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7 - Atoms and the Periodic Table

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					                                                   Rockaway Township Public Schools
                                                       Science Literacy Unit Plan
                                  Physical Science: Grade 7 – Atomic Structure and The Periodic Table

Unit Title:                                       Time Frame:                                      21st Century Theme:
                                                                                                   9.1 - Critical Thinking & Problem Solving
                                                               First Marking Period
                                                                                                         Communication and Media Fluency
       Atomic Structure + The Periodic Table                   September - October
                                                                                                         Creativity and Innovation

Standard:

        5.2 Physical Science: Physical science principles, including fundamental ideas about matter, energy, and motion, are powerful conceptual
         tools for making sense of phenomena in physical, living, and Earth systems science.

Strands:                                                                Cumulative Progress Indicator Number(s):
                                                      Rockaway Township Public Schools
                                                          Science Literacy Unit Plan
                                     Physical Science: Grade 7 – Atomic Structure and The Periodic Table


          Strand A. Properties of Matter: All objects and substances in       5.2.8.A.1 - Explain that all matter is made of atoms, and give
           the natural world are composed of matter. Matter has two             examples of common elements.
           fundamental properties: matter takes up space, and matter           5.2.8.A.2 - Analyze and explain the implications of the statement
           has inertia.                                                         “all substances are composed of elements.
                                                                               5.2.8.A.3 - Use the kinetic molecular model to predict how solids,
                                                                                liquids, and gases would behave under various physical
                                                                                circumstances, such as heating or cooling.
                                                                               5.2.8.A.4 - Predict the physical and chemical properties of
                                                                                elements based on their positions on the Periodic Table.
                                                                               5.2.8.A.5 - Identify unknown substances based on data regarding
                                                                                their physical and chemical properties.
                                                                               5.2.8.A.6 - Determine whether a substance is a metal or nonmetal
                                                                                through student-designed investigations.




Rockaway Township Goals:
          Review states of matter
          Review chemical and physical changes
          History of the atom
          Atomic theory
          Atoms are organized on the periodic table
          Chemical formulas ( subscripts / coefficients )
Essential Question:                                                            Enduring Understanding:
           How do the properties of materials determine their use?                  The structures of materials determine their properties.
           How does conservation of mass apply to the interaction of
                                                 Rockaway Township Public Schools
                                                     Science Literacy Unit Plan
                                Physical Science: Grade 7 – Atomic Structure and The Periodic Table

       materials in a closed system?
Unit Learning Targets:                                          Suggested Activities:                                       Vocabulary:
The student will be able to….                                   Including Differentiated Strategies (DI)
 Collaborate with peers to develop strategies for describing    Target Activities:                                          atomic theory (and
  the types of atoms and their numbers in an element or               Timelines to show the development of Atomic              scientist
  compound                                                               Theory                                                 associated)
 Collaborate with peers to develop techniques for                    Rutherford’s Experiment                                 coefficient
  determining the elements that make common things (e.g.,             Make Models of Atoms                                    compound
  sugar (C6H12O6), salt (NaCl), water (H2O), etc).                    Kits to show Bohr’s Model with color coded              conservation of
 Students should be developing a conceptual understanding               chips                                                  mass
  of the atomic theory rather than memorizing characteristics         Tom Lehrer “ The Elements Song”                         element
  of individual elements                                              Mendeleev’s Missing Puzzle piece                        inert
 Use digital instructional tools, such as U-Tube, Brain Pop and      Color code the Periodic Table                           material safety
                                                                                                                                data sheets
  online Interactive Labs, to explore the molecular                   Flame Testing – kit to illustrate metal reactivity
  arrangement of element s and compounds.                                                                                      molecules
                                                                      Connection of Flame Testing to Fireworks
 Observe properties of elements and sort them into                                                                            Periodic Family
                                                                      Element Research Project                                 Names
  categories (i.e. metals and nonmetals, gases and solids).           Presentation of “Real life” product labels              reactivity
 Note: Students should be developing basic skills for                   showing chemical compounds
  interpreting and using periodic tables rather and not                                                                        subscript
                                                                      Using the Internet to find chemical formulas for        valence electrons
  memorizing the physical and chemical properties of                     ingredients for everyday products
  elements.                                                           Element Dating Game (Family One plus Family
 Explore the reasoning for multiple classification systems              Seven to make compounds)(Eight is Great) Find
  described by different groups of students.                             You Match
 Watch an Alkali Metal video on YouTube. Write about the             Activity – Understanding subscripts and
  reactions viewed in the video and explain how certain                  Coefficients in Compounds
  metals are more reactive with water than others.                    Naming of Chemical compounds Discussion of
 Model the historic development of the periodic table of                Material Safety Data Sheet in relation to work
  elements. Given a palette or strip of paint color chips from a         place safety
  hardware store, arrange them in some logical order and              Conservation of Mass Kit
  make predictions (e.g., hue, tint, color). Explore the                 Use of Triple Beam Balance
                                                 Rockaway Township Public Schools
                                                     Science Literacy Unit Plan
                                Physical Science: Grade 7 – Atomic Structure and The Periodic Table

  reasoning for multiple arrangements.                                    (Alka-Seltzer and Water Lab) and/or
 Design investigations and use scientific instruments to                 (Calcium chloride, sodium carbonate, and
  collect, analyze and evaluate evidence as part of building an           Phenol Red)
  explanation for classifying samples as a pure substance or a    Optional New Jersey Suggested Activities:
  compound.                                                             Design and carry out an investigation to
 Use partner talk and whole-group discussions in order to                determine whether a substance is a metal or
  learn from other’s ideas.                                               nonmetal. Justify, citing evidence and
 Given an interactive digital periodic table of elements,                reasoning for the classifications.
  identify unknown substances based on their physical and                      Include conductivity, and common
  chemical properties. Collaboratively evaluate and refine                       chemical properties.
  claims based on peers’ evidence and reasoning,                               Identify patterns in the data and
 Using appropriate software or online tools, create a                           generate conclusions.
  presentation to describe and defend the investigation.




Resource Materials:                                                    Assessments:
                                                 Rockaway Township Public Schools
                                                     Science Literacy Unit Plan
                                Physical Science: Grade 7 – Atomic Structure and The Periodic Table

     Glencoe RED                                                             Quizzes
     Prentice Hall                                                           Tests
     Inquiry in Action: Investigating Matter through Inquiry, 3rd            District Assessment to be developed in year 2 of the 5 year cycle
      edition. Permission is granted in advance for reproduction for
      classroom use. Please include “Reprinted with permission
      from Inquiry in Action, Third Edition, Copyright © 2007,
      American Chemical Society.”
      http://www.inquiryinaction.org/
     National Science Digital Library, Science Digital Literacy Maps
      The Physical Setting: Conservation of Matter
     http://strandmaps.nsdl.org/?id=SMS-MAP-1332

     National Science Digital Library, Science Refreshers
     http://nsdl.org/refreshers/science/
     Science Curriculum Topic Study:
            Density p. 164
            Properties of Matter, p. 171
            Chemical Properties and Change p. 161
            Gravitational Force, p. 215
            Pressure and Buoyancy, p. 222
            Energy Transformation p. 213




Technology Integration:                                                 Related Literature:
                                                 Rockaway Township Public Schools
                                                     Science Literacy Unit Plan
                                Physical Science: Grade 7 – Atomic Structure and The Periodic Table

   Inquiry in Action: Investigating Matter through Inquiry, 3rd
    edition. Permission is granted in advance for reproduction for
    classroom use. Please include “Reprinted with permission from
    Inquiry in Action, Third Edition, Copyright © 2007, American
    Chemical Society.”
   National Science Digital Library, Science Digital Literacy Maps
    The Physical Setting: Atoms and Molecules
    http://strandmaps.nsdl.org/?id=SMS-MAP-1325
   National Science Digital Library, Science Refreshers
    http://nsdl.org/refreshers/science/
   Science Curriculum Topic Study:
    Elements and the Periodic Table p. 165
   www.webelements.com
   www.chemicalelements.com

				
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