Turf has a lot of love to give by liuhongmei


                                                                                            I N D U STRY R E P O RT 0 8 • 0 9

Turf has a lot of love to give
The turf program continues to focus            well as reinforce these core strategic            Over the next 12 months and onwards, we
on some core strategic messages that           messages to numerous audiences,                   will see greater roll out of communication
are driving its current and future R&D         including levy payers, the broader                to both industry as well as the media, the
investment as well as its marketing and        industry, government and the public.              community and other stakeholders. This
public relations messages. In a recent         The ultimate aim of these activities is to        will occur across all key growing regions
upgrade to tagline messages on the Turf        increase return on investment for levy            with benefits to be experienced across the
Australia website, the following ‘Turf         payers, the turf industry supply chain            board.
loves’ facts were launched:                    and benefit various growing regions.
                                                                                                 For further information contact:
•	 Turf loves: the environment; exercise;      Over the past 12 months, HAL launched             Stuart Burgess, HAL Industry Services Manager
   stopping erosion; lowering emissions;       a new turf production environmental               T 03 6231 1945
   being a natural product; cooling;           management program and completed                  E stuart.burgess@horticulture.com.au
   making oxygen; being adaptable;             a comprehensive study collating the
   using less water; being an all-rounder.     latest research and directions on the
Interesting facts are noted with these         health, environmental and general
statements such as: the average yard of        community benefits of turf. This was
turf absorbs carbon dioxide, capturing         coupled with non-levy investments in
carbon and reducing our greatest               collating a similar project for sports turf
greenhouse gas and produces enough             and its associated benefits. A health and
oxygen for a family of four.                   safety program specifically developed
                                               for the turf production sector was also
Keeping in line with activities that were      launched. A significant study into the
rolled out in the last 12 months, HAL          use of turf as an erosion control product
is investing significant proportions of        is now under way, with interim results
industry funding to both validate as           available in the near future.

  Climate Change is increasingly becoming a significant topic for the horticulture
  industry. In 2007/08 the industry began contributing to the horticulture component of
  Phase One of the national Climate Change Research Strategy for Primary Industries

  The aim of CCRSPI Phase One was to develop a comprehensive research strategy that
  will allow industries to be informed by good research and be prepared to respond to
  the opportunities and risks presented by climate change. The scope of the strategy will
  be broad, covering any issue that needs consideration over the short (3 years), medium
  (5+ years) and long term (10+ years). The research strategy and Phase One final report
  is available from the CCRSPI website http://lwa.gov.au/ccrspi/.

  HAL is now contributing to Phase Two of the project in 2008/09 in collaboration
  with other Rural RDCs, CSIRO and Federal, State and Territory Governments. This
  phase aims to develop an implementation plan for the research strategy for 2009/10

  These projects have been funded by HAL using the turf levy and/or voluntary contributions from industry with matched funding
                                     from the Australian Government for all R&D activity.
    Salt tolerant amenity grasses in urban areas
    Salinity is an increasingly important issue                                                             initiated under Project TU02005 is looking
    throughout Australia. While the problem of                                                              at the impact of six fertiliser N treatments
    dryland salinity in rural areas is recognised,                                                          on different turfgrasses.
    urban salinity has received far less attention.
                                                                                                            To effectively monitor salinity, council
    This project is investigating different ways to                                                         staff working at the various site trials will
    improve the establishment and management                                                                need inexpensive measuring devices and
    of a range of medium and highly salt tolerant                                                           the availability of such devices has been
    turfgrasses on salt affected urban sites.                                                               investigated. Unfortunately, it appears only
                                                                                                            the most robust instrumentation would be
    To determine their salinity tolerance, a variety                                                        suitable and these are cost prohibitive.
                                                       Zoysia japonica (cv. Z 3) following 14 weeks in
    of turfgrass species and cultivars are being
                                                       hydroponic solution at various levels of salinity,
    screened hydroponically. This year three           as marked (13/5/2009)
                                                                                                            To demonstrate the impact of best
    series of salinity screenings were completed                                                            management practices on urban salinity,
    covering 13 cultivars of hybrid green couches      monitored closely during their establishment         the techniques being used in the individual
    (Cynodon dactylon x transvaalensis),               phase, the objective is to assess the                studies will be integrated using a systems
    13 cultivars of green couch (Cynodon               longevity of the various selections, so a            approach. This will see turf established,
    dactylon), five cultivars of Zoysia Japonica,      detailed assessment is planned for 2009/10           managed and remediated on large
    one Zoysia japonica x tenuifolia hybrid, an        prior to completion of the study.                    demonstration areas using these practices.
    accession of Z. tenuifolia and six cultivars of                                                         This year, three sites have been prepared
    buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum).           Another area of interest is the various              for demonstration purposes using the
                                                       establishment methods suitable for large             techniques.
    Three field sites have been established            scale plantings. Different topsoil options
    to compare different salt tolerant grass                                                                This project has been funded by HAL using
                                                       are also being studied.
    selections and establishment methods.                                                                   a voluntary contribution from industry with
    The trial site at Surfers Paradise has been        To investigate soil de-compaction                    matched funds from the Australian Government.
    sampled every two months over the initial          techniques, trials have commenced in
                                                                                                            Project TU06006
    10 month period to check root growth, with         a coastal park and soccer fields in the
                                                       Redlands Shire.                                      For more information contact:
    visual ratings also undertaken.
                                                                                                            Rachel Poulter, QPIF
    While the sites at Surfers Paradise, Budds         Soil fertility is another factor in urban            T 07 3824 9514
    Beach and Hollindale Park have been                salinity and a long-term experiment                  F rachel.poulter@deedi.qld.gov.au

    Site assessment prior to planting at Budd’s        Hollindale Park pre planting for grass selection     Site preparation at Jacobs Well (17/3/09). A
    beach, Gold Coast as part of grass selection       trials (24/4/08)                                     best management practice demonstration site
    trials. (20/2/09)

2   Planted plot, component of grass selection
    trial at Budd’s Beach, (20/2/09)
                                                       Hollindale Park post planting (28/4/08)              Post establishment Jacobs Well (1/5/09)
Extending the phytotoxicity testing facility
Phytotoxicity studies and chemical research      insecticides, fungicides, nematicides) for         voluntary contributions from Technigro Pty
are recognised as a high priority research       the turf industry.                                 Ltd, Gold Coast City Council and SESL.)
area for the turf industry.
                                                 The current project commenced in January           When the current study is completed in May
Currently there is an insufficient number        2007 (following earlier Projects TU00011           2010, it will be desirable to construct a new
of pesticides registered for use by the          and TU04006) and since then 35 products            phytotoxicity test facility at the research
turf industry to manage weeds, pests and         and 72 treatments have been tested.                station to ensure greater scientific rigour for
diseases. Registration of a wider range                                                             the testing and to provide VCs with the best
of effective chemical controls will reduce       Chemical phytotoxicity testing of different
                                                                                                    available research plots for testing.
chemical misuse and provide significant          turfgrass species and cultivars can be
benefits to the industry and the environment.    undertaken very cost-effectively at the            Construction of a new testing facility will
                                                 testing facility and this has permitted fast-      only be possible with ongoing support from
A key site for research into new chemical        tracking of the registration of generic or         chemical manufacturers, Turf Producers
controls is the phytotoxicity testing            selective pesticides, benefiting both turf         Australia, HAL and the wider turf industry.
facility at the Queensland Department of         producers and chemical companies.
Employment, Economic Development and                                                                This project has been funded by HAL using
Innovation Redlands Research Station.            The phytotoxicity studies undertaken as            a voluntary contribution from industry with
                                                 part of this project have been carried             matched funds from the Australian Government.
This facility has been in the ground for         out in collaboration with Sygenta Crop
10 years and currently contains 27 warm          Protection Pty Ltd and more recently               Project TU06008
season turfgrasses. Work at the site has         with Steve Hampton, who is leading                 For further information contact:
enabled development of minor use/                HAL Project TU07008 to develop a new               Matt Roche, QPIF
off-label permits and registration of            integrated vegetation management model.            T 07 3824 9502
generic chemicals (herbicides, miticides,        (This project is supported financially with        E matt.roche@deedi.qld.gov.au

  Checking bentgrass for salinity tolerance
  Salinity is an important issue for the turf industry and research has been
  undertaken to evaluate selected bentgrass ecotypes for their tolerance
  and sod production capabilities.

  During the study, 31 bentgrass ecotypes were tested and of these, 27
  had better turfgrass quality than the commercially available varieties at
  salinity levels of 4 and 8dS/m.

  At higher salinity levels (12 and 16dS/m), the commercial cultivars Penn
  G2 and Mariner had comparable quality to the ecotypes.

  From the original 450 ecotypes collected, five have been selected
  and assessed in a trial to determine the feasibility of vegetative
  establishment. These trials have demonstrated establishment can be
  achieved using vegetative material and is a viable alternative to seeding.

  Ecotype B22 has proved to be an outstanding ecotype in the trail,
  performing well at a salinity tolerance of up to 16dS/m and showing the
  ability to form an excellent sod when grown from vegetative parts.

  B22 has been included in Project TU08002 to assess its performance
  against the latest seeded creeping varieties.

  This project has been funded by HAL using a voluntary contribution from
  industry with matched funds from the Australian Government.

  Project TU06001
  For more information contact:
  John Neylan, AGCSA
  T 03 9548 8600
                                                                                 Bentgrass salinity testing
  F john@agcsa.com.au
    Industry Development Manager for
    the Australian Turf Industry
    In 2006, Australian Turf Producers voted          within the turf industry, assisting with HAL    After a review of the IDM role, TPA have a
    in support of introducing a horticultural         project development, developing a website       much better understanding of how industry
    products levy for R&D and marketing via           and building the image of Turf as being         development projects should be managed
    the national peak industry body for turf,         natural and beneficial.                         and operated, leading to a new, more
    Turf Producers Australia Limited (TPA). A                                                         considered approach to proposals in this
    turf industry strategic plan was developed        Many of the deliverables anticipated in
                                                                                                      vital area of a relatively new levy paying
    to guide how the levy funds can be best           the project have been achieved, such as
                                                                                                      industry. A separate IDM project began in
    used to benefit the industry.                     the new Turf Australia website
                                                                                                      December 2008.
                                                      (www.turfaustralia.com.au), a consumer
    The turf industry is relatively new to national   oriented selection guide for turf purchase      This project has been funded by HAL using
    representation processes as well as being         and good communication between                  the turf levy with matched funds from the
    very new to having a statutory products levy.
                                                      the ‘non-edible’ horticulture industries.       Australian Government.
    To help drive the implementation of the
                                                      Some activities are still being completed
    strategic plan and to ensure that progress                                                        Project TU06017
                                                      due mainly to changes made under the
    was being made, TPA employed a CEO who
                                                      direction of the Turf IAC and the project’s     For more information contact:
    also undertook Industry Development tasks.
                                                      management committee. Overall, the              Greg McPhee, Turf Producers Australia Limited
    The IDM was charged with undertaking              original IDM role is considered to have         T 02 6622 7719
    duties including building communication           delivered benefit to the industry.              E idm@turfaustralia.com.au

      Developing management guidelines
      for new warm season grasses
      To assist turf managers make faster             the cultivars under a similar management
      determinations about the most suitable          program to obtain subjective and
      new cultivar for their geographic               quantitative data.
      location and budget, seven trial sites
      have been established in Queensland,            This coordinated approach has enabled
      NSW, Victoria and South Australia.              quick assessment of the new cultivars
                                                      and improved understanding of their
      These sites are testing nine greens             characteristics and management
      quality grasses (six Cynodon dactylon           requirements (e.g. nitrogen fertiliser rates,   DEEDI staff applying fertiliser treatment to
      x C. transvaalensis and three Paspalum          cutting height and grooming treatments).        trial site
      vaginatum cultivars).
                                                      Testing has covered colour, quality and
      A purpose built facility at the Redlands        thatch ratings; rooting depths; ball roll       moisture; air and ground temperatures;
      Research Station is also comparing              speed; surface temperature and soil             and ratings for pest and disease

                                                                                                      With the current trial concluding in
                                                                                                      December 2009, discussions are
                                                                                                      currently underway about future research

                                                                                                      This project has been funded by HAL using
                                                                                                      a voluntary contribution from industry
                                                                                                      with matched funds from the Australian

                                                                                                      Project TU05001
                                                                                                      For more information contact:
                                                                                                      Matt Roche, QPIF
                                                                                                      T 07 3824 9502
                                                                                                      E matt.roche@deedi.qld.gov.au
4     Overview of trial site at Redlands Research Station, Queensland
Using the IDM to build industry capacity
Industry development managers (IDM) play           The turf industry’s IDNA also provides         The IDM also plays an important role in
a key role in building an industry’s capacity      guidance and has assisted with the             assisting with the technical aspects of
and providing producers with the necessary         development of a clearly defined set           the turf industry’s annual conference. The
resources to improve their practices and           of activity areas. Close liaison with the      2009 national conference in Melbourne
profitability.                                     Project Reference Group will ensure            was developed incorporating feedback
                                                   the tasks are prioritised and work             from previous events and had a more
A key part of this is facilitating communication   is completed to meet the industry’s
to every sector of the industry.                                                                  streamlined approach.
The recent Turf Industry Development                                                              This year’s conference was well attended
                                                   As part of the communication process, an
Needs Assessment (IDNA) identified that                                                           and the post-conference evaluations
                                                   industry newsletter has been developed
the turf industry needed an IDM to facilitate                                                     indicate the changes implemented for the
                                                   and sent to all levy payers. The newsletter
comprehensive industry development                                                                event were a positive step.
                                                   is professionally written and designed,
and to keep the industry informed about            with the addition of a classified section in   A major component of this project has
expenditure of the turf industry statutory levy.   March 2009 proving very popular.               been a restructure of TPA processes and
Project TU08047 provides funding for               The IDM has also developed an                  improved financial reporting for projects
the IDM position and is responsible                industry database to assist improved           funded by HAL. There has also been a
for delivering on a set of specific tasks          communication between levy payers and          review of the process for developing new
designed to support industry-wide                  the wider turf industry. The database will     projects for the industry.
communication and information sharing.             become more valuable over time as it
                                                                                                  These changes and improvements
                                                   builds engagement from those sectors of
To achieve this, the Turf Producers                                                               should ensure growers receive better
                                                   the industry which have traditionally had
Association (TPA) appointed Greg McPhee                                                           communication about the work being
                                                   limited input.
as the turf industry’s new IDM.                                                                   undertaken on their behalf.
                                                   Technologies for improved
In this role, the IDM is responsible for                                                          This project has been funded by HAL using
                                                   communication within the turf industry
developing Horticulture Australia Limited
                                                   have also received attention this year.        the turf levy with matched funds from the
(HAL) project proposals and ensuring they
                                                   A phone survey of turf growers revealed        Australian Government.
have a sound technical basis that meets
                                                   many are technology-savvy and that
HAL project guidelines.                                                                           Project TU08047
                                                   SMS messaging is suitable for some
The IDM also works closely with the Turf           forms of communication with them.              For more information contact:
Marketing Committee and the TPA board              This finding has led to the development        Greg McPhee, Turf Producers Australia
to ensure grower funds are used for                of procedures for group SMS messaging          T 02 6622 7719
maximum benefit.                                   and group emails.                              E idm@turfaustralia.com

    Comparing buffalograss
    cultivars to existing species
    Australia’s turf industry is constantly
    evaluating new cultivars to find those
    that can offer better shade and water
    conservation properties.

    This involves assessing buffalograss cultivars
    for their suitability for various growing
    conditions and comparing them to standard
    industry species such as green couch and
    kikuyu. Determining cultivars that maximise
    turf quality with the minimum need for
    supplementary irrigation is also a priority.

    Key steps in making this assessment
    have been to analyse and evaluate the
    morphological data for 17 different
    buffalograss cultivars. The analysis involved
    evaluating a range of traits including leaf
    structure, internodes, flowering and general
    agronomic characteristics.

    The research showed significant variation
    among the 17 genotypes for each of the           Regional evaluation site, 17 Mile Rocks Park, Brisbane
    23 morphological attributes measured.
    It also allowed the different cultivars to       The study found the majority of soft-leaf          The impact of calcareous soil growing
    be classified into shapes ranging from                                                              conditions has also been assessed. The
                                                     buffalograss genotypes tested did not differ
    dwarf, slow-spreading plants with short                                                             poor availability of micronutrients such
                                                     to old style common buffalograss, meaning
    internodes, fine stems and stolons to more                                                          as iron and manganese in these soils can
                                                     soft-leaf buffalograsses are efficient water
    robust genotypes which spread rapidly and                                                           challenge many plants, with deficiencies
    feature longer internodes and thicker stems      users and can also recover after periods of
                                                                                                        causing leaves to have a pale green
    and stolons.                                     low water availability.
    Research undertaken in West Australia            Many of the soft-leaf genotypes, however,
                                                                                                        A study on the calcareous soil of the
    provided valuable information about              display slower growth during the cooler
                                                                                                        Swan River coastal plain in Perth to assess
    water use by soft-leaf buffalograss and its      months compared to old style common                the impact of this soil on 14 soft-leaf
    tolerance of calcareous soils.                   buffalograss.                                      buffalograss genotypes found some
                                                                                                        genotypes differed in their concentration
                                                                                                        of leaf iron, but not in leaf manganese.
                                                                                                        Moreover, some soft-leaf genotypes
                                                                                                        contained lower levels of iron, whereas
                                                                                                        others were equal to old style buffalograss.

                                                                                                        This project is nearing conclusion with
                                                                                                        all experiments and regional evaluations
                                                                                                        complete. Data collected is being collated,
                                                                                                        analysed and evaluated for inclusion in the
                                                                                                        final industry report.

                                                                                                        This project has been funded by HAL using
                                                                                                        a voluntary contribution from industry
                                                                                                        with matched funds from the Australian

                                                                                                        Project TU04013 (previously TU04008)
                                                                                                        For more information contact:
                                                                                                        Alan Duff, QPIF
                                                                                                        T 07 3824 9553
6   Phytotoxicity testing of broadleaf herbicides                                                       E alan.duff@deedi.qld.gov.au
Developing a best use model for sportsfields
The Best Use Modelling for Sustainable
Australian Sportsfield Surfaces project
is being led by the Sports Turf Institute
(Aust) and the Queensland Department of
Employment, Economic Development and
Innovation, working in partnership with
Parks & Leisure Australia.

Parks & Leisure Australia is responsible
for facilitating national industry
communication and engagement and is
also providing advice on the project.

The project aims to:
•	 survey all participating councils to           Poor drainage resulting from compaction can      Turfgrass selection and/or overuse results in
                                                  limit optimal usage of a sports surface          excessive wear and uneven turf coverage
   ascertain the systems they currently
   use for sportsfield allocation, usage
   recording and monitoring;                      To date, over to 250 sportsfields from seven     Stage 3 of the project will involve
•	 develop standardised methodology for           councils have been evaluated. The project        developing and delivering reports on issues
   measuring the performance of playing           is now targeting in excess of 20 councils,       such as usage patterns and identifying and
                                                  which will provide a broader base for            overcoming usage limitations.
                                                  national comparison and analysis.                To date several valuable reports and tools
•	 establish a national/Australasian
   database on usage and quality;                 In Stage 2, the information derived from         have been developed from the project,
                                                                                                   including a tool to help identify limitations
•	 develop tools to enable users to assess        the collected data is being integrated into
                                                                                                   to optimal use, a report on the costs and
   limitations to optimal performance of a        a model for determining current standards
                                                                                                   benefits of playing surface development
   playing surface;                               in relation to a range of parameters such
                                                                                                   options and a description of the methods
                                                  as usage.                                        for evaluating sports surfaces.
•	 measure and benchmark performance
   of existing surfaces in relation to a          While all data is being assembled into the       This project has been funded by HAL using
   range of variables; and                        national database, project participants          a voluntary contribution from industry
•	 develop tools and databases to guide           also receive a customised report on each         with matched funds from the Australian
   the planning of sportsfield allocation         ground tested.                                   Government.
   and development, including costs and
                                                  Given the current focus on limiting water        Project TU06019
   benefits of development options.
                                                  use, the project testing and reporting           For more information contact:
The initial goal for Stage 1 of the project       has been modified to assist contributing         Shane Holborn, QPIF
was to collect data from up to 10                 councils to develop a water allocation           T 07 3824 9565
contributing councils.                            strategy for their fields.                       E shane.holborn@deedi.qld.gov.au

An example of a factor limiting optimal usage – turf contamination        An example of a factor limiting optimal usage – poor line marking and
                                                                          maintenance                                                              7
    Learning more about water repellency
    Turfgrass producers and managers are           •	 determine if application timing and/           effects were marked, so two field days were
    under increasing pressure to restrict water       or formulation affects the efficiency of       held at different times during summer 2008.
    use on turfgrass, but in doing so they face       wetting agents; and
                                                                                                     Analyses of the soil and plant samples
    the ongoing problem of managing water          •	 assess if turfgrass renovation techniques      collected during the field-based study are
    repellency.                                       minimise the development of soil water         currently being completed and the findings
    Water repellency is a significant problem         repellency in sand-based turfgrass systems.    will be discussed with the Project Industry
    because it decreases water use efficiency      Laboratory-based testing of wetting agents        Committee.
    by causing irrigation water to unevenly        was completed in September 2008 and the           The research program for summer 2009/10
    infiltrate the soil surface and bypass a       results were used to select the wetting agents    will investigate ways to optimise wetting
    proportion of the turfgrass roots. This        included in the summer 2008 field study.          agent usage through timing of the
    causes localised areas of turfgrass death.
                                                   Both the laboratory and field-based               application and/or the form used (liquid or
    To assist with the management of this          investigations demonstrated wetting agents        granular). It will also continue to assess if
    problem, research is being undertaken to       have a variable ability to treat soil water       turfgrass renovation techniques minimise
    learn more about potential methods to          repellency.                                       the development of soil water repellency.
    decrease the incidence and severity of soil
                                                   The study showed the growth and quality of        This project has been funded by HAL using
    water repellency and maximise water use
                                                   turfgrass plots was best maintained during        the turf levy and a voluntary contribution
                                                   hot, dry weather by utilising wetting agents      from industry with matched funds from the
    This study is designed to:                     with the ability to restrict the development of   Australian Government.

    •	 investigate the development of water-       water repellency.                                 Project TU07006
       repellency under a sand-based turfgrass     Another key finding was water repellency in       For more information contact:
       system to determine the conditions          turfgrass grown on sandy soils developed          Louise Barton, The University of Western
       contributing to its occurrence;             early in the growing season (early spring),       Australia
    •	 evaluate the suitability of laboratory-     well before most turfgrass managers would         T 08 6488 2543
       based tests for screening wetting agents;   typically apply wetting agents. The treatment     E lbarton@cyllene.uwa.edu.au

      Establishing best practice in vegetation management
      To assist the turf industry determine best
      management practices and techniques
      for vegetation management, the
      Integrated Vegetation Management
      Program (IVMP) project is drawing
      together local and international
      knowledge and practice.

      Conducted over three years (December
      2007 to December 2010), the IVMP is
      evaluating and confirming best practice
      methods to resolve specific mown
      vegetation management issues.                Tinchi Tamba field efficacy trials – 30DAT        Second year phytotoxicity trials at DEEDI
                                                                                                     Research Station
      Outcomes from the research will
      integrate decision-making processes into     and other cultural practices to determine         This project has been funded by HAL using
      mown vegetation management planning,         the best combination of practices for             a voluntary contribution from industry
      design, construction, and maintenance.       various species combinations.                     with matched funds from the Australian
      This will allow the development of a                                                           Government.
      more economical and sustainable mown         A second year of phytotoxicity trials has
      vegetation management model.                 been completed at the Redlands Research           Project TU07008
                                                   Facility, while field trials in both Brisbane
      The IVMP is also trialling integrated                                                          For more information contact:
                                                   and Sydney have also been completed.
      strategies using selected plant growth                                                         Steve Hampton, Grow Solutions
      regulators, herbicides and nutrition.        For further information or to share ideas with    T 0438 464 262
      These are being combined with mowing         the project partners, visit www.ivmp.com.au.      E steve.hampton@growsolutions.com.au
Taking a lifecycle approach
to Poa annua control
Poa annua is a ubiquitous weed species in          This project has been funded by HAL using
bentgrass putting greens and it can be difficult   a voluntary contribution from industry with
                                                   matched funds from the Australian Government.
to control due to the variation in its form.
                                                   Project TU06003
This three-year research project has examined
the most effective methods for controlling         For more information contact:
and suppressing Poa annua by strategically         John Neylan, AGCSA
                                                   T 03 9548 8600
applying post and pre-emergent herbicides in
                                                   E john@agcsa.com.au                               Poa annua types
combination with seed head suppression.

The study has identified seven distinct
Poa annua types varying from a very dense,
compact, fine leafed plant to a more open
plant with coarse leaves and numerous stolons.

These different forms vary in their tolerance
to the herbicides commonly used to
control it.

The field trial has shown the most effective
treatment for Poa annua is a combination of
herbicides targeting each lifecycle stage
(e.g. vegetative, seedling and flowering).
This involves a regime of paclobutrazol
(post-emergent), ethephon (seed head
inhibitor) and bensulide (pre-emergent).           Poa annua herbicide sensitivity trials

  Implementing an EMS for the turf industry
  With Australian communities increasingly         between the turf and golf industries made         The structure of the e-par turf EMS
  concerned about their environment, turf          it a good fit for adaptation.                     platform uses an 18-hole golf game, with
  producers need to ensure they have                                                                 each hole representing a core element of
                                                   Introduction of an EMS requires training
  in place clear, best practice tools for                                                            the ISO Standard.
                                                   and implementation to make certain
  environmental management.
                                                   it is used correctly. To ensure effective         After completing 62 ‘shots’ in the e-par
  This project is designed to assist the turf      implementation throughout the industry,           turf golf game, the output is a full set of
  industry with this task by developing            the project was designed in three stages:         the customised policies and procedures
  and implementing a straightforward,              •	 develop a user-friendly EMS platform;          required by the ISO Standard for managing
  comprehensive environmental                                                                        an individual turf production facility.
  management system (EMS).                         •	 provide the platform to turf producers;
                                                      and                                            A comprehensive program of delivery is
  Prior to commencement of this project,                                                             occurring in 2009/10 under a new project
                                                   •	 host EMS training and implementation
  there were no systems available                                                                    TU08052 EMS rollout for turf industry.
                                                      workshops around Australia.
  for environment management or
  measurement of the environmental                 During the initial phase of the project, a        This project has been funded by HAL using
  performance of either the turf production        web-based interactive EMS tool modelled on        the turf levy with matched funds from the
  industry or individual enterprises.              the successful e-par platform was developed.      Australian Government.
                                                   Known as e-par turf, this EMS platform is
  To overcome the problem, this project                                                              Project TU07027
                                                   available at http://turfproducers.epar.com.au.
  was established to adapt the golf                                                                  For more information contact:
  industry’s award winning EMS platform            In addition, several communication tools          Terry Muir, Environmental Business Solutions
  known as e-par. This tool was recognised         were developed to launch the e-par EMS            Pty Ltd
  as the most advanced EMS available               platform, including a logo, educational and       T 02 4961 4060
  for the golf industry and the close links        instructional wall posters and printed folders.   E terry@epar.com.au
     Reviewing the benefits of the turf and
     golf industries
     The first study of scientific literature         terms of water usage and the management         Despite these improvements, community
     covering the environmental, social and           of pesticide and nutrient leaching.             concern has led to restrictions on the
     health benefits of turfgrass was published                                                       management tools available to turf professionals
     by JB Beard & RL Green in 1994. This             Internationally there has been a growing        and to suggestions to replace turf with artificial
     project was designed to bring that study up      volume of research undertaken by social         or alternative landscapes to reduce inputs.
     to date within the context of the Australian     and health scientists to assess the value
                                                      and benefit derived from green space in         While this has appeal, unshaded synthetic
     turfgrass industry in 2009.
                                                      improving the public health and mental          surfaces are far hotter than natural turf
     With recent severe water shortages and           wellbeing of urban populations.                 and excessive heat on players becomes a
     concern about climate change, negative                                                           workplace health and safety issue. The cost
     environmental images regarding turfgrass         While research on the value of turfgrass in     of installation and management of artificial
     have developed in the community.                 heat amelioration and carbon sequestration      surfaces is also higher.
                                                      has been limited, estimates indicate
     Areas specifically targeted in this project      grasses can be considerable sinks for           The scientific literature makes it clear
     include:                                         storing carbon. However, if they require        claims turfgrass utilises excessive water and
     •	 potentially adverse environmental             maintenance, the benefits of carbon             contaminates the environment are difficult to
        impacts of growing turfgrass;                 sequestration are partially nullified.          justify and that the industry has responded
                                                                                                      positively to overcoming these issues.
     •	 aesthetic, social and health benefits of      Research on turf usage in sportsfields,
        turfgrass;                                    however, has progressed significantly with      This project has been funded by HAL using

     •	 water usage;                                  ongoing selection improving performance         the turf levy and a voluntary contribution from
                                                      and reducing water usage.                       industry with matched funds from the Australian
     •	 heat sink effects of turf use;                                                                Government.
     •	 carbon sequestration capacity; and            The literature notes that in recent
                                                      years Australia has introduced few new          Project TU07034
     •	 use of turf on sportsfields, particularly
                                                      agrichemicals and those that have been          For further information contact:
        surface quality and heat stress.
                                                      introduced have relied on safer active          Peter McMaugh, Turfgrass Scientific Services
     There have been major developments in most       ingredients with less desirable products        T 02 9872 7833
     of these areas since 1994, but particularly in   being phased out.                               E qualturf@bigpond.com

       Conference a ‘pinnacle event’ for
       turfgrass every four years
       Four HAL-funded attendees were among           and its recovery in sports fields, and an
       those who represented the Australian           exhaustive study of the genetic relationships
       industry at the 11th International             of buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum
       Turfgrass Research Conference, held in         secundatum) cultivars in Australia.
       July this year in Chile.
                                                      While attendances overall were down
       This quadrennial conference is held by         because of the southern winter nature of
       members of the International Turfgrass         the location in Santiago, the Australian
       Society and is the pinnacle event for          contingent was still strong.
       turfgrass researchers and educators. It is
       a mix of oral presentations and poster         This project has been funded by HAL using
       presentations highlighting the major           a voluntary contribution from industry
       advances in turfgrass research worldwide       with matched funds from the Australian
       over the past four years.                      Government.

       Several papers were presented by               Project TU08044
       Australian researchers on the results of       For further information contact:
       HAL-funded projects. These included            Peter McMaugh, Turfgrass Scientific Services
       papers on the size and economic structures     T 02 9872 7833
       of the turf industry, research on turf wear    E qualturf@bigpond.com
Communicating research findings
While undertaking research to gain new          As part of the project, the AGCSA has            will particularly benefit members working
insights is vital to the ongoing development    offered all turf industry levy payers a free     in regional areas whose ability to attend
of the turf industry, disseminating these       subscription to ATM.                             education seminars and access the latest
findings is also critical.                                                                       research is restricted by distance.
                                                Funding development of video streaming
Project TU08001 (continuation of Project        capabilities on the AGCSA website was also       This project has been funded by HAL using
TU05002) involves the communication             part of the project.                             a voluntary contribution from industry with
of research results to the industry via the
                                                                                                 matched funds from the Australian Government.
Australian Turfgrass Management Journal         Web company Aspedia was engaged to
(ATM).                                          incorporate this feature, which went live in     Project TU08001
                                                June 2009.
In the first three issues in 2009, ATM                                                           For more information contact:
published 29.85 pages of dedicated              The new tool enables the AGCSA to                John Neylan, AGCSA
research content, which is five pages over      deliver educational and research content         T 03 9548 8600
the required benchmark.                         to members regardless of location. This          E john@agsa.com.au

Cromer GS establishment                                                   Keysborough GC trial establishment

  Trialling the performance of new
                                                                                                 Bentgrass seed varieties being assessed at all
                                                                                                 three trial sites

                                                                                                   Company           Variety

  bentgrass cultivars                                                                              Advanced Seed     Tyee
  Ongoing comparison and evaluation of          vegetative selection planted at a rate                               Dominant Xtreme
  new bentgrass cultivars is an important       equivalent to 0.28m3/100m2.                                          SR1150
  tool in improving the performance of                                                                               SRP1RH93
  Australian golf courses.                      Establishment data has been collected at
                                                each site for germination, initial vigour and      Simplot           T-1
  To assist with this process, the Australian   coverage rate.                                     Heritage          Penn G2
  Golf Course Superintendents Association                                                                            Authority
  (AGCSA) established new bentgrass trials      Data from the trial has been analysed and
                                                                                                                     Penn A1
  in Victoria, NSW and South Australia          presented at the 2009 Australian Turfgrass
                                                                                                   DLF Seeds         Cobra 2
  during Autumn 2009.                           Conference and will also be published in
                                                ATM journals.                                                        CY 2
  These trials are comparing the                                                                   Seed Force        Shark
  performance of new seeded cultivars           This project has been funded by HAL using          PGG Wrightson     Declaration
  bred in the USA with the best performing      a voluntary contribution from industry with
  Australian vegetative ecotype from            matched funds from the Australian Government.
  Project TU06001.
                                                Project TU08002                                                      Mariner*
  Varieties from seven companies have           For more information contact                       AGCSA             AGCSA1 (vegetative
  been established at each site. The            Andrew Peart, AGCSA                                                  selection)
  seeding rate for the trial was 5g/m² for      T 03 9548 8600                                   * Adelaide only
  the seeded varieties, with the Australian     E andrew@agcsa.com.au
     Measuring traffic tolerance on sportsfields
     Soil-based community sportsfields are               The studies will also document the
                                                                                                     Turf Industry
     subjected to both soil compaction and
     turfgrass wear during use. These stresses
                                                         potential increases in playing use that
                                                         could be achieved by optimising grass       Strategic Plan
                                                                                                     reviewed and
     limit the amount of use (playing time) that         selection (based on wear tolerance) and
     can be made of them.                                implementing an effective management
                                                         programme to minimise soil compaction.

     In January 2009, two trial sites in Queensland
     were established to document the actual             This project has been funded by HAL using
     effects of turfgrass wear and soil compaction       a voluntary contribution from industry
     under normal playing conditions.                    with matched funds from the Australian
                                                                                                     The turf industry’s strategic plan has
     The trial sites were situated on Redland City                                                   been further refined, providing a
     Council’s touch football fields and at a            Project TU08018                             clear, succinct guide for the future
     simulated wear experiment plot on the               For further information contact:            development of the turf industry.
     nearby Redlands Research Station.                   Matt Roche, QPIF                            A comprehensive strategic plan was
                                                         T 07 3824 9502                              prepared in September 2006. This was
     Having two sites located in close proximity
                                                         E matt.roche@deedi.qld.gov.au               subsequently refined and reviewed
     will enable researchers to measure and
     correlate the effects of simulated wear                                                         to generate a series of strategic
     against the grass under actual use.                                                             objectives that have guided levy
                                                                                                     expenditure priorities and projects to
                                                                                                     date. With two years experience after
                                                                                                     the original plan development and
                                                                                                     with the turf levy finally in place, it
                                                                                                     was time to revisit and refine the plan.
                                                                                                     Importantly, this is not an entirely new
                                                                                                     Strategic Plan, but a refinement of the

                                                                                                     Activity is divided into four separate
                                                                                                     •	 providing sound, science-
                                                                                                        based information and data on
                                                                                                        environmental issues as they relate
                                                                                                        to turf;
     Trial site, Redlands Research Station, Queensland
                                                                                                     •	 creating a positive environment for
                                                                                                        increased turf;
                                                                                                     •	 developing and implementing

       Developing efficient irrigation practices                                                        programs that will lift profitability
                                                                                                        and drive increased professionalism;
       Careful water management is vital in              in current management practices and
       Australia and an interactive information          highlight potential efficiencies.           •	 specific research and
       portal has been developed to assist golf                                                         communication to encourage
       course managers.                                  The AGCSA has set an ambitious target          adoption of best-practice systems
                                                         of having 400 clubs complete an online         and technologies.
       The portal – which contains water                 water management plan over the next
       management planning templates and                 two years. To help meet this target, it     This project has been funded by HAL
       information sheets on irrigation, water           is making available water management        using the turf levy with matched funds
       use efficiency, water quality and links to        experts to assist course managers           from the Australian Government.
       technical data – can be accessed via the          complete their plan.                        Project TU08024
       Australian Golf Course Superintendents
       Association website (www.agcsa.com.au).           This project has been funded by HAL using   For further information contact:
                                                         a voluntary contribution from industry      Stuart Burgess, HAL Industry Services
       Website tools allow course managers                                                           Manager
                                                         with matched funds from the Australian
       to develop a water management plan                                                            T 03 6231 1945
       using an interactive questionnaire. They                                                      E stuart.burgess@hoticulture.com.au
       also provide straightforward templates            Project TU08013
       for creating a comprehensive report of a
                                                         For more information contact
       particular course’s current water status.
                                                         John Neylan, AGCSA
       The water management plans produced               T 03 9548 8600

12     by the website help identify weaknesses           E john@agcsa.com.au
Improving communication in
the racing industry
The Racecourse Managers National               During the event a number of issues of
Conference is a key date in the annual         importance were discussed, including racing
calendar of the Australian racing industry.    industry developments and the equine
                                               influenza crisis.
Since a survey by the Rural Industries
Research and Development Corporation           Papers were presented to delegates
in 1995 found racecourse managers had          canvassing topics including synthetic track
                                                                                                  Inspection of features of a turf race track
widely varying levels of management            options, racecourse management practices,
expertise and a desire for more technical      track measurement and rating procedures,
knowledge and professional information,        environmental management, turf nutrition           Once again the success of this annual event
the annual conference has become vital for     and disease and turf research.                     was highlighted by the excellent rating it
ongoing industry learning.                                                                        received from both delegates and sponsors.
                                               Racecourse managers were provided with
The objective of this year’s conference        information about the latest developments in       Following the conclusion of the conference,
was ‘Improvement of racing industry            industry research, racecourse development,         an outline of the proceedings was
communication, education and knowledge         track maintenance and resource management.         produced and circulated to all conference
on issues of racetrack design, development,    They also had the opportunity to learn from        delegates, present and past, for future
maintenance and performance for the            their colleagues’ experiences and to inspect       reference.
advancement of economical and sustainable      the operations of several major race and
strategies for racecourse management’.         training tracks and racing enterprises.            This project has been funded by HAL using
                                                                                                  a voluntary contribution from industry
The conference was attended by                 Throughout the conference there were               with matched funds from the Australian
125 people, including 79 racecourse            valuable opportunities for discussion              Government.
managers, administrators and staff from        and networking between racecourse
52 racecourses and racing organisations        managers, turf managers and specialists.           Project TU08031
throughout Australia and New Zealand. In       This strengthened the resolve of racecourse        For more information contact:
addition, research workers, turf specialists   managers to apply best practice principles         Arthur Stubbs, ARMA
and a range of suppliers and consultants to    and will assist them to justify their actions to   T 03 9844 1135
the racecourse industry participated.          the many stakeholders in the racing industry.      E akstubbs@optusnet.com.au

  Gathering international insights
  Sharing knowledge and professional           The GCSAA is a much larger organisation
  insights from other countries is important   and has in place strategies to help grow
  to the ongoing development and               the game, increase the profile of members,
  professionalism of the Australian turf       integrate groundstaff, increase trade partners’
  industry.                                    participation, provide quality professional
                                               development and lobby government on
  To assist with this process, HAL funded a
  three-week study trip to North America,      industry concerns.
  visiting the Canadian Golf Course            Although the GCSAA’s environmental
  Superintendents Association (CGSA)           institute is well funded, Australia’s progress     GCSAA staff
  and the Golf Course Superintendents
                                               in developing environmental management
  Association of America (GCSAA).
                                               systems makes it a world leader in this area.
  The trip was designed to help the industry
                                               This project has been funded by HAL using
  glean information about how other
                                               a voluntary contribution from industry with
  professional associations are administered
                                               matched funds from the Australian Government.
  and how they manage their membership
  services.                                    Project TU08037

  The CGSA maintains a strong relationship     For more information contact:
  with the Royal Canadian Golf Association,    Simone Staples, AGCSA
  enabling the industry to lobby and           T 03 9548 8600
  respond quickly to government decisions.     E simone@agcsa.com.au                              GCSAA front
     Optimising turf use on construction sites
     Turf plays an important function on             •	 assessment of the rates of turf root        This will involve using flumes to apply a
     construction sites by acting as a buffer           development and the impact of the           range of flow rates to the upslope edge
     strip to trap sediment and provide surface         seasons on the initial root development     of turf strips to assess potential for flow to
     protection on batters and steeply-sloping          of five different turf species (buffalo,    tunnel under the turf.
     areas. This reduces both on-site erosion           green couch, Qld blue couch, kikuyu
                                                                                                    This project has been funded by HAL using
     and off-site sediment pollution.                   and zoysia).
                                                                                                    the turf levy with matched funds from the
     To further minimise on-site erosion and         The first two components of the project        Australian Government.
     deposits of sediment off-site, this research    have been completed and have shown
                                                                                                    Project TU08033
     project is aiming to develop best practice      positive results for the use of turf grass
                                                                                                    For more information contact:
     guidelines covering the amount and              to reduce on-site erosion and off-site
                                                                                                    Rob Loch, Landloch
     type of turfgrass needed in new building        sediment pollution.
                                                                                                    T 07 4613 1825
                                                     The hydraulic roughness study showed           E lochr@landloch.com.au
     It is estimated building sites adopting best    as flow rates increase, the roughness
     practice guidelines would see a reduction       co-efficient plateaus after an initial peak.
     in on-site erosion and off-site sediment
     pollution of at least 20 per cent compared      Preliminary analysis of the data from the
     with current practice.                          sediment trapping study has shown turf
                                                     strips produce a consistent (reduced)
     To develop the new guidelines, the study is     output of sediment concentration, despite
     divided into four components:                   the input flows carrying varying sediment
     •	 a study of the hydraulic roughness of        concentrations.
        a range of turf types (cultivars, cutting    Two experiments for the fourth component
        heights etc.);                               have been completed and a third experiment
     •	 measurement of the sediment trapping         is in progress, with a final experiment
        capacity of different types of turf;         scheduled to commence in July 2009.
     •	 assessment of the potential for tunneling    The final stage of the project is the
        under turf strips of varying ages; and       experimentation for the third component.

       Developing a national health and safety training program
       Like all Australian organisations and         The program is generic so it can               incidents such as lost time, lost production,
       companies, turf producers are required        accommodate the different health and           claims costs and increased workers
       to comply with occupational health and        safety legislative requirements of each        compensation insurance premiums.
       safety legislation.                           state and territory.
                                                                                                    Discussions have been held about
       Following requests from producers for a       The program is designed to help turf           developing training sessions for turf
       specific program to help turf producers       producers put in place health and safety       producers on business topics.
       meet their obligations in this area, a        procedures to ensure a safer workplace for
       CD-based health and safety program                                                           An information program to update
                                                     staff and employees, thus preventing or        producers about changes to health and
       was developed by Health and Safety            reducing workplace-related incidents and
       Consultancy Services covering these                                                          safety legislation is also under discussion,
                                                     injuries.                                      particularly in light of the Federal
                                                                                                    Government’s planned program for national
                                                     It also provides the appropriate incident
       The CD-based information program was                                                         health and safety legislation by 2011.
                                                     forms for recording and investigating
       developed in conjunction with HAL and
                                                     workplace incidents or accidents and to        This project has been funded by HAL using
       the Turf Producers Association (TPA)
       and was distributed to members of the         help determine appropriate controls to         the turf levy with matched funds from the

       association in November 2008.                 prevent a reoccurrence of the event.           Australian Government.
                                                     The program also includes workers
                                                                                                    Project TU08039
       The health and safety program is tailored     compensation claims management
       to the specific needs of the turf industry    information.                                   For more information contact:
       and provides the information, instructions,                                                  Bob Glass, Health & Safety Consultancy
       forms and documentation producers need        Turf producers benefit from a safer            Services
       to set up and manage their health and         workplace environment as it reduces the        T 0412 096 366
       safety requirements as an employer.           hidden costs flowing from workplace            F bobglass@hscs.net.au
Turf producers conference rated highly
For 2009 the Turf Producers Australia (TPA)
conference, themed ‘Turf in tough times’
was the place where the industry came
together to learn and to exchange views as
well as seeing the latest technology.

The conference was held in Melbourne,
with the plenary sessions at the Crowne
Plaza Hotel and the field day at Anco
Turf, Cranbourne West. Feedback from
delegates gave the event an eight out of 10
rating and, with 258 people attending over
the two days, the organisers were happy
with the result.

Conference 2009 differed significantly from
the 2008 event. Timeframes were altered to
make the event more accessible, and costs
were pared down to reduce the overall cost
of attendance. Having a later starting time
allowed interstate visitors to fly in on the
first morning.

Keynote speaker for the event was
Randy Graff, president of Turf Producers        Tony Ware from Melbourne Cricket Club discussing turf with Rob McDonald (Ballina Turf),
International from Colorado, USA. He            Ken Tyson (Tarcoola Turf) and Tony Movel (Biogreen)
set the scene with the current situation
in the USA and how growers there were
coping. He stressed the point that massive
discounting has been devastating for the
USA industry and has, in the end, not been
of benefit to those involved or the wider

Mr Graff was followed by John Lloyd who
spoke on the turf levy, HAL industry services
manager Stuart Burgess on programs, and
John Cotter on the history of Anco turf.

An afternoon tour of three iconic sites
was next with delegates being invited to
stroll on the Melbourne Cricket Ground,
Flemington racecourse and Etihad Stadium.

A series of speakers gave people a good
understanding of the specialist needs for
sports-related turf.

The evening celebration and networking
dinner was also a resounding success.
TPA chair Lynn Davidson announced the
inaugural winner of the TPA Leadership
Program, and special guest Kevin Sheedy
spoke on his time as a player and coach         Examining netting for maxirolls
of the Essendon Football Club. A charity
auction finished the evening event.
                                                This project has been funded by HAL using         Project TU08038
The second day was all about practical          a voluntary contribution from industry            For further information contact:
matters with working displays of harvesting     with matched funds from the Australian            Greg McPhee, Turf Producers Australia
machinery and turf conditioners. Trade          Government.                                       T 02 6622 7719
displays demonstrated the latest from
                                                                                                  E idm@turf.australia.com.au
     Using the web to learn about turf science
     Improving the availability of specialised      Sciences. He also made a series of field       The course could also serve as a useful
     education covering turfgrass sciences          visits to sod producers and turf facility      prototype which could be applied to other
     is an important step in building the           managers.                                      horticultural industries.
     professionalism and expertise of the turf
                                                    Visiting UQ and the Redlands Research          Based on the uptake of the courses and
                                                    Station enabled Professor Turgeon              programmes provided at UQ in 2009,
     To assist with this process, Professor Al      to evaluate the growing turf research          an opportunity exists to bring Professor
     Turgeon from Penn State University in the      programmes at both institutions.               Turgeon back to Australia to work on future
     USA visited Australia in May 2008.                                                            HAL projects (e.g. as a guest speaker at the
                                                    Following this visit the response to the       Australian Turfgrass Conference).
     Professor Turgeon is a specialist in using     online turf education course at UQ has
     web-based technologies to teach turfgrass      been enthusiastic. Two students enrolled       Professor Turgeon is keen to assist with the
     science and during his visit he provided an    for semester 1 in 2009, with six students      development of quality online education
     independent assessment of the industry’s       enrolling for the second semester.             for the local industry and to add additional
     needs in relation to ongoing education.                                                       educational tools into the existing
                                                    These early enrolments will be used to         programmes.
     He also offered advice in relation to the      provide guidance for refining the current
     content and delivery of specialist web-        turf programme. The students will be           This project has been funded by HAL using
     based courses available in the turf stream     surveyed and asked to evaluate both the        a voluntary contribution from industry with
     of the University of Queensland’s (UQ)         programme and the courses.                     matched funds from the Australian Government.
     external Applied Science and Associate
                                                    The introduction of online turfgrass           Project TU07035
     Degrees in Plant Science.
                                                    science courses has wide-ranging               For more information contact:
     During the visit Professor Turgeon was         implications. For the first time, turf         Christopher Lambrides, University of
     hosted by Dr Chris Lambrides and Dr Don        professionals will have access to university   Queensland
     Loch at the Redlands Research Station and      standard undergraduate courses in the          T 07 3365 1103
     at the UQ School of Land, Crop and Food        online environment.                            E chris.lambrides@uq.edu.au

       Living with less water
       With the ACT and much of NSW                 The seminar was designed to bring              Industry sponsors also provided displays
       experiencing extended water use              together teachers and students of turf         and held educational sessions for
       restrictions and dry periods, turf           management, sports and recreational            delegates throughout the seminar.
       managers working in the region need to       turf facilities managers and industry
       consider their long-term options.                                                           Products highlighted to the industry
                                                    representatives to:
                                                                                                   included the latest turf cultivars,
       To assist with this, a one-day seminar was   •	 provide a forum to consider best            pesticides, fertilisers and soil
       organised by the ACT Region of the Turf         management practices for water usage;       amendments, irrigation equipment,
       Grass Association of Australia (TGAA) in     •	 encourage discussion with regulatory        machinery and turf equipment,
       July 2008.                                      authorities about water shortages and       management practices and safety and
                                                       the future outlook;                         environmental and water saving concepts.
       The theme for the seminar was ‘Turf
       Management With Less Water – Is Couch        •	 obtain the latest information about         The papers presented by the seminar
       the Answer?’ and it addressed issues            management techniques from industry         speakers and the satchel handouts also
       including grass selection, species              and academic experts;                       provided delegates with a valuable
       conversion, establishment and disease        •	 provide a forum for interaction             resource for future reference.
       management. The seminar also                    and networking with other industry
       considered the use of sewer mining and                                                      This project has been funded by HAL using
                                                       participants;                               a voluntary contribution from industry
       management tools to help prioritise
       water use.                                   •	 showcase the latest products, equipment     with matched funds from the Australian
                                                       and services available to the industry;     Government.
       Speakers presented papers on a range of
                                                    •	 increase awareness of the TGAA among        Project TU07037
       issues relating to the use of couchgrass
                                                       apprentices and students; and
       and other water use management                                                              For more information contact:
       strategies. This included a paper            •	 gain insights from the latest research      John Clark, TGAA ACT
       covering the use of kikuyu grass as an          being undertaken by University of           T 02 6252 4594
       alternative to higher water use grasses.        Sydney Masters students.                    E john.clark@humanservices.gov.au
Review leads to a new approach for
industry development
A comprehensive assessment of the turf          •	 employment of a full time IDM;              •	 coordination and running of the industry’s
industry’s industry development needs has                                                         national conference;
                                                •	 the IDM’s role, responsibilities and
led to a new way of handling this important        outcomes to be related to a range of        •	 a series of field days and training sessions
area by streamlining industry development          industry development activities/projects;      run in different regions and focussing on
activities and projects together under             and                                            extension of key levy-funded programs;
central coordination.
                                                •	 funding for the IDM position to come        •	 comprehensive extension of the industry’s
All industry development activities must           from industry development projects for         environmental management system
link directly to the national Turf Industry        which the IDM is responsible.                  (EMS) program;
Strategic Plan.                                                                                •	 comprehensive extension of the industry’s
                                                Proposed activities and projects                  occupational health and safety (OH&S)
A small team of senior industry leaders
carried out the industry development            It is recognised that in the past, industry
needs assessment with the assistance of         development activities may not have been       •	 implementation of the industry’s
HAL’s industry manager, Stuart Burgess          as well-coordinated and managed as they           communications plan;
and a consultant. The group first described     could. The industry’s limited budget may       •	 selling the ‘benefits of turf’ message
the unique characteristics and structure of     also have been spread too thin, trying to         to industry so members can be strong
the industry; the business, development         do too much, therefore limiting impact. It        advocates; and
and market issues faced by turf are also        was therefore decided to tailor the program
                                                                                               •	 promoting and encouraging uptake of the
different. The group then critically reviewed   according to:
                                                                                                  industry’s ‘cost of production’ module.
all current and recent industry development     •	 prioritisation (based on urgency,
activities, highlighting strengths and             importance, impact and likely success);     This project has been funded by HAL using
weaknesses.                                                                                    the turf levy with matched funds from the
                                                •	 the limited budget available; and           Australian Government.

The new approach                                •	 the need to extend key R&D projects
                                                                                               Project TU08015
                                                   already undertaken and ready for
To maximise the effectiveness and impact           delivery to the industry.                   For further information contact:
of investment in the industry development                                                      Richard de Vos
area a new management approach is               High-priority activities have been             T 0413 588 054
needed, characterised by:                       determined as:                                 E devos.avalon@gmail.com

     Domestic marketing                                                                              Investigating
     This year a new, young, dedicated, focused
     and savvy marketing sub-committee was
                                                     the environmental benefits of turf. We have
                                                     started reaping the benefits with significant
     formed at the request of HAL to take
     Turf Australia forward and bring it to the
                                                     press clippings received.

                                                     Our Turf Australia website is live and in a
                                                                                                     use on water
                                                                                                     repellent soils
     Australian public. The dream team is
                                                     constant state of improvement. We urge
     composed of Tony Cross, Greg Miller,
                                                     all members to use this website and keep
     Gavin Rogers and Bruce Stephens.
                                                     up to date with the latest in our marketing
     We launched Turf Australia this last part       activities.                                     Water repellency, a common
     of the year with the nostalgic theme,                                                           problem in very dry horticultural and
                                                     The industry received huge exposure in
     “Celebrating the Great Aussie Backyard”.                                                        agricultural soils, is usually managed
                                                     June with over half a million Australians
                                                                                                     by regular application of surfactants
     What better way to start the campaign than      watching turf go live on television. Sunrise
                                                                                                     (surface active agents) which act to
     to launch Turf Australia at our very own        and The Morning Show celebrated World           reduce the surface tension of water,
     backyard, the 2009 Turf Expo Conference in      Environment Day by turfing their studio         allowing it to penetrate the soil
     March. Jason Hodges, in-house landscaper        and table tops. Kochie and Mel of Sunrise       more easily.
     for Better Homes & Gardens, gave a              as well as Larry and Kylie of The Morning
     message to the members on video and was         Show talked about turf and some of its          This project has been investigating
     MC at the TPA dinner that night.                environmental benefits. The beautiful           ways to improve the standard
                                                     patches of turf and their installation were     management practices for surfactant
     All industry marketing efforts will not be as   donated by Greg Miller.                         use to overcome localised dry spots
     effective without the support and individual                                                    and to improve turf quality and water
     marketing efforts of each member. Thus,         With the launch of Turf in Australia, we will   use efficiency.
     grower sales kits were distributed to each      continue to get the general public to take a
     member. Marketing tools such as the             second look at turf and Celebrate the Great     While the component of this trial
     new Turf Australia logo and educational         Aussie Backyard!                                funded by HAL has been finalised,
                                                                                                     weather conditions during the study
     brochures as well as some marketing tips        This project has been funded by HAL using       prevented identification of improved
     were included in the kit for members to use     the turf levy with matched funds from the       practices.
     in promoting their own services.                Australian Government.
                                                                                                     However, the findings support
     State association logos were also               Project TU08500                                 previous research indicating usage
     developed to have a consistent look with
                                                     For more information contact:                   of soil surfactants decreases the
     Turf Australia.
                                                     Agnes Barnard                                   time for water to infiltrate dry soil
     Media kits were distributed to the press        T 02 8295 2300                                  samples taken from a previously
     nationwide in May with a key message on         E agnes.barnard@horticulture.com.au             hydrophobic site.

                                                                                                     Data will continue to be collected
                                                                                                     from the trial site on a private
                                                                                                     contractual basis in the hope improved
                                                                                                     practices are observed during the drier
                                                                                                     winter months.

                                                                                                     This project has been funded by HAL
                                                                                                     using a voluntary contribution from
                                                                                                     industry with matched funds from the
                                                                                                     Australian Government.

                                                                                                     Project TU08034
                                                                                                     For more information contact:
                                                                                                     Rachel Poulter, QPIF
                                                                                                     T 07 3824 9514
                                                                                                     E rachel.poulter@deedi.qld.gov.au

24th Australian Turfgrass                                                                           Turf Partnership
Conference and Trade                                                                                Agreement
Exhibition                                                                                          The turf program of levy and voluntary
                                                                                                    contribution projects is managed
The 24th Australian Turfgrass Conference         •	 Parasitic nematodes – Dr Ed McGawley,           by HAL in partnership with Turf
attracted 763 delegates and 787 participants        Louisiana State University                      Producers’ Australia. The turf program
in the trade exhibition. The three-day                                                              is supported by strong industry
                                                 •	 History of Turf in Australia – Peter
education program included five streams                                                             communication and consultation
                                                    McMaugh, Scientific Consulting Services         through a Partnership Agreement
developed for golf course superintendents,
sportsfield managers, turf technicians,          •	 Next generation of machinery – Dr Van           project with HAL.
bowling greenkeepers and venue general              Cline, Toronto International
                                                                                                    The partnership agreement is
                                                 •	 The role of fine turf in future carbon offset   funded through a levy and voluntary
The program included educational sessions,          schemes – Terry Muir, EBS Australia             contribution from turf and matched
two hands-on workshops dealing with                                                                 funds from the Australian Government.
                                                 Subsequent days included golf and
disease management and a post-conference
                                                 other popular sessions covering strategic          More specifically, the general
turf tour that provided practical insight into
                                                 planning, team work, water gathering               consultation element of the
golf, sportsfield, racecourse and machinery
                                                 alternatives, DIY machinery maintenance            partnership agreement covers
maintenance. The trade exhibition
                                                 and a communications workshop.                     attendance at HAL Industry Forums,
showcased products and services available
                                                                                                    attendance at HAL/turf consultation
from 104 companies that exhibited. A
                                                 The event was extremely successful with            meetings and other formal and
welcome reception and president’s dinner
                                                 the benefit to clubs, councils and schools         informal consultation between
was also part of the program.
                                                 evident in the rise in the number of               personnel of Turf Producers’ Australia
Keynote speakers covered subject areas           attendees.                                         and HAL. These costs are reviewed
identified in previous post-conference                                                              annually.
surveys as being of interest to delegates:       This project has been funded by HAL using
                                                 a voluntary contribution from industry             Through the partnership agreement
•	 Facing and overcoming challenges                                                                 funds, the turf industry ensures regular
                                                 with matched funds from the Australian
   in the workplace – Grant Gleeson,                                                                consultation on the R&D projects
   Australian Army                                                                                  that HAL undertakes on behalf of the
•	 20 years of preparing for US open             Project TU08003                                    industry and is thereby instrumental
   tournaments – Tim Monaghan, USGA                                                                 in ensuring consultation between
                                                 For more information contact:
                                                                                                    HAL and turf industry stakeholders on
•	 Dealing with soil health through to           John Neylan, AGCSA
                                                                                                    these activities.
   cricket pitch rolling – Dr Iain James,        T 03 9548 8600
   Cranfield University, UK                      E john@agcsa.com.au                                This project has been funded by HAL
                                                                                                    using the turf levy with matched funds
                                                                                                    from the Australian Government.

                                                                                                    Project TU08900/10

                                                                                                    For more information contact:
                                                                                                    Stuart Burgess, HAL Industry Services
                                                                                                    T 03 6231 1945
                                                                                                    E stuart.burgess@horticulture.com.au

     Investing in Australian horticulture
     Australian Government priorities                                                           Relationships and
     As part of the Australian Government’s
     commitment to rural research and               Productivity and Adding Value
                                                                                                roles relating to
     development, horticulture industries
     can access matching Commonwealth
     funding through HAL for all research and
                                                    Improve the productivity and
                                                    profitability of existing industries and    HAL programs
                                                    support the development of viable
     development activities.                        new industries.                             Horticulture Australia Limited (HAL) is a
                                                                                                not-for-profit industry owned company. Its
     The Australian Government’s Rural Research
                                                    Supply Chain and Markets                    role is to manage the expenditure of funds
     and Development Priorities aim to foster
                                                                                                collected by the Australian Government on
     innovation and guide R&D effort in the face    Better understand and respond to            behalf of horticulture industries.
     of continuing economic, environmental and      domestic and international market and
     social change. HAL’s operations are closely    consumer requirements and improve           HAL invests $85 million annually in projects
     aligned with these priorities.                 the flow of such information through        to benefit horticulture industries.
                                                    the whole supply chain, including to
     This chart shows the proportion of projects                                                An Industry Advisory Committee (IAC)
     in HAL’s turf R&D program against each of                                                  is established for each industry with a
     the Australian Government priorities for                                                   statutory levy and annual income exceeding
     rural research and development. Full details   Natural Resource Management                 $150,000. The IAC is a subcommittee of
     across all industries are available in HAL’s   Support effective management                the HAL Board. It makes recommendations
     annual report at www.horticulture.com.au       of Australia’s natural resources to         to HAL on the expenditure of funds.
                                                    ensure primary industries are both
                                                    economically and environmentally            Turf Producers’ Australia recommends
                                                    sustainable.                                membership of the IAC to HAL and ensures
                                                                                                the skills required on an IAC are met by the
                                                                                                persons they recommend for appointment
                                                    Climate Variability and
                                                                                                to the committee. Turf Producers’ Australia
                                                    Climate Change                              is responsible for recommending to HAL
                                                    Build resilience to climate variability     the establishment of, and any changes to,
                                                    and adapt to and mitigate the effects of    statutory levies.
                                                    climate change.
                                                                                                For more information please visit
                                                    Protect Australia’s community, primary
                                                    industries and environment from
                                                    biosecurity threats.

                                                    Innovation Skills
                                                    Improve the skills to undertake
                                                    research and apply its findings.
                                                                                                  In 2008/09 Turf Producers’ Australia
                                                                                                  acted as the service provider on six
                                                    Technology                                    projects.
                                                    Promote the development of new and
                                                    existing technologies.                        Full details can be found on page 22
                                                                                                  and 23 of this report.

                                                    Consultation funding
                                                    Consultation funding is paid by HAL to cover costs for IAC meetings, annual levy
                                                    payers’ meetings and costs within the partnership agreement between HAL and
                                                    the member industry that are specified as consultation, for example R&D program
                                                    consultation. In 2008/09 $130,700 of consultation funding was budgeted to be
                                                    provided to Turf Producers’ Australia.
Across Industry Program
The turf industry contributes funding towards an across industry program that addresses issues affecting all of horticulture. Details of the
current program are listed below. A full report of the program can be found at www.horticulture.com.au/industry/acrossindustry.asp.

 Project                                                              Project       Project
             Title                                                                                Organisation              Contact
 No                                                                   start         completion

 Outcome 1 Enhance the efficiency, transparency, responsiveness and integrity of the supply chain for the total industry to provide clear
           market signals

 AH04007     Pesticide regulation coordinator                         5 Jul 04      1 Jul 09      AKC Consulting            Kevin Bodnaruk
                                                                                                                            02 9499 3833

 AH07033     Incident Response Protocol – development and training    21 Apr 08     30 Sep 09     Control Risks             Julian Heath
             for horticulture                                                                                               02 9279 0099

 AH08011     A baseline survey of knowledge, attitudes, approaches    31 Jul 08     31 Jan 09     Instinct and Reason       David Donnelly
             and aspirations regarding contamination management                                                             02 9283 2233

 AH08012     Country of origin labelling research project             1 Oct 08      31 Oct 08     Horticulture Australia    David Chenu
                                                                                                  Limited                   02 8295 2300

 MT07029     Managing pesticide access in horticulture                1 Jul 07      30 Jun 10     AgAware Consulting        Peter Dal Santo
                                                                                                  Pty Ltd                   03 5439 5916

 Outcome 2 Maximise the benefits of horticultural products in the eyes of consumers, influencers and government

 AH07006     Promoting the health advantage of fruit and vegetable    1 Jul 07      30 Jun 10     Horticulture Australia    Chris Rowley
             to increase their consumption                                                        Limited                   02 8901 0329

 Outcome 3 Position horticulture to compete in a globalised environment

 AH07002     HAL market access coordination                           1 Jul 07      30 Jun 09     Stephen Winter &          Stephen Winter
                                                                                                  Associates Pty Ltd        03 9832 0787

 AH07003     Market access support program                            30 Jun 08     30 Jun 09     Horticulture Australia    Kim James
                                                                                                  Limited                   08 6389 1407

 AH08010     Workshop on quantitative methods applied to              16 Jul 08     30 Sep 08     Australia Crop Genetic    Craig Hardner
             horticultural improvement                                                            Services                  07 3346 9465

 Outcome 4 Achieve long term viability and sustainability for Australian horticulture

 AH07031     Peri-urban horticulture and land use planning:           1 Apr 08      31 Oct 08     GHD                       Luke Jewell
             literature review and ‘tool-kit’                                                                               02 9241 5655

 AH08002     Horticulture Water Initiative 2008/09                    1 Jul 08      30 Jun 09     Horticulture Australia    Alison Turnbull
                                                                                                  Limited                   02 8295 2300

 AH08003     Analysis of horticulture’s carbon footprint              15 Jan 09     31 May 09     Horticulture Australia    Alison Turnbull
                                                                                                  Limited                   02 8295 2300

 AH08014     Horticulture industry consultation on Award              17 Nov 08     30 Apr 09     Horticulture Australia    Ravi Hegde
             modernisation                                                                        Limited                   02 8295 2300

     Turf Program 2008/09
     Project                                                    Levy or   Start       Project
               Project Title                                                                       Organisation               Contact
     No.                                                        VC        Project     Completion

     TU04013   TU04008 – Adaptation and management of           VC        4 Jan 05    31 Jul 09    Queensland Primary         Alan Duff
               Australian buffalograss cultivars for shade                                         Industries and Fisheries   07 3824 9553
               and water conservation

     TU05001   Management guidelines for new warm-              VC        1 Mar 06    31 Dec 09    Queensland Primary         Matthew Roche
               season greens grasses in Australia                                                  Industries and Fisheries   07 3824 9502

     TU05002   Publication of research articles in Australian   VC        1 Feb 06    31 Dec 08    Australian Golf Course     John Neylan
               Turfgrass Management magazine                                                       Superintendents            03 9548 8600

     TU06001   Evaluation of selected bentgrass ecotypes        VC        20 Oct 06   29 May 09    Australian Golf Course     John Neylan
               for salinity tolerance and sod production                                           Superintendents            03 9548 8600

     TU06003   A Life-cycle approach to the control of Poa      VC        3 Jul 06    15 Dec 08    Australian Golf Course     John Neylan
               annua in bentgrass putting greens                                                   Superintendents            03 9548 8600

     TU06006   Establishment and management of salt-            VC        1 Jan 07    31 May 10    Queensland Primary         Rachel Poulter
               tolerant amenity grasses to reduce urban                                            Industries and Fisheries   07 3824 9514
               salinity effect

     TU06008   Extension of chemical phytotoxicity testing      VC        1 Jan 07    31 May 10    Queensland Primary         Matthew Roche
               facility for warm-season turfgrasses                                                Industries and Fisheries   07 3824 9502

     TU06017   Industry Development Manager for the             Levy      1 Apr 07    30 Sep 08    Turf Producers Australia   Greg McPhee
               Australian turf industry                                                            Limited                    02 6622 7719

     TU06019   Best use modelling for sustainable Australian    VC        4 Jun 07    30 Aug 09    Queensland Primary         Shane Holborn
               sports field surfaces                                                               Industries and Fisheries   07 3824 9565

     TU07006   Identifying and managing water repellency in     Levy/VC   1 Oct 07    31 Dec 10    The University of          Louise Barton
               turfgrass grown in sandy soils                                                      Western Australia          08 6488 2543

     TU07008   Integrated Vegetation Management Program         VC        1 Dec 07    30 Dec 10    Grow Solutions Pty Ltd     Steven Hampton
               (IVMP) project                                                                                                 07 3325 4095

     TU07027   Developing an Environmental Management           Levy      21 Sep 07   1 Aug 08     Environmental Business     Terry Muir
               System (EMS) for the turf farming industry –                                        Solutions                  02 4961 4060
               Stage 1

     TU07034   Literature review and environmental,             Levy/VC   31 Jan 08   24 Apr 09    Turfgrass Scientific       Peter McMaugh
               social, economic and health benefits of the                                         Services Pty Limited       02 9872 7833
               Australian turf and golf industries

     TU07035   Developing web-based turf stream courses         VC        1 May 08    31 Aug 08    The University of          Christopher
               at undergraduate level                                                              Queensland                 Lambrides
                                                                                                                              07 3365 1103

     TU07037   TGAA ACT 2008 seminar                            VC        30 May 08   12 Sep 08    TGAA ACT                   John Clark
                                                                                                                              02 6252 4594

     TU08001   Publication of research articles in Australian   VC        1 Jan 09    31 Dec 11    Australian Golf Course     John Neylan
               Turfgrass Management (ATM) magazine                                                 Superintendents            03 9548 8600
               (cont. of TU05002)                                                                  Association

     TU08002   Evaluation of new bentgrass (Agrostis spp.)      VC        1 Dec 08    1 Dec 11     Australian Golf Course     Andrew James
               cultivars compared to Australian vegetative                                         Superintendents            Peart
               selections                                                                          Association                03 9548 8600

     TU08003   Australian Turfgrass Conference                  VC        1 Jul 08    1 Nov 08     Australian Golf Course     John Neylan
                                                                                                   Superintendents            03 9548 8600
22                                                                                                 Association
Project                                                    Levy or   Start       Project
           Project Title                                                                      Organisation               Contact
No.                                                        VC        Project     Completion

TU08007    Warm season grass evaluations for turf in       VC        26 Jun 09   26 Jun 12    University of Sydney,      Peter Martin
           cold climates                                                                      Amenity Horticulture       02 9036 7766
                                                                                              Research Unit

TU08013    Water management initiative – developing        VC        12 Sep 08   30 Dec 10    Australian Golf Course     John Neylan
           efficiencies in irrigation practices for turf                                      Superintendents            03 9548 8600
           management                                                                         Association

TU08015    Turf Industry Development Needs                 Levy      20 Oct 08   30 Mar 09    de Vos Consulting          Richard de Vos
           Assessment                                                                                                    0413 588 054

TU08018    Traffic tolerance of warm-season turfgrasses    VC        1 Oct 08    30 Nov 10    Queensland Primary         Matthew Roche
           under community sportsfield conditions                                             Industries and Fisheries   07 3824 9502

TU08020    Minor use permits AOP for the turf industry     Levy      1 Aug 08    31 May 10    Horticulture Australia     Brad Wells
                                                                                              Limited                    02 8295 2300

TU08024    Turf industry strategic planning review         Levy      28 Aug 08   30 Sep 08    Horticulture Australia     Stuart Burgess
           project                                                                            Limited                    03 6231 1945

TU08028    Turf Production Handbook 09                     Levy/VC   12 Feb 09   30 Oct 09    Turf Producers Australia   Greg McPhee
                                                                                              Limited                    02 6622 7719

TU08029    Turf Producers Conference                       VC        6 Mar 09    29 May 09    Turf Producers Australia   Greg McPhee
                                                                                              Limited                    02 6622 7719

TU08031    Racecourse Managers National Conference,        VC        18 Aug 08   31 Oct 08    Australian Racecourse      Arthur Stubbs
           August 2008                                                                        Managers Association       03 9844 1135

TU08033    Optimising turf use to minimise soil erosion    Levy      23 Jul 08   31 Dec 09    Landloch                   Robert Loch
           on construction sites                                                                                         0419 713 193

TU08034    Quantifying surfactant interaction effects on   VC        12 Sep 08   31 May 09    Queensland Primary         Rachel Poulter
           soil moisture and turf quality                                                     Industries and Fisheries   07 3824 9514

TU08037    North American Golf Course                      VC        8 Sep 08    1 Dec 08     Australian Golf Course     Simone Staples
           Superintendents Associations Management                                            Superintendents            03 9548 8600
           study tour                                                                         Association

TU08038    Turf Producers Australia National Conference    VC        1 Dec 08    30 Apr 09    Turf Producers Australia   Greg McPhee
                                                                                              Limited                    02 6622 7719

TU08039    Turf industry OH&S compliance and national      Levy      5 Sep 08    19 Dec 08    Health & Safety            Bob Glass
           worksafe scheme development                                                        Consultancy Services       0412 096 366
                                                                                              Pty Ltd

TU08044    Study tour of 11th International Turfgrass      VC        29 May 09   31 Aug 09    Turfgrass Scientific       Peter McMaugh
           Conference Santiago, Chile 26–31 July 2009                                         Services Pty Limited       02 9872 7833

TU08047    Turf capacity building 09                       Levy      1 Jan 09    31 Oct 09    Turf Producers Australia   Greg McPhee
                                                                                              Limited                    02 6622 7719

TU08052    Facilitating adoption of Environmental          Levy/VC   1 Apr 09    31 Mar 12    Turf Producers Australia   Robert Greasley
           Management Systems (EMS) for Australian                                            Limited                    0403 464 020
           Turf Producers

TU08500    Turf Marketing Program 2008/09                  Levy      17 Feb 09   30 Jun 10    Horticulture Australia     Agnes Barnard
                                                                                              Limited                    02 8295 2300

TU08900/   Turf 2008/09 Partnership Agreement              Levy      1 Jul 08    30 Jun 09    Horticulture Australia     Stuart Burgess
10                                                                                            Limited                    02 8295 2300

     Financial Report
     Turf Investment Summary
     Year Ended 30 June 2009

                                                                                     Marketing                   R&D               Combined
                                                                                      2008/09                 2008/09               2008/09

      Funds available 1 July 2008                                                      107,716               149,127                256,843


      Levies Received                                                                  111,757                447,028                558,785

      Commonwealth Contributions                                                                              323,300                323,300

      Other Income                                                                        3,427                12,104                 15,531

      Total Income                                                                     115,184               782,432                897,616

      Budget                                                                           170,000              1,080,076              1,250,076

      Variance to Budget                                                               (54,816)              (297,644)              (352,460)


      Levy Programs                                                                     89,781                569,091                658,872

      Service Delivery Programs by HAL                                                  12,228                 77,510                 89,738

      Across Industry Funding                                                                                   6,601                  6,601

      Levy Collection Costs                                                             16,350                 71,303                 87,653

      Total Investment                                                                 118,359               724,505                842,864

      Budget                                                                           180,598              1,000,946              1,181,544

      Variance to Budget                                                                62,239                276,441                338,680

      Annual Surplus/Deficit                                                             (3,175)               57,927                 54,752

      Funds available 30 June 2009                                                     104,541               207,054                311,595

                                                                                                    FOR MORE
      Turf Industry                                                                                 INFORMATION CONTACT:

      Advisory Committee
      John Lloyd (Independent Chair)
      Terry Anderlini
      John Cotter
      Lynn Davidson
                                                                                                    Stuart Burgess
      Frank Muscat                                                                                  Industry Services Manager
      John Neylan                                                                                   Horticulture Australia Limited (HAL)

      David Nickson                                                                                 262 Argyle Street
                                                                                                    Hobart TAS 7000
      Adrian Pitsikas
      Greg McPhee (ex-officio)                                                                      T 03 6231 1945
                                                                                                    E stuart.burgess@horticulture.com.au
      Stuart Burgess (ex-officio)

24   Horticulture Australia Limited (HAL) Level 7, 179 Elizabeth Street Sydney NSW 2000 T 02 8295 2300 F 02 8295 2399 www.horticulture.com.au

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