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Animal-Farm-Study-Guide

VIEWS: 35 PAGES: 111

									Animal Farm Study Guide

 Know the items on this PPT as
well as the world map for the test.
 Bring your study guide to class
            every day.
Answer the following:
1. What is your reaction to AF after reading, and
   why?
2. What happens to Mollie? (Ch. 5)
3. What happens to Snowball? (Ch. 5) He
   becomes the _________ for AF (Ch. 6)
4. What is Boxer‟s new motto? Why is this
   important?
5. Give one example of a change made to the
   original seven commandments, and why.
6. Give one example of something blamed on
   Snowball. (Ch. 6-7)     USE YOUR BOOK!
1. Orwell calls AF a “fairy story.” Do you agree or
   disagree? Why?
2. Describe life on AF now. What happens to
   rations? To ceremonies?
3. What happens to Boxer (Ch.9)?
4. What surprises the animals about Squealer‟s
   position? (Ch. 10) Why?
5. What is the new commandment? (Ch. 10)
6. What surprises Clover about the appearance
   of the pigs at the end of the book? (Ch. 10)
Vocabulary
1. Totalitarianism
2. communal
3. communism
4. socialism
      Socialism vs. Communism
• Socialism is liberal. More people (preferably everyone) have some
  say in how the economy works. Democracy is liberal. More people
  (preferably everyone) have some say in how the government works.
  "Democracy," said Marx, "is the road to socialism." He was wrong
  about how economics and politics interact, but he did see their
  similar underpinnings.
• Communism is conservative. Fewer and fewer people (preferably
  just the Party Secretary) have any say in how the economy works.
  Republicans are conservative. Fewer and fewer people (preferably
  just people controlling the Party figurehead) have any say in how the
  government works. The conservatives in the US are in the same
  position as the communists in the 30s, and for the same reason:
  Their revolutions failed spectacularly but they refuse to admit what
  went wrong.
5. bourgeoisie
6. Proletariat
7. Bolsheviks
8. satire
9. parody
10. scapegoat
More vocabulary

Originally TKM Vocab.
aggregation
ambidextrous
assuage
auspicious
entailment
exodus
expunge
feeble
florid
ingenuous
judiciously
obscure
perforate
prerogative
profane
quell
spurious
stolidly
subpoena
succint
undulate
vexation
Russian Revolution
 Czar Nicholas II

      Nickname?
Family name: Romanovs
  Type of leadership?
             Karl Marx
  Wrote the ____________ in 1848.
 ______ before the revolution began.
Believed that __________ of land must
  be abolished. Favorite slogan was
        “________________”.
             Lenin

           In Animal Farm?
Believed the _________ exploited the
working class (the ___________) and
    must be overthrown. Changed
      Russia‟s name to ______.
 When Lenin dies, there is a power
struggle between Trotsky and Stalin.
       Leo Trotsky

 Believed in pure ________, or
Marxism. Became the Commissar
  of the Party. Favored world
 _______. Chased away by the
   ______, the secret police.
       Joseph Stalin

    Used the KGB, the ________,
   __________, and his propaganda
 department to control his image. He
 engineered the exile of ______, who
became the _________ for everything
    bad in Russia. Stalin worked to
  exterminate the ______, a group of
        land-owning peasants.
        Religion


 Marx said religion was the
  “_______ of the people”
How did Stalin use religion?
      5 year plans

 Were supposed to make life
______. But instead, they just
 allowed Stalin to ________.
Russia-Germany-Britain pact

    August 1939. Germany and
  Britain agreed to give Russia the
         country of _______.
     June 22, 1941


  Hitler invades the country of
_______. The alliance between
 Nazism and Communism was
  _______. Russia allied with
 _______ and the US against
Germany. This started this war:
            _______.
        After WWII

  The Soviet Union became the
    _______ of the US. Why?
 This started the “_____ War” (a
 phrase coined by ________, the
author of Animal Farm and 1984).
       George Orwell

B. 1903 in the country of _______,
which was a province of _______.
  Fought in 1936 in the _______
 Civil War. Wrote Animal Farm as
        a statement against
       _____________ (aka
           dictatorships).
Now, for a review of your
      study guide.
MANKIND
“was too drunk to remember
   to shut the popholes”
Represents Czar Nicholas II

     How are they similar?
          Different?
Represents the Czar‟s wife,
       Alexandra
Leader of England

 No one in particular.
  Leader of Germany
Through most of the book, is a
   representation of Hitler

“Flogged an old horse to death”

      “starved his cows”
Capitalists who did business
       with the USSR
   Acts as intermediary in trade
      THE PIGS

Represent the ___________
           Party.
Stalin, leader of the USSR

 “with a reputation for getting his
            own way”
The Russian media, which
spreads Stalin‟s lies to the
        masses.

 “he could turn black into white”
        Leo Trotsky

   “quicker in speech and more
inventive, but was not considered
    to have the same depth of
             character”
         Karl Marx

The father of ________, which in
Animal Farm is called _______.

    “a wise and benevolent
         appearance”
THE HORSES
The working class

 “I will work harder!”
Russian working mothers

     “a stout motherly mare
approaching middle life, who had
 never quite got her figure back”
Russia‟s upper classes

“the foolish, pretty white mare”

“And shall I still be allowed to
 wear ribbons in my mane?”
       THE DOGS

Represent the _______________.
        “Dogs of War”
   The military police

Stalin‟s personal army. Protect
him from revolution, enforce his
            decrees
Mothers and Fathers of “pups”
THE BIRDS
 The rural farmers, the clergy,
the scholars, non labor unions
       Felt left out of socialism

    Stood on two legs, their wings
   were “an organ of propulsion, not
           of manipulation”
Russian Orthodox Church
         Nicholas II‟s “pet”

 “Sugar Candy Mountain” (an obvious
      reference to __________)
The peasant farmers

     “Surrender their eggs”
  Would slaughter own livestock
Eventually starved into submission
Leaders of the peasant
     resistance
“made a determined effort to thwart
       Napoleon‟s wishes”

              Kulaks
Trumpeter for Napoleon

Also served as alarm clock for
            Boxer
     “cock-a-doodle-doo”
The „Communist World
      Revolution‟
 Spread communism to other
         countries
Who do you think the ducks
       represent?
     “Farmers of the sea”?
THE OTHER ANIMALS
    Old Russian Men

“seldom talked, and when he did,
  it was usually to make some
         cynical remark”
“Shady” members of Russian
society: conmen, gypsies, etc.
   “who was afterwards discovered
     to have voted on both sides”
Beggars, thieves, and gypsies

   A vote is taken on whether they
  should be considered “Comrades”
Milkmaids, prostitutes, etc.

    “the Clean Tails League”
Probably just a metaphor for
      revolutionaries
  Jones thought he heard “a fox in
             the yard”
  The Masses at Large

“Four legs good, two legs ba-a-a-
              a-d”
SETTING
         The USSR

The new name after the revolution
     Old Russia

Under the leadership of the
        monarchy
        The Kremlin

Home of the Czar, preserved as a
  museum after the revolution
            Heaven

“to which all animals went when they
died. It was situated somewhere up in
 the sky, a little distance beyond the
                  clouds”
           England

“a large, neglected, old-fashioned
     farm, much overgrown by
  woodland, with all its pastures
   worn out and its hedges in a
disgraceful condition. Its owner, a
Mr. Pilkington, was an easy-going
gentleman farmer who spent most
   of his time fishing or hunting”
          Germany

“The other farm…was smaller and
 better kept. Its owner was a Mr.
 Frederick, a tough, shrewd man,
  perpetually involved in lawsuits
 and with a name for driving hard
             bargains”
            Europe
   City where farms are located




England – Since farms represent the
  various nations, England must
    represent the entire _____.
Royal palace in England, or
      smaller nation
      A pub in Willingdon
EVENTS
The Russian Revolution
         Red October

The civil war between the Bolsheviks
  (Reds) and the anti-Bolsheviks
(Whites) ravaged Russia until 1920.

Immediately followed initial revolution.
Spread of communism to
    other countries
Peasant‟s resistance to
    communism
Failure of Stalin‟s five-year
            plan
  “a terrible sight met their eyes.
    The windmill was in ruins”
     “Napoleon stood sternly
surveying his audience; then he
 uttered a high-pitched whimper.
 Immediately the dogs bounded
 forward, seized four of the pigs
  by the ear and dragged them,
squealing with pain and terror, to
        Napoleon‟s feet..”
Nazi-Soviet Pact
German invasion of Poland
(Russia) that started WWII
             1941

      Battle of Stalingrad
THINGS
Communism
The Hammer and the Sickle

    The symbols of Communism

 “signified the future Republic of the
  Animals which would arise when
   the human race had been finally
              overthrown”
    Soviet Committees

“Egg production committee for the
 hens, the Clean Tails league for
the cows, the Wild Comrades‟ Re-
  education Committee (tame the
         rats and rabbits)”
   Were, overall, pretty useless
The ideology of communism

  “Soon or late the day is coming,
  Tyrant man shall be o‟erthrown,”
   A commodity which the
Communists keep for themselves
  “You do not imagine, I hope, that
  we pigs are doing this in a spirit of
     selfishness and privilege?”
A symbol for Stalin‟s five-year
            plan
  Supposed to make life better, but
     instead made life _____.
The intoxicating effects of
          power
   After the revolution, the pigs
 decide to never again break this
           cardinal rule.

								
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