2-Features-of-Descriptive-and--Critical-Writing-Activity by xiaohuicaicai

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 3

									         Features of Critical Writing and Descriptive Writing
Read through the following list of statements and decide which ‘category’ they are
features of - which are features of descriptive writing and which are features of critical
analytic writing?

Answers are given below for you to check against.
States what happened.             Identifies the significance of   States what something is
                                  something.                       like.

Gives the story so far.           Evaluates strengths and          Weighs one piece of
                                  weaknesses.                      information against another.

States the order things in        Makes reasoned judgments.        Says how to do something.
which things happened.

Argues a case according to        Explains what a theory says.     Shows why something is
the evidence.                                                      relevant or suitable.

Explains how something            Indicates why something will Notes the methods used.
works.                            work best.

Identifies whether                Identifies why the timing is     Says when something
something is appropriate or       of importance.                   occurred.
suitable.
States the different              Weighs up the importance of States options.
components.                       the component parts.

Gives the reasons for             Lists details.                   Evaluates the relative
selecting each option.                                             significance of details.

Lists in any order.               Structures information in        States links between items.
                                  order of importance.

Shows the relevance of links      Gives information.               Draws conclusions.
between pieces of
information.




      Learner Development Unit                                      2008

                          http://www.brad.ac.uk/lss/learnerdevelopment/
Answers


States what happened.          Identifies the significance of   States what something is
DESCRIPTIVE.                   something. CRITICAL.             like. DESCRIPTIVE.

Gives the story so far.        Evaluates strengths and          Weighs one piece of
DESCRIPTIVE.                   weaknesses. CRITICAL.            information against another.
                                                                CRITICAL.
States the order things in     Makes reasoned judgments.        Says how to do something.
which things happened.         CRITICAL.                        DESCRIPTIVE.
DESCRIPTIVE.
Argues a case according to     Explains what a theory says. Shows why something is
the evidence. CRITICAL.        DESCRIPTIVE.                 relevant or suitable.
                                                            CRITICAL.
Explains how something         Indicates why something will Notes the methods used.
works. DESCRIPTIVE.            work best. CRITICAL.         DESCRIPTIVE.

Identifies whether             Identifies why the timing is     Says when something
something is appropriate or    of importance. CRITICAL.         occurred. DESCRIPTIVE.
suitable. CRITICAL.
States the different           Weighs up the importance of States options.
components. DESCRIPTIVE.       the component parts.        DESCRIPTIVE.
                               CRITICAL.
Gives the reasons for          Lists details. DESCRIPTIVE. Evaluates the relative
selecting each option.                                     significance of details.
CRITICAL.                                                  CRITICAL.
Lists in any order.            Structures information in   States links between items.
DESCRIPTIVE.                   order of importance.        DESCRIPTIVE.
                               CRITICAL.
Shows the relevance of links   Gives information.          Draws conclusions.
between pieces of              DESCRIPTIVE.                CRITICAL.
information. CRITICAL.



The Features Listed

This means the following statements are features of descriptive
writing:
     Gives information
     States what happened
     States what something is like
     Gives the story so far
     States the order things in which things happened
     Says how to do something
     Explains what a theory says
     Explains how something works
     Notes the methods used
     Identifies why the timing is of importance
      Says when something occurred
      States the different components
      States options
      Gives the reasons for selecting each option
      Lists details
      Lists in any order
      States links between items

Whilst the following are features of critical analytic writing:

      Identifies the significance of something
      Evaluates strengths and weaknesses
      Weighs one piece of information against another
      Makes reasoned judgments
      Argues a case according to the evidence
      Shows why something is relevant or suitable
      Indicates why something will work best
      Identifies whether something is appropriate or suitable
      Weighs up the importance of the component parts
      Evaluates the relative significance of details
      Structures information in order of importance
      Shows the relevance of links between pieces of information
      Draws conclusions


The end...
As can be seen by the list of descriptive features there are a number of important things
that description can achieve in academic writing. Description can be an important part of
demonstrating that knowledge you have acquired or concepts which will drawn upon in a
text.

It is simply that writing for academic purposes does not stop there: description can be
vital to full understanding but demonstrating critical thinking about an issue, research
problem or dilemma posed in an essay question or in a discussion section of a scientific
paper is what higher education is about. Whether you are showing critical understanding
of an entire issue or simply showing that you understand that sources you have read may
not be without deficiencies or merit, it is evidence of critical thinking which your course is
aiming to foster and reward.

								
To top