Monie Bay Species Table_Appendix II

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Monie Bay Species Table_Appendix II Powered By Docstoc
					APPENDIX II. Partial list of species found in Monie Bay, Chesapeake Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Species are
organized by order, family, scientific name and common name.

Amphibian species

Order                     Family                                                  Scientific Name                 Common Name
Anura (Frogs and toads)   Ranidae (Ranid frogs, riparian frogs, and true frogs)   Lithobates catesbeianus         American bullfrog
                                                                                  Lithobates clamitans melanota   Northern green frog
                                                                                  Lithobates palustris            Pickerel frog


Reptile species

Order                     Family                                                  Scientific Name                 Common Name
Testudines (Terrapins,    Emydidae (Emydid turtles, pond turtles, terrapins)      Malaclemys terrapin terrapin    Northern diamondback terrapin
tortoises, and turtles)
                          Kinosternidae (Mud turtles and musk turtles)            Kinosternon subrubrum           Eastern mud turtle


Fish species

Order                     Family                                                  Scientific Name                 Common Name
Anguilliformes (Eels)     Anguillidae (Freshwater eels)                           Anguilla rostrata               American eel
Atheriniformes            Atherinopsidae (New World silversides)                  Menidia menidia                 Atlantic silverside
(Silversides)
Clupeiformes (Anchovies   Clupeidae (Herrings, menhadens, sardines, and           Brevoortia tyrannus             Atlantic menhaden
and herrings)             shads)
                          Engraulidae (Anchovies)                                 Anchoa hepsetus                 Striped anchovy
                                                                                  Anchoa mitchilli                Bay anchovy
Cypriniformes (Cyprins,   Cyprinidae (Carps and minnows)                          Cyprinus carpio                 Common carp
minnows, and suckers)
Cyprinodontiformes        Cyprinodontidae (Cyprinodontids, killifishes,           Cyprinodon variegatus           Sheepshead minnow
(Cyprinodontiforms,       pupfishes, and toothcarps)
cyprinodonts, and
killifishes)
                          Fundulidae (Killifishes and topminnows)                 Fundulus diaphanus              Banded killifish
                                                                                  Fundulus heteroclutius          Mummichog
                           Poeciliidae (Livebearers)                            Gambusia affinis              Eastern mosquitofish
Order                      Family                                               Scientific Name               Common Name
Esociformes                Esocidae (Pickerels and pikes)                       Esox americanus               Redfin pickerel
(Mudminnows and pikes)
                           Umbridae (Mudminnows)                                Umbra pygmaea                 Eastern mudminnow
Percifomes (Perch-like     Centrarchidae (Sunfishes)                            Enneacanthus obesus           Banded sunfish
fishes)
                                                                                Lepomis gibbosus              Pumpkinseed
                           Gobiidae (Gobies)                                    Gobiosoma bosc                Naked goby
                           Moronidae (Temperate basses)                         Morone americana              White perch
                                                                                Morone saxatilis              Striped bass
                           Sciaenidae (Croakers and drums)                      Leiostomus xanthurus          Spot
                                                                                Bairdiella chrysoura          Silver perch
Pleuronectiformes          Achiridae (American soles)                           Trinectes maculates           Hogchoker
(Flatfishes, flounders,
and soles)
Siluriformes (Catfishes)   Ictaluridae (Bullhead catfishes and North American   Ameiurus catus                White catfish
                           freshwater catfishes)


Bird species

Order                      Family                                               Scientific Name               Common Name
Anseriformes (Ducks,       Anatidae (Ducks, geese, and swans)
geese, screamers,
swans, and waterfowl)                                                           Aix sponsa                    Wood duck
                                                                                Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus   Mallard
                                                                                Anas rubripes Brewster        Black duck
                                                                                Anas crecca Linnaeus          Green winged teal
                                                                                Branta canadensis             Canada goose
                                                                                Lophodytes cucullatus         Hooded merganser
Ciconiiformes (Auks,       Accipitridae (Hawks and kites)                       Circus cyaneus                Northern harrier
ibises, penguins, and
storks)
                                                                                Haliaeetus leucocephalus      Bald eagle
                                                                                Pandion haliaetus             Osprey
                           Ardeidae (Bitterns, egrets, and herons)              Ardea alba                    Great egret
                                                                               Ardea herodias                      Great blue heron
Order                     Family                                               Scientific Name                     Common Name
                                                                               Botaurus lentiginosus               American bittern

                                                                               Butorides virescens                 Green heron
                                                                               Egretta thula                       Snowy egret
                                                                               Ixobrychus exilis                   Least bittern
                          Charadriidae (Oystercatchers, plovers, and stilts)   Charadrius semipalmatus             Semipalmated plover
                          Ciconiidae (American vultures)                       Cathartes aura                      Turkey vulture
                                                                               Coragyps atratus                    Black vulture
                          Falconidae (Falcons)                                 Falco peregrinus                    Peregrine falcon
                          Laridae (Auks, gulls, puffins, and terns)            Larus argentatus                    Herring gull
                                                                               Larus artricilla                    Laughing gull
                                                                               Sterna antillarum                   Least tern
                          Podicipedidae (Grebes)                               Podilymbus podiceps                 Pied billed grebe
                          Scolopacidae (Sandpipers)                            Calidris minutilla                  Least sandpiper
                                                                               Catoptrophorus semipalmatus         Willet
                          Threskiornithidae (Ibises and spoonbills)            Plegadis falcinellus                Glossy ibis
Columbiformes (Doves      Columbidae (Doves and pigeons)
and pigeons)                                                                   Zenaida macroura                    Mourning dove
Cuculiformes (Cukoos)     Cuculidae (Anis, cuckoos, and roadrunners)           Coccyzus americanus                 Yellow-billed cuckoo
Galliformes               Phasianidae (Grouse, patridges, pheasants, quails,
(Gallinaceous birds)      and turkeys)                                         Meleagris gallopavo                 Wild turkey
Gruiformes (Cranes and    Rallidae (Coots, rails, and waterhens)
rails)                                                                         Gallinula chloropus                 Common moorhen
                                                                               Gallinula chloropus guami Hartert   Common gallinule

                                                                               Rallus limicola                     Virginia rail
                                                                               Rallus longirostris                 Clapper rail
Passeriformes (Perching
birds)                    Cardinalidae (Cardinals, grosbeaks, and saltators)   Cardinalis cardinalis               Northern cardinal
                          Corvidae (Crows, jays and magpies)                   Corvus brachyrhynchos               American crow
                          Emberizidae (American sparrows, buntings,
                          emberizid finches, New World sparrows, and
                          towhees)                                             Ammodramus maritimus                Seaside sparrow
                          Fringillidae (Finches, Hawaiian honeycreeprs, and
                          Old World finches)                                   Carpodacus mexicanus                House finch
                          Hirundinidae (Swallows)                              Hirundo rustica                     Barn swallow
                                                                            Progne subis                 Purple martin
Order                    Family                                             Scientific Name              Common Name

                                                                            Stelgidopteryx serripennis   Northern rough-winged swallow
                                                                            Tachycineta bicolor          Tree swallow
                         Icteridae (American blackbirds, New World
                         blackbirds, and orioles)                           Agelaius phoeniceus          Red-winged blackbird
                                                                            Euphagus carolinus           Rusty blackbird
                                                                            Quiscalus major              Boat-tailed grackle
                                                                            Quiscalus quiscula           Common grackle
                         Mimidae (Mockingbirds and thrashers)               Mimus polyglottos            Northern mockingbird
                         Paridae (Chickadees and titmice)                   Baeolophus bicolor           Tufted titmouse
                         Parulidae (New World Warblers and wood-warblers)   Dendroica discolor           Prairie warbler
                                                                            Geothlypis trichas           Common yellowthroat
                         Sturnidae (Starlings)                              Sturnus vulgaris             European starling
                         Troglodytidae (Wrens)                              Cistothorus palustris        Marsh wren
                                                                            Cistothorus platensis        Sedge wren

                                                                            Thryothorus ludovicianus     Carolina wren
                                                                            Troglodytes aedon            House wren
                         Tyrannidae (Tyrant flycatchers)                    Contopus virens              Eastern wood-pewee
                                                                            Myiarchus crinitus           Great crested flycatcher
                                                                            Tyrannus tyrannus            Eastern kingbird
Piciformes               Picidae (Woodpeckers and wrynecks)
(Woodpeckers)                                                               Colaptes auratus             Northern flicker
                                                                            Melanerpes carolinus         Red-bellied woodpecker
Strigiformes             Caprimulgidae (Nightjars)
(Goatsuckers and owls)                                                      Caprimulgus carolinensis     Chuck-will's-widow
                         Strigidae (Owls)                                   Bubo virginianus             Great horned owl
                         Tytonidae (Barn owls)                              Tyto alba                    Barn owl


Mammal species

Order                    Family                                             Scientific Name              Common Name
Rodentia (Rodents)       Echimyidae                                         Myocastor coypus             Nutria
Invertebrate species

Order                   Family                                        Scientific Name            Common Name
Aciculata               Glyceridae                                    Glycera dibranchiata
                        Goniadidae                                    Glycinde solitaria
                        Nephtyidae                                    Nephtys spp.
                        Nereididae                                    Neanthes spp.
                                                                      Nereis spp.
                                                                      Platynereis dumerilii
Amphipoda (Amphipods)   Aoridae                                       Leptocheirus plumulosus
                        Corophiidae                                   Apocorophium spp.
                        Gammaridae                                    Gammarus spp.
Archaeopulmonata        Ellobiidae                                    Melampus bidentatus        Eastern melampus
Canalipalpata           Spionidae                                     Marenzelleria spp.
                                                                      Marenzelleria viridis
Coleoptera (Beetles)    Elmidae (Riffle beetles)                      Optioserves spp.
                                                                      Stenelmis spp.
Decapoda (Crabs,        Ocypodidae (Fiddler crabs and ghost crabs)    Uca spp.                   Fiddler crab
crayfishes, lobsters,
prawns, and shrimp)
                                                                      Ucides spp.
                        Palaemonidae                                  Palaemonetes spp.
                                                                      Palaemonetes pugio         Daggerblade grass shrimp
                                                                      Palaemonetes vulgaris      Common grass shrimp
                                                                      Rhithropanopeus harrisii   Estuarine mud crab
                        Portunidae (Swimming crabs)                   Callinectes sapidus        Blue crab
Diptera (Gnats,         Ceratopogonidae (Biting midges, no-see-ums,
mosquitoes, and true    punkies)
flies)
                        Chironomidae (Midges)                         Chironomus spp.
                                                                      Dicrotendipes spp.
                                                                      Paraphaenocladius spp.
Enteropnuesta (Acorn    Harrimaniidae                                 Saccoglossus kowalevskii
worms)
Haplotaxida              Enchytraeidae
Order                    Family                       Scientific Name                Common Name
                         Tubificidae                  Peloscolex heterochaetus
                                                      Tubificoides brownae
Isopoda (Isopods,        Anthuridae                   Cyanthura spp.
pillbugs, and sowbugs)
                                                      Cyathura polita                Slender isopod
                         Idoteidae                    Edotia spp.
Myoida                   Myidae                       Mya arenaria                   Softshell clam
Neotanenioglossa         Littorinidae                 Littorina irrorata             Marsh periwinkle
Ostreoida                Ostreidae                    Crassostrea virginica          Eastern oyster
Veneroida                Tellinidae                   Macoma balthica                Baltic macoma clam
                                                      Tellina agilis                 Northern dwarf tellin
                         Veneroidae                   Gemma gemma                    Amethyst gemclam


Submerged aquatic vegetation species

Order                    Family                       Scientific Name                Common Name
Alismatales              Ruppiaceae (Ditch grass)     Ruppia maritima                Widgeon grass


Herbaceous (wetland) plant species

Order                    Family                       Scientific Name                Common Name
Apiales                  Apiaceae                     Ptilimnium capillaceum         Threadleaf mockbishopweed
Asterales                Asteraceae (Sunflowers)      Cyclachaena xanthifolia        Marshelder
                                                      Iva frutescens                 Jesuit's bark
                                                      Symphyotrichum tenuifolium     Saline aster
                                                      Pluchea odorata var. odorata   Marsh fleabane
                                                      Solidago sempervirens          Seaside goldenroad
Caryophyllales           Amaranthaceae (Pigweed)      Amaranthus cannabinus          Tidal marsh amaranth
                         Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot)   Atriplex patula                Spear saltbush
Cyperales                Poaceae (Grasses)            Spartina alterniflora          Smooth cordgrass
                                                      Spartina patens                Salt cordgrass
                                                      Spartina cynosuroides          Big cordgrass
                                                Phragmites australis                  Common reed
Order                 Family                    Scientific Name                       Common Name
                                                Distichlis spicata                    Marsh spikegrass
                      Cyperaceae (Sedges)       Schoenoplectus pungens var. pungens   Common threesquare
                                                Eleocharis acicularis                 Needlerush
                                                Eleocharis parvula                    Dwarf spikerush
                                                Schoenoplectus americanus             American bulrush
                                                Schoenoplectus robustus               Sturdy bulrush
Juncales              Juncaceae (Rushes)        Juncus roemerianus                    Needlegrass rush
                                                Juncus gerardi                        Saltmeadow rush
Malvales              Malvaceae (Mallows)       Hibiscus moscheutos                   Swamp rosemallow
                                                Althaea officinalis                   Common marsh-mallow
Polygonales           Polygonaceae (Knotweed)   Polygonum punctatum                   Dotted smartweed
                                                Rumex verticillatus                   Swamp dock
Primulales            Primulaceae (Primroses)   Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus    Seaside brookweed
Sapindales            Anacardiaceae (Cashews)   Toxicodendron radicans                Poison ivy



Woody plant species

Order                 Family                    Scientific Name                       Common Name
Liliales              Smilacaceae               Smilax ecirrata                       Greenbriar
Myricales             Myricaceae (Sweet gale)   Morella cerifera                      Wax myrtle
Pinales               Pinaceae                  Pinus taeda                           Loblolly pine

				
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