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					       The Enron, Bush, Baker, Rockefeller connection
                                 by Robert Lederman
                         robert.lederman@worldnet.att.net
                                   January 13, 2002



                         Oil, pharmaceuticals and
                      weapons for the New World Order

 Here are some interesting quotes and articles from newspapers and financial
publications to supplement your investigations into the Bush-Enron scandal. I've
juxtaposed them with quotes documenting the Bush families' three-generation
connection to the Rockefellers and to their Manhattan Institute as well as to
eugenics, Nazis and pharmaceutical companies. If you do a Google.com search on
any of these individual or company names you'll come up with much more.



                           Compiled by Robert Lederman



            From: What Should a CEO Expect from a Board?

                          By: Kenneth Lay, CEO ENRON
                           Click Here to view website


 In addition to the Enron board and some of our affiliate boards, I have
served on various other corporate boards. I'll be drawing upon those
experiences in my comments. I served on two boards of companies for which
I was a senior manager-Houston Natural Gas and Transco-and on the boards
of several other public corporations-First City Bank (which no longer exists)
and Texas Commerce Bank. I was on the TCB board when the bank was
bought by Chase [David Rockefeller's main bank]. In addition, I served on the
Baker-Hughes board when Baker bought Hughes Tool. So, I've been on rather
different types of boards. I am presently on the boards of Eli Lilly [former Pres.
Bush was director of Lilly in the late 70's] and Compaq, two great companies
that are in totally different industries and face very different problems.
                  From: Corporate Affiliations.com (Click Here)

Hughes Tool Co. is a subsidiary of Baker-Hughes Incorporated

 3. Mr. Baker currently is consulting to Enron which is a subsidiary of Baker-
Hughes, which was formerly Hughes' Tool Company.



                          Bloomberg News 1/20/2002

                            Kenny Boy and I:
                      Enron's clout with Bush came
                       from more than just money

 The two men met in the late 1980s when Lay was a supporter of Bush's
father, President George Bush. When the elder Bush was voted out of office
in 1992, two of his Cabinet members, Secretary of State James A. Baker III
and Commerce Secretary Robert Mosbacher, worked for Enron.



                             Newsweek 1/28/2002

Greenspan Told Student During Q&A Session That the Best Chance
 of Making Big Success Is to Decide from Square One That You're
                    Going to Do It Ethically

 NEW YORK, Jan. 20 /PRNewswire/ -- Federal Reserve Chairman Alan
Greenspan accepted the Enron Award for Distinguished Public Service last
fall. During the question-and-answer session at the ceremony, Greenspan told
a student who had asked how to succeed in this difficult job market, "The
best chance you have of making a big success in this world is to decide from
square one that you're going to do it ethically,"Newsweek reports in the
current issue. The ceremony was held on Nov. 13, a few days after the energy
company admitted that it had filed five years' worth of misleading financial
reports. And it was three weeks after Greenspan had turned down a plea from
Enron chairman Ken Lay to intervene with credit-rating agencies to help the
stricken company survive, report Investigative Correspondent Michael Isikoff
and Wall Street Editor Allan Sloan in the January 28 issue of Newsweek.
Greenspan, through his spokesman, told Newsweek that he hadn't had Lay in
mind when he gave that answer. Greenspan's press aide says he was at the
ceremony because he had committed a year earlier to former Secretary of
State Jim Baker to accept the honor. The James A. Baker Institute of Public
Affairs awards the prize, which is funded by Enron.


 [The Rockefeller and Bush families and their associates control most of the
world's major drug and chemical companies virtually all of which are offshoots of I.G.
Farben, the industrial base of Nazi Germany. Rockefeller's Standard Oil was 1/2
owner of I.G. Farben. For an entire article on this connection and how it explains the
GW Bush administration see our directory for "The GW Bush Gang: IG Farben
2000"]



                            NY Times November 4, 2001

                         A Muscular Lobby Tries to
                        Shape Nation's Bioterror Plan

 Thanks to Washington's well-oiled revolving door between government and
business, the industry is able to claim friends in especially high places.
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld is the former chief executive of the drug
maker G. D. Searle, for example, and Mitchell E. Daniels Jr., the White House
budget director, is a former Eli Lilly executive.



From a Princeton Alumni magazine 4/4/2001
Click Here

                           Number-cruncher-in-chief

 At Lilly -- where the board of directors once included the first President
Bush -- Daniels [White House budget director] played a key role in managing
the public-policy issues surrounding Prozac, the company's profitable
antidepressant medication..."His work at Lilly is not to be
underestimated,"Feigenbaum says. "Without being too flip about it, he kept
the world safe for Prozac. He put his neck on the line -- not just the
company's -- in defending Lilly's claims.
 [Chase, Citigroup, Bush and ENRON: The right relationship is everything. The
Chase and Citigroup investment banks are the financial cornerstones of the
Rockefeller empire and of Enron.]



                            London Financial Times
                           Published: January 16 2002

                           Editorial comment:
                      Enron and the role of the banks

 The latest concern centers on the role of JP Morgan Chase, one of Enron's
two main bankers. It was involved in an offshore company used by the energy
trader to move risk off its balance sheet. The disclosure of the existence of
such off-balance-sheet arrangements accelerated the downward spiral in the
company's share price and led to its eventual bankruptcy. The Securities and
Exchange Commission is now investigating whether JP Morgan has also
misled its shareholders by making loans to Enron in the form of oil and gas
trading contracts. Insurers who face a claim from the bank on surety bonds
that guaranteed the contracts allege that they were loans dressed up as
trades to keep them off the bank's balance sheet. JP Morgan has already
revised its estimate of its Enron exposure from $900m to $2.6bn (£620m to
£1.8bn.)The SEC probe is adding to the criticism of risk control procedures at
the bank, formed in 2000 by the merger of Chase Manhattan with the
venerable House of Morgan. JP Morgan and Enron's other lead bank,
Citigroup, are the largest of a new generation of banking groups formed by
combining commercial banks and investment banks to provide a one-stop
shop for big corporate clients. The theory is that companies will give the
lucrative investment banking mandates for mergers and acquisitions advice,
share issues and bond finance to the banks that put loans on the table.


 Enron was, until the past few weeks, the sort of case study used to justify
the creation of investment banks with big balance sheets. By being prepared
to make hefty loans to Enron, Citigroup and JP Morgan beat less well
endowed competitors in last year's race to advise it on restructuring and
refinancing options. They worked hard - unsuccessfully - to persuade the
credit rating agencies not to downgrade Enron.
(Click Here For the Citigroup, Inc. Board of Directors)



                            Forbes Magazine 1/15/2002
                                 by Dan Ackman
                                   Click Here

                              Enron The Incredible

 NEW YORK - Most of the attention paid to Enron's finances has focused on
its balance sheet--in particular how it hid debt by allocating it to supposedly
independent private partnerships. But the jet engine of Enron's share-price
rise was not its asset and liability picture, but its otherworldly increase in
revenue: Between 1996 and 2000, Enron reported an increase in sales from
$13.3 billion to $100.8 billion.


 To put Enron's (nyse: ENE - news - people) 57% five-year sales growth rate
in perspective, during that same period, Cisco Systems (nasdaq: CSCO -
news - people) enjoyed a 41% sales growth rate. Intel's (nasdaq: INTC - news -
people) rate was 15%. In its creation of revenue, if not profit, Enron was truly
the corporation from another planet.


 Enron more than doubled its reported sales between 1999 and 2000. Before
it declared bankruptcy, Enron said it was on track to double revenue again
this year. Had it done so, it would have become the second-largest
corporation in the world in terms of sales. It might even have edged Exxon
Mobil [another Rockefeller company, formerly called Standard Oil] (2000 sales:
$206 billion) for the number-one slot. Is it possible that Enron, a relatively
obscure energy-trading company until six months ago, could be the world's
largest by revenue? No. Andrew Fastow, Enron's former CFO, reported
numbers that were out of this world.


 Enron's reported revenue was based on its exploitation of a loophole in
accounting rules that allowed it to book revenue from huge energy-derivative
contracts at their gross value, not their net value as is done with other
securities transactions. To be fair, Enron's competitors such as Dynegy (nyse:
DYN - news - people) account for revenue the same way. The tactic may be
legal, but few investors--and few Wall Street analysts--understood how Enron
was booking revenue, even though the distorting technique is what allowed
Enron to be billed as the "seventh-largest company in America."


 Compare Enron's method to other traders: When Wall Street sells shares, it
books only a tiny fraction of the revenue Enron and other energy traders
would book. For instance, if a Merrill Lynch (nyse: MER - news - people)
customer sells 10,000 shares of Wal-Mart (nyse: WMT - news - people) stock
through Merrill Lynch for, say, $500,000, Merrill would book the commission
on the sale or the spread between the bid price and the ask price--perhaps
$500. But an energy trader doing the same thing with an energy contract
would book the full half-million, a difference of a thousand fold!*


 How Enron appeared to outperform the world remains shrouded in mystery.
Enron earned more than 90% of its revenue from a business it calls
"wholesale services,"Enron's euphemism for trading. Here is how its 2000
annual report describes that activity: "Enron builds wholesale businesses
through the creation of networks involving selective asset ownership,
contractual access to third-party assets and market-making activities."


 The statement is characteristic. Enron's discussion of its finances reads like
something written in German, translated to Chinese and back to English by
way of Polish.


 Enron's reported performance is even more incredible in context. As of 2000,
Enron had 19,000 employees. Per employee, Enron says it generated $5.3
million in revenues. This figure more than triples Goldman Sachs (nyse: GS -
news - people), which generated $1.7 million per employee. The men and
women of Enron made the monopolists at Microsoft (nasdaq: MSFT - news -
people) (revenue per employee: $610, 256) look like slackers. They put the
workers of Citigroup (nyse: C - news - people) ($469,748 per employee) and
IBM (nyse: IBM - news - people) ($283,333) to shame...


 Enron generated huge revenue numbers--but relatively scant profits--by
buying and selling the same goods over and over. "A lot of it is from buying
and selling the same [gas or electricity] multiple times. They might resell to
one customer the same electricity they sold to another,"says Charles
Fischman, an analyst at A.G. Edwards who covers Dynegy. Some of this
trading was done between Enron and its supposedly independent
partnerships. Each individual trade was accounted for as revenue at its full
value.


 But beyond the trading of energy futures contracts back and forth--all with
huge notational values--Enron's sales grew because it was a "market
maker,"serving as the middleman on deals. It would put a buyer together with
a seller, take "delivery"of the contract for one fleeting moment and book the
entire "sale"as revenue to Enron.


 Enron was allowed to do this because a task force of the Financial
Accounting Standards Board (FASB) could not decide how energy contracts
should be accounted for, explains Douglas Carmichael, the Wollman
distinguished professor of accounting at Baruch College. The board finally
decided that each company had a "free option"as to how to account for the
deals. Enron, of course, opted for the bigger numbers.


 This action by the FASB was "a complete abdication of
responsibility,"Carmichael says. It violates a cardinal principal of accounting
called representational faithfulness. "The notion in accounting is that similar
economic circumstances should be treated the same way,"Carmichael says.
This notion was not widely respected at Enron.


 Conversations with Wall Street analysts who covered Enron indicate they
had little or no understanding of how Enron reported such huge numbers.
Asked to compare how Enron or Dynegy book revenue with other businesses,
most analysts say Enron was a trading business and that revenue was not
important. Asked to compare the energy traders to securities firms, who are
also engaged in trading, one stumbled for an answer and finally said, "You
know, that's a really good question."


 But the answer to the question, while not widely known beyond elite
accounting circles is simple enough. It played its game by dint of trading for
its own sake and accounting rules. This is why Enron's bankruptcy would
have, in the words of Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill, no "spillover effect."


 An uncritical reading of Enron's inscrutable reports indicates it was running
so much faster than everyone else. If an Olympic track coach hears a report
that an unknown runner had broken the world record for the mile by two
seconds, he might be skeptical or wonder if the runner was on drugs. But if
he had heard that the runner had run a mile in three minutes flat, 45 seconds
faster than everyone else, he'd refuse to believe it. He'd say it was impossible.
Or he'd say the watch was broken. When Enron made equally unlikely
pronouncements no one seems to have asked a question or thought twice."


 [The Rockefeller family like the Bush family were major supporters of
eugenics, Hitler and the Nazis. See http://baltech.org/lederman/ for numerous
articles on their connections. Bush gets his ideas and many of his top
advisors from the Manhattan Institute, a eugenics focused think tank founded
by former CIA director William Casey. As just one of many examples, the Bell
Curve - a social science text promoting the idea of Blacks being genetically
inferior in order to justify eliminating welfare and affirmative action - was
written at the Manhattan Institute (MI). MI is funded by Rockefeller's Chase
Bank and by pharmaceutical companies with direct ties to the Bush and
Rockefeller families.]


 "During the war, Rockefeller [former NY State governor, Vice President and
builder of the WTC with his brother David, Nelson Rockefeller] foreshadowed
the anticommunist policies of the Cold War by cozying up to dictatorial
regimes in Latin America. Niccolà Tucci, head of the State Department's
Bureau of Latin American Research, resigned and asked Secretary of State
Cordell Hull to abolish his bureau. "My bureau was supposed to undo the
Nazi and fascist propaganda in South America and Rockefeller was inviting
the worst fascists and Nazis to Washington."Tucci took his objections to
Rockefeller and was told: "'Everybody is useful and we're going to convert
these people to friendliness to the United States.' And then, Rockefeller's
lawyer Larry Levy said to me, 'Don't worry, we'll buy those people'"(Peter
Collier and David Horowitz, The Rockefellers: An American Dynasty. Holt, Rine-hart
& Winston, 1976, p. 236). From pg. 68 "The Belarus Secret"by John Loftus



                         BOSTON GLOBE 4/23/2001
                       Page: A1 Section: National/Foreign
                        By Michael Kranish, Globe Staff

            TRIUMPHS, TROUBLES SHAPE GENERATIONS

                     PRESCOTT BUSH PAVED MODERATE
                      PATH FOR SON AND GRANDSON;
                     WOUNDED BY FRIEND'S BETRAYAL,
                      HE PUT HIGH PRICE ON LOYALTY

                          AN AMERICAN DYNASTY

 Prescott Bush was surely aghast at a sensational article the New York
Herald Tribune splashed on its front page in July 1942."Hitler's Angel Has 3
Million in US Bank,"read the headline above a story reporting that Adolf
Hitler's financier had stowed the fortune in Union Banking Corp., possibly to
be held for "Nazi bigwigs."Bush knew all about the New York bank: He was
one of its seven directors. If the Nazi tie became known, it would be a
potential "embarrassment,"Bush and his partners at Brown Brothers
Harriman worried, explaining to government regulators that their position was
merely an unpaid courtesy for a client. The situation grew more serious when
the government seized Union's assets under the Trading with the Enemy Act,
the sort of action that could have ruined Bush's political dreams. As it turned
out, his involvement wasn't pursued by the press or political opponents
during his Senate campaigns a decade later. But the episode may well have
been one of the catalysts for a dramatic change in his life. Just as the Union
Banking story broke, Bush volunteered to be chairman of United Service
Organizations, putting himself on the national stage for the first time. He
traveled the country raising millions of dollars to help boost the morale of US
troops during World War II, enhancing his stature in a way that helped him get
elected US senator. A son and grandson would become presidents.
                        Sarasota Herald-Tribune 11/11/2000
                                   (Click Here)


 "The Bush family fortune came from the Third Reich."
-John Loftus, former US Justice Dept. Nazi War Crimes investigator and
President of the Florida Holocaust Museum


 4/14/1990 New York Times quotes President George Bush as stating, "Lets
forgive the Nazi war criminals."



                              NY Times June 12, 2000

       Bush Culls Campaign Theme From Conservative Thinkers

 Gov. George W. Bush has said his political views have been shaped by the
work of Myron Magnet of the Manhattan Institute.



                                   From the MI Website:
                                      July 30, 2000

              A Weekly Look at Selected Book TV Programs

                     Books That Influenced Gov. George W. Bush


 The Dream and the Nightmare: The Sixties' Legacy to the Underclass by
Myron Magnet


 Author Myron Magnet spoke with Book TV's Doug Johnson about his book
The Dream and the Nightmare: The Sixties' Legacy to the Underclass. First
published in 1993, Mr. Magnet's book attracted the attention of George W.
Bush, then in his first race of the Governorship of Texas. Referring to this
book, Gov. Bush has said, other than the Bible, that it was the most important
book he had read...



                                    NY Times 5/12/97
                            Manhattan Institute Has
                          Nudged New York Rightward

 ...the institute was founded as a free-market education and research
organization by William Casey, who then went off to head the Central
Intelligence Agency in the Reagan Administration.
[Rockefeller employee Casey also funded and armed bin Laden and the entire
Afghan terrorist army.]



                          From The Cultural Cold War

by Frances Stonor Saunders
New Press [pg 132]


 The fund raising arm of the Free Europe Committee [a CIA front] was The
Crusade for Freedom for which a young actor named Ronald Reagan was a
leading spokeman and publicist. The Crusade for Freedom was used to
launder money to support a programme run by Bill Casey, the future CIA
director, called the International Refugee Committee in New York [aka
International Rescue Committee], which allegedly coordinated the exfiltration
of Nazis from Germany to the United States where they were expected to
assist the government in fighting Communism...[pg 142]...The Ford
Foundation gave $500,000 to Bill Casey's International Rescue Committee and
substantial grants to another CIA front, the World Assembly of Youth...the
convergence between the Rockefeller billions and the U.S. government
exceeded even that of the Ford Foundation.



                              NY Daily News 12/7/98

                    Chase Banked On Nazis - Report

 The New York-based bank controlled by the Rockefeller family closed
Jewish accounts even before the Germans ordered them to do so and did
business with the Nazis while they were sending Jews to the gas chambers,
Newsweek magazine reports in this week's edition. And while the U.S. was at
war with the Nazis, Chase also apparently helped German banks do business
with their overseas branches, the magazine reported...The relationship
between Chase and the Nazis apparently was so cozy that Carlos Niedermann,
the Chase branch chief in Paris, wrote his supervisor in Manhattan that the
bank enjoyed "very special esteem"with top German officials and "a rapid
expansion of deposits."Niedermann's letter was written in May 1942 - five
months after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and the U.S. also went to
war with Germany.


 [Contrary to the conservative Christian image they falsely project, the Bush
family are major proponents of birth control, Planned Parenthood, forcible
sterilization and eugenics. They have worked with the Rockefeller family - the
world's #1 advocates of eugenics - on these issues for three generations]



                          Click here for original article

               Appendix C World Population Crisis:
   The United States Response by Phyllis Tilson Piotrow; Praeger
                           Publishers

                       Foreword by George H. Bush, Jr.
                U.S. Representative to the United Nations, 1973


 Few issues in the world have undergone such a rapid shift in public
attitudes and government policies over the last decade as the problems of
population growth and fertility control. My own first awareness of birth
control as a public policy issue came with a jolt in 1950 when my father
[Prescott Bush] was running for the United States Senate in Connecticut.
Drew Pearson, on the Sunday before Election Day, "revealed"that my father
was involved with Planned Parenthood...As chairman of the special
Republican Task Force on Population and Earth Resources, I was impressed
by the arguments of William H. Draper...General Draper continues to lead
through his tireless work for the UN Population Fund. Now the
recommendations of the Commission on Population Growth and the
American Future, chaired by John D. Rockefeller 3rd, have urged many
agencies to take on a larger role and have called for the U.S. government to
adopt a national population policy....one of the major challenges of the 1970s,
the Second United Nations Development Decade, will be to curb the world's
fertility... private organizations, like the Population Crisis Committee, Planned
Parenthood, the Population Council, the Population Reference Bureau, the
Population Institute, Zero Population Growth, and others, have played a major
role in assisting government policy makers and in mobilizing the United
States response to the world population challenge described in this volume.
signed, George Bush U.S. Representative to the United Nations



   THE ROCKEFELLER COMMISSION ON POPULATION GROWTH Chapter 2
                         PART 1 - Index
                          (Click Here)
                        March 16, 1970.

     Remarks of President Nixon on Signing Bill Establishing the
     Commission on Population Growth and the American Future.

 Ladies and gentlemen:


 First, this message is bipartisan in character as is indicated by the Senators
and Congressmen who are standing here today. It is time to set up a
Population Commission such as this does...An indication of that broad
support is that John D. Rockefeller has agreed to serve as Chairman of the
Commission...Of all the people in this nation, I think I could say of all the
people in the world, there is perhaps no man who has been more closely
identified and longer identified with this problem than John Rockefeller.


 A clique of U.S. industrialists is hell-bent to bring a fascist state to supplant
our democratic government and is working closely with the fascist regime in
Germany and Italy. I have had plenty of opportunity in my post in Berlin to
witness how close some of our American ruling families are to the Nazi
regime. . . Certain American industrialists had a great deal to do with bringing
fascist regimes into being in both Germany and Italy. They extended aid to
help Fascism occupy the seat of power, and they are helping to keep it there.
William E. Dodd, U.S. Ambassador to Germany, 1937.
                          Bloomberg News 1/20/2002
                        By Glen Justice and Richard Keil,

                             Kenny Boy and I:
                       Enron's clout with Bush came
                        from more than just money

 Washington (Bloomberg) -- Seventy-five individuals gave more money to
candidates in the 2000 elections than Enron Chairman Kenneth Lay. Few had
his access to the Bush administration.


 Lay was able to advise President George W. Bush at his economic summit,
meet with Vice President Dick Cheney on energy policy, and talk to several
Cabinet members when he needed them. Others who topped Lay's $387,000
in donations got less attention.


 "I couldn't pick up the phone and call anybody,"said Jon Dehaan, a retired
businessman in Florida who gave almost $11,000 more than Lay, all to
Republicans. "If you are concerned about an issue, you can pick up the
phone and call the party chairman, and they have to show you the courtesy of
listening. But not a dammed thing is going to happen."


 When it comes to Washington influence, money isn't everything. Charles
Schwab, co-founder of the brokerage that bears his name, gave $6,450 more
than Lay and remains behind the scenes. More than a dozen corporations,
including AT&T Corp. and Microsoft Corp., gave more than Enron.


 Enron's clout with the Bush administration was magnified by Bush's
personal friendship with Lay -- whom he nicknamed "Kenny Boy"-- the size of
the company, its ties to other officials, favors such as the loan of a corporate
jet, and a shared Texas heritage and ideological outlook, political analysts say.


 "They used every tool at their disposal, including money,"said Trevor Potter,
a former Republican chairman of the Federal Elections Commission. "They
played the game as well as you can play it."...

                               Bush Senior, Junior
 Lay's relationship with Bush predated Enron's rise to the top energy
company.


 The two men met in the late 1980s when Lay was a supporter of Bush's
father, President George Bush. When the elder Bush was voted out of office
in 1992, two of his Cabinet members, Secretary of State James A. Baker III
and Commerce Secretary Robert Mosbacher, worked for Enron.


 The younger Bush and Lay worked together on the host committee for the
1992 Republican National Convention, held in Houston, and met again later
when they served on the site selection committee for former President Bush's
presidential library, which ultimately was housed at Texas A&M University.
Lay is now a library trustee.


 Lay and his company became supporters of the younger Bush and helped
contribute $312,500 for his gubernatorial campaigns in 1994 and 1998 -- more
than any other single backer, according to Texans for Public Justice, which
tracks campaign finance in Texas. Lay himself gave $100,000 of that money.


 Lay offered policy advice to then-Governor Bush as a member of the
Governor's Business Council in Texas. In March 1997, Lay wrote Bush to ask
him to contact "each member of Congress in your delegation"to ask them to
support funding boosts for the Overseas Private Investment Corporation and
the U.S. Export-Import Bank. Both organizations helped underwrite Enron
ventures abroad...Last January, after Bush's victory, Lay served on Bush's
Energy Policy Coordinating Group, which helped sketch a rough outline for
administration's energy policy. He also participated in Bush's economic
summit.


 Later in the year, Lay got a private meeting with Vice President Cheney to
discuss "the whole issue of making wholesale markets work better,"Lay said
in an interview with Bloomberg News last year. He said Cheney made no
commitments, but that he was sympathetic. "He fully understood,"Lay said.

                                Quid Pro Quo
 There were other ties between Enron and Bush administration officials.


 Larry Lindsey, Bush's chief economic adviser, received $50,000 in
consulting fees from Enron last year. Former Montana Governor Marc Racicot
was an Enron lobbyist before Bush picked him to head the Republican
National Committee. U.S. trade Representative Robert Zoellick served on an
Enron advisory council and Thomas White, Bush's Army Secretary, was an
Enron executive...The bulk of Lay's contributions, more than $300,000, came
as soft money to the Republican Party. About 60 percent of that moved in one
day. The Republican National Committee received $250,000 April 28, 2000,
one day after the Senate Energy Committee -- then under Republican control -
- announced its intent to craft an energy deregulation bill. Enron officials have
said that Lay's contributions have no link to the company and that the timing
was a coincidence.

                                'Fringe Benefits'


 Enron often gave support in ways that don't show up in official campaign
contribution totals. For example, Lay was a Bush "Pioneer,"committed to
raising at least $100,000 for the campaign, with no way to say how much more
he raised. "They were very good at providing the fringe benefits,"said Andrew
Wheat, research director at Texans for Public Justice.


 Enron gave $250,000 to fund the 2000 Republican convention in
Philadelphia. It was one of dozens of companies that provided a corporate jet
to the Bush campaign at discount rates. Lay and his wife gave $10,000 to help
finance Bush's Florida operation during the recount after the election. The
company and its employees gave $300,000 to Bush's inauguration bash.


 The Center for Public Integrity, a nonpartisan Washington watchdog group
that tracks campaign money, got attention in January 2000 with a report
showing Enron as Bush's top career patron, with $550,025 given to his
gubernatorial and presidential campaigns through 1999."



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 Robert Lederman is an artist, writer and activist and is also the President of the
street artist advocacy group, A.R.T.I.S.T.
Click here for an archive of A.R.T.I.S.T. related news articles on the Freedom
Forum website


 His essays and Op-Eds have appeared in hundreds of alternative publications as
well as the Daily News, Penthouse, Africa Sun Times, Street News and The
Shadow.
Lederman was falsely arrested 41 times for his anti-Giuliani activities and was never
convicted of any of the charges. As a result of the arrests, he's won four Federal
lawsuits and overturned three laws.
He is best known for having created hundreds of paintings of Mayor Giuliani as a
Hitler like dictator which were carried in demonstrations throughout the eight years
of the Giuliani administration. Images of his paintings and articles about his arrests
and lawsuits have appeared on all of the major television networks hundreds of
times as well as frequently appearing in the NY Times, Daily News, NY Post,
Newsday, Newsweek, People, The Washington Post, LA Times and NY
Magazine.

				
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