Preparing for an earthquake Preparing for an earthquake
emergency supplies art center
•utility valves: Show each family member
water: minimum 1 gal. per person per day how and when to turn off the water, gas,
for drinking, food preparation, and hygiene and electricity.
–rotate every 6 months– •home hazard hunt: Prepare your home
•food: store foods high in calories, water, by securing objects; look for things that
and vitamins; low in fat –sufficient for a could fall and think of ways to secure them.
For example: bolting bookcases, china
week for each member–
cabinets, and other tall furniture to wall
•first aid: see lists on back panel studs, Installing strong latches on cupboards,
Strapping the water heater to wall studs
–Velcro for securing heavy items.
discuss with family members
•pick two places to meet:
•phone list: Post a list of emergency phone
–Right outside your home in case of
numbers by the phone and teach children sudden emergency.
how and when to call for help. –Outside your neighborhood in case you
can't return home.
•out of state contact: Ask an out-of-state –Inform babysitters and caregivers of
friend to be your "family contact." After a your plan.
disaster, it's often easier to call long distance. •other preparations: Take a Red Cross
Other family members should know contact's first aid & CPR class. Plan how to take
phone number and should call this person to care of your pets.
tell them where they are.
If you're indoors, get under a table, desk, in case of serious accidents
bed or brace yourself in a strong doorway.
Watch for falling, flying and sliding objects. • Check the scene for safety. Check
during an earthquake
Stay away from windows. victim for consciousness, breathing,
If you're outdoors, move to an open area pulse, and severe bleeding.
away from buildings, power poles, and
brick or block walls that could fall.
• Call 911 or local emergency number
If you're in a high rise building, get under • CARE for victim:
a desk until the shaking stops. Do not
Restore breathing by giving CPR:
use the elevator to evacuate. Wait for
instructions from the building authorities. Two slow breathes, check pulse for
If you're in a store, get under a table, or any 5-10 seconds, two slow breathes,
sturdy object, or in a doorway. Avoid stopping check pulse 5-10 seconds. Continue
under anything that could fall. Do not dash until victim begins breathing or until
for the exit. Choose your exit carefully. help arrives.
water purification Stop bleeding: Apply direct pressure
• Boil for 5-10 min. and elevate limb above heart. Apply
• Add 10 drops of household bleach solution per bandage to protect wounds.
gallon of water, mix well and let stand for 30 Wrap victim in emergency blanket to
min. A slight smell or taste of chlorine indicates
help prevent shock.
water is good to drink.
• Add household tincture of iodine in the same In all cases, move victim only if
manner as bleach above absolutely necessary
• Use commercial purification tablets such as
Halazone or Globaline.
Check, Call, Care
sterile adhesive bandages radio (extra batteries)
cleansing agent/soap matches and money in waterproof container
latex gloves large plastic bags
(for trash, waste, water protection)
first aid kit supplies
2" sterile gauze pads
4" sterile gauze pads liquid bleach (for water disinfectant)
triangular bandages toilet paper
2" sterile roller bandages disposable cooking utensils/plates
3" sterile roller bandages pocket knife
scissors & tweezers manual can opener
needle & thread adjustable wrench (for turning off gas/water)
safety pins in assorted sizes fire extinguisher (ABC type)
moistened towelettes pen and paper
antiseptic hygiene supplies
thermometer baby formula
tongue blades extra eyeglasses
petroleum jelly or other lubricant sunglasses
first aid/cpr manual sunscreen
flashlight (extra batteries & bulb) hat & gloves
Non-Prescription & Prescription Drugs comfortable clothes
aspirin or nonaspirin pain reliever sturdy shoes
anti-diarrhea medication portable stove (such as butane or charcoal)
Alka Seltzer (for stomach upset) note: do not use stove or light matches until
any needed prescription medications you are sure there is no gas leak nearby.
other first aid supplies