03_Composting_SJ by panniuniu


									   Creating and Managing
Composting Programs with Tribal

               Shannon Judd
Environmental Education/Outreach Coordinator
Fond du Lac Reservation
             Just over 100,000 acres
              – approximately 33,000
              are Reservation owned
              (Trust, Fee, MCT)
             Nearly evenly split
              between two counties:
              St. Louis and Carlton
             1125 band members
              1492 other tribal
             2 Casinos and multiple
              program divisions and
              other enterprises
Fond du Lac Reservation
   Ojibwe School
   Head Start
   Household
   Household Yard
    Composting Bin
   Educational
    Outreach Program
Fond du Lac Ojibwe School
~ Kindergarten – 12th Grade

~ Approximately 300 Students

~ Increased incorporation of hands-on,
traditional/cultural activities in curriculum
   Ojibwe School
Vermiculture Program
 Opportunity   to provide
 environmental and pollution
 prevention education to
 students while also decreasing
 the amount of solid waste
 generated on the reservation.
 Educational Outreach is a high
 priority for the Resource
 Management Division.
        Project Background

   Established in February 2000
   Expanded Project January 2002
   Financial Assistance from US EPA Region 5 and
    MN Dept of Natural Resources
   School Staff took over in 2006
   Now a cooperative effort between school and
    the Environmental Program
Location - Room Details

                  •Room Requirements-
                  Ojibwe School 10 x 15 x 10
                  •In separate room in
                  school garage facility
                  •Separate heating/cooling
                  is a good idea!

       Air Conditioning Thermostat
   Bin Details
•3x4½x2 (We have 4)
•Separation of materials
between compost and drain
•Plastic to avoid rusting
•Cover - depends on your
•Make your own! Save
Bin Details
         Bedding Materials
           Leaves (not walnut)
           Shredded  brown
            paper towel or
           Wood shavings
          Not recommended:
          Newspaper, bleached
            paper (dioxins)
       Bin Details - Substrate
 Peat Moss
 Sand
 Molasses
 Water
 Coffee grounds
Other Needs…
~ Refrigerator
~Rubber Gloves
~Packaging Materials
~Collection Bags
~Black plastic
~Worm tea buckets

Scale for weighing food
The Laborers

Red Wigglers
Worms at Work
             Worm “Business”
   Increasing self-esteem
   Encourage interaction between generations
   Math, marketing, computer, finance, etc.
   Compost- use “Chinese” takeout containers or ziplock
   Worm Tea- use plastic bottles
   Powwows, community events, etc.
Endless Educational Opportunities
   Any subject
    can apply…
1756   $632.16
Bottling Worm Tea for sale at community events
                                                            WORM COMPOST
                                                                  Fond du Lac Ojibwe School
                                                                    Vermiculture Program

Worm Castings help create healthier soils; improving water retention, soil texture, nutrient
availability and the ability to fight soil-borne plant diseases and repel insects.
Simply mix in some compost with regular potting soil. (20:1 Ratio)
                            Compost harvested/packaged by the Ojibwe School “Worm Wigglers” 3rd graders

                             This label is ready to print onto Avery Label #5163.
                                         WORM TEA
                                       Fond du Lac Ojibwe School
                                         Vermiculture Program

Stimulates healthy root system growth, Encourages a strong leaf system,
Produces vibrant leaf and fruit color, Replenishes soil, Provides a natural,
chemical free solution for plant feeding
     Can be used around the roots of plants, or as a foliar (leaf) spray

             Add 4 ounces of worm tea to 1 gallon of water.
              Apply every 30-60 days. Apply to any plant.
Tea harvested/packaged by the Ojibwe School “Worm Wigglers” 3rd graders

                                                              This label is ready to print onto Avery Label #5163.
Selling at the FDLTCC Earth Day event
              What’s Great About
   No need for expensive
   Can be done at small-
    scale or large scale
   Fewer critter worries
   No smell if done properly
   Very good quality
   Fun to hear the worms
    chomping away!
    Challenges to Vermicomposting
 Limited amount of food
  waste can be used initially
 Worms have special needs
 Biodegradable utensils
  tough to break down
 Environmental Health
  Codes may limit location
 Climate affects location
 Perceptions of worms
 Guilt if something goes
    Lessons Learned and other Tips
 Try to have only one or two people managing
  the bins.
 Post signage with all essential dos and
 Limit access to the vermicomposting site.
 Make sure to properly bury food!
 Egg shells and coffee grounds are a must!
 Have curriculum available and establish a
  routine with classrooms or student groups
 Leave worm juice bottles slightly open
        Where are we now?
 Restarted two bins January 2010.
 “Sustainability” team now takes care of
  worm feeding and care Worm juice and
  compost sold for fundraisers
 Journey Garden students will use compost
  and tea for their garden.
             Outdoor Composting
   Outdoor composting pile
    maintained during
    Journey Garden Program

   Pile is small and located
    within fenced area

   May have critter or odor
    issues if not properly
      Fond du Lac Head Start
 Environmental Program contacted by
  teacher in early 2011.
 Staff provided assistance and presentation
  to classroom when worm bin introduced
 Great opportunity for early childhood
Vermiculture Bin
 and inside view
      or bin
     Composting for Tribal Schools
   Getting Started
       Meet with School Staff
       Review Local and
        Federal Regulations
       Weigh Food Waste
            Helps determine size of
             system needed
            Estimated cost savings
             could help initiate
Composting for Tribal Schools
                 Getting Started Cont…
                   Determine location,
                    system size, staff and
                    other logistics
                   Find funding and build!
                   Be available for
                    technical assistance
                   K-12 Grant Resource
                         Grant Wrangler –
             Additional Resources
   LaVerme’s Worms:

   New Mexico State University:

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