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060420-06AN026-CWS Application-IMAE


                   SERVICE PERMIT
Applicant Information

1. Applicant name and mailing address

 Paul Smith
 National Wildlife Research Centre,
 Carleton University,
 1125 Colonel By Dr.
 Ottawa, ON
 K1A 0H1

2. Phone          613-990-2384

3. Fax            613-998-0458

4. E-mail

5. Name and address of camp/trip supervisor, if different from above
 As Above

6. Phone

7. Fax

8. E-mail

9. Total number of people covered by                             4

Project Scope and Description

10. Type of permit applied for:                                               Scientific Permit

11. Project scope. Succinct summary of proposed activity(ies) in two sentences
or less.
 Shorebird populations are declining across North America, and information on their breeding
 ecology is needed to understand and address the causes of decline. This project seeks to
 identify the factors that affect shorebird reproductive success, and to determine if changes on the
 breeding grounds could be responsible for population declines.
12. Project description. Non-technical summary of 300 words or less; attach
detailed description if available. Non-technical summary should outline project
activities and rationale; location (if in Bird Sanctuary or National Wildlife area,
specify which one); method of transportation; and structures that will be erected,
including tent camps; dates, number of people, and measures taken to minimize
environmental impacts.

 The primary objectives of this project are to:

         1) Identify the habitat and biological factors that influence reproductive success of
         shorebirds in the Canadian low Arctic.

         2) Identify the environmental factors that result in annual fluctuations in reproductive
         output and population size (e.g. weather, timing of snow melt, variation in predation).
         Link these findings to ongoing shorebird surveys during breeding and migration.

         3) Evaluate the hypothesis that some shorebird population declines may be resulting
         from declines in reproductive success

 We will address these objectives by carrying out field work at Coats Island, Nunavut. We will
 search for and monitor nests, and assess nest habitat following standard, non invasive
 protocols. Shorebirds will be captured and banded following CWS animal care guidelines. A
                                                         th           th
 crew of four researchers will be on site from May 20 until July 30 . Travel to and from the field
 site will be by Twin Otter aircraft. All research will be conducted on foot, and an ATV will be
 used for periodic travel to a field site 10km away. An existing camp will be used, with a small
 cabin on site. Waste will be burned, and incombustible materials will be flown out at the end of
 the season. Camp leaders are skilled in the use of bear deterrents. All staff members are
 licensed to handle firearms, and are given a detailed bear deterrence plan prior to the field

 Staff at this site will also conduct shorebird surveys for a 10 day period in mid June. Survey
 plots will be accessed by helicopter, and will be distributed across Coats Island. The surveys
 are a census of breeding birds only; no invasive work will be carried out at survey plots.

13. Are you applying to kill, salvage, or otherwise interfere with migratory
birds (e.g. take blood, transmitter implant, etc.).    yes     no
If yes, provide details, including specie(s) of bird, number, and method.

 Shorebirds will be captured at the nest with walk-in traps and bow-net traps. Upon capture,
 they will be weighed, measured, and banded with colour and metal bands. Birds will be
 released immediately. After banding, birds will be observed with binoculars only. Colour
 banding is necessary for identification of individuals, and possible identification of migration
 routes and wintering sites. Only licensed staff will take part in bird banding. The number of
 each species covered by our permits appears below.

                  Red Phalarope                   Phalaropus fulicarius       50
                  White-rumped Sandpiper          Calidris fuscicollis        50
                  Ruddy Turnstone                 Arenaria interpres          50
                  Black-bellied Plover            Pluvialis squatarola        50
                  Dunlin                          Calidris alpina             50
                  Semipalmated sandpiper          Calidris pusilla            50
                  Semipalmated Plover             Charadrius semipalmatus     50
14. Activities related to project proposal- check as many as apply.
   mining/oil and gas exploration          camp construction
   permanent building                      winter road
   access to protected area                cruise ship
   tourism- commercial                     tourism- non-commercial
   bird/wildlife research                  collection of species
   surveys- aerial, ground, satellite      bulk storage of fuel
   ship movements                          commercial harvest
   use of aircraft                         other (describe below)

Project Location and Duration

14. Geographic place name (be as specific as possible)
 North Central Coats Island: “West Hut” Area

15. Coordinates (enter multiple coordinates for activities occurring over a
large area(s))
 Camp location: N62° 51’ 06.6” W82° 29’ 05.6”

16. Territory     Nunavut        17. If in Nunavut, which region?           Kivalliq

18. Status of land on which project will                Crown and Inuit Owned Lands
19. Proposed start date                   May 15
and end dates (in same year):             August 10th

20. For multi-year projects, proposed term of permit (years):

Materials Used

21. List equipment and fuel to be used. Include aircraft, boats, generators,
large tent structures,various types of fuel, etc.

Fuel or equipment               Size/amount                      Proposed use
Twin Otter: travel to and from field site, ATV for periodic travel to field site 10 km away
Small generator (gasoline powered): to provide power for use of a computer

1-10’x12’ Cabin for sleeping and 2 – 10’x12’ longhouse frame tents for cooking and storage

75 litres of gasoline for generator and ATV
Bell 206L and 8 drums of helicopter fuel for shorebird surveys. All fuel will be used, and
empties removed this season.

22. Do you plan to carry firearm(s)? Yes    No
If yes, number, type and purpose of firearms

 12 ga. shotguns will be carried by each of the 4 crew members. These guns are for bear

23. Waste disposal: document type of waste produced and proposed
disposal method (if insufficient space here please continue in the
Additional Information box).

 Type of waste          Approx. amount produced                  Proposed disposal method
Garbage                       200l - burned, incombustibles flown out at end of season
Grey Water                    200l - buried
Sewage                        50l - buried
Hazardous                     none

Local involvement in project

24. List local community representatives who have been contacted about
your proposed activities. Include community groups, local businesses,
schools, etc. State how they are participating in your activity, if at all (e.g.
providing advice, supplying goods, hired to assist you, etc.)

We have been in contact with local Inuit organisations throughout the life of the project, to ensure
that any concerns are addressed. Residents of Coral Harbour also support this research.
Support was confirmed by Grant Gilchrist (CWS) at a meeting in February, 2004. Coral
Harbour’s Aiviit HTA can be contacted at:

        P.O. Box 108
        Coral Harbour, NU
        X0C 0C0
        Ph: (867) 925-8622
        Fax: (867) 925-8300

Josiah Nakoolak, a resident of Coral Harbour, will assist with the research for the month of June.
Mr. Nakoolak has been seasonally employed by the CWS for over a decade, and is an invaluable
member of the team in terms of both safety and research.

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