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                                                     -SA-AY,              MAR. 9
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                                                                a
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          Nok: "Noon"= 12:30 Dm.                     Chains of ODDression from our




 P/THE UBYSSEY                                                                                                                                                                                                                    March 8,1991
. ....
                                             House of subversion
                                            A women-only space in EastVancouver was recently destroyed men.
                                                                                                        by
                                               One of the six houses on Francis Street that was occupied by squatters between
                                            February and November in 1990 was desipated as a women-only space.
                                               Initially, there were only twohouses, one of whichwas for women only-the
                                            Bushwomen’s squat. Two women moved in, anda third followed shortly thereafter.


        by Carla Maftechuk                 was physically safe and       emotion-
                                           ally safe because you didn’t have to
          R o , one of the occupants, haddeal with sexism.You didn‘t have
     never squattedbefore. “I think the to deal with men’s actions, reac-
     idea of the women-only space was tions. It was just a really beauti-
     what drew me there to a large fully supportive environment be-
hese extent.
n cause
          “I had never given a lot of struggling for the same thing.”
     thought to squstting before. As              “I feel that           is
                                                              squatting an
     soon as I heard about the    commu- important part ofcreating        women-
     nity I was really eager to partici- oniy space, because by squatting
     pate init. I was ina space where I YOU remove yourself and are free
     needed the validation and support     from the hierarchical rent struc-
     of other women.”                       tures
                                            in
                                          male-dominated                  society.
          Throughout the duration ofIt’s men that own and control ev-
     the squats, as the number of oc- erything. And as women, I think to
     cupied houses increasedfrom two get completely away from that, to
     to six, there remained only one build our own space, to create our
     women-only house. There were own community, I thinkit’simpor-
     always more men thanwomen in tant to squat to make sure                you’ve
      other
     the         houses.                                 space
                                            created a free          so that you’re
          Access to the house was re- not part of that. I’m not just in
     stricted for men to one daya week. opposition to the patriarchy but
     Men were allowed into the house capitalist society.”                                                                                                                            BECK BISHOP PHOTO
                                                                                         Cat
     on Wednesdays ”if allthe women               “In July,I moved out. Soon
                                   to
     living in the squat agreed that after that the          Bushwomen’s squat real1ybeautifu:llyat Frances street              “The women’s squat was an easy for them to make US invis-
     particular man coming in at that was barricaded. That wasn’t                   for awhile there. can work again, alcohol and drug-free space, and ible.”
                                                                                                       It
     particular time.You had the right agreed upon by the women that definitely-it’s needed, it’s essen- one of the women wasn’t respect-                             “In the beginning, there awas
     to say ‘No, I don’t want to deal with  were living it. Afterwards, after
                                                          in                        tial.”                                 ing that. felt likeit was really real attempt at community. We
                                                                                                                                      We
     men today.”                            August, the Bushwomen’s squat                 “The squatting movement is essential to be supportive by tak- had really           good energy happening.
          Relations with the other male     didn’t really existas women-only dominatedbymenbecause women i n g a stance ofno drugs and                    alco- The problem was,thewaythe
     squatters were strained. “Most of space. It had no facilities, it was tend to have more responsibilities hol because people had problems meetingswent,whoeverspoke
     them paid lip service [to the dark, the            stairs were rippeddown. than men in        society. Women have with these substances and wanted          loudest and quickest and with the
     women-only squat], but when it It just became like a shell of the children and that makes it to to be stronger women, more em- most authority,
                                                                                                                        next                                                         spoke the longest.
     came down to it, I’d say only a home that it had been.”                        impossible to squat.Women have powered as individuals. We felt So i t became tense. It was defi-
     couple were reallysupportive. We             “I see the latter part of the concernsofsafety,whichmendon’t that getting a n addiction was nitely male-dominated.”
                                                                                                                                          over
     did have a lot of problems with the squats, the time       from August on- have to the       sarne extent.“           part of that process. That’s why we        “Themeningeneral,            were
     men challenging our right to our wards as a very male-dominated,                     “It is very scary, being in a took that stance.” “In women’s intimidated by, or afraid of, the
                                                                                                                                                  the
      own space andfeelingthreatened.” machomovement thattookcontrol squat, knowing that male                   cops can squat we sharedeverything we women’s squat. They didn’t quite
          “Sexism was a serious prob- ofourhead-spaceat thetime. Alot come into vour house ,at anv time had: I thinkthat’s why it was know how to deal with it. For the
      lem, right to the end. had a few of those people were what we call and bust you. That’s really terri- unique, in that we were a really most part, the men just
                              We                                                                                                                                                              avoided it,
      meetings of women-only, women the barricaders’. Women did sup- fying. Ifyoulive togetheras women, cohesivegroup,andwesharedfood theyavoidedtheissue,they
      from all the squats, to deal with port the barricades, but i t was a you can support each ot,her emo- and money. That’s the only way I’d avoided the space, they                       avoided us
      the sexism that we’d all encoun- really macho kind of ego-tripping tionally on that. ”                                want it. “hat’s the way I want to to a large extent.”
      tered in this  ‘ideal anarchist com- movement, I think, at the end.”                “Issuesofgenderandofsexual live. It didn’t work that way in the              “I pulled out of the mixed-
      munity’; we brought i t back to the          “I think it was really signifi- orientation just weren’t seen as other squats. worked more as a gender meetings, because of the
                                                                                                                                           We
      men andit was slightly dealt with cant that theonlyhouse thatdidn’t            central to the struggle. They should family unit than any other squat        powerdynamicsandjustthe
      and thenlife went on.”                 really last until the end was the understand that the means the did.”  to                                            machoism, and I began to take on
           “The people who tendedto women-only space. I don’t think end,the way you go aboutthe                                                                   some
                                                                                                                                 “It was the most beautiful and of that myself.”
      make use of the spacewere lesbi- enough people in our community process is all important. No mat- important experience of my life,                               “More women are below the
                                                                   It’s
      ans, because they didn’t want or are lookingat that. just kind             of ter where you’re going, if you don’t living there. Butat the timeI felt poverty1inethanmen.Theoptions
      need to participate in the men’s glossed over.”                                work together all the way through, like the larger issue-like all the that they have are contingent on
      things or dealwithmen         in the         “My dreamright now is to then what thefuck are you work- menweresaying-ofsquattingwas                          who they sleep with. People can
      samewaythatheterosexual               open a women-only squat. I think ing for? And they should under- waymoreimportantthan                                                        I
                                                                                                                                                             u s say ‘that’s not true, don’t see half
      women did.                             I’ll do that this spring. I’m really stand that, I mean that’s part of challenging the issues gender.” as many women on the streets as I
                                                                                                                                                    of
           In the Bushwomen’s squat, it excited about it because it worked their politics as anarchists.”                        “I really think that we were do men’ but what are women giv-
                                                                                                                            under the influence of the general ing up to have a roof over their
                                                                                                                            squatting community on Frances head?
                                                                                                                            Street,and we didn’t validate our            “A lot of women sell their
                                                                                                                            position as women. And the men bodies to be able to just         sleep. And
                                                                                                                            certainly didn’t. Now, i t would be I don’t mean for money, I mean
                                                                                                                            different.1wouldmakeitanissue.” saying to someone ‘can i stay the
                                                                                                                                 “I think we need to create our night at your house,’ and them
                                                                                                                            own environment, to start from saying ’yeah, as long as you fuck
                                                                                                                            scratch and just to take over a me.’ And them agreeing, because
                                                                                                                           house and say ’We have the right when those are your options
                                                                                                                            to this space. You men control ev- sometimesit’sbetterthansleeping
                                                                                                                            erything, but this is our space and in the    snow.”
                                                                                                                           you stophere.Withinthese walls,             “I think that housing is defi-
                                                                                                                            we have freedom.’*                                    issue,
                                                                                                                                                                                       there
                                                                                                                                                                  nitely a gender and is
                                                                                                                                                                 always a need for safe space for
                                                                                                                                                                  women. Especiallywhen you’re
                                                                                                                                  JJ, who started the women- homeless.”
                                                                                                                            only squat, had squatted several           “I find i t interesting that the
                                                                                                                           timesbefore,inmixed-gender            women-only squat was the only
                                                                                                                            houses only.                         one that didn’t last to the very end,
                                                                                                                                “A lot of u s saw [squatting]as the only one that didn’t make it.    By
                                                                                                                           an opportunity to have homes and not putting in the extra effort into
                                                                                                                           also make a statement about the supporting the women’s squat, I
                                                                                                                           housing issue.I opened upa house think that helped to perpetuate
                                                                                                                                                             of
                                                                                                                           of my own and created the type the end.”
                                                                                                                           house I want.ed. I decided from the         “As far as any lasting effect, I
                                                                                                                           beginningit wouldbe    women only. think it was lost to the macho im-
                                                                                                                           In this situation, we got to make pact. That’s what people a r e going
                                                                                                                                       It
                                                                                                                           the rules. was very empowering. toremember when they remember
                                                                                                                           It was the first time I’ve ever had the squats-they’re going to re-
                                                                                                                           my own home.”                         member
                                                                                                                                                                      final
                                                                                                                                                                       thethe
                                                                                                                                                                        stand,                      bar-
                                                                                                                                “The existence of the women- ricades, militantpolice with shot-
                                                                                                                           only house polarized the situation. guns. That’s not whatsquatting‘s
                                                                                                                           Because men didn‘t respect that in all about.Squatting‘s about having
                                                                                                                           the beginning, we set up this rule a home.”
                                                                                                                           thatthey couldn’t come to     our           “I’d never  squatwith      mixed
                                                                                                                           space. We forced them to respect gender again. Never.”
                                                                                                                           our space, and that made it    very

                                                                                                     ”




           March 8,1991                                                                                                                                                           THE UBYSSEY/:~
                                                                         1




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                   March 13, 14, 15
                     IOAM - 4PM
   PLAZA SOUTH, LOWER SUB CONCOURSE
       see Tuesdays Ubyssey for details




         The English Comp. Test




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                         Buy Direct                                 or
   rJoHIA         Lowest Prices Guaranteed o                        the
                                                          ~ ~ t UBC Omce for Women Stu-
                                                                           J ~ ~
                                                                    dentswillhurtstudentsoncampus,
                                                                                 to counse~~ors the to-one counselling should go down.
                                                                                                  at
                 Rubber Caulk Boots...$       3gSs                  Office and women students.Ithinkstudentshavetheright                                      to
                                                                          “A lot of women need that protest this               ~ O S S , ”Durante said.
                 Planting Bags ............. $64ss                                 said Pond,
                                                                    counselling,” Ellen Lusztig that         the
                                                                                                       said if
                 Spades        .......................$
                                              2SSs Qu,,,            spokesperson for the student-nn university iSSeriOUSaboutcreating
                 Rainclothing                                       Women’s Centre. “We are talking a safer environment women on            for
                 Army Surplus Clothing                              about women’s survival. We’re campus then they should not be level that thosestudents would
                                                                    talkingaboutfewer suicides, fewer cutting back in services where                             not fit into a group counselling
                 Winter Underwear                                   breakdownsandfewerwomen                women can get support.                                situation,” Durante said.
                 Camping Equipment                                                 of
                                                                    dropping out school.”                        Onestudentwhoisinthelong-                            “rew said she  welcomes input
                                                                          In December the director of term counselling at the Ofice fearsfi-omfacultyandstaffonthesecond
   *-*D’S                                                           the office toldtheOfice’sfour          thereductioninappointmentswill half of the mandate                         which calls for
            175 W. Hastings 177           E. Broadway               counsellors that they would have mean shell                                                  more advocacy and ”planned or-
              685-9925-                  872-7537                   to slashtheir appointments half. have t o waitlonger t o see her ganizational change”on campus.
                                                                                                 by
                                                                  d The reductions are currently being     counsellor. “I’ll probably have to                         Rut Horsman said that when
                                                                    phased infor May.                      wait a monthbetweensessions                           thecounsellorsaskedTrewto
                                                                          The Ofice’s director, Marsha instead of two weeks,” she said.                          clarflfy “plannedorganizational

                     Careers in the                                 Trew, who   started work in August,          The outlook is bleaker new

                                                                    a more activist role to create a andlong-term counselling. This
                                                                                                                                                      for
                                                                    said she wants the ofice on students calling up short-term operationalize,databaseand
                                                                                              to take                                      for
                                                                                                                                                                 change”,“wegotwordslike:

                                                                                                                                                                 performance efficiency.”
                     Asia Pacific                                   more welcoming environment for
                                                                    womenoncampus,
                                                                                                           past Wednesday seven new stu-
                                                                                            as recom- dents were on that waiting list.
                                                                                                                                                                       “Administrations (inUS uni-
                                                                                                                                                                 versities)areusing“organizational
                                                                    mendedin a 1989 UBC review                    “There’s no way to tell how                    development” as a management
                 We are looking for graduates in:                   committee.                             long they’ll have to wait,” said tool for efficient operation of the
                   Business AdministratiodEconomics                       “In the future focus of the ”rew, adding they mightget in
                                                                                            [the                                                   not           male            patriachal,
                                                                                                                                                                     hierarchical,
                   Engineering/Computer Sciences                    s t a m will be balanced between before the endof the term.                                  model for institutiondl efficiency,”
                   Arts/Agriculture/Forestry                        filling an educative function and            There is,       however, nowait for             Horsman said.
                                                                    counselling,” she said.                students whoneedimmediate                     help,         “It appearsas an alienconcept
                 Capilano College’s two-yearpost-graduate                 Though they agree that   advo-   crisis counselling. Nancy Horsman                     in women’s office and has been a
                 diploma program can prepare you for a career  in   cacy work is important, counsel- handles the crisis                   counselling but,       large part of my concern for the
                                                                    lorsNancyHorsman,Caren                 because of the demand, can only                       new “directives” and “administra-
                 the Asia Pacific. The program includes: eight                                             s p a r eh a l f - a n - h o u rs e s s i o n s .                      for
                                                                                                                                                                 tive mandates” the Office,” she
                                                                    Durante, and Penny Lusztig say
                 months on-campus intensive language training,      that one-to-one counselling is a       “That’s not nearly enough time said.              for
                 and the economic, political, cultural, social and priority and should not have     been students, and it’s exhausting for                              Equallyconcernedarethe
                 business dynamics of the Asia Pacific; and         compromised.                           me,” she said.                                         women from the Women’s Centre.
                 twelve months working in Asia with a Canadian            “This is the onlyplace on              Trewsaysothertypes                           of        “We don’t know what [Trew]
                                                                    campuswhere women students             counselling will augment the one- means with advocacy. We feel that
                 company ornational organization involved   in                                                                                                    pushing for such things as anti-
                                                                    have, as women, to get help and to-one but says she doesn’t know
                 Asia Pacific business. Post-degree work                                                                                                          sexism workshopsfor professors is
                                                                    support,” said Horsman,who has what theywill be yet.
                 experience is an asset.                            worked in the office for 18 years. She said she’s waiting for data                            important, but we don’t know if
                                                                    The counsellors deal with issues       from women’s offices in universi-                      this is what Marsha Trew means
                 Information meetingswill be held at Capilano that range from marriage and                 ties across Canada and the United                      with advocacy,” Pondsaid. “We
                 College on Wednesday, March13 and                  custody battlesto sexual abuseto       States.                                                haven’t seen anything happcn.”
                 Wednesday, April 24, in room MlOl at 7 p.m.        poor workingconditions in the                 ”rew hinted that            group coun-                                        the
                                                                                                                                                                        Pond suggested that Of‘fice
                                                                    classroom.                             selling, which would help a greater                    could have lobbied for more re-
                 The program begins September, 1991.                      “Ifinditinappropriate thatin number of women, might be an                               sources from the administration   to
                 Preference is given to applications receivedby     a time when student fees go up,        alternative.                                           help implement the broader man-
                 April 30,1991.                                                                  as
                                                                    that student services such one-               Durante agrees that group                       date.
                                                                                                           counselling should happen at the                             “Advocacy could mean advo-
                 For details and to register for an information                                                                                                   cating
                                                                                                           office but not at the expense ofone- for another position that
                                                                                                           to-one.                                                would be hiring a woman of colour
                 session, please contactthe Asia Pacific
                                                                                                                  “There are many issues that who would be specifically helping
                 Management Co-operative Program,     Capilano                                             come into thisoffice on a personal                     women of colour on campus.”
                 College, atthe address below, or phone  (604)                                                                                                          Trew said the meaning the
                                                                                                                                                                                                of
                 984-4981 or FAX (604) 984-4992.                                                                                                                  terms would be clearer once the
                                                                                                                                                                  planningproccssnearsconlpletion.
   CAP1LAN0                                                                                                                                                       She hopes the Officewill imple-
   COLLEGE       2055 Purcell Way North Vancouver B.C. V7J 3H5                                                                                                    ment the dual mandate by next
                                                                                                                                                                  fall.

4/ITHE .UBYSSEY. .
         . . I
                                                                                                                                                                              March 8,, 1991
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                                                                                                           BUY RENT
                                                                                                        SELL SWAP                                                                        Are there different
                                                                                                                                                                                             m o v e m e n t s within
                                                                                                                                                                                             ecofeminism?
                                                                                                        U.B.C. GATES                         by Kathryn Weiler                                                             in
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Judith Plant lives a com-
                                                                                                                                                    Women have traditionallyal- munity in Lillooet, British Co-                          Although Boucher            dislikes t h y
                                                                                                                                             lied with each other in order                to lumbia which she describes as ecofeminist label, she feels                   people
                                                                                                                                             survive, according to Judith Plant, bioregionalist, as a community must begin to question the way                                 we
                                                                                                                                             ecofeminist and author the book   of            t h a t depends onlocal resources, live and recover our ability to share
                                                                                                                                             Healing theWounds.                              self-sufficiency and local govern- and care. “Part of that recovery I
                                                                                                                                                    “Historicallywomenhave                   ment. She feels more emphasis see as coming out of ecofeminism,”
                                                                                                                                             been oppressed and women have                   must be put “on human society she said.
                                                                                                                                             co-operated and shared amongst                  and its relationship to nature”
                                                                                                                                             themselves because this is what                 and thehome and local environ- T h e i r o n yof
                                                                                                                                             the oppresseddo behind the back mental issues.                                        e n v i r o n m e n t a l i s m....
                                                                                                                                             of authority,” Plant said.                             According to Plant, by en-           Anironyofthe environmentnl
                                                                                                                                                    The question of power with               gaging in   holistic living whether movement rests in the fact that
                                                                                                                                             regard t women and nature one
                                                                                                                                                         o                             is    in the urban or context, one the stage is dominated by men.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      rural
                                                                                                                                             t h a th a sb e e nr e d e f i n e db y         addresses environmental issues Women represent an extremely
                                                                                                                                             ecofeminism. fiaditional patriar- on apersonal yet                  significantlevel. active force behind environmental
                                                                                                                                                                   of
                                                                                                                                             chal structures dominance must                         Women’s role in the reorga- change and yet few women envi-
                                                                                                                                             be replaced with a more balanced nization of community is indis- ronmentalists receive the public-
  Present Student I.D. to Natalie Sneyd                                                                                                      approach.                                       pensable.“Traditionally,femi-         ity of someone like David Suzuki.
                                                                                                                                                    “Women mustlearn to as- nism was seen something t h a t     as                       Plant said the reason this      for
    at Rogers Cantel Service Centre                                                                                                          sume more responsibility.             Women     divided. Women on one side as reality is, “men are trained to lea
          762 S.W. Marine Dr.                                                                                                                must learn take leadership and the good guys and men on the upandhavetheanswer...Whatwe
                                                                                                                                                              to
                                                                                                                                             responsibility and men must learn                            as
                                                                                                                                                                                             other side the bad      guys,” Plant need is a lot less of one person
 325-5100            pager 667-0699                                                                                                          and practice empathy. But not           it’s     said. This notion of feminism, standing up             with the answer and         a
                                                                                                                                             a question of one dominating the she said, did notmake sense                   when lot more of us all talking t.ogether.
                                                                                                                   @   PAGING                other, it’s a question of finding applied ona community level.                        Balogue,” she said.
                                                                                                                       AGENT                 balance,” said Plant.                                “But feminism is essential   on         Women’s role is to take lead-
                                                                                                                                                                                              a community level or we will ership because we know what it’s
                                                                                                                                             How are feminism and                             create the kindsof social struc- like to have as our fundamental
                                                                                                                                              ecology linked?                                 tures that have destroyed the        premise caring and well-being.
                                                                                                                                                    The ecological movement and               environment-unconsciously,”                 W e must take leadership in
                                                                                                                                             feminism must go hand;in-hand                    said Plant.                          such a way that it draws men to-


  (, ~ ~ ; j yI)E1liAs
              r                                                                                                                              because accordingto Plant              women         Priscilla Boucher, a PhD stu- wards us and not awayfrom us so
......            ..........................................                                                                                 h,ave often been relegated to the dent at UBC in urban and re-                        that we can all learn,” Plant said.
                                                                                                                                             role of nurturers but, “we have                  gional planning,hasdifferent                The fact remains that femi-
                                                                                                                                             reached a time in our evolution                  ideas aboutecofeminism.              nism andecology are inseparable.
                                                                                                    .      .
                                                                                                                                              when we must insist that what               we         “Therearedifferentap-                      to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   In order start dealing with envi-
.............................................
                                                                                                                                              as women have stood and been   for              proaches to ecofeminism just as ronmentalissues we must deal


         ...
                    /vr i p L . [ JNI.        ........
                                                                                                                                              identified with all along berecog-

                                                                                                                                              large.”

                                                                                                                                              be recognized for
                                                                                                                                                                                              there are
                                                                                                                                              nized and taken up by society-at- feminism,” Boucher said.
                                                                                                                                                                                                         different approaches to with ourselves; men and women
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   must modify their roles and to-
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Boucher outlined the impor-gether become better equipped to
                                                                                                                                                    Certainfemale qualitiesmust tance of notromanticizing
                                                                                                                                                                      their importance women. Women’s role as the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    deal with the planet.

                                                                                                                                              in addressing environmental is- nurturer has been historically ”Liberal feminism is not
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In thewords of Judith Plant,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       enough-
                                          1OOo/i Cotton-Spandex leggings ’.                                                                   sues. According to Plant, women’s defined and devalued but this                      it won’t save life. Women might
                                                                              ; plajn      28.95                                              attributes must be used for the                 deniesmen’scapability             as gain more power and prestige on
                                                                                                                                              humanizing and creative elements                nurturers. We need somekind of the patriarchal ladder but not               it’s
                                                                              ; printed        32.95
                                        ........................................................................                              they provide.                                   balance; we need men to share.” going to saveUS.”
                                                                                                                                                       u e
                                                                                                                                                    Bmtoirm p o r t a n t l y ,
                                                                                                                                              ecofeminism redefines the             conven-          Boucheracknowledges the
                                          1OOY{ Cotton-Spandex Cycling Shart                                                                  tional auestionof Dower.                        need to bridge the gap between
                                            . . . . . i .............. ..I.. . . . . . . . . . j.                  ~
                                                                                                  . . 6 c o l o u. . . . . . . . . . . . .                                                    men and women. But she feels
                                                                                               i 22.&                                                                                         that women must be heard and

                                        ..Name.Biana                                                      i ..     .............


                                                                                         i         32.:95 to 38.95
.............:. . . . . . . . . .
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                                          Printed Rayon& Skirt Coordinates
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                                             south.6ran~i,,e . . . ~ 3 7 ” 4 6 i                               .   .   .    .    .    .


                                    i    128 lower lonsdale                            988-1754 i

6/THE UBYSEY                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         March 8,1991
I                                                                                     F              ”                                         “-




    Women in the media and the women’s media,
    by Laurie Newell                     che to saywe’re invisible, and it’s analyzed fifteen newspapers from           According t o Mediawatch’s Women do thisEverydayare
                                         profoundly true.”                   major cities from Victoria to St. Communications officer Jennifer unwaveringintheirfocus                     on
         In responseto what hasbeen          Many people argue that the John’s, found that of the total            El1is:“Thisinvisibilityimpliesthat women, PollakandAitkin see their
    called abysmal coverage of women coverage of women and women’s number ofstories bylines, less women’s achievements and con- work asbeingrelevant to the larger
                                                                                                with
    and women’s issues in the main- issues in the mainstream media than 30 per cent were credited to tributions are not important. It                  community. Pollak says Kinesis’
    stream media, a primarily femi- has changed, and that the charge         women.                                also means fewer jobsfor female readership has both activist and
    nist alternative media has been of invisibility no   longer holds true.       As well as being less visible as journalists.”                       research-oriented components, im-
    growing across Canada since the According to a 1990 study of Ca- authors, the study found that                      Pollak believes that this in- cluding people in government and
    early 1970s.                         nadian newspapers conducted by women are far less visible than visibility is also a way of main- trade unions, as well asgrass-roots
         In Vancouver, this media net- the national feminist organization as subjects of newspaper ar- taining women i n a powerless po- feminists.
                                                                             men
    work includes the newspaperKi- Mediawatch, a proactivegroup              ticles. Womenin these newspapers                                 Kinesis
                                                                                                                   sition. She calls her workat             WhileAitkinandanother
    nesis,publishedten timesperyear, working toward more equal rep- were only discussed 18.2 per cent a ”reality hit,” and says one aim collectivememberGenevieve
    and a weekly radio program on        resentationofwomeninthemedia, of the time, while the other 81.8 the newspaper is “to rectify the Jackson say they have never en-
                                    both women
    Coop radio, calledWomen Do Thisremain                                    per cent of quotes or references imbalance of [women’s]invisibility countered opposition in their o ~ k   w
    Everyday.                            underrepresented and misrepre-      werebyoraboutmen.When                 in the mainstream, and to en-       as a women-focused radio show,
         According to a member of the sented in mainstream Canadian women were present as subjects, courage political thinking andac- Pollak cannot say the same E -                  of A
    Kinesis’ editorialboard,Nancy        newspapers.                         thewereoften discussedwith sexist tion among women to empower nesis.
    Pollak. i t “has become almost cli-      The Mediawatch study. which laneuage.                                 them to c:hange their lives.”            In 1990, thesecretary ofstate
                                                                                                                        In addition to the misrepre- cut what federal funding Kinesis
                                                                                                                   sentation ofwomen,Pollakbelieves used to receive, basedon Secretary
                                                                                                                   that feminism is misrepresented ofstate guidelines      which explicitly
                                                                                                                   inthemainstream.ToPollak,           state that they will not fund ac-
                                                                                                                   feminism is not simplya question tivities relating to sexual orienta-
                                                                                                                   of seeking equality for women and tion and abortion. According to
                                                                                                                   men, but. question of looking for Pollak, this is because they nre
                                                                                                                              a
                                                                                                                   something better for everybody. seen as toocontroversial.In
                                                                                                                   Feminism,saidPollak,“isnot          Pollak’s words, “I think it’s safe to
                                                                                                                   women wanting a bigger piece of say that our funding was cutbe-
                                                                                                                   the pie, hut changing the recipe of cause of our continued   willingness
                                                                                                                   thepiealtogetherinorderto           to publish material on abortion
                                                                                                                   achieve a better balance between and on lesbianism.”
                                                                                                                   collectiveneedsandpersonal                       of
                                                                                                                                                            In light such responses, i sit;
                                                                                                                   freedom:;.”                         not surprising that Pollak,   Aitken
                                                                                                                        PollakseesKinesis     as pro- and Jackson all foresee the need
                                                                                                                   viding a n opportunity for women for a women’s medianetwork
                                                                                                                   to get involved in the media,who continuing indefinitely in the fu-
                                                                                                                                    no
                                                                                                                   may have had previous experi- ture. Accordingto Aitkin,        analter-
                                                                                                                   ence,somethingMediawatch’s          nativewomen’smediaisimportant
                                                                                                                   statistic:simply would be difficult as an educational tool, tolet people
                                                                                                                   in the mainstream.                  know that there are viewpoints
                                                                                                                        Mernberofthe WomenDoThis other than thoseof women in the
                                                                                                                   Everyday collectiveat Co-opRadio, mainstream.
                                                                                                                   Dierdre Aitkin, also sees this a n
                                                                                                                                                 as        Pollak talked about the recent
                                                                                                                   important role of the program sherevival of Ms. magazine, and its
                                                                                                                   works on. Aitkin said the show attempt to reflect thediversity
                                                                                                                   provides“anopportunityfor           among women, by including in-
                                                                                                                   women togetinvolvedinthe            ternational content, well as that
                                                                                                                                                                            as
                                                                                                                   community ... opportunity for by and about lesbians and
                                                                                                                                  an                                                women
                                                                                                                   women to gain skills in order to ofcolour. Pollak sees the    success of
                                                                                                                   help shape themediathemselves.”     the new Ms. as evidence of the
                                                                                                                        As well, Aitkin sees Women ongoing need for a women’s and
                                                                                                                   Do This Everyday as providing a feminist media network, saying          it
                                                                                                                   community service,addressing is- “reflects the hungerof women for
                                                                                                                   sues of interest to women, such as self-expression and information.”
                                                                                                                   pay equity and    women in thearts,     Both Kinesis and Women Do
                                                                                                                   as well ~uofferingcoverageoflocal ThisEverydaywelcomenew
                                                                                                                   events not covered in the main- members. Kinesis can be reached
                                                                                                                   stream.                             at 255-5499.
                                                                                                                               both
                                                                                                                        While Kinesis     and




             Dykes, diversity & discord
      by Carla Maftechuk                   munity.”                               great.”
                                                 “It comes up every year, that        “It really is ;-In extension of
           Homosexualityis still finding the guys there say: ‘We have to our society that womyn listen,
     aplaceatUBC.Twogroups,Dykes get more              womyn involved, at least care, and can be vulnerable, but
                                           let’s
     Unlimited and Gays and Lesbians have awomyn president’but fewer men can, and it ultimately
                                                                       all
     UBC, currently exist for womyn I’m not sure where that’scom- causes a rift. It’s a long process for
     and men on campus; however, a ing from.”                                     a man to  come to termswith what
     gender split exists within the   ho-        “Maybe because they’re feel- i t means to be a womyn.”
     mosexual community.                   ingthepressure       from womyn.           Sylvia, a member of both
           Two womyn, one from each But there’s not really a connec-              DykesUnlimitedand          GLUBC,
     group, expressed their beliefs on tion between what womyn want does not find the              differences prob-
     the subject.                          and them listening.”                   lematic. “I understand their argu-
           Karen MacDonell was one of            ““hey make an attempt     by at ments for being separatist, but
     the foundersof DU: “Its primary least talking about it, trying to            personally Idon’t find that a
     purpose is for womyn to get to- figure out what womyn want. healthy choice for me. For me,
                                                                 the
                         It’s
     gether and talk. supportive.” That never really works; I just that would be a n over-reaction.”
           “I don’t see GLUBC as speak- don’t see womyn caring that       much        “Dykes Unlimited is a sup-
     ing for womyn, but I feel that the about GLUBC. I get all I need portnetwork while GLUBCis
     Womyn’s Centre does that because from Dykes Unlimited.”                      more involved in the community
     it is a womyn’s space and inherent “And then there’s the Gay                 and it’s more a social club.It does
     in that respecting the lifestylesGames. I know there
               is                                                  were a lot of address the concernslesbians.”
                                                                                                         of
     of lesbians. GLUBC could be like womyn involved but ifyou at        look         “There is definitely a split be-
     that butit’s not; it’s like thatfor whowere visible, right in the            tweenhomosexual womyn and
     men.”                                 hierarchy of t h e people who were men. I think GLUBC is quite male-
           “Men like to hear the sound doing the majorwork for it, well dominated; it’s hard to say where
                                        of
     their own voices. If it’s 50-50, it’s i t was men. And even a t t h e i t start:;.
                                                                    look
     always stilla battle to have them     name of    it-’Gay    Games’. It’s         “The womyn aren’t going, but
     shut up. Men, be i t gay men or supposed t o include women but it if they would get involved more
                         to
     straight, need feel like they aredoesn’t do the trick.”                      then maybe that would help the
     beingheard tomaintain their     self-       “It would take a lot of energy problem. You can’t say there’sno
     esteem.”                              to give Dykes Unlimited higher womyn involved and notbe in-
                                                                       a
           “It always comes down tomen profile. We were prettyvisible in volved. There’s people there that
     and womyn in this world having the first year and everyone was are definitely doing something,”
     different balances    ofpower. There really excited about    it.”            Sylvia said.
     is a fundamental lack of under-             “I think that any event that         “I think some of the more en-
     standingbymenofwomyn.That’s goes on that has             some sort of gay lightenledmen aregaymen. That’s
     there in gay and straight com- andlor lesbian aspect to
                a          a                                               it i s been my experience.”

     March 8,1991                                                                                                                                                       THE         -
      . , , . .
              Crime distorted by gendermeutral language
  by Carla Maftechuk
                    should
           Homicide be                   toagender-neutral termdid bring     wasnotsexualassault.The                      W h a t t h i s offense deals but not women,” Boyle noted.
 recognized as a feminist issue, in some victims, but there has      been    Supreme Court of Canada over- withispost-partumdepression.                          IntheUnitedStates,
 visiting professor Christine Boyle some concern that we have lost    our    ruled that decision,               When a woman who has given birth gender is beginning to become a
 toldmore than 200 people who sense of the distinctive harm of                         Boyleexpressedaconcern is still recovering from the effects factor in consideration of a crime.
 attended a Walter S. Owen lecture rape.”                                    over this way of thinking. “Sex is of that, if she kills her new baby, “In1983the            New York   legal
 presented by the UBC faculty of                  The movementto gender      deeply gendered, it may be the thenshemay             be chargedwith       definition of bias-related violence
 law a week ago.                         neutrality encourages the courts    most gendered thing we have. It infanticideratherthanmurder.               included sexand sex-orientation.”
           “Part of the realityof the tounderstandthecrimein             a   has a lot to do with what it means It’s a much lessercharge.”                       “Whetherthere is any
 subordination (ofwomen)is death,” gender-neutral way, which means           to be a woman and what it means              A male kills
                                                                                                                                   who                a significant political attention paid
 said Boyle, who teacheslaw at that they may not be concerned                to be a man.”                      newborn would be charged with to these questions and whether
 Dalhousie University.   “The present with the construction sexuality
                                                              of                      “There are small signals, murder.                                 any change  occurs will be a matter
 l a w of homicide     largely
                      is                                     according to
                                         in our culture today,               both positive and negative, that             However, a woman is not of whetherthere is any public
 structured as if homicide were Boyle..                                      gender-neutrality doesn’t exist”in currently considered to be part pressure for change.”
                                                                                                                                                     of
 gender neutral, although there are               Using that approach,one    thelawtoday. For example,  section an”identifiab1egroup”whichmight                  ”Homicide is a feminist
 traces of a different perspective.” New Brunswick court said that           233 of the Criminal Code states be targeted in the of homicide. issue.Suchcrimeisusedto
                                                                                                                                      act
               believes
           Boyle       that              breasts weren’t sexual and that a   that only a femalepersoncan        Defining factors in a ugroup” are maintain the hierarchy insociety
 victims of homocides should be man touching a woman’s breasts               commit infanticide.                “colour,race,religion,ethnicorigin, in general.”
 clearlyidentified and that legal  the                                                                                                                                               ”

 system should take their identity
 into account.
                w t
           “The ay hings re a
 labelled may have a difference in
                              of
 terms of public perception them.
 If we have specific crimes in terms
 ofviolence against lesbians, that
                                so
 trials are reported as that in the
 media, then  people may see part     of
 theirexperiencereflectedin
 descriptions of reality.
           “The practical significance
 legallywouldbeinterms                of
 sentencing. Hate motivation     could
 operate to increase the   sentence,”
 said Boyle, who supports a call for
 a Royal Commission on violence
 against women.
      . Boyle saidtherehasbeen
 a general movement within the
 legal system to eradicate gender,
 as evidenced by the replacement      of
 the word “rape” with the term
 “sexual assau1t”in the 1980s.  early
            Pr
          “ a tof the reform was to
                          so that
 make it gender neutral men
 could be victims and women could
 be charged,” she said.
          T o a certain extentdoes   it
reflect some reality Decause men
can be sexuallvassaulted. Achanee




                                                                                                                 in 1986”the first woman to as- current workingconditions.“Ihave
                                                                                                                 sume this job in the paper’s his- been given equalopportunity to
                                                                                                                 tory.                                        cover the Gulf‘War.”
                                                                                                                        “There was lotsanxiety and
                                                                                                                                               of                  She says the women in The
                                                                                                                 anticipation as to whether I would Province’smanagementhave
                                                                                                                 be able to do this job or not,” she brought the papera long way.
                                                                                                                 says. “I did a fine job.”                         Kim Prissick, 30, media rela-
                                                                                                                        Easton says that sexism also tionsco-ordinator at ICBC was
                                                                                                                 occurs when she’s reporting out in warned during her media training
                                                                                                                 the field.                                                 face
                                                                                                                                                              that she may discrimination in
                                                                                                                        “There are                            the
                                                                                                                                         some men out there field.
                                                                                                                 where they see a woman reporter                   “They were very blunt in tell-
                                                                                                                 and a man reporter, and there’s ing me about the fact that
                                                                                                                                                           a                                I am
                                                                                                                 h o s t a t a k i ntg ,e y
                                                                                                                           ge        h                   will blond, and a woman, andwill have
                                                                                                                 instinctually go to the man.”                to work harder to prove myself.”
                                                                                                                        When she worked as assign-                 “There are people, and a lot of
                                                                                                                 ment editor at the city desk, she the time, other            women who willnot
                                                                                                                 wasoftenmistakenforasecretary. accept you because of your looks,”
                                                                                                                 She says men asked                to beput Prissick is told in herongoing me-
                                                                                                                 through to a man or “someone in dia training.
                                                                                                                 charge.”                                          ’Very few women have high
                                                                                                                        “At a management level, we profile positions in television.” Be-
                                                                                                                 have fewer womeninmanagement                 cause thesewomen are attractive,
                                                                                                                 in newspapers, and           as women move they haveto struggle to gain cred-
                                                                                                                 up into management, I think we ibility, especially from the female
                                                                                                                 are seeing a lot more threatened audience, Prissick adds.
                                                                                                                                           “I
                                                                                                                 men,” she says. definitely think                  When she was supposedto be
                                                                                                                 that women in management have interviewed by a Japanese televi-
                                                                                                                 to be twice as good.”                        sion crew working a story about
                                                                                                                                                                                  on
                                                                                                                       At The       Province, the positions Canadian culture, she rejected
                                                                                                                                                                                     was
                                                                                                                 of cityeditor,newseditor,and                 by the Japanese producer.
                                                                                                                 acting editor-in-chief are held by                “The producer looked me up
                                                                                                                                                              and
                                                                                                                 women. “They have had to put up down, from my shoes to the top
                                                                                                                 withalotofabuse,snidecomments, of my head, and his face went
                                                                                                                 jokes and whisper campaigns deathly white,” she says. He then
                                                                                                                                                        from
                                                                                                                 many threatenedmen.“                         said: “too pretty, no TV.”
                                                                                                                        “[TheProvince]hasbeen                      Although she had the author-
                                                                                                                 dubbed the Ovary Tower because ity to speak on behalf of ICBC, she
                                                                                                                 they have women in positions of was told the crew would not un-
                                                                                                                 power,” she says. ‘Would it have derstand. When a male represen-
                                                                                                                 been otherwise called the Testicu- tative of the corporation amved
                                                                                                                 lar Tower? No.”                              the entire crew‘s response: “Ah,
                                                                                                                        But Easton is satisfied with yes.”




  8/THE UBYSSEY                                                                                                                                                               March 8,1991
         . . .,                                                                                                                                                                , ,    .   I   .   ,
            Power, violence & upper
               body restriction
      The followingis   what happens happened to me over the past          part of the fashi'on designed b y
when six womyn converge on the year, and I haven't been able to men to torture wornyn.
Gallery Lounge to t a l k             realize it. And it's not only in         And tampons! Why is it that
                                                                    in
                                       classroom situations. It's per- they persuade us that the only way
      ...Anyways, we were dis- sonal things that happen to of being feminine is by shoving a
                                                                           you.
cussing why the term "girls" is You get in situation with guy. piece of cardboard up. It's not the
                                                    a                a
offensive to people, and to womyn and you say a n d h e h a s t most natural thing ever thought
                                                       "no."               he                I               of.
who know anything about soci- power over you,              and you want to I'm all for a bleed-in, now that
ety. One womyn put h e r h a n d say no, but you just don't. Be- there'sGSTonal1feminine hygiene
                         up
and said that it w a s not men who c a u x it's not the way it should products. I'd really en'oy wearing
had come up    with this term and be -you feel so*~notyou.~~you all whiteand bleeding ?or a week on
                                                                       put
call womyn"girls"--womyn do it yourself out of it, and you're the steps Of parliament.
themselves. The profwanted me someone             else, and you your-
                                                               let               love
to explain why it is  offensive since self  someone because
                                            be      else,                      'Ornethi%       I want to
no one seemed to know, had that's the way he wants
                             so I                                  it.     about is thisinterview I did at
to tell them that it belittles womyn          Inmy experimental research Christmas. This guy was saying
into being something.. .              clas,     there was a study done, how do I experience sexism? He
     Being childlike.                 and we looked who was par- kept wanting
                                                          at                             examples. Well, I can't
     There'sa   real  resistanceto    ticipating in fie study, and they give a specific              I know
changing these things.                wereall males--allhomogeneom         what hewanted to hear*He m n t e d
     Men get power in many      ways, middle      ClaSS males. And I said tohearthat I'dbeenfollowedhome,
and one of them is to control lan- -how can you do that? I+s not or thatI'd been raped. That is one
                                                                           example, and it is a serious, hor-
guage.                                representa~veo~ourpopu~a~on~,
                                      And 1 asked the prof this, and rible thing, but there i S SO much
     There's also a real resistance
for womyn to do it, too. They don't         instead of the female professor more toit thanthat.Unfortunately,
want to be labelled as "radical femi-                      my question, one of our media has warped it, and our
nist."                                      the male s t u d e n t s - - w h o w a s media is part Of the problem, be-
     They're afraid - it's like that        abut     sixfoot four and OVel bo cause they cater to the advertisers.
old saying: "I'm not a feminist, hundred pounds--amwered my And that is the reason we have tv!
b u t ..."                                  question, AllI felt like was   why h e       to haveenough stuffthat people
       I used to saythat. can see how frigging hell are you answering
                           I                                                         willwatchtheadvertisements.
 people say that. I think it takes a my question? I wasn'ttalking to Sexism is so central-it is a com-                                1HROUGHOUT THZ                           *At%*
certain amount of ...                      you! Shut up!                             ment that someone will make, it's a
       Strength?                                         not talk about profs.       feelingthatI get. It's a sentencein
       Strength ... but corning to real- talk about bras.                            class that I have to read! And when
 izations.                                      Restriction, €ashion, adver.. I complain,, Iamseen                  asbeing
       That'swhythewomyn's                 tising!                                   "bitchy",whiney-just,whyareyou
 centre is so important!                        What if you find them [bras] complaining so much, why are you
       Space... control of language, uncomfortable?                                  rocking the boat?    Why can't you be
no men looking in, no male voy-                 Who the hell does find them          "contentwithequality?"AndIdon't
eurs, freedom, power..                     comfortable?                              have equality. I am demanding it,
       Men a r ea l w a y ss a y i n g ,        ! have to have special de-           and I am not going to shut up. But
"Don't be stuDid. don't be idi- signs that bruise my shoulders ... if equalityhappensin my lifetime,
                                ~   ~   ~~~




otic." They doA't &gue with you.                It's another way of making I'd be really shocked.
                                           your body presentable to a certain             I don't want to be considered
they just put you down.                                                                                                                                  APPLlCATlONS
                                                                                     the same, I want to be different. But
       A lot of times in class, I have audience.                                     I want to be respectecl-1 don't want                                        NOW
something to say, but I can't put it            You should see what those equalitv. I want resnect.
                                           underwlre mas (10. I ve got scars                                                                               AVAILABLE
into words. I start to doubt myself,                                                      Hespel:t! Thebiggestthing
which I cannot do -                                                                                   that I ' m angry                                    for the position of
I'd go insane.                                                                                        about is that I have
       When I talk to    r                                                                            tofight. I thinkthat
 profs, I can't say my
gut feelings, I have to
                         ~
                                                                                                      it is a b s o l u t e l y
                                                                                                      despicable.
                                                                                                                                         JOBLINK
                             I                                                                            The fact that I
say what I've read,
                                                                                                                                       COORDINATORS
                         1I
                                                                                                      have t o take a Wen-
and what I can sup                                                                                    Li-Do class, and it
port through litera-                                                                                  doesn't matter if 1
ture.
                                                                                                                                                 (2 FULL-TIME/ PART-TIME)
                                                                                                      have it or not, if a
       You have to re-                                                                                man attacks    me.and
fertosomeoneelse's
authority.You're
                         ,                                                                            I don't fight back, it
                                                                                                      would be my fault,                         Resumes required with application
                             i                                                                    I   and not his fault for
never the authority
on your ownlife.         I                                                                            attacking me. Well,
       classrooms are
a hostileenviron-
ment.Simplythe
                         I                                                                            why the fuck didhe
                                                                                                      attack Men
                                                                                                             me?
                                                                                                      shouldn't have the
                                                                                                                                3eadline for Resumes
                                                                                                                                P Applications:
                                                                                                                                FRIDAY, March 15, 4:OO p.m.
                                                                                                                                                                                          Applications
                                                                                                                                                                                              Available
                                                                                                                                                                                              SUB 238
                             1                                                                        right to do that.
way they are set     up I                                                                                 I hate the fact
inthisinstitutionon i                                                                                 that I 1:lidn't know
strictly enforced hi-
erarchical
Thereisthe
              lines.
                   prof,
                         I                                                                            all o f these thin s
                                                                                                      earlier on in m y l i .
                                                                                                          I hate the factthat
who has all of the
power in that     room, 1
                         1   I
                                                                                                      I know ;3bout them.
                                                                                                          Ihatethefactthat
                                                                                                      they are  ...                                             ~ssoctotlon

                                                                                                                                            DANCE
                                                                                                                                  (. A DINNER
and then the      power                                                                                   Ihatethefactthat
ranges down from
there to the men in '
                                                                                                      I have to feel lucky
                                                                                                      about not being at-          ;R D
the class, and then
to the    white womyn
andtopeople
colour and so on.
And it's very, very
                      of I                                                                            tacked, when
                                                                                                      should bea given.
                                                                                                          I believethat
                                                                                                      nothing willhappen
                                                                                                      untilmen--and I
                                                                                                                             it
                                                                                                                                             at New World Harbour Side
                                                                                                                                                     Saturday,    March 16
hard to speak out     in                                                                                            will
                                                                                                      think they have
                                                                                                      to be forced, simply               TICKETS: (sales end March 13, 1991)
those situations.    Its                                                                              because I don't see
not a matter of a                                                                                     howelseitwill                         Members $40 Non-members $45
specifically sexist or                                                                                happen--give     up
racist incident that                                                                                  that 'power and that                 includes buffet dinner, wine, DJ, etc.
you canchallenge                                                                                      abusiveprivilege
the dominators on.                                                                                    that they   have. That
It's hard for people                                                                                  is tlhe power of
                                           because of the underwire strips. white, middle clas!; pieterosexual
to understand how that process I                                                                                                             T-SlIIRI'S            and         SWEATSHIRTS
works unless they've been p a r t of themlike I turn supposed to wear be some way thatand there has to
                                  a                 to
                                                          was
                                                                 On mypartner*
                                                                                     able-bodied men,
                                                                                                            that power is                   Members $14                         Members $23
it.                                        because              what you see On removed,      because the    imbalanceis                                                      Non-members $25
                                                                                                                                         Non-members $15
      Sexismissopervasivethatyou tv and in the movies. I got this so great no", that there will be no
can'tjustpluckoutanincidentaLIt bra because !wantedt o looklikechangeuntilthat                               is addressed.
is central to my being, and it part  is                    and           'e
                                                                         l     Only Until the institutions that breed
of everything I do. It is everywhere reason. 1 reallyregretit now. Thekind                       of' systennic oppression                                   Forensic Building
I go. And how can you logically scars are there, and I keep look- and violence...                                                                                  with
prove that the air you breathe is          ing a t them, and they hurt me.                                                                                    STEVEN lIART
sexist,heterosexist,andracist?You They really ..I like my sports
                                                           do..                                                                               1 2 3 March 13, 1991 Svedfeld Lounge, Kenny
                                           bra.
can't prove thatto someone.
      That'stotallytrue!            That's      I still have the bruises. This is



March 8,1991
                                                                                                                                                                                      THE USYSSEY/~
s
i1

e




                    /I! //            time I heard an imitation the accent,I turned browner. I couldn’t even t u r n
                                     red.
                                                                of

                                        I began to clothe myselfin imaginary white My appetite was insatiabl
                                                                                         skin.
                                                                                                              .  .

                                    I straightened my h ~ i rhungered for the styles. I turned against myparent’s
                                                             ,
                                                                          I
                                   food, hungry for white nourishment. was consumed byhatred for everythin
                                                                                             a
                                   Indian. I remember my mother’s tears when I told her I wished for a white
                                  mother. I told  her this she combed the knotsout ofmy thick, rough, black hair.
                                                          as
                                  Her hands trembled only slightly.
                                                                    I
                                        When a white man liked mewas thrilled. When men my colour liked
                                                    I
                                 I hid from them, was scared ofthe dark. It angered me when my white sisters,
                                my friends, tried to match me up with my kind.            My kindsmelled,were
                                                                        I
                                unattractive, my kind were manure. was “white” then.I wouldn’t let anyone
            1 .!I               stealthat from me.
                                      I t wasn’t until I graduated when one of my friends in a cold embrace
                                whispered, “I never even notice a t you are different, you are white just like the
                                                                 th

     / /,   i       .   I I’1                                                                                  J
                                I cried. because I couldn’t see mvselfin the mirror anvmore. was invisible. No J {j
                                                                                            I                         \\ 1
                             one could hear me, because    I coulin’t speak. hadn’t spoken foryears. There was
                                                                           I
                                                                                I
                             silence. Silence is starvation. Silence is suicide.resurrected myself that day.
                                                                        I
                             My brown self. I still bear the scars, butsurvived because my mother cradled
                            my silence, nurtured me when I wasn’t looking.
                                Today I can see. I have a vision and I havi. a voice. I am surviving.
                                Racism operates as a strategy of divide and conquer. The systematic mis-
                           treatment ofpeople ofcolour relies the regeneration oflies. “They dirty.”
                                                                  on                              are
                        , “I must be dirty.” The hatred, the racism is internalized. Racism pitted me
                         i
                           against myself. Resisting and unlearning are the keys. I have entered the
                           process; divide a n d conquer have become define a n d empower.
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                                                                 Once again, The Academy is
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                                                           announcement of the Oscar    nomi-
         Business Stationery      PXotocopying             nations, Awakenings was nomi-
         Binding                  Reports B Theses         nated for best picture but director
                                                           Penny Marshall was   conspicuously
         Computer Graphics        Resumes                  absent from t h e nomination list
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                                                                 She would have been the first
         Flyers B Menu            Wedding Stationery       ever, North American woman to
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          er                      Word Processing          be nominated for best director.
                                                           Even moreconspicuous is the fact
                                                           that traditionally, best picture
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                                                                                                         The Panther

                                                                                                   His wearyglance,bythe
                                                                                                   passing of the bars,
                                                                                                   Has ~ T O F V Jinto a dazed and
                                                                                                                   ~
                                                                                                   vacant stare;
                                                                                                   It seems to him there are n
                                                                                                   thousand bars
                                                                                                   Andout beyond these bars-no
                                                                                                   world.

                                                                                                   T h e pad of his strong feet,
                                                                                                   that ceaseless sound
                                                                                                   Of supple tread behind the
                                                                                                   iron bands,
                                                                                                   Is like a dance of strength
                                                                                                   circling round,
                                                                                                   While in the circle, stunned, n
                                                                                                   great will stands.

                                                                                                  But there are times the pupils
                                                                                                  of his eyes
                                                                                                  Dilate, the stronglimbs stand
                                                                                                  alert, apart,
                                                                                                  Tensewiththefloodofvisions
                                                                                                  that arise
                                                                                                  Only to sink and die within
                                                                                                  his hezrt.
                                                                                                           Raincr Maria Rilke

                                                                                                      i*From Awakenings)




                                                                                                     Defy Authority!

            Some of Canada?kbest accounting Illjnds
                are i the insurance indwe.
                     n




                                                                                                    Join The Ubyssey
t
                               Canada's Insurance Professionals                                        SUB 241K
                                  The Graduates o The Insurance Institute o Canada.
                                                 f                         f
                                                                                                                     March 8,1991
    l2/THE UBYSSEY
"                                    WIMMIN'S ISSUE
                                               ""

                                                                            ""   ~                 ~.




Film animator's Dlu&in
     personalities
        From an interview withSylvie Fefer.
by Celia Griffith
     Rememberwhencartoons
played before every movie? Today
                       in
we find them mainly collections                                                                               ............
                                                                                                               ..........                                                                        ............
                                                                                                                                                                                                .............
                                                                                                              ............                                                                       .............
such as TheThirdAnimation                                                                                    .............
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                                                                                                                                       Two Posfiions,High School Orientation-Frosh Co- ...............
                                                                                                              ...........
                                                                                                             ..............
                                                                                                             ............                                                               .............
                                                                                                                                                                                        .................
Celebration, which opens F'riday                                                                             .............
                                                                                                              .............
                                                                                                             ..............
                                                                                                                                                                                       .............
                                                                                                                                                                                                ~~~~~~




at the Ridge Theatre.                                                                                          .......... ...
                                                                                                             ................
                                                                                                             .............
                                                                                                             ...........
                                                                                                                                       ordinator and Fund-Sponsorship Raiser, are ~ al- ~ ~ ~ ~
                                                                                                                                                                                       ~
                                                                                                                                                                                       ............. ~
                                                                                                                                                                                        .........
                                                                                                                                                                                        .............
                                                                                                             .............
                                                                                                             ......
     Among 19 baffling, amusing,                                                                              .............
                                                                                                               ............
                                                                                                             .............
                                                                                                             .............
                                                                                                              ............
                                                                                                              .............            ready defined. Two positions are undefined and ~~:~
and often breathtaking new  offer-
                                                                                                             ...........
                                                                                                              ............
                                                                                                             ..............
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                                                                                                             . . . . . . .... .
                                                                                                              ... . . .
                                                                                                             ................
                                                                                                             .......
                                                                                                                                       the AMS is open for YOUR suggestions. This for ..............
                                                                                                                                                                                 is             :'.::::s:s;
                                                                                                                                                                                       .............
                                                                                                                                                                                        ............
                                                                                                                                                                                       .............
                                                                                                                                                                                              .. . . .
                                                                                                                                                                                          . .. . ... . .
ingsfromninecountries,is        a                                                                            .....
                                                                                                             ..::::X:. ..:...:         aprojectthat will help the AMSand students.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 . ..
                                                                                                                                                                                      :.. . ............
                                                                                                                                                                                                .. . . .
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ..

                                                                                                             1::pI
                                                                                                              ........... ::j                                                                  ... ... ..
                                                                                                                                                                                                   .
                                                                                                              .. . . . . .
quirky piece by Vancouver's own                                                                               . ...........
                                                                                                             .............. ........
                                                                                                              ....
                                                                                                             . ...........
                                                                                                                 .
                                                                                                                     . .                                                                         .... .... ... ...
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ............
                                                                                                                                                                                                    . . ..... . ..
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 .
                                                                                                             . . . . . .                                                                           ,
                                                                                                                                                                                                   ;
Sylvie Fefer.                                                                                                    .......
                                                                                                                ..........
                                                                                                             ..........
                                                                                                              ...........
                                                                                                               ............
                                                                                                                 ........
                                                                                                                    .........
                                                                                                              .........
                                                                                                                 ..........            Send in your application and a Curriculum
                                                                                                                                                                               Vitae         for~ ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~
                                                                                                             ...........
                                                                                                             .............
                                                                                                                . . . . .......
                                                                                                                 ... . . .
                                                                                                                .........
                                                                                                               ............
                                                                                                                ...........
                                                                                                                ...........
                                                                                                                   .. .
                                                                                                              .............
                                                                                                               ...........                   of
                                                                                                                                       any these four       positions.
Q: How did you come to do the film                                                                             ............
                                                                                                                 ...........
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                                                                                                             ............
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                                                                                                               ...............
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Personality Software?                                                                                            ...........
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                                                                                                                      . . .
                                                                                                              . . ........
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                                                                                                              ..:;-----.....
                                                                                                                  . ........ .
                                                                                                                 .........             More information.from the AMs Vice President
                                                                                                               .........
                                                                                                                 ........
                                                                                                                    ...
A: The National Film Board asked                                                                               . :?:
                                                                                                              :>; ;!
                                                                                                              . . . . . . ..
                                                                                                                .       .              Sh,swn TagSeth SUB Room 248, Applications in
me and I submitted the
                     idea. They
             it,
seemed to like so they commis-
sionedmetodoastr,ryboard.That's
like a comic strip version of the
film-what it will be like.                                    Still from Personality Software
      Then they didn't want to do
the film after all. I asked for the played before that feature across a slot that's custom-cut into your
                          for
film rights back and help with Canada. And mine was             played with head-what the reDercussions oi
some of my cost, and they were           some horrible-oh, I shouldn't say
very generous to dothat. So I ap- horrible-with a film called Stroker
plied to the Canada Council and Ace, with Burt Reynolds.
got rejected about a million and              AShort Story was finished in
one times [laughs] until finally I '85, and it'sbeenshown               in the
had animated most the film on places that I just mentioned. But
                         of
myown and I submitt.ed a line it's about being short. I t played a
test.                                    lot on the Knowledge Network, and
      For a line test all or most of I think maybe there'sa short per-
                              black
the animation is done in and son over there that             liked it.
white, so one can get areally clear
idea of what the   film is going to be Q: What distinguishes Personal-
like. They gave me the money to ity Software particularly?
complete the film, so I finished
                                       I
animatingit, I inked it, and thenA: Well, first, it's my most ambi-
didn't have enough money to pay tious film, because it's full           colour. that are in the
                                                                                              film.
for painters to paint the        film. I My other ones were done on paper;
applied for a new BC Film grant this one was doneon cel. Cel is
and got the money to pay for             really a clearacetate, so what
painters. That's basicallythe his- happens is that the characters are
tory of the makingof Personality painted on it, and thencan see you
Software.                                the background behind the char-
                                         acters.Sinceyou     don't haveto
Q: Whydid the NFB approach               redraw it for each frame of film,
you?                                     you can have a full colour back-
                                         ground. My other films had very
A: I've made other
                 two        films,       minimally coloured drawings.
Brushstrokes and A Short Story.               Second, Personality Software
                      of
So the NFB knew my work a n d is filled with characters talking.
they knew me.                            You know-it's as if they were real
                                         people, but they're cartoon char-
Q: Wherepeople
            can      see                 acters and they'reinteracting     with
Brushstrokes or Short Story?             one another. In my other         films,
                                         Brushstrokes had no talking at
A I made Brushstrokes i n 1982 all, and A Short Story had just                a
so it's getting a bit old now, but it's narration, andmaybe a couple of'
at Canadian Filmmakers Distri-           lines that are lip-synched. Also,
bution West on    Howe Street-you        it's a muchmore complex story
can rent them. Brushstrokes was than my other twofilms, and it's
shownon the CBC, Knowledge got way more characters. more             It's
Network,paytv.Brushstrokes               polished.
won theShortFilmShowcase,                     Personal Softwaretakesalook
something that doesn't exist any at what life would be like if you
more. People who won got paired could go to astore and yourself       buy
up with feature, so their film was a newpersonality and installt i n
         a                                                                  i


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 March 8,1991                                                                                                                                                                      THE UBYSSEY/:G
        .  . , .
                                                                                                                                                                                                ..
                                                                                                                                                                                   .. .. ... .. . . .. .. . .. .
I~   ~
                                                                               WOMYN'S PERSPECTIVES                                                                                               .j

              by Laura Mayne
                                       Asserting our right to bemmm
                                               -       -
             Self defense as an             Although learning self  defense           and as such we have no means to right thing to    do.                            joys your discomfort. Power stares-
              issue often comes             can be useful and empowering,             assert what we want. Assertiveness      Everysituationisdifferent                -looking through you or down at
           i    up
                 withthe topic              assertiveness skills may be more          training can teach us things that and there no perfect way to pro-
                                                                                                                                   is                                  you. Someone who blocks your
            b of how women                  realistically applicable to real
                                                                         life.        we don't learn anywhere else: that tect yourself from sexual assault.            way. Someone speaking or acting


                            f    r 0 m assume      by
                                                attack
                                                 strangers.                               Thefollowingare tipsthatmay               safety.                                 grabs
                                                                                                                                                                             or
                                                                                                                                                                       who pushes               get
                                                                                                                                                                                              you to
                        L       s e x u a l Stranger                most
                                                    rape receives the  help                you feel confident and live                   Self Protection Tips: These   thc




                           wrong for Dressive
 war. We are told that it is



 We are told this is a war for the                   of
                                             sDective its'

                                                    -   ". - -- - - '
                                                         .          II
 sinceKuwaitwasruledbyasheikand to reject the social
           When
 his family.       Saudi Arabian programming which
 womenrecentlyprotestedfortheright dehumanizes us to thc

 Apparently the allies' fight for liberty    normal. Thisisespeciallytrue'
 and freedom does notinclude Saudi           for men who have to deal with a
 womenwho, among other things,
 cannot board airplanes or check i t  no
                                                                            1
                                             genderrole thattells them iftheq
                                                                       not
                                             are not tough then theyre real 'I
 hotels without written permission           men. Part of the way our society         7
 from male relatives. w e hear about         dehumanizes us is through the use of
 the brutality, torture, and murder of       verbal put downs. Within a group,
 Kuwaitisby the Iraqi army, but little       verbal uut downs desensitize those           1

                          the
 mad. He does not follow Geneva directed at people outside the group it nate the.
 conventionforP.0.W.sandaimsscud creates subhumans who deserve any position
 missiles at civilian targets. These mistreatment thevmiehtreceive. Lb- nfYtp,7rhpr"




                                                                                                 ~    I   L   ~~~   ~~
                                                                                                                         ~~~~~~~. -
                                                                                                                              ~~~
                                                                                                                               ""    '          1
 freedom,liberty,oraperceivedthreat          little boys, Bush and Hussein, facing     atruedemmraq. Heavenknown weran'tdonnv
 of attack are also thrown in for good       OKToobad for Hussein, but Bush has        worse than the politicians.
 measure. We needto see that nation-         more little toys so he's goingto win.          After a few months of voting and taking care of 7
 dism is  nothing more than a ploy to              Theaboveattitudesmustchange.        business we would be left wondering whywe ever had             ~~




 manipulate peoples' emotions thefor         We have to get rid of hierarchies and     leaders in the first place. How was i t that anyone ever
 benefit and interest of the elite who       the incessant need to dominate,rank,                                     they
                                                                                       took them seriously, how did ever mapaue tn uot pn
                                 to
 are our leaders. ~ r t a i n l y the        and compete. For example, at our          much press time,andhow didtheyever cor              I



 average person it doesn't matter who        schools and universities we could eas-    those senseless slaughters called
                                                                                                                   war?                                    1



 by J.Randall, Christa Greentree,    too far, and we feel compelled to by other members of our faculty. our own faculty. We havc
 and Evie Wehrhahn                   express OUR opinion, rather than We are not homophobic, racist or NEVER felt un:
                                     acceptingthe opinion 6 t h which sexist,andthemajority                   of engi- meninengineering,nor~hamed                       4
     We arepart          ever-in-
                     of the          we have been labelled.                   are not either.
                                                                          neers                   to                                  with
                                                                                                                         be associatedthem.
 creasingnumber of female engi-           First, we are  proud to      be      And we resent being classi- media     The                 constantly por-
                                                                                                                                         is
engineers
 neers.                                         ...not
                                           engineers
                                           traying
                                            engineers,
                                             female
                                               fied.                                                                                       as a group of chau- 1
           we are forced tolistenjustsimplyengineers.
      Daily,                                                  We are sick      F e m i n i s mh a sd i f f e r e n t   vinistic,straight,whitemaleswith
 to uptight and uninformed com- and tired of people (who presume meanings              to different people. To women playing a negligibl
 merits of Some "feminists" that to know our inner thoughts) tell- some it means equal payfor equal dent activities. In fact, women in engineer-
 claim torepresent our cause. They ing others that we are frightened work, and for othersit meansaffir- ing are twice a s likely (and twice as encour-
 sograndlytakeitupon themselves of our own faculty. We consider mative action programs, changing aged) to get involved with EUS activities.                         1
 tostandup for ourrights that have ourselves members        of one of the uwomen" to "womyn", and equat-                   Basically, we want the UBC comr
 supposedly been violated, in the onlygroupsonthisapathetic               ing sex with sexism. Some femi- know that every timeanyonemakesanunfair,                    .
 beliefthat we feel toorepressedby campus with the initiative to ex- nists have an unrealistic percep- biased generalization about the engineers and what
 our male counterparts do it our- press an opinion on any subject.
                         to                                               tion of what men are like.                   they mayor may not represent, she labelsas well. -7
                                                                                                                                            ~
                                                                                                                                                                 us
 selves. Well, the time has come          We are not saying that       we      Some have told us that we A n i
 where these comments havegone agree witheveryopinionexpressed should feel unsafe andashamed of issue, she should consultus.

  14/THE UBYSSEY                                                                                                                                                                           March 8,1991 "
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                   shoe sale
                   March 13, 14, 15
                                                A         N        N         U        A         L
                     IOAM - 4PM                  G E N E R A L
                                                 M E E T I N G


                                                                AGENDA
                                                   1. lntro of New Executive
                                                  2. Financial Statements
                                                  3. Report from Council
                                                  4. Auditor's
                                                        Report
                                                                                         P
                                                                                                     +
                                                  5. OtherBusiness                      5
                                                                                          .
.
+

    March 8,1991                                                                             THE UBYSSEY/:G
                 WHAT IS FEMINISM?            j




16/THE UBYSSEY                       March 8,1991
       If I keep one eye                                                                                        Bar Maid
       green and venomous,
       as quick as snakespit,                                                                       In this barI float like a bright balloon,
                                                         minds wonder min,ds explore                ,4 prick sensitive
       and the other eye                                 time occupies space
       diaphanous, lake-like                                                                        Globe of air
                                                         people come and go
       pooled with pupil,                                as time came and went
                                                                                                                f
                                                                                                    I squeak of the touchof hands,
       I can keep the same balance                       feelings invade mind corresponds           Quivering in tight-skinned excitement,
       as the tray on my fingertips.                     thoughts exchange                                    s
                                                                                                    I float a a surprise,
                                                         bodies mingle curves acquaint              Circling tabletops,
       My hands can be supple and fluid                  sweat abundant feeling faint               I?ounds of amazed eyes,
       for the pouring ofwines,                          is it lust?                                Lips of wine glasses.
       the small gestures                                feelings are familiar                      I waft on pillows of smoke
                                                         body wants craving mind                    Tapping bodies lightly
       to indicate the lusher meats.
                                                         roaming hands warm sensations              And moving on.
       They shall light the candles
                                                         compliments by touch                        In league with shiny surfaces,
       and whet the appetites.                           perpetual thoughts of hungering
       My rings and knuckles                                                                         I carry finely pointed tips
                                                         ambition pleasure for two
       are dainty hors d'oeuvres.                        time forgotten replaced
                                                                                                     In my pockets.
                                                         molding images of des                       1 u I am unpoppable.
                                                                                                       3t
        My dress is religiously plain.
        I hold my body rigid                             it must belove.                            Inside the balloon
        and as beckoning                                                                            Someone hides
        as a board.                                                                                 Her sharp elbows,
        But the brooch at my neck                                                                   Fingernails,
        must rivet the eye                                                                          Incisors.
        and confound the senses                                                                     Spreadeagled,
                                                                                                    I-ier handsand feet
                                                                                                    1-latten against the inflated sides,
                                                                                                    I-ier mouth opens
                                                                                                    In a f u l l
                                                                                                    And frozen




to orbit our living room.

I always waited to see which
                                -   "
                                                     I       '
                                                             Y
looked likely to explode intd
                                                __
                                           . ....    -..-.
                                                     .
                                                     ~,
                                                             -I_
                                                                                            bhich I hro%gfk, tsy8u
But you had memorized the exact location on the screen,                                     krapped likea b n e s e delicacy.
letting me believe
your index finger was prescient.                                                            We watched them unfold from the leaf,
                                                                                            their fluted edges rippling t o a full length.
Now it's hard to believe in the light years between us,                                     You .would say a prayer,
Mr. Spock.                                                                                  sprinkle holy pine needles,
                                                                                            then raiseyour brown sinewy arms,
When we played alone on the lawn all day,                                                   taut under the  weight held high    above you r hlead.
how I loved to be Kirk or McCoy,                                                            Your blue eyes watchingthe sky,
trusting or hating you,                                                                     pretending God was at the end
but still by your side,                                                                     of each smooth stroke.
phaser in hand and firing
into the fogs of the frog pond.                                                             But when the blade was  sliced the body,
                                                                                            the only divine flash
But when we played with your friends,                                                       was of our own making.
I was just a Klingon.                                                                       It was notfor God we performed,
Or worse, a womanin a mini-skirt                                                            but for each other.
who didnothing but scream.
                                                                                            God was the way in.
Ilow those roles have wrapped aroundus,                                                     But itwas only you, brother,
as if, then, we could choose to boldly go                                                   I loved for the killing.
so far away from each other.
You, to your planet of logic,
and I still hooking my dreams onto fallins stars.                                    Poems by Shannon Stewart and Barb Dawson
                                                             to
                                    Racist ruling handed down Gitksan
                                              and Wet’suwet’en
                                  Continuing the institutionalized                    Nations’ Peoplewhich is integral to the history Canada, the
                                                                oppression of the First                                             of           B.C. court hasupheld
                             the racist arguments put forward the province and the federal governments.
                                                             by                                         Today, March 8,1991, the British Columbia court Chief    under
                             Justice McEachearn handed   down his decision about the Gitksan and                                                            Columbia.
                                                                                                Wet’suwet’en People’s aboriginal land title action in British
                             The Gitksan and                                                                                  of their
                                             Wet’suwet’en People have issued statements regarding this judgement. In support positions, we, the womyn working
                                                                           We
                             on theWomyn’s Issue, are running them here. have also included Judge McEachearn’s ruling.




                             Office of theHereditary
                             Chiefs of theGitksan and
                             Wet’suwet’en People:
                                  “Chief Justice McEachearn has    delivered a brutal decision to the
                             Gitksan and Wet’suwet’en People and to all aboriginal people. The
                             Royal Proclamation does not apply to British   Columbia he said. This
                             decision issued by Justice McEachearn is wrong. It is wrong in
                             principle and it iswrong in law. It isa decision that is undeniably
                             political.
                                  “All arguments that the province argued have been adopted.
                             Justice McEachearn does not want the court burdened        with injunc-
                             tions and court cases concerning aboriginal title. Justice McEachearn
                             accepts the Calder and Catherine    Milling cases both of which were
                             repudiated by the Sparrow decision. The Sparrow decision, Justice
                             McEachearn said, has no   effect as it is on non-tidal water.
                                  “The court says that aboriginal title is a non-existent concept.
                                                                1969
                             This decision is very much like the white paper meant to destroy
                             aboriginal people through assimilation.
                                  “The decision doubts that the Gitksan andWet’suwet’en were
                             organized societies at the time of contact. The crown recognized
                             ownership aroundvillages but not traditional territories.”


                                 From Don Ryan, speaker for the Gitksan and            Wet’wuwet’en
                            please note: this text has  been edited due lack of space. The full text
                                                                          to
                            is available at The Ubyssey office.
                                 “The decision of the Supreme Court of British Columbia on
                            Delgam Uukw et.al. vs. the Queen, the longest running aboriginal
                            title and rights case in the country, was handed        down this morning.
                            As it reads, Mr. Justice Allan McEachearn has handed down a
                            political decision that clearly demonstrates that the intereststhe     of
                            courts in British  Columbia are not those ofjustice, but legalistic  ofthe
                            manipulation of facts and history justify the
                                                                 to               continued sanctioned
                            marginalisation of aboriginal people to thepoint that their existing
                            rights as protected by the Canadian constitution do not apply ~n
                            British Columbia.
                                 “In a turn ofretrogressive   legal thinking, this judge is attempting
                            to push  back justice for native  people in Canada least 20 years. This
                                                                                  at
                                                                               legal
                            has been doneby either ignoring or rejecting claims made in the
                            last few years by native people all over the country. This judge      goes as
                            far as saying on page300 of the document [the judgement] that native
                            people, especiallyGitksanand           Wet’suwet’en, are economically
                            marginalized because they                                        only
                                                           live onreserves and that the hope of
                                                                                                         This
                            change can come if they leave and assimilate into the mainstream. is the 1969 White Paper, a policy long rejectedby successive federal
                            regimes.
                                 ”Even at the introduction ofthe     document, this judge states‘...I have been brutal.”     (p.3) Indeed this is an understatement. The   volume of
                                                                            to the
                            evidence that this judge rejects in respect continued ownership and jurisdiction Gitksan and    of the              Wet’suwet’en temtories, the details
                                                                                                                                                                   whole
                            of cultural organization,of the language,of their whole cultures, is amazing. Was not this judge actually there through theof the trial?
                            It seems  not. After three yearsof hearing testimony, the judge         even rejects the idea that the Gitksan and  Wet’suwet’en cultures were and are
                                                                                                          of
                            complex and sophisticated (p.237) instead asserting that thousands years of social development happened since Europeans’                   contact.
                                 “...This judge goes on... to extrapolate that the     colony was able to extinguish all                                              by
                                                                                                                          aboriginal rights, including those to land, some sort of
                            fiat,that required neither the    knowledge or the consent the native
                                                                                            of            people living in what now BritishColumbia ...
                                                                                                                                is                         this judge concludes more
                            or less that  prior to contact, native people in British                                                                     it that
                                                                                         Columbia led a life that was nasty, brutish and short and took European contact            to
                            make them culturally self-aware and to                              of                        prior
                                                                         give them any sense temtoriality. In short, to contact, this judge thinks native           people were little
                            more than fairly bright animals.
                                 “This judgement is full of similar arguments that either debase and belittle aboriginal        people and their cultures and certainly render them
                            subject to European cultural domination in total         ...
                                                                        to
                                 “The tone judge is attempting set is that native
                                             this                                                                                                  could
                                                                                               people in B.C. have no rights, no real culture that in any        way be equated with
                            what was imported      from Europe and certainly say in what happens to their ... Given that it could have beena great dayfor justice in
                                                                                  no                                      land
                            this country, we come away with nothing. McEachearn’s judgement isa travesty, basedon the economic imperatives of a province driven by
                            exploitation of people and resources. He has                                                                              in
                                                                               rectified nothing. Perhaps heexpects the native rights struggle B.C. and Canada to          magically
                            endbecause of this decision. Instead, in myopia, he has
                                                                         his                                       of                     of                 only
                                                                                               fueled the causes racism. Judgements this kind foster enmity. Aboriginal
                                                                    will
                            people will protect their rights and force this agenda. The actuality, or threat           of violent force by the state cannot keep  people down. It has
                            not worked in South                  did                                                                                this
                                                    Africa and it not work last summer Oka. Justice will be served in the end and province may expect considerable
                                                                                                at
                            unrest, protest and direct political action if the government attemptsto use this small, silly judgement to inform policy. An appeal can be
                            expected.”

                             AN EXCERPT FROM THE JUDGMENT IN THIS CASE
                                          answers the legal issues arising
                             “The foregoing                                               case. It remains
                                                                       for decision in this               only to state my conclusions i n more precise form and to add
                             some comments. Nothing I have said applies in any to any lands set aside Indian reserves.
                                                                             way                       as

                                   “(1) The action against Canada dismissed.
                                                               is

                                   “(2) The plaintiffs’ claims for ownership of and jurisdiction over the territory, and aboriginal rights in the territory dismissed.
                                                                                                                       for                                   are

                                 “(3)The plaintiffs, on behalfofthe Gitksan and                           in          of Claim ...are entitled ato
                                                                              Wet’suwet’en people described the Statement                        Declaration that,
                                                                                                   to use
                             subject to the general the province, they have continuing legal right unoccupied or vacant
                                                       of law                 a                                                                     for aboriginal
                                                                                                                          Crown land in the territory
                             sustenance purposesas described in Part 15 of these Reasons for Judgment.

                                  “(4) The plaintiffs’ claims for damages aredismissed.

                                  “(5)The Counterclaimof the Province is dismissed.

                                 “(6) In view of all the circumstances this case, including the importance the issues, the variable resources
                                                                     of                                   of                               of the parties, the financial
                             arrangements which have been made for the conduct of this case                                                 the
                                                                                            (from which I have been largely insulated), and divided success each party
                             has achieved, there will not be any orderfor costs.”
    1 8 / T ~ ” E ) y s s e y. . - . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . .   _.......                                                                                                   March 8,1991
.       ....._
I
                                                                                      W




                  Mynifesto
                 A list of demands
              made by the feministsof
             The Ubyssey Womyn’s issue.
    Freeze all hiring of male employees on campus; hire only
    womyn, preferably womyn of colour, lesbians and differently
    ablcd womyn.
    All pmfessors required to take a series of anti-racist, anti-
    sexist, anti-homophobic workshops.
                                     all
    Recognition ofNative languages and foreign languages to fill
    the language requirementfor undergraduate degrees.
    Free daycare for children of student parents.
    Subsidize womyn’s self defense WenLiDo classes 100 per cent.
    All male heads of faculties be assignedjanitorial &ties their
                                                          in
    dcpnrtmcnts.
    Implement myndatory coursework on power structures i n this
    society (and not in Engiish 100).
    More reprcscntation from feminist authors incourses.
    AnyUBCemployeepmventobeconnectedtosexual harassment
                                   paid for.
    get fired and gets their therapy
    Pay sessional lecturers as full professors as most womyn arc
    lecturers.
    University funds channelled into research on AIDS, organic
    agriculture, birth control and STD’s like chlamydia.
    Rape relief stickers be legally stuck in bathrooms.
    Free abortion services and pregnancy counselling at Student
    Health.
                condoms, latex gloves and dental dams wash-
    Free tampons,                                     in
    rooms.

                              ’stop rape.”
    Replace all stop signs with

    Replace Hampton Place with free student housing for single
    female parents. Convert student housing into co-op housing.                                           .
    UBC Reports publish their issue of the year as lesbian,
                             fist                a
    gay, and bisexual issue.

    AZT provided for people with AIDS-frce, of course.
    Convert President David Strangway’s house into something
    uscful. (...a retreat for Chippendale’s dancers ... ...a methane
    production plant which operates on animal exhaust..)

    Start a womyn’s research andresource centre.

    Abolish the term “ladies”; we know gentlemen haven’t existed
    in a long time.

    FrcddyWoodTheatrepmducemoreplaysbywomenplaywrights,
    with more women actors. directors. desianers andtechnicians.


                           THEUBYSSEY
                                 March 8,1991
           The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
           Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
           Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not neces-
           sarily those of the university administration, or of the
           sponsor. The Ubyssey is     published with the proud
           support of the Alumni Association. The editorial oftice is
           Rm. 241k of the   Student Union              Editorial
                                                Building.
           Department, phone 228-2301; advertising, 228-3977:
           FAX# 228-6093
                    Once upon a newspaper there dwelled 3 little enginening
            students: Evie Wehrhahm, Christa Greentrcr, and Julie Randall,
            who died, decomposed and wen? oonsumed by the blue gcop that
            spewed h m Celia GriffiLh’s mouth. “Aaaack” read the flag that
            poppal mirthlessly h m the gun of Carla MaRechuk who was
            inconspiciouslybathing her     earlobes in liquid nitroglycerine, which
            spilledvccifemuslyontothegroundandquicklycreatedaholeoutof
            which materialized Ellen Pond.
              Iris Griffith and Iris Bitterlick were the eyes ofdestiny, scanning
            the horizon for Barbara Dawson the twinket of the c a s t . Franka
            Codua-Von Specht with her spechtaclea s t a d back in defiance,
            e x p i n g her armpits in protest
              R c k o in funda, the blue priestess ofthe Goddess, Lisa Tench, cast
            a divine enchantment on Ela3ine Griffith, who sprouted unsightly
            facial hair, grew hazy, and vanished into the future.     Everyone else
            had to settle for a spell of insomnia.
               Meanwhile, Linda Shout, the Grand Exalted Black Brassiere,
            srreamedinastonishmentatEffiePowlickingthecolouredsprinkles
            off of a chocolate skinhead, exposing a giant vulva, which framed
            Johanna Wickie’s head. A suggestive yet i -    nt      conclusion was
            jumpedtobyLauraMryme,whoemptiedhernoshilsinthegeneral
            direction of Nadene   e.
                                 Rm
             SuITeringfrom the anti-sleep    spell, Katherine Weiler, in a delirium
            verging on total exhaustion, thmw a blunt object shattering the
            bottleofpurpleIrishwhiskeysittingbesideCoreenaMcBurnie, who
                                                        W
            metamorphosed ( b-ansmogrificd) into a f m t Greek v&, but she
            didn’t know hoe to conjugate it, and she     spontaneously co~nbusted.
             This brings to the tragic plight M q a n Maeling who haanled
                          us                      of
            36 million mooshy peas to the dismay     ofRebecca Bishop who prayed
            to the Goddess for 36 million mooshy peas. But Helen Willoughby-
            Price got them instead andused them to build a lifesize statue of
            ShamnLindomainhonourofElizabethandHollywholosttheirlast
            names in the chaos. Manisha Singh felldown on her knees in
            mverance, or was it fatigue?
              Like a bridge over h u b l e d waters, LaurieNewel1 the Palliative,
            the symbol of Truth, Justice,Freedom, and Democracy emitted a
                                  ad
            glowing light which c Sam Green uUer the immortal words:
                                                       to
            ‘Idunno,youllhavetothinkofsomethingforme.’ Paula Danishka
                                                               ..

.      .
    March 8,1991                                                                          THE UBYSEY/l9
.
                N longer silenced:
                 O                                          Women gather together, speak out,
                                                                the fight against sexual assault
                                              and make demands in
           by Nadene Rehnby
                                                    seeking medical attention,she         Forcing institutionsto listen:               She said she has not experi- Policy m i c e also said the number
                 In a world where almost every risks being treated by a male phy-                                                enced sexual assault from within ofincidents has                doubled since last
          woman can tell      you about an   expe- sician, a difficultprocess for a            “The Universityhas said that the Native community, but said year, particularly in the area                         of
          rience of sexual assault, is easy to woman who has just
                                       it                                  been sexually we donot want sexual harassment         there isa problem.                           formal complaints.
          feel defeated. Facedwith a society assaulted by a man. The RCMP campus,”        on       accordingto                         “The residentialschools have                 But on campus, rapes have
          that stilllooks upon rape as a also can not guarantee that com- Margaretta Hoek of the newly cre- had a lot to do with it,” she said. occurred everywhere from Main
                                                                                   a
          woman’s fault, or as something to plaint will be dealt withbya woman atedSexualHarassment                      Policy “The cycle hasn’tbeenbroken.                  Library to Buchanan Tower, the
          make jokes about, a world where officer.                                        Office. “The office educates and People who were abused become residences, the trails to Wreck
                              fail
          the authorities to givejustice to              And if a woman does get that explains what the          consequences abusers.”                                       Beach and leaving the Pit Pub,
          women, not wanting to talk about far, there isno guarantee her re- are.”                                                                                            and still we hear very little from
          our experiences becomes a way of port will lead to charges.is even   It              Created in the spring   of 1989, Getting     the
                                                                                                                                              information                     the university.
          protecting ourselves.                     less likely a charge will lead to a the office has since heard approxi- women need:
                But despite this, women are conviction.                                   mately 160 incidents of sexual ha-                                                    Women together:
          demanding to be heard and making According        Bernie
                                                                to                        rassment, Hoeksaid, someofwhich             The following letter recently
          it difficult for the “system” to turn Smandych,anofficerwiththeUBC included sexual assault.                            appearedin the       McGill University             “It’s
                                                                                                                                                                                       important other
                                                                                                                                                                                                 that                .
          women away.                               detachment of the RCMP, none of            But one woman, whose sexual student newspaper:                                                             of
                                                                                                                                                                                women come to the aid women
                Women are talking       with each the 35 reported cases of sexual assault forced her to drop her                     Vlolence must be publlclzed                whohavebeensexually              as-
          other,gatheringtogether,and               assault received by her detachment classes,said UBC slammed the                                                             saulted,”Lakemansaid.“Because
                                                                                                                                    To the Daily:
          making a hell of a fuss,” according from 1987 to 1990 led to a convic- door in herface.                                      On September 27,1990 a Berkeley,
                                                                                                                                                                t
                                                                                                                                                                                it’sourfuture      we’re talking
          to Lee Lakeman ofVancouver Rape           tion.                                      She said the   residence life co-                                                about.”
                                                          One womanwho did report to ordinator ather                                Ca,33 women and menwere held
I
          Relief.                                                                                           residence was “re- hostage by an armed man. The blonde                  “Women must take action to
                                                    police said she wishes she hadn’t. ally apathetic. She couldn’t have            women were singled out and forcibly         increase their security and to
          Exposing the rapists:                     “Iregret reportingit   because ofthe cared less.”                               sodomized with C ~ I by men under
                                                                                                                                                              S                 make it clear that they    belive in
                 One action women are taking garbage I’ve had to go through,”                  “I couldn’tbelieve the way they      the force of the armed man. One man         themselves and have right to a
                                                                                                                                                                                                        a
          is getting the names rapists out. she said. “I spent a lot of time treated me.”
                                   of                                                                                               wlci killed, numerous were injured and                     for
                                                                                                                                                                                better future themselves, and
          While police are one avenue that there, telling them what happened Meanwhile,themanwho                                    eventually the armed man was fatally        for all women.”
          women can take to both protect            and writing out statements.      They raped her still lives in residence        shot by the local police. This incident         “A very highpercentage of
          other women and to deter other            talked to him andconcluded there and is attending         UBC.                  was reported by “Off Our Backs” in          women called (the crisis line)   be-
          rapists, innovative meansexpos- was not enough evidence.
                                          of                                                   Lak:eman said these attitudes January 1991.                                      cause theywantedtoprotectother
          ing rapists are emerging.                      You just about have to be art?going to start costing the uni-                 As members of the McGill Wom-            women,” said Lakeman.
                                                                                                                                    en’s Union, we are outraged that this
                Both VRR a n d WAVAW raped in front a police officer in versity. “Universities are alarmed event was not acknowledged by this
                                                                    of                                                                                                              The UBC student raped by
          (Women Against Violence Against order to get into           court. Never  mind because women are going to cost
                                                                                                                                   ~~spaper.InlightofthePolytechnique
                                                                                                                                                                                her employer said:“I belive he’s
          Women) are recording the names getting a conviction,” she said.                 them profits-because women are           Massacre. it is crucial that incidents of    done this to an awful lotof  women.
          of men who rape.                               She said, for herself, she is speaking out.”                              violence against women are dways             It wasn’t an isolated incident.”
                                                                        on it,
                Another tactic, taken recently still glad she acted even if the                “Thereare,uprisingsofwomen addressed and made public. We do n o t                                while
                                                                                                                                                                                She said that, she chose not
          on a US campus, is postering. In system did nothing for her.                    on campuses across the country           believethattheMontr&lMassanewas              to press charges, if she learns
          thiscase,awomanobtainedaphoto                  Smandych said the RCMPare        aboutsexual assault,” she said.          an isolated atrocity againstwomen and,       that a woman has, “I’ll be right
          of t h s m a n who raped her and used     doing what they can. “I have to Women are not willing to back                  therefore,demandthat h i s issue be          there.”
                                                                        is
          it in a poster that identified as admit, the system not easy,” she down anymore..”
                                                him                                                                                publicly conffonted. By ignoring vio-                               to
                                                                                                                                                                                    Women have had find ways
          a rapist.                                 said. “Sometimes it does come to                                               lence against women, you are promot-         to circumvent a system that ig-
                Direct confrontations are also his word against hers. But can Breaking thecolour barrier:
                                                                                  we                                               ing i t                                      nores women or fails to bring jus-
          increasing. Women are grouping proveordisprovethosestate-                            Instances of sexual assault             Would you please cover this story        tice, and are working together.
.         together confront rapists at their ments,” she said.
                     to
          home, at work, or in a social con-              Smandychalsosaid
                                                                                          again&womenofcolourcarryeven
                                                                                  that a more societal baggage.
                                                                                                                                   now? Thank You.
                                                                                                                                                  McCiII Women’s Union
                                                                                                                                                                              Women are talking tn each other
                                                                                                                                                                              about experiences, teaching each
                                                                                                                                      c d note: our phone number is 398-
          text, and to let them and others          woman who reports a sexual as-             “Native women are at i n -                                                     other successful methods of self-
                                                                                                                                    6784. News tips are always welcome.
          know they havebeen identified as sault at the UBC detachment can creased risk of sexist violence by                                                                 defense and assertiveness, and are
          a known rapist.                           speak to a woman officer if she white men as a racist/sexist at-                   “It is a patronizing insult to coming to the aidof other women
                Women are also speaking to          chooses.                              tack,”states ‘ h e Truth As     We     women to say thatwe don’t need through work in rape crisis cen-
          eachother. At UBC, notices on                  “She can also have someone Know It.,aVRR publication. “They theinformation to protect 011r- tresandin demandingrecognition
          washroom walls and other places wth her the whole time,”she s a d . are less likely to report to a court selves,” said Lakeman.                                     in the courts and by the govern-
          frequently have lists names.
                                    of              “Orshecancall           WAVAW or that hasa long history of working                 Neitherstudenthealth,the               ment. And women areaiding
                                                    Vancouver Rape Relief to accom- against Native people. When Na- universityemergencyward,                               or women by naming and confront-
          Identifying ourselves:                    pany her.”                                                        by
                                                                                          tive women are attacked native student residences keep statisticsing rapists.
                While women are taking ac-
          tion against rapists, manywomen                                                 ~-~                             ~       ”
                                                                                                                                                                              And these are the demands:
          still feel society is ill-prepared to
                                                                                                                                                                       1
          deal with them as human beings.                                                                                                                                           Women are demanding that
                “I knew I didn’t want to go                                                                                                                                   the
                                                                                                                                                                              .. men in our lives accept that    we
          throughthecross-examination,”                                                                                                                                       ~ ~ in e misogynist worl&”per-
                                                                                                                                                                                     v a
          said a UBC student who was raped                                                                                                                                    petuated by theirlies, theirsilence,
          by her employer. “And I didn’t want                                                                                                                                 theirjokes, their  pornography. And
          my family to know.” She believes                                                                                                                                    by the patriarchy that tries to si-
          she will be called a flirt, a slut, or a                                                                                                                            lence women’s voices.
          liar. That’s the reason I haven’t                                                                                                                                         Women are not speaking of
          prosecuted-and for that reason                                                                                                                                      nameless,facelessrapists.        Men
          alone.”                                                                                                                                                             who rape are our brothers, our
C
                She said her    opinion of society                                                                                                                            fathers, our neighbours or part-
          was upheld when she told a co-                                                                                                                                      ners. Eighty-five per cent of men
          worker. “‘It wasn’t rape,’ she told                                                                                                                                 who rape insist that what they di
          me. She saidI wanted it. I thought                                                                                                                                  was not rape. And men continue      to
          maybe she wasright.”                                                                                                                                                believe that we wanted it or t h a t
                She said was difficult to tell
                           it                                                                                                                                                 we asked for it.
          her currentboyfriend because she                                                                                                                                          Women are making demands
          felt he would think worse of her.                                                                                                                                   of our society that it confront its
          “He calls me his sweet and inno-                                                                                                                                    sexist and misogynist attitudes,
          cent. If you’ve been raped, there’s                                                                                                                                                 to
                                                                                                                                                                              and find ways break them        down.
          no way you’ll be allowed to have                                                                                                                                          Women demand that ourpo-
          that image.”                                                                                                                                                        lice forces and courts stop putting
                “Sexual assault says nothing                                                                                                                                  barriers between women and jus-
          about a woman,” Lakeman said. “It                                                                                                                                   tice,particularlyfor       women of
          says everything about men,           and                                                                                                                            colour. That they stop dismissing
          the way we talk about it doesn’t                                                                                                                                    our casesor taking thepower out
          reveal that.It’s as if they’re saying                                                                                                                               of our hands.

-         if you’re smart enough you can
          somehow get out of those situa-
          tions. And it’s just not true.”
                Women are also seen bro-    as
                                                                                                                                                                                    Women are demanding that
                                                                                                                                                                              ourinstitutions,includingThe
                                                                                                                                                                              University of British Cohmbia,
                                                                                                                                                                              take bold steps to eliminate cases
          ken, damaged, psychologically or                                                                                                                                    of sexual harassment and assault
          sexuallyimpaired-andthisisalso                                                                                                                                      that we are experiencing in our
          not true. Women have amazing                                                                                                                                        classrooms, our professors’ offices,
          ways of recovering, resisting and                                                                                                                                   the university buildings and in ou
          getting through.”                                                                                                                                                   residences.
                                                                                                                                 on the number of cases of sexual                   Women demand that our       gov-
          Breaking down          the barriers:           UBChospitalwillalsoattempt men, they may want           to protect him assault theysee.                              ernmentscomplywithrequestsfor
                After a woman is sexually as- to get a woman physician on sexual          from the racist “injustice” system           VRR statistics show an in- funding so that we can take action
          saulted, daunting walls erected assault cases, according to Susan that is
                                                by                                                        punish him, not for
                                                                                                  likely to                      crease in the number cases re- on our own. We want funding put
                                                                                                                                                               of
          society and institutions stand be- Wanamaker, head nurse emer- the assault, but being Native.” ported to them. In their year, behind the front work, the real
                                                                                at                          for                                                  first                                line
          tween her and justice. Only 1.08 gency. “If not,” she said, “women                   A Native woman now attend- 1974, VRR recorded 112 cases of sources of research,proposals,
                                                                   option
          per cent of rapes, based on one in also have the ofbeing trans- ing UBC said she was raped a sexual assault. In 1990, VRR re- community responses, law reform
                                                                                                                           by
          ten reporting, lead to conviction.        ferred to Shaughnessy where         a white manbefcre cominghere, and        ceived 1059 crisis calls reporting and aid to survivors sexual as-   of
                In the case where       a woman woman doctor is available.”               chose not to report it after  receiv- 1199 attacks, of which 736 were sault: transition houses, rape cri-
          does choose to tell someone, she “we will give as much support as ing little support when she went lived in 1990.                                                   sis and women’s centres, on cam-
          fearsbeing lookeddown on. In we can possibly give,” she said.                   for medical attention.                       UBC’s SexualHarassment                 pus and off.

          PO/THE UBYSSEY                                                                                                                                                                            March 8,1991
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                                                                                                                                                                                                     1.          .   .