produces enough lamb to supply
SHEEP BREEDING NOW existing customers, and there is clear
I Young Sire Programs – which encour-
AND INTO THE FUTURE evidence that the world market could
age rapid and widespread early use
The present situation with meat of outstanding young male animals, take a lot more of our wonderful prod-
sheep breeding is that most western and help build more accurate genetic uct.
countries are focussing more breeding evaluations (many of the current Finally, he was driven by the desire to
interest on carcase merit, and this has leading Poll Dorset sires were bred in improve – or go out of business. Same
led to widespread use of some muscle flocks involved in the Meat Elite today.
breeds during the 1990’s. young sire program); and FROM BAKEWELL
Note that in Australia, its expansion I Genetics of Growth and Maturity pat- TO 2003 AND BEYOND
has been slowed mainly because of the terns – R&D to focus on curve-ben-
successful use of Lambplan by the ders – animals with low birth weight, There is much that we use today that
major breeds, including Poll Dorset, to rapid growth and high carcase merit. would not surprise Robert Bakewell,
increase lamb growth rate and carcase A bonus is that sires for different although I am sure he would relish the
merit. feeding systems are being identified. opportunities to use computers and
The focus on carcase merit is based on I Superior Maternal Genetics – the modern breeding technology.
the recognition that sheepmeat is seen Maternal Central Progeny Test is He would also love to be involved in
as too fat for higher-value markets, and unique in the world, focussing on the exciting range of R&D projects out
that major change is required in this genetics for lifetime profitability in there in industry, sharing ideas for
area in order to stabilise (and then re- maternal sheep. improvement with other like-minded
build) sheep-meat consumption. All that and more R&D is backing the breeders and producers.
This focus has shifted some emphasis use of modern genetic evaluation. Finally, I am sure he would be
away from other areas such as growth Breeders using Lambplan are making tremendously excited by the opportuni-
rate, lambing rate and wool production, faster progress than even Robert ties to use breeding skills and tools, new
which all affect costs of production and Bakewell would have dreamed possible knowledge, and the land and sheep
capacity to target markets. – still retaining the focus on structurally resources we have in Australia, to pro-
In addition, sheep meat industries in sound animals that breed the lambs our duce more and more outstanding prod-
most countries have had relatively little customers want. ucts for consumers here and overseas.
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 33
New committee for
WA Poll Dorsets
THE Western Australian Regional Adrian Baker from Westfeeds was the
Committee of the Poll Dorset next speaker and continued on the
Association held its Annual General theme of preparing lambs.
Meeting at York on February 26. Getting optimum growth from avail-
Members and friends met first at the able feed and utilising vitamin supple-
feedlot of Peter and Tony Boyle ment to maintain good health and
Broadlands Lamb Shed, just outside of growth.
Open (18-25 years) Poll Dorset junior
York on the Beverley Road. He stressed the importance of prepar- judging competition winner Brenton
Scott Boyle showed the party through ing ewes for lambing to give their Fairclough (left rear), Stockdale stud,
the Feedlot explaining all aspects of the lambs a good start. He also felt it was York, is pictured with Elders Breeding
Services representative Roger Fris,
enterprise. beneficial to pregnancy test ewes for and over-judge Lewis Shepherd, Mt
Scott had done the initial feasibility twins and singles and run them on dif- Barker, and junior (14-17yrs) judging
study into running of the feedlot. About ferent feeding regimes. team winners from Denmark
Agricultural College winners Joe
800 crossbred lambs are turned off each He also spoke on the problems with Pederick (front left), Josh Bunn and
week. These are processed at Walsh’s mastitis in ewes and explained the dif- Mark Zaddow. The Agricultural College
and Goodchild’s. ferent ways it spread through a mob cit- teams event was contested by
Denmark, Cunderdin, Esperance and
The feeding regime is well planned ing research from the diary industry. Harvey students.
with each animal eating about 1.6kg per Adrian also suggested that we look
day of pellets. Their drinking water has into Effective Breeding Programs being Denmark students
mineral supplement added to it for pro- run by the Kondinin Group.
moting good health of all animals. The AGM was then held with our
win coveted shield
Boyle’s are concentrating on keeping new president being Keith Ladyman STUDENTS from the Denmark
the operation ‘clean and green’. After from the Dumbledee stud near Agricultural College overcame
touring the feedlot it was back to York Katanning. intense rivalry from Cunderdin
for lunch. Laurie Fairclough was elected vice- Agricultural College to clinch the
The afternoon session started with president. Laurie is the owner of Poll Dorset Association WA branch
two guest speakers. Firstly Ron Stockdale stud at York. junior judging shield.
Cruickshank from CSL spoke on the Retiring president was Perry Jasper The shield was first awarded in
importance of vaccinating lambs both from the Jolma stud.The Royal 2000 and had been tightly held by
for Pulpy Kidney and for cobalt defi- Agricultural Society will act as Cunderdin but Joe Pederick, Josh
ciency. Ron stressed the importance of Secretary for the Association. Lewis Bunn and Mark Zaddow from
lamb breeders following up with a sec- Shepherd from the Leween stud was Denmark teamed up to win this year.
ond vaccination and then a yearly returned as treasurer. Joe amassed the top score to win
booster to make the animal immuned Denise Gooding from Denroy stud the individual 14-17 years section
for life. will remain Publicity and Promotion with Sloan King and Ashley Spear,
Vitamin B12 can help prepare ewes Officer. Other members of the both from Cunderdin Ag College,
for lambing by boosting immune sys- Committee for 2003 are: second and third respectively. The
tems and improving colostrum for the Jane Bushby, Dawson Bradford Jnr, section attracted 49 competitors.
newborn lamb. Farmers should always Bruce Buswell, Eric Heal, John Jasper, The open section from 18-25 years
vaccinate lambs twice, four to six weeks Perry Jasper, Wally Mills, Ian Reynolds, was won for the second successive
apart, or they are really wasting the first Chris Squiers, Ron Wright, Ian Cassidy year by Brenton Fairclough,
vaccination. In a feedlot, however, the and Steven Eales Stockdale stud, York, with Ryan
initial dose lasts until slaughter. – Denise Gooding Meldrum, Cunderdin, runner-up.
Certificates of Merit
John Nagel, Neelloc, West Pingelly and Alan Boyle,
Worrell Park, Quairading were presented with
Certificates of Merit for their work with the Australian
Poll Dorset Association at the Wagin Woolorama.
Our photo shows Eric Heal (left) presenting one of the
certificates to Alan Boyle.
34 Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003
Back cover (including spot colour)$430+GST
Inside back cover $300+GST
Inside front cover $300+GST
Double page spread $510+GST
Centre Spread $550+GST
POLL DORSETS Full page $265+GST
Half page $180+GST
26th Annual Quarter page
Production Sale. G Photographs used in advertisements will
carry a fee of $8 each + GST.
Wednesday 8th G Commercial Advertisers rates will be
members rates plus 25%.
October 2003 Spot and Four-Colour
Spot colour is available at a flat rate of $60
Englewood Park Prime Lambs per page or part thereof + GST.
sold to Castricum Bros. on 27-3-03 Four colour is available at $150 + GST with
a second page at $75 + GST.
Goods and Services Tax
The Goods and Services Tax applies to all
advertisments except those submitted by NZ
All advertisements should be sent to the
300 Lambs av. weight 23.73kg There are no service fees for advertisers who
supply full electronic artwork. including pho-
tographic scans. These advertisements
VIASCAN - MEAT YIELD av. 53.46% should be emailed or posted direct to the
The following typesetting fees will apply
VIASCAN - all FAT SCORES were 3 where professional artwork is not supplied:
1/8 or 1/4 page $25 + GST
Top Lamb returns $163.85 1/2 page $50 + GST
Page $80 + GST
Enquiries Welcome Anytime: Geoff Oliver, Dates to Remember
ENGLEWOOD PARK Inverleigh, 3321
Ph: (03) 5265 1493 (03) 5265 1388 Issue Advertising & Date
Fax: (03) 5265 1133 Editorial Copy posted
Sept 2003 Closes August 1 Sept 1
Dec 2003 Closes Nov 7 Dec 14
Advertising inquiries should be made to:
APDA Federal Secretary,
Breeding Rams with the Genetics to GPO Box 75B, Melbourne, Vic, 3001
Phone: (03) 9817 6711 Fax: (03) 9817 6125
produce top Prime Lambs
Poll Dorset Journal, May 2003 35
On show at Brick solid
Cowra in 2003
Son of Gloroy
Gloroy 575/00 (T)
On show at 2003
The four rams pictured left
and son of prove that Gloroy genetics
Gloroy 99/97 breed on and on ...
Sire to Son.
New sire is Gloroy 575/00
Gloroy 99/97 Show team by three unrelated rams:
‘D’Artagnan’ ❑ Bethelrei 453 ❑ Gloroy 575/00
Champion ram ASBA ❑ Gloroy Missile
1st Ram Lamb ASBA
Sire of $11,000 top
ram at Gloroy in 2002
39th Annual Sale
Son of Gloroy Watch for date
1/95(T) below offering:
30 Stud Rams 100 Stud Ewes
‘One-For-All’ 120 Flock Rams
2nd Shorn Pair
Col & Jenny 03 5438 7473
Dam is dam of Roy & Gloria 03 5438 7263
3 stud rams Showing at
Gloroy 289/94 Gloroy 99/93
Dam of Gloroy ‘Duchess’
Champion Ewe All Breeds Supreme Ewe
Hamilton Melb ASBA
Supreme Poll Dorset
1st Ewe Lamb Albury
Melb Royal 1st Ewe Lamb Melb &
Hamilton Feature Shows