Watergate History by xiaohuicaicai



              The history of Watergate
              and how two journalists
                  brought down a
Material property of the AR Dept. of Education Distance Learning Center. It may be used for
non-profit, educational use only after contacting the ADE DLC at http://dlc.k12.ar.us ER

In June of 1972, five men
  were arrested in a
  burglary at the
  Watergate Apartments
  in Washington, D.C.
           June 17, 1972
During the early morning hours, a security
 guard notices that an office is being
 burglarized in the Watergate office
 building in Washington, D.C.
He calls police. Five men are arrested,
 including a former CIA agent. All five
 men are wearing suits, ties and rubber
    A burglary…so what?

What was unusual was
 that this burglary was
 at the Democratic
 Here’s what made it strange:
•It was right before President Richard
Nixon, a Republican, ran for re-election.
• The men were only after
  file folders. All of the
  men had large amounts
  of cash in their pockets,
  supposedly as payment
  for the burglary.
        The Reporters
Bob Woodward and Carl
 Bernstein were two
 young reporters at The
 Washington Post who
 investigated the story
 behind the burglary.
          Bob Woodward
• A reporter at the Washington Post. He
  was known for making a hundred phone
  calls each day and working on stories
  for hours and hours.
• Woodward graduated from
  Yale University and started
  out reporting for a local
  Maryland newspaper.
          Bob Woodward
• He called the editor of The Washington
  Post every week until he was hired as a
  reporter. On his first day of work,
  Woodward made over 100 phone calls,
  just looking for a story.
• He was an average writer, but better at
  getting information.
            Carl Bernstein
• A reporter at the
  Washington Post for ten
  years when the story
  broke. He was messy, a
  chain- smoker and very
  pushy and obnoxious
  doing whatever needed
  to get information for a
• He was a better writer
  than he was at getting
          Initial Coverage
When the Watergate burglary
happened, The Washington Post ran
the story on Page One.

The New York Times ran it on Page 28.

No one took the story seriously except
the Post.
         Initial Coverage
The day after the break in, Woodward
had worked on the story from nine in
the morning until eight at night.

Woodward wrote a small story about a
former CIA agent being arrested in
connection with the burglary.
      Listening to Answers
As part of the story, he called the
 U.S. Attorney General to ask him
 if he knew anything about the
He was told, “The burglars were not
 operating for us or with our
Woodward hadn’t even asked that
       Amount of Research
• Because Woodward was suspicious
  that the burglary was really a cover-up
  for something else, he began
  investigating the story.
• Woodward realized that he needed
  someone to do the writing while he did
  the calling.
      Amount of Research
 Woodward found out that Bernstein was
also interested in finding out what had
He ended up asking Bernstein to help him
work on the story.
He and Bernstein
asked their editors if
they could work only on
this one story.
           Sept. 15, 1972
• The five Watergate burglars, plus two
  members of the White House staff, are
  found guilty of planning and taking part
  in the break-in.
• In addition to taking files, the men had
  tried to “bug” the Democratic National
• Since two of the men had direct ties to
  the White House, Woodward and
  Bernstein tried to find out more.
    Over the next few months…
• Woodward and Bernstein were able to prove that
  not only was the White House staff involved in the
  Watergate break-in, but other things as well.
• The U.S. Attorney General, John Mitchell,
  controlled a secret fund for President Nixon to
  provide money for the break-in and other shady
• Some people who worked
  for Nixon had been
  threatened with their lives.
            The After-Math
•Woodward and Bernstein worked for months
to uncover the entire story of Watergate.
•The publication of their stories caused the
U.S. Senate to investigate President Richard
•Nixon chose to resign as president once the
truth came out.
•Most people in the U.S. said they didn’t trust
the president, let alone the government.
            So What???
• It wasn’t the break-in that was so
   bad. It was the cover-up of the
• President Nixon went to great lengths to
  make sure he was not connected to the
  break-in, when he had actually ordered
• This called into question the integrity
  and honesty of the president himself.
  Where did they get the
• Woodward and Bernstein had many
  sources, some unnamed, but their most
  famous source was called “Deep
• This was a secret source that had inside
  information about the president and the
  Watergate break-in.
• They never revealed the man’s name.
         Deep Throat

His identity was one of the
longest running journalism
   One of the biggest secrets
     in journalism history
• Only three people knew Deep
  Throat’s identity: Woodward,
  Bernstein and their editor, Ben
When will we know who Deep
         Throat is?
• Many people guessed who Deep
  Throat was, but Woodward and
  Bernstein said they wouldn’t reveal
  the man’s name until after Deep
  Throat dies.
        Mark Felt

• FBI’s number 2 man
• Served as the deputy director of the
• 30 year career
   Mark Felt is Deep Throat
• Deep Throat’s identity became known
  on May 31, 2005 when he stepped
  forward and identified himself.
• He identified himself. The reporter’s
  only confirmed it once Felt made the
   The Pulitzer Prize in 1975
• Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein,
  along with the Washington Post,
  received a Pulitzer Prize for reporting
  the Watergate scandal.
• The Pulitzer Prize is the highest award
  given yearly in American journalism.
    The Power of the Press

The work of two journalists
resulted in changing the history
of the United States.

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