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Pathogens

VIEWS: 18 PAGES: 33

									    Pathogens
  Affecting the
Respiratory System
By Andros I. García Saldívar
Pathogens
                        Tuberculosis
 Description
   Bacterial infection cause by a germ called
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis
 Signs/Symptoms
     Bad cough lasting 3 weeks or more
     Weight loss
     Coughing up blood or mucus
     Weakness or fatigue
     Fever and chills
     Night sweats
                     Tuberculosis

 Short Term Effects
   Bacterial attack to the lungs
 Long Term Effects
   Damage to other parts of the body
   Death
                                                                                   Tuberculosis

                                                    Methods of Transmission/Causes
                                                              Exposure a person with TB
                                                                        Cough
                                                                        Sneeze
                                                                        Talk
                                                    Treatment
                                                              Doctor several medicines for a long
                                                               period of time

Information Retrieved from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tuberculosis.html
                             Swine Flu
 Description
   H1N1 flu
   Infectious disease caused by a virus
 Signs/Symptoms
     Fever
     Cough
     Sore throat
     Body aches
     Headache
     Chills
     Fatigue
                       Swine Flu

 Short Term Effects
   Sore throat
   Body aches
   Headache
   Chills
   Fatigue
 Long Term Effects
   Death (rare)
                                                                                          Swine Flu
                                                          Methods of Transmission/Causes
                                                                    Contact with infected human
                                                          Treatment
                                                                    Antiviral medicines
                                                                    Covering mouth and nose when coughing or
                                                                     sneezing
                                                                    Washing hands
                                                                    Avoiding touch of
                                                                              Eyes
                                                                              Nose
                                                                              Mouth
                                                                    Avoiding contact with sick people
                                                                    Staying home if sick

Information Retrieved from:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/h1n1fluswineflu.html
   Streptococcal Infections

 Description
   Strep
   Two types
      Group A
      Group B
 Signs/Symptoms
   Depends on the infection
    Streptococcal Infections
 Short Term Effects
   Group A
      Strep throat
          Sore, red throat
          Sometimes with white spots on the tonsils
      Scarlet fever
          Red rash on the body
      Impetigo
          Skin infection
      Toxic shock syndrome
      Cellulitis and necrotizing
          Flesh eating disease
    Streptococcal Infections

 Long Term Effects
   Group B
      In newborns
          Blood infections
          Pneumonia
          Meningitis
      In adults
            Urinary tract infections
            Blood infections
            Skin infections
            Pneumonia
                                                                 Streptococcal Infections

                                                    Methods of Transmission/Causes
                                                              Contact with infected individual
                                                    Treatment
                                                              Antibiotics




Information Retrieved from:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/streptococcalinfections.html
                       Pneumonia

 Description
   Inflammation of the lung
   Usually caused by an infection
 Signs/Symptoms
   Difficulty breathing
   Cough
   Fever
                                                                                          Pneumonia

                                                   Methods of Transmission/Causes
                                                             Exposure to bacteria, viruses, and/or fungi
                                                             Inhalation of liquid or chemical
                                                   Treatment
                                                             If caused by bacteria
                                                                      Antibiotics
                                                             If caused by virus
                                                                      Rest
                                                                      Drinking liquids


Information Retrieved from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/pneumonia.html
Non Pathogenic Topics
                        Smoking

 Types of Smoking
   Cigar smoking
   Cigarette smoking
   Pipe smoking
   Tobacco smoking
                           Smoking

 Short Term Effects
   Harms nearly every organ of the body
 Long Term Effects
   Lung cancer
   Heart disease
   Blood vessel disease
   Stroke
   Cataracts
                                                                                   Smoking

                                                   Second Hand Smoke
                                                             Inhales smoke from smoker
                                                   Quitting
                                                             Nicotine patches
                                                             Nicotine gum
                                                             Anti-smoking drugs



Information Retrieved from:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/smoking.html
                            Asthma

 Description
   Chronic disease
   Affects airways
 Signs/Symptoms
   Inside walls of airways become
      Sore
      Swollen
                          Asthma

 Short Term Effects
     Wheezing
     Coughing
     Chest tightness
     Trouble breathing
 Long Term Effects
   Strong reaction to
        Allergies
        Irritation
                                                                                         Asthma

                                                    Treatment
                                                              Quick-relief medicines to stop
                                                               symptoms, long-term control
                                                               medicines to prevent symptoms




Information Retrieved from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000141.htm
 Obstructive Lung Disease

 Description
   Difficulty breathing
   Bronchitis
   Emphysema
 Signs/Symptoms
   Coughing
      Large amounts of mucus
 Obstructive Lung Disease

 Short Term Effects
   Airways and alveoli (air sacs) lose
    their shape and become floppy
 Long Term Effects
   Destruction of the lungs
                                                        Obstructive Lung Disease

                                                   Methods of Transmission/Causes
                                                             Smoking
                                                             Breathing irritants
                                                                       Pollution
                                                                       Dust
                                                                       Chemicals
                                                   Treatment
                                                             Avoid causes

Information Retrieved from:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000091.htmh
                             Beryllium
 Description
   Light alkaline metal
   Confers special properties on
      Alloys
      Ceramics
 Signs/Symptoms
   Progressive pulmonary fibrosis
      Shortness of breath
      Dry cough
   Skin disease
                              Beryllium

 Short Term Effects
   Progressive pulmonary fibrosis
      Chronic beryllium disease
         Chronic glaucomatous pulmonary fibrosis

 Long Term Effects
   Cancer
   Skin disease
                                                                                                                 Beryllium
                                                Causes
                                                          Exposure to beryllium
                                                                   Outside of natural environment
                                                          Pollution from industrial plants
                                                                   Water
                                                                   Soil
                                                                   Air
                                                Treatment
                                                          No formal treatment
                                                          Experimental treatment under research


Information Retrieved from: http://www.accessmedicine.com/content.aspx?aID=4522886&searchStr=beryllium#4522886
                      Emphysema

 Description
   Type of Chronic Obstructive
    Pulmonary Disease
 Signs/Symptoms
   Lack of oxygen
   Difficulty breathing
                     Emphysema

 Long Term Effects
   Damage to the alveoli
                                                                                          Emphysema
                                                  Methods of Transmission/Causes
                                                            Smoking
                                                  Treatment
                                                                Quitting smoking
                                                                Inhalers
                                                                Oxygen
                                                                Medication
                                                                Surgery
                                                                     Relieve symptoms
                                                                     Prevent complications


Information Retrieved from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/emphysema.html
                 Histoplasmosis

 Description
   Fungal infection
 Signs/Symptoms
   Likely to occur
      Weakened immune system
      Taking antibiotics
                 Histoplasmosis

 Short Term Effects
   Infection of the lungs
 Long Term Effects
   Not serious if contained in the lungs
                                                                                       Histoplasmosis

                                                    Methods of Transmission/Causes
                                                              Inhalation of spores
                                                              Constant exposure to
                                                                         Mushrooms
                                                                         Mold
                                                                         Mildew
                                                                         Humid areas
                                                    Treatment
                                                              Oral antifungal medicines

Information Retrieved from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/fungalinfections.html

								
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