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Previous Issue - UTS Voice


									 2      March 1-15, 2007
        UTS’ VOICE                                                              photo feature                                                                   
               UTs’ Own News Fortnightly

                  UTS’ VOICE
Published from Daman - Diu and widely circulated in Dadra
Nagar Haveli, Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar Islands,
Pondicherry, Chandigarh, Goa, Mumbai, Delhi and Bangalore
              Editor-in-Chief : Amal Das*
             Managing Editor : Merlyn Das
            Executive Editor : N K Bhardwaj
                     Online Editor :
                      Basudev Dass
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                  Hony. Legal Advisor
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             Phone: 0260 - 2250910, 5547810

                       Leslie St.Anne
            C/o. 'Chateau Zito' House No. 823,
     Bairo Primeiro, Assolna, Salcete , Goa - 403 701
      Ph . : 2773284, 2775101, Mob. : 9822140001
                      R. Palaniswamy
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                   Pondicherry – 605 008
       Phone : 0413-2253032, Mobile: 9443236399
                       Siraj Koya K.,
               Kunhacha House, Amini Island,
                    U.T. of Lakshadweep
        Ph: 04891 - 273135, Mobile: 9847189197
   Gala No. 6, Mehra Industrial Estate, Opp. Sakinaka             Chief Minister of Goa Pratapsingh Rane and Mrs Fatima D’Sa, Chairperson of G.T.D.C at The Grape Escapade
        Telephone Exchange, Kurla-Andheri Road,
        Mumbai - 400 072, Mobile: 09324248855
                    C P. Radhakrishnan,
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                   Phone: 080 - 2561 7304                                          LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
                    Darayas N. Master,
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                 Dadra and Nagar Haveli
                   Chhotubhai B. Patel,
      Shop No. 11, Centre Point, Vapi-Silvassa Road,              Dear Sir,                                                                    Even the tax payer in this country do not get health
 Near Piparia out police station, D&NH, Silvassa - 396230                                                                                             care on assured basis in government
                    Mobile: 9824667608                            I am an avid reader of UTS’ VOICE. I saw                                            hospitals. Our industrialist when take over
                   Telefax: 0260-2644633                        the main story of your last issue. The poor                                           industries in other countries they give it in
                           Daman                                people in this country do not get the basic                                           writing that company will pay for social
                      Dillip B Tandel,                          necessity of food, clothing and shelter. Our                                          security of workers. But in their own country
                    Mobile: 9898389991
                                                                Industrialist never care about their labour and                                       they are not ready to give even employment
                                                                most of the time pressurize the government                                            to poor people and question of social security
                 Junior Correspondents:
                                                                for hire and fire policy. There is no social                                          is a dream.
               Vimal Chordia , Maneesh Bohra
                                                                security in our social system. In this situation
                      Art Department
                                                                where the poor labourer will go.ESI was a                                                                          Yours Sincerely,
           Layout and Graphics : Hemanta Jena
                                                                beneficial system to labour community but they                                                               Ashok Kumar, Rohini,
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                                                                                                                                                                  UTS’ VOICE

   Populist GOA Budget
2007-2008 focus on Agri Sops
Panjim: Laying emphasis on the                  Rs.50, graph books, exercise books and          to streamline the administration with rapid     Coming as it were on the threshold of
Agricultural Sector, Goa’s Chief Minister       laboratory journals from levy of taxes.         computerisation. According to CM Rane,        the Assembly Elections the Congress (I)
Pratapsing Rane on Wednesday March              While allotting more funds to the Goa           the cadastral survey of all talukas has       are elated over the ‘Peoples’ Budget”. Not
7th, presented before the Assembly a            University, the CM plans to start a             been computerised and the Government          so the Opposition. Former Chief Minister
“populist” Rs.4409.97 crore Budget for the      separate Department of Centre for               planned to have all talukas and sub offices   and Leader of the Opposition, Manohar
fiscal year 2007-08 with a bagful of sops       Women’s Studies at the University.              inter-linked through Goa Net so as a          Parrikar of the BJP described the Budget
for the common citizen.                            On the secular front, religious              citizen could obtain a plan from any office   as “colourless, shapeless, odourless and
   The ‘feel good’ Budget with a projected      paraphernalia (excluding religious              of the Settlement and Land Records in         directionless”. Parrikar warned that the
revenue deficit of Rs.7.91 crore, held in       pictures on Calendars),                                             Goa. The Government       Rane Budget was unrealistic and would
store ‘sweet’ concessions like a hike in        such as, sacred thread,                                             also proposed to          end in a debt trap with loans procured by
the Dayanand Social Security (DSS)              rakhi, kirpan, prasadam                                             conduct a fresh           the Congress I government exceeding
pension scheme for senior citizens, free        and holy pictures are                                               Survey of the entire      Rs.1, 500 crore. The interest has risen
health check-ups for persons above 30           now tax-free, while, in                                             State to update the       from Rs.350 crore to Rs.467 crore.
years of age, loan concessions for              keeping with its                                                    cadastral maps and        Parrikar also pointed out that ‘expenditure
government servants and reduction of            ‘populist’ theme, the                                               Record of Rights in       on education had actually been slashed
taxes in various sectors, that came as no       new Budget has                                                      2007-08.                  by Rs.35 crore, tourism by Rs.5 crore and
surprise in the light of the forthcoming        several sops laid out in                                              As        far      as   there really was not much to crow about
elections.                                      the Social Welfare area.                                            computerisation of        in the provisions in the Agriculture
   In a bid to spike agricultural growth an     In order to encourage                                               Panchayat Offices, so     sector!”
additional financial liability of Rs.10 crore   inter-caste marriages                                               far 150 bodies have         In contrast to Parrikar, the Goa Chamber
would be incurred by the State                  with Schedule Castes                                                been provide with         of Commerce and Industry termed the
Government as a bundle of subsidies for         (SC), the award amount                                              Computer Hardware         Budget as excellent and applauded the
agriculture and allied activities would be      has been raised from                                                and software for data     Chief Minister for incorporating
made available. “Our aim is to hike             the existing Rs.25, 000/                                            entry work is in          proposals made by the Chamber,
agriculture growth from minus 0.9% to           - to Rs.1 lakh, which will                                          progress.          The    especially the withdrawal of entry tax on
                                                                                      Pratapsing Rane
almost 7.7%,” announced a beaming CM            be put in the bride’s                                               remaining 39 Village      Capital Goods for new Units.
at a post Assembly press briefing. The          account. Incentives to                                              Panchayats will be
Chief Minister further stated that ‘this        NGOs for starting Shelter Homes for             taken up in 2007-08.
year’s Budget would focus on                    children through government grants have            Earlier in his Budget Speech, Chief          Statement about the ownership and
Agriculture,          Education          and    also been covered in this Budget. The           Minister Rane was ecstatic over the             other particulars about newspaper
Infrastructure’.                                grants have been enhanced from Rs.250           reduction of revenue deficits. He claimed
   The Budget, that spared the common           to Rs.400 per child per month for an            that the revenue deficit was reduced to         entitled UTS’ VOICE as required to be
man from additional taxes, however, did         Institution that houses children on its         Rs.21.85 crore in 2005-06, while the            published in the first issue of every
impose a green cess on electricity bills.       own premises and from Rs.290 to Rs.500          revenue deficit anticipated in 2006-07 was      year after the last day of March.
Nonetheless, it projected sops to poor          per child per month for an Institution that     to the tune of Rs.34.86 crore and that of
                                                                                                                                                      Form IV (See Rule 8)
and women and children, while the               houses children in rented premises.             the projected Budget of 2007-08 was only
financial assistance under the Dayanand            Alarmed at the degradation of Goa’s          Rs.7.91 crore.
Social Security Scheme for senior citizens      world renowned attractive natural                  The Chief Minister further pointed out     1. Name of Publication: UTS’ VOICE
was hiked from Rs.750 to Rs.1000.               environs and the garbage issue, the Chief       that the actual fiscal deficit during 2005-   2. Place of Publication: 9, Vivek, Jetty
   To boost Infrastructure development,         Minister, announced an ‘environmental           06 was Rs.580.57 crore as against Rs.631
the State Government in the Budget has          cess’ of o.5% on the gross value of             crore projected in Budget estimate 2005-        Road, Daman (UT) -396 210
decided to go in for public- private            Electricity Bills that would go towards a       06. In a 90 minute presentation of facts      3. Periodicity of Publication: Fortnightly
partnerships (PPP) for attracting               Garbage Management Fund. “We cannot             and figures, Rane claimed that the            4. Printer’s Name: Amal Das
investments on mega projects such as            ignore the garbage problem nor can we           ‘downward revision in the fiscal deficit in
                                                                                                                                                Whether citizen of India: Yes
International Convention Centre, North-         condone mindless construction activity”         revised estimates 2006-07 is at Rs.688.46
South Expressway, Goa Broad Band                declared Rane. He promised to set up            crore as against budgeted estimate for         Address: 9, Vivek, Jetty Road, Daman
Network, Hydel Power Generation and             modern garbage treatment plants at the          2006-07 of Rs.753.46 crore due to non-          (UT) -396 210
Oceanarium. The Government would also           earliest and make Goa garbage-free in two       receipt of external loan assistance for       5. Publisher’s Name: Amal Das
concentrate on improvement in                   years.                                          water supply and sanitation. The
                                                                                                                                                Whether citizen of India: Yes
administrative efficiency, procedural              Admitting that Government Employees          highlight of the new Budget estimate of
simplifications, and strict enforcement         are paid much less than their                   2007-08, was that there would be ‘zero         Address: 9, Vivek, Jetty Road, Daman
and computerisation of all the major            counterparts in the Private Sector at           growth’ in the fiscal deficit projected at      (UT) -396 210
revenue earning departments.                    higher posts, the Chief Minister while          752.64 crore over Budget estimate 2006-
                                                                                                                                              6. Editor’s Name: Amal Das
   Dispelling doubts that the Budget was        regretting that the Government could not        07. This includes low cost external loan
influenced by the Goa Chamber of                afford to increase the pay scales as the        assistance of Rs.75 crore for water supply      Whether citizen of India: Yes
Commerce, the Chief Minister disclosed          work force was huge, announced instead,         and sanitation.                                Address: 9, Vivek, Jetty Road, Daman
the Budget’s proposals for improvements         some ‘benefits’ like easier loans etc. were        The 2007-08 Budget also lays stress on       (UT) -396 210
in the Educational, Social Welfare,             slated for government employees. “ My           quick disposal of appeals and registration
                                                                                                                                              7. Name and address of individuals who
Agricultural fields besides enhancement         government is in the process of giving          of cases, strengthening of luxury tax and
of basic Infrastructure. In the Education       interest free loans to teachers to purchase     entertainment tax wings of commercial tax       own the newspaper and partners or
sector, ‘new buildings with water and           lap-top computers, and next year                wing of the Commercial Tax Department.          shareholders holding more than one
toilet facilities were on the anvil for         government employees will be granted            It proposed to promote the practice of          percent of the total paid up capital as
Anganwadis and those employed in these          loans to purchase computers at a 2% rate        issuing of cash memos with emphasis on
(Anganwadis) would be entitled to               of interest without any ceiling on basic        creating public awareness and interaction       on 28/02/2006: Amal Das, 9, Vivek, Jetty
retirement benefits’, he said.                  pay”, he said. Besides this, Government         with dealers. To curb bad industrial            Road, Daman (UT) -396 210
   The Budget spelled good news for the         Employees would now be eligible to a            atmosphere as envisaged in the Hilly             I, Amal Das, hereby declare that the
Student Community. Henceforth, the State        loan of Rs.5 lakhs or 25 times the basic        States, the Chief Minister planned to give
                                                                                                                                                particulars given above are true to the
Government has exempted items like              pay, whichever is lower, to purchase            tax exemptions on machinery and
geometry boxes, colour boxes, crayons,          vehicles.                                       equipment for new units and also existing       best of my knowledge and belief.
chalk sticks, pencil sharpeners, writing           Among the other salient features of the      units who plan to invest 50% or more on                                     Sd/-
instruments and pens costing less than          2007-08 Budget is the Government’s bid          expansion in machinery and equipment.           Date: 1/03/2007    Amal Das, Publisher
        March 1-15, 2007
        UTS’ VOICE

  Aussie paedophile gets 10 yrs RI
Panaji: An Australian paedophile, Werner       Raymond Varley (Bangkok), Zell Jurgen        had subjected one of the victims to             kidnapped, subjected to sexual abuse,
Wolf Ingo, 50, was sentenced to 10 years       Adreas alias Yogi (German) and               unnatural lust by paying him Rs 20 and          causing injury to them, sold and made
rigorous imprisonment by a sessions            Dominique Sabire (France). Sabire            Rs 25.                                          available to foreign nationals to satisfy
court in Goa on Wednesday. He has been         jumped bail from Goa and fled in February       Incidentally, the second victim did not      their sexual lust.
convicted for his involvement in a child       2000.                                        support the prosecution. CBI’s senior             “There are hundreds of such
abuse racket along with Freddy Peats.            The accused has been held guilty under     counsel S B Faria has moved the court to        paedophiles still visiting the tourist state,
  Peats, the main operator in the              Section 363 (Kidnapping), 367                initiate perjury proceedings against the        but the authorities are not doing enough
international paedophilia racket, who was      (Kidnapping in order to subject one for      witness for not co-operating.                   to nab them”, accuses Dr Nishtha Desai,
serving a life sentence in Goa, is now         unnatural offences) and Section 377 of          Faria, who represented the CBI in the        director of the Children’s Rights in Goa.
dead.                                          the IPC for unnatural offences.              case conducted in camera, said the                According to children’s rights activists,
  Sexual abuse of children in Goa gained         In his order, Judge Salkar said the        accused was extradited last year to face        this trade is still very much in existence
national attention following the exposure      prosecution has proved beyond doubt          trial here. The prosecution examined 15         invisibly and because of police
of Freddy Peats’ activities. The accused       that the accused committed offences          witnesses in support of its case. The           inefficiency, witnesses turn hostile and
deserves much more than this, but              under Sections 363, 367 and 377 of the       court would hear the accused on the point       the accused get acquitted. They don’t
certainly not less, said the judge. A self-    IPC.                                         of sentence on March 7.                         freely roam on the beaches now, but they
styled missionary who claimed to have            “There is no ground to disbelieve a           The CBI as per the high court orders         hire rooms in the villages and call the
run welfare homes for abandoned                victim when he stated that on the first      was investigating the case. Sheela Barse,       children to entertain them. In Goa, “sex
children, Peats was found to be running        occasion, the accused had asked him to       Mumbai-based child rights activist, had         village hideouts” is the latest rage for
a child sex racket with paedophiles from       masturbate him and tried to have anal        approached the High Court after finding         paedophiles. Foreigners usually book
various countries as his clients.              intercourse with him and on the second       that local police authorities were not          rooms in remote villages for weeks, and
  Another conspirator Eoghan McBride           occasion, the accused only asked him to      seriously investigating the case.               they’re a safe bet. “It’s difficult to track a
from New Zealand was convicted in 2002.        masturbate him,” Judge Salkar said.             The prosecution, while producing             room in isolated areas, it is also difficult
Four other associates are still absconding.      The judge further observed that the        several witnesses including the victims,        to identify the victim” says a senior
These are Niels Oscar Johnson (Sweden),        prosecution has proved that the accused      established the fact that the children were     policeman in North Goa.

Mormugao Port Trust (MPT) gets I.T.
Exemption as charitable institution
In a very recent path breaking decision,       other Benches of the ITAT, including that    MPT is constituted as a statutory               1.4.2005. However, as regards the claim
the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT),      in the case of ITAT Delhi Bench in Market    authority under the Major Port Trusts Act,      of MPT for registration with retrospective
Panaji Bench, Goa has held that                Committee, Sullar Gharat and ors v/s CIT     1963 for the purposes of maintenance and        effect from the date of its notification as a
Mormugao Port Trust (MPT) is a                 2005 94 TTJ 692(Del), wherein Hon’ble        development of Mormugao Harbour,                Major Port (1st July, 1964), or w.e.f 1.4.2002
‘Charitable Institution’ eligible for          President, ITAT has taken note of the        Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB) has been           from which date MPT lost its exemption
registration under Section 12A of the          legislative intent that                                        constituted under the         under section 10(20), the ITAT has set
Income Tax Act, 1961. This ruling was          although         blanket                                       Gujarat Maritime Board        aside the order of the CIT and restored
given by a Division Bench of the ITAT in       exemption enjoyed by                                           Act, 1981 for the             the issues to his file for considering the
its judgement of 10 th January, 2007           Market Committees,               “Port can be                  purposes                 of   belated registration application and
delivered in the open Court, wherein the       Market Boards, etc.                                            maintenance and up-           registration for the intermediary period of
Hon’ble members allowed the appeal of          under section 10(20)
                                                                               registered as                  keep of the Ports of          three years, strictly on merits de novo after
MPT against the order under section            stood withdrawn by the            charitable                   Gujarat other than            providing reasonable opportunity to the
12AA(1)(b)(ii), passed by the                  amendment, as made                                             Kandla Port. It was also      appellant.
Commissioner of Income Tax, Panaji, Goa        clear by the then Finance     institution since                seen that the provisions         The above decision is significant with
on 25.7.2006 rejecting MPT’s application       Minister to the Chief        Development and                   of the Guajrat Maritime       regard to taxation of Major Ports. It is
for registration.                              Minister of Delhi and                                          Board Act, 1981 are an        trend setting in so far as other Major Ports
   While giving its ruling, the Hon’ble        Gujarat, such bodies can      Maintenance of                   exact replica of MPT          will now pursue their claims for
ITAT took into consideration the               still claim exemption                                          Act, 1963.                    registration under section 12A as
extensive arguments canvassed on               under section 11 of the
                                                                            Port is the object                   ITAT Panaji Bench          Charitable Institutions with renewed
behalf of MPT, in which learned Counsel        Act after fulfilling         of general public                 found         that       in   vigour on account of the favourable
for the appellant relied on various judicial   certain       prescribed                                       accordance with CBDT          decision obtained by MPT. The decision
pronouncements of the Apex Court as well       conditions.                    utility” - ITAT                 Circular No. 762 dated        of the ITAT,
as High Courts. It was noted that MPT is          The Hon’ble Division                                        18.1.1998,          while        Panaji Bench dated 10th January, 2007
a statutory autonomous body created            Bench also took careful                                        examining                an   along with the decision of the Gujarat
under the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963 and      note of the decision of the Hon’ble                            application             for   High Court in the case of GMB, virtually
had been enjoying immunity from income         Gujarat High Court in the case of CIT v/s    registration under section 12A, the CIT         guarantees favourable decisions in the
tax as a local authority up to the             Gujarat Maritime Board in which the Court    should be satisfied about the charitable        cases of the other Major Ports. The
Assessment Year 2002-03 u/s 10(20) of          has held that - “maintenance and             or religious nature of the objects of the       recurring tax benefit to all the Major Ports
the Act. However, from AY 2003-04,             development of Ports is necessary for        Institution and the genuineness of its          put together is estimated to be fairly
Section 10(20) was amended by the              transport of goods and persons by sea.       activities. At the stage of examination of      significant. The funds available by way
Finance Act, 2002 by insertion of an           In the present scenario of globalisation     the application for registration, the CIT is    of tax savings from year to year, can now
explanation wherein the local authorities      of trade and industry, the transport of      not required to look either into the nature     be leveraged by the Major Ports for much
were defined. Thereafter, the immunity         goods from one country to other, which       of the income of the assessee nor its           needed infrastructural creation /
from income tax under Section 10(20)           is mostly through sea has become             application. If the object of the Institution   development projects. It may be recalled
ceased and MPT was brought within the          essential. Therefore, the development        falls within the definition of charitable       that Major Ports have been clamouring
clutches of the Income Tax Act.                and maintenance of ports is certainly the    purposes under section 2(15), and the           for restoration of the erstwhile exemption
   The Bench noted that although MPT           object of general public utility. While      Institution is genuinely carrying on such       under section 10(20). Now with the
cannot now enjoy the status of a local         taking this view, we derive support from     objects, the CIT has to register the            achievement of Mormugao Port Trust in
authority eligible for exemption under         the decision of the Hon’ble Apex Court       institution. In the case of MPT it was          obtaining registration under section 12A,
Section 10(20), it cannot be denied            in the case of CIT v/s AP State Road         found that both the conditions under            the income of Major Ports will be exempt
registration under section 12A as a            Transport Corporation 159 ITR1”.             section 12AA, which are necessary for           under section 11 subject to fulfillment of
‘Charitable Institution’. While reaching          The ITAT found the observations of        registration under section 12A, are             certain prescribed conditions. Thus, the
this conclusion, the Hon’ble Tribunal          the Gujarat High Court squarely              fulfilled and therefore the Tribunal            earlier tax exempt status stands fully
took note of various recent decisions of       applicable to MPT. It was noted that while   directed registration with effect from          restored. (By Praveen Agarwal)                                                           regional                                                                   March 1-15, 2007
                                                                                                                                                                    UTS’ VOICE

 Development and Ecological balance
is imperative need: US Consul General
Port Blair: The US Consul General, Mr           visit to various places including tsunami     is very significant. As you might know,          postgraduate degree.
Henry V Jardine, during his visit to the        shelters at Chouldari as also his             wildlife trafficking – the illegal trade in         “ While choosing an institution, the
Andaman and Nicobar Islands recently,           discussions on various development            wildlife and wildlife parts – is a soaring       students, should keep in mind two
minced no word to speak unequivocally           related issues with the Member of             black market estimated to be around $ 10         important factors i.e select institution that
in support of protecting the otherwise          Parliament, Zilla Parishad Adhyaksh and       billion a year, second only to arms and          best suits your needs and make sure that
unpolluted environment of this                  senior officers of the Administration.        drug smuggling”.                                 the selected institution is accredited by
archipelago and to strike an ecological            The US Consul General also addressed          The students of Jawaharlal Nehru              US state, regional or national accredited
balance while effecting the process of          the Andaman Chamber of Commerce and           Rajkeeya Mahavidayalya Port Blair also           bodies” said Mr.Jardine.
development.                                    Industry here and gave an overview of         got an opportunity to interact with the            Mr. Jardine said that students are the
  “A balanced environment is what               the Indo-US Trade relationship. He said,      US Consul General Mr. Henry V Jardine .          future of the country and a good
precisely is an imperative need”, he told       the Consulate views the issue of trade in     The students in great enthusiasm raised          knowledge base will see the country
mediapersons in Port Blair.                     the context of a range of broader social      queries about the scope of employment,           progressing in all spheres.
    Answering a query, Mr Jardine said,         issues. “For us to enhance the                higher studies and the scholarship                 Referring to the Islands, He said, “the
the key issues like water, unemployment         environment for trade, we must seek to        facilities for the students, if they prefer to   rich bio-diversity which exists here is
etc were required to be addressed on            promote social development in a number        study in US.                                     matchless and informed that the two
priority to cater to the needs of the growing   of areas such as child development,                Mr Jardine answered their queries           countries are working in close
population here.                                trafficking of people, health and municipal   much to their satisfaction. He informed          coordination on addressing the problems
  “The importance of having private             finance”.                                     the students that there were about 3600          of environmental degradation” and
sector enterprises in view of the need for         Mr Jardine also inaugurated a wildlife     universities and colleges in the United          added, “Science & Technology,
increased number of job opportunities           film festival at Van Sadan here in which      States which provides admissions to              agriculture, especially the food
cannot be lost sight of”, he said.              he observed “of all the issues that we        undergraduate degrees and about 1700             processing are the other areas where the
   He also informed the scribes about his       focus on, combating wildlife trafficking      universities and institutions that offer         two countries are working together”.

     First stamp                                National integration camp for NCC concludes
    exhibition in
    Carnicobar                                  Port Blair: A Special National
                                                Integration Camp by the National Cadet
                                                                                              of patriotism and know the sacrifices
                                                                                              made by our forefathers during freedom
                                                                                                                                               them aware of the organization,
                                                                                                                                               discipline and capabilities of Indian
 Car Nicobar: The first ever stamp              Corps (NCC) was inaugurated by Maj.           struggle.                                        Armed Forces. Col Durga Prasad, Group
 exhibition, christened as Philatest            Gen. R K Karwal, Additional Director             The DG also expressed his gratitude           Commander, NCC Group Puducherry
 Nicobar, organized by Department of            General, NCC on Feb 19, 2007. The             to the A & N Administration, A & N               conducted an exhaustive career
 Post, A & N Islands was held at CWC            Camp was attended by 40 Senior                Command, ARCC and NAVCC for their                counseling session to help the cadets
 ground, Car Nicobar,one of the worst           Division Boys, 40 Senior Division girls       full cooperation and support rendered            launch themselves into suitable career
 tsunami hit tribal island late last            from the mainland and 100 Cadets from         for the successful conduct of the camp.          paths.
 month. The two-day event was                   the A& N Islands.                             Cadets also visited Ross Island, North                Cmde UN Chitnavis, NM, Dy Dir
 inaugurated by Ms. Ankita Mishra,                  Later, on 27th Feb, 2007 Lt Gen           Bay, Anthropological Museum, Marine              Gen NCC, TNP&AN Dte gave the
 Deputy Commissioner, Nicobars in the           Prakash S Chaudhary, Director General         Museum, Aquarium, Chidiya Tapu,                  valedictory address and interacted with
 presence of Aberdeen Blair, Chief              NCC reviewed the activities of the camp       Jarawa Reserve Forest, Baratang Creek,           the cadets. He also gave away the
 Captain, Tribal Council. A stamp               and gave a lecture to the cadets on           Mud Volcano and Trek to Mount                    prizes, Caps, certificates and badges to
 booklet on the Nicobar Pigeon was              personality development. The cadets           Harriet.                                         the cadets and congratulated the group
 brought out on the occasion by the             left for Chennai and Kolkata                     These visits were organized to expose         Cdr of Madras ‘A’ group, Col K Bhasker
 Department of Posts, which contained           respectively carrying home the spirit         cadets to the natural beauty, history,           for the meticulous planning, timely
 four stamps on endangered birds                and message of “unity and discipline”.        art, culture, people, flora and fauna of         execution of the camp events and
     Addressing the function, the                 The primary aim of the camp was to          the Islands. The cadets also spent a             motivating the cadets so as to achieve
 Deputy Commissioner stressed on the            foster national integration and               day at sea on board Naval War Ships,             the primary aim of the camp.
 need to inculcate the habit of stamp           therefore, cadets are drawn form each         visited the Naval Air Station and
 collection among the youth of these            region of the country. A visit to Cellular    witnessed the practices of martial/
 islands and hailed the DoP for its             Jail was also organized to instill sense      traditional arts by army troops to make
 initiative in creating awareness about
 philately in the Nicobar group of                                                                                                             Tamil Nadu Committee
 islands. She hoped that stamp
 exhibition will henceforth become                    EDP under REGP in Andamans                                                                  visits Baratang
 annual feature in Car Nicobar and such
 exhibitions will also be organized in                                                                                                         Port Blair: A committee on estimates of
                                                Port Blair: A 3-day ‘Entrepreneurship         work with sincerity and dedication in            Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly headed
 Nancowrie and Campbell Bay area in
                                                Development Programme’ under Rural            carrying out their activities in their units     by Mr. Pitchandi, M.L.A. (Ex-Minister) as
                                                Employment Generation Programme               using locally available resources.               Chairman visited Port Blair early this
     Speaking on the occasion, the
                                                (REGP) organized by A & N Islands Khadi           “They can also employ other persons          month.
 Chief Captain, Tribal Council, Car
                                                & Village Industries Board, (A&NIKVIB)        in their units and extend helping hands in         The other members of the committee
 Nicobar, expressed his gratitude to the
                                                Port Blair, was held in Industries            reducing the unemployment problems to            included M. Appavu, K. Arumugam, N.
 DoP for giving the children of the
                                                Department ,A&N Islands from 6th of this      some extent”, said Podder. He advised the        Kambam Ramakrishnan, S.R. Raja, Smti.
 island a chance to see the stamps from
                                                month. The Asst. General Manager, SBI         entrepreneurs to make best use of the            Sankara Valli, S.K. Vedarathinam, S.
 countries around the world. Earlier, the
                                                Regional Office, D K Podder inaugurated       training programme for better                    Gunusekaran, all MLAs accompanied by
 Director of Postal Services, Ms. G
                                                the programme.           Altogether 25        improvement of their units. Ashok                Deputy Secretary of the Commiite.
 Madhumita Das informed that
                                                entrepreneurs from different places of        Sharma, Director of Industries, while              The committee hold brief discussion
 hundreds of stamps on themes such
                                                North & Middle Andaman, South                 speaking on the occasion, threw light on         with R. Chidambaram, Adhyaksh Zilla
 as fishes, fruits, dances, freedom
                                                Andaman, Nancowry and Campbell Bay,           the various incentives that Government           Parishad at the Circuit house and also
 fighters, ecology etc besides exhibits
                                                attended the training programme to enrich     is extending for the benefit of the local        visited Baratang Island alongwith the
 of both noted philatelists from
                                                themselves in entrepreneurial skills.         entrepreneurs and urged them to utilize          Adhyaksh, Zilla Parishad to see the Mud
 mainland and award winners from Port
                                                     Addressing the inaugural function,       the assistance so as to grow and expand          volcano and other developmental
 Blair were put on display in the
                                                DK Poddar urged the entrepreneurs to          their units in an organized way.                 activities taking place in the Island.
 6      March 1-15, 2007
        UTS’ VOICE                                                                  regional                                             

                                                                                                                                                Plea for
     Beach Road to be Vehicle                                                                                                                protecting Sri
                                                                                                                                             Lankan Tamils
     Free Zone in Puducherry                                                                                                              Puducherry: Sri Lankan Member of
                                                                                                                                          Parliament Mavai S. Senathirajah, who
                                                                                                                                          is also general secretary of Ilankai Tamil
                                                                                                                                          Arasu Katchi, said that the party had
                                                                                                                                          urged the international community, and
PUDUCHERRY: The traffic police                                                                                                            more specifically India, to pressurise Sri
department is planning to make the Beach                                                                                                  Lankan Government to protect Tamils.
Road a vehicle free zone on all days in                                                                                                      Addressing presspersons here early
evenings.                                                                                                                                 this month at the Press Club, Mr.
   A trial was already on to elicit the views                                                                                             Senathirajah said that a viable political
of public about the proposal.                                                                                                             solution should be found, if it is not
   “For the last 23 days we have closed                                                                                                   possible to tackle the ethnic problem, it
the road for vehicles on a trial basis from                                                                                               was urged that there should be
6 p.m. to 9 p.m. The trial would continue                                                                                                 recognition of “our struggles for
till March 16 to get the opinions of the                                                                                                  liberation from Sinhalese chauvinism”.
public,” a traffic police officer told media.                                                                                                Mr. Senathirajah, who is also Deputy
   Barring a few hotel and guesthouse                                                                                                     Leader of the Parliamentary Group of
owners along the Beach Road, the public,                                                                                                  the Tamil National Alliance, referred to
especially the beach walkers and tourists,                                                                                                the sufferings of Tamils from the
had welcomed the idea, he noted. “We                                                                                                      military action by President Mahinda
have talked to number of people during                                                                                                    Rajapaksa. Around 50 Tamils were killed
the trial and majority of them are happy.                                                                                                 every month and instances of
We would continue the effort and people                                                                                                   malnutrition had been surfacing among
can send in their suggestions to the                                                                                                      children. He appealed to India to send
Superintendent of Police, Traffic,” said         PEACEFUL: A vehicle-free Beach Road in Puducherry on Sunday                              sufficient provisions to Tamil areas in
traffic police spokesman.                                                                                                                 Sri Lanka. He said that he would meet
   The police have mooted the plan                                                                                                        the Chief Minister N. Rangasamy later
following public support for making the                                                                                                   in the day and bring to his notice the
road vehicle-free zone during weekends.         from 5 p.m. to 10 p.m. during weekends.      exemptions. There would be five exit         sufferings of Tamils. He would also
   As per the proposed plan, no vehicles          However, vehicles of Government            points for them, he said. The vehicles       seek his good offices to persuade the
would be allowed to enter the Beach Road        offices and other establishments situated    would be allowed to park near the French     Centre to pressurise the Sri Lanka
from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. on weekdays and           along the road would be given                memorial on one side of Dumas Street.        Government.

           Government Staff to                                                                Rangasamy announces Housing
           revives agitation in                                                                  Subsidy for Fire Victims
              Puducherry                                                                     PUDUCHERRY: Residents of Davidpet in
                                                                                             Uppalam, which was ravaged by fire
                                                                                                                                          explained, and
                                                                                                                                          the      revenue
                                                                                             March 3,2007, met Chief Minister N.          rules had be
Puducherry : The Unified Puducherry             now decided to revive agitation”.            Rangasamy next Monday and demanded           amended to get
State Government Ministerial Staff                 The staff demanded, among other           that each family rendered homeless be        the consent of
Action Committee has decided to resume          things, filling of posts of Upper Division   given Rs. 1 lakh immediately to build        the       temple
agitation to press the employees                Clerk, sanction of Rs 5500-9000 as pay       concrete houses.                             authorities to
demands.                                        for the Assistants, payscale fixed at Rs        All India Anna Dravida Munnetra           allow the hut
  According to the organiser of the             8000-13,500 for superintendents, patient     Kazhagam (AIADMK) secretary and              dwellers to build
committee N. Sundari “…..none of the            care allowance and restructuring of posts    Uppalam MLA A. Anbalagan, who                c o n c r e t e
promises made by the Government when            of ministerial cadres.                       accompanied the villagers, handed a          houses.
the employees went on strike in 2006 had           The schedule of agitation would be as     memorandum to Mr. Rangasamy, urging            The      Chief
been fulfilled. The committee had then put      follows: demonstration in front of the       that housing subsidy be sanctioned to        Minister said the       N Rangasamy
off the agitation. However, as there was        secretariat on March 8, half-a-day mass      all poor families of the hamlet.             Government was
no sign of any firm step on the part of the     casual leave in the forenoon of March 13        Mr. Rangasamy told them that he would     earlier providing
Government to fulfil the nine-point charter     to stage dharna and work-to-rule agitation   not go back on his promise of a subsidy      only Rs. 50,000 under the scheme, and
of demands, the action committee has            on March 15.                                 of Rs. 1 lakh under the Perunthalaivar       the amount had now been raised to Rs. 1
                                                                                             Kamarajar Housing Scheme for the victims     lakh. Davidpet would be the first hamlet
                                                                                             after all the formalities were completed.    in the Union Territory to get the increased
                Kingfisher flights for                                                          When some of the residents told him
                                                                                             that they would settle only for concrete
                                                                                                                                            He asked the residents to submit their
                                                                                             houses, he pointed out that since it was a   applications to revenue officials at the
                   Lakshadweep                                                               government scheme, the formalities had       earliest.
                                                                                             to be complied with. Many residents had        The Government plans to convert
                                                            Agatti: Kingfisher               had their huts on a temple land, he          10,000 huts a year into concrete houses.
                                                          Airlines has reportedly
                                                          launched flights to
                                                          Lakshadweep, the first by
                                                          any private carrier, early this                Free LPG stoves to poor
                                                          month. The Bangalore-
                                                          Kochi-Agatti flight will
                                                          operate thrice a week -
                                                                                                         families in Puducherry
                                                          Tuesday, Thursday and              Puducherry: The All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam legislator (Nellithope
                                                          Saturday, airport sources          constituency) Ohm Sakthi Segar handed over gas stoves to 475 families falling under
                                                          said.                              the ‘below poverty line’ category in Nellithope and neighbouring areas recently. Mr
                                                            The airline would use a          Sekar said the families would be given free LPG cylinders shortly. The scheme
                                                          42-seater aircraft for             implemented by the Puducherry Administration through the Civil Supplies Corporation
                                                          operating the service.             (PAPSCO) aims to cover all the BPL families in the Union Territory in a phased manner.                                                        regional                                                                 March 1-15, 2007
                                                                                                                                                              UTS’ VOICE

      Rs.9,000 crore for Delhi Plan
 NEW DELHI 6th March: The annual Plan        infrastructure, the PPP model should be      Government had initiated a number of           NDMC schools were constructed. Nine
for Delhi for the new financial year was     initiated in social sector projects also, he measures aimed at promoting transparent        new hospitals with 1,500 additional beds
finalised on March 5,2007 at Rs.9,000        said. While the road network in Delhi had    administration through the release of          were also constructed during the period,
crore at a meeting between Planning          improved, comprehensive plans were           citizens’ charters by all public dealing       she said. The stamp duty was reduced
Commission Deputy Chairman Montek            being worked out                                                  departments,              from 13 per cent to 8 per cent while for
Singh Ahluwalia and Chief Minister Sheila    to augment power                    HAPPY MOMENT                  implementation of         property registered in the name of women,
Dikshit.                                     supply           and                                              the Right to              it has been cut further to 6 per cent.
  Initiating the discussion, Dr. Ahluwalia   electricity                                                       Information Act,             As for the Eleventh Plan 2007-08,
hailed the State Government for its          distribution                                                      public grievance          housing for economically weaker sections
achievements, especially in sectors such     programmes                                                        commission and            of society, Ms Dikshit said, would be
as infrastructure and education. Delhi       through the private                                               application       of      taken up on top priority. Besides, new
being the national Capital, he said, the     sector had been                                                   information               modes of public transport, in addition to
metro should develop its infrastructure      successfully                                                      technology for            new corridors of Delhi Metro under Phase
and be comparable to the best in the         completed during                                                  improvement of            II, would be introduced to provide a safe
world. As the venue for the upcoming         the Tenth Plan                                                    services to citizens.     and convenient public transport system.
Commonwealth Games in 2010, it would         period,          Dr.                                                 The        major       For the safety of pedestrians, an adequate
provide an opportunity to showcase Delhi     Ahluwalia noted.                                                  achievements              number of subways and foot over bridges
as a world-class Capital to the visitors,    The            State                                              during the Tenth          would be constructed.
he said.                                     Government, he                                                    Plan period, she             In a the field of sanitation, an interceptor
  Dr. Ahluwalia also commended the           said, should now Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit with said,                   included        sewers system is to be laid along three
Delhi Government for a significant           promote rainwater Planning Commission Deputy Chairman completion of the                     major drains at a cost of more than Rs.3,000
improvement in green cover, with the total   harvesting and Montek Singh Ahluwalia on Monday to first phase of Metro                     crore, she said. The sewerage system
forest and tree cover increasing from 151    develop all water discuss the State’s Annual Plan                 Rail, construction        would also be provided in all villages
square kilometres in 2001 to 268 sq. km      bodies on a priority                                              of 26 flyovers and        while the unauthorised colonies were
now. The Delhi Government, Dr. Ahluwalia     basis.                                       commissioning of the first phase of a 330      being regularised, she said, adding that
said, should take the lead in promotion of     Briefing the Commission on the             MW power generation plant. A total of          high embankment walls would be
the public-private partnership (PPP)         activities during the year, Ms. Dikshit said 23 new school buildings and 7,000 new          constructed along major drains to stop
approach. Apart from physical                that besides Plan performance, the State     classrooms for Delhi Government and            dumping of waste.

Indians termed as
world’s most                                 Court allows Delhi hotels to Charge
undemocratic people
NEW DELHI:: Indians are perhaps the
worlds most undemocratic people,
                                              more than MRP on Bottled waters
living in the world’s largest and most
plural democracy where a persons self-       NEW DELHI 6th March: The Delhi High Court has ruled that              “The customer does not enter a hotel or a restaurant to make a
worth is almost exclusively determined       hotels and restaurants in the Capital can sell bottled mineral      simple purchase of the bottled water. It may well be that a client
by the rank he occupies, says a new          water over and above the minimum                                                                will order nothing beyond a bottle
book.                                        retail price to customers who visit                                                             of water or a beverage, but his direct
A profoundly hierarchical society, in        them and enjoy their other facilities.                                                          purpose in doing so would clearly
India the determination of relative rank       Justice Vikramjit Sen allowed a                                                               be to enjoy the ambience available
(Is this person superior or inferior to      petition by the Federation of Hotels                                                            therein and to ordering of any article
me?) remains very near the top of            and Restaurants Association of India                                                            for consumption,’’ the judgment
subconscious questions evoked in an          and others urging the Court to make                                                             said.
interpersonal encounter, says the book       ineffectual the application of the                                                                “Can there be any justifiable
The Indians, Portrait of a People by         provisions of the Standards of                                                                  reason to interdict the sale of bottled
psychoanalyst and culture                    Weights and Measures Act, 1976,                                                                 mineral water other than at a certain
commentator Sudhir Kakkar and                and the Packaged Commodities                                                                    price and ignore the relatively
anthropologist Katherina Kakkar.             Rules, 1977, to the hotel and                                                                   exorbitant charge for a cup of tea or
The gratification of the 300 million         restaurant industry here.                                                                       coffee?’’ Mr. Justice asked while
middle-class consumers, the new                The Federation had approached                                                                 allowing the plea of the petitioners.
Brahmins, does not lie in their being        the Court following action against                                                                Holding that the sale of a bottled
consumers in a global marketplace but        several hotels and restaurants here for selling bottled water at    water to in-house customers does not constitute a sale or transfer
in being somebody in a profoundly            higher than the MRP price.                                          of the commodity by the hotelier to its customer, the Judge said:
hierarchical society, the authors say.         “Charging prices for the mineral water in excess of MRP on        “When a person goes to a hotel or a restaurant and orders and
You must be somebody to survive with         the packaging during the services of customers in hotels and        consumes the commodities sold therein, this does not fall within
dignity, since rank is the only substitute   restaurants does not violate any of the provisions of the Act,’’    the definition of consumption under the Consumer Protection
for money. Thus retired judges, ex-          Mr. Justice Sen ruled.                                              Act.’’
ambassadors and other sundry officials
who are no longer in service are never
caught without calling cards
prominently displaying who they once
were, authors say.
                                                  Explosive detectors at airports
   Irrespective of his educational status
and more than in any other culture in        New Delhi: About 200 explosive trace         explosives and narcotics by sensing            had failed to detect a revolver and 30
the world, an Indian is a homo               detectors (ETDs) will be installed in all    positive and negative ions.                    rounds of cartridges from a passenger
hierarchicus, the book says.                 77 operational airports in the country to       Thefts: As many as 405 incidents of         who travelled from Mumbai to Dubai on
   Although at first glance the notion of    detect explosives and narcotic material,     thefts have been reported in the last          January 13. Patel said the security
Indian-ness among the one billion            Rajya Sabha was informed recently.           three years at various airports in the         agent has been suspended.
population speaking 14 major                 The Airports Authority of India (AAI)        country, Patel said and listed out steps           Pilots: 15 pilots tested positive for
languages with pronounced regional           has already placed orders for 200 ETDs       being taken to prevent these incidents         alcohol during pre-flight medical checks
differences may seem far-fetched, yet        at an approximate cost of Rs 91 crore,       including installation of surveillance         by airlines in the past one year, he said,
from ancient times European, Chinese         Civil Aviation Minister Praful Patel         cameras and strengthening security             adding action was taken against the
and Arab travellers have identified          said.                                        systems. Security: A security agent of         erring pilots by de-rostering them and
common features among Indian people,             The ETDs are capable of detecting        Air India’s Air Transport Services Ltd         imposing financial penalty.
it says.
  8      March 1-15, 2007
         UTS’ VOICE                                                                     regional                           Goa Carnival           

  Councillors fail to utilise development fund
NEW DELHI:: As the sitting Councillors              from their elected representatives. This       the fund for each Councillor was raised          In the current financial year, 56 out of
of the ruling Congress and the opposition           when during their five-year term, each         to Rs.1 crore per annum.                       134 Councillors have not even utilised 50
Bharatiya Janata Party approach their               Councillor received Rs.3.89 crore for            In 2002-03, of the Rs.87 crore allocated     per cent of the funds allocated to them,
party leaders seeking tickets for the               carrying out development works in their        to Councillors, only Rs.56 crore were          while only 20 Councillors have so far
forthcoming Municipal Corporation of                ward.                                          spent on various public work, while in         managed to spend 75 per cent of the
Delhi polls, the track record of many in              Ironically while utilisation of funds has    2003-04, the money allotted to Councillors     funds.
utilising funds allocated for carrying out          been abysmally low, the present MCD            rose to Rs.100 crore of which only Rs.78         The Councillors who have performed
development works in their wards has                House has hiked funds allocated to the         crore could be utilised by various             well in utilising their funds include MCD
been far from satisfactory.                         Councillors three times during the past        Councillors in their respective wards. In      Standing Committee Chairman J. K.
  During the past five years, 134                   five years.                                    2004-05 while the fund was Rs.100 crore,       Sharma, Leader of Opposition Subhash
Councillors were given Rs.521 crore as                In 2002-03, a Councillor used to get         the utilisation declined further to touch      Arya, Vijender Gupta, Santosh Dahiya,
grant for their constituency development            Rs.65 lakh per annum, but they raised a        Rs.67.5 crore. Similarly, in 2005-06 the       Ratan Lal, Satbir Sharma, Surender Singh,
fund, but they failed to utilise a whopping         lot of hullabaloo in the MCD meeting           Councillors’ fund increased to Rs.116.58       Jamir Ahmed Munna, Shalu Malik, Ram
Rs.164 crore of the allocated sum.                  stating that the fund was not enough and       crore but the expenditure incurred             Kishore and Ratan Lal.
  Since 2002, when the present MCD                  demanded a raise.                              remained at just over Rs.86 crore. In the        Those who faltered badly include
House was constituted, year after year                As a result, the fund for each Councillor    current financial year, of the Rs.116.58       Ramesh Dutta, Premlata Goel, Nisar
the consumption of money has declined               was raised to Rs.75 lakh in 2003-04, and       crore allocated to the Councillors’ fund,      Hussain, H. C. Jain, Roshan Lal Ahuja,
even as people across the Capital have              again to Rs.87 lakh in 2005-06. Then in        only Rs.63.5 crore had been spent on           Sunil Bhiduri, Prem Kumar, Sughriv Singh,
been demanding better civic amenities               the Budget for 2007-08, passed recently,       various projects till February.                Ishwar Das and Man Singh.

 India too poor in                                  20 million broadband connections by the year 2010
                                                    Dayanidhi Maran, Minister                             Information Technology was              expand together, New applications such
   sustainability                                   of Communications &                                   also present.                           as tele-aid medicines, IPTV, video
New Delhi: India ranks very poor among              Information Technology has                                Speaking on the agenda              conferencing, e-governance, e-
146 countries in environmental                      set a target of providing nine                        item “Initiatives on                    commerce, etc., will be available to the
governance and sustainability, the                  million broadband                                     Broadband”, Maran stated                citizens with broadband availability.
government informed the Rajya Sabha.                connections by this year end                          that with the availability of           Special emphasis will be for North-
The 2005 Environmental Sustainability               and 20 million connections                            new disruptive wireless                 Eastern States and Jammu & Kashmir,
Index (ESI) formulated by the Centre for            by the end of 2010. This was                          broadband technology, such              Maran added.
Environmental Law and Policy of Yale                stated by Maran while                                 as Wi-MAX, it is expected                 He also informed the members that
University and Centre for International             addressing the Parliamentary                          to start adding more than a             Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL)
Earth Science Information Network,                  Consultative Committee           Dayanidhi Maran      million broadband                       has declared Year 2007 as “Year of
Columbia University, places India at 101st          attached to his Ministry, here                        connection per month                    North East and Jammu Kashmir” with
down the ladder.                                    recently. Dr. Shakeel Ahmad, Minister of  before the end of 2007. Wire line and               an objective to improve
    The index is utilised for ranking               State for Communications &                wireless broadband to co-exist and                  teleconnectivity in these states.
various countries, integrates 21
indicators of environmental sustainability
                                                                                                                                                  Constitutional status for
including air and water quality and
environmental governance, Minister of
State for Environment and Forest Namo
                                                         States to appoint                                                                        Minorities Commission
                                                                                                                                                  New Delhi: Government is considering
Narain Meena told the House in a written
    He said that based on the pollution
                                                     regulators for fixing fares                                                                  giving Constitutional status to National
                                                                                                                                                  Commission for Minorities with a view to
                                                                                                                                                  providing it autonomy, Minister for
potential, 17 categories of highly polluting        New Delhi: The Union Cabinet’s nod to          time tax paid on non-transport vehicles.       Minority Affairs A R Antulay informed
industries had been identified: aluminium,          a bill seeking to amend the Motor Vehicles           Through the amendment the                the Rajya Sabha . In a written reply, he
cement, chlore-alkali, copper, distillery,          Act 1988 will empower state governments        government proposed to rationalise             said the Constitution (103rd Amendment)
dyes, fertiliser, iron and steel, oil refineries,   to appoint regulators to fix fares and         compensation for road accident victims         Bill, 2004, to confer Constitutional status
pesticides,               petrochemicals,           freights,        besides       facilitating    by introducing the clause of out-of-court      on the National Commission was
pharmaceuticals, pulp and paper, sugar,             compensation from the insurance                settlement. “In addition, structured           introduced on December, 2004. The bill
tannery, thermal power plants and zinc.             authorities. “An enabling provision has        compensation formula is also being made        was referred to the Standing Committee
    Meena said the government was                   been made to allow state governments to        more liberal to attract claimant to claim      on Social Justice and Empowerment for
taking various steps to control pollution           appoint independent regulators for fixing      under section 163 A of the MV Act on a         examination, Antulay said, adding that
and had notified emission and effluent              fare and freights,” Minister of Road           no-fault basis,” he said.                      the recommendations made in the report
standards for various industries.                   Transport and Highways T R Baalu said              The amendment seeks to increase            of the Committee were being examined.
Enforcement and compliance for                      in a release at New Delhi. The bill would      maximum compensation from Rs 4,80,000          In reply to another question, he said the
industries was monitored through State                                                                                                            number of cases under the Dowry
                                                    be introduced in the ongoing session of        to Rs 12 lakh, besides seeking to facilitate
Pollution Control Boards. Among other                                                                                                             Prohibition Act showed a rise from 2,684
                                                    the parliament, he said. Baalu said vehicle    compensation from insurance authorities
steps,      charter       on       ‘corporate                                                                                                     in 2003 to 3,592 in 2004 but fell to 3,204 in
                                                    owners who were seeking transfer of            easily, the Minister said. The bill would
Responsibility For Environmental                                                                                                                  2005. The number of female foeticide
                                                    registration of their vehicle from one state   also have provisions to implement
Protection’ had been set up as a road map                                                                                                         cases rose from 57 in 2003 to 86 in 2004
                                                    to another would benefit from the              measures for instilling better road            and remained the same in 2005, Shri
for      progressive           environment          amendment as it would now be possible          discipline among drivers to ensure safety
improvement, he said.                                                                                                                             Antulay said. Minister for Law and
                                                    to get refund of pro rata unutilised one-      of road users.                                 Justice Shri H R Bhardwaj informed the
                                                                                                                                                  Upper House that the government was
       Scholarship scheme to check dropouts                                                                                                       considering a proposal to set UP Gram
                                                                                                                                                  Nyayalayas for the redressal of local
                                                                                                                                                  disputes. He also informed the House that
New Delhi: In a bid to arrest the high dropout rate, the                    corpus fund of Rs 750 crore would be created this year and a like
                                                                                                                                                  the government has received a
Government proposes to introduce a new National Means-cum-                  amount would be added to the fund every year over the next            representation from the Women Power
Merit Scholarship Scheme, which will encourage students to                  three years, Chidambaram said. He said, a sum of Rs 750 crore         Connect (WPC), a national-level
continue their education beyond class VIII.                                 would be placed with the State Bank of India and the yield from       organisation consisting of 500 groups and
    Presenting the Union Budget for 2007-08 in the Lok Sabha                the fund would be used for awarding the scholarship. He said,         individuals working together with the aim
Finance Minister P Chidambaram said under the new scheme,                   while the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) improved the enrolment          of formalising the process of legislative
eligible students studying in classes IX to XII would be given              ratio in schools to 96 per cent, the drop out ratio continued to be   coordination, to generate awareness
Rs 6,000 per year. Besides, one lakh scholarships would be                  high. The Government also proposed to increase the allocation         about 33 % reservation for women in Lok
awarded every year, he said. In order to fund this programme, a             for school education by about 35 per cent, he said.                   Sabha and state assemblies.   cover story   March 1-15, 2007
                                       UTS’ VOICE
10      March 1-15, 2007
        UTS’ VOICE                                                             cover story                                                 

              By Leslie St. Anne
“ Without the permission of their
Ordinary, Clerics are neither to become
Agents for goods belonging to Lay
Persons nor assume secular offices which
entail an obligation to render accounts;
they are forbidden to act as Surety, even
on behalf of their own goods, without
consultation with their proper Ordinary;
they are likewise to refrain from signing
promissory notes whereby they
undertake the obligation to pay an
amount of money without any determined
reason.” Canon 285-§ 4.
   “Canon 286 – Clerics are forbidden
personally or through others to conduct
business or trade either for their own
benefit or that of others without the
permission of legitimate ecclesiastical
   Citing Canon Law to strengthen their
cause a group of farmers at Mitra-
Caranzalem, Taleigao, a suburb of Panjim,
are engaged in a war of attrition with the
Archdiocese of Goa in a bid to save their
                                                                                        Banner imploring the Church not to sell their lands
traditional ‘cultivable’ paddy fields from
being ravaged by private builders and
real-estate developers.                         contemplated as the real beneficiaries for   Archdiocese under the title “Mitra de         They learnt that the Church authorities
   The farmers united under the banner          our temporal growth and material uplift,     Caranzalem”.                                  had decided to hand over-prime cultivable
‘Conego Souto-Maior Caranzalem                  conducive to spiritual well being”.            The Priest’s sincere efforts to raise the   land that had been their livelihood as
Farmlands People’s Association’                    The Souto Maior lands (mainly paddy       Chapel to a Church status and unearth         tenants through the centuries-along the
(CSMCFPA) assert that the Archdiocese           fields) according to the Farmlands People    the truth about the Souto Maior               Panjim – Dona Paula road to private
had no right to ‘sell’ the lands, which, the    Association had been tilled for centuries    properties apparently did not go down         developers and builders. Most of the
former claim-through a ‘Will’ made in           by their ancestors who contributed part      well with the Archdiocese. Frustrated, he     fields were in the jurisdiction of the
March 1736, the late Fr.Francisco da            of the produce to the ‘Our Lady of Rosary    had to resign and was transferred. As a       roadside Rosary Chapel and part of Father
Cunha Souto Maior-had stipulated that           Chapel’. They allege that these              Parthian Shot Fr.Fernandes in the             Francisco da Cunha Souto Maior’s estate
various of his landed property that had         properties were wrongly administered by      “Khobrampotr” bulletin expressed              now administered as “Mitra de
vested in ‘Our Lady of Rosary Chapel’ at        the Archbishop of Goa and his                distress over the functioning of a            Caranzalem” by the Archdiocese of Goa.
Caranzalem be specifically used for the         agentsunder the misnomer of ‘Mitra           Convent school run by nuns on the Holy        Agitated over the intended act of the
benefit of the villagers of Caranzalem-         Properties’ which was prejudicial to the     Rosary Chapel properties. Said he, “They      Church a group of environment-
Taleigao. The late Canon Souto Maior,           interests of the intended beneficiaries.     were brought here and given this house        conscious        citizens      repeatedly
one learns, was clear in his Will that these    The Caranzalem farmers’ fears did not        and land of the Chaplain only for use in      complained to the Archbishop of Goa
‘private Chapel’ lands would not be sold        always fall on deaf ears. Championing        order to educate the poor on this land        through several letters but to no avail.
‘till the sun rises in the West’ and that the   their cause was former Chaplain              free of cost (now they are said to demand     Instead to their chagrin, the poor villagers
Propriedade de Mitra Patriarcal de Goa,         Fr.Simpliciano N.Fernandes, who helped       donations even from the poor) to work         learnt that the Church had succumbed to
or, simply put, the Archdiocese of Goa          organise the parishioners into a ‘Cofre’     for the Chapel and to practice charity to     the astuteness of the Builder lobby by
would, upon his (Souto Maior) death, be         (Council) -a representative Body             the people here. Now they are doing           selling large tracts of land to the latter.
entrusted as ‘protector’ in a supervisory       acceptable to the Archbishop-for             nothing of this but are only busy making      Tenants on the land, too, have been
or administrative capacity.                     discussion of the Chapel affairs. Fr.        money and striving for name and fame of       coerced into giving up their livelihood,
   Says John Fernandes of the Farmlands         Fernandes in the Chapel news bulletin        their school. No wonder, this School          with offers of bulk payments and flats in
People Association, “The late Rev.              “Khobrampotr”, of May, 1993, expressed       meant for the poor is now catering for the    the proposed Commercial-cum-
Conego de Souto-Maior, had bequeathed           doubts over the title of the properties.     children of the rich and the                  Residential Complexes.
his worldly assets / properties in such a       Said he, “I took up digging into the past    deputationists!”                                The Conego Souto-Maior Caranzalem
way that we (farmers of Caranzalem-             on my own. Till today I cannot say how         In October 1993, the residents of Mitra     Farmland People’s Association claim that
Taleigao) through our ancestors, were           these assets are owned by the                –Caranzalem woke up to a grim reality.        the Archdiocese of Goa has sold sizable
                                                                                                                                           chunks of prime land to three builders at
                                                                                                                                           throwaway prizes. They allege that perks
                                                                                                                                           from such transactions are been reaped
                                                                                                                                           by some of the Priests that are negotiating
                                                                                                                                           the deal.
                                                                                                                                             The CSMCFP Association’s fears may
                                                                                                                                           not be unfounded. In June 1994, the then
                                                                                                                                           Archbishop Patriach of Goa and Daman,
                                                                                                                                           Raul Nicholau Gonsalves executed a
                                                                                                                                           General Power of Attorney in favour of
                                                                                                                                           Father Victor Conceicao Rodrigues, with
                                                                                                                                           the rider “ provided that any powers
                                                                                                                                           reserved by the Codex Juris Canonicis (
                                                                                                                                           Code of Canon Law) to the Archbishop
                                                                                                                                           only in such capacity and that cannot be
                                                                                                                                           delegated, are not included in the present
                                                                                                                                           Power of Attorney (sic) with regard to the
                                                                                                                                           administration of temporal goods and
                                                                                                                                           assets , movable and immovable property
                                                                                                                                           of the Archdiocese which according to
                                                                                                                                           Canon Law are of major importance or of
                                                                                                                                           extraordinary administration (alienation of
                                                                                                                                           stable patrimony) as regards such powers
                                                                                                                                           reserved to the Archdiocese (sic) the
                                                                                                                                           powers of the Attorney Fr.Victor will be
                                                                                                                                           of execution only including on the
                                                                                                                                           financial administration.”
                                                                                                                                             Armed with this Power of Attorney, Fr.
                         From Green to Brown a view of the fields at Caranzalem being filled by the Contractor
                                                                                                                                           Victor Rodrigues executed another Power                                                       cover story                                                               March 1-15, 2007
                                                                                                                                                               UTS’ VOICE

                                                                                                                                           ‘tenanted Agricultural lands’ and paddy
                                                                                                                                           fields were so easily granted -especially
                                                                                                                                           as a High Court ruling in July 2000 was
                                                                                                                                           particularly stringent over use of
                                                                                                                                           Agricultural land-is anybody’s guess?
                                                                                                                                           The Honourable High Court Bench
                                                                                                                                           comprising Justices F. Rebello and V.C.
                                                                                                                                           Daga had in an oral ruling held that
                                                                                                                                           ‘Agricultural land cannot be used for any
                                                                                                                                           purpose other than Agriculture’ and ‘the
                                                                                                                                           transfer of land under Section 18K can
                                                                                                                                           only be permitted for the use of land for
                                                                                                                                           Agriculture purpose and no other
                                                                                                                                              Justices Rebello and Daga were specific
                                                                                                                                           over the fact that ‘green areas /green belts
                                                                                                                                           are no longer the exclusive domain of the
                                                                                                                                           owner of the property. Protection of
                                                                                                                                           environment is part of the duty cast on
                                                                                                                                           the Government of the day. Every resident
                                                                                                                                           of the State has the right for protection of
                                                                                                                                           these green areas as part of their right to
                                                                                                                                           life. It is the duty of the State to protect
                                                                                                                                           the green areas constituting agricultural
                                                                                                                                           land whether tenanted or non-tenanted
                         Land Fill activity in full swing to facilitate Construction of 'Chamunda Residency'.
                                                                                                                                           as also forests. In these circumstances
                                                                                                                                           we have issued direction to the Town and
of Attorney in April 1997 delegating           Tenancy Revision Application No.50/96,        made in 1992 was nullified.                   Country Planning Board not to consider
powers (contrary to the practice of Canon      the Honourable Administrative Tribunal        Once again the Archbishop through his         any case for conversion of agricultural
Law?) to a layman, Mr.Peter Vaz (who one       held on 25/7/1996 that ‘there was no          lawful Attorney Fr. Arlino De Mello           land to non-agricultural even if the land
understands is a builder) to act on various    jurisdiction nor authority to the             executed a Power of Attorney in favour        is zoned as settlement in the regional plan.
matters of the Archdiocese pertaining to       Mamlatdar of Tiswadi Taluka to entertain      of a layman, Dayaneshwar Govekar,             As an exception, only individuals can
obtaining building permissions,                any application or pass any judgement         Director of M/s Scholar Builders Pvt.Ltd      apply for conversion of land already
agreement of sales, appearing before           and order in terms of Tenancy Act in          to act on behalf of the Archdiocese in all    zoned as settlement if area is not more
quasi-legal bodies, etc. with regard to land   question as no such officer was               matters pertaining to the development of      that 1000 square metres for construction
-shown in the Survey records as ‘Predio        appointed in terms of section 2(15) of the    the ‘Church’ land admeasuring 8,995 sq        of      their     residential      houses.’
da Mitra’ or “ Predio Caranzalem’ and land     Tenancy Act 1964 to carry out the             metres, popularly known as the                The High Court ruling notwithstanding,
admeasuring around 8268 sq metres              functions and duties of a Mamlatdar           ‘Caranzalem Shet’.                            the Developers, Scholar Builders Pvt. Ltd
bearing Chalta No.25 of PT sheet no 162        constituted under the said Tenancy Act.’        With the second Agreement and Power         -equipped with all the required licences-
of City Survey Panjim situated at              Having ‘bought off’ the rights of the         of Attorney in hand, the Builders\            began land filling operations of the
Caranzalem of Ilhas Taluka. This Power         tenants, the Archdiocese of Goa               Developers wasted no time in obtaining        ‘Caranzalem Shet’ in real earnest only to
of Attorney was reportedly given to Vaz        undeterred by the protests of the CSMS        the necessary permissions, licences, and      reveal another ‘shocking’ fact!
so as to overcome bureaucratic hurdles         Farmlands Peoples Association, went           approvals from the Government                 The Archdiocese of Goa had already sold
in processing plans for building and           ahead with its plans to ‘sell’ the prime      authorities. Approvals from the Town and      a small part of the plot -an area of 49 sq
development activity on the Church             agricultural lands at ‘Mitra-Caranzalem’.     Country Planning Department, North Goa        metres-to one of the tenant farmers
properties.                                    On March 11th 2004, the Archdiocese of        Planning and Development Authority and        Caetano Menino Joao Fernandes vide a
  On June 26th 1992, the Archdiocese of        Goa, through its lawful Attorney, Rev. Fr.    Directorate of Health Service were            Sale Deed made on 16th November of 1992
Goa through its lawful Attorney the            Arlino De Mello, entered into another         obtained, paving the way for a                which was signed by Fr. Roque Barreto
Procurator, Fr.Roque Barreto, had entered      ‘Agreement of Sale and Development’           Construction Licence from the Village         as Procurator of the Archdiocese.
into an Agreement for Sale with M/s Alfran     with M/s Scholar Builders Private Limited     Panchayat of Taleigao on February 4th         Astounded by the convoy of trucks
Constructions to sell the ‘Caranzalem’         and M/s Alfran Construction Private Ltd       2006. Permission to fill the land from the    filling up the fields in their backyard next
lands popularly known as ‘Caranzalem           to put up “CHAMUNDA RESIDENCY”                TCP Department and ‘Conversion Sanad’         to their residential home, the family of
Shet’ surveyed under 282/2 of Taleigao         on the plot. As M/s Alfran Construction       from the Office of the Collector, North Goa   Caetano Menino Fernandes as would be
village.                                       Pvt.Ltd was also made a party to the          District was also secured.                    expected confronted the builder.
  The Archdiocese, mindful of the land         ‘fresh’ Agreement of Sale, the earlier one,     How such permissions to construct on                         ( Continued on page 15 )
being tenanted, had, in apparent
collusion with the some of the farmers
approached the Mamlatdar of Tiswadi, so
as to ensure a smooth sale, by seeking
the declaration of their( farmers) tenancy
under Section 7 and thereafter sanction
u/s 18k of the Agricultural Tenancy Act
1964 read with rule 6 of the Goa, Daman
and Diu Agricultural Tenancy (Special
Rights and Privileges) Rules 1977 to have
the field transferred by sale to the
opponent-in this case the Archdiocese.
Acting on the Application the Mamlatdar
of Tiswadi vide his Order dated 28th April
1992 granted the deemed tenants-the heirs
of the original tenant late Inacio
Martinspermission to transfer by sale the
‘Caranzalem Shet’ for a price as decided
and mentioned by the Applicants in this
case the tenants.
  This Order, claim the CSMC Farmlands
Association was bad in law as the
Mamlatdar of Tiswadi ‘had no authority
of law nor jurisdiction while entertaining
an application for declaration of any
person as tenant in terms of Section 7 of
the Tenancy Act in question nor to pass
an order in terms of 18k in favour of the
                                                             The brown mud filling forms an ugly foreground for the green agricultural activity seen at Caranzalem.
opponent itself ’. Furthermore, in a
12      March 1-15, 2007
        UTS’ VOICE                                                internal security                                                    

Conflicts in North Eas
              By Anil Kamboj                      eastern insurgent movements may prove              The ethnic
Introduction:                                     to be an even more intractable social           minorities of
India’s security is influenced by events          environment, the competing political            Northeast India,
in South Asia due to historical,                  demands, the sheer number of various            particularly
geographical and demographic                      insurgent groups, each with different           those of the
imperatives. The biggest challenge for the        agendas and inter-linkages of the3se            mongoloid stock
South Indian countries has been the               groups, is proving to be a challenging task     would deserve
national consolidation into new identities,       for the Indian government. The counter          more attention.
which generated its own external and              insurgency operations in North Eastern          For, gone are the
domestic dynamics due to plural nature            Region have always suffered, be it 1971         days when small
of the societies. This has been proved            (Indo-Pak war), 1989 (Punjab insurgency         bands of proud
with the break up of the Pakistan and birth       followed by terrorism in Kashmir) and 1999      tribesman
of Bangladesh. It is argued that mutual           (Kargil operation). Much needed troops for      fought       and
distrust is the natural bane of their             counter-insurgency have been taken from         d e f e n d e d
relations. However, this does not exist in        the North Eastern sector to deal with           themselves with
the same degree and manner amongst all            security threats in other regions. There has    poison tipped
countries in the sub-continent. It is deep        not been any constant continuation of           arrows. Today,
between India and Pakistan. This distrust         counter measures in North Eastern Region,       the       ethnic
influences not only the relationships             with a result that the insurgent groups in      minorities are
between India and Pakistan, India and             this region have taken the maximum              w i e l d i n g
other countries of the region but also            advantage of this and have managed to           sophisticated
relationship amongst the countries of the         spread their network/linkages in the area.      weapons and
region.                                              General                                      e n g a g i n g
   The relations with Bangladesh have                To understand the insurgency in its          national armies
gradually changed after 1975. This has            correct perspective in the northeast            in       combat
influenced directly or indirectly on the          region, it is important to understand           unceasingly. In                                  Bodoland (NDFB) and United People’s
security environment in the Northeast             certain ground realities about the region:-     brief they are all zealously grading their       Democratic solidarity (UPDS) that have
region. The insurgency in northeast has              a)    Historically the region consisted      ethnic identity. India’s Northeast is one of     entered into cease fire agreement with the
been there since independence and has             of three highly evolved civilizations,          South Asia’s hottest trouble spots, not          governments are showing signs of
affected the prosperity and the security          namely, the Brahmaputra Valley Civilization,    simply because the region has more than          belligerence over the delay in dialogue
of the region. The insurgencies in the            the Barak Valley Civilization and Manipur       50 armed insurgent organizations                 process. The group such as Dimal Halam
northeast had a reflection of its social,         Valley Civilization.                            operating and fighting the Indian state,         Daogah (Garlosa) (DHD9G)) which
cultural, ethnic and politico economic               b)    Compulsions of geographical and        but because trans-border linkages that           continues to hold their anti-dialogue
milieu and changes in the environment of          historical factors isolated this region from    these groups
the area. This region is an extremely             the national main stream creating a deep        have,        and
heterogeneous region with high level of           psychological, emotional and physical           s t r a t e g i c
ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious        divide.                                         alliances among
diversity. This is reflected in the pattern          c)    Surrounded by not-so-friendly          them, have acted
of the conflicts, which are varied in their       neighbours and narrow fragile link (22 Kms      as         force
nature and causes and the stance of the           wide Siliguri corridor) with main land makes    multipliers and
insurgent groups, which remained                  northeast states geographically and             have made the
divergent and ever changing. This range           strategically very vulnerable as insurgents     c o n f l i c t
from secession to autonomy, movements             find easy access to out side support.           dynamics all the
against foreigners and immigrants, ethnic            d)    Lack of ethnic, linguistic and         more intricate.
intergration and looking back to their            cultural homogeneity resulted in a slowed       These linkages
roots as a reaction to perceived imposition       political growth making the society             could be tactical,
of to be an Indian, the common factor is          vulnerable to exploitation by insurgents.       operational
restoring to violence in articulation and            e)    Difficult terrain conditions have      linkages or for
mobilization for the same. Similarly,             hampered speedy overall development             financial
political evolution in the northeast is           along with the main stream India, which bred    benefits.
influenced by its divergent historical            local dissatisfaction and generated                Assam
experience, social and cultural diversity         unemployment leading to insurgencies. In           The scenario
and distinctiveness leading top socio-            addition, the ruggedness of the terrain         in Assam is
political tensions and instability, which         suited the insurgent’s modus operandi.          presently
again results in agitation which further             In the northeast states the above-           blemished with
leads to problems and violence. Of these,         mentioned realities gave enough                 uncertainty, with
the recent phenomenon of ethnic                   opportunity to group of clever leaders to       a number of
mobilization automatically possesses a            select a cause around which rebellion           events criss-
threat to adversaries resulting in a conflict     against the state could be engineered. The      crossing and
situation. Most insurgent groups have             northeast states took the cue from the first    overlapping the
been based on the competing demands               rebellion that is the NSCN Insurgency. The      template that
of various ethnic groups, which conflicts         success of Naga Insurgencies established        governs        its
not only between groups. The                      a ‘model’ for other northeast states to         conduct. Even
combination of anti-government and                follow, should they want to start an            the       United
inter-communal violence shows little              insurgency movement.                            Liberation Front
signs of ending. Although the Indian                 Using the forgoing Mao philosophy the        of Asom (ULFA)
government has made progress in dealing           other states such as Mizoram, Manipur,          phenomenon
with the largest groups, the continued            Assam and its autonomous counsels,              begins          to
existence of several dozen insurgent              Tripura and Meghalaya soon followed.            witness          a
movements represents a significant                They all logically leaned on NSCN for           complicated
security threat to internal stability in India.   training, guidance and support. As the          g a m e .
There are 200 tribal groups and sub-clans         insurgencies gathered momentum the              Organizations
in the area, many of which have had long          Center and the State Government were left       such as National
standing conflicts with other groups.             with no other option but apply force to quell   Democratic
   In some ways, in fact, these north             them by bringing in security forces.            Front           of
                                                                internal security                                                     March 1-15, 2007
                                                                                                                                                                      UTS’ VOICE

st India- An Overview                                                       have emerged       of illegal migrant. The mere fact that          ULFA was never serious about the talks
                                                                            with        the    Assamese is being censured as the mother        and is working under the close supervision
                                                                            proclamation       tongue in certain areas with is occupied        of the agencies operating from Bangladesh.
                                                                            of      global     the illegal migrant, and the fact that more     The way the blasts were carried out it
                                                                            S a l a f i        and more illegal migrants (especially in the    indicates that there could have been an
                                                                            movements          post IM(DT) ACT era) are taking on              attempt to create communal disharmony in
                                                                            and         one    working Assamese. It must however be            Guwahati. The extortion is continuing in
                                                                            which         is   understood that almost all illegal migration    the State. In view of this it seems that there
                                                                            entering the       from Bangladesh into Assam and other            would be lack of investment and no big
                                                                            country from       parts of India are for economic purposes.       company would like to invest. TATA Tea is
                                                                            I n d i a ’ s      The objective of Nizam-e-Mustafa is             on its way out and seeing this, it would
                                                                            neighbors          exploiting Islam in order to consolidate the    definitely discourage other companies to
                                                                            particularly       annexation that is happening as a result.       come in the State.
                                                                            Bangladesh.        Today, Bangladesh has emerged as the               Nagaland
                                                                            Almost every       crucial “mid-point” between the troubled           The NSCN, after its formation inside
                                                                            ethnic group       spots of South East Asia and South Asia.        Myanmar and having established itself as
                                                                            in the state is       Now examining the ULFA factor, this is       a front-ranking insurgent group in India’s
                                                                            asserting their    turning out to be a complicated issue.          Northeast, started providing arms training
                                                                            identity by        ULFA phenomenon possesses a                     and other logistic support to outfits such
                                                                            either taking      complicated challenge which the Indian          as the United Liberation Front of Asom
                                                                            up arms or by      government has to deal with. Moreover           (ULFA), formed in April 1979 to fight for a
                                                                            demanding          the organization has successfully created       ‘sovereign, Socialist Assam.’ The ULFA
                                                                            separation         “Operation Confusion”. You may like to          started sending its cadres for advanced
                                                                            from Assam.        turn a few pages of ULFA background. In         ‘military training’ at the hands of the Kachin
                                                                            Although           1985 itself, the ULFA opened shop in            Independence Army (KIA), an anti-Yangon
position, are engineering alliances with                                    e t h n i c        Bangladesh, setting up safe houses at           rebel group in Myanmar, from 1988
organizations such as NSCN(IM), with           assertion is a reality and has its roots in     Damai village in the Moulvi Bazaar district,    onwards.
ramifications for not only the area in which   history, the fact of the matter is that the     borderning the North-eastern Indian State          Though NSCN (IM) is in peace talks with
it operates, but with implications for the     fault lines have become pronounced as a         of Meghalaya. In 1990, the ULFA had its         the Government of India but it is maintaining
Indian Government and Naga leaders             result of the neglect that the ethnic           Pakistani contacts in place, and leaders like   its strong linkages with the groups in
dialogue. The most critical aspect that is     minorities are heir to. In the hill Assam,      Munin Nobis (since surrendered) were            Thailand, Cambodia and in Bangladesh. It
going to administer conflict in Assam in       conflict flared up between UPDS and DHD         instrumental in establishing the links.         is still busy with it illegal business of drugs
the future will be the groups interest that    in North Cachar Hills and Karbi Anglong            ULFA had sent its representatives to         and supply of arms to other groups in North
                                                                            as a result of a   attend a meeting of radical Islamist outfits,   East India. The extortion by it cadres still
                                                                            jostle      for    organized by the HUJI-BD, at a secret           carries on. It always had a soft corner for all
                                                                            space.             rendezvous in Bangladesh in the summer          the underground organizations (except
                                                                               T     h     e   of 2002, which aroused curiosity. On May        NSCN (K) in the North East. It wants that
                                                                            continuing         9, 2002, 63 representatives of nine Islamist    situation in this area to remain hot. It would
                                                                            i l l e g a l      groups, including Rohingya forces, the          not permit any other group to become
                                                                            migration          Islamic Oikya Jote and the ULFA, met in         stronger than its own group.
                                                                            f r o m            Ukhiya and formed the Bangladesh Islamic           While the popular understanding is that
                                                                            Bangladesh is      Manch, a United Council under the HuJi’s        Nagaland is now functioning like any other
                                                                            fraught with       leadership. The ULFA is not an Islamist         State, in reality NSCN (IM) is ruling
                                                                            s e r i o u s      outfit and is rather secular in the sense       Nagaland in totality having very cleverly
                                                                            national           that its cadres are drawn from diverse          marginalized the NSCN (K) and the HOHO
                                                                            security           groups and communities, cutting across          group. Their writ runs at all levels – political,
                                                                            implication.       religions. But what cannot be ignored is        administrative economic and on the society
                                                                            This          is   the possibility that ULFA would have to         in general. While the common citizens of
                                                                            specially so       arrange for sanctuary for some of these         the state are alienated from them. In
                                                                            b e c a u s e      Islamist militant leaders or cadres as a quid   addition to their domination within the State
                                                                            allegiance of      pro quo for its continued stay in               the NSCN (IM) is also nurturing other
                                                                            Bangladeshi        Bangladesh, should the pressure against         militant groups in the North East region
                                                                            m i g r a n t      terror is to be increased by Dhaka. ULFA        such as ULFA, KRA, HPC, PLA and so on.
                                                                            continues to       continues courses of action belied its          It has become an umbrella organization. The
                                                                            be informed        sincerity for peaceful solution. It indulged    delay in peace talks between Government
                                                                            b              y   in extortion recruitment and importantly        of India and the Naga leaders is helping
                                                                            experiences        Paresh Baruah was issuing statement that        Nagas leaders in consolidating their
                                                                            from across        was clearly indicator of his belligerence.      positions in Assam, Arunachal and in parts
                                                                            the border.        In an interview, Paresh Baruah was not          of Manipur.
                                                                            The ground         only not appreciative of the gesture that          Manipur
                                                                            situation is a     the government and the army have shown,            Events on the insurgency front in India’s
                                                                            witness to         but in response to a question about the         Northeast have shown that rebel groups
                                                                            this, contrary     ongoing pe4ace process, he stated, “so          have often succeeded in neutralizing the
                                                                            to        what     far, any peace process of peace talks with      reverses faced by them by entering into
                                                                            c e r t a i n      Indian government has not resolved any          deals with other insurgent groups, and
                                                                            intellectuals      conflict satisfactorily, unilaterally           these alliances act as force multipliers.
                                                                            seem to argue      suspension of operations by Indian forces       There are about thirty insurgent groups of
                                                                            about       the    is a tactic to divert attention from the main   which seventeen are active in this small
                                                                            creation of a      issue”. The reason for initial show of          state. The total strength of underground
                                                                            N e o -            interest for a negotiated solution and          outfits concerntratted in the valley district
                                                                            Assamese           indeed the constitution of the People’s         is estimated to be 5,500 holding
                                                                            s o c i a l        Consultative Group (PCG) could have been        approximately 3,600 weapons of different
                                                                            formation, or      a part of the foresaid Operation Confusion      brands like rifles of AK 47/56 series, G-series,
                                                                            about       the    that Parvesh Baruah is perpetrating.            self loading rifles, light machine
                                                                            Assamysation          The recent bomb blasts have shown that                           ( Continued on page 14 )
14      March 1-15, 2007
        UTS’ VOICE                                                        internal security                                                     

 Conflicts in North East India- An Overview
  ( Continued from page 13 )                    both of civilians and security forces.          Station in the Habiganj District of                While all the frontier states have a
                                                   The recent operation being carried out       Bangladesh. Again, the very fact that           series of silent and informal trade with
guns, carbines/sten guns, pistols and           and pressure being exerted by Myanmar           Dhaka did not deny the raid and                 their immediate foreign neighbours,
grenades. The outfits that are active in        security forces on the camps of Indian          subsequent capture of six NLFT cadres           officially they live behind a bamboo
the valley are assessed at around 1,800         insurgent groups based in Myanmar,              goes against its official position that there   curtain thinly separated from immediate
cadres of People’s Liberation Army, 2,500       especially on UNLF and NSCN(K), have            are neither camps nor any Indian                roreign neighbour, None of these foreign
of the United National Liberation front         made these groups to establish their links      insurgent cadres operating from                 countries have any office in the northeast
and its armed wing MPA, 500 of PREPAK           in other places also. The arrest of four        Bangladeshi territory.                          region for either trade or visa purposes
and 600 cadres of KYKL. Besides these,          UNLF leaders on October 1, 2006 near              Meghalaya                                     and for that one has to go to Delhi and in
there are other outfits operating in the        Dhoki on Indo-Bangladesh border, while            Meghalaya provides a transit route            some cased to Kolkata. Every state in the
hills. For these insurgent outfits to survive   trying to cross over to Bangladesh, later       from Bangladesh of NSCN (IM), who has           region is doubly handicap as they are
and carry out operations they require           on October 4, 2006 arrest of its three          bases in Garo Hills. Most of the leading        economically either integrated within the
over ground supporters. They not only           leaders including two selfstyled Lt.            insurgent groups have                 some      sister states of the Indian Union, or they
provide vital information but also help in      Colonel, one of them who handles                presentation in and around Shillong.            are officially permitted to trade with their
collection of funds. These supporters are       finances of the group, confirms this            Khun Henniewtrep National Awa Kening            next door neighboring foreign countries.
of two types: one senior level type and         hypothesis. The leaders arrested at Delhi       Movement (KHNAKM) is using its close               It is felt that there should be a three-
the other junior level type. The seniors        Airport were on their way to attend             nexus with NSCN(IM) and NDFB to                 pronged strategy for development in the
are well respected persons of the society       meeting with UNLF chairman R K Meghem           regroup in Bangladesh. Anchic National          region considering its peculiarities:
like doctors, teachers, businessmen,            at Kathmandu. This indicates that UNLF          Voluntary Council (ANVC) has provided              a)     State’s own unique potential of
lawyer, media persons, politicians and                                                                                                          resource base
even government employees. They not                                                                                                                b)     Inter-state sub-regional urban
only provide vital information but also                                                                                                         industrial corridor, for example, Dimapur-
do the lobbying for their respective                                                                                                            Bokajan-Golaghat-Jorhat corridor or
groups. The junior level supporters act                                                                                                         Shillong-Guwahati-Bongaigong corridor
as ears and eyes for their groups. They                                                                                                         in Assam
provide all types of information to their                                                                                                          c)     Commercial and industrial access
cadre like movement/routine of security                                                                                                         across the international boundaries.\
forces, about the informers of the security                                                                                                        Here mention may be made on Nathula
forces, etc. They try to befriend the force                                                                                                     Border Training Mart with its linkage to
personnel and try to get an access inside                                                                                                       Gangtok-Kalimpong-Karjeeling-Paro-
their camp for gaining information. The                                                                                                         Siliguri-Biratnagar-Katihar-Kolkata or
information so collected is passed on to                                                                                                        could be Chittagong –Agartala-Silchur-
the undergrounds.                                                                                                                               Aizawl-Jiribam-Imphal-Moree. Trans-
   The types of crimes committed by the                                                                                                         Asian Highways have immense potential
insurgents are like killing of informers/                                                                                                       for development of this region.
surrendered insurgents and their                                                                                                                   However, one potential, which remains
relatives, abduction for ransom, looting                                                                                                        untapped require some mention, and this
of weapons, extortion of money from                                                                                                             is the potential of the hydel power
government officials/ businessmen and                                                                                                           generation. In this context, Bhutan has
ambushing the security force parties. The       is trying to establish its contacts in Nepal    sanctuary and safe passage to ULFA and          shown the way for generating power.
collection of funds is through imposing         perhaps with Nepal Maoists. The group           NDFB cadres in the East Garo hills region.      There have been talks of generating
tax on bus and truck operators coming to        may also be planning to shift a space from         Arunchal Pradesh                             power from Brahmaputra, Barak and
Manipur, collection of taxes from               Myanmar to Nepal and to also strengthen            Arunachal Pradesh is providing a             Bihang rivers.
contractors and local people at the rate        its bases in Bangladesh.                        transit route from Myanmar for ULFA,               Response by the Government
of 2% to 20% of their income. They also            Tripura                                      NSCN(K), UNLF and PLA. Its                         The construction work of the border
indulge in drug trafficking, which is their        Tripura is a state which is distinctly       neighbouring districts with Nagaland            fence along the Indo-Bangladesh border
main source of revenue earning.                 different, from other states on northeast       provide hiding places of NSCN and               has to be completed on priority so than a
   The Government machinery functions           India in respect of their culture, traditions   ULFA.                                           check is imposed on the in flow of
from Imphal and from district head              and political setup. The main problem that         Mizoram                                      Bangladesh nationals inside India.
quarters. Government officials seldom go        has been plaguing the state is the                 Mizoram is providing safe passage from       Constant pressure has to be mounted on
to tehsil or sub-tehsil head quarters           communal violence, which originated due         Chitagone/Cox’s Bazaar of Bangladesh to         Bangladesh government to take
because of fear of insurgent groups. Law        to demographic inversion wherein the            the NSCN (IM) for bringing in the               appropriate action against India’s North
enforcing agency is ineffective in interior     local tribals who were in majority (70%)        weapons purchased from South-East               East insurgents camps present inside
areas due to the presence of large number       in the state in 1931 were reduced to a          Asia.                                           their country. Nepal may also be informed
of undergrounds. The interior areas are         minority (30%) by 1991. This situation             Development                                  to keep a look out for any new linkages
controlled by the insurgents. These             arose because of heavy influx of                   Northeast region of India, because of        being established by the North East
insurgent groups are government and             expatriates from Bangladesh both                its geopolitical disadvantages, has             Insurgents groups.
they decree ‘justice’. Some public              Bengalese and Muslims.                          achieved an integrated insularity.                 Conclusion
distribution centers do exist but the quota        Within the changing global context of        Furthermore, its under-development is an           The groups from Bangladesh, have
of food grains is collected by the              counter-terrorism and perspectives on           aspect of the larger scenario of un-equal       already entered Assam. Their attempt to
insurgents who sell the items in black          South Asia, Bangladesh is certainly and         and un-even development in the various          pierce into other states should be
market.A few separatists like KYKL are          increasingly on the back-foot, with its         parts of the Indian Union.Demands were          prevented immediately taking appropriate
trying to get masses on their side by           official position vis-à-vis Indian insurgent    many, resources were limited, leaders and       counter measures. There is also an
assuming the role of moral police. While        groups increasingly losing the cover of         policy makers were idealist agitators with      attempt being made inside North Eastern
some groups are also taking extreme steps       credible deniability. In addition to the        good intensions, but lacked experience          Region by external forces to create a
like harking back to their Mongoloid pre-       volumes of evidence accumulated by              of state craft. Thus, there were many           situation similar to Jammu and Kashmir.
Hindu, Sanamahil past. This is aimed at         Indian authorities, the case against            honest efforts to come to the expectations      Unless innovative steps are undertaken
taking the masses away from the Indian          Bangladesh is also gradually being              of the masses, but there were lapses too.       to address the issue, the process could
mainstream. The smaller groups appeared         independently validated. For instance, the      But one thing must be noted that that           prove irreversible. It is expected that the
to have followed a carefully structured         location of the NLFT hideout that was           was the age of the rising aspirations and       Government of India should address the
policy of keeping their activities localized.   reported in Bangladesh media as having          exploding frustrations. There were many         question more forcefully. The imperative
Thus the Zomi Revolutionary Army                been raided by the BDR on January 2,            good reasons for not meeting at least           of development buttressed by a security
(ZRA) operates in Paithe dominated areas        2004 tallies with a location mentioned in       some of the commitments to the masses,          angle for the North East Region should
Churachandpur district, the Chin                the list of 194 Indian insurgent camps          but political education to the masses was       be uppermost in the Government’s mind.
Revolutionary Army (CRA) operates in            inside Bangladesh submitted by the BSF          uneven and there were occasions, when           Unless a pro-active role is taken by the
Churachandpur, Mizoram and Myanmar.             to its Bangladesh counterpart, the BDR,         the people lost patience with the               government, this region could be
These groups simply sustain themselves          in January 2004. The Indian list stated that    democratic dispensation and took arms           infested by networked insurgent groups,
through extortion, drug trade and criminal      the NLFT had a transit camp at                  and rebelled. This way, the region              shaking the edifice or Indian democracy.
activities. They have avoided killings          Thakurgaon under Chunarughat Police             remained far behind in development.             (Source: CNF World Focus)                                                           regional                                                                   March 1-15, 2007
                                                                                                                                                                    UTS’ VOICE

                                                                                                                                                    Health Cover
           Badal’s stand on water                                                                                                                    Extended
                                                                                                                                               CHANDIGARH: March:: Supplementary

            share unfortunate”                                                                                                                 nutrition is being provided to about 11
                                                                                                                                               lakh children and 3 lakh pregnant and
                                                                                                                                               lactating women and adolescent girls
                                                                                                                                               through more than 16,000 Anganwadi
Special Correspondent, CHANDIGARH                  He said the Punjab Termination of          doctrine of riparian rights had been             centres in Haryana, according to an
:6th March: Haryana Irrigation Minister         Agreements Act, 2004, enacted by Punjab       discussed and rejected internationally           official spokesman here.
Ajay Singh Yadav on Monday described            was itself unconstitutional and an            while determining the rights of States in          The rates of supplementary nutrition
as unfortunate and unconstitutional the         encroachment upon the judicial powers.        inter-State rivers. Several Tribunals            per day per beneficiary in Haryana are
new Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh         It was enacted without any legislative        appointed by the Government of India for         claimed to be the highest in the country.
Badal’s statement that appeared in the          competence, was inconsistent with the         resolving Inter- State River Water               The State Government had increased
media recently about a proposed                 statutory order of March 24, 1976, the        Disputes had also rejected the riparian          these rates from Rs. 2 to Rs. 3 for children
amendment to the Punjab Termination of          statutory agreements of December 31,          principle of sharing water, he added.            and from Rs. 2.50 to Rs. 5 per day for
Agreements Act, 2004, to delete its Section     1981, and the provisions of Section 78 of        He reminded Mr. Badal that the surplus        pregnant, nursing women and girls with
V.                                              the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966, and      Ravi-Beas waters had been exchanged in           effect from January 1, 2007.
   Talking to media persons here, Capt.         Section 14 of the Inter-State River Water     lieu of Chenab and Jhelum waters with              Meanwhile, over 15 lakh primary school
Yadav said Punjab had taken plea of being       Dispute Act, 1956, he said.                   Pakistan by the Government of India by           children in Haryana have been covered
a riparian State and Mr. Badal was                 Referring to Punjab’s contention that      paying Rs. 110 crore under the Indus             under the State-wide de-worming
reiterating that no other State, except         Haryana and Rajasthan were not entitled       Water Treaty in 1960. Haryana, being a           campaign which ended on March 5,
Punjab, had the right over the waters           to surplus Ravi-Beas waters because of        part of the then Punjab, had full right to       according to State Financial
flowing through its areas.                      being non-riparian states, he said that the   Indus River waters on the basis of equity.       Commissioner and Principal Secretary
                                                                                                                                               (Health) Urvashi Gulati.
                                                                                                                                                 She disclosed that Haryana had

    Misuse of tribal agricultural                                                                                                              adopted a two-pronged strategy to
                                                                                                                                               combat anaemia in children through de-
                                                                                                                                               worming and iron supplements. The left-

  land in Dadra and Nagar Haveli                                                                                                               out children would be administered the
                                                                                                                                               de-worming tablet in the next two days.

Daman, Correspondent: Dadra & Nagar
Haveli, the name itself remind us about
                                                of these lands had a specific condition
                                                that it could be sold. Nevertheless, the
                                                                                              cannot sell their lands unless they have
                                                                                              deposited 50% premium of selling
                                                                                                                                                  Installations of
lush green forests, meandering rivers,
large waterfronts, cascading waterfalls,
                                                Administration has landless persons to
                                                sell their land in so many cases against
                                                                                              amount. Hence the erring office have
                                                                                              caused a loss of crores of rupees to the
                                                                                                                                                    cameras at
the gentle gurgle of streams, the distant
hills, gorgeous kaleidoscope of flora and
                                                the spirit of allotment thereby making
                                                tribal again as landless person. The land
                                                                                              government by not recovering the amount
                                                                                              of premium.
                                                                                                                                                 stations and bus
fauna. Dadra and Nagar Haveli, a
predominantly rural area having about 79
                                                mafias are purchasing the lands from
                                                Adivasis at cheap rates and selling it at
                                                                                                Administration should take a policy
                                                                                              decision to not to allow tribals to sell their
                                                                                                                                                     stands in
percent population of tribal has about 23,
627 hectares under cultivation.
                                                exorbitant rates to the industrialists etc.
                                                as middlemen making the Sale Deeds
                                                                                              agricultural lands falling in green zone.
                                                                                              The lands falling in green zone should
                                                                                                                                                  CHANDIGARH: Haryana Chief
Agriculture is the main occupation of           between Adivasi and industrialists. As        not be allowed to be diverted to any other
                                                                                                                                               Secretary Prem Prashant has urged the
Adivasis The main crops are paddy, ragi,        such, Adivasis are not getting adequate       non-agricultural uses, so that the tribal
                                                                                                                                               Railway authorities and also directed its
millets and pulses. The agriculture             return of their lands. The middlemen are      do not loose their agricultural land.
                                                                                                                                               Transport Department to install CCTV
production is dependent on rainfall and         getting a whopping amount. The Adivasis         It seems that the officers are working
                                                                                                                                               cameras at entry, exit and other strategic
mostly on a single crop system. In              have to face the income tax proceedings       hand in glove with Developers against
                                                                                                                                               points on all the important Railway
addition to the main crops, crops like          whereas the middlemen are evaded from         the tribal interest in converting the
                                                                                                                                               Stations and Bus Stands in the State.
jowar, wheat, tur, oilseeds and sugarcane       such proceeding. The landless persons         agricultural lands into non agriculture
                                                                                                                                               Mr.Prashant was presiding over a meeting
are also grown. Forest cover 40 percent         are allowed to sell their land on the         use. S. T. Kumar, Convener, CPI (M),
                                                                                                                                               of the State Security Committee here
of the total geographical area. The tribal      condition that they would purchase equal      Union Territory of Dadra & Nagar Haveli
                                                                                                                                               recently. It was attended by senior
population have been given exclusive            area of agricultural land from the sale       and Social Worker, brought the matter
                                                                                                                                               officers of the Railways and the
rights for collection of minor forest           proceeds. It is noteworthy that a large       before Chairman, Town and Country
                                                                                                                                               Intelligence Bureau besides the
produce free of cost. The Administration        number of landless persons have not           Planning       Board,       Development
                                                                                                                                               Home,Police and Transport Departments.
had allotted agricultural lands to a large      purchased the alternative land as per         Commissioner Officer, Sachivalaya,
                                                                                                                                                  He emphasized that awareness about
number of Adivasis as landless                  condition and the Administration has          D&NH, Silvassa, to save the tribal
                                                                                                                                               security should be brought among all
agricultural labourers for their livings from   never bothered to see that the conditions     agricultural lands and lands falling in
                                                                                                                                               passengers and hoardings and boards
the agriculture produces. The allotment         are complied with. The landeless person       green zone from being sold.
                                                                                                                                               should be put up at railway stations and
                                                                                                                                               bus stands. A warning system should be
                                                                                                                                               placed at bus stands and railway stations

Religious Breach of Trust                                                                                                                      from which general directions of safety
                                                                                                                                               should be announced round- the- clock.
                                                                                                                                               There was consensus that for important
                                                                                                                                               trains like Samjhauta Express, proper
  ( Continued from page 11 )                    against one of his family members. More       Copies of his Petition have been sent to         segregation of the platform from general
                                                shockingly, investigations show, that in      the Chief Secretary, the Police Officer          approach should be made. Only those
                                                the Form I & IV of the Survey Record          Incharge Panjim, the Dy.Collector & SDO          passengers who have proper documents
   To their disbelief they learnt that the      No.282/2, only the ‘Propriedade de Mitra      Panjim and to the Archbishop of Goa.             like visa, ticket should be allowed on that
Archdiocese of Goa had entered into an          Patriarcal de Goa’ (Archdiocese of Goa)         Ironically, if one may recall it was the       platform and system of screening the
Agreement of Sale for the entire ‘8895’         is shown as occupant.                         Church’s overt support to the Goa                luggage, issue of boarding cards and
square metres of ‘Caranzalem Shet’prime            The record of 49 square metres sold to     Bachao Abhiyan ( Save Goa Campaign)              checking of passengers before start of
cultivable agricultural land-to M/s             Caetano Fernandes or that of the original     launched early this year that was the            train similar to air journey should be
Scholar Builders Pvt.Ltd without mention        tenant Inacio Martins have been deleted!      turning point in the Government decision         introduced to ensure foolproof security.
of the 49 square metres of area already         Determined to save his land-on which he       to scrap the Regional Plan 2011 which               Mr.Prashant also expressed concern
sold to Menino Fernandes -ample proof           has been eking out a modest sustenance        would have entailed much destruction of          about the security arrangements at the
of which was the DEED OF SALE made              through agricultural activity - an            ‘agricultural and forest’ land.                  big business centres and malls in Gurgaon
in 1992!                                        aggrieved Caetano Menino Joao                   The Conego Souto-Maior Caranzalem              and Faridabad. He directed the concerned
   Instead of heeding to Caetano                Fernandes has filed an appeal before the      Farmland Peoples’ Association have               district officers to ensure that metal
Fernandes’s plea to stop the work until         Collector North Goa.                          appealed to the Archdiocese of Goa to let        detectors and CC cameras were installed
matters could be sorted out, the Builder,          Fernandes could prove the farmer’s         wiser counsel prevail and restore the            at entry, exit, and other strategic points in
D.Govekar, instead filed a police complaint     David versus the Builder’s Goliath!           ‘Caranzalem Shet’ to its original use.           these malls and in the parking lots.
16      March 1-15, 2007
        UTS’ VOICE                                              science & technology                                                     

Move IT to your mobile phone
The India Development Centre of
Microsoft is creating portable versions
of key desktop tools
  WHEN VINT Cerf - widely recognized
as the ‘Father of the Internet,’ came to
India last week, the discussion at a the
meetings he addressed, focused,
unsurprisingly, on the future of the World
Wide Web.
  The man who co-wrote the TCP/IP
protocol that underpins all content on the
Net and continues to oversee the
allocation of ‘top domain’ names and
addresses, as Chairman of the Internet
Corporation for Assigned Names and
Numbers had a piece of advice for the
Indian developer community: Forget
personal computers, he said, the future
of the Internet lies in the hands of mobile
phone users. While the number of users
of the Internet crossed one billion last
month, that still left the remaining 5.5
billion people on the planet, untouched.
  And to reach them, the portable phone
was the only affordable technology we
have today, he added, pointing to the 6
million mobile phones were bought in
India alone, in a recent month. Bill Gates,                UPWARD MOBILITY: Popular desktop applications go mobile at Microsoft’s India Development Centre
in his traditional opening keynote at the
Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas,
a few weeks ago, was on a similar tack:
the key information appliance of this         the desktop PC experience on a device          unused television channels. These have         The upcoming ‘Windows Mobile 6’
century would be something people             with a match box-sized screen.                 the advantage of lower frequencies.          that was previewed at ‘3GSM World’ in
carried with them - for work and play - he      He reminded me that except for the radio       “This means much better propagation        Barcelona last month, will be the first
said. The company he heads, is                technology that provided the                   characteristics. It might be 10 times more   release where the office suite will be
aggressively acting on this perception.       connectivity, the cell phone was in reality,   effective at the same power and cost and     integral with the mobile operating system.
Which is why the Microsoft India              a computer: “ It manifests itself as           cover 10 times more distance,” Mundie          Srini Koppulu, Managing Director of
                                                                                                                                          Microsoft India (R&D) and head of the
                                                                                                                                          India Development Centre said MIDC
                                                                                                                                          engineers have also created the mobile
                                                                                                                                          data base tool SQL CE (formerly SQL
                                                                                                                                          Mobile) and ported Visual Studio on the
                                                                                                                                          mobile platform. Today, Microsoft’s
                                                                                                                                          India-based teams are also working to
                                                                                                                                          improve the functionality of the new Vista
                                                                                                                                          version of Windows : They have helped
                                                                                                                                          make its scan-and-fax functions a
                                                                                                                                          seamless user experience.
                                                                                                                                            Office on the Web?
                                                                                                                                            MICROSOFT IS not alone in realising
                                                                                                                                          the potential of mobile phones as Net-
                                                                                                                                          connected infotainment devices. Fixed-
                                                                                                                                          Mobile convergence is happening —
                                                                                                                                          allowing the cell phone to take on the
                                                                                                                                          functions of a stationary Internet-fuelled
                                                                                                                                          phone... and connecting to the user’s
                                                                                                                                          desktop PC content and applications.
                                                                                                                                            Siemens has launched HiPath Mobile
                                                                                                                                          Connect, a dual mode handset. Symbion,
                                                                                                                                          which powers handsets from Nokia,
                                                                                                                                          Sony-Ericsson and Samsung is now into
                                                                                                                                          the business of mobile surfing and
                                                                                                                                          productivity software.
                                                                                                                                            Since the mobile has scant space to
                                                                                                                                          store one’s files, a new niche in Net-based
Development Centre (MIDC) in                  whatever you want to use it as: music          suggests. As the world moves to the new      office tools (coupled with storage) has
Hyderabad is the place to visit for a feel    player, video player, e-mailer, contacts       era of high definition digital TV, it will   emerged.
of what is being done to turn vision into     viewer... “                                    release a lot of analogue bands in most        Google allows GMail users to create
reality.                                         While the basic hand phone was now          countries - and these can be used to         documents and spreadsheets with its
  Specific mandate                            extremely cheap, the user pays again and       create an unlicensed and free-to-use,        ‘Writely’ application - and store them on
  The largest development facility of the     again for the telecom service that fuels it    spectrum below 1 GHz for providing the       the Web or desktop. It has also launched
company, outside the U.S., has a specific     ... which is why the most cost effective       connectivity for mobile devices.             a paid online office application with 10
mandate to make IT all happen on your         technology to use the phone as a mobile          Microsoft’s software engineers at          GB of storage called Google Apps. Most
mobile... I asked Craig Mundie,               productivity device, might not be the          Hyderabad are moving Office                  recently, Corel, maker of WordPerfect, has
Microsoft’s Redmond (Washington)-             cellular network - but something like WiFi     applications to mobile versions of           offered a free Web-based version of its
based Chief Research and Strategy             or WiMax. Indeed, researchers at MIDC          Windows.                                     word processor, called Lightning, with 200
Officerabout the challenges of recreating     are looking at another compelling option:        The first release                          MB of free storage space.                                       science & technology                                                                      March 1-15, 2007
                                                                                                                                                               UTS’ VOICE

                     Detecting radiation on
                     lunar, Mars missions
radiations from different sources
including particles trapped in the Earth’s
magnetic field, cosmic rays and energetic
solar events. Radiation negatively affects
missions in a number of ways.
   Radiation exposure can lead to fatigue,
hair loss, cataracts, vomiting, central
nervous system problems, changes in
physiology and genetic make up, and
cancer, among other diseases.
   Effects on spacecraft
   On the spacecraft, it could cause
reduced power generation, background
noise in sensors and the failure of
electronic devices.
   Astronauts on lunar and Mars
missions will need to continually assess
their radiation risk and exposure.
   The faculty and midshipmen at the
United States Naval Academy (USNA)
are developing a small device to do
exactly that, as well as alert crews during
high-radiation events.
   “Radiation on the moon and on a three-
year mission to Mars is dangerous and
uncertain. Since the moon and Mars have
negligible or thin atmosphere and no
global magnetic field, astronauts will not
have the protection from radiation that
we have on Earth and in low-Earth orbit,”
said Dr. Vince Pisacane, a researcher on
the National Space Biomedical Research
Institute (NSBRI)’s Technology
                                              FLUID FLOW: This image shows the Becquerel Crater on Mars as photographed by the HiRISE (High Resolution Imaging Science
Development Team. “Travel away from
                                              Experiment) camera on board NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The orbiter images show alternating layers of dark- and light-
the Earth’s surface makes it essential to
                                              toned rock within which are a series of fractures, surrounded by what researchers call ‘halos’ of light-toned bedrock. These halos are
monitor the types and levels of radiation
                                              believed to indicate where fluids, probably water, passed through the bedrock. AP
exposure.” Pisacane, along with other
faculty and midshipmen of the USNA, is
developing a radiation detection and          Heinlein Professor of Aerospace               based lab testing and one for use in          at different locations inside.
assessment system, called a                   Engineering in USNA’s Aerospace               space. The goal of the project is to reduce      Of the interior sensors, one resides in a
microdosimeter, in partnership with           Engineering Department.                       the size of the sensors to the size of a      block of polyethylene, which will simulate
NSBRI. The instrument will measure              Providing warning                           deck of cards, according to a press release   the effect of radiation on tissue.
radiation doses on the cellular level and       “Spacesuits and spacecrafts integrated      from the National Space Biomedical               “The sensors measure the deposition
help determine regulatory dose limits for     with microdosimeter sensors can help          Research Institute. The flight instrument     of radiation energy in tiny microscopic
scientific and medical purposes. “In          assess risk, provide warning at the onset     consists of three sensors and an              elements similar in size to a red blood cell,”
space, we can’t predict when radiation        of enhanced radiation so astronauts can       electronic output module that collects and    Pisacane said. On Earth, the
events occur nor their severity.              take protective action, and help crews        stores data for transmission to the           microdosimeter’s capabilities will be
   So it’s crucial to develop a rugged,       determine safe locations during these         ground.                                       useful for nuclear material clean up, in
light-weight, portable system that can        periods.”                                       The capabilities                            detecting radioactive devices, and to
make real-time measurements of radiation        Pisacane and his colleagues have              One sensor will be near the exterior of     monitor patients undergoing radiation
environments,” said Pisacane, R.A.            developed two systems; one for ground-        the spacecraft and the other two housed       treatment.

THE ABSENCE of a flatbed tank has                                                                                                         the first technology to meet the 180 to 1
been the principal reason why natural
gas, which costs significantly less than
gasoline and diesel and burns cleanlier,
                                                  From farm waste                                                                         storage to volume target set by the U.S.
                                                                                                                                          Department of Energy in 2000, a long-
                                                                                                                                          term goal of principal project leader
is not yet widely used as a fuel for                                                                                                      Peter Pfeifer of MU, according to a
   But a breakthrough may lead to a flat
and compact tank
                                                      to fuel tanks                                                                       press release from the National Science
                                                                                                                                          Foundation. The carbon briquettes
                                                                                                                                          contain networks of pores and channels
that would fit under                                                                                                                      that can hold methane at a high density
the floor of a                                                   pounds per square          complex nanopores capable of storing          without the cost of extreme
passenger car, similar                                           inch and bulky tanks       natural gas at an unprecedented               compression, ultimately storing the fuel
to current gasoline                                              that can take up the       density of 180 times their own volume         at a pressure of only 500 pounds per
tanks.                                                           space of an entire         and at one-seventh the pressure of            square inch, the pressure found in
   Standard natural                                              car trunk.                 conventional natural gas tanks.               natural gas pipelines.
gas storage systems                                                Using corncob              Researchers at the University of               The low pressure of 500 pounds per
use high-pressure                                                waste as a starting        Missouri-Columbia (MU) and Midwest            square inch is central for crafting the
natural gas that has                                             material, researchers      Research Institute (MRI) in Kansas City       tank into any desired shape, fuel
been compressed to                                               have created carbon        developed the technology.                     storage tanks could be thin-walled, slim,
a pressure of 3600                                               briquettes with              Long-term goal The briquettes are           rectangular structures.
18      March 1-15, 2007
        UTS’ VOICE                                                            environment                                                     

                     Orchid                                                                                      The Nilgiris is a prime habitat for numerous
                                                                                                                 species of these flowers, providing a feast for
                                                                                                                     the eyes, says TARUN CHHABRA.

                     haven                                                                     pollinator has not visited the plant. Hence
                                                                                               these pollinators have to be protected if
                                                                                               the orchids themselves are not to
                                                                                               disappear. Nevertheless, humans are
                                                                                               attracted and intrigued towards these
                                                                                                                                              harvested within the forest. And the Toda
                                                                                                                                              name for this species translates aptly as:
                                                                                                                                              “honey leaves”!
                                                                                                                                                 In the Nilgiris, you can see orchids
                                                                                                                                              flowering in their natural habitat right
                                                                                               plants - a small country like Thailand earns   through the year. Of course, the wet
A very rare epiphyte, endemic to the            Orchids are biologically highly complex
                                                                                               foreign exchange worth Rs.168 crores           season provides the “peak” for them to
upper Nilgiris - Robiquetia josephiana        plants with an evolutionary history of
                                                                                               annually from the orchid trade. This           bloom in profusion - especially the
(Manilal & Satish)                            millions of years. They grow on land -
                                                                                               country has a base of fabulous looking         terrestrial species. The Nilgiris has 17
                                                                     terrestrial, on trees -
                                                                                               natural species and with new tissue            species of orchids belonging to the
                                                                     epiphytic         (not
                                                                                               culture and marketing techniques, has          Habenaria genus and it is usual to see
                                                                     parasitic however),
                                                                                               helped achieve this success. The species       hundreds of these, flowering side by side
                                                                     on       rocks        -
                                                                                               marketed are new hybrid varieties. Tamil       on a single grassy and rocky slope. And
                                                                     lithophytic (many
                                                                                               Nadu is one of the few States with a           these could be representing half a dozen
                                                                     are both epiphytic
                                                                                               specialised orchidarium - situated at          species - all with a bizarre morphology.
                                                                     and lithophytic).
                                                                                               Yercaud (Shillong in the north-east has        Some of these resemble an elephant with
                                                                     Very few actually
                                                                                               the best one).                                 a trunk, a spider and another, a hooded
                                                                     grow on decaying
                                                                                                 Orchids are often called as the              doll. Incredibly, these species complete
                                                                     organic matter -
                                                                                               “aristocrats” among flowers. Although          their flowering cycles within a few weeks
                                                                     saprophytic. The
                                                                                               orchids as flowers of rare beauty and their    and make way for other plants of other
                                                                     common factor
                                                                                               cultivation have become popular only in        families. No selfish desire to prolong their
                                                                     amongst orchids is
                                                                                               more recent times, indigenous                  life cycles here!
                                                                     that they all have
                                                                                               communities have used them since                  A rare ground orchid Disperis
                                                                     three sepals and
                                                                                               ancient times. And not just as objects of      neilgherrensis has blooms that are striking
                                                                     three petals like
                                                                                               sheer beauty, but for a variety of practical   beyond belief. They look like as if Donald
                                                                     some other families.
                                                                                               purposes. Confucius mentioned them as          duck has stepped right out of a comic
                                                                     But              what
                                                                                               plants of great refinement and it was Greek    book! Even amongst epiphytes, mass
                                                                     distinguishes them
                                                                                               philosopher Theophrastus, who first            flowering provides for a veritable feast
THE Nilgiris has some of the most varied      both morphologically and botanically
                                                                                               coined the name “orchis” from which the        for the eye. Coelogyne nervosa paints
ecosystems - from the shola-grassland         from all other plants is that one of the
                                                                                               word orchid is derived. A well-known           entire cliff faces white in August and the
“climax” ecosystem, the wet evergreen         petals is strikingly different and called the
                                                                                               orchid genus vanda, has its name derived       gorgeous Aerides crispa with fragrant
“rain forests” of the western slopes, the     lip. The astonishing variations in the
                                                                                               from Sanskrit.                                 pink and white flowers, makes inanimate
moist and dry deciduous jungles, to the       morphology of the lip have enabled them
                                                                                                 Uses                                         looking rocks and boulders come to life
lowland scrub forests and savannah. Not       to be classified under different groups or
                                                                                                 A spider-like ground orchid -                during the dry season.
surprisingly then, this mosaic landscape      genera. This has also certainly given them
                                                                                               Habenaria rariflora (A. Rich).                    A lady’s slipper orchid.
is a prime habitat for numerous species       the status of the most sought after
                                                                                                 The indigenous people of the upper              Among the endemic species, we were
of wild orchids. More precisely, over 120     flowering plants in the world. In some
                                                                                               Nilgiris - the Todas, have used different      able to relocate Liparis biloba recently.
species representing 60 genera, out of the    species, the lip resembles closely an old
more than 200 species found in peninsular     fashioned lady’s slipper and thus is
India. Added to this is the fact that 10      commonly called by this sobriquet.
species are endemic. There are also some      Others have the lip totally resembling a
species that have their closest relatives     female insect of one of the principal
only in the distant Himalayas and yet         pollinating species. This misleads the
others with cousins in southeast Asia and     male insect into pseudo-copulation and
Sri Lanka. In the Nilgiris, the bulk of the   thus effects the process of pollination. In
orchids are residents of the large forests    most cases, the lip is the distinctive and
on slopes and foothills. The upland shola-    “seductive” part - to the pollinator.
grassland have comparatively lesser             Its trade
number of species, albeit rare and              In addition to the lip form, the other
endangered ones. The paucity in this area     most attractive facets of orchids are their
                                                                                                                                              Another striking species Peristylis
is perhaps due to the low temperature and     striking colour combinations. Perhaps
                                                                                                                                              aristatus was also found, thus extending
humidity along with the fact that the         every possible shade except black is
                                                                                                                                              its range into the Nilgiris. The “jewel”
typical sholas are receding over the past     represented. The aim of the unique
                                                                                                                                              orchid Anoectochilus elatus is a fabulous
several thousand years.                       morphology and colouring patterns is not
                                                                                                                                              species with golden coloured lateral
   John Lindley (1799-1865) is considered     however to attract humans, but specific
                                                                                                                                              sepals (hence presumably, the “jewel”
to be the father of modern orchidology        pollinating insects. For this reason,
                                                                                                                                              appendage to the name) and the rest of
and he named several species sent to him      pollination can often fail and the seed not
                                                                                                                                              the flower is white and very striking.
by collectors from the Nilgiris like Robert   set, due to the fact that the specific
                                                                                                                                              Another rare species, Robiquetia
Wight (who was actually
                                                                                               species for specific purposes. For             josephiana (Manilal & Sathish) was found
a surgeon with the East
                                                                                               example, they have consumed the dried          in the Nilgiris and is endemic to this and
India Company, but went
                                                                                               and powdered tubers of the terrestrial         adjacent areas.
on to become one of the
                                                                                               orchid Satyrium nepalense as an                   There is one of the smallest genera
greatest botanists), Van
                                                                                               energising tonic. The Toda name for this       amongst orchids - called Sirhookera,
Rheede, Beddome,
                                                                                               grassland species is Ezhtkwehhdr - which       commemorating the pre-eminent botanist
Jerdon, Barnes and
                                                                                               literally means “bullock’s horns”. This        J.D. Hooker. This genus consists of only
others. In modern times,
                                                                                               name refers to the bullock horn-like           two species and both are represented in
eminent botanists like J.
                                                                                               resemblance provided by the twin spurs         the Nilgiris. There are however,
Joseph, Manilal &
                                                                                               of these flowers. As very few orchid           alarmingly, some species like
Sathish Kumar have
                                                                                               species have double spurs and at the           Bulbophyllum kaitiense that have not
continued the tradition
                                                                                               back portion of the flowers, the Todas         been located for over 100 years. On the
of naming genera and
                                                                                               were very much aware of this botanical         positive side, there may yet be others
novel species of orchids
                                                                                               oddity, along with their medicinal value.      awaiting detection and description. But
from the Nilgiris and
                                                                                               Orchids could have utilitarian aspects as      unless the natural orchid habitat of the
adjacent areas.
                                                                                               well - the species Calanthe triplicata, with   Nilgiris is saved from continuing
   The exquisite “jewel”
                                                                                               its enormous leaves, has been used to          destruction, several species are doomed
orchid - Anoectochilus
                                                                                               fabricate a vessel to hold honey               to extinction.
elatus (Lindl)                                  wildlife                                                             March 1-15, 2007
                                                                                                                             UTS’ VOICE

 Vital Stats              Habitat                                             Diet
   3 to 6.25 ft     Africa, India, Sri Lanka,                  Grazing mammals, birds,
 Tail: 24-43 inch     Afghanistan, China                        fish even small beetles!
  37 to 90 kgs

  column is
    now a
                            Dressed to Kill
   regular                 By Noël Gama                                                   every three days and females with young, at double

   feature                    The lights dim… there’s a hush. A model sashays
                                                                                          the frequency. However, they can live without water
                                                                                          for long periods, on prey alone.
                           down the Parisian catwalk, her perfect figure sinuously           With a powerful and compact build, mottled
  dedicated                moving under the velvety fawn gown, showing off the
                           rosettes -
                                                                                          camouflage, excellent hearing and night vision,
                                                                                          leopards can silently attack and kill prey more than
                              signature black rosettes. She stops midway down             twice their own weight.
 to Wildlife               the ramp – for effect. Applause… stifled catcalls…
                           camera flash bulbs pop. The mimic has made a killing.
                                                                                             In the day, they rest in trees and sunbathe on rocks -
                                                                                          both providing good vantage points.

 in memory                    Thousands of miles away, deep in an Indian jungle,
                           the original beauty has been patiently waiting her turn
                           in the dark, looking down the bough of a tree with
                                                                                             Though solitary, leopards are territorial, defending a
                                                                                          territory ranging from 30 sq km up to 200 sq km.
                                                                                          Territories are marked with urine and claw marks on
  of the late              mesmerizing eyes - eyes that lend her night vision six
                           times better than that of humans.
                                                                                          trees as well as by roaring.
                                                                                             The male may have to fight other contestants for
                              The almost inaudible sound of a grazing impala              claiming his mate, though it’s a one-night stand!
     Steve                 comes within her hearing range – a range twice that of
                                                                                          Afterwards, the pair breaks up – each going its
                                                                                          separate way. The cubs are born in just over three
                              Suddenly, without warning, the leopard pounces.             months and are nursed by the mother for another three
    Irwin.                 The impala freezes for a moment as if hypnotized, but
                           it’s already too late. With a fatal bite to the neck, the
                                                                                          months before they are able to eat from her kills. At
                                                                                          this time, the cubs start practicing stalking and
                           impala is dead in the blink of an eye. The leopard drags       frequently fight playfully among themselves.
                           it to the treetop for the feast – the stillness of the night      When they are about one and a half years old, they
                           unbroken.                                                      are ready to venture out to stake claim to their own
                              Leopards hunt by night, alone. Males make a kill            territories. (
20      March 1-15, 2007
        UTS’ VOICE                                                 business & finance                                                       

   The Business of Business-blogging
B-blogging, or Business-blogging, is a recent development and is fast growing. Noël Gama, who has over 30 blogs on a
                       number of topics, builds a case for B-blogging your way to greater sales.

                                                                                                                              Syndication) feed, it utilizes ‘pull’ technology which
                                                                                                                              means, users ask for content.
                                                                                                                                    Blogging software is free or very cheap. WordPress
                                                                                                                              is the most popular and can be downloaded at http://
                                                                                                                     Another favourite is
                                                                                                                              Blogger, which can be downloaded at http://
                                                                                                                     for free.
                                                                                                                                    You don’t have to buy web space – its free too
                                                                                                                                    No knowledge of writing HTML code is required -
                                                                                                                              only good copy!
                                                                                                                                   You can even hire professional copywriters to write
                                                                                                                              content for your posts.
                                                                                                                                    It enhances SEO, as it does not require complex
                                                                                                                              HTML code, which is the bane of search engines.
                                                                                                                                    B-blogging is not only far cheaper than advertising
                                                                                                                              in traditional media like print and television but the
                                                                                                                              material has a much longer life – theoretically, forever!
                                                                                                                                 What’s in it for the customer?
                                                                                                                                    A B-blog simplifies the process of browsing in
                                                                                                                              search of articles and any other relevant information
                                                                                                                              on the products and services of the company
                                                                                                                                    Customers - potential share holders - can have a
                                                                                                                              better insight into growth potentials and future plans
                                                                                                                              of the organization ahead of the AGM
                                                                                                                                    Prospective employees can have a better ‘feel’ of
                                                                                                                              the organization even before they join the company
                                                                                                                                     Readers have the option to leave comments,
                                                                                                                              spurring lively discussions
                                                                                                                                    Readers have the option of signing up to receive
                                                                                                                              new content via email or RSS (or Atom) feeds through
                                                                                                                              syndication services
                                                                                                                                 Things to do before launching your B-blog
                                                                                                                                    Define your B-blog’s mission
                                                                                                                                    Get corporate support from the start
                                                                                                                                    Research how customers want to read your blog
                                                                                                                              i.e., RSS v/s email
                                                                                                                                    Test an internal blog first
                                                                                                                                 Things to do after launching your B-blog
                                                                                                                                    Make sure you have got a great subject line, and
                                                                                                                              get to the point in the first few sentences
                                                                                                                                    Blog what’s important to customers/readers
                                                                                                                                    Use visual elements if possible
                                                                                                                                    To get consistent traffic, be original. Don’t just
                                                                                                                              echo what everybody else is saying.
                                                                                                                                    Write crisp, neat and natural – not structured like a
                                                                                                                              newspaper article or advertorial, for that matter.
                                                                                                                                    Update or post at fixed intervals e.g., weekly,
                                                                                                                              fortnightly or monthly. Better still, post on specific
                                                                                                                                    Use keywords extensively, to entice search engine
                                                                                                                                    Syndicate your blog with RSS service
  What is a B-blog?                                            human face – a big advantage in this era of giant                     Cross-promote the blog and the company’s
  A B-blog (short for Business Web Log) is in essence, a       corporations.                                                  eNewsletter
website but unlike a website which is a one-way static             Conversely, small businesses, including consultancy,          Other innovative uses of blogs
display of promotional content, a B-blog is a dynamic          can seem bigger and less personal by partnering with              Blog to book projects – Personal blogs that attract a
and highly interactive dissemination of informational          business bloggers and SEO (Search Engine Optimization)         huge readership have been spotted by publishers and
content directed at a targeted audience. It is this fact       firms.                                                         converted into books. There is even an annual Blooger
alone that makes blogging a potent MarComm (Marketing               Since blogging is interactive, it can provide instant     Award for the best blogbook!
Communication) tool.                                           customer feedback, avoiding tedious market surveys and            Crisis-situation blogs – Blogs to help people keep in
  Why B-blog?                                                  data crunching, a good example being that of Bajaj Auto        touch with the latest developments, rescue operations
      B-blogging promotes the products or services of a        – “The first review of Pulsar was on our table within          and information about injured or missing people e.g.,
business by providing expert information to potential          three hours of its launch, thanks to bloggers.” – S Sridhar,   Tsunami blogs.
customers.                                                     VP – Marketing, Bajaj Auto, as quoted in the Economic             Fiction-blogs (no, they are not called F-blogs) – As
     Over a period of time, it can establish the company as    Times of 3rd March, 07.                                        the name suggests, these are fiction novels in-the-
the leader in the industry or a consultant as an expert in         Quality standards like ISO 9001 prescribe alignment        making, where a number of authors and/or readers
his field.                                                     of process improvement initiatives with customers’ needs       collaborate on a project.
     It is an excellent platform for the CEO of a company to   and feedback. B-blogs can be a great receptacle for               It is surprising why politicians have yet not
convey the vision of the organization.                         feedback from customers.                                       capitalized on blogs – they could call them P-Blogs!
      It has a very personal touch. Written in the first          Advantages of B-blogging                                       The writer is an AWAI (American Writers & Artists
person, like any diary entry (unlike a website which is             Unlike email marketing, which relies on ‘push’            Institute, USA) trained B2B copywriter with over 20
usually written in the third person and may not even be        technology i.e., to push content unasked for, B-blogging       years experience in the manufacturing industry. His
written by the owner of the site) it gives the company a       is not intrusive and with an RSS (Really Simple                B2B B-Blog is at                                                              life                                                            March 1-15, 2007
                                                                                                                                                           UTS’ VOICE

       Street kids paint a restaurant

                   NEW DELHI: They may have created appealing visuals with their favourite colours on paper, but when they were asked by the famous
                   hotel chain Nirula’s to give a new look to its Defence Colony restaurant here, the joy of the children of the Salaam Baalak Trust knew no

             Madhur Tankha                  gave an insight into their thought               The Salaam Baalak Trust established        concern over the need to preserve
NEW DELHI: They may have created            process through their paintings on the        in 1988 caters to the needs of over 5,000     Mother Earth.
appealing visuals with their favourite      wall of the restaurant.                       street children every year, besides             To create awareness about
colours on paper, but when they were           For getting a chance to colour the         providing a support network for their         environment, Nirula’s has taken up
asked by the famous hotel chain             wall and sensitise people about their         medical and educational backing.              important initiatives through its “Save
Nirula’s to give a new look to its          rights, the children must thank film-            For Nirula’s this is not its first such    the Yamuna”, “Save the Delhi Ridge”,
Defence Colony restaurant here, the joy     maker Mira Nair, who after winning            sponsored event. Four years ago, the          “Save Water” and “Do Not Use Plastic
of the children of the Salaam Baalak        acclaim at home and overseas for her          company had given little ones from the        Bags” campaigns. It has also co-
Trust knew no bounds.                       film “Salaam Bombay” - based on the           Salaam Baalak Trust a chance to paint         sponsored social activities with the
  Basing their mural on the subject         lives of street and working children -        the wall of its restaurant.                   World Wildlife Federation, HelpAge
“Rights of the Child”, the children         formed the non-government                        Using the theme “Environment”, the         India, Spastic Society of India and Blind
ranging in age from five years to 15        organisation.                                 children had then expressed their             Relief School in the past.

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22      March 1-15, 2007
        UTS’ VOICE                                                                  feature                                                

                                                                                                             Industries of Daman
                                                                                                             and D&NH suffering
                                                                                                              from Internal fever
                                                                                                          establish. But now, when they    any one, just walking through this way.
                                                                                                          are     well     established       Daman has more then 2500 Industrial
        By Neeraj Nath Thakur                                                                themselves widely, they have limited their    Units and approximately Silvassa.
                                                                                             thinking only to their business and           Government offered different facilities to

           o make a mountain of a molehill     factory premises are still in hap-hazard
            is not easy for every one but it   condition, the factories are following all    overlooked development of basic               Industries. In the form of Small Scale
            seems to be easy for Betaal as     the sanitation measures and taking full       infrastructure, such as roads. As far as      Industries, Medium Scale Industries and
            in each previous cases he made     care inside their premises, but why these     the condition of Road in Governmental         Large Scale Industrials policies, they got
hay while the sun shines and became free       roads are mourning as a widow. Betaal         areas are concerned, are handled by the       several privilege and due to this they
from the custody of Vikram. But since          asked Vikram about the cause and              relevant government department, while         managed to establish themselves over
Vikram has promised to a priest that he        solution of this whole issue but again        the Private Industrial areas are handled      here. They disseminated their business
will bring Betaal to him and only to live      repeated the condition, that after being      by the concerned Industries themselves,       in large scale but limited their thinking
up to the Priest, again Vikram goes to the     known of the fact, if Vikram dose not give    and here starts the contention. Due to        within their premises only. Actually these
graveyard, collects Betaal on his back and     answer, his head will burst.                  the divergence of opinions of relevant        industries are internally fighting with each
again starts his Journey.                        Vikram smiled! He said–Listen Betaal        industrial units, lack of mutual              other but externally they show that they
   This time Vikram took his way via D &       there are so many similarities between a      understanding and misery nature of the        are unite. This condition of Industries can
NH to his destination. As he was passing       Tree and Industry. Trees give fruit while     Industrialists, the mandatory requirement     be exemplified by the Internal Fever in a
near by the Industries, he experienced         Industry, food. Trees give shadow while       of infrastructure ‘the roads’, the drainage   human body, in which the sufferers body
that the roads were in a worst condition.      industry, shelter. Trees give fruits that     system, street lights are facing a major      is burning internally but externally, he
During his journey, he was fully dust          give seeds, while Industry gives future.      setback. The dispute between Ind. Units       seems to be O.K.
bathed. Seeing the roads, it could be          Trees give wood while industry gives          is now an open secret and the claims of         Vikram again turned his talk towards the
assumed that they shall be totally muddy       prosperity. Keeping in mind the above         Ind. Associations that they are co-           solution of this issue. He told - see Betaal,
in monsoon.                                    mentioned factors and with an intention       coordinating all the Ind. Units and work      Industries pay a great role in the
   He felt that ‘the Industries’ recognized    to promote the life style of local people     as a bridge between them seems a crystal-     development of any nation. So Industries
as the Pulse of the body of any country,       and development of our country, the           clear lie. The relevant Associations of       need to give up their stubbed way of
has its own pulse ‘the roads’ are itself       Industries were established in these areas.   Daman and Dadra & Nagar Haweli have           behavior and relevant associations need
severely damaged in different Industrial       They were given Tax exemption so that         different pretends against the allegation     to take them together and work as pool
areas of Daman & Dadra & Nagar Haweli.         maximum number of Industrial units could      on them, but how they are coordinating        between one and another industry. They
Not only the roads, but water                                                                the Industries, can better be judged by       need to make them understand that
drainage system, street-lights etc                                                                                                                  Industries are the identity of
are totally discarded. The same                                                                                                                     Union Territory Daman and Dadra
thing was running in the mind of                                                                                                                    & Nagar Haveli and any effort to
Betaal but he was thinking to use                                                                                                                   malign it, will be condemned.
this inadequacy as a solution of                                                                                                                    Either it is matter of roads, street
his relief. He opened his mouth                                                                                                                     light, drainage system or any
and told – Vikram you are a wise                                                                                                                    other thing Industrial Units need
king, and since the journey is                                                                                                                      to seat around a table, discuss
long so I am telling you a story.                                                                                                                   on the problems and its solution.
It was a time when these areas                                                                                                                      Solutions should be the primary
were full of green forests.                                                                                                                         motto of any discussion in stead
Everywhere there were trees and                                                                                                                     of raising problems. After end of
the people were dependent on                                                                                                                        Vikrams opinion on the condition
these trees only. Gradually, these                                                                                                                  of roads, street light etc., Betaal
trees were cut down and                                                                                                                             told- yes Vikram you are true and
Industries were developed on its                                                                                                                    the solution that you have
place. The per capita income of                                                                                                                     suggested is up to the mark. I
people residing here increased.                                                                                                                     hope next time when you will start
Besides the local people got                                                                                                                        your journey with me we will not
benefit of it, also the Industries                                                                                                                  be dust bathed and all the issues
got an extra privilege of Tax                                                                                                                       that are being raised will be
exemption after setting up their                                                                                                                    solved. But this time you have
factories over here. These                                                                                                                          again broken the commitment,
Industrialist are making good                                                                                                                       and see! I am going. Betaal flew
profit after establishment of their                                                                                                                 back to graveyard. However, It
factories. Now the question is                                                                                                                      was the opinion of Vikram, what
that why the roads outside the                                                                                                                      about you?                                                   entertainment                                                                      March 1-15, 2007
                                                                                                                                                                    UTS’ VOICE

By Taran Adarsh: Post L.O.C., Lakshya,                                                                                                          theme and casting actors, not stars.
Deewar and Ab Tumhare Hawale Watan                                                                                                              Besides, the director knows the grammar
Sathiyo, Indo-Pak themes, especially                                                                                                            of film-making right. Not only is the
those that abound in jingoism and indulge                                                                                                       content powerful [screenplay: Piyush
in Pak-bashing, are shunned by                                                                                                                  Mishra], the film stands out in the
moviegoers in India and the Asian                                                                                                               technical departments as well. Amrit gets
community abroad.                                                                                                                               major help from three other departments -
  But 1971 is different…                                                                                                                        background music [Akash Sagar],
  It narrates the story of Indian war                                                                                                           cinematography [Chirantan Das] and
prisoners across the border who break                                                                                                           thrills [Sham Kaushal]. Akash Sagar’s
free and set out on a perilous journey to                                                                                                       background score is exceptional and
their motherland. The film succeeds in                                                                                                          gives the film an international tinge.
highlighting the plight of P.O.W.s who                                                                                                          Chirantan Das’ camerawork is
have been languishing in Pakistani jails/                                                                                                       outstanding. Although a number of films
camps, leading a life of anonymity.                                                                                                             have been shot at the picturesque Kullu-
  Sure, 1971 is about India and Pakistan.                                                                                                       Manali, the film bears a stunning look.
But the film is not about war per se. It                                                                                                        The hilly terrains and the snow-capped
begins in 1977 in Multan [Pakistan], six                                                                                                        mountains have a sweeping effect. Sham
years after India and Pakistan had fought                                                                                                       Kaushal’s action scenes as well as the
a war and throws light on Indian defense                                                                                                        chase are topnotch. It wouldn’t be
personnel who long to be free, pine to                                                                                                          erroneous to state that the chase
return to their motherland, to their
families. The film raises a pertinent
question/issue that remains unresolved
to this date: Why are Indian defense
                                                         An Unsolved                                                                            sequences are amongst the best
                                                                                                                                                witnessed on the Hindi screen.
                                                                                                                                                  Manoj Bajpai and Ravi Kissen may be
                                                                                                                                                the most known entities in its cast, but
personnel still being held captive in                                                                                                           the film doesn’t belong to Manoj or Ravi
Pakistan? If the subject material of 1971
moves you on a humanitarian level, the
handling of the subject succeeds in
bringing the core issue to the forefront.
                                                          ENIGMA                                                                                alone. It belongs to all six protagonists.
                                                                                                                                                Manoj is in form after a long, long time.
                                                                                                                                                Sure, he is a fine actor, but the level of
                                                                                                                                                performance is very high this time. But
For those who’re completely clueless          Kaul] and Flight Lt. Gurtu [Deepak               jails/camps. Sure, it takes time to get          the actor to watch out for is Kumud
about one of the after-effects of wars,       Dobriyal] - decide to make the most daring       involved in the goings-on because, as a          Mishra. There’s just one word to describe
1971 serves as a complete eye-opener. It’s    escape from a Pakistani camp to the              film, 1971 enters a seldom-entered territory.    his performance - Magnificent! Watch him
often said that the best of stories/          Indian border. What ensues is a gut-             In fact, things don’t perk up till minutes       in every sequence, with Manoj or with
concepts evaporate into thin air if           wrenching chase, across the unyielding           before the intermission, before the              the other protagonists, and you’d agree
entrusted in wrong/incompetent hands.         terrain, where these men brave inhuman           explosion takes place.                           that the actor can light fire in water!
Thankfully, 1971 does justice to the          weather conditions and the constant                 Post-interval, 1971 comes into true form.     Deepak Dobriyal, who proved his mettle
material. After you’ve watched 1971, you      threat of the Pakistani officials on the         The five P.O.W.s escape from the                 in Omkara, delivers yet another gem of a
can’t help but conclude that debutante        hunt for the P.O.W.s.                            Pakistani camp, located close to the             performance in this film. He is terrific.
director Amrit Sagar is a brilliant             They have to rely in this dangerous            L.O.C. and from thereon, it’s one riveting       Manav Kaul is another talent that’s bound
storyteller. Certain films should never be    mission on each other, their undying sprit       experience. The wild chase that ensues           to go places. Extremely energetic and
adjudged on the basis of their box-office     and their love for their homeland.               and the outcome to the story leave you           confident, the actor leaves a tremendous
evaluation. They’re beyond box-office.          1971 succeeds as a film primarily              stunned and speechless. The grit and             impact, especially in the pre-climax when
1971 is one of those films. Well researched   because it highlights the issue most             determination of the P.O.W.s is inspiring.       he takes on the Pakistanis. Ravi Kissen is
and painstakingly captured on celluloid,      convincingly. In fact, debutante director        The Pakistani armed forces comb the              perfect. After Tere Naam, this is another

1971 is a brave effort by all counts. It      Amrit Sagar remains faithful to the subject      streets and hills, searching for the             performance that works because it is
opens your eyes to a fact that many of us     and not once does the film deviate into          escaped Indians and the entire second            natural to the core. Chitaranjan Giri makes
never knew existed. As a cinematic            sub-plots or gets into the flashback mode        hour, right till the finale, takes your breath   an impact in a brief role. Piyush Mishra is
experience, 1971 is a must for every          to depict the background of the six              away. The death of four of five                  first-rate. The actress - head of Human
moviegoer who craves for a break from         protagonists. Also, let’s get this right, this   protagonists is brilliantly depicted. In fact,   Rights Commission of Pakistan - is
the humdrum masala that unfailingly hits      one’s no documentary, it’s an engaging           the confrontation at the L.O.C. and one          commendable. The actor - Pakistani Major
the screens week after week. But more         cinematic experience.                            of the P.O.W.’s body being dragged back          - is very good. On the whole, 1971 is a
importantly, watch 1971 for those who            Generally, ‘war movies’ fall into one of      to Pakistan are remarkably executed.             well-made film with an excellent second
protect and guard our nation so that we,      two categories: Heroic tales of glory and        Piyush Mishra’s brilliant writing coupled        half as its trumpcard. But there are four
the commoners, can sleep peacefully.          valor or biopics. 1971 is neither. Instead,      with the director’s execution is visible in      factors that go against it: Multiple
  This one deserves a salute!                 it’s a tale of human courage and sacrifice.      every frame. Amrit Sagar is a director to        releases this week and also next week,
  A band of six Indian prisoners of war -     It’s a gripping, disturbing and powerful         watch! The debutante has the courage to          the examination period, the World Cup
- Major Suraj Singh [Manoj Bajpai],           film. The first hour of 1971 is entirely         swim against the trend. Instead of taking        fever [cricket mania] and also the fact that
Captain Jacob [Ravi Kissen], Subedar          devoted to establishing the characters           the easy way out by making a masala film         the film bears a ‘war film’ look. Its fate,
Ahmed [Chitaranjan Giri], Captain Kabir       and gives the viewer a fair idea of the          and padding it with stars, Amrit needs a         therefore, will depend on a strong word
[Kumud Mishra], Flight Lt. Ram [Manav         plight of P.O.W.s languishing in Pakistani       pat for opting for an unconventional             of mouth. ( India FM)
        March 1-15, 2007
        UTS’ VOICE
                                     RNI No. : DDENG/2004/15848
                                                                                    impact                      POSTAL REG.No.: G-VAL-42       

Owned, Printed, Published and Edited by Amal Das. Published from 9,Vivek, Jetty Road, Daman and Printed from Plascote Industries, 23 Municipal Industrial Estate, Byculla, Mumbai - 11

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