An Environmentalist's Perspective on Responsible Fisheries The Need for Holistic Approaches

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An Environmentalist's Perspective on Responsible Fisheries The Need for Holistic Approaches Powered By Docstoc
					An Environmentalist’s Perspective:
The Need for Holistic Approaches in Creating Responsible Fisheries for the Future

Why Ask an Environmentalist?
• The historical paradigm labeled
environmentalists as extremists diametrically opposed to development • Today, we are all environmentalists • The following perspective thus represents the moderate view, emphasizing the positive roles that environmentalists can play in the global fisheries debate

Roles of Environmental NGOs
• • • • • •
Purveyors of information Translators of science or management Liaisons or honest brokers Advocates for reform Auditors Adversaries / litigants

An Increasingly Important, Non-adversarial Role:
• • • •
Catalyzing effective action Creating demonstration models Leading by doing Communicating commonalities and focusing on the positive

Roles of Environmental NGOs
• • • • • •
Purveyors of information Translators of science or management Liaisons or honest brokers Advocates for reform Auditors Adversaries / litigants

• Doers!

Roles of Environmental NGOs
• Purveyors of information
• • • • • •
Translators of science or management Liaisons or honest brokers Advocates for reform Auditors Adversaries / litigants Doers

Purveyors of Information
• Appropriate levels of resource use =
“how much is sustainable?”

• Least invasive means of harvest =
“what methods are sustainable?”

• Most appropriate target stocks =
“which stocks can be sustainably harvested?”

Roles of Environmental NGOs
• Purveyors of information • Translators of science or management • Liaisons or honest brokers • Advocates for reform • Auditors • Adversaries / litigants • Doers

Advocates for Reform
• • • •
Using the precautionary principle Shifting the burden of proof Removing disincentives to conservation Utilizing tools that complement traditional fisheries management, including MPAs

How Can We Achieve Serious Reform?

• Adopt a holistic attitude!

An Holistic Attitude Recognizes Interconnections
Target resources ECOSYSTEMS Harvest PRODUCTION

Humans NATURAL WORLD

How Environmentalists Utilize Holistic Approaches
• Demand assessments of ecological costs,
production costs, and social costs of fisheries (especially in new fisheries or major expansions) • Communicate results to decision-makers and public • Create demonstration models where such costs are minimized

Roles of Environmental NGOs
• • • • • •
Purveyors of information Translators of science or management Liaisons or honest brokers Advocates for reform Auditors Adversaries / litigants

• Doers

Creating MPAs As Demonstration Models
• MPAs couple development and conservation
• • • •
objectives MPAs promote sustainable use MPAs can be designed with interconnections in mind MPAs benefit fishers, the fishing industry and local and national economies MPAs can serve to demonstrate responsible fisheries of the future

Thank You


				
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