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					                                                                LSH Life Science Standards
                                                                        2009-2010
9 1. The     1. The     1. Science is   9.1.1.1. Explain the implications of the            Students will             All Labs, Lab Write-ups,
  Nature     Practice   a way of        1        assumption that the rules of the           understand the            Science as a Process Quiz,
  of         of         knowing                  universe are the same everywhere and
                                                                                            meaning and purpose       and Unit 1 Test. Informative
  Science    Science    about the                these rules can be discovered by
  and                   natural world            careful and systematic investigation.      of science through        Assessment based on
  Engineer              that is                                                             lecture discussion and    discussions and obervations.
  ing                   characterized                                                       labs. Students will use
                        by empirical                                                        the scientific
                        criteria,
                                                                                            method/process.
                        logical
                        argument and
10                      skeptical       9.1.1.1. Understand that scientists conduct         Students will             All Labs, Lab Write-ups,
                        review.         2        investigations for a variety of reasons:   understand the            Science as a Process Quiz,
                                                 to discover new aspects of the natural
                                                                                            meaning and purpose       and Unit 1 Test. Informative
                                                 world, to explain recently observed
                                                 phenomena, to test the conclusions of      of science through        Assessment based on
                                                 prior investigations, or to test the       lecture discussion and    discussions and obervations.
                                                 predictions of current theories.           labs. Students will use
                                                                                            the scientific
                                                                                            method/process.
11                                      9.1.1.1. Explain how the traditions and norms       Students will             All Labs, Lab Write-ups,
                                        3        of science define the bounds of            understand the            Science as a Process Quiz,
                                                 professional scientific practice and
                                                                                            meaning and purpose       and Unit 1 Test. Informative
                                                 reveal instances of scientific error or
                                                 misconduct.                                of science through        Assessment based on
                                                                                            lecture discussion and    discussions and obervations.
                                                                                            labs. Students will use
                                                                                            the scientific
                                                                                            method/process.
     9.1.1.1.                                        Students will              All Labs, Lab Write-ups,
     3                                               understand the             Science as a Process Quiz,
                              LSH Life Science Standards
                                                     meaning and purpose        and Unit 1 Test. Informative
                                            2009-2010of science through         Assessment based on
12              For example: The use of peer review, lecture discussion and     discussions and obervations.
                publications and presentations.      labs. Students will use
                                                     the scientific
                                                     method/process.




     9.1.1.1. Explain how societal and scientific     Students will             All Lab Write-ups, science as
     4        ethics impact research practices.       understand the            a process quiz, and unit 1 test.
              For example: Research involving
                                                      meaning and purpose       Informative assessment based
              human subjects may be conducted
              only with the informed consent of the   of science through        on discussions and
              subjects.                               lecture discussion and    observations. (Stem Cells,
                                                      labs. Students will use   Animal Dissections)
                                                      the scientific
                                                      method/process.
     9.1.1.1. Identify sources of bias and how bias   Students will             All Lab Write-ups, science as
     5        might influence the direction of        understand the            a process quiz, and unit 1 test.
              research and the interpretation of
                                                      meaning and purpose       Informative assessment based
              data.
              For example: How funding of             of science. Students      on discussions and
              research can influence questions        will use and              observations. (Stem Cells,
              studied, procedures used, analysis of   understand the            Animal Dissections)
              data, and communication of results.     scientific
                                                      method/process.
                                                               LSH Life Science Standards
                                                                       2009-2010
                                        9.1.1.1. Describe how changes in scientific        Students will             All Lab Write-ups, science as
                                        6        knowledge generally occur in              understand the            a process quiz, and unit 1 test.
                                                 incremental steps that include and
                                                                                           meaning and purpose       Informative assessment based
                                                 build on earlier knowledge.
                                                                                           of science through        on discussions and
                                                                                           lecture discussion and    observations. (History of
                                                                                           labs. Students will use   DNA & Genome Project)
                                                                                           the scientific method.
                                        9.1.1.1. Explain how scientific and                Students will             Science as a process
                                        7        technological innovations ─as well as     investigate               discussion & quiz.
                                                 new evidence─ can challenge portions
                                                                                           technological             Informative assessments
                                                 of, or entire accepted theories and
                                                 models including, but not limited to:
                                                                                           advances in science       based on discussions and
                                                 cell theory, atomic theory, theory of     and the discuss the       observations (History of
                                                 evolution, plate tectonic theory, germ    impact on                 DNA, Evolution, Cell
                                                 theory of disease, and the big bang       undertanding.             Theory, Atomic Theory etc.)
                                                 theory.


9 1. The     1. The     2. Scientific   9.1.1.2. Formulate a testable hypothesis,          Students will             All Labs, Lab Write-ups,
  Nature     Practice   inquiry uses    1        design and conduct an experiment to       understand the            Science as a Process Quiz,
  of         of         multiple                 test the hypothesis, analyze the data,
                                                                                           meaning and purpose       and Unit 1 Test. Informative
  Science    Science    interrelated             consider alternative explanations and
  and                   processes to             draw conclusions supported by             of science through        Assessment based on
  Engineer              investigate              evidence from the investigation.          lecture discussion and    discussions and obervations.
  ing                   and explain                                                        labs. Students will use
                        the natural                                                        the scientific
                        world.
10                                      9.1.1.2. Evaluate the explanations proposed        method/process.
                                                                                           Students will           All Labs, Lab Write-ups,
                                        2        by others by examining and                understand the          Science as a Process Quiz,
                                                 comparing evidence, identifying
                                                                                           meaning and purpose and Unit 1 Test. Informative
                                                 faulty reasoning, pointing out
                                                 statements that go beyond the             of science through      Assessment based on
                                                 scientifically acceptable evidence, and   lecture discussion and discussions and obervations.
                                                 suggesting alternative scientific         labs. Students will use
                                                 explanations.                             the scientific
                                                       LSH Life Science Standards
                                                               2009-2010
11                              9.1.1.2. Identify the critical assumptions and     Students will             All Labs, Lab Write-ups,
                                3        logic used in a line of reasoning to      understand the            Science as a Process Quiz,
                                         judge the validity of a claim.
                                                                                   meaning and purpose       and Unit 1 Test. Informative
                                                                                   of science through        Assessment based on
                                                                                   lecture discussion and    discussions and obervations.
                                                                                   labs. Students will use
                                                                                   the scientific
12                              9.1.1.2. Use primary sources or scientific         method/process.
                                                                                   All Labs
                                4        writings to identify and explain how
                                         different types of questions and their
                                         associated methodologies are used by
                                         scientists for investigations in
                                         different disciplines.




     2. The     1.              9.1.2.1. Understand that engineering designs
     Practice   Engineering     1        and products must be continually
     of         is a way of              checked and critiqued for alternatives,
     Enginee    addressing               risks, costs and benefits, so that
     ring       human needs              subsequent designs are refined and
                by applying              improved.
                science                  For example: If the price of an
                concepts and             essential raw material changes, the
                mathematical             product design may need to be
                techniques to            changed.
                develop new     9.1.2.1. Recognize that risk analysis is used to   DNA, Genetics, Cells, DNA Electrophorisis lab,
                products,       2        determine the potential positive and      & Ecology lectures,     DNA extraction Lab, & Cell
                tools,                   negative consequences of using a new
                processes and                                                      discussions, activities Lab
                                         technology or design, including the
                systems.                 evaluation of causes and effects of       and problems.
                                         failures.
                          products,     2                                        & Ecology lectures,     DNA extraction Lab, & Cell
                          tools,
                          processes and                                          discussions, activities Lab
                          systems.                                               and problems.
                                                                  LSH Life Science Standards
                                                                          2009-2010
                                                    For example: Risks and benefits
                                                    associated with using lithium
                                                    batteries.
                                           9.1.2.1. Explain and give examples of how, in
                                           3        the design of a device or process,
                                                    engineers consider how it is to be
                                                    manufactured, operated, maintained,
                                                    replaced and disposed of.

 9 1. The     2. The      2.               9.1.2.2. Identify a problem and the associated
   Nature     Practice    Engineering      1        constraints on possible design
   of         of          design is an              solutions.
   Science    Enginee     analytical and
10 and        ring        creative                  For example: Constraints can include
   Engineer               process of                time, money, scientific knowledge
   ing                    devising a                and available technology.
                          product or
11                        solution to      9.1.2.2. Develop possible solutions to an
                          meet a need      2        engineering problem and evaluate
                          or solve a                them using conceptual, physical and
                          specific                  mathematical models to determine the
                          problem.                  extent to which the solutions meet the
                                                    design specifications.

12                                               For example: Develop a prototype to
                                                 test the quality, efficiency and
                                                 productivity of a product.
              3.          1. Natural    9.1.3.1. Describe a system, including                Chapter 2:               Cell Test, Cell Model,
              Interacti   and designed 1         specifications of boundaries and            Macromolecule            Cellular Respiration,
              ons         systems are            subsystems, relationships to other
                                                                                             Lecture &                Metabolism, Photosynthesis,
              Among       made up of             systems, and identification of inputs
              Science,    components             and expected outputs. plant or
                                                 For example: A power
                                                                                             Discussions. Chapter     Homeostasis Tests quizzes
              Technol     that act               ecosystem.                                  4 Cellular respiration   and Lab activities (Body
              ogy,        within a                                                           and Metabolism.          Temp & Blood Glucose
              Enginee     system and                                                         Chapter 7 cells.         Levels)
              ring,       interact with
              Mathem      other
              atics,      systems.
              and
              Society
             ons         systems are
             Among       made up of
             Science,    components
             Technol     that act                              LSH Life Science Standards
             ogy,        within a                                            2009-2010
             Enginee     system and
             ring,       interact with 9.1.3.1. Identify properties of a system that  Chapter 2:                Cell Test, Cell Model,
             Mathem      other         2        are different from those of its parts Macromolecule             Cellular Respiration,
             atics,      systems.               but appear because of the interaction
                                                                                      Lecture &                 Metabolism, Photosynthesis,
             and                                of those parts.
             Society
                                                                                         Discussions. Chapter Homeostasis Tests quizzes
                                                                                         4 Cellular respiration and Lab activities (Body
                                                                                         and Metabolism.        Temp & Blood Glucose
                                                                                         Chapter 7 cells.       Levels) Informative
                                          9.1.3.1. Describe how positive and/or negative Cellular Respiration, Cellular Respiration,
                                          3        feedback occur in systems.            Metabolism,            photosynthesis, homeostasis
                                                                                         Photosynthesis,        tests/quizzes & informative
                                                   For example: The greenhouse effect.
                                                                                         Homeostasis (Body      assessments based on
                                                                                         Temp & Blood           discussion.
                                                                                         Glucose Levels)

                         2. Men and       9.1.3.2. Provide examples of how diverse           DNA, Genetics, Cells,     DNA, Genetics, and Ecology
                         women            1        cultures, including natives from all of   & Ecology lectures,       tests and Quizzes.
                         throughout                the Americas, have contributed
                                                                                             discussions, activities   Informative assessment based
                         the history of            scientific and mathematical ideas and
                         all cultures,             technological inventions.                 and problems.             on discussions and
                         including                 For example: Native American                                        obervations of activities.
                         Minnesota                 understanding of ecology; Lisa
                         American                  Meitner's contribution to
                         Indian tribes             understanding radioactivity; Tesla's
                         and                       ideas and inventions relating to
                         communities,              electricity; Watson, Crick and
                                          9.1.3.2. Analyze possible careers in science       All units                 Discussion of possible careers
                         have been
                                          2        and engineering in terms of education                               and ecology career project.
                         involved in
                                                   requirements, working practices and
                         scientific
                                                   rewards.
                         inquiry and
9 1. The     3.          engineering
                         3. Science       9.1.3.3. Describe how values and constraints       Stem Cells, Human         Genetics test and multiple
  Nature     Interacti   and              1        affect science and engineering.           Genome Project,           quizzes, informative
  of         ons         engineering
                                                                                             Transgenic organisms      assessment based on
  Science    Among       operate in the
  and        Science,    context of                                                          (biotechnology)           discussions and obervations.
  Engineer   Technol     society and
  ing        ogy,        both
             Enginee     influence and
             ring,       are
             Mathem      influenced by
   1. The     3.          3. Science       9.1.3.3.                                 Stem Cells, Human                 Genetics test and multiple
   Nature     Interacti   and              1                       LSH Life Science Standards
                                                                                    Genome Project,                   quizzes, informative
   of         ons         engineering
   Science    Among       operate in the
                                                                              2009-2010
                                                                                    Transgenic organisms              assessment based on
10 and        Science,    context of                  For example : Economic,       (biotechnology)                   discussions and obervations.
   Engineer   Technol     society and               environmental, social, political,
   ing        ogy,        both                      ethical, health, safety and
              Enginee     influence and             sustainability issues.
11            ring,       are              9.1.3.3. Communicate, justify and defend the        All Labs               Lab Write-ups
              Mathem      influenced by    2        procedures and results of a scientific
              atics,      this context.             inquiry or engineering design project
              and                                   using verbal, graphic, quantitative,
              Society                               virtual or written means.

12                                         9.1.3.3. Describe how scientific investigations     DNA, Genetics, 7        Informative Assessments
                                           3        and engineering processes require          Ecology lectures,       based on discussions and
                                                    multi-disciplinary contributions and
                                                                                               discussions, activities observations.
                                                    efforts.
                                                                                               and problems. DNA
                                                      For example: Nanotechnology,             Electrophorisis lab
                                                      climate change, agriculture or           activity.
                                                      biotechnology.


                          4. Science,      9.1.3.4. Describe how technological problems  Cell Lab & DNA                Informative Assessment
                          technology,      1        and advances often create a demand   extraction lab.              based on discussions and
                          engineering               for new scientific knowledge,
                                                                                         Lecture on cells and         obervations.
                          and                       improved mathematics and new
                          mathematics               technologies.                        advancement of
                          rely on each                                                   technology
                          other to                                                       (microscopes).
                                           9.1.3.4. Determine and use appropriate safety All Labs
                          enhance                                                                                     Informative Assessments
                                           2          procedures, tools, computers and                                based on discussions and
                          knowledge
                                                      measurement instruments in science
                          and                                                                                         observations. Lab Procedures
                                                      and engineering contexts.
                          understandin                                                                                Quiz and Performance on
                          g.
                                                      For example: Consideration of                                   write-ups.
                                                      chemical and biological hazards in the
                                                      lab.
                  and
                  understandin
                  g.
                                                        LSH Life Science Standards
                                                                2009-2010
                                 9.1.3.4. Select and use appropriate numeric,      All Labs                Informative Assessments
                                 3        symbolic, pictorial, or graphical                                based on discussions and
                                          representation to communicate
                                                                                                           observations. Lab Procedures
                                          scientific ideas, procedures and
                                          experimental results.                                            Quiz and Performance on
                                                                                                           write-ups.
                                 9.1.3.4. Relate the reliability of data to        All Labs                Informative Assessments
                                 4        consistency of results, identify                                 based on discussions and
                                          sources of error, and suggest ways to
                                                                                                           observations. Lab Procedures
                                          improve data collection and analysis.
                                                                                                           Quiz and Performance on
                                          For example : Use statistical analysis                           write-ups.
                                          or error analysis to make judgments
                                          about the validity of results.
                                 9.1.3.4. Demonstrate how unit consistency         All Labs                Informative Assessments
                                 5        and dimensional analysis can guide                               based on discussions and
                                          the calculation of quantitative
                                                                                                           observations. Lab Procedures
                                          solutions and verification of results.
                                                                                                           Quiz and Performance on
                                9.1.3.4. Analyze the strengths and limitations                             write-ups.
                                6        of physical, conceptual, mathematical
                                         and computer models used by
                                         scientists and engineers.
4. Life 1.       1. Organisms 9.4.1.1. Explain how cell processes are              Chapter 7 Cells,        Cell Test, Cell Lab, Cell
Science Structur use the        1        influenced by internal and external       Lecture & Discussion,   Membrane Quiz, Diffusion &
        e and    interaction of          factors, such as pH and temperature,
                                                                                   Cell Lab, Diffusion     Osmosis Lab. Informative
        Functio cellular                 and how cells and organisms respond
        n in     processes as            to changes in their environment to        and Osmosis Lab and     assessment and observations.
        Living well as                   maintain homeostasis.                     Lecture,
        Systems tissues and     9.4.1.1. Describe how the functions of             Organ System            Organ System Tests,
                 organ          2        individual organ systems are
                 systems to
                                                                                   Lectures &              Homeostasis investigation,
                                         integrated to maintain homeostasis in
                 maintain                                                          Discussions:            and informative assesment
                                         an organism.
                 homeostasis.                                                      Circulatory System,     and observations during
                                                                                   Nervous system,         lecture and laboratory
                                                                                   Immune system.          activities.
                                                                                   Systems
                                                                                   Lab/dissection
n in    processes as
Living well as
Systems tissues and  9.4.1.1.                                Organ System                      Organ System Tests,
        organ        2                        LSH Life Science Standards
                                                             Lectures &                        Homeostasis investigation,
        systems to                                    2009-2010
        maintain                                             Discussions:                      and informative assesment
        homeostasis.                                         Circulatory System,               and observations during
                                                             Nervous system,                   lecture and laboratory
                                                             Immune system.                    activities.
                                                             Systems
                                                             Lab/dissection

        2. Cells and 9.4.1.2. Recognize that cells are composed           Chapter 2:           Macromolecule Lab,
        cell           1        primarily of a few elements (carbon,      Macromolecule        Macromolecule test (CH2),
        structures              hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen,
                                                                          Lecture & and        Atomic Structure (model
        have specific           phosphorus, and sulfur), and describe
        functions that          the basic molecular structures of cells   Discussions          making activity) Informative
        allow an                and the primary functions of                                   assesment based on
        organism to             carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and                            observations and discussions
        grow, survive           nucleic acids.
        and
        reproduce.
                       9.4.1.2. Recognize that the work of the cell isChapter 2:               Macromolecule Lab, enzyme
                       2        carried out primarily by proteins,    Macromolecule            Lab, Demonstration enzymes.
                                most of which are enzymes, and that
                                                                      Lecture &                Cell Lab and Model.
                                protein function depends on the
                                amino acid sequence and the shape it  Discussions. Chapter     Informative assesments based
                                takes as a consequence of the         4 Cellular respiration   on observations and
                                interactions between those amino      and Metabolism.          discussions.
                       9.4.1.2. acids.
                                Describe how viruses, prokaryotic     Chapter 7 cells:         Cell test and Cell Lab.
                      3         cells and eukaryotic cells differ in  Lecture Internet         Informative assessments
                                relative size, complexity and general
                                                                      activitiy, cell model,   based on observations and
                                structure.
                                                                      lab and Discussion       discussions.
                                                              LSH Life Science Standards
                                                                      2009-2010
9 4. Life 1.          2. Cells and 9.4.1.2. Explain the function and importance          Chapter 7 cells:
  Science Structur    cell           4      of cell organelles for prokaryotic           Lecture Internet
          e and       structures            and/or eukaryotic cells as related to                               Cell Test, Cell Lab, Mitosis
                                                                                         activitiy, cell model,
          Functio     have specific         the basic cell processes of respiration,                            & Meiosis Lab, Cellular
          n in        functions that        photosynthesis, protein synthesis and        cell Lab and
                                                                                         Discussion.            respiration and
          Living      allow an              cell reproduction.
          Systems     organism to                                                                               Photosynthesis activities.
                      grow, survive                                                                             Chapters 7, 8, 9 and 10
                      and                                                                                       Reading and problems, and
                      reproduce.                                                                                variuos other activities.
10                                     9.4.1.2. Compare and contrast passive             Chapter 7 Section 3    Diffusion & Osmosis
                                       5        transport (including osmosis and         Cellular membranes. laboratory activities. Chapter
                                                facilitated transport) with active
                                                                                         Lecture and            reading and problems and
                                                transport, such as endocytosis and
                                                exocytosis.                              discussions.           various other activities.
11                                     9.4.1.2. Explain the process of mitosis in the    Chapter 10 lecture and Mitosis (onion) laboratory,
                                       6        formation of identical new cells and     discussion.            Reading & problems and
                                                maintaining chromosome number
                                                                                                                various other activities.
                                                during asexual reproduction.

12         2.         1. The           9.4.2.1. Describe factors that affect the         Evolution lecture and    Population demographics
           Interdep   interrelations   1        carrying capacity of an ecosystem and    discussion, ecology      problem and Ecology and
           en-        hip and                   relate these to population growth.
                                                                                         lecture and discusion.   Evolution test and quizzes.
           dence      interdepende
           among      nce of                                                             Population               Natural selection activity.
           Living     organisms        9.4.2.1. Explain how ecosystems can change        demographics
                                                                                         Evolution lecture and  Ecology and Evolution test
           Systems    generate         2        as a result of the introduction of one   discussion, ecology    and quizzes. Natural
                      dynamic                   or more new species.
                      biological
                                                                                         lecture and discusion. selection activitiy.
                      communities               For example: The effect of
                      in                        migration, localized evolution or
                      ecosystems.               disease organisms.
Systems



                                                 LSH Life Science Standards
                                                         2009-2010
           2. Matter      9.4.2.2. Use words and equations to               Chapter 8 & 9 Lecture Cellular respiration and
           cycles and     1        differentiate between the processes of   and Discussion.       Photosynthesis Labs. Chapter
           energy flows            photosynthesis and respiration in
                                                                                                  reading and problems.
           through                 terms of energy flow, beginning
           different               reactants and end products.                                    Jigsaw activitiy and models.
           levels of
           organization   9.4.2.2. Explain how matter and energy in an      Chapter 8, 9 & 4          Photosynthesis activities/lab.
           of living      2        ecosystem is transformed and             Lectures and              Photosynthesis and Cellular
           systems and             transferred among organisms, and
           the physical                                                     discussions               respiration test.
                                   how energy is dissipated as heat into
           environment,            the environment.
3.         as Genetic
           1. chemical    9.4.3.1. Explain the relationships among          Lecture on DNA and        Protein sysnthesis
Evolutio   information    1        DNA, genes and chromosomes.              protein sysnthesis.       model/activity. Mitosis and
n in       found in the
                                                                            Mitosis and Meiosis       meiosis DNA and protein
Living     cell provides
Systems    information                                                      lecture and               systhesis exams.
           for                                                              disscussion. DNA
           assembling                                                       model making activity.
           proteins,
           which dictate
           the           9.4.3.1. In the context of a monohybrid cross,     Genetics: Lecture,        Genetics test and multiple
           expression of 2        apply the terms phenotype, genotype,      discusion, activities     quizzes, informative
           traits in an           allele, homozygous and heterozygous.
                                                                            and problems.             assessment based on
           individual.
                                                                                                      discussions and obervations.

                          9.4.3.1. Describe the process of DNA              Protein Synthesis         DNA test, informative
                          3        replication and the role of DNA and      lecture and               Assessment based on
                                   RNA in assembling protein
                                                                            discussions. Protein      discussions and obervations
                                   molecules.
                                                                            sysnthesis activity and   during activities.
                                                                            problems.
                                                            LSH Life Science Standards
                                                                    2009-2010
9 4. Life 3.         2. Variation     9.4.3.2. Use concepts from Mendel’s Laws of       Genetics: Lecture,       Genetics, Meiosis tests and
  Science Evolutio   within a         1        Segregation and Independent              discusion, activities    Quizzes. Informative
          n in       species is the            Assortment to explain how sorting
                                                                                        and problems.            assessment based on
          Living     natural result            and recombination (crossing over) of
          Systems    of new                    genes during sexual reproduction         Meiosis lecture,         discussions and obervations.
                     inheritable               (meiosis) increases the occurrence of    discussions and
                     characteristic            variation in a species.                  activities.
                     s occurring
10                   from new       9.4.3.2. Use the processes of mitosis and           Lecture and discussion   Mitosis and Meiosis test.
                     combinations   2        meiosis to explain the advantages and      on Mitosis and           Informative assessment based
                     of existing             disadvantages of asexual and sexual
                     genes or from                                                      Meiosis problems and     on discussions and
                                             reproduction.
11                   mutations of   9.4.3.2. Explain how mutations like deletions,      activities.              obervations.
                                                                                        DNA & Genetics           DNA and Genetics tests and
                     genes in       3        insertions, rearrangements or
                     reproductive
                                                                                        lectures, discussions,   Quizzes. Informative
                                             substitutions of DNA segments in
                     cells.                                                             activities and           assessment based on
                                             gametes may have no effect, may
                                             harm, or rarely may be beneficial, and     problems.                discussions and obervations.
                                             can result in genetic variation within a
                                             species.
12                   3. Evolution 9.4.3.3. Describe how evidence led Darwin to         Evolution lecture,     Evolution Test and
                     by natural     1        develop the theory of natural selection   discussion and natural informative assessment based
                     selection is a          and common descent to explain
                                                                                       selection activity.    on discussions and
                     scientific              evolution.
                     explanation 9.4.3.3. Use scientific evidence, including the                              observations of activities and
                                                                                       Evolution lecture,     Evolution Test and
                     for the        2        fossil record, homologous structures,     discussion and natural informative assessment based
                     history and             and genetic and/or biochemical
                     diversity of
                                                                                       selection activity.    on discussions and
                                             similarities, to show evolutionary
                     life on Earth.          relationships among species.                                     observations of activities and
                                                                                                              problems.
                                      9.4.3.3. Recognize that artificial selection has Evolution lecture,     Evolution Test and
                                      3        led to offspring through successive     discussion and natural informative assessment based
                                               generations that can be very different
                                                                                       selection activity.    on discussions and
                                               in appearance and behavior from their
                                               distant ancestors.                                             observations of activities and
                                                                                                              problems.
                                                          LSH Life Science Standards
                                                                  2009-2010
                                   9.4.3.3. Explain why genetic variation within      Evolution lecture,     Evolution Test and
                                   4        a population is essential for evolution   discussion and natural informative assessment based
                                            to occur.
                                                                                      selection activity.    on discussions and
                                                                                                             observations of activities and
                                   9.4.3.3. Explain how competition for finite        Natural selection      Evolution Test and
                                   5        resources and the changing                activity, lecture and  informative assessment based
                                            environment promotes natural
                                                                                      discussion on          on discussions and
                                            selection on offspring survival,
                                            depending on whether the offspring        evolution. Connection observations of activities and
                                            have characteristics that are             to genetics.           problems.
                                            advantageous or disadvantageous in
                                            the new environment.

                                  9.4.3.3. Explain how genetic variation              Natural selection         Evolution Test and
                                  6        between two populations of a given         activity, lecture and     informative assessment based
                                           species is due, in part, to different
                                                                                      discussion on             on discussions and
                                           selective pressures acting
                                           independently on each population and       evolution. Connection     observations of activities and
                                           how, over time, these differences can      to genetics.              problems.
                                           lead to the development of new
                                           species.
 9 4. Life 4.        1. Human     9.4.4.1. Describe the social, economic and          DNA, Genetics, 7          DNA, Genetics, and Ecology
   Science Human activity has 1            ecological risks and benefits of           Ecology lectures,         tests and Quizzes.
           Interacti consequences          biotechnology in agriculture and
                                                                                      discussions, activities   Informative assessment based
           ons with on living              medicine.
10         Living organisms                For example: Selective breeding,           and problems. DNA         on discussions and
           Systems and                     genetic engineering, and antibiotic        Electrophorisis lab       obervations of activities.
                     ecosystems.           development and use.                       activity.


11                                 9.4.4.1. Describe the social, economic and         Ecology: Lecture,      Biological Magnification
                                   2        ecological risks and benefits of          discussion and Natural activity, Ecology test and
                                            changing a natural ecosystem as a
                                            result of human activity.
                                                                                      selection.             ecology project.
12                                          For example: Changing the
                                            temperature or composition of water,
                                    LSH Life Science Standards
                                            2009-2010
              9.4.4.1. Describe contributions from diverse
              3        cultures, including Minnesota
                       American Indian tribes and
                       communities, to the understanding of
                       interactions among humans and living
                       systems.
                       For example: American Indian
                       understanding of sustainable land use
                       practices.
2. Personal 9.4.4.2. Describe how some diseases can            Genetics: Lecture,      Genetics, Meiosis tests and
and           1        sometimes be predicted by genetic       discusion, activities   Quizzes. Informative
community              testing and how this affects parental
                                                               and problems.           assessment based on
health can be          and community decisions.
affected by                                                    Meiosis lecture,        discussions and obervations.
the                                                            discussions and
environment,
              9.4.4.2. Explain how the body produces           activities.
body
              2        antibodies to fight disease and how
functions and
                       vaccines assist this process.
human
              9.4.4.2. Describe how the immune system
behavior.
              3        sometimes attacks some of the body’s
                       own cells and how some allergic
                       reactions are caused by the body's
                       immune responses to usually harmless
                       environmental substances.

              9.4.4.2. Explain how environmental factors       Evolution lecture and Evolution Test and
              4        and personal decisions, such as water   discussion, ecology    informative assessment based
                       pollution, air quality and smoking
                                                               lecture and discusion. on discussions and
                       affect personal and community health.
                                                                                      observations of activities and
                                                                                      problems.
                                                           LSH Life Science Standards
                                                                   2009-2010
                                    9.4.4.2. Recognize that a gene mutation in a      Genetics: Lecture,      Genetics, Meiosis tests and
                                    5        cell can result in uncontrolled cell     discusion, activities   Quizzes. Informative
                                             division called cancer and how
                                                                                      and problems.           assessment based on
                                             exposure of cells to certain chemicals
                                             and radiation increases mutations and    Meiosis lecture,        discussions and obervations.
                                             thus increases the chance of cancer.     discussions and
                                                                                      activities.
3. Earth   1. Earth   1. The        9.3.1.1. Compare and contrast the interaction
and        Structur   relationships 1        of tectonic plates at convergent and
Space      e and      among                  divergent boundaries.
Science    Process    earthquakes,
           es         mountains,
                      volcanoes,
                      fossil
                      deposits,
                      rock layers
                      and ocean
                      features
                      provide
                                             For example: Compare the kinds of
                      evidence for
                                             magma that emerge at plate
                      the theory of
                                             boundaries.
                      plate
                                    9.3.1.1. Use modern earthquake data to
                      tectonics.
                                    2        explain how seismic activity is
                                             evidence for the process of
                                             subduction.
                                             For example: Correlate data on
                                             distribution, depth and magnitude of
                                             earthquakes with subduction zones.

                                    9.3.1.1. Describe how the pattern of magnetic
                                    3        reversals and rock ages on both sides
                                             of a mid-ocean ridge provides
                                             evidence of sea-floor spreading.
                                       LSH Life Science Standards
                                               2009-2010
              9.3.1.1. Explain how the rock record provides
              4        evidence for plate movement.

                       For example: Similarities found in
                       fossils, certain types of rocks, or
                       patterns of rock layers in various
                       locations.
              9.3.1.1. Describe how experimental and
              5        observational evidence led to the
                       theory of plate tectonics.
3. By         9.3.1.3. Use relative dating techniques to
observing     1        explain how the structure of the Earth
rock                   and life on Earth has changed over
sequences              short and long periods of time.
and using
fossils to
correlate the
sequences at
various
locations,
geologic
events can be
                         For example: Use radiometric dating
inferred and
                         and fossils to correlate rock sequences
geologic time
                         from separate locations.
can be
              9.3.1.3.   Cite evidence from the rock record
estimated.
              2          for changes in the composition of the
                         global atmosphere as life evolved on
                         Earth.
                         For example : Banded iron formations
                         as found in Minnesota's Iron Range.
                                                                LSH Life Science Standards
                                                                        2009-2010
9 3. Earth   2.         1. The Earth     9.3.2.1. Compare and contrast the energy
  and        Interdep   system has       1        sources of the Earth, including the
  Space      en-        internal and              sun, the decay of radioactive isotopes
  Science    dence      external                  and gravitational energy.
             Within     sources of
             the        energy,
             Earth      which
             System     produce heat
                        and drive the
                        motion of
                        material in
10                                       9.3.2.1. Explain how the outward transfer of
                        the oceans,
                                         2        Earth’s internal heat drives the
                        atmosphere
                                                  convection circulation in the mantle
                        and solid
                                                  to move tectonic plates.
                        earth.
11                      2. Global        9.3.2.2. Explain how Earth's rotation, ocean
                        climate is       1        currents, configuration of mountain
                        determined                ranges, and composition of the
                        by                        atmosphere influence the absorption
                        distribution              and distribution of energy, which
                        of energy                 contributes to global climatic patterns.
                        from the sun
12                      at the Earth's 9.3.2.2. Explain how evidence from the
                        surface.       2.       geologic record, including ice core
                                                samples, indicates that climate
                                                changes have occurred at varying
                                                rates over geologic time and continue
                                                to occur today.
                        3. Material in 9.3.2.3. Trace the cyclical movement of
                        the Earth      1        carbon, oxygen and nitrogen through
                        system cycles           the lithosphere, hydrosphere,
                        through                 atmosphere and biosphere.
                        different
                        reservoirs,             For example: The burning of fossil
                        and is                  fuels contributes to the greenhouse
                        powered by              effect.
                        the Earth's
                                              LSH Life Science Standards
                                                      2009-2010
3. The 2. The solar    9.3.3.2. Describe how the solar system formed
Univers system, sun,   1        from a nebular cloud of dust and gas
e       and Earth               4.6 billion years ago.
        formed over    9.3.3.2. Explain how the Earth evolved into its
        billions of    2.       present habitable form through
        years.                  interactions among the solid earth, the
                                oceans, the atmosphere and
                                organisms.
                       9.3.3.2. Compare and contrast the
                       3.       environmental conditions that make
                                life possible on Earth with conditions
                                found on the other planets and moons
                                of our solar system.

        3. The big      9.3.3.3. Explain how evidence is used to
        bang theory 1            understand the composition, early
        states that the          history and expansion of the universe.
        universe
        expanded
        from a hot,
        dense chaotic
        mass, after
        which
        elements
        formed and
        clumped
        together to
                                 For example: Doppler shift of light
        eventually
                                 or cosmic background radiation.
        form stars
        and galaxies.
                         formed and
                         clumped
                         together to
                         eventually                             LSH Life Science Standards
                         form stars                                     2009-2010
                         and galaxies.
                                         9.3.3.3. Explain how gravitational clumping
                                         2        leads to nuclear fusion, producing
                                                  energy and the chemical elements of a
                                                  star.




9 3. Earth   4.          1. People       9.3.4.1. Analyze the benefits, costs, risks and
  and        Human       consider        1        tradeoffs associated with natural
  Space      Interacti   potential                hazards, including the selection of
  Science    ons with    benefits,                land use and engineering mitigation.
             the         costs and
10           Earth       risks to make            For example: Determining land use
             System      decisions on             in floodplains and areas prone to
                         how they                 landslides.
11                       interact with   9.3.4.1. Explain how human activity and
                         natural         2        natural processes are altering the
                         systems.                 hydrosphere, biosphere, lithosphere
                                                  and atmosphere, including pollution,
                                                  topography and climate.

12                                                For example: Active volcanoes and
                                                  the burning of fossil fuels contribute
                                                  to the greenhouse effect.

				
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