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Regime_Debate_Revisited Codebook

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					                 BJPS 2004:
The Regime Debate Revisited Database Codebook




               Jonathan Krieckhaus
          University of Missouri-Columbia
          Department of Political Science
             113 Professional Building
               Columbia, MO 65211
              Voice: (573)-882-9473
               Fax: (573)-884-5131
            krieckhausj@missouri.edu
Citation Information
Users of the database should cite Jonathan Krieckhaus, 2004. “The Regime Debate Revisited: A
Sensitivity Analysis of Democracy’s Economic Effect.” British Journal of Political Science, 34:
635-655.

General Information
The database file is a STATA file and the website contains a corresponding do file with the code
for the analyses.

All of the variables below are calculated separately for the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s.
Unless otherwise specified, variables are set equal to the mean value of the annual data for the
decade (e.g., 1960-69). Data for initial GDP, education, life expectancy, however, are all
measured in the first year of the decade.

For additional information see the published article.

Variable Descriptions
newcode                (Krieckhaus country code)

countryname          (Name of country)
Based on Easterly and Sewadeh, GDN data.

decade               (Decades)
Numeric code for decades 1=1960s, 2=1970s, 3=1980s, 4=1990s.

year                    (Decade years)
Identifies the years in a particular decade. E.g., “6069” refers to the decade containing the years
1960 to 1969.

reg                   (ACLP Index of Democracy)
Initial value of REG variable from ACLP, sign reversed.
Source: ACLP.

zreg                 (ACLP Index of Democracy)
Decade average of “reg” from ACLP, sign reversed.
Source: ACLP.

revc                  (Revolutions and Coups)
Revolutions and Coups in initial year.
Source: Banks (2001).

revcdecade          (Revolutions and Coups)
Average number of revolutions and coups.

                                                 2
Source: Banks (.2001)

edus                  (Secondary Education, first year of decade)
Total gross enrollment ratio for secondary education. Since Barro & Lee (1994) do not provide a
1990 figure, the 1985 figure is used to replace the missing 1990 value.
Source: Barro & Lee (1994).

edup                  (Primary Education, first year of decade)
Total gross enrollment ratio for secondary education. Since Barro & Lee (1994) do not provide a
1990 figure, the 1985 figure is used to replace the missing 1990 value.
Source: Barro & Lee (1994).

gdpsh                (Real GDP per capita, Penn World Tables 5.5)
GDP per capita, Penn World Tables 5.5, first year of decade.
Source: Barro & Lee (1994).

grwbdecade           (Per capita GDP growth, World Bank)
Growth in GDP per capita, World Bank, using decade averages of "grwb."
Source: Barro & Lee (1994).

g55                  (Growth in GDP per capita, Penn World Tables 5.5)
Growth in GDP per capita, Penn World Tables 5.5, first year of decade, with growth = (1/10) *
ln (GDPt2/GDPt1) *100.
Source: Barro & Lee (1994).

gpop55                 (Population Growth)
Population growth, Penn World Tables 5.5, using decade averages of “gpop” / 1000. As such,
the 1980s data is limited to the period 1980-84.
Source: Barro & Lee (1994).

invsh                (Investment, Penn World Tables 5.5)
Investment, Penn World Tables 5.5, using decade averages of “invsh5.”
Source: Barro & Lee (1994).

latin                (Latin America dummy variable)
Dummy variable identifying some countries as being in Latin America.
Source: Bollen (2001).

africa               (Africa dummy variable)
Dummy variable identifying some countries as being in Africa.
Source: Bollen (2001).


zboll60               (Democracy, Bollen Index, 1960s)
Bollen Democracy score (average of 1960 and 1965 “dem” score).
Source: Bollen (2001)

                                               3
zlib                 (Democracy, Bollen Index, 1970s and 1980s)
Bollen Democracy score (decade averages of “libdem” score for 1970s and 1980s).
Source: Bollen (2001).

iboll                (Democracy, Bollen Index, initial values)
Bollen Democracy score (values from 1960, 1970, and 1980).
Source: Bollen (2001).

bmp                 (Black Market Premium, first year of decade)
Black Market Premium, first year of decade.
Source: World Bank

bmpdecade           (Black Market Premium, decade averages)
Black Market Premium, decade averages.
Source: World Bank.

fh                     (Democracy, Freedom House, first year of decade)
Freedom House democracy score, first year of decade (but using 1972 for 1970s, due to data
limitations). Following convention, I define the democracy score as the sum of the “political
rights” index and the “civil liberties” index.
Source: Freedom House.

zfhdecade              (Democracy, Freedom House, decade averages)
Freedom House democracy score, decade averages (but using 1972-79 for 1970s, due to data
limitations). Following convention, I define the democracy score as the sum of the “political
rights” index and the “civil liberties” index.
Source: Freedom House

polity               (Polity IV Index of Democracy, first year of decade)
Polity IV Index of Democracy, first year of decade, using the “polity” variable.
Source: Polity IV.

zpoldecade           (Polity IV Index of Democracy, decade averages)
Polity IV Index of Democracy, decade averages, using the “polity” variable.
Source: Polity IV.

gdcdecade           (Credit growth)
Average growth in domestic credit. Calculation: mean level of annual change in domestic credit.
Source: IMF (2001).

stdgdc                (Standard deviation of credit growth)
Standard deviation of growth in domestic credit, 1960-69. Standard deviation of the annual data
points constituting GDC.
Source: IMF (2001).



                                                4
rgdpch               (Real GDP per capita, Penn World Tables 6.1)
GDP per capita, Penn World Tables 6.1, first year of decade. (rgdpch/1000 to show significant
digits).
Source: PWT 6.1.

g61                 (Growth in per capita GDP, Penn World Tables 6.1)
Growth in GDP per capita (chain index), by decade.
Source: Penn World Tables 6.1.

opendecade             (Trade Openness)
Ratio of exports plus imports to GDP, averaged over each decade.
Source: PWT 6.1.

govcom              (Government consumption)
Government consumption as % GDP.
Source: Penn World Tables 6.1.

gpop61                (Population growth, PWT 6.1)
Growth in population, decade averages. Population growth = (1/10) * ln (POPt2/POPt) * 100.
Source: Penn World Tables 6.1.

kidecade            (Investment, PWT 6.1))
Investment, Penn World Tables 6.1, decade averages.
Source: Penn World Tables 6.1.

life                  (Life expectancy)
Average life expectancy in 1960.
Source: World Bank (2001).

pi                  (Inflation)
Mean of annual change in GDP deflator.
Source: World Bank (2001).

stdpi                 (Standard deviation of inflation)
Standard deviation of annual change in GDP deflator.
Source: World Bank (2001).




                                                5
References
Alvarez, Mike, Jose Antonio Cheibub, Fernando Limongi, and Adam Przeworski, 1999. ACLP
       Political and Economic Database. Downloaded from:
       http://www.ssc.upenn.edu/~cheibub/data/Default.htm

Banks, Arthur S, 2001. Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive. CD-ROM, Databanks
       International. Binghamton, NY: Center for Social Analysis, State University of New
       York at Binghamton. Electronic File.

Barro, Robert and J.W. Lee. "International Measures of Schooling Years and Schooling Quality,
       AER, Papers and Proceedings, 86(2): 218-223. See Barro, Robert and J.W. Lee.
       "International Data on Education", manuscipt. See previous dataset also: Barro Robert,
       and J.W. Lee, 1993. "International Comparisons of Educational Attainment," NBER
       Working Paper. http://www.nuff.ox.ac.uk/Economics/Growth/barlee.htm.

Bollen, Kenneth A. Cross-National Indicators of Liberal Democracy, 1950-1990 [Computer
       file]. ICPSR02532-v2. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina [producer], 1998.
       Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
       [distributor], 2001. Downloaded from: ICPSR on June 2, 2003.

Easterly, William, and Mirvat Sewadeh, 2001. Global Development Network Growth Database.
       Downloaded from: http://www.worldbank.org/research/growth/GDNdata.htm. More
       recently located at http://www.gdnet.org/middle.php?oid=240.

Freedom House. “Freedom in the World.” Downloaded on May 6, 2003 from
      http://www.freedomhouse.org/ratings/index.htm.

Gurr, Ted R., Monty Marshall, and Keith Jaggers. 2002. “Political Regime Characteristics and
       Transitions, 1800-2004.” Polity IV Project. Downloaded from
       http://www.cidcm.umd.edu/inscr/polity/.

Heston, Alan, Robert Summers, and Bettina Aten, 2002. Penn World Table Version 6.1. Center
       for International Comparisons at the University of Pennsylvania (CICUP), October.
       Downloaded on March 9, 2007, from
       http://pwt.econ.upenn.edu/php_site/pwt61_form.php.

International Monetary Fund (IMF), 2001. International Finance Statistics. CD-ROM.
        Washington, D.C., IMF. Electronic File.

The World Bank, 1988. Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators. WB
      Discussion paper no. 35: 960-84.
      http://www.worldbank.org/research/growth/GDNdata.htm, downloaded Sept. 27, 2002.
      More recently located at
      http://www.nyu.edu/fas/institute/dri/global%20development%20network%20growth%20
      database.htm

                                              6
The World Bank, Various years. World Development Indicators, 2001. CD-ROM. Washington
      D.C., The World Bank.




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