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Animal Farm Study Guide Know the items on this PPT as well as the world map for the test. Bring your study guide to class every day. Answer the following: 1. What is your reaction to AF after reading, and why? 2. What happens to Mollie? (Ch. 5) 3. What happens to Snowball? (Ch. 5) He becomes the _________ for AF (Ch. 6) 4. What is Boxer‟s new motto? Why is this important? 5. Give one example of a change made to the original seven commandments, and why. 6. Give one example of something blamed on Snowball. (Ch. 6-7) USE YOUR BOOK! 1. Orwell calls AF a “fairy story.” Do you agree or disagree? Why? 2. Describe life on AF now. What happens to rations? To ceremonies? 3. What happens to Boxer (Ch.9)? 4. What surprises the animals about Squealer‟s position? (Ch. 10) Why? 5. What is the new commandment? (Ch. 10) 6. What surprises Clover about the appearance of the pigs at the end of the book? (Ch. 10) Vocabulary 1. Totalitarianism 2. communal 3. communism 4. socialism Socialism vs. Communism • Socialism is liberal. More people (preferably everyone) have some say in how the economy works. Democracy is liberal. More people (preferably everyone) have some say in how the government works. "Democracy," said Marx, "is the road to socialism." He was wrong about how economics and politics interact, but he did see their similar underpinnings. • Communism is conservative. Fewer and fewer people (preferably just the Party Secretary) have any say in how the economy works. Republicans are conservative. Fewer and fewer people (preferably just people controlling the Party figurehead) have any say in how the government works. The conservatives in the US are in the same position as the communists in the 30s, and for the same reason: Their revolutions failed spectacularly but they refuse to admit what went wrong. 5. bourgeoisie 6. Proletariat 7. Bolsheviks 8. satire 9. parody 10. scapegoat More vocabulary Originally TKM Vocab. aggregation ambidextrous assuage auspicious entailment exodus expunge feeble florid ingenuous judiciously obscure perforate prerogative profane quell spurious stolidly subpoena succint undulate vexation Russian Revolution Czar Nicholas II Nickname? Family name: Romanovs Type of leadership? Karl Marx Wrote the ____________ in 1848. ______ before the revolution began. Believed that __________ of land must be abolished. Favorite slogan was “________________”. Lenin In Animal Farm? Believed the _________ exploited the working class (the ___________) and must be overthrown. Changed Russia‟s name to ______. When Lenin dies, there is a power struggle between Trotsky and Stalin. Leo Trotsky Believed in pure ________, or Marxism. Became the Commissar of the Party. Favored world _______. Chased away by the ______, the secret police. Joseph Stalin Used the KGB, the ________, __________, and his propaganda department to control his image. He engineered the exile of ______, who became the _________ for everything bad in Russia. Stalin worked to exterminate the ______, a group of land-owning peasants. Religion Marx said religion was the “_______ of the people” How did Stalin use religion? 5 year plans Were supposed to make life ______. But instead, they just allowed Stalin to ________. Russia-Germany-Britain pact August 1939. Germany and Britain agreed to give Russia the country of _______. June 22, 1941 Hitler invades the country of _______. The alliance between Nazism and Communism was _______. Russia allied with _______ and the US against Germany. This started this war: _______. After WWII The Soviet Union became the _______ of the US. Why? This started the “_____ War” (a phrase coined by ________, the author of Animal Farm and 1984). George Orwell B. 1903 in the country of _______, which was a province of _______. Fought in 1936 in the _______ Civil War. Wrote Animal Farm as a statement against _____________ (aka dictatorships). Now, for a review of your study guide. MANKIND “was too drunk to remember to shut the popholes” Represents Czar Nicholas II How are they similar? Different? Represents the Czar‟s wife, Alexandra Leader of England No one in particular. Leader of Germany Through most of the book, is a representation of Hitler “Flogged an old horse to death” “starved his cows” Capitalists who did business with the USSR Acts as intermediary in trade THE PIGS Represent the ___________ Party. Stalin, leader of the USSR “with a reputation for getting his own way” The Russian media, which spreads Stalin‟s lies to the masses. “he could turn black into white” Leo Trotsky “quicker in speech and more inventive, but was not considered to have the same depth of character” Karl Marx The father of ________, which in Animal Farm is called _______. “a wise and benevolent appearance” THE HORSES The working class “I will work harder!” Russian working mothers “a stout motherly mare approaching middle life, who had never quite got her figure back” Russia‟s upper classes “the foolish, pretty white mare” “And shall I still be allowed to wear ribbons in my mane?” THE DOGS Represent the _______________. “Dogs of War” The military police Stalin‟s personal army. Protect him from revolution, enforce his decrees Mothers and Fathers of “pups” THE BIRDS The rural farmers, the clergy, the scholars, non labor unions Felt left out of socialism Stood on two legs, their wings were “an organ of propulsion, not of manipulation” Russian Orthodox Church Nicholas II‟s “pet” “Sugar Candy Mountain” (an obvious reference to __________) The peasant farmers “Surrender their eggs” Would slaughter own livestock Eventually starved into submission Leaders of the peasant resistance “made a determined effort to thwart Napoleon‟s wishes” Kulaks Trumpeter for Napoleon Also served as alarm clock for Boxer “cock-a-doodle-doo” The „Communist World Revolution‟ Spread communism to other countries Who do you think the ducks represent? “Farmers of the sea”? THE OTHER ANIMALS Old Russian Men “seldom talked, and when he did, it was usually to make some cynical remark” “Shady” members of Russian society: conmen, gypsies, etc. “who was afterwards discovered to have voted on both sides” Beggars, thieves, and gypsies A vote is taken on whether they should be considered “Comrades” Milkmaids, prostitutes, etc. “the Clean Tails League” Probably just a metaphor for revolutionaries Jones thought he heard “a fox in the yard” The Masses at Large “Four legs good, two legs ba-a-a- a-d” SETTING The USSR The new name after the revolution Old Russia Under the leadership of the monarchy The Kremlin Home of the Czar, preserved as a museum after the revolution Heaven “to which all animals went when they died. It was situated somewhere up in the sky, a little distance beyond the clouds” England “a large, neglected, old-fashioned farm, much overgrown by woodland, with all its pastures worn out and its hedges in a disgraceful condition. Its owner, a Mr. Pilkington, was an easy-going gentleman farmer who spent most of his time fishing or hunting” Germany “The other farm…was smaller and better kept. Its owner was a Mr. Frederick, a tough, shrewd man, perpetually involved in lawsuits and with a name for driving hard bargains” Europe City where farms are located England – Since farms represent the various nations, England must represent the entire _____. Royal palace in England, or smaller nation A pub in Willingdon EVENTS The Russian Revolution Red October The civil war between the Bolsheviks (Reds) and the anti-Bolsheviks (Whites) ravaged Russia until 1920. Immediately followed initial revolution. Spread of communism to other countries Peasant‟s resistance to communism Failure of Stalin‟s five-year plan “a terrible sight met their eyes. The windmill was in ruins” “Napoleon stood sternly surveying his audience; then he uttered a high-pitched whimper. Immediately the dogs bounded forward, seized four of the pigs by the ear and dragged them, squealing with pain and terror, to Napoleon‟s feet..” Nazi-Soviet Pact German invasion of Poland (Russia) that started WWII 1941 Battle of Stalingrad THINGS Communism The Hammer and the Sickle The symbols of Communism “signified the future Republic of the Animals which would arise when the human race had been finally overthrown” Soviet Committees “Egg production committee for the hens, the Clean Tails league for the cows, the Wild Comrades‟ Re- education Committee (tame the rats and rabbits)” Were, overall, pretty useless The ideology of communism “Soon or late the day is coming, Tyrant man shall be o‟erthrown,” A commodity which the Communists keep for themselves “You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in a spirit of selfishness and privilege?” A symbol for Stalin‟s five-year plan Supposed to make life better, but instead made life _____. The intoxicating effects of power After the revolution, the pigs decide to never again break this cardinal rule.
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