Docstoc

Deregulation of transport

Document Sample
Deregulation of transport Powered By Docstoc
					  Prof. Dr. Włodzimierz Rydzkowski




     Transport Policy
Deregulation & Liberalisation
        of Transport
                 Transport Policy
     Deregulation & Liberalisation of Transport


Tendencies affecting contemporary
  tendencies in transport:
 deregulation & liberalisation
 restructuring & privatisation
 globalisation & integration



                   Prof. Dr. W. Rydzkowski        2
                       Transport Policy
                 Transport Policy
     Deregulation & Liberalisation of Transport



Deregulation revisions or elimination
  of economic regulations controlling
  transportation
 Regulation of transportation
 Deregulation of transportation
 Rationales for deregulation


                   Prof. Dr. W. Rydzkowski        3
                       Transport Policy
                  Transport Policy
      Deregulation & Liberalisation of Transport


Basic expectations towards deregulation
  concerned:

 Lowering of prices for transport services –
  encouraged competition among carriers
 Cahnges in the modal split
 Bureaucracy limitation and improvement of
  transport administration

                    Prof. Dr. W. Rydzkowski        4
                        Transport Policy
                  Transport Policy
      Deregulation & Liberalisation of Transport


Inappriopriate implementation of deregulation
  in transport may have the following
  consequences:
 Allocation imperfections
 Lowered quality of transport services
 Traffic safety at risk
 Technical progress stunt
 Working conditions quality decrease
 Environment pollution increase
                    Prof. Dr. W. Rydzkowski        5
                        Transport Policy
                   Transport Policy
       Deregulation & Liberalisation of Transport

Results of deregulation in trucking:
 Lower transport rates
 Increased efficiency of trucking operations
 Decrease in railroad services
 Domination / concentration of carriers
 Peripheral zones – lower quality of service
 Enterprises bankruptcy in increase
 Lower earnings / salaries
 Lower rates for road safety

                     Prof. Dr. W. Rydzkowski        6
                         Transport Policy
                   Transport Policy
       Deregulation & Liberalisation of Transport


Deregulation in the EU:

 Beginning in 1989, there is no control over
  tariffs / rates in international shipments
 Till end of 1992, all the quantity and load
  restrictions in international transport were
  cancelled
 In 1997, cabotage limits had been abolished



                     Prof. Dr. W. Rydzkowski        7
                         Transport Policy
                 Transport Policy
     Deregulation & Liberalisation of Transport


Air carriers regulations– Chicago
   Convention Act of 1944
 Deregulation beginning dates 1977-
   1978
 Effects of deregulation in the US
 Hubs-and-spokes system
 Air carriers concentration

                   Prof. Dr. W. Rydzkowski        8
                       Transport Policy
Prof. Dr. W. Rydzkowski   10
    Transport Policy
                 Transport Policy
     Deregulation & Liberalisation of Transport

Deregulation in European Common
  Market / European Union
 3 liberalisation packets 1987-1997
 OPEN SKY POLICY
 LOW-COST AIRLINES
 Effects of aviation crises after
  11.09.2001
 LOW-COST airlines – why are they
  successful?
                   Prof. Dr. W. Rydzkowski        11
                       Transport Policy

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:37
posted:10/25/2011
language:English
pages:11