Communicable Diseases Chapter 8, Lesson 2 Journal #5: Choose three of the vocabulary words on page D50. Create one sentence for each word. You may not use the sentences that are in the book. About Communicable Diseases • They are all contagious. – Contagious: spread by direct or indirect contact. • The degree to which they are contagious depends on two things: – Conditions in which its pathogens can survive – Methods which it could be transmitted Common Communicable Diseases • Vary in their causes, symptoms, duration, and diagnosis. • Treatment depends on the pathogen that causes the disease. • Antibiotics are substances that kills or slows the growth of bacteria. • Antibiotics cannot treat infections caused by viruses. Viral Infections Disease Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Cold Scratchy or sore Most people OTC drugs can throat, runny nose, diagnose treat the sneezing, cough, themselves symptoms. You should rest and headache, etc drink fluids. Influenza High fever, chills, Some people Should rest and headache, loss of diagnose drink fluids. appetite, themselves. Medicine can tiredness, nausea, Others go to help relieve weakness the doctor for symptoms. a test. Mononucleosis Tiredness, fever, Doctors Rest, take sore throat, diagnose ibuprofen, and enlarged spleen, based on avoid rigorous weakness, symptoms and physical nausea, severe a blood test activities for a headache month or so Bacterial Infections Disease Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Strep Throat Painful throat A rapid strep test Typically take inflammation, or a throat antibiotics. fever, chills, body culture aches, red and swollen tonsils Tuberculosis Few symptoms at Skin tests and 3 or 4 medicines first. Fever, chest xrays are taken in weight loss, used. combination. coughing up of Some cases blood require hospitalization. Interpreting Information (D52- 53) • Using the chart on 2. Which of the D52 and 53, answer diseases shown on the following this page is the least questions on the serious condition worksheet. and why? 1. Which of the 3. Which type of diseases can be hepatitis is most likely treated with to become a antibiotics? Why permanent are antibiotics not condition? used for the other 4. Which types can be diseases? prevented with a vaccine? Preventing Communicable Diseases • Wash your hands • Keep fingers away from your eyes, nose, and mouth • Cover your mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze • Do not share personal items • Cover all sores or cuts with bandages Preventing Communicable Diseases • Do not use illegal drugs • Practice abstinence • Do not share needles • Keep your food away from animals – such as pests or insects • Use insect repellent Activity • With a partner, you will create a poster illustrating one of the 13 ways to prevent communicable diseases. • You will be assigned one of the ways on page D54-D55.
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