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									          Role of Personality Type and Temperament in Critiquing Resilience

                                        Helen Allison

From a psychological and educational perspective the focus of concern among those studying
personal epistemology or epistemic cognition is how the individual develops conceptions of
knowledge and knowing, and how they utilise them in developing understanding of the world.
This includes beliefs about definition of knowledge, how knowledge is constructed, how
knowledge is evaluated, where knowledge resides and how knowing occurs and are their
gender and personality differences. I am concerned with the role of personality and
epistemology. In our everyday lives we tend to assume everyone thinks like we do and then we
are disappointed or even angry when they don’t. This also is the case in the scientific world.
Now as we are increasingly working in interdisciplinary groups understanding others personal
epistemology is becoming more important. In addition could personal epistemology
contribute to the way we view and value alternative paradigms such as resilience and how we
frame our criticism. People do process information differently. What if we had a framework
for understanding how people think about things? What kinds of information do people pay
attention to (ontology) and access more easily than others. How do people learn and make
decisions (epistemology)? Knowledge of personality and individual difference either through
knowledge of the 16 Myers-Briggs Personality Types or the four temperaments is a useful
framework for explaining different organizing principles of human nature which may
contribute to understanding individual difference. These two frameworks will be used to show
how our personal epistemology plays a role in the way we interact and communicate and may
contribute paradigmatic difference.

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