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LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 9 1. The 1. The 1. Science is 184.108.40.206. Explain the implications of the Students will All Labs, Lab Write-ups, Nature Practice a way of 1 assumption that the rules of the understand the Science as a Process Quiz, of of knowing universe are the same everywhere and meaning and purpose and Unit 1 Test. Informative Science Science about the these rules can be discovered by and natural world careful and systematic investigation. of science through Assessment based on Engineer that is lecture discussion and discussions and obervations. ing characterized labs. Students will use by empirical the scientific criteria, method/process. logical argument and 10 skeptical 220.127.116.11. Understand that scientists conduct Students will All Labs, Lab Write-ups, review. 2 investigations for a variety of reasons: understand the Science as a Process Quiz, to discover new aspects of the natural meaning and purpose and Unit 1 Test. Informative world, to explain recently observed phenomena, to test the conclusions of of science through Assessment based on prior investigations, or to test the lecture discussion and discussions and obervations. predictions of current theories. labs. Students will use the scientific method/process. 11 18.104.22.168. Explain how the traditions and norms Students will All Labs, Lab Write-ups, 3 of science define the bounds of understand the Science as a Process Quiz, professional scientific practice and meaning and purpose and Unit 1 Test. Informative reveal instances of scientific error or misconduct. of science through Assessment based on lecture discussion and discussions and obervations. labs. Students will use the scientific method/process. 22.214.171.124. Students will All Labs, Lab Write-ups, 3 understand the Science as a Process Quiz, LSH Life Science Standards meaning and purpose and Unit 1 Test. Informative 2009-2010of science through Assessment based on 12 For example: The use of peer review, lecture discussion and discussions and obervations. publications and presentations. labs. Students will use the scientific method/process. 126.96.36.199. Explain how societal and scientific Students will All Lab Write-ups, science as 4 ethics impact research practices. understand the a process quiz, and unit 1 test. For example: Research involving meaning and purpose Informative assessment based human subjects may be conducted only with the informed consent of the of science through on discussions and subjects. lecture discussion and observations. (Stem Cells, labs. Students will use Animal Dissections) the scientific method/process. 188.8.131.52. Identify sources of bias and how bias Students will All Lab Write-ups, science as 5 might influence the direction of understand the a process quiz, and unit 1 test. research and the interpretation of meaning and purpose Informative assessment based data. For example: How funding of of science. Students on discussions and research can influence questions will use and observations. (Stem Cells, studied, procedures used, analysis of understand the Animal Dissections) data, and communication of results. scientific method/process. LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 184.108.40.206. Describe how changes in scientific Students will All Lab Write-ups, science as 6 knowledge generally occur in understand the a process quiz, and unit 1 test. incremental steps that include and meaning and purpose Informative assessment based build on earlier knowledge. of science through on discussions and lecture discussion and observations. (History of labs. Students will use DNA & Genome Project) the scientific method. 220.127.116.11. Explain how scientific and Students will Science as a process 7 technological innovations ─as well as investigate discussion & quiz. new evidence─ can challenge portions technological Informative assessments of, or entire accepted theories and models including, but not limited to: advances in science based on discussions and cell theory, atomic theory, theory of and the discuss the observations (History of evolution, plate tectonic theory, germ impact on DNA, Evolution, Cell theory of disease, and the big bang undertanding. Theory, Atomic Theory etc.) theory. 9 1. The 1. The 2. Scientific 18.104.22.168. Formulate a testable hypothesis, Students will All Labs, Lab Write-ups, Nature Practice inquiry uses 1 design and conduct an experiment to understand the Science as a Process Quiz, of of multiple test the hypothesis, analyze the data, meaning and purpose and Unit 1 Test. Informative Science Science interrelated consider alternative explanations and and processes to draw conclusions supported by of science through Assessment based on Engineer investigate evidence from the investigation. lecture discussion and discussions and obervations. ing and explain labs. Students will use the natural the scientific world. 10 22.214.171.124. Evaluate the explanations proposed method/process. Students will All Labs, Lab Write-ups, 2 by others by examining and understand the Science as a Process Quiz, comparing evidence, identifying meaning and purpose and Unit 1 Test. Informative faulty reasoning, pointing out statements that go beyond the of science through Assessment based on scientifically acceptable evidence, and lecture discussion and discussions and obervations. suggesting alternative scientific labs. Students will use explanations. the scientific LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 11 126.96.36.199. Identify the critical assumptions and Students will All Labs, Lab Write-ups, 3 logic used in a line of reasoning to understand the Science as a Process Quiz, judge the validity of a claim. meaning and purpose and Unit 1 Test. Informative of science through Assessment based on lecture discussion and discussions and obervations. labs. Students will use the scientific 12 188.8.131.52. Use primary sources or scientific method/process. All Labs 4 writings to identify and explain how different types of questions and their associated methodologies are used by scientists for investigations in different disciplines. 2. The 1. 184.108.40.206. Understand that engineering designs Practice Engineering 1 and products must be continually of is a way of checked and critiqued for alternatives, Enginee addressing risks, costs and benefits, so that ring human needs subsequent designs are refined and by applying improved. science For example: If the price of an concepts and essential raw material changes, the mathematical product design may need to be techniques to changed. develop new 220.127.116.11. Recognize that risk analysis is used to DNA, Genetics, Cells, DNA Electrophorisis lab, products, 2 determine the potential positive and & Ecology lectures, DNA extraction Lab, & Cell tools, negative consequences of using a new processes and discussions, activities Lab technology or design, including the systems. evaluation of causes and effects of and problems. failures. products, 2 & Ecology lectures, DNA extraction Lab, & Cell tools, processes and discussions, activities Lab systems. and problems. LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 For example: Risks and benefits associated with using lithium batteries. 18.104.22.168. Explain and give examples of how, in 3 the design of a device or process, engineers consider how it is to be manufactured, operated, maintained, replaced and disposed of. 9 1. The 2. The 2. 22.214.171.124. Identify a problem and the associated Nature Practice Engineering 1 constraints on possible design of of design is an solutions. Science Enginee analytical and 10 and ring creative For example: Constraints can include Engineer process of time, money, scientific knowledge ing devising a and available technology. product or 11 solution to 126.96.36.199. Develop possible solutions to an meet a need 2 engineering problem and evaluate or solve a them using conceptual, physical and specific mathematical models to determine the problem. extent to which the solutions meet the design specifications. 12 For example: Develop a prototype to test the quality, efficiency and productivity of a product. 3. 1. Natural 188.8.131.52. Describe a system, including Chapter 2: Cell Test, Cell Model, Interacti and designed 1 specifications of boundaries and Macromolecule Cellular Respiration, ons systems are subsystems, relationships to other Lecture & Metabolism, Photosynthesis, Among made up of systems, and identification of inputs Science, components and expected outputs. plant or For example: A power Discussions. Chapter Homeostasis Tests quizzes Technol that act ecosystem. 4 Cellular respiration and Lab activities (Body ogy, within a and Metabolism. Temp & Blood Glucose Enginee system and Chapter 7 cells. Levels) ring, interact with Mathem other atics, systems. and Society ons systems are Among made up of Science, components Technol that act LSH Life Science Standards ogy, within a 2009-2010 Enginee system and ring, interact with 184.108.40.206. Identify properties of a system that Chapter 2: Cell Test, Cell Model, Mathem other 2 are different from those of its parts Macromolecule Cellular Respiration, atics, systems. but appear because of the interaction Lecture & Metabolism, Photosynthesis, and of those parts. Society Discussions. Chapter Homeostasis Tests quizzes 4 Cellular respiration and Lab activities (Body and Metabolism. Temp & Blood Glucose Chapter 7 cells. Levels) Informative 220.127.116.11. Describe how positive and/or negative Cellular Respiration, Cellular Respiration, 3 feedback occur in systems. Metabolism, photosynthesis, homeostasis Photosynthesis, tests/quizzes & informative For example: The greenhouse effect. Homeostasis (Body assessments based on Temp & Blood discussion. Glucose Levels) 2. Men and 18.104.22.168. Provide examples of how diverse DNA, Genetics, Cells, DNA, Genetics, and Ecology women 1 cultures, including natives from all of & Ecology lectures, tests and Quizzes. throughout the Americas, have contributed discussions, activities Informative assessment based the history of scientific and mathematical ideas and all cultures, technological inventions. and problems. on discussions and including For example: Native American obervations of activities. Minnesota understanding of ecology; Lisa American Meitner's contribution to Indian tribes understanding radioactivity; Tesla's and ideas and inventions relating to communities, electricity; Watson, Crick and 22.214.171.124. Analyze possible careers in science All units Discussion of possible careers have been 2 and engineering in terms of education and ecology career project. involved in requirements, working practices and scientific rewards. inquiry and 9 1. The 3. engineering 3. Science 126.96.36.199. Describe how values and constraints Stem Cells, Human Genetics test and multiple Nature Interacti and 1 affect science and engineering. Genome Project, quizzes, informative of ons engineering Transgenic organisms assessment based on Science Among operate in the and Science, context of (biotechnology) discussions and obervations. Engineer Technol society and ing ogy, both Enginee influence and ring, are Mathem influenced by 1. The 3. 3. Science 188.8.131.52. Stem Cells, Human Genetics test and multiple Nature Interacti and 1 LSH Life Science Standards Genome Project, quizzes, informative of ons engineering Science Among operate in the 2009-2010 Transgenic organisms assessment based on 10 and Science, context of For example : Economic, (biotechnology) discussions and obervations. Engineer Technol society and environmental, social, political, ing ogy, both ethical, health, safety and Enginee influence and sustainability issues. 11 ring, are 184.108.40.206. Communicate, justify and defend the All Labs Lab Write-ups Mathem influenced by 2 procedures and results of a scientific atics, this context. inquiry or engineering design project and using verbal, graphic, quantitative, Society virtual or written means. 12 220.127.116.11. Describe how scientific investigations DNA, Genetics, 7 Informative Assessments 3 and engineering processes require Ecology lectures, based on discussions and multi-disciplinary contributions and discussions, activities observations. efforts. and problems. DNA For example: Nanotechnology, Electrophorisis lab climate change, agriculture or activity. biotechnology. 4. Science, 18.104.22.168. Describe how technological problems Cell Lab & DNA Informative Assessment technology, 1 and advances often create a demand extraction lab. based on discussions and engineering for new scientific knowledge, Lecture on cells and obervations. and improved mathematics and new mathematics technologies. advancement of rely on each technology other to (microscopes). 22.214.171.124. Determine and use appropriate safety All Labs enhance Informative Assessments 2 procedures, tools, computers and based on discussions and knowledge measurement instruments in science and observations. Lab Procedures and engineering contexts. understandin Quiz and Performance on g. For example: Consideration of write-ups. chemical and biological hazards in the lab. and understandin g. LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 126.96.36.199. Select and use appropriate numeric, All Labs Informative Assessments 3 symbolic, pictorial, or graphical based on discussions and representation to communicate observations. Lab Procedures scientific ideas, procedures and experimental results. Quiz and Performance on write-ups. 188.8.131.52. Relate the reliability of data to All Labs Informative Assessments 4 consistency of results, identify based on discussions and sources of error, and suggest ways to observations. Lab Procedures improve data collection and analysis. Quiz and Performance on For example : Use statistical analysis write-ups. or error analysis to make judgments about the validity of results. 184.108.40.206. Demonstrate how unit consistency All Labs Informative Assessments 5 and dimensional analysis can guide based on discussions and the calculation of quantitative observations. Lab Procedures solutions and verification of results. Quiz and Performance on 220.127.116.11. Analyze the strengths and limitations write-ups. 6 of physical, conceptual, mathematical and computer models used by scientists and engineers. 4. Life 1. 1. Organisms 18.104.22.168. Explain how cell processes are Chapter 7 Cells, Cell Test, Cell Lab, Cell Science Structur use the 1 influenced by internal and external Lecture & Discussion, Membrane Quiz, Diffusion & e and interaction of factors, such as pH and temperature, Cell Lab, Diffusion Osmosis Lab. Informative Functio cellular and how cells and organisms respond n in processes as to changes in their environment to and Osmosis Lab and assessment and observations. Living well as maintain homeostasis. Lecture, Systems tissues and 22.214.171.124. Describe how the functions of Organ System Organ System Tests, organ 2 individual organ systems are systems to Lectures & Homeostasis investigation, integrated to maintain homeostasis in maintain Discussions: and informative assesment an organism. homeostasis. Circulatory System, and observations during Nervous system, lecture and laboratory Immune system. activities. Systems Lab/dissection n in processes as Living well as Systems tissues and 126.96.36.199. Organ System Organ System Tests, organ 2 LSH Life Science Standards Lectures & Homeostasis investigation, systems to 2009-2010 maintain Discussions: and informative assesment homeostasis. Circulatory System, and observations during Nervous system, lecture and laboratory Immune system. activities. Systems Lab/dissection 2. Cells and 188.8.131.52. Recognize that cells are composed Chapter 2: Macromolecule Lab, cell 1 primarily of a few elements (carbon, Macromolecule Macromolecule test (CH2), structures hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, Lecture & and Atomic Structure (model have specific phosphorus, and sulfur), and describe functions that the basic molecular structures of cells Discussions making activity) Informative allow an and the primary functions of assesment based on organism to carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and observations and discussions grow, survive nucleic acids. and reproduce. 184.108.40.206. Recognize that the work of the cell isChapter 2: Macromolecule Lab, enzyme 2 carried out primarily by proteins, Macromolecule Lab, Demonstration enzymes. most of which are enzymes, and that Lecture & Cell Lab and Model. protein function depends on the amino acid sequence and the shape it Discussions. Chapter Informative assesments based takes as a consequence of the 4 Cellular respiration on observations and interactions between those amino and Metabolism. discussions. 220.127.116.11. acids. Describe how viruses, prokaryotic Chapter 7 cells: Cell test and Cell Lab. 3 cells and eukaryotic cells differ in Lecture Internet Informative assessments relative size, complexity and general activitiy, cell model, based on observations and structure. lab and Discussion discussions. LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 9 4. Life 1. 2. Cells and 18.104.22.168. Explain the function and importance Chapter 7 cells: Science Structur cell 4 of cell organelles for prokaryotic Lecture Internet e and structures and/or eukaryotic cells as related to Cell Test, Cell Lab, Mitosis activitiy, cell model, Functio have specific the basic cell processes of respiration, & Meiosis Lab, Cellular n in functions that photosynthesis, protein synthesis and cell Lab and Discussion. respiration and Living allow an cell reproduction. Systems organism to Photosynthesis activities. grow, survive Chapters 7, 8, 9 and 10 and Reading and problems, and reproduce. variuos other activities. 10 22.214.171.124. Compare and contrast passive Chapter 7 Section 3 Diffusion & Osmosis 5 transport (including osmosis and Cellular membranes. laboratory activities. Chapter facilitated transport) with active Lecture and reading and problems and transport, such as endocytosis and exocytosis. discussions. various other activities. 11 126.96.36.199. Explain the process of mitosis in the Chapter 10 lecture and Mitosis (onion) laboratory, 6 formation of identical new cells and discussion. Reading & problems and maintaining chromosome number various other activities. during asexual reproduction. 12 2. 1. The 188.8.131.52. Describe factors that affect the Evolution lecture and Population demographics Interdep interrelations 1 carrying capacity of an ecosystem and discussion, ecology problem and Ecology and en- hip and relate these to population growth. lecture and discusion. Evolution test and quizzes. dence interdepende among nce of Population Natural selection activity. Living organisms 184.108.40.206. Explain how ecosystems can change demographics Evolution lecture and Ecology and Evolution test Systems generate 2 as a result of the introduction of one discussion, ecology and quizzes. Natural dynamic or more new species. biological lecture and discusion. selection activitiy. communities For example: The effect of in migration, localized evolution or ecosystems. disease organisms. Systems LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 2. Matter 220.127.116.11. Use words and equations to Chapter 8 & 9 Lecture Cellular respiration and cycles and 1 differentiate between the processes of and Discussion. Photosynthesis Labs. Chapter energy flows photosynthesis and respiration in reading and problems. through terms of energy flow, beginning different reactants and end products. Jigsaw activitiy and models. levels of organization 18.104.22.168. Explain how matter and energy in an Chapter 8, 9 & 4 Photosynthesis activities/lab. of living 2 ecosystem is transformed and Lectures and Photosynthesis and Cellular systems and transferred among organisms, and the physical discussions respiration test. how energy is dissipated as heat into environment, the environment. 3. as Genetic 1. chemical 22.214.171.124. Explain the relationships among Lecture on DNA and Protein sysnthesis Evolutio information 1 DNA, genes and chromosomes. protein sysnthesis. model/activity. Mitosis and n in found in the Mitosis and Meiosis meiosis DNA and protein Living cell provides Systems information lecture and systhesis exams. for disscussion. DNA assembling model making activity. proteins, which dictate the 126.96.36.199. In the context of a monohybrid cross, Genetics: Lecture, Genetics test and multiple expression of 2 apply the terms phenotype, genotype, discusion, activities quizzes, informative traits in an allele, homozygous and heterozygous. and problems. assessment based on individual. discussions and obervations. 188.8.131.52. Describe the process of DNA Protein Synthesis DNA test, informative 3 replication and the role of DNA and lecture and Assessment based on RNA in assembling protein discussions. Protein discussions and obervations molecules. sysnthesis activity and during activities. problems. LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 9 4. Life 3. 2. Variation 184.108.40.206. Use concepts from Mendel’s Laws of Genetics: Lecture, Genetics, Meiosis tests and Science Evolutio within a 1 Segregation and Independent discusion, activities Quizzes. Informative n in species is the Assortment to explain how sorting and problems. assessment based on Living natural result and recombination (crossing over) of Systems of new genes during sexual reproduction Meiosis lecture, discussions and obervations. inheritable (meiosis) increases the occurrence of discussions and characteristic variation in a species. activities. s occurring 10 from new 220.127.116.11. Use the processes of mitosis and Lecture and discussion Mitosis and Meiosis test. combinations 2 meiosis to explain the advantages and on Mitosis and Informative assessment based of existing disadvantages of asexual and sexual genes or from Meiosis problems and on discussions and reproduction. 11 mutations of 18.104.22.168. Explain how mutations like deletions, activities. obervations. DNA & Genetics DNA and Genetics tests and genes in 3 insertions, rearrangements or reproductive lectures, discussions, Quizzes. Informative substitutions of DNA segments in cells. activities and assessment based on gametes may have no effect, may harm, or rarely may be beneficial, and problems. discussions and obervations. can result in genetic variation within a species. 12 3. Evolution 22.214.171.124. Describe how evidence led Darwin to Evolution lecture, Evolution Test and by natural 1 develop the theory of natural selection discussion and natural informative assessment based selection is a and common descent to explain selection activity. on discussions and scientific evolution. explanation 126.96.36.199. Use scientific evidence, including the observations of activities and Evolution lecture, Evolution Test and for the 2 fossil record, homologous structures, discussion and natural informative assessment based history and and genetic and/or biochemical diversity of selection activity. on discussions and similarities, to show evolutionary life on Earth. relationships among species. observations of activities and problems. 188.8.131.52. Recognize that artificial selection has Evolution lecture, Evolution Test and 3 led to offspring through successive discussion and natural informative assessment based generations that can be very different selection activity. on discussions and in appearance and behavior from their distant ancestors. observations of activities and problems. LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 184.108.40.206. Explain why genetic variation within Evolution lecture, Evolution Test and 4 a population is essential for evolution discussion and natural informative assessment based to occur. selection activity. on discussions and observations of activities and 220.127.116.11. Explain how competition for finite Natural selection Evolution Test and 5 resources and the changing activity, lecture and informative assessment based environment promotes natural discussion on on discussions and selection on offspring survival, depending on whether the offspring evolution. Connection observations of activities and have characteristics that are to genetics. problems. advantageous or disadvantageous in the new environment. 18.104.22.168. Explain how genetic variation Natural selection Evolution Test and 6 between two populations of a given activity, lecture and informative assessment based species is due, in part, to different discussion on on discussions and selective pressures acting independently on each population and evolution. Connection observations of activities and how, over time, these differences can to genetics. problems. lead to the development of new species. 9 4. Life 4. 1. Human 22.214.171.124. Describe the social, economic and DNA, Genetics, 7 DNA, Genetics, and Ecology Science Human activity has 1 ecological risks and benefits of Ecology lectures, tests and Quizzes. Interacti consequences biotechnology in agriculture and discussions, activities Informative assessment based ons with on living medicine. 10 Living organisms For example: Selective breeding, and problems. DNA on discussions and Systems and genetic engineering, and antibiotic Electrophorisis lab obervations of activities. ecosystems. development and use. activity. 11 126.96.36.199. Describe the social, economic and Ecology: Lecture, Biological Magnification 2 ecological risks and benefits of discussion and Natural activity, Ecology test and changing a natural ecosystem as a result of human activity. selection. ecology project. 12 For example: Changing the temperature or composition of water, LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 188.8.131.52. Describe contributions from diverse 3 cultures, including Minnesota American Indian tribes and communities, to the understanding of interactions among humans and living systems. For example: American Indian understanding of sustainable land use practices. 2. Personal 184.108.40.206. Describe how some diseases can Genetics: Lecture, Genetics, Meiosis tests and and 1 sometimes be predicted by genetic discusion, activities Quizzes. Informative community testing and how this affects parental and problems. assessment based on health can be and community decisions. affected by Meiosis lecture, discussions and obervations. the discussions and environment, 220.127.116.11. Explain how the body produces activities. body 2 antibodies to fight disease and how functions and vaccines assist this process. human 18.104.22.168. Describe how the immune system behavior. 3 sometimes attacks some of the body’s own cells and how some allergic reactions are caused by the body's immune responses to usually harmless environmental substances. 22.214.171.124. Explain how environmental factors Evolution lecture and Evolution Test and 4 and personal decisions, such as water discussion, ecology informative assessment based pollution, air quality and smoking lecture and discusion. on discussions and affect personal and community health. observations of activities and problems. LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 126.96.36.199. Recognize that a gene mutation in a Genetics: Lecture, Genetics, Meiosis tests and 5 cell can result in uncontrolled cell discusion, activities Quizzes. Informative division called cancer and how and problems. assessment based on exposure of cells to certain chemicals and radiation increases mutations and Meiosis lecture, discussions and obervations. thus increases the chance of cancer. discussions and activities. 3. Earth 1. Earth 1. The 188.8.131.52. Compare and contrast the interaction and Structur relationships 1 of tectonic plates at convergent and Space e and among divergent boundaries. Science Process earthquakes, es mountains, volcanoes, fossil deposits, rock layers and ocean features provide For example: Compare the kinds of evidence for magma that emerge at plate the theory of boundaries. plate 184.108.40.206. Use modern earthquake data to tectonics. 2 explain how seismic activity is evidence for the process of subduction. For example: Correlate data on distribution, depth and magnitude of earthquakes with subduction zones. 220.127.116.11. Describe how the pattern of magnetic 3 reversals and rock ages on both sides of a mid-ocean ridge provides evidence of sea-floor spreading. LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 18.104.22.168. Explain how the rock record provides 4 evidence for plate movement. For example: Similarities found in fossils, certain types of rocks, or patterns of rock layers in various locations. 22.214.171.124. Describe how experimental and 5 observational evidence led to the theory of plate tectonics. 3. By 126.96.36.199. Use relative dating techniques to observing 1 explain how the structure of the Earth rock and life on Earth has changed over sequences short and long periods of time. and using fossils to correlate the sequences at various locations, geologic events can be For example: Use radiometric dating inferred and and fossils to correlate rock sequences geologic time from separate locations. can be 188.8.131.52. Cite evidence from the rock record estimated. 2 for changes in the composition of the global atmosphere as life evolved on Earth. For example : Banded iron formations as found in Minnesota's Iron Range. LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 9 3. Earth 2. 1. The Earth 184.108.40.206. Compare and contrast the energy and Interdep system has 1 sources of the Earth, including the Space en- internal and sun, the decay of radioactive isotopes Science dence external and gravitational energy. Within sources of the energy, Earth which System produce heat and drive the motion of material in 10 220.127.116.11. Explain how the outward transfer of the oceans, 2 Earth’s internal heat drives the atmosphere convection circulation in the mantle and solid to move tectonic plates. earth. 11 2. Global 18.104.22.168. Explain how Earth's rotation, ocean climate is 1 currents, configuration of mountain determined ranges, and composition of the by atmosphere influence the absorption distribution and distribution of energy, which of energy contributes to global climatic patterns. from the sun 12 at the Earth's 22.214.171.124. Explain how evidence from the surface. 2. geologic record, including ice core samples, indicates that climate changes have occurred at varying rates over geologic time and continue to occur today. 3. Material in 126.96.36.199. Trace the cyclical movement of the Earth 1 carbon, oxygen and nitrogen through system cycles the lithosphere, hydrosphere, through atmosphere and biosphere. different reservoirs, For example: The burning of fossil and is fuels contributes to the greenhouse powered by effect. the Earth's LSH Life Science Standards 2009-2010 3. The 2. The solar 188.8.131.52. Describe how the solar system formed Univers system, sun, 1 from a nebular cloud of dust and gas e and Earth 4.6 billion years ago. formed over 184.108.40.206. Explain how the Earth evolved into its billions of 2. present habitable form through years. interactions among the solid earth, the oceans, the atmosphere and organisms. 220.127.116.11. Compare and contrast the 3. environmental conditions that make life possible on Earth with conditions found on the other planets and moons of our solar system. 3. The big 18.104.22.168. Explain how evidence is used to bang theory 1 understand the composition, early states that the history and expansion of the universe. universe expanded from a hot, dense chaotic mass, after which elements formed and clumped together to For example: Doppler shift of light eventually or cosmic background radiation. form stars and galaxies. formed and clumped together to eventually LSH Life Science Standards form stars 2009-2010 and galaxies. 22.214.171.124. Explain how gravitational clumping 2 leads to nuclear fusion, producing energy and the chemical elements of a star. 9 3. Earth 4. 1. People 126.96.36.199. Analyze the benefits, costs, risks and and Human consider 1 tradeoffs associated with natural Space Interacti potential hazards, including the selection of Science ons with benefits, land use and engineering mitigation. the costs and 10 Earth risks to make For example: Determining land use System decisions on in floodplains and areas prone to how they landslides. 11 interact with 188.8.131.52. Explain how human activity and natural 2 natural processes are altering the systems. hydrosphere, biosphere, lithosphere and atmosphere, including pollution, topography and climate. 12 For example: Active volcanoes and the burning of fossil fuels contribute to the greenhouse effect.
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