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    March 6, 2011                           phone: +1.609.632.1692
                                             Fax: +1.609.235.9667
  Internet, phone                         InFo@MeMIauctIons.coM
and MaIl bId auctIon                      www.MeMIauctIons.coM




             Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc
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    nection with telephone bidding. We are also not liable for any failure
                                      March 6, 2011 at 1:00 pM
          Internet, phone and MaIl bId auctIon – Yakov lurYe, auctIoneer
                   Pre-auction viewing is available March 4–5, at the Cranbury, NJ offices
                        of Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, by appointment only.
  Please call us in advance at +1.609.632-1692 with a list of lots you wish to view.
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                               phone: +1.609.632.1692 Fax: +1.609.235.9667
                  eMaIl: InFo@MeMIauctIons.coM WebsIte: WWW.MeMIauctIons.coM
the following conventions had been used in this catalog:                         (2) English translations of Russian names of books, posters and
(1) In some cases, the auctioneer was unable identify with sufficient            other items offered for the auction usually follow the Russian
degree of certainty the name of an author, or an artist of the item              transliteration. Such transliterations are enclosed in square brackets,
being offered. In this case, the name of an artist will appear in                e.g. Posolon [Sunward].
square brackets: [ ].
P.O. Box 3040, Princeton, NJ 08540 USA                                                 Phone:+1.609.632.1692 Fax:+1.609.235.9667
Email: info@memiauctions.com                                                                          web: www.memiauctions.com


                                                    Auction Bidding Form
                                                MArch 6, 2011 At 1:00 pM
                                               (via Internet, phone or mail bid)
Name________________________________________________________________________________________________

Address 1 ____________________________________________________________________________________________

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City _____________________________              State/Province _______        ZIP CODE_____________

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 Lot                   Bid (Phone)            Lot                    Bid (Phone)            Lot                   Bid (Phone)




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including the buyer’s premium
We reserve the right to ask for bank or business references before bid approval.


SIGNATURE: __________________________________________                                      DATE:______________________
                                                 Posters, 1918–1927                                                           1

      Lot 1
      Apsit, A.: tsAr, pop i BogAch, 1918
      Tsar, pop i bogach [Tsar, Priest, and the Rich], poster
      by Alexander Apsit, 106 x 71 cm. VTsIK, 1918.
      Apsit is often called the “father of the Bolshevik poster”
      (Stephen Eskilson, “Graphic Design—A New History”, Yale
      University Press, 2007). From 1918–1919, he produced
      over 70 posters for the Soviet government, before leaving
      Russia for his native Latvia. Apsit’s design for the Tsar,
      pop I bogach became very popular, as evidenced by the
      existence of an alternative 1918 version published under
      the Msheniye Tsaryam title (in the 1914–1921 Soviet
      posters collection of the British Library; see the research
      help file posted on the library website).
      $800–$1,200




                                                                Lot 2
                                                                Apsit, A.: KorABl Kontrrevolutsii . . ., 1918
                                                                Korabl Kontr-revolutsii razbivayetsya o Sovetskiye
                                                                tverdyni [The Ship of Counter-Revolution Crashes at
                                                                the Rock of Soviet State], 1918 poster by Aspid (one of
                                                                the pseudonyms used by Alexander Apsit, 1880–1944).
                                                                VTsiK Publishing (Moscow), 106 x 71 cm, backed on
                                                                Japanese paper.
                                                                Apsit, “the father of Bolshevik poster”, produced a large
                                                                number of posters for the Soviet government before
                                                                leaving Russia for his native Latvia. He is credited with
                                                                developing many distinct Soviet symbols, including the
                                                                hammer and sickle and the red star.
                                                                $800–$1,200




internet and Mail Bid Auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                         March 6, 2011
2                                               Posters, 1918–1927
                                                                Lot 3
                                                                Anonymous Artist: russo-
                                                                Polish WAr Poster, 1920
                                                                [Workers And Peasants, Saddle Your
                                                                Horses! Red Cavalry Is the Guarantee
                                                                of Our Victory], expressive Polish
                                                                language poster of the Russo-Polish
                                                                War campaign. 81 x 64 cm, published
                                                                by the Red Army Political Directorate of
                                                                the Kiev District, 1920.
                                                                $600–800




                   Lot 4
                   Anonymous Artist: WrAngel
                   CAmPAign Poster, 1920
                   Krimsky pauk dolzhen byt razdavlen [The
                   Crimean Spider Must Be Squashed] by
                   anonymous artist. 43 x 32 cm, printed by
                   the printing house of Poyugzap/
                   Pouktrudarm, [Kharkov, 1920].
                   From the final stages of the Soviet
                   campaign against the Wrangel’s White
                   Army. The poster was printed to the order
                   of the Political Directorate of the South-
                   Western Front (Poyugzap).
                   $400–$600




internet and mail Bid Auction          Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                  march 6, 2011
                                                Posters, 1918–1927                                                        3

Lot 5
Anonymous Artist: PozhAlel ty KhlebA . . ., 1920
Pozhalel ty khleba sduru . . . [You Did Not Want to Provide
Your Army With Bread—Now Polish Pan Will Beat You Up,
and the Bread Will Go to Shlyakhta (Polish gentry)], 44 x
36 cm, 1920.
Russo-Polish War period poster of the prodrazverstka campaign
in Ukraine. The artist relied on the archetypal image of a hated
Polish “pan” mistreating his Ukrainian serfs that dates back to
the times preceding the Khmelnitsky Uprising. Handing over
the surplus grain and fodder to the Soviet State is presented
as the only way to avoid the return of the bad old times.
$400–$600




                                                                   Lot 6
                                                                   Anonymous Artist: sitno
                                                                   nAKormit’ sumeyem . . ., 1920
                                                                   Sitno nakormit’ sumeyem nashu armiyu
                                                                   rodnuyu—nichego ne pozhaleem I
                                                                   progonim shlyakhtu zluyu [We Will
                                                                   Manage to Feed Our Dear Army—And
                                                                   Defeat the Hated Polish Gentry], poster
                                                                   by anonymous artist, produced in
                                                                   Odessa, 1920.
                                                                   Another poster of the 1920 prodrazverstka
                                                                   campaign in Ukraine, again playing on the
                                                                   historic dislike of the Polish gentry
                                                                   (“shlyakhta”) by Ukrainian peasants.
                                                                   $400–$600




internet and mail bid Auction          Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                      march 6, 2011
4                                               Posters, 1918–1927
                                                                       Lot 7
                                                                       Anonymous Artist: VypolnyAy
                                                                       rAzVerstku, 1920
                                                                       Esli hochesh sitets da sherstku—
                                                                       vypolnyai razverstku [To Get Cotton
                                                                       and Wool, Comply With Razverstka
                                                                       Quotas], military communism poster
                                                                       by an anonymous artist, 36 x 45 cm,
                                                                       Odessa, 1920.
                                                                       “Workers need bread. They will provide
                                                                       you with the products manufactured in
                                                                       the cities”, etc. Prodrazverstka, the Civil
                                                                       War period food procurements quota
                                                                       system, was introduced by the
                                                                       Bolshevik government to supply the
                                                                       Red Army and to combat the acute
                                                                       food shortages in the Russian cities.
                                                                       $400–$600




              Lot 8
              Cheremnykh, m.: Vot Chto idyet
              Vmeste s kolChAkom, 1920
              Vot chto idyet vmeste s Kolchakom [This Is
              What Comes With Kolchak (Army)], poster by
              Mikhail Cheremnykh (1890–1962). 70 x 52 cm,
              Ryazan, 1920.
              Mikhail Cheremnykh is credited with originating
              the Satire Window poster format. He served as
              the ROSTA Windows art director through the
              Civil War. Later, he was one of the founders of
              the popular satirical magazine Krokodil.
              $400–$600




internet and mail Bid Auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                             march 6, 2011
                                                 Posters, 1918–1927                         5

                    Lot 9
                    Anonymous Artist: Profsoyuzy—
                    stroiteli KommunizmA, 1921
                    Profsoyuzy—Stroiteli Kommunizma [Trade
                    Unions Are the Builders of Communism],
                    post-Civil War poster acknowledging the
                    role of trade unions in the revolutionary
                    struggle (top pane), and underscoring
                    their role in building the bright future
                    (bottom pane). 102 x 72 cm, Gosizdat,
                    Moscow, 1921.
                    $500–$700




  Lot 10
  Anonymous Artist: yug, Posmotri nA sever . . ., 1921
  Yug, posmotri na Sever . . . [South, Look at the North, and Offer Your Bread
  to Your Starving Brethren], 74 x 45 cm, Gosizdat of Kuban-Black Sea Region
  [Krasnodar, 1921].
  Attractive Lubok-style poster of the Volga Famine period.
  $400–$600



internet and mail Bid Auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc       march 6, 2011
6                                             Posters, 1918–1927
                                                                           Lot 11
                                                                           Anonymous Artist: Het
                                                                           negrAmotnost . . ., 1921
                                                                           Het negramotnost i temryavu!
                                                                           [Down with Illiteracy!],
                                                                           Ukrainian language poster by
                                                                           anonymous artist. 84 x 56 cm,
                                                                           produced to the order of
                                                                           VTSiK, printed in Kiev,
                                                                           c. 1920–1922.
                                                                           “Red Army Soldiers! Illiterate
                                                                           are fooled by priests, dukes and
                                                                           other dark forces without even
                                                                           noticing it—but no force can
                                                                           overcome you if you are
                                                                           educated and knowledgeable”.
                                                                           The book in the left pane is The
                                                                           ABC of Communism (Bukharin
                                                                           and Preobrazhensky, 1920), the
                                                                           most widely read political work
                                                                           of the Civil War period.
                                                                           $800–$1,200




Lot 12
sAyAnsky, L.: urAL rostA WindoWs
Poster, c. 1921
Prezhde—Teper [Before and Now], poster
produced for Ural ROSTA Windows, 24 x 43 cm,
Ekaterinburg, c. 1921, signed Sayansky.
ROSTA window poster produced locally in the Ural
regional office. Ural ROSTA opened in 1919, and
was based in Ekaterinburg.
L. Sayansky’s name
appears on a number of
Ural ROSTA posters.
Sayansky was a journalist
and satirical writer in
charge of Ural ROSTA
propaganda; most likely,
he produced these
posters with assistance
from professional artists.
In the 1920s, Sayansky
became a frequent
contributor to the satirical
magazine Krokodil, and
published a number of
books about Siberia.
$800–$1,200




internet and mail Bid Auction         Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                      march 6, 2011
                                             Posters, 1918–1927                      7

Lot 13
Anonymous Artist: 1923 ConsCription
poster
Enemy Is Awake! (conscripts born in) 1902, Be
on Guard!, Belorussian language poster by an
anonymous artist. 44 x 70 cm, Glavpolitprosvet
SSSR, printed in Minsk, 1923.
“Taught to read, conscripts born
in 1901 return from the Army;
1902 youth replaces the class
of 1901 in the defense of
peaceful labor”. In 1923, the
draft age was 21 years, and
service duration was set to one
year (with some exceptions).
Interestingly, the new conscripts
carry a banner that reads “No
Deserters!”
$600–$800




 Lot 14
 Anonymous Artist: Amusing Lubok
 poster, 1923
 Girlfriends, instead of spending time
 powdering your mugs (“rozhi”), become
 members of the (Communist) Youth Union!.
 A Lubok-style poster with a decidedly
 lowbrow ditty for a caption. Anonymous
 artist, 34 x 52 cm, Gosizdat, 1923.
 $400–$600

internet and mail bid Auction        Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc   march 6, 2011
8                                               Posters, 1918–1927
                                                            Lot 15
                                                            Anonymous Artist: LiterAcy
                                                            cAmpAign poster, c. 1925
                                                            Vstupaite v Obshestvo “Doloi
                                                            Negramotnost” [Become a Member of the
                                                            “Down With Illiteracy” Society], 50 x 35 cm
                                                            poster, Gosizdat, Moscow, c. 1925–1926.
                                                            The Down With Illiteracy Society (ODN) was
                                                            created in 1923 with the aim to combat
                                                            illiteracy and near-illiteracy among the adult
                                                            population. Under the five-year campaign
                                                            plan adopted by ODN, the literacy campaign
                                                            originally concentrated on the city population;
                                                            in two years, campaign’s main focus had
                                                            shifted to the Russian countryside. The
                                                            poster dates to this second phase.
                                                            $400–$600




                   Lot 16
                   Anonymous Artist: sdAvAi
                   mAkhorku . . ., mid-1920s
                   Sdavai Makhorku Kooperatsii . . . [Sell
                   Your Tobacco to Soviet Cooperatives . .
                   .], mid-1920s poster by anonymous artist,
                   73 x 50 cm, Rabochaya Gazeta
                   Newspaper Publishing.
                   With the advent of the New Economic
                   Policy, the prodrazvertka system under
                   which the State claimed the right to all
                   food surpluses was replaced by a milder
                   prodnalog (food tax). Peasants were
                   obligated to sell a predetermined portion of
                   their crops to the State, but the rest could
                   be sold in the open market. The poster
                   urges tobacco growers to sell the surplus
                   tobacco to Government-controlled
                   cooperatives, and not to “speculators,
                   enemies of the Soviet State”.
                   $400–$600




internet and mail Bid Auction          Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                     march 6, 2011
                                                  Posters, 1918–1927                     9

                    Lot 17
                    Deineka, a.: SoSuD Diavol’Skii, c.
                    1926
                    Sosud diavol’skii [The Devil’s Vessel],
                    poster by Alexander Deineka (1889–
                    1969). 51 x 65 cm, published by the
                    Bezbozhnik u stanka magazine, Moscow,
                    ca. 1926.
                    Alexander Deineka is considered one of the
                    best Russian figurative painters of the XXth
                    century. Admittedly, one can’t tell this easily
                    by looking at the offered poster, but his is a
                    very important name, and Deineka’s posters
                    are in demand. This poster dates to the
                    early period of artist’s career, when he
                    supported himself by occasional orders for
                    posters and book illustrations.
                    $800–$1,200




Lot 18
conStructiviSt PoSter in YiDDiSh, ukraine, 1927
Tabel-Kalendar . . . [1928 Events Calendar], Yiddish language
poster. 52 x 35 cm, Kharkov, 1927.
Kharkov, the capital of Ukraine between 1919 and 1934, had a
large Jewish population; was the home for all-Ukrainian Yiddish
newspapers, magazines,
and the All-Ukrainian
Yiddish theater; and was
the center of activities for
the Ukrainian Yevsektsiya
(Jewish Section of the
Communist Party), which
produced propaganda
materials in Yiddish until it
was disbanded in 1929.
Yiddish language posters
were produced in fairly
large numbers at the time,
but few survived, especially
in Kharkov, which was
largely destroyed in the
course of the Great
Patriotic War.
 $600–$800




internet and Mail Bid auction            Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc   March 6, 2011
10                                             Posters, 1918–1928
                                                       Lot 19
                                                       Yuon, K.: VsYo obshestVo . . ., 1927
                                                       Vsyo obshestvo dolzhno prevratitsya v
                                                       yediny kooperativ trudyashikhsya [The
                                                       Whole Society Must Become a Global
                                                       Workers Cooperative], poster by the
                                                       famous Russian artist Konstantin Yuon
                                                       (1875–1959). 106 x 70 cm,
                                                       TsentroSoyuz, Moscow, 1927.
                                                       An often-reproduced poster. The text
                                                       quotes two passages from Lenin’s O
                                                       kooperatsii [About Cooperation] (1923).
                                                       The campaign promoting the creation of
                                                       distribution cooperatives in the countryside
                                                       later gave way to the collectivization drive.
                                                       $800–$1,200




        Lot 20
        AnonYmous Artist: K otchetu o
        rAbote . . ., 1928
        K Otchyotu O Rabote . . . [Report of the
        Moscow Government Soviet’s Executive
        Committee on Its Activities for the
        October 1926–October
        1928 Period]. Statistical
        poster with photomontage
        elements, 71 x 106 cm,
        printed to the order of the
        Moscow Soviet, 1928.
        An interesting example of
        Soviet pictorial statistics in
        the pre-IZOSTAT period.
        Otto Neurath would have
        likely disapproved of the
        design, but his ideas did
        not take root in the Soviet
        Union until 1931.
        $800–$1,200




internet and mail bid Auction            Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                            march 6, 2011
                                                Posters, 1928–1937                                                           11

                    Lot 21
                    Kogout, N.: KaK VKolachiVayut V
                    cheloVeKa Religiyu, c. 1928
                    Kak vkolachivayut v cheloveka religiyu
                    [Methods of Religious Indoctrination],
                    poster by N. Kogout, likely produced in
                    course of his work for the Bezbozhnik
                    [The Atheist] magazine.
                    Graphic artist Nikolai Kogout (1891–1959)
                    is considered one of the “founding fathers”
                    of the political Soviet poster. His first
                    posters date to the Civil War period.
                    $500–$700




                                                         Lot 22
                                                         aNoNymous aRtist: chitaite . . . ZhuRNal
                                                         KRasNaya NiVa, 1929
                                                         Chitaite . . . Zhurnal Krasnaya Niva [Read The
                                                         “Red Cornfield” Magazine], well-executed
                                                         Constructivist poster, 55 x 35 cm, ca. 1929.
                                                         Krasnaya Niva, a weekly magazine of the Izvestiya
                                                         newspaper, was published from 1923–1931. Its
                                                         editors were Anatoly Lunacharsky, the first Soviet
                                                         Comissar of Enlightenment, and Yuri Steklov-
                                                         Nakhamkis (revolutionary and historian, one of the
                                                         authors of the first Soviet Constitution, first editor
                                                         of Izvestiya; he was executed by Stalin in 1938).
                                                         Krasnaya Niva attracted the leading Soviet artists
                                                         and writers, paid much attention to art and literature
                                                         developments abroad, and was generally less
                                                         politicized than its Pravda counterpart, the Projector.
                                                         $800–$1,200




internet and mail Bid auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                         march 6, 2011
12                                    Posters, 1928–1937
                                               Lot 23
                                               Anonymous Artist: 1929 Azeri LAnguAge Poster
                                               Peasants, Learn the Goals of the Sowing Campaign,
                                               photomontage poster in Azeri language. 107 x 72 cm,
                                               RIO ASPS, Baku, 1929.
                                               Regional photomontage posters of
                                               the period are difficult to come by.
                                               $800–$1,200




                                           Lot 24
                                           Khristoforov, s.: Den’ KoLLeKtivizAtsii . . ., 1929
                                           Da Zdravstvuyet Den’ Urozhaya I Kollektivizatsii . . . [Hail to
                                           the Day of Harvest and Collectivzation], poster by Sergei
                                           Khristoforov (1891–?). 104 x 69 cm, OGIZ-IZOGIZ, 1929.
                                           In the course of the collectivization campaign, October 14, 1929
                                           was declared the “Day of Harvest and Collectivization”. The new
                                           holiday turned out to be a one-of-a-kind event.
                                           $800–$1,200




internet and mail Bid Auction   Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                   march 6, 2011
                                                Posters, 1928–1937                     13

                    Lot 25
                    TiTov, B., and Pernikov, e.:
                    LoTereya avTodor, 1929
                    Lotereya Avtodor [Avtodor Lottery],
                    colorful Constructivist poster by Efim
                    Pernikov (1903–1966), and Boris Titov
                    (1897–1951), 107 x 73 cm, Geokartprom,
                    Moscow, 1929.
                    Avtodor Society was created in 1927 to
                    foster the development of auto transport
                    in the USSR. Avtodor was allowed to
                    run statewide lotteries, with proceeds
                    earmarked for road improvements, and
                    for creating a network of driving schools.
                    The names Boris Titov and Efim Pernikov
                    are well known to collectors of Soviet
                    Constructivist book graphics. Both were
                    active as magazine illustrators, book
                    illustrators, and poster artists through the
                    1920s and 1930s. Of necessity, their style
                    had undergone considerable changes in the
                    later period.
                    $1,200–$1,500




Lot 26
[vaLerianov, n.]: Zhenskiy den . . .,
PhoTomonTage PosTer
V Mezhdunarodnyi Zhenskiy Den . . . [On the
International Women’s Day . . .], attractive
photomontage poster, 100 x 72 cm,
OGIZ-IZOGIZ, Leningrad -
Moscow, c. 1930.
Lengthy versed caption involves
an invitation to peasant women to
join cooperatives, and to become
the Communist party members;
this ties the poster to
collectivization campaigns of
1929–1931, and to the workerist
campaign of 1930–1931.
Poster is signed “N.V.”, and is
attributed by the consignor to the
posterist and film artist Nikolai
Valerianov (1905–?), who is
known to sign his posters in this
fashion. A somewhat less likely
possibility is that the poster was
produced by Valentin Nekrasov,
author of several photomontage
posters of the 1930s featuring
images of working women.
$2,000–$3,000




internet and mail Bid auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc   march 6, 2011
14                                              Posters, 1928–1937
                                                         Lot 27
                                                         Anonymous Artist: Bey! . . .,
                                                         temperAnce poster, 1930
                                                         Anonymous Artist. Bey! Po vragu
                                                         kulturnoy revolyutsii [Attack the
                                                         Enemy of the Cultural Revolution].
                                                         70 x 45 cm, 1930.
                                                         An iconic poster of the aggressive
                                                         temperance campaign of 1929–1930,
                                                         rivaling in popularity Bulanov’s Papa,
                                                         ne pey! [Daddy, don’ drink!], and
                                                         Deni’s Dolbanyom! [Hit It!].
                                                         In the Soviet Union, the term “
                                                         Cultural Revolution” was used in
                                                         a different context than in China
                                                         under Mao. Soviet “Cultural
                                                         Revolution” campaigns of the
                                                         1920s and early 1930s were mostly
                                                         aimed at attacking such societal ills
                                                         as illiteracy and living an unhealthy
                                                         lifestyle. Vices like alcoholism were
                                                         denounced as socially dangerous and
                                                         economically debilitating, and,
                                                         therefore, counter-revolutionary.
                                                         $3,000–$4,000




                 Lot 28
                 Anonymous Artist: oirAt
                 LAnguAge poster, c. 1930
                 Rare Oirat language poster, with the title
                 translating as Let Us Join the Kolkhoz.
                 Tsentrizdat, ca. 1930.
                 Oirat is the language of the Kalmyks, a
                 Mongolic people who in XVIIth century
                 had migrated to the western shores of the
                 Caspian Sea.
                 $500–$700




internet and mail Bid Auction          Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                         march 6, 2011
                                                   Posters, 1928–1937                                                       15

            Lot 29
            Anonymous Artist: PidchAs ViboriV . . .,
            c. 1930
            Pidchas viboriv v rairad . . . [At the Time of
            Elections to Regional Soviets . . . ], an attractive
            photomontage poster by an anonymous artist, text
            in Ukrainian. 47 x 38 cm, [Kharkov, c. 1930].
            “At the time of local elections let us mobilize society
            to clean up cities and villages, and speed up repairs
            of existing, and construction of new housing “.
            $500–$700




                                                                  Lot 30
                                                                  cheremnykh, m.: PtitseloVy, 1930
                                                                  Ptitselovy [Bird Catchers], mass-
                                                                  produced lithograph sheet after the
                                                                  original work by Mikhail Cheremnykh
                                                                  (1890–1962). 50 x 35 cm, Gosizdat,
                                                                  Moscow, 1930.
                                                                  A priest and a preacher fail to lure new
                                                                  converts into the “cage of religion”, only an
                                                                  old ignorant woman is still susceptible to
                                                                  their tricks.
                                                                  Mikhail Cheremnykh is best remembered as
                                                                  the artist in charge of the ROSTA Windows
                                                                  (1919 –1921), and one of the founders of
                                                                  the popular satirical magazine Krokodil [The
                                                                  Crocodile]. An active contributor to the
                                                                  atheist magazine Bezbozhnik u stanksa
                                                                  [Atheist at the Work Bench], Cheremnykh
                                                                  produced a large number of anti-religious
                                                                  posters and caricatures.
                                                                  $400–$600




internet and mail bid Auction             Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                      march 6, 2011
16                                               Posters, 1928–1937
                                                           Lot 31
                                                           Efanov, v.: ProlEtariy vo vtUZy . . ., c. 1930
                                                           Proletariy, vo VTUZy, tekhnikumy, na perepodgotovky—eto put’
                                                           sozdaniya proletarskikh kadrov [Workers: Go to Colleges and
                                                           Technical Schools, Sign Up for Retraining Courses—This Is How
                                                           We Will Create the Proletarian Cadre (of specialists)], large
                                                           (104 x 71 cm) poster by Vasily Efanov (1900–1972), ca. 1930.
                                                           Efanov’s artistic career had started rather inauspiciously—he had
                                                           failed to get into Free Art Academy in Petrograd and then into
                                                           Moscow VKhUTEMAS. He stayed in Moscow, taking classes with
                                                           Kardovsky in a smaller Chemko studio. Through the 1920s and early
                                                           1930s, he worked as a magazine and newspaper illustrator and as a
                                                           stage designer (and actor!) for a smaller Moscow theater, the 4th
                                                           MKhAT Studio.
                                                           In 1934, Efanov was invited to work in an artist brigade charged with
                                                           producing the monumental painting “Battle of Perekop”, honoring a
                                                           major Civil War battle. His efforts were noticed, and he found favor
                                                           with the regime as a monumental artist. By the time of Stalin’s death,
                                                           he had won five State Prizes (1941, 1946, 1948, 1950, 1952). In
                                                           1947, he became a full member of the Soviet Academy of Arts.
                                                           $1,000–$1,500




           Lot 32
           MirZoEv, G.: 2-i DEn UDarnika . . ., 1930 GEorGian PostEr
           Pechatniki! . . . [Printers! . . . Hail to The 2nd Shock Workers Day . . .], poster by Grigory
           Mirzoyev (1903–). Text in Russian (with a few words in Georgian), 71 x 95 cm, Tbilisi,
           1930. Poster is clearly in a need of restoration, but the image portion is intact.
           Issued for a repeat of the
           1929 statewide Shock
           Worker Day campaign.
           January 1, 1931, normally
           a holiday, was declared
           the Second Shock
           Worker Day. Workers
           were encouraged to come
           to work (without pay).
           Artist Grigory Mirzoyev
           was one of the founders
           of SARMA (Association
           of Revolutionary Artists of
           Georgia).
           $300–$500




internet and Mail Bid auction            Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                       March 6, 2011
                                               Posters, 1928–1937                                                      17

                   Lot 33
                   Romanov, a.: TovaRish, Zapomni
                   noRmy, 1930
                   Tovarish, zapomni normy [Comrade,
                   Memorize the Norms], poster by Alexei
                   Romanov (1904–?). 74 x 52 cm, produced
                   for VKO Soyuzkozha, Moscow, 1930.
                   Tannery workers are exhorted to avoid
                   waste and to comply with normatives. A
                   well-designed poster.
                   $800–$1,200




                                                            Lot 34
                                                            suR’yaninov, v.: CheReZ
                                                            sbeRkassy . . ., 1930
                                                            Cherez sberkassy vklyuchim svoi
                                                            sberezheniya na vypolneniye pyatiletki v 4
                                                            goda [Open a Savings Bank Account and
                                                            Put Your Savings to Work on Fulfilling the
                                                            Five-Year Plan in 4 Years], poster by Vasily
                                                            Sur’yaninov (1903–1991). 72 x 52 cm,
                                                            Gosfinizdat, Moscow - Leningrad, 1931.
                                                            Meritorious Artist of Russian Federation
                                                            Vasily Sur’yaninov had a long and productive
                                                            career as a posterist and book illustrator. He
                                                            was still producing posters in 1980s.
                                                            $400–$600




internet and mail bid auction         Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                     march 6, 2011
18                                      Posters, 1928–1937
                                                 Lot 35
                                                 Svarog, v.: Delegatka . . ., 1930
                                                 Delegatka, na udarnuyu uborku poley!
                                                 [Women Delegates, Participate in the
                                                 Shock Harvesting Campaign!, poster by
                                                 Vasily Svarog (1883–1946). 100 x 70 cm,
                                                 OGIZ-IZOGIZ, 1930.
                                                 In 1930, a series of regional Congresses for
                                                 peasant women activists were held through
                                                 the country. It was expected that upon their
                                                 return, delegates would play an active role
                                                 in the upcoming agricultural campaign.
                                                 A beautiful poster by an important Russian
                                                 artist. Vasily Svarog (Vasily Semenovich
                                                 Korochkin) had shown his artistic talent
                                                 in a very young age. A group of benefactors
                                                 in his hometown had raised money to
                                                 send the 13-year old young prodigy, who
                                                 came from a very poor family, to study
                                                 art in St. Petersburg. Svarog fulfilled
                                                 their expectations and became a highly
                                                 successful artist, winning a number
                                                 of major art competitions before and
                                                 after the Revolution.
                                                 $800–$1,200




Lot 36
vezmenSky, neiman:
malo vypolnit . . ., 1930
Malo Vypolnit’ Promfinplan—
Nado Perevyponit’ [Meeting
Production Quotas Is Not
Enough—They Must Be
Exceeded], 73 x 102 cm
poster produced by the
publishing house of AKhR
(Association of Artists of the
Revolution), Moscow 1930.
Poster artists were, in all
likelihood, directly associated
with the AKhR art group.
$800–$1,200




internet and mail Bid auction     Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                            march 6, 2011
                                           Posters, 1928–1937                                                    19

Lot 37
Anonymous Artist: 1931 Poster
in mAri LAnguAge
[Pioneer Sets the Example to All
Children], Mari language poster by
anonymous artist. Maris are one of the
indigenous Ugro-Finnic people of the
Central Volga Region. 74 x 52 cm,
Centrizdat, Moscow, 1931.
Scarce.
$500–$700




                                                     Lot 38
                                                     Anonymous Artist: KuLAK – nAsh
                                                     VrAg . . ., 1931
                                                     Kulak – nash zleishii vrag, net mesta yemu
                                                     v sovete [Kulak Is Our Worst Enemy—There
                                                     Is No Place For Him on the (Village)
                                                     Council]. Anonymous artist, 104 x 75 cm,
                                                     OGIZ-IZOGIZ, 1931.
                                                     A poster of the “dekulakization” campaign of
                                                     1931 that resulted in confiscation of property
                                                     of wealthy and well-to-do peasants and in
                                                     mass deportations of kulaks and their families.
                                                     $600–$800




internet and mail Bid Auction        Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                march 6, 2011
20                                          Posters, 1928–1937
                                                          Lot 39
                                                          Anonymous Artist:
                                                          osennim sevom . . ., 1931
                                                          Osennim Sevom Ukrepim
                                                          Kolkhozy Lenoblasti [Strengthen
                                                          Collective Farms of the
                                                          Leningrad Region Through the
                                                          Autumn Planting Campaign],
                                                          attractive Constructivist poster.
                                                          100 x 70 cm, OGIZ-IZOGIZ,
                                                          Leningrad, 1931.
                                                          $800–$1,200




        Lot 40
        Anonymous Artist: sistemA
        PArtProsvetA . . ., 1931
        Sistema Partiynogo Prosvesheniya
        Krasnopresnenskogo Raiona, 1931–1932
        [Communist Education System, Moscow’s Red
        Presnya District—Program for 1931–1932], photo-
        montage poster, 100 x 69 cm, Moscow, 1931.
        $800–$1,200



internet and mail Bid Auction       Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                        march 6, 2011
                                               Posters, 1928–1937                                                        21

               Lot 41
               Baskin, L., and konstantinov, v.:
               srivayushikh PromfinPLan . . ., 1931
               Srivayushikh Promfinplan zakleimim pozorom
               [Let Us Put to Shame Those Who Do Not
               Meet Production Plans], poster by Lev
               Baskin (1908–?) and Vasily Konstantinov
               (1909–1945), verse by poet A. Bezymensky.
               This attractive poster is less quirky than the
               modern viewer may be led to believe. In
               1930–1931, workshops and factories failing to
               meet the production were often required to
               prominently display an “Order of Camel” banner
               at the entrance as a badge of shame.
               $1,200–$1,500




                                                                Lot 42
                                                                donskoi, doBrynin, and denisov:
                                                                sezonnik . . ., 1931
                                                                Sezonnik! V barake ostavlyat den’gi opasno
                                                                . . . [Seasonal Worker! It Is Dangerous To
                                                                Keep Your Wages in The Barracks . . .],
                                                                amusing large size constructivist poster
                                                                exhorting the seasonal workers to keep
                                                                their savings in the state-owned saving
                                                                banks. 103 x 72 cm, artists: Donskoi,
                                                                Dobrynin, Denisov.
                                                                In 1932, Donskoi’s art came under attack;
                                                                the artist was (not unjustly) accused of
                                                                overloading his posters with imagery not
                                                                related to the main theme (see Weisfeld,
                                                                Mikhailov, Plakatno-Kartinnaya Agitatsiya
                                                                na putyakh perestroiki; the book was offered
                                                                in our Fall 2010 auction).
                                                                $600–$800




internet and mail Bid auction          Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                      march 6, 2011
22                                              Posters, 1928–1937
                                                                Lot 43
                                                                Kaidalov, v.: idite v Partiyu,
                                                                c. 1931
                                                                Idite v Partiyu [Become the Party
                                                                Member], poster by Vladimir Kaidalov
                                                                (1907–1985), 100 x 69 cm, Leningrad,
                                                                ca. 1931.
                                                                An interesting poster ordered by the Party
                                                                Committee of Leningrad’s Narvsky District.
                                                                The 1930–1931 workerist campaign was
                                                                aimed at raising the social status of
                                                                party-loyal shock workers, the “enthusiastic
                                                                builders of socialism”. Dating is indirectly
                                                                confirmed by the fact that in 1932, artist
                                                                Vladimir Kaidalov (1907–1985), who did
                                                                study in Leningrad (AKhRR studios,
                                                                1927–1930), had moved to Tashkent.
                                                                Post-WWII Soviet art books characterize
                                                                him as the leading Uzbek painter. Kaidalov
                                                                was awarded the honorary title of the
                                                                People’s Artist of Uzbekistan.
                                                                $600–$800




               Lot 44
               KhM collective: WoMen’s day, 1931
               8 marta tretiego goda pyatiletki [March 8,
               Third Year of the Five-Year Plan], poster
               produced by the Artists Collective of
               LENIZOGIZ Art Works. 102 x 71 cm,
               IZOGIZ, Moscow - Leningrad, 1931.
               An attractive poster that with minimal
               changes could qualify as a cover of a
               children’s book or of a youth magazine
               like Czizh or Yozh. The marking “KhM”
               at the lower right corner stands for
               Khudozhestvennie Masterskie (Art Works),
               and does not denote any individual artist, but
               it seems safe to assume that it was produced
               by one of the young artists of DetGIZ.
               $1,500–$2,000




internet and Mail Bid auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                     March 6, 2011
                                                 Posters, 1928–1937                                                             23

                    Lot 45
                    KhM ColleCtive: K otvetu . . ., 1931
                    K otvetu za neispol’zvovaniye rabochikh
                    predlozheniy [Those Ignoring Workers
                    Suggestions (for improving productivity)
                    Will Be Held Responsible], poster
                    produced by the Artists Collective of
                    LENIZOGIZ Art Works. 102 x 68 cm,
                    IZOGIZ, Moscow - Leningrad, 1931.
                    The prominently displayed abbreviation
                    “RKI” stands for Workers’ and Peasants’
                    Inspectorate, a governmental agency
                    charged with the task of eliminating
                    inefficiency and corruption within state,
                    local, and enterprise administrations.
                    $1,500–$2,000




                                                                Lot 46
                                                                KonKov, i., and GalanenKo, t.:
                                                                Kto bolshe . . ., 1931
                                                                Kto bolshe i luchshe rabotayet, tot bolshe
                                                                poluchayet . . . [Those who work better, will
                                                                receive a larger share . . .], poster by artists I.
                                                                Konkov and T. Galanenko. 68 x 51 cm, OGIZ-
                                                                IZOGIZ, 1931.
                                                                A poster of the second phase of the collectivization
                                                                campaign. Originally, farmers’ collective production
                                                                was distributed equally among its members. The
                                                                “Sdelshina” system, introduced in 1931–1932, was
                                                                aimed at rewarding the productive kolkhozniks and
                                                                at punishing the laggards.
                                                                $600–$800

internet and Mail bid auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                            March 6, 2011
24                                               Posters, 1928–1937
                                                               Lot 47
                                                               KuKryniKsy: Put’ GermansKoGo . . ., 1931
                                                               Put’ germanskogo sotsial-fashizma—sploshnoye
                                                               predatel’stvo rabochego classa [Path of German
                                                               Social Fascism Is The Trail of The Complete
                                                               Betrayal of The Working Class Interests], poster
                                                               by Mikhail Kupreyanov (1903–1991), Porfiry Krylov
                                                               (1902–1990), and Nikolai Sokolov (1903–2000),
                                                               collectively known as Kukryniksy. 115 x 77 cm,
                                                               OGIZ-IZOGIZ, Moscow - Leningrad, 1931.
                                                               In the Soviet art hierarchy, Kukryniksy firmly occupied
                                                               the top spot among the satirical artists. The poster
                                                               shown is listed in the catalog of the major poster
                                                               exhibition, 10 let bez Lenina po Leninskomu Puti
                                                               (Moscow, 1934).
                                                               $1,200–$1,500




              Lot 48
              PaKhomov, a.: LensKiy rasstreL, 1931
              Lensky Rasstrel [Lena Massacre], poster by
              AlLexei Pakhomov (1900–1973), IZOGIZ,
              Moscow - Leningrad, 1931.
              An attractive “Lebedev School” poster, in the
              manner that came to be identified with the
              group of young Leningrad artists who in the late
              1920s and early 1930s had found employment
              as children’s book illustrators in Leningrad
              DetGiz under Lebedev.
              A highly praised graphic artist, Pakhomov was
              also a talented painter. Sadly, his paintings
              came under criticism in the mid-1930s as too
              formalistic. After that, he concentrated
              exclusively on graphics, and for a while avoided
              color completely, limiting himself to black and
              white productions. Eventually, his talent was
              properly recognized, and he was awarded the
              honorary title of the People’s Artist of the USSR.
              $1,000–$1,500




internet and mail Bid auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                          march 6, 2011
                                                 Posters, 1928–1937                                               25

Lot 49
Rotov, K.: teKhniKu v Massy . . .,
1931
Tekhniku v massy . . . [Let Us Bring
Technology to the Masses / Mastering
The New Technologies Is the Fighting
Order of the Day, poster by K. Rotov
(1902–1959). 65 x 52 cm, OGIZ-
IZOGIZ, Moscow - Leningrad, 1931.
A perennial favorite of Airship poster
collectors. A veteran satirical artist
and posterist (his first posters were
produced for Yugo-ROSTA during the
Civil War), Rotov worked for the leading
Soviet newspapers and magazines,
including the Projector (weekly magazine
of Pravda), and Krokodil. In 1940, he
was arrested and spent the next fifteen
years in labor camps and in
administrative exile in Siberia.
$1,000–$1,500




                                                                                Lot 50
                                                                                RychKov, G.:
                                                                                LesozaGotovKi v sssR,
                                                                                1931
                                                                                Lesozagotvki v SSSR [Forestry
                                                                                Industry in the USSR], poster
                                                                                by G. Rychkov (1885–1972).
                                                                                73 x 53 cm, 1931.
                                                                                An interesting period document;
                                                                                the slogan on the banner reads
                                                                                In Response to the Libelous
                                                                                Capitalist Rumors About the
                                                                                Use of Forced Labor We
                                                                                Will Expand the Socialist
                                                                                Competition, and Shock
                                                                                Labor Efforts.
                                                                                $400–$600




internet and Mail Bid auction              Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                       March 6, 2011
26                                    Posters, 1928–1937
                                                 Lot 51
                                                 Tarakanov, L.: BeregiTe Loshadey, 1931
                                                 Kolkhosniki: beregite zhivuyu tyagovuyu silu—
                                                 loshadei [Kolkhozniks, Take Care of Horses—
                                                 The Living Engine of Agriculture], 1931 poster
                                                 by Lavr Tarakanov (1905–1988). 70 x 50 cm,
                                                 OGIZ-IZOGIZ, Moscow - Leningrad, 1931.
                                                 A poster from the intensive propaganda campaign
                                                 triggered by the catastrophic loss of livestock in
                                                 the early stages of forced collectivization.
                                                 $500–$700




                                             Lot 52
                                             UnUsUaL PosTer—PrinTed on BoTh sides
                                             Fall of The Paris Commune, 1931 poster by an anonymous
                                             artist, with a long quotation from Karl Marx for a caption.
                                             104 x 69 cm, OGIZ-IZOGIZ, Moscow - Leningrad, 1931.
                                             Printed on the paper sheet originally used (in a trial printer
                                             run? Note the incomplete design) for a 1930 political poster
                                             by Dmitry Babichenko (1901–1991).
                                             See the scans. An interesting artifact of the paper economy
                                             regime. It is also worth mentioning that Babichenko was one of
                                             the first Soviet animators.
                                             $800–$1,200




internet and Mail Bid auction   Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                    March 6, 2011
                                                  Posters, 1928–1937                                   27

Lot 53
Zernova, e.: GiGant . . .
(rostselmash), 1931
Gigant Selskokhozyaistbennogo
Mashinostroyeniya [Giant of the
Agricultural Machinery Industry],
after the highly praised Rostselmash
painting by Ekaterina Zernova
(1900–1995). 70 x 50 cm, OGIZ-
IZOGIZ, Moscow - Leningrad, 1931.
Easel and monumentalist painter
Ekaterina Zernova was one of the
leaders of OST (Society of Easel
Painters). Through 1930s, Zernova’s
works were frequently exhibited
abroad.
$800–$1,200




Lot 54
(anonymous artist) may Day, ukrainian Poster, c. 1931–1932
1 Travnia [May Day], attractive May Day poster, text in Ukrainian, 72 x 107 cm.
The ornamental silhouette style became popular with the success of Deineka’s Defense
of Petrograd (1928). This had led the previous owner to believe that the poster was
produced in 1929. A more careful analysis suggests a somewhat later production date.
In particular, the slogan on the second banner (“We do not want a single inch of foreign
soil, but we will not give up a single inch of our own”) comes from the June 1930 Stalin’s
speech at the XVI Party Congress. For the sake of brevity, we omit further arguments that
speak in favor of the 1932 dating.
$800–$1,200




internet and mail Bid auction            Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                  march 6, 2011
28                                             Posters, 1928–1937
                                                            Lot 55
                                                            AlexAndrov, A.: 5 YeArs of Avtodor, 1932
                                                            Za bagatomil’yonnyi Avtodor [For the Many
                                                            Millions Members Strong Avtodor Society],
                                                            Ukrainian language poster by Alexander
                                                            Alexandrov (1903–1944), 120 x 84 cm,
                                                            [Kharkov], 1932.
                                                            Produced for the fifth anniversary of the Avtodor
                                                            Society, a government-sponsored organization
                                                            created in 1927 to foster the development of auto
                                                            transport in the USSR. Avtodor raised funds for
                                                            road improvements and ran driving schools.
                                                            $800–$1,200




 Lot 56
 lYubimov: red ArmY . . ., photomontAge poster, in romA lAnguAge, 1932
 Loly Armiya . . . [Red Army Is the Sentinel of October . . .], powerful photomontage poster. By
 the artist Lyubimov, 100 x 72 cm, OGIZ-IZOGIZ, Moscow - Leningrad, 1932. Captions are in
 Roma language.
 Lyubimov had produced a number
 of iconic posters of the First Five
 Years Plan period. The poster
 shown dates to the period of tension
 on the Russo-Chinese border after
 the creation of the Japanese puppet
 state in Manchuria. Warning the
 Japanese against further
 encroachment, the official Pravda
 newspaper had published an
 editorial, reiterating the Stalin’s
 slogan “We do not want an inch of
 foreign soil, but we will not give up
 an inch of our territory”. The slogan
 appears at the lower left corner of
 the poster. Note also the image of
 the soldier on the right, probably of
 Evenk (Tungus), or Manchu origin.
 Evenks are indigenous people of
 Russian Maritime that live in the
 areas along the Sino-Soviet border.
 $1,500–$2,000



internet and mail bid Auction            Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                     march 6, 2011
                                                Posters, 1928–1937                                             29

Lot 57
Anonymous Artist: Vse nA
BorBu . . ., c. 1934
Vse na borbu s poteryami [Everybody
Must Fight the Waste]. An attractive
constructivist poster, 71 x 103 cm
[1934].
Liquidation of waste and inefficiencies
was one of the key themes of the
Molotov’s report on the first year of
the Second Five Year Plan published
in Pravda in December 1933.
$500–$700




                                                        Lot 58
                                                        mizin, A.: shturmuite Kreposty
                                                        Kultury . . ., 1934
                                                        Fighters of the Proletarian Dictatorship,
                                                        Shock Workers of Magnitostroi! Storm
                                                        the Bastions of Culture on the Way to the
                                                        Classless Society, poster by Alexander
                                                        Mizin (1900–1985), 87 x 60 cm, [1934].
                                                        The quote in the upper right corner comes
                                                        from Kaganovich’s remarks made at the
                                                        XVII Party Congress (February 1934), and
                                                        deals with the importance of growing the
                                                        proletarian cadre of industry leaders that
                                                        had started as unskilled workers and had
                                                        risen to positions of prominence through
                                                        continued technical education.
                                                        $800–$1,200




internet and mail Bid Auction             Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                         march 6, 2011
30                                             Posters, 1928–1937
                                                     Lot 59
                                                     Toidze, i.: imperialisTy GoTovyaT . . ., 1934
                                                     Imperialisty gotovyat novuyu voinu . . . [Imperialists Are
                                                     Preparing a New War Against the Land of the Soviets . . .],
                                                     poster by Iraklii Toidze (1902–1985). 92 x 60 cm, OGIZ-
                                                     IZOGIZ, Moscow - Leningrad, 1934. Class-based solidarity
                                                     of the proletariat worldwide (yedinstvo klassovoye) as
                                                     opposed to the union of convenience between the regimes
                                                     exploiting the idea of race supremacy (yedinstvo rasovoye).
                                                     Toidze designed the poster around the red wedge, a “red attack”
                                                     symbol well understood by his target audience. The intended
                                                     effect is muted by surrounding figurative images, and makes
                                                     one appreciate even more the powerful simplicity of the famous
                                                     “Red Wedge” by Lissitzky. Still, this 1934 work could be viewed
                                                     as a direct forerunner of Toidze’s powerful wartime posters that
                                                     are always built around an emotionally charged archetypal
                                                     central image.
                                                     People’s Artist of Georgia, Iraklii Toidze (1902–1985) was born
                                                     in Tbilisi, but after 1930 lived mostly in Moscow. He is best
                                                     remembered these days for his posters (especially the iconic
                                                     Rodina-mat’ zoviot [Motherland Calls], 1941), and for his book
                                                     illustrations. For a while, he was also considered one of Stalin’s
                                                     “court painters”. In 1948, he won the Stalin’s Prize for Arts for
                                                     his series of paintings featuring the leader.
                                                     $1,500–$2,000




     Lot 60
     pernikov, e.: phoTomonTaGe
     posTer, 1937
     Konstitutsiya SSSR yavlyaetsya
     yedinstvennoi . . .. [The Soviet
     Constitution is the Only Truly
     Democratic Constitution in the
     World], poster by graphic artist Efim
     Pernikov (1903–1966). 53 x 67 cm,
     OGIZ-IZOGIZ, Moscow - Leningrad,
     1937.
     Adoption of the new Soviet
     Constitution (December 5, 1936).
     $600–$800




internet and mail Bid auction            Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                   march 6, 2011
                                                 Posters, 1938–1947                                                             31

             Lot 61
             Elkin, V.: Byt’ takimi kak lEnin, 1938
             Byt’ takimi, kakim byl velikiy Lenin [Let Us Be
             Like Lenin], photomontage poster by Vasily
             Elkin (1897–1991). 102 x 67 cm, OGIZ-
             IZOGIZ, Moscow - Leningrad, 1938.
             Vasily Elkin was an influential posterist, magazine
             artist, and book designer. His posters were
             frequently exhibited internationally, starting with
             the Die Presse International Exhibition (Cologne,
             1928). Through the 1930s, Elkin actively worked
             in the photomontage technique, producing a
             number of memorable posters.
             $2,500–$3,500




                                                                   Lot 62
                                                                   BoyEVoi karandash CollECtiVE:
                                                                   rarE 1940 sEriEs PostEr
                                                                   Zapomni, Tovarish . . . [Comrade, commit
                                                                   this to memory . . .], 1940 poster collectively
                                                                   produced by a group of Leningrad artists
                                                                   under the “Boyevoi Karandash” imprint. No. 2
                                                                   in the 1939–1940 series, with a verse by E.
                                                                   Ruzhansky in lieu of a caption. 62 x 45 cm,
                                                                   LSSKh, [January 1940].
                                                                   Only few posters were produced under the
                                                                   “Boyevoi Karandash” imprint during the
                                                                   Russo-Finnish war campaign. Stylistically, they
                                                                   differ significantly from the satirical “Boyevoi
                                                                   Karandash” posters of the Great Patriotic War.
                                                                   The scarcity of the “Boyevoi Karandash”
                                                                   posters of the Finnish campaign can be largely
                                                                   attributed to small printing runs—according to
                                                                   E. Efimovsky, the first issue (December 1939),
                                                                   had a run of only 100 copies.
                                                                   $800–$1,200




internet and mail Bid auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                            march 6, 2011
32                                               Posters, 1938–1947
                                                                             Lot 63
                                                                             Bronfman: SovetSkomu
                                                                             Soyuzu – . . ., okeanSky
                                                                             flot, 1940
                                                                             Sovetskomu Soyuzu – Moshniy
                                                                             Morskoy I Okeanskiy Flot [A
                                                                             Powerful Ocean Fleet for the
                                                                             Soviet Union], 1940 poster by
                                                                             the artist Bronfman, 59 x 84 cm.
                                                                             $500–$700




              Lot 64
              no lot

              Lot 65
              1941 PoSter: Sittaro, a.: krov’ za
              krov’ . . ., 1941
              Krov’ za Krov’ / Smert’ za smert’ [Blood for
              Blood / Death for Death], poster by A. Sittaro,
              45 x 29 cm, [1942]. The small-size version of
              the poster by Leningrad artist Alexei Sittaro
              (1906–1942).
              A larger-size version was offered in our Fall 2010
              auction; a good opportunity for the underbidder.
              Alexei Sittaro (1906–1942) worked as an artist
              in various Leningrad youth magazines, and
              regularly participated in the art exhibitions of
              Leningrad artists before the war. He died from
              malnutrition during the Siege.
              $400–$600




internet and mail Bid auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                         march 6, 2011
                                                  Posters, 1938–1947                                                  33

Lot 66
Anonymous Artist: ZA rodinu, Artwork for A Poster, 1941
Preparatory sketches for two posters drawn on both sides of a single paper sheet: (a) Za Rodinu! [For the
Motherland!]; (b) Fashism zleishii vrag chelovechestva [Fascism Is the Greatest Enemy of Humanity].
Gouache and pencil on paper, 56 x 44 cm, c. 1942.
The sketches (at least the first one) must date to first days of the War,
when images of charging cavalry were considered an appropriate
metaphor for the Soviet military might. Amusingly, the epigraph and
captions for the second sketch come from the opening lines of Saltykov
Shchedrin’s Skazka
O Retivom
Nachalnike, in which
the great Russian
XIX century satirist
made fun of the
russian government
policies. An
interesting, and a
surprisingly erudite,
design.
$1,000–$1,200




  Lot 67
  Avilov, m.: rubi GAdov, 1941
  Rubi Gadov![Cut Down the Scum], early (I.VII.41 release date)
  WWII poster by Mikhail Avilov (1882–1954). 69 x 49 cm,
  Iskuustvo, Leningrad, 1941.
  Mikhail Avilov specialized in battle and historic paintings. He chose
  his topics judiciously, progressing from Tsarevich with Boyar
  Teachers back in 1913 to Comrade Stalin Visits 1st Cavalry in
  1933. As a result, he always stayed in the authorities’ good graces.
  He was elected a full member of the Soviet Academy of Arts, and
  awarded the title of People’s Artist of Russian Federation. In 1946,
  Avilov won the Stalin Prize for his wartime historic/patriotic
  painting “Battle of Peresvet and Chelubei”.
  $500–$700

internet and mail bid Auction             Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                march 6, 2011
34                                                Posters, 1938–1947
                                                           Lot 68
                                                           Denisov, n., anD vatolina, n.:
                                                           Bolshe KhleBa . . ., 1941
                                                           Bolshe khleba dlya fronta i tyla [More
                                                           Bread for the Front and the Country],
                                                           attractive home front poster by Nikolai
                                                           Denisov (1917–1982) and Nina Vatolina
                                                           (1915–2002). 91 x 64 cm, Moscow,
                                                           1941.
                                                           Son of the famous Soviet posterist V. Deni,
                                                           painter Nikolai Denisov was a successful
                                                           artist in his own right (Meritorious Artist of
                                                           the Russian Federation, 1976). In early
                                                           1940s, he produced a number of posters,
                                                           mostly in collaboration with his wife Nina
                                                           Vatolina. Upon graduating from the Moscow
                                                           Art Institute (1942), Denisov concentrated
                                                           on painting. Vatolina, on the other hand,
                                                           worked primarily as a posterist and book
                                                           illustrator. She is considered one of the
                                                           leading Soviet poster artists of
                                                           1940s–1960s.
                                                           $500–$700




     Lot 69
     Frolova-Bagreeva, l.:
     organizovanno . . ., 1941
     Poster
     Organizovanno I bystro provedem
     senouborku–Obespechim
     Kransuyu Armiyu Horoshim
     Furazhom [Let Us Have an
     Effective and Well-Organized
     Hay Cutting Campaign, and
     Supply Red Army With Quality
     Fodder], 1941 poster by
     Lyubov Frolova-Bagreeva
     (1907–1992?). 47 x 62 cm,
     Iskusstvo, Leningrad, 1941.
     A student of Petrov-Vodkin,
     Leningrad artist Lyubov Frolova-
     Bagreeva produced a number of
     posters during the war, but her main
     specialty was monumental art. Her
     large-scale paintings are on display
     in the Siege of Leningrad Museum.
     $400–$600




internet and Mail Bid auction               Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                              March 6, 2011
                                               Posters, 1938–1947                                                         35

                    Lot 70
                    Kholodov, I.: Rabotat v tIlu . . .,
                    [1941]
                    Rabotat v tilu kak na fronte [Work As If
                    You Are Fighting on the Front Lines],
                    poster by Ivan Kholodov (graphic artist,
                    posterist and book illustrator, 1897–?),
                    published under the Boyevoi Karandash
                    imprint (no. 31). 64 x 43 cm, LSSKh,
                    Leningrad, [1941].
                    Kholodov stayed in Leningrad through the
                    Siege. His works were shown in the wartime
                    exhibition “Leningrad Artists in Great
                    Patriotic War” (Moscow, 1942).
                    $400–$600




                                                       Lot 71
                                                       KocheRgIn, n.: dumal ob odnom . . ., 1941
                                                       Dumal ob odnom, a vsyo poshlo vverkh dnom!
                                                       [Enemy’s Plans Turned Upside Down], poster by
                                                       Nikolai Kochergin (1897–1974). 65 x 45 cm,
                                                       Iskusstvo, Leningrad, 1941. Text by V. Timofeev.
                                                       German plans for naval superiority are crushed by
                                                       the sturdy Soviet response.
                                                       People’s Artist of the USSR Nikolai Kochergin
                                                       (1897–1974) was a highly regarded poster artist,
                                                       book illustrator and stage designer. His first posters
                                                       date back to the Civil War, when Kochergin ran the
                                                       ROSTA Satirical Display Windows branch in the
                                                       Caucasus—an experience that Kochergin had clearly
                                                       put to work in his 1941 posters.
                                                       $500–$700




Internet and mail bid auction          Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                       march 6, 2011
36                                           Posters, 1938–1947
                                                                          Lot 72
                                                                          Kochergin, n.: Dva
                                                                          BoyevyKh epizoDa, 1941
                                                                          Dva Boyevykh Epizoda [Two
                                                                          Battle Episodes], poster by
                                                                          Nikolai Kochergin (1897–1974),
                                                                          no. 22 in the series, produced by
                                                                          the “Boyevoy Karandash” artists
                                                                          collective. 43 x 62 cm, LSSKh,
                                                                          Leningrad, 1941.
                                                                          The two skirmishes are mentioned
                                                                          in the Sovinformburo daily report—
                                                                          Soviet soldiers successfully take
                                                                          on better-equipped and numerically
                                                                          superior German forces.
                                                                          People’s Artist of the USSR Nikolai
                                                                          Kochergin (1897–1974) was a
                                                                          highly regarded poster artist, book
                                                                          illustrator and stage designer. His
                                                                          first posters date back to 1919—
                                                                          during the Civil War Kochergin ran
                                                                          the ROSTA Satirical Display
                                                                          Windows branch in the Caucasus.
                                                                          $400–$600
Lot 73
Kochergin, n.: geroichesKie epizoDy, 1941
Geroicheskiye Epizody [Stories of Heroism], poster by
Nikolai Kochergin, no. 22 in the series produced by the
“Boyevoy Karandash” artists collective. 40 x 60 cm, LSSKh,
Leningrad, 1941.
The artist gleans a couple
of spirit-lifting tidbits from
the overall gloomy July 9,
1941 official press release
of the Soviet Information
Bureau: Soviet cavalry
destroys a German
paratroopers unit
somewhere in Ukraine;
sergeant Mamedov uses
hand grenades to stop a
German tank column.
A People’s Artist of the
Soviet Union, Nikolai
Kochergin (1897–1974)
was a highly regarded
poster artist, book illus-
trator and stage designer.
His first posters date to
1919—during the Civil War
he managed a poster-
producing workshop in
Kharkov, and organized the
ROSTA Satirical Display
Windows local branch in
Baku.
$400–$600




internet and Mail Bid auction        Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                             March 6, 2011
                                                Posters, 1938–1947                                                         37

                  Lot 74
                  Pavlov: vo glave so stalinym . . .,
                  [1941]
                  Vo glave so Stalinym . . . vpered do
                  polnogo unichtozheniya vraga [With
                  Stalin as Our Leader . . . Forward
                  Towards the Complete Annihilation of
                  the Enemy], early WWII poster by the
                  artist Pavlov, 60 x 43 cm, [1941].
                  An early poster of the Great Patriotic War
                  featuring portraits of Stalin and the three
                  top Soviet military commanders at the start
                  of the war (Voroshilov, Budenny and
                  Timoshenko).
                  $400–$600




                                                                Lot 75
                                                                serov, v.: XXiv godovshina
                                                                oktyabrya, 1941
                                                                Da Zdravstvuyet XXIV Godovshina
                                                                Oktyabrya [Hail to the XXIVth Anniversary
                                                                of October (Revolution)], poster by
                                                                Vladimir Serov (1910–1968). 98 x 68 cm,
                                                                Iskusstvo, Moscow - Leninrad, 1941.
                                                                A talented painter, Vladimir Serov (1910–
                                                                1968) was also an important Soviet art
                                                                functionary, eventually rising to the position
                                                                of the President of the Soviet Academy of
                                                                Arts. Awards bestowed on the artist by the
                                                                Soviet regime are too numerous to list.
                                                                Serov spent the most difficult years of the
                                                                war in Leningrad (1941–1943); through this
                                                                period he produced a number of war
                                                                posters.
                                                                $500–$700




internet and mail bid auction          Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                        march 6, 2011
38                                              Posters, 1938–1947
                                                                              Lot 76
                                                                              Svinenko, n.: ne YeSt’
                                                                              FaSciStam . . ., 1941
                                                                              Ne yest’ fashistam Sovetskogo
                                                                              khleba [Fascists Will Never Taste
                                                                              the Soviet Bread], poster by
                                                                              N. Svinenko. 52 x 70 cm, Iskusstvo,
                                                                              Leningrad - Moscow, 1941.
                                                                              Artist Nikolai Svinenko (1900–1942)
                                                                              studied art in Samara, and later in
                                                                              Leningrad VKhUTEIN. Before the
                                                                              formation of the Artists Union, he
                                                                              belonged to the Circle of Artists and
                                                                              October art groups. Primarily an
                                                                              easel painter, he had also created a
                                                                              number of murals. Svinenko died of
                                                                              malnutrition during the Siege.
                                                                              $400–$600




     Lot 77
     kurdov, v.: Geroi artilleriStY . . ., 1942
     Geroi artilleristy, unichtozhaite fashistskiye tanki [Hero
     Artillerists, Destroy the Fascist Tanks], Boyevoi Karandash
     series poster by Valentin Kurdov (1905–1989). 37 x 55 cm,
     LSSKh, Leningrad, 1942.
     As a young art student, People’s
     Artist of the Russian Federation
     Valentin Kurdov (1905–1989)
     worked under Malevich in
     VKHUTEIN, and was close to
     Filonov. When Leningrad
     avant-garde art came under
     attack, Kurdov found
     employment as a children books/
     magazines illustrator. He
     excelled in illustrating books
     about animals that are highly
     prized by modern collectors.
     During the war, Kurdov stayed in
     Leningrad, working as a posterist
     for the “Boyevoy Karandash”. He
     also produced a group of highly
     praised lithographs showing the
     life in the city under siege.
     $500–$700




internet and mail Bid auction            Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                           march 6, 2011
                                                  Posters, 1938–1947                                                            39

                  Lot 78
                  No Lot

                  Lot 79
                  GordoN, M.: 2-i VoyeNNy ZayoM,
                  1942
                  Speed Up The Victory by Buying War
                  Bonds (2nd Tranche), poster by Mikhail
                  Gordon (1918–2003). 27 x 53 cm,
                  Iskusstvo, Moscow - Leningrad, 1942.
                  Mikhail Gordon worked as a newspaper/
                  magazine artist, posterist, and stage
                  designer. He was also a member of the
                  Journalists Union. In the 1960s–1980s,
                  Gordon was considered a “go to” artist for
                  designing special editions for the leading
                  Soviet newspapers. The front page of
                  Pravda after the historic Gagarin’s flight was
                  designed by Gordon; so was the front page
                  of Izvestiya featuring Gorbachev’s 1986
                  New Year appeal that marked the start of
                  Perestroika. Gordon was awarded the title
                  of Meritorious Artist of the Soviet Union.
                  $400–$600




                                                                   Lot 80
                                                                   MedeLsky, a.: dadiM VZaiMy . . ., 1942
                                                                   Dadim Vzaimy Gosudarstvu . . . [Lend the
                                                                   Country Three or Four Weeks Worth of
                                                                   Your Wages to Produce Weapons and
                                                                   Ammunition for the Red Army], by
                                                                   Alexander Medelsky (1892–?), Iskusstvo,
                                                                   Leningrad, 1943.
                                                                   Alexander Medelsky (1892–?) studied art in
                                                                   Leningrad (LVKhTI class of 1930, graduated
                                                                   with a Graphic Artist diploma), and
                                                                   participated in several regional art exhibitions
                                                                   before the war. In 1947, his works were
                                                                   included in the “Boyevoi Karandash and
                                                                   Leningrad Poster” exhibition in Riga.
                                                                   $400–$600




internet and Mail Bid auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                            March 6, 2011
40                                             Posters, 1938–1947
                                                        Lot 81
                                                        Shmarinov, D.: voin, otplati . . .,
                                                        1942 poSter
                                                        Voin Krasnoi Armii! Otplati vragu za krov’
                                                        i slyozy sovetskikh lyudey! [Red Army
                                                        Warrior! Revenge the Blood and Tears of
                                                        the Soviet People!], poster by Dementii
                                                        Shmarinov (1907–1999). 44 x 29 cm,
                                                        Iskusstvo, Mosco - Leningrad, 1942.
                                                        People’s Artist of the Soviet Union Dementii
                                                        Shmarinov is remembered primarily as an
                                                        outstanding book illustrator. During the war,
                                                        his cycle of drawings Ne zabudem, ne
                                                        prostim! [We Will Not Forget, and We Will
                                                        Not Forgive] earned him the Stalin’s Prize
                                                        for 1943.
                                                        $500–$700




 Lot 82
 Zotov, K.: Boltuny—pomoShniKi vraga,
 Set of three poSterS, c. 1942
 Boltuny—Pomoshniki Vraga [Babblers Help the Enemy], set of three
 posters by Konstantin Zotov (1906–1990), 90 x 71 cm, 87 x 102 cm,
 and 85 x 102 cm, respectively, No. 69 of the satirical “Agit-Okno”
 poster series produced by the artists collective of the Molotov section
 of the Soviet Artists Union, Molotov (now Perm), c. 1942.
 Moscow artist
 Konstantin Zotov
 was evacuated to
 Perm in the beginning
 of the war. In addition                                                   to
 producing posters,
 Zotov worked as a
 newspaper artist,
 and was a regular
 contributor to popular
 children magazines.
 He also illustrated
 books and worked
 in film animation.
 $2,000–$3,000




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                                             Posters, 1938–1947                                               41

               Lot 83
               Anonymous Artist: sketch for A
               Boyevoi kArAndAsh Poster, c. 1943
               Pre-text sketch for a “Boyevoy Karandash”
               poster. 56 x 36 cm, gouache on paper. Design
               reflects the considerable influence of the
               Kukryniksy imagery on Leningrad satirists.
               $1,000–$1,200




                                                                     Lot 84
                                                                     AlAdjAlov Brothers: AlexAnder
                                                                     Pokryshkin, 1943
                                                                     Triple Hero of the Soviet Union A.I.
                                                                     Pokryshkin, poster by Semen and
                                                                     Stepan Aladjalov. 46 x 55 cm, Iskusstvo,
                                                                     Moscow, 1943.
                                                                     Meritorious Artist of Armenia Semen
                                                                     Aladjalov was a theater artist and a highly
                                                                     regarded interior designer frequently
                                                                     called to work on major exhibition projects.
                                                                     During the war Aladjalov had produced a
                                                                     number of posters, many of them in
                                                                     collaboration with his brother Stepan
                                                                     Aladjalov.
                                                                     A great addition to an aviation memorabilia
                                                                     collection. Triple Hero of the Soviet Union
                                                                     Alexander Pokryshkin (1913–1918) was
                                                                     the famous Russian ace, with 59
                                                                     confirmed kills, the second-most
                                                                     successful fighter on the Allied side in
                                                                     WWII (his count was actually higher, but
                                                                     Soviet command confirmed only the kills
                                                                     over the territory it controlled).
                                                                     $400–$600




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42                                       Posters, 1938–1947
                                                   Lot 85
                                                   Anonymous Artist: Artwork for wwii
                                                   Poster, c. 1943
                                                   My im napomnim [We Will Remind Them], artwork
                                                   for [1943] poster. 64 x 44 cm, gouache and pencil
                                                   on paper.
                                                   Recount of Russian victories over the Germans through
                                                   the history foretells the outcome of the current conflict.
                                                   Posters referencing the successful military campaigns
                                                   of pre-revolutionary period typically date to the post-
                                                   Stalingrad period.
                                                   $1,000–$1,200




          Lot 86
          Anonymous Artist: rodinA Zovet, c. 1943
          Rodina Zovet [Motherland Calls], WWII period
          poster by anonymous artist, 89 x 58 cm.
          $600–$800




internet and mail Bid Auction     Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                      march 6, 2011
                                                   Posters, 1938–1947                                               43

         Lot 87
         AstApov, I.: ZA oborony
         LenIngrAdA, 1943
         Introduction of the Za Oborony
         Leningrada [For The Defence of
         Leningrad] medal (established Dec. 22,
         1942). Boyevoi Karandash poster by Ivan
         Astapov (1905–1982), text by V. Sayanov.
         55 x 37 cm, Leningrad, 1943.
         Ivan Astapov (1905–1982) studied art at
         the Saratov Art School, and later in Moscow
         under D. Kardovsky. A well-respected realist
         painter and book illustrator, Astapov was
         one of the principals of the “Boyevoi
         Karandash” during the war, and became the
         head of the “Boyevoi Karandash” art council
         after this artist collective was re-established
         in 1956.
         $500–$700




                                                           Lot 88
                                                           bArutchev, Armen: russkIye ne
                                                           poZheLyAut . . ., 1943
                                                           Russkiye ne prezhde pozhelayut vkusit
                                                           sladost mira kak istrebiv nenavistnogo
                                                           protivnika . . . [Russians Will Not Be
                                                           Ready to Enjoy the Fruits of Peace Until
                                                           Destroying the Hateful Enemy . . .],
                                                           poster by Armen Barutchev (1904–1976).
                                                           80 x 50 cm, Iskusstvo, Leningrad, 1943.
                                                           Monument to Field Marshal Kutuzov, the
                                                           hero of the Patriotic War of 1812; the
                                                           caption is a quote from Kutuzov’s letter.
                                                           Armen Barutchev (1904–1976) occasionally
                                                           worked in the graphics field, but he is best
                                                           remembered as the architect and city
                                                           planner who played an important role in
                                                           rebuilding Leningrad after the war.
                                                           $400–$600




Internet and mail bid Auction             Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                              march 6, 2011
44                                             Posters, 1938–1947
                                                                Lot 89
                                                                Boim, S. and neprintSev, Yu.: 1943 poSter
                                                                O tom kak Fritz shyol k Leningradu i vel osadu I blockadu
                                                                [How Fritz Advanced on Leningrad, and Laid The Siege . . .],
                                                                by Solomon Boim (1898–1977) and Yuri Neprintsev (1909–
                                                                1966), no. 9 in the Baltiyskiy Prozhektor [The Baltic
                                                                Searchlight] series produced for the Political Directorate of
                                                                the Red Fleet Commisariat. 68 x 52 cm, Iskusstvo, Leningrad,
                                                                1943. The poster hails the success of Operation Sparks
                                                                (January 1943) that resulted in opening a land corridor to the
                                                                besieged Leningrad.
                                                                Yuri Neprintsev was the student of I. Brodsky. An important
                                                                Soviet realist artist, he often returned to his war experiences in
                                                                his post-war paintings. In 1965, he was awarded the honorary
                                                                title of People’s Artist of the Soviet Union.
                                                                A graduate of Leningrad VKhUTEMAS/VKhUTEIN, Solomon
                                                                Boim (1898–1977) spent the war with the Baltic Fleet, first as an
                                                                artist for the Fleet newspaper, and later as the chief artist for the
                                                                Baltic Fleet Political Directorate. As an artist, he is best
                                                                remembered for his lithographs. He was also an accomplished
                                                                book illustrator.
                                                                $600–$800




                   Lot 90
                   Gordon, m: novYi God, 1943
                   Novyi God [New Year], poster by Mikhail
                   Gordon (1918–2003), Iskusstvo, Moscow
                   - Leningrad, [1943]; verse caption could
                   be summed up as “New Year will bring us
                   the victory”.
                   Meritorious Artist of the Soviet Union
                   Mikhail Gordon was a successful posterist,
                   and newspaper/magazine artist. He also
                   worked as a stage designer.
                   $400–$600




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                                                    Posters, 1938–1947                                                          45

Lot 91
Muratov, N.: veseNNiye raboty . . ., 1943
Vesenniye Raboty Krasnoy Armii [Red Army’s Spring Field
Campaign] by Nikolai Muratov (1908–1992), poster No. 88 in the
series produced by the “Boyevoi Karandash” artists association,
52 x 35 cm, LSSKh, ca. 1943.
The poster’s title is a wordplay based on the similarities between the
agricultural and military terminology. It is divided into three panes,
each given an “agricultural” subtitle. As is often the case with
“Karandash” posters, captions are anything but subtle, if not outright
crude (to give the English-speaking viewer an idea, the center pane
is captioned “Fertilizing the Fields”). Modern poster art students will,
undoubtedly, point out that “Karandash” artists were quite deliberate
in using the low art style, and draw on the traditions of ROSTA
Windows, and of Segodnyashnii Lubok.
Nikolai Muratov (1908–1992) was one of the founders of “Boyevoi
Karandash”. Before the war, Muratov worked for various Leningrad
satirical and children magazines, including Yozh, and Begemot. He is
best remembered these days for his highly praised illustrations for
the works of the great Russian satirist Saltykov-Shedrin. Muratov
also worked as a sculptor with the Lomonosov Porcelain Factory; his
porcelain figurines have recently become popular with collectors.
$400–$600




                                                                   Lot 92
                                                                   selivaNov, v.: Za oboroNu
                                                                   leNiNgrada, 1943
                                                                   Introduction of the Za Oborony Leningrada
                                                                   [For The Defence of Leningrad] medal
                                                                   (established Dec. 22, 1942), Tass Windows
                                                                   poster by V. Selivanov, verses by the renowned
                                                                   Soviet poetess Vera Inber. 82 x 60 cm,
                                                                   Iskusstvo, Leningrad, 1943.
                                                                   This poster is familiar to generations of
                                                                   Leningratsy—for many years, it was on permanent
                                                                   display in the Leningrad Public Library. During
                                                                   the Siege, graphic artist and journalist Vasily
                                                                   Selivanov (1902–1982) became the editor, and
                                                                   the main artist, of the Leningrad bureau of TASS
                                                                   Windows. He produced over seventy Leningrad
                                                                   TASS Windows posters.
                                                                   $600–$800




internet and Mail bid auction             Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                          March 6, 2011
46                                           Posters, 1938–1947
                                                   Lot 93
                                                   Vasil’yeV, a.: leningradets! . . ., 1943
                                                   Leningradets! Imeya Viigryshnii Vklad Ty
                                                   Pomogayesh Frontu [Citizen of Leningrad!
                                                   By Setting a Prize-winning Saving Account
                                                   You Will Be Helping the War Effort], poster
                                                   by A. Vasil’yev, 92 x 58 cm, Iskusstvo,
                                                   Moscow - Leningrad, 1943.
                                                   An attractive design, clearly modeled after the
                                                   powerful Rodina – Mat Zovet 1941 poster by
                                                   Irakly Toidze.
                                                   The savings banks played a large role in funding
                                                   Russia’s war effort. Savings accounts of the
                                                   period did not pay interest, but offered depositors
                                                   a chance to win a prize through periodically
                                                   conducted lotteries. Prizes were relatively small,
                                                   and chances of winning were minuscule; under
                                                   these conditions, opening a savings account was,
                                                   indeed, a patriotic gesture.
                                                   $400–$600




Lot 94
astapoV, i.: skazka o
rybake . . ., 1944
Skazka o rybake I rybke [The
Tale of the Fisherman and the
Fish], poster by Ivan Astapov,
no. 74 in the “Boyevoi
Karandash” series. 36 x 54 cm,
LSSKh, 1944. Germans are
unsuccessfully “fishing” for
separate peace. The poster title
is borrowed from the famous
Pushkin fairytale.
Ivan Astapov (1905–1982)
was one of the principals of the
“Boyevoi Karandash” during
the war, and became the head
of the “Boyevoi Karandash” art
council after this artist collective
was re-established in 1956.
$500–$700




internet and Mail bid auction          Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                March 6, 2011
                                                   Posters, 1938–1947                                                     47

             Lot 95
             Boim, S.: . . . Klyuch K PoBede, 1944
             Zadacha sostoit v tom chtoby derzhat
             Germaniyu i vpred v tiskakh mezhdu
             dvumya frontamy. V etom Klyuch k
             Pobede [The Task Is to Keep Germany in
             a Vise Between the Two Fronts. This Is
             the Key to Victory]. Poster by Solomon
             Boim (1898–1977), 34 x 24 cm, Baltic
             Fleet Political Directorate, Tallinn, 1944.
             A graduate of Leningrad VKhUTEMAS/
             VKhUTEIN, Solomon Boim (1898–1977)
             spent the war with the Baltic fleet, first as an
             artist for the Fleet newspaper, and later as
             the chief artist for the Baltic Fleet Political
             Directorate. As an artist, he is best
             remembered for his lithographs. He was
             also an accomplished book illustrator.
             $400–$600




                                                                Lot 96
                                                                ivanov, v.: Smert . . . detouBiytSam,
                                                                1944
                                                                Smert’ Fashistam—Detoubiytsam [Death
                                                                to the Fascists, Killers of Children], poster
                                                                by Victor Ivanov (1910–1968). 59 x 44 cm,
                                                                [Iskusstvo, Moscow - Leningrad, 1944].
                                                                Through the war years, Victor Ivanov
                                                                (1909–1968) produced a number of highly
                                                                praised posters that earned him two Stalin
                                                                Prizes (shared 3rd Prize in 1943, shared 2nd
                                                                Prize in 1946). In 1941–1943, he worked for
                                                                the TASS Windows.
                                                                $500–$700



internet and mail Bid auction            Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                     march 6, 2011
48                                               Posters, 1938–1947
                                                      Lot 97
                                                      Kazantsev, a.: [Happy 1945!],
                                                      Boyevoi KarandasH poster, 1944
                                                      Happy 1945!, poster by A. Kazantsev and
                                                      M. El’kovich, issued under “Boyevoi
                                                      Karandash” imprint (no. 111), 55 x 34 cm,
                                                      LSSKh, 1944.
                                                      Kazantsev’s posters are limited to the war
                                                      period; he rarely, if ever, ventured into this
                                                      field before, or after the war. A well-
                                                      respected painter, he became a popular
                                                      professor at the Vera Mukhina Arts
                                                      Academy in Leningrad.
                                                      $400–$600




Lot 98
Kurdov, v. and astapov, i.: prut!, 1944
Prut! (Pushed Out), poster by Valentin Kurdov (1905–1989), and Ivan Astapov (1905–1982), no. 87
in the series produced by the “Boyevoi Karandash” artists collective. 35 x 52 cm, LSSKh, Leningrad
1944. Text by B. Timofeyev.
1944 Soviet offensive in Southwestern Ukraine and Bessarabia: German Armies under Manstein are
pushed beyond the Pruth River, the Danube tributary marking the Soviet-Romanian border. The poster title,
Prut! is a pun—in Russian, Prut is both the name of the river and a verb meaning “they are pushing ahead.”
As a young art student, People’s Artist of
the Russian Federation Valentin Kurdov
(1905–1989) worked under Malevich in
VKHUTEIN, and was close to Filonov.
When Leningrad avant-garde art came
under attack, Kurdov found employment
as a children books/magazines
illustrator. He excelled in illustrating
books about animals, which are highly
prized by modern collectors. Kurdov
stayed in Leningrad through the war,
producing well-received series of
lithographs showing life in Leningrad
under the siege, and posters for the
“Boyevoy Karandash”.
A well-respected realist painter and book
illustrator, Ivan Astapov was one of the
principals of the “Boyevoi Karandash”
during the war, and later became the
head of the “Boyevoi Karandash” art
council.
$500–$700


internet and Mail Bid auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                   March 6, 2011
                                                  Posters, 1938–1947                                                      49

                  Lot 99
                  Kochergin, n.: SovetSKaya
                  Zemlya . . ., 1944
                  Sovetskaya zemlya okonchatel’no
                  ochishena ot nemetskih zakhvatchikov
                  [Soviet Land Is Once and For All Cleared
                  of German Intruders], powerful poster by
                  the veteran posterist Nikolay Kochergin
                  (1897–1974). 86 x 61 cm, Iskusstvo,
                  Leningrad, 1944.
                  People’s Artist of the USSR Nikolai
                  Kochergin (1897–1974) was a highly
                  regarded Leningrad poster artist, book
                  illustrator and stage designer. His first
                  posters date to the Civil War period.
                  $500–$700




                                                              Lot 100
                                                              vatolina, n.: Zhdyom S Pobedoi, 1945
                                                              Zhdyom s pobedoi [Waiting For You to
                                                              Come Back With q Victory], poster by Nina
                                                              Vatolina (1915–1992). 86 x 57 cm, Iskusstvo,
                                                              Moscow - Leningrad, 1945.
                                                              Nina Vatolina started producing posters in late
                                                              1930s, and went to become one of the leading
                                                              Soviet graphic artists of the 1940s–1960s,
                                                              with such posters to her credit as the ever-
                                                              popular Ne Boltay!. She was a student (and
                                                              daughter-in-law) of V. Deni.
                                                              $400–$600




internet and mail bid auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                      march 6, 2011
50                                               Posters, 1950s
                                                      Lot 101
                                                      Nesterova-BereziNa, M.: Da
                                                      zDravstvuyet DruzhBa . . ., c. 1950
                                                      Da Zdravstvuyet bratskiy soyuz i nerushimaya
                                                      druzhba narodov [Long Live the Brotherly
                                                      Union And the Unbreakable Friendship of
                                                      Peoples], by Maria Nesterova-Berezina
                                                      (1897–1965), 76 x 50 cm, Iskusstvo, Moscow.
                                                      $300–$500




                      Lot 102
                      [LivaNov, a.], artwork For a May
                      Day Poster, 1955
                      1 Maya, large (100 x 709 cm) 1955
                      artwork for a May Day Poster on thick
                      carton; possibly by Andrei Livanov
                      (1910–1965).
                      $1,000–$1,200




internet and Mail Bid auction        Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                              March 6, 2011
                                                     Late Arrivals                                                            51

Lot 103
[Pat]: First Poster issued under VtsiK aegis, 1918
Inyazoro, pop da kulak [The Tsar, a Priest, and a Rich Peasant]
by the artist Pat, a rare Erzya language version of the first ever
poster produced under the aegis of VTSiK Publishing, the
official publishing house of the Bol’shevik Government’s Central
Executive Committee. 74 x 53 cm, Moscow, 1918, backed on
Japanese paper.
In his memoir about Mayakovsky, Mikhail Cheremnykh, the chief
artist of the ROSTA Windows, attributes this poster to the artist
Pat (most likely a pseudonym). Cheremnykh further credits Pat
with the idea of using stencils to speed up the ROSTA Windows
posters production and distribution (in Mayakovsky v
vospomninaniyakh sovremennikov, GIKhL, Moscow, 1963).
This historically important poster was published in ten languages.
The Russian version had the largest run; the Erzya version is, not
unexpectedly, much scarcer. Erzya is the language of the Mordvins,
one of the indigenous peoples of the Volga region.
$800–$1,200




                                                                     Lot 104.
                                                                     eliseeV, Konstantin: Pobednogo
                                                                     shestViya . . ., 1929
                                                                     Pobednogo shestviya pyatiletki ne
                                                                     ostanovit imperialistam [Imperialists Can’t
                                                                     Stop The Victorious March of The 5-Year
                                                                     Plan] by Konstantin Eliseev (1890–1968),
                                                                     Moscow, 1929, 102 x 67 cm.
                                                                     A copy in better condition realized $4,000
                                                                     in our December 2010 sale. Condition of
                                                                     this poster can be graded as good; it had
                                                                     been professionally restored. Contact us for
                                                                     a better scan, and a detailed condition
                                                                     report.
                                                                     $3,000–$3,500




internet and Mail bid auction           Mercer and Middlesex Auctions, Llc                                          March 6, 2011
                        100 Russian Posters
                         (And a Few Icons)




                                   March 6, 2011 at 1:00 pM
                                     Internet, phone,
                                   and MaIl bId auctIon

                                Yakov lurYe, auctIoneer

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