Smart Board Research 1 Understanding Smart Board Technology Parris A. Travers Salisbury University EDUC 318 Computers in Technology December 8, 2010 Smart Board Research 2 Abstract This paper will discuss the integration of Smart Board technology into today’s classroom. It will look at how this system works and different options teachers have for its placement in the classroom. Once placed in use in a classroom, in what ways can it as an educational tool? An in- depth look at what benefits the technology can offer to students and what research has proven to be a result of its use. In what ways will teachers benefit when they use this software in their lesson plans. Through integration and use in other subjects, the Smart Board will help to raise student achievement as well as confidence in their abilities. Key Words Smart Boards Interactive White Boards Integrating technology Educational benefits Student benefit Teacher usage Classroom applications Smart Board Research 3 Understanding Smart Board Technology Introduction Smart Boards or interactive white boards are becoming increasingly common in classrooms throughout the United States as well as other parts of the world. These smart boards are revolutionizing the way that teachers and students are approaching learning in the classroom (Corcoran, 2009). The boards comprised of LCD screens and come in various sizes. It consists of two separate conductive layers that react when pressure is applied and the screens are pressed together (Corcoran, 2009). When the two layers meet it, send data to the computer that registers the location of the pressure on a grid (Corcoran, 2009). Once registered the computer can recognize the image or pressure even if it is not aligned properly. The boards can be mounted to the wall or placed on moveable stands. If mounted they require extra wiring and a projector placed in the ceiling or mounted out on the top of the board (Doe, 2010). Most types of white boards will require some sort of projector and all of them will need to be connected to a computer to assess the software (Doe, 2010). Once it is set up though the possibilities are endless for what teachers can do with the boards. It can be used for writing notes and then printing them for all students to reference; to setting up games to help review for test. Teachers will find all kinds of way to get student’s working with the board and becoming proactive in their own learning. Review of Literature The possibilities for ways to use the Smart Board technology in the classroom for education are endless. Teachers all over are coming up with different ways to use the boards effectively as a tool to help their students learn. They can be used as a way for student to become Smart Board Research 4 more hands on in their own learning experiences. For example, the board can be used for students when they can engage in educational multimedia activities and games set up around their curriculum of study (Preston & Mowbray, 2008). The boards can be used as a way to save notes or other material written on the board for future use or distribution. Some teachers will take the information written on the board and upload it to a school/class website as a way to keep parents and guardians up to date on what their student is doing in school (Preston & Mowbray, 2008). Teachers can capture images or text on the board and annotate them with the pen to further explain the content (Preston & Mowbray, 2008). The boards allow one to create digital flip charts and sequence information like in a science classroom. With the board, one can use it to show video clips or present excellent peer work to other members of the class (Preston & Mowbray, 2008). With laptops distributed throughout the classroom, the teacher has the option of projecting different screens up on the board to show work, or engage students’ in a collaborative project (Rochette, 2007). The possibilities for what a teacher can create with this program is endless and when used properly the educational reward that it will offer his or her students will be astounding. Research has shown that students seem to benefit greatly from the use of smart boards in the classroom. The boards all for the child to become emerged in what they are learning and make it a shared learning experience with the teacher ( (Preston & Mowbray, 2008). It allows the students to become engaged in what is occurring and through critical thinking control their own understanding of the material presented. By interacting, it allows students to build knowledge mentally and physically in the learning environment (Boutcher, 2010). Smart Boards make the lesson more enjoyable for students by making it a physically involved experience by touching and experiencing the material on the board (Preston & Mowbray, 2008). The board brings the Smart Board Research 5 information to life for the students and allows for all different types of learners from visual to kinesthetic to learn in the best way possible. Students seem to have less difficulty following instructions and understanding the material which leads to higher test scores (Boutcher, 2010). With the understanding of information, the students are building self-confidence in their own learning styles and abilities that will reflect onto other areas of study (Corcoran, 2009). As a result, the behavioral problems seem to decrease in the classroom as student achievement increases. With the numerous benefits that the smart board technology offers the students, it offers the user or teacher just as many rewards. Teachers who use the board are rewarded on a daily basis by the increasing student achievement and understanding. One of the biggest benefits to using the smart board is that they will require little instruction on how to use them, with the increasing use of computers and other software is the ease of this program is increasing daily (Preston & Mowbray, 2008). Once the teacher can properly use the software, it will allow them to reach students of all different learning styles in one lesson. With the extra time of teaching in various styles removed from the lesson, it will allow more time to be spent in other subject areas and on practice of the learned skills. It will allow them to take children’s ideas and gain evidence of the level at which the child understands the concept and or skill development (Preston & Mowbray, 2008). The smart board will allow teachers to have their students highly engaged in activates and instruction. Finally, this software will allow for a different more effective way for teachers to assess student progress, for children that will struggle with pencil and paper test (Preston & Mowbray, 2008). Method Smart Board Research 6 The basis for the information and facts discussed in this paper were gathered through extensive research. Over several weeks, I looked through and read numerous articles to generate a group of references that would be beneficial to my paper. I found several scholarly journal articles and other peer reviewed sources to put together this research paper. To ensure the accuracy of my paper I tried to identify the facts discussed in more than more printed source. The purpose was to understand the new Smart Board technology and the benefits that it offered students, teachers and education in general. Through this research, I have learned several interesting facts about this product and its benefits. Results Through my research, I have learned that Smart Boards offer teachers and students an opportunity to engage as partners in the learning experience (Rochette, 2007). Teachers can use the technology to reach all the diverse learners in the classroom even the most struggling students (Boutcher, 2010). Teaching becomes more flexible, versatile, efficient, interactive, collaborative, and motivating for both the teacher and the student (Bilal, 2009). With options like saving notes and images written on the board the teacher can recall the information later for review or post it online to keep parents up to date on their students learning (Preston & Mowbray, 2008). They have the option of adding notations or emphasizing the items on the board through the provided highlighter or the touch of a finger (Bilal, 2009). With other laptops set up in the room, various students’ works can be projected onto the screen as an example of ways to edit or exceptional peer work (Rochette, 2007). The board allows for the set up and viewing of simulations and other graphics to help explain the content being taught in different subjects of study (Preston & Mowbray, 2008). To help review for a test or as an opener to a lesson, games such as “Jeopardy” and “Who want to be a Millionaire” can be downloaded and Smart Board Research 7 used with the software (Lorenzi, 2010). Students and teachers can use their fingers or the pen to write on the board as well as drag and drop text or images in various screens (Preston & Mowbray, 2008). The possibilities for what these boards can do are endless with a little creativity from the instructor. Discussion Based on my research and understanding of the Smart Board technology I feel that it is extremely beneficial to students and teachers in the classroom. More schools should use these boards as a way to integrate technology into the curriculum and get the children learning in new ways. It allows students to receive the most up to date method of instruction that allows them to be proactive in their own learning. Teachers can engage their students and reach a variety of learners in one lesson. In my opinion, the benefits to what this board can offer far out way the cost to install them into the schools, which seems to be one of the biggest drawbacks for this product. I would recommend Smart Boards to any school district that wants their students to reach their highest potential and be confident in the work they are doing. Smart Boards are “a tool for extending the horizons of teaching and learning” (Rochette, 2007). Smart Board Research 8 References Bilal, A. (2009). Boar's IQ: What makes a board Smart. Computers and Education, 368-374. Boutcher, L. (2010). SMART showcase school. ED Compass, 1-2. Corcoran, E. (2009). Getting to the Top of the class. Forbes, 40-41. Doe, C. (2010). Interactive Whiteboards. Multimedia & Internet at schools, 30-34. Lorenzi, N. (2010). 8 Smart Whiteboard Games. Instructor, 54-55. Preston, C., & Mowbray, L. (2008). Use of Smart Boards for teaching, learning and assessment in kindergarten science. Teaching Science, 50-53. Rochette, L. (2007). What classroom technology has taught me about curriculum, teaching and infinite possibilites. English Journal, 43-48.
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