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					Fuel pathways from the proposed LCFS Regulation modifications released in September 2009




         Fuel                                      Pathway Description
                  ULSD – based on the average crude oil delivered to California refineries and
Diesel            average California refinery efficiencies
                  Pathways for conversion of Midwest soybeans to biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters -
                  FAME)
                  Conversion of waste oils (Used Cooking Oil) to biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters -
                  FAME) where “cooking” is required
                  Conversion of waste oils (Used Cooking Oil) to biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters -
Biodiesel         FAME) where “cooking” is not required
                  Pathways for conversion of Midwest soybeans to renewable diesel

                 Conversion of tallow to renewable diesel using higher energy use for rendering
Renewable Diesel Conversion of tallow to renewable diesel using lower energy use for rendering
                 CARBOB – based on the average crude oil delivered to California refineries and
Gasoline         average California refinery efficiencies
Gasoline         CARBOB – derived from high carbon intensity crude oil
Corn Ethanol     Midwest average; 80% Dry Mill; 20% Wet Mill; Dry DGS

                  California average; 80% Midwest Average; 20% California; Dry Mill; Wet DGS; NG
                  California; Dry Mill; Wet DGS; NG
                  Midwest; Dry Mill; Dry DGS, NG
                  Midwest; Wet Mill, 60% NG, 40% coal
                  Midwest; Wet Mill, 100% NG
                  Midwest; Wet Mill, 100% coal
                  Midwest; Dry Mill; Wet DGS; NG
                  California; Dry Mill; Dry DGS, NG
                  Midwest; Dry Mill; Dry DGS; 80% NG; 20% Biomass
                  Midwest; Dry Mill; Wet DGS; 80% NG; 20% Biomass
                  California; Dry Mill; Dry DGS; 80% NG; 20% Biomass
                  California; Dry Mill; Wet DGS; 80% NG; 20% Biomass
Sugarcane
Ethanol           Brazilian sugarcane using average production processes
                  Brazilian sugarcane with average production process, mechanized harvesting and
                  electricity co-product credit

                  Brazilian sugarcane with average production process and electricity co-product credit
Compressed        California NG via pipeline; compressed in CA
Natural Gas
                  North American NG delivered via pipeline; compressed in CA
                  Landfill gas (bio-methane) cleaned up to pipeline quality NG; compressed in CA

                  Dairy Digester Biogas to CNG
Liquefied Natural   North American NG delivered via pipeline; liquefied in CA using liquefaction with
Gas                 80% efficiency
                    North American NG delivered via pipeline; liquefied in CA using liquefaction with
                    90% efficiency
                    Overseas-sourced LNG delivered as LNG to Baja;re-gasified then re-liquefied in CA
                    using liquefaction with 80% efficiency
                    Overseas-sourced LNG delivered as LNG to CA;re-gasified then re-liquefied in CA
                    using liquefaction with 90% efficiency
                    Overseas-sourced LNG delivered as LNG to CA;no re-gasification or re-liquefaction
                    in CA
                    Landfill Gas (bio-methane) to LNG liquefied in CA using liquefaction with 80%
                    efficiency
                    Landfill Gas (bio-methane) to LNG liquefied in CA using liquefaction with 90%
                    efficiency

                    Dairy Digester Biogas to LNG liquefied in CA using liquefaction with 80% efficiency

                    Dairy Digester Biogas to LNG liquefied in CA using liquefaction with 90% efficiency
                    California average electricity mix
Electricity         California marginal electricity mix of natural gas and renewable energy sources
                    Compressed H2 from central reforming of NG (includes liquefaction and re-
                    gasification steps)
                    Liquid H2 from central reforming of NG
                    Compressed H2 from central reforming of NG; (no liquefaction and re-gasification
                    steps)
                    Compressed H2 from on-site reforming of NG
Hydrogen            Compressed H2 from on-site reforming with renewable feedstocks
Interim Values      Interim reporting value for gasoline replacements with unknown CI
                    Interim reporting value for diesel replacements with unknown CI
         Items in blue = dummy numbers - for 2010 calculation only




              Fuel
            Pathway
Total        Code

94.71       ULSD001

83.25       BIOD001

15.84       BIOD002

11.76       BIOD003

82.16      RNWD001
39.33      RNWD002
19.65      RNWD003

95.86       CBOB001
 100        CBOB002
 99.4       ETHC001

 95.66      ETHC002
  80.7      ETHC003
  98.4      ETHC004
 105.1      ETHC005
 94.52      ETHC006
120.99      ETHC007
  90.1      ETHC008
  88.9      ETHC009
  93.6      ETHC010
  86.8      ETHC011
  84.2      ETHC012
 77.44      ETHC013

 73.4       ETHS001

 58.4       ETHS002

 66.4       ETHS003

 67.7       CNG001
  68        CNG002

11.26       CNG003
13.45       CNG004
83.13    LNG001

72.38    LNG002

93.37    LNG003

82.62    LNG004

 77.5    LNG005

26.31    LNG006

15.56    LNG007

28.53    LNG008

 17.78   LNG009
 124.1   ELC001
104.71   ELC002

142.2    HYGN001
 133     HYGN002

 98.8    HYGN003
 98.3    HYGN004
 76.1    HYGN005
 96      INTV96
 95      INTV95
Physical Pathway Code
PHY00
PHY01
PHY02
PHY03
PHY04
PHY05
PHY06
PHY07
PHY08
PHY09
PHY10
Description
Not Applicable
Fuel produced in California
By rail from US to California
By ocean tanker from Brazil to US, then by rail to California
By ocean tanker from Brazil to Caribbean Islands, and by ocean tanker from Caribbean Islands to US, then by rail to California
By ocean tanker from Malaysia to US, then by rail to California
By ocean tanker from Indonesia to US, then by rail to California
By ocean tanker from other country to US, then by rail to California
By truck from US to California
By ocean tanker to Calfornia
New Pathway To Be Established
, then by rail to California

				
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posted:10/26/2011
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